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AROUND THE CORNER Crochet Borders

150 COLORFUL, CREATIVE CROCHETED EDGINGS with charts & instructions for turning the corner perfectly every time

Edie Eckman


The mission of Storey Publishing is to serve our customers by publishing practical information that encourages personal independence in harmony with the environment. Edited by Gwen Steege and Franny Shuker-Haines Art direction and text design by Cynthia N. McFarland Cover design by Alethea Morrison Text production by Jennifer Jepson Smith Photography by © John Polak Photography, except for pages 59, 147, 151, 159, 191, and 209 by Mars Vilaubi Crochet diagrams and technical edit by Karen Manthey Indexed by Nancy D. Wood © 2010 by Edie Eckman All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced without written permission from the publisher, except by a reviewer who may quote brief passages or reproduce illustrations in a review with appropriate credits; nor may any part of this book be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means — electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or other — without written permission from the publisher. The information in this book is true and complete to the best of our knowledge. All recommendations are made without guarantee on the part of the author or Storey Publishing. The author and publisher disclaim any liability in connection with the use of this information. Storey books are available for special premium and promotional uses and for customized editions. For further information, please call 1-800-793-9396.

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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Eckman, Edie. Around the corner crochet borders / by Edie Eckman. p. cm. Includes index. ISBN 978-1-60342-538-4 (pbk. : alk. paper) 1. Crocheting—Patterns. 2. Borders, Ornamental (Decorative arts) I. Title. TT820.E346 2010 746.43’4041—dc22 2010001461


To Bill

Twenty-five down, many more to go.


CONTENTS Edgings and More Where the Corner Comes In Getting Down to the Mechanics Working into Knitted or Crocheted Fabric Working Border Patterns without the Corners Crocheting Borders on Woven Fabric Crocheting Borders on Felted Fabric Reading Crochet Patterns Reading Charts Design Concepts

The Edgings: 150 crocheted designs, instructions, and charts Crochet Punctuation Crochet Symbols Glossary and Abbreviations Index Stitch Key Acknowledgments


Edgings and More Colorful, lacy, plain or fancy, ruled or straight, small and delicate or large and bold — crocheted borders can be all of these things and more. You find them everywhere: on towels, sweaters, afghans, and handkerchiefs, and, increasingly, on the fashion runways. A great border can fulfill a number of roles beautifully. Simple and purely functional borders tidy up an edge, hide yarn ends, control unruly selvedges, hold buttons, and provide button bands. On the other hand, a decorative edging can serve as a focal point of a design or complement the look of whatever it is attached to; a fancy border can make even the most basic afghan something special.

Where the Corner Comes In The law in many published edging patterns is that they assume you’re working straight across, with no corners or other impediments, whereas, in reality, a right-angled corner is often involved. Think about it: An afghan has four sides, each of which is usually edged. What to do at the corners? Corners demand special attention. Because they often act as the focal point of the border, they should be an intentional design element, not an afterthought. In addition, you need to consider the geometry of the corner by arranging for increases of some sort, so that the border lies flat. You now have no worries on that score — all the borders in this book have had the corner turned for you!


You’ll soon discover more ways to stitch a crocheted edging than you’ve ever imagined. Here, we present a variety of edging styles, all worked lengthwise directly onto an existing fabric. These edgings can be worked onto any kind of fabric: crocheted, knitted, or woven. Many are easy enough for even brand-new crocheters to accomplish; a few require a bit more stitching experience.

Getting Down to the Mechanics We present each pattern as both text and chart worked in the round from the right side, as well as alternate directions in chart form for working each border back and forth, omitting corner stitches (see page 16). If you’re new to crochet, or new to chartreading, don’t be afraid! With a little bit of time, and with the help you’ll get in this section, you’ll soon be stitching like a pro.

Working into Crocheted or Knitted Fabric Let’s start by exploring some general rules for applying edgings on crocheted and knitted fabrics. (For working a crocheted edging on a woven fabric, see page 18.) A good foundation is necessary for a successful


edging. Working a base round stabilizes the edge and creates a foundation onto which to work the border stitches. A round of single crochet usually works well for this purpose. Take care to work the base-round stitches evenly. If you work the base round in the main color of the piece, any uneven spacing or stitching will be minimized (see example B at right). You can always add another round of stitches in a contrasting color before stitching the edging, if desired. The instructions in this book give a stitch count for the base round, assuming that the base round is the round immediately preceding the border design you are about to stitch. The instructions don’t spell out the base round or indicate where to start and end that round, but you can see the single crochet base round in each photographed sample.

Contrasting color base round (A). The single

crochet base round in this example was worked in a different color from the main piece. While the second round of stitches is even, the initial round looks somewhat uneven due to the nature of working into the selvedge edge.


Main color base round (B).In this example, the

single crochet base round was worked in the main color, allowing it to blend into the main piece. As in example A above, the second round of stitches looks perfectly even.

WORKING INTO HORIZONTAL EDGES

On a crocheted piece.Insert hook under both loops

of stitches on last row of a crocheted piece.


On the bound-off edge of a knitted piece.Insert

hook under both loops of bound-off stitches on a knitted piece.

For the cast-on edge of a knitted piece.Work into

each cast-on stitch. Working along horizontal rows. Let’s assume that you want your base round to be worked in single crochet. Depending on the gauge of your piece and the gauge of the border, you will probably work 1 single crochet stitch into each stitch along the horizontal edges, putting the hook under both loops of the stitches in the top of the last row. However, this is not a hard-and-fast rule; you may need to make adjustments to fit your situation.


Working into chains and cast-on knit stitches. As a rule of thumb, work 1 stitch into each free side of the chain along the first row (crochet) or each cast-on stitch (knit), making adjustments as needed.

Working along vertical edges. Stitching along a vertical selvedge is a bit more challenging. You first need to determine the optimal ratio of foundation stitches to (vertical) rows. You may find that you need to work 1 single crochet in every single crochet row or knit row, or you may need another ratio, such as 3 single crochet stitches into every 2 double crochet rows. Curved or uneven edges require a bit more experimentation to achieve the correct proportion of stitches to rows.

WORKING INTO VERTICAL EDGES

For a double crochet piece. In this example, the

hook goes into the selvedge stitch approximately three times for every 2 double crochet rows along the edge.


Avoid the spaces! Don’t be tempted to work into

the space between the stitches along the selvedge. While it’s easier to get the hook into that space, the result will be problematic holes.

For a knitted selvedge. In order to maintain a

consistent distance from a knitted edge, choose a column of stitches and work into that column throughout the entire edge. When stitching a vertical edge, you have to figure out how far into the fabric to work your stitch. Usually the base stitch goes into the stitch closest to the side edge (the selvedge stitch). On crocheted pieces, be sure to work into the actual selvedge stitches, not into the spaces between the stitches. On knitted pieces, work the stitches either ½ stitch or 1 full stitch into the edge, staying along the same vertical column of stitches.


Luckily, single crochet is easy to rip out and do over! The important thing is to keep the stitching as evenly spaced as possible.

Maintaining a Flat Edge You need to make sure that you’ve stitched evenly along each edge and that your base round lies flat. To do this, you will need to make several stitches at each corner of the fabric to ensure that the corner remains flat. With a single crochet base round, work 3 single crochets into the same corner stitch, then continue stitching along the next edge. Double crochet corners require 5 double crochet stitches into the corner stitch. As you work, place a removable marker in the center stitch of the 3 single crochet (or 5 double crochet) stitches. This marker indicates the corner stitch, which will be referenced on the first round of the border. Until you’re comfortable identifying corner stitches by sight, it’s wise to continue using a marker in each corner stitch or space, moving it up each round as you work.

Draw-in and ruffling problems. The base round of

the sample on the left has too few stitches and thus pulls inward. The right-hand sample has too many stitches for the base round and thus flares out, or rufees. As you work, stitch a few inches at a time, then step back and take a critical look at what you’ve done so far. Does the fabric pucker or ruffle? If so, rip out that section and begin again, adding more stitches to correct puckering or using fewer stitches to correct ruffling. Once you’re happy with the results,


make a note of your rate of stitches-to-rows and stitches-to-stitches, and refer to that as a guide as you complete the base round.

Calculating the Number of Stitches along Each Edge Many border patterns require a certain number of stitches across an edge to ensure that any special corner treatment actually ends up at the corner. A pattern repeat is the number of stitches required to complete one full unit of the design. This number is expressed as a stitch multiple: Base round: Multiple of x + y + corner stitches If you’re working in the round with four corners, do a little simple math. For example, if the pattern says “Multiple of 4 + 3 + corner stitches,” the total number of base stitches along each side, not including the 4 corner stitches, should be a multiple of 4 stitches, with a remainder of 3 stitches. For example:

This base round has a multiple of 4 + 3 + corner stitches. 4 × 8 = 32, plus 3 = 35 sts 4 × 25 = 100, plus 3 = 103 sts To confirm that your stitch count works, after you’ve picked up stitches evenly along the edges, count the stitches along one side, not including the


corner stitches. From that number, subtract the “plus” number, then divide by the stitch multiple. If the answer is a whole number, the stitch multiple works. If not, you must make adjustments (see page 8).

Stitch-Count Math Let’s look at an example of a rectangular afghan with 80 base stitches along each short edge, 120 base stitches along each long edge, 4 corner stitches, and a stitch multiple of 6 + 5 + corner stitches. 80 sts – 5 sts = 75 sts 75 ÷ 6 = 12.5 (number of times the 6-stitch multiple fits) Because 12.5 is not a whole number, we know that the stitch multiple doesn’t work with the stitch pattern, and also that the number of times the 6-stitch repeat fits along that edge is between 12 and 13. We therefore try one of the following two possibilities: 6 sts × 12 = 72 sts, plus 5 = 77 sts 77 works as a base stitch count with this pattern. OR 6 sts × 13 = 78 sts, plus 5 = 83 sts 83 also works as a base stitch count with this pattern. If it’s possible to stitch the base round with either 77 or 83 stitches between the marked corner stitches and still have the edge lie flat, go ahead and re-stitch it. If not, you’ll need to make an adjustment on the first round of the border to allow the stitch multiple to fit. Now, here’s the math for the other edge: 120 sts – 5 sts = 115 sts 115 ÷ 6 = 19.17 (number of times the 6-stitch multiple fits)


The 6-stitch repeat will fit along this edge just over 19 times, so try this formula: 19 sts Ă— 6 = 114 sts, plus 5 = 119 sts Instead of 120 stitches, use 119 stitches along this edge. Either re-stitch the edge to result in 119 stitches between the marked corner stitches, or make an adjustment on the first round of the border.

Two Ways to Join New Yarn Slip-stitch method. Many crocheters are familiar with joining a new yarn with a slip stitch in the top of the previous round, then working a chain-1 (for single crochet) or a chain-3 (for double crochet). The purpose of the chain is to bring the hook and yarn up to the level of the next round. With single crochet, the first single crochet stitch of the new round will go in the same stitch as the slip stitch. With double crochet, the chain-3 usually counts as a stitch. In other words, it takes the place of the first double crochet stitch.

DOUBLE - CROCHET CHAINLESS START

For double crochet. A double crochet chainless

start begins with a slip knot on the hook. Yarn over and insert hook into the stitch, then complete a double crochet.


Double crochet complete. The completed double

crochet looks just like any other double crochet stitch — no unsightly chains! Chainless start. This other method of joining a new yarn works just as well and eliminates the sometimes unsightly chain start. Here’s how to do it:

1. Fasten off at the beginning of the completed round.

2. Place a slip knot on the hook. 3. For single crochet, insert hook into appropriate stitch and pull up a loop, yarn over, and pull through both loops on hook to complete the stitch.

OR 3. For double crochet, yarn over hook, insert hook into appropriate stitch and pull up a loop, (yarn over, and pull through two loops on hook) two times to complete the stitch. (See photos above.) If you use the chainless start, ignore the instructions to work a beginning-of-round chain, and instead simply work the first stitch as indicated.

Counting from the Corner Because right-handed crocheters work from right to left, that’s the way we count throughout the book. Left-handed crocheters work from left to right.


The photo below (left) shows how to count stitches from the corner for right-handed stitchers. The marker is in the corner stitch; the stitch immediately to the left of the corner stitch is #1, the next stitch to the left is #2, and so on. If you are a left-handed stitcher, whenever an instruction says “to right of “ or “to left of,” substitute the words “left” for “right” and “right” for “left.” In the photo below (right), the marked stitch is the corner stitch; the stitch to the right of the corner stitch is #1, the next stitch to the right is #2, and so on.


Working Round 1 In order for the corners to end up at the appropriate place, the round has to begin at a certain point. Note that in the example shown below, the first stitch of the first round is made in the fourth stitch to the left of the corner stitch. Beginning and ending the round slightly away from the corner in this way makes the join inconspicuous and allows the corner to shine! Each set of pattern instructions indicates where to join the yarn for the first round. Begin the first round in the stitch indicated, using your preferred method of joining a new stitch. (SeeTwo Ways to Join New Yarn, page 9.)

Adjusting the number of stitches. If the base round was a few stitches too long or too short for the multiple you need for the pattern, the first round is a good place to do a little fudging to make the stitch count come out right. Take a look at the first round of the pattern stitch.

REPEATING SECTIONS OF STITCHES


Text for Border #104. The repeated group of

stitches in brackets is: “[7 tr in next st, skip 3 sts, sc in next st, skip 2 sts, 5 dc in next st, skip 2 sts, sc in next st, skip 3 sts]”. Chart for Border #104. A careful look at the

shaded stitches in the chart for the same border indicates that the repeated stitches are “skip 3 sts, 7 tr in next st, skip 3 sts, sc in next st, skip 2 sts, 5 dc in next st, skip 2 sts, sc in next st”. Both are correct; they are just different ways of expressing the same information. Using the chart is perhaps the easiest way to visualize this technique. If the first round includes skipped stitches, skip one more or less along each edge as needed to end up with the correct number. If several stitches’ worth of fudging is necessary, space the adjustments over the entire edge. If the first round of the pattern requires working into every stitch of the base round, however, you’ll probably be better off adjusting the stitch count on the base round.

Repeating sections of stitches. Each pattern instruction includes a repeated group of stitches and/or chains that is repeated across the edge as many times as needed. In the text, the repeated units are indicated by the instructions in [brackets]. In the charts, the repeated unit is shaded. If you are comparing the repeated stitches in the text to the shaded section in the chart, you may find that they do not correspond exactly; just be consistent and follow either the text or the chart throughout a project. (See illustration on page 11.)

Working to the corner. The instructions direct you


to work the repeated section “to corner stitch,” “to corner group,” “to corner space,” or perhaps “to 2 stitches before corner stitch.” The instructions within the brackets bring you right up to that point. The instructions immediately following include the special treatment needed in order for the corner to lie flat. While the corner stitch or corner space is selfevident, a corner may also be represented by a “corner group” — a combination of stitches or stitches and spaces that form the corner. Each corner group is defined in the instructions just after it is worked, so in each instance it’s clear which stitches represent the corner group when it is referenced in the following round. Be aware that even within a corner group, there is a single center stitch or center space that represents the “corner.” Since the corner treatments are so important, it is essential that you understand where the corner is. Don’t hesitate to use stitch markers to keep track of your corners. As you become more experienced, you’ll be able to identify corners without the aid of markers.

WORKING TO THE CORNExR

Working to the corner stitch. On Round 1 of

Border #117, the group of repeated stitches is worked “to corner stitch.” When the dc is complete, the next stitch available to be worked is the marked corner stitch.


Working to the corner space. On Round 3 of

Border #117, [sc in next ch-1 space, ch 5] is worked “to corner space.” Because you have only been working in chain spaces on this round, the “skip 3 dc” is assumed. So, this is what it looks like when you have worked those repeats “to corner space.”

Working to 1 stitch before the corner. On Round

2 of Border #117, the repeated groups of [dc in next dc, dc in next ch-space, dc in next dc, ch 1, skip 1 ch] are worked “to 1 dc before corner.” This is what it looks like when you have worked those repeats.


Working to the corner group. Groups of repeated

stitches on Round 2 of Border #3 are worked “to corner group,” as shown here. Note that although the 5 double crochet stitches were defined in Round 1 as the “corner group,” there is still a single center stitch that is the corner stitch.

Ending Rounds Most rounds end with a slip stitch in the first stitch to close the round, leaving the hook in position ready to begin the next round on top of the first stitch of the previous round. Sometimes, however, the round ends with a chain stitch or two, then a single crochet, half-double, or double crochet into the first stitch. This method places the hook somewhere to the right of the beginning of the previous round, ready to begin the next round.

A Note for Novices Don’t panic! You can do this! If you can put your hook somewhere, wrap the yarn over the hook, and pull the hook out, you can crochet anystitch. Remember that every new skill takes time to master. The Glossary in the Appendix (page 308) describes how to make each stitch. The Appendix also includes some explanations of terminology specific to crochet.

ENDING ROUNDS


A slip stitch closes most rounds.

A single crochet can be used in place of a chain-

1/slip-stitch join to position the hook 1 stitch to the right in preparation to begin the next round.


DC join. Shown here in two steps, a double crochet

join can take the place of a chain-3/slip-stitch join to position the hook 3 stitches to the right in preparation to begin the next round. On the final round, you’ll want your join to be as tidy as possible so the final edge will be smooth.

A tapestry-needle join can be among the tidiest ways to join a round. This example shows how to use a tapestry-needle join in place of a chain-1/slip-stitch join.

TAPESTRY - NEEDLE JOIN


Step 1. Complete the round, omitting the final

(chain 1, slip stitch to join). Cut the yarn, leaving a tail. Pull tail through the final stitch, then thread the tail onto a blunt-tip tapestry needle. Insert the needle from back to front under both loops at the top of the first stitch of the yarn and pull the yarn through.

Step 2. Insert the needle from front to back into the

top of the last stitch of the round, in the same spot where the tail came from. Pull yarn through.


Step 3. The joined stitch may be a bit loose. Adjust

the tension of the final stitch to create a seamless line across the top of the stitches.

Changing Colors Although the samples here may be stitched in multiple colors, most instructions in this book assume that you are working each border in a single color. As much as possible, we’ve written the instructions to minimize stopping and restarting the yarn. If you choose to work in multiple colors, it’s almost always better to completely finish off the old color before joining in a new color yarn.

Working Border Patterns without the Corners All the border pattern text in this book assumes that you are working in the round and that, with few exceptions, the right side of the work is facing you. It is quite possible, however, to work the borders back and forth, and for this reason we have provided an alternate chart for each border. To help understand how these alternate charts work in relation to the charts written for crocheting in the round, familiarize yourself with the instructions for working in the round and chart reading. Work a base row with the appropriate number of stitches for working back and forth (these are given under the chart). Because you will be turning your work, the beginning and ending of the rows may be somewhat different from the beginning and ending of rounds.


Note that when you’re working back and forth, both the “right side” and the “wrong side” of the stitches show alternately on the right side of your border. While it won’t look exactly like the borders shown on the following pages, it’s still correct. If you find you don’t like the way the wrong side of the stitches looks, try working Row 1 as a wrong-side row, then continue to work back and forth. This will switch the right and wrong sides of the border and may provide you with a more pleasing design. Alternately, you could start every row with a new length of yarn, beginning on the right edge of each row (left edge for lefties), to maintain all rows as right-side rows. Some charts actually call for this method (see #43,

for example).

Border #18 worked in the round. This requires a

base round with a multiple of 6 stitches plus 4, plus the corner stitches. All of these stitches appear with their right sides showing.


Border #18 worked in rows. Note that in the

alternate chart for rows, the base row requires a multiple of 6 stitches. The beginning and ending of the rows are not exactly like the beginning and ending of the rounds but are balanced on either end. Also note the difference in appearance of the Row 2 stitches, where the wrong side of the stitch is showing.

CHART FOR WORKING IN THE ROUND


CHART FOR WORKING IN ROWS

Crocheting Borders on Woven Fabric Prepare your woven fabric by washing, hemming, and ironing it to make a tidy edge. In order to determine the ideal size to make the chain stitches, it’s a good idea to practice both the embroidery and the single crochet base round on a swatch before working the final piece. If the fabric is woven loosely enough, and the yarn is small enough, you may be able to work the crochet stitches directly into the fabric.

Step 1. Working the embroidery. Thread an

embroidery needle with cotton loss or perle cotton. Work a round of embroidered chain stitches evenly around the edge of the fabric, taking care to end up with the correct number of stitches to match the stitch multiple for your chosen design. In order to ease the base-round single crochet stitches around the corner, sew 2 fewer stitches than you need on each side, then put 3 corner stitches into each corner stitch on the base round.


Step 2. Working the crochet. Work a single

crochet in each embroidered chain stitch, placing 3 single crochet stitches in each corner stitch. The single crochet round is your base round. Check once more to ensure that you have the correct starting number for the base round of your chosen border.

Completed edging. If the embroidered stitches had

been made in a color to match the base round, they would not show as they do in this example.

Crocheting Borders on Felted Fabric Depending on the strength and density of the felt, you may be able to use the method for woven fabric


just described. After the edging round is complete, you can trim the felt closer to the border, as desired.

Working embroidered chain stitch on felt.

Embroider the chain stitch evenly along felted fabric. To ensure evenly spaced chains, use a permanent marker and a ruler to measure out and mark the stitches.

Reading Crochet Patterns Although crochet instructions may at first look like a foreign language, they can be easy to interpret once you understand how they are written. Abbreviations are necessary. After all, you don’t get confused when your recipe calls for “1 c. sugar” because you know that in that context “c” stands for “cup.” Crochet punctuation is explained on page 304; crochet terms are defined and abbreviations are listed on page 308. Any special stitches are defined right next to the pattern where they are used. While I’ve done my best to make it clear where to put your hook for each stitch, you may find it necessary to refer to the chart for help in figuring out the relationship of stitches to each other. Crochet is much easier when you learn to “read” your stitches. Because you can put your crochet hook just about anywhere (and because you will be asked to put it just about everywhere), it helps to recognize what the


various crochet stitches look like.

Reading Charts You probably don’t realize how often we use symbols in our daily life. Each of these icons represents something significant and immediately recognizable, without the use of words:

Symbol crochet takes this idea and applies it to crochet instructions. Each symbol is a graphic representation of a stitch and makes a certain kind of sense all by itself. Symbol charts offer a number of advantages over text alone. A quick look at a symbol chart tells you several things: • The shape of the finished item • The types of stitches used • The relationship of stitches to each other • The right side of the fabric. Most of the borders in this book are worked in the round, so the right side is almost always facing. In this book, we have presented each chart in two or more colors to make it easy for you to track the rounds visually as you stitch. The yellow-shaded sections are the stitches that are repeated across the round to the corner. If you find yourself distracted by viewing the entire chart, use a piece of paper (or a couple of pieces of paper) to mask the portion of the chart that you are not currently stitching. This makes it easier to focus only on the section immediately before you. A few borders may be represented by layers of stitches worked on top of each other or into an unexpected spot. In those instances, you may find it easier to refer to the written text to help you decipher a chart. You may find charts easier to read if you use your scanner or


copier to enlarge them. Don’t worry if you see a symbol you don’t recognize; you’ll find more information in the Appendix on page 306 and a helpful Stitch Key on page 315. You’ll soon find that you understand new symbols without the help of the key.

Design Concepts Perhaps 150 borders are not enough, and you haven’t found the perfect one for your project. You should design your own! Here are some design tips to get you thinking:

Simple borders. Although the following pages include some simple edgings, we wouldn’t want to forget the very simplest ones. Sometimes these tiny edgings are all you need to complete a piece. (Don’t forget to put extra stitches in any corners.) The reverse single crochet (or crab stitch) makes a lovely, corded-looking finish on any edge. The simple picot is another versatile stitch: Experiment with spacing of the picots to get the ideal results.

