Issuu on Google+

Turf & Amenity 2013/14 product guide

Part of ICL group


CONTENTS Grass Seed p4 Grass Seed

Seed Testing Programme p6 / ProSelect 1 Premium Sport p8 / ProSelect 2 GT Pro p9 ProSelect 3 Fairway Fescue p10 / ProSelect 4 Greens 80/20 p11 / ProSelect 5 Fescue Greens p12 ProSelect 6 Classic p13 / ProSelect 7 Sport p14 / Grass Seed Varieties p16

Fertilizers

Fertilizers

p18 Nutrient Uptake p20 / Precision Nutrition p22 / SierraformGT p24 / Greenmaster Pro-Lite p28 Greenmaster Topdress Z p32 / STEP Hi-Mag p34 / ProTurf p36 / Sportsmaster p38 / SierrablenPlus p40 Sierrablen p44 / Organic Based Fertilizers p46 / Foliar Feeding p48 / Greenmaster Liquid p50 Sportsmaster WSF p54 / Vitalnova Blade p56

Wetting Agents p58 Wetting Agents

H2Pro Conserve Liquid p60 / H2Pro Conserve Tablet p62 / H2Pro Conserve Granule p63 H2Pro Maximise p64 / Qualibra p66

Plant Protection & Control p68

PLANT PROTECTION

PLANT GROWTH REGULATION p70 Primo Maxx p70 DISEASE IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL p72 Disease Management Strategy p76 / When To Use Fungicides p78 / Instrata p80 / Headway p82 Banner Maxx p84 / Heritage Maxx p86 / Medallion TL p88 / Heritage p90 PEST IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL p92 Nemasys p96 SELECTIVE WEED IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL p98 Re-Act p100 / Praxys p102 / Intrepid 2 p104 / Jewel p106 / Rescue p108 TOTAL WEED IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL p110 Hammer p114 / Proliance Quattro p116 / Roundup ProBiactive 450 p118 / Roundup Pro Biactive p120 Monsanto Amenity Glyphosate p121 / ProShield p122 / Ecoplug Max p124 SPECIALITY PRODUCTS p126 ProCrystal p128 / Black Onyx WSP p130 / Turf Mark Extra p131

iTurf Solutions

iTurf Solutions

Technical Info

p132 iTurf Background p134 / Anthracnose p136 / Dollar Spot p137 / Leaf Spot/Melting Out p138 Microdochium Patch p139 / Pythium Blight p140 / Red Thread p141 / Take-All Patch p142 Fairy Rings p143 / Chafer Grubs p144 / Earthworms p145 / Leatherjackets p146 / Algae p148 Black Layer p149 / Cold Management p150 / Dew Dispersal p151 / Drought Management p152 Etiolated Tiller Syndrome (Mad Tiller, Ghost Grass) p153 / Green Speed p155 / Moss p156 Nutrition - Greens p157 / Over Seeding p158 / Salt Affected Soils p159 / Shade p160 / Thatch p161 Water-Logging p162 / Wear Tolerance p163

Contact Info

Technical Information p164 Soil Analysis Service p166 / Optimum Turf pH Table p167 / Nutrient Cycle & Fertilizer Selection p168 Spreaders p170 / Spreader Setting Guidelines p172 / Spreader Calibration p174 / XC Nozzles p176 Sprayer Calibration p178 / Check Your Sprayer p180 / Spray Applications & Sprayer Cleaning p182 Container Collection Service p183 / Tank Mix Table p184 / Ready Reckoner & Nutrient Calculations p186 Conversion Tables p187

Contact Information p188 1


As part of the ICL Group, we strive to bring you the most technically advanced specialty fertilizers and nutrition programmes, turf seed, plant protection products and growing media to help you meet the demands of modern day turf and amenity management. We take great pride in the integrity and value of our dynamic world-class product portfolios and in the provision of dedicated technical support, available to you from the team at Everris UK and Ireland. Through our product technologies, our ongoing support of end-user education, and through iTurf, our integrated turf management programme, we continue to advocate best practice in turf management and sound environmental stewardship.

Integrated Turf Management: Stronger and healthier turf with lower inputs • • • • •

 ontrolled release fertilizers C Slow release fertilizers Grass seed Plant protection products Speciality products

With market leading fertilizer brands – including SierrablenPlus, SierraformGT and Greenmaster – and a wealth of knowledge in both our Turf & Amenity technical team and our network of distributors, we look forward to working with you and supporting you in all aspects of your turf and amenity management.

2

Driven by innovation

Inspired by nature

We continually invest in new products and have the some of the most advanced Research and Development facilities in the world. Yet we are also committed to sustainability, to help maintain our environment in an efficient and responsible way.

As well as fertilizer, plant protection products and grass seeds, Everris offers expertise and solutions to a range of turf problems, which we bring together in our unique programme of integrated turf practices and treatments … iTurf.

From raw materials through to finished product, we are dedicated to producing the finest range of fertilizer, plant protection, and grass seed technologies, all backed up by first-class customer service. Turf managers at some of the world’s finest sporting venues, trust our technologies to help them produce high-quality turf for sports and amenity use.

Integrated turf management (ITM) focuses on using the best products in the most efficient and responsible way. Everris is championing ITM through iTurf in order to provide turf managers with an easy way of meeting their environmental responsibilities and comply with increasing rules and regulations regarding chemical application. It also helps them maintain healthy turf through long-term sustainable management.


Local Everris technical consultants International Everris technical consultants and local dealer representatives Everris dealer network

About ICL ICL is a global fertilizer and specialty chemicals company with more than 11,000 employees and operations on six continents. We are differentiated by our direct access to plentiful sources of minerals, our extensive product range, the vertical integration of our manufacturing activities, and the global presence of our manufacturing, logistics, R&D, sales and customer service capabilities.

From the source to a solution

Raw Minerals Processing

Minerals Fertilizers

Innovation Formulation

Technologies Products Solutions

3


Grass Seed

ProSelect is the range of turfgrass blends from Everris for golf courses, sports fields, turf growers and landscape contractors. The varieties used in the ProSelect range are developed by the Everris R&D department, Pure Seed Testing and various US universities. This synergy gives Everris one of the largest seed germplasms in the world. Everris also has an outstanding portfolio of grass seed varieties for use when specialism is required.

4


Grass Seed

Grass Seed Products Index AREAS OF USE GOLF

LAWNS

BOWLS/ WINTER RACELANDFINE HARD FAIRWAYS ROUGHS CROQUET GAMES COURSES SCAPING LEAVED WEARING

PRODUCT

COMPOSITION

PROSELECT 1 Premium Sport

100% perennial ryegrass

25mm

p8

PROSELECT 2 GT Pro

60% perennial ryegrass 20% slender creeping red fescue 20% strong creeping red fescue

10-25mm

p9

PROSELECT 3 Fairway Fescue

50% slender creeping red fescue 25% chewings fescue 25% strong creeping red fescue

10-25mm

p10

40% chewings fescue PROSELECT 4 40% slender creeping red fescue Greens 80/20 20% browntop bent

4-7mm

p11

PROSELECT 5 Fescue Greens

50% slender creeping red fescue 50% chewings fescue

4-7mm

p12

PROSELECT 6 Classic

50% perennial ryegrass 20% strong creeping red fescue 15% chewings fescue 15% slender creeping red fescue

10-25mm

p13

PROSELECT 7 Sport

100% perennial ryegrass

25mm

p14

PENN A1

Creeping bent

3-7mm

p17

PENN A4

Creeping bent

3-7mm

p17

PENN G2

Creeping bent

3-7mm

p17

PENN G6

Creeping bent

3-7mm

p17

MEMORIAL

Creeping bent

3-7mm

p17

TROY

Browntop bent

3-7mm

p17

ALISTER

Browntop bent

3-7mm

p17

OMBRETTA

Chewings fescue

4-25mm

p17

TREAZURE II

Chewings fescue

4-25mm

p17

SEABREEZE GT

Slender creeping red fescue

4-25mm

p17

AURORA GOLD

Hard fescue

Annual harvest

p17

FLORENSATE

Strong creeping red fescue

>25mm

p17

SILVER DOLLAR

Perennial ryegrass

25mm

p17

VANTAGE

Perennial ryegrass

25mm

p17

REPLAY GT

Perennial ryegrass

25mm

p17

THERMAL BLUE

Smooth stalked meadow grass

10-25mm

p17

MOWING HIEGHT

GREENS

TEES

Page

Suitable

5


Seed Testing Programme Get with the programme To make it easy to select the right varieties, Everris has developed The Programme, a system of easy-to-identify icons that help turf managers choose those that will work best in their particular situation. No matter what the growing challenge - heat, high levels of salt, heavy traffic and wear, extreme shade or diseases - Everris has the varieties to overcome most turfgrass problems and provide landscape contractors, greenkeepers, turf growers and groundsmen with pure quality seed for healthy turf. Everris currently offers the following seven specific programmes: wear, drought, salt, shade, cold, visual merit and low grow, which are identified by the distinctive icons.

6


What the icons mean Wear tolerance

Cold tolerance

Thermal Blue Fairway Roadrunner Silver Dollar

Smooth stalked meadow grass Perennial ryegrass Perennial ryegrass Perennial ryegrass

Shade tolerance Tolerance to shaded areas Thermal Blue Seabreeze GT Ombretta Treazure II

Smooth stalked meadow grass Slender creeping red fescue Chewings fescue Chewings fescue

Drought tolerance

Tolerance to low temperatures Thermal Blue GreenkeeperWAF Vantage Quicksilver Tiffany

Smooth stalked meadow grass Tall fescue Perennial ryegrass Perennial ryegrass Chewings fescue

Visual merit Dark green, year-round colour Vantage Quicksilver Roadrunner Silver Dollar

Perennial ryegrass Perennial ryegrass Perennial ryegrass Perennial ryegrass

Low grow

Tolerance to high temperatures and drought

Reduces mowing frequency

Thermal Blue Vantage Aurora Gold

Quicksilver Aurora Gold Treazure II

Smooth stalked meadow grass Perennial ryegrass Hard fescue

Grass Seed

High resistance to intensive wear and good recovery

Perennial ryegrass Hard fescue Chewings fescue

Salt tolerance Tolerance to salinity Seabreeze GT Florensate Vantage

STRI wear trial June 2011

Slender creeping red fescue Strong creeping red fescue Perennial ryegrass

STRI wear trial July 2011 7


1

Premium Sport All Rye 25mm

areas of use: ✓ Stadium pitches ✓ Sport fields ✓ Public green spaces ✓ Parks ✓ Fairways

The dark green sports pitch revolution started here. This ProSelect 1 Premium Sport mixture is proving itself at the very highest levels. The dark green aesthetic, coupled with good levels of wear tolerance, have made this mix a serious contender for selection at high quality stadia, sports fields and racecourses.

Sowing recommendation New sowing:

35-50g/m²

Overseeding:

20-35g/m²

Product Characteristics Pack size:

20kg

Seed varieties 100% Perennial Ryegrass • INSPIRE • VANTAGE: Cold Tolerance, Drought Tolerance, Salt Tolerance, Visual Merit • SILVER DOLLAR: Visual Merit, Wear Tolerance, Drought Tolerance, Salt Tolerance

ProSelect 1 Premium Sport

Benefits Dark green colour

Outstanding visual effect

8

Excellent drought and cold tolerance

Bucharest National Arena, Romania, Euro 2012 Championships

Rapid establishment

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie


2

GT Pro With Rye

Grass Seed

10-25mm

areas of use: ✓ Tees ✓ Fairways ✓ Outfield ✓ Hard Wearing Lawns

Fescue and ryegrass mixture blended for density, wear tolerance and dark green colour. ProSelect 2 GT Pro has been blended to create a striking dark green colour along with good wear tolerance and sward density. With its strong divot recovery and low vertical growth it is an ideal, sustainable mixture for tees, fairways and outfields.

Sowing recommendation New sowing:

25-35g/m²

Overseeding: 15-25g/m²

Product Characteristics Pack size:

20kg

Seed varieties 60% Perennial ryegrass • Replay GT 20% Slender Creeping Red Fescue •  Seabreeze GT: Salt Tolerance, Shade Tolerance, Low Grow 20% Strong Creeping Red Fescue • FLORENSATE: Salt Tolerance, Shade Tolerance

ProSelect 2 GT Pro

Benefits Dark green colour

H  igh wear tolerance

Rapid establishment

G  ood divot recovery

Low maintenance capability

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie 9


3

Fairway Fescue All Fescue 10-25mm

areas of use: ✓ Tees ✓ Fairways ✓ Outfield ✓ Fine Leaved Lawns ✓ Landscaping

Developed for situations requiring fine fescues and salt tolerance. ProSelect 3 Fairway Fescue is our premium Fairway mixture. It should be used where fine fescues are required and where high salt levels are an issue, e.g. golf links. ProSelect 3 Fairway Fescue is low growing and can also be used in shaded areas. It has good drought tolerance, disease resistance and provides a high shoot density.

Seed varieties 50% Slender Creeping Red Fescue • Seabreeze GT: Salt Tolerance, Shade Tolerance, Low Grow • Libano 25% Chewings Fescue • Treasure II: Low Grow, Shade Tolerance 25% Strong Creeping Red Fescue • Florensate: Salt Tolerance, Shade Tolerance

Sowing recommendation New sowing:

25-35g/m²

Overseeding: 15-25g/m²

Product Characteristics Pack size:

20kg

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie

ProSelect 3 Fairway Fescue

Benefits

Excellent salt tolerance

G  ood divot recovery

Fine leafed

G  ood shade tolerance

Low maintenance capability 10


4

Greens 80/20 Fescue / Bent

Grass Seed

7mm

areas of use: ✓ Golf Greens ✓ Bowling Greens

Classic blend for establishing, renovating and transitioning fine turf. ProSelect 4 Greens 80/20 is the classic seed mixture for fine turf. This blend of fescue/bent will produce beautiful dense turf which can be mown as low as 4mm. The chosen varieties show excellent performance on greens in EU recommended lists and/or the USA NTEP testing programme.

Seed varieties 40% SLENDER CREEPING RED FESCUE • SEABREEZE GT: Salt Tolerance, Shade Tolerance, Low Grow • LIBANO 40% CHEWINGS FESCUE • OMBRETTA: Wear Tolerance, Shade Tolerance • TREASURE II: Low Grow, Shade Tolerance 20% BROWNTOP BENT • ALISTER: Cold Tolerance, Visual Merit, Wear Tolerance

ProSelect 4 Greens 80/20

Sowing recommendation New sowing:

25-35g/m²

Overseeding: 15-25g/m²

Product Characteristics Pack size:

20kg

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie

Benefits

Good salt tolerance

V  ery good shade tolerance

Good wear tolerance

G  ood winter colour

Excellent Dollar Spot resistance

11


5

Fescue Greens All Fescue 4-7mm

areas of use: ✓ Golf Greens ✓ Bowling Greens ✓ Fine lawns

Felixstowe Ferry Golf Club, Suffolk

Fine blend for ultra fine close mown turf. ProSelect 5 Fescue Greens is an ideal seed mixture for the establishment or renovation of close mown areas. ProSelect 5 Fescue Greens will provide aggressive seedling vigour resulting in the establishment of a dense and fine leaved turf. The blend has good disease resistance and maintains a beautiful, medium green colour throughout the year.

Seed varieties

Sowing recommendation

50% Slender Creeping Red Fescue • Seabreeze GT: Salt Tolerance, Shade Tolerance, Low Grow • Libano 50% Chewings Fescue • Ombretta: Wear Tolerance, Shade Tolerance • Treasure II: Low Grow, Shade Tolerance

New sowing:

Overseeding: 15-25g/m²

Product Characteristics Pack size:

20kg

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie

ProSelect 5 Fescue Greens

Benefits

12

25-35g/m²

Good salt tolerance

V  ery good shade tolerance

Good wear tolerance

G  ood winter colour


6

Classic With Rye

Grass Seed

10-25mm

areas of use: ✓ All Purpose ✓ Tees ✓ Fairways ✓ Outfield ✓ Lawns ✓ Landscaping

Classic high performance all-rounder with quick establishment. ProSelect 6 Classic is an all-purpose seed mixture created for golf tees, fairways, outfield and landscaping. ProSelect 6 Classic comprises medium green varieties that combine a fine leaved appearance with terrific sward density. The blend has good disease resistance and maintains its colour throughout the year.

Seed varieties 50% Perennial Ryegrass • Verity 20% Strong Creeping Red Fescue • FlorensatE: Salt Tolerance, Shade Tolerance • Lisamba 15% Chewings Fescue • Ombretta: Wear Tolerance, Shade Tolerance • Libano 15% Slender Creeping Red Fescue •  Seabreeze GT: Salt Tolerance, Shade Tolerance, Low Grow

ProSelect 6 Classic

Benefits

Medium green colour Excellent wear tolerance Quick establishment Good all-round performance Rapid establishment

Sowing recommendation New sowing:

35-50g/m²

Overseeding: 20-35g/m²

Product Characteristics Pack size:

20kg

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie

13


7

Sport All Rye 25mm

areas of use: ✓ Football ✓ Rugby ✓ lawns ✓ Landscaping

Sowing recommendation New sowing:

The perfect mid-green sports pitch mix.

35-50g/m²

Overseeding: 20-35g/m²

Product Characteristics Pack size:

20kg

ProSelect 7 Sport is a mixture designed for sports fields and is ideal for new establishment and renovations. ProSelect 7 Sport consists of four fine-leaved perennial ryegrasses chosen for their wide ranging attributes. Rapidly germinating varieties have been specially selected for this mixture, which also has excellent disease resistance and maintains a beautiful, medium-green colour.

Seed varieties 100% Perennial Ryegrass • Fairway • Verdi • recital

ProSelect 7 Sport

Benefits

Stratford Racecourse, Warwickshire

Medium green colour Excellent wear tolerance Good disease resistance Quick establishment 14

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie


Grass Seed

“My success with Everris, formerly Scotts, fertilizers over the past 15 years convinced me that the company’s grass seed would be a sound choice for the pitch renovation programme. Combining a striking dark-green colour with excellent tolerance against cold, drought and heavy wear, ProSelect 1 Premium Sport has all the qualities required to move the pitch towards Premier League standards, a goal I have been aiming for since joining the club.” Dale Frith, Head Groundsman Fleetwood Town Football Club

15


Grass Seed Varieties

A range of quality grass seed varieties for golf, sports, landscape and amenity turf. Golf course managers can produce beautiful, fast, true greens using creeping bent grass, browntop bent or fescue. Complement your greens, add colour and contrast, and enhance all-round playability with a range of grasses suitable for maintaining strong, healthy turf on fairways, tees, rough and semi rough areas on all types of golf courses.

County Turf

Perennial ryegrass is the choice of sports ground managers and it is increasingly used on the golf course where the durability of the sward it produces benefits areas that are under stress from intensive wear. Everris’ ryegrasses certainly make an impact with their beautiful dark green colour. They combine outstanding aesthetic appearance with strength and durability to produce playing surfaces that withstand the demands of intensive match schedules.

Leeds Rugby

16


Grass Seed Varieties Range SPECIES

AREA OF USE

PENN A1

Creeping Bent

PENN A4

PENN G2

ICONS

ATTRIBUTES

SOWING RATE

MOWING HIEGHT

Greens, fine turf

Strong green colour. Outstanding heat and cold tolerance. Superior wear tolerance.

5-8g/m2

3-7mm

Creeping Bent

Greens, fine turf

Dark green colour. Outstanding heat and cold tolerance. Most aggressive bent against Poa.

5-8g/m2

3-7mm

Creeping Bent

Greens, fine turf

Produces exceptional putting surfaces. Excellent Dollar Spot resistance. Good cold tolerance.

5-8g/m2

3-7mm

5-8g/m2

3-7mm

PENN G6

Creeping Bent

Greens, fine turf

Medium green colour. Best shade tolerance of all Penns. High level of disease resistance. Tolerates close mowing.

MEMORIAL

Creeping Bent

Greens, fine turf

Outstanding turf quality. Excellent Microdochium rating. Good wear tolerance. Good cold tolerance.

5-8g/m2

3-7mm

TROY

Browntop bent

Greens, fine turf

Outstanding turf quality. Low fertilizer requirements. Excellent shoot density. Red Thread resistance.

5-8g/m2

3-7mm

ALISTER

Browntop bent

Greens, fine turf

Excellent Dollar Spot resistance. Good wear tolerance. Low fertilizer requirements.

5-8g/m2

3-7mm

OMBRETTA

Chewings fescue

Greens, tees, fairways, fine turf, lawns

Produces dense uniform turf. Excellent shade tolerance. Very good cold weather tolerance.

20-30g/m2

4-25mm

TREAZURE II

Chewings fescue

Greens, tees, fairways, fine turf, lawns

Very good Dollar Spot resistance. Good shade tolerance. Excellent performance under close mowing.

20-30g/m2

4-25mm

SEABREEZE GT

Slender creeping red fescue

Greens, tees, fairways, fine turf, lawns

Excellent overall turf quality. Good salt tolerance. Top variety for drought tolerance.

20-30g/m2

4-25mm

AURORA GOLD

Hard fescue

Golf rough, semi rough, lawns, landscaping

Attractive unmown quality in rough. Aesthetic red coloured grass. 20-30g/m2 Low growing variety.

Annual harvest

FLORENSATE

Strong creeping red Golf rough, semi rough, fescue lawns, landscaping

Excellent salt tolerance. Great in shade or sun. Good low maintenance performance.

20-30g/m2

>25mm

SILVER DOLLAR Perennial ryegrass

Football, rugby, lawns, winter sports, race courses

Dark green colour. Excellent wear tolerance. Superior salt tolerance. Good drought tolerance.

25-35g/m2

25mm

VANTAGE

Perennial ryegrass

Football, rugby, lawns, winter sports, race courses

Dark green colour. Superior salt tolerance. Excellent heat and cold tolerance.

25-35g/m2

25mm

REPLAY GT

Perennial ryegrass

Football, rugby, lawns, winter sports, race courses

Glyphosate tolerance.

25-35g/m2

25mm

Tees, fairways, winter sports, lawns

Rapid germination and aggressive rhizome growth. Good tolerance to drought, cold, wear and shade. Performs well under low maintenance.

15-25g/m2

10-25mm

THERMAL BLUE

Smooth stalked meadow grass

17

Grass Seed

VARIETY


Fertilizers

Aviva Stadium, Dublin

As the world’s leading fertilizer manufacturer, Everris’ comprehensive range of turf and amenity fertilizers deliver outstanding results. Turf managers across the globe trust our cutting edge technologies to provide high quality nutrition for optimum health, performance, resilience and visual appearance. Our unique controlled-release fertilizers put you firmly in control, delivering nutrients accurately and efficiently when your turf needs them.

18


Fertilizer Index Product range

GREENS

TEES

FAIRWAYS

SPORTS FIELDS

AMENITY

APPLICATION METHOD

TECHNOLOGY

LONGEVITY

PAGE

GRANULAR SierraformGT

Spreader

p24

Greenmaster Pro-Lite

Spreader

p28

Greenmaster Topdress Z

Spreader

p32

STEP Hi-Mag

Spreader

ProTurf

Spreader

Sportsmaster

Spreader

SierrablenPlus

Spreader

p40

Sierrablen

Spreader

p44

Special Trace Element Package

p34 p36

Conventional

p38

Organic Based Greenmaster Organic

Spreader

Organic and Conventional

p46

Sportsmaster Organic

Spreader

Organic and Conventional

p46

LIQUID Greenmaster Liquid

Sprayer

p50

Sportsmaster WSF (INCLUDING SIERRASOL IRON)

Sprayer

p54

VitalNova Blade

Sprayer

Very suitable

Suitable

Biostimulant

p56

Not suitable

19

Fertilizers

TURF USE Height of cut


Nutrient Uptake Turfgrass nutrition is an essential element of any successful turf maintenance plan. If we want to create good turf surfaces then we need to get the nutrition right. The aim of our nutrition programme is to supplement the elements that are essential to sustain turf health. The amount of fertilizer required will depend on the demands of the turf and the level of nutrients already available within the soil. Soil testing is available to help you determine the nutrient requirement. Essential nutrients are needed by the plant to be able to function properly. These nutrients can be classified as Macro or Micro depending on the quantity required by the plant. All are important and the plant will suffer if there is any deficiency.

Macro nutrients: Carbon Hydrogen Oxygen Nitrogen Phosphate Potassium Calcium Magnesium Sulphur

Micro nutrients: Iron Zinc Copper Manganese Molybdenum Boron Chlorine

Use soil testing to determine the level of available nutrients in the soil.

Root Uptake Plants acquire nutrients via their roots from the soil solution or from colloid surfaces. For the nutrient to be taken up it needs to be in an available form. The availability of the nutrient will be affected by the condition of the soil (sandy or acidic for example). The interception and uptake of the nutrient by the turf will also depend on the health and extent of the root system. Efficient turfgrass nutrition will require you to manage the soil and turf health correctly as well as supplying the correct forms of nutrition. Everris granular and liquid fertilizers are formulated to deliver nutrient for optimal and extended uptake.

20


Nutrient Input

Nutrient Input

Gaseous Loss Gaseous Loss

Clipping Removal

Clipping Removal Uptake Surface Run-off Fertilizers

Uptake Surface Run-off

Uptake

Immobilization

Leaching

Uptake

Foliar Uptake The source of nutrition can have a radical Nutrient can also be taken up by the plant impact on turf quality and health. through its foliage. This can be helpful to Immobilization You will see that each Everris range contains achieve a quick response or to deliver small high quality nutrient sources for optimal quantities of essential nutrients evenly. Foliar performance and uptake. Controlled (coated) feeding can also help overcome problems or slow release technologies also allow us to with root uptake. Foliar uptake requires the design formulations that deliver the optimal solution droplet to remain on the leaf and Leaching nutrition over longer periods. Extensive so is applied at low water volumes (400independent trail work has repeatedly 600l/ha). The effectiveness of uptake will shown the benefits of choosing premium depend on the turf health and available formulations. If we deliver nutrient in the leaf area. The Everris range of liquid and correct form with an appropriate release water soluble fertilizers are formulated with pattern then we can improve the sward TMax plant uptake activators for quick and quality, increase root mass and radically effective foliar uptake. reduce the level of disease activity. The delivery of nutrition is undoubtedly one of the keys to successful turf maintenance.

Not Excessive

Not Deficient

The Everris fertilizers presented in this brochure are designed to form an integral part of your integrated turf management plan.

21


Precision Nutrition Our nutrition delivery technology is designed to help you maximise turf performance, minimise fertilizer inputs and eliminate waste. Poly-S Coated granule technology Polymer and Sulphur coating regulates Nitrogen release to suit plant demand Poly-S technology: Outer polymer coating Inner sulphur coating Urea nutrient core

 itrogen granules are coated first with sulphur N (a plant nutrient in itself) and then a unique polymer membrane, which is degradable. Once moisture permeates this outer polymer membrane and sulphur coating, Nitrogen is released. Depending on the thickness of the coating, this can last up to 6 months. Major increases in soil temperature and/or moisture do not create severe fluctuations in this release pattern, ensuring that Poly-S provides non-surge growth and a healthy, green turf even in warm, wet conditions. Because nutrient uptake is so efficient, the risk of leaching is reduced.

PACE Resin coated technology Resin coating of NPK and trace elements Input to provide tailored releaseNutrient patterns Uptake

Nutrient is combined within each granule Uptake

22

PACE is a controlled release technology fertilizer that contains more than one nutrient. Our unique vegetable-based resin membrane ensures the plant receives a steady dose of Nitrogen, Potassium and Phosphorus. Depending on the thickness of the coating, nutrients are released over different lengths of time from 2-3 months up to 8-9 months. When applied, pressure starts to build up within the granule, forcing nutrients through the semi-permeable vegetable coating. The release is not influenced by soil moisture levels, pH or bacterial activity, so remains consistent over a wide range of environmental conditions.


MU2 Extended Nitrogen release in microfine granules Slow release Nitrogen that can be incorporated with a combination of quality nutrient sources

Uptake

SiLK Slow release Potassium Key ingredient of premium formulations to extend release and minimize leaching loss

Slow release Potassium has been shown in trial work to improve drought tolerance.

 utrients are released over a period of approximately N 8 weeks. Potassium is important for water regulation, protein synthesis, Nutrient Input storage of starch and meristematic growth in plants as well as activating enzymes. With SilK, a larger bank of Potassium remains in the rootzone available for plant uptake. Silica improves the structure and strength of cells, which helps protect the plant from disease. Excessive soil moisture does notUptake affect the release mechanism. Uptake

Premium conventional sources Everris include premium quality ingredients in all formulations Nutrient Input

Uptake

For instance Everris only uses Urea and ammoniacal Nitrogen sources (primarily from Ammonium Sulphate) in the Greenmaster Pro-Lite range. We deliberately avoid the use of nitrate Nitrogen, which can leach easily or increase the risk of damaging disease outbreaks. At Everris all our ingredients are considered to be crucial for our clients to achieve optimal results.

The choice of nutrient source is essential for effective uptake and longevity.

Uptake

23

Fertilizers

SierraformGT contains the correct and most effective combination of nutrients for the grass plant. Every granule has an identical composition. The result is even growth and an even colour all over the entire turf area.

MU2 technology ensures the fertilizer provides a uniform distribution of these nutrients when applied, which results in an even and slow growth pattern across the whole grass area, creating a dense sward and a Nutrient Input strong rooting system. Fertilizers that contain MU2 technology are very safe to use. They have extremely low salt levels so the turf plant is not burnt or damaged. The result is increased longevityUptake of up to 8 weeks (dependent on environmental conditions).


Recommended usage: ✓✓ greens ✓ tees ✓ fairways ✓ sports fields ✓ Amenity

High performance micro-granular fertilizers that deliver slow release Nitrogen, Potassium and Silica with trace elements for sustained performance. SierraformGT is a high performance range Granule distribution designed for use on fine turf throughout the year. SierraformGT Granule Distribution Each granule contains conventional and slow release technology to provide a consistent and Non-homogeneous sustained release pattern. The slow release Nitrogen and Potassium sources bring real benefits for root development and stress tolerance. The granules are formulated to allow even distribution at low rates of application. SierraformGT is the default fertilizer range for high quality fine turf. Non-homogeneous granules of unequal size.

SierraformGT Benefits S low release Nitrogen and Potassium for sustained performance Even spread at ultra-low rate applications (20g/m2) Granules break down and disperse quickly

24

Large Granules

Spreading pattern of comparable fertilizer – approx. 25,000 granules per m².

Non-homogeneous granules of the same size.

Small Granules

Spreading pattern of SierraformGT - approx. 50,000 granules per m².

Homogeneous

SierraformGT technology - uniform granules of the same size.


The delivery of Nitrogen for sustained release It’s important to know which Nitrogen sources make up your fertilizer. Different sources release nutrients over differing lengths of time. Nitrogen content in SierraformGT

Nitrogen release in SierraformGT

30

Ammonium

MU short chains

MU long chains TOTAL

Ammonium Urea

25

MU short chains 20

MU medium chains MU long chains

15 10

Fertilizers

Nitrogen release

MU medium chains

Nitrogen Content (% wt/wt)

Urea

5 0 Spring Start 16-0-16

Time

Momentum 22-5-11

All Season 18-6-18

NK 19-0-19

Anti Stress 15-0-26

K-Step 6-0-27

PreSeeder 18-22-05

The key Nitrogen sources in SierraformGT are conventional release ammoniacal Nitrogen (from ammonium sulphate) and Urea along with slow release short, medium and long chain Methylene Urea, (MU). MU2 extends the longevity of the application over conventional Ammonium and Urea-based conventional fertilizers, which release most of their nutrients immediately. It also produces reliable, consistent results.

Slow-release Potassium & Silica Increased soil-available Potassium with Everris slow-release K 200

Potassium Sulphate

180

Everris slow release K (SilK)

Soil available K (mg/l)

160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0

SilK – slow release Potassium and Silica matrix – is a technology developed by Everris and unique to SierraformGT that delivers Potassium and Silica in a controlled way. It reduces the loss of Potassium through leaching and helps maintain a continuous supply of Potassium and Silica to the grass plant. Research has shown that as a result, turf is better able to tolerate wear stress, drought conditions and disease pressure. The slow release Potassium source in SierraformGT provides a gradual release of Potassium over time. This means that Potassium losses are limited in terms of leaching and excessive uptake by the plant, and so that there is more available in the soil for the plant at a later date. As the Potassium is continuously released over time, it has the effect of spoon feeding the turf the correct level of K without the risk of over or under feeding or lock up within the soil.

SierraformGT granule

25


The complete SierraformGT range PRODUCT NAME Oxide Analysis (Elemental Analysis)

Technology/ Product Notes Longevity

Nutrient Breakdown Nitrogen TOTAL N

N-NO3

N-NH4

N-Urea

N-MU2

TOTAL P

TOTAL K

MgO

Cu

Fe

Mn

1.000

0.3

Mo

Zn

Si

SPRING START 16-0-16 +Fe +Mn (16-0-13.3 +Fe +Mn)

Quick reaction in cooler conditions is ideal for spring application.

16

7.9

2.4

5.7

0

16

MOMENTUM 22-5-11 +2MgO +TE (22-2.2-9.1 +1.2Mg +TE)

For use in spring and summer with Magnesium and TE for turf colour.

22

3

7.5

11.5

5

11

2

0.02

0.5

0.1

0.001

0.02

1.5

ALL SEASON 18-6-18 +2MgO +TE (18-2.6-14.9 +1.2Mg +TE)

Ideal for use after aeration to stimulate root growth.

18

1.3

8.2

8.5

6

18

2

0.02

0.5

0.1

0.001

0.02

2.6

NK 19-0-19 +2MgO +TE (19-0-15.8 +1.2Mg +TE)

Balanced NK fertilizer for use from spring to autumn.

19

9.9

9.1

0

19

2

0.02

0.5

0.1

0.001

0.02

2.6

ANTI-STRESS 15-0-26 +Fe (15-0-21.5 +Fe)

High Potasium content to harden turf in stressful summer or autumn conditions.

15

7.2

7.8

0

26

K-STEP 6-0-27 +2MgO +TE (6-0-22.4 +1.2Mg +TE)

High Potasium content to harden turf in autumn and winter.

6

0.7

5.3

0

27

PRE-SEEDER 18-22-5 (18-9.6-4.1)

Ideal during overseeding period or when laying turf.

18

6.4

8.9

22

5

2.7

1.5

1.0

2

0.02

0.7

4.0

0.1

0.001

Directions For Use • Apply to dry foliage and irrigate after 1-2 days if no rain has fallen. Irrigation will aid dispersion and minimise any risk of mower pick-up on close mown surfaces.

• Avoid applications during frosty or drought conditions.

• Delay verti-cutting and/or grooming for 3 days after application to allow the granules to disperse.

• Nitrogen release is significantly slowed down when soil temperatures are less than 10ºC.

• Watering-in after application will minimize foot printing risk.

Greenwich Park, London 2012 Olympic venue 26

0.02

3.9

0.9


Bag Sizes (kg)

Application Rate (g/m2)

Nutrient levels applied (kg/ha)

Recommended Period of Use

Bag coverage (m2) per

N

P

K

20kg bag

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

20 25 30

32 40 48

0 0 0

32 40 48

1,000 800 667

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

20

20 25 30

44 55 66

10 13 15

22 28 33

1,000 800 667

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

20

20 25 30

36 45 54

12 15 18

36 45 54

1,000 800 667

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

20

20 25 30

38 48 57

0 0 0

38 48 57

1,000 800 667

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

20

20 25 30

30 38 45

0 0 0

52 65 78

1,000 800 667

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

20

20 25 30

12 15 18

0 0 0

54 68 81

1,000 800 667

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

20

20 25 30

36 45 54

44 55 66

10 12.5 15

1,000 800 667

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Spreader Settings

Fertilizers

20

Performance*

ROTARY SPREADER (AccuPro 2000, SR 2000, SR-1, R8-A)

Drop Spreader (SS-1, SS-2)

Rate (g/m2)

Cone Setting

Spread width

Single Pass @ Full Rate

Double Pass @ Half Rate

Spread width

Single Pass @ Full Rate

Double Pass @ Half Rate

20

6

3.7m

L

0.91m

25

6

3.7m

M

0.91m

30

6

3.7m

K

0.91m

Granule dispersal: Turf response: Longevity:

2-3 days 7 days 6-8 weeks

* depending on environmental factors

• MU2 is proven to enhance root development

when compared to other forms of Nitrogen

• S low release Potassium improves drought tolerance • Improved slow release delivery of nutrients

reduces losses and will allow a reduction in inputs

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie

27


Recommended usage: ✓✓ greens ✓ tees ✓ fairways ✓ sports fields ✓ Amenity

Outstanding micro-granular fertilizer range for high quality fine turf nutrition. The Greenmaster Pro-Lite range are conventional release, finely granulated homogeneous fertilizers for use on fine turf areas. The range contains various analyses that are designed to optimise turf health throughout the year. The micro-granular particles disperse evenly and quickly to provide an immediate and consistent turf response. Each granule contains naturally occurring Zeolite (clinoptilolite) to improve performance, longevity and colour response. This range has established itself over the years as being the professionals choice.

