plasÂˇter /â€˜plast r/ e
a fine white powder consisting of hemihydrate calcium sulfate made from gypsum rock or lime with sand or cement and water for spreading on walls, ceilings, or other structures to form a smooth hard surface when dried. First commercialized in 1750, plaster has been used as a building material and in the construction of statuary since the ancient Egyptian era.
ABOUT US EverGreene Architectural Arts is one of the largest specialty contractors and architectural arts studios in the United States. Established in 1978, our mission and passion is to provide preconstruction and construction services for significant buildings requiring conservation, restoration or new design. We believe that the architectural arts— murals, fine art, ornamental plaster, decorative paint, gilding, metals, mosaics and other finishes—enrich both our buildings and our communities. EverGreene is highly skilled at plaster conservation including: consolidation, design & fabrication of lost ornament, reattachment of existing ornamental plaster and patching and repairs resulting from new MEP systems installed in historic spaces. Our conservation technicians are experts in using chemical and mechanical reattachment techniques to restore plaster substrate. For new construction projects, we design, craft and install plaster ornament, acoustic plaster solutions, flat plaster, specialty finishes and attachment systems that complement contemporary design or that recall historical decoration. Visit www.evergreene.com to learn more
HONORS & AWARDS
• 14 Penn Plaza, NYC • Atascadero City Hall, Atascadero, CA • Basilica of the National Shrine of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, Baltimore • Bergdorf Goodman, NYC • Cathedral of Christ the Light, Oakland • Eldridge Street Synagogue, NYC • Empire State Building, NYC • Illinois State Capitol, Springfield • Kansas State Capitol, Topeka • King Street Station, Seattle • Kings Theatre, Brooklyn • New York Public Library, NYC • Paramount Center, Boston • Park Avenue Armory, NYC • Plaza Hotel, NYC • Please Touch Museum, Philadelphia • Saenger Theatre, New Orleans • St. Francis Xavier Church, NYC • Thurgood Marshall Courthouse, NYC • Verizon Building, NYC • Virginia State Capitol, Richmond • Wilshire Boulevard Temple, Los Angeles
Ohio Theatre Lobby / 1926
KINGS THEATRE BROOKLYN
Abandoned and neglected for over 35 years, EverGreene restored all the interior decoration in this 3,200-seat â€œWonder Theater.â€? Scope included replacement and repair of ornamental plaster, much of which had deteriorated. Molds were made from extant decoration using a spray system which enabled craftsmen to replicate larger-than-life ornamental pieces. New plaster ornament was cast and thousands of linear feet of plaster molding was run on-site. Images on this page show the restoration of the south balcony fascia. Water damage had entirely deteriorated the balcony boxes on the south side of the auditorium. Molds were created from ornament on the north balcony. Additional work by included decorative painting and wood & metal restoration.
KING STREET STATION SEATTLE
As part of a seismic stabilization, EverGreene restored ornamental plaster in this turn-of-the-century train station. Large sections of the ceiling were in great disrepair and had to be re-created from scratch on-site. Craftsmen removed damaged ornament, created molds with liquid rubber, and fabricated & installed new plaster, returning the train station to its original opulence. The project earned a 2014 National AIA Honor Award.
UNITED PALACE NEW YORK 1930
In 2013, a region of the intricate plaster ceiling fell from the United Palace, another of the Loew’s “Wonder Theaters.” EverGreene’s investigation found portions of the ceiling to be partially deteriorated or entirely delaminated. Craftsmen restored the plaster, replicated areas of loss and installed new plaster ornament.
CADILLAC PLACE DETROIT
Following the collapse of sections of the coffered ceiling, EverGreene cast new plaster elements, fortified the support system for the 30’ x 170’ ceiling, and inpainted the new decoration to seamlessly integrate with the existing finish.
PARK AVENUE ARMORY: BOARD OF OFFICERS ROOM NEW YORK CITY 1881 Conservators conducted a conditions assessment of the historic plaster and stabilized large areas in the room. Craftsmen patched lime plaster, consolidated specific regions from inside the ceiling and rebuilt run-in-place crown molding. Overpaint was removed from the walls and conservators inpainted areas of loss to return this Herter Brothers-designed room at the armory to its 19th century appearance.
COOPER HEWITT SMITHSONIAN DESIGN MUSEUM NEW YORK CITY 1901
The Cooper Hewitt Smithsonian Design Museum is housed in the former Carnegie Mansion on Fifth Avenue. As part of the $64M renovation, EverGreene cleaned and restored ornamental plaster finishes in numerous rooms and corridors. Additional scope included decorative painting and refinishing stone & wood.