SIMPLE CROCHET BORDERS


Reverse single crochet, step 1. With the right side

facing and working from left to right (or, for left handers, from right to left), insert hook into next stitch and pull up a loop. Step 2. Yarn over and pull through both loops on

hook. Continue working around, placing 2 or 3 stitches in each corner stitch as needed for piece to lie flat.

Simple picot. Make this simple picot by working a

picot-3 (ch 3, slip st in 3rd ch from hook) separated by 3 plain single crochet stitches.

Simple edging. This pretty little edging places (sc,

ch 3, sc) in every other stitch.

A Note to UK Crocheters American and British crocheters use different terminology for the same stitches. This can cause confusion if you aren’t aware of the differences! In effect, the British terms are “one step up” from the


American terms, so the stitch that Americans call “single crochet” is called a “double crochet” in the UK. The symbols in the stitch charts remain the same on either side of the Atlantic, as they represent the way the stitch is made, not what it is named. However, UK stitchers referring to the symbol key should keep in mind that the terminology used in the key is American and “translate” it accordingly.

U.S. TERM

UK TERM

Slip stitch

Single crochet

Single crochet

Double crochet

Half double crochet

Half treble crochet

Double crochet

Treble crochet

Double treble crochet Triple treble crochet

Proportion and scale. Pay attention to the scale of your border as it relates to the thing you are attaching it to. A wide, bold border may overwhelm a small washcloth, while it might be just the thing for a large afghan. However, you might decide that a wide lacy border is perfect to add interest and style to an otherwise plain baby blanket. The best way to determine how your finished item will look with a particular border is to work a sample of the border onto a swatch, then hold it up beside the piece that needs the edging. How does it look? Too wide? Too narrow? Just right? Another way to play with scale is to draw a proportionally correct sketch of your finished piece on graph paper, having each square represent one inch. Next, draw a border around your sketch, choosing a width that looks best to you. Count the depth of the graph-paper squares you used for the border: That is a good depth (in inches) for your border.


Graph-paper plans. You can use graph paper to

help determine the ideal depth of your border. In this example, each of the light pink rectangles is the same size.

Yarn weight affects scale. The same edging

worked in baby-weight (left), and chunky-weight (right) yarns yields quite different results, as you can see in these examples. Colorways. The same border can look quite different when you change colors. While entire books have been written on color theory, you can learn a lot by simply experimenting to see which color arrangements look best on a particular project.


Minor change, major effect. Changing just one

element of a border (in this case, the color of the final round) can make a big difference!

What a difference a color makes. These three

borders look quite different when worked in different colorways! Troubleshooting flatness problems. Variations in the way a particular stitcher holds his or her yarn and hook and the way that the yarn flows through the fingers will affect the final outcome of the border. What works as a “flat� border for one stitcher may not lie flat for another. One border might be perfectly fine in one yarn and troublesome in a different yarn, even for the same stitcher. If you are having trouble getting a particular border to lie flat, first check to make sure you have followed


the instructions correctly and that the base round lay flat when you started. If those parts are fine, it’s still easy to make adjustments to correct a problem. If the border is curling in on the sides or on the corners, can you loosen your stitches somewhat? Make sure any spike stitches were made at the level of the current round and not pulled too tightly. Can you add a chain or two on either side of the corner treatment or between repeats across a side? Alternatively, can you skip fewer stitches along the base round? Can you put two additional stitches in the corner?

Adjusting for curves. The stitches are more widely

spaced around the curve to allow this neckline border to lie flat. Depending on the border chosen, picking up stitches and working in for the neckline may require decreases to allow the border to lie flat. If the edge is rippling (and it’s not meant to be a ruffle), can you omit a chain or two on either side of the corner treatment or along each side? Or can you use a smaller hook? Or crochet a bit more tightly?


Adjusting for an outside curve. This ruffled edge

works well on an outside curve. Work a normal base round, as the final ruffled edge fills out the longer circumference of the outside of the curve. Other border choices might require increases to accommodate the longer circumference. Quick-Start Guide If you just can’t wait to start and are too impatient to read the instructions in this section, take a few seconds to read this: • Work a single crochet foundation onto your fabric to serve as a foundation for the border. In each of the patterns in this book there is a contrasting base round upon which you’ll build your border and corners. Your base round should match your project. • Make sure that the base round has the appropriate number of stitches along each edge, as indicated in the instructions. • Begin the round in the base round stitch indicated. This will ensure that you reach the corner stitches at the right point. • If you are working back and forth, use the alternative charts.

PHOTO NOTE: The borders on the following pages are not all shown to scale. Some of the larger borders have been reduced in size to fit on the page;


some of the narrower ones have been enlarged.


THE EDGINGS


#1 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 8 + 4 + corner sts. Thread beads onto yarn. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 5 (counts as dc and ch-2), skip 2 sts, *dc in next st, [ch 2, 2 Partial dc in next st, skip 2 sts, 2 Partial dc in next st, yarn over and pull through all 5 loops on hook to dc4tog, ch 2, dc in next dc, ch 2, skip 2 sts, dc in next st] to corner st, ch 3, dc2tog in corner st, ch 3**, dc in next st, ch 2, skip 2 sts; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-5.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same st, *ch 2, sc in next dc, [ch 1, sc in next ch-space, slide three beads up to hook and hold in front of work, sc in cluster, sc in next chspace, ch 1, sc in next dc, ch 2, sc in next dc] to corner group, ch 3, sc in next ch-space, slide three beads up to hook and hold in front of work, sc in corner cluster, sc in next ch-space, ch 3, sc in next dc; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc.

STITCHES & NOTES Notions: 3 beads for each 8-st repeat along each side, plus 3 for each corner. Beads may be omitted if desired.

Dc2tog: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through 2 loops, yarn over, insert hook into same stitch and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook. Partial dc: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook. Tr2tog: (Yarn over) two times, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over, pull through 2 loops) two times, (yarn over) two


times, insert hook into same stitch or space and pull up a loop, (yarn over, pull through 2 loops) twice, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook.

Rnd 3: Ch 5 (counts as dc and ch-2), *dc in next sc, skip 1 sc, [dc2tog in next sc, ch 3, dc2tog in same sc, skip 1 sc, dc in next sc, ch 2, dc in next sc, skip 1 sc] to corner st, ch 2, tr2tog in corner st, ch 5, tr2tog in same st, ch 2**, skip 1 sc, dc in next sc, ch 2; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-5. Fasten off.


#2 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 4 + 3 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in each st around, placing 5 dc in each corner st, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, (sc, ch 3, sc) in same st, skip 1 dc, *(sc, ch 25, slip st in 25th ch from hook, sc) in next dc, skip 1 dc**, (sc, ch 3, sc) in next dc, skip 1 dc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off. +1 Multiple of 4 1


#3 STITCHES & NOTES Partial dc: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 6 + 5 + corner sts. Begin 3 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 4 (counts as dc and ch-1), *skip 2 sts, [4 dc in next st, ch 1, skip 2 sts, dc in next st, ch 1, skip 2 sts] to corner st, 5 dc in corner st — corner group made, ch 1, skip 2 sts**, dc in next st, ch 1; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-4.

Rnd 2: Ch 5 (counts as dc and ch-2), *[Partial dc in next 4 dc, yarn over and pull through all 5 loops on hook to dc4tog, ch 2, dc in next dc, ch 2] to corner group, Partial dc in next 3 dc, yarn over and pull through all 4 loops on hook to dc3tog, ch 5 for corner space, dc3tog in same dc and in next 2 dc, ch 2, dc in next dc, ch 2**; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-5.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, sc in same st, 2 sc in each ch-2 space and 1 sc in each cluster and dc around, placing 7 sc in each corner ch-5 space; join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#4 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 6 + 5 + corner sts. Begin 6 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 5 (counts as dc and ch-2), skip 2 sts, *[dc in next st, ch 2, skip 2 sts**] to corner st, (dc, ch 2) three times in corner st, skip 2 sts; rep from * around, ending last repeat at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-5.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same st, Make Frill, *2 sc in next ch-2 space, [sc in next dc, 2 sc in next ch-2 space**, sc in next dc, Make Frill, 2 sc in next ch-2 space] to corner st, 3 sc in corner st, 2 sc in next ch-2 space, sc in next dc, Make Frill; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.

STITCHES & NOTES Make Frill: Ch 2, (ch 6, dc in 5th ch from hook) six times — six petals made — turn; working from right to left along petals just made, Partial dc between two petals, (Partial tr between next two petals) three times, Partial dc between next two petals, insert hook into base ch of first petal and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through all 7 loops on hook to gather pendant, slip st in next 2 ch.

Partial dc: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook.

Partial tr: (Yarn over) twice, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) two times.


#5 STITCHES & NOTES Partial dc: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 9 sts + 8 + corner sts. Begin 3 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, *ch 2, skip 2 sts, sc in next st, skip 2 sts, [5 dc in next st, skip 2 sts, sc in next st, ch 2, skip 2 sts, sc in next st, skip 2 sts] to corner st, 7 dc in corner st — corner group made, skip 2 sts, sc in next st; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc, slip st in next ch-1 space.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same space, *ch 2, [(dc in next dc, ch 1) four times, dc in next dc, ch 2, sc in next chspace, ch 2] to corner group, (dc in next dc, ch 1) six times, dc in next dc — corner group made, ch 2, sc in next ch-2 space; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, *sc in next ch-sp, [(ch 1, sc in next chspace) five times, sc in next ch-space] to corner group, (ch 1, sc in next ch-space) seven times; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.

tip Multitask! Listen to audiobooks or podcasts, or watch TV while crocheting. Just don’t double crochet and drive.


#6 STITCHES & NOTES BPsc: Insert hook from back to front to back around post of next stitch and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook.

FPsc: Insert hook from front to back to front around post of next stitch and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 2 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in each st around, placing 3 sc in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, *[BPsc in next st, FPsc in next st] to corner st, (sc, BPsc, sc) in corner st, FPsc in next st; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnds 3–5: Ch 1, BPsc in each BPsc and FPsc in each FPsc around, placing (sc, BPsc, sc) in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 6: Ch 1, (sc, ch 3, sc) in same st, skip 1 st, *(sc, ch 3, sc) in next st, skip 1 st; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#7 STITCHES & NOTES Make Corkscrew: Ch 18, turn, 3 dc in 4th ch from hook and in next 12 ch, hdc in next ch, sc in next ch.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 4 + 2 + corner sts. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[Make Corkscrew, sc in next 4 sts] to 1 st before corner st, Make Corkscrew, sc in next st, (sc, Make Corkscrew, sc) in corner st, sc in next st; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off. If necessary, arrange corkscrews into appropriate shape.


tip For fun, experiment with varying the length of the corkscrews, making them different colors, or using single crochet in place of double crochet.


#8 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 3 + 2 + corner sts. Begin 3 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), *ch 5, dc in 5th ch from hook, skip 2 sts**, [dc in next st, ch 5, dc in 5th ch from hook, skip 2 sts] to corner st, (dc, ch 5, dc in 5th ch from hook, dc) in corner st; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to top of ch-3. Fasten off.

tip To keep your yarn from rolling around, gathering dust as you work, use a ball winder or learn to wind center-pull balls by hand. A center-pull ball stays put nicely.


#9 STITCHES & NOTES Crossed tr: Skip 1 st, tr in next st; working behind previous st, tr in skipped st.

Dc5tog: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through 2 loops, (yarn over, insert hook into same stitch and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops) four times, yarn over and pull through all 6 loops on hook.

Picot-3: Ch 3, slip stitch in 3rd chain from hook. Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 2 + corner sts. Begin 3 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 4 (counts as tr), tr in st to right of last st, *[work Crossed tr in next 2 sts] to corner (working first tr of final Crossed tr pair in corner st), ch 3, work Crossed tr in next st and corner st; rep from * around, join with slip st to first Crossed treble.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in space between Crossed tr pairs, *ch 1, skip 1 Crossed tr pair, [sc in space between Crossed tr pairs, ch 1, skip 1 Crossed tr pair]** to corner space, (sc, ch 1, sc, ch 1, sc) in corner space; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 3 (counts as dc), *dc5tog in next chspace, [dc in next sc, dc5tog in next ch-space]** to corner sc, 3 dc in corner sc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 4: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[ch 1, skip 1 st, sc in next dc] to corner st, ch 1, (sc, ch 1) two times in corner dc, sc in next dc; rep from * around, ending last repeat (ch 1, skip 1 st, sc in next dc) two times, skip 1 st, join with sc to first sc.

Rnd 5: Ch 1, sc in space formed by joining sc, *ch


1, skip 1 st, [sc in next ch-1 space**, ch 1, skip 1 st] to corner ch-space, (sc, ch 1, sc) in corner space; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with sc to first sc.

Rnd 6: Ch 1, sc in space formed by joining sc, ch 1, Picot-3, ch 1, sc in same space, *(sc, ch 1, Picot-3, ch 1, sc) in next ch-space; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off. p


#10 STITCHES & NOTES Popcorn: Make 5 dc in 1 stitch or space, drop loop from hook and insert hook from front to back through top of first stitch in the popcorn then into dropped loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 4 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, ch 1, skip 1 st, *[sc in next st, ch 1, skip 1 st] to corner st, (sc, ch 1, sc) in corner st**, ch 1, skip 1 st; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with sc to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 8 (counts as dc and ch 5), *Popcorn in next ch-1 space, ch 5**, dc in next ch-1 space, ch 5; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-8. Fasten off.

tip Take advantage of your learning style and use the method(s) that work best for you: Use charts, refer to online videos to learn new stitches, have someone read instructions aloud while you make the stitches, puzzle it out with the hook and yarn in hand.


#11 STITCHES & NOTES Dc4tog: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through 2 loops, (yarn over, insert hook into same stitch or space and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops) three times, yarn over and pull through all 5 loops on hook.

Dc5tog: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through 2 loops, (yarn over, insert hook into same stitch or space and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops) four times, yarn over and pull through all 6 loops on hook.

Spike sc: Insert hook into stitch or space one or more rounds below next stitch and pull up a loop to level of current round, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 4 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[sc in next st, dc5tog in next st, sc in next 2 sc] to corner st, (sc, dc5tog, sc) in corner st, sc in next sc; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, Spike sc in rnd below same st, Spike sc in rnd below next st, *[sc in next cluster, Spike sc in rnd below next 3 sts] to corner cluster, 3 sc in corner cluster, Spike sc in row below next 3 sts; rep from * around, omitting last 2 Spike sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 3, dc4tog in same st, sc in next 2 sts, *[sc in next st, dc5tog in next st, sc in next 2 sts] to corner st, (sc, dc5tog, sc) in corner sc, sc in next st; rep from * around, end sc in last st, join with slip st to top of first cluster.


Rnd 4: Ch 1, sc in first cluster, *Spike sc in rnd below next 3 sts**, [sc in next cluster, Spike sc in rnd below next 3 sts] to corner st, 3 sc in corner st; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 5: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[sc in next st, dc5tog in next st**, sc in next 2 sc] to corner st, (sc, dc5tog, sc) in corner st, sc in next sc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, sc in last st, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 6: Rep Rnd 2, ending last rep sc in next cluster, Spike sc in row below next st, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 7: Ch 1, sc in each sc around, placing 3 sc in each corner st; join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#12 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 8 + 7 + corner sts. Begin 8 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 5 (counts as tr and ch-1), dc in same st, ch 7, skip 7 sts, * [(dc, ch 1, tr, ch 1, dc) in next st — open shell made, ch 7, skip 7 sts] to corner st, (dc, ch 1, dc, ch 7, dc, ch 1, dc) in corner st — corner shell made, ch 7, skip 7 sts; rep from * around, ending dc in beg st, ch 1, join with slip st to 4th chain of ch-5.


Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same st, (4 dc, ch 1, 4 dc) in next ch-space, *[sc in next tr, (4 dc, ch 1, 4 dc) in next chspace] to corner shell, sc in next ch-space, (4 dc, ch 1, 4 dc) in corner space, sc in next ch-space, (4 dc, ch 1, 4 dc) in next ch-space, sc in next tr; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.

Rnd 3: Join yarn in last ch-space, ch 1, sc in same space, ch 7, *[sc in next ch-space, ch 7] to corner chspace, (sc, ch 1, sc) in corner space — corner group made, ch 7; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc, slip st in next ch-space.

Rnd 4: Ch 2 (counts as Partial dc), (4 dc, ch 3, 4 dc) in same space, *[Partial dc in same space, Partial dc in next space, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook to dc2tog, (4 dc, ch 3, 4 dc) in same ch-space] to corner group, dc in same space, sc in corner space, (5 dc, ch 3, 4 dc) in same space; rep from * around, ending last rep (5 dc, ch 3, 4 dc,


Partial dc) in last ch-space, insert hook into top of ch-2 and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook. Fasten off.


#13 STITCHES & NOTES Picot-3: Ch 3, slip st in 3rd chain from hook. Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 8 + 2 + corner sts. Begin 4 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, sc in next 5 sts, *Picot3, [sc in next 8 sts, Picot-3] to 1 st before corner st, sc in next st, 3 sc in corner st, sc in next st; rep from * around, ending last rep Picot-3, sc in next 2 sts, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same st, ch 3, skip 2 sc, sc in next sc, *ch 5, skip 4 sc**, [sc in next sc, ch 3, skip 2 sc, sc in next sc, ch 5, skip 4 sc] to corner st, 3 sc in corner st — corner group made; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 3 (counts as dc), *[sc in next ch-3 space, 9 dc in next ch-5 space] to corner group, skip 1 sc, sc in corner st, skip 1 sc, 9 dc in next ch-5 space; rep from * around, ending 8 dc in last ch-space, join with slip st to top of ch-3. Fasten off.

tip Swatches save time! Keep the swatch you made for your main fabric and use it to find the ideal gauge for your border’s base-round stitches, then work a sample of your chosen border around the swatch. You’ll discover if you need to tweak the design before working it on a larger (and more time-consuming) piece.


#14 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 6 + 5 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in next 2 sts, *[ch 3, skip 3 sts, dc in next 3 sts] to 1 st before corner st, ch 3, skip 1 st, dc in corner st, ch 3, skip 1 st**, dc in next 3 sts; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 2: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in next 2 dc, ch 3, *[dc in next 3 dc, ch 3] to corner st, 5 dc in corner st — corner group made, ch 3; rep from * around, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 3: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in next 2 dc, ch 3, *[dc in next 3 dc, ch 3] to corner group, dc in next 2 dc, (dc, ch 3, dc) in corner st, dc in next 2 dc, ch 3; rep from * around, join with slip st to top of ch-3. Fasten off.


#15 STITCHES & NOTES Make Scallop: Skip 2 sts, dc in next st to form scallop base, ch 3, 6 dc under post of scallop base.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 4 + 2 + corner sts. Begin 4 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, Make Scallop, *[sc in next st, Make Scallop] to corner st (making last scallop base st into corner st), sc in corner st, Make Scallop; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#16 STITCHES & NOTES Dch: Ch 1, insert hook into bump on back of chain just made and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through both loops on hook (in other words, sc into bump on back of chain).

Dch join (double chain join): 1 dch, (yarn over) three times, insert hook into stitch designated and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 3 loops on hook) two times.

Double chain, step 1.Begin with a slip st, then chain 1. Insert the hook into the bump on the back of the chain just made and pull up a loop.

Double chain, step 2.Yarn over and pull through both loops on hook. Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 4 + 3 + corner sts. Begin 6 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, *skip 3 sts, 3 dch, sc in


next sc; rep from * around, ending last rep skip 3 sts, join with dch join in first sc.

Rnds 2 and 3: Ch 1, sc in dch-space just formed, *3 dch, [sc in next dch-space, 3 dch] to corner space, (sc, 3 dch, sc) in corner space; rep from * around, dch join in first sc.

Rnd 4: Ch 1, sc in dch-space just formed, (3 dch, sc) in same space, 1 dch, *(sc, 3 dch, sc) in next chspace, 1 dch; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#17 STITCHES & NOTES Partial dtr: (Yarn over) three times, insert hook into st and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) three times.

Partial tr: (Yarn over) two times, insert hook into st and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) two times.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 3 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as Partial tr), skip 2 sts, Partial tr in next st, yarn over and pull through 3 loops on hook, ch 2, *[Partial tr in same st, skip 2 sts, Partial tr in next st, yarn over and pull through 3 loops on hook to complete tr2tog, ch 2] to corner st, ch 2 more, Partial tr in same st, skip corner st, Partial tr in next st, yarn over and pull through 3 loops, ch 4; rep from * around, join with slip st to top of first st.

Rnd 2: Ch 4 (counts as tr), *[ch 2, Partial tr in same st, Partial tr in next tr2tog, yarn over and pull through 3 loops on hook] to last tr2tog before corner, ch 2, Partial tr in same st, Partial dtr in corner st, yarn over and pull through 3 loops on hook, ch 2, (tr, ch 2, dtr, ch 2, tr, ch 2, Partial dtr) in corner st**, Partial tr in next tr2tog, yarn over and pull through 3 loops on hook; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to top of ch-4. Fasten off.


#18 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 6 + 4 + corner sts. Begin 4 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 3, *[dc in next 3 sts, ch 2, skip 2 sts, dc in next st] to corner st, 5 dc in corner st, dc in next st, ch 2, skip 2 sts, dc in next dc; rep from * around, omitting last dc, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 2: Ch 5 (counts as dc and ch-2), skip 2 sts, *[dc in next dc, 2 dc in next ch-2 space**, dc in next dc, ch 2, skip 2 dc] to corner stitch, 5 dc in corner st, ch 2, skip 2 dc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-5.

Rnd 3: Ch 3 (counts as dc), *2 dc in next ch-2 space, dc in next dc, [ch 2, skip 2 dc**, dc in next dc, 2 dc in next ch-2 space, dc in next dc] to 1 st before corner st, ch 2, skip 1 dc, 3 dc in corner st, ch 2, skip 1 dc, dc in next dc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to top of ch-3. Fasten off.

tip If you’d like to alter the look of a border or design your own, sketch a chart to help you figure out how many base-round stitches you need and how to handle the corners.


#19 STITCHES & NOTES Notions: 4 beads for each 6-stitch repeat along each side, plus 4 for each side, plus 1 for each corner.

Beaded Picot-3: Ch 1, slide bead up to hook, ch 1, pushing bead through st to right side of ch, ch 1, slip st in 3rd chain from hook.

Triple Beaded Picot-3: Ch 1, slide bead up to hook, ch 1, pushing bead through st to right side of ch, ch 1, slip st in 3rd ch from hook, (ch 1, slide bead up to hook, ch 1, pushing bead to right side, ch 1, slip st in same ch as first slip st) two times.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 6 + 5 + corner sts. Thread beads onto yarn. Begin 6 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, *ch 1, skip 1 st, [sc in next st, ch 1, skip 1 st]** to corner sst, (sc, ch 1, sc) in corner st; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same st, ch 4, Beaded Picot-3, ch 4, skip 2 sc, sc in next sc, *[ch 4, Beaded Picot-3, ch 4, skip 2 sc**, sc in next sc] to corner space, ch 3, sc in next sc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[ch 6, Triple Beaded Picot-3, ch 6**, sc in next sc] to corner space, ch 3, Beaded Picot-3, ch 3, sc in next sc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#20 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 4 + 3 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 4 (counts as dc and ch-1), skip 1 st, *[dc in next st, ch 1, skip 1 st] to corner st, (dc, ch 1) three times in corner st, skip 1 st; rep from * around, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-4.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same st, ch 5, skip 1 dc, *[sc in next dc, ch 5, skip 1 dc] to corner st, (sc, ch 1, sc) in corner dc, ch 5, skip 1 dc; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, 7 sc in each ch-5 space and (sc, ch 1, sc) in each ch-1 corner space around, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.