Greenmaster Pro-Lite Benefits T he micro-granule formulation allows even distribution even at low rates of application Release pattern gives reliable results  igh quality ingredients H provide performance

28

The K Club, Co. Kildare


The principles of Pro-Lite technology Pro-Lite has a three dimensional cage framework of Silica alumina and other molecules that act as a microscopic sponge due to the number of spaces and channels. Excess oxygen in the framework creates a strong negative charge, meaning it has a very high attraction for positively charged ions (cations) such as NH4+, Mg++, Ca++ etc.

Fertilizers

3D cage framework of Pro-Lite technology.

Due to this strong negative charge, Pro-Lite has a Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC) of around 180meq/100g. Pro-Lite is able to hold onto cationic nutrients and water molecules until they are needed by the plant.

Quality nutrients count Nitrogen Content 16

Urea Nitrogen Ammoniacal Nitrogen

Nitrogen Content (% Wt/Wt)

14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Turf Tonic Invigorator Cold Start 8-0-0 4-0-8 11-5-5+8Fe +3MgO+Fe +4Fe

Spring & Summer 14-510+2MgO

Zero Phosphate 14-0-10 +3MgO

NK 12-0-12 +3MgO+Fe

Double K 7-0-14 +4Fe

Autumn 6-5-10 +Fe

Autumn Mg Pro-Iron Mosskiller 6-5-11 7% Fe+3MgO 14-0-0 +3MgO +Seaweed +8.9Fe

Everris only uses Urea and ammoniacal Nitrogen sources in Greenmaster Pro-Lite. We avoid the use of nitrate Nitrogen that can leach easily through the rootzone and increase soil surface pH, which is linked to diseases such as Fusarium Patch (Microdochium nivale).

Wigan Athletic F.C.

Directions For Use • Apply to dry foliage and irrigate after 1-2 days if no rain has fallen.

• Irrigation will aid dispersion and minimise any risk of mower pick-up on close mown surfaces.

• Avoid applications during frosty or drought conditions.

• Delay verti-cutting and/or grooming for 3 days after application to allow the granules to disperse.

29


The complete Greenmaster Pro-Lite range Technology/ PRODUCT NAME Longevity Oxide Analysis (Elemental Analysis)

Product Notes

Nutrient Breakdown

Bag Sizes (kg)

Nitrogen TOTAL N

N-NO3

N-NH4

N-Urea

3.5

Turf Tonic 8-0-0 +3MgO +Fe (8-0-0 +1.8Mg +Fe)

Works well at low temperatures to boost early season growth.

8

4.5

Invigorator 4-0-8 +2MgO +4Fe (4-0-6.6 +1.2Mg +4Fe)

Low Nitrogen, high Potassium with Iron to help harden turf in spring and autumn.

4

4

Cold Start 11-5-5 +8Fe (11-2.2-4.1 +8Fe)

Readily available Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium to kick-start spring recovery growth.

11

5.6

Spring & Summer 14-5-10 +2MgO (14-2.2-8.3 +1.2Mg)

Maintains strong growth levels and enhances turf colour during the spring and summer.

14

Zero Phosphate 14-0-10 +3MgO (14-0-8.3 +1.8Mg)

Maintains turf health during periods of growth. Magnesium added to improve turf colour and stress tolerance.

NK 12-0-12 +3MgO +2Fe (12-0-10.0 +1.8Mg +2Fe)

N-MU2

TOTAL P TOTAL K

MgO

Fe

Application Rate (g/m2)

0

0

3.3

3

25

30 35

0

8

3.3

4

25

30 35

5.4

5

5

8

25

30 35

5.1

8.9

5

10

2

25

30 35

14

7.8

6.2

0

10

3

25

30 35

Ideal for use from spring through to late summer to maintain Potassium levels.

12

4.1

7.9

0

12

3

2

25

30 35

Double K 7-0-14 +4Fe (7-0-11.6 +4Fe)

Low Nitrogen high Potassium for turf strengthening throughout the year.

7

2.8

4.2

0

14

4

25

30 35

Autumn 6-5-10 +6Fe (6-2.2-8.3 +6Fe) MAPP No 12196 PCS No 92155

NPK analysis with high Iron to balance turf health, harden the sward and provide moss control.

6

4.3

1.7

5

10

6

25

30 35

Autumn Mg 6-5-11 +3MgO +0.5Fe (6-2.2-9.1 +1.8Mg +0.5Fe)

Low Iron NPK analysis formulated with Magnesium to enhance turf health and colour.

6

1.8

0.2

5

11

3

0.5

25

30 35

Pro-Iron 0-0-0 +7Fe +3MgO +seaweed (0-0-0 +7%Fe +1.8Mg + seaweed)

Provides quick greenup with minimal growth especially useful in autumn and winter.

0

0

0

3

7

25

30 35

Mosskiller 14-0-0 +8.9Fe MAPP No 12197 PCS No 90716

Ideal for use as a spring fertilizer or in areas with moss infestation.

14

0

0

8.9

25

35

6

4.0

8

Spreader Settings

Performance*

ROTARY SPREADER (AccuPro 2000, SR 2000, SR-1, R8-A) Rate (g/m2)

30

Cone Setting

Drop Spreader (SS-1, SS-2)

Spread width

Single Pass @ Full Rate

Double Pass @ Half Rate

Spread width

Single Pass @ Full Rate

Double Pass @ Half Rate

30

6

3.7m

M

0.91m

4

35

6

3.7m

N

K

0.91m

Granule dispersal: 3-4 days Turf response: 7 days Longevity: 6 weeks * depending on environmental factors


Nutrient levels applied (kg/ha)

Recommended Period of Use

Bag coverage (m2) per

P

K

25kg bag

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

24 28

0 0

0 0

833 714

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

12 14

0 0

24 28

833 714

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

33 38.5

15 17.5

15 17.5

833 714

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

42 49

15 17.5

30 35

833 714

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

42 49

0 0

30 35

833 714

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

36 42

0 0

36 42

833 714

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

21 24.5

0 0

42 49

833 714

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

18 21

15 17.5

30 35

833 714

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

18 21

15 17.5

33 38.5

833 714

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

0 0

0 0

0 0

833 714

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

0

0

0

714

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Fertilizers

N

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie Use plant protection products safely. Always read the label and product information before use.

• T he source of Nitrogen can significantly influence the sward composition • The risk of disease will be reduced by optimising turf health • L ow N high K plus Fe turf hardeners can be especially helpful going through the autumn

31


Recommended usage: ✓✓ greens ✓ Tees ✓ sports fields ✓ sand based constructions

Zeolite dressing to help improve rootzone nutrient retention and reduce risk of pH plummeting in new sand-based constructions. Greenmaster Topdress Z is a Zeolite-based granular material for use as a rootzone amendment or top dressing supplement. This product has an extremely high nutrient holding (cation exchange) capacity making it ideal for holding nutrient cations in sandy soils and also help buffer new rootzones against rapid pH drops. This product can really help improve the performance of the rootzone and help avoid potentially damaging situations.

Greenmaster Topdress Z

Benefits

 Improves Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC)

Will help buffer sandy rootzones against rapid pH drops Ideal additive when incorporated into new rootzone constructions 32


Greenmaster Topdress Z Application rate

No. of dressings needed to incorporate 5% (by volume) into the top 10mm

1kg/m2

4 16

250g/m

2

Nutrient breakdown Product Name

K2O

CaO

MgO

Greenmaster Topdress Z

2.4

3.4

1.4

Product composition 1.5-1.8 meq/g (150-180 meq/100g)

Bulk density

0.75 MT/m³ (0.75kg/litre)

Fertilizers

CEC

New construction ROOTZONE DEPTH

Greenmaster Topdress Z INCORPORATION RATE

kg/m2

kg/500m2

3.8

1,875

10%

7.5

3,750

20%

15.0

7,500

5% 10cm

20cm

30cm

QUANTITY REQUIRED

5%

7.5

3,750

10%

15.0

7,500

20%

30.0

15,000

5%

11.3

5,625

10%

22.5

11,250

20%

45.0

22,500

Greenmaster Topdress Z PRODUCT NAME

Greenmaster Topdress Z

Technologies

PRODUCT NOTES

Ideal additive when incorporated into new rootzone constructions. Ideal topdressing for use during the main growing season and especially during over-seeding. Contains low level of Potassium, Calcium and Magnesium to harden turf in stressful conditions. When mixed with sand, it helps dry the mix and aid spreadability. Aids thatch control when used as part of an integrated programme.

Application rate (g/m2)

Ultimate aim is to incorporate at 10-20% by volume

Recommended Period of Use J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Product characteristics Bag size: Application Rate: Particle size:

25kg aim to incorporate at 10-20% by volume 0.5-1.0mm

• Improved nutrient holding capacity will reduce the need for excessive fertilizer applications • P reventing pH drop in new rootzones will reduce the need for unwanted lime applications

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie

33


Recommended usage: ✓✓ greens ✓✓ tees ✓ fairways ✓✓ sports fields ✓ Amenity

Unique granular trace element supplement. The only granular trace element supplement on the market. STEP Hi-Mag contains all the necessary micro nutrients required for healthy turf growth. This is especially useful to prevent deficiencies in sand-based constructions. The Magnesium content really enhances turf health and colour for an immediate response.

STEP Hi-Mag Benefits Helps prevent nutrient deficiencies  in sand-based constructions

Contains a high proportion of Magnesium to enhance turf health and colour

Proven benefits against the development of Take-All Patch disease

34

STEP Hi-Mag PRODUCT NAME Oxide Analysis (Elemental Analysis)

STEP Hi-Mag

Product Notes

Prevents trace element deficiencies and contains Magnesium for turf health and colour.


Trace elements for disease management STEP Hi-Mag has been proven to reduce disease pressure in turf when used as part of an iTurf programme.

Take-All Patch Trial

Manganese plays an important role in managing Take-All Patch disease. If this nutrient can be made available to the turf in an efficient manner, it can help minimise the occurrence of this disease.

12

Area affected by Take-All Patch (%)

14

 n STRI trial showed that by A combining the high Manganese contained in STEP Hi-Mag with a slow release SierraformGT programme, the level of Take-All Patch is maintained at an acceptable level of under 2% cover. Combining this nutritional programme with a fungicide programme totally eradicated the disease from the turf.

Bag Sizes (kg)

MgO

Cu

Fe

Mn

Zn

19.8

0.50

8.0

3.0

1.0

8

SierraformGT

6

SierraformGT + STEP Hi-Mag SierraformGT + STEP Hi-Mag + Fungicide

4 2 0 0

Application Rate (g/m2)

20

Untreated

15

27

43

Nutrient levels applied (kg/ha)

54

68

81

96

111

128

144

Fertilizers

Nutrient Breakdown

10

158

Recommended Period of Use

Bag coverage (m2) per

MgO

Cu

Fe

Mn

Zn

20kg bag

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

13.9 21.9

0.4 0.6

5.6 8.8

2.1 3.3

0.7 1.1

2,857 1,818

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

7 11

Directions For Use • Apply to dry foliage and irrigate after 1-2 days if no rain has fallen.

• Irrigation will aid dispersion and minimize any

Product characteristics Bag size: Application Rate: Bag coverage: Particle size: Granule count:

20kg 7-11g/m2 1,818-2,857m2 0.25-2.5mm (95%) 1,900 granules/g

risk of mower pick-up on close mown surfaces.

• Avoid applications during frosty or drought conditions.

• Watering-in after application will minimize foot printing risk.

• If spilt on paving slabs, concrete, clothes etc. brush off immediately, as product may cause discolouration.

Performance* Granule dispersal: 4-5 days Turf response: 7 days Longevity: 6 weeks * depending on environmental factors

• Delay verti-cutting and/or grooming for 3 days after application to allow the granules to disperse.

• The treatment can be applied at six week intervals.

• Use to maintain turf health based on soil analysis results • S hould be incorporated into an iTurf programme if there is a risk of Take-All Patch disease

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie

35


Recommended usage: ✓✓ tees ✓✓ fairways ✓✓ sports fields ✓✓ Amenity

New high impact fertilizers designed for use on tees, surrounds, fairways, sports fields and lawns. ProTurf is a range of high quality blended granular fertilizers with controlled release technology. Formulated to give a strong immediate response then a 2-3 month release pattern. The range also contains a new multi-nutrient compound fertilizer component containing four macro-nutrients (K, MgO, CaO & S) all in one granule!

ProTurf Benefits

The complete ProTurf range PRODUCT NAME Oxide Analysis (Elemental Analysis)

 igh quality blend in a cost H effective formulation

36

Product Notes

20-0-7 +3CaO +3MgO (20-0-5.8 +2.1Ca +1.8Mg)

Strong intial boost coupled with longevity is ideal for in-season applications.

12-5-20 +2CaO +2MgO (12-2.2-16.6 +1.4Ca +1.2Mg)

Designed to sustain, strengthen and harden turf through the autumn and winter.

Poly-S Poly-S is a controlled release Nitrogen source that delivers nutrients gradually over the required longevity. Nutrient release is primed by moisture permeating through the outer polymer channels, through micro-channels in the sulphur layer and into the nutrient core where the urea is solubilised. Once the urea is solubilised, it then travels back through the same pathways where it is released and made available for plant uptake.

Quick release gives immediate response  ontrolled nutrient delivery C sustains growth for 2-3 months

Technology/ Longevity

Poly-S technology: Outer polymer coating Inner sulphur coating Urea nutrient core


“ The visual effect of using ProTurf on our tees was immense. Within a week of application the turf was transformed in terms of colour and growth. After 4 weeks it was noticable that growth had slowed down but the turf colour and vigour were still superb.” Eddie Mills, Course Manager,

Edgbaston Golf Club

Fertilizers

Edgbaston Golf Course, Birmingham

Bag Application Sizes Rate (g/m2) (kg)

Nutrient Breakdown Nitrogen TOTAL N (% coated) N-NO3

N-NH4

20 (25%)

12 (25%)

1.3

N-Urea

TOTAL TOTAL P K

CaO

MgO

Nutrient levels applied (kg/ha)

Recommended Period of Use

Bag coverage (m2) per

N

P

K

25kg bag

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

20

0

7

3

3

25 500

20 25 30 35

40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

14.0 17.5 21.0 24.5

1,250 1,000 833 714

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

10.7

5

20

2

2

25

20 25 30 35

24.0 30.0 36.0 42.0

10.0 12.5 15.0 17.5

40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0

1,250 1,000 833 714

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

ICL Group Boulby mine (Cleveland, UK) source of multi-nutrient compound.

Performance* Granule dispersal: 8 days (visually dispersed from surface) Turf response: 7 days Longevity: 2-3 month * depending on environmental factors

• M  aintain wear tolerance and recovery with appropriate nutrition in conjunction with regular aeration • Continue to overseed to help renovate worn and divotted areas

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie

37


Recommended usage: ✓✓ tees ✓ fairways ✓ sports fields ✓ Amenity

High quality mini-granular fertilizer range for sports and amenity turf. The Sportsmaster range is well established as being the industry standard fertilizer for turf mown above 6mm. The various analyses are designed to maintain turf performance throughout the year. The mini-granular formulation enables even spreading and rapid breakdown for an immediate and consistent response. Each granule contains the same spread of nutrients to ensure even growth and turf colour.

Sportsmaster Benefits High quality ingredients within

each granule Uniformity of micro-granule allows even spreading at low rates Quick breakdown of granule for an immediate response

Sportsmaster granule

38

The complete Sportsmaster range PRODUCT NAME Oxide Analysis (Elemental Analysis)

Fairway 12-6-9 +3MgO (12-6-9 +3MgO) NK 12-0-9 +Fe (12-0-7.5 +Fe) Spring & Summer 9-7-7 (9-3.1-5.8) Renovator Pro 10-2-4 +Fe +Herb (10-0.9-3.3 +Fe +Herb) MAPP No 12204 PCS No 02512 Cleanrun Pro 10-2-4 +Herb (10-0.9-3.3 +Fe) MAPP No 12083 PCS No 92260 Autumn 4-12-12 (4-5.2-10.0) Pre-Seeder 8-12-8 +3MgO (8-5.2-6.6 +1.8Mg)

Technology/ Longevity

Conventional

Conventional

Conventional

Conventional

Conventional

Conventional

Conventional

Product Notes

Ideal during spring and summer periods when grass is growing strongly. NK analysis is ideal for spring and summer periods. All-rounder that breaks down rapidly to give rapid uptake of nutrients. Maintains growth and contains selective herbicide for weed control plus Iron for moss control. Single application in spring and summer periods when broadleaved weeds are present. Ideal for application to strengthen turf in autumn or when turf needs pre-stress conditioning. High Phosphorous analysis to enhance seed establishment and better rooting.


Quality nutrient sources Sportsmaster uses only the best nutrient sources to ensure the best quality turf performance with maximum safety.

Nitrogen Content Urea N

16

Ammoniacal N

Nitrogen Content (% Wt/Wt)

14

Performance* Granule dispersal: 4-5 days Turf response: 7 days Longevity: 6 weeks

12

* depending on environmental factors

10 8 6 4 2 0 NK 12-0-9 +Fe

Spring & Summer 9-7-7

Renovator Cleanrun Pro Pro 10-2-4 10-2-04 +Fe +Fe+Herb

Pre-Seeder 8-12-8 +3MgO

Bag Application Nutrient levels applied Sizes Rate (g/m2) (kg/ha) (kg)

Nutrient Breakdown Nitrogen

Autumn 4-12-12

Fertilizers

Fairway 12-6-9 +3MgO

TOTAL N

N-NH4

N-Urea

TOTAL P

TOTAL K

MgO

12

6.2

5.8

6

9

3

Fe

1

Recommended Period of Use

Bag coverage (m2) per

N

P

K

25kg bag

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

25

35 40 45 50

42 48 54 60

21 24 27 30

31.5 36 40.5 45

714 625 556 500

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

25

35 40 45 50

42 48 54 60

0 0 0 0

31.5 36 40.5 45

714 625 556 500

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

25

35 50 60 70

31.5 45 54 63

24.5 35 42 49

24.5 35 42 49

714 500 417 357

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

25

35

35

7

14

714

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

12

12

0

9

9

9

7

7

10

5

5

2

4

10

4.4

5.6

2

4

25

35

35

7

14

714

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

4

4

12

12

25

35 50 60 70

14 20 24 28

42 60 72 84

42 60 72 84

714 500 417 357

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

8

8

12

8

25

30 45 50

24 36 40

36 54 60

24 36 40

833 714 500

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

6

3

Spreader Settings ROTARY SPREADER (AccuPro 2000, SR 2000, SR-1, R8-A) Rate (g/m2)

Cone Setting

Spread width

Single Pass @ Full Rate

Drop Spreader (SS-1, SS-2)

Double Pass @ Half Rate

Spread width

Single Pass @ Full Rate

Double Pass @ Half Rate

30

4

3.7m

L

0.91m

35

4

3.7m

0.91m

6

40

4

3.7m

Q

M

0.91m

45

4

3.7m

R

0.91m

5

50

4

3.7m

S

N

0.91m

7

55

4

3.7m

T

O

0.91m

60

4

3.7m

U

0.91m

65

4

3.7m

V

P

0.91m

8

70

4

3.7m

W

0.91m

6

• T urf health is the single most important element in any integrated turf managemant programme • T he everris soil analysis service is available to determine the nutrient status of the soil

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie Use plant protection products safely. Always read the label and product information before use.

39


Poly-S Recommended usage: ✓✓ tees ✓✓ fairways ✓✓ sports fields ✓✓ Amenity

Premium technology controlled release mini-prill fertilizers. The SierrablenPlus range blends Poly-S and resin-coated PACE technology with conventional N-sources to provide optimal long-term nutrient release patterns. The mini granular formulation allows even coverage at low application rates. A number of the analyses contain coated P and K to extend the longevity and quality of performance.

SierrablenPlus Benefits The mini-granular formulation allows application even at low rates 3+ month to 5+ month longevities available Extremely cost effective at low application rates

Poly-S is a controlled release Nitrogen source that delivers nutrients gradually over the required longevity. Nutrient release is primed by moisture permeating through the outer polymer channels, through micro-channels in the sulphur layer and into the nutrient core where the urea is solubilised. Once the urea is solubilised, it then travels back through the same pathways where it is released and made available for plant uptake.

Poly-S technology: Outer polymer coating Inner sulphur coating Urea nutrient core

PACE Resin PACE resin coated fertilizers rely on soil temperature as their sole mechanism of nutrient release. Upon application to turf, the granules absorb moisture from their environment, gradually dissolving the enclosed nutrients. When soil temperatures are above 6°C, pressure begins to build within the granule forcing nutrients through the semi-permeable resin coating. The length of release is determined by the resin type and thickness of the coating surrounding the granule. The thicker the coating, the slower the daily release rate and the longer the product lasts. Nutrients are accurately released and matched exactly to turf growth requirements. The release is not influenced by soil moisture levels, pH or bacterial activity and remains consistent over a wide range of environmental conditions. In dry or cold Nutrient Input conditions, nutrient release will slow or cease.

PACE technology:

U

SierrablenPlus granule

Nutrient is combined within each granule Uptake

40


Prevention of Leaf Spot in managed turf 30

Leaf Spot (% area affected)

25

Research conducted at STRI in 2010 observed the prevalence of Leaf Spot in Poa pratensis turf managed at 20-25mm over a period of six months.

Untreated Organomineral

26.7

IBDU

20

SierrablenPlus

15 10

10.6

5

5.9

0

2x applications

2x applications

Fertilizers

3x applications

3.8

The effects of SierrablenPlus were measured in comparison to Organo-mineral and IBDU fertilizers, applied at 168kg N/Ha, versus untreated turf. SierrablenPlus, utilising Poly-S and PACE Resin CRF technologies, gave the most consistent delivery of nutrient in the trial, creating a stronger turf that was more resilient to Leaf Spot compared to Organomineral and IBDU slow release fertilizers.

All fertilizer programmes applied 168kg N/Ha for the season.

Average Red Thread (% affected)

Prevention of Red Thread in managed turf 25

Untreated

20

Organomineral

20.5

IBDU

15

SierrablenPlus

10 5 0

Research conducted at STRI in 2009 observed the prevalence of Red Thread in turf managed at 15mm over a period of six months.

6,2

4x applications 162kg N/Ha per season

7.9 4.7 2x applications 160kg N/Ha per season

2x applications 160kg N/Ha per season

The effects of SierrablenPlus were measured in comparison to Organo-mineral and IBDU slowrelease fertilizers, applied at 160kg N/Ha, versus untreated turf. Red Thread is known to be more common on turf with low fertility. Increasing available Nitrogen can successfully reduce disease incidence. All fertilizer programmes reduced disease pressure versus the unfertilized, however, SierrablenPlus was the most successful in reducing Red Thread. This demonstrates that SierrablenPlus gave the most consistent supply of Nitrogen with only two applications.

Nitrogen content in SierrablenPlus 30

Uncoated Urea

Coated N Ammoniacal N

Nitrogen Content (% wt/wt)

25

20

15

10

5

0

24-05-13 38-0-0 19-5-18 20-20-08 15-0-28 24-5-8 18-5-18 15-5-22 (3M+) (3M+) (3M+) (3M+) (3M+) (5M+) (5M+) (5M+)

41


The complete SierrablenPlus range PRODUCT NAME Oxide Analysis (Elemental Analysis)

Technology/ Longevity

Product Notes

Nutrient Breakdown Nitrogen TOTAL N (% coated)

38-0-0 (3 months) (38-0-0)

Controlled released Nitrogen matches plant requirements to give continuous growth over 2-3 months.

38 (100%)

Spring Starter (3 months) 24-5-13 (24-2.2-10.8)

Encourages healthy balanced growth at start of season.

24 (79%)

Active (3 months) 19-5-18 +2MgO +TE (19-2.2-14.9 +1.2Mg)

Full trace element package to enhance turf health and Magnesium to improve turf colour.

Renovator (3 months) 20-20-8 (20-8.7-6.6)

N-NO3

N-NH4

N-Urea

TOTAL P TOTAL K (% coated) (% coated)

MgO

38

0

0

3

19

5

13 (27%)

19 (95%)

1

18

5

18

Controlled release base feed that is ideal for new stadia constructions to give fast reestablishment.

20 (80%)

4

16

20

8

Stress Control (3 months) 15-0-28 +2MgO (15-0-23.2 +1.2Mg)

High potassium content strengthens cell walls and aids water regulation in plant.

15 (100%)

15

0

28

0-0-39 (3-4 months) (0-0-32.4)

Ideal controlled released potassium fertilizer for hardening turf coming into winter.

0

0

39 (100%)

SPRING STARTER (5 MONTHS) 24-5-8 +2MgO (24-2.2-6.6 +1.2Mg)

Spring starter fertilizer with nutrients delivered over 4-5 months to encourage healthy balanced turf growth.

24 (80%)

6

7

11

5 (45%)

8 (65%)

2

ACTIVE (5 MONTHS) 18-5-18 +2MgO (18-2.2-14.9 +1.2Mg)

Balanced NK fertilizer with P for use from spring to autumn. Magnesium to improve turf colour.

18 (74%)

4

5

9

5 (35%)

18 (17%)

2

STRESS CONTROL (5 MONTHS) 15-5-22 +2MgO (15-2.2-18.3 +1.2Mg)

Classic turf hardener formulation is ideal for year-round use.

15 (69%)

3.5

4.5

7

5 (35%)

22 (12%)

2

Olympic Stadium Kiev, Euro 2012 Championships

42

2

2

2


Bag Sizes (kg)

Application Nutrient levels applied Rate (g/m2) (kg/ha)

Recommended Period of Use

Bag coverage (m2) per

N

P

K

25kg bag

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

15 20

57.0 76.0

0.0 0.0

0.0 0.0

1,333 1,000

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

25

25 30 35

60.0 72.0 84.0

12.5 15.0 17.5

32.5 39.0 45.5

1,000 833 714

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

25

25 30 35

47.5 57.0 66.5

12.5 15.0 17.5

45.0 54.0 63.0

1,000 833 714

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

25

25 30 35

50.0 60.0 70.0

50.0 60.0 70.0

20.0 24.0 28.0

1,000 833 714

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

25

25 30 35

37.5 45.0 52.5

0.0 0.0 0.0

70.0 84.0 98.0

1,000 833 714

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

25

20 25 30

0.0 0.0 0.0

0.0 0.0 0.0

78.0 97.5 117.0

1,250 1,000 833

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

25

30 35 40 45

72.0 84.0 96.0 108.0

15.0 17.5 20.0 22.5

24.0 28.0 32.0 36.0

833 714 625 556

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

25

30 35 40 45

54.0 63.0 72.0 81.0

15.0 17.5 20.0 22.5

54.0 63.0 72.0 22.5

833 714 625 556

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

25

30 35 40 45

45.0 52.5 60.0 67.5

15.0 17.5 20.0 22.5

66.0 77.0 88.0 99.0

833 714 625 556

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Spreader Settings

Performance*

ROTARY SPREADER (AccuPro 2000, SR 2000, SR-1, R8-A) Rate (g/m2)

Cone Setting

Fertilizers

25

Spread width

Single Pass @ Full Rate

Double Pass @ Half Rate

25

4

4.8m

O

L

30

4

4.8m

P

M

35

4

4.8m

R

40

4

4.8m

S

N

45

4

4.8m

T

Granule dispersal: 7 days (visually dispersed from surface) Turf response: 7 days Longevity: 3+ months, 4-5 months and 5+ months * depending on environmental factors

• A  ppropriate nutrition can radically reduce the level of disease incidence • W  ear tolerance depends on effective nutrient delivery

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie

43


Recommended usage: ✓ tees ✓✓ fairways ✓✓ sports fields ✓ Amenity

Premium quality controlled release fertilizers for tees and outfields. The Sierrablen range of blended fertilizers contain Poly-S and Resin coated controlled release fertilizer granules. The coating technology provides nutrient delivery from 4-5 months to 8-9 months to suit individual requirements. The blends are free flowing and provide good even spread characteristics making them ideal for turf mown higher than 12mm. The analyses and release patterns are designed to optimise turf nutrition throughout the year and in a wide range of situations. The coatings are durable and they minimise the risk of any scorch or leaching problems.

Sierrablen Benefits THE premier brand of controlled release nutrition in amenity turf The coated granules provide extended longevity Consistent nutrient release pattern

Sierrablen granule

44

The complete Sierrablen range PRODUCT NAME Oxide Analysis (Elemental Analysis)

Technology/ Longevity

Product Notes

38-0-0 (38-0-0)

Controlled released Nitrogen matches plant requirements to give continuous growth over 4-5 months.

28-5-5 +Fe (28-2.2-4.1 +Fe)

Contains controlled release NPK with readily available Nitrogen for response at low temperatures.

15-0-22 +Fe (15-0-18.3 +Fe)

Ideal controlled release fertilizer for application during the second half of the growing season.

27-5-5 +Fe (27-2.2-4.1 +Fe)

A one application per season, NPK fertilizer.

Spreader Settings ROTARY SPREADER (AccuPro 2000, SR 2000, SR-1, R8-A) Rate (g/m2)

Cone Setting

Spread width

Single Pass @ Full Rate

Double Pass @ Half Rate

30

4

4.7m

N

35

4

4.7m

O

40

4

4.7m

V

45

4

4.7m

X

P

50

4

4.7m

n/a

Q

55

4

4.7m

n/a

R

60

4

4.7m

n/a


Reduce leaching and improve turf quality Research conducted at the NMI in The Netherlands, at Levington Research Station in the UK and at INRA in France has shown that controlled release fertilizer significantly reduces leaching losses versus conventional and organic fertilizers. The use of Sierrablen resulted in more Nitrogen being available for plant growth.

Turf Quality, 5 months after application 6.4 6.3

Affect of fertilizer type on leaching

34% less product applied

6.2

11% extra performance

6 5.9

Fertilizers

Turf Quality (1-10)

Competitor 28-0-0, 96kg N/Ha

10% less Nitrogen applied

6.1

5.8

0% Nitrogen leached (% of total applied)

Sierrablen 38-0-0, 86kg N/Ha

5.7

5%

5.6

10%

5.5 15%

5.4 20%

Not all controlled release fertilizers are the same! The quality of the coating used and the percentage of nutrients that are coated all affect a fertilizer’s reliability and performance. An STRI trial showed that Sierrablen 38-0-0 with 4-5 month longevity delivered superior turf quality with less Nitrogen and at a lower application rate than a competitor 28-0-0, 5 months longevity product.

25% 30%

Conventional Fertilizer

Organic Mineral Fertilizer

Everris Controlled Release Fertilizer

Nutrient Breakdown

Bag Sizes (kg)

Nitrogen TOTAL N (% coated) N-NO3

N-NH4

38 (100%)

N-Urea N-MU2

TOTAL TOTAL K (% P (% coated) coated)

38

0

0

Appli cation Rate (g/m2)

Fe

Recommended Period of Use

Nutrient levels applied (kg/ha)

Bag coverage (m2) per

N

P

K

25kg bag

J

F

M A M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

25

30 35 40 45

114 133 152 171

0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0

833 714 625 556

J

F

M A M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

28 (98%)

3.9

4.9

19.2

5 (55%)

5 (100%)

0.5

25

35 45 55

98.0 126.0 154.0

17.5 22.5 27.5

17.5 22.5 27.5

714 556 455

J

F

M A M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

15 (97%)

4.2

4.7

6.1

0

22 (80%)

1

25

35 45 55

52.5 67.5 82.5

0 0 0

77 99 121

714 556 455

J

F

M A M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

27 (98%)

4

5

18

5 (55%)

5 (100%)

0.5

25

40 50 60

108 135 162

20 25 30

20 25 30

625 500 417

J

F

M A M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Performance*

• Controlled release nutrition can help maintain year-round turf health and wear tolerance with: • less applications • less nutrients • less cost

Granule dispersal: 10 days (visually dispersed from surface)Turf response: 10 days Longevity: 4-5, 5-6 and 8-9 months depending on product* depending on environmental factors

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie

45


Organic based Fertilizers depending on product

greenmaster organic Recommended usage: ✓✓ GREENS ✓✓ tees ✓ fairways ✓ sports fields ✓ Amenity

sportsmaster organic Recommended usage: ✓ tees ✓✓ fairways ✓✓ sports fields ✓✓ Amenity

High quality range of organic-based turf fertilizers. The Everris range of organic-based fertilizers are designed to be used on all types of turf. The granulation process produces consistent, uniform and dust-free products. The granules combine mineral and organic nutrient sources for best results. This range allows you to incorporate all the benefits of organic sources of nutrition into your programme without compromising on quality or reliability. The organic content is derived from plant material.

The complete Greenmaster Organic range PRODUCT NAME Oxide Analysis (Elemental Analysis)

High N 12-5-11 (12-2.2-9.1)

Organic

Ideal for use during the main growth periods of the season.

High K 7-5-16 (7-2.2-13.3)

Organic

Low Nitrogen content for use during periods of slow growth.

PRODUCT NAME Oxide Analysis (Elemental Analysis)

Organic and inorganic nutrient sources

Technology/ Longevity

Product Notes

OrganiCRF N Control 16-2-2 Organic (16-0.9-1.7)

Controlled release Nitrogen component ensures consistent performance.

High N 13-5-10 (13-2.2-8.3)

High Nitrogen levels allow for correct top growth and recovery during periods of heavy use.

Organic

Nitrogen composition

Consistent granulation and reliable performance

18

Coated N Organic N Uncoated Urea

16 14 N Content (% W/W)

Outstanding longevity

Product Notes

The complete Sportsmaster Organic range

Organic Fertilizers Benefits Low Carbon/Nitrogen ratio of organic material to ensure optimal nutrient availablity

Technology/ Longevity

12 10 8 6 4 2 0

Organic Fertilizer granule

46

Greenmaster Greenmaster Sportsmaster Sportsmaster Organic Organic Organic OrganiCRF N High N High K High N Control 12-05-11 07-05-16 13-05-10 16-02-02


Spreader Settings ROTARY SPREADER (AccuPro 2000, SR 2000, SR-1, R8-A) PRODUCT NAME

Rate (g/m2)

Cone Setting

Spread width

Single Pass @ Full Rate

Double Pass @ Half Rate

Spread width

Single Pass @ Full Rate

Double Pass @ Half Rate

35

9

5.5m

O

0.91m

40

9

5.5m

P

M

0.91m

5

45

9

5.5m

P

M

0.91m

35

3

5.5m

V

P

0.91m

9

GREENMASTER ORGANIC

SPORTSMASTER ORGANIC

40

3

5.5m

X

Q

0.91m

10

6

45

3

5.5m

n/a

R

0.91m

11

35

4

3.5m

T

0.91m

n/a

n/a

40

4

3.5m

0.91m

n/a

n/a

45

4

3.5m

n/a

0.91m

n/a

n/a

Bag Application Sizes Rate (g/m2) (kg)

Nutrient Breakdown Nitrogen N-NO3

N-NH4

N-Urea Organic

TOTAL P

TOTAL K

Nutrient levels applied (kg/ha)

Fertilizers

SPORTSMASTER ORGANICRF

TOTAL N

Drop Spreader (SS-1, SS-2)

Recommended Period of Use

Bag coverage (m2) per

N

P

K

25kg bag

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

12

10

2

5

11

25

35 40 45

42 48 54

17.5 20 22.5

38.5 44 49.5

714 625 556

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

7

5

2

5

16

25

35 40 45

24.5 28 31.5

17.5 20 22.5

56 64 72

714 625 556

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Bag Application Sizes Rate (g/m2) (kg)

Nutrient Breakdown Nitrogen TOTAL N (% coated) N-NO3

N-NH4

N-Urea Organic

TOTAL P

TOTAL K

Nutrient levels applied (kg/ha)

Recommended Period of Use

Bag coverage (m2) per

N

P

K

20/25kg bag

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

16 (50%)

13.5

2.5

2

2

20

25 35 45

40 56 72

5 7 9

5 7 9

800 571 444

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

13

11

2

5

10

25

35 40 45

45.5 52 58.5

17.5 20 22.5

35 40 45

714 625 556

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Performance*

Greenmaster Organic

Sportsmaster Organic

Granule dispersal:

5 days

7-10 days

Turf response:

7-10 days

7-10 days

Longevity:

5-8 weeks

5-8 weels

* depending on environmental factors

Directions For Use

• E nhanced root development is fundamental for high quality turf that is able to perform throughout the year • O  rganic fertilizers perform best when soils are warmer and there is more microbial activity for nutrient release

• A  pply to dry foliage. • W  atering-in after application aids dispersion and gives a quicker initial effect.

