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Film Everything 電影都嘛有教

Jan 01

課文 CD 1 朗讀 MP3 2

Save 口氣衝

心情壞

The Incredibles《超人特攻隊》 彈力女超人的兒子包小飛運用天生的超能力在學校惡作劇,因 此被校長 (Principal) 約談。在校長室中,Bernie 老師氣憤地 控訴包小飛在他的椅子放圖釘的惡行。但錄影機根本無法錄下 包小飛的快動作,不論把課堂中的錄影帶重看幾次都一樣,這 可把老師氣炸了。

態度差

the Tears

少在 那邊

1

哭 夭!

計程車司機 Max 倒楣載到殺手 Vincent,迫於無奈要帶這個 剛作案的殺手前往下一個地點殺人。Max 對 Vincent 的行徑 感到既氣憤又不解,忍不住跟他爭論起來。 Max :

吟、散佈負面情緒,誰規定你就一定要好言相勸?下次

Vincent : What? I should only kill people after I get to know them? 怎麼?我應該認識他們以後再殺嗎?

碰到有人一直抱怨這、抱怨那,搞得你心情也變差,你 就可以用上這句:

Max, there are six billion people on the planet and you’re getting bent out of shape because of one fat guy? 麥克斯,地球上有六十億人口,你就因為一個胖子 而生氣嗎?

save the tears 別自怨自艾了,省省吧 save the tears 字面看起來就是「省省眼淚吧!」 權利裝可憐。如果你的情況比對方慘,而對方還 在那邊哀號,你就可以對他說 save your tears。

自己講一遍 來!自己講一遍

A: This homework is so hard. 這份功課真難。

B: My homework is even harder, so save the tears. 我的功課更難,少在那邊哭夭。

A: My boyfriend hasn’t called me yet today. 我男朋友今天還沒有打電話給我。

B: Save the tears. My husband hasn’t called me in a month. 別唉了。我丈夫一個月沒打電話給我了。

Collateral《落日殺神》 Annie 是個美麗的檢察官,她早上一上計程車就打電話 給助理交代事情,卻聽到助理在電話那頭唉聲嘆氣。 Annie: So what? You’ll be up late? 那又怎麼樣?你要熬夜嗎? I’m pulling an all-nighter too, so save the tears. 我也得整晚熬夜,所以別自怨自艾了。

8 EZ TALK

You just met him once and you kill him like that? 你只見過他一次,你就這樣殺了他?

2

I don’t know how he does it, but there’s no tack on my stool before he moves, and after he moves, there’s a tack. 我不知道他怎麼做的,但在他移動之前凳子上是沒 有圖釘的,他動了之後就有圖釘了。 Coincidence? I think not! 這是巧合嗎?我想不是!

Collateral《落日殺神》

雖然人難免心情不好,但聽到人嘟噥抱怨、無病呻

也就是叫人別再情緒化了,同時也暗示著對方沒有

Bernie:

are you so angry? 或者,你也可以學學這個說法:

明明正在氣頭上,偏偏碰到以冷靜自居的人在旁邊: 「淑芬,

妳要冷靜啊!」 「阿明啊,你何必這樣呢?」碎碎念勸個沒完, 這時就可以沒好氣地回這句:

Don’t “name” me.

Bernie:

Don’t “Bernie” me. This little rat is guilty! 別叫我名字。這小鬼有罪!

Principal: You and your son can go now, Mrs. Parr. I’m sorry for the trouble. 巴太太,妳和妳兒子現在可以走了。很抱歉麻煩妳了。

4

別叫得這麼親熱!

如果你和人意見相左,或是別人有求於你,當他叫你的 名字,試著動之以情或誘之以利時,為了表達自己的不滿, 就回一句 don’t“name"me「別叫我」,記得要在 name 的地方換上自己的名字,也就是把自己的名字當作動詞, 對方才聽得懂你在說什麼喔。

Principal: Bernie.... 伯尼…… 。

自己講一遍 來!自己講一遍

A: I’m really upset with you! 我實在很氣你! B: Listen, Jason.... 聽著,傑森…… 。 A: Don’t Jason me! 叫我名字幹嘛!

Shrek 2《史瑞克 2》

好心沒好報,勸人息怒反而被兇,這時你就可以

拉開嗓門說這句: 看到朋友氣呼呼地講話不客氣,你當然可以問 Why

3

Shrek 決心要讓妻子 Fiona 再次一展笑顏,因此聽從貓劍客的 話,去找有強大魔力的神仙教母幫忙。殊不知,這其實是神仙教母 (Fairy Godmother) 的詭計。

What in God’s name...?

Shrek:

到底是(怎麼回事)?

Excuse me? Sorry to barge in like this, but, eh.... 有人在家嗎?抱歉這樣闖進來,但是,呃……。

earth...? 都表示生氣、不耐煩或驚訝,不知道

Fairy GM: What in Grimm’s name are you doing here? 你到底來這做什麼?(編註:對白中的 Grimm 是指「格 林兄弟」the Brothers Grimm,由於這部電影的主題是 童話,創造無數童話的格林兄弟等於他們的 God。)

shape 是「扭曲變形」,用來描述生氣,還真是跟我

對方在搞什麼鬼。也可以把 what 代換成 why、

Shrek:

們說的「氣歪了」有異曲同工之妙。be/get bent out

who、where、how 等疑問詞。

(be) bent out of shape

生氣

bent 是動詞「彎曲」bend 的過去分詞;bent out of

What in God’s name...? 與另一種說法 What on

Well, it seems that Fiona’s not exactly happy. 嗯,費歐娜看起來似乎不太快樂。

of shape 有「氣壞,激動」的意思,常用來表示受到 怠慢或屈辱而不高興。

自己講一遍 來!自己講一遍

A: What in God’s name is that noise? 自己講一遍 來!自己講一遍

A: How come you’re all bent out of shape? 妳為什麼這麼生氣?

房間裡到底在吵什麼?

B: I’m practicing the drums. Is it too loud? 我在練鼓。太大聲了嗎?

B: My boyfriend forgot about our anniversary! 我的男朋友忘了我們的交往紀念日!

A: Did you see the phone bill? They charged us for all these calls we didn’t make! 你有看到電話帳單嗎?上面有一大堆電話根本不是我們打的!

B: Hey, no reason to get bent out of shape. I’m sure we can get the charges taken off our bill.

A: Why in God’s name is Sandy going out with that creep? 珊蒂到底在發什麼癲,竟然跟那個怪胎約會?

B: I have no idea. She could do so much better. 我也不知道。她明明能找到更好的對象。

嘿,沒必要氣成這樣。我確定我們能把那些帳從帳單上剔除。

EZ TALK

9


發燒人物

CELEB Talk

皇 流行女

Cool Expressions

世紀

Vocabulary Bank 全民英檢中級∕中高級字彙 1) sensation [s5n`se]4n ] (n.) 譁然,造成轟 動的人事物

The prime minister’s affair caused a media sensation. 2) imitate [`6m4´tet] (n.) 模仿

Parrots can imitate people’s voices. 3) top [t3p ] (n.) 上衣

That top doesn’t go with those jeans. 4) stocking [`st3k6; ] (n.) 長襪

瑪丹娜

Nov 02

5

沒錯,引起了不小的騷動。 2

逐句 跟讀 MP3 6

12)

got into

銘記在心

你人真好,給了丹事業上的建議。

B: Well, I just hope he takes it to heart. 我只希望他能銘記在心。

which produced the hits “Holiday,” “Lucky Star” and

Showbiz Word

“Borderline.” But it was 1984’s Like a Virgin, which topped

the music scene 音樂圈

the charts and gave her her first No. 1 hit, that made her 10

9) saint [sent] (n.) 聖人,聖徒

a pop sensation. Her sexy videos also

1

caused a stir,

and before long girls across the country were 2)imitating

Joan of Arc was made a saint in 1920.

3)

rM Warne 圖片由

本單元

5)

of costume jewelry.

The union told its members to boycott the meeting.

After performing for 6)sold-out audiences on The Virgin

進階字彙 15

Top Ten. They say that sex sells, and she certainly

(v.) endorse [6n`d7rs ] 代言(產品等), 背書

中 Translation

Tour, Madonna watched 17 songs in a row climb into the 2

took

the saying to heart. Just witness her performance of

外在夜店走紅之後,她於一九八三年獲得一紙唱片約,隨後推出《瑪丹娜》專 輯,造就出〈假日〉、〈幸運星〉和〈邊界〉等暢銷單曲。不過,讓她成為流

“Like a Virgin” at the 1985 MTV music awards, where she

行天后的則是她一九八四年《宛若處女》專輯,這張專輯稱霸各大排行榜,帶

rolled around onstage in a wedding dress and showed

口語補充 20

MTV as part of a $5 million dollar Pepsi

13) panties [`p1ntiz ] (n.) 女內褲

The suspect was accused of stealing women’s panties.

endorsement,

8)

was even more controversial—it showed Madonna 9)

French-kissing a black Catholic saint and dancing in front of burning crosses. As a result of the video, Pope 25

給她第一支冠軍單曲。她性感的音樂錄影帶也引起騷動,沒多久,全美各地的 女孩競相模仿她獨一無二的造型──蕾絲上衣、魚網褲襪以及一大堆廉價人造

her 13)panties. 1989’s “Like a Prayer” video, which aired on 11)

John Paul II told fans to

10)

boycott her concerts in Italy

and Pepsi cancelled her contract.

瑪丹娜席康二十歲第一次來到紐約時,她身上只有三十五美元和成為舞者的夢

音樂圈是泛指所有與音樂相關的活動領域, 對音樂有興趣甚至是將來想要踏入「音樂 界」the music industry 的人,會先設法進 入當地的音樂圈子,做些小型或是不收費的 表演,一方面建立這個圈子的人脈,一方面 累積表演經驗,許多在餐廳駐唱或參加音樂 比賽而在日後被挖掘進入演藝界和唱片公司 的藝人,就是從 the music scene 躍升進入 the music industry 最好的例子。只要用 the +名詞+scene,就可用來表示任何一種「圈 子」,如 the fashion scene「時裝圈」或 the movie scene「電影圈」……等。

想。但她很快便進入音樂圈,開始在當地樂團演奏及演唱。她的一卷試唱帶意

7)

Some athletes make more from endorsements than they do from playing sports.

提供

納音樂

usic 華

4)

her unique style—lace tops, fishnet stockings and lots

10) boycott [`b76k3t] (v./n.) 杯葛抵制, 拒絕參加

10 EZ TALK

A: That was nice of you to give career advice to Dan.

the music

bands. After one of her demos became a surprise club

1)

take (sth.) to heart

這句話是指認真思考別人對自己的建議或批 評,並且牢牢記在心裡,做為日後處事的良 策。

hit, she got a record deal in 1983 and put out Madonna,

8) controversial [´k3ntr4`v-]4l] (a.) 有爭議的

The star got into acting in college.

什麼?所有反皮草示威者都全裸上陣?

B: Yeah. It caused quite a stir.

scene, however, and began playing and singing in local

Dozens of people witnessed the accident.

12) get into [g5t `6nto ] (phr.) 參與,感興趣

中文 講解 MP3 5

becoming a dancer. She soon

7) witness [`w6tn6s ] (v.) 目擊,看到

11) endorsement [6n`d7rsm4nt] (n.)(產品 等)代言,背書

英文 講解 MP3 4

A: What?! All of the fur protesters were naked?

the age of 20, all she had was 35 dollars and dreams of

The jewelry store on the corner got robbed last night.

The controversial film was withdrawn from the film festival.

單字 CD 2 朗讀 MP3 3

stir 是指「攪拌」的動作,這句話是指某事件 因爭議性高,而在人群中引起騷動,就像在靜 止的湖面忽然投入一顆大石頭而引起水波,使 湖面不平靜一樣。

When Madonna Ciccone first arrived in New York at

5) jewelry [`d.u4lr6 ] (n.) 珠寶,也拼作 jewellery

The band played a sold-out concert in Toronto.

課文 CD 1 朗讀 MP3 2

cause a stir

引起軒然大波,引起騷動

A N N O D MA

Christopher thinks silk stockings are sexy.

6) sold-out [`sold´a8t] (a.) 滿座的,賣光的

1

珠寶。

在「處女巡迴演唱會」場場爆滿後,瑪丹娜連續十七支單曲都登上十大金曲 榜。有人說性是銷售保證,這句話她顯然牢記在心。只要看看她在一九八五年 MTV 頒獎典禮上怎麼表演〈宛若處女〉便知道──她穿著一襲新娘禮服在台 上滾來滾去,不時露出內褲。一九八九年的〈宛若祈禱〉音樂錄影帶(在MTV 台播放,是她以五百萬美元酬勞替百事可樂代言的一部分)甚至引發更大爭議 ──裡頭出現瑪丹娜與黑人天主教聖徒進行法式熱吻,並且在焚燒的十字架前 熱舞。這支錄影帶的後果是,教宗若望保祿二世呼籲粉絲杯葛她的義大利演唱 會,百事可樂也取消了她的合約。 EZ TALK 11


MADON N

發燒人物

CELEB Talk

A

Vocabulary Bank 全民英檢中級∕中高級字彙 1) pile up [pa6l 9p ] (phr.) 累積,聚集

The young golf star has been piling up trophies. 1

2) ban [b1n ] (v./n.) 禁止,取締

The city is considering banning smoking in restaurants.

has helped her

The doctor checked the patient’s pulse.

change with the times and 5)retain her

6 ) N eve r t h e l e s s , M a d o n n a h a s m a d e h e r s h a re o f

4) trend [tr5nd ] (n.) 潮流,趨勢

It’s expensive to keep up with the latest fashion trends.

15

mistakes. During a talk show appearance in the mid90s, she used four-letter words and asked the host to

5) retain [r6`ten ] (v.) 持有,保留

smell her panties. This

The owner was able to retain control of the company.

3

rubbed even

10)

hardcore fans

the wrong way. So she 7)released Ray of Light, a more

6) nevertheless [´n5v0|4`l5s ] (adv.) 儘管如此,然而

mature album of mostly dance

The lecture was long but nevertheless interesting.

20

7) release [r6`lis ] (v./n.) 發行,公布

11)

tracks, and won three

Grammy Awards. Next she tried an anti-war album, American Life, but it

The company is going to release its new product next week.

13)

bombed. Since then, Madonna’s

stuck with dance music. 2005’s Confessions on a Dance

8) edgy [`5d.6 ] (a.) 前衛的,不落俗套的

Floor sold 8 million copies, and the lead single, “Hung Up,”

That theater shows edgy art films.

hit No. 1 in 45 countries. Her latest release, Celebration, is

9) lyrics [`l6r6ks ] (n.) 歌詞

You can look up the lyrics to the song online.

25

an anthology with three new tracks. The sound is modern 8)

進階字彙

means controversy—and for Madonna, controversy, like

Only the candidate’s hardcore supporters showed up at the rally.

sex, always sells.

11) track [tr1k] (n.)(專輯)歌曲

Nov 03

口語補充

課文 CD 3 朗讀 MP3 7

單字 CD 4 朗讀 MP3 8

英文 講解 MP3 9

中文 講解 MP3 10

中 Translation

逐句 跟讀 MP3 11

By 1991, Madonna had 1)piled up 21 Top Ten hits in the

12) steamy [`stim6 ] (a.) 色情的

Censors cut all the steamy scenes from the movie. 13) bomb [b3m ] (v.) 不賣座,大失敗

The play bombed on Broadway. 5

到一九九一年,瑪丹娜已經在美國累積二十一首十大金曲,並在全球賣出了 有兩首新歌,其中〈救救我〉成為告示牌排行榜有史以來一上市進榜名次最高

first greatest hits album, The Immaculate Collection, set

播。但瑪丹娜能夠成功,不單是憑著壞女孩的形象。她在樂壇及時裝產業有許

records. “Rescue Me,” one of two new songs on the album,

多專業及個人的關係,讓她對每一種新趨勢的脈動都瞭若指掌,幫助她與時俱

became the highest-debuting single by a female artist in

的女歌手單曲,另一首〈證明我的愛〉的音樂錄影帶則太過煽情而遭MTV台禁

進,多年來保有流行天后的封號。

儘管如此,瑪丹娜也有犯錯的時候。九○年代中期,她曾在一個脫口秀節目中 口出穢言,並要主持人聞她的內褲。這連最死忠的粉絲都看不下去。於是她推

steamy that it was banned

出以舞曲為主、曲風較成熟的《光芒萬丈》專輯,贏得三座葛萊美獎。接下來

by MTV. But there’s more to Madonna’s success than just

曲風格。二○○五年的《娜‧語‧錄》大賣八百萬張,主打單曲〈心神不寧〉

being a bad girl. With her many professional and personal

更在四十五國家拿下冠軍。她的最新專輯《娜經典》是有三首新歌的精選集。

relationships in the music and fashion industries, she

來說,衝突就跟性一樣,是銷售的保證。 若有疑問請來信:eztalkQ@gmail.com

“Justify My Love,” was so

12)

2)

1

她嘗試推出一張反戰專輯《美國生活》,結果一敗塗地。此後,瑪丹娜堅守舞

曲風摩登前衛,但歌詞仍是標準的娜式風格。這意味著有衝突──而對瑪丹娜

 ave/keep one’s finger on h the pulse of (sth.)

掌握……最新狀況

這句話是用來形容一個人對某方面研究透徹並 緊扣最新資訊,任何發展脈動 (pulse) 都逃不 出此人的掌控。

A: How come you read that guy’s column every day? 你為何每天都要讀那個人的專欄?

B: He has his finger on the pulse of the fashion industry. 他很熟悉時尚業的脈動啊! 2

change with the times

與時俱進,跟得上時代

形容人因應時代不同而改變自己的行為,也可 以說 keep up with the times。

A: Wow, Grandma, I can’t believe you have Facebook account! 哇,阿嬤,真不敢相信妳有 Facebook 的帳號!

B: Well, we all have to change with the times. 我們都得跟得上時代嘛!

七千萬張專輯。就連她的第一張精選輯《十年精選》也創下紀錄。這張精選輯

U.S. and sold 70 million albums internationally. Even her

Billboard history, and the video for the other new song,

10

Cool Expressions

9)

and edgy, but the lyrics are classic Madonna. That

10) hardcore [`h3rd´kor] (a.) 死忠的, 中堅的,也可拼作 hard-core

12 EZ TALK

2

title as Queen of Pop over the years.