Rnd 4: Join yarn in center sc of first sc-7 group, ch 1, sc in same sc, *[ch 3, skip 6 sc**, sc in next sc (center sc of next sc-7 group)] across, ch 3, skip 4 sc, (dc, ch 3, dc) in corner ch-1 space, ch 3, skip 4 sc, sc in next sc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 5: Ch 4 (counts as dc and ch-1), *[dc in next chspace, ch 1**, dc in next dc, ch 1] to corner space, (dc, ch 1) three times in corner space, dc in next dc, ch 1; rep from *, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-4. Fasten off.


#21 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 6 + 5 + corner sts. Begin 6 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, *(sc, ch 5, sc, ch 7, sc, ch 5, sc) in same st, ch 4, skip 5 sts, [(sc, ch 5, sc, ch 7, sc, ch 5, sc) in next st, ch 4, skip 5 sts] to corner st, (sc, ch 7, sc, ch 9, sc, ch 7, sc) in corner st, ch 4, skip 5 sts; rep from *, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#22 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 6 + 5 + corner sts. Begin 6 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, *ch 1, skip 2 sts, [dc, (ch 1, dc) 3 times] in next st — large shell made, ch 1, skip 2 sts, sc in next st; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 5 (counts as dc and ch-2), *(dc, ch 1, dc, ch 1, dc) in center ch-space of next large shell — small shell made, ch 2**, [dc in next sc, ch 2, small shell in center ch-space of next large shell, ch 2] to corner, (dc, ch 3, dc) in corner sc, ch 2; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-5.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[ch 2, (sc, ch 3, sc) in next ch-1 space, ch 5, (sc, ch 3, sc) in next ch-1 space, ch 2**, sc in +5 next dc] to corner space, ch 3, (sc, ch 5, sc) in corner ch-3 space, ch 3, sc in next dc; rep from * around, ending last repeat at **, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#23 STITCHES & NOTES Picot-3: Ch 3, slip st in 3rd chain from hook. Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 8 + 7 + corner sts. Begin 4 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 6 (counts as dc and ch-3), skip 2 sts, *[sc in next 3 sts, ch 3, skip 2 sts, dc in next st, ch 3, skip 2 sts] to 1 st before corner st, sc in next st, (sc, ch 3, dc, ch 3, sc) in corner st, sc in next st, ch 3, skip 2 sts**, dc in next st, ch 3, skip 2 sts; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-6.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same st, ch 7, *sc in next dc, ch 7; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 5 (counts as dc and ch-2), 3 sc in next ch-space, ch 2, *[dc in next sc, ch 2, 3 sc in next chspace, ch 2] to corner st, (dc, ch 3, dc) in corner st, ch 2, 3 sc in next ch-space, ch 2; rep from * around, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-5.

Rnd 4: Ch 1, sc in same st, Picot-3, *[2 sc in next ch-space, sc in next 2 sc, Picot-3, sc in next sc, 2 sc in next ch-space**, sc in next dc, Picot-3] to corner space, 5 sc in corner space, sc in next dc, Picot-3; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#24 STITCHES & NOTES Tr2tog: (Yarn over) two times, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over, pull through 2 loops) two times, (yarn over) two times, insert hook into same stitch or space and pull up a loop, (yarn over, pull through 2 loops) two times, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook.

Tr3tog: (Yarn over) two times, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over, pull through 2 loops) two times, [(yarn over) two times, insert hook into same stitch or space and pull up a loop, (yarn over, pull through 2 loops) twice] two times, yarn over and pull through all 4 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 6+ 1+ corner sts. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[ch 4, skip 2 sts, tr3tog in next st, ch 4, skip 2 sts, sc in next st] to corner st, ch 4, tr3tog in corner st, ch 4, sc in next st; rep from *, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same st, *ch 4, sc in top of cluster, ch 4, sc in next sc; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 4, tr2tog in same st, *ch 4, sc in next sc, ch 4, tr3tog in next sc; rep from * around, omitting last tr3tog, join with slip st in top of ch-4.

Rnd 4: Ch 1, sc in same st, *ch 4, sc in next sc, ch 4, sc in next cluster; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 5: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[ch 4, tr3tog in next sc, ch 4, sc in next sc] to corner st, ch 4, (tr3tog, ch 4) two times in corner sc — corner group made, sc in next sc; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc.


Rnd 6: Ch 1, (sc, ch 4) in each sc and (sc, ch 3, sc, ch 4) in each cluster around, ending last repeat join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#25 STITCHES & NOTES Note: This edge doesn’t have a special corner treatment, but it has enough flexibility to work around a 90-degree corner, especially if the single-crochet stitch is placed in the corners of the base round.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 3 + 2 + corner sts. Begin 3 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, (sc, ch 3, 3 dc) in same st, skip 2 sts, *(sc, ch 3, 3 dc) in next st, skip 2 sts; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#26 STITCHES & NOTES Herringbone dc: Yarn over, insert hook into next st, yarn over and pull up a loop through stitch and first loop on hook, yarn over and pull through both loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Any multiple. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 2, Herringbone dc in each st around, placing 3 Herringbone dc in each corner st, join with slip st to first Herringbone dc.

Rnd 2: Ch 2, *Herringbone dc in each st to 1 st before corner st, 2 Herringbone dc in next 3 sts; rep from * around, join with slip st to first Herringbone dc.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, Reverse sc in each st around. Fasten off.


#27 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 3 + 2 + corner sts. Begin 3 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), (dc, ch 1, 2 dc in same st) — beg V-st made , skip 2 sts, *[(2 dc, ch 1, 2 dc) in next st — V-st made , skip 2 sts] to corner st, (3 dc, ch 1, 3 dc) in corner st — corner V-st made, skip 2 sts; rep from * around, join with slip st to top of ch3, slip st in next dc and ch-1 space.

Rnd 2: Ch 3 (counts as dc), beg V-st in same space, *V-st in each ch-space to corner group, skip 5 dc, [V-st, ch 1, V-st] in corner ch-space; rep from * around, join with slip st to top of ch-3, slip st in next dc and ch-1 space.

Rnd 3: Ch 3 (counts as dc), beg V-st in same space, *V-st in each ch-space to corner space, (dc, ch 1, dc) in corner space — corner group made; rep from * around, ending V-st in last ch-space, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 4: Ch 1, *skip 1 dc, sc in next dc, (sc, ch 3, sc) in next ch-space, sc in next dc**, [skip 2 dc, sc in next dc, (sc, ch 3, sc) in next ch-space, sc in next dc] to 1 st before corner group, skip 1 dc, sc in first dc of corner group, (sc, ch 3, sc) in corner space, sc in next dc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, skip 1 dc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#28 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 4 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in each st around, placing 3 sc in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 4 (counts as dc and ch-1), skip 1 st, *[dc in next st, ch 1, skip 1 st] to corner st, (dc, ch 1) three times in corner st, skip 1 st; rep from * around, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-4.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, sc in each dc and ch-1 space around, placing 3 sc in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.

LOBSTER CORD Ch 2, sc in 2nd ch from hook. *Turn clockwise. Insert hook under vertical double strand at left side of piece, yarn over and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook to complete sc. Repeat from * until cord is long enough to weave through holes in border. Fasten off. Weave cord through border. Sew ends together on wrong side.


#29 STITCHES & NOTES Edc (extended double crochet): Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through one loop on hook, (yarn over and pull through two loops on hook) two times.

Leaning Tower Stitch: Complete 1 edc in stitch or space indicated, work 2 dc into base of previous edc as follows: *yarn over, insert hook under both strands that form base of previous edc and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through two loops) two times; rep from * once more.

Picot-3: Ch 3, slip st in 3rd chain from hook. Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 3+2+corner sts. Begin 3 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: *Skip 2 sts, (Leaning Tower St, Picot-3, ch 3, slip st) in next st; rep from * around, ending last rep with slip st in first slip st. Fasten off.


#30 STITCHES & NOTES Partial dc: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook.

Picot-3: Ch 3, slip st in 3rd chain from hook. Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 9 + 8 + corner sts. Begin 3 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, *ch 2, skip 2 sts, sc in next st, skip 2 sts, [5 dc in next st, skip 2 sts, sc in next st, ch 2, skip 2 sts, sc in next st, skip 2 sts] to corner st, 7 dc in corner st — corner group made, skip 2 sts, sc in next st; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc, slip st in next ch-1 space.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same space, *[ch 2, (dc in next dc, ch 1) four times, dc in next dc, ch 2, sc in next ch2 space] to sc before corner group, ch 2, (dc in next dc, ch 1) six times, dc in next dc, ch 2, sc in next ch-2 space; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.

Rnd 3: Join yarn in last dc of previous rnd, ch 2, skip (ch 2, sc, ch 2), dc in next dc, *[(ch 2, dc in next dc) three times, ch 2, Partial dc in next dc, skip (ch 2, sc, ch 2), Partial dc in next dc, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook — dc2tog over 2 dc made] to corner group (placing last Partial dc in first st of corner group), (ch 2, dc in next dc) five times, ch 2, dc2tog over next 2 dc; rep from * around, omitting last dc2tog, join with slip st to first dc.

Rnd 4: Ch 1, *[(3 sc in next ch-2 space, Picot-3) three times, 3 sc in next ch-2 space] to dc2tog before corner group, (3 sc in next ch-2 space, Picot3) five times, 3 sc in next ch-2 space; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#31 STITCHES & NOTES FLtr: Work 1 treble crochet into the front loop only. Folding sc: Insert hook into back loop of next treble and into back loop of corresponding stitch on previous round, yarn over and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Any multiple. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in each st around, placing 5 dc in each corner st, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 2: Ch 4, FLtr in each dc around, placing 3 FLtr in each corner st — corner group made, join with slip st to top of ch-4.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, *Folding sc in each st to corner group, (insert hook into back loop of next tr and into back loop of Rnd-1 corner st and pull up a loop) three times, yarn over and pull through all 4 loops on hook to sc3tog; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 4: Rep Rnd 1. Fasten off.

tip The “folding” technique shown here is easy to master and makes a nice three-dimensional ridge. Incorporate the technique into your everyday crochet anywhere you would normally have a row of double crochet.


#32 STITCHES & NOTES Dtr: (Yarn over) three times, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) four times.

Popcorn: Make 5 dc in one stitch or space, drop loop from hook and insert hook from front to back through top of first stitch in the popcorn then into dropped loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook.

Spike sc: Insert hook into stitch or space one or more rounds below next stitch and pull up a loop to level of current round, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook.

X-Stitch: Skip 2 sc, dtr in next sc, ch 2, dtr in first skipped sc.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 4 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 4 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in next st, *[dc in next st, Popcorn in next st**, dc in next 2 sts] to corner st, (2 dc, Popcorn, 2 dc) in corner st, dc in next st; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to top of ch 3.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, Spike sc into rnd below next 3 sts, *[sc in next Popcorn, Spike sc in rnd below next 3 sts] to 1 st before corner st, sc in next dc, 3 sc in corner st, sc in next dc, Spike sc into rnd below next 3 sts; rep from * around, ending sc in next Popcorn, join with slip st in first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, sc in each st around, placing 3 sc in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 4: Ch 1, Spike sc into rnd below each st and 3 sc in each corner st around, join with slip st to first sc, slip st in next sc.


Rnd 5: Ch 1, sc in same sc, *[ch 2, X-Stitch, ch 2**, sc in next sc] to 1 st before corner st, ch 3, X-Stitch, ch 3, sc in next sc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 6: Ch 1, 2 sc in next ch-space, *[5 sc in chspace in center of X-Stitch, skip dtr, sc in next chspace**, insert hook into same space and pull up a loop, insert hook into next ch-space and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook to sc2tog, sc in same space]** to corner X-Stitch, sc in same space, 5 sc in corner ch-space, skip dtr, 2 sc in next ch-sp, sc2tog in same and next ch-space, sc in same ch-space; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#33 STITCHES & NOTES Dc2tog: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through 2 loops, yarn over, insert hook into same stitch and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook.

Dc3tog: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through 2 loops on hook, (yarn over, insert hook into same stitch or space and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops) two times, yarn over and pull through all 4 loops on hook.

Partial tr: (Yarn over) twice, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops) two times.

Spike Partial tr: Work Partial treble crochet into stitch one or more rnds below current rnd.

Spike sc: Work single crochet into stitch one or more rnds below current rnd.

Spike tr: Work treble crochet into stitch one or more rnds below current rnd.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 8 + 7 + corner sts. Begin 4 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 4 (counts as dc and ch-1), (dc, ch 1, dc) in same st — beg open shell made, ch 3, skip 3 sts, *[sc in next st, ch 3, skip 3 sts, (dc, ch 1, dc, ch 1, dc) in next st — open shell made, ch 3, skip 3 sts] to corner st, (sc, ch 1, sc) in corner st, ch 3, skip 3 sts**, open shell in next st, ch 3, skip 3 sts; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-4, slip st in next ch-sp.

Rnd 2: Ch 3, dc2tog in same st, ch 3, *dc3tog in next ch-1 space, [ch 7, dc3tog in next ch-1 space, ch


3, dc3tog in next ch-1 space] to corner, ch 5, dc3tog in corner ch-space, ch 5**, dc3tog in next ch-1 space, ch 3; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first cluster, slip st in next ch-3 space.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, sc in same ch-space, Spike sc in center dc of beg open shell, sc in same ch-space in current rnd, *[ch 3, Spike Partial tr in next dc of same open shell, Spike Partial tr in first dc of next open shell, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook to tr2tog, ch 3, (sc, Spike sc in center dc of open shell, sc) in next ch-3 space] to last dc before corner, ch 3, Spike tr in next dc, ch 3, sc in corner cluster, ch 3, Spike tr in next dc, ch 3**, (sc, Spike sc, sc) in next ch-3 space; rep from * around, ending last repeat at **, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 4: Ch 1, skip 3 sc, (sc, hdc, 3 dc, hdc, sc) in each ch-3 space around, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#34 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 8 + 3 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 6 (counts as tr and ch-2), *skip 1 st, [sc in next st, ch 2, skip 1 st, tr in next st, ch 2, skip 1 st] to corner st, (sc, ch 1, sc) in corner st — corner group made, ch 2, skip 1 st**, tr in next st, ch 2; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 4th ch of ch-6.

Rnd 2: Ch 7 (counts as tr and ch-3), (tr, ch 3, tr) in same st, *[ch 2, skip 1 sc, sc in next tr, ch 2, (tr, ch 3, tr, ch 3, tr) in next tr] to corner group, ch 2, sc in corner ch-space, ch 2**, (tr, ch 3, tr, ch 3, tr) in next tr; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 4th ch of ch-7.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, 3 sc in each ch-3 space and 2 sc in each ch-2 space around, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#35 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 10 + 5 + corner sts. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st and in next 4 sts*, [sc in next 2 sts, (sc, ch 5, sc) in next st, sc in next 7 sts] to corner st, (sc, ch 5, sc) in corner st — corner group made**, sc in next 5 sts; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same st, *skip 1 sc, (sc, ch 3, sc, ch 5, sc, ch 3, sc) in next st, skip 1 sc, sc in next sc, ch 3, [(sc, ch 3) four times in next ch-space, skip 3 sc, sc in next sc, skip 1 sc, (sc, ch 3, sc, ch 5, sc, ch 3, sc) in next st, skip 1 sc, sc in next sc, ch 3] to corner group, (sc, ch 3) four times in corner space, skip 1 sc, sc in next sc; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#36 STITCHES & NOTES Dc2tog: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through 2 loops, yarn over, insert hook into next stitch and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook.

Tr2tog: (Yarn over) two times, insert hook into indicated stitch or space and pull up a loop, (yarn over, pull through 2 loops) two times, (yarn over) two times, insert hook into next stitch or space and pull up a loop, (yarn over, pull through 2 loops) twice, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook.

F L O W E RS &L E AV E S FLOWER Dc in next sc, ch 1, skip 1 sc, dc in next st, ch 5; rotating piece clockwise, (sc, ch 5, sc) under post of dc just completed, ch 5, sc in skipped sc, ch 5, (sc, ch 5, sc) under post of next dc, ch 5, sc in ch-1 space, ch 5, slip st in base of first ch-5 petal.

CURLY LEAF 1 Ch 9, sc in 3rd ch from hook and in next ch, hdc in next ch, dc in next ch, 2 tr in next ch, (dc, hdc) in next ch, sc in last ch.

CURLY LEAF 2 Ch 9, sc in 3rd ch from hook and in next ch, hdc in next ch, dc in next ch, tr2tog over next 2 ch, dc in next ch.

MEDIUM LEAF Ch 8, sc in 3rd ch from hook, dc in next ch, tr2tog over next 2 ch, dc in next ch, hdc in last ch.

SMALL LEAF 1


Ch 5, sc in 2nd ch from hook, hdc in next ch, 2 dc in next ch, hdc in next ch.

SMALL LEAF 2 Ch 6, sc in 2nd ch from hook, hdc in next ch, dc2tog over next 2 ch, sc in next ch.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 6 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 6 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in each sc around, placing 3 sc in each corner st; join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 3 (counts as dc), *dc in next 2 sc, [make flower**, dc in next 3 sc] to corner st, (2 dc, ch 1, dc)


in corner st; rotating piece clockwise, ch 5, (sc, ch 5, sc) under post of dc just completed, ch 5, (sc, ch 5, sc) under post of next dc, (ch 5, sc) two times in corner ch-1 space, ch 5, slip st in base of first ch-5 petal — corner flower made, dc in same corner sc and in next sc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 3: Vary the leaf type and placement for best effect. Ch 1, sc in same st and in next 2 dc, *[sc in next st, make one leaf, slip st in same st, skip ch-1 space, slip st in next dc, make one leaf, sc in same st — two leaves joined, sc in next 3 sts] to 1 st before corner flower, sc in next dc, join two leaves in next st, skip ch-1 space, join one leaf in next st, sc in next 4 dc; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.

See additional charts on page 90.


#37 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 2 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same sc, ch 1, skip 1 st, *[sc in next st, ch 1, skip 1 st] to corner st, (sc, ch 3, sc) in corner st, ch 1, skip 1 st; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc, slip st in next ch-1 space.

Rnd 2: Ch 7 (counts as tr and ch-3), tr in same ch-1 space, ch 3, (tr, ch 3) two times in each ch-1 space and (tr, ch 3) six times in each corner space around, join with slip st to 4th ch of ch-7. Fasten off.


#38 STITCHES & NOTES Dc2tog: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through 2 loops, yarn over, insert hook into same stitch and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 8 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 6 (counts as dc and ch-3), *[skip 3 sts, dc2tog in next st, ch 3, skip 3 sts, dc in next st, ch 3] to corner st, dc2tog in corner st, ch 3**, dc in next dc, ch 3; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-6.

Rnd 2: Ch 5 (counts as dc and ch-2), *[(dc2tog, ch 3, dc2tog) in next cluster, ch 2, dc in next dc, ch 2] to corner cluster, (dc2tog, ch 5, dc2tog) in corner cluster — corner group made, ch 2**, dc in next dc, ch 2; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-5.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, sc in same st, ch 5, *[sc in ch-3 space between next two clusters, ch 5, sc in next dc, ch 5] to corner group, (sc, ch 5, sc) in corner ch-space, ch 5**, sc in next dc, ch 5; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#39 STITCHES & NOTES Dtr: (Yarn over) three times, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) four times.

Base rnd, each side: Any multiple. Begin in any non-corner stitch.

Rnds 1 and 2: Ch 1, sc in each st around, placing 3 sc in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 5 (counts as dtr), dtr in each sc around, placing 7 dtr in each corner st, join with slip st to top of ch-5.

Rnds 4–6: Rep Rnd 1. Fasten off.


tip Worked back and forth in rows as many times as needed, this design would make a nice allover fabric for garments or afghans.


#40 tip Ever-increasing chains between double crochet stitches make this mesh border ruffle nicely. Add more rounds for a wider border, increasing or maintaining the number of chains between the double crochets to adjust the amount of fullness.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 2 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner.

Rnd 1: Ch 4 (counts as dc and ch-1), skip 1 st, *[dc in next st, ch 1, skip 1 st] to corner st, (dc, ch 3, dc, ch 1) in corner st, skip 1 st; rep from * around, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-4.

Rnd 2: Ch 6 (counts as dc and ch-3), *[dc in next dc, ch 3]** to corner space, (dc, ch 3) two times in corner space; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-6.

Rnd 3: Ch 8 (counts as dc and ch-5), *[dc in next dc, ch 5]** to corner space, (dc, ch 5) two times in corner space; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-8. +1

Rnd 4: Ch 10 (counts as dc and ch-7), *dc in next dc, ch 7; rep from * around, join with slip st in 3rd ch of ch-10.

Rnd 5: Ch 4, sc in same st, ch 9, *(sc, ch 3, sc) in next dc, ch 9; rep from * around, join with slip st to first ch. Fasten off.


#41 STITCHES & NOTES Note: Working between dcs is a simple technique that creates a slightly openwork fabric with a lateral spread. If you do not like the slightly ruffled effect you get from the border being wider than the base round, work the base round with a larger hook or take care to work the base round loosely. You may also need to adjust the number of stitches in the corner to allow border fabric to lie flat.

Base rnd, each side: Any multiple. Begin in any stitch.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in each st around, placing 3 dc in each corner st — corner group made, join with slip st to top of ch-3, slip st in space between first 2 sts.

Rnd 2: Ch 3 (counts as dc), *dc between each dc to corner group, (2 dc between dcs of corner group) two times — corner group made; rep from * around, join with slip st to top of ch-3, slip st in space between first 2 sts.

Rnd 3: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc between each dc around, placing 3 dc between 2 dcs in center of corner group; join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 4: Ch 1, sc in same st, ch 3, *sc in next st, ch 3; rep from * around, join with slip st to top of ch-3. Fasten off.


#42 STITCHES & NOTES Spike dc: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space one or more rounds below next stitch and pull up a loop to level of current round, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) two times.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 2 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnds 1 and 3: Ch 1, sc in each st around, placing 3 sc in each corner st — corner group made, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in first st, *[Spike dc in rnd below next sc, sc in next st] to corner stitch, Spike dc in corner st of rnd below next sc, 3 sc in corner st, Spike dc in corner st of rnd below next sc, sc in next st; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 4: Ch 1, sc in first st, *[Spike dc in rnd below next sc, sc in next st] to corner group, Spike dc in corner st of rnd below next sc, 3 sc in corner st, Spike dc in corner st of rnd below next sc, skip 1 sc, sc in next st; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#43 STITCHES & NOTES FPdc: Yarn over, insert hook from front to back to front around post of stitch indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) two times.

Partial FPdtr: (Yarn over) three times, insert hook from front to back to front around post of designated st and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) three times.

Partial FPtr: (Yarn over) two times, insert hook from front to back to front around post of designated st and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) two times.

Popcorn: Make 5 dc in one stitch or space, drop loop from hook and insert hook from front to back through top of first stitch in the popcorn then into dropped loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 8 + 7 + corner sts. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in each st around, placing 5 dc in each corner st, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 2: Ch 3 (counts as dc), *[skip 2 dc, FPtr around next dc, dc in 2nd skipped dc, dc in next 2 dc, FPtr into same dc as previous FPtr, skip 1 dc, dc in next 3 dc] to corner st, (FPdc, 3 dc, FPdc) in corner st — corner group made, dc in next 3 dc; rep from * around, omitting last dc, join with slip st to top of ch3.

Rnd 3: Ch 3 (counts as dc), *[FPdc in next st, dc in next dc, Popcorn in next dc, dc in next dc, FPdc in next st, dc in next 3 dc] to corner group, FPdc in next st, dc in next dc, (dc, Popcorn, dc) in corner st, dc in


next dc, FPdc in next st, dc in next 3 dc; rep from * around, omitting last dc, join with slip st to top of ch3.