ROSE READING ROOM
NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY NEW YORK 1911 EverGreene restored and conserved the ornate ceiling of the Rose Reading Room. The work was instigated by a rosette falling from the ceiling in the middle of the night. EverGreene repaired broken rosettes and reinforced their attachment while also replicating and installing new ones. Work also involved consolidation and replication of missing and damaged ornament in addition to cleaning, decorative painting, gilding and glazing.
BEEKMAN HOTEL NEW YORK CITY
Originally serving as Temple Court, 5 Beekman Street is now home to the exquisite Beekman Hotel. EverGreene performed restoration work on the buildingâ€™s spectacular nine-story atrium which features a skylight and elaborate wrought-iron railings EverGreene replaced all decorative and flat plaster across the atrium, and refinished wood on the doors, railings, and moldings. EverGreene then performed decorative painting on the atrium, including the railings and stairwells. Lastly, craftsmen restored the historic floor tiles, removing, cleaning, and recreating those that were broken, and reinstalling them. EverGreene also fireproofed the ornament cast iron ceiling.
GRAND CENTRAL AIR TERMINAL
GLENDALE, CA 1928 From thriving airport to offices of a thriving Fortune-ranked company, this Spanish Revival building was neglected for years with its Art Deco ornament in disrepair. EverGreene worked on the interior and exterior, restoring decorative plaster, specialty finishes, intricate tile and cast stone.
YALE CLUB BALLROOM NEW YORK CITY 1915
EverGreene restored all ornamental plaster and paint in the 20th floor ballroom. To replace damaged ornament, molds were made of existing plaster and then re-cast for the damaged space.
YALE CLUB TAP ROOM NEW YORK CITY 1915
EverGreene restored all interior finishes including ornamental and flat plaster, wood restoration, decorative painting, gilding, faux stone and faux bois within the Yale Club Tap Room. Artisans replicated the Tyrolean textured finish on the walls and implemented a 3-color decorative paint scheme to evoke the appearance of real stone in the dining room. EverGreene also cleaned, repaired and refinished the 120 sf of wood in the space. In the alcove above the stairs, decorative artists patched plaster holes, restored the original stencil design along the ceiling beams and implemented a faux wood finish. Decorative artists implemented 22 karat gold leaf to gild each of the “Y’s” on the 10 wood corbels.
ST. THOMAS AQUINAS SANTA PAULA, CA
Our Lady of the Most Holy Trinity Chapel is the centerpiece of St. Thomas Aquinas College. Newly constructed, EverGreeneâ€™s artists and craftsmen worked with architect Duncan Stroik to design, fabricate and install new monumental plaster ornaments in the classical tradition. Sculpting was done and molds were made in EverGreeneâ€™s New York studio but the ornament was cast on-site in California.
VILLAGE EAST CINEMA NEW YORK CITY 1926
Portions of the ornamental plaster ceiling had become unstable and in need of repair and replacement. EverGreene conservators removed over 70 large plaster pieces from the ceiling and created molds to replicate the historic ornament. Remaining portions of the plaster ceiling underwent a large-scale consolidation and new ornament was attached by both traditional and mechanical means.
PRIVATE RESIDENCE NEW YORK CITY
EverGreene transformed this Greenwich Village apartment into a unique, custom-designed home. Plaster ornament, installed in virtually every room of the apartment, was inspired by Haussmannâ€™s Paris and patterns derived from the clientâ€™s own fashion designs. EverGreene designed, sculpted, cast and installed the intricate plaster ornament. The project was featured in Elle Decor.
PHILADELPHIA 2016 EverGreene designed and installed new architectural ornament and consulted on both the color palette and budget for the LDS Temple in Philadelphia.
WILSHIRE BOULEVARD TEMPLE LOS ANGELES
Water damage to the 100’-high coffered dome in this “Temple to the Stars” had caused severe deterioration of paint and delamination of plaster. To repair this damage and as part of a seismic upgrade, EverGreene consolidated and stabilized loose plaster and created replacement plaster ornament from molds of extant pieces. Both the molds and replacement pieces were cast on-site.
ST. FRANCIS XAVIER NEW YORK 1878 For the restoration of one of Patrick Keely’s most highly-decorated churches, EverGreene provided a wide range of services from conservation and mural restoration to stabilizing and recreating the ornate plaster ceiling. Craftsmen also cleaned and restored 35 plaster statues.
NEW YORK 1916 As part of repositioning 195 Broadway, the lobby was reconfigured to allow for mixed uses, including retail. EverGreene removed and reinstalled the ornate plaster ceiling to make way for floor-to-ceiling glass dividers. Once demolition began, craftsmen noticed portions of the ceiling were detached from the structure. After devising a restabilization plan, plaster specialists applied both mechanical and traditional techniques to reattach large regions of the plaster ceiling to the structural system.