3) pulse [p9ls ] (n.) 脈搏,脈動

What’s your favorite track on the album?

has her finger on the 3)pulse of every new 4)trend. This

3

rub (sb.) the wrong way

惹惱別人,討人厭

這句話原來是 rub sb.’s fur the wrong way「逆 著撥弄別人的毛」,與中文「順著毛摸」的說 法相反。大家都知道,如果順著毛流撫摸動物 的皮毛,會有安撫動物的作用,但若逆著毛流 方向撥弄動物,則會引起動物的反感,甚至咬 你一口,所以 rub (sb.) the wrong way 就是惹 人討厭的行為了。

A: What do you think of the new president? 你覺得新任總統怎麼樣?

B: He really rubs me the wrong way. 他真的很惹我討厭。

EZ TALK 13


發燒人物

CELEB Talk

Cool Expressions

Norah Jones

1

While Norah won several jazz 15

vocalist awards in high school, she chose

jazz piano as her university major. But during a summer in Greenwich Village in 1999, the 8)lure of

樂壇才女諾拉瓊絲

the jazz and folk clubs 9)proved too strong, and she dropped out of school. After nearly a year of waiting

Vocabulary Bank

20

1) talented [`t1l4nt6d ] (a.) 有才華的

10)

frustrated and considered going

home. Fortunately, Blue Note Records employee

The contestants on the show are all so talented.

Shell White was in the audience on the night

2) vocalist [‘vok4l6st] (n.) 歌手

of Norah’s 21st birthday. He liked what

The band is looking for a new vocalist. 3) folk [fok] (a.) 民謠的,民間小調的

25

he heard and got her a meeting with

Bob Dylan started out as a folk singer.

Blue Note’s CEO, who signed her

4) emerge (from) [6`m-d. ] (v.) 源自;走出

The blues emerged from the work songs of black slaves.

1

The great painter Picasso led a charmed life.

soft and 30

Jan 01

7) explore [6ks`pl7r] (v.) 探究,探索,瞭解

課文 CD 1 朗讀 MP3 2

You should explore your options before you choose a major. The lure of easy money leads many people into a life of crime. 4)

The band’s new single is getting lots of airplay. 10 EZ TALK

逐句 跟讀 MP3 6

sultry voice, the label decided to

give her a high level of creative control. The

almost zero 13)airplay.

中 Translation

emerged from a 5) charmed childhood. Born on

and dancer Sue Jones, it was only natural for her to

葛萊美獎得主諾拉瓊絲是才華洋溢的歌手及鋼琴家,她融 合了爵士、流行、鄉村和民謠的曲風來自她幸運的童年。諾拉 生於一九七九年三月三十日,父親拉維香卡是非常著名的西塔琴師, 母親蘇瓊絲則是舞蹈家,因此她能通曉音律是自然而然的事。雖然她從 小就愛聽比莉哈樂黛和比爾艾文斯的音樂,但直到高中才真正開始探索爵士 樂。她參加合唱團,是天生的吉他好手,甚至也吹奏中音薩克斯風,但最後是

develop an ear for music. While she loved listening to Billie

鋼琴贏得了她的心,她說:「不彈鋼琴,我不知道手要做什麼。」

Holiday and Bill Evans as a child, she didn’t really start

雖然諾拉在高中贏過數座爵士樂女聲獎,大學時卻選了爵士鋼琴作為主修科

7)

進階字彙

13) airplay [`5r´ple ] (n.)(廣播或電視上的) 播放

中文 講解 MP3 5

March 30, 1979 to 6)legendary sitar player Ravi Shankar

5

I was really impressed by your presentation.

The woman gave the man a sultry look as she left the room.

Impressed by Norah’s unique

With Me, sold 20 million copies despite 英文 講解 MP3 4

whose mix of jazz, pop, country and 3)folk styles

The experiment proved to be successful.

12) sultry [`s9ltr6] (a.) 性感撩人的,風情萬種的

單字 CD 2 朗讀 MP3 3

Jones is a 1)talented 2)vocalist and pianist

9) prove [pruv] (v.) 結果是,成為

11) impress [6m`pr5s ] (v.) 給…深刻的印象

12)

a change

Grammy Award-winning Norah

8) lure [l8r] (n.) 誘惑物,魅力

The coach feels frustrated about the team’s poor performance.

11)

2

result? Her 2002 debut album, Come Away

The steaks at that restaurant are legendary.

10) frustrated [`fr9s´tret6d ] (a.) 受挫的, 洩氣的

on the spot. Talk about

of luck!

5) charmed [t]3rmd] (a.) 幸運的

6) legendary [`l5d.4n´d5r6 ] (a.) 傳奇的, 非常著名的

10

exploring jazz until high school. She sang in

choir,

目。但一九九九年在紐約格林威治村的那個夏季,爵士和民謠俱樂部的誘惑實 在太大,她於是休學。然而度過將近一年白天端餐盤、晚上在俱樂部演出的日

was a natural with the guitar, and even played the alto

子之後,她感到很挫折,考慮回家。幸好,就在諾拉二十一歲生日那天,藍

saxophone. In the end, though, the piano won her

於是安排她與藍調之音的執行長會面,執行長當場就把她簽下來。真

heart. “Without a piano I don’t know what to do with my hands,” she says.

A: So did you ask Karen out yesterday? 你昨天約了凱倫出去嗎?

B: Yeah. She turned me down on the spot. 有啊。她當場拒絕我了

tables in the day and playing clubs at night, though, she became

全民英檢中級∕中高級字彙

調之音唱片公司的員工薛爾懷特剛好是當晚的聽眾。他喜歡他所聽到的, 是時來運轉!唱片公司對諾拉獨特輕柔又撩人的聲音大為驚豔,決 定給她高度的創作主導權。結果如何?她二○○二年首張專 輯《遠走高飛》,在幾乎沒有電台播放的情況下,狂賣 兩千萬張。

on the spot 當場,當下

慣用語 on the spot 等於 on the exact place,有 immediately「立刻,馬上」的意 味。 spot 是「地點」,on the spot 是一種語 氣強調的用法,也就是某事件「就在當下」 發生的意思。

2

a change of luck 時來運轉

按照字面來看就是 change one’s luck「改變 某人的運氣」的意思,也就是說某人可能之 前都走霉運或是事情不順遂,所以 a change of luck 就是我們常說的「改運」啦。

A: You’ve been out of work for six months and can’t even get an interview? 你已經失業六個月,連個面試的機會 都沒有?

B: Yeah. I could really use a change of luck. 是啊。我真的很需要改改運。

Showbiz Word choir

唱詩班

choir [ kwa6r ] 通常指的是教堂的唱詩班或 是學校的合唱團,也就是所謂的歌唱樂 團 ( m u si cal ensembl e) 。合唱團通常會 有一位總指揮 (conductor) 或合唱團指揮 (choirmaster),大部分的合唱團為了四重和 聲 (harmony) 會分成四個聲部,但在聲部 的分隔上其實並沒有嚴格的限定。合唱團 表演時並非都需要樂器伴奏 (instrumental accompaniment),沒有樂器伴奏,以人 聲作為樂器的,則稱之為「人聲演奏」(a cappella)。 其他各種歌唱樂團的名稱: chorus [`kor4s](音樂劇中的)歌舞隊 源自於古希臘劇,歌舞隊員在表演中會對劇 情加以評論,並朗誦開場白 (prologue) 和收 場白 (epilogue)。 chorale [ko`r3l] 唱詩班 專為教堂吟唱讚美詩 (hymn) 的合唱團。 glee club [gli kl9b] 歌詠團 這種音樂團體唱的是短篇歌曲,主要以男聲 為主,有時也會有女聲加入。第一個歌詠團 成立於 1787 年的英國倫敦。 ensemble [3n`s3mby] 劇團,舞劇團 是指一群音樂家、舞者或演員組成的音樂表 演團體。也可指芭蕾舞團的群舞演員 (corps de ballet)。

EZ TALK 11


發燒人物

CELEB Talk

Jan 02 課文 CD 3 朗讀 MP3 7

Vocabulary Bank

單字 CD 4 朗讀 MP3 8

英文 講解 MP3 9

中文 講解 MP3 10

Cool Expressions

逐句 跟讀 MP3 11

1

Never theless, Norah had to

全民英檢中級∕中高級字彙

愚弄,使人出醜

I hear Whitney Houston is putting out a new album.

10)

2) produce [pr4`dus ] (v.) 創造出,製作

naysayers who said that she was just another

pretty face, and that she was

Jay Chou writes and produces most of his songs.

man’s reputation. But she

5

1

11)

living off her

14)

old

winning five Grammys in 2003. Her second album, Feels

The couple decided to have children to cement their relationship.

like Home, which she 1)put out the following year, had

2005 Grammy for Record of the Year. Although

The economy is emerging from the worst recession in decades. 15

Creative, talented and beautiful, Norah Jones ranks among the most

successful singers of the 6)decade. But she has

If the author had listened to the naysayers, he never would have written his book.

a 7)subtle, sexy side too. Listening to her pillow-talk songs, you can feel her

11) live off [l6v 7f ] (phr.) 靠…過活, 依賴…生活

Rob’s old man bought him a motorcycle for his birthday.

有人認為這個說法源自船隻競賽時裝飾的彩色 旗幟,當船隻進港即將抵達終點時,飛揚的旗 幟 (flying colors) 就象徵著勝利的到來。with flying colors 也就解釋為「某事獲得極大的勝 利或非常成功」。

in 21 countries.

20

12)

sensuality, even though she

never 13)flaunts it. That may be about to change, however. 25

For her newest album, The Fall, she’s decided to trade in her 8)

signature jazz sound for a harder rock edge. It may be

hard to imagine Norah singing over loud guitars, but if the first single, “Chasing 9)Pirates,” is any indication, she’s managed to 30

2

pull it off

3

with flying colors. Be

sure to pick up a copy and rock along with your favorite jazz singer!

with flying colors

非常成功

and was certified gold or platinum

10) naysayer [`ne´se0 ] (n.) 反對者,唱反調者

14) old man [old m1n ] (phr.) 老爸;丈夫, 男朋友

3

5)

進階字彙

口語補充

沒有,我真佩服。我沒想到他會通過。

to debut at no. 1 on the Billboard 200,

Many ships have been attacked by pirates in the Indian Ocean.

Lots of rap stars like to flaunt their wealth.

B: No. I’m impressed. I didn’t think he could pull it off.

much darker mood, it still 4)managed

9) pirate [`pa6r4t] (n.) 海盜,盜版者

13) flaunt [fl7nt] (v.) 賣弄,誇耀

你聽說傑森通過律師資格考試了嗎?

her third album, 2007’s Not Too Late, has a

7) subtle [`s9ty] (a.) 微妙的,含蓄的

pull it off 成功,圓滿完成

A: Did you hear that Jason passed the bar exam?

album Genius Loves Company, which won the

6) decade [`d5´ked ] (n.) 十年

Marilyn Monroe was famous for her sensuality.

2

pull it off 或 pull something off 是「努力實 現」的意思,通常是在困難的情況下,依 然能夠圓滿達到目標 succeed in achieving something。

She next collaborated with Ray Charles on his

Rihanna’s third album has been certified double platinum.

12) sensuality [´s5n]u`1l4t6 ] (n.) 性感

看那些人耍白痴實在很無趣。

the album 3)cemented Norah’s status as an icon.

10

5) certify [`s-t4´fa6 ] (v.) 核證,頒發

I can’t believe that Mike is still living off his parents.

B: It’s boring watching all those people make fools of themselves.

and 2)producing the Grammy-winning single “Sunrise,”

How did you manage to finish that task so quickly?

Fans always ask the band to play its signature song at concerts.

你為什麼不喜歡看綜藝節目啊?

more of a country sound. Selling over 14 million copies

4) manage (to) [`m1n6d. ] (v.) 設法)達成,辦到

8) signature [`s6gn4´t]0 ] (a.) 代表的, 招牌的

A: Why don’t you like to watch variety shows?

made fools of them all,

3) cement [s6`m5nt] (v.) 加強、鞏固(關 係、地位等)

The coconut milk gave the curry a rich, subtle flavor.

make fools of + them/themseves 等複數, 原形是 make a fool of someone「愚弄某 人,讓某人出醜」。fool 是「蠢人,傻瓜,白 癡」。在口語中常會聽到 I just made a fool of myself. 意思是「我讓自己出盡洋相」。

defend her overnight success against

1) put out [p8t a8t] 出版,發行

make a fools (out) of (sb.)

A: How did you do on the math final?

中 Translation 然而,對於那些說她只是另一個漂亮寶貝、全

你的數學期末考考得如何?

B: I passed with flying colors! 我考得非常好!

靠老爸名聲庇蔭的反對者,諾拉必須捍衛自己的一夕 成名。不過,她在二○○三年贏得五項葛萊美獎,讓那些人 顏面無光。她在次年推出的第二張專輯《回家》,有較濃厚的鄉 村風味,創下了超過一千四百萬張的銷售量,並創作出贏得葛萊美獎 的單曲〈日昇〉,這張專輯奠定了諾拉的偶像地位。接著與雷查爾斯合 作他的《真情夥伴》專輯,贏得二○○五年葛萊美的年度專輯。雖然她的 第三張專輯,二○○七年的《諾言》氛圍陰鬱多了,但一出片仍衝上告示牌 兩百大排行榜的冠軍,在二十一個國家榮獲金唱片或白金唱片。 創造十足、才氣縱橫又美麗的諾拉瓊絲,名列這十年最成功的歌手之一。但 她也有細膩、性感的一面。聆聽她枕邊細語般的輕柔歌曲,即使她並非刻意 賣弄,你仍可感受到她的性感。不過,這樣的曲風可能即將改變了。在她 的最新專輯《紐約的秋天》中,她決定一改她的招牌爵士唱腔,換上比 較硬的搖滾風格。或許難以想像諾拉的歌聲跟喧鬧的吉他相抗衡的樣 子,但如果第一支單曲〈捉迷藏〉堪為指標,她可說是非常成功 地完成曲風變革。記得去買一張,和你最喜歡的爵士歌手 若有疑問請來信:eztalkQ@gmail.com 一起搖滾!

12 EZ TALK

EZ TALK 13


發燒人物

CELEB Talk

Vocabulary Bank 全民英檢中級∕中高級字彙 1) arena [4`rin4 ] (a.) 體育館,舉辦活動的 場所。原意指古羅馬時代之圓形競技場, 現指四周圍繞觀眾席的圓形表演場所,或 稱「巨蛋」

The new sports arena seats 30,000. 2) modest [`m3d6st] (a.) 不起眼的,身份卑 微的

The billionaire grew up in a modest home in the suburbs. 3) legendary [`l5d.4n´d5r6] (a.) 傳奇的

Kurt Cobain is a legendary figure in alternative rock.

中 Translation

GREEN DAY 以龐克搖滾能量引爆世紀大崩毀

21

Joy Division is famous for its songs

about alienation. 6) cooperate (with) [ko`3p4´ret] (v.) 合作,配合

July 01

單字 CD 2 朗讀 MP3 3

逐句 跟讀 MP3 4

英文 講解 MP3 5

中文 講解 MP3 6

續集《二十一世紀大崩解》近日推出便大獲好評。但或

ambitions *outgrew what Lookout could offer

許會令你意外的是,這支曾獲葛萊美獎、專輯銷售數百 萬張、世界巡迴演唱場場爆滿的樂團,其實出身相當低 微。

parted ways with the

年輕歲月一九八七年首次於舊金山灣區登台亮相,在加

label and signed a contract with Reprise Records,

州柏克萊傳奇性的九二四吉爾曼街俱樂部表演。他們早

which is owned by Warner Bros.

得一批——即便只限當地的——忠實支持者。他們活力

them. So, in 1994, they 25

○四年極為暢銷的《美國大白痴》後,樂迷殷切期盼的

3

期的歌曲聚焦於青春期、疏離和女孩等主題,為他們贏 充沛的演出也獲得警戒唱片的青睞,這支三人團體便與

With the financial backing of the entertainment

此獨立廠牌合作,推出幾張七吋小碟及專輯大碟。

giant, the trio scored a big hit with Dookie,

雖然他們獨立發行的作品銷售成績還算不錯,也在歐美

their major label debut, and even had videos in

給予似乎只是遲早的問題。於是,一九九四年,他們與

10)

rotation on MTV. This increased exposure won

舉行巡迴演唱,年輕歲月的雄心壯志超出警戒唱片所能 該公司分道揚鑣,與華納兄弟旗下的重現唱片簽約。

the band *legions of new fans, and many 11)credit

有了大型娛樂集團的財力支援,這支三人團體的大廠牌

Green Day with the popularization of the pop

輪播。大大提升的曝光率為該樂團贏得大批新樂迷,許

punk genre in the 1990s.

處女作《道奇》即大為暢銷,音樂錄影帶甚至在 MTV 台 多人也將流行龐克曲風能在一九九○年代蔚為風行的功 勞歸給年輕歲月。

Green Day, those darlings of pop punk, are back.

The suspect refused to cooperate with the police.

21st Century Breakdown, the eagerly anticipated

7) put out [p8t a8t] (phr.) 出版,製作

follow-up to their 2004

Abbey Road was the last album put out by The Beatles.

1

smash hit American

Idiot, was recently released to much critical

8) decent [`disxt] (a.) 像樣的,過得去的

It’s hard to make a decent living as a musician.

課文 CD 1 朗讀 MP3 2

releases and a U.S. and European tour, it seemed 9)

30

5) alienation [´el6j4`ne]4n] (n.) 疏離, 疏離感

年輕歲月合唱團那幾個流行龐克的寵兒回來了!繼二○

only a matter of time before Green Day’s

4) adolescence [1dy`5sxs] (n.) 青春期

The rock star spent his adolescence rebelling against his parents.

Despite 8)decent record sales for their independent

5

praise. But you might be surprised to hear that the Grammy-winning band that has sold millions

9) ambition [1m`b6]4n] (n.) 抱負,野心 (a.) ambitious [1m`b6]4s] 野心勃勃的

of albums and packed 1)arenas around the world

Kelly’s ambition is to become a journalist.

actually comes from rather 2)modest beginnings.

10) rotation [ro`te]4n] (n.) 輪播

Who’s in charge of rotation at the radio station? 11) credit with [`kr5d6t w6|] (phr.) 將某成 就歸功於…

Green Day first appeared on the Bay Area *scene 10

Gilman Street club in Berkeley, California.

Ronald Reagan is often credited with ending the Cold War.

