F U N G E V E LY N
ACADEMIC WORKS CORNELL UNIVERSITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG
SUSPICIOUS ! BERLIN city
THE SYMPHONY MADEIRA village
CLOSER TO STARS ... BOGOTA landscape
PHAGOCYTOSIS CORNELL parametric
EXPERIMENTAL EDUCATION RED HOOK institution
SPACE . RUBATO ITHACA
METAMORPHOSIS MANHATTAN penthouse
HONG KONG high-rise
 SUSPICIOUS BERLIN TERROR OF LEISURE detective game Throughout human history, cities have been constructed , destroyed , reconstructed and demolished repeatedly. Almost no ground is completely inert, instead they are murky landscapes of conflicting ideologies. In that sense, contemporary cities could be considered as constructions built on a landscape of ruins. Yet the majority of the general public seems to have little awareness of the ground they are standing on.This creates a defacement , disconnection if not displacement between the past, the present and the future. How does architecture operate on a ground which is already a ruin? What kind of architecture would fit in such suspicious ground? What kind of story it should be telling? Can it be trusted ? In Berlin, various operations have been done to its traumatic history. Iconic Nazi buildings were demolished, covered up and repurposed. Bits and pieces of the destroyed city were piled up in rubbles mountains and beautified. New urban grids and infrastructures were laid out.Remnants of the wars were transformed to gluts of memorials and museums.Time passes, the city once saturated with haunting history is now flooded with tourists looking for emotional experience.The present is juxtapositioned with the past so seamlessly that we almost lose the haunting traces of history.Gradually, the traumatic land is normalized and consumerized. To me, Berlin definitely has more to offer than cliche emotions and dark tourism.The physical, cultural and political richness of the cityscape indeed create opportunities for a new urban topography.A topography which is specific to cities built on ruins. A topology which allows people to rediscover history and reimagine possibilities through temporal spatial experience. Physical clues of these layers scatter all over the city. Despite the fact that it is impossible to obtain a complete narrative of the past, these tangible and intangible traces are important basis for us to re-animate the history. Missing pieces of puzzle could only be filled in with assumptions and imaginations. Stories , rumours and known facts act as the foundation for hypothesis connecting these suspicious grounds with one another, informing one another.If we start delaminating the history of Berlin, we could see three interesting layers. WWII : Reich : Bunkers, Flak Towers, Tunnel Networks. ; Cold War : East West Berlin: Berlin Wall and Spy Stations; Unification: Underground Culture and Techno Clubs.Base on the density of traces, 7 suspicious grounds were picked. Landmarks with irreplaceable significance to particular layer of history were investigated. 1. FuhrerBunker : Hitler last Appearance ; 2. Victory Column : Escape , Love Parade ; 3. Tempelhof : Escape , NSA ; 4. Flak Tower : Nazi Defense , Escape ; 5. Teufelsberg : NSA , Nazi Military School; 6. Stasi : Soviet Spy Centre ;7. East Side Gallery : Clubs , Berlin Wall [ top : mapping of 7 suspicious grounds ; right : conceptual model of ground situation ]
01 NAZI,COVER UP,PARKING 02 PRUSSIAN,NAZI,PUBLIC 03 NAZI,DEMOLISH,PUBLIC
04 NAZI,COVER UP,USA,PUBLIC 05 NAZI,USA,PUBLIC / REFUGE 06 SOVIET,REPURPOSE,PUBLIC
01 HITLER BUNKER 02 VICTORY COLUMN 03 TEMPELHOF
04 FLAK TOWER 05 TEUFELSBERG 06 STASI
07 EAST SIDE GALLERY
01 POWER FACTORY VIOLENCE AND CRIME With an ambition to conquer the world, the Nazis establish a system which help to expand their territory and consolidate their power. A utopian Germania was planned, mainly consist of a north-south and east-west axis. Major Nazi officials buildings in a brutal scale will be built along these avenues, connected by a maze-like underground network of bunkers and tunnels. West axis ends with the infamous Olympia stadium and a military school the current Teufelsberg. South end ends at Tempelhof which was the largest airport in the world at that time. A multi-storey bunker was built below the main building, manufacturing weapons and aircrafts which could join the war directly from the airport. During the Battle of Berlin, Hitler ordered the construction of 3 rings of protection. The Fortification around the outer ring of railroad system and the Spree river. On top of that, 3 gigantic Flak Towers were built with a shooting range covering the entire Berlin. Urgent ecape tunnels were built utilizing the existing metro system. Towards the end of the war, Hitler was said to have committed suicide in his bunker with his wife and dog. ( April 30, 1945 ) Yet there were also rumours claiming his escape from the temporary runway at Victory Column, as well as Tempelhof, with the use of the extensive underground tunnel system. Each of these Nazi infrastructure plays an important role in the Nazis' invasion and defense system, almost like individual machine gears in factories.