• A  void applications during frosty or drought conditions. • A pplications should be made after aeration programmes such as

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie

hollow tining, slitting and/or scarification to prevent granules damage. 47


Getting the most from your foliar feeding Foliar feeding can be extremely beneficial but it does need to be carried out correctly. To maximise the quantity of nutrients that can be taken up by the leaf, the nutrients need to remain dissolved as long as possible on the leaf surface. The importance of water volume when foliar feeding Low water volumes: Foliage uptake

100% foliar uptake

High water volumes: Foliage & Root uptake

50%

foliar uptake

The following spraying tips can optimise the foliar uptake of nutrients: • Spray in cool conditions (less than 26°C) • Spray on overcast days • Early morning or evening sprays are preferable as stomata are more likely to be open • Spray should contain small amounts of Nitrogen, which acts as a nutrient absorption enhancer • Phosphate is essential in foliar feeding for internal distribution in the plant. TMax enhances nutrient movement within the plant • The pH of the final mixture should be as near neutral as possible • Spray as fine a mist as possible whilst avoiding any potential drift • Use low water volumes to keep more of the spray solution on the target area • S preaders contained in TMax are important because the spray will spread out, preventing beads of water which act as prisms, concentrating heat from the sun’s rays • D  o not mow or irrigate within 3 hours of application to optimise foliar nutrient uptake 48

0%

root uptake

400

50%

root uptake

Water Volume (litre/ha)

1,000


Nutrients can enter the plant via the leaf surface in the following ways:  Via the stomata of the leaf

By diffusing through cuticle and into the cell wall Fertilizers

Stomata are large and allow easy movement of nutrients into the leaf. However, there are less of these compared to transcuticular openings and they are not open all of the time.

Transcuticular pores are small but they are always open and there are many of them. Quality nutrients as in Greenmaster Liquids are able to access the leaf via these very small openings, so enhancing foliar uptake.

Foliar feeding can be used provide a quick growth response and it can also achieve nutrient uptake without a reliance on the root system.

49


Recommended usage: ✓✓ GREENS ✓ tees ✓ fairways ✓ sports fields ✓ Amenity

Liquid fertilizers with foliar and root uptake for quick reaction and then sustained release. TMax technology enables quick uptake even at low temperatures. The formulations are designed for foliar and root uptake to maximise nutrient capture and turf response. The Greenmaster Liquids offer a range of nutrient analyses which are compatible with a large number of supporting products. Greenmaster Liquids are more than just liquid feeds.

Greenmaster Liquid Benefits TMax “nutrient uptake activator” for foliar and root uptake Foliar feeding is available at lower water rates Compatible with Vitalnova Blade Bio-stimulant, H2Pro wetting agents, Primo Maxx and many more Everris products

50

All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, Wimbledon


TMax ensures that the liquid application spreads out and sticks to the leaves to maximise the leaf area for nutrient uptake. Once in the leaf, nutrients can move more easily throughout the plant

Without TMax, liquid fertilizer droplets do not spread out and are more susceptible to run-off.

8 7 Colour Score (1-10)

TMax liquid fertilizers: How they work

Extended turf response from Greenmaster Liquid

6 5 4 3 2 1 0 0

10

20

30 40 50 Days After Treatment

60

70

Greenmaster Liquid High N 25-0-0+2MgO+TE Fertilizers

Triazone Liquid Untreated Both treatments applied 54kg N/Ha

TMax effect on turf colour (average over 50 days) 7.0

Average Turf colour (1-10)

6.8 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0 Both products applied at 21kg N/Ha in a single application. Untreated Liquid Fertilizer Liquid Fertilizer + TMax

Nitrogen content in Greenmaster Liquid 30

Urea N

Ammoniacal N Nitrate N

TMax enables nutrients to move through the soil profile to the sites of root nutrient uptake. Whilst in the soil, TMax makes previously locked-up nutrients available to the plant.

Nitrogen Content (% wt/wt)

25

20

15

10

5

0 High N Spring & NK High K 25-0-0 Summer 10-0-10 3-3-10 +2MgO 12-4-6 +TE +TE +TE +TE

STEP Liquid

Effect CaIron Fe Booster 8-0-0 +9CaO

51


The complete Greenmaster Liquid range PRODUCT NAME Oxide Analysis (Elemental Analysis)

Technology/ Product Notes Longevity

Nutrient Breakdown Nitrogen TOTAL N

N-NO3

N-NH4

N-Urea

11.8

HIGH N 25-0-0 +2MgO + TE (25-0-0 +1.2Mg + TE)

Mixed Nitrogen sources to optimise plant uptake. Magnesium and Trace Elements to enhance turf health.

25

7.3

5.9

Spring & Summer 12-4-6 +TE (12-1.7-5 +TE)

Complete NPK formula for main season feedng without excess growth.

12

0.8

11.2

NK 10-0-10 +TE (10-0-8.3 +TE)

The N:K ratio balances growth and toughens the sward. Trace Elements to enhance turf health.

10

0.7

0.7

High K 3-3-10 +TE (3-1.3-8.3 +TE)

Designed to apply prior to stressful periods. Trace Elements to enhance turf health.

3

0.3

0.3

CA-Booster 8-0-0 +9CaO (8-0-0 +6.4Ca)

Strengthens plant cell walls to toughen turf during stressful conditions.

8

7

1

EFFECT IRON FE 6.9Fe (6.9Fe)

For use throughout growing season to give green-up within 3 hours.

STEP Liquid Chelated Trace Elements

Contains chelated trace elements to maximise nutrient delivery and to prevent soil lock-up.

TOTAL TOTAL P K

CaO

MgO

B

Cu

Fe

Mn

Mo

Zn

n/a

2

0.01

0.004

n/a

0.01

0.001

0.004

0

0

4

6

0.01

0.004

0.01

0.001

0.004

8.6

0

10

0.01

0.004

0.01

0.001

0.004

2.4

3

10

0.01

0.004

0.01

0.001

0.004

0

0

0.01

0.004

0.01

0.001

0.004

1.500

0.100

1.000

9

6.9

0.200

Sprayer Advice Spray Quality Very Fine

Size of droplets Fine

Retention on leaf surface Good

Medium

Good

Coarse

Moderate Coarse

Poor

* Spray drift can be minimised by using TurfMark Extra.

52

Foliar applications Root applications x

High

Good

Fine

Very Coarse

Potential drift hazard*

x

Very Low

x

1.000


Specific Gravity (kg/L)

1.31

1.18

1.18

10 200

10 200

10 200

10 200

1.32

10

1.25

10 200

1.15

10

Application Rate (L/Ha)

Water Volume (L/Ha)

Nutrient levels applied (kg/ha) N

P

K

Pack coverage (m2 per 10L pack)

40 80

400-600 (Foliar)

13.1 26.2

0.0 0.0

0.0 0.0

2,500 1,250

100 120

600-1,000 (Root)

32.8 39.3

0.0 0.0

0.0 0.0

1,000 833

40 80

400-600 (Foliar)

5.7 11.3

1.9 3.8

2.8 5.7

2,500 1,250

100 120

600-1,000 (Root)

14.2 17.0

4.7 5.7

7.1 8.5

1,000 833

40 80

400-600 (Foliar)

4.9 9.8

0.0 0.0

4.9 9.8

2,500 1,250

100 120

600-1,000 (Root)

12.3 14.8

0.0 0.0

12.3 14.8

1,000 833

40 80

400-600 (Foliar)

1.4 2.8

1.4 2.8

4.7 9.4

2,500 1,250

100 120

600-1,000 (Root)

3.5 4.2

3.5 4.2

11.8 14.2

1,000 833

20 40

400-600 (Foliar)

2.1 4.2

0.0 0.0

0.0 0.0

5,000 2,500

60 60

600-1,000 (Root)

6.3 6.3

0.0 0.0

0.0 0.0

1,667 1,667

10 20

400-600 (Foliar)

0.0 0.0

0.0 0.0

0.0 0.0

10,000 5,000

30 30

600-1,000 (Root)

0.0 0.0

0.0 0.0

0.0 0.0

3,333 3,333

20 40

400-600 (Foliar)

0.0 0.0

0.0 0.0

0.0 0.0

5,000 2,500

60 60

600-1,000 (Root)

0.0 0.0

0.0 0.0

0.0 0.0

1,667 1,667

Recommended Period of Use

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Fertilizers

1.23

Pack Size (L)

Performance* Granule dispersal: immediate Turf response: < 24 hours Longevity: 2-6 weeks (depending on rate) * depending on environmental factors

Directions For Use • To optimise foliar uptake avoid high temperatures and sunny conditions.

• A  void applications during frosty or drought conditions. • Greenmaster Liquid products are tank-mixable with other

• Used as part of an iTurf programme Greenmaster liquids have been shown to help radically reduce disease incidence • F oliar feeding can provide plant nutrition when root uptake is restricted • M  ix with TurfMark Extra spray pattern indicator to aid spraying, to condition water and minimise spray drift

products within the range with the exception of Ca-Booster.

• Can be tankmixed with H2Pro Conserve and H2Pro Maximise wetting agents.

• The water volume used to apply Greenmaster Liquids will

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie

affect how nutrients are taken up by the plant:

• At low water volumes (400l/ha) the majority of nutrients are taken up by the foliage.

• At high water volumes (1,000l/ha) the majority of nutrients are taken up by the roots. 53


Recommended usage: ✓ GREENS ✓✓ tees ✓✓ fairways ✓✓ sports fields ✓✓ Amenity

High performance ultra soluble fertilizers for cost effective treatment of large turf areas. The WSF Range of soluble fertilizers contains TMax to enhance nutrient uptake. The foliar and root uptake gives a rapid response that is then sustained for a number of weeks. The wide range of analyses are designed for use throughout the year. The WSF range provides excellent value for the treatment of large areas, especially golf fairways. Compatible within the Everris range and tank mixes with Primo Maxx.

The complete Sportsmaster WSF range PRODUCT NAME Oxide Analysis (Elemental Analysis)

Tech

Product Notes

Nutrient Breakdown Nitrogen

TOTAL N

N-NO3

High N 35-0-14 +0.13Fe (35-0-11.6 +0.13Fe)

Nitrogen boost with Potassium content providing balanced growth and stronger turf.

35

4.3

High P 16-32-16 +0.15Zn (16-14-13.3 +0.15Zn)

The high P to NK ratio encourages strong root growth and seed establishment.

16

4.8

High K 15-0-43 +0.13Fe (15-0-35.7 +Fe)

The low Nitrogen to high Potasium ratio ensures maximum turf hardening and stress conditioning.

15

SIERRASOL IRON 20%Fe

Produces a dark green sward and promotes disease tolerance.

N-NH4

N-Urea N-MU2

30.7

6.2

5

2.3

Sportsmaster WSF Benefits

Directions For Use

Cost effective fertilizer treatment for large areas of turf TMax enhances nutrient uptake Low scorch risk

• T o ensure that this product dissolves completely: all products should

• S portsmaster WSF products are tank-mixable with other products within the range and H2Pro Conserve and H2Pro Maximise wetting agents. be mixed by adding quantity required to a half full spray tank and agitating for 10-15 minutes. Bring to total volume with water. Water temperature will affect dissolution rate.

• A void applications during frosty or drought conditions. • T he water volume used to apply Sportsmaster WSF will affect how nutrients are taken up by the plant:

• F or foliar applications use low water volumes (300-600l/ha) and to optimize uptake avoid high temperatures and sunny conditions.

• F or root uptake applications use high water volumes (600-1,000l/ha) and follow immediately with a minimum of 2-3 minutes irrigation to provide the necessary water volume and to reduce the risk of turf injury.

54


N Content (% W/W)

Nitrogen content 45

Urea N

40

Ammoniacal N

35

Nitrate N

30 25 20 15 10 5 0 High N 35-0-0+Fe

High P 16-32-16+Zn

High K 15-0-43+Fe

TOTAL TOTAL P K

0

32

0

B

14

Cu

Fe

MN

Bag Sizes (kg) Mo

15

0.015

43

Water Volume (L/ha)

Zn

0.13

16

Appli cation Rate (kg/ha)

0.13

15

Nutrient levels applied (kg/ha)

Bag coverage (m2) per

N

P

K

15kg bag

15 30

300-600 (Foliar)

5.3 10.5

0 0

2.1 4.2

10,000 5,000

45 60

600-1,000 (Root)

15.8 21.0

0 0

6.3 8.4

3,333 2,500

15 30

300-600 (Foliar)

2.4 4.8

4.8 9.6

2.4 4.8

10,000 5,000

45 60

600-1,000 (Root)

7.2 9.6

14.4 19.2

7.2 9.6

3,333 2,500

15 30

300-600 (Foliar)

2.3 4.5

0 0

6.5 12.9

10,000 5,000

45 60

600-1,000 (Root)

6.8 9.0

0 0

19.4 25.8

3,333 2,500

10 15 20

900 (Foliar & Root)

15

20

15

15,000 10,000 7,500

Fertilizers

Nutrient Breakdown

Recommended Period of Use

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Sprayer Advice Spray Quality Very Fine

Size of droplets Fine

Retention on leaf surface Good

Potential drift hazard*

Foliar applications Root applications x

High

Good

Fine Medium

Good

Coarse

Moderate

Very Coarse

Coarse

Poor

x

Very Low

x

* Spray drift can be minimised by using TurfMark Extra.

Performance* Granule dispersal: immediate Turf response: < 24 hours Longevity: 2-4 weeks (depending on rate) • Compatible with Primo Maxx to make ideal for use as part of an iTurf programme • Maintain turf health with the appropriate use of fertilizer

* depending on environmental factors

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie

• M  ix with TurfMark Extra spray pattern indicator to aid spraying, to condition water and minimize spray drift

55


Blade Recommended usage: ✓✓ greens ✓ Tees ✓ fairways ✓ sports fields ✓ amenity

Proven biostimulant to help increase microbial activity in the soil and encourage rooting. Vitalnova Blade is a totally unique biostimulant for use on turf. It contains a carefully engineered concentration of carbohydrates, seaweed and micro-nutrients that is designed to stimulate fungal and bacterial activity within the rootzone. Trial work has demonstrated increased levels of microbial activity within the soil and a significant increase in the turf root biomass. Vitalnova Blade will form a valuable element of your integrated turf management strategy.

Vitalnova Blade

Benefits

 Increases rootmass by up to 40%

Up to 50% increase in levels of beneficial bacteria Stimulates root dwelling microbes to improve nutrient uptake 56


% Mycorrhiza

Root Biomass g/dw

Vitalnova Blade demonstrated ... Up to fourfold increase in indigenous mycorrhiza levels.

Vitalnova Blade demonstrated ... Up to 40% increase in root mass.

10

10

8

8

6

6

4

4

2

2

0

0 Carbohydrate product

Seaweed amendment

Vitalnova Blade

% Bacterial Abundance

Control

Carbohydrate product

Vitalnova Blade

Seaweed amendment

Fertilizers

Control

Nutrient breakdown

Vitalnova Blade demonstrated ... Up to 50% increase in beneficial bacteria levels. 1.2

product name

TOTAL N

TOTAL P

TOTAL K

2

1

2

Vitalnova Blade 2-1-2 +Carbohydrates +Seaweed +TE

1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 Control

Carbohydrate product

Seaweed amendment

Vitalnova Blade

Vitalnova Blade PRODUCT NAME

PRODUCT NOTES

Vitalnova Blade 2-1-2 +Carbohydrates +seaweed +TE (2-0.4-1.6 +Carbohydrates +seaweed +TE)

Invigorates soil nutrient re-cycling. Stimulates root dwelling microbes, which leads to better pest and disease resistance, improved nutrient uptake and secretion of growth compounds. Increases mycorrhizal populations. Provides a direct supply of nutrients to stimulate foliar health.

Recommended Period of Use

Application rate (l/ha)

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

20-50

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

â&#x20AC;˘ Improved nutrient holding capacity will reduce the need for excessive fertiliser applications â&#x20AC;˘ Preventing pH drop in new rootzones will reduce the need for unwanted lime applications

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie

57


Wetting Agents

Water,

58

an essential element in producing premium quality turf, is also one of our most precious commodities. Our range of wetting agents contain unique chemistries to help turf managers tackle the problem of water repellancy and dry patch, which affect turf health, playability and appearance.


Application interval Product

Water Management Spot treat

H2Pro Conserve Liquid

Monthly

Bi-monthly

Annual

Application method

PAGE

Sprayer

p60

Sprayer

p62

Spreader

p63

Sprayer

p64

Sprayer

p66

Wetting Agents

Wetting Agents Products Index

Water Conservation H2Pro Conserve Tablet Water Conservation H2Pro Conserve Granule Water Conservation

H2Pro Maximise Water Penetrant

Qualibra Water Penetrant, Water Conservation Very Suitable

Suitable

Not suitable

59


Conserve Liquid Recommended usage: ✓✓ Golf Greens ✓✓ bowling greens ✓✓ tees, Bunker Tops ✓✓ green surrounds ✓✓ managed turf

High quality water conservation wetting agent for water management and Dry Patch control. The H2Pro Conserve range of wetting and water conservation products are formulated to fit within your existing water management strategy. The technology is highly regarded and proven to provide benefits in both wet and dry conditions. The H2Pro Conserve range comes in liquid, granular and tablet form for application at any time of year. The product has preventative and curative properties and is extremely flexible in use. With H2Pro Conserve there is no need to overthink wetting agents.

Volume moisture content of water repellent organic soil (natural based soil) after one application of H2Pro Conserve at 50 litres per hectare. Water Conservation The use of H2Pro Conserve addresses the need to achieve the maximum benefit from applied irrigation and to prevent the excessive use of water. Maintaining an optimum level of water in the rootzone is essential in producing high quality turf. Too little available water and it will suffer drought stress, too much and the turf will suffer waterlogging. Untreated

H2Pro Conserve 28 day interval

Optimum moisture content

35

Preventative and curative action against Dry Patch Water conservation agent Proven to significantly reduce irrigation requirements

30 Soil Moisture Content (%)

H2Pro Conserve Liquid Benefits

25 20 15 10 5 0 0 5 Irrigation (mm)

10

15

20

25

30

To summarise … on natural soil, 31mm of irrigation was needed to reach the optimum moisture content whereas with H2Pro Conserve only 7mm of irrigation was required.

60

35


Wetting Agents

All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, Wimbledon

H2Pro Conserve Liquid PRODUCT NAME

H2Pro Liquid

Application

Longevity

Application rate

Water Rates

Monthly

1 month

25l/ha initially then 10l/ha monthly

600-900l/ha

Bi-Monthly

2 months

25 litres per hectare

600-900l/ha

Annual

6 months

50 litres per hectare

2,000l/ha

Directions For Use

Product Characteristics

• Works most effectively when the initial application

Pack size:

5 litre & 200 litre

Packs per outer:

4 x 5 litre

Pack coverage:

5 litres + 1,000-5,000m2

is applied before the growing season with further applications as per the selected application programme.

• Application can be made with a standard boom sprayer. • A  powered irrigation injection unit or calibrated professional hose diluter may also be used to apply Everris H2Pro Conserve Liquid.

Liquid

Recommended Period of Use Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

• H2Pro Conserve has been proven to reduce irrigation inputs by up to 77% • Soil moisture management can play a pivotal role in disease management

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie 61


Conserve Tablet

Recommended usage: ✓✓ Golf Greens ✓✓ bowling greens ✓✓ tees, Bunker Tops ✓✓ green surrounds ✓✓ managed turf

Effective hand watering and Dry Patch control with hose-end tablet. The H2Pro Tablet is a wetting and water conservation agent for use in treating Dry Patch (localized Dry Spot) and reducing the irrigation requirement of soils. The spot treatment with wetting agent, while hand watering can help maintain turf health and prevent potentially damaging dry patches developing.

H2Pro Conserve Tablet Benefits Effective rewetting through the rootzone and not just at the surface Excellent water spreading and penetration characteristics Can be used to spot treat problem areas to complement main wetting agent programme

62

Directions For Use • Use tablets for spot treating hydrophobic areas in combination with a full wetting agent programme.

• Use tablets in the Pellet Pro applicator gun. • Watering-in the after application will aid penetration of wetting agent into the soil and improve efficacy.

• Penetration of the wetting agent will be further enhanced if applied following aeration programmes such as hollow tining, slitting and/or scarification.

H2Pro Tablet Applicator

Product

h2pro pellet pro gun

1 x 250g Tablet

spray time (minutes)

Area treated (m2)

5-10

250-500

Product Characteristics Pack size

6 x 250g tablets

Pack coverage:

6 x 500m2

Recommended Period of Use Jan

Feb

Mar Apr

May Jun

Jul

Aug Sep

Oct

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie

Nov Dec


Conserve

Granule

Recommended usage: ✓✓ Golf Greens ✓✓ bowling greens ✓✓ tees, Bunker Tops ✓✓ green surrounds ✓✓ managed turf

H2Pro Conserve Granule is a wetting and water conservation agent for use in treating Dry Patch (localized Dry Spot) and reducing the irrigation requirement of soils. The product has both a preventative and curative effect on Dry Patch.

H2Pro Conserve Granule

Directions For Use • Best performance is achieved when applied in a

Wetting Agents

Granular wetting agent formulation for ease of application and targeted action.

programmed approach.

• C an also be used curatively to relieve plant stress due to hydrophobic soil conditions at any time of the year.

• W  atering-in after application will aid penetration of wetting agent into the soil and improve efficacy.

• P enetration of the wetting agent can be further enhanced if applied following aeration programmes such as hollow tining, slitting and/or scarification.

H2Pro Granule Spreader type

Cone setting

Spreader width (m)

5

Drop Spreader SS-2 Classic Drop Spreader

Rotary Spreader Accupro 2000

Application Setting (20g/m2) 1x Pass

2x Pass

4.0

M

J

n/a

0.91

n/a

0.55

_

Application Rate:

Benefits

Application rate: 20g/m2

Significantly reduces irrigation requirements Unique curative and preventative action against Dry Patch (localized Dry Spot) Flexible application programmes and flexible water rates

Pack size: Pack coverage:

Product Characteristics 10kg 500m2

Recommended Period of Use Jan

Feb

Mar Apr

May Jun

Jul

Aug Sep

Oct

Nov Dec

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie 63


Maximise Recommended usage: ✓✓ Golf Greens ✓✓ bowling greens ✓✓ tees, Bunker Tops ✓✓ green surrounds ✓✓ managed turf

Penetrant wetting agent that helps remove surface water, encourages rooting and flushes out salts. H2Pro Maximise is a penetrant wetting agent that moves water away from the turf surface and down through the soil profile. It is specifically formulated to reduce surface water, encourage deep rooting and help flush excess salts down the soil profile. This product is appropriate for year-round use.

H2Pro programme for disease reduction Disease Management Soil moisture management can play a pivotal role in disease management. If we can dry out the soil surface whilst still maintaining moisture in the rootzone for healthy plant growth, we can create conditions less conducive for disease while at the same time encouraging a healthier plant that is better able to withstand various environmental stresses, including disease attack. 16

Helps remove surface water quickly Encourages deep root development Can flush salts and carbonates from the soil

14.1

24% Less disease over 17 months

12 Microdochium Patch (%)

H2Pro Maximise Benefits

14

10

10.7 8 6 4 2 0 Control

H2Pro Programme

Data presented as average Microdochium Nivale across trial plots from November 2007 - March 2009.

A trial at the STRI over a 17 month period showed that a H2Pro Conserve//H2Pro Maximise wetting agent programme reduced disease pressure by 24%.

64


“An Everris iTurf programme combining Greenmaster Pro-Lite granular fertilizers, STEP Hi-Mag trace elements package and H2Pro Maximise wetting agent, has improved every aspect of our pitches. The difference is clear to see.” Lee Metcalfe, Head Groundsman, Manchester City Football Club’s Carrington Training Ground

Wetting Agents

H2Pro Maximise Objective

Application

Application rate (l/ha)

Water Volume

Recommended Period of Use

Surface water removal

Monthly

40

250-500

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Promote deep rooting

Monthly

40

250-500

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Reduce Salt levels

Monthly

40

250-500

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Product Characteristics Pack size:

10 litre, (200 & 1,000 litre also available)

Packs per outer:

4 x 5 litre

Pack coverage:

2,500m2

• S oil moisture management can play a pivotal role in disease management

Recommended Period of Use Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

• Using penetrant wetting agent through winter can maintain a drier surface for improved playability

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie

65


Qualibra Recommended usage: â&#x153;&#x201C; Managed Amenity turf

Premier wetting and water conservation agent that optimises water penetration then distributes it deep and evenly through the rootzone. Qualibra combines a unique and dynamic penetrant with a powerful polymer to optimise water penetration and distribution within the rootzone. Qualibra has the ability to prevent the development of Dry Patch and also invigorate root and plant health. Independent trials have confirmed the very highest levels of performance.

Qualibra Benefits Holds water deeper Maintains plant health and playing surface quality Prevents damaging Dry Patch developing Makes better use of irrigation resources Retains healthy root mass

66

Felixstow Ferry Golf Club, Suffolk


Qualibra moves and retains moisture deeper

Wetting Agents

Directions For Use

Application Rate:

• Qualibra is designed for use on all areas of golf courses,

Water volume: 500-1,000 litres per hectare

Maximum individual dose:

20 litres per hectare

sports fields and other amenity turf areas.

• It is well tolerated by all major turf species and allows rain and irrigation water to enter into the root zone in areas that were previously affected by localised dry spot.

• Prevent spray drift onto surrounding areas. • Do not apply when ground is frozen. • Apply Qualibra at approximately monthly intervals in a preventative programme to prevent the development of localised Dry Spot and aid water management.

Product Characteristics Pack size:

10 litre

Packs per outer:

10 litre

Pack coverage:

5,000m2

Recommended Period of Use weather permitting Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

• Qualibra would typically be applied from early spring to autumn, but can be applied throughout the year if required.

• Ensure the sprayer is clean and set to give an even

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie

application at the correct volume and an even deposit.

• Half fill the spray tank with clean water and commence agitation. Add the required quantity of Qualibra to the spray tank. Complete filling to the required volume and continue to agitate throughout the spraying operation.

67


Plant Protection & Control

Lahinch Golf Club, Ireland

When it comes to protecting turf and managing amenity areas, Everrisâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; range of Plant Protection and Control products provides all the tools youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll need in your armoury. Powerful, fast-acting herbicides teamed with proven, effective solutions for turfgrass pests and the leading range of fungicides providing preventative, curative and eradicant action, all ensure you stay in control.

68


Plant Protection & Control Products Index PLANT GROWTH REGULATION

Page

Primo Maxx

p70

Fungicides DISEASES CONTROLLED Activity

Type

Microdochium Anthrac- Dollar Take-all Leaf Fairy Brown Red Patch nose Spot Patch Spot Rings Patch Rust Thread

Page

Instrata

Contact, Systemic Preventative, Curative, Eradicant

p80

Headway

Systemic

Preventative, Curative, Eradicant

p82

Banner Maxx

Systemic

Preventative, Curative, Eradicant

p84

Heritage Maxx

Systemic

Preventative, Early curative, Anti-sporulant

p86

Medallion TL

Contact+

Preventative, Early curative

p88

Heritage

Systemic

Preventative, Early curative, Anti-sporulant

p90

Pest Control PESTS CONTROLLED Leatherjacket

Chafer Grub

Frit Fly

Page

Activity

Type

Nemasys G

Biological

Parasitic nematode - Heterohabditis megidis

p96

Nemasys J

Biological

Biological Parasitic nematode - Steinernema feltiae

p96 PLANT PROTECTION

Selective Weed Control TYPES OF WEED CONTROLLED Area of use

Broadleaved

Activity

Moss

Ryegrass

Total

Brush wood

Acquatic

Page

Re-Act

Selective post emergence with systemic activity

p100

Praxys

Selective post emergence with systemic activity

p102

Intrepid 2

Selective post emergence with systemic activity

p104

Jewel

Selective post emergence with contact and systemic activity

p106

Rescue

Selective post emergence

p108

Total Weed Control TYPES OF WEED CONTROLLED Area of use

Activity

Broadleaved

Moss

Rye-grass

Total

Brush wood

Acquatic

Page

Hammer

Total Herbicide

p114

Proliance Quattro

Translocated non-residual activity

p116

Roundup Probiactive 450

Translocated non-residual activity

p118

ROUNDUP PRO BIACTIVE

Translocated non-residual activity

p120

MONSANTO AMENTIY GLYPHOSATE

Translocated non-residual activity

p121

Proshield

Translocated non-residual activity

p122

Ecoplug Max

Translocated non-residual activity

p124

speciality products Area of use

Type

Page

ProCrystal

Bacterial algae control for ponds and lakes

p128

Black Onyx WSP

Water Colourant for ponds and lakes

p130

Turf Mark Extra

Spray pattern indicator dye

p131

Suitable

Not suitable

69


Primo Maxx AI. Contains 121g/litre trinexapac-ethyl MAPP No. 14780 PCS No. 03879 Areas of Use: ✓ Amenity areas ✓ managed amenity turf ✓ amenity grassland

Proven formulation grass growth regulator for the improvement of playing surfaces and reduction of management intensity. Primo Maxx is a plant growth regulator that improves the performance and quality of the turf as well as reducing the level of top growth. Primo Maxx works by diverting plant growth into lateral stem development as well as enhancing the root system. Primo Maxx has many benefits and can be used to develop all types of managed turf.

Primo Maxx Benefits Improves sward density and root mass Reduces mowing frequency by up to 50% Improves turf colour, appearance, strength and resilience

70

Leeds Rugby, Headingley Stadium, Leeds


Turfgrass Clippings (gDM/m2/day)

Clippings reduced by 33%

Directions For Use • To optimise best results, applications can start when

6.0

consistent grass growth commences or when soil and air temperatures average 8-10 degrees or above for more than 5 days consecutively. For weather and temperature guidance go to www.greencast.co.uk.

5.5

5.0

• Various application rates are recommended depending on intended area of use.

4.5

• For best results apply with Liquid N

4.0

(minimum 2.5kg N/ha).

• Avoid applications during frosty or drought conditions.

3.5

• Can be tank mixed with H2Pro Conserve and H2Pro

Maximise wetting agents, Greenmaster Liquids and Sportsmaster WSF water soluble fertilizers. Advice should always be sought from your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager before any tank mix is applied.

3.0 Control 0.4 l/ha 0.8 l/ha 1.3 l/ha 1.6 l/ha Source: Bioforsk. Lepaa, Finland. 2008. All data mean of 10 observations. LSD 5% = 0.45

Superior rooting and drought resistance

• Mix with TurfMark Extra spray pattern indicator to aid

Bentgrass, drought stressed, USGA rootzone

spraying, to condition water and minimise spray drift.

• FOR USE ONLY AS A HORTICULTURAL PLANT GROWTH REGULATOR.

PLANT Growth Regulation

Superior rooting and drought resistance Bentgrass, drought stressed, USGA rootzone Primo Maxx

Control

Application Rate: Area of Use

Greens

Tees

Fairways & Amenity

Rough and semi-rough

Winter Sports

First application

April*

April*

April

April

April

Application frequency

every 2-4 weeks

every 3-5 weeks

every 4-6 weeks

every 5-8 weeks

every 4-6 weeks

Height of cut

< 7mm

10-18mm

<18mm

>18mm

>10mm

Dose rate

0.2-0.4 litres per hectare

0.8-1.6 litres per hectare

0.8-1.6 litres per hectare

up to 2.4 litres per hectare

0.8-1.6 litres per hectare

Notes

Application window depends on growth

Tees containing perennial ryegrass will require increased frequency of application

Fairways mown at <12mm Dose rate and frequency will require more frequent will depend on species composition lower rate applications

Use lower rates and frequencies for turf mown below 18mm

* apply when consistent grass growth commences or when soil and air temperatures average 8-10ºC or above for more than five days consecutively.

Maximum individual dose: 3.2 litres product/hectare Water volume: 300-1,000 litres per hectare Maximum annual dose: 16 litres product/hectare/year

Product Characteristics Pack size: Packs per outer: Pack coverage:

5 & 10 litre bottles 4 x 5 and 2 x 10 litre Variable

Recommended Period of Use Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie Use plant protection products safely. Always read the label and product information before use.

71


Disease identification and control Microdochium Patch

Moisture control to avoid humid surface conditions will do much to prevent disease attack.

(Microdochium nivale)

Regular aeration and careful application of fertilizers with an appropriate sandy topdress will make the surface less moisture-retentive.

(Formerly known as Fusarium Patch) This occurs late autumn and early spring during cool humid weather, high Nitrogen fertility and on thatchy poorly drained soil. The disease is discouraged by high Potash and Sulphate levels and acidic conditions. The main symptom is rapidly developing circular patches of 25-50mm diameter. Leaves become brown and mushy. Sometimes pink or white cobweb-like fungal threads can be seen in early morning. To control Microdochium Patch - promote good turf management. Your aim is to promote healthy, vigorous growth. Fescue and Browntop bents are much more resistant to the disease.

White (Grey) Snow Mould (Typhula incarnata)

Strictly a cold weather disease, White Snow Mould appears as a fluffy white/grey or pink residue caused by the Typhula fungi. The fungi spend the warmer months as sclerotia embedded in infected grass blades and in the turf canopy. Sclerotia are very small black to orange structures that can survive hot, dry conditions. Heavy moisture and near-freezing temperatures trigger germination of sclerotia and infection of grass plants. A situation that often produces these key conditions is a deep snow or heavy mulch

Anthracnose (Colletotrichum graminicola) This usually attacks Poa annua type species. Occurs during summer following stress caused by factors such as high temperatures, low fertility, dry soil and compaction. Likely to occur under high humidity. The main symptom is irregular shaped and sized patches in which leaves initially yellow then develop a reddish colour following wilting. Diseased plants may be easily removed from the sward and the black rotted plant base easily seen â&#x20AC;&#x201C; a highly characteristic symptom of Anthracnose disease.

72

Reducing water holding thatch is also beneficial. The return of clippings provides a substrate for disease development, so catch and remove the grass. Care should be taken when applying fertilizers as excessive Nitrogen combined with cool wet weather can lead to severe disease outbreaks. The use of lime on fine turf is only recommended under exceptional circumstances. Medallion TL, Banner Maxx and Heritage fungicides are effective against this disease.

covering wet turfgrass before the ground has frozen. It invariably seems to follow a retreating snow line. White snow mould activity will be slowed when the snow cover is gone due to winter thaws, but the activity will resume every time it snows, regardless of whether it is a light flurry or heavier snow. Injury to the turf is aggravated when the snow is compacted by walking, etc.

As far as possible, compaction should be avoided by reducing wear over an affected area e.g. keeping the heavy traffic off the turf for a while. Regular aerating and spiking are also beneficial. In the summer months Anthracnose may be discouraged by timely and moderate Nitrogen applications but do not apply fertilizer in the winter months as this could lead to severe outbreaks of Microdochium Patch disease. Good turf management practices which aim to reduce the amount of Poa annua in the turf also reduce the likelihood of disease outbreak. Fungicides such as Medallion TL can be used successfully for the control of Anthracnose in turf.


Red Thread (Laetisaria fuciformis) This can occur anytime of the year, in shady, poorly aerated, compacted soils and a lack of Nitrogen. Particularly summer and autumn under warm moist conditions. The main symptoms are irregular patches of light brown or bleached leaves covered with distinctive red threads.

Fairy Rings (Basidiomycetes) Fungi primarily colonise thatch at the turf base and/or organic matter within the soil, usually caused by an infrequent watering and fertilizing regime. The rings of stimulated grass growth are the result of Nitrogen released in the soil by the Fairy Ring’s activity underground, breaking down organic matter to release ammonia, which is then processed by soil micro-organisms into Nitrates. There are three Types of Fairy Ring. Type 1 Fairy Rings (the Marasmius oreades fungus) typically appear as a ring of dead or stressed turf, bordered on both inner and outer edges by a band of stimulated grass growth.