OHIO THEATRE LOBBY CLEVELAND 1926
A 1964 fire destroyed the Ohio Theatre lobby and portions of its auditorium. The Ohio reopened but its ornate lobby was replaced by a minimalist vision devoid of decoration. EverGreene recreated the Ohioâ€™s Italian Renaissancestyle elegance. Using archival photographs and original blueprints, in addition to an on-site investigation that uncovered lost ornament beneath the post-historic ceiling, designers and craftsmen reinstated what was once lost.
Russian Lounge, Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, 2014
UNION STATION LOS ANGELES
Listed in the National Register and designed by John & Donald Parkinson, this Spanish Revival train station is the largest railroad passenger terminal in the Western United States. The upper portion of the stationâ€™s walls are clad in an early version of acoustical tile that was in need of cleaning. After completing a conditions survey, EverGreene proceeded to clean the wall tiles, remove stains and replace damaged pieces. To create replacement tiles, EverGreene developed a formula and fabricated new tiles on site. EverGreene also painted four major arches of the station.
GRANADA THEATRE SANTA BARBARA
For the renovation of the SpanishMoorish style theater, EverGreene designed a historically-sympathetic a decorative scheme and painted, gilded and restored ornamental and acoustic plaster. Craftsmen used over 7,000 sf of Pyrok plaster in the auditorium and lobby, creating an acoustically superior setting for live performances.
KENNEDY CENTER FOR THE PERFORMING ARTS WASHINGTON, DC 2014 EverGreene created more than 100 acoustic panels, with a custom plaster treatment, for this contemporary room in the Kennedy Center. The look and texture of each panel contributes to the polished aesthetic envisioned by Russian architect Sergey Skuratov, while ensuring an acoustically pleasant environment.
UNITED NATIONS HEADQUARTERS NEW YORK
The General Assembly and Security Council Chamber are among the most significant spaces in one of New York’s most iconic buildings. As part of a multi-phase renovation & restoration, EverGreene installed over 150,000 SF of acoustic, veneer, and traditional 3-coat plaster. Additional work included the conservation of the 1952 Léger murals and the restoration of gilded surfaces.
JEROME L. GREENE SCIENCE CENTER
COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY NEW YORK CITY 2016 EverGreene installed two StarSilent acoustic plaster ceilings at Columbiaâ€™s Manhattanville campus.
THURGOOD MARSHALL COURTHOUSE NEW YORK
For this $10M restoration project, EverGreene provided ornamental, flat and acoustic plaster services. Scope included fabricating new plaster systems, repairing water damage and applying more than 6,000 sf of BASWAphon and Pyrok acoustic plaster in the public spaces, library and corridors of this 37-story federal courthouse.
BEXAR COUNTY COURTHOUSE SAN ANTONIO 1896
One of the challenges in restoring historic county courthouses is maintaining the classical look while incorporating contemporary acoustics. For this project, EverGreene designed and cast classical-style capitals (based on the original) while implementing 3,400 sf of BASWAphon in the coffered ceiling of the double-height courtroom. EverGreene also applied historically appropriate decoration and color to the space.
ATASCADERO CITY HALL ATASCADERO, CA
For the award-winning restoration and renovation of the Atascadero City Hall, EverGreene implemented over 4,000 sf of BASWAphon acoustic plaster in numerous public spaces within the municipal building, including this coffered ceiling.
Virginia State Capitol, Richmond
VIRGINIA STATE CAPITOL RICHMOND
An epoxy coating, applied to the buildingâ€™s exterior, had trapped moisture and caused the failure of the exterior stucco and stone. EverGreene removed the epoxy coating from the stucco, stone trim and ornamental terra-cotta capitals; applied a truing coat on irregular areas; and completed traditional lime stucco on all facades. To preserve and extend the life of the exterior, Kiem Granital was also applied to the render.
OLD GOVERNORâ€™S MANSION MILLEDGEVILLE, GA
Exterior lime stucco, made with native red clay that gave the mansion its pale pink tint, had begun to loosen and fail in select areas. EverGreene stripped post-historic overpaint from the exterior plaster and demolished areas where stucco was failing. New exterior stucco was implemented, with careful attention paid to matching the contemporary materials to their historic counterparts in order to seamlessly integrate new with old.
BALTIMORE BASILICA BALTIMORE
EverGreene restored the exterior stucco and flat and ornamental plaster in the Basilica interior. Lime plaster over wood lath was restored in the great dome. Expert care was taken in using new exterior stucco that matched the historic material both in color and treatment.