02 FEAR FACTORY
SURVEILLANCE AND SPY To consolidate their power in the East Germany, the Soviet establish a system which help to spy on everyday life of East Berliners in 1950.The Stasi motto was "Schild und Schwert der Partei" (Shield and Sword of the Party), they know everything about everyone. There were 6 millions of citizen files and 1/6.5 people in East Germany are spies. Homes were broke into without traces and listening-in devices were installed. People who wrote / performed / said something threatening the new power would be caught, interrogated and imprisoned. East Berliners started to flee to West Berlin.To stop this phenomenon, the Soviet started constructing the Berlin Wall in 1961. Watch Towers and checkpoints were set up controlling the movement in and out of West Berlin. People then started to get out of East Germany in many other ways. On Dec. 5, 1961, Deterling plotted the last train to freedom. Over two nights in 1964, 57 people escaped through a tunnel, which became known as Tunnel 57. It was the largest mass escape in the Berlin Wallâ€™s history. In 1975, Ingo Bethke paddled on the mattress into West Germany while his brother Holger ziplined across the wall in 1983 by shooting a wire cable with a bow and arrow. Not until the torn down of the wall in 1991, East Berliners have been living under great fear. Before unification in 1990, the USA has been trying to battle with the Soviet Tyranny by setting up a counterbalancing spy system in Tempelhof and Teufelsberg, trying to keep the West Berlin democratic and safe.
03 FACTORY OF DESIRE DRUGS AND SEX
After the fall of the wall, many abandoned and ownerless buildings were taken over by young people who organized illegal parties. A new kind of club was born through these unregulated venues with no given legal restrictions. Power plants, bunkers, hangers and underground stations became temporary clubs. The relief and freedom after the reunification was celebrated with nonstop parties and flourished through the strong gay, art and underground scenes. Three particular clubs : Tresor, Der Bunker and E-Werk ' near the former Berlin Wall played a major role in the establishment of techno music and club culture in Berlin. Tresor started as Ufo Club and was an illegal party for more than three years. The venue of today reopened in 2007 in Mitte. Der Bunker is now closed, and E-Werk is used as a general location venue these days.Each club has its own vibe, its own people and label. Berghain-goers favor darker, more raw industrial techno than Tresor-goers who go there for the Detroit techno.These clubs are a marked contrast to other venues. Techno clubs are timeless, they run 24 hours: friday to monday morning and public sex is allowed. The Love Parade was also an essential milestone for the uprising of electronic music in Berlin. It first took place in July 1989 in West Berlin with 150 people attending on the initiative of the famous Dr. Motte. It stood for Peace, Joy, Pancakes.
[ conceptual masterplan machine model ]
HITLER BUNKER MECHANICAL PARKING This covered up bunker was once the Reichâ€™s brain and body. All Nazis decisiosn were made here and this is also where Hitler surrendered suicided. Now the bunker is covered up by a residnetial complex and a parking lot. The proposal is to insert a mechanical bike and vehicle parking at the site which goes all the way 15 metres below ground, connecting the near by metro stations, utilizing the nearby existing abandoned tunnel networks. When bikers bike down the ramp, they will be be experience the remnants of past passively. The object is there, you may or may not know about it; you may or may not interact with it. The intention is to get people curious about the past and talk about it, spread rumours about it, be suspiciosu to whatever you see and hear.