This occurs mid-spring to early autumn when an extended period of leaf wetness will encourage the disease. Warm day temperatures and cool nights add to susceptibility. Most likely when Nitrogen fertility is low and growth is poor. Varieties of red fescues, particularly slender creeping red fescue are the most susceptible grass species. Also those fescues found in sea-washed turf. The main symptoms are numerous small (no more than 50mm) bleached spots which may coalesce to form larger, irregular patches.

Thatch Fungus (Basidiomycete) All turfed areas are susceptible to excessive thatch and it can occur throughout the year, but is most rapid from October to December. Excessive thatching can be induced by heavy liming. Circular patches up to 500mm in diameter can form where the surface of the green sinks due to decomposition of the thatch layer. Sometimes turf in the affected areas undergoes a colour change to a darker green or yellow.

New rings can appear just as green ‘patches’. It is prevalent in hot, dry conditions and may cause turf death by soil water repellency and/or toxic substances. Type 2 Fairy Rings (Agaricus spp. and Lycoperdon spp.) of stimulated grass growth are seen normally without fruiting bodies. It is rare that excessive damage is caused to the turf. Type 3 Fairy Rings (Hygrophorus spp. and Psilocybe spp.) have no distinct affect on turfgrass except when the fruiting bodies are present (normally during the autumn) when they form rings of mushrooms or puffballs. These obviously affect the quality of the sports surface. Heritage Maxx is approved for use on Type 2 Fairy Ring.

Type 1

Type 2

Type 3

Fungicides

Dollar Spot (Sclerotinia homoeocarpa)

Pink patch lacks the characteristic ‘Red Threads’. Instead leaves may become coated with pink mycelial growth. Whilst red thread may occur alone, it often occurs as a disease complex with pink patch. Severe outbreaks may kill the grass but generally affected turf will recover adequately.

Infected leaves appear water-soaked at first, then bleached. Leaf lesions have a characteristically bleached white centre with a reddish-brown border. White ‘cotton wool’ mycelium may be noted in early morning. Recovery is usually rapid, as roots are not affected. Maintaining adequate fertility is often the easiest method of preventing attacks of Dollar Spot. Fungicides such as Banner Maxx will give good control of Dollar Spot.

The affected thatch may also change colour, to orange, whitish or black. White mycelium may also be visible in thatch. Physical causes of thatching may be alleviated by additional aeration on the areas worst affected. Commercial wetting agents, e.g. H2Pro and Qualibra, specifically designed for use on turf are available from Everris. Wetting agent applications should begin at the start of the growing season.

73


Damping-off (caused by a number of fungi including Microdochium)

Also known as Seedling Disease, Damping-off affects mainly bents and fescues. Perennial ryegrass is seldom susceptible. Cold, wet conditions in early spring and late autumn favour attacks, as does poorly prepared seedbeds, heavy soil, low fertility, uneven sowings and excessive seed rates. No curative fungicide treatments are available, although preventative seed treatments are.

Take-All Patch (Gaeumannomyces graminis)

Take-All Patch occurs mid-spring or early autumn. Conditions which favour the disease include sterile soil conditions (such as newly constructed sand greens), poor aeration, and high alkalinity. Patches of bronzed Agrostis up to 30cm diameter with centres colonised by fescues, Poa annua or broad-leaved weeds are characteristic. The centres may be slightly sunken. Turf takes a long time to recover. Consequently, all efforts must be directed at preventing outbreaks of Take-All Patch.

Firstly, recognise the situation in which Take-All Patch is likely to occur. Avoid applying lime unless it is absolutely necessary. Ascertain if the water supply has a high lime content. Apply fertilizers containing Iron and/or Ammonium Sulphate to acidify the turf surface. Maintain good turf vigour by maintaining an adequate supply of other nutrients. Ensure the turf is free-draining by regular spiking. Fungicide control â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Heritage or Heritage Maxx.

Yellow Tuft (Sclerophthora macrospora) All turf species are susceptible, occurring during spring and summer when the plant is actively growing combined with poorly-drained soils and over-watering. Individual plants form into a dense tuft of yellow leaves, resulting in a bumpy surface during spring and autumn. To control yellow tuft, improve surface drainage. Yellow tufts are removed by mowing.

Slime Mould (Myxomycetes) This does not cause any turf damage. It occurs mid autumn to mid spring. Favourable conditions are cool, wet weather which promotes fruiting body formation. They quickly disappear in dry weather. It is more common in thatchy turf. The main symptom is masses of pinhead-sized, rounded fruiting bodies suddenly appearing on leaves during cool, humid conditions. Fruiting bodies can be of various colours, but are most commonly grey, purplish-brown or white. They are easily rubbed off by fingers.

74

Where there are slight infestations only, control measures are not needed. Heavy infestations may be removed by mowing. Pesticides are not normally recommended, but applications of fertilizer containing Iron sulphate would probably limit the spread of slime moulds.


Leaf Spot or Melting Out (Drechslera poae)

Occurs during warmer seasons. Turf under drought stress, high Nitrogen and a close mowing regime is most susceptible, especially if the foliage remains wet for an extended period. These pathogens commonly cause disease in complex with other fungal pathogens. Affected turf exhibits a general browning and melting out (thinning) resembling damage from drought. A closer inspection may show die back of the leaf tip, with the browning gradually extending down the leaf and subsequent shrivelling.

Rust (Puccina spp, Uromyces spp) There are many rust diseases of turf grasses. Susceptible species to this are Perennial ryegrass and Poa pratensis. This can occur all year round but most common from early summer to late autumn, during mild humid weather, low fertility and infrequent mowing regime. The affected turf appears rust-coloured, due to the production of numerous yellow or orange spores on the leaf. Spores adhere to fingers when rubbed.

Brown Patch occurs during summer, when Nitrogen is high, the weather is humid and the soil is thatchy and poorly drained. Symptoms are rapidly enlarging circular or irregular patches up to 0.5m in diameter. A dark purplish or greyish border may be visible in early morning. Sometimes turf recovers from the centre, resulting in a ring of diseased turf. Brown Patch can be prevented by regular scarification, if necessary, to reduce water-holding thatch.

It is difficult to give general advice about Leaf Spots and Melting Out. It recommended that advice is sought from a local Everris Technical Area Sales Manager. A fungicide option is Medallion TL.

Conditions that favour rusts are warm, humid summers. Most often seen in long grasses. Regular mowing will help to discourage rust attack. Ensure adequate fertility in particular with regard to Nitrogen.

Fungicides

Brown Patch (Rhizoctonia solani)

Circular lesions with dark brown margins and tan centres may be seen on the leaf. The crown and sheath can rot, which can result in a thinning of the turf.

As Brown Patch is favoured by high Nitrogen fertilization, applications should be light and frequent rather than in one large application. Fungicide options are Banner Maxx or Heritage Maxx.

75


Disease Management Strategy How to Minimise Turf Diseases Integrated Turf Management All of the surrounding factors have an impact on turf health. Too much or too little of each factor will reduce plant health making it susceptible to disease and excess wear and tear. By assessing individual turf requirements the ideal programme using the influencing factors can be implemented.

76


Cultural practices • Encourage a healthy grass sward • Optimum nutritional inputs depending on turf managers’ objectives and soil analysis needs • Reduce thatch • Increase aeration/reduce compaction • Improve drainage • Minimise damp turf for prolonged periods (irrigation, dew removal, manage irrigation inputs, reduce shade) • Encourage disease resistant grasses

Spraying • Disease identification • Use the correct fungicide for the right disease • Use appropriate mechanical operations, e.g. appropriate nozzles, boom height indicators, calibration equipment etc. • Calibrate the sprayer using the guide contained in this guide or using a specialist contractor Fungicides

• Go to www.greencast.co.uk for weather information and disease prediction service

Using Fugicides • Choosing the right fungicide • Identify the disease and use the appropriate product • Adopt an appropriate preventative or early curative programme • Always alternative fungicides as part of a disease resistance management approach

High risk periods of turf diseases Disease

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUN

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

Microdochium Patch Anthracnose Take-All Patch Red Thread Dollar Spot Leaf Spot Grey Snow Mould Brown Patch

77


When to Use Fungicides Fungal development and associated fungicide application timing/activity

Zone of activity

Stops spore germination on the leaf surface to prevent infection.

Application Best applied just ahead of periods of high timing disease risk and before disease infection.

Stops early pathogen development inside the plant.

Stops pathogen development when disease symptoms are visible and prevents further spread.

Apply at periods of high disease risk, when infection could have occurred, but before symptoms are visible.

Apply when the first signs of infection are identified.

When & What Type of Fungicides to Use Contact and Systemic Fungicides JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUN

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

Contact Contact / Systemic Systemic

The 'topical' mode of action concerns where on the grass plant the fungicide will remain after application: CONTACTS, such as chlorothalonil (Instrata) and fludioxonil (in Instrata), remain on the outside of the grass plant at the point of application, forming a shield to protect the leaf from pathogen attack. They will also help prevent the spread of disease, by preventing the pathogen moving to unaffected plants. SYSTEMICS, such as azoxystrobin (Heritage and Heritage Maxx) and propiconazole (Banner Maxx) can move from the point of application in the xylem (the part of the grass plant that water moves in). These are termed acropetal penetrants and, once absorbed by the leaf, move up through the plant and are redistributed in the leaf. Fungicides applied on the leaf continue to move over time, protecting new leaf as it grows.

78

PREVENTATIVE application is when weather conditions conducive to disease development have occurred and there is a high chance that spores will be active on the leaf, but before the pathogen has actually infected the grass plant. Preventative control stops the pathogen before there is any loss in turf quality. It also minimises the risk of further disease spread. The challenge is to know when to apply preventatively, without wastefully applying when there was little or no disease risk - which is where the combination of good local knowledge and disease forecasting can prove so effective. CURATIVE application occurs when the pathogen has germinated or just began to grow into the grass plant. Curative activity ends at the very first sign of disease. It should be remembered that in most cases this is the final timing for optimal control with most available turf fungicides. Most curative fungicides also have preventative activity, so uninfected leaves treated at the same will also be kept clean.


Fungicide options for a full disease programme Fast Systemic

Systemic

Systemic

Contact/Systemic

Contact +

Disease stage targeted

Eradicant Preventative Curative

Preventative Curative Eradicant Anti-sporulant

Preventative (Early curative) Anti-sporulant

Preventative Curative Eradicant

Preventative (Early curative)

Active ingredient

Propiconazole

Azoxystrobin Propiconazole

Azoxystrobin

Chlorothalonil Propiconazole Fludioxonil

Fludioxinonil

Diseases on the label

Microdochium Patch, Dollar Spot, Anthracnose, Brown Patch

Microdochium Patch, Anthracnose, Leaf Spot, Brown Patch, Take All

Microdochium Patch, Microdochium Patch, Anthracnose, Leaf Spot, Dollar Spot, Anthracnose, Brown Patch, Rusts, Take All, Brown Patch Fairy Ring

Fungicides

Activity

Microdochium Patch, Leaf Spot, Anthracnose

Fungicide Application Timings Fungicide application timings depend on the plant growth. If soil and air temperatures are sufficient for healthy growth, use an appropriate systemic product. If there is no or little growth, use a contact product.

79


Instrata AI. Contains 362g/litre chlorothalonil, 56.9g/litre propiconazole, 14.5g/litre fludioxonilma MAPP No. 14154 Not approved for use in ROI areas of use: ✓ amenity turf ✓ amenity grassland ✓ greens ✓ tees ✓ fairways ✓ bowling greens

Label approved diseases: ✓ Microdochium Patch ✓ anthracnose ✓ dollar spot ✓ brown patch

Unrivalled year-round disease control from contact and systemic formulation. The unique three-way formulation gives protection against disease attack and offers curative and eradicant activity if infection has already occurred. The multi-site contact active ingredients also significantly reduce the risk of fungicide resistance. The unique mode of action and year-round usage make Instrata an ideal inclusion for your integrated disease management programme.

Instrata Benefits

Microdochium (Fusarium) Patch

Anthracnose

Contact and systemic active ingredients for year-round use Protective, curative and eradicant action for effective control Quick acting and long lasting disease control 80

Dollar Spot


Directions For Use • T o optimise results use preventatively or during early stages of disease establishment.

• G  o to www.greencast.com for weather and temperaure guidance and disease prediction service.

• Avoid applications during frosty or drought conditions. • Maximum 3 treatments per year. • Minimum interval of 14 days between applications. • Instrata is tank-mixable with other products within the Everris range. Advice should always be sought from your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager before any tank mix is applied.

• M  ix with TurfMark Extra spray pattern indicator to aid spraying, to condition water and minimise spray drift.

• For use on golf courses and bowling greens. • D  o not apply using a knapsack sprayer. • FOR USE ONLY AS A HORTICULTURAL FUNGICIDE.

Tank Mix Table (figures in brackets represent the tank mix water rate in litres per hectare) Greenmaster Liquid

Sportsmaster WSF

Biostimulants

Spring & Summer

NK

High K

STEP Liquid

Effect Iron Fe

Ca-Booster

High N

High P

High K

Vitalnova Blade

(500-1,000)

(500-1,000)

(500-1,000)

(500-1,000)

(500-1,000)

(600-1,000)

X

(500-1,000)

(500-1,000)

(500-1,000)

(500-1,000)

Wetting Agents

PGR

H2Pro Conserve H2Pro Maximise

Primo Maxx

Re-Act

Praxys

Jewel

Rescue

Heritage Maxx

Medallion TL

Banner Maxx

(500-600)

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

(600-900)

(500)

Herbicides

Fungicides

Application Rate: Maximum individual dose:

9 litres per hectare 90ml per 100m2

Water volume:

500-1,000 litres per hectare 5-10 litres per 100m2

Maximum number of treatments: 3 per annum

• F or optimum results use as a preventative treatment

Product Characteristics

• U  se as part of an integrated disease control programme (iTurf Solutions p132)

Pack size:

3 litre S-pac bottle

Packs per outer:

4 x 3 litres

Pack coverage:

3,333m2

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie

Recommended Period of Use Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Use plant protection products safely. Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Always read the label and product information before use.

81

Fungicides

High N


Headway AI. Contains 62.5g/litre azoxystrobin, 104g/litre propiconazole MAPP No. 14396 PCS No. 03557 Label approved diseases: ✓ Microdochium Patch ✓ Dollar Spot ✓ Leaf Spot ✓ Take All Patch ✓ Anthracnose

Fungicide with systemic active ingredients that combine quick action with sustained control of the main turfgrass diseases.

Headway Benefits Preventative, curative and eradicant action Rapid uptake and movement within the plant Long lasting protection from 2 proven active ingredients

Headway has been extensively tried and tested on high quality turf at the state of the art Syngenta turf research facility in Stein, as well as by independent researchers and turf managers at prestigious golf and sports turf facilities across the UK. STRI trials at Bingly in Yorkshire showed Headway to be an outstandingly effective treatment for Microdochium Patch, with incredibly persistent results, weeks after application. Headway delivered significantly greater levels of disease control, which lasted far longer than other fungicides.

Headway treatment of Microchium Patch Headway

Iprodione

Myciobutanil

80

+37%

90

+48%

100

Microdochium Patch control

Headway is a broad spectrum systemic fungicide that contains azoxystrobin and propiconazole. The formulation has been created to provide outstanding protection against disease and to stop fungal development at an early stage. Headway is uptaken quickly through the leaf and root then moves rapidly through the plant. If growth is active then Headway moves quickly to achieve control and then gives lasting protection.

Proven Performance

+30%

areas of use: ✓ amenity turf ✓ amenity grassland

70 60 50 40 30 20 Application 2 + 4 weeks

Application 2 + 8 weeks

Application 2 + 12 weeks

Headway has performed outstandingly in trials, with up to 48% better disease control than the average of these comparative fungicides

Headway achieved virtually 100% control over four weeks after application, and was still achieving over 80% control more than twelve weeks after application.

STRI Trial data. Trials at STRI Bingley showed that Headway delivered significantly improved disease control, which lasted far longer than any other fungicides. 82


Directions For Use • To optimise results, use as a protectant treatment or when a predictive assessment indicates a high risk of disease development go to www.greencast.co.uk.

• Avoid applications during frosty or drought conditions. • Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications. • Headway is tank-mixable with other products within the Everris range, with the exception of any silicone based wetting agents. Advice should always be sought from your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager before any tank mix is applied.

• Application to Young Grass: can be applied after the 2nd leaf stage.

• Mix with TurfMark Extra spray pattern indicator to aid spraying, to condition water and minimise spray drift.

• FOR USE ONLY AS A HORTICULTURAL FUNGICIDE. The K Club, Co. Kildare

Tank Mix Table (figures in brackets represent the tank mix water rate in litres per hectare) High N

Spring & Summer

NK

High K

Sportsmaster WSF

STEP Liquid

Effect Iron Fe

(400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000)

Wetting Agents

PGR

Ca-Booster X

High N

High P

Biostimulants

High K

Sierrasol Iron

Vitalnova Blade

X

(400-1,000)

(300-1,000) (300-1,000) (300-1,000)

Herbicides

Fungicides

H2Pro Conserve

H2Pro Maximise

Qualibra

Primo Maxx

Re-Act

Praxys

Jewel

Rescue

Heritage Maxx

Medallion TL

Banner Maxx

Instrata

(600-900)

(400-500)

(400-1,000)

(400-600)

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Application Rate: Maximum individual dose: 3.0 litres per hectare Water volume: 250-1,000 litres per hectare 2.5-10 litres per 100m2 Maximum number of treatments: 4 per annum

Product Characteristics Pack size: Packs per outer: Pack coverage:

• Ideal to be applied as the final preventative systemic fungicide application in the autumn • U  se in conjunction with good cultural practice to reduce the risk of damaging attacks

3 litre S-pac bottle 4 x 3 litre 1 hectare

Recommended Period of Use Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie Use plant protection products safely. Always read the label and product information before use.

83

Fungicides

Greenmaster Liquid


Banner Maxx AI. Contains 156g/litre propiconazole MAPP No. 13167 PCS No. 02715 areas of use: ✓ amenity turf ✓ amenity grassland

Label approved diseases: ✓ Microdochium Patch ✓ anthracnose ✓ dollar spot ✓ brown patch

Fast acting cool weather systemic fungicide that protects turf as it grows. Banner Maxx contains propiconazole and is a broad spectrum systemic fungicide. It is formulated to be rapidly absorbed and transported through the plant even at cool temperatures. The translocation provides good distribution of the active ingredient especially within new growth. Banner Maxx has protective, curative and eradicant activity, and it utilises the unique Syngenta formulation technology to be gentle and safe to turf. The mode of action and rapid uptake even in cool conditions makes Banner Maxx the ideal choice for protection going into and coming out of winter.

Banner Maxx Benefits Fast uptake and movement to protect turf as it grows Protective, curative and eradicant activity Works well at lower temperatures (above 6ºC soil temperature)

84

Systemic Banner Maxx movement in the leaf


Directions For Use • For best results use as preventative or during early stages of disease establishment or when a predictive assessment indicates a risk of disease development, go to www.greencast.co.uk.

• Approved for application using a knapsack sprayer. • Avoid applications during frosty or drought condition. • B anner Maxx is tank-mixable with other products within the Everris range. Advice should always be sought via your Everris Technical Representative before any tank mix is applied.

• Maximum 4 treatments per year. • Minimum 14 day interval between treatment. • M  ix with TurfMark Extra spray pattern indicator to aid spraying, to condition water and minimise spray drift.

• For use on managed amenity turf and amenity grassland. • FOR USE ONLY AS A HORTICULTURAL FUNGICIDE. Aston Villa FC training ground

Tank Mix Table (figures in brackets represent the tank mix water rate in litres per hectare) Greenmaster Liquid

Sportsmaster WSF

Biostimulants

Spring & Summer

NK

High K

STEP Liquid

Effect Iron Fe

Ca-Booster

High N

High P

High K

Vitalnova Blade

(400-1,000)

(400-1,000)

(400-1,000)

(400-1,000)

(400-1,000)

(600-1,000)

X

(400-1,000)

(400-1,000)

(400-1,000)

(400-1,000)

Wetting Agents

PGR

H2Pro Conserve H2Pro Maximise

Primo Maxx

Re-Act

Praxys

Jewel

Rescue

Heritage Maxx

Medallion TL

Instrata

(400-600)

X

X

X

X

(400-1,000)

X

X

(600-900)

(400-500)

Herbicides

Fungicides

Application Rate: Maximum individual dose: 3 litres per hectare (30ml/100m2) Water volume: 400-1,000 litres per hectare (4-10 litres/100m2) Maximum number of treatments: 4 per annum

• U  se Effect Iron Fe and remove dew to help reduce the risk of Microdochium Patch disease

Product Characteristics

• U  se a SierraformGT fertilizer programme to pre-stress condition prior to onset of disease

Pack size:

3 litre S-pac bottle

Packs per outer:

4 x 3 litre

Pack coverage:

1 hectare

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie

Recommended Period of Use Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Use plant protection products safely. Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Always read the label and product information before use.

85

Fungicides

High N


Heritage Maxx AI. 95g/litre azoxystrolin MAPP No. 14787 PCS No. 03978 areas of use: ✓ amenity turf ✓ amenity grassland

Label approved diseases: ✓ Microdochium patch ✓ anthracnose ✓ brown patch ✓ leaf spot / melting out ✓ rusts ✓ take all patch ✓ type 2 Fairy ring

Long lasting protection systemic fungicide with root uptake. Heritage Maxx is a high performance systemic strobilurin fungicide, approved for the control of: Microdochium Patch, Take-All Patch, Anthracnose, Brown Patch, Leaf Spot / Melting Out, Rust diseases & Type 2 Fairy Rings. The Maxx formulation provides fast uptake and rapid movement through the plant to get the active ingredient to the site of infection and quickly to work. The unique root update of Heritage Maxx tackles soil and root disease at the source and ensures maximum uptake by the plant to enhance and prolong disease control.

Heritage Maxx Benefits Quick and efficient uptake by leaf and root to move the active ingredient to the point of infection Seven turf and soil diseases on the label Active recycling prolongs period of activity 86

Active recycling, cut, after cut, after cut

Label Approved Diseases Heritage Maxx

Pyraclostrobin

Trifloxystrobin

Iprod -ione

No LERAP

Category B restriction

Category B restriction

Category B restriction

Microdochium Patch Anthracnose Brown Patch Leaf Spot / Melting Out Rusts Take All Patch Type 2 Fairy Ring LERAP


The Maxx Formulation moves faster for quicker activity

Directions For Use • To optimise best results use as preventative or during early stages of disease establishment or when a predictive assessment indicates a risk of disease development, go to www.greencast.co.uk.

The unique Maxx formulation has been specifically designed for turf applications. Its advantages include; • O  utstanding turf safety • Increased and enhanced product uptake for faster effect • V  ery stable in the sprayer tank • E asy to use liquid formulation • C  ompatible and easy to mix with other products

• Avoid applications during frosty or drought conditions. • Heritage Maxx is tank-mixable with other products within the Everris range. Advice should always be sought via your Everris Technical Representative before any tank mix is applied.

• Mix with TurfMark Extra spray pattern indicator to aid spraying, to condition water and minimise spray drift.

• For use on managed amenity turf, including fine turf and amenity grassland.

• FOR USE ONLY AS A HORTICULTURAL FUNGICIDE.

Tank Mix Table (figures in brackets represent the tank mix water rate in litres per hectare) Greenmaster Liquid

Sportsmaster WSF

Biostimulants

Spring & Summer

NK

High K

STEP Liquid

Effect Iron Fe

Ca-Booster

High N

High P

High K

Vitalnova Blade

(400-1,000)

(400-1,000)

(400-1,000)

(400-1,000)

(400-1,000)

(600-1,000)

X

(300-1,000)

(300-1,000)

(300-1,000)

(200-1,000)

Wetting Agents

PGR

H2Pro Conserve H2Pro Maximise

Primo Maxx

Re-Act

Praxys

Jewel

Rescue

Medallion TL

Banner Maxx

Instrata

(300-600)

X

X

X

X

(125-500)

(400-1,000)

X

(600-900)

(400-500)

Herbicides

Fungicides

High N

Fungicides

Application Rate: Maximum individual dose: 2.5 litres per hectare Water volume: 125-1,000 litres per hectare Maximum number of treatments: 4 per annum

Product Characteristics Pack size: Packs per outer: Pack coverage:

• U  se in conjunction with cultural control measures designed to reduce the risk of disease attack

3 litres S-pac bottle 4 x 3 litres 1.2 hectare

• R  efer to www.greencast.co.uk for weather and disease forecast information

Recommended Period of Use Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie Use plant protection products safely. Always read the label and product information before use.

87


Medallion TL AI. 125g/litre fludioxonil MAPP No. 15287 PCS No. 04188 areas of use: ✓ amenity turf ✓ amenity grassland

Label approved diseases: ✓ Microdochium patch ✓ anthracnose ✓ leaf spot

Bio-inspired contact+ fungicide designed for use in the winter. Medallion TL offers powerful and targeted control of the pathogens responsible for the key turf diseases; Microdochium (Fusarium) Patch, Anthracnose, Leaf Spot. Its Contact+ activity tackles damaging pathogens on the leaf, thatch and soil surface for long-term effect. Ideal as a preventative application to give long lasting control.

Medallion TL Benefits Fast acting knockdown of Microdochium (Fusarium) spores on leaf, thatch and spores Gives long lasting control in winter conditions Ideal as a preventative winter application

88

Medallion TL tackles pathogen on the leaf thatch and soil


Directions For Use • Begin applications when conditions are favourable for disease infection or at the very beginning of disease symptom expression.

• Avoid applications during frosty or drought conditions. • Apply when soil temperature is below 7ºC and when clipping yield are low.

• Maximum number of 4 sprays per year. • A minimum interval of 14 days should be observed between applications.

• Do not leave the spray liquid in the sprayer for long periods (such as during meal breaks or overnight).

• Make up only the amount of spray required for immediate use. Rockliffe Hall, Darlington

Tank Mix Table (figures in brackets represent the tank mix water rate in litres per hectare) Greenmaster Liquid

Sportsmaster WSF

Biostimulants

Spring & Summer

NK

High K

STEP Liquid

Effect Iron Fe

Ca-Booster

High N

High P

High K

Sierrasol Iron

Vitalnova Blade

(400-500)

(400-500)

(400-500)

(400-500)

(400-500)

X

X

(300-500)

(300-500)

X

X

(400-500)

Wetting Agents

PGR

Herbicides

Fungicides

High N

Fungicides

H2Pro Conserve

H2Pro Maximise

Qualibra

Primo Maxx

Re-Act

Praxys

Jewel

Rescue

Heritage Maxx

Banner Maxx

Headway

Instrata

X

(400-600)

(400-500)

(400-600)

X

X

X

X

(125-500)

X

X

X

Application Rate: Maximum individual dose:

3 litres per hectare 30ml per 100m2

Water volume:

125-500 litres per hectare 1.25-5 litres per 100m2

Maximum number of treatments: 4 per annum

• U  se in an integrated programme with Greenmaster Effect Iron Fe (do not tank mix) for improved control and recovery

Product Characteristics Pack size:

1 & 3 litre S-pac bottle

Packs per outer:

12 x 1 litre, 4 x 3 litre

Pack coverage:

3,333 m2, 1 hectare

Recommended Period of Use weather permitting Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

• U  se when soil temperatures are below 7ºC and clipping yields are low

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie Use plant protection products safely. Always read the label and product information before use.

89


Heritage AI. 500g/kg azoxystrobin MAPP No. 13536 PCS No. 02092 areas of use: ✓ amenity turf ✓ amenity grassland

Label approved diseases: ✓ Microdochium patch ✓ anthracnose ✓ brown patch ✓ leaf spot / melting out ✓ rusts ✓ take all patch ✓ type 2 Fairy ring

Systemic fungicide derived from naturally occuring compounds. Heritage is a high performance systemic strobilurin fungicide. The small pack granular formulation makes it ideal for use on bowling greens.

Heritage Benefits Seven turf diseases on the label Derived from naturally occurring compounds The only strobilurin that can be used up to 4 times per annum

90


Directions For Use • For best results use as protectant or during early stages of disease establishment or when a predictive assessment indicates a risk of disease development, go to www.greencast.co.uk.

• Apply preventatively and as a drench (1,000 litres of water) for control of Take-All patch disease and make 2 applications 14 days apart.

• Avoid applications during frosty or drought conditions. • Heritage is tank-mixable with other products within the Everris range Advice should always be sought via your Everris Technical Representative before any tank mix is applied.

• Mix with TurfMark Extra spray pattern indicator to aid spraying, to condition water and minimise spray drift.

• FOR USE ONLY AS A HORTICULTURAL FUNGICIDE.

Tank Mix Table (figures in brackets represent the tank mix water rate in litres per hectare) Greenmaster Liquid High N

Spring & Summer

NK

High K

Sportsmaster WSF

STEP Liquid

Effect Iron Fe

(400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (600-1,000)

PGR

X

High N

High P

High K

Sierrasol Iron

Vitalnova Blade

(300-1,000) (300-1,000) (300-1,000) (900-1,000)

Herbicides

(200-1,000) Fungicides

Wetting Agents

Ca-Booster

Biostimulants

Fungicides

H2Pro Conserve

H2Pro Maximise

Qualibra

Primo Maxx

Re-Act

Praxys

Jewel

Rescue

Banner Maxx

Headway

Instrata

(600-900)

(400-500)

(400-1,000)

(300-600)

X

X

X

X

(400-1,000)

X

X

Application Rate: Maximum individual dose: 0.5kg of product per hectare 5g per 100m2 Water volume: 125-1,000 litres per hectare 1.25-10 litres per 100m2 Maximum number of treatments: 4 per annum

• G  o to iTurf Solution section for further advice on specific diseases, p132

Product Characteristics Pack size:

100g & 500g

Pack coverage:

2,000 & 10,000m2

Recommended Period of Use weather permitting Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

• U  se in conjunction with cultural control measures to reduce the risk of disease attack

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie Use plant protection products safely. Always read the label and product information before use.

91


Pest Identification and Control Leatherjackets Crane Fly larvae feed on the roots of grasses. Usually very little damage is done as plants have a remarkable ability to compensate for minor root damage. However, when populations are high (estimated to be about 25-30 larvae per square metre) damage to turf areas can be extensive. The adult Crane Fly is found in the late summer and early autumn. It has long legs and resembles a large mosquito (body is about 1 inch long). The larvae, called Leatherjackets, live in the soil. They hatch from eggs laid in the late summer. They feed during the autumn and into the spring of the following year. They stop feeding in May. Damage generally becomes noticeable during the spring, caused by feeding that occurred the previous autumn and winter. Damage can also occur when birds scratch at the turf surface attracted to the larvae.

Crane Fly Eggs

Leatherjacket /Crane Fly Lifecycle

Leatherjacket

Crane Fly 92


Chafer Grub Adult Chafers are medium-sized reddish brown beetles about 13-15mm long. It is the grub stage however that is most likely to be found in turf. Damage is usually most evident in August and September. Early symptoms include gradual thinning, yellowing, and weakening of the grass stand followed by the appearance of scattered, irregular dead patches. As damage continues, the dead patches may increase in size, and apparently healthy turf areas may exhibit sudden wilting. The turf may feel spongy as you walk over the infested area. Adult Chafers emerge from the pupal cells in mid-June and continue mating until late July. The adults emerge at dusk and fly to nearby trees and shrubs where copulation begins. This copulation occurs in mass until dawn when adults return to the soil. Cool or rainy nights greatly reduce flight and mating activities, but eventually females dig into the soil and lay eggs. Each female lays 15-20 eggs in 2-5 days. They are usually laid in compacted soil, up to 150mm deep.

Chafer Grub Pest Control

The eggs swell to approximately 2.0 x 2.7mm as they absorb moisture and hatch in about two weeks. The first instar (stage) are approximately 4mm long and may remain in the soil if surface moisture levels are low. However eventually the young larvae move to the surface and feed on plant roots. If food is sufficient, the first instar matures in three weeks and the second instars take a further four weeks to mature. The third instars, which can grow to 17mm when fully grown, feed for a period in the autumn before moving down into the soil for the winter. Pupation then occurs in mid-May 50-150mm into the soil.

Adult Chafer

Chafer Lifecycle JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUN

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

93


Frit Fly Frit Fly larvae are yellowish-white in colour and can grow up to 5mm long. There are three times during the year when larvae are present. Those present from September to December cause the most damage. Frit Fly larvae bore into the centre shoot causing loss of tillers. Plants attacked but not killed are stunted and grow poorly. The individual larvae can move and attack other tillers and other plants. Frit Fly occur in almost all grass swards in the UK, usually in vast numbers – 5 million per hectare are quite common. Because larvae of the Frit Fly are so small, they are difficult to see, and damage often passes unnoticed. The target plant population for a new ley is approximately 450 plants/m², and to achieve this 1,200 seeds/m² are sown. By far the biggest cause of this loss in emergence is due to Frit Fly larvae.

Frit Fly Lifecycle

3RD

GENE

R AT I O N

Frit Fly Larvae

2N

D

GE

NER

AT I O N

E 1S T G E N

R AT

IO

N

Adult Frit Fly

Frit Fly Damage 94


Adapt to the weather

Nurture the turf Manage the soil

Realise the challenges

Pest Control

Advice

Set the balance Appreciate the environment

Play the game

95


AI. Contains insect parasitic nematodes

areas of use: ✓ amenity turf ✓ amenity grassland

Biological control of Chafer Grubs and Leatherjackets in amenity turf. Nemasys G and Nemasys J each contain beneficial nematodes as their active ingredient. Neither species of nematode in Nemasys are harmful to turf. The beneficial nematodes feed on the target insect pests to achieve control. The target grubs stop feeding within 3 days of infection and then die 10-14 days later.

Nemasys J controls Leatherjackets Leatherjackets Eggs are laid in late August and hatch within two weeks. The young start feeding immediately. Nemasys J should be applied and watered into the turf about two weeks after the adult Crane Fly have been seen. This is usually from August to September, and this is the best time to apply nematodes as the soil temperature is around 12°C.

Nemasys Benefits Safe for turf and wildlife Kills larvae within 10-14 days

Nemasys G controls Chafer Grubs

One tray treats 500m2

Chafer Grubs The eggs of the Chafer Beetle hatch and begin feeding on the roots of the grass plant from July until late September. They then burrow deep into the ground, lying dormant under the soil until spring when they move to the surface and emerge as beetles, and so the cycle repeats.

Delivery Nemasys G and Nemasys J are living products. They will be dispatched directly from our production facility by overnight carrier. Once received, the transport box should be opened and refrigerated at between 2°C and 5°C for up to four weeks.

96


Directions For Use • Pre-mix the tray in a bucket of cold water. • Add to a conventional spray tank or knapsack sprayer. • Add H2Pro Conserve or H2Pro Maximise wetting agent to help penetration.

• Check sprayers have no filters below 50 mesh (0.3mm) and remove if necessary. For knapsack sprayers minimum filter is 18 mesh (1.0mm)

• Start and continue sprayer agitation throughout application.

Application Rate: Dose rate:

One tray per 500m2

Water volume:

50 litres per 500m2

Maximum number of treatments: 1 per annum

Product Characteristics Pack size:

Tray (250m nematodes)

Pack coverage:

500m2

Recommended Period of Use weather permitting Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

• Apply immediately, do not allow the spray solution to remain in the tank longer than 1 hour after mixing.

• After application the soil needs to be kept moist by irrigation or natural rainfall.

• The soil temperature must be between 10oC and 30oC at application and for at least 2 weeks afterwards.

• S ee iTurf section for fully integrated pest control strategies, p132

Pest Control

Dramatic evidence of the sort of damage that can be caused to turf. These golf courses have been torn apart by birds and other wild animals searching for the larvae of Chafer Grubs and leatherjackets.

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie Use plant protection products safely. Always read the label and product information before use.