Their early songs, which focused on

補充字彙

themes like 4) adolescence, 5) alienation

* scene [sin] (n.) (音樂、表演…等) 圈子,活動領域

Seattle has a great music scene. * outgrow [`a8t`gro] (v.) 因為成長而不再 適用

Billy outgrew his fear of the dark. * legions of [`lid.4nz 4v] (phr.) 眾多 的…,legion為(古羅馬)軍隊、軍團

Legions of geeks attend the computer show each year. 10 EZ TALK

in 1987, playing shows at the 3)legendary 924

and girls, won them a dedicated, if local, 15

following. Their high-energy performances 2

caught the eye of Lookout Records as

well, and the trio 6)cooperated with the independent label to 7)put out a couple —of seven-inch EPs and LPs. EZ TALK 11


發燒人物

CELEB Talk

Vocabulary Bank

Lily

1) unconventional [´9nk4n`v5n]4ny] (a.) 不依慣例的,不尋常的

1

dropped out of school at

the age of fifteen, stating that she didn’t

15

want to spend a third of her life preparing to

Celeste has an unconventional sense of style.

work for the next third of her life, to set herself up

2) expel [6k`sp5l] (v.)(學校)開除,除名

with a 5)pension for the next third of her life. After

Jason got expelled from school for fighting.

a family holiday in Ibiza, she 6) stayed behind and

3) constant [`k3nst4nt] (a.) 連續不斷的, 不停的

20

His wife’s constant nagging is driving him crazy.

supported herself by working in a local record store. It was there that she met her first manager, George Lamb,

4) courtesy of [`k-t4s6 4v] (phr.) 蒙惠於⋯, 由⋯贊助∕提供

when he rescued her from some 7)dodgy *blokes.

This radio program is brought to you courtesy of our sponsors.

Lamb put Lily in touch with production duo

5) pension [`p5n]4n] (n.) 退休金

Future Cat, and the three soon

Hundreds of workers lost their pensions when the company went bankrupt.

25

6) stay behind [ste b6`ha6nd] (phr.) 留下來

2

hunkered

down in a basement studio to cut some tracks.

You guys go ahead—I’ll stay behind and wait for Lisa. 7) dodgy [`d3d.6] (a.) 可疑的,危險的

That pub is full of dodgy characters. 補充字彙 * lewd [lud] (a.) 猥褻的,荒淫的 * bloke [blok] (n., sl.) 小子,傢伙。屬英式俚語

May 01

課文 CD 1 朗讀 MP3 2

單字 CD 2 朗讀 MP3 3

逐句 跟讀 MP3 4

英文 講解 MP3 5

中文 講解 MP3 6

Cool Expressions 1

drop out 退學,退出

To say that Lily Allen had an

drop 這個字有很多用法,除了 drop out 外, 使用 drop 的常見片語有: ●

drop by 非正式的拜訪,順路拜訪

drop a line 寫信

1)

an understatement. Born in Hammersmith, London to comedian Keith Allen and film producer

drop dead 突然死亡,口語上也用來詛咒人

● ●

drop off 入睡;減少,下降

A: So how was the marathon? 馬拉松比賽跑得怎麼樣?

B: Not so great—I dropped out halfway through. 不太好,我跑到一半就退出了。 2

hunker down 專心完成某事

hunker [`h9;k0] 原是指屈身蹲下的動作,引申 為花費長時間把某事做好。也用來形容遊民將 某處(常常是地下室或是無人使用的空屋)當 作遮蔽所,暫時棲身安頓。

A: Hey, wanna catch a movie tonight? 嘿!今天晚上要去看電影嗎?

unconventional childhood would be

5

Alison Owen, she spent most of her childhood bouncing from school to school. Lily attended 13 schools in all,

中 Translation 用「不尋常」來形容莉莉艾倫的童年,實在太輕描淡 寫了。她出生於倫敦漢莫史密斯區,父親基斯艾倫是喜劇演 員,母親愛莉森歐文是電影製片。童年時期她換過一所又一所的 學校。她總共念過十三所學校,其中許多學校都因她抽菸、喝酒又行 為不檢將她開除。經常不斷地搬家很難維繫友誼,所以她從書本和音樂 中尋找樂趣。蒙惠於她的父母,莉莉聽的多半是他們所收藏的音樂,像是 龐克、斯卡(源於五O年代的牙買加流行舞曲)和雷鬼。

and was 2)expelled from many of them for smoking, drinking and *lewd acts. This 3)constant moving made it hard to form lasting friendships, so she kept 10

herself entertained with books and music. Lily listened mostly to punk, ska and reggae, 4)

courtesy of her parents’ music

莉莉十五歲時輟學,她說她不想花三分之一的人生來為就業做準備,然 後再花三分之一的人生工作,為最後三分之一的人生準備退休金。有一 次全家人去西班牙的伊維薩島度假後,她留在當地,在一家唱片行 工作來自力更生。她在當地遇到了她的第一位經紀人喬治蘭姆, 當時他把莉莉從幾個小混混手上救了出來。蘭姆把莉莉介紹 給「未來貓」這對製作雙人組,於是三個人很快就窩 在地下室裡錄了幾首歌。

collection.

B: I can’t. I have to hunker down and finish my term paper. 不行,我必須好好專心完成我的期末報告。 10 EZ TALK

EZ TALK 11


發燒人物

CELEB Talk

May 02

課文 CD 3 朗讀 MP3 7

單字 CD 4 朗讀 MP3 8

逐句 跟讀 MP3 9

英文 講解 MP3 10

中文 講解 MP3 11

On the 1) strength of these

Vocabulary Bank

tracks, Lily was signed to Regal Records

1) strength [`str5;q] (n.) 實力,力量

in 2005. They gave her only £25,000 to produce

Critics were impressed by the strength of the film’s cast.

an album, however, and provided her with little

2) preoccupy [pri`3kj4´pa6] (v.) 使全神貫 注,使忙碌

5

Celia has been so preoccupied with work that she hasn’t had time to date.

support because they were 2) preoccupied with releases by other more famous artists. Feeling like she’d

3) stream [strim] (v.)(電腦網路用語)串 流,像 YouTube 提供之線上聽音樂或看短

been placed

1

on the back burner, Lily decided to set

up a MySpace account and post some of her demos

片的分段傳送方式

If you don’t want to download the video, you can just stream it.

online. The response was so overwhelming—within

4) in part [6n p3rt] (phr.) 某種程度上的,部 分的

10

weeks, over a million people were 3)streaming her songs—that the label decided to rush-

The poor harvest was due in part to the unusually cold weather.

release her first single, ”LDN”.

5) witty [`w6t6] (a.) 機智的,詼諧戲謔的

The play’s witty dialogue kept the audience laughing.

Lily’s debut album, Alright, Still, released in July 2006, debuted at no. 2

6) be composed of [bi k4m`pozt 4v] (phr.) 由⋯組成、構成

15

The United States is composed of 50 states.

on the U.K. Albums Chart, thanks 4)in part to the hit singles ”LDN” and ”Smile”. Praised by critics for its

補充字彙

5)

* upbeat [`9p´bit] (a.) 歡樂愉快的

witty lyrics and *upbeat blend of ska, reggae and pop,

the album eventually went triple platinum. Her second album, It’s Not Me, It’s You, released in February 2009, has 20

been an even greater success, debuting at no. 1 in the U.K, Canada and Australia, and no. 5 in the U.S. In addition to

中 Translation 靠著這幾首歌所展現的實力,莉莉 在 2005 年和帝王唱片公司簽約。不過,公司只 給她 2 萬 5 千英鎊的專輯製作費,提供給她的支援也很

her musical career, Lily also hosts her own BBC talk

少,因為公司忙著為其他比較有名的藝人出專輯。莉莉覺得自

show, Lily Allen and Friends, where the audience

己被冷落在一邊,於是決定在 MySpace 開設帳號,把幾個試聽帶

6)

is composed entirely of her MySpace 25

friends.

放到網路上。幾周內,就有一百多萬人在網路上即時聆聽她的歌,由 於大家的反應實在太熱烈,唱片公司決定火速推出她的首支單曲〈LDN〉 (編註:LDN 為 London 的簡稱)。 2006 年 7 月,莉莉發行了個人首張專輯《就是要搞怪》,一推出就登上英 國專輯排行榜第二名,一部份要歸功於暢銷單曲〈LDN〉和〈Smile〉的 加持。樂評稱讚此張專輯歌詞詼諧,且輕快地融合了斯卡、雷鬼和流行 樂,最後銷售量贏得三張白金唱片。她在 2009 年 2 月所發行的第二 張專輯《干你屁事》成績更加亮眼,一推出就登上英國、加拿 大和澳洲排行榜第一名,美國排行榜第五名。除了音樂工 作,莉莉也主持 BBC 電視台的談話節目《莉莉艾 倫時間》,現場觀眾全是她在 MySpace 上的網友。

12 EZ TALK

EZ TALK 13


哈拉電影

MOVIE Talk

Vocabulary Bank 全民英檢中級∕中高級字彙 1) animation [´1n4`me]4n ] (n.) 動畫 (a.) animated [`1n4´met6d ] 動畫的

In Alice in Wonderland, which comes to

Japanese animation is becoming increasingly popular in the U.S.

theaters on March 5, Burton says his goal is to

2) comedy [`k3m4d6 ] (n.) 喜劇

“try to make it an 5)engaging movie where you get

Kelly likes to watch Jim Carrey comedies.

some of the psychology and kind of bring a freshness, but

3) to date [t4 det] (phr.) 至今,目前為止

also keep the classic nature of Alice.” Burton’s story begins 10

No suspects in the murder have been identified to date.

years after the original story ends. Alice, played by Hollywood

4) version [`v-.4n ] (n.) 版本

newcomer Mia Wasikowska, attends a fancy party where she

Which version of Windows do you have on your computer?

realizes that her 10)moneybags 11)suitor plans to propose marriage

5) engaging [6n`ged.6; ] (a.) 迷人的, 吸引人的

in front of hundreds of

President Obama is an engaging speaker.

Feb 01

6) flee [fli] (v.) 開溜,逃跑

The country’s future remains in doubt. 1)

8) logical [`l3d.6ky] (a.) 有邏輯的,合理的 (n.) logic [`l3d.6k] 邏輯(學)

9)

進階字彙

I think the sequel’s even better than the original.

12) blue blood [blu bl9d ] (n.) 貴族, 名門望族

Calvin comes from a family of blue bloods.

逐句 跟讀 MP3 6

blue bloods. She 6) flees the party,

runs into the White Rabbit, and once again follows him down the rabbit hole into Wonderland. Strangely, Alice doesn’t remember her childhood visit at all. She

7)

remains

over 20 movie adaptations, ranging from silent film to

confused about why she is there throughout much

animation. Walt Disney’s 1951 1)animated 2)comedy Alice

of the movie, and seeks 8) logical answers 13)

amongst the 14)madness.

sequel, Through the Looking Glass, is the most famous 3)to date.

A more recent example is the 1999 made-for-TV movie Alice

9) sequel [`sikw4l] (n.) 續集

The pretty girl was always surrounded by suitors.

中文 講解 MP3 5

in Wonderland, which is based on both Alice’s Adventures and its

5

Children should be taught logical thinking in school.

11) suitor [`sut0 ] (n.) 追求者

英文 講解 MP3 4

Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, has inspired

7) remain [r6`men ] (v.) 維持不變,仍然是

Diane married a moneybags and never had to work again.

單字 CD 2 朗讀 MP3 3

Lewis Carroll’s children’s fantasy novel,

The robber fleed from the scene of the crime.

10) moneybags [`m9n6b1gz ] (n.) 大財主, 闊佬

課文 CD 1 朗讀 MP3 2

12)

in Wonderland, which includes performances by well-known actors like Ben Kingsley, Martin Short, Whoopie Goldberg 10

and Gene Wilder, and won four Emmy Awards. But with so many 4)versions already out there, why bother making a new one? Oscar-winning director Tim Burton had never been impressed by any of the earlier films, and when Disney asked him to direct a new version in 15

3D, he

1

jumped at the opportunity.

13) amongst [4`m9;st] (prep.) 在…之間, 與 among 為同字不同寫法

There was a small cabin amongst the trees. 14) madness [`m1dn6s ] (n.) 瘋狂(行徑), 精神失常

Trying to drive in this weather is madness.

10 EZ TALK

EZ TALK 11


哈拉電影

MOVIE Talk

中 Translation 路易斯卡羅的兒童奇幻小說《愛麗絲夢遊奇 境》已啟發了二十多部改編電影,從默片到動 畫都有。一九五一年華特迪士尼根據該書及其 續集《愛麗絲鏡中奇緣》改編的《愛麗絲夢遊 仙境》是迄今最出名的一部。時間較近的例子 則是一九九九年的同名電視電影版,網羅了班 金斯利、馬丁修特、琥碧戈柏及金懷德等知名 演員的演出,還贏得四項艾美獎。但已經有這 麼多版本了,為什麼還要費心再拍新的?先前 的電影版本奧斯卡名導提姆波頓全都看不上 眼,因此當迪士尼請他執導最新 3D 版本 時,他二話不說就答應。 在三月五日上映的《魔境夢遊》中,波 頓表示他的目標是「努力讓它成為一部 引人入勝的電影,呈現出故事中的心靈 層面並注入一點新鮮感,但仍保有愛麗絲

Cool Expressions 1

jump at (sth.) 欣然接受

jump 在此有「撲向某物」的意思,形容迫不及 待把握某個機會或是提議時,可以說 jump at the chance/opportunity。jump 還有幾個改變介系詞, 意思就完全不同的慣用語: ● jump

on/all over (sb.) 對某人發飆,責備某人 in 打斷談話 ● jump out at (sb.) 引起某人注意 ● jump

A: My company wants to send me to work in Paris, but I don’t want to go. 我公司要派我去巴黎工作,但是我不想去。

B: Really? I’d jump at the chance to live in Paris! 真的嗎?要是我就會迫不及待抓住去巴黎 住的機會。

Showbiz Word made-for-TV movie 電視電影

的面向她求婚。她逃離派對,撞見白

所謂「電視電影」指的是由電視公司製作並播 放,拍得像電影一樣的影片。這樣的「電影」並 不會在戲院播放,只在電視上看得到。made-forTV movie 長度跟電影差不多,製作成本一般來說 比電影低,但是比 television drama「電視劇」高 出許多。

兔,再次跟著他掉下兔子洞來到奇境。

「電視電影」的其他說法還有:

的經典本質。」波頓的故事始自原著故事結束 十年後。愛麗絲(由好萊塢新生代演員米雅瓦 斯科斯卡飾演)參加一場奢華的派對,發現她 財大氣粗的追求者打算當著數百位貴族

怪的是,愛麗絲完全不記得小時候曾造訪 過。劇中大半時間她仍大惑 不解自己為什麼會在那兒, 並且試圖在所有瘋狂現象中尋 找合乎邏輯的答案。

Language Guide 愛麗絲夢遊奇境》?《愛麗絲鏡中奇緣》? 還是《愛麗絲夢遊仙境》? 很多人受到迪士尼卡通的影響,以為只要是名叫做「愛麗絲夢 遊仙境」的卡通、影片、小說、故事書……都是從一本同名 小說改編來的。其實不然,大家現在所熟知的「愛麗絲夢遊仙 境」幾乎都是結合了《愛麗絲夢遊奇境》Alice's Adventures in Wonderland 和其續集《愛麗絲鏡中奇緣》Through the Looking Glass and What Alice Found There 改編而來的,迪士尼卡通是 如此,提姆波頓新版的《魔境夢遊》也是如此。 然而,因為結合兩集的版本(尤其是迪士尼卡通)比兩本原著更 為眾人所知,導致大家對於故事中的人物也有所誤解,最明顯的 例子就是把 Queen of Hearts 和 Red Queen 誤認是同一個人。 其實 Queen of Hearts 和 Red Queen 分別為前後兩集中的兩個 角色,雖然兩人都是「女王」也都是「暴君」,但個性截然不 同,Queen of Hearts 易暴怒,Red Queen 卻冰冷陰沈。 以下為原著重要角色介紹及其登場小說,若在看電影前先認識原 著角色個性,將更能體會改編版的樂趣。

愛麗絲夢遊奇境》以

表示

愛麗絲鏡中奇緣》以

表示

Alice 愛麗絲 出生於維多利亞時期的英國女孩,是故事的主角,在兩部小說中 她都扮演著完成某項任務的關鍵角色。

television movie

The White Rabbit 白兔

telemovie/telefilm

這隻兔子就是將愛麗絲引進奇幻之旅的重要角色,他隨身掛懷錶 卻老是遲到,口頭禪是 Oh dear! Oh dear! I shall be too late!「天 啊!天啊!我要遲到了!」他也是紅心皇后和國王的僕人。

TV movie/film 附帶一提,有一種電影拍攝完後,沒在電影院上 映,卻直接出 DVD 的電影則叫 direct-to-DVD movie、straight-to-DVD movie 或 made-for-DVD movie。

The Caterpillar 毛毛蟲 他是隻會抽菸的毛毛蟲,講話非常沒有禮貌,告訴愛麗絲可以藉 由吃蘑菇讓自己的身體變大和變小的就是他。

The Cheshire Cat 柴郡貓

The Mad Hatter 瘋帽匠 卡羅創作瘋帽匠這個角色是影射牛津一位家具商,他喜歡戴高帽 又個性古怪,在瘋狂茶會上跟愛麗絲大玩猜謎遊戲,因此發生一 段與時間有關的精彩對話。到了續集他則以 Hatta 的名字出現在 小說裡。

The March Hare 三月兔 三月兔跟瘋帽匠一樣瘋癲,也是瘋狂茶會上的要角。英國早期有 句廣為流傳的成語 mad as a March hare,形容人神經兮兮、瘋 瘋癲癲,作者就是以此為角色命名。在續集小說中,他則是白國 王 (White King) 的私人使者,名字也改為 Haigha。

The Dormouse 睡鼠 睡鼠人如其名,總是在睡覺,甚至還可以邊睡覺邊與人對談。他 也是瘋狂茶會上的一個瘋癲角色,小女孩愛麗絲碰上瘋帽匠、 三月兔和睡鼠這三個瘋子,造就出文學史上最有名的一段雞同鴨 講。

The Queen of Hearts 紅心皇后 紅心皇后脾氣非常不好,只要在她面前犯下小小的錯誤,就會引 來殺頭危機,她的知名口頭禪就是 Off with their heads!「把他們 的腦袋都砍下來!」

The Red Queen 紅皇后 在以西洋棋遊戲為故事主軸的《愛麗絲鏡中奇緣》中,紅皇后是 與愛麗絲敵對那方的皇后,是位很有智慧但唯恐天下不亂的獨裁 者。

The White Queen 白皇后 她是愛麗絲在《愛麗絲鏡中奇緣》的盟友,對於身邊發生的事情 有很多無厘頭的想法。

The Tweedle Brothers 雙胞胎兄弟

Tweedle-dum 和 Tweedle-dee 兩兄弟總是一搭一唱,不斷附 和、讚美對方所說的話。雖然其中一位兄弟曾經一度嗆聲說要決 鬥,可是他們從來不曾發生衝突。

卡羅創作這個角色的靈感來自於俗語「笑得像一隻柴郡貓 (grin like a Cheshire cat)」。這是一隻咧著嘴笑的貓,擁有憑空出現 或消失的能力,甚至身體消失以後,笑容還可以繼續掛在半空中 一陣子。

12 EZ TALK

EZ TALK 15


哈拉電影

MOVIE Talk

測驗結果

Which Twilight Character Are You? Rosalie 羅莎莉

Edward 艾德華

You are Rosalie, the beautiful vampire. You may have been wronged in the past and still carry a grudge. You are strong and gorgeous, but are used to getting your way and don’t mind getting into a fight or bearing a grudge for eternity. You love your family, but sometimes they just don’t understand you. You would love to be a mother and just want a normal life.