Rnd 4: Ch 3 (counts as dc), *[dc in next 2 sts, Partial FPtr in previous FPdc, partial FPtr in next FPdc, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook — FPtr2tog made, skip Popcorn, dc in next 5 sts] to 3 sts before corner st, dc in next 3 sts, 2 dc in corner st, Partial FPdtr around previous FPdc, Partial FPdtr around next FPdc, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook, 2 dc in same corner st, dc in next 6 sts; rep from * around, omitting last dc, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 5: Ch 1, Reverse sc in each st around, join with slip st to first Reverse sc. Fasten off.


#44 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 4 + 3 + corner sts. Begin 4 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, ch 7, skip 3 sts, *[sc in next st, ch 7, skip 3 sts] to corner st, 3 sc in corner st, ch 7, skip 3 sts; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[ch 3, skip 3 ch, sc in center ch of ch-7, ch 3**, sc in next sc] to corner st, ch 5 for corner space, skip 1 sc, sc in next sc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[ch 7, skip 1 sc**, sc in next sc] to corner space, (ch 3, sc, ch 3) in corner space, sc in next sc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 4: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[ch 3, sc in center ch of next ch-7, ch 3**, sc in next sc] to corner, ch 3, sc in corner sc, ch 3, sc in next sc; repeat from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 5: Ch 1, sc in same st, *ch 7, skip 1 sc, sc in next sc; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 6: Ch 1, sc in same st, *ch 3, (sc, ch 3, sc) in center ch of ch-7, ch 3, sc in next sc; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#45 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 6 + 3 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[ch 1, skip 2 sts, [(dc, ch 1, dc, ch 1, dc) in next st — open shell made, ch 1, skip 2 sts, sc in next st] to 1 st before corner st, ch 1, skip 1 st, open shell in corner st, ch 1, skip 1 st, sc in next st; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 6 (counts as dc and ch-3), *[sc in center dc of next open shell, ch 3, dc in next sc, ch 3] to corner shell, (sc, ch 3) two times in center dc of corner shell**, dc in next sc, ch 3; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-6.

Rnd 3: Ch 4 (counts as dc and ch-1), (dc, ch 1) two times in same st, sc in next sc, ch 1, *[open shell in next dc, ch 1, sc in next sc, ch 1] to corner ch-3 space, open shell in corner space, ch 1, sc in next sc, ch 1; rep from * around, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-4. Fasten off.


#46 STITCHES & NOTES Dc2tog: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through 2 loops, yarn over, insert hook into same stitch or space and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 2 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, ch 1, skip 1 st, *[sc in next st, ch 1, skip 1 st] to corner st, (sc, ch 1, sc) in corner st, ch 1, skip 1 st; repeat from * around, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in each sc and ch-1 space around, placing 3 sc in each corner ch-1 space, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 2, dc in same st, ch 1, skip 1 sc, *[dc2tog in next sc, ch 1, skip 1 sc]** to corner st, (dc2tog, ch 3, dc2tog) in corner st, ch 1, skip 1 sc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to top of first st. Fasten off.


#47 STITCHES & NOTES Partial tr: (Yarn over) twice, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) two times.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 6 + 5 + corner sts. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in each st around, placing 5 dc in each corner st — corner group made, join with slip st to top of ch-3. Rnd 2: Ch 4, (skip 1 dc, Partial tr in next dc) two times, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook, ch 5, *[(skip 1 dc, Partial tr in next dc) three times, yarn over and pull through all 4 loops on hook — tr3tog made, ch 5] to corner group, skip 1 dc, (tr in next dc, ch 1) two times, tr in next dc, ch 5; rep from * around, ending skip 1 dc, join with slip st to first cluster.

Rnd 3: Ch 5 (counts as tr and ch-1), (tr, ch 1) two times in same st, *[skip 5 ch, (tr, ch 1) three times in next st] to corner st, ch 2 more, skip (ch 1, tr, ch 1), (tr, ch 1) three times in next st; rep from * around, join with slip st to 4th ch of ch-5.

Rnd 4: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in each tr and ch-1 space around, placing 7 dc in each corner ch-space, join with slip st to top of ch-3. Fasten off.


#48 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 6 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, skip 1 st, (sc, ch 10, sc) in next st, skip 1 st, sc in next 2 sts, *[sc in next sc, skip 1 st, (sc, ch 10, sc) in next st, skip 1 st, sc in next 2 sts] to corner st, (sc, ch 10, sc) in corner st — corner group made, sc in next st; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in next sc, ch 10, dc in next 3 sc, * [dc in next 2 sc, ch 10, dc in next 3 sc] to corner group, 2 dc in next sc, ch 10, 2 dc in next sc, dc in next sc; rep from * around, join with slip st to top of ch-3. Slip ch-loops from Rnd 2 through chloops from Rnd 1.

Rnd 3: Ch 3 (counts as dc), *[skip 1 dc, slip st in Rnd-1 ch-loop, keeping Rnd-2 loop to the front, ch 12, slip st in same ch-loop, skip 1 dc, dc in next 3 dc] to 1 st before corner space, 2 dc in next dc, slip st in corner ch-space, ch 12, slip st in same ch-space, 2 dc in next dc, dc in next 3 dc; rep from * around, omitting last dc, join with slip st to top of ch-3. Slip ch-loops from Rnd 3 through ch-loops from Rnd 2.

Rnd 4: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[ch 1, slip st in Rnd-2 ch-loop, keeping Rnd-3 loop to the front, ch 1, sc in next 3 dc] to 2 sts before corner space, sc in next 2 dc, ch 1, slip st in corner Rnd-2 ch-loop, ch 1, sc in next 5 dc; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.

tip tip This border can easily be made wider by adding additional rounds of dc/chain-loops.


#49 STITCHES & NOTES Picot-3: Ch 3, slip st in 3rd chain from hook. Picot Fringe: (Ch 4, Picot-3) three times, (ch 3, Picot-3) two times, slip st in base of 3rd picot from hook, (ch 4, Picot-3, slip st in base of next picot) two times, ch 4.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 2 + 1 + corner sts. Join 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 4 (counts as dc and ch-1), skip 1 st, *[dc in next st, ch 1, skip 1 st] to corner st, (dc, ch 3, dc) in corner st, ch 1, skip 1 st; rep from * around, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-4, slip st in next ch-1 space.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same space, *ch 1, [sc in next chspace, ch 1]** to corner space, (sc, ch 1, sc, ch 1, sc) in corner space — corner group made; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc, slip st in next ch-1 space.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, sc in same space, *[ch 3, skip (sc, ch 1, sc)**, sc in next ch-1 space] to corner group, ch 3, skip (sc, ch 1), sc in corner sc, ch 3, skip (ch 1, sc), sc in next ch-1 space; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc, slip st in next chspace.

Rnd 4: Ch 1, *sc in next ch-3 space, Picot Fringe, sc in same space, Picot Fringe; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#50 STITCHES & NOTES Spike hdc: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space one or more rounds below next stitch and pull up a loop to level of current round, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 2 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in first sc, ch 1, skip 1 st, *[sc in next st, ch 1, skip 1 st] to corner st, (sc, ch 1, sc) in corner st, ch 1, skip 1 st; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 2, skip 1 sc, *[Spike hdc in skipped sc of base rnd, ch 1**, skip 1 sc] to corner space, (sc, ch 1, sc) in corner ch-1 sp, ch 1, skip 1 sc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 2nd ch of beg ch-2. Fasten off.


#51 STITCHES & NOTES Dc4tog: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through 2 loops, (yarn over, insert hook into same stitch and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) three times, yarn over and pull through all 5 loops on hook.

Dc5tog: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through 2 loops, (yarn over, insert hook into same stitch and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) four times, yarn over and pull through all 6 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 4 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 4 (counts as dc and ch-1), *[skip 1 st, dc in next st, ch 1] to corner st, (dc, ch 3, dc) in corner st — corner group made, ch 1**, dc in next st, ch 1; repeat from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-4.

Rnd 2: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc4tog in same st, *dc in next ch-1 space, ch 1, [dc in next ch-space, dc5tog in next dc, dc in next ch-space, ch 1] to corner group, (3 dc, dc5tog, 3 dc) in corner ch-3 space, ch 1, dc in next ch-space, dc5tog in next dc; rep from * around, omitting last dc5tog, join with slip st to top of cluster.

Rnd 3: Ch 4 (counts as dc and ch-1), skip 1 st, *[dc in next st or ch-space, ch 1, skip 1 st]** to corner cluster, (dc, ch 3, dc) in corner cluster, ch 1, skip 1 st; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-4.

Rnd 4: Ch 4 (counts as dc and ch-1), *[dc in next dc, ch 1]** to corner space, (dc, ch 3, dc, ch 1) in corner space — corner group made; rep from * around,


ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-4.

Rnd 5: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc4tog in same st, dc in next ch-space, *[ch 1, dc in next ch-space**, dc5tog in next dc, dc in next ch-space] to corner space (placing last dc in corner space), ch 3, dc in corner space, dc5tog in next dc, dc in next ch-space; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to top of cluster.

Rnd 6: Ch 4 (counts as dc and ch-1), skip 1 st, *[dc in next st or ch-space, ch 1, skip 1 st]** to corner chspace, (dc, ch 3, dc) in corner ch-space, ch 1, skip 1 st; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-4.

Rnds 7 and 8: Rep Rnds 4 and 5. Fasten off.


#52 Base rnd, each side: Any multiple. Begin in any stitch.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in each st around, placing 5 dc in each corner st, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 2: Ch 4 (counts as dc and ch-1), (dc, ch 1) in each st around, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-4.

Rnd 3: Ch 4 (counts as sc and ch-3), (sc, ch 3) in each ch-space around, join with slip st to first ch. Fasten off.


#53 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 4 + 3 + corner sts. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, *ch 3, skip 1 sc, [sc in next 3 sc, ch 3, skip 1 sc] to 1 st before corner st, sc in next st, 3 sc in corner st, sc in next sc; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with sc to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in each sc and ch-3 space around, placing 3 sc in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[sc in next 2 sc, ch 3, skip 1 sc, sc in next sc] to corner st, 3 sc in corner st, sc in next sc, ch 3, skip 1 sc, sc in next sc; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 4: Ch 1, sc in each sc and ch-3 space around, placing 3 sc in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 5: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[ch 3, skip 1 sc**, sc in next 3 sc] to 2 sts before corner st, ch 3, skip 1 sc, sc in next sc, 3 sc in corner st, sc in next sc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, sc in next 2 sc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.

tip Take a break every hour or so to allow your hands time to rest. Get up, stretch, get a drink of water, take the dog for a walk. Your body and your mind will thank you.


#54 STITCHES & NOTES Dc2tog: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through 2 loops, yarn over, insert hook into same stitch or space and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 8 + 5 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same sc and in next 3 sts, *[sc in next st, (sc, ch 5, sc) in next st, sc in next 6 sts] to corner st, (sc, ch 5, sc) in corner st — corner group made, sc in next 5 sts; rep from * around, omitting last 4 sc, join with slip st to first sc. +5

Rnd 2: *Ch 2, dc2tog in next sc, ch 2, slip st in next st, [(5 dc, ch 3, 5 dc) in next ch-space, skip 3 sc, slip st in next st, ch 2, dc2tog in next sc, ch 2, slip st in next st] to 1 sc before corner group, (5 dc, ch 3, 5 dc) in corner space, skip 2 sc, slip st in next st; rep from * around. Fasten off.


#55 STITCHES & NOTES Puff Stitch: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch and pull up a loop, (yarn over, insert hook into same st and pull up a loop) three times, yarn over and pull through all 9 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 2 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 2, Puff Stitch in same st, *[ch 3, Puff Stitch in 3rd ch from hook, skip 1 st, Puff Stitch in next st] to corner st, ch 3, Puff Stitch in 3rd ch from hook, Puff Stitch in corner st, ch 3, Puff Stitch in 3rd ch from hook, Puff Stitch in next st; rep from * around, omitting last Puff Stitch, join with slip st to first st. Fasten off.


#56 STITCHES & NOTES Dc2tog: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through 2 loops, yarn over, insert hook into same stitch and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook.

Long Stitch: Yarn over hook six times, insert hook into next st and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) seven times.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 2 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, Long Stitch in next st, *[sc in next st, Long Stitch in next st]** to corner st, (sc, Long Stitch, sc) in corner st, Long Stitch in next st; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnds 2 and 3: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in each st around, placing 5 dc in each corner st, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 4: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[Long Stitch in next st**, sc in next st] to corner st, (Long Stitch, sc, Long Stitch) in corner st, sc in next dc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.

FLOWERS Make as many as needed. Rnd 1: Ch 2, 12 sc in 2nd st from hook, join with slip st in first sc. Fasten off.

Rnd 2: Join yarn in any st. *Ch 3, dc2tog in next sc, ch 3, slip st in next st; rep from * around. Fasten off. Sew flowers to base, putting one flower in each corner and spacing others according to taste.


#57 STITCHES & NOTES Picot-3: Ch 3, slip stitch in 3rd chain from hook. Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 2 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 4 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, *ch 3, skip 1 st, [sc in next st, ch 3, skip 1 st] to corner st, (sc, ch 3, sc) in corner st, ch 3, skip 1 st, sc in next st; rep from * around, ending ch 1, join with hdc to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in space formed by joining hdc, *ch 3, sc in next ch-space; rep from * around, ending last rep ch 1, join with hdc to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, sc in space formed by joining hdc, *ch 3, [sc in next ch-space, ch 3] to corner st, sc in same space, ch 3, (sc, ch 3, sc) in next ch-space, rep from * around, ending ch 1, join with hdc to first sc. p

Rnd 4: Rep Rnd 2. Rnd 5: Ch 1, sc in same space, ch 1, Picot-3, ch 1, *sc in next ch-space, ch 1, Picot-3, ch 1; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#58 STITCHES & NOTES Compound Spike sc: Insert hook into st in rnd below dc 2 sts back and pull up a loop to level of current rnd, insert hook into next dc in current rnd and pull up a loop, skip 1 dc, insert hook into next st in rnd below and pull up a loop to level of current rnd, yarn over and pull through all 4 loops on hook.

Spike sc: Insert hook into stitch or space one or more rounds below next stitch and pull up a loop to level of current round, yarn over and pull through 2 loops.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 4 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 3 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in each dc around, placing 5 dc in each corner st — corner group made, join with slip st to top of ch-3. Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same and next dc, *Compound Spike sc in next st**, [sc in next 3 sts, Compound Spike sc in next st] to corner group, sc in next 2 dc, (sc, Spike sc in rnd below corner st, sc) in center dc of corner group, sc in next 2 dc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, sc in last dc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.

tip Don’t hesitate to take advantage of both the text and the chart to help your understanding of where to place the stitches on this or any other border.


#59 STITCHES & NOTES Dc2tog: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through 2 loops, yarn over, insert hook into same stitch and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook.

Picot-3: Ch 3, slip st in 3rd chain from hook. Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 8 + 3 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 5 (counts as dc and ch-2), *[skip 2 sts, dc in next 3 sts, ch 2, skip 2 sts, dc in next dc, ch 2] to 1 st before corner st, skip 1 st, 3 dc in corner st — corner group made, ch 2, skip 1 st**, dc in next st, ch 2; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-5.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same st, *ch 3, [(dc2tog, ch 1, Picot-3, ch 1, dc2tog) in center dc of next 3-dc group, ch 3, skip 1 dc, sc in next dc, ch 3] to corner group, (2 dc2tog, ch 1, Picot-3, ch 1, 2 dc2tog) in center dc of corner dc-3 group, ch 3, skip 1 dc, sc in next dc; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.

tip Amaze your crocheting friends by making the beginning of rounds undetectable: Use a chainless start (see page 9) for beginning new yarns, and finish the final round with a tapestryneedle join (see page 15).


#60 STITCHES & NOTES Notions: 10 seed beads for each 8-stitch repeat along each side, plus 10 beads for each corner.

Bsc (beaded single crochet): Slide bead up next to hook, insert hook into next st and pull up a loop, pushing bead to right side through stitch (if necessary), yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook to complete sc.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 8 + 1 + corner sts. Thread beads onto yarn. Begin 4 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st and next st, *[sc in next st, Bsc in next st, sc in next 2 sts] to corner st, (sc, Bsc, sc) in corner st, sc in next 2 sts, Bsc in next st**, sc in next 2 sts; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same st and next 3 sc, *(Bsc in next sc, sc in next sc, Bsc in next sc**, sc in next 5 sc) to 3 sts before corner st, Bsc in next sc, sc in next sc, Bsc in next sc, 3 sc in corner st; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, sc in last sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, sc in same st and next 4 sc, Bsc in next st, *[sc in next 7 sc, Bsc in next sc] to 2 sts before corner st, sc in next 2 sc, 3 sc in corner st, sc in next 2 sc, Bsc in next st; rep from * around, ending sc in last 2 sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 4: Ch 1, sc in same st and next 2 sts, Bsc in next sc, *[sc in next 3 sc, Bsc in next sc] to 1 st before corner st, sc in next st, 3 sc in corner st, sc in next sc, Bsc in next sc, sc in next 3 sc, Bsc in next sc; rep from * around; join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 5: Ch 1, sc in same st and in next 3 sc, *Bsc in next sc, sc in next sc, Bsc in next sc**, [sc in next 5


sc, Bsc in next sc, sc in next sc, Bsc in next sc] to 3 sts before corner st, sc in next 3 sts, 3 sc in corner st, sc in next 3 sc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, sc in last sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 6: Ch 1, sc in same st and in next 2 sc, *[sc in next 2 sc, Bsc in next sc**, sc in next 5 sc] to corner st, 3 sc in corner st, sc in next 3 sc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, sc in last 2 sc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off. +1


#61 STITCHES & NOTES Puff Stitch: Yarn over, insert hook into st and pull up a loop, (yarn over, insert hook into same st and pull up a loop) three times, yarn over and pull through all 9 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 2 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[dtr in next st, sc in next st] to corner st, (dtr, sc, dtr) in corner st, sc in next st; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 3, Puff Stitch in same st, ch 1, skip 1 dtr, *[Puff Stitch in next sc, ch 1, skip 1 dtr] to corner st, (Puff Stitch, ch 3, Puff Stitch) in corner sc, ch 1, skip 1 dtr; rep from * around, join with slip st to first st. Fasten off.


#62 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 3 + 2 + corner sts. Begin 3 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 5 (counts as dc and ch-2), skip 2 sts, *[dc in next dc, ch 2, skip 2 sts] to corner st, (dc, ch 3, dc, ch 2) in corner st, skip 2 sts; rep from * around; join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-5.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, *(sc, hdc, dc, hdc, sc) in each chspace to corner space, (sc, hdc, 2 dc, hdc, sc) in corner space; rep from * around, ending (sc, hdc, dc, hdc, sc) in last space, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#63 STITCHES & NOTES Note: For a fun variation, alternate working the second half of every other group of crossed stitches behind the first half of the group.

Long Stitch: (Yarn over) eight times, insert hook into space indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) nine times.

Trtr (triple treble): (Yarn over) four times, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) five times.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 16 + 15 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 4 (counts as dc and ch-1), skip 1 st, *[dc in next st, ch 1, skip 1 st] to corner st, (dc, ch 1) three times in corner st — corner group made, skip 1 st; rep from * around, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-4. Fasten off.

Rnd 2: Join yarn in 2nd ch-space of any corner group, ch 7 (counts as trtr, ch 1), *skip 4 ch-spaces, (Long Stitch into next ch-space, ch 1) three times, Long Stitch into next ch-sp; working behind previous Long Stitches, Long Stitch into first skipped chspace, (ch 1, Long Stitch into next skipped chspace) three times, ch 1; rep from * to corner group, trtr in next ch-space, ch 1, (trtr, ch 1) five times in corner st** — corner group made, trtr in next chspace, ch 1; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st in 6th ch of ch-7.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[sc in each st and ch-1 space, and 1 sc between 2 center Long Stitches in each crossed group] to corner st, (sc, ch 1, sc) in corner st; rep from * around, ending with sc in each st and ch-1 space to end, join with slip st to first sc.


Fasten off.


#64 STITCHES & NOTES Notions: ¾” buttons, one for each 3-dc group in Round 2 (the sample shown here is JHB International #20222).

Partial dc: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 6 + 5 + corner sts. Begin 3 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), 2 dc in same st, *ch 1, skip 2 sts, [dc in next st, ch 1, skip 2 sts, 3 dc in next st, ch 1, skip 2 sts] to corner st, (dc, ch 3, dc) in corner st, ch 1, skip 2 sts**, 3 dc in next st; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 2: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in next 2 dc, ch 1, *dc in next dc, [ch 1, dc in next 3 dc, ch 1, dc in next dc] to corner space, ch 1, 3 dc in corner space — corner group made, ch 1; rep from * around, ending last rep dc in next dc, ch 1, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 3: Ch 3 (counts as dc), Partial dc in next 2 dc, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook to dc2tog, *ch 2, dc in next dc, ch 2**, [Partial dc in next 3 dc, yarn over and pull through all 4 loops on hook to dc3tog, ch 2, dc in next dc, ch 2] to corner group, Partial dc in next dc, 2 Partial dc in next dc, yarn over and pull through all 4 loops on hook to complete dc3tog, ch 1, dc3tog 2 sts in same st and 1 in next dc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to top of ch-3. Fasten off.

Sew buttons in center of each 3-dc group, as shown in photo.


#65 STITCHES & NOTES Bead Stitch: Insert hook into st and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 1 loop) three times, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook.

Join Flower: Drop loop from hook and insert from front to back through any ch-3 space of flower then into dropped loop, pull loop through.

FLOWER. Make one for every multiple of 4 stitches along each side, plus one more for each side, plus one for each corner. Rnd 1: Ch 2, 6 sc in 2nd ch from hook, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same st, *ch 3, sc in next sc; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off. Weave in ends.

EDGING


Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 4 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, Bead Stitch in next st, sc in next st, *ch 1, skip 1 st, [sc in next st, Bead Stitch in next st, sc in next st, ch 1, skip 1 st] to corner st; (sc, Bead Stitch, sc) in corner st — corner group made; rep from * around, ending skip 1 st, join with sc to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, (sc, ch 3, Join Flower, ch 3, sc) in space formed by joining sc, *[sc in next 3 sts, (sc, ch 3, Join Flower, ch 3, sc) in next ch-1 space] to corner group, sc in next sc, (sc, ch 3, Join Flower, ch 3, sc) in corner st, sc in next sc**, (sc, ch 3, Join Flower, ch 3, sc) in next ch-1 space; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#66 STITCHES & NOTES Puff Stitch: Yarn over, insert hook into st and pull up a loop, (yarn over, insert hook into same st and pull up a loop) three times, yarn over and pull through all 9 loops on hook.

Attach fringe: Holding three strands of yarn together, fold lengths of yarn in half. Insert a crochet hook from wrong side to right side of border and pull the folded loops through. Pull cut ends through folded loops and gently pull to tighten.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 6 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), *[dc in next 2 sts, Puff Stitch in next st, dc in next 3 sts] to corner st, (2 dc, Puff Stitch, 2 dc) in corner st, dc in next st; rep from * around, omitting last dc, join with slip st to top of ch3.

Rnds 2 and 3: Ch 1, sc in each st around, placing 3 sc in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc.

FRINGE For each Puff Stitch, cut three pieces of yarn slightly longer than two times the desired length of fringe. Attach fringe (see Stitches & Notes, left) through top of Puff Stitches on Rnd 1. 3

tip Adjust the length and thickness of the fringe on your border to complement the size of the piece the border is attached to.


#67 STITCHES & NOTES Note: For variation, repeat Round 4 once more OR omit Rounds 3 and 4 entirely.

Make Point: Ch 7, hdc in 4th ch from hook, dc in next 2 ch, tr in next ch.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 4 + 3 + corner sts. Begin 4 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same sc, ch 3, skip 3 sts, *[sc in next st, ch 3, skip 3 sts] to corner st, (sc, ch 1, sc) in corner st, ch 3, skip 3 sts; rep from * around; join with slip st to first sc, slip st in next ch-3 space.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same ch-space, Make Point, *[sc in next ch-space, Make Point]** to corner ch-space, (sc, Make Point, sc) in corner ch-space, Make Point; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.