97


Weed identification and Selective Weed Control Common Turf & Grassland Weeds

Bird’s Foot Trefoil

Black Medick

Bulbous Buttercup

Meadow Buttercup

Creeping Buttercup

Creeping Yellowcress

Cat’s Ear

Common Chickweed

Common Mouse-Ear

Cinquefoil

Creeping Thistle

Daisy

Dandelion

Field Woodrush

Groundsel

98


Lesser Celandine

Lesser Trefoil

Parsley Piert

Pearlwort

Plantain, Greater

Poa Annua

Ragwort

Red Clover

Ribwort Plantain

Shepherds Purse

Germander Speedwell

White Clover

Yarrow

Yellow Sorrel

Selective Weed Control

Hawkbit

99


AI. Contains 22.6% w/w MCPA, 20.9% w/w mecoprop-P and 2.8% w/w dicamba MAPP No. 15718 PCS No. 02362 Areas of Use: ✓ Amenity Grassland ✓ Managed Amenity Turf

Cost effective broad spectrum selective herbicide for use on managed amenity turf. The three-way formulation provides a broad spectrum of weed control. It can be applied using standard spray equipment or pedestrian-controlled sprayers. Application is best carried out in spring when weeds and turf are actively growing. Where difficult weeds persist, a follow-up application may be required.

Re-Act Benefits Controls a wide range of annual and perennial weeds Broad spectrum of activity Non-ester formulation – does not vaporise in hot weather conditions

Directions For Use • Do not apply during drought or if rain is expected within six hours of treatment.

• Avoid applications during frosty or drought conditions. • Do not mow fine turf for 24 hours before or after treatment or for 3 days if treating less closely mown turf.

• If renovating turf, do not re-seed for 6-8 weeks after treatment.

• Do not apply to grass or turf unless it has been established for at least 18 months.

• Do not use first 4 mowings for mulching unless composted for at least 6 months.

• Do not spray in windy or very still conditions.

Application Rate: Low rate: 3.5 litres per hectare 35ml in 3 litres of water per 100m2 High rate: 5.5 litres in 500 litres of water per hectare 55ml in 5 litres of water per 100m2 Maximum number of treatments: 2 per year

Product Characteristics Pack size: 5 and 10 litre polythene bottles Packs per outer: 4 x 5 litres, 2 x 10 litres Pack coverage: 5 litre: 9,090-14,285m2 10 litre: 18,180-28,570m2

Recommended Period of Use Jan

100

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec


Rate - 3.5 litres in 300 litres water per hectare 1 application per season

Catâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Ear

Ribwort Plantain

Sea Plantain

Hoary Plantain

Rate - 3.5 litres in 300 litres water per hectare 2 applications per season

Creeping Buttercup

Daisy

Dandelion

Hawkbit

Rate - 5.5 litres in 500 litres water per hectare Repeat application may be required

Birdâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s-Foot Trefoil

Common Mouse-ear

White Clover

Self-heal

Black Medick

Lesser Trefoil Selective Weed Control

Rate - 5.5 litres in 500 litres water per hectare 2 applications, in successive seasons necessary

Pearlwort

Yarrow

Tank Mix Table (figures in brackets represent the tank mix water rate in litres per hectare) Greenmaster Liquid1

Sportsmaster WSF2

Biostimulants

High N

Spring & Summer

NK

High K

STEP Liquid

Effect

Ca-Booster

High N

High P

High K

Sierrasol Iron

Vitalnova Blade

(400-500)

(400-500)

(400-500)

(400-500)

(400-500)

X

X

(300-500)

(300-500)

(300-500)

(300-500)

(400-500)

Wetting Agents

PGR

Herbicides

Fungicides

H2Pro Conserve

H2Pro Maximise

Qualibra

Primo Maxx

Praxys

Jewel

Rescue

Heritage Maxx

Medallion TL

Banner Maxx

Instrata

X

X

X

(300-500)3

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie Use plant protection products safely. Always read the label and product information before use.

101


AI. Contains 144g/litre fluroxypyr-meptyl, 80g/litre clopyralid and 2.5g/litre florasulam MAPP No. 13912 PCS No. 03510 Areas of Use: ✓ Managed Amenity Turf ✓ Lawns ✓ Amenity Grassland

High performance highly concentrated selective weedkiller for the control of difficult weeds in turf. A unique turf herbicide that is designed to control difficult weeds at low dose rates.

Praxys Kills tough weeds with the 3 most powerful actives

Germander Speedwell

White Clover

Black Medick

Dandelion

Common Mouse Ear

Daisy

Creeping Buttercup

Self Heal

Ribwort Plaintain

Slender Speedwell

Praxys is the most powerful systemic, post-emergent herbicide available. It combines three powerful active ingredients and two different modes of action to control a wide range of difficult weeds in turf.

Praxys Benefits Complete control right down to the roots with no regrowth Rapid entry and rainfast within one hour Lowest dosage rates and water volume of any herbicide available

Now approved for Slender Speedwell 102


Directions For Use • The ideal timing for application is when the weeds are small and actively growing.

• Broad-leaved weeds not present at application will not be controlled.

• An interval of 4 weeks must elapse between application of Praxys and re-seeding turf.

• Do not use any plant material treated with Praxys for composting or mulching.

• Do not apply if turfgrass is wet. • Do not apply to turf, lawns or grass areas which are under stress.

• Do not apply if night temperatures are low, if ground frost is imminent, or in periods of prolonged cold or dry weather.

• Take extreme care to avoid drift onto crops and non-target plants, e.g. trees, shrubs, bedding, outside the target area. Malton and Norton Golf Club, North Yorkshire

Greenmaster Liquid

Sportsmaster WSF

Biostimulants

High N

Spring & Summer

NK

High K

STEP Liquid

Effect Iron Fe

Ca-Booster

High N

High P

High K

Sierrasol Iron

Vitalnova Blade

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

(200)

Wetting Agents

PGR

Herbicides

Fungicides

H2Pro Conserve

H2Pro Maximise

Qualibra

Primo Maxx

Re-Act

Jewel

Rescue

Heritage Maxx

Medallion TL

Banner Maxx

Headway

Instrata

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Application Rate: Maximum individual dose: 2 litres per hectare 20ml per 100m2 Water volume: 200 litres per hectare 2 litres per 100m2 Maximum number of treatments: 1 per annum

• A  pply Praxys during active growth for optimum weed control • A  ctive growth and uptake of active ingredient can be promoted with an appropriate nutrition programme

Product Characteristics Pack size (L) : Packs per outer: Pack coverage:

2 and 5 litre bottles 8 x 2 litres, 4 x 5 litres Variable

Recommended Period of Use Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie Use plant protection products safely. Always read the label and product information before use.

103

Selective Weed Control

Tank Mix Table (figures in brackets represent the tank mix water rate in litres per hectare)


AI. Contains 20.8g/litre dicamba, 166.5g/litre dichlorprop-P and 166.5g/litre MCPA MAPP No. 15738 Not available in ROI Areas of Use: â&#x153;&#x201C; Managed Amenity Turf

Post emergence selective herbicide for control of broad leaved weeds in turf. Intrepid 2 contains a three-way mixture of herbicides with systemic activity. It is absorbed both through the leaves and roots for total kill of the target weed.

Intrepid 2 Benefits Broad spectrum of activity Can be applied using standard spray equipment including hand-held sprayers No restrictions on repeat applications

104


Weeds controlled Intrepid 2 kills these common turf weeds: Cat’s Ear, Creeping Buttercup, Common Chickweed, Daisy, Dandelion, Plantains, White Clover and Yarrow. Many other weeds are expected to be susceptible to Intrepid 2. Recent trials data suggest control of Lesser Trefoil (Trifolium dubium) and Speedwells.

Bucks Horn Plantain

Greater Plantain

Cinquefoil

White Clover

Creeping Buttercap

Daisy

Birdsfoot Trefoil

Speedwell

Directions For Use • Prevent spray running or drifting onto cultivated plants including shrubs and trees.

• Do not treat new turf until well established (approximately 6 months after seeding or turfing).

• The clippings from the first 4 mowings after treatment should not be used to mulch cultivated plants unless composted for at least 6 months.

• Do not re-seed or turf within 8 weeks of last treatment. • Keep livestock out of treated areas for at least 2 weeks if poisonous weeds such as ragwort are present.

Selective Weed Control

Bristley Oxtongue

Application Rate: Maximum individual dose: 6.5 litres per hectare 65ml per 100m2 Water volume: 200-400 litres per hectare 2-4 litres per 100m2

Product Characteristics Pack size: 5 litre and 10 litre Packs per outer: 4 x 5 litres, 2 x 10 litres Pack coverage: 5 litre: 7,700m2, 10 litre: 15,400m2

Recommended Period of Use Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

• Intrepid 2 can be applied using a hand-held, walkover-type or vehicle mounted sprayer.

• A spray indicator dye such as Turf Mark Extra can be added to help achieve accurate spraying of the target area.

• Repeat application after 4-6 weeks if necessary.

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie Use plant protection products safely. Always read the label and product information before use.

105


AI. Contains 1.5% w/w carfentrazone-ethyl and 60% w/w mecoprop-p. MAPP No. 14327 PCS No. 02953 Areas of Use: â&#x153;&#x201C; Managed Amenity Turf â&#x153;&#x201C; Amenity Grassland

Moss and selective weed control in one easy-to-use formulation. Jewel is the first professional turf product to offer effective weed and moss control in one formulation.

Weeds controlled

Moss

Bristley Oxtongue

Greater Plantain

Bucks Horn Plantain

White Clover

Cinquefoil

Daisy

Creeping Buttercap

Speedwell

Birdsfoot Trefoil

It contains carfentrazone for selective weed and moss control as well as mecoprop-P for broad leaved weed control in turf. Jewel is available as a water soluble granule for easy use. User trials have indicated that the use of H2Pro wetting agent may improve control of Silver Thread Moss (Bryum argentum).

Jewel Benefits Controls weeds and moss in turf. Suitable for use on all turfgrass species Contact and systemic action

106


Directions For Use • Jewel can be used from the 3-leaf stage onwards (approximately 4-6 weeks after sowing depending on climatic conditions).

• For best results apply Jewel when weeds are at an early growing stage.

• Allow an interval of 6-8 weeks between product application and over-seeding.

• For moss control it is recommended that following death of the moss, the turf is scarified.

• Apply when the weather is fair, the soil is moist, the grass dry, when the moss and broad-leaved weeds are actively growing.

• Do not apply if rainfall is expected within 24 hours. • Do not apply in frosty conditions. • Weed control in 3-5 weeks. • Retreatment may be necessary for heavy infestations or if moss returns or weeds re-grow.

• To avoid subsequent damage to turf, thoroughly clean all spray equipment after use. Selective Weed Control

Tank Mix Table (figures in brackets represent the tank mix water rate in litres per hectare) Greenmaster Liquid

Sportsmaster WSF

Biostimulants

High N

Spring & Summer

NK

High K

STEP Liquid

Effect Iron Fe

Ca-Booster

High N

High P

High K

Vitalnova Blade

(500)

(500)

(500)

(500)

(500)

X

X

(500)

(500)

(500)

(500)

Wetting Agents

PGR

Herbicides

Fungicides

H2Pro Conserve

H2Pro Maximise

Primo Maxx

Re-Act

Praxys

Rescue

Heritage Maxx

Medallion TL

Banner Maxx

Instrata

X

X

(500)

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Application Rate: Maximum individual dose: 1.5 kg per hectare 15g per 100m2 Water volume: 500 litres per hectare 5 litres per 100m2 Maximum number of treatments: 2 per annum

Product Characteristics Pack size: Packs per outer: Pack coverage:

1.5kg bottle 4 x 1.5kg 1 hectare

Recommended Period of Use Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie Use plant protection products safely. Always read the label and product information before use.

107


Rescue AI.Contains 45g/litre pinoxaden and 11.25g/litre cloquintocet-mexyl MAPP No. 14518 PCS No. 03682 Areas of Use: ✓ golf greens ✓ bowling greens ✓ golf fairways ✓ semi-roughs ✓ roughs

Selective herbicide for the control of ryegrass on golf courses and bowling greens. Rescue is a revolutionary selective herbicide for the control of Ryegrass in fine turf swards. For the first time, golf course and bowling green managers have the opportunity to effectively control those coarse and clumpy Ryegrass infestations that adversely affect the quality and playability of turf. Rescue can also be used to reduce course grass infestations across golf courses to reduce mowing requirements, help speed up play and encourage the development of more environmentally beneficial plant species. Rescue is a game changer.

Rescue Benefits Controls Ryegrass but leaves Fescue, Poa annua and Browntop Bentgrasses unaffected Can improve playing qualities and reduce maintenance requirements Easy to use formulation that is rainfast in an hour

108

Felixstow Ferry Golf Club, Suffolk


What can you expect to see? Before application Ryegrass infestations on fine turf create an uneven and unsightly surface that is difficult to maintain and unpopular with players. Rescue application is a quick and effective route to restoring fine turf quality. Two to three weeks after application Ryegrass and other susceptible weed grasses start to go pale yellow and begin to die back. The timings at which effects are seen will be weather dependent; in good growing conditions results are faster, but in dry or poor conditions it will take longer for Rescue to have the desired effect.

Five to eight weeks after application Target ryegrass and other weed grasses will have died right back. Over-seeding should have taken place and, in good conditions, new seedlings will be starting to emerge. Apply appropriate Greenmaster liquid to encourage seedling development. Eight to ten weeks after application Ryegrass and other grass species will have been controlled. Any plants that have survived treatments will show weakened growth and susceptibility to a second Rescue application. Seedlings from over-seeding programmes should be well established.

• Best results achieved from Rescue programmes started in autumn.

• Apply twice for optimal control. • Over sowing following Rescue application can achieve faster rejuvenation of fine turf playing surfaces and minimise invasion of weed species.

• Dense, well established patches of Ryegrass may require a programme of two or three applications to achieve full control.

• Follow-up Rescue treatments on an annual basis may be required to control new seeding re-infestation.

• Rescue can be applied with conventional golf course or bowling green sprayer (including knapsack).

• Spray Rescue in 250-500 litres of water per hectare, ensure good coverage but avoid over wetting.

• Rescue should not be tank mixed with other plant protection products.

Application Rate: Maximum individual dose: 1.33 litre per hectare (spring), 1 litre per hectare (autumn) 13.3ml per 100m2 (spring), 10ml per 100m2 (autumn) Water volume: 250-500 litres per hectare 2.5-5 litres per 100m2 Maximum number of treatments: 2 per annum

Product Characteristics Pack size:

1 litre S-pac bottle

Packs per outer:

12 x 1 litre

Pack coverage:

7,518-10,000m2

Recommended Period of Use Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

The finished result

The removal of ryegrasses and other unwanted coarse grasses can allow the successful re-establishment and maintenance of a high quality, fine turf playing surface. Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie Use plant protection products safely. Always read the label and product information before use.

• Overseed where needed to replace controlled grasses with desirable species • The removal of coarse grasses will allow you to reduce the intensity of your surface preparations

109

Selective Weed Control

Three to five weeks after application Do the ‘Rescue Rub Test’. When the treated patches have died back, rub the patch with the palm of our hand. If the treated turf surface breaks up it has ‘passed’ the Rescue Rub Test. Any temporary yellowing on Bentgrasses should be outgrown. Overseeding can take place at any time when weather and soil conditions are conducive.

Directions For Use


Weed identification and Total Weed Control Common weeds

Annual Mercury

Bindweed

Bittercress

Blackgrass

Bladder Campion

Butterwort

Charlock

Clary

Cleavers (Goosegrass)

Creeping Soft Grass

Corn Marigold

Coltsfoot

Corn Spurry

Dock

Fat Hen

110


Fleabane

Fumitory

Goatsbeard

Ground Elder

Greater Stitchwort

Hairy Hawkweed

Heath Bedstraw

Hedge Woundwort

Hemp Agrimony

Henbit

Hempnettle

Herb Robert

Horsetail

Hoary Cress

Ivy-Leaved Toadflax

Japanese Knotweed

Kidney Vetch

Knapweed

Knotweed (Knotgrass)

Total Weed Control

Field Madder

111


Common weeds continued

Common Mallow

Meadowsweet

Mugwort

Nipplewort

Pennycress

Pepperwort

Perennial Wall-Rocket

Plantain, Sea

Purple Loosestrife

Red Campion

Red Deadnettle

Redshank

Sea Milkwort

Self Heal

Scarlet Pimpernel

Scentless Mayweed

Sheepsbit Scabious

Sheepâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Sorrel

Silverweed

Skullcap

112


Spearwort

Tansy

Common Vetch

White Campion

Woodruff

Woody Nightshade

Yellow Toadflax

St Johnswort

Storksbill

White Deadnettle

Sun Spurge

Total Weed Control

Sowthistle

Rosebay Willowherb

113


AI. Contains 0.66g/litre pyraflufen-ethyl: 240g/litre glyphosate MAPP No. 13912 Not available in ROI Areas of Use: â&#x153;&#x201C; Industrial â&#x153;&#x201C; Amenity

Fast acting total weed control from double action formulation. Hammer is a total amenity and industrial herbicide that works extremely fast on emerged weeds. The formulation combines a quick knockdown from pyraflufen-ethyl with the lasting systemic control from glyphosate. The symptoms of control become visible within 24 hours! This innovative formulation is ideal when quick control is needed.

Glyphosate

Pyraflufen-ethyl

Blocks production of essential acids needed for plant growth

Inhibits the enzymes needed to drive photosynthesis

Hammer Benefits Innovative combination of two active ingredients Visible effects after just 24 hours Effective on broad range of weeds Application Rate: Weed type

Application rate (l/ha)

Quantity of active ingredient g/ha Pyraflufen-ethyl

Glyphosate

Water volume (l/ha)

Annual

4.25

2.84

1,020

200-500

Chickweed, mayweed, fat hen, common field speedwell, shepherds purse, field forget-me-not, black nightshade, redshank, black bindweed, red dead-nettle, groundsel, cleavers, charlock

Perennial

6.25

4.18

1,500

200-500

Common couch, creeping bent, perennial ryegrass, creeping thistle, broadleaved dock, perennial nettle, rosebay willowherb

Difficult perennials and brush weeds

8.75

5.86

2,100

200-500

Bramble, bracken

Product Characteristics Pack size: Packs per outer: Pack coverage:

5 litre bottle 4 x 5 litres 0.57-1.17 hectares dependent on the weed

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie 114

Weeds controlled

Recommended Period of Use Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Use plant protection products safely. Always read the label and product information before use.

Oct

Nov

Dec


Total Weed Control

115


Proliance Quattro AI. Contains 360g/litre glyphosate MAPP No. 13670 PCS No. 03710

Non hazard glyphosate with surfactant “System 4” technology to maximise the effectiveness of treatment. Proliance Quattro is an advanced glyphosate formulation for the control of emerged weeds in industrial and amenity situations.

System 4 Technology 4 steps to successful delivery System 4 Technology is a unique delivery system that optimises: • Plant contact • Penetration

• A reduction in natural antagonism • Translocation

The liquid formulation incorporates the fully optimised surfactant and water conditioner “System 4” technology that is designed to optimise control. The non-hazard classification means that Proliance Quattro offers a high standard of operator and environmental safety, to maximise the safety of the public, the operator and the environment.

Proliance Quattro Benefits Quick penetration and translocation of glyphosate for effective control Clean label non hazard classification Non foil S-Pac™ bottles One of the major problems of getting a herbicide to work is that droplets may not stick or cover leaves efficiently. In order to overcome this problem a herbicide must have 4 characteristics: • Have successful impact • Have optimal spread

• Optimise retention • Must not damage cells

System 4 Technology provides these. It quickly reduces surface tension and it optimizes the droplet size and leaf contact properties so that successful impact is achieved.

116


Directions For Use • For best results use when weeds are actively growing, with enough leaf cover to absorb the product.

• Do not break up perennial weeds prior to treatment. • Weeds are less susceptible when growth is restricted by natural senescence or by factors, such as drought or waterlogging, to help make a predictive assessment on application windows, go to www.greencast.co.uk.

• Rainfast within 6 hours. • Avoid applications during frosty or drought conditions. • For use on natural surfaces not intended to bear vegetation, permeable surfaces overlying soil and hard surfaces.

Application Rate: Maximum individual dose: 1.5-6.0 litres per hectare 15-60 ml per 100m2 Water volume: 80-250 litres per hectare 0.8-2.5 litres per 100m2

Product Characteristics Pack size:

5 & 10 litre bottle

Packs per outer:

4 x 5 litres, 2 x 10 litres

Pack coverage: 5 litre = 0.83-3.85 hectare, 10 litre = 1.67-6.67 hectare

Recommended Period of Use Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie Use plant protection products safely. Always read the label and product information before use. Total Weed Control

117


AI. Contains 450g/litre glyphosate MAPP No. 12778 Not available in ROI Areas of Use: ✓ Industrial ✓ Amenity ✓ Forestry ✓ Aquatic

Highly concentrated non hazard glyphosate for rapid and long lasting control of difficult perennial weeds. Roundup ProBiactive 450 is a foliar applied herbicide for the control of emerged grass and broad-leaved weeds in industrial, amenity, aquatic and forestry situations. It is taken up by foliage and translocated to underground roots, rhizomes and stolons to achieve weed control. Roundup ProBiactive 450 is rapidly absorbed by soil particles and is quickly degraded by micro-organisms present in the soil and aquatic bottom sediments.

Roundup ProBiactive 450

Benefits

Concentrated formulation for low application rate Powerful surfactant for outstanding performance Quick and long-lasting control of difficult perennial weeds Rainfast in 1-4 hours

118


Directions For Use Directions For Use • Avoid spray drift.

• A period without rain of 6 hours is recommended but gives excellent results on annuals and Couch in 1 hour and 4 hours on perennial weeds.

• Use as directed to weeds which are actively growing, with enough leaf cover to absorb the product.

• Weeds are less susceptible when growth is restricted by natural senescence or by factors, such as drought or waterlogging.

Controls heavyweight weeds

• For aquatic, forestry, weed wipe, injection and stump application always refer to the product label or contact your Everris Technical Representative.

• Avoid applications during frosty, waterlogged, hot or drought conditions.

• Mix with TurfMark Extra spray pattern indicator to aid spraying, to condition water and minimise spray drift.

• For use on natural surfaces not intended to bear vegetation, permeable surfaces overlying soil and hard surfaces. Bramble

Hogweed

• FOR USE ONLY AS A HORTICULTURAL/AGRICULTURAL/ INDUSTRIAL HERBICIDE. Total Weed Control

Application Rate: Bindweed

Japanese Knotweed

Cow Parsley

Crops/situations

Maximum individual dose

Natural surfaces not intended to bear vegetation; permeable surfaces overlaying soil; hard surfaces

4.0 litres per hectare

Enclosed waters; open waters; land immediately adjacent to aquatic areas

4.8 litres per hectare

Forest

Forest nursery Weed control

8.0 litres per hectare

Stump application

160ml per litre water (16% solution of product in water)

Chemical thinning (by injection)

1.6ml per 10cm diameter (or less) of tree

White Bryony

Amenity vegetation

4.0 litres per hectare

All edible crops; all non-edible crops (destruction before sowing or planting)

4.0 litres per hectare

Product Characteristics Pack size: Packs per outer: Pack coverage:

5 litre bottle 4 x 5 litres 0.63-1.25 hectares

Recommended Period of Use Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie Use plant protection products safely. Always read the label and product information before use.

119


AI. Contains 360g/litre glyphosate MAPP No. 10330 Not available in ROI Areas of Use: ✓ Industrial ✓ Amenity ✓ Forestry ✓ Aquatic

Premium non-hazard glyphosate formulation for efficient and reliable weed control. Roundup Pro Biactive herbicide is an advanced glyphosate formulation that is quickly taken up by foliage and then translocated through the plant to provide control of both annual and perennial grasses and broad leaved weeds. Roundup Pro Biactive is quickly degraded by micro-organisms present in the soil and aquatic bottom sediments. Having no hazard classification it offers a high standard of operator and environmental safety.

Roundup Pro Biactive

Benefits

Biactive formulation achieves rapid uptake and translocation Non Hazard formulation Rainfast in 3-4 hours

Application Rate: Crop/Situation

Maximum individual dose

Land not intended to bear crops

5 litres per hectare

Aquatic weed control

6 litres per hectare

Forestry: weed control

10 litres per hectare

Chemical thinning

2ml per 10cm diameter (or less) of tree

Stump application

20% solution of product in water (200ml per litre)

Knapsack

1-3 parts Roundup Pro Biactive 360 in 50 parts water

Product Characteristics Pack size: Packs per outer: Pack coverage:

5 litre bottle 4 x 5 litre 0.5-1.0 hectare

Recommended Period of Use Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie Use plant protection products safely. Always read the label and product information before use.

120

Oct

Nov

Dec


AI. Contains 360g/litre glyphosate MAPP No. 15227 Not available in ROI Areas of Use: ✓ Horticultural ✓ Industrial ✓ Amenity ✓ Forestry

Cost effective glyphosate formulation for control of emerged weeds in amenity, industrial, forestry and hard surfaces.

It is ideal for clearing weed-covered ground prior to planting or sowing, and for total weed control on industrial sites. It may also be used as a directed spray in ornamental plantings and in forestry for site preparation and post-planting treatments.

Monsanto Amenity Glyphosate

Benefits

Cost effective treatment of many emergent weeds Fully formulated with original Roundup surfactant Rainfast in 6 hours

Total Weed Control

Monsanto Amenity Glyphosate is an aqueous solution recommended for the control of annual and perennial grasses and broad-leaved weeds in non-crop areas such as roadsides, paths and hard surfaces and along fences and walls. Application Rate: Crop/situation

Maximum individual dose

Land not intended to bear crops

5 litres/hectare

Forestry: Weed control 10 litres/hectare Chemical thinning

2ml per 10cm diameter (or less) of tree

Stump application

20% solution of product in water (200ml/litre)

Water volume: 80-250 litres per hectare

Product Characteristics Pack size : Packs per outer: Pack coverage:

5 litres 4 x 5 litres 0.5-1.0 hectare

Recommended Period of Use Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie Use plant protection products safely. Always read the label and product information before use.

121


AI. Contains 250g/litre glyphosate and 40g/litre diflufenican MAPP No. 16118 Not available in ROI Areas of Use: â&#x153;&#x201C; Industrial â&#x153;&#x201C; Amenity

Pre and post-emergent non-selective herbicide for the control of annual and perennial weeds.

How it works Glyphosate circulates throughout the entire plant causing rapid knockdown and kill of foliage and roots.

ProShield contains two potent active ingredients to deliver fast and effective weed control. It contains glyphosate to control seedlings and established weeds and diflufenican (DFE) for pre-emergent prevention of further weed germination. These two active ingredients work together to deliver faster, more effective and more long-lasting weed control than a straight glyphosate application.

ProShield Benefits Rapid kill then barrier prevention against germination for up to 6 months Rainfast within 1 hour For use on gravel and soft surfaces Diflufenican adheres to the soil surface to form a chemical barrier preventing further weed seed germination.

122


Tree safety ProShield can be used around mature street trees. It remains near the surface of the soil, and there is little or no lateral movement. ProShield does not, therefore, come into contact with the trees’ roots.

Operator safety ProShield is classified as Non-Hazard and Non-Irritant to the operator under Chip 3 and COSHH regulations. It is a water-based, non-solvent formulation.

Directions For Use • For use on gravel and soft surfaces. • One application kills weeds rapidly, then barrier action prevents germination for up to 6 months.

• Rainfast within 1 hour. • The product is applied post-emergence to control a wide range of annual and perennial broad-leaved weeds and grasses on porous surfaces on land not intended to bear vegetation.

• Applications should not be made to plants growing under stress conditions, such as drought or water-logging, as reduced levels of control may result. Total Weed Control

• Do not spray in windy weather. • Do not add any wetting agent or adjuvant oil as this may result in reduced activity.

• FOR USE ONLY AS A HORTICULTURAL/INDUSTRIAL HERBICIDE.

Application Rate: Maximum individual dose: 4.5 litres per hectare 45ml per 100m2 Water volume: 200-400 litres per hectare 2-4 litres per 100m2 Maximum number of treatments: 1 per annum (at latest by end September)

Product Characteristics Pack size:

5 litre bottle

Packs per outer:

4 x 5 litre

Pack coverage:

1.1 hectare

Recommended Period of Use Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie Use plant protection products safely. Always read the label and product information before use.

123


AI. Contains 300mg granular glyphosate MAPP No. 14741 Not available in ROI Areas of Use: â&#x153;&#x201C; Industrial â&#x153;&#x201C; Forestry

Treatment for tree stumps to minimise root and stump sprouting. Ecoplug Max is an effective treatment for tree stumps to control unwanted re-growth. Each plug contains granular glyphosate to kill the whole root system of targeted trees with no effect on surrounding trees. The plugs are inserted into the stump via drill holes. This revolutionary product is highly effective and delivers 95-100% control of treated cut stumps.

Ecoplug Max Benefits

Ecoplug Max and the environment Ecoplug Max application supports the requirements of the Sustainable Use Directive to minimise the use of pesticides and the Water Framework Directive to prevent contamination of waterways with pesticides The unique plug design reduces the risk of chemical spillage, and the application method reduces the risk of chemicals getting into water or potential overdosing. Ecoplug Max contains glyphosate which degrades into natural compounds.

95-100% efficacy on treated stumps, preventing regrowth 100% selective with no effect on surrounding trees or vegetation Reduces the interval between clearing by 50-100% Product Characteristics Pack size:

Pack contains 100 x 300mg plugs

Recommended Period of Use Jan

124

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec


• Cut the tree as close to the ground as possible. • For optimum results treat within 2 days of cutting, however, stumps can be treated up to 1 month of felling, but translocation of active ingredient may be slower.

• Measure the diameter of the cut face, and calculate how many plugs to use from the Application rate table.

• Drill a hole in the stump, the hole should be 25-30mm deep

Application Rate: Stump diameter in cm

Number of Ecoplug’s

Group 1 Alder, Aspen, Beech, Birch, Elm, Lime, Maple, Mountain Ash, Willow

3-6cm 6-10cm 10-14cm 14-18cm >20cm

1 2 3 4 6-8cm between plug’s

Each buttress root

1

Group 2 Ash, Cherry, Bird Cherry, Oak

3-6cm 6-10cm 10-14cm 14-18cm >20cm

2 3 4 6 5-6cm between plugs

Each buttress root

2

3-6cm 6-10cm 10-14cm 14-18cm >20cm

2 4 6 8 3-4cm between plugs

Each buttress root

2

and 13mm wide using an adapted drill to control the depth.

• Space the holes no more than 6-8cm apart around the entire circumference of the stump.

• Drill as close to the bark as possible because the tree’s transport system is directly adjacent to the bark.

• Insert Ecoplug Max plugs into each hole with

Total Weed Control

Directions For Use

Group 3 Poplar, Rhododendron, Elder, Tree of Heaven

the thicker end protruding outwards.

• Using a hammer, drive the Ecoplug Max plug in completely so that its head seals the drilled hole causing the plug to release the herbicide.

• For best results, stump treatment should be done

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie Use plant protection products safely. Always read the label and product information before use.

not more than 2 days after felling.

• Do not use for any other purpose than treatment of freshly cut tree stumps.

• FOR USE ONLY AS AN INDUSTRIAL/FORESTRY HERBICIDE.

125


Speciality Products

Our Speciality Products are designed to help you manage areas of water and also apply your spray treatments as effectively as possible.

126


Speciality Products

Speciality Products Index speciality products Area of use

Type

Page

ProCrystal

Bacterial algae control for ponds and lakes

p128

Black Onyx WSF

Water Colourant for ponds and lakes

p130

Turf Mark Extra

Spray pattern indicator dye

p131

127


AI. Inert powder inoculated by 6 strains of class 1 bacteria

Areas of Use: â&#x153;&#x201C; Lakes â&#x153;&#x201C; Ponds

Eco-friendly algae control in slow moving or stagnant water. ProCrystal is designed to control swimming or floating unicellular and filamentous algae found in ponds or stagnant expanses of water.

Mode of Action

These algae develop in nutrient-rich waters and are the main cause of oxygen depletion of the water following their decay. Apart from the aesthetic unpleasantness caused, they create a physical obstacle to activities such as irrigation, water sports, fishing or fish farming.

It is preferable to apply ProCrystal when the algae start to develop or when conditions are suitable for their proliferation, generally from spring to the end of summer, and even early autumn.

ProCrystal Benefits Improves the clarity of water within days Restores the natural balance of the target environment Available in hydrosoluble single-dose sachets for ease of application

128

ProCrystal very quickly consumes and degrades the excess Nitrogen (nitrates and ammoniacal Nitrogen) and Phosphates that algae feed on to develop. The algae die swiftly after treatment by being deprived of the nourishment essential to their development.

Treatment period:

Conditions for use: Once applied, ProCrystal rapidly spreads throughout the volume of water being treated. Continue the applications to maintain water clarity throughout the desired period and when conducive to infestation.

Dose & Application: ProCrystal is used by distributing the unopened sachets uniformly on the surface of the water. It may be applied from the riverside or from a boat. The sachets should be thrown directly onto the surface of the water requiring treatment.


Scatter the water soluble sachets uniformly over target area

Application Rate: 0 days after treatment with ProCrystal

Depth

< 1m

> 1m

Application

Frequency

Dose per 100m2

Initial application*

Every 30 days

300g

Maintenance application**

Every 30-60 days

120g

Initial application*

Every 30 days

500g

Maintenance application**

Every 30-60 days

200g

Speciality Products

*Continue applications until desired results are achieved. **Continue applications to maintain desired appearance of water system throughout the growing season.

Product Characteristics 5 days after treatment with ProCrystal

Pack size: 454g water-soluble sachets Packs per outer: 9 sachets in 1 bucket Pack coverage: Variable

Recommended Period of Use Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

â&#x20AC;˘ R  educe the potential risk of nutrients entering the water through the use of slow release and controlled release fertilizers 14-21 days after treatment with ProCrystal

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie

129


Areas of Use: ✓ Lakes ✓ Ponds

Black water colourant for lakes and ponds. Black Onyx WSP is water colourant that helps create the natural look of black water in lakes and ponds. It is a blend of non-toxic pigments that also creates an environment that is unfavourable for algae formation by reflecting ultra violet light. Black Onyx has been extensively tested and is safe to use in the environment. It is non-toxic to humans, wild fauna, water fowl, fish and aquatic organisms. Water treated with the product may be used for irrigation to turf areas and will not harm or stain the turf.

Direction For Use • This product should not be applied to streams, rivers, outflows or water not completely controlled by the user.

Application Rate: Dose rate: 5 water soluble packets per hectare

Product Characteristics

Black Onyx WSP Benefits

Pack size:

16 water soluble packets

Creates an unfavourable environment for algae formation Instantly transforms pale water into a mirror-effect black colour Non-toxic and environmentally safe

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie

130


Areas of Use: â&#x153;&#x201C; Managed Amenity Turf â&#x153;&#x201C; Amenity Grassland

Spray pattern indicator dye for use with herbicides, fungicides and liquid fertilizers. Speciality Products

Turf Mark Extra is a blue spray pattern indicator dye with water conditioner and anti-drift agent to assist turf managers with spray applications. It can be used with all standard spray equipment including walkover and knapsack sprayers. It dissolves quickly and easily in the spray tank, there is no residue likely to block nozzles. Turf Mark Extra is a temporary colourant, disappearing in 1-2 days irrespective of the weather, and will not permanently stain hands, clothing or equipment.

Turf Mark Extra Benefits Clearly indicates treated areas as well as leaks in spray equipment

Application Rate:

Water conditioner and anti-drift agent

Product Characteristics

Advanced formulation with ultra low stain Can be used with any type of spray equipment

Dose rate: 250-500ml litres in 200 litres of water

Pack size: 10 litre bottle Packs per outer: 1 x 10 litre bottle Pack coverage: One bottle will make up to 8,000 litres of solution

Recommended Period of Use Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie 131


Integrated Turf Management

132


iTurf Solutions iTurf Index Problem

PAGE

Problem

PAGE

p136

COLD MANAGEMENT

p150

dOLLAR SPOT

p137

DEW DISPERSAL

p151

lEAF SPOT

p138

DROUGHT MANAGEMENT

p152

mICRODOCHIUM PATCH

p139

ETIOLATED TILLER SYNDROME

p153

pYTHIUM BLIGHT

p140

GREEN SPEED

p155

rED THREAD

p141

MOSS

p156

TAKE-ALL PATCH

p142

NUTRITION - GREENS

p157

FAIRY RINGS

p143

OVERSEEDING

p158

CHAFER GRUBS

p144

SALT AFFECTED SOILS

p159

EARTHWORMS

p145

SHADE

p160

LEATHERJACKETS

p146

THATCH

p161

ALGAE

p148

WATERLOGGING

p162

BLACK LAYER

p149

WEAR TOLERANCE

p163

iTurf Solutions

ANTHRACNOSE

133


Everris believe that the best turf is created by taking a responsible and well-rounded approach. We know that good turf maintenance requires consideration, understanding and planning.