You are Edward, the 17-year-old vampire. You are brilliant, fast, handsome, musical, and oldfashioned. You are fiercely protective of those you love and always put yourself last. Your friends love you, but your enemies need to watch out. 你是愛德華,十七歲的吸血鬼。聰明、行動迅速、外表俊俏、具有音樂天份以及傳統的價值觀。你極力保護你所 愛的人,總是將自己放在最後。你很受朋友的愛戴,但你的敵人則要對你小心為妙。

你是漂亮的吸血鬼羅莎莉。你過去可能受到委屈,至今仍懷恨在心。你堅強又美麗,但太習慣為所欲為、與人起衝突或永 久懷恨。雖然你愛你的家人可是有時候他們就是不瞭解你。你樂意成為母親,過著平凡的生活。

Bella 貝拉

Jasper 賈斯伯

You are the mortal Bella. While you may be clumsy and awkward, you are beautiful and have a strong moral center. You love your family and always watch out for them. You love literature, but sometimes find it hard to relate to others. You are a strong shield and prefer to take the pain for others.

You are Jasper, the vampire who used to be a Civil War Major. You are the Southern Gentleman who has been through a lot. You may have changed a lot in recent years, but still struggle with the past. You are charming and charismatic and can make or break people’s days easily. You can always be counted on in a fight.

你是人類貝拉。縱使你有點笨手笨腳、彆彆扭扭的,但你既美麗又重道德。你深愛家人而且都會照顧他們。你喜愛文 學,不過有時不易融入他人。你像個堅硬的盾牌,願意替他人承受痛苦。

你是賈斯伯,一位曾於南北戰時期擔任少校的吸血鬼。你是個歷盡滄桑的美國南方紳士。或許這幾年你已改變許 多,但你仍為昔日所苦。你迷人且魅力超凡,輕而易舉就能讓人日子高興或難過。作戰時你永遠是最靠得住的人。

Jacob 雅各 You are the fiery werewolf, Jacob. You may be young and impulsive with a temper, but you only want what’s right. You are prone to falling in love and may have trouble being “just friends” with girls. You care about your family and tribe and feel like someone can always hear your thoughts. You can be a little dangerous, but your friends put up with it.

Alice 艾莉絲 You are Alice, the future-seeing vampire. You love to dance, decorate and shop. Fashion is your passion, and you especially like dressing up your friends. Though you are delicate, your are fierce when you need to be and always ready to stand up for your friends. You tend to be a little fatalistic and bossy.

你是火爆的狼人雅各,縱使年輕又脾氣衝動,但你只是在追求正義。你非常容易墜入愛河,很難跟女生維持單純 的友誼。你關心你的家人和同胞,總覺得一定有人能聽見你的心聲。你可能有點危險,但你的朋友都能容忍你。

你是能預見未來的吸血鬼,艾莉絲。你喜歡跳舞、玩佈置和逛街購物。對時尚非常有熱情,而且你特別喜歡幫朋友打 扮。雖然你是個纖弱的人,必要時刻你可以非常兇悍,隨時準備為朋友挺身而出。你有點宿命論,而且有點跋扈。

Carlisle 卡萊爾 You are the father vampire, Carlisle. You are the voice of reason in troubled times, and always know just what to say. You are calm and compassionate, and may even pursue a career in medicine. Your family’s happiness is of huge importance of you. Though you would prefer to avoid violence, you are a willing fighter for what’s right. 你是吸血鬼爸爸卡萊爾,你是動亂時期的理性之音,而且總是知道甚麼是該說的話。你冷靜又富同情心,甚 至可能行醫為業。家人的幸福對你來說極為重要,雖然你寧可避免暴力,不過卻願意為正義而戰。

When I first read the Twilight Saga, I really wanted to be a vampire. Unfortunately, I did not know any vampires, so I wrote this quiz as the next best thing. The goal is to match your personality with one of the main characters. When I take it, I usually get Alice or Carlisle—this blends my fun, trendy nature with my leadership and compassion. The positive feedback has been

Esme 艾絲梅 You are the mother vampire, Esme. You are the ultimate mom and love your family more than anyone ever could. You desire everyone’s happiness and support those around you. You aren’t much of a fighter, but you are willing to do what it takes. You are willing to reach out to those others may not like and include them. 你是吸血鬼媽媽艾絲梅。你是個典型的媽媽,沒人比你更愛家人。你渴望大家都幸福美滿,也對週遭的人給予支 持。你算不上是個鬥士,但願付出一切。你願意向那些別人可能不喜歡的人伸出雙手,接納他們。

so incredible. I often get emails with questions about the quiz, and I was recently interviewed by Playback Magazine. When I’m not making Facebook quizzes, I attend Grove City College in Pennsylvania where I study Molecular Biology and Spanish, and plan to be a medical doctor. I participate in theater, journalism and Alpha Epsilon Chi, and enjoy Starbucks coffee, pop music and the Fox television series Glee. Chinese, Dutch and German are next on my list of languages to learn. Quiz developer, David Janssen

Emmett 艾密特 You are Emmett, the lovable vampire. You are the big goof, always cracking a joke and acting like you are about three years old. You love games and the outdoors, and don’t mind picking a fight for fun. You possess a great inner and outer strength and are a great friend to have on your side. Sometimes you get yourself in a little trouble since you like to have a little too much fun. 你是艾密特,是個討人喜歡的吸血鬼。你很愛耍寶,總是滿嘴笑話,活像個三歲小孩。你喜愛遊戲和戶外,為了玩樂跟人打架 也無妨。你同時具有內在及外在的力量,有你當朋友很棒。由於你太愛玩了,有時會給自己惹上些小麻煩喔。

14 EZ TALK

當我第一次讀《暮光之城》小說時,我很想變成吸血鬼。可惜我並不認識任何吸血鬼,所以我寫了這篇心理測驗聊表安慰。測 驗的目的就是找出和你個性最相似的主角。我自己在做測驗時,得到的結果通常都是艾莉絲或卡萊爾,這結合了我享樂、愛趕 時髦的天性和領導力及同情心。測驗的正面回應出乎意料之外,我常常收到電子郵件詢問種種有關測驗的疑問,最近我也接 受了《Playback》音樂電影雜誌的專訪。 製作 Facebook 測驗之餘,我在賓州就讀葛羅夫市立大學,主修分子生物學和西班牙文,計畫成為醫師。我參加戲劇社、校刊 社和美國優等生榮譽學會,很愛喝星巴克咖啡、聽流行樂、看福斯頻道的影集 "Glee"。中文、荷語及德文是我接下來想要學 的語言。 測驗開發者大衛詹森 EZ TALK 15


哈拉電影

MOVIE Talk

Cool Expressions 1

Vocabulary Bank

後面接介系詞 up 則有叫人「放輕鬆」的意思,等 於 cheer up。

全民英檢中級∕中高級字彙

A: Why did Daniel dump me? There must be something wrong with me.

1) intense [6n`t5ns ] (a.)(感情)激烈的, 強烈的

為什麼丹尼爾把我甩了?一定是我有問

The actor is good at expressing intense emotions.

題。

B: You need to lighten up. You guys just weren’t compatible—that’s all.

2) backdrop [`b1k´dr3p ] (n.)(事情或活 動的)背景,(舞台)背幕

妳要看開點。你們只是不適合在一起,如

Gone with the Wind is set against the backdrop of the Civil War.

此而已。

3) defining [d6`fa6n6; ] (a.) 關鍵的,代表 性的。defining moment 即「關鍵時刻」

The interior of the house was dark and gloomy.

that is, until he realizes he’s behind on the insurance 25

Oct 07

The man left his all his property to his son. 8) desperate [`d5sp4r6t] (a.) 狗急跳牆的, 絕望的,極度渴望的

5

中文 講解 MP3 30

逐句 跟讀 MP3 31

Gary Locke is currently serving as the U.S. Secretary of Commerce.

Commerce, hears that a neighboring

Thinking this would be a good chance to

1

A: I’ve been really down on my luck lately. 我最近真的衰透了。

B: Don’t worry. I’m sure things will look up soon. 別擔心。我相信事情很快就會好轉的。

3

pulled the plug on a hippie music festival. 4

drum up

30

the festival’s *promoters and pitches Bethel as a new location.

Elliot Tiber and his family, who played an important

period piece is a coming of

Show on Earth.”

中 Translation

繼《斷臂山》和《色,戒》等感情澎湃的劇情片之後,奧斯卡導演李安推出《胡士托 風波》這部以喜劇觀點看待胡士托音樂節的電影來調劑一下。本片靈感來自以利特泰 柏一家人的真實故事,他們是胡士托的重要推手。這部時代劇改編自泰柏的自傳《胡

one of the defining moments of America’s pop cultural

士托風波》,是一部成長(以及出櫃)的故事,以美國流行文化史上最關鍵的時刻之

history—the musical festival *billed as “3 Days of Peace

一為背景──被封為「三日的和平與音樂」的胡士托音樂節。

3)

& Music.”

時間是一九六九年,格林威治村一位倒霉的同志室內設計師以利特(由喜劇總部電視 台的喜劇演員狄米崔馬汀飾演)被迫搬回家鄉貝瑟爾,位於民風保守的紐約州北部。

* foreclose (on) [for`kloz] (v.) 取消贖回權

The bank is threatening to foreclose on our house.

It’s 1969, and Elliot (played by Comedy Central comedian

promoter [pr4`mot0 ] (n.) 活動承辦人,

Demetri Martin), a

出資人 15

2

down-on-his-luck gay 4)interior

designer in Greenwich Village, is forced to move back to his hometown of Bethel in 5)conservative upstate New

pull the plug 終止,取消

止或取消。

A: I heard they’re gonna pull the plug on my favorite reality show. 我聽說他們要停播我最愛的真人實境節目。

B: That’s good. Maybe now you’ll spend less time glued to the tube. 那很好啊,也許你會少花點時間巴在電視 機前。 4

drum up

招攬(生意);爭取(支持) drum up 有鼓舞士氣的涵義,也可以當作爭取支 持的意思,但在這裡指的是衝業績、招攬生意。

age (and coming out) story set against the backdrop of 10

3

pull the plug 字面上的意思為拔掉插頭,引申為終

some much-needed business for the motel, he calls

lightens up with Taking Woodstock, a comic

2)

Lust is one of the seven deadly sins.

20 EZ TALK

10)

*Lust, Caution, Academy Award-winning director Ang

a Concert and a Life, this

* lust [l9st] (n.) 性慾,慾望

Live Nation is the world’s largest concert promoter.

Chamber of

town has

autobiography, Taking Woodstock, a True Story of a Riot,

補充字彙

*

9)

role in making Woodstock happen. Based on Tiber’s

10) commerce [`k3m-s ] (n.) 商業,貿易

單字 CD 12 英 文 朗讀 MP3 28 講解 MP3 29

look at the musical event inspired by the true story of

9) chamber [`t]emb0 ] (n.) 會場,會所

課文 CD 11 朗讀 MP3 27

payments. Elliot, who is also the president of the Bethel

After 1) intense dramas like Brokeback Mountain and Lee

The farmers are desperate for rain.

* bill (as) [b6l] (v.) 貼海報宣佈,以…為號 召 The circus was billed as “The Greatest

以用這句話來形容霉運當頭。

so 8)desperate that he wants to burn the place down—

6) run-down [`r9n´da8n ] (a.)(地方)破 舊的,(人)虛弱的,疲憊的

run-down Catskills motel, the El Monaco. The bank is

about to *foreclose on the 7)property, and his father is

Christine was raised in a conservative family.

the Order of the Phoenix) need his help running their 6)

5) conservative [k4n`s-v4t6v] (a.) 保守的,傳統的

The Chamber of Commerce is holding a job fair this weekend.

當一個人灰心喪志,做什麼事都不順利時,就可

Goodman) and Sonia (Imelda Staunton, Harry Potter and 20

 own-on-one’s-luck/ d down on one’s luck

走霉運(的),不順利(的)

Jewish parents Jack (Henry

4) interior [6n`t6r60 ] (n./a.) 內部;內部的。 interior designer 即「室內設計師」

7) property [`pr3p0t6 ] (n.) 資產;房地產

2

York. His Russian immigrant

The Berlin Wall was the defining symbol of the Cold War.

The family lives in a run-down shack.

lighten up 放輕鬆

lighten 有「使(某物)變輕,變亮」的意思,而

他的猶太裔俄國移民雙親傑克(亨利古德曼)和桑妮亞(伊美黛史道頓,《哈利波特 五:鳳凰會的密令》)需要他幫忙經營家中在卡茲奇山區開設的破舊汽車旅館:摩納 哥。銀行即將取消旅館的贖回權,他的父親絕望到想把旅館燒個精光──那還是等到 他發現連保險費都欠繳了,他才沒那做。身兼貝瑟爾商會主席的以利特,聽聞鄰鎮放 棄一個嬉皮音樂節。他心想這或許是能為汽車旅館注入商機的大好機會,於是打電話

A: We need to do something to drum up business. 我們需要做點事來招攬生意。

B: How about offering a two-for-one special? 買一送一的優惠怎麼樣?

Showbiz Word period  piece

以某時代為背景的作品

period 指的是某個時期或時代,piece 表示作品, 兩個字合在一起指的就是以某時代背景及特色為 題的作品。而 period film 就是仿效某時代場景、 服裝、言談舉止所拍攝的電影。 Dangerous Liaisons is my favorite period piece. 危險關係》是我最喜歡的時代劇電影。

給音樂節主辦人,極力推銷貝瑟爾做為新的舉辦地點。 EZ TALK 21


哈拉電影

MOVIE Talk

Cool Expressions Vocabulary Bank 全民英檢中級∕中高級字彙

Oct 08

I wouldn’t buy anything from that smooth-talking salesman. 2) investor [6n`v5st0 ] (n.) 投資者,出資者

5

4) dairy farm [`d5r6 f3rm ] (n.) 生產牛奶 及乳製品的農場。dairy product 即為「乳 製品」

25

them away around the corner,” Lee says with a laugh.

a helicopter with a group of lawyers, event staff and

But after Lust, Caution, he says,

investors. When the motel grounds turn out to be too

A: I got stage fright looking out at the sea of faces. 看到台下萬頭鑽動,我就開始怯場。

B: Me too. But I felt fine once we started playing.

“I was desperate to do a comedy.”

*swampy, he takes them to visit Max Yasgur (Eugene 30

to miss Taking Woodstock when it

2

hits theaters in

October!

中 Translation

Monaco and makes it their 6)headquarters. Three weeks 10

later, half a million people descend on the town, and

在以利特還沒會意自己做了什麼事之前,油腔滑調的主辦人邁可藍恩(強納生葛洛夫 飾演)已搭著直升機出現,同行的還有一群律師、音樂節工作人員及投資客。由於汽

I made a tidy profit on that stock.

Elliot finds himself 8)swept up in a generation-defining

6) headquarters [`h5d´kw7rt0z] (n.) 總部

experience (including sex, drugs and rock ‘n’ roll) that

嘉(尤金李維,《美國派》)。雅士嘉答應以相當高的一筆金額把農場租給他們,胡

will change his life, and American culture, forever.

士托音樂節工作人員則進駐摩納哥旅館,做為總部。三星期後,五十萬人湧入貝瑟

Paul worked for two years at company headquarters before being transferred here. Millions of pilgrims descend on Mecca each year. 8) sweep up [swip 9p ] (phr.) 捲入 動詞三態:sweep-swept-swept

15

Guess who I ran into at the post office? 補充字彙 * swampy [`sw3p6] (a.) 沼澤的,又濕又 軟的

New Orleans was built on swampy land.

Taiwan when Woodstock took place, he saw just enough of the event to be fascinated. “It was on television 9)

very briefly,” says the director. “I do remember men with

9) fascinate [`f1s4´net] (v.) 使神魂顛倒, 著迷

10) run into [r9n `6ntu ] (phr.) 巧遇

爾,以利特這才發現自己已經捲入一場劃時代的體驗(包含性愛、毒品和搖滾樂),

Although Ang Lee was only 14 and growing up in

Mario got swept up in the free speech movement in college.

Roberta has always been fascinated by Asian culture.

車旅館的地面太過濕軟,他帶他們拜訪在同一條路上擁有六百畝酪農場的麥克斯雅士

他的人生以及美國文化將因此永遠改變。

7) descend on [d6`s5nd 3n] (phr.) 向…湧來

big hair, *jamming guitars,

1

a sea of people acting

*groovy. To a kid in Taiwan, it was like a dream.” While 20

on a tour to promote Lust, Caution, Lee

10)

ran into Elliot

Tiber *backstage at a TV talk show, which he was on to plug his biography. “He gave me a one minute

我也是,但我們一開始表演就覺得好多 了。

If you’re desperate for a little comedy too, be sure not

a 5)tidy sum, and the Woodstock staff moves into the El 7)

a sea of 大量的

這是一種誇飾的說法,用來形容人事物「像海一 樣多」。

down the road. Yasgur agrees to rent them his farm for

This butter comes from a local dairy farm.

1

逐句 跟讀 MP3 36

Levy, American Pie), who owns a 600-3)acre 4)dairy farm

An acre is equal to 4,840 square yards.