VICTORY COLUMN STROBOSCOPIC TECHNO TUNNEL Being used as an urgent radar centre for a temporary airfield used Nazis during the Battle of Berlin, The Victory Column is now lying on the main avenue at the heart of Berlin, with busiet traffic for tourist, locals and cyclist. It is also the venue for the once a year Love Parade. The proposal is to convert the abandoned underground Germamia tunnel to a new hub of techno club scene. Mimicking the airfield pattern, elevators and bathrooms are built along the Jun17 avenue, connecting the underground and ground level world. Natural light will be peeping into the tunnel almost like the stroboscope. Food trucks, Techno clubs and bars were plugged into these nodes of connections.
MIXED AMUSEMENT PARK Playing an important role in the last defense of the Reich, the flak tower located in the Humboldthain park was half demolished by the French after war. Millions pounds of bombs were used to demolish the 2 m thick concrete wall of the flak tower, that the French eventually gave up, the remains of the flak tower were covered by an artificial mountain. Now the tower is used as a viewing platform of the city. My proposal is to create a sense of terror in this leisure land. Rings of bathrooms will be installed in the core of the tower like the bunker rings of rooms in the past. After playing in the mixed water amusement park and the bike-in in greenhouse, public will experience an unexplainable awkwardness in this inner space of the old flak tower. this is a temporal experience which is experienced by various speed of biking up and sliding down etc.
TEUFELSBERG LOVE RESORT
Teufelsberg is an artificial hill created by the Allies of WWII, 1/3 of Berlin rubble ( 400 000 ruined buildings ) was dumped on a never-completed Nazi military school, designed by Speer. During the Cold War, the United States Natonal Security Agency built a spy station on the mountain for monitoring Eastern german and Soviet military radio traffic. After german reunification, the area was bought by investors. There were plans for a university of peace, yet construction never finished due to unprofitable prospects. Since then, the place was abandoned and has becomea spontaneous meeting point for music, art , sports, graffiti and urban exploration. Now some organization charge tourists fees to tour them around the building, what was supposed to be hidden, unknown and forgotten is now uncovered. My proposal is to dig into the artifical mountain, creating a hidden love hotel resort underneath it, using acoustic mirror, tourists above ground will be interrupted by various weird echoes and sound from nowhere, creating a sense of confusion for this normalized land.
CONCENTRIC GYM ROOMS
Tempelhof was once the biggest airport in the world. This is where the Nazis built a multi stories undergroundbunker for the production of aircrafts and weapons during the war. After war, USA built a new radar spying tower next to the old building. Now the interior of old building is used to accommodate Syrians refugees while the outdoor airfield is functioning as a gigantic public park with a cricus, all kinds of weird sports and even car racing. The proposal is to build rings of gym rooms underneath a concentric bike path ramp, connecting the public to the underground hidden bunker, as well as connecting leisure with the past terror.
slide & whirl
[ prototypes of connectors at various sites ]
 THE SYMPHONY MADEIRA MUSIC RETREAT water, wind , rocks The symphony is a music retreat located in Canical Madeira. Inspired by the harsh landscape, the design focuses on the sectional relationship between the rocks and the ocean. Three sites were chosen for three small interventions. The piano Capsule is an isolated space located on a small island in the bay. Structurally supported by natural rocks, it is protected from waves and can only be reached by boats. The Flute Tube is a long narrow space embedded in between rocks, cantilevering over the rocky shoreline. The Performance Stage is a huge slanted surface inserted in a cave. Playing with the acts of cutting and folding, this surface is then transformed into structural components and space dividers, creating opportunities for an open outdoor performance stage and hidden basement for indoor activities. In this series of spaces fro the music rettreat, architecture acts as a mediator, opening the dialogue between human and nature, creating a symphony of wind, waves and music. [ left top : canical site model showing 3 sites ; left bottom : canical site plan showing pieres proposal ; right : models of indiovidiaul sites ]
PIANO CAPSULE ON THE ROCK
The space is simple, cortan steel capsule inserted into a natural rock. Grand piano and the vast ocean. Staircase leading to the basement bedroom, bathroom and kitchen is hidden in the thickened wall, allowing a pure space above water.