Rnd 3: Work all sts of this round in chain-spaces created in Rnd 1. Rejoin yarn in ch-3 space in Rnd 1 to the right of first sc in Rnd 2, ch 4 (counts as dc and ch-1)], dc in same ch-3 space on other side of the Rnd-2 sc, ch 1, *[dc in next ch-3 space before the Rnd-2 sc, ch 1, dc in same ch-3 space on other side of the Rnd-2 sc, ch 1]** to corner space, dc in corner ch-1 space before first Rnd-2 sc, ch 3, sc in same ch-space on the other side of the second Rnd-2 sc, ch 1; rep from * around, ending last rep at **; join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-4.

Rnd 4: Ch 3, dc in each dc and ch-1 space around, placing 5 dc in each ch-3 corner space, join with slip st to top of ch-3. Fasten off.


#68 STITCHES & NOTES BLdc (back loop double crochet): Work 1 double crochet into the back loop only.

BLtr (back loop treble crochet): Work 1 treble crochet into the back loop only.

Picot-3: Ch 3, slip st in 3rd chain from hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 2 + 1 + corner sts. Begin in any stitch.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in each sc around, placing 5 dc in each corner st, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 2: Ch 3, BLdc in each dc around, placing 5 BLdc in each corner st, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 3: Rep Rnd 2. Fasten off. Turn. Rnd 4: Working in the free loops of Rnd 1 sts, join yarn in any stitch, ch 4 (counts as tr), Picot-3, BLtr in same st, Picot-3, *skip 1 st, (BLtr, Picot-3) two times


in next st; rep from * around, join with slip st to top of ch-4. Fasten off.

Rnd 5: Working in the free loops of Rnd 2 sts, rep Rnd 4. Fasten off.


#69 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 8 + 7 + corner sts. Begin 4 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 4 (counts as dc and ch-1), dc in same st, *ch 2, skip 3 sts, [dc in next st, ch 2, skip 3 sts, (dc, ch 1, dc) in next st — V-st made, ch 2, skip 3 sts] to corner st, [dc, (ch 1, dc) 4 times] in corner st — corner group made, ch 2, skip 3 sts, V-st in next st; rep from * around, omitting last V-st, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-4, slip st in next ch-1 space.

Rnd 2: Ch 4 (counts as dc and ch-1), dc in same space, ch 2, *[dc in next dc, ch 2, V-st in center of next V-st, ch 2, skip 1 dc] to corner group, dc in next dc, ch 2, skip (1 ch-space), [V-st in next ch-space, ch 1] two times — corner group made, ch 1 more, skip 1 dc, dc in next dc, ch 2, V-st in center of next V-st; rep from * around, omitting last V-st, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-4, slip st in next ch-1 space.

Rnd 3: Ch 3 (counts as dc), (dc, ch 1, 2 dc) in same space, ch 1, skip 1 dc, dc in next dc, *[ch 1, (2 dc, ch 1, 2 dc) in center of next V-st — open shell made, ch 1, skip 1 dc, dc in next dc] to corner group, ch 1, skip 1 ch-space, open shell in center of next V-st, ch 3, skip 1 ch-space, open shell in center of next V-st, ch 1, skip 1 dc, dc in next dc**, ch 1, open shell in center of next V-st; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with sc to top of ch-3.

Rnd 4: Ch 1, sc in last dc, skip (joining sc, 2 dc), *5 dc in center of next open shell, [skip (2 dc, 1 ch), sc in next dc, 5 dc in center of next open shell] to corner space, sc in corner space, 5 dc in center of next open shell, skip (2 dc, 1 ch),**, sc in next dc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#70 STITCHES & NOTES Beg Horizontal Cluster: Ch 3 (counts as dc), yarn over, insert hook into next st and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook, (yarn over, insert hook from front to back under post of the ch-3 and Partial dc and pull up a loop) two times, yarn over and pull through all 6 loops on hook.

Horizontal Cluster: Dc in next dc, yarn over, insert hook into next st and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook, (yarn over, insert hook from front to back under posts of previous dc and current st and pull up a loop) two times, yarn over and pull through all 6 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 2 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Make beg Horizontal Cluster over first 2 sts, *make Horizontal Clusters across to corner (with second half of cluster in corner st), work next cluster in same corner st and next st; rep from * around, join with slip st to top of first cluster.

Rnd 2: Ch 2, *[sc between next 2 clusters, ch 1] to corner, (sc, ch 1) two times between two corner clusters; rep from * around, join with slip st to first ch of ch-2, slip st in next ch-1 space.

Rnd 3: Ch 5 (counts as tr, ch 1), working behind ch5, tr in previous ch-1 space, *skip 1 sc, [tr in next ch1 space, ch 1, working behind last tr, tr in previous ch-1 space**, skip 1 sc] across, placing next-to-last tr in corner space, ch 3 for corner; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 4th ch of ch-5. Fasten off.


#71 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 10 + 5 + corner sts. Begin 3 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st and in next 2 sts, *[sc in next 2 sts, (sc, ch 5, sc) in next st, sc in next 7 sts] to corner st, (sc, ch 5, sc) in corner st — corner group made, sc in next 5 sts; rep from * around, omitting last 3 sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same st and in next 2 sc, *[skip 3 sc, (hdc, 9 dc, hdc) in next ch-5 space — scallop made, skip 3 sc, sc in next 5 sc] to corner group, skip 1 sc, scallop in corner ch-5 space, skip 1 sc, sc in next 5 sc; rep from * around, omitting last 3 sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, sc in same st, *ch 3, skip next 5 sts, (sc, ch 3, sc) in 4th st of scallop, ch 3, skip 1 dc, (sc, ch 3, sc) in center st of scallop, ch 3, skip 1 dc, (sc, ch 3, sc) in next dc, ch 3, skip next 5 sts, sc in next sc; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#72 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 10 + 5 + corner sts. Begin 6 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in next 4 sts, *ch 2, skip 2 sts, sc in next st, ch 2, skip 2 sts**, [dc in next 5 sts, ch 2, skip 2, sc in next st, ch 2, skip 2 sts] to corner st, 5 dc in corner st — corner group made; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 2: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in next 4 dc, ch 4, *[dc in next 5 dc, ch 4] to corner group, dc in next 2 dc, 5 dc in corner dc, dc in next 2 dc, ch 4; rep from * around, join with slip st to top of ch-3. Fasten off.

Rnd 3: Join yarn in ch-4 space just completed, ch 3 (counts as dc), 4 dc in same ch-space, ch 2, skip 2 dc, sc in next dc, ch 2, [5 dc in next ch-4 space, ch 2, skip 2 dc, sc in next dc, ch 2] to 1 st before corner st, skip 1 dc, 5 dc in corner dc — corner group made, ch 2, skip 1 dc, sc in next dc, ch 2, 5 dc in next ch-4 space; rep from * around, omitting last 5 dc, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 4: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in next 4 dc, ch 4, *[dc in next 5 dc, ch 4] to corner group, dc in next 2


dc, 5 dc in corner dc — corner group made, dc in next 2 dc, ch 4; rep from * around, join with slip st to top of ch-3. Fasten off.

Rnd 5: Join yarn in ch-4 space just completed, ch 3 (counts as dc), 4 dc in same ch-space, ch 2, skip 2 dc, sc in next dc, *[ch 2, 5 dc in next ch-4 space, ch 2, skip 2 dc, sc in next dc] to 1 st before corner st, ch 1, skip 1 dc, 5 dc in corner dc — corner group made, ch 1, skip 1 dc, sc in next dc, ch 2, 5 dc in next ch-4 space; rep from * around, omitting last 5 dc, join with slip st to top of ch-3. 1 3

Rnd 6: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in next 4 dc, ch 2, sc in next sc, ch 2, *[dc in next 5 dc, ch 2, sc in next sc, ch 2] to corner group, skip 1 dc, dc in next dc, 5 dc in corner dc, dc in next dc, ch 2, sc in next sc, ch 2; rep from * around, join with slip st to top of ch-3. Fasten off.


#73

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 10 + 8 + corner


sts. Begin 5 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, ch 3, *[sc in next st, ch 3] to corner st, (sc, ch 3, sc) in corner st, ch 3; rep from * around, ending last rep ch 1, join with hdc to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in space formed by joining hdc, *[ch 2, skip 4 ch-spaces, (tr, ch 1, tr, ch 1, tr, ch 1, tr) in next ch-space — open shell made, ch 2, skip 4 chspaces, sc in next ch-space] to 4 ch-spaces before corner space, skip 4 ch-spaces, [tr, (ch 1, tr) six times] in corner space — corner group made, ch 2, skip 4 ch-spaces, sc in next ch-space; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, *4 sc in next ch-2 space, [(sc, ch 3, sc) in next 3 ch-1 spaces, 4 sc in next 2 ch-2 spaces] to corner group, (sc, ch 3, sc) in next 6 ch-1 spaces, 4 sc in next ch-2 space; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#74 STITCHES & NOTES Dc2tog: Partial dc in same space, Partial dc in next ch space, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook.

Partial dc: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook.

Picot-3: Ch 3, slip stitch in 3rd chain from hook. Reverse V-st: Partial dc in same space, Partial dc in next ch-space, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 3 + 2 + corner sts. Begin 3 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 3, skip 2 sts, dc in next st, *ch 2, [Partial dc in same st, skip 2 sts, Partial dc in next st, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook to dc2tog**, ch 2] to corner, (placing the last Partial dc in corner st), dc in same st; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, ch 1, join with sc to top of ch-3.

Rnd 2: Ch 3, dc in next ch-space, *ch 2, [Reverse Vst, ch 2] to corner st, dc2tog over same space and corner dc, ch 3, dc2tog over same st and next chspace; rep from * around, ending last rep with Reverse V-st, ch 1, join with sc to top of ch-3.

Rnd 3: Ch 3, dc in next ch-space, *ch 2, [Reverse Vst**, ch 2] to corner space (placing the last Partial dc in corner space), dc in same ch-space; rep from * around, ending last rep with Reverse V-st, ch 1, join with sc to top of ch-3.

Rnd 4: Ch 3, dc in next ch-space, Picot-3, *ch 2, [Reverse V-st, Picot-3, ch 2] ** to corner dc, dc2tog over same space and corner dc, Picot-3, ch 3, dc2tog over same st and next ch-space, Picot-3; rep


from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to top of ch-3. Fasten off.


#75 STITCHES & NOTES Picot-3: Ch 3, slip st in 3rd chain from hook. Picot-5: Ch 5, slip st in 5th chain from hook. Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 8 + 3 + corner sts. Begin 4 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, ch 5, skip 3 sts, *[sc in next st, ch 5, skip 3 sts] to corner st, (sc, ch 3, sc) in corner st, ch 5, skip 3 sts; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same st, ch 5, *sc in next sc, ch 5; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc, slip st in next ch-space.

Rnd 3: Ch 3 (counts as dc), (3 dc, Picot-3, Picot-5, Picot-3, 4 dc) in same space, *(2 sc, ch 3, 2 sc) in next ch-space**, (4 dc, Picot-3, Picot-5, Picot-3, 4 dc) in next ch-space; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to top of ch-3. Fasten off.


#76 STITCHES & NOTES Surface Chain: Holding yarn on wrong side of fabric, insert hook from front to back into next st and pull up a loop through fabric and through loop on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 7 + corner sts. Begin in any stitch.

Rnds 1–4: Ch 1, sc in each sc around, placing 3 sc in each corner st. Fasten off at the end of Rnd 4.

Rnd 5: Join yarn in 3rd st to left of corner st, ch 1, *sc in same st, sc in next 3 sc, [(Surface Chain on next rnd below) three times, (Surface Chain on next st to the left) four times, (Surface Chain on next st above) three times, sc into same st, sc in next 3 sc] to 2 sts before corner st, (Surface Chain on next rnd below) three times, rotate piece 90 degrees clockwise, (Surface Chain on next st above) three times; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.

tip Surface embellishments like this chain stitch are an easy way to dress up an ordinary fabric. Let your imagination run wild as you create planned or freehand designs on any knit or crocheted background. Don’t worry: It’s easy to rip out if you don’t like the results.


#77 STITCHES & NOTES BLdc: Work 1 double crochet into the back loop only.

FLtr: Work 1 treble crochet into the front loop only. Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 2 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 5 (counts as tr and ch-1), skip 1 st, *[FLtr in next st, ch 1, skip 1 st] to corner st, (FLtr, ch 3, FLtr) in corner st — corner group made, ch 1, skip 1 st; rep from * around, join with slip st to 4th ch of ch5. Fasten off.

Rnd 2: Join yarn in base rnd behind first st of Rnd 1. Working into sts of base round, ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in next st, *[BLdc in next st, dc in next st] to corner group, 5 BLdc in corner st — corner group made, dc in next st; rep from * around, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 3: Drop loop from hook; insert hook into 4th ch of beg ch-5 from Rnd 1 and top of corresponding ch3 from Rnd 2, pick up dropped loop and pull through to join these sts together, ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in next dc from Rnd 2, *[1 dc into back loop of next tr from Rnd 1 and into next dc from Rnd 2 (joining these 2 sts together), dc into next dc from Rnd 2**] to corner group, dc tog next tr from Rnd 1 and dc from Rnd 2, 2 dc in next corner dc from Rnd 2, dc tog center ch from ch-3 corner from Rnd 1 and next dc from Rnd 2; 2 more dc in same center dc from Rnd 2, 2 dc in next dc from Rnd 2; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to top of ch-3. Fasten off.


#78 STITCHES & NOTES Dc5tog: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through 2 loops, (yarn over, insert hook into same stitch and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops) four times, yarn over and pull through all 6 loops on hook.

Tight Picot-3: Ch 3, insert hook from top to bottom through top and side edge of sc just made and pull a loop through to form slip st.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 8 + 5 + corner sts. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same sc, *sc in next 2 sts, Tight Picot-3, [sc in next 3 sts, ch 5, dc5tog in next st, ch 6, slip st in 6th ch from hook, (ch 5, slip st in same st) two times — triple chain-loop made, ch 5, sc in next 4 sts, Tight Picot-3] to 2 sts before corner st, sc in next 2 sc, (sc, ch 5, dc5tog, triple chain-loop, ch 5, sc) in corner st, sc in next st; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.

tip Don’t rely on just the yarn label to tell you what size hook to use; choose the correct size crochet hook for your unique yarn tension. If your stitches are stiff and tight, use a larger hook. If they are loose, use a smaller hook.


#79 STITCHES & NOTES Partial tr: (Yarn over) twice, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) two times.

Picot-3: Ch 3, slip st in 3rd chain from hook. Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 5 + 4 + corner sts. Begin 3 sts to left of corner st.

Rnds 1 and 2: Ch 1, sc in each sc around, placing 3 sc in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 4, Partial tr in same st, *skip 3 scs, [2 Partial tr in next sc, yarn over and pull through all 4 loops on hook, ch 5**, 2 Partial tr in next st, skip 3 sc] to corner st, 2 Partial tr in corner st, yarn over and pull through all 5 loops on hook, ch 7, 2 Partial tr in corner st; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first cluster, slip st in next ch-5 space.

Rnd 4: Ch 1, *(4 sc, Picot-3, 4 sc) in each ch-5 space to corner space, [5 sc, Picot-3, (ch 3, slip st in same ch) two times, 5 sc] in corner ch-7 space; rep from * around, ending last rep (4 sc, Picot-3, 4 sc) in final ch-5 space. Fasten off.


#80 STITCHES & NOTES Note: This design offers lots of opportunities for whimsical customization. Vary the length of the Flowerdrop Fringe, or change the size and shape of the flowers. Add beads to the flower centers.

Flowerdrop Fringe: Ch 8, ch 4, slip st in 4th ch from hook, (ch 5, slip st, ch 7, slip st, ch 5, slip st, ch 4, slip st) all in same ch, slip st in next 8 ch.


Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 4 + 3 + corner sts. Begin 3 sts to left of corner st.

Rnds 1–3: Ch 1, sc in each sc around, placing 3 sc in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 4: Ch 1, sc in same st and in next 2 sts, *[slip st in next st, make Flower-drop Fringe, slip st in same st**, sc in next 3 sc] to 1 st before corner st, (slip st in next st, make Flowerdrop Fringe, slip st in same st) three times, sc in next 3 sc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#81 STITCHES & NOTES Note: Repeat Rounds 3 and 4 for a wider border. BPdc: Yarn over, insert hook from back to front to back around post of stitch indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) two times.

FPdc: Yarn over, insert hook from front to back to front around post of stitch indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) two times.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 2 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in each st around, placing 5 dc in each corner st, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 2: Ch 2, BPdc in same st, FPdc in next dc, *[BPdc in next dc, FPdc in next dc] to 1 st before corner st, BPdc in next dc, 3 FPdc in corner st — corner group made, BPdc in next dc, FPdc in next dc; rep from * around, join with slip st to first BPdc.

Rnd 3: Ch 2, *BPdc in each BPdc and FPdc in each FPdc** to corner group, 1 FPdc in next FPdc, 3 BPdc in center FPdc — corner group made, FPdc in next FPdc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first BPdc.

Rnd 4: Ch 2, *BPdc in each BPdc and FPdc in each FPdc** to corner group, BPdc in next BPdc, 3 FPdc in center BPdc, BPdc in next BPdc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first BPdc. Fasten off.

tip Instead of beginning Rounds 2, 3, and 4 with a


chain, try the chainless start described on page 9.


#82 STITCHES & NOTES Note: This is a very three- dimensional edging that looks good on both sides.

BPtr: (Yarn over) two times, insert hook from back to front to back around post of stitch indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) three times.

FPtr: (Yarn over) two times, insert hook from front to back to front around post of stitch indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) three times.

Base rnd, each side: Any multiple. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in each sc around, placing 3 sc in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in each sc around, placing 5 dc in each corner st, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 3: Ch 7 (counts as FPtr, ch 5), BPtr in same ch3, *FPtr in next dc, ch 5, BPtr in same dc, ch 5; rep from * around to last st, join with slip st to 2nd ch of ch-7. Fasten off.


#83 STITCHES & NOTES Bead Stitch: Insert hook into st and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 1 loop) three times, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook.

Partial dc: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 2 sts + 1 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, Bead Stitch in next st, *[sc in next st, Bead Stitch in next st] to corner st, (sc, Bead Stitch, sc) in corner st — corner group made, Bead Stitch in next st; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in same st, *skip 1 st, [2 dc in next sc, skip 1 st] to corner group, 2 dc in next sc, ch 1, Partial dc in same sc, skip corner st, Partial dc in next sc, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook to dc2tog, ch 1, 2 dc in same sc; rep from * around, join with slip st to top of ch-3. Fasten off.

tip Smooth hands make for more comfortable stitching. Keep a small tube of hand lotion and an emery board in your tool kit for quick minimanicures.


#84 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 8 + 3 + corner sts. Begin 4 sts to left of corner st. 1 1

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, *ch 4, skip 3 sts, [sc in next st, ch 4, skip 3 sts] to corner st, 3 sc in corner st — corner group made; rep from * around, ending ch 3, join with sc to first sc.


Rnd 2: Ch 5 (counts as dc and ch-2), *[sc in next chspace, ch 2, 4 dc in next ch-space, ch 2] to corner group, sc in corner st, ch 2**, 4 dc in next ch-space, ch 2; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, 3 dc in next ch-space, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-5.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, sc in same space, *[ch 4, sc in next chsp] to corner st, ch 5 for corner space, sc in next chspace; rep from * around, ending ch 4, join with slip st to first sc, slip st in next ch-space.

Rnd 4: Ch 3 (counts as dc), 3 dc in same space, *ch 2, sc in next ch-4 space**, [ch 2, 4 dc in next chspace, ch 2, sc in next ch-space, ch 2] to corner space, (4 dc, ch 2, sc, ch 2, 4 dc) in corner space; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, ch 1, join with sc to top of ch-3.


Rnd 5: Ch 1, sc in space formed by joining sc, ch 4, *sc in next ch-space, ch 4; repeat from * around, omitting last ch, join with sc to first sc.

Rnd 6: Ch 5 (counts as dc and ch-2), sc in next chspace, ch 2, *[4 dc in next ch-space, ch 2, sc in next ch-space, ch 2] to corner space, 5 dc in corner space, ch 2, sc in next ch-space, ch 2; rep from * around, ending with 3 dc in next ch-space, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-5. Fasten off.


#85 STITCHES & NOTES Partial tr: (Yarn over) twice, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) two times.

Picot-3: Ch 3, slip st in 3rd chain from hook. Tr3tog: (Yarn over) two times, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over, pull through 2 loops) two times, [(yarn over) two times, insert hook into same stitch or space and pull up a loop, (yarn over, pull through 2 loops) twice] two times, yarn over and pull through all 4 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 4 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 4 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), *dc in next st, [dc in next st, ch 1, skip 1 st**, dc in next 2 sts] to corner st, (dc, ch 3, dc) in corner st; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 2: Ch 3, Partial tr in next 2 dc, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook, Picot-3, ch 3, *[Partial tr in next 3 dc, yarn over and pull through all 4 loops on hook, Picot-3, ch 3]** to corner space, ch 1 more, tr3tog in corner space, Picot-3, ch 4; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to top of first cluster. Fasten off.

tip Sometimes you can secure yarn tails by working over them while you are stitching. Use a tapestry needle, latch hook, or crochet hook to weave the ends back in the opposite direction for extra security.


#86 STITCHES & NOTES FPdc: Yarn over, insert hook from front to back to front around post of stitch indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) two times.

Make Flower: FPdc around next dc, ch 3, (FPdc, ch 3) five times around same dc, rotate piece 180 degrees, (FPdc, ch 3) five times around previous dc in rnd below, FPdc around same dc.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 10 + 4 + corner sts. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnds 1 and 2: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in each st around, placing 5 dc in each corner st, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 3: Ch 3 (counts as dc), *[dc in next dc, Make Flower, dc behind Flower in next dc, dc in next 8 dc] to 7 dc from corner st, Make Flower, dc behind Flower in next dc, dc in next 4 dc, 2 dc in next 3 dc, dc in next 4 dc; rep from * around, omitting last dc, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 4: Ch 1, work Reverse sc in each st around, join with slip st to first st. Fasten off.


#87 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 9 + corner sts. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnds 1 and 2: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in each dc around, placing 5 dc in each corner st, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 3: Ch 7 (counts as dc and ch 4), *skip 3 dc, [sc in next dc, ch 4, skip 3 dc, dc in next 2 dc, ch 4, skip 3 dc] to corner st, 3 sc in corner st — corner group made, ch 4, skip 3 dc, dc in next 2 dc, ch 4; rep from * around, ending skip 3 dc, dc in next dc, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 4: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[ch 4, sc in next sc, ch 4, sc in next 2 dc] to corner group, ch 5, skip 1 sc, 3 sc in corner sc, skip 1 sc, ch 5, sc in next 2 dc; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 5: Ch 1, sc in same st, *ch 3, insert hook into ch-4 space and pull up a loop, skip 1 sc, insert hook into next ch-4 space and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook to sc2tog, (ch 3, sc in next sc) two times] to corner group, ch 5, skip 1 sc, (sc, ch 3, sc) in corner st, ch 5, skip 1 sc, sc in next sc, ch 3, ** sc in next sc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#88 STITCHES & NOTES Edc: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 1 loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) two times.

Leaning Tower Stitch: Complete 1 edc in stitch or space indicated, work 2 dc into base of previous edc as follows: *yarn over, insert hook under both strands that form base of previous edc and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops) two times; rep from * once more.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 3 + 2 + corner sts. Begin 3 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 4, 2 dc in first ch of ch-4, skip 2 sts, *[Leaning Tower Stitch in next st, skip 2 sts] to corner st, (Leaning Tower Stitch, ch 1, Leaning Tower Stitch) in corner st, skip 2 sts; rep from * around, join with slip st to 4th ch of ch-4.