中文 講解 MP3 35

promoter Michael Lang (Jonathan Groff) appears in 2)

Thousands of investors lost money when the company went bankrupt.

5) tidy [`ta6d6 ] (a.)(口)相當大的,相當 多的

單字 CD 14 英 文 朗讀 MP3 33 講解 MP3 34

Before Elliot realizes what he’s done, 1)smooth-talking

1) smooth-talking [smu| `t7k6; ] (a.) 油腔滑調的,花言巧語的

3) acre [`ek0 ] (n.) 英畝

課文 CD 13 朗讀 MP3 32

雖然李安在胡士托音樂節舉行的時候才十四歲,而且人在台灣,他對那場盛會的驚鴻一 瞥,卻足以令他著迷。「電視上非常短暫地出現過」,李導演說,「我深深記得那些留

2

hit theaters 上映,上演

hit 這個字有打擊、達到的意思,但若是在後面接 上 theaters,就表示「上演」,其他類似的說法 還有「新書上市」hit bookstores、「唱片發行」 hit record stores。

A: The new Tarantino movie hits theaters next Friday. 昆汀塔倫提諾的新電影下週就要上映了。

B: I know—I can’t wait to see it! 我知道,我等不及要看了!

Showbiz Words plug 宣傳造勢 pitch 推銷

長髮的男人、即興彈奏吉他,還有滿坑滿谷的陶醉群眾。對台灣小孩來說,那就像一場

plug [pl9g] 和 pitch [p6t]] 兩個字的意思十分相近 且動詞、名詞同形,plug 用來表示「宣傳、打廣

夢。」在巡迴宣傳《色,戒》期間,李安在一個電視談話節目的後台巧遇正在宣傳自

告」,而 pitch 則表示「大力推銷」,都是十分

傳的以利特泰柏。「他向我推銷了一分鐘,也把書給我──通常我會轉個彎就把它扔

口語的用法。

了」,李安笑著說。但他說,在《色,戒》之後,「我迫不及待想拍一部喜劇。」如果 你也迫不及待想看一點喜劇,《胡士托風波》十月上映時,千萬別錯過了!

 he author went on Oprah to plug his new T book.

若有疑問請來信:eztalkQ@gmail.com

這位作家上《歐普拉秀》宣傳他的新書。  he director is meeting with studio execs T tomorrow to pitch his movie idea. 這位導演明天要與電影公司高層會面,大力推 銷他拍新電影的點子。

pitch and the

book—usually I just throw

* jam [d.1m] (v.) 即興演奏

Our band gets together and jams every weekend.

* groovy [`gruv6] (a.)(俚)極棒的, 令人)愉快的

We had a groovy time at the Grateful Dead concert.

* backstage [`b1k`sted.] (adv./a.) 在後台

Only band members and staff are allowed backstage. 22 EZ TALK

EZ TALK 23


哈拉電影

MOVIE Talk

The Curious Case of

BENJAMIN BUTTON 班傑明的奇幻旅程

grown-up daughter, Caroline (played by British actress

Vocabulary Bank

March 07

課文 CD 11 朗讀 MP3 26

單字 CD 12 朗讀 MP3 27

逐句 跟讀 MP3 28

英文 講解 MP3 29

1) critically [`kr6t6kl6] (ad.) 受到評論性地

Following on the heels of the 1)critically 2)acclaimed Zodiac,

The film was critically praised, but did poorly at the box office.

director David Fincher is back with The Curious Case of

2) acclaimed [4`klemd] (a.) 受到讚揚的

Acclaimed director Stanley Kubrick passed away in 1999. 3) adapt [4`d1pt] (v.) 改編

Many famous novels have been adapted for the screen. 4) hurricanes [`h-6´ken] (n.) 颶風

The Atlantic hurricane season lasts from June to November. 5) circumstance [`s-k4m´st1ns4z] (n.) 周遭 環境

The police are investigating the circumstances surrounding the man’s death. 補充字彙 * unrecognizable [9n`r5k4g´na6z4by] (a.) 無法認出 的、不能識別的 * understatement [`9nd0´stem4nt] (n.) 保守的敘 述,輕描淡寫 20 EZ TALK

Julie Ormond), who is standing by her bedside. She pulls

中文 講解 MP3 30

out the diary of an old boyfriend named Benjamin Button, and tells her daughter to read it. “I was born under unusual 5)

Benjamin Button, which is very loosely based on the 1921

circumstances.” the diary begins, which turns out to be

quite an *understatement.

F. Scott Fitzgerald short story of the same name. The film, which tells the story of a man who is born in his eighties

中 Translation

and ages backwards, stars Brad Pitt and Cate Blanchett (who first appeared together in 2006’s Babel), and was

班傑明的奇幻旅程

在備受影評讚譽的《索命黃道帶》後,導演大衛芬奇再度推出《班傑明的奇幻旅

written by Eric Roth, who won an Oscar for Best 3)Adapted

程》,大致根據1921年史考特費茲傑羅的同名短篇小說改編而成。這部電影講述一 個一出生就是八十幾歲、然後越活越年輕的男人的故事,由布萊德彼特與凱特布蘭

Screenplay for Forrest Gump.

琪領銜主演(兩人曾於2006年的《火線交錯》首次同台演出),劇本出自曾以《阿 甘正傳》拿下奧斯卡獎最佳改編劇本獎的艾瑞克洛斯。

The story begins in New Orleans on the eve of 4)Hurricane

Katrina. An elderly woman, played by a nearly *unrecognizable

故事在紐奧良遭遇卡翠娜颶風來襲前夕開始,一名年邁婦人(由幾乎讓人認不出來 的凱特布蘭琪飾演),躺在醫院病床上,奄奄一息。在她臨終之前,她有個很重要

Cate Blanchett, lies dying in a hospital bed. But before

的故事要告訴站在病床旁的成年女兒凱洛琳(由英國女星茱莉歐蒙飾演)。她拿出舊

she passes away, she has an important story to tell her

不尋常」,但其實這麼說還太輕描淡寫了。

情人--班傑明巴頓的日記,要求女兒朗讀,日記的第一句是:「我的出生境遇很

EZ TALK 21


哈拉電影

MOVIE Talk

Showbiz Word  scar O (n.) 奧斯卡 眾所皆知的電影界盛事--奧斯卡獎--在每 年的二月底或三月初頒發年度電影獎項。Oscar Awards的正式名稱為Academy [ 4` k 1 d 4 m 6 ] Awards,而Academy指的正是成立奧斯卡獎並 且每年票選出奧斯卡提名(nomination)和得獎名 單的「美國影藝學院」。第一屆的奧斯卡頒獎典 禮始於1929年,採兩輪票選制度;這種先提名後 票選得獎名單的制度也算是奧斯卡的創舉,且後 來被許多影展仿效,並一直沿用至今。 這次Movie Talk的主題電影獲得奧斯卡13項大獎 提名的肯定喔,來一起看看班傑明的奇幻旅程共 被提名了哪些獎項: B  est Motion Picture of the Year 最佳年度電影

Vocabulary Bank

B  est Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role

1) freakish [`frik6]] (a.) 怪異的

You’ll never get a job with that freakish hairstyle.

最佳男主角 B  est Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role

2) immediately [6`midi6tl6] (adv.) 立即地

Please call me immediately when you get this message.

最佳女配角 B  est Achievement in Directing 最佳導演

3) abandon [4`b1nd4n] (v.) 拋棄,遺棄

Many people abandon their pets during recessions.

B  est Adapted Screenplay 最佳改編劇本(原著劇本則為 original screenplay)

4) attendant [4`t5nd4nt] (n.) 員工

Dan works part-time as a parking lot attendant. 5) shrink []r6;k] (v.) 縮水 Will this shirt shrink when I wash it? 6) reverse [r6`v-s] (a.) 顛倒的,反向的

In Memento, the entire story is told in reverse order. 7) emerge [6`m-d.] (v.) 出現

New computer viruses are emerging all the time. 8) radiant [`redj4nt] (a.) 容光煥發的

The bride looked radiant in her white wedding gown. 9) stunning [`st9n6;] (a.) 絕佳的

The lead actress in the film gave a stunning performance. 10) nomination [´n3m4`ne]4n] (n.) 提名

Glens Close has received five Oscar nominations, but has never won an Oscar. 補充字彙 * WWI [w-ld w7r w9n] (n.) World War One,第一 次世界大戰 * shriveled [`]r6vyd] (a.) 皺縮的;乾枯的 * wizardry [`w6z0dr6] (n.) 巫術、魔法 * decrepit [d6`kr5p6t] (a.) 衰老的;破舊的 * intersect [´int0`s5kt] (v.) 與…交會;交叉

B  est Achievement in Cinematography 最佳攝影

March 09

課文 CD 13 朗讀 MP3 31

單字 CD 14 朗讀 MP3 32

逐句 跟讀 MP3 33

英文 講解 MP3 34

B  est Achievement in Art Direction 最佳藝術指導

中文 講解 MP3 35

Benjamin Button, who is born in New Orleans on the

while Benjamin turns into a little boy. With excellent

B  est Achievement in Costume Design 最佳服裝

night that *WWI ends, is so 1)freakish—he looks like a

performances by Pitt and Blanchett, powerful storytelling

tiny, *shriveled old man—that his father immediately

and stunning digital effects, the film has won five Golden

B  est Achievement in Makeup 最佳化妝

2)

9)

abandons him at the doorstep of a nursing home. He is

Globe

taken in by a kindly 4)attendant, Queenie, who raises him

buzz.

3)

10)

nominations, and is already generating Oscar

as her own. Even at this point, the baby is recognizable as

中 Translation

第一次世界大戰結束那晚,班傑明巴頓在紐奧良出生,他很畸形,看來像個乾癟的

When Benjamin meets Daisy at age seven, although he

小老頭,一出生就被父親遺棄在療養院門口,被好心的員工坤妮當成自己的孩子收

is a *decrepit old man in a wheelchair, the two make an

養。這時候的小嬰兒已經看得出是布萊德彼特,利用電腦合成技術的魔法將他的臉

device—Benjamin’s 6)reverse aging—the possibility of romance 7)emerges. The two fall in love as their ages *intersect, with the girl Daisy turning into a radiant 8)

Cate Blanchett, but romance turns to tragedy as she ages

B  est Achievement in Music Written for Motion Pictures (Original Score) 最佳電影原聲帶

Brad Pitt, his face aged and 5)shrunken with CGI *wizardry.

immediate connection. Due to the film’s unique plot

B  est Achievement in Film Editing 最佳電影剪接

龐老化、縮小。

班傑明七歲的時候認識黛西,儘管當時他是個坐輪椅的衰弱老人,兩人卻立刻一拍 即合。由於電影獨特的劇情安排——班傑明返老還童——讓這段戀情有了萌芽的可 能。隨著小女孩黛西長成明艷動人的凱特白蘭琪,兩人在年齡交會時陷入愛河,但 戀情成了悲劇,因為黛西逐年老去,而班傑明卻變成小男孩。靠著彼特和布蘭琪的 精湛演技、動人的敘事方法以及了不起的數位特效,本片已拿下五項金球獎提名, 並引起問鼎奧斯卡的討論熱潮。

B  est Achievement in Sound Mixing 最佳音效 B  est Achievement in Visual Effects 最佳視覺特效 其他頗受國人矚目奧斯卡獎項: B  est Animated Feature Picture 最佳動畫影片 B  est Foreign Language Film 最佳外語片 今年的奧斯卡典禮為美國時間二月二十二日,喜 愛電影的讀者別忘了一起參與(雖然是看轉播) 這場年度盛事,並為自己心中的最佳得獎人加 油喝采吧!希望The Curious Case of Benjamin Button 滿載而歸!

22 EZ TALK

EZ TALK 23


發燒人物

CELEB Talk

MU

MUSE

謬思合唱團

課文 CD 11 單字 CD 12 英文 中文 逐句 朗讀 MP3 27 朗讀 MP3 28 講解 MP3 29 講解 MP3 30 跟讀 MP3 31

1) convince [k4n`v6ns ] (v.) 說服

The kids convinced their parents to let them have pizza for dinner. 2) mythology [m6`q3l4d.6 ] (n.) 神話

Indian mythology is full of fantastic characters. 3) creative [kri`et6v] (a.) 有創意的

5

10

15

3)

7) 20

是啊,他們就快要成名了。

信,有位謬思女神在這座城市施展魔法。不論如何,這支樂團喜歡這個名字聽 起來的感覺,認為它在海報及唱片封面上會看來格外醒目。首張專輯《娛樂 圈》推出後,樂評人立刻拿麥特貝勒米與電台司令的湯姆約克相比。或許這些 娜擁有的獨立特行者唱片公司 (Maverick) 對這支樂團極感興趣,在一九九八年

2

take an interest (in) 感興趣;關心

對某樣事物感興趣除了可以用 be + interested in 以外,也可以用 take an interest in。

A: How can I get my kids to take an interest in foreign languages? 要如何才能讓我的孩子們對外語感興 趣呢?

B: How about taking them on a trip to a foreign country? 帶他們去國外旅行怎麼樣呢?

creative 4) inspiration to an ar tist. Teignmouth, a

picturesque English town where Londoners vacation 11)

stave off 6)boredom. The area’s

thriving music scene led one observer to suggest that

a muse must be working her magic in the city. Whatever the case, the band liked the sound of the name and thought that it would look particularly 8) striking on

進階字彙 10) garb [g3rb ] (n.) 服裝

posters and album covers. With the release of Showbiz,

The members of the tribe wore strange garb.

24 EZ TALK

Rocket Baby Dolls, but soon after changed their name to

kids turn to music to

It is easy to draw comparisons between the two novels.

The band was excited when they booked their first gig.

gig as the

B: Yeah. They’re on the verge of making it big.

in the summer, is quiet the rest of the year, so many local

The artist likes to use striking colors in his paintings.

13) gig [g6g ] (n.)(爵士或搖滾樂)表演

當地年輕人都訴諸音樂來排遣無聊。當地發展蓬勃的音樂圈讓一位評論家相

將其簽入旗下。

5)

8) striking [`stra6k6; ] (a.) 引人注目的

口語補充

看來似乎有越來越多人在聽那個樂團 了。

畫的英國小鎮,夏季時是倫敦人的度假勝地,其他時間則都很寂靜,因此許多

Bellamy and Howard wanted Wolstenholme to join them, 13)

A: It seems like more and more people are listening to that band.

term has come to describe a woman who provides

The small college town has a thriving nightlife.

The singer has a beautiful falsetto.

即將要,瀕臨

這句話是用來表達「就快要……」的情況。

goddess of the arts or sciences. Over time though, the

Their only problem on the long journey was dealing with boredom.

12) falsetto [f7l`s5to ] (n.) 假音

演變,這個詞已經被用來形容為藝術家提供創作靈感的女性。廷茅斯是風景如

on the verge of (sth.)

Why Muse? Well, in Greek 2) mythology, a muse is a

6) boredom [`bord4m ] (n.) 枯燥,無聊

The sailors staved off hunger by eating rats.

為什麼叫謬思呢?這個嘛,謬思是希臘神話中的藝術或科學女神,但隨著時間

比較是在所難免的,因為這兩位歌手都有著異常突出的假音。但流行天后瑪丹

Muse as a nod to their all-black 10)garb.

Taiwan is filled with picturesque scenery.

11) stave off [stev 7f ] (phr.) 趕走,避開

their friend Chris Wolstenholme, who also played drums.

bass. The three friends played their first

5) picturesque [´p6kt]4`r5sk] (a.) 優美的, 如畫的

9) comparison [k4m`p1r4s4n ] (n.) 比較 (v.) compare [k4m`p5r] 相較

breaking up, as was another local band that included

but they first needed to convince him to learn to play

Many poets seek inspiration from the natural world.

7) thriving [`qra6v6; ] (a.) 蓬勃發展的 (v.) thrive [qra6v] 興旺,發達

on the verge of

1)

The teacher complimented Melissa for her very creative story. 4) inspiration [´6nsp4`re]4n ] (n.) 靈感

1

米和霍華德希望沃斯頓荷姆加入他們,但首先他們必須說服他學貝斯。這三位

SE

music together in their hometown of Teignmouth, England. Their band, however, was

1

們全黑的裝扮。

Bellamy and drummer Dominic Howard were playing

全民英檢中級∕中高級字彙

散,當地另一支有他們朋友克里斯沃斯頓荷姆當鼓手的樂團,也是如此。貝勒 朋友一開始是以火箭洋娃娃之名演出,但沒過多久就將團名改為謬思以符合他

In the mid 1990s, singer, songwriter, guitarist Matt

Vocabulary Bank

一九九○年代中期,身兼歌手、作曲家和吉他手的麥特(或稱馬修)貝勒米和 鼓手多明尼克霍華德一起在家鄉英國的廷茅斯玩音樂,但他們的樂團卻瀕臨解

《暮光之城》的靈感音樂

Dec 07

Cool Expressions

中 Translation

Muse's debut album, critics immediately compared Matt 25

Bellamy to Thom Yorke of Radiohead. Perhaps these 9)

comparisons were inevitable, as both singers have

striking 12)falsettos. But Maverick, the record label owned by the pop icon Madonna,

2

took an interest and signed

the band in 1998. EZ TALK 25


發燒人物

CELEB Talk

Vocabulary Bank

Dec 08

全民英檢中級∕中高級字彙

英文 講解 MP3 34

中文 講解 MP3 35

Cool Expressions

逐句 跟讀 MP3 36

2) innovation [6n4`ve]4n] (n.) 新想法,創新

Innovation is the key to success in the global economy. 5

The gangster’s notoriety increased after he murdered one of his rivals.

20

of opera and rock. Upon first listen, this album sounds

helped them add to their European fan base. Their

more 8)refined than the band’s earlier work, but it’s still

second album, Origin of Symmetry, was not released

clearly Muse. While some critics may argue that their act

in the U.S., however, as the Maverick executives felt

is short on 9)originality, the band’s fans would

Bellamy’s falsetto would

12)

turn off American listeners.

25

The band 1)parted ways with the label and their third

4) praise [prez ] (v.) 讚揚

Parents should praise their children when they get good grades.

album, Absolution, had a much harder

11)

10

differ. After all, Muse may indeed have some

1

beg to

10)

中 Translation

娛樂圈》專輯獲得小小成就後,謬思便受邀參與數個音樂節的演出,這幫助

innovation that gained them a lot of 3)notoriety. After

The novel fuses fact and fiction into an exciting adventure story.

touring, Muse took a long break before recording Black

反感。謬思遂與該公司分道揚鑣,他們的第三張專輯《赦免之罪》更加尖銳。

7) resemblance [r6`z5mbl4ns ] (n.) 相似度

Holes and Revelations, their fourth album, but the first to

2)

Did you notice the resemblance between the two girls?