IN BETWEEN ROCKS Utilizing an existing rock stairs leading to the ocean, a long narrow cortan steel tube is inserted in between rocks, creating a temporal experience of walking through a tunnel leading to the vast sea. Almost like movement of air in a flute.
PERFORMANCE STAGE IN ROCKS
After years of being hit by sea water, rocks are eroded and caves are formed. Utilizing the echo in the rock cave, a performance stage facing the west is built. Audience arriving by boats will have the opportunity to witness the magic created by music, wind and waves.
bay object [ left : rockite & steel model right top : piano capsule ; right bottom : flute tube ; right bottom : performance stage ]
CALI , MEDELLIN BUENAVENTURA
CERRO NORTE SANTA CECILIA VILLA NIDIA
 CLOSER TO STARS BOGOTA SPIRITUAL JOURNEY omnipotent wall The site is a land without ownership, located on the steep landscape in between two informal settlements. It is a battlefield between human and nature, cities and settlements etc. To recover this piece of land, physically and spiritually, I want to design, stargazing trial, 2600 metres closer to stars. But after all these romantic fantasy, I decided to do some real work to solve or ease these social problems that has been troubling the site for long. The proposal is a healing landscape created by series of retaining walls. It is a spiritual journey, embracing some of the dark history : drugs, violence , exploitation of nature etc . It is an experience witnessing the recovery of the land. 1 Cerro Norte | 2 Santa Cecilia | 3 Soratama | 4 La Cita | 5 Santa Teresa | 6 Danubio | 7 Barrancas Norte | 8 Barrancas | 9 cerros A Pascuales Family | B Abandoned quarry | C Rehabilitated quarry | D Quarry [ right top : entrance memorial ; right centre : domestic violence shelter ; right bottom : viewing platform ]
when you are 2600 metres closer to stars ....
witnessing the recovery ...
 PHAGOCYTOSIS NANO TECHNOLOGY CENTRE operative system Beginning with an aggregation of equilateral triangles, space is defined by a specific, geometric hierarchy of 3, 4 or 5 triangular panels which reference the initial exploration of pyramidal volume. The pyramidal configuration array radially and duplicate through rotational proportion composing large, dome-like spaces. Symmetrical aggregation is realized at the radial center where primary components lend extensional node paths to intermediate components, which pursue their tertiary counterparts into a mirroring, flipping or rotational direction along constrained edges. This operation constructs similar larger clusters containing new, dynamic arrangements of symmetrical responses to the central axis. While symmetry is ubiquitous throughout the aggregation, perfect symmetry is intentionally broken through subtraction at moments, simultaneously alternating and eliminating primary and intermediate components. The varying degrees of aggregation begin to suggest programmatic identifications through larger enclosures, its subdivisions or cell-like spaces of smaller volume. Clusters are connected by the introduction of a spine which serves function through the definition of interstitial, spatial circulation. It further erodes the clusters, hence continues disrupting the symmetry of the organization. This spine carries a different character than the regularity of the clusters, where it is irregular and freely integrated throughout the overall organizational logic of its planning. Individual triangular units are then expressed through different techonomic language and material, or become operable units which respond to external factors including sunlight and physical or visual connections to the context. The strategy of organization aims to articulate the relationship of part-to-part, part-to-external factor, part-to-cluster and cluster to cluster. [ top : elevation from campus road : right conceptual model studying structure, translucency and transparency ]
GEOMETRY STUDIES THROUGH PHYSICAL MODELS
PARAMETRIC TRANSLATION OF PHYSICAL FINDINGS
[ left : ground floor plan ; right top : entrance ; right bottom : spine / bridges ]
[ left : first floor plan ; right : library and cafe day and night ]
11am 9am 1pm 8am 3pm
 EXPERIMENTAL EDUCATION RED HOOK PRE-K industrial ruins
Brooklyn, was once the closest industrial borough of New York. Throughout years, following the rapid development of the city, factories were abandoned and torn down. Cafe, Galleries and high-end residential buildings have been moving into local neighborhoods. Gradually, the local culture and unique atmospehre are replaced by generic images. Inspired by the industrial past of the site, Red Hook Pre-K promotes education through exploring, experimenting and experiencing. Exciting spatial qualities of factories were rescaled and celebrated. The proposal challenges the exiting preconceptions about childhood education and industrial ruins.