Rnds 2–4: Ch 4, 2 dc in first ch of ch-4, *[Leaning Tower Stitch between next two tower-groups] to corner, 2 Leaning Tower Stitches between two corner tower-groups; rep from * around, join with slip st to 4th ch of ch-4. Fasten off.


#89 STITCHES & NOTES Note: This edging is easily customized for your button and yarn size. This sample uses 1” buttons spaced at 2 ½” intervals, requiring 2-stitch buttonholes. It’s a simple task to make the chain/skip buttonhole larger or smaller to accommodate your favorite buttons.

Notions: Any number of 1” buttons (the sample shown here is JHB International #53390).

BLsc (back loop single crochet): Work 1 single crochet into the back loop only.

FLsc (front loop single crochet): Work 1 single crochet into the front loop only.

Base rnd, each side: Any multiple. Begin in any stitch.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in each st around, putting 3 sc in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc, turn.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, BLsc in each sc around, putting 3 BLsc in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc, turn.

Rnds 3–7: Ch 1, sc in each sc around, putting 3 sc in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc, turn. Fasten off at the end of Rnd 7. Using a safety pin or small piece of yarn, mark locations of buttons evenly spaced around.

Rnd 8: With right side facing, join yarn in front loop of first st on Rnd 1, ch 1, FLsc in each st around, putting 3 FLsc in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc, turn.

Rnd 9: Rep Rnd 3. Rnd 10: Ch 1, sc in same st, *sc in each st to


buttonhole location, ch 2 (or as many as needed for button size), skip the same number of sts, sc in next st; rep from * around, placing 3 sc in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc, turn.

Rnd 11: Ch 1, sc in each st and ch-space around, placing 2 sc (or required number) in each ch-space and 3 sc in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc, turn.

Rnd 12: Ch 1, sc in each st around, putting 2 sc in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc. Do not turn.

Rnd 13: Ch 1, sc in same st, *ch 3, skip 1 st, sc in next st; rep from * around, omitting last skipped st if necessary for stitch count. Fasten off. Sew buttons under buttonholes. Button top flap.


90 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 4 + 3 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[ch 3, skip 1 st, dc in next st, ch 3, skip 1 st, sc in next st] to 1 st before corner st, ch 4, skip 1 st, tr in corner st, ch 4, skip 1 st, sc in next st; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 6 (counts as dc and ch-3), *[sc in next dc, ch 3, dc in next sc, ch 3] to corner st, sc in next ch-4 space, ch 1, sc in next ch-4 space, ch 3**, dc in next sc, ch 3; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-4. Fasten off.


#91 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 2 + 1 + corner sts. Begin in any stitch.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in each st around, placing 5 dc in each corner st, join with slip st to top of ch-3. Drop loop from hook and place st on holder.

Rnd 2: Holding work so that base rnd is on the right, join new yarn around post of ch-3 from previous rnd, ch 1, sc around ch-3; *rotate piece so that base rnd is on the left, 3 dc around post of next dc**; rotate piece so that base rnd is on the right, sc around post of next dc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.

Rnd 3: Place dropped st back onto hook, ch 1, working into dcs from Rnd 1, sc in each dc around, placing 3 sc in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 4: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in each st around, placing 5 dc in each corner st, join with slip st to top of ch-3. Fasten off.

Rnd 5: Rep Rnd 2. Fasten off.


#92 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 13 + 3 + corner sts. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st and in next 2 sts, *[sc in next st, ch 8, skip 8 sts, sc in next 4 sts] to corner st, (sc, ch 5, sc) in corner st**, sc in next 3 sts; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same st and in next 3 sc, *[ch 8, skip ch-8 space, sc in next 5 sc] to corner space, ch 7 for corner space, skip ch-5 space, sc in next 5 sc; rep from * around, omitting last 4 sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, sc in same st and in next 3 sc, *[ch 8, skip ch-8 space, sc in next 5 sc] to corner space, ch 9 for corner space, skip ch-7 space, sc in next 5 sc; rep from * around, omitting last 4 sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 4: Ch 1, sc in same st and in next 3 sc, *[ch 4, sc under 3 ch-loops from previous rnds, ch 4, sc in next 5 sc] to corner space, (ch 5, sc under 3 ch-loops from previous rnds, ch 5) in corner space — corner group made, sc in next 5 sc; rep from * around, omitting last 4 sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 5: Ch 1, sc in same st and in next 3 sc, *[5 sc in next 2 ch-spaces, sc in next 5 sc] to corner group, 6 sc in next 2 ch-spaces, sc in next 5 sc; rep from * around, omitting last 4 sc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#93 STITCHES & NOTES Partial dc: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 8 + 5 + corner sts. Begin 3 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[ch 1, skip 3 sts, (dc, ch 1) 3 times in next st, dc in same st — large shell made, ch 1, skip 3 sts, sc in next st] to 2 sts before corner st, ch 1, skip 2 sts, large shell in corner st, ch 1, skip 2 sts, sc in next st; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 5 (counts as dc and ch-2), *[(dc, ch 1, dc, ch 1, dc) in center ch-1 space of large shell — small shell made, ch 2, dc in next sc, ch 2] to corner shell, (dc, ch 1) four times in center ch-1 space of corner shell, dc in same space — corner group made, ch 2**, dc in next sc, ch 2; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-5, slip st in next ch-space.

Rnd 3: Ch 3 (counts as Partial dc and ch-1), *[(dc in next dc, ch 1, dc in next ch-1 sp, ch 1) 2 times, dc in next dc, ch 1, Partial dc in next 2 ch-2 spaces, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook to dc2tog, ch 1] to corner group, (dc in next dc, ch 1, dc in next ch-1 sp, ch 1) four times, dc in next dc — corner group made, ch 1**, dc2tog over next 2 ch-2 spaces, ch 1; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, Partial dc in last ch-2 sp, insert hook into 2nd ch of beg ch-3, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook to join.

Rnd 4: Ch 1, sc in next dc, *[(sc in next ch-1 space, sc in next dc, sc in next ch-1 sp, (sc, ch 3, sc) in next dc, sc in next ch-1 sp, sc in next dc, sc in next ch-1 space, insert hook into next dc and pull up a loop,


skip (ch-1, dc2tog, ch-1), insert hook into next dc and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 3 loops on hook — sc2tog made] to corner group (working last sc2tog in first dc of corner group), sc in next ch-1 sp, sc in next dc, sc in next ch-1 sp, [(sc, ch 3, sc) in next dc, sc in next ch-1 sp, sc in next dc, sc in next ch-1 sp] three times, sc2tog over next 2 dc; rep from * around, omitting last sc2tog, sc in last dc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#94 STITCHES & NOTES Bullion Stitch: (Yarn over) four times, insert hook and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through all 6 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Any multiple. Begin in any stitch.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (does not count as a st), Bullion Stitch in each st around, placing 5 Bullion Stitches in each corner st, join with slip st to top of first Bullion Stitch.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in each st around, placing 3 sc in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 3 (does not count as a st), Bullion Stitch in each st around, placing 5 Bullion Stitches in each corner st, join with slip st to top of first Bullion Stitch.

Rnd 4: Rep Rnd 2. Rnd 5: Ch 1, Reverse sc in each sc around, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#95 STITCHES & NOTES Picot-3: Ch 3, slip st in 3rd chain from hook. Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 4 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 3 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, [ch 2, Picot-3, ch 2, skip 3 sts, sc in next st] to 2 sts before corner st, ch 2, Picot-3, ch 2, skip 2 sts, sc in corner st, ch 2, Picot3, ch 2, skip 2 sts, sc in next st; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.

Rnd 2: Join yarn in top of last Picot-3 made, ch 1, sc in same picot, *[ch 2, Picot-3, ch 2, sc in next picot] to corner, ch 5, Picot-3, ch 5, sc in next picot; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.

tip Adapt this border to suit your needs. It’s easy to change the number of skipped stitches on the first round or add additional chains to fit your edge. This open-edge design looks best after blocking.


#96 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 12 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 4 (counts as dc and ch-1), skip 1 st, *[dc in next st, ch 1, skip 1 st] to corner st, (dc, ch 1, dc, ch 1, dc) in corner st — shell made, ch 1, skip 1 st; rep from * around, omitting last ch-1, join with sc to 3rd ch of ch-4.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in space formed by joining sc, *[ch 2, skip (dc, ch-1), hdc in next dc, ch 2, skip (ch 1, dc), dc in next ch-1 space, ch 2, skip (dc, ch-1), hdc in next dc, ch 2, skip (ch-1, dc), sc in next ch-1 space] to corner shell, ch 4, skip (dc, ch-1), dc in corner dc, ch 4, skip (ch-1, dc), sc in next ch-1 space; repeat from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[ch 2, sc in next hdc, ch 2, shell in next dc, ch 2, sc in next hdc, ch 2, sc in next sc] to ch-4 space, ch 2, sc in ch-4 space, ch 2,


shell in corner dc, ch 2, sc in next ch-4 space, ch 2, sc in next st; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 4: Ch 4 (counts as dc and ch-1), *dc in next dc, [3 dc in next ch-space, ch 1, 3 dc in next ch-space, dc in next dc, ch 1, skip 1 sc, dc in next sc, ch 1, dc in next dc] to corner shell (placing last dc in first dc of shell), 4 dc in next ch-space, ch 1, 4 dc in next chspace, dc in next dc — corner group made, ch 1, skip 1 sc**, dc in next sc, ch 1; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-4, slip st in next ch-1 space.

Rnd 5: Ch 1, *[sc in next dc, skip 1 dc, 7 dc in next dc, skip 1 dc, sc in next ch-space, skip 1 dc, 7 dc in next dc, skip 1 dc, sc in next dc, skip 1 dc] to corner group, sc in next dc, skip 1 dc, 7 dc in next dc, skip 2 dc, sc in corner ch-space, skip 2 dc, 7 dc in next dc, skip 1 dc, sc in next dc, skip 1 dc; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#97 STITCHES & NOTES Dc3tog: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through 2 loops, (yarn over, insert hook into same stitch or space and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops) two times, yarn over and pull through all 4 loops on hook.

Dc4tog: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through 2 loops, (yarn over, insert hook into same stitch or space and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops) three times, yarn over and pull through all 5 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 2 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 4 (counts as dc and ch-1), *skip 1 st, [dc in next st, ch 1, skip 1 st] to corner st, (dc, ch 1) three times in corner st; rep from * around, skip 1 st, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-4, slip st in first ch-1 space.

Rnd 2: Ch 3, dc3tog in same space, *[ch 1, dc4tog in next ch-space]** to corner st, ch 3 for corner, dc4tog in next ch-space; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with sc to top of first cluster.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, sc in space formed by joining sc, *[ch 5, sc in next ch-1 space] to corner space, ch 7, sc in corner sp, ch 7, sc in next ch-space; rep from * around, ending with ch 5, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#98 STITCHES & NOTES Bead Stitch: Insert hook into st and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 1 loop) three times, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook.

Picot-3: Ch 3, slip st in 3rd chain from hook. Trtr3tog (triple treble 3 together): (Yarn over) four times, insert hook into next st and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops) four times; rep from * two times more, yarn over and pull through all 4 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 4 sts + 1 + corner sts. Begin 3 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, Bead Stitch in same st, *[sc in next 3 sts, Bead Stitch in next st] to 2 sts before corner st, sc in next 2 sts, (sc, Bead Stitch, sc) in corner st, sc in next 2 sts, Bead Stitch in next st; rep from * around, omitting last Bead Stitch, join with slip st to first st.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same st, *ch 5, trtr3tog over next 3 sc, Picot-3, ch 5**, [sc in next st, ch 5, trtr3tog over next 3 sc, Picot-3, ch 5] to corner st, 2 sc in corner st; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#99 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 4 + 3 + corner sts. Begin 4 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, ch 3, skip 3 sts, *[sc in next st, ch 3, skip 3 sts] to corner st, (sc, ch 3, sc) in corner st**, ch 3, skip 3 sts; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, ch 2, join with sc to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in space formed by joining sc, ch 4, *[sc in next ch-3 space, ch 4] to corner space, (sc, ch 1, sc) in corner space**, ch 4; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, ch 2, join with hdc to first sc.

Rnds 3 and 4: Ch 1, sc in space formed by joining hdc, ch 4, *[sc in next ch-space, ch 4] to corner space, (sc, ch 1, sc) in corner space**, ch 4; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, ch 2, join with hdc to first sc.

Rnd 5: Ch 1, sc in space formed by joining hdc, ch 5, *sc in next ch-4 space, ch 5; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#100 STITCHES & NOTES Picot-4: Ch 4, slip stitch in 4th chain from hook. Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 6 + 5 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnds 1 and 2: Ch 1, sc in each sc around, placing 3 sc in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 3: This round is worked with two separate balls of yarn: colorsA and B. With A, ch 1, sc in same sc, ch 5, Picot-4, ch 6, skip 3 sc, sc in next sc, drop loop from hook; holding chain just worked to the front, join B two sts before last sc worked, ch 1, sc in same st, ch 5, Picot-4, ch 6, skip 3 sc, sc in next sc, drop loop from hook; *holding chain just worked to the front, pick up dropped A loop, ch 5, Picot-4, ch 6, skip 3 sc, sc in next sc, drop loop from hook; holding chain just worked to the front, pick up dropped B loop, ch 5, Picot-4, ch 6, skip 3 sc, sc in next sc, drop loop from hook; repeat from * around, joining each color to first sc of same color with slip st. Fasten off A and B.


#101 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 8 + 5 + corner sts. Begin 5 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[ch 5, skip 3 sts, sc in next st] to corner st, ch 5, skip corner st, sc in next st; rep from * around, ch 2, join with dc to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in space formed by joining dc, *[(3 dc, ch 3, 3 dc) in next ch-space, sc in next ch-space] to corner space, (4 dc, ch 3, 4 dc) in corner space, sc in next ch-space; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#102 STITCHES & NOTES Picot-3: Ch 3, slip st in 3rd chain from hook. Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 4 + 3 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, *ch 1, skip 1 st, [sc in next st, ch 1, skip 1 st] to corner st, 3 sc in corner st; rep from * around, ending last rep join with sc to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in space formed by joining sc, *ch 1, skip 1 sc, [sc in next ch-1 space, ch 1, skip 1 sc] to corner st, (sc, ch 1, sc) in corner st; rep from * around, ending last rep join with sc to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, sc in space formed by joining sc, *ch 1, (dc, ch 1, Picot-3, ch 1, dc) in next ch-space, ch 1, sc in next ch-space; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#103 STITCHES & NOTES Note: Nothing could be easier than this single crochet border. Change the striping sequence and/or the number of rounds for never- ending variations on a simple theme.

Base rnd, each side: Any multiple. Begin in any stitch.

Rnds 1–5: Ch 1, sc in each sc around, placing 3 sc in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc, turn. Fasten off at the end of Rnd 5.


#104 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 14 + 13 + corner sts. Begin 4 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, *skip 2 sts, 5 dc in next st, skip 2 sts, sc in next st, skip 3 sts, [7 tr in next st, skip 3 sts, sc in next st, skip 2 sts, 5 dc in next st, skip 2 sts, sc in next st, skip 3 sts] to corner st, 9 tr in corner st, skip 3 sts, sc in next st; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#105 STITCHES & NOTES Partial dc: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook.

Partial tr: (Yarn over) twice, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) two times.

Tr2tog: (Yarn over) two times, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over, pull through 2 loops) two times, (yarn over) two times, insert hook into same stitch or space and pull up a loop, (yarn over, pull through 2 loops) twice, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 8 + 3 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 6 (counts as dc and ch-3), *[skip 1 st, 2 Partial tr in next st, skip 1 st, 2 Partial dc in next st, skip 1 st, 2 Partial tr in next st, yarn over and pull through all 7 loops on hook to create three flower petals, ch 3, skip 1 st, dc in next st, ch 3] to 1 st before corner st, ch 1 more, 2 Partial tr in next st, skip corner st, 2 Partial tr in next st, yarn over and pull through all 5 loops on hook, ch 4 — corner group made **, dc in next st, ch 3; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-6.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[ch 2, sc in ch-3 space, ch 1, sc in next ch-3 space, ch 2, sc in next dc] to corner group, ch 3, sc in next ch-4 space, ch 1, sc in next ch-4 space — corner group made, ch 3, sc in next dc; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 4 (counts as dc and ch-1), skip (2 ch, 1 sc), *[(tr2tog, ch 2, tr2tog, ch 2, tr2tog) in next ch-1 space, ch 1, skip (1 sc, 2 ch), dc in next sc, ch 1] to corner group, ch 2 more, skip (3 ch, sc), (tr2tog, ch


2, tr2tog, ch 2, tr2tog) in corner ch-1 space, ch 3, skip (sc, 3 ch)**, dc in next sc, ch 1, skip (2 ch, 1 sc); rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-4. Fasten off.


#106 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 4 + 3 + corner sts. Begin 4 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, ch 3, skip 3 sts, *[sc in next st, ch 3, skip 3 sts] to corner st, (sc, ch 1, sc) in corner st — corner group made, ch 3, skip 3 sts; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same st, *ch 3, sc in next sc; rep from * around, omitting last sc; join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[ch 3, sc in next sc] to corner space, ch 5, sc in next sc, ch 3, sc in next sc; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 4: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[ch 3, sc in next sc] to corner space, ch 7, sc in next sc, ch 3, sc in next sc; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 5: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[ch 3, sc in next sc] to corner space, ch 8, sc in next sc, ch 3, sc in next sc; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 6: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[ch 3, sc in next sc] to corner space, ch 9, sc in next sc, ch 3, sc in next sc; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#107 STITCHES & NOTES BLdc (back loop double crochet): Work 1 double crochet into the back loop only.

FLsc (front loop single crochet): Work 1 single crochet into the front loop only.

Base rnd, each side: Any multiple. Begin in any stitch.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in each st around, placing 5 dc in each corner st, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, FLsc in each dc around, placing 3 FLsc in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 3 (counts as dc), BLdc in each dc from Rnd 1, placing 5 dc in each corner st from Rnd 1, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 4: Rep Rnd 2. Fasten off.

tip If your hook has a burr that catches the yarn, sand it smooth with 600-grit or finer sandpaper. Buff with a piece of wax paper for a smooth finish.


#108 STITCHES & NOTES Dc4tog: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through 2 loops, (yarn over, insert hook into same stitch and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops) three times, yarn over and pull through all 5 loops on hook.

Dc5tog: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through 2 loops, (yarn over, insert hook into same stitch and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops) four times, yarn over and pull through all 6 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 5 + 4 + corner sts. Begin 5 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, ch 5, skip 4 sts, *[sc in next st, ch 5, skip 4 sts] to corner, (sc, ch 1, sc) in corner st, ch 5, skip 4 sts; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 3, dc4tog in same st, *[ch 3, sc in next ch-5 space, ch 3**, dc5tog in next sc] to corner space, ch 3, sc in corner space, ch 3, dc5tog in next sc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to top of first cluster. Fasten off.


#109


Base rnd, each side: Any multiple. Begin in any non–corner stitch.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in each st around, placing 5 dc in each corner st, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnds 2–5: Rep Rnd 1. Fasten off at the end of Rnd 5.


#110 STITCHES & NOTES Make Scallop: (Ch 4, 2 dc in 4th ch from hook) three times, dc in base of first cluster.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 6 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 6 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 4 (counts as dc and ch-1), skip 1 st, *[dc in next dc, ch 1, skip 1 st]** to corner st, (dc, ch 3, dc, ch 1) in corner st, skip 1 st; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-4.

Rnd 2: Ch 4 (counts as dc and ch-1), *[dc in next dc, ch 1]** to corner space, (dc, ch 3, dc) in corner space — corner group made, ch 1; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-4.

Rnd 3: Ch 3 (counts as dc), Make Scallop, *dc in next dc, [(ch 1, dc in next dc) two times, Make Scallop, dc in next dc] to corner group, ch 1, skip 1 dc, dc in corner ch-space, Make Scallop, dc in same ch-space, ch 1, skip 1 dc, dc in next dc, Make Scallop; rep from * around, ending last rep (dc in next dc, ch 1) two times, join with slip st to top of ch3.


#111 STITCHES & NOTES Note: Hold Round 1 sts to the front while working Round 2 sts.

Dc3tog: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through 2 loops, (yarn over, insert hook into same stitch or space and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops) two times, yarn over and pull through all 4 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 4 + 3 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, *sc in next st, ch 8, slip st in 5th ch from hook, ch 3, skip 1 st, sc in next 2 sts; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same st, *ch 3, dc3tog into next skipped base-rnd st, ch 3, skip 1 sc, sc in next sc; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#112 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 4 + 3 + corner sts. Begin 4 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, ch 3, skip 3 sts, *[sc in next st, ch 3, skip 3 sts] to corner st, (sc, ch 1, sc) in corner st, ch 3, skip 3 sts; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 3 (counts as dc), *[3 dc in next ch-3 space,** dc in next sc] to corner space, 5 dc in corner ch-1 space, dc in next sc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to top of ch-3. Fasten off.


#113

STITCHES & NOTES Partial dc: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 12 + 3 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in first 2 sts, *[sc in next sc, ch 13, skip 7 sts, sc in next 4 sts] to corner st, 3 sc in corner st, sc in next 3 sts; rep from * around, omitting last 2 sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[(ch 2, skip 2 sts, dc in next ch) two times, ch 2, skip 2 ch, (dc, ch 5, dc) in next ch, (ch 2, skip 2 ch, dc in next ch) two times, ch 2, skip 2 sc, sc in next sc] to 2 sts before corner st, ch 2, skip 2 sc, (dc, ch 5, dc) in corner st — corner group made, ch 2, skip 2 sc, sc in next sc; rep from *


around, omitting final sc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.

Rnd 3: Join yarn in 2nd dc of any corner group, ch 2, skip (ch 2, sc, ch 2), dc in next dc, *[(ch 2, dc in next dc) two times, ch 2, (dc, ch 5, dc) in next ch-5 space, (ch 2, dc in next dc) two times, ch 2, (Partial dc in next dc) two times, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook to dc2tog over next 2 dc] to corner space, ch 2, (dc, ch 5, dc) in corner ch-5 space, ch 2, dc2tog over next 2 dc; rep from * around, omitting last dc2tog, join with slip st to top of ch-3.


Rnd 4: Ch 1, 2 sc in each ch-2 space and (3 sc, ch 3, 3 sc) in each ch-5 space around, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#114 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 2 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, *ch 3, skip 1 st, [sc in next st, ch 3, skip 1 st] to corner st, (sc, ch 3, sc) in corner st; rep from * around, ending last rep skip 1 sc, ch 2, join with sc to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, insert hook into space formed by joining sc and pull up a loop, insert hook into next chspace and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook — sc2tog made, 2 sc in same space, *sc2tog over same space and next space, 2 sc in same space; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.

tip For ease of stitching, as well as for best results, block your main fabric before working the edging. You may want to lightly block the border once it is complete.


#115 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 4 + 3 + corner sts. Begin 4 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 8 (counts as dc and ch-5), skip 3 sts, *[dc in next dc, ch 5, skip 3 sts] to corner st, (dc, ch 3, dc) in corner st, ch 5, skip 3 sts; rep from * around, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-8.

Rnd 2: Ch 3 (counts as dc), *[ch 2, sc in next ch-5 space, ch 2**, dc in next dc] to corner space, ch 5, dc in next dc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 3: Ch 5 (counts as dc and ch-2), *[sc in next sc, ch 2 **, dc in next dc, ch 2] to corner space, ch 1 more, dc in corner ch-5 space, ch 3, dc in next dc, ch 2; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-5. Fasten off.