The writer is not known for his originality. 10) divine [d6`va6n ] (a.) 天賜的,神的

The villagers believed that the earthquake was divine punishment for their sins.

《赦免之罪》的第一首單曲〈斯德哥爾摩症候群〉只能從他們的網站下載,這 項創舉替他們招來許多惡名。在巡迴演唱後,謬思休息了很長一段時間,才錄

be praised by music critics as well as fans.

製第四張專輯《黑洞啟示錄》,但這是第一張同獲樂迷及樂評好評的專輯。

Today’s teenagers have a more refined sense of fashion. 9) originality [4´r6d.4`n1l4t6 ] (n.) 原創性

行,因為獨立特行者唱片公司的高階主管覺得貝勒米的假音會引起美國聽眾的

4)

8) refined [r6`fa6nd ] (a.) 精細的,有品味的

16

謬思的最新專輯《反動之音》已開始偏向古典樂那一端靠近。過去,電光及披

With their latest album, The Resistance, Muse has begun

頭四等成功融合了古典樂和搖滾樂。《黑洞啟示錄》的第四首單曲〈歐亞共和

to move closer to the classical end of the 5)spectrum.

國〉,與皇后合唱團結合歌劇和搖滾的曲風有驚人的相似之處。初次聆聽,這

In the past, bands like ELO and the Beatles successfully

能會認為他們的做法缺乏原創性,不過該樂團的樂迷顯然難以茍同。畢竟,謬

6)

思合唱團或許真的擁有神賜的靈感。

fused classical and rock music. “United States of

無法苟同

A: This is their best album! 這是他們最好聽的專輯!

B: I beg to differ. I think their first album is better. 我不這麼認為,我覺得他們的第一張專 輯比較好聽。

bill 表演名單

他們擴增歐洲樂迷的根礎。但他們的第二張專輯《對稱的起源》並未在美國發

6) fuse [fjuz ] (v.) 融合,結合

beg to differ

Showbiz Word

edge to it.

was only available for download from their website, an

1

bag to offer 是「我不同意、我不這麼認為」 比較婉轉、客氣的說法。

divine

inspiration.

The first single off Absolution, “Stockholm Syndrome,”

5) spectrum [`sp5ktr4m ] (n.) 範圍,光譜

striking 7) resemblance to Queen's musical marriage

bill of several music festivals, which

added to the

The business partners parted ways after their company went bankrupt.

The candidate has support from across the political spectrum.

單字 CD 14 朗讀 MP3 33

After achieving some success with Showbiz, Muse was

1) part ways [p3rt wez ] (phr.) 分道揚鑣

3) notoriety [´not4`ra64t6 ] (n.) 惡名昭彰

課文 CD 13 朗讀 MP3 32

早期戲劇表演是以張貼海報的方式公布演出 名單,稱為「戲單」playbill,後來音樂表演 興起,許多演唱會也用相同的方式宣傳活動內 容,這樣的海報因為跟戲劇 (play) 沒關係了, 所以就改稱 bill,此海報跟在家裡掛自己喜歡 偶像的海報 poster 不一樣,bill 一定是廣告性 質的海報,而 poster 可能是大幅的影像或視 覺設計。傳媒日益發達的今天,不論是戲劇或 演唱會表演已經不需要依賴「張貼海報」的方 式才能達到宣傳效果,所以 bill 這個字遂演變 為「演出名單」的通稱,不須真的印出海報才 能稱為 bill。另外,表演入場前發給觀眾的節 目流程表叫做 program,可別跟 bill 搞混囉!

張專輯雖比先前的作品更精緻,但仍然保有很明顯的謬思味。縱使有些樂評可 若有疑問請來信:eztalkQ@gmail.com

貝斯手 Chris Wolstenhome

Eurasia,” the fourth song from The Resistance, has a

進階字彙

鼓手 Dominic Howard

11) edge [5d. ] (n.) 銳利,尖銳

The woman’s voice had an edge to it. 口語補充 12) turn off [t-n 7f ] (phr.) 使沒興趣,使反感

I was turned off by the violence in the movie.

26 EZ TALK

主唱、吉他手、鍵盤手

Matthew Bellamy

EZ TALK 27


Vocabulary Bank 全民英檢中級∕中高級字彙 1) angler [`1;gl0 ] (n.) 釣客

The lake is popular with local anglers. 2) terrifying [`t5r4´fa66; ] (a.) 可怕的,恐怖的 (v.) terrify [`t5r4´fa6] 使害怕

Getting attacked by a shark was a terrifying experience. 3) lethal [`liq4l] (a.) 致命的

The common cold can be lethal. 4) possibly [`p3s4bl6] (adv.) 也許,可能 (a.) possible [`p3s4by] 有可能的

River s r e t s Mon

Tongue-tied No More past few years, this strange and 4)possibly deadly creature has come out of the shadows. Shaped like a UFO, the Southeast 25

Asian giant is said to grow up to 16 feet long and seven feet across. Some sources put its weight at over 1,300 pounds, which would make this little known 5)beast the world’s biggest freshwater fish. Jeremy has encountered freshwater stingrays before a thousand miles up the Amazon,

河中巨怪

where they’re known as “wish you were dead” fish because of their

We plan on going to France and possibly Spain. 5) beast [bist] (n.) 野獸,動物

The villagers shot the beast that killed the small child.

incredibly painful sting.

Aug 09 7)

(a.) relative [`r5l4t6v] 相對的,有相關的

單字 CD 18 朗讀 MP3 30

英文 講解 MP3 31

But those stingrays are

中文 講解 MP3 32

16-footer

world for flesh-eating freshwater

7) biologist [ba6`3l4d.6st] (n.) 生物學家

The biologist discovered a new frog species.

5

sends

spine.

on Discovery Channel. From a tiny 9)

piranha that can tear people apart in

8) freshwater [`fr5]´w7t0 ] (a.) 淡水的。fresh water 即「淡水」

中 Translation

the Amazon to a large killer catfish in

The dish is made with freshwater shrimp.

上一季,極限垂釣手及

India that feeds on dead bodies, he’s

9) piranha [p6`r3n4 ] (n.) 南美淡水虎魚,俗稱 食人魚

Piranhas have been known to attack humans.

2

a shiver down his

fish with the debut of River Monsters

進階字彙

seen it all…or has he? 10

10) rift valley [r6ft `v1l6] (n.) 地塹,裂谷

1

生物學家傑若米韋德隨著

True to the

Discovery 頻道《河中巨 怪》節目初登場,搜遍全球

spirit of River Monsters, the new season

各地尋找食肉淡水魚的蹤跡。

sees Jeremy encountering more

Have you been to the rift valley on Taiwan’s east coast? 11) stingray [`st6;´re] (n.) 魟魚 (v.) sting [st6; ] 叮,螫,刺

15

piranha 虎魚食人魚

殺手鯰魚,他什麼都見過了……

Thailand’s Mekong River to Africa’s

是嗎?為了忠於《河中巨怪》的

A: Did you just hear a strange sound outside the tent? 你剛剛有聽到帳篷外面的怪聲嗎?

B: Yeah. It sent shivers down my spine! 有耶。嚇死我了。

Grammar Master in search of 尋找,尋求 一般讀者想到「尋找、尋求」的解釋,只會想 到 find、seek、look for 這幾個出現頻率很高 的字,但其實文中的慣用語 in search of ,也 是一定要背起來的片語,但要小心用法: 句型 主詞 + 動詞 +(地點)+ in search of + N. 例 People from all over the world traveled to California in search of gold. 來自世界各地的人到加州找黃金。 句型

主詞 + be動詞 + in search of + N.  he Spanish team is in search of its first T World Cup victory. 西班牙隊試圖在世界杯拿下首勝。

塹等地遭遇更多驚奇。這一季傑若 米將發現世界最大最駭人的淡水魚─ ─阿拉斯加的致命湖怪──以及其他生物,還有首度記錄在影片中的時刻。跟

lake monster in Alaska, as well as other creatures

著這位極限垂釣手,目睹他奮力捕捉這些驚人的生物,也聽他訴說這些生物的

extreme fisherman as he attempts to catch these amazing

故事吧。 新一季一開始,傑若米前往泰國尋找巨型淡水魟。在過去短短幾年內,這種 詭異而且可能致命的生物已受到矚目。這種外形像幽浮的東南亞巨怪據說可 長到十六呎長、七呎寬。有些消息來源說它的體重可超過一千三百磅,若真

creatures and tell their tales.

如此,這種罕為人知的野獸會是世上最大的淡水魚。傑若米曾於亞馬遜河距

As the season begins, Jeremy heads to Thailand in search of the giant freshwater

shiver 是「冷顫,發抖」,當我們受到驚嚇或想 到恐怖的事情時,會感到背脊發涼、一陣顫抖, send shivers down one’s spine 就是這種感覺。也 可以用來表示「極度興奮」。

在泰國湄公河渾濁的水域和非洲地

largest and most 2)terrifying river fish, a 3)lethal

11)

send shivers down one’s spine 讓人不寒而慄

精神,新一季節目中,傑若米將

R i f t Va l l e y . T h i s s e a s o n f o l l o w s

Jeremy as he discovers one of the world’s

2

從亞馬遜流域可將人撕碎的食

and moments captured on film for the first time. Join the

20

你必須停止聽命於父母,要忠於自己的想法。

人魚,到印度靠死屍維生的大

surprises in the murky waters from 10)

Be careful not to step on stingrays buried in the sand.

我想要主修藝術,但我父母希望我主修工程。

B: You need to stop listening to your parents and be true to yourself.

the thought of a

biologist Jeremy Wade searched the

true to… 忠於

A: I want to major in art, but my parents want me to major in engineering.

relatively small, and

8)

The weather has been relatively cool this summer.

28 EZ TALK

6)

Last season, extreme 1)angler and

6) relatively [`r5l4t6vl6] (adv.) 相對地,比較而 言地

課文 CD 17 朗讀 MP3 29

1

true 除了表示「真實的」,也有「忠實的」意思。

stingray. In just the

《河中巨怪》

8/26~10/6,每週三晚間九點首播 各集節目內容 8/25 Death Ray 9/01 Giant Snake Head 9/08 Alaskan Horror 9/15 Goliath Tiger Fish 9/22 Nile Perch 10/06 Demon Fish

出海口一千哩的地方見過淡水魟,牠們在當地被稱為「生不如死」魚,因為 牠們身上的刺其痛無比,但這些魟魚體型較小,而一想到十六呎長,傑若米 就背脊發涼。 EZ TALK 29


主持人介紹

Vocabulary Bank

Aug 10

課文 CD 19 朗讀 MP3 33

單字 CD 20 朗讀 MP3 34

英文 講解 MP3 35

全民英檢中級∕中高級字彙

1) crocodile [`kr3k4´da6l] (n.) 鱷魚

comes from the Chao Phraya River, which runs through the

The swamp is infested with crocodiles. Are you strong enough to snap this stick in half? 5

Mike just bought a new fly fishing rod.

stay. 1)Crocodile hunter Steve Irwin, who was stung in the

7) tempt [t5mpt] (v.) 吸引,引誘

I’m on a diet, so don’t tempt me with candy. 8) stray [stre] (v.) 偏離

2)

limits, snapping his

marlin-class rod, ripping his bicep

20

15

7)

tempt him to 8)stray so far from his usual

14)

hunting

and getting him in trouble with the 4)border police. Jeremy

grounds? People have been disappearing for as long as

also witnesses a 5)remarkable event

anyone can remember on Lake Iliamna, Alaska’s largest

in the life of one of these monsters,

freshwater lake, and there are native myths about a

monster that lives in its 9)depths. There are many myths of lake monsters around the world, from Loch Ness in

Although most of Jeremy’s

Scotland to Tianchi Lake in China. No one’s sure if these

fishing trips take him to tropical

creatures actually exist, but the Iliamna lake monster is

waters, another episode this

different. Bush 10)pilots have been flying over this remote

season

The antidote saved the patient’s life.

3)

25

9) depth [d5pq] (n.) 深處(常用複數),深度

11) antidote [`1nt6´dot] (n.) 解毒劑

13)

and sheds light on its natural history.

The ranger warned us not to stray from the trail.

進階字彙

an icy lake deep in the Alaskan 6)wilderness. What would

eventually catches doesn’t weigh 1,300 pounds, it still tests his 10

finds him traveling to

area since the 1940s, and 30

15)

sightings seem to be getting

more and more frequent.

12) venom [`v5n4m] (n.)(動物的)毒液

The venom of the black widow is deadly. 13) marlin [`m3rl6n] (n.) 槍魚,一種大型的 海水魚

We caught an eight-foot marlin on our fishing trip. 14) hunting ground [`h9nt6; gra8nd] (n.) 獵場

The former hunting ground was turned into a national park.

中 Translation 這種巨魟的學名 Himantura Chaophraya 源自湄南河 (Chao Phraya River),這條河貫穿曼谷──傑若米的第一站——的中心地區。他很快就聽說 有一名漁夫曾被巨魟螫過,於是便來到首都附近一個城鎮來獲取更多資訊。由 於沒有這種毒素的解藥,那名漁夫住院四個星期才勉強保住一命。之前被一條 魟魚刺中心臟的鱷魚獵人史提夫厄文就沒那麼幸運了。雖然傑若米最後捕到的 魟不到一千三百磅重,牠仍挑戰了他的極限,拉斷他那根釣槍魚用的海釣竿、 撕裂他的二頭肌,並害他惹上邊界警察。傑若米也親眼目睹其中一隻巨怪生命 中的驚奇事件,也揭露了牠的自然史。

15) sighting [`sa6t6; ] (n.) 目擊

Several sightings of the rare bird have been reported.

雖然傑若米的釣魚行程大多是前往赤道水域,本季卻有一集見他遠赴阿拉斯加 荒野深處一座冰冷的湖。是什麼誘使他遠離平常的狩獵地?因為打從人類對伊 利亞納湖──阿拉斯加第一大湖——有記憶以來,一直有人在那裡失蹤,而當

marlin 槍魚

他的節目River Monsters 將釣魚過 程鋪陳得很精采,雖 然被部分釣友評為譁 眾取寵,但仍受到大 多觀眾歡迎,曾經是美 國有線電視 (cable network) 史上最佳收視率的系 列節目。

Language Guide

heart by a stingray, wasn’t so lucky. While the ray Jeremy

Swimming with dolphins was a remarkable experience.

The air force pilot was shot down over enemy territory.

near the capital to learn more. As there’s no 11)antidote to the venom, the man barely survived after a four-week hospital

5) remarkable [r6`m3rk4by] (a.) 非凡的,特別的

10) pilot [`pa6l4t] (n.) 飛行員,bush pilot 飛行於偏 遠地帶的飛行員

Jeremy Wade 從小就開始釣魚,一九八二年受到 一篇雜誌文章的啟發,起程前往印度山區釣魚, 接下來二十幾年他的足跡踏遍東南亞、非洲中 部、印度、以及亞馬遜河,專門挑戰大型淡水魚 的事蹟使他獲得在電視節目露臉的機會,也讓他 成為成功的電視節目主持人及作家。

12)

You can’t cross the border without a visa.

The ship sank slowly into the depths.

The name of this giant stingray, Himantura Chaophraya,

about a fisherman who was stung by one, and visits a town

4) border [`b7rd0 ] (n.) 邊界,國界,border police 即「邊界警察」

6) wilderness [`w6ld0n6s] (n.) 野外,荒野 A group of hikers got lost in the wilderness.