[ left : space at different horus ; right top : classroom ; right bottom : outdoor playground ]
[1:100 final model ]
 RUBATO IN SPACE ITHACA COMMUNITY CENTRE human and water flow The project started with a precedent study of MAXXI , Zaha Hadid. Through studying the generative operation of the design process, a set of operative strategies were recognized : 1. Forming Threads from Existing Urban Fabic; 2. From Threads (2D) to Tubes (3D) - In Relation to Existing Building; 3. From Threads (2D) to Tubes (3D) - Design Intention; 4. Manipulating Nodes formed by Intersections of Threads. Utilizing the strategies above, the second part of the project involves a design of a 1:1 pavilion in the Rand Hall. Using steel and red, a hanging curtain which intersect itself, creating 4 separate spaces is built. By varying the density of the threads and playing with the orientation of the installation, passer-bys will be attracted into the path, following the source of wind and sound from the outside vehicle road, they will end up at different space, with a variety of informal encounter. The last part of the project is to blow up the scale from a pavilion to a buidling. Mimiciking water flow : filtering , falling and capiliary actions. This project in the Commons was designed to redirect human flow and foster informal encounter. Through a set of intersecting wall, with splitting and varying poriosity, tenants and visitors will experience an unconscious change of speed when moving in the building. Sometimes people are forced to speed up eg. gallery, sometimes people are caught in a space eg. market.
[ top : diagram showing how the installation reponds to site conditions in Rand Hall ]
URBAN FILTER movement , speed and density
GORGES AND ROADS water flow and human flow
 METAMORPHOSIS EAST VILLAGE PENTHOUSE locomotions This is a 3 acts studio. Starting from a memory device which resemble bits and pieces of a scene from childhood. In the project, I started by drawing fragments from my memory and creating linkages between them. Almost like a puzzle game, eventually a folding system emerged. The second act was to design a theatre set for ‘phone call’ The scenes of a woman breaking down due to a break up could be interpretted as 3 phases, before the phone call, during the phone call and after the call. It is interesting to anaylses her movement on the stage during different phase, zig-zags, circle, to and forth, kneeling, lieing, leaning etc... These movement undoubtedly are r determined by her emotions. In my stage design, I try to express the emotions in exagerated moveent and mechanism. Indeed, the folding and unfolding of the stage set itself is vigorous enough at some points that overwhelm the main character, such gives rise to a question, do we even need an actor in this play? I propose a machinical performances of those folding planes, the rhythm and degree of movement could be used to refelct the internal thoughts and emotions of the character at particular scenes. The final task is to design a penthouse for the director of Lamama Theatre. It is located at the rooftop of an old brikc house in Manhattan. My design is regulated by a golding system of a flat piece of square grid. Borrowing the diea of a worm ( mass ) evoluting to a butterfly ( mass and wings ) , the concept was developed through a study of spaces with a variety of transparency. The house should be perfect for socializing and casual encounter without the lose of privacy. Reflecting light through layers of glasses and translucent panels, this penthouse acts as an energetic butterfly, enlightening the night of Manhattan.
[ top : memory device : dances boxes on light table ; right : penthouse sections AA’ ; BB’; CC’ DD’]
[ left : roof plan , floor plan ; right : worm eye axonometric ]
[ left : paper model study of light and shadow ; right : final model ]
 DRIVE - IN FORTRESS HILL DRIVE-IN HIGH-RISE locomotions Located in Fortress Hill, next to Hong Kong eastern corridor, along the Victoria Harbour. this project is a visionary project, studying the future of a high dense face pace living city. Car ramps are introduced in the intertwining towers, people will be able to drive through galleries , park, shops before they stop their car right in front of their apartment in a skyscraper. The project is also an exploration of digital software like monkey and grasshopper, generating forms and investigating dimensions of interior spaces.