#116 DISKS For each side, make one for each multiple of 5 stitches, plus two. Ch 4, join with slip st to form ring.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), 11 dc in ring — 12 dc. Rnd 2: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in same st, 2 dc in each dc around, join with slip st to top of ch-3 — 24 dc. Fasten off.


BORDER Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 5 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in each st around, placing 5 dc in each corner st, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same st and next 2 dc; drop st from hook, insert hook from front to back through any edge stitch on first disk and into dropped st, pull dropped st through — join made, *[sc in next 5 dc, join next disk] to corner st, 3 sc in corner st, join next disk; rep from * around, ending last rep with sc in next 2 dc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off. 1


#117 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 4 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 4 (counts as dc and ch-1), skip 1 st, *[dc in next st, ch 1, skip 1 st] to corner st, (dc, ch 3, dc) in corner st, ch 1, skip 1 st; rep from * around, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-4.

Rnd 2: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in next ch-1 space, dc in next dc, *ch 1, skip 1 ch, [dc in next dc, dc in next ch-1 space, dc in next dc, ch 1, skip 1 ch] to 1 dc before corner, dc in next dc, (2 dc, ch 3, 2 dc) in corner space, dc in next dc; rep from * around, ending last rep join with sc to top of ch-3.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, sc in space formed by joining sc, ch 5, *[sc in next ch-1 space, ch 5] to corner space, (sc, ch 3, sc) in corner space, ch 5; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 4: Ch 1, 7 sc in each ch-5 space and 5 sc in each corner ch-3 space around, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#118 STITCHES & NOTES Note: Using only words to describe the placement of the hook in the various Crow’s Foot Stitches is challenging. If you are having trouble understanding the instructions, look at all the tools available to you (chart, text, and photo) to help you grasp the meaning. Once you see how the stitch is formed, you’ll understand where to put your hook.

Crow’s Foot Stitch: Insert hook into next stitch and pull up a loop, insert hook into stitch 2 stitches back and 2 rnds below and pull up a loop, insert hook 1 stitch back and three rnds below and pull up a loop, insert hook into stitch 4 rnds below and pull up a loop, insert hook into next stitch 3 rnds below and pull up a loop, insert hook into next stitch 2 rnds below and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through all 7 loops on hook.

Corner Crow’s Foot Stitch: Sc in corner st, insert hook into same stitch and pull up a loop, insert hook 1 stitch before corner stitch 2 rnds below and pull up a loop, insert hook into center stitch 4 rnds below and pull up a loop, insert hook 1 stitch past corner stitch 2 rnds below and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through all 5 loops on hook, sc in same corner stitch.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 6 + 1 + corner sts. Begin in any stitch.

Rnds 1–4: Ch 1, sc in each sc around, placing 3 sc in each corner st. Fasten off at end of Rnd 4.

Rnd 5: Join in 4th st after any corner st, ch 1, sc in same st, *[Crow’s Foot Stitch in next st, sc in next 5 sc] to 5 sts before corner st, Crow’s Foot Stitch in next st, sc in next 4 sc, Corner Crow’s Foot Stitch in corner st, sc in next 4 sts; rep from * around, omitting final sc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#119 STITCHES & NOTES Dc2tog: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through 2 loops, yarn over, insert hook into same stitch or space and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook.

Picot-3: Ch 3, slip st in 3rd chain from hook.


Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 14 + 5 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), *dc in next 2 sts, [ch 5, skip 5 sts, dc in next st, ch 5, skip 5 sts, dc in next 3 sts] to 1 st before corner st, ch 3, skip 1 st, dc in corner st, ch 3, skip 1 dc, dc in next st; rep from * around, omitting last dc, join with slip st to top of ch3.

Rnd 2: Ch 3 (counts as dc), *dc in next 2 dc, ch 3, [(dc, ch 3, dc) in next dc, ch 3, dc in next 3 dc, ch 3] to corner st, (dc, ch 3, dc) in next dc — corner group made, ch 3, dc in next dc; rep from * around, omitting last dc, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 3: Ch 3 (counts as dc), *dc in next 2 dc, ch 2, [skip 1 dc, 7 dc in next ch-2 space, ch 2, skip 1 dc, dc in next 3 dc, ch 2] to corner group, 9 dc in corner ch-3 space — corner group made, ch 2, skip 1 dc,


dc in next dc; rep from * around, omitting last dc, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 4: Ch 3 (counts as dc), *dc in next 2 dc, ch 1, [(dc2tog in next dc, Picot-3, ch 2, skip 1 dc) three times, dc2tog in next dc, Picot-3, ch 1, dc in next 3 dc] to corner group, ch 1, (dc2tog in next dc, Picot-3, ch 2, skip 1 dc) four times, dc2tog in next dc, Picot3, ch 1, dc in next dc; rep from * around, omitting last dc, join with slip st to top of ch-3. Fasten off.


#120 STITCHES & NOTES FPdc: Yarn over, insert hook from front to back to front around post of stitch indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) two times.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 2 + 1 corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 4 (counts as dc and ch-1), skip 1 st, *[dc in next st, ch 1, skip 1 st] to corner, (dc, ch 1) three times in corner st, skip 1 st; rep from * around, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-4.

Rnd 2: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in same st, *2 dc in each dc to corner st, 6 dc in corner st, 2 dc in next dc; rep from * around, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, *sc in next st, FPdc in next st; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.

tip The easy (dc, ch 1, skip 1 stitch) used in Round 1 of this border is a great way to delineate and begin many edgings. It works on any odd number of stitches, and it even looks great all by itself.


#121


Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 8 + 3 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in first st, *[skip 3 sts, 9 dc in next st — shell made, skip 3 sts, sc in next st] to 1 st before corner st, skip 1 st, 7 sts in corner st, skip 1 st, sc in next st; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 4 (counts as dc and ch-1), dc in same st, *[ch 2, skip 4 dc, sc in center dc of shell, ch 2, (dc, ch 1, dc) in next sc — V-st made] to corner group, ch 2, skip 3 dc, (sc, ch 1, sc) in corner dc, ch 2, V-st in next sc; rep from * around, omitting last V-st, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-4, slip st in next ch-1 sp.

Rnd 3: Ch 3, 8 dc in same sp, sc in next sc, *[shell in center of next V-st, sc in next sc] to corner space,


7 dc in corner sp, sc in next sc; rep from * around, join with slip st to top of ch-3. Fasten off.

Rnd 4: Join yarn in top of last sc in Rnd 3; work as for Rnd 2.

Rnd 5: Rep Rnd 3. Fasten off.


#122 STITCHES & NOTES BPdc: Yarn over, insert hook from back to front to back around post of next stitch and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) two times.

FPdc: Yarn over, insert hook from front to back to front around post of stitch indicated and pull up a loop (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) two times.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 2 + corner sts. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in each st around, placing 5 dc in each corner st, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 2: Ch 2 (does not count as a st), BPdc around ch-3 and next dc together, *ch 1, [BPdc around next 2 dc together, ch 1]** to corner st, (BPdc, ch 3, BPdc) around corner st, rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first BPdc.

Rnd 3: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in each dc and ch-1 space around, placing 5 dc in each corner space, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 4: Ch 6 (counts as dc and ch-3), *FPdc around next st, ch 3**, BPdc around next st, ch 3; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-6. Fasten off.


#123 STITCHES & NOTES Note: When working into chain stitches, insert hook into the bump on the back of the chain.

Hdc loop: Ch 34, hdc in 3rd ch from hook and next 12 ch, (2 hdc in next ch, hdc in next ch) three times, hdc in next 3 ch; take free end of hdc loop behind current stitch, yarn over, insert hook into next ch and into base of 9th st from end of loop, yarn over and pull through all loops on hook to secure twist in loop, hdc in next 9 ch.


Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 9 + 4 + corner sts. Begin 8 sts to left of corner st.

Rnds 1 and 2: Ch 1, sc in each st around, placing 3 sc in each corner st.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, sc in same st, *make hdc loop, skip 1 st, sc in next 4 sts, slip st in base of hdc at free end of loop — loop join made, skip 1 st, sc in next st**, [sc in next 2 sts, make hdc loop, skip 1 st, sc in next 4 sts, join loop, skip 1 st, sc in next st] to corner st, 3 sc in corner st, sc in next st; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, sc in last st, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#124 STITCHES & NOTES BLdc: Work 1 double crochet into the back loop only.

FLdc: Work 1 single crochet into the front loop only. Base rnd, each side: Any multiple. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in each st around, placing 5 dc in each corner st, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, FLsc in same st, ch 3, *[FLsc in next st, ch 3] ** to corner st, (FLsc, ch 3) two times in corner st; rep from * around, ending last rep at **; join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 3 (counts as dc), working into sts 2 rnds below, BLdc in each st around, placing 5 BLdc in each corner st, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnds 4 and 5: Rep Rnds 2 and 3. Rnd 6: Rep Rnd 2. Fasten off.

tip Use this surface frill technique on any double crochet background. Try it all over a pillow cover, or as trim on a little girl’s dress. It’s a great way to add color and use up scraps of yarn.


#125 STITCHES & NOTES Note: Entire border is worked in one round. Tr2tog: (Yarn over) two times, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over, pull through 2 loops) two times, (yarn over) two times, insert hook into same stitch or space and pull up a loop, (yarn over, pull through 2 loops) twice, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 18 + 15 + corner sts. Begin 3 sts to left of corner st.

FLOWER CLUSTERS Ch 1, sc in first st.

First and second flowers: [(Ch 5, tr2tog in 5th ch from hook) two times, (ch 4, slip st, ch 4, tr2tog) in same ch — three partial petals made] two times, (ch 4, slip st, ch 4, tr2tog, ch 4, slip st) in same ch, ch 4, slip st in ch at tip of next petal — four petals completed on second flower; ch 4, slip st in ch at center of first three partial petals, (ch 4, tr2tog, ch 4, slip st) in same ch, ch 4, slip st in ch at tip of first petal — four petals completed on first flower; sc in next 9 sts on base rnd.

Third flower: (Ch 5, tr2tog in 5th ch from hook) two times, drop loop from hook, insert hook from front to back through tip of fourth petal of first flower and into dropped loop, pull loop through — join made; (ch 4, slip st, ch 4, tr2tog) in same ch, join to fourth petal of second flower, (ch 4, slip st, ch 4, tr2tog, ch 4, slip st) in same ch, ch 4, slip st in ch at tip of first petal of third flower — four petals completed on third flower, sc in next 9 sts on base rnd.

Next cluster: (Ch 5, tr2tog in 5th ch from hook) two times, join to fourth petal of third flower; (ch 4, slip st,


ch 4, tr2tog) in same chain to complete three partial petals; continue in this manner to work three-flower clusters to 3 sts before corner st, ending by working a complete third flower; sc in next 3 sts.

CORNER CLUSTERS 2 sc in corner st, (ch 5, tr2tog in 5th ch from hook) two times, join in fourth petal of last flower made, (ch 4, slip st, ch 4, tr2tog) in same ch — three partial petals made, *(ch 5, tr2tog in 5th ch from hook) two times, (ch 4, slip st, ch 4, tr2tog) two times in same ch, ch 4, slip st in same ch, ch 4, slip st at tip of next petal — four full petals made; rep from * once more, ch 4, slip st in center of first flower, (ch 4, tr2tog, ch 4, slip st) in same ch, ch 4, slip st in ch at tip of first petal of first corner flower, sc in corner st; sc in next 3 sc.

Continue working flower clusters around, joining second petal of first flower of each cluster to fourth petal of flower from previous cluster. On final cluster,


join fourth petal of first flower to second petal of first flower from first cluster. Sc in each st to beg of rnd, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#126 STITCHES & NOTES Notions: 9 seed beads for each 4-stitch repeat along each side, plus 9 for each side, plus 9 for each corner.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 4 + 3 + corner sts. Thread beads onto yarn. Begin 4 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, ch 3, skip 3 sts, *[sc in next st, ch 3, skip 3 sts] to corner st, (sc, ch 1, sc) in corner st — corner group made, ch 3, skip 3 sts; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, *[3 sc, bring nine beads up to hook, ch 1, 3 sc]** in each ch-3 space to corner group, (2 sc, bring nine beads up to hook, ch 1, 2 sc) in corner chspace; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#127 STITCHES & NOTES Dc3tog: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through 2 loops, (yarn over, insert hook into same stitch and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops) two times, yarn over and pull through all 4 loops on hook.

Make Fringe: Ch 11, dc3tog in 4th ch from hook, ch 3, skip 3 ch, slip st in next ch, ch 3.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 4 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 4 (counts as dc and ch-1), skip 1 st, *[dc in next st, ch 1, skip 1 st] to corner st, (dc, ch 3, dc) in corner st, ch 1, skip 1 st; rep from * around, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-4.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same st, sc in each dc and ch-1 space around, placing 5 sc in each corner ch-3 space, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, sc in same st, Make Fringe, *skip 1 st, sc in next sc, ch 5, skip 1 sc**, sc in next sc, Make Fringe; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#128 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 8 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in each st around, placing 5 dc in each corner st, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[ch 2, skip 3 dc, (dc, ch 1, dc, ch 1, dc) in next dc — open shell made, ch 2, skip 3 dc, sc in next dc] to 2 sts before corner st, ch 2, skip 2 dc, (dc, ch 2, dc, ch 2, dc) in corner st — corner shell made, ch 2, skip 2 dc, sc in next sc; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[skip (ch-2, dc), dc in next ch-1 space, ch 5, slip st in 5th ch from hook, ch 1, dc in same ch-space, ch 9, slip st in 9th ch from hook, ch 1, dc in next ch-1 space, ch 5, slip st in 5th ch from hook, ch 1, dc in same ch-space, sc in next sc] to corner shell, ch 2, skip (ch-2, dc), dc in next ch2 space, ch 5, slip st in 5th ch from hook, ch 1, dc in same ch-2 space, ch 9, slip st in 9th ch from hook, ch 1, dc in next ch-2 space, ch 5, slip st in 5th ch from hook, ch 1, dc in same ch-2 space, ch 2, sc in next sc; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#129 STITCHES & NOTES Note: This charming little border is slightly ruled — not enough to be called a true ruffle, but just enough to soften the hard straight edge of a blanket or sweater.

Picot-3: Ch 3, slip st in 3rd chain from hook. Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 2 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, ch 3, *[sc in next st, ch 3, skip 1 st] to corner st, 3 sc in corner st — corner group made, skip 1 sc**, ch 3; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, ch 1, join with sc to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same space, Picot-3, ch 5, * [sc in next ch-3 space, Picot-3, ch 5] to corner group, (sc, Picot-3, sc) in center sc of corner group — corner picot made**, ch 5; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, ch 2, join with dc to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, sc in same space, *[ch 3, sc in next ch5 space] to corner picot, ch 5, sc in next ch-5 space; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 4: Ch 1, (2 sc, Picot-3, 2 sc) in each ch-3 space and (3 sc, Picot-3, 3 sc) in each corner space around, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#130 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 4 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 3 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in each st around, placing 5 dc in each corner st, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in each sc around, placing 3 sc in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 4 (counts as tr), dc in next st, *[sc in next sc, dc in next sc**, tr in next sc, dc in next sc] to corner st, (sc, dc, tr, dc, sc) in corner st, dc in next sc, tr in next sc, dc in next sc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to top of ch-4.

Rnd 4: Ch 1, *(sc, ch 1, sc) in tr, sc in next dc, skip 1 sc, sc in next dc; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#131 STITCHES & NOTES Note: When working the 3-dc Mesh and 4-dc Mesh, insert hook into the bump on the back of the chain.

3-dc Mesh: Ch 14, dc in 6th ch from hook, (ch 2, skip 2 ch, dc in next ch) two times, ch 2.

4-dc Mesh: Ch 17, dc in 6th ch from hook, (ch 2, skip 2 ch, dc in next ch) three times, ch 2.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 2 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in each around, placing (sc, ch 1, sc) in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same st, 4-dc Mesh, skip 1 sc, *[sc in next sc, 4-dc Mesh, skip 1 sc] to corner space, (sc, 4-dc Mesh) two times in corner space, skip 1 sc; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.

Rnd 3: Working in front of Rnd-2 stitches on entire rnd, join yarn in first skipped sc, ch 1, sc in same st, *[3-dc Mesh**, sc in next skipped sc] to corner space, 3-dc Mesh, sc in ch-1 space between the 2 scs from Rnd 2; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


tip This unique fringed border is somewhat timeconsuming to stitch, but the lush results are worth it. Omit Round 3 if you want a lighter look.


#132 STITCHES & NOTES Puff Stitch: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch and pull up a loop, (yarn over, insert hook into same st and pull up a loop) three times, yarn over and pull through all 9 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 2 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 3, Puff Stitch in same st, ch 1, skip 1 st, *[Puff Stitch in next st, ch 1, skip 1 st] to corner st, (Puff Stitch, ch 1, Puff Stitch, ch 1, Puff Stitch) in corner st, ch 1, skip 1 st; rep from * around, join with slip st to first Puff Stitch.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same st and in each ch-1 and Puff Stitch around, placing 3 sc in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#133 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 10 + 9 + corner sts. Begin 5 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 7 (counts as dc and ch-4), *skip 4 sts, [(sc, ch 7, sc, ch 9, sc, ch 7, sc) in next st, ch 4, skip 4 sts, dc in next st, ch 4, skip 4 sts] to corner st, (sc, ch 7, sc, ch 9, sc, ch 7, sc) in corner st — corner group made, ch 4, skip 4 sts**, dc in next st, ch 4; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-7.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[ch 1, skip ch-4 space, sc in next ch-7 space, (ch 4, sc in next ch-space) two times, ch 1, sc in next dc] to corner group, ch 3, skip ch-4 space, sc in next ch-7 space, (ch 4, sc in next ch-space) two times, ch 3, sc in next dc; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.

tip Design your border to complement the stitch pattern on the main fabric. Here, omit Round 2 for a lighter look, or add a final round of single crochet stitches to add weight.


#134 STITCHES & NOTES Flat X-Stitch: (Yarn over) twice, insert hook into same ch-1 space and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops, yarn over, insert hook into next ch-1 space and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) four times, ch 1, dc into spot where two legs of this stitch join.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 2 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 4 (counts as dc and ch-1), skip 1 st, *[dc in next dc, ch 1, skip 1 st] to corner st, (dc, ch 3, dc) in corner st — corner group made, ch 1, skip 1 st; rep from * around, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-4, slip st in next ch-1 space.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same ch-space, ch 1, *[sc in next ch-space, ch 1]** to corner group, (sc, ch 3, sc) in corner space — corner group made, ch 1; rep from * around, ending last rep sc in last ch-space, join with sc to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 2, dc in next ch-1 space, ch 3, dc at top of ch-2 where it joins the dc — beginning X-Stitch made, *make Flat X-Stitch across to corner chspace (placing forward leg of last X-Stitch in corner space), work 1 Flat X-Stitch all in corner ch-space, work 1 Flat X-Stitch beginning in corner space and finishing in next ch-space; rep from * around, ending by making 1 Flat X-Stitch across last ch-1 space and in space formed by joining sc, join with slip st to 2nd ch of ch-3 on second portion of beginning XStitch.

Rnd 4: Ch 1, 1 Reverse sc in each ch-1 space between top legs of X and 1 Reverse sc between each X-Stitch around, join with slip st to first Reverse sc. Fasten off.


#135 STITCHES & NOTES BLsc (back loop single crochet): Work 1 single crochet into the back loop only.

FLsc: Work 1 single crochet into the front loop only. Sc3tog: (Insert hook into next st and pull up a loop) three times, yarn over and pull through all 4 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Any multiple. Begin in any stitch.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in each st around, placing 3 sc in each corner st, turn.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, BLsc in each sc around, placing 3 BLsc in each corner st, turn.

Rnds 3–6: Ch 1, sc in each sc around, placing 3 sc in each corner st, turn.

Rnds 7–10: Ch 1, *sc in each st to 1 st before corner, sc3tog; rep from * around, ending sc in each st to end, join with slip st to first sc, turn.

Rnd 11: Ch 1, *[insert hook into next st and into back loop of next st of Rnd 1, sc these 2 sts together] to 1 st before corner, insert hook into next st and pull up a loop, insert hook into next st and into corner st of base round and pull up a loop through both sts, insert hook into next st and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through all 4 loops on hook; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.

tip Make this folded three-dimensional border as wide or as narrow as you like, by repeating Round 5 and then Round 9 as many times as needed. Play with adding colors or textures to


the plain single-crochet fabric shown here.


#136 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 9 + 3 + corner sts. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in next 2 sts, *[skip 2 sts, (dc, ch 1, dc, ch 1, dc) in next st — open shell made, ch 2, skip 3 sts, dc in next 3 sts] to corner st, open shell in corner st, dc in next 3 dc; rep from * around, omitting last 3 dc, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 2: Ch 3, dc in next 2 dc, *[ch 2, open shell in third dc of next shell, dc in next 3 dc] to corner shell, skip 1 dc, [dc, (ch 1, dc) four times] in corner dc — corner group made, skip 1 dc, dc in next 3 dc; rep from * around, omitting last 3 dc, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 3: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in next 2 dc, *[open shell in first dc of next shell, ch 2, skip next 2 dc of open shell, dc in next 3 dc] to corner group, skip 1 dc, open shell in next dc, ch 2, skip 1 dc, open shell in next dc, skip 1 dc), dc in next 3 dc; rep from * around, omitting last 3 dc, join with slip st to top of ch-3. Fasten off.


#137 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 2 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, tr in next st, *[sc in next st, tr in next st] to corner st, (sc, tr, sc) in corner st, tr in next st; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 4 (counts as tr), *[sc in next tr, tr in next sc] to corner st, (sc, tr, sc) in corner st, tr in next sc, sc in next tr, tr in next sc; rep from * around, omitting last tr, join with slip st to top of ch-4. Fasten off.

tip Clean your crocheted and knitted items before putting them away for a season. Use your swatch to test your washing/drying method. Heed the care instructions on your yarn label and either hand-wash or use the gentle cycle on your washing machine. Dry items flat or, if appropriate, use the low-heat dryer setting.


#138 STITCHES & NOTES BPtr: (Yarn over) two times, insert hook from back to front to back around post of stitch indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) three times.

Base rnd, each side: Any multiple. Begin in any stitch.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in each st around, placing 5 dc in each corner st, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 2: Ch 4 (doesn’t count as a st), BPtr in each dc around, placing (ch 2, BPtr, ch 2) in corner st — corner group made, join with slip st to top of first BPtr.

Rnd 3: Ch 4 (doesn’t count as a st), *BPtr in each tr to corner group, 3 dc in next ch-sp, BPtr in corner st, 3 dc in next ch-sp; rep from * around, ending BPtr in each tr to beg, join with slip st to top of first BPtr. Fasten off.


#139 STITCHES & NOTES Note: Scallops can be blocked so that either the right side or the wrong side is showing.

FLdc: Work 1 double crochet into front loop only. BLdc: Work 1 double crochet into the back loop only.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 4 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 4 (counts as dc and ch-1), skip 1 st, *[dc in next st, ch 1, skip 1 st] to corner st, (dc, ch 3, dc) in corner st, ch 1, skip 1 st; rep from * around, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-4. Drop loop from hook and place on holder.

Rnd 2: Join yarn in next ch-space, ch 1, sc in same space, skip 1 dc, 5 FLdc in next ch — FL shell made, *[sc in next ch-space, FL shell in next ch] to corner space, (sc, FL shell in center ch, sc) in corner ch-space — corner shell made, FL shell in next ch; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.

Rnd 3: Pick up loop from holder. Working in Rnd-1 sts, ch 4 (counts as dc and ch-1), *[dc in next dc, ch 1]** to corner space, (BLdc, ch 3, BLdc) in corner ch, ch 1; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to 3rd ch of ch-4. Drop loop from hook and place on holder.

