Group of Prasat Ta Muan are located at Ban Nong Khan Na, Ta Meang Sub-district, Phanom Dong Rak District, Surin Province on the ancient route to Khmer Empire. In those days, the locals used Phanom Dong Rek as a natural border and travelled through the paths inside the valley. A group of three prasat was built nearby the valley, standing next to each other-from large to small-and named Group of Prasat Ta Muan. Prasat Ta Muan Thom, the largest, was positioned on the hill atop scared stone-a symbol of lingam, and served for the ritual performances. This Prasat face south in which dissimilar to the common Khmer preset (typically face east), possibly turning to the passage from Khmer Empire. In Khmer language, Prasat Ta Muan Thom meant â€œlarge.â€? In addition, two sandstone prang are standing on the northeast and northwest of the main temple. There are two libraries and two small ponds outside the northern gallery. Since this prasat is closed to the border, for safety, visitors should stay only in prasat area during the visits and do not walk into the woods outside the prasat. Prasat Ta Muan Tot, 750 meters distance from Prasat Ta Muan Thom, was constructed with laterite surrounding by walls and having small pond at the north. Historians believed it was an arokayasala (hospital) for serving communities or travelers, typically built during the reign of King Jayavarman VII. Prasat Ta Muan, 390 meters distance from Prasat Ta Muan Tot, the smallest, was constructed with laterite as a long room-possibly serving as a dharmasala (rest house) for travelers. Group of Prasat Ta Muan was a perfect ac-
commodations for travelers in which never found in other regions, suggested once the area was the significant community or important passageway through the borders.
TrACKING DOWN THE GLORIOUS PATHS
of SURIN CIVILAZATION | 95
Tracking Down The Glorious Paths of Surin Civilization