STUDY OF CIRCULATION
STUDY OF FORMS
HANDBOOK OF CONCRETE MONOGRAPH EXHIBITION cornell university 2016 fall
PERFORMANCE MEDIA ART cornell university 2016 fall
FLOATING LANTERNS GENSLER INSTALLATION Chicago internship team
 HANDBOOK OF CONCRETE MONOGRAPH EXHIBITION cornell university 2016 fall \Revisiting the concrete study proejct I did 5 years ago, this hand-binded publication reinterprets and visualizes the old project in a new way. This is a project about process of making, the publication is divided into three chapters : the inspirations, experiments and applications. It documents the precedents, materials needed and the results of a series of experiments, as well as bringing the study to a bigger utopian application. [ left : thumbnails of layout ; right : exhibition ]
 SCENIC DESIGN PERFORMANCE MEDIA ART cornell university 2016 fall We were given haiku, plays and scripts, the task is to pick a particular sentence or scene and create a stage set for that. Slightly different from architectural design, emotions come before anything in scenic design. It is important to step into shoes and feel the characters, understand what they were encountering at that particular time. The stage set should be able to precisely convey the message and emotions of the original scripts. [ left : haiku montages and model ; right top : ‘ghost’ model ; bottom : ‘ wife for life’ model]
 FLOATING LANTERNS GENSLER INSTALLATION summer internship team ( with Kobe, Yi Wang ) The task is to design and fabricate an installation within off hour times to activate an underused space within the office. Making use of old drawings which are to be thrown away : plans, sections, schedules, we created a hanging pavilion in the telephone rooms. These pavilions are like lanterns floating in the mid air, glowing in the dark. [ left : sketches and fabrication ; right : installation ]
METRO-NORTH RENEWAL GRIMSHAW | NYC
2017 summer internship
WANDA VISTA TOWER GENSLER | CHICAGO 2016 summer internship
DOHA METRO HUB
TFP FARRELLS | HONG KONG 2015 summer internship
EUREKA | HONG KONG 20 13 - 2014 junior architectural designer
SOUTH BANK TOWER
KOHN PEDERSON FOX | LONDON 20 12- 2013 junior architectural designer
SOU FUJIMOTO | TOKYO 2012 summer internship
HOUSE OF DENSITY
JUN IGARASHI | HOKKAIDO 2012 summer internship
 METRO-NORTH RAILROAD NEW YORK , UPSTATE NEW YORK | GRIMSHAW , NYC 2017 summer internship | SD , DD [ renovation of 5 existing stations : White Plains, Crestwood, Riverdale, Port Chester , Harlem ] This is a series of renewal and upgrading of MNR stations. Ijoined the team at the DD / CD of White Plains station. During my internship, I went site visit with the team and participated in contractors, engineers and client meetings. I work on the DD of Crestwood and the SD of the other 3 stations. [ left : Creatwood renovation plans ; right : White Plains and Crestwood entrance render ]
 WANDA VISTA TOWER CHICAGO | GENSLER , CHICAGO 2016 summer internship | DD , CD [ Wanda Hotel Groups : 93 floors ; TFA : 131 400 mÂ˛ ] Construction started in August 2016 with expected completion in 2020. Upon completion, it will become the cityâ€™s third tallest building : 361 metres. Gensler is responsible for the interior design of this mixed-use tower. I joined the project at the value engineering stage and was responsible for client meetings, schedule drawings, interior material and furniture selection. [ left : lobby section and hotel interior plans ; right : hotel lobby and restaurant render ]
 DOHA METRO HUB DOHA , QATAR |TFP FARRELLS , HONG KONG 2015 summer internship | DD , CD [ Qatar Railways new transit hub : TFA : 105,000 mÂ˛ ] Located in the city centre, Msheireb Station will be the largest in the network, serving as the central interchange point between the red, green, and gold lines. Its location and strategic importance contribute to the stationâ€™s very high projected patronage. Efficient passenger flows and clear wayfinding are essential to prevent bottlenecks. The station will form a new civic landmark that offers both durability and visually delightful architectural design, responsive to a highly demanding climate. During my internship, i play more of a coordinating role between contractors, engineers and clients. My task was to revise the geometries of interior. Vaults, floor patterns were generated by grasshopper. A construction drawings set was then produced for contractors. [ left : vault and ceiling patterns generation ]