Rnd 4: Join yarn in front loop of next ch, ch 3 (counts as dc), 4 FLdc in same ch, [sc in next ch-space, FL shell in next ch] to corner space, make corner shell in corner ch-3 space, FL shell in next ch; rep from * around, ending last rep sc in last ch-space, join with slip st to top of ch-3. Fasten off.

Rnd 5: Rep Rnd 3, working in Rnd 3 sts. Fasten off.


Rnd 6: Rep Rnd 2. Fasten off.


#140 STITCHES & NOTES Picot-3: Ch 3, slip st in 3rd chain from hook. Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 8 + 5 + corner sts. Begin 4 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, *ch 1, skip 1 st, [sc in next st**, ch 3, skip 1 st, sc in next st, ch 1, skip 1 st] to corner st, (sc, ch 3, sc) in corner st; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, ch 2, join with sc to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in space formed by joining sc, *[{tr, (Picot-3, tr) three times} in next ch-3 space, sc in next ch-3 space] to corner ch-3 space, [tr, (Picot-3, tr) six times] in corner ch-sp, sc in next ch-3 space; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.

tip Crochet hooks come in many styles, some with more rounded heads or deeper throats than others. If you are struggling to complete stitches, try using a different style hook. It may make all the difference!


#141 STITCHES & NOTES Bullion Stitch: (Yarn over) seven times, insert hook and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through all 9 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 6 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in each st around, placing 3 sc in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[skip 2 sc, 5 Bullion Stitches in next sc, skip 2 sc, sc in next sc] to 1 st before corner st, skip 1 st, 5 Bullion Stitches in corner sc, skip 1 st, sc in next sc; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off. +1


#142 STITCHES & NOTES Back Bump sc: Insert hook from top to bottom into horizontal bump on wrong side of next stitch and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Any multiple. Begin in any non-corner stitch.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in each sc around, placing 3 sc in each corner st.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, Back Bump sc in next st and in each st around, placing 3 Back Bump sc in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, Back Bump sc in each sc around, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 4: Rep Rnd 2. Fasten off.


#143 STITCHES & NOTES Spike sc: Insert hook into stitch or space one or more rounds below next stitch and pull up a loop to level of current round, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 10 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), *[dc in next st, ch 2, skip 2 sts, dc in next 2 sts] to corner st, (dc, ch 3, dc) in corner st**, dc in next st; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 2: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in each dc and 2 dc in each ch-2 space around, placing 7 dc in each ch3 corner space, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, sc in each dc around, placing 3 sc in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 4: Ch 1, Spike sc in same st 2 rows below, sc in next sc, *[Spike sc in next st 2 rows below, sc in next sc]** to corner st, (Spike sc, sc, Spike sc) in corner st, sc in next sc; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#144 STITCHES & NOTES Picot-6: Ch 6, slip st in 6th chain from hook. Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 6 + 3 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in each st around, placing 3 sc in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same st, sc in next st, *ch 3, Picot-6, ch 3, skip 3 sts**, sc in next 3 sts; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, sc in last st, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, sc in same sc, *3 sc in next ch-3 space, fold Picot-6 to front and sc into base of picot, 3 sc in next ch-3 space, skip 1 sc, sc in next sc; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.

tip In order to work base-round stitches evenly along an edge, fold the edge in half and place a marker to indicate the center. Open it up and fold both ends in to meet at the center; place a marker at both of these folds. You now have three markers and four equal sections. Keep folding the sections together and placing markers at the halfway point as many times as needed. Now you can work the same number of stitches in each section and know that the stitches will be evenly spaced along the entire edge.


#145 STITCHES & NOTES Popcorn: Make 5 dc in one stitch or space, drop loop from hook and insert hook from front to back through top of first stitch in the popcorn then into dropped loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 2 + 1 + corner sts. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in each st around, placing 5 dc in each corner st, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in each sc around, placing 3 sc in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, sc in same st, *Popcorn in next sc, [sc in next sc, Popcorn in next sc]** to corner st, (sc, Popcorn, sc) in corner st; rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.

tip Use hang tags from the office-supply store as a memory jogger. If you have to remove your hook to use it in a different project, write the hook size and brand on the hang tag and place it in the last stitch. When you come back, you’ll know exactly which hook you were using. Tag your swatches with hook, yarn, and stitch pattern information for easy identification.


#146 STITCHES & NOTES Picot-4: Ch 4, slip stitch in 4th chain from hook. Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 7 + 5 + corner sts. Begin 3 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[ch 2, Picot-4, ch 3, Picot-4, ch 2 — picot arch made, skip 6 sts, sc in next st] to 2 sts before corner st, picot arch, skip 5 sts, sc in next st — corner group made; rep from * around, omitting last sc. Fasten off.

Rnd 2: Join yarn in next ch-3 space between 2 picots, ch 1, sc in same space, *picot arch, [sc in next ch-3 space between 2 picots, picot arch] to corner group, (sc, picot arch, sc) in ch-3 space between 2 picots of corner group; rep from * around, ending last rep picot arch, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.

Rnd 3: Join yarn between 2 picots in chain-space just completed, ch 1, sc in same space, *picot arch, sc in next ch-3 space; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.

tip This border takes a bit of blocking to looks its best. To block wool, place the item on a padded surface and pin it into shape with rustproof pins. Hover a steam iron over the piece to allow the steam to set the stitches. Be careful not to touch the iron to the wool!


#147 STITCHES & NOTES Puff Stitch: Yarn over, insert hook into next stitch and pull up a loop, (yarn over, insert hook into same stitch and pull up a loop) three times, yarn over and pull through all 9 loops.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 10 + 5 + corner sts. Begin 3 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 3, Puff Stitch in same st, *ch 3, skip 2 sts, [skip 2 more sts, (Puff Stitch, ch 3, Puff Stitch) in next st, ch 3, skip 4 sts, Puff Stitch in next st, ch 3, skip 2 sts] to corner st, (Puff Stitch, ch 3, Puff Stitch) in corner st — corner group made, ch 3, skip 2 sts, Puff Stitch in next st; rep from * around, omitting last Puff Stitch, join with slip st to top of first Puff Stitch.

Rnd 2: Ch 3, Puff Stitch in same st, *[ch 2, skip Puff Stitch, (Puff Stitch, dc, Puff Stitch, dc, Puff Stitch) in next ch-3 space, ch 2, skip Puff Stitch, Puff Stitch in next Puff Stitch] to corner group, ch 2, skip Puff Stitch, (Puff Stitch, dc) four times in corner ch-3 space, Puff Stitch in same space — corner group made, ch 2, skip Puff Stitch, Puff Stitch in next Puff Stitch; rep from * around, omitting last Puff Stitch, join with slip st to top of first Puff Stitch.

Rnd 3: Ch 3, Puff Stitch in same st, *ch 1, [skip 2 ch, dc in next st, ch 1, Puff Stitch in next dc, ch 1, (dc, ch 1) two times in next st, Puff Stitch in next dc, ch 1, dc in next st, ch 1, skip 2 ch, Puff Stitch in next st, ch 1] to corner group, (dc in next st, ch 1, Puff Stitch in next st, ch 1) four times, dc in next st — corner group made, ch 1, skip 2 ch, Puff Stitch in next st; rep from * around, omitting last Puff Stitch, join with slip st to top of first Puff Stitch.

Rnd 4: Ch 1, sc in same st, *[skip (1 ch, dc), (sc, ch 3, sc) in next 5 ch-1 spaces, skip (dc, 1 ch), sc in


Puff st] to corner group, ch 1, skip (1 ch, dc), (sc, ch 3, sc) in next 8 ch-1 spaces, ch 1, skip (dc, 1 ch), sc in Puff st; rep from * around, omitting last sc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.


#148 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 2 + 1 + corner sts. Begin in any stitch.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in each sc around, placing 3 sc in each corner st, join with slip st to first sc.

Rnd 2: This round is worked with two separate balls of yarn: colorsA and B .With A, ch 1, sc in same st, ch 3, drop loop from hook; join B in next st, ch 1, sc in same st, ch 3, drop loop B from hook; *holding yarn tail and chain just worked to the front, pick up dropped A loop, sc in next sc, ch 3, drop loop from hook; holding yarn tail and chain just worked to the front, pick up dropped B loop, sc in next sc, ch 3, drop loop from hook; repeat from * around, end by joining each color to first sc of same color with slip st. Fasten off A and B.


#149 Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 2 sts + 1 + corner sts. Begin 2 sts to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same st, *ch 1, skip 1 st, [sc in next st, ch 1, skip 1 st] to corner st, (sc, ch 1, sc) in corner st; rep from * around, ending skip 1 st, join with sc to first sc.

Rnds 2–5: Ch 1, sc in space formed by joining sc, *ch 1, [sc in next ch-1 space, ch 1] to corner space, (sc, ch 1, sc) in corner ch-space; rep from * around, ending join with sc to first sc.

Rnd 6: Work as for Rnd 2, ending ch 1, skip 1 sc, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off at the end of Rnd 6.

tip Here’s another border that offers a wealth of possibilities for creative exploration. See what happens when you work Rounds 1, 3, and 5 in different colors — or even all six rounds in different colors!


#150 STITCHES & NOTES BPdc: Yarn over, insert hook from back to front to back around post of next stitch and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) two times.

Base rnd, each side: Multiple of 2 + corner sts. Begin 1 st to left of corner st.

Rnd 1: Ch 3 (counts as dc), dc in each st around, placing 5 dc in each corner st, join with slip st to top of ch-3.

Rnd 2: Ch 2, BPdc around ch-3 and next dc together, *ch 1, [BPdc around next 2 dc together, ch 1]** to corner st, (BPdc, ch 1, BPdc) around corner st, rep from * around, ending last rep at **, join with slip st to first BPdc.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, sc in same st, *ch 3, sc in next dc; rep from * around, join with slip st to first sc. Fasten off.

tip If you are working this border in more than one color, join the second color in the top of the chain-3 behind the slip-stitch join of Round 1 so that the first-color framing is not interrupted.


CROCHET PUNCTUATION Asterisks | Indicate a point of repeat. Here are some examples:

( ) Parentheses | Set off stitches that are worked as a group; may be used for explanatory text.

[ ] Brackets | Set off stitches that are worked as a group; sometimes used with parentheses when there are two groups of instructions nested within each other.


Crochet Shorthand | Used occasionally when the meaning is quite clear.


CROCHET SYMBOLS

Chain stitch. When the symbol for a single chain stitch ( ) is linked with other chain stitches, they represent several chains worked one after another.

linked chains

Slip stitch. A slip-stitch symbol is very short and tight, mimicking an actual slip stitch.

Single, half double, double, and treble crochet. Note how the symbols are related to one another, with each one gaining height (and crosshatches) as its corresponding stitch gets taller.


Stitch placement. Each chart indicates where to put each stitch. You may see several stitches made in the same base stitch (a), or several stitches made in the same base stitch and worked together (B).

Working into a chain. In most cases, a stitch shown on top of a chain is worked in the chain space created by that chain. If the stitch above the chain is meant to be worked into the chain itself rather than into the chain space, the chain will be bold.

Working into a chain space

A bolded chain

VariationS. While the symbols may be stretched or skewed to imitate the shape of the crocheted piece,


they retain their unique recognizable markings to enable you to identify the stitch. For instance, a double crochet always has a bar at the top of the stem and a small cross-hatch on the stem (a). In addition, different publishers may use slightly different symbols to represent the same thing. For instance, these symbols (B) are alternate versions of single crochet (sc).


GLOSSARY AND ABBREVIATIONS Attach fringe. Holding three strands of yarn together, fold lengths of yarn in half. Insert a crochet hook from wrong side to right side of border and pull the folded loop through. Pull cut ends through folded loop and gently pull to tighten.

Back bump sc. Insert hook into horizontal bump on wrong side of next stitch and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook.

Bead Stitch. Insert hook into stitch and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 1 loop) three times, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook.

Beg horizontal cluster. Ch 3 (counts as dc), yarn over, insert hook into next stitch and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook, (yarn over, insert hook from front to back under post of the ch-3 and partial dc and pull up a loop) two times, yarn over and pull through all 6 loops on hook.

Bldc (back loop double crochet). Work 1 double crochet into the back loop only.

Blsc. Work 1 single crochet into the back loop only.

Bpdc (back post double crochet). Yarn over, insert hook from back to front to back around post of stitch indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) two times.

Bpdc2tog (back post double crochet 2 stitches together). (Yarn over, insert hook from back to front to back around post of next dc, yarn over and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops) two times, yarn over and


pull through all 3 loops on hook.

Bptr (back post treble crochet). (Yarn over) two times, insert hook from back to front to back around post of stitch indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) three times.

Bullion Stitch. (Yarn over) the number of times indicated, insert hook and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through all loops on hook.

Ch (chain stitch). Yarn over, pull yarn through stitch on hook.

Cluster. Any group of stitches that have been worked together, for example, dc5tog.

Crossed trebles. Skip 1 stitch, treble in next stitch; working behind previous stitch, treble in skipped stitch.

Dc (double crochet). Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated, pull up a loop, (yarn over, pull yarn through 2 loops on hook) two times.

Dc2tog (double crochet 2 together). Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through 2 loops, yarn over, insert hook into same stitch or space and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook.

Dc3tog (double crochet 3 together). Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through 2 loops, (yarn over, insert hook into same stitch or space and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops) two times, yarn over and pull through all 4 loops on hook.

Dc4tog (double crochet 4 together). Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over, pull


through 2 loops, (yarn over, insert hook into same stitch or space and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops) three times, yarn over and pull through all 5 loops on hook.

Dc5tog (double crochet 5 together). Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over, pull through 2 loops, (yarn over, insert hook into same stitch and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops) four times, yarn over and pull through all 6 loops on hook.

Dtr (double treble). (Yarn over) three times, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) four times.

Edc (extended double crochet). Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 1 loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) two times.

Folding sc. Insert hook into back loop of next treble and into back loop of corresponding stitch on previous round, yarn over and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook.

Fldc (front loop double crochet). Work 1 double crochet into front loop only.

Flsc (front loop single crochet). Work 1 single crochet into the front loop only.

Fltr (front loop treble crochet). Work 1 treble crochet into the front loop only.

Fpdc (front post double crochet). Yarn over, insert hook from front to back to front around post of stitch indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) two times.

Fptr (front post treble crochet). (Yarn over)


two times, insert hook from front to back to front around post of stitch indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) three times.

Hdc (half double crochet). Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook.

Horizontal cluster. Dc in next dc, yarn over, insert hook into next stitch and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops, (yarn over, insert hook from front to back under posts of previous dc and current stitch and pull up a loop) two times, yarn over and pull through all 6 loops on hook.

Leaning tower Stitch. Complete 1 edc in stitch or space indicated, work 2 dc into base of previous edc as follows: *yarn over, insert hook under both strands that form base of previous edc and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops ) two times; repeat from * once more.

Long Stitch. Yarn over hook the number of times stated, insert hook into next stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) as many times as required to have 1 loop remain.

Partial dc (partial double crochet). Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook.

Partial dtr (partial double treble). (Yarn over) three times, insert hook into stitch and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) three times.

Partial Fpdtr. (Yarn over) three times, insert hook from front to back to front around post of designated stitch and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) three


times.

Partial Fptr. (Yarn over) two times, insert hook from front to back to front around post of designated stitch and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) two times.

partial tr (partial treble). (Yarn over) twice, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) two times.

Picot-3. Ch 3, slip stitch in 3rd chain from hook. Picot-4. Ch 4, slip stitch in 4th chain from hook. Picot-5. Ch 5, slip stitch in 5th chain from hook. Picot-6. Ch 6, slip stitch in 6th chain from hook. Popcorn. Make 5 dc in one stitch or space, drop loop from hook and insert hook from front to back through top of first stitch in the Popcorn then into dropped loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook.

Puff Stitch. Yarn over, insert hook into stitch and pull up a loop, (yarn over, insert hook into same stitch and pull up a loop) three times, yarn over and pull through all 9 loops on hook.

Rep. Repeat. Rnd. Round. Reverse sc (reverse single crochet). Working from left to right for right-handers, or from right to left for left-handers, insert hook into stitch or space indicated, yarn over, pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through both loops on hook.

RS. Right side. Sc (single crochet). Insert hook into stitch or space indicated, yarn over, pull up a loop,


yarn over and pull through both loops on hook.

Slip st (slip stitch). Insert hook into stitch or space indicated, yarn over and pull through both both loops on hook.

Spike dc. Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space one or more rounds below next stitch and pull up a loop to level of current round, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) two times.

Spike hdc. Yarn over, insert hook into stitch or space one or more rounds below next stitch and pull up a loop to level of current round, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook.

Spike sc. Insert hook into stitch or space one or more rounds below next stitch and pull up a loop to level of current round, yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook.

St. Stitch. Surface chain. Holding yarn on wrong side of fabric, insert hook from front to back into next stitch and pull up a loop through fabric and through loop on hook.

Sc3tog (single crochet 3 stitches together). (Insert hook into next stitch and pull up a loop) three times, yarn over and pull through all 4 loops on hook.

Tight picot-3. Ch 3, insert hook from top to bottom through top and side edge of stitch just made and pull a loop through to form slip stitch.

Tr (treble crochet). (Yarn over) two times, insert hook into stitch or space indicated, pull up a loop, (yarn over and pull through 2 loops on hook) three times.

Tr2Tog (treble crochet 2 together). (Yarn over) two times, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn


over, pull through 2 loops) two times, (yarn over) two times, insert hook into same stitch or space and pull up a loop, (yarn over, pull through 2 loops) twice, yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on hook.

Tr3Tog (treble crochet 3 together). (Yarn over) two times, insert hook into stitch or space indicated and pull up a loop, (yarn over, pull through 2 loops) two times, [(yarn over) two times, insert hook into same stitch or space and pull up a loop, (yarn over, pull through 2 loops) twice] two times, yarn over and pull through all 4 loops on hook.

WS. Wrong side.


INDEX Page numbers in italics indicate illustrations or photos; numbers in bold indicate charts or tables.

a abbreviations, 308–11 afghans, 1–2, 8, 95

b ball winder, 42 base-round stitches, 3, 3, 26 calculating number of stitches, 7, 7 bead stitch, 140, 176, 206, 308, 315 beaded borders, 28–29, 62–63, 132–33, 257 bullion stitch, 198–99, 286, 308, 314 buttons in borders, 138–39, 188–89

c chain stitch, 9, 306, 306, 308 embroidered, 18–19, 18– 19 surface chain, 162– 63 working into, 4, 4 chainless start, 9, 9chart reading, 11, 11 chart stitch key, 314– 15 circular crochet. Seeworking in the round vs. working in rows colors, changing, 16 colorways, 24, 24 corkscrews, 40– 41 corners counting from, 10, 10 working to, 3, 6, 12, 13 crochet punctuation, 304–5 asterisks (*), 304 brackets [ ], 305 crochet shorthand [ ], 305 parentheses ( ), 305 crochet stitches, 308–11 crow’s foot stitch, 240– 41 curves, adjusting for, 25, 25


d disks, 236– 37 double chain, 56, 56 double crochet, 306, 306, 308, 314–15, 314–

15 chainless start, 9, 9 extended, 309 working into, 5, 5

e edging, simple, 21, 21 embroidered chain stitch, 18–19, 18–19 ending rounds, 14, 14–15

f felted fabric, 19, 19 flatness, 6, 6–7, 25, 25– 26 flower motifs, 34–35, 88–89, 124–25, 140–41, 170–71, 182–83, 254– 55 folding sc, 80, 309, 314 frills, 34– 35 fringe, attaching, 142– 43 fringe, make, 258–59

g graph paper planning, 23, 23

h half double crochet, 306, 306, 309, 314–15,

314–15 herringbone dc, 73, 314 horizontal cluster, 150, 310, 315

j joining new yarn, 9, 9 tapestry needle join, 15, 15

l


leaning tower stitch, 77, 186, 310, 314 lefties, notes for, 10, 10 lobster cord, 76 long stitch, 124, 136, 310, 314

m mesh border, 96, 266

p picot fringe, 112– 14 picot stitch, 21, 21, 310 popcorn stitch, 46–47, 82–83, 102–3, 292–93, 310, 316 proportion and scale, 22–23, 23 puckers and ruffles, avoiding, 6, 6–7 puff stitch, 123, 134, 142– 4 3 , 269, 296–98, 310, 315

q quick-start guide, 26

r reading charts, 26 reading crochet patterns, 19 repeating sections of stitches, 11, 11 reverse single crochet, 21, 21 round 1, 10, 10– 11 row-by-row crochet. See working in the round vs. working in rows

s scallops, 55, 282–83, 226– 27 shell motif, 67 simple borders, 21, 21 single crochet, 3, 3, 6, 9, 306, 306, 311 edging woven fabric, 18, 18 foundation, 26 reverse, 21, 21 slip-stitch, 306 method of joining, 9 spike dc, 100, 311, 314


spike hdc, 115, 311, 314 spike sc, 48–49, 82–83, 84–85, 288–89, 311, 314 spike tr, 84–85 spike, compound, 128 stitch marker, 6, 10, 10 stitch symbols, 306– 7 , 306–7, 314–15, 314–

15 stitch-count math, 7, 7– 8 swatches, 52

t tapestry needle join, 15, 15 treble crochet, 306, 306, 311, 314–15, 314– 15 crossed treble, 44–45, 308 triple treble, 136–37

u U.K. terminology, 22

w working in the round vs. working in rows, 16–17,

17, 17 working into bound-off edge, 4, 4 chains and cast-on knit stitches, 4, 4, 307, 307 crocheted or knitted fabric, 3–5, 3–5 double crochet edge, 5, 5 horizontal edges, 4, 4 knitted selvedge, 5, 5 vertical edges, 4–5, 5 woven fabric, adding borders to, 18, 18

x X-stitch, 82–83, 315 flat, 272–73


CHART STITCH KEY


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I am indebted to the stitchers who use and like my books and tell their friends, as well as the booksellers, yarn shop owners, podcasters, bloggers, and sales people who spread the word. After all these years, my wonderful husband only occasionally complains about the square footage and hours allotted to my fiber-related pursuits. My chil dren have grown up with it and so are resigned. All my love to you all. Storey editor Gwen Steege wears several dozen hats, yet always maintains her cheerful enthusiasm for whichever job is topmost at the moment. Thanks, Gwen, for your unflagging support. Once again, thanks to Karen Manthey, whose amazing ability to translate words into graphics is unique in our industry. Judith Durant provided words of advice and encouragement at exactly the moment I needed them. The other passengers on the plane prob ably learned more than they bargained for. In addition to his skill behind the lens, John Polak draws on a deep well of patience to put up with three female directors at a single photo shoot. Our hand model Kathryn “Kt” Baldassaro never once sighed or rolled her eyes as we took yet another howto picture. Editor Kathy Brock can find a misplaced comma in a haystack, and I’m eternally grateful. This wouldn’t be a book without the artistic skills of Cindy McFarland and Alethea Morrison, who have taken disparate ele ments and cajoled them into a beautiful whole. Test stitchers included Molly Andries, Ruth Arnold, Clair Bell, Sharon Cohen, Sharon Dyke, Meg Eck man, Cookie Gates, Claudia Hall, Anna Hulse, Dar cie Huntress, Barbara Kreuter, Janice Lynn, Cathy Mathers, Amy Russell, Jan Scogin, Nancy Simmons, Cindy Patton, Martha Savage, Claudia Wittmann, and Joe Zachry. In particular, Bobbie Mills, a crocheting phenom, stitched an incredible number of


borders in record time. Thanks for all of your time, patience, and willing hard work. Throughout the years, my crochet and knitting stu dents have taught me as much as I have taught them. Let’s continue this great partnership! Kirsten Muench, Lana Grossa, and JHB Buttons provided materials. James Macpherson, Davia Porter, C.J. Critt, George Guidall, and other talented actors, as well as the authors who give them voice, keep my mind focused while my hands are busy. My thanks to you all.


Encyclopedie around the corner crocher borders eckman edie