St. Josephâ€™s Co-Cathedral , Francis J. Berlenbach, Jr., 1912
KANSAS STATE CAPITOL TOPEKA
The Kansas State Capitol has undergone a decade-long restoration. EverGreene restored original ornamental plaster finishes and decorative paint throughout the public and private spaces. In the House Chamber, craftsmen stripped posthistoric overpaint and refinished scagliola, returning the rose-colored columns to their turn-of-the-century appearance.
ST. JOSEPHâ€™S Co-CATHEDRAL BROOKLYN
St. Josephâ€™s Co-Cathedral was originally designed as a church and was elevated to co-cathedral status in March 2013. EverGreene restored flat & ornamental plaster as well as patched and repaired 16 scagliola columns and 10 pilasters. Additional work included the design and installation of new artwork and liturgical appointments.
ALLEN COUNTY COURTHOUSE FORT WAYNE, IN
As part of an $8.6M restoration, EverGreene completed extensive scagliola plaster restoration and repairs on walls, engaged & freestanding columns and doorways. This National Historic Landmark features 28 different kinds of scagolia covering more than 15,000 sf.
CONGREGATION SHEARITH ISRAEL NEW YORK CITY 1897 Conservators conducted a historic finishes investigation to identify the original decorative program and document and test the conditions of the monumental scagliola pilasters. Many panels had fractured and delaminated from the substrate, resulting in loose and shifting pieces. Scagliola specialists repaired water damage and efflorescence, consolidated plaster to prevent further damage and finally refinished the pilasters, returning the high-gloss sheen to their appearance.
ILLINOIS STATE CAPITOL SPRINGFIELD 1868 Designed by Alfred Piquenard, the Illinois State Capitol is a superior example of Renaissance Revival architecture. Ornate finishes adorn the public corridors and every private room. EverGreene restored the ornamental plaster and decorative paint throughout the capitol. In Room 212, craftsmen refinished and restored the two large scagliola columns flanking the entryway.
U.S. CAPITOL HALL OF COLUMNS WASHINGTON, DC 1856 The surface of eight scagliola panels had blurred and discolored due to multiple layers of non-original surface coatings. EverGreene removed overpaint and non-original coatings, stabilized and consolidated delaminated plaster and infilled areas of loss to return the historic majesty to the Hall of Columns.
CATHEDRAL OF CHRIST THE LIGHT OAKLAND
EverGreene designed and installed multiple Venetian plaster finishes to the interior of nine different chapels within the cathedral. EverGreene worked closely with design architects, SOM, to create a custom color palette to inspire an air of transcendent beauty.
PLAZA HOTEL ROYAL SUITE NEW YORK CITY
EverGreene restored numerous spaces at the Plaza Hotel, including the Edwardian Room, Oak Room, Palm Court and many public corridors. In the Royal Suite, Venetian plaster walls and gilded finishes elevated the style and feel of the room to one of refined luxury.
LONG ISLAND, NY 2012 A Venetian plaster finish, topped with silver-leafed designs of the zodiac transformed this room into a space for tranquil contemplation and reflection.
ST. MARYâ€™S HALL, BOSTON COLLEGE CHESTNUT HILL 1917 EverGreene performed a comprehensive restoration of the historic Caen stone in the public spaces. Conservators cleaned years of dirt and smoke off the walls and repaired or entirely replaced cracked blocks when originals were in complete disrepair.
4 WORLD TRADE CENTER NEW YORK 2013
EverGreene applied a virtually seamless, custom Marmorino polished plaster finish to a four-story column, the focal point of the main lobby. Decorative artists fabricated a build-out layer around the column and applied three coats of rendering and multiple layers of a custom, hand-mixed finish containing a mica particle additive. After curing, the plaster was sanded to further expose the mica and to provide a sheen reminiscent of natural polished stone.
S p e cia lit y Co n t ract i n g P la st e r - Or n ame n t al & F l at P r e co n st r u ct i o n - Co n su l t i n g , P la n n in g & De si g n C o n se r v a t io n & R e st o rat i o n S p e cia lt y Fi n i sh e s - P ai n t i n g , G ild in g , G l az i n g , S cag l i o l a & C o a t in g s M u r a ls & Ar t wo rk S t o n e , Woo d & M e t al Tre at me n t s A co u st ic So l u t i o n s Ch i ca g o | 708.358.1642 Lo s An g el e s | 213.292.6932 S a n F r a n cis c o | 415.429.2711 Wa sh i n g t on DC | 202.869.1011 N ew Yo r k | 212.244.2800 H e a d q u a r t e rs - I n du st r y Ci t y 2 5 3 3 6 th St re e t , S u i t e 5C B r o o k ly n , NY 11232 King Street Station, Seattle, 1904 (front); Ornamental plaster sketch (back)