Adapt to the weather

Nurture the turf

Manage the soil

Realise the challenges

134


Our research demonstrates the benefits of combining treatments and this is something we need to adopt. iTurf is the name we give to integrated turf management.

Performance through understanding

Set the balance

Appreciate the environment

Play the game iTurf Solutions

Successful turf maintenance requires you to balance soil management and turf health with the challenges posed by the wider environment. To be successful you will need to integrate all the elements of your turf maintenance programme together for optimum results. At Everris our aim is to help you focus your plan properly. With our range of products we want you to reduce inputs but still maintain a strong balance. Our technical staff are all experienced turf professionals who are able to help you. iTurf is the name we give to helpful advice.

If we are to produce turf that performs well throughout the year then we need to be forward-thinking. We need to work to prevent deterioration rather than reacting to it. Our staff can help you assess the situation and will make recommendations to help you keep ahead of the game. This will involve course walks, discussions, sample testing, consideration and reporting. iTurf is the name we give to integrated turf management advice and support.

TIPs are â&#x20AC;˘ Simple tips to help you put your plan together

135


Solutions

Anthracnose Problem • Anthracnose attacks grass plants (normally only Poa Annua) when they are under environmental stress. • Disease triggered by low nutrition and compaction leading to reduced turf vigour. • Once disease reaches the basal rot stage fungicides are no longer effective for control of disease but should be applied to prevent further attack.

iTurf Solutions 1. Turf should have sufficient nutritional input coming into the end of the growing season. 2. Using a slow release fertilizer late in the season ensures that adequate nutrition is in the soil to promote a healthy turf.

Product type

Why

Everris solution

Quality fertilizer

Promotes healthy turf. Plant more resilient to disease attack.

Greenmaster Pro-Lite SierraformGT Greenmaster Liquid

Slow release fertilizer

For spoon feeding over a prolonged period.

SierraformGT

Penetrant wetting agents

Use H2Pro to ensure good water movement from the surface.

H2Pro Maximise

Approved fungicide

Controls disease.

Heritage Maxx Banner Maxx Instrata Medallion TL

Plant Growth Regulator

Strengthen plant and pre-stress condition plant.

Primo Maxx

3. Avoid low heights of cut. 4. Minimise mechanical cultivation during periods of stress. 5. Aerate to relieve compaction and improve oxygen levels. 6. Minimise Poa Annua population in sward. 7. Over-seed with less susceptible varieties. 8. Irrigate in the morning to minimise long periods of leaf wetness over night. 9. Use penetrant wetting agents to move water through the soil profile and to keep the surface dry. 10. Use fungicides as part of an IPM programme and be aware of causing resistance to one chemical group by its regular use.

For solutions and treatments of Anthracnose, please visit the dedicated solution pages at www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie 136

USE PLANT PROECTION PRODUCTS SAFELY. ALWAYS READ THE LABEL AND PRODUCT INFORMATION BEFORE USE


Dollar Spot Problem • Fescue (Festuca) is perceived to be the most susceptible. • Spots 25-50mm in diameter; distinct straw coloured sunken spots; leaf lesions have a bleached white centre and reddish brown borders, some mycelial growth may be visible in early morning. • Disease triggered by: prolonged periods of leaf wetness, moderately dry soil, humid with temperatures of 21-26°C; morning dews; low to deficient Nitrogen (N) fertility, excessive thatch, frequent mowing.

Why

Everris solution

Penetrant wetting agents

Reduce periods of leaf wetness.

H2Pro Maximise

Water conserving wetting agents

To ensure uniform wetting of the soil profile.

H2Pro Conserve

Quality fertilizers

To encourage a healthy sward.

Select from Everris Range

Nitrogen containing fertilizers

Can help to prevent disease and to aid recovery.

Carbohydrate + seaweed bio stimulant

To encourage microbial activity and therefore the breakdown of thatch.

Vitalnova Blade

Approved fungicides.

To prevent or cure disease outbreaks.

Banner Maxx Instrata or registered product for this use

1. Reduce periods of leaf wetness. 2. Maintain balanced nutritional inputs to prevent and aid recovery. 3. Aerate to ensure that rootzone is not compacted. 4. Manage thatch levels in a programmed approach. 5. Box-off cuttings from affected areas if possible. 6. Use fungicides as part of an IPM programme and be aware of causing resistance to one chemical group by its regular use.

iTurf Solutions

iTurf Solutions

Product type

Greenmaster Pro-Lite 14-5-10 SierraformGT 22-5-11 Greenmaster Liquid 25-0-0

USE PLANT PROECTION PRODUCTS SAFELY. ALWAYS READ THE LABEL AND PRODUCT INFORMATION BEFORE USE

For solutions and treatments of Dollar Spot, please visit the dedicated solution pages at www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie 137


Solutions

Leaf Spot/Melting Out Problem • Occurs during warmer seasons, high humidity, drought conditions, wet foliage, high shade levels, conditions typical of a stadium environment. • Moves across the surface on water film. • Mainly prevalent on Lolium Spp, but can also be found on Festuca Spp and Agrostis Spp. • Leaf Spot phase does not usually damage plants significantly. • Crown infected plants turn yellow and die as temperatures increase; this is referred to as the melting-out phase of the disease.

iTurf Solutions

Product type

Why

Everris solution

Penetrant wetting agent

Remove surface moisture.

H2Pro Maximise

Controlled release fertilizers

Ensures turf is never starved of nutrient and therefore can create conditions whereby Leaf Spot is less likely to occur and also recover from the disease

Sierrablen, SierrablenPlus, Sportsmaster CRF, Sportsmaaster CRF Mini, ProTurf

Approved fungicide

Control disease.

Heritage Maxx Medallion TL

1. Minimise surface wetness. 2. Increase airflow. 3. Balanced nutrition promotes harder turf more resistant to disease attack. 4. Remove excess thatch in an integrated programme. 5. Use resistant cultivars. 6. Raise the height of cut to avoid stress if less than 50mm. 7. Use fungicides as part of an IPM programme and be aware of causing resistance to one chemical group by its regular use.

For solutions and treatments of Leaf Spot, please visit the dedicated solution pages at www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie 138

USE PLANT PROECTION PRODUCTS SAFELY. ALWAYS READ THE LABEL AND PRODUCT INFORMATION BEFORE USE


Microdochium Patch (formerly known as Fusarium Patch)

Problem • Circular patches up to 300mm in diameter. • Leaves become water soaked, turn reddish-brown and then bleach. • Pink mycelia may be visible in early morning. • Develops under various conditions: wet, humid, cool (0-15°C); high Nitrogen (N) fertility in autumn and excessive thatch.

Why

Everris solution

Approved fungicide

Control disease.

Heritage Maxx Banner Maxx Instrata Medallion TL

Acidifying fertilizer

Reducing soil surface pH will make conditions less favourable for pathogen.

Greenmaster Pro-Lite Greenmaster Liquid SierraformGT

Penetrant wetting agent

Reduced surface moisture.

H2Pro Maximise

Long lasting liquid iron

Reducing soil surface pH will make conditions less favourable for pathogen.

Greenmaster Liquid Effect Iron FE

iTurf Solutions 1. Do not apply excessive amounts of Nitrogen during high-risk periods susceptible to disease attack. 2. In autumn use fertilizers with a high K to low N ratio. 3. Spoon feeding Nitrogen (either through liquids or slow release fertilizers) will avoid soft growth. 4. Control excessive thatch through programmed approach. 5. Avoid surface moisture. 6. Increase aeration. 7. Increase airflow. 8. Use acidifying fertilizers. 9. Use fungicides as part of an IPM programme and be aware of causing resistance to one chemical group by its regular use.

iTurf Solutions

Product type

USE PLANT PROECTION PRODUCTS SAFELY. ALWAYS READ THE LABEL AND PRODUCT INFORMATION BEFORE USE

For solutions and treatments of Microdochium Patch, please visit the dedicated solution pages at www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie 139


Solutions

Pythium Blight Problem • Primarily affects cool season grasses. • Common in hot summer weather (29-35°C) with little air movement and high relative humidity. Can occur at lower temperatures (20°C) when other environmental factors are suitable. • Water logged, poorly drained turf is particularly susceptible. • In warmer climates can also attack Bermuda grasses. • Lush over fertilized turf susceptible to attack. • The disease spreads rapidly and can destroy large areas overnight. • First appears as rough circular patches from a few centimetres up to 15cm in diameter. • Grass plants within affected area look dark, slimy, greasy and often mat together. • May be covered in white mycelium. • The infection can look streaked as it follows channels of natural drainage and paths of mowing equipment.

Product type

Why

Everris solution

Slow or controlled release fertilizers

Avoid excessive nutrition that can encourage Pythium Blight.

SierraformGT, Sierrablen, SierrablenPlus, Sportsmaster CRF, Sportsmaster CRF Mini, ProTurf

Penetrant wetting agent

Encourage movement of excess soil surface moisture down the soil profile.

H2Pro Maximise

Porous top dressing material

The porous material helps to maintain appropriate soil moisture to reduce disease pressure risk.

Greenmaster Topdress Z

iTurf Solutions 1. Avoid water-logging of the soil. 2. Use irrigation appropriately to avoid excess soil moisture. 3. Regular aeration to develop good soil structure. 4. Use a top dressing programme. 5. Avoid excess nutrition. 6. Reduce thatch.

For solutions and treatments of Pythium Blight, please visit the dedicated solution pages at www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie 140


Red Thread Problem • Red Thread occurs mostly on turf where there is a low soil Nitrogen level. • However, there are cases of nutrient independent Red Thread attacks. • Light brown spots can be seen on turf, which have a reddish appearance. • Red mycelial growth extends out from lesions in leaf. • Compacted soils or conditions where poor rooting is likely, can increase disease occurrence.

Why

Everris solution

Controlled release fertilizers

Ensures turf is never starved of nutrient and therefore can create conditions whereby Red Thread is less likely to occur.

Sierrablen, SierrablenPlus, Sportsmaster CRF, Sportsmaster CRF Mini, ProTurf

Fertilizers

Ensure healthy turf growth with correct nutrition.

Select from Everris Range

iTurf Solutions 1. Red thread is an indicator of low nutrition, especially Nitrogen. 2. The first approach should be to prevent this situation arising by applying adequate Nitrogen fertilizer as part of a programmed approach. 3. Apply the correct fertilizer according to turf situation and height of cut.

iTurf Solutions

Product type

4. Aerate soil to encourage good root growth. 5. Select resistance grass cultivars. 6. Use fungicides as part of an IPM programme and be aware of causing resistance to one chemical group by its regular use.

For solutions and treatments of Red Thread, please visit the dedicated solution pages at www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie 141


Solutions

Take-All Patch Problem • Take-All Patch is most commonly found on newly constructed sand based greens. • Soils with low CEC, poor Nitrogen fertility and with a high pH (>6.5) are suitable conditions for Take-All Patch to take hold. • Take-All Patch primarily attacks Bent (Agrostis) grasses. • Circular patches/rings are created where the Agrostis species have been killed off allowing invasion of weeds species. • Over time, with correct management, Take-all decline is likely to occur due to build-up of natural antagonists whereby the diseases become less severe.

iTurf Solutions 1. Ensure good availability of nutrients in poor nutrient holding soils.

Product type

Why

Everris solution

Slow release fertilizers (NPK + trace elements)

Ensure maximum availability of nutrients in low nutrient holding soil.

SierraformGT

Manganese fertilizer

Manganese has been shown to be effective as part of an integrated approach.

SierraformGT: 16-0-16, 22-5-11, 18-6-18, 19-0-19, 6-0-27; STEP Hi-Mag, Greenmaster Liquid range (except Effect Iron FE)

Acidifying fertilizers

Lower soil surface pH.

SierraformGT, Greenmaster Pro-Lite, Greenmaster Liquid

Carbohydrate + seaweed biostimulant

Build soil biological activity including mycorrhizas and bacterial nutrient cycling.

Vitalnova Blade

Approved fungicide

Use fungicide as part of an integrated programme.

Heritage Maxx

2. Try to reduce pH of soil so that conditions are less favourable to pathogen. 3. Increase biological activity in the new sand environment so that there are more natural antagonists to the pathogen. 4. Manganese (Mn) has been shown to be effective as part of an integrated approach. 5. Check water quality for pH and nutrient levels. 6. Use acidifying fertilizers. 7. Avoid organic fertilizer, which tend to increase pH. 8. Avoid Potassium nitrate, which increases soil surface pH. 9. Check topdressing pH. 10. Use fungicides as part of an IPM programme and be aware of causing resistance to one chemical group by its regular use.

For solutions and treatments of Take-All Patch, please visit the dedicated solution pages at www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie 142

USE PLANT PROECTION PRODUCTS SAFELY. ALWAYS READ THE LABEL AND PRODUCT INFORMATION BEFORE USE


Fairy Rings Problem • Although it is not always necessary or appropriate to control Fairy Rings, they can be particularly troublesome on many different turf types. • Decayed organic matter and high levels of thatch can favour disease development.

• The 3 main types of Fairy Ring:

* Type 1: Marasmius oreades - ring of dead turf bordered by stimulated turf growth. Causes turf death by soil water repellence and/or toxic substances

* T ype 2: Agaricus & Lycoperdon spp - stimulated grass growth with no fungal bodies. Rarely causes excessive damage to turf

* Type 3: Hygrophorus & Psilocybe spp - no affect on turf grass except when fruiting bodies are present (normally in autumn).

• Usually caused by infrequent watering and fertilizer regimes. • The rings of stimulated grass growth are the result of Nitrogen released in the soil by the Fairy Ring activity underground breaking down organic matter to release ammonia.

iTurf Solutions 1. Try to minimise those conditions which favour disease development.

iTurf Solutions

• The ammonia is processed by soil micro-organism into nitrates.

Product type

Why

Everris solution

Wetting agent

To alleviate hydrophobic conditions caused by the fungus.

H2Pro Conserve H2Pro Maximise

Quality liquid or water soluble fertilizer

Used to quickly mask the symptoms.

Greenmaster Liquid, Sportsmaster WSF Vitalnova Blade

Approved fungicide

To control disease.

Heritage Maxx or registered product for this use

2. Control thatch in a programmed approach. 3. Apply wetting agents that have a penetrant activity and will help to move water through the hydrophobic layer to help cure the symptoms of the disease. 4. Wetting agents should be used in combination with deep aeration. 5. To prevent spreading pathogen use solid rather than hollow tines. 6. If required, Nitrogen fertilizers can be used to mask the visual symptoms of light and dark green rings. 7. Use fungicides as part of an IPM programme and be aware of causing resistance to one chemical group by its regular use.

USE PLANT PROECTION PRODUCTS SAFELY. ALWAYS READ THE LABEL AND PRODUCT INFORMATION BEFORE USE

For solutions and treatments of Fairy Rings, please visit the dedicated solution pages at www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie 143


Solutions

Chafer Grubs Problem • Adult chafers are medium- sized reddish brown beetles about 13-15mm long. • The grub stage is most likely to be found in turf. • The adult Chafer will lay its eggs around June July where they hatch and start feeding on the roots of the grass from July to late September. • From November onwards they burrow deep into the ground and lay dormant under the soil before moving to the surface in the spring when they emerge as beetles. • Damage is most evident in August and September (grub stage). • Early symptoms include gradual thinning, yellowing and weakening of the grass followed by scattered, irregular dead patches. • As damage continues the dead patches may increase in size and the turf starts to wilt.

Product type

Why

Everris solution

Biological nematode product

To control the grubs when they are young and close to the soil surface.

Nemasys G

iTurf Solutions 1. Keep a look out for grub activity in August-September. 2. Monitor the turf in the autumn for increased bird activity and secondary damage.

For solutions and treatments of Chafer Grubs, please visit the dedicated solution pages at www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie 144


Earthworms Problem • Earthworms have an important role in helping to aerate soils, reducing compaction, improving water penetration and infiltration rates, processing organic matter and reducing thatch. • Earthworms come to the surface under moist soil conditions (e.g. in late autumn and winter) and retreat downward in dry weather. • However, some species of earthworms leave casts on the turf surface and this has many negative effects:

* Aesthetics

* Uneven surface levels

* Weed invasion more likely as casts may bring dormant weed seed to the surface or by wind blown seeds landing on casts and geminating.

* Mole activity increase in proportion to worm populations.

Why

Everris solution

Acidifying fertilizer

Reducing soil surface pH will discourage earthworms from surfacing and producing casts.

Greenmaster Pro-Lite

Acidifying fertilizer with slow release

Reducing soil surface pH will discourage earthworms from surfacing and producing casts, while the slow release nutrition will minimise excessive top growth and hence reduce potential food source for worms.

SierraformGT

Penetrant wetting agent

Encourage water movement away from surface down through the soil profile making surface less appealing to earthworms.

H2Pro Maximise

Carbohydrate and seaweed biostimulant

Encourage biological recycling of soil nutrients by stimulation of soil bacteria.

Vitalnova Blade

Plant Growth Regulator

Minimise clipping return by up to 50% and reduce food source for earthworms.

Primo Maxx

iTurf Solutions 1. Reduce thatch in programmed approach to minimise food source for earthworms. 2. Minimal use of organic amendments. 3. Lower soil surface pH to discourage earthworm activity by using acidifying fertilizers. 4. Encourage drier surfaces through aeration and verticutting etc. 5. Minimise amount of clippings returned to soil (organic material) by the use of slow release fertilizers and/or Plant Growth Regulators. 6. Using a wetting agent with strong penetrant activity will ensure that moisture moves from the surface and down the soil profile making surface casting less likely.

For solutions and treatments of Earthworms, please visit the dedicated solution pages at www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie

iTurf Solutions

Product type

USE PLANT PROECTION PRODUCTS SAFELY. ALWAYS READ THE LABEL AND PRODUCT INFORMATION BEFORE USE

145


Solutions

Leatherjackets Problem • The adult Crane Fly has long legs with a body about 25mm long. • Commonly active in the late summer to autumn period with each female laying 200300 eggs. • The egg hatch into larvae, called a Leatherjacket, in about 14 days and remain in the soil for about 9 months before pupating into next season’s Crane Fly. • The Leatherjacket exists in the soil from the autumn to the following spring on the turf and roots, biting off stems at or just below ground level resulting in the turf dying back often in clumps. • Damage generally becomes noticeable during the spring caused by the feeding that occurred the previous autumn and winter. • Secondary damage from birds, badgers, foxes, moles and other small mammals searching and pecking for larvae can rip up the turf.

iTurf Solutions 1. Keep a look out for Crane Fly activity throughout the summer. 2. Monitor the turf in the autumn for larvae activity and secondary damage.

For solutions and treatments of Leatherjackets, please visit the dedicated solution pages at www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie 146

Product type

Why

Everris solution

Biological nematode product

To provide control of larvae when they are small and more susceptible

Nemasys J


iTurf Solutions

147


Solutions

Algae Problem • Algae is normally found in cool, shady moist conditions. • Many species are capable of fixing atmospheric Nitrogen. • Turf with poor density is susceptible to algae infestation. • Causes of poor density could be under fertilization, overwatering, scalping from mowing and shady conditions. • Algae damages turf in terms of aesthetics, competition, and via its mucilage excretions that seal surface which then leads to reduced infiltration and decreased atmospheric gas exchange.

Product type

Why

Everris solution

Slow or controlled release fertilizer

Promote balanced growth to create conditions less likely for Algae growth.

SierrafromGT, Sierrablen, SierrablenPlus, Sportsmaster CRF, Sportsmaster CRF Mini, ProTurf

Penetrant wetting agent

This will move water away from the surface creating drier surface conditions less suitable for algae growth.

H2Pro Maximise

Ferrous sulphate containing fertilizer

Lowering surface pH create conditions less favourable for algae growth.

Greenmaster Pro-Lite 6-5-10+6Fe

iTurf Solutions 1. The first strategy should be to create an environment, which is not naturally suitable for the growth of algae. 2. Increase airflow and light. 3. Increase water movement and infiltration. 4. Adjust irrigation practices to allow the surface to dry out. 5. Using wetting agents with a good penetrant activity will help to remove surface moisture. 6. Raise mowing height where possible to allow turf to out compete algae. 7. Ensure turf is healthy via good nutritional programme so that is has a competitive advantage. 8. Use fertilizers containing ferrous sulphate will act directly upon the algae. 9. Control thatch in a programmed approach. 10. Regular aeration. 11. Once environmental conditions have been adjusted then use an approved Plant Protection Product.

For solutions and treatments of Algae, please visit the dedicated solution pages at www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie 148

USE PLANT PROECTION PRODUCTS SAFELY. ALWAYS READ THE LABEL AND PRODUCT INFORMATION BEFORE USE


Black Layer Problem • Black Layer can have serious consequences on turf health. • It is important to understand the causes of this problem and the methods used to control and prevent future occurrence. • Black Layer only occurs in anaerobic soil conditions. • It is caused by a physical condition of the soil. • If soil drainage is insufficient it is likely that anaerobic conditions will develop and encourage Black Layer. • Anaerobic bacteria produce Hydrogen sulphide gas, which has a characteristic ‘rotten egg’ smell. • Hydrogen sulphide is poisonous to grass plant roots. • Hydrogen sulphide reacts chemically with metal elements such as Iron (Fe), creating black deposits, which form layers within the soil.

1. To control Black Layer it is essential that you treat the cause of the problem and not just the symptoms.

Why

Everris solution

Liquid fertilizer applied as a foliar

Black Layer causes poor soil structural conditions so plant unable to take up soil based nutrition.

Greenmaster Liquid

Penetrant wetting agent

To improve water flow through the rootzone and to improve soil aeration.

H2Pro Maximise

High porosity topdressing material

Apply regularly as a topdressing or incorporate into rootzone during construction to optimise aerobic conditions.

Greenmaster Topdress Z

2. Use a good quality rootzone material. 3. Minimise layering in the soil profile through compatible top dressing and mechanical action. 4. Minimise thatch in a programmed approach. 5. Minimise compaction and soil panning. 6. Use penetrant wetting agent to improve water through the rootzone. 7. Sulphur does not cause Black Layer. Sulphur is an essential grass nutrient.

iTurf Solutions

iTurf Solutions

Product type

8. Potassium nitrate does not prevent ‘Black Layer’. Continued use of Potassium nitrate may cause soil de flocculation, which could increase the risk of ‘Black Layer’ (J.B. Beard). 9. Continue normal programme but ensure good cultural practices.

For solutions and treatments of Black Layer, please visit the dedicated solution pages at www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie 149


Solutions

Cold Management Problem • Temperature is an important factor in determining the growth rate of turf. In low temperatures, grass growth will slow and eventually become dormant; in very low temperatures the turf will be damaged. • Exposure to cold temperatures may cause water to freeze within the plant. Ice crystals may form in and around the cells and, in doing so, can cause physical damage to the plant cells.

• Water can also be pulled out of individual cells while ice crystals form around the cells. Plant cells will die from desiccation if enough water is lost. This form of freeze damage often occurs during periods of thaw or in late winter, and is commonly referred to as crown hydration injury. • Suffocation or anoxia can also damage turf that is encased in ice or is under some type of impermeable cover for an extended period. • Soil microbes and the plants under the ice cover utilize oxygen as they respire and anaerobic condition develops as the oxygen is depleted.

Product type

Why

Everris solution

Slow or Controlled release Nitrogen fertilizers

Encourage more balanced growth to maintain healthier turf in low temperature conditions. Slow release Methlyene urea (MU2) Nitrogen fertilizers and controlled release fertilizers (Poly-S and PACE) ensure that Nitrogen is not released in cold conditions.

SierraformGT, Sierrablen, SierrablenPlus, Sportsmaster CRF, Sportsmaster CRF Mini, ProTurf

Slow release Potassium fertilizers

Slow release Potassium fertilizer ensures Potassium is not leached out of rootzone in wet winter months.

SierraformGT

Carbohydrate and seaweed biostimulant

To supply a direct source of carbohydrates to the plant and to encourage a better root system.

Vitalnova Blade

Plant Growth Regulator

Reduce vertical growth to minimize etiolation so the plant can re-direct it energy resources for lateral growth.

Primo Maxx

Select cultivars that are tolerant to low temperatures to optimize performance in cold conditions.

Lolium perenne: Citation Fore, Marquez, Vantage, Inspire, Quicksilver Poa pratensis : Thermal Blue, Moonlight, Midnight Chewings fescue: Tiffany Festuca arundinacea: Greenkeeper WAF

iTurf Solutions 1. Raise cutting height in late summer to increase photosynthesis potential and ability to produce carbohydrates and develop an improved root system. 2. Minimize shade where possible to maximize carbohydrate production. Turf growing in shade also has higher moisture content and a reduced cell thickness. 3. Harden turf coming into winter by appropriate use of fertilizers. Use fertilizers with low Nitrogen: high Potassium ratios to harden turf. 4. Increase aeration / reduce compaction to encourage better rooting and to help diffuse toxic gas during winter months. 5. Improve surface drainage to minimize prolonged ice cover and freeze injury. 6. Irrigate sparingly in autumn to reduce plant hydration. This will allow plant to tolerate dehydration in cold winters. 7. Select cold tolerant grass species and cultivars.

For solutions and treatments of Chafer Grubs, please visit the dedicated solution pages at www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie 150

Cold tolerant grass species and cultivars

USE PLANT PROECTION PRODUCTS SAFELY. ALWAYS READ THE LABEL AND PRODUCT INFORMATION BEFORE USE


Dew Dispersal Problem • It is common practice in the maintenance of golf greens and other fine turf areas to remove the dew from the surface of the turf. • Dew dispersal can help reduce disease pressure when used in an integrated programme. • For many years this has usually been done mechanically e.g. by brushing, or by “switching” which is the movement of a fiberglass pole across the surface to knock down dew off the leaves. • Dew dispersal can also improve the green speed and performance of greens.

Why

Everris solution

Wetting agent with dew removal characteristics

Dew dispersal reduces leaf wetness and helps to dry out the soil surface which in turn makes the local environment less conducive for disease.

H2Pro Maximise

iTurf Solutions 1. As mechanical methods of dew dispersal are time consuming, alternatives based on chemical surfactants have been developed. 2. These dew dispersal products adhere onto the treated grass leaf and form a film of wetting agent across the surface. When dew tries to settle on the leaf, the wetting agent film stops it from sticking to the surface and the dew is rapidly shed away.

iTurf Solutions

Product type

3. There are a number of factors that affect the performance of dew dispersal materials. For best results the turf surface needs to be dry at the time of application, and mowing (which removes the treated leaf) needs to be infrequent. 4. Heavy rainfall also tends to wash dew dispersants off the leaf surface. 5. In ideal conditions, dew dispersals can give 3-4 weeks effectiveness from a single application. 6. However, in adverse conditions (wet grass when applied, heavy rainfall, frequent mowing) dew may be dispersed for a reduced period, typically 3-5 days.

For solutions and treatments of Dew Dispersal, please visit the dedicated solution pages at www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie 151


Solutions

Drought Management Problem â&#x20AC;˘ Water resources are very valuable and becoming scarcer. â&#x20AC;˘ Possibility of drought is increasing due to; access to quality water sources, cost of water, global warming and legislation.

iTurf Solutions 1. Maintain a good soil structure and composition. 2. Monitor water quality. 3. Maximise water absorbency in the soil.

Product type

Why

Everris solution

Wetting agents

Conserve water, make more water available, encourage deeper rooting.

H2Pro Conserve, H2Pro Maximise

Potassium fertilizers

Potassium (K) regulates water loss.

Greenmaster Pro-Lite 7-0-14 and 4-0-8

Slow release Nitrogen and Potassium fertilizers

Slow release N encourages harder growth and improved rooting. Slow release K ensures the plant is able to maintain water regulation over a longer period of time.

SiearraformGT: 6-0-27 and 15-0-26

Calcium fertilizers

Calcium helps to strengthen plant cell walls and helps to maintain plant vigour during drought periods.

Greenmaster Liquid; Ca-Booster

Low Salt Index fertilizers

Reducing salt input maximizes soil water available to turf.

All Everris fertilizers use low salt index nutrients

Low chlorine content fertilizers

Minimize Claccumulation in leaf tissues that can increase risk of scorch and desiccation.

Select from Everris Range

Plant growth regulator

Encourage greater root development.

Primo Maxx

Carbohydrate + seaweed biostimulant

Improve rooting prior to drought and aids turf recovery post stress.

Vitalnova Blade

Porous topdressing material

Open cage structure of Pro-Lite allows increased water holding in soil. Should

Greenmaster Liquid Effect Iron FE

4. Help turf regulate water uptake and losses. 5. Develop a good root system. 6. Maintain low salt levels in the soil. 7. Aeration programme to encourage deep rooting. 8. Topdress with appropriate material to avoid layering and avoid irregular water movement. 9. Avoid topdressing during periods of stress. 10. Use wetting agents to avoid hydrophobic conditions prior to the onset of drought. 11. Raise the height of cut where possible. 12. Use pedestrian operated instead of ride-on machinery. 13. Select drought resistant grass varieties.

For solutions and treatments of Drought Management, please visit the dedicated solution pages at www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie 152

USE PLANT PROECTION PRODUCTS SAFELY. ALWAYS READ THE LABEL AND PRODUCT INFORMATION BEFORE USE


Etiolated Tiller Syndrome (Mad Tiller, Ghost grass)

Problem • Grass shows rapid growth of stems. • Stems are chlorotic in appearance due to lack of the chlorophyll. • Problems are due to aesthetics, playability and extra cost of maintaining the turf through additional mowing. • A variety of species are affected, including; Lolium perenne, Poa annua, Agrostis stolonifera. • Frequently seen late summer to early autumn (warm temperatures followed by cold and wet conditions).

iTurf Solutions 2. Avoid excess application of conventional Nitrogen sources since ammonium N (NH4+) can restrict Magnesium uptake. 3. Spoon feed Nitrogen via foliar feeding or use slow or controlled release fertilizers to avoid antagonism of Magnesium uptake. 4. Spoon feed Potassium via foliar feeding or use slow or controlled release fertilizers to avoid antagonism of Magnesium uptake. 5. Use soil and/or tissue analysis to check for Magnesium deficiencies. 6. Apply Magnesium fertilizer to optimise chlorophyll production.

• Numerous fungi associated: Fusarium sp, Rhizoctonia solani sp, Dreschslera sp and Pythium sp. • Numerous bacterial species know to produce gibberellins in high concentrations that can cause etiolation. • Commonly seen on Magnesium deficient turf (heavy rain and ammonium (NH4) fertilizer inhibit Magnesium uptake).

Product type

Why

Everris solution

Foliar feed Nitrogen sources

Spoon feed Nitrogen via foliar feeding on a regular basis to avoid antagonism with Magnesium uptake.

Greenmaster Liquid and Sportsmaster WSF ranges

Foliar feed Magnesium sources

Spoon feed Magnesium directly into leaf to ensure correct plant nutrient levels.

Greenmaster Liquid High N 25-0-0

Fine turf micro granular fertilizer containing Magnesium

Supply adequate Magnesium to ensure optimal chlorophyll production.

Greenmaster Pro-Lite: 8-0-0; 4-0-8; 14-5-10; 14-0-10; 12-0-12; 6-5-11

Fine turf micro granular fertilizer containing slow release N and K nutrient sources

Spoon feed Nitrogen and Potassium with slow release fertilizers to avoid antagonism with Magnesium uptake.

SierraformGT range

Fine turf micro granular fertilizer containing Magnesium and including slow release N&K

Supply adequate Magnesium to ensure optimal chlorophyll production while at the same time avoiding Mg uptake antagonism by supplying N & K in slow release forms.

SierraformGT: 22-5-11; 18-6-18; 19-0-19 & 6-0-27

Controlled release N and K fertilizers

Spoon feed Nitrogen and Potassium with slow release fertilizers to avoid antagonism with Magnesium uptake.

Sierrablen, SierrablenPlus and Sportsmaster CRF ranges

Mini prill fertilizer containing Magnesium and controlled release N&K

Supply adequate Magnesium to ensure optimal chlorophyll production while at the same time avoiding Mg uptake antagonism by supplying N & K in controlled release forms over a 3 or 5 month period.

SierrablenPlus 3M: 19-5-18; 15-0-28 Sierrablen Plus 5M: 24-5-8; 18-5-18; 15-5-22

High Magnesium content granular fertilizer with full trace element package

Boost soil Magnesium levels and to re-address any imbalances in the soil Base Saturation to ensure more efficient uptake of nutrients.

STEP Hi-Mag

USE PLANT PROECTION PRODUCTS SAFELY. ALWAYS READ THE LABEL AND PRODUCT INFORMATION BEFORE USE

For solutions and treatments of Etiolated Tiller Syndrome, please visit the dedicated solution pages at www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie 153

iTurf Solutions

1. Ensure adequate nutrition, especially Magnesium.

• Similar symptoms as grass growing in low light conditions.


Adapt to the weather

Nurture the turf Manage the soil

Realise the challenges

Advice

Set the balance Appreciate the environment

Play the game

154


Solutions

Green Speed Problem • Fast greens are sometimes perceived to be good greens but this is not necessarily the case. • Trueness and consistency across all greens are more important than speed. • Average mowing heights in the summer months are between 3-5mm and slightly higher in the winter months. • Cutting the greens lower or rolling can increase green speed. However, in the long-term these practices can encourage undesirable coarse grass species such as Poa annua, moss and algae. • Green Speed is measured with a device known as a Stimpmeter.

Why

Everris solution

Slow release fertilizer

No flush of growth, low nutrient inputs and good balance between shoot and root growth.

SierraformGT

Liquid fertilizer

Spoon feeding low nutrient inputs creates harder turf growth and faster greens.

Greenmaster Liquid

Plant Growth Regulator

Minimise top growth and improve consistency between mowing will increase green speed.

Primo Maxx

Wetting agent (penetrant)

Product will move water away from surface ensuring it is firm and dry.

H2Pro Maximise

Calcium fertilizer

Calcium enhances cell strength and makes plant more rigid.

Greenmaster Liquid; Ca-Booster (9%CaO)

iTurf Solutions 1. Greens can be managed to produce firm, true putting surfaces without the need to cut them down to excessively low heights. Treatments include: light/frequent top dressing, regular verti-cutting treatments, balanced nutrient input. 2. Occasional light rolling can help to increase green speed without the need to lower the cutting heights (treatments should be used in conjunction with an appropriate aeration programme). 3. Use low Nitrogen inputs to harden turf growth. 4. Slow release nutrients will not give surge growth and will therefore improve green speed consistency between mowing. 5. Calcium fertilizers strengthen cell walls and improve green speed. 6. Use Plant Growth Regulators to increase green speed and improvement consistency during the day. 7. Double mowing especially prior to tournaments. 8. Irrigation should be kept to minimum required for healthy turf growth. 9. Remove surface dew.

For solutions and treatments of Green Speed, please visit the dedicated solution pages at www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie

iTurf Solutions

Product type

USE PLANT PROECTION PRODUCTS SAFELY. ALWAYS READ THE LABEL AND PRODUCT INFORMATION BEFORE USE

155


Solutions

Moss Problem • Mosses are normally found in cool, shady moist conditions. • Little soil is required by the moss for nutrient extraction. • Turf with poor density is susceptible to moss infestation. • Causes of poor density could be under fertilization, over-watering, scalping from mowing and shady conditions. • Moss damages turf in terms of performance, aesthetics, and competition, creating vulnerability to wear and allow conditions for weed invasion.

Product type

Why

Everris solution

Slow or Controlled release fertilizers

Encourage more balanced growth to maintain healthier turf able to out compete moss.

SierraformGT, Sierrablen, SierrablenPlus, Sportsmaster CRF, Sportsmaster CRF Mini.

Ferrous sulphate containing fertilizers

Ferrous sulphate kills moss via an acidification effect.

Greenmaster Pro-Lite 6-5-10 14-0-0

Penetrant wetting agent

This will move water away from the surface creating drier surface conditions less suitable for moss growth.

H2Pro Maximise

iTurf Solutions 1. The first strategy should be to create an environment, which is not naturally suitable for the growth of moss. 2. Increase airflow and light. 3. Increase water movement and infiltration, adjust irrigation practices to allow the surface to dry out. 4. Using wetting agents with a good penetrant activity will help to remove surface moisture. 5. Raise mowing height where possible to allow turf to out compete moss. 6. Ensure turf is healthy via good nutritional programme so that is has a competitive advantage over the moss. 7. Use fertilizers containing ferrous sulphate will act directly upon the moss. 8. Control thatch in a programmed approach. 9. Once environmental conditions have been adjusted then use an approved Plant Protection Product. 10. Physically remove dead moss through scarifying.