本系列節目的主持人Jeremy John Wade 是英 國生物學家,生於一九六○年。他擁有動物學 (zoology) 學位,曾擔任中學 (secondary school) 生物老師,並為報章雜誌撰稿。

heart of Bangkok—Jeremy’s first stop. He soon hears a story

2) snap [sn1p] (v.) 折斷

3) rod [r3d] (n.) 釣魚竿,即 fishing rod

Jeremy Wade 傑若米韋德

中文 講解 MP3 36

地原住民更流傳有一隻怪獸住在湖底。全世界各地有許多關於湖怪的傳說,從 蘇格蘭的尼斯湖水怪到中國的長白山天池都有,沒有人確定這些水怪是否真的 存在,但伊利亞納湖怪可不一樣。從一九四○年代起就有荒野飛行員凌空掠過 這個偏遠地區,目擊次數似乎也愈來愈頻繁。

shed light on… 釐清真相,讓真相大白 shed 有「散發,流洩」的意思。shed light on 「光線照射到……上」 ,表示讓一件事變清晰。 也可以說 throw light on。 例 Experts hope that the flight recording will shed light on the cause of the plane crash. 專家希望飛航紀錄能釐清墜機的原因。

shed 的相關片語 not shed a tear 無動於衷 用來形容一個人沒心肝,連發生極大的悲劇都 不流一滴淚,無動於衷。 例 Robert didn’t shed a tear at his father’s funeral. 羅伯特在他父親的葬禮上連一滴淚都沒流。

shed crocodile tears 貓哭耗子,假慈悲 相較於 not shed a tear 的無情,shed crocodile tears(流下鱷魚的眼淚)就更糟了,這是表示 惺惺作態的假哭。 例 The politician was an expert at shedding crocodile tears. 那個政客以前最會貓哭耗子了。

Grammar Master find 的用法

find 在本單元譯為「看到……在做某事」,此種 用法常出現在電視、電影或書中以介紹該集人 物,其後接的動詞須以動名詞形態出現。 句型 S + find + O(人)+ Ving 例 New Moon finds heroine Bella Swan involved in a love triangle with Edward Cullen and Jacob Black. 新月》一片中貝拉陷入了愛德華和雅各間 的三角戀。 另外,find 也可譯為「發現」。 句型 S + find + O(事物)+ 情緒形容詞 某人發現某事物令人感到…… 例  While Helen enjoyed the movie, Scott found it rather boring. 海倫很喜歡這部電影,史考特卻覺得很無聊。 注意:此時的形容詞為後位修飾法,當受詞補語。

30 EZ TALK

EZ TALK 31


英文上路

TRAVEL Talk

City of

New York

洛克斐勒中心

Rockefeller Center 洛克斐勒中心是由二十一棟大樓組成的八角形 區域,橫跨第五和第六大道,這裡同時也是 聞名世界的辦公大樓和商業中心。由於此處的 公共空間充滿設計感,加上完善管理和名店進 駐,使得此處成為別具特色的遊憩中心,每年 耶誕節廣場上豎立的巨型耶誕樹總是吸引大批 遊客前來感染佳節氣氛。

Travel Talk 要帶大家前往慾望城市──紐約,除 這一期的 了感受這大都會豐富的人文氣息、造訪電影知名景點, 還要讓大家化身為片中主角穿梭在紐約街頭瘋狂血拼,從買衣 到買鞋一應俱全,讓你輕鬆學會購買各式服飾與鞋襪的相關字 彙與對話。

大都會美術館

Metropolitan Museum of Art

中央公園 Central Park

紐約交 市通 位重 於要 美樞 國紐 東, 北也 角是 ,全 紐美 約人 州口 南最 端多 ,的 是城 世市 界, 貿因 易匯 及集

大都會美術館與法國的羅浮宮 (Louvre Museum)、英國的大英博物館 (British Museum)、俄羅斯的艾爾米塔什博物館 (State Heritage Museum) 並稱「世界四大博物館」, 其館藏作品超過三百萬件,從舊石器時代到現 代藝術應有盡有,想要探索這座寶山,入館前 最好先概略了解展品位置並選定主題,才不至 於迷失於一望無際的展覽中。

被譽為「紐約後花園」的中央公園位於 曼哈頓區的心臟地帶,佔地廣達八百多 英畝,公園內有動物園、溜冰場、劇 院、人工湖泊、溫室花園以及提供遊客 資訊的眺望台城堡 (Belvedere Castle) 等休憩場所。中央公園每逢假日總是吸 引大批人潮,秋天還可見到滿園楓紅的 浪漫景致。

多種族文化,讓這裡成了典型的美國縮影。紐約市由曼哈 頓區 (Manhattan)、布朗士區 (The Bronx)、布魯克林區 (Brooklyn)、皇后區 (Queens) 以及史坦登島 (Staten Island) 五個行政區所組成,其中曼哈頓區大家最為耳熟能詳,儼然已 成紐約市的代名詞。集結金融、時尚、藝術、人文與旅遊於一 身的紐約,絕對值得您細細品味。

造訪電影知名景點 自由女神像 Statue of Liberty 高一百五十呎的自由女神像位於紐約港外的自 由島 (Liberty Island) 上,是一八八六年美國 建國百年,法國為了紀念了兩國友誼所送的禮 物,也是紐約最具代表性的地標。遊客可選擇 搭乘渡輪觀光或入內參觀,但九一一事件後, 自由女神頭冠的觀景台曾一度停止對外開放, 如今雖已解禁,但每日皆有人數限制,欲前往 的旅客務必提前抵達以免撲空。

你不可不知的 紐約二三事 慾望城市之旅 Sex and the City Tour 若你是《慾望城市》Sex and the City 的忠實影迷,來到紐約不妨考慮參 加由當地旅行社所舉辦的一日遊行 程,造訪劇中女主角常去的小店 或咖啡廳,片中經典畫面將 歷歷在目。

蘇活區 SoHo

帝國大廈

Empire State Building 樓高三百八十公尺的帝國大廈在一九七三年世貿中 心 (World Trade Center) 完工前,曾穩坐世界第一 高樓寶座長達四十年之久,於此拍攝取景的電影超 過百部以上,如《金剛》King Kong 及《西雅圖夜 未眠》Sleepless in Seattle 等。遊客可至八十六樓 的露天平台或一○二樓的玻璃展望台居高俯瞰紐約 市景。此外,帝國大廈頂樓還會因應復活節、耶誕 節等特殊節日打上不同顏色的燈光,大廈內挑高三 樓的富麗大廳也是必訪之處。

貝果最早是猶太人的傳統食物。二次 大戰期間,猶太人為了躲避納粹屠 殺來到紐約,便將這種口感獨特的麵 包一同引進,如今成了紐約街頭隨處可見 的平民美食。中間有圓孔造型的貝果麵包,傳統吃法是 將其橫剖切半之後,夾上奶油乳酪 (cream cheese) 和煙 燻鮭魚 (lox) ,但現在吃法多樣化,可比照三明治任意加 入喜歡的配料。

蝴蝶圈是紐約街頭最常見的攤販美食,由於 經過炭燻處理,色澤呈棕褐色,且上頭多半 會灑上粗鹽,咬勁十足且略帶鹹味,相當受 到紐約客歡迎。

因《紐約時報》New York Times 報社遷入此 地而得名的時代廣場位於百老匯大道與第七大 道交匯處,是紐約的娛樂中心,也是百老匯的 大本營。最大特色是琳瑯滿目的大型電視牆和 巨型招牌,每年除夕夜的跨年倒數活動,從天 而降的水晶球搭配滿天煙火的輝煌景致總是吸 引數萬人同歡,絕對值得親自前來體驗。

第五大道 Fifth Avenue 第五大道儼然已成為紐約時尚的代名 詞,在這可以找到來自世界各地的當紅 精品,沿路別出心裁、爭奇鬥艷的櫥窗 擺設,更成了該街的主要特色,

百老匯秀 Broadway Show

貝果 Bagel

蝴蝶圈 Pretzel

28 EZ TALK

蘇活區原本是指哈斯頓街以南 (South of Houston Street) 的區域,早期這裡曾是 落寞的工業區,如今卻搖身一變成為獨 具風格的時尚地帶,比起旗幟鮮明的第 五大道,蘇活區多了幾分從容自在,異 軍突起的設計新秀多會選擇在這鑄鐵欄 杆建築群中開創另一片天地。

時代廣場 Times Square

來到紐約千萬不能錯過老字號的百老匯 秀,其表演主要分為純戲劇 (drama) 和音 樂劇 (musical) 兩大類,能夠登上舞台者 通常都是身經百戰。根據劇場規模大小和 座位,大致可分為以下三種: 大型百老匯秀 (Broadway show):以音樂和戲劇為主的經典 舞台表演,像是《貓》Cats、《歌劇魅影》The Phantom of the Opera……等歷久不衰的熱門戲碼皆屬此類。

●

外百老匯秀 (off-Broadway) :此類表演的製作成本和舞台 規模較小,主題充滿創意且另類,倘若大受好評亦有機會 搖身變成大型百老匯秀。

●

外外百老匯秀 (off-off Broadway) :具有實驗性的前衛表 演,多為百人以下的迷你劇場,適合喜歡嚐鮮的遊客。

●

紐約洋基隊 Yankees 紐約洋基隊創隊歷史悠久,最初該球隊因球場位於曼 哈頓置高點的山頂球場 (Hilltop Park) 取名為紐約高 地人隊,一九一三年至遷至紐約馬球球場 (Polo Grounds) 才正式更名為紐約洋基隊(洋基一名 是美國北方人的別稱)。截至二○○九年, 洋基隊共參加過四十次世界大賽,並拿下 二十七次冠軍,是美國職業運動隊伍中奪 得最多冠軍的球隊。

EZ TALK 29


英文上路

TRAVEL Talk

Lo Loss An Angeles geles

the City City Angels of A ngels

Vocabulary Bank 全民英檢中級∕中高級字彙 1) ranch [r1nt] ] (n.) 牧場,農場

Joe Bob grew up on a cattle ranch.

天使之城 天使之城

Language Guide

洛杉磯 洛杉 磯

為什麼叫洛杉磯? wa

fo

Fa m

2) pave the way for [pev |4 we f7r] (phr.) 為…鋪路

lk

e

The scientist’s work paved the way for further research. 3) urban sprawl [`-b4n spr7l] (phr.) 都市擴張

Mar 09

Plastic is made from petroleum.

5

Southland features over 80 stage theaters and 300 museums—

until two events

more than any other U.S. city. The 10)

of oil in 1892—the city was producing 25% of the world’s 4)

petroleum by 1923; and the completion of the Los

6)

25

10

9) dominant [`d3m4n4nt] (a.) 主宰的, 主要的

transformed the desert into an 7)oasis. Next came the

Angelenos below create a buzz that gives “The City That

The Yankees are the dominant team in their league.

Never Sleeps” a run for its money.

sunshine, and the rest is showbiz history. Tinseltown attractions like Universal Studios Hollywood, the

中 Translation

Hollywood Walk of Fame and Grauman’s Chinese Theater are 8)testaments to L.A.’s 9)dominant role in film and

10) spectacular [sp5k`t1kj4l0 ] (a.) 壯觀的, 精彩的

television. While a visitor may be tempted to take a tour of 15

11) perch [p-t]] (n.) 高處,棲息處 The bird left its perch and flew into the sky.

the stars’ homes, attending the taping of a television show is a much hipper choice. Visits to Griffith Observatory or the UCLA campus are also great choices for movie 13)buffs. Both

進階字彙 12) panoramic [´p1n4`r1m6k] (a.) 全景的

are featured in countless productions, like 2008’s Yes Man.

The panoramic window gave them a view of the whole city. 口語補充

Mystery writer Raymond Chandler once called Los Angeles

13) buff [b9f ] (n.) 迷,愛好者 20

“a city with all the personality of a paper cup.” Yet the

a breathtaking, 12)panoramic view of L.A. from the Santa Ana Mountains to Santa Monica Beach. The 12.9 million

motion picture industry, attracted by the year-round

8) testament [`t5st4m4nt] (n.) 證明,證據

spectacular J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center

in Brentwood is a showstopper. Its hilltop 11)perch offers

Angeles Aqueduct in 1913—the 5)stable water supply

The travelers filled their canteens at the oasis.

30 EZ TALK

洛杉磯地標── Hollywood

paved the way for today’s 3)urban sprawl: the discovery

7) oasis [o`es6s ] (n.)(沙漠中的)綠洲

My uncle is a history buff.

逐句 跟讀 MP3 44

2)

Technology has transformed the way we live and work.

The sunsets on the island were spectacular.

中文 講解 MP3 43

remained a sleepy 1) ranch town,

5) stable [`steby] (a.) 穩定的,可靠的

The team’s victory was a testament to their hard work and dedication.

英文 講解 MP3 42

of the United States in 1850. For decades, Los Angeles

4) petroleum [p4`troli4m ] (n.) 石油

6) transform [tr1ns`f7rm ] (v.) 改變,改觀

單字 CD 23 朗讀 MP3 41

Founded by the Spanish in 1781, Los Angeles became part

The city government is working to stop urban sprawl.

The country has never had a stable government.

課文 CD 22 朗讀 MP3 40

洛杉磯 (Los Angeles) 之名源自兩百多年前,當 時洛杉磯是一片僅有印地安人的荒地,後來西 班牙人入駐,派遣大量軍隊與傳教士於此進行 開懇,其中有位傳教士便將這裡命名為「天使 女王瑪麗亞的城鎮」(El Pueblo De La Reyna De Los Angeles) ,因名稱過長而被簡化為 Los Angeles,也就是現在大家口中的 L.A.。

一七八一年由西班牙人建立的洛杉磯,在一八五○年成為美國的一部分。有數十 載之久,洛杉磯一直是沉睡的牧場鎮,直到兩件事為今日都市擴張奠定基礎: 一八九二年發現石油(到一九二三年,該市產出全球百分之二十五的石油),以及 洛杉磯引水渠在一九一三年完工(穩定的供水將沙漠轉變成綠洲)。受到洛杉磯終 年陽光普照的吸引,電影工業隨後而至,接下來的歷史就是娛樂界當道了。 環球影城、好萊塢星光大道和中國戲院等好萊塢觀光勝地(編註:Tinseltown 為 好萊塢的口語說法),皆是洛杉磯在影視圈引領風騷的證明。觀光客或許很想來一 趟群星豪宅之旅,不過觀賞電視節目錄影是更時髦的選擇。參觀葛瑞菲斯天文館或 加州大學洛杉磯分校校園,也是影迷的絕佳選擇,這兩處都在無數電影作品中出現 過,例如二○○八年的《沒問題先生》。 推理小說作家雷蒙錢德勒曾經說洛杉磯是「個性和紙杯一樣的城市」(編註:表示 全無個性),但這南方之都擁有八十多家舞台劇院和三百間博物館──比美國任 何城市都多。坐落於蓋帝中心、壯麗的保羅蓋帝博物館,令人流連忘返(編註: showstopper 為「因表演精采而被掌聲打斷的表演者」),它位於山頂的高處能一 覽洛杉磯叫人屏息的全景,從聖塔安娜山脈到聖塔摩尼卡海灘盡收眼底。山下一千 兩百九十萬洛杉磯人的人聲鼎沸直逼「不夜城」紐約。

好萊塢山頭那幾個斗大的 HOLLYWOOD 的字 樣,可謂洛杉磯最具代表性的地標。這幾個設 立於一九二三年的大字,最早其實是房地產業 者的宣傳花招,原本的字體為「HOLLYWOOD LAND」,一九四九年撤掉了「LAND」字樣, 從此一躍成為國際知名的電影夢工廠象徵,也 被登記為國家保護級古蹟,下回來到洛杉磯可 千萬別忘了在山腳下跟這個知名地標合影喔!

Grammar Master until 的用法 until 經常出現在日常生活的使用中,用來表示 直到……時;到……為止」。until 的使用的型 式,略分下面三種: 1. until 作介系詞+時間名詞 例 Until 2005, she was a high-ranking official on the committee. 直到二○○五年為止,她一直擔任委員會的 高階官員。 2. until 作連接詞+子句 例 I waited until it got dark. 我一直等到天黑。 3. until 與否定詞連用+子句 例 She didn’t go to bed until her son came home. 她等到兒子回來才去睡覺。 前面兩種用法比較簡單,描述某一個動作或狀 態持續到某個時間點為止,之後便不再發生。 而第三種與否定詞連用的用法比較特別,這種 用法強調「直到某個時間之後」,子句裡的動 作或狀態才開始出現。此外,我們在口語中常 聽到的 till,用法其實與 until 一樣,差別只在於 until 較常出現在書面,而 till 較常出現在口語之 中。

EZ TALK 31


英文上路

TRAVEL Talk

多 科羅拉 事 盛 年度 五月節

Cinco de Mayo

科羅拉多曾是西班牙和墨西哥的屬地,而 Cinco de Mayo 即西班牙文的五月五日,相傳 是為了慶祝早年墨西哥人以寡擊眾、打退法軍的一場勝利戰役,故每逢五月五日,當地 的西班牙人及墨西哥後裔就會齊聚丹佛市市民中央公園 (Civic Center Park),以遊行和 歌舞表演等方式大肆慶祝,預估每年都會吸引數十萬人參與這場盛會。

英勇博爾德賽跑

Bolder Boulder Race

英勇博爾德賽跑於每年的國殤日(Memorial Day,五月的最後一個星期一,紀念所有在 戰爭中犧牲的美軍)由科羅拉多博爾德市 (Boulder) 主辦,項目包括十公里路跑、輪椅 賽跑……等,因比賽規模浩大、人數眾多,主辦單位便想出以波浪 (wave) 方式 開跑的妙點子,將跑得快的人放在第一排,以此類推錯開起跑時間,這也成了 此項賽事的一大特色。

Colorado 探訪自然寶庫

格里利馬術競技會

Greeley Stampede

美國境內的許多城市都有馬術競技會,但就屬科羅拉多的格里利 (Greeley) 最為盛大。每年格里利的居民都會舉辦馬術競技會來歡 度美國國慶 (Independence Day),但其實早年的馬術競技會在當 地只是一個小聚會,後來廣受歡迎,成為年度重要盛會,甚至一連舉 辦兩個星期。

科羅拉多州

西部歡迎週

Western Welcome Week

這一期的 Travel Talk 要帶大家前往以滑雪及自然景 觀聞名的科羅拉多州,除了一覽 當地的湖光山色和壯麗景致,還要 教大家如何租借滑雪用具、報名 滑雪課程,讓你輕鬆學會滑 雪相關字彙與對話。 位在美國中西部的科羅拉 多州冬季寒冷多雪,境內洛磯山脈 (Rocky Mountains) 橫亙,得天獨厚的氣候 優勢加上地理環境,讓這裡成了滑雪運動愛好 者的首選勝地。科羅拉多首都為丹佛市 (Denver), 因正式列為第三十八州時適逢美國獨立一百週年, 故又有「百年之州」的美稱 (Centennial State)。 相傳當年西班牙探險隊將此地命名為科 羅拉多(Colorado,西班牙文「紅色 的」),是因為看到當地色彩斑斕 的紅色岩層。

西部歡迎週起源於科羅拉多一個名為李特頓 (Littleton) 的小城 鎮,當年報社編輯為了慶祝該市創辦人的百歲大壽,鼓勵所 有居住或造訪過李特頓的人都重回舊地一同慶祝, 而八月正逢車票降價,故西部歡迎週就正式訂為每 年的八月初。為期十一天的歡迎慶典,約有上千民 熱心民眾願意免費協助遊行、馬戲團、煙火大會等相 關活動,在在顯示出這個小城鎮溫暖的人情味。

恐龍國家保護區

Dinosaur National Monument

恐龍國家保護區佔地廣闊,橫跨猶他 (Utah) 與科羅拉多兩個 州,以挖掘出大批恐龍化石聞名。遊客可搭乘園內接駁車至遊客 中心,觀賞有別於一般博物館內的恐龍化石,這裡以最原始的樣 貌,將化石保存在大塊岩石中,絕對能滿足所有大朋友、小 朋友對恐龍的好奇與想像。除了精彩的恐龍展示,此 區壯麗的峽谷景觀也同樣引人入勝。 必遊景點

洛磯山國家公園

Rocky Mountain National Park

必遊 景點

梅莎爾地國家公園

眾神花園

Garden of the Gods Park

眾神花園位在科羅拉多第二大城科羅拉多泉市 (Colorado Springs),因風化作用的鬼斧神工,此區聳立 許多紅棕色的奇石怪岩和小丘是攀岩好手的最愛,平 衡石 (Balanced Rock) 為知名地標。

28 EZ TALK

Mesa Verde National Park

梅莎爾地國家公園成立於一九○六年,以保留豐 富歷史文化遺產著稱,遊客可在懸崖皇宮環路 (Cliff Palace Loop) 看見當年印地安部落的一小部分,天然 岩洞內蓋有約莫兩百間房,規模浩大,其他著名的 景點像是雲杉屋 (Spruce Tree House) 和柯達屋 (Kodak House) 也都完整保留印地安文化, 遊客在此能深刻體認到印地安人當 時生活的樣貌。

洛磯山國家公園成立於一九一五年,以高 山冰河景觀著稱,清澈的湖泊配上層層山 巒,美麗景致盡收眼底,在此亦能看到 罕見的凍原 (tundra) 及各式野 生動物的蹤跡。

紅鐘山 Maroon Bells

紅鐘山鄰近科羅拉多州的小鎮亞斯本 (Aspen,意即「白楊木」),此地是冬季滑雪 勝地,每逢秋季將至,白楊木由綠轉黃之際,紅鐘 山就會湧入大批遊客來欣賞這滿山谷的一片金黃。 紅鐘山其實是由兩座高山組成,因貌似鐘狀而得 名,坐落在山前的紅湖 (Maroon Lake) 反射出 美麗的山巒倒影,是許多攝影人士鍾情 的取景地。

EZ TALK 29


英文上路

TRAVEL Talk

r s a e v l i n U tudios S w y l l o o o 好 萊 塢 H 環球 d 影

上園區

走進電影大千世界

史瑞克與小驢的 4D 歷險

辛普森家庭的冒險

恐怖鬼屋

水世界

Backlot Studio Tour

Shrek 4D

The Simpsons Ride

House of Horrors

來到環球影城,千萬不能錯過這 裡的招牌遊園電車。全程歷時約 5 0 分 鐘 , 沿 途 有 專人講解,帶 領遊客一窺拍片奧妙,知名的電 影場景如《大白鯊》Jaws、《金 剛》King Kong 的經典橋段會在眼 前一一重現,讓人親身感受刺激 驚險的電影實境。

這是環球影城新推出的電影秀, 遊客只要戴上 3D 立體眼鏡、坐在 可動式座位上,就能身歷其境, 與史瑞克一同踏上冒險旅程,隨 著劇情不時有水噴出及微風拂 過,逼真度及娛樂效果一流。

這是環球影城於 2008 年 5 月最新 推出的室內雲霄飛車,有別於其 他雲霄飛車的驚險刺激,辛普森 家庭的冒險更多了趣味性,幽默 又無厘頭的情節與對白,讓遊客 在驚聲尖叫之餘還會放聲大笑, 甚至被評選為 2008 年全球最棒的 遊樂設施。

遊客走進鬼屋中可體驗到有如迷 宮般的鬼屋設計及陰森詭異的氣 氛,許多像是吸血鬼及狼人等恐 怖片的經典角色在屋中神出鬼 沒,埋伏於暗處準備嚇人,膽子 不夠大的遊客可千萬別輕易嘗 試!