 NINGXIA WINERY NINGXIA , CHINA | EUREKA , HONG KONG 2013 -2014 | SD , DD ( masterplan & individual buildings ) [ developing an abandoned land to a winery complex : masterplan , individual buildings : TFA : 56 000 m2 ] This is a masterplanning and design of individual buildings for a winery. In this vast land of Ningxia, we are building a new winery resort which involve a vineyard, factory of production, visitor centre , 10 villas and a recreational landscape. I was the person in charge of this project. I was responsible for basically everything in the project. From sketchings and physical model studies to construction drawings, detail designs , field trips and client meetings. Though the project was not built due to the withdrawal of investors, I witness every stage of design of the project, from scratch to presentations to government officials. [ left : top : masterplan ; bottom : visitor centre render ; right : centre : visitor centre ; bottom : entrance ]
Inspired by the movie ‘Raise The Red Lantern’ , the villa is designed according to the Qiao’s Grand Courtyard. Layers of columns frame individual spaces cinematically, creating a new experience of modern Chinese living. [ left : villa plans and diagram ; right : villa entrance ; courtyard ; bedroom ]
 SOUTH BANK TOWER SOUTHWARK , LONDON | KOHN PEDERSON FOX , LONDON 2012 -2013 | DD , CD [ renovation of an the 30 storey Kings Reach Tower : 191 apartments, 370,000 sq.ft Office, 72,000 sq.ft retail ] The existing Kingâ€™s Reach Tower has been abandoned for a long time and the proejct is to activate the neighborhood by renovating this complex. New retails, office and public landscape will be introduced. On top of that, a high-rise residential and commercial buildng will be added. In my internship, I have been working from facade detail to the residential high-rise layout plan. Throughout the whole year of working in London KPF, I have participated in different part of this complicated project. [ left : diagram , facade details , tower plans ]
 RIZHAO CITY CLUB RIZHAO , CHINA | SOU FUJIMOTO , TOKYO 2012 summer internship | DD , CD [ city club : site area: 6992m2 ; total floor area: 20000 m2 ] he whole site is designed as a forest. All the major functions are set in it. Various landscapes form with the rivers, landscaped basins, and forests (the surrounding environment), resulting in a variety of streamlines and spaces as if walking in the forest. Not only the periphery of the base, the outside of the building, but also the interior of the building are designed with many trees. The interior space and the exterior space are partitioned by the space on the waterâ€™s edge, creating a rich landscape in which the interior space and the exterior space merge with each other. Waterfalls and trees and other landscapes to ensure privacy at the same time, through the gap to see the dynamic landscape of the water. From research of plants and masterplan of landscapes, to detail designs, I fully participate in various scope of this project. Grasshopper was used to generate patterns for the roof louvres and partitions. And I have been doing an extensive material study for interior finishes. [ left : overall plan and landscape plans]
 HOUSE OF DENSITY NARITA , TOKYO | JUN IGARASHI , HOKKAIDO 2012 summer internship | DD , CD [ 3 storey family house : site area: 79.64m2 ; building area: 37.92m2 ; total floor area: 88.50m2 ] The site only allows for spaces measuring three tatami mats wide. containing 32 individual rooms of varying dimensions, the home is organized around a central spiral staircase that reveals small niches each with their own unique connection to the exterior. the small footprint balances interior and exterior program, allowing the inhabitants to enjoy the outdoors in a private and public setting during the summer as well as the indoors. a galvanized corrugated metal skin is wrapped around the structure, a durable material that ensures the first layer of insulation that keeps the house at a comfortable temperature during the winter. During the internship, I have been studying the relationship between form and program through physical models, I also have been working on plans and sections to visualize the coneptual ideas.