For solutions and treatments of Moss, please visit the dedicated solution pages at www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie 156

USE PLANT PROECTION PRODUCTS SAFELY. ALWAYS READ THE LABEL AND PRODUCT INFORMATION BEFORE USE


Nutrition - Greens Problem • The greens of a golf course are the single most important area of turf so their appearance and performance are critical. • The green should have a healthy appearance and be as uniform as possible across each individual green and from green to green. • The surface should be firm and the ball should run true when putting.

Why

Everris solution

iTurf Solutions

Micro granulated fertilizer

1. Use soil analysis results as a base for determining a nutrient programme.

To ensure even distribution of granules across the area and to avoid mower pick-up.

SierraformGT, Greenmaster Pro-Lite

Homogeneous granular fertilizer

To ensure even distribution of nutrients across the area and to maintain uniform growth and performance.

SierraformGT, Greenmaster Pro-Lite

Slow release Nitrogen fertilizer

To avoid growth surges that can create an imbalance between leaf and root growth. Slow nutrient release means less growth between mowing and this can help to maintain quicker green speeds with lowering the height of cut.

SierraformGT

Slow release Potassium fertilizer

Slow release Potassium allows sufficient K to be applied to aid wear tolerance, water management and tolerance to environmental stresses without creating soil nutrient imbalances from using excessive conventional K sources.

SierraformGT

High quality liquid applied fertilizer for foliar uptake with readily available nutrients

Use liquid applied nutrition to complement the core granular base feed.

Greenmaster Liquid

Plant Growth Regulator

Reduce vertical growth and promote lateral and root growth to create a stronger harder turf.

Primo Maxx or registered product for this use

Seed with the best cultivars and overseed to maintain the desired sward composition.

ProSelect 4 Greens 80/20, ProSelect 5 Greens Fescue, Agrostis; Alister, Penn A-1/A-4/G-2/G-6, Seaside II, Penncross, Pennlinks II

2. Use a combination of granular and liquid applied fertilizers. 3. Use granular fertilizers as a core nutrient programme. 4. Provide supplementary nutrition via liquid applications. 5. Avoid excessive nutrient applications. 6. Adapt the nutrient programme according to commonly occurring diseases (see specific iTurf Solutions). 7. Overseed at regular intervals with quality seed to maintain desired sward composition.

For further information on Nutrition of Greens, please visit the dedicated solution pages at www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie

Quality grass seed

iTurf Solutions

Product type

USE PLANT PROECTION PRODUCTS SAFELY. ALWAYS READ THE LABEL AND PRODUCT INFORMATION BEFORE USE

157


Solutions

Over Seeding Problem • Over seeding into an existing sward is a very competitive environment for the new seedlings to establish in. • The new seedlings need all the help they can get to ensure good establishment. • Correct nutrition and water availability are critical for best results.

iTurf Solutions 1. Apply the optimum amount of nutrients with the correct release pattern to ensure the successful establishment of a grass stand from seed. 2. Nutrients should be released gradually (matching seedling tolerance to EC levels) in the very early stages. 3. Too much available nutrient (excess EC) at time of sowing will inhibit seed germination and establishment. 4. As the seedling establishes and growth begins, nutrient levels can increase, as the plant is able to tolerate higher EC levels. 5. Insufficient available nutrients after seed emergence will slow grass growth and canopy closure. 6. Good quality homogeneous fertilizer granulation will ensure even distribution of nutrients close to seed. 7. Supply low levels of readily available Phosphorous as a spray after seed emergence to encourage good rooting and canopy closure. 8. Minimise traffic following over-seeding where possible. 9. Open up the surface with verticutting/scarifying prior to sowing. 10. Light frequent irrigation to maintain seedbed moisture.

For solutions and treatments of Over Seeding, please visit the dedicated solution pages at www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie 158

Product type

Why

Everris solution

Conventional release fertilizer applied in advance of sowing

Nutrients are given time to move away from surface where seeds are sown.

Sportsmaster 8-12-8

Slow or controlled release fertilizer applied at time of sowing

Nutrients are spoon fed to the seed at an ideal rate to ensure good germination and strong growth.

SierraformGT; 18-22-5 SierrablenPlus 3M: 20-20-8 Sportsmaster CRF Mini: 19-19-5

High Phosphorus containing liquid fertilizer applied after seed emergence

To supply readily available Phosphorus to maximise rooting during establishment phase.

Sportsmaster WSF: 16-32-16

Plant Growth Regulator

Apply to existing sward prior to sowing to give competitive advantage to new seed.

Primo Maxx

Wetting agent

Maintain soil moisture around seed to ensure best germination.

H2Pro Conserve

Carbohydrate + seaweed biostimulant

Encourage mycorrhizal activity for improved root development and nutrient uptake (especially phosphorous).

Vitalnova Blade

USE PLANT PROECTION PRODUCTS SAFELY. ALWAYS READ THE LABEL AND PRODUCT INFORMATION BEFORE USE


Salt Affected Soils Problem • Caused by an increase in salt ions; Ca+2, Mg+2, Na+, K+, Cl-, SO4-2, HCO3-, NO3-, CO3-2 (at pH >9.0) • Salt ions come from; dissolution of minerals, irrigation water, fertilizers, soil amendments, high water table, salt water spray, insufficient leaching. • High soil salt levels cause the following problems: water deficit, ion toxicity, ion (nutrient) imbalances and poor soil permeability. • Salt affected soils are classed as: Saline (high salts), Sodic (high Sodium) or Saline-Sodic (high salt and sodium).

Why

Everris solution

iTurf Solutions

Slow release Nitrogen and Potassium fertilizers

Encourages deeper rooting so turf more likely to find better quality water.

SierraformGT

1. Assess the site to evaluate potential risk.

Low salt index conventional fertilizers

Minimise salt inputs into rootzone to reduce soil electrical conductivity (EC) levels.

Greenmaster Pro-Lite

Low salt index slow release fertilizers

Salt inputs will be further reduced if nutrient are delivered gradually over time.

SierraformGT, SierrablenPlus

Quality liquid fertilizers

Foliar application using low water volumes ensure nutrients taken up directly by plant and not via soil which could add to salt levels.

Greenmaster Liquid

Use foliar feeds in stress conditions

Foliar feeds can change the cations of Na in the leaf with Ca, K and/or Mg to get better nutrient balance.

Use Greenmaster Liquid Ca-Booster and STEP Liquid.

Calcium fertilizer with nutrient uptake activator

Calcium displaces Sodium (Na) ion from cation exchange sites.

Greenmaster Hi-Mag Ca-Booster (9% CaO) applied at high water volumes as a root drench

Organic based fertilizer with low salt index

Organic material can improve the exchange of cations Na-Ca-K-Mg.

Greenmaster Organic

Carbohyrate + seaweed biostimulant

Carbohydrates are delivered directly to the plant and can help the plant adapt to reduced cytokinin synthesis in roots.

Vitalnova Blade

Penetrant wetting agent

Encourage water and salt movement down through the soil profile to reduce surface salt levels.

H2Pro Maximise

These varieties are able to withstand high salt levels.

Paspalum vaginatum: Sea Spray (seeded Seashore paspalum) Lolium perenne: Silver Dollar, Vantage, Salinas, Gray Fox, Fairway Poa pratensis: Moonlight SLT Festuca arundinacea: Tarheel II, Pure Gold, Coronado TDH, Wolfpack II, Gazelle II Fustuca rubra: Seabreeze GT, Florensate

2. Restrict salt addition through the choice of fertilizer type. 3. Use salt tolerant grass cultivars. 4. Leach salt out of rootzone. 5. Check (and amend if possible) water quality. 6. Ensure nutrients are in balance. 7. Encourage good rooting. 8. Monitor situation and adapt as required (season specific).

For solutions and treatments of Salt Affected Soils, please visit the dedicated solution pages at www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie

Use salt tolerant grass cultivars

iTurf Solutions

Product type

USE PLANT PROECTION PRODUCTS SAFELY. ALWAYS READ THE LABEL AND PRODUCT INFORMATION BEFORE USE

159


Solutions

Shade Problem • Low light reduces photosynthesis which in turn reduces carbohydrate production and rooting. • In low light conditions, plants naturally grow upwards in order to out compete other plants and capture more light. • When the low light is caused by permanent shading (not caused by competing plants) then this can also cause etiolation. • Etiolation causes long, stretched out growth producing weak plants. • The causes of shading (trees/buildings) are also likely to reduce air movement therefore meaning the turf surface stays wet for longer which can potentially increase disease occurrence. • Turf growing in shade also has a thinner leaf cuticle which can make the plant more susceptible to disease attack.

Product type

Why

Everris solution

Shade tolerant grass cultivars

Promotes healthy turf plant more resilient to disease attack.

Festuca rubra: Ombretta, Seabreeze GT Poa pratensis: Thermal Blue, Moonlight SLT Festuca arundinacea: Tarheel II, Wolfpack II

Plant Growth Regulator

Reduce vertical growth to minimize etiolation so plant can re-direct its energy resources for lateral growth.

Primo Maxx

Slow or Controlled release fertilizers

Encourage more balanced growth to maintain healthier turf in low light conditions.

SierraformGT, Sierrablen, SierrablenPlus, Sportsmaster CRF, Sportsmaster CRF Mini, ProTurf

Carbohydrate and seaweed biostimulant

To supply a direct source of carbohydrate to the plant so increasing stress tolerance in low light conditions.

Vitalnova Blade

Penetrant wetting agent

Avoid excessive surface moisture caused by low evapo-transpiration in shaded areas.

H2Pro Maximise

iTurf Solutions 1. Where possible manage the environment to reduce the amount of shade. 2. Encourage the turf to grow without excessive vertical growth and encourage better rooting. 3. Reduce Nitrogen inputs versus full sun areas. 4. Reduce irrigation compared to full sun areas. 5. Dry surface with use of penetrant wetting agent. 6. Aerate well to encourage good rooting and movement of surface water. 7. Increase carbohydrate levels in plant. 8. Select shade tolerant grass cultivars.

For solutions and treatments of Shade, please visit the dedicated solution pages at www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie

USE PLANT PROECTION PRODUCTS SAFELY. ALWAYS READ THE LABEL AND PRODUCT INFORMATION BEFORE USE

160


Thatch Problem • Thatch is the organic layer below the green leaf material of the turf and above the soil itself. • Excess thatch occurs when new tissue develops at a rate quicker than soil microbes can break it down. • Thatch can hinder root development. • Thatch provides a good environment for turf pathogens and insect pests. • Thatch removes the buffering effect of soil on rapid changes of air temperature around the crown of the plant. • Thatch becomes hydrophobic when it dries out and it can cause water holding problems. • Over-seeding can be less successful if thatch creates a barrier between the seed and soil.

1. Control should be via an integrated approach

Why

Everris solution

Slow release fertilizers

Gradual consistent feeding avoids over-feeding that can lead to thatch development.

SierraformGT

Controlled release fertilizers

Gradual consistent feeding avoids over-feeding that can lead to thatch development.

Sierrablen, SierrablenPlus

Wetting agent with penetrant action

Breakdown hydrophobic barrier caused by thatch to allow better wetting of soil and to allow moisture penetration when too wet.

H2Pro Conserve and H2Pro Maximise

Carbohydrate and seaweed biostumulant

Increase microbial population to encourage breakdown of thatch materials.

Vitalnova Blade

Porous topdressing with high nutrient holding capacity

Regular topdressing dilutes thatch and high nutrient holding capacity make nutrition more effective and will help reduce future thatch build-up.

Greenmaster Topdress Z

of cultural practices and sensible product use.

2. Aerate to encourage soil microbial action. 3. Scarify to remove dead plant material. 4. Apply topdressing to dilute thatch. 5. Use correct levels of nutrition. Excess Nitrogen will encourage thatch. 6. Use the correct types of nutrition. 7. Wetting agents to aid water management. 8. Use soil biostimulants to encourage microbial breakdown of thatch. 9. Box off clippings to limit build up of dead plant material in soil.

For solutions and treatments of Thatch, please visit the dedicated solution pages at www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie

USE PLANT PROECTION PRODUCTS SAFELY. ALWAYS READ THE LABEL AND PRODUCT INFORMATION BEFORE USE

161

iTurf Solutions

iTurf Solutions

Product type


Solutions

Water-Logging Problem â&#x20AC;˘ High rainfall events and winter flooding are becoming more common. â&#x20AC;˘ The risk of water-logging and flooding are more likely due to a number of factors:

- Poor soil structure reduces water holding capacity of soil.

- Poor ground cover increases potential for surface run-off.

iTurf Solutions 1. Aerate the soil to encourage water infiltration.

Product type

Why

Everris solution

Slow or controlled release fertilizer applied prior to water-logging

Improves rooting and water uptake efficiency.

SierraformGT SierrablenPlus

Slow or controlled release fertilizer applied prior to water-logging

Improve sward density so that surface run-off is reduced.

SierraformGT SierrablenPlus

Penetrant wetting agent

This type of wetting agent will move water away from the surface and down the soil profile and therefore reduce surface run-off.

H2Pro Maximise

Plant Growth Regulator

Improve sward density and root development to improve water uptake and reduce water loss.

Primo Maxx

Use grass seed cultivars with improved roots growth

These Poa pratensis varieties have significant more and longer roots

Poa pratensis: Thermal Blue, Full Moon

High porosity topdressing material

Apply regularly as a topdressing or incorporate into the rootzone during construction to optimise aerobic conditions.

Greenmaster Topdress Z

2. Select grass seed cultivars with improved root growth. 3. Encourage good rooting through good nutrition and managing soil structure. 4. Ensure strong growing turf that will take up water efficiently. 5. Use slow and controlled release fertilizers to avoid nutrient losses and to avoid the need for re-application in wet conditions. 6. Raise the height of cut prior to likely flood event to increase sward canopy and also to encourage deeper rooting. 7. If possible, use cut off drains to protect sensitive areas. 8. Contouring of surface levels (where possible) can help to control movement of water away from problem areas. 9. Aerate the soil to encourage water infiltration. 10. Encourage good rooting through good nutrition and managing soil structure.

For solutions and treatments of Water-Logging, please visit the dedicated solution pages at www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie

162

USE PLANT PROECTION PRODUCTS SAFELY. ALWAYS READ THE LABEL AND PRODUCT INFORMATION BEFORE USE


Wear Tolerance Problem • Turf that receives high traffic pressure will be susceptible to wear damage and also increase the risk of disease. • Wear damage causes aesthetic damage as well as a poor quality playing surface. • Where turf becomes worn and bare patches occur this provide opportunities for weed invasion. • When the turf cover is reduced, this also reduces the stability of the soil which can then lead onto more problems. • Turf that receives high traffic pressure will be susceptible to wear damage.

iTurf Solutions 1. Harden turf and avoid soft lush growth.

4. Reduce surface moisture in wet conditions.

2. Ensure good nutrition for healthy turf growth to increase wear tolerance.

5. Use wear tolerant grass cultivars.

3. Ensure good nutrition to aid recovery from wear.

6. Limit traffic where possible and alternate areas of use.

iTurf Solutions

Product type

Why

Everris solution

Use slow release fertilizers

Continous nutrition at the correct level that avoids over and under feeding maintains a stronger and healthier turf surface more tolerant to wear.

SierraformGT

Use controlled release fertilizers

Continous nutrition at the correct level that avoids over and under feeding maintains a stronger and healthier turf surface more tolerant to wear.

SierrablenPlus, Sierrablen, Sportsmaster CRF, Sportsmaster CRF Mini, ProTurf

Use Potassium fertilizers

Potassium plays an important role in hardening the turf against wear and tear.

SierraformGT 6-0-27 and 15-0-26 SierrablenPlus 15-0-28 and 15-5-22

Slow release Potasisum nutrition

If Potassium can be delivered constantly over a 6-8 week period then the wear benefits of potassium are enhanced.

SierraformGT

Controlled released Potassium nutrition

If Potassium can be delivered constantly over a 3 month to 4-5 month period then the wear benefits of potassium are over the season and not just following application.

SierrablenPlus 3M 24-5-13 and complete SierrablenPlus 4-5M

Water conservation wetting agent

Maintain adequate soil moisture to ensure turf is healthy and able to withstand wear stress in dry conditions.

H2Pro Conserve

Penetrant wetting agent

Reduce surface moisture and promote better soil stability will aid the turf in tolerating wear stress.

H2Pro Maximise

These varieties are able to withstand high levels of wear

Lolium perenne: Citation Fore, Roadrunner, Fairway, Silver Dollar, Inspire Poa pratensis: Thermal Blue, Full Moon, Moonlight Festuca arundinacea: Wolfpack Festuca rubra: Ombretta, Tiffany Paspalum vaginatum: Sea Spray

Use wear tolerant grass cultivars

For solutions and treatments of Wear-Tolerance, please visit the dedicated solution pages at www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie

163


Technical Information

Demand for better quality playing surfaces has never been higher and at Everris our focus is to deliver the best and most professional advice in the industry. Our reputation is built not just on quality products but also on the advice and support we give to our customers.

164


Technical Information Index SECTION

SOIL NUTRIENT

SPREADER

SUBJECT

Page

SOIL ANALYSIS SERVICE

p166

INFLUENCE OF pH ON NUTRIENT AVAILABILITY

p167

NUTRIENT CYCLE AND FERTILIZER SELECTION

p168

SPREADERS

p170

SPREADER SETTING GUIDELINES

p172

SPREADER CALIBRATION AND TESTING PROCEDURES

p174

XC NOZZLES

p176

SPRAYER CALIBRATION

p178

CHECK YOUR SPRAYER

p180

SPRAY APPLICATIONS

p182

SPRAYER CLEANING

p182

CONTAINER COLLECTION SERVICE

p183

TANK MIX COMPATIBILITY TABLE

p184

READY RECKONER AND NUTRIENT CALCULATIONS

p186

CONVERSION TABLES

p187

SPRAYER

TANK MIXING

Technical Info

CALCULATIONS

165


Soil Analysis Service

A professional nutritional assessment and advice service for amenity turf. Our diagnostic analysis evaluates essential parameters in order to understand the characteristics of a soil sample. From that, effective amendments can be applied to help improve the turf grass quality, vigour and health, raising the playing characteristics of the sports turf surface to the highest possible level. The Kit The Everris iTurf Soil Analysis Kit contains all the components for having six separate soil samples analysed. The samples are posted to the research laboratories for analysis specific for turf requirements. These laboratories are independently operated using state of the art technology. The Results Two different soil analysis options are available depending on individual requirements; â&#x20AC;˘ S tandard: pH, P, K, Mg and textural class. â&#x20AC;˘ C  omprehensive: pH, P, K and Mg, organic matter, plant available Cu, Zn, Mn, S, conductivity and exchangeable cations with CEC. These results are then cross-referenced against known levels required for healthy turf growth to determine whether they are at a deficient, optimum or excessive levels.

166

The Advice Based on the soil analysis, an annual iTurf fertilizer programme can then be put together using information specific to your turf area. The products recommended within the programmes have been developed and tested at Levington Research Station specifically with the UK market in mind and are effective in a wide range of scenarios and conditions. To obtain an iTurf Soil Analysis Kit please contact your local Everris Technical Area Sales Manager. Other tests Everris is also able to arrange tissue/leaf and water analysis. Please contact your local Everris Technical Area Sales Manager for more details. For further information contact your Everris Technical Area Sales Manager or visit www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie


The influence of pH on nutrient availability Nutrient availability within the soil is significantly affected by the pH of the soil. The chart below shows how availability of each essential turf nutrient is affected by pH. This chart can be used when formulating a fertilizer programme. ––––– Optimum Turf pH ––––– 4.5

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

7.5

8.0

8.5

9.0

Nitrogen

Phosphorus

Potassium

Sulphur

Calcium

Magnesium

Iron Technical Info

Manganese

Boron

Copper & Zinc

Molybdenum

167


Nutrient Cycle & Fertilizer Selection In very general terms, fertilizers are products that improve the levels of available plant nutrients either directly to the plant or via the soil. There are a number of nutrients that are classified as ‘Essential Nutrients’. These Essential Nutrients are required by the plant in order to complete its life cycle and/or are directly involved in plant metabolism or required in a metabolic reaction. The reason that some turf areas do not need these nutrients applied on regular basis is because they are either already present within the rootzone, or already supplied via top dressing treatments or other means. These nutrients (shown with their chemical symbol) can be classed as Macro and Micro (or trace) nutrients. Macro nutrients are needed in far higher quantities than micro nutrients, but all are equally important. If there is a deficiency of one nutrient then the plant will suffer; Macro • Carbon (C) • Hydrogen (H) • Oxygen (O) • Nitrogen (N) • Phosphate (P) • Potassium (K) • Calcium (Ca) • Magnesium (Mg) • Sulphur (S)

Nutrient Input

Micro (Trace) • Iron (Fe) • Zinc (Zn) • Copper (Cu) • Manganese (Mn) • Molybdenum (Mo) • Boron (B) • Chlorine (Cl)

Gaseous Loss

Clipping Removal

Uptake Surface Run-off

Carbon, Hydrogen and Oxygen are derived from Carbon Dioxide in the air, absorbed by the leaves, and in water, absorbed by leaves and the roots. The remaining elements are mainly taken in by the roots, but may also be absorbed by the leaves if fertilizers are applied. Uptake

CRF Benefits  Safe and consistent feeding

Nutrient release based on turf needs Efficient use of nutrients Environmentally friendly

168

Immobilization

Leaching


Fertilizer Types There are lots of ways of applying nutrients to turf, it’s really a case of using what works best for you on your particular turf area. Some people prefer granular applications and some prefer liquids. Many turfcare professionals use a combination of fertilizer types to achieve good growing conditions. The most ideal fertilizer programme is one that maintains consistent root and vegetative growth throughout the growing season without flushes of vegetative growth. Using Everris’ products as an example, the fertilizer types available are: • • • • • •

Conventional release - Greenmaster Pro-Lite & Sportsmaster Slow release (SRFs) - SierraformGT Controlled release (CRFs)- Sierrablen & SierrablenPlus Organic - Greenmaster Organic & Sportsmaster Organic Liquid - Greenmaster Liquid Water soluble (WSFs)- Sierrasol

Grass roots can take up Nitrogen in two forms; either as Ammonium Nitrogen (NH4+) or as Nitrate (NO3–).

In order to make an informed choice of what type of fertilizer to choose it is important to understand some of the key features/benefits of the different types. Some fertilizers release all of their nutrients immediately after application (conventionals, liquids, WSFs). These products will produce a quick turf response in terms of colour and growth, but care should be taken as they may increase nutrient losses out of the system. These losses may be via a flush of growth (clippings removal), surface run-off, leaching or gaseous losses. Slow release, controlled release and organic fertilizers deliver their nutrients over a certain period, with SRFs and CRFs doing this in the most consistent and reliable way. By delivering nutrients in a gradual way over 6-8 weeks (SRFs, i.e. SierraformGT) or from 3 months up to 9 months (Sierrablen and SierrablenPlus) then losses out of the system can be greatly minimised and nutrient use efficiency greatly improved.

Nitrate Nitrogen is readily taken up and used by the plant, but results in rapid grass growth. Ammonium Nitrogen is also taken up by the grass plant but is used less quickly, thus grass growth tends to be slower. In addition, the Ammonium Nitrogen is held tightly in the soil which reduces the risk of Nitrogen being lost through leaching.

Slow and even

Rapid

Ordinary Fertilizer E.G. Ammonium sulphate

Nitratosomonas bacteria break down ammonium to nitrite

Nitratobacter bacteria break down nitrite to nitrate

Technical Info

Ammonium

Ammonium used more slowly by grass No leaching loss

Nitrate rapidly taken up and used by grass

Nitrate lost by leaching

169


Spreaders

To get the very best results from your fertilizer, itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s essential to apply it accurately. Everris spreaders are durable, easy to use, and offer turf managers the very best in application efficiency. Spreader Index SPREADER

TYPE

SPREAD WIDTH

HOPPER CAPACITY

SR-2000

Rotary

2.0-6.0m

42 litres

AccuPro 2000

Rotary

2.0-6.0m

42 litres

SS-2

Drop

0.91m

46 litres

Drop

0.55m

30 litres

Handheld

Variable

2 litres

Classic Drop Spreader HandyGreen II

170

CONVENTIONAL FERTILIZERS

COATED FERTILIZERS

PRODUCT USAGE GRANULAR WETTING AGENTS

SEEDS

TOP DRESSING*


Top fertilizers need top spreaders AccuPro 2000

Classic Drop Spreader

Rotary Spreader

Drop Spreader

• L arger 139 Turf Saver 2 pneumatic wheels for an easier push

• Top-selling drop spreader with a 22 inch spread pattern holds 10,000 square feet of fertilizer

• L arger diameter frame is more durable • P atented Helical Cone for a uniform, consistent spread pattern • E xtended handle with tuff-foam grips for added comfort

SR-2000

SS-2

Rotary Spreader

Drop Spreader

Has all the features of the new AccuPro 2000 Rotary Spreader plus:

• S tainless steel frame, hopper and fasteners provides outstanding durability and corrosion resistance

• N  ew and improved larger diameter, more durable stainless steel frame • P ositive on-off side deflector provides effective product delivery control • S tandard port shut-off control for greater application efficiency

• L arger 139 Turf Saver 2 pneumatic wheels for easier operator use • E xtended ergonomic handle is more durable • L ift handles in the front and back for easier loading and unloading • N  ot suitable for coated controlled release products

HandyGreen II Spreader

Walking Pattern

Helical Cone®

Recommended walking pattern for drop and hand-held spreaders

Optimal spreading due to the patented Helical Cone

Technical Info

• A  hand-held spreader that disperses Everris fertilizers as you turn the handle. Comfortable to hold and easy to use, it is suitable for small to medium lawns

Optimum distribution at half rate and double pass.

171


Spreader Setting Guidelines These recommended spreader settings are given for a walking speed of approximately 5km/hr. These settings are for guidance only. Exact rates, using the settings below, cannot be guaranteed – rates depend on the spreader itself and accuracy of the operator. Calibrate the spreader at regular intervals, including effective spreading width.

Rotary Spreader Settings for AccuPro 2000, SR-2000, SR-1, R8-A Single pass at FULL RATE Cone

Effective

Setting

Width (m)

6

3.7

7

4.3

6

3.7

9

4.0

4

3.7

Amount of product applied (g/m²) after one pass 5

10

15

20

25

30

I1/2

K

L

M

M1/2

I1/2

K1/2

35

40

45

O

P

P1/2

p1/2

q

r

50

55

60

65

70

s

t

u

v

w

SierraformGT All analyses STEP STEP Hi-Mag

H

GREENMASTER PRO-LITE All analyses

M

N

Greenmaster Organic All analyses Sportsmaster All analyses

L

m

n

o1/2

V

X

R (x2)

Q1/2

R1/2

T

U1/2

Q (x2)

o

p

r

s

t

Q

R1/2

T1/2

V

X

N

O

P

Q

R

Sportsmaster Organic S’master Organic High N S’master OrganiCRF N Control SierrablenPlus

3

5.5

4

3.5

All analyses

4

4.8

4

4.7

5

4.0

7

3.0

M

n

Sierrablen All analyses

Q (x2) R (x2) R1/2 (x2)

H2Pro H2Pro Granules

J

K1/2

M

L

M

Greenmaster Greenmaster Topdress Z

172

R1/2

S1/2

T1/2

V1/2


Rotary Spreader Settings for AccuPro 2000, SR-2000, SR-1, R8-A Double pass at HALF RATE Cone

Effective

Setting

Width (m)

SierraformGT All analyses

6

3.7

STEP STEP Hi-Mag

7

4.3

GREENMASTER PRO-LITE All analyses

6

3.7

Greenmaster Organic All analyses

9

4.0

Sportsmaster All analyses

4

3.7

3

5.5

4

3.5

Sportsmaster Organic S’master Organic High N S’master OrganiCRF N Control SierrablenPlus All analyses

4

4.8

Sierrablen All analyses

4

4.7

H2Pro H2Pro Granules

5

4.0

Greenmaster Greenmaster Topdress Z

7

3.0

Amount of product applied (g/m2) after two passes 5

G1/2

10

H

15

20

25

30

H

I1/2

J1/2

K

35

45

L1/2

M

M1/2

L1/2

M

M1/2

P

Q

R

50

55

60

65

70

N

O

O1/2

P

P1/2

I J1/2

K

L

K

H1/2

40

K1/2

I

J

J

J1/2

N

O

O1/2

P1/2

Q

L

M

M1/2

N

N1/2

O

M

N

O

O1/2

P

Q

R

R1/2

K

L

L1/2

M

M1/2

N

N1/2

O

O1/2

Drop Spreader Settings for SS-1 and SS-2 Single pass at FULL RATE Amount of product applied (g/m²) after one pass 5 All analyses All analyses All analyses (not including CRF Range) High N All analyses Trace Elements Granules

2

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

33/4 41/4 33/4 4 31/4 23/4 33/4

4 43/4 4 5 33/4 31/2 41/4

41/2 5 41/2 6 41/4

5 51/2 5 7 43/4

51/4 6 51/4 8 51/4

51/2 61/4 51/2 9 53/4

6 61/2 6 10 61/4

61/4 63/4 61/4 11 61/2

61/2 71/4 61/2 12

55 Technical Info

GREENMASTER PRO-LITE Greenmaster Organic Sportsmaster Sportsmaster Organic SIERRAFORMGT STEP Hi-Mag H2Pro

10

43/4

Drop Spreader Settings for Classic Drop Spreader Single pass at FULL RATE Amount of product applied (g/m²) after one pass 20 SIERRAFORMGT SierrablenPlus Sierrablen H2Pro

All analyses All analyses All analyses Wetting agent

4.0

25

30

35

5.0

6.0 6.75 13.0

40

45 7.25 14.5

50

55

60

65

70

12.5 (x2)

6.25

173


Spreader Calibration

Time invested in checking and setting spreaders is quickly recouped by better application accuracy, which prevents under- or over-dosing and stripes in the sward caused by misses or overlaps. Effective applications starts with the end of the last job. Machines need to be thoroughly cleaned and, if possible, dried before they are put away. Fertilizer absorbs moisture from the air and if any is left in the spreader this will quickly corrode metal parts. Before starting work, operators should give the applicator a thorough inspection: Ensure the rate setting mechanism is free and adjusts easily, check the on/off works and the distribution rotor or spinning discs are not worn and functioning properly. It is vital to then set and test the machine with the actual fertilizer it will be applying. The bulk density of the material affects the spread pattern and flow rate. The same application rate will need fewer denser granules to flow through than less dense material, even though they could be the same physical size. Denser particles will be spread further – e.g. consider how far a cricket ball can be thrown compared with a tennis ball. This is a very important consideration when setting pedestrian and tractor-mounted spinning disc spreaders, which rely on centrifugal force to achieve the spreading width, with larger, denser granules travelling further than lighter, less dense ones. With these applicators it is crucial to check the distribution pattern, with a full-width tray test, as well as the rate calibration. This will ensure you know how much is being applied as well as ensure it is being spread evenly across the whole width. There are four main spreaders used to apply fertilizer – pedestrian drop-style, pedestrian spinning disc, tractor-mounted spinning disc or oscillating spout. All have different calibration and settings procedures.

SCS Spreader & Sprayer Testing is the UK’s largest independent fertilizer spreader testing specialist and advises operators to ensure equipment is properly maintained and tested for application rate and distribution pattern with every product

With pedestrian operated machines settings are usually made for a ‘normal walking pace’ of 5km/hr (3mph). It is important to maintain the speed for which the calibration settings have been made to prevent under- or overdosing. Walking speed also influences the spread width on spinning disc applicators. Also keep spreaders parallel to the ground to maintain an even distribution.

174

it will apply. Spinning disc spreaders will also need to be tested over trays to determine the true spreading width and evenness of distribution.


Calibration & Testing Procedures Pedestrian drop-style

Distribution Pattern Check

Application width is set (usually a little narrower than the hopper), rate is adjusted by opening or closing the outlet and will vary with walking speed.

• Use fertilizer to be applied and actual operator doing the job walking at set pace (5km/hr)

• Adjust spreader outlet to setting in operator’s manual for product type and application rate • Apply fertilizer over a measured distance (e.g. 10m) at normal walking pace (5km/hr) • Determine quantity spread over distance by one of the following methods: – Lay sheet on ground and then collect and weigh fertilizer distributed on top – P lace a known weight in hopper, apply fertilizer, empty and weigh remaining hopper contents and subtract from original weight. –A  djust machine setting for desired application rate if necessary. Note this setting will apply only for this fertilizer and operator’s walking pace. Recalibrate for different operators and materials.

Use following formulas to calculate rate in g/m² Spreading width x distance = area covered Weight of fertilizer collected ÷ area covered = kg/m² e.g. Weight spread over distance = 125g 0.5m (width) x 10m (distance) = 5m² Application rate = 125 ÷ 5 = 25g/m²

Pedestrian Spinning Disc

• Lay out testing trays to full application width

• Spread fertilizer through trays, which will collect material being spread • Place contents of each tray in test tubes to check the evenness of the spread pattern. Alternatively this could be done by weighing contents of each tray and plotting on a bar chart

Tractor-Mounted Spinning Disc (Or Oscillating Spout) Application width determined by fertilizer characteristics, machine type and PTO drive speed. Forward speed and opening setting will influence application rate. • Follow application rate calibration procedure in operator’s manual. Usually this means opening a chute and collecting the amount of fertilizer that runs out in a set time. Weigh amount collected and compare with recommendation in manual. Make necessary adjustments to gain correct application rate. This must be done using actual fertilizer to be applied. • Spreading width will be set by the machine – usually 6-12m. But this will be achieved only at the correct PTO speed (e.g. 540rpm) and this requires the tractor engine speed to set at the correct rpm. SCS engineers will check the actual PTO speed with a tachometer. • The forward speed for the application rate will be shown in the manual. It is crucial to select the right gear with the engine rpm to achieve the PTO speed to drive at the forward speed.

Application width and dose rate will vary with walking speed and fertilizer characteristics and opening adjustment.

Use the following formula to check the application rate:

• A spreading width test with the actual material should be carried out, preferably across special collection trays, before any other calibration. This will determine the spread width for the particular fertilizer and operator’s pace (aim for 5km/hr) and how far apart you should walk to maintain an even spread

Application rate in kg/ha = Total weight collected in one minute (kg) x 600 Spread width (m) x tractor forward speed (km/hr)

Spread Pattern Accuracy Test:

• Walk set distance (10m) at normal walking pace

• A full-width tray test is essential to ensure the fertilizer is being distributed evenly across the whole width

• Empty and weigh remaining hopper contents • Calculate area by multiplying the application width by the distance walked

To calculate application rate use following procedure: Original hopper content minus contents after spreading e.g: 2,000g – 1,000g = 1,000g spread in 10m. Area: (distance) 10m x (width) 4m = 40m²

Technical Info

• Adjust spreader for desired application rate. Place known quantity e.g. 2kg in hopper

• Place special collection trays across width • Tractor is driven in the gear and set engine speed to achieve the PTO and forward speed • Spreader is operated through the line of trays and contents of each are placed in individual test tubes • Measure the contents of each tube to assess spread pattern • Make the machine adjustment to correct any highs or lows to achieve even pattern.

Weight ÷ area = application rate/m² 1,000 ÷ 40 = 25g/m²

175


XC Nozzles

New XC nozzles a breakthrough for even application The new Syngenta XC Turf Nozzles have been exclusively designed and engineered to counter difficult issues with spraying golf courses and amenity turf – ensuring eXtra Coverage of turf surfaces and improving results of all applications. Current issues

The XC solution

Slopes and undulations cause uneven spray distribution

An entirely new engineered solution, with a unique orifice, droplet distribution pattern and wide spray angle – giving even coverage at low nozzle heights of 30cm

Wind causing spray drift

Utilising new air induction technology, the XC Nozzle spray pattern can significantly reduce risk of spray drift and create more available spray days

Large droplets give uneven leaf coverage

The XC Nozzle creates significantly more droplets per ml than most other air induction or low drift nozzle designs, to enhance leaf coverage

Uneven spray distribution on the leaf

The XC Nozzle design has a carefully calculated rearwards facing spray pattern, to deliver all-round coverage on the turf leaf

Low sprayer work rates

The XC Nozzle range is specifically designed to enable application at lower water volumes – increasing sprayer work rates and the potential to enhance product efficacy

176

Conventional Flat Fan

Syngenta Turf XC Nozzle

All of the nozzles in the XC range incorporate the drift reducing air induction technology that has proven extremely popular in the existing Syngenta Turf Foliar Nozzle. The nozzles produce more droplets per ml than other drift reducing air induction nozzles, with more consistent droplet size that creates fewer drift susceptible fine droplets when compared with traditional nozzles. The aim is to reduce risk of drift, and achieve better coverage of leaf surfaces.