Water World: A Live Sea War Spectacular

侏儸紀公園

浴火赤子情

神鬼傳奇

環球影城超人氣經典人物

Jurassic Park: The Ride

Backdraft

Revenge of Mummy

瑪麗蓮夢露 Marilyn Monroe

遊客在這裡可以搭乘列車體驗電 影《浴火赤子情》Backdraft 的火 場實境,一路蔓延的熊熊烈火及 撲鼻而來的汽油和瓦斯味,讓人 彷彿親臨災難現場。

想挑戰刺激的遊客,千萬別錯過 這室內雲霄飛車,其場景皆模擬 電影《神鬼傳奇》The Mummy, 在伸手不見五指的一片黑暗中, 木乃伊會從四周突然冒出來嚇 人,甚至還會將口水滴落在遊客 身上,急速的震撼體驗絕對讓人 大呼過癮。

科學怪人 Frankenstein

蜘蛛人 Spider Man

遊園電車之旅

這是環球影城中最大型的表演, 以電影《水世界》Water World 為 模擬主題,除了演員生動精湛的 演出,爆破場面更是浩大,遊客 在觀賞表演前最好有變成落湯雞 的心理準備,因為……表演過程 中嚴禁撐傘!

這一期 Travel Talk 要帶大家暢遊美國環球影城囉, 除了認識知名電影拍攝場景之外,還要教大家如何在遊樂 園裡玩得盡興,學習各式實用對話以及遊樂設施的英文名稱。

環球電影公司由影界大亨卡爾萊莫 (Carl Laemmle) 於 1915 年創 辦,當時被視為美國最大的電影公司總部,六十年代初期因電視的崛 起,電影市場一度蕭條,為了振興電影觀光產業,環球影城因而誕生。第 一座環球影城就選定在電影工業重鎮──好萊塢,於 1964 年首度對外開 放,由 48 個電影製片廠組成,佔地廣達 425 英畝。園中所有景點均根據好 萊塢知名電影量身設計,走進環球影城就宛若走進電影大銀幕般身歷其境, 每年都會湧進上百萬觀光客前來造訪。目前全球除了洛杉磯之外,在美國佛 羅里達奧蘭多 (Orlando) 及日本大阪也有環球影城。 好萊塢環球影城總共分成兩大區域,一個是須購票才能入內的主題樂園 (Theme Park,分為上園區 (Upper Lot) 及下園區 (Lower Lot)), 另一個則是免費的城市散步區 (City Walk)。城市散步區由 4 條街 道組成,內有超過 40 間充滿特色的商店及餐廳,裡面甚至還 有博物館及電影院等娛樂場所,即使不買門票進片廠,在 這裡一樣能感受到環球影城的歡樂氣氛。

下園區

推薦行程

遊園電車

史瑞克與 小驢的 4D 歷險

本單元環球影城照片提供者:許瑜娟Teresa

辛普森家 庭的冒險

恐怖鬼屋

水世界

城市 散步區

侏儸紀 公園

神鬼傳奇

浴火 赤子情

1996 年夏天開放的侏儸紀公園, 佔地廣達 6 英畝,是環球影城最 熱門的遊樂設施之一,乘船航行 在侏儸紀叢林間,途中會見到各 種栩栩如生的恐龍,甚至有淘氣 的恐龍會出其不意嚇你一跳,最 後船隻從高空俯衝至水面,濺起 超大水花,千萬要有全身淋濕的 心理準備!

卓別林 Charlie Chaplin

●

史瑞克 Shrek

海綿寶寶 SpongeBob SquarePants

朵拉 Dora 辛普森家庭 The Simpsons 爸爸荷馬 Homer 媽媽瑪格 Marge 姊姊麗莎 Lisa 主角霸子 Bart 妹妹瑪姬 Maggie

●

28 EZ TALK

好奇猴喬治 Curious George

EZ TALK 29


英文上路

TRAVEL Talk

鳥屋

1871 年大火過後,鳥群皆在臨 時市政府的儲水大樓中築巢, 後來大樓整修後就命名為「鳥 屋」,為早期重要的摩天大樓 之一,也是芝加哥最令人印象 深刻且最具影響力的地標建 築。

芝加哥美術館

芝加哥必遊景點 行程建議

Art Institute of Chicago

芝加哥美術館坐落於繁華的密 西根大道上,館內收藏的印象 派畫作數量僅次於巴黎羅浮 宮,一樓展示中國珍品,也是 許多亞洲遊客駐足之處。佔地 寬廣的迴廊及建築,格外氣宇 非凡。

芝加哥

Chicago 一期的 Travel Talk 要帶大家來逛逛芝加哥囉,除了認 識這座文化大城,還要帶大家一起到機場,學學從報到 劃位、轉機、通過安檢到錯過班機等相關對話與字彙。

加哥位於美國中西部的伊利諾州 (Illinois) 東北角,東臨

芝北美五大湖之一的密西根湖 (Lake Michigan),故又有 濱湖城市 (City by the Lake) 美稱,是全美僅次於紐約、洛杉 磯的第三大城,也因位處北美中心地帶,使芝加哥成了美國 重要的金融及交通樞紐。在歷經過 1871 年 的大火後,芝加哥政府大力重建市容, 厚片披薩 其充滿特色的建築成了必遊景點之 deep 一。多元建築、豐富美食、便捷交 dish pizza 通及精彩的藝文活動,難怪芝加哥 與傳統義大利披薩 每年都能吸引成千上萬的人潮前來 不同的地方在於, 芝加哥的披薩是將 觀光旅遊。

Chicago style hot dog 長麵包夾上牛肉熱狗,再配上洋 蔥、番茄、黃芥末和一整條酸黃 瓜,有別於一般以番茄醬為佐料 的熱狗,其特製醬料搭配爽脆 的熱狗,口感堪稱一絕!

8

5 6 1

2

4

▲ 密西根大道

▲ 希爾斯大樓

芝加哥的密西根大道可媲美紐 約第五大道,有整齊美麗的行 道樹、高樓大廈、百貨公司、 精美櫥窗展示、各式餐廳、 飯店等,最熱鬧的那一段有 Magnificent Mile 的美稱,是造 訪芝加哥必遊景點之一。

希爾斯大樓落成於 1974 年, 1998 年以前一直是世界最高 大樓,後來被馬來西亞雙塔 (Petronas Twin Towers) 及台北 101 大樓搶下冠軍寶座。遊客 可搭乘電梯至 103 樓的天台, 俯瞰芝加哥美景。此外,芝加 哥的天際線(skyline,由城市 高樓大廈輪廓所構成的線圖) 也是舉世聞名,來到芝加哥不 妨到河岸邊坐上一整個下午, 好好欣賞這隨天色變幻的美麗 天際線。

3 ▲ 格蘭特公園

Grant Park

格蘭特公園(紀念美國總統格 蘭特而命名)是 1990 年由伯恩 漢 (Daniel Burnham) 所設計, 他將這座公園規劃成為一連串 湖畔公園的中心點,做為都市 美化的首站。擁有廣大草地及 音樂台的格蘭特公園,是芝加 哥許多節慶活動的舉辦地點, 如芝加哥爵士樂節 (Chicago Jazz Festival)、芝加哥美食節 (Taste of Chicago) 等。

▲ 海軍碼頭

7 ▲ 里格利球場

Wrigley Field

Sears Tower

Michigan Avenue

麵皮鋪在一個深約三吋 的鐵盤拿去烤,上面鋪了非常 厚的起司和醬料,料多味美, 是必點美食之一!

34 EZ TALK

芝加哥式熱狗

The Rookery

▲ 歷史水塔

Historical Water Tower

仿哥德式黃色岩的水塔建於 1867 年,是當年芝加哥大火少 數倖存的公家建築物之一,宛 若古堡般的優雅建築,夜晚與 白天都別有風情,是芝加哥著 名地標。

體育活動向來是芝加哥人的生 活重心,當地的職業運動球隊 包括曾經多次拿下 NBA 冠軍的 公牛隊 (Bulls) 、職業棒球國家 聯盟的小熊隊 (Cubs) 以及美國 聯盟的白襪隊 (White Sox),不 過小熊和白襪兩隊球迷始終水 火不容。里格利球場是小熊隊 的主場,建於 1914 年,是繼 波士頓芬威球場 (Fenway Park) 後第二古老的球場,堅持使用 自然草皮,內野圍牆以紅磚打 造,全壘打牆則以灌木叢組 成,遊客可搭乘芝加哥著名的 高架火車前來造訪這別有風味 的傳統球場。

Navy Pier

1916 年建成的海軍碼頭,現 在是芝加哥的熱門景點,這裡 聚集許多咖啡廳、餐廳、博物 館和各式商店,還有摩天輪可 搭乘,是老少咸宜的綜合遊樂 場。

義大利牛肉三明治

Italian beef sandwich 長麵包夾上用特製醬料滷至入味的 滿滿牛肉片,再配上軟嫩的甜椒一 起吃,滋味一級棒!

EZ TALK 35


Language Guide Vocabulary Bank 全民英檢中級∕中高級字彙 1) creature [`krit]0 ] (n.) 生物,動物

New creatures are being discovered all the time. 2) advanced [4d`v1nst] (a.) 先進的,高等的

The corporation is a world leader in advanced technology. 3) imaging [`6m4d.6; ] (n.) 造像,成像

Medical imaging can be used to detect tumors. 4) story [`stor6] (n.)(建築物的)層,樓

h s a l C e

D

恐龍時代

In Oklahoma, 110 million years ago, a herd of huge

s r u a inos of th

Sauroposeidon are making a journey to nesting areas they’ve used for generations. Developing inside each female are hundreds of eggs, yet each egg is no larger 20

恐 龍 無敵

than a

14)

cantaloupe. Why do these huge creatures have

such small eggs? All eggs have 8)pores to let 9)oxygen in, and when eggs grow too large, so do the pores, causing

The building we live in is five stories tall.

the eggs to

5) weigh [we] (v.) 有…重,秤重

10)

collapse. Each female lays about 500 eggs

a season, which sounds like the beginning of a

Michael used to weigh over 300 pounds.

population

6) jaw [d.7 ] (n.) 嘴巴,口顎部

11)

explosion, but it isn’t. Eggs

are abandoned as soon as they’re laid,

The driver’s jaw was broken in the accident.

and the moment an egg

7) penetrate [`p5n4´tret] (v.) 穿過,刺穿

12)

hatches

marks the beginning of a race for

The bright light penetrated the mist. 8) pore [por] (n.) 毛孔,氣孔

13)

Lemon juice can be used to reduce pores.

survival—a race nearly all

地質學家把地球歷史依照岩層來做區分,最大的 單位為宙,再分為較小的代和紀,再向下還可細 分為世,每段時間的分期都只是約略估算,一般 來說,恐龍時代主要分布在兩億五千萬年前顯生 宙的中生代,而中生代又分為以下三紀: The Triassic Period 三疊紀 三疊紀距今約兩億五千萬年至兩億年前,其名 稱源自拉丁文的「三」treis,表示該時代的三 層岩層。當時陸地已是爬行類的天下,中後期 時,恐龍開始崛起,一躍成為當時種類和數量 最多的動物。 The Jurassic Period 侏儸紀 侏儸紀距今約一億四千萬年至兩億年前,其名 稱源自歐洲的侏儸山,此時期的地殼活動特別 頻繁,海平面上升,氣候溫暖潮濕,恐龍的發 展相對更加多樣化,海洋和空中生物也陸續增 加,鳥類是在侏儸紀演化出來。 The Cretaceous Period 白堊紀 白堊紀距今約六千五百萬年至一億四千萬年 前,其名稱源自岩層中一種名為白堊 (creta) 的沉積石灰岩。盤古大陸在白堊紀完全分裂, 逐漸形成現今的五大洲,鳥類迅速擴展,但爬 行類依舊居於統治地位,後來地球發生大變 故(理論之一為隕石撞擊),恐龍就此消聲匿 跡。

of them will lose.

©圖片提供 @Discovery 頻道

9) oxygen [`3ks6d.4n] (n.) 氧,氧氣

恐龍無敵

The firemen wore oxygen masks into the burning building. 10) collapse [k4`l1ps] (v.) 倒塌,崩潰

Many buildings collapsed in the earthquake.

同步跟讀

Mar 12

There’s been an explosion of interest in social media.

英文 講解 MP3 57

中文 講解 MP3 58

逐句 跟讀 MP3 59

5

13) survival [s0`va6vy] (n.) 倖存,殘存 (v.) survive [s0`va6v] 存活 (n.) survivor [s0`va6v0 ] 生還者,殘存者

I think it’s a very beautiful

在充滿可怕生物的世界,「小」意味著隨時都會面臨危險。對

to stay alive. Their only chance? Keep out

年幼的恐龍來說,每天都在努力活著。他們唯一的機會為何? 遠離麻煩,快快長大。為了生存,恐龍發展出先進的工具,裡

of trouble and grow up fast. To survive, 2)

裡外外都十分驚人。六千五百萬年來第一次,新的成像技術能

a d va n c e d t o o l s,

amazing on the outside and on the inside. 3)

For the first time in 65 million years, new imaging

進階字彙

technology is able to look through skin, muscles and

14) cantaloupe [`k1nty´op] (n.) 哈密瓜 10

bones to reveal the secrets of nature’s greatest success story. The largest dinosaurs grow as tall as a six- 4)story building and 5)weigh 50 tons or more. The 6)jaws of a T-Rex can leave a bite mark four feet long, and 12-inch teeth can 7)

15

idea that you have this little

中 Translation

young dinosaur, ever y day is a struggle

d i n o s a u r s d e ve l o p

According to the doctor, the patient has a good chance of survival.

36 EZ TALK

波塞東龍蛋

means facing danger at ever y turn. For a

12) hatch [h1t]] (v.) 孵化 (n.) hatchling [`h1t]l6; ] 孵化出來的幼獸、 小鳥、魚苗

Cantaloupe is often used in fruit salads.

單字 CD 29 朗讀 MP3 56

In a world of terrifying 1) creatures, being small

11) explosion [6k`splo.4n] (n.) 劇增;爆炸

It takes about a month for duck eggs to hatch.

課文 CD 28 朗讀 MP3 55

penetrate deep into flesh. But every dinosaur, no matter

how big or powerful starts out small, very small.

and out of it comes a baby Sauroposeidon that’s about the size of a rabbit, and in two or three decades it’s

夠看穿皮膚、肌肉和骨骼,揭開大自然最成功故事的奧祕。

gonna be a 50ton adult.

最大的恐龍可以長到六層樓高、重五十公噸以上。暴龍的嘴

我覺得這是個很美妙的概念:生出來的蛋出奇的小,

巴可留下四呎長的咬痕,十二吋長的牙齒可深深刺進肉裡。但

孵出來的波塞東幼龍大約像兔子般大小,而二、三十

每一隻恐龍,不管體型有多大、力量有多強,一開始都很小,非常小。

egg that’s surprisingly small,

年後牠就長成五十噸重的成龍了。

在一億一千萬年前的奧克拉荷馬,一群巨大的波塞東龍正展開一段旅程,前往 牠們已經傳承了數代的築巢地。每一頭雌龍體內都孕育著數百顆蛋,但每一顆 蛋頂多只有哈密瓜那麼大。為什麼這種龐大的生物會有那麼小

三月七號起 ,每週日晚 上九點在 Discovery 頻道首播, 隔天星期一 十一點重播 早上

的蛋?每顆蛋都有氣孔讓氧氣進入,蛋長得太大時, 氣孔也會變大而使蛋崩裂。每一頭雌龍每季會 產下約五百顆蛋,這聽起來像是族群數量劇增 的開端,實則不然。蛋一生下就被棄置,而

恐龍孵出的那一刻,即為生存競賽的開始─

─幾

乎每隻都會輸的競賽。

Clash of th e Dinosau rs

恐龍無敵

3/7 3/14 3/21 3/28

Extreme S urv Perfect Pre ivors 求生絕活 dators 囂張 掠食 The Defen ders 頑強防 禦 Generatio ns 多