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INTERVIEW SUBJECTS Gideon Aran is a sociologist at Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He has researched Jewish extremism in Israel as well as religious fundamentalists abroad and was a participant in the University of Chicago’s “Fundamentalism Project.” Rabbi Arik Asherman is director of Rabbis for Human Rights, a group that promotes justice and freedom, while campaigning against discrimination and inhumane conduct. Yizhar Beer serves as executive director of Keshev, The Center for the Protection of Democracy in Israel. Keshev tracks Jewish extremist movements. Rabbi Yoel Ben-Nun is a leading moderate figure in the Jewish settler camp. He is among the original founders of Gush Emunim, the founding organization of the settler movement. Ben-Nun was criticized for his moderation after Rabin’s assassination. Itamar Ben-Gvir is a far-right activist who holds multiple criminal convictions. He works closely with youth activists aligned with groups splintered off from Kach. Assaf Cheffetz was head of the Israeli national police force from 1994 to 1998. Cheffetz founded the police’s counterterrorism division. Hillel Cohen is a historian of Israeli history and a researcher at the Truman Institute, Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Akiva Eldar is a political columnist at Haaretz. He cowrote a book on the settler movement with Idit Zertal (also interviewed for this project—see below). Dror Etkes of Peace Now is the director of the organization’s Settlement Watch program, which tracks settlement activity in the West Bank. Carmi Gillon directed Shin Bet from 1995 to 1996. He was dismissed after Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated. He is also former director of Shin Bet’s Jewish desk and oversaw arrests of the Jewish Underground in the mid 1980s. Elyakim Ha'Etzni is a former Knesset member and leading settler ideologue. Israel Harel is a founder of the settlement movement. He is also a columnist for Haaretz and is considered a moderate in national religious circles. Chezi Kallow was head of Shin Bet’s Jewish desk from 1993 to1996. Yosef (Tommy) Lapid served as justice minister under former Prime Minister Ariel Sharon. He also led the secularist Shinui party. Hanan Moses is a doctoral student at Bar-Ilan University studying streams in religious Zionism. Daniel Robinson is a researcher of Israeli social history. Rabbi David Rosen, the former chief rabbi of Ireland, is international director of Interreligious Affairs of the American Jewish Committee based in Jerusalem. Amnon Rubenstein served as education minister. A long-time Israeli politician, he is now retired from politics. Yehuda Shaul is a religiously observant political activist who served as a soldier in Hebron who now speaks out against the behavior of the Jewish settlers there. Rabbi Yuval Sherlow heads a yeshiva in Petach Tikva. Sherlow is among the leading moderate rabbis in the national religious sector.