The completely new design of the Syngenta XC Turf Nozzle has been developed with a unique orifice shape that produces more even droplet distribution across the spray pattern, coupled with a wide fan angle. This ensures adequate coverage, even when the nozzle spraying height is reduced when spraying over undulating ground.

Spray coverage between the nozzles

Spray coverage directly below the nozzles

Traditional Flat Fan Nozzle

New Syngenta Turf XC Nozzle

In patternation tests, the XC Nozzles have delivered less than 3% variability across the spray boom operating at 30cm height, compared to up to 25% variability between the nozzles with a traditional flat fan nozzle. To deliver more effective results for leaf coverage, each nozzle has a rearwards facing spray pattern, which counteracts the forward movement of the sprayer to give all round coverage of the leaf. Extensive testing in the wind tunnels of the Silsoe Research Institute has been used to calculate the optimum angle for each nozzle in the range, when used under typical golf course conditions and operating speeds.

Technical specification Foliar XC 04

Soil XC 08

XC 110°

XC 127°

XC 127°

Backward inclination

6.5°

4.5°

9.0°

Size

025

04

08

3-4km/hr

6-8km/hr

6-8km/hr

0.5m

0.5m

0.5m

Operating pressure

2-4 bar

2-4 bar

2-4 bar

Optimum pressure

2.5 bar

2.5 bar

2.5 bar

220-400

220-400

500-600

Orifice design

Operating speed Optimum nozzle height

User review Andy Baker, Course Manage at Ely Golf Club, who has been evaluating the XC Nozzle range through development, said: “Working with Syngenta to test the new nozzles has been fascinating. We knew that previous nozzles were causing problems with even coverage on sloping and undulating greens, approaches and fairways, but never realised how much of a difference the new design could make. We will be fitting the full set as soon as they are available.”

Typical spray volumes l/ha

Which XC nozzle? Nozzle

Products

Target

Foliar XC 025 or 04

Primo Maxx HEADWAY, BANNER Maxx INSTRATA, HERITAGE Maxx Heritage Medallion TL

Leaf

Soil XC 08

Qualibra Heritage Maxx Heritage Headway

ROOTZONE

177

Technical Info

Foliar XC 025


Sprayer Calibration

Before calibration or application, check equipment and nozzles. • P ressure hoses, joints and unions must be checked and tightened to prevent leaks.

Calibration

• N  ozzles and filters must be free from blockages and produce the correct spray pattern. NEVER blow through blocked nozzles with your mouth; using an old toothbrush, wash out the obstruction with clean water. Remember to wear gloves and eye protection while cleaning.

The principles of calibration are the same for all types of hydraulic sprayer; carried, pushed or power-operated. Always check that the spray nozzles are undamaged, are giving a good spray pattern and that all the nozzles on a boom are identical. For calibration purposes, only use clean water in a clean sprayer and wear appropriate clothing.

• N  ozzles must be of the type and size to match the equipment being used and to produce the spray quality specified by the chemical manufacturer on the product label. • L ow pressure nozzles (anvil or fan) are best for herbicides where there is a risk of drift and for turf fungicide/insecticide applications.

To calculate the volume of spray applied per hectare, three pieces of information are needed: a. Speed of travel in kph

• H  ollow cone tips, which produce a fine spray, may be best for other uses e.g. fungicide and insecticide application to give full cover on shrubs and trees. Take care to avoid drift.

b. Swath width in metres c.  Rate of flow of the spray through the sprayer nozzles, in litres per minute

• F lood jets are best for total residual weedkillers where good ground cover is needed.

All of these are simple to measure.

• O  n booms ensure identical nozzles are fitted and ensure that they are all properly aligned.

The following equipment will be needed:

• R egularly check uniformity of nozzle output and spray pattern along boom equipment. The best way to do this is to fill a stationary sprayer with water and then hold a calibrated beaker under each nozzle for the same length of time. Reject nozzles whose output varies from the average by plus or minus 5% or those whose pattern is distorted. • Carry spare nozzles to replace when a blockage occurs while spraying. • F urther useful information is contained in the BCPC Spraying Handbooks available from BCPC Publications, Bear Farm, Binfield, Braknell, Berkshire RG12 5QE. Tel 0118 934 2727.

178

1 Tape measure to measure up to 100 metres 2 Measuring jug, calibrated in millilitres, holding two litres 3 Stop watch 4 Pocket calculator and notebook 5 Markers e.g. sticks or canes


A. Speed of travel 1 Mark out a 100 metre stretch of ground typical of the type on which work will be done. Sprayers tend to move faster on smooth surfaces and slower on rough ones. (A 50-metre length can be used if space is restricted, but it is less accurate). 2 Measure the time in seconds it takes to travel the 100-metre stretch twice using the spray equipment. If the time taken is very different the second time, repeat again. Calculate the average time to travel 100m. 3 To calculate the speed use the formula: 360 Time (in seconds) taken to travel 100 metres

= Speed in kph

4 Record this figure in the notebook. (For knapsack operators, speeds will differ between individuals but are usually around 5kph).

B. Swath width 1 Select an area of dry concrete, or similar, at least as wide as the swath width to be used. 2a For power equipment, spray out whilst standing still until the spray pattern is clearly visible. Measure the width in metres. 2b For hand-held equipment, hold the nozzle(s) at normal working height and spray out standing still until the spray pattern is clearly visible. Measure the width in metres. (To discover an operator’s normal height, it may be necessary for them to walk up and down for a few minutes spraying out water).

With a boom sprayer, the nozzle output can be either: a. The average from all the nozzles across the boom, or b. The total from all the nozzles across the boom In case of a., the swath width will be the spacing between the nozzles. In case of b., it will be the measured swath width across the boom. To calculate the number of tankfuls per hectare and the amount of pesticide to be added per tankful, the following procedures must be carried out. Taking the volume per hectare as calculated above in litres and dividing it by the number of litres which the tank holds will give the number of fills required per hectare. To calculate the quantity of pesticide per tankful, divide the rate per hectare by the number of fills per hectare as above. (The rate per hectare is usually obtained from the product label or it may be in the written instructions for carrying out the particular job). In all the calculations above, it is perfectly legitimate to correct figures to the nearest whole number and ignore decimal points. When measuring out product, it is unlikely that field measuring equipment will be more accurate than +/- 25mls.

Controlled droplet applicators Carry out pre-work checks and calibration according to the chemical manufacturer’s handbook. Check: 1 The product has been approved for CDA. 2 Flow rates of products through the equipment.

3 Record the width, the number of nozzles and their size/type/ classification in the notebook.

3 Walking speed is correct.

C. Flow rate

5 Before spraying check that the swath width and spray pattern are correct. CDA equipment needs to be very carefully set up. Some CDA manufacturers will supply ‘blank’ CDA product to aid calibration.

1a Power sprayers – set the pressure to the standard for the nozzles being used. 1b Knapsacks – ensure that any pressure regulator is set correctly and use a normal working pumping motion.

Make notes

Memory can be very unreliable. It is therefore sensible to write down the settings, nozzle selections and rates during calibration. It could well save valuable time in the future and will certainly reduce errors.

3 Record in the notebook the amount collected from each nozzle over one minute, in litres. For boom sprayers, discard and replace any nozzle that varies more than ± 5% from the average. Using the above data, there is a simple formula to enable the output in litres per hectare to be calculated: 600 x nozzle output in litres per minute Speed in kph ÷ Width in metres

= litres per hectare

179

Technical Info

2 Spraying normally, but standing still, collect the spray from each nozzle over one minute into the callibrated jug. (For wide booms, one nozzle from each boom section is usually adequate). There are devices for measuring the flow rate from nozzles on a boom sprayer which are more convenient and quicker, but these should always be checked against the jug method).

4 Height of sprayer above the target is correct.


Check your sprayer

A well maintained, calibrated sprayer is a key component when following ‘Best Practice’ use of pesticides in amenity horticulture. Most operators appreciate that regular sprayer checks ensure pesticide products are applied efficiently which results in both cost savings and protection of the environment. These Guidance Notes are designed to assist users, managers and operators to ensure that equipment is wholly satisfactory for the job.

Operators and their managers often have questions about:

Plus there are cost/benefits to properly maintained equipment: • O  ptimise efficacy of pesticide use ensuring better and more consistent spray application • M  inimise input costs by helping to ensure that the quantity of pesticide used is kept to a minimum necessary • Minimise input costs (~5%) by ensuring there are no leaks

• Legislation requirements for spraying equipment

• Reduce risks to the operator

• What equipment should be checked and when?

• Reduce costly downtime by preventing breakdowns

• Who should check?

• Increase second hand value of equipment

• What training is required? • How and what to record • What additional information is available? These notes address these matters.

Legislation requirements for spraying equipment The Code of Practice (CoP) provides detailed guidance on how to use pesticides safely. It should be read by all those who use pesticides professionally in all amenity areas. These include Local Authorities, sport and leisure facilities, industrial and utility sites, highways, railways, airports and forestry. The CoP has a special position in law that means that if you follow the guidance in the code you will be doing enough to keep within the law. In the CoP the various checks to carry out when working with pesticides are listed and for equipment clearly states: ‘Check equipment for applying pesticide to make sure it is in good working order and is working correctly and accurately’. Regular checks, calibration and maintenance of spraying equipment will help reduce the risks of pesticide exposure to the environment, operators and bystanders which are covered by legislation.

180


Who should check? The operator should have a clear job responsibility to routinely check their application equipment and either attend to the problem or report to their supervisor. Operators have to adhere to the Code of Practice (CoP) including the duty of care ‘to ensure equipment is calibrated and in good condition’. To comply with the CoP an operator must have the appropriate NPTC qualification for the equipment to be used.

Knapsack sprayers Routine operator checklist General condition

ok

Clean No apparent damage Strap fixing points secure

First this requires the foundation module PA1 which tests the theory of pesticide application including legislation, interpretation of a product label, personal safety and contamination, container storage and disposals, record keeping and environmental safety. This is followed with the PA6A for handheld sprayers and PA2A for mounted or trailed boom sprayers with hydraulic nozzles. To meet the requirements for PA6A the operator must demonstrate competence to check the satisfactory condition of the applicator, prepare it for work, read and interpret the product label, calibrate the applicator and then mix/fill with the correct quantities for the specified area to be treated. The requirements for PA2A are similar to that for handheld sprayers with the addition of attending to the preparation and safe driving of the ‘prime mover’ together with identification of the sprayer’s controls and components. It is recommended that training should be recorded and is provided by a qualified instructor such as those accredited by Lantra Awards. For further information on training go to the Lantra Awards web site www.lantra-awards.co.uk and NPTC at www.nptc.org.uk

How & what to record Records of actions are important both from the point of accountability and useful routine maintenance. It is recommended that managers/ operators prepare and use a simple record of checks to all sprayer equipment.

Fill with water Will straps take weight? Is sprayer stable when filled? Leakage check Check for leaks, upright and on side Function check Check pressure relief valve to maximum limit Spray out – is cut-off valve working? Is spray pattern correct? Is nozzle undamaged? Is nozzle flow rate within 5% of manufacturer’s stated output? Internal residue Spray until fan collapses and air appears Is remaining liquid less than a capful? Following use Rinse with detergent Rinse twice with water, flush out through lance Clean nozzle and all filters in water with soft brush Clean outside of tank and straps Follow disposal procedure for rinsings

The key components of a check record: • Equipment identification • Date checked • Procedure • L ocation e.g. on-site, base • P arts required and fitted Technical Info

• N  ame and NPTC certification number

What equipment to check and when? A wide range of types of spray equipment is needed in amenity areas to accommodate the specific areas of use. All sprayers should be checked on a regular basis; a useful guide is.

At the start or change of a programme: • Beginning of the season • Move to a different location • Changing product/rate • R epair or maintenance to sprayer

Pedestrian controlled sprayers A checklist is available from the NSTS website at www.nsts.org.uk

Tractor-mounted/Trailed sprayers The important points to check are leaks and drips due to poor connections and hose condition plus incorrect flow due to worn nozzles. A checklist is available from the NSTS website. A NSTS check by an accredited examiner is required for this category of sprayer. Details of the scheme and the location of your nearest examiner can be found on the website.

181


Spray Applications Operation For spray booms, nozzles need to be set at the manufacturer’s specified working height. Hollow cone nozzles are generally set so that the cones, when they spray from each nozzle, just begin to overlap when they meet the target. Flat fan nozzles are generally set to overlap 50% when they meet the target. Ensure flat fan nozzles are slightly off-set to avoid interface with the spray pattern of individual tips. The height of the nozzle above the target area is determined by the spray angle of the nozzles.

Application to hard surfaces Any activity involving pesticides can result in surface-water contamination, particularly where spillages occur on hard surfaces. To minimise this risk, spray operators are advised to examine their current practices and adopt the following procedures: • Choose the filling area carefully to avoid direct run-off into water • C  arry out the preparation operations on either an area of suitable waste land or on a hard surface with a dedicated drainage sump • If a hard surface is used, do not wash spills into drains or streams

To maintain constant height for:

• Prevent glugging; even small splashes can contaminate water

• T hree or four wheel sprayers - keep the boom level and securely fixed at the right height

• C  lean empty containers well by triple-rinsing and dispose of the washings correctly

• T wo wheel sprayers - hang from the boom a chain which is just the right height from the ground

• D  o not invert empty containers. Reseal and replace in boxes in an upright position and await disposal

• H  and-held sprayers - select a comfortable working height and swath width

• Put seal and lids in cardboard packaging, not on the ground

Pattern of work Accurate marking of strips is essential to minimise misses or overlaps. Where a dye marker is not used and sprayer wheelings cannot be followed, lines and/or marker pegs should be used particularly on important areas such as golf or bowling greens. On such areas, it is also advisable to spray or spread over the area twice with a half-rate mix, the second application at right angles to the first. This is especially important with controlled droplet applicators because it is not easily apparent where chemicals have been applied. All spray-work using a boom should be done in parallel lines, not curves. This avoids different speeds at either boom tip as the boom sweeps round a corner. Even with single-nozzle equipment parallel working is essential for accurate and even application. Lateral movement of the nozzle while walking forward on turf will almost certainly cause scorch.

Sprayer Cleaning Where one machine is used to apply many different products, cleanliness is of paramount importance to avoid contamination etc. When using a borrowed sprayer, always wash it thoroughly before use. Ideally a special sprayer should be kept for total weedkillers. 1 Wear gloves and a face shield if required on the product label, remove nozzles and filters and wash them separately. 2 Empty out surplus spray solution into a bucket and dispose of it safely; Do not contaminate waterways, ponds or drains. (Note: Calculate the correct amount of product to avoid creating a disposal problem). 3 Rinse out everything with plenty of clean water so that all traces of chemical are removed. Pump clean water through the system. 4 For stubborn residues, scrub off oil-based sprays with liquid detergent and other types with washing up liquid.

182

• P rovide spill kits for leaks, drips and spillages, then dispose of safely • Please read product labels carefully Spot treatment is not recommended because of too great a variation in application rates. But patch spraying and treating cracks only is a sensible way of targeting the treatment. The exceptions are where total weed control is wanted in patchy vegetation or where a ‘spot-gun’ applicator is used.


Container Collection Service A service for the collection of empty pesticide containers. The disposal of empty pesticide containers today is a major concern to users, both environmentally and financially. Everris has the answer that over-comes all these potential problems. The “Duty of Care” legislation under “The Environmental Protection Act 1990” has tightened the laws relating to the disposal of empty pesticide containers which are regarded as “special waste”. Responsibility for the disposal of empty containers lies with the user of the pesticide and unfortunately the three historically acceptable disposal options now have severe limitations.

OPTION 1

Burning – may be subject to certain restrictions under The Clean Air Act 1993 and may cause a statutory nuisance. Therefore requires advice from the local Environmental Health department.

Everris strongly advise their customers to choose Option 4, and to encourage this choice have agreed contracts with Solway Recycling Ltd who offer a national disposal service for empty pesticide containers (UK mainland only). Solway Recycling Ltd offer the patented ‘Solway Bin and Liner System,’ whereby customers purchase sturdy 4ft high holding bins made from recycled material to support the large, heavy duty clear polyethylene liners capable of storing the plastic from up to 200 compressed chemical containers or 100-plus large fertilizer bags. When the Bin is full, the Liner can be removed by simply undoing the side clips on the Bin and opening out the flexible sides. The Liners are large enough to provide plenty of spare plastic to tie off at the top, and they are collected on prearranged days. The waste management policy asks customers to operate within the waste ‘streams’ based on the requirements of the waste plastic re-processing industry, each of which must be stored in separate liners. These are: • Plastic bags and packaging

Burying – very careful choice of sites to avoid risks of surface or ground water pollution. Burial sites have to be marked and registered as areas containing special waste.

OPTION 3

Rinsing and disposal at a local authority land-fill site – legal, providing waste transfer notices are completed and the authorities grant permission. Usually confined to ‘clean’ bottles as defined by law, and remember the washings themselves become hazardous waste. The only real option is...

OPTION 4

The problem is solved by using a Professional Registered Waste Disposal Contractor, who will collect, record and dispose of your empties. Employing a specialist ensures safe disposal, and guarantees full compliance with legal requirements and documentation.

• Bulk fertilizer and feed bags • Rigid plastic chemical drums and containers The full bags are transported to a network of consolidation plants before being recycled by one of the UK’s leading plastic waste processors, Centriforce, into products for the utility and construction industries, including the Stokbord cable protection covers and Centritile cable protection rolls that are used all over the world. Other products made from the recycled material include garden furniture and planking, used for outdoor walkways and even the Solway Recycling Bin itself. Solway: Tel 01387 730666 NOT AVAILABLE IN REPUBLIC OF IRELAND

183

Technical Info

OPTION 2


Tank Mix Table: Compatibility and Water Volumes Greenmaster Liquid1 High N High N

Liquid Fertilizers

25-0-0

Herbicides

CaBooster

High N

High P

High K

Sierrasol Iron (900)

400-1,000 (400-1,000) (400-1,000)

(400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000)

(900)

(400-1,000) (400-1,000) (600-1,000)

(400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000)

(900)

(400-1,000) (600-1,000)

(400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000)

(900)

(600-1,000)

(400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000)

(900)

(400-1,000) (400-1,000)

3-3-10

(400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000)

Chelated TE

(400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000)

6.9Fe

(600-1,000)

(600-1,000) (600-1,000) (600-1,000)

(600-1,000) (600-1,000) (600-1,000)

08-0-0 +Ca 35-0-14 +Fe

(400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (600-1,000)

16-32-16 +Zn

(400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (600-1,000)

(300-1,000)

15-0-43 +Fe

(400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (600-1,000)

(300-1,000) (300-1,000)

Blade

Biostimulant

(900)

(900)

(900)

(900)

(900)

(900)

(400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (600-1,000)

Conserve

(600-900)

(600-900)

(600-900)

(600-900)

(600-900)

Maximise

(400-500)

(400-500)

(400-500)

(400-500)

(400-500)

Qualibra Plant Growth Regulator

Effect Iron Fe

(400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000)

10-0-10

High P Sportsmaster WSF2 High K

H2Pro

STEP Liquid

(400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (600-1,000)

NK

Sierrasol 20%Fe Iron

Wetting Agents

High K

(400-1,000)

Greenmaster High K Liquid1 STEP Liquid Effect Iron Fe CaBooster

BioStimulant Vitalnova

NK

Spring & 12-4-6 Summer

High N Water Soluble Fertilizers

Spring & Summer

Sportsmaster WSF2

(600-900)

(300-1,000) (300-1,000)

(900)

(300-1,000)

(900)

(900)

(900) (900)

(600-1,000) (600-1,000) (600-1,000) (600-900)

(600-900)

(600-900)

(300-500)

(300-500)

(300-500)

(400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (600-1,000)

(400-1,000)

Primo Maxx

(400-600)

(400-600)

(400-600)

(400-600)

(400-600)

(300-600)

(300-600)

(300-600)

Re-Act

(400-500)

(400-500)

(400-500)

(400-500)

(400-500)

(300-500)

(300-500)

(300-500)

(500)

(500)

(500)

(500)

(500)

(500)

(500)

(500)

(600)

(900)

Praxys Jewel Rescue Heritage Maxx Medallion TL

Fungicides

Banner Maxx

(400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (600-1,000) (400-500)

(400-500)

(400-500)

(400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000)

(300-1,000) (300-1,000) (300-1,000)

Instrata

(500-1,000) (500-1,000) (500-1,000) (500-1,000) (500-1,000) (600-1,000)

(500-1,000) (500-1,000) (500-1,000) (900-1,000)

label advice and restrictions as appropriate. () = Numbers in brackets indicate compatible water volumes (l/ha) for both products in mix. = Not compatible / Not appropriate water volumes Do not exceed individual product rates. Do not exceed 120l/ha for combined total

Greenmaster Liquid product input or 60l/ha for speciality Greenmaster Liquids (STEP/ Effect Iron Fe/Ca-Booster). Do not exceed individual product rates. Do not exceed 30kg/ha for combined total

Sportsmaster WSF product input for foliar applications (water volumes of 300-600l/ha) or 60kg/ha for drench applications (water volumes of 600-1,000l/ha). These are physically compatible. However, this mix is applied at users own risk.

184

(300-500)

Headway

recommendations. Do not exceed applications rates for the selected situation and follow

3

(300-500)

(400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (900-1,000)

Individual products within the mix should be applied according their label

2

(400-500)

(400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (400-1,000) (600-1,000)

The above mixes indicate physical and chemical combatibility.

1

(400-500)

(300-1,000) (300-1,000) (300-1,000) (900-1,000)


Biostimulants

Wetting Agents

PGR

Herbicides

Vitalnova Blade

H2Pro Conserve

H2Pro Maximise

Qualibra

Primo Maxx

Re-Act

(400-1,000)

(600-900)

(400-500)

(400-1,000)

(400-600)

(400-500)

(400-1,000)

(600-900)

(400-500)

(400-1,000)

(400-600)

(400-1,000)

(600-900)

(400-500)

(400-1,000)

(400-1,000)

(600-900)

(400-500)

(400-1,000)

(600-900)

(400-500)

(600-1,000)

(600-900)

Fungicides Heritage Maxx

Medallion TL

(500)

(400-1,000)

(400-500)

(400-1,000) (400-1,000) (500-1,000)

(400-500)

(500)

(400-1,000)

(400-500)

(400-1,000) (400-1,000) (500-1,000)

(400-600)

(400-500)

(500)

(400-1,000)

(400-500)

(400-1,000) (400-1,000) (500-1,000)

(400-1,000)

(400-600)

(400-500)

(500)

(400-1,000)

(400-500)

(400-1,000) (400-1,000) (500-1,000)

(400-1,000)

(400-600)

(400-500)

(500)

(400-1,000)

(400-500)

(400-1,000) (400-1,000) (500-1,000)

(600-1,000)

(400-600)

(600-1,000)

(400-500)

(600-1,000) (400-1,000) (600-1,000)

Praxys

Jewel

Rescue

Banner Maxx

Headway

Instrata

(400-1,000) (600-1,000)

(600-900)

(300-500)

(600-1,000)

(600-900)

(600-1,000)

(600-900)

(400-1,000)

(300-600)

(300-500)

(300-500)

(300-1,000)

(300-500)

(400-1,000) (300-1,000) (500-1,000)

(300-500)

(300-600)

(300-500)

(300-500)

(300-1,000)

(300-500)

(400-1,000) (300-1,000) (500-1,000)

(300-500)

(300-600)

(300-500)

(300-500)

(300-1,000)

(400-1,000) (300-1,000) (500-1,000)

(900-1,000)

(900-1,000) (900-1,000) (900-1,000)

(900) (600-900)

(250-500)

(400-1,000)

(400-600)

(400-500)

(200)

(500)

(200-1,000)

(400-500)

(400-1,000) (400-1,000) (500-1,000)

(600-900)

(600)

(600-900)

(600-900)

(600-900)

(600-900)

(250-500)

(400-500)

(250-500)

(400-500)

(400-500)

(400-500)

(500)

(400-1,000)

(400-500)

(400-600)

(400-600)

(500-1,000)

(300-600)

(400-500)

(400-600)

(400-600)

(500-600)

(125-500)

(400-1,000)

(400-1,000) (400-600)

(600)

(400-500)

(300-600)3

(400-500)

(500)3

(300-500)3

(200) (500)

(500)3

X (200-1,000)

(600-900)

(400-500)

(400-1,000)

(300-600)

(400-500)

X

(400-500)

(400-500)

(400-500)

(125-500)

(400-1,000)

(600-900)

(400-500)

(400-1,000)

(400-600)

(400-1,000)

(400-1,000)

(600-900)

(400-500)

(400-1,000)

(400-600)

(500-1,000)

(600-900)

(500)

(500-1,000)

(500-600)

Technical Info

185


Ready Reckoner Nutrient application from granular fertilizers Calculation of amount of nutrient applied from declared analyses and treatment rate.

Ready Reckoner Nutrient Analysis %N. P2O5. K 2O etc.

Kg nutrient/ha applied at these applications rates 20

30

35

70

105

140 g/m²

g/m²

g/m²

g/m²

g/m²

g/m²

1

2.0

3.0

3.5

7.0

10.5

14.0

2

4.0

6.0

7.0

14.0

21.0

28.0

Declared

3

6.0

9.0

10.5

21.0

31.5

42.0

4

8.0

12.0

14.0

28.0

42.0

56.0

5

10.0

15.0

17.5

35.0

52.5

70.0

6

12.0

18.0

21.0

42.0

63.0

84.0

7

14.0

21.0

24.5

49.0

73.5

98.0

8

16.0

24.0

28.0

56.0

84.0

112.0

9

18.0

27.0

31.5

63.0

94.5

126.0

10

20.0

30.0

35.0

70.0

105.0

140.0

11

22.0

33.0

38.5

77.0

115.5

154.0

12

24.0

36.0

42.0

84.0

126.0

168.0

13

26.0

39.0

45.5

91.0

136.5

182.0

14

28.0

42.0

49.0

98.0

147.0

196.0

15

30.0

45.0

52.5

105.0

157.5

210.0

16

32.0

48.0

56.0

112.0

168.0

224.0 238.0

17

34.0

51.0

59.5

119.0

178.5

18

36.0

54.0

63.0

126.0

189.0

252.0

19

38.0

57.0

66.5

133.0

199.5

266.0

20

40.0

60.0

70.0

140.0

210.0

280.0

21

42.0

63.0

73.5

147.0

220.5

294.0 308.0

22

44.0

66.0

77.0

154.0

231.0

23

46.0

69.0

80.5

161.0

241.5

322.0

24

48.0

72.0

84.0

168.0

252.0

336.0

25

50.0

75.0

87.5

175.0

262.5

350.0

Note: 35 per m² = 350kg per ha = 1 oz. per sq yd = 2.7 cwt per acre Note : 50kg per ha = 0.38 cwt per acre = 43lbs per acre Note: 1kg per ha = 0.86lbs per acre

Nutrient Calculations Nutrient application from granular fertilizers

Liquid fertilizers

Calculation of amount of nutrient applied from declared analyses and treatment rate.

In order to calculate the nutrient inputs from Greenmaster Liquid fertilizers you need to use the Specific Gravity (kg/litre) of the particular product being used.

The fertilizer declarations are always expressed as % weight by weight, with nutrients being declared in the oxide form in the UK. Therefore, a 14-5-10 fertilizer contains: 14% w/w N 5% w/w P2O5 10% w/w K2O Granular fertilizers For calculating nutrient inputs for granular fertilizer use the following formula: Application rate (kg/ha) x (% nutrient/100) = kg nutrient/ha

Example: 14-0-0 @ 35g/m²

Convert application rate from g/m² to kg/ha (i.e. 35g/m² x10 = 350kg/ha) Multiply Product Rate (kg/ha) by % N content (i.e. 14% N = 0.14) = kg N per ha (i.e. 350 x 0.14 = 49kg N/ha)

186

Specific Gravity (SG) of: NK 1.23 High N 1.31 Spring & Summer 1.18 High K 1.18 Ca Booster 1.32 STEP Liquid 1.15 Effect Iron Fe 1.25 Vitalnova Blade 1.36

For calculating nutrient inputs for liquid fertilizers use the following formula: Application Rate (l/ha) x Specific Gravity (SG) x (% nutrient/100) = kg nutrient/ha

Example: 12-4-6 @ 60 l/ha (SG = 1.18kg/l) Convert application rate from l/ha to kg/ha (i.e. 60l/ha 1.18 = 70.8kg/ha) Multiply Product Rate (kg/ha) by % N content (i.e. 12% N = 0.12) = kg N per ha (i.e. 70.8 x 0.12 = 8.5kg N/ha)


Conversion Tables Ounces per square yard to grammes per square metre oz per yd²

1/4

1/2

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

15

20

g per m²

8.5

17

34

68

102

136

170

204

238

272

306

340

510

680

Fluid ounces per square yard to millilitres per square metre fl.oz per sq.yd

1/4

1/2

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

15

20

ml per m²

8.5

17

34

68

102

136

170

204

238

272

306

340

510

680

Weight Weight

Area Volume Weight/Area

pounds

to kilogrammes

divide by

2.205

kilogrammes

to pounds

multiply by

tons

to tonnes

multiply by

1.016

tonnes

to tons

divide by

1.016

cwts

to kilogrammes

multiply by

50.794

kilogrammes

to cwts

divide by

50.794

acres

to hectares

divide by

square yards

to square metres

multiply by

pints

to litres

multiply by

litres

to gallons

divide by

tons/acre

to tonnes/hectare

multiply by

cwts/acre

to tonnes/hectare

divide by

cwts/acre Volume/Acre pints/acre gallons/acre lbs/cu.ft

to kilogrammes/hectare multiply by

2.471

2.205

hectares

to acres

multiply by

square metres

to square yards

divide by

0.568

litres

to pints

divide by

0.568

4.546

gallons

to litres

multiply by

4.546

2.51

tonnes/hectare

to tons/acre

divide by

2.51

8.00

tonnes/hectare

to cwts/acre

multiply by

8.00

0.8361

kilogrammes/hectare to cwts/acre

divide by

0.712

litres/hectare

to pints/acre

multiply by

multiply by

11.233

litres/hectare

to gallons/acre

divide by

11.233

multiply by

16.052

kg/cu.m

to lbs/cu.ft

divide by

16.052

to litres/hectare

divide by

to litres/hectare to kg/cu.m

125.00

2.471 0.8361

125.00 0.712

Typical Areas of Use Length Area

1 metre (100cm)

3.281 feet

Golf green

365-640m²

400-700 sq.yds

1.094 yards

Bowling green

38.4 42.0

38.4m 42.0 sq.yd

1,475m² 1,764 sq.yds

Cricket square

27.4 30.0

27.4m 30.0 yds

752m² 900 sq.yds

(reg)

23.8 26.0

11.0m 12.0 yds

262m² 312 sq.yds

(full)

36.6 40.0

18.3m 20.0 yds

670m² 800 sq.yds

square metres

1.196 sq.yards

1 hectare (10,000m²)

2.471 acres

Volume

1 litre (1,000 ml)

35.211 fl.oz

Weight

1 gramme

0.0353 ounces

1 kilogramme

35.2074 ounces

1.76 pints

Tennis court

2.205 lbs Temperature

Degree Centigrade (°C) to Degree Fahrenheit (°F)

Lacrosse

137.0 150.0

multiply by 1.8 and add 32 Football pitch

91.4 46.0m 100.0 50.0 yds

4,204m² 5,000 sq.yds

(large)

119.0 130.0

91.4m 100 yds

10,877m² 13,000 sq.yds

100.0 110.0

69.0m 75.0 yds

6,900m² 8,250 sq.yds

(small)

91.4 50.0m² 100.0 55.0 yds

4,570m² 5,500 sq.yds

(large)

91.4 55.0m² 100.0 60.0 yds

5,027m² 6,000 sq.yds

32.0

26.0m²

832m²

35.0

28.0 yds

980 sq.yds

Technical Info

Croquet

10,001m² 12,000 sq.yds

(small)

Rugby pitch Hockey pitch

73.0m 80.0 yds

187


Turf & Amenity Technical Sales Team

Our business is supported by selected National, regional and local distributors so that we have the best quality and geographic coverage available.

‘Greenmaster Pro-Lite’ Autumn and Mosskiller contain ferrous sulphate. ‘Sportsmaster’ Cleanrun Pro and Renovator Pro contain MCPA and mecoprop-P. ‘Sportsmaster’ Renovator Pro also contains ferrous sulphate. ’Primo Maxx’ contains trinexapac-ethyl. ‘Instrata’ contains chlorothalonil, propiconazole and fludioxonil, ‘Headway’ contains azoxystrobin and propiconazole, ’Banner Maxx’ contains propiconazole. ‘Heritage Maxx’ and ‘Heritage’ contain azoxystrobin. ‘Medallion TL’ contains fludioxonil. ‘Re-Act’ contains MCPA, mecoprop-P and dicamba. ‘Praxys’ contains fluroxypyr-meptyl, clopyralid and florasulam. ‘Intrepid’ 2 contains dicamba, dichlorprop P and MCPA. ’Jewel’ contains carfentrazone-ethyl and mecoprop-p. ’Rescue’ contains pinoxaden. ‘Proliance Quattro’, ‘Roundup ProBiactive 450’, ‘Roundup Pro Biactive’, ‘Monsanto Amenity Glyphosate’ and ‘Ecoplug Max’ contain glyphosate. ’ProShield’ contains glyphosate and diflufenican. ’Primo Maxx’, ‘Headway’, ‘Instrata’, ‘Banner Maxx’, ‘Heritage Maxx’, ‘Heritage’, ‘Medallion TL’, ‘Rescue’ and ‘Proliance Quattro’ are trademarks of Syngenta Group Company. ‘Roundup ProBiactive 450’, ‘Roundup Pro Biactive’ and ‘Monsanto Amenity Glyphosate’ are registered trademarks of Monsanto Technology LLC. ‘Nemasys, ‘Turf Mark Extra’ and ‘Black Onyx’ are registered trademarks of Becker-Underwood Inc., USA. ‘Praxys’ is a registered trademark of Dow AgroSciences LLC. ‘Ecoplug Max’ is a registered trademark of Ecoplug Sweden AB. Biodac’ is a trademark of Kadant GranTek Inc. USE PLANT PROTECTION PRODUCTS SAFELY. ALWAYS READ THE LABEL AND PRODUCT INFORMATION BEFORE USE.

188


UK Sales & Development Manager

Technical Area Sales Managers

 SCOTLAND

 NORTH

Ed Carter

BASIS, FACTS 07768 466636 Email: ed.carter@everris.com

Simon Hardcastle

Ireland & N.Ireland Sales & Development Manager

WEST

IRELAND & N.Ireland

Emma Kilby BSc (Hons)

Colman Warde

BASIS, FACTS 00353 8777 99527 Email: colman.warde@everris.com

UK & Ireland Technical Sales Manager Henry Bechelet

BASIS, FACTS 07799 075918 Email: henry.bechelet@everris.com

Key Accounts Manager  SOUTH WEST

Mark Rayner

BASIS, FACTS 07796 192724 Email: mark.rayner@everris.com

BASIS, FACTS 07824 528252 Email: simon.hardcastle@everris.com

BASIS, FACTS 07748 111965 Email: emma.kilby@everris.com

EAST

Lewis Blois

BASIS, FACTS 07810 656240 Email: lewis.blois@everris.com

south east  ichael Fance (senior ASM) M BASIS, FACTS 07879 652624 Email: michael.fance@everris.com

SOUTH

Ian Lacy BASIS 07900 666691 Email: ian.lacy@everris.com

Customer Services Customer Services 01473 237123 Email: prof.sales@everris.com

www.everris.co.uk www.everris.ie Business Manager Richard Walton

Contact Info

BASIS, FACTS 07778 603091 Email: richard.walton@everris.com

189


Everris Limited Epsilon House West Road Ipswich Suffolk IP3 9FJ Tel: 0844 809 4470 Fax: 01473 237128 E-mail: prof.sales@everris.com www.everris.co.uk/www.everris.ie

Ž/TM Trade Marks of Everris International B.V. or its affiliates Š Copyrights Everris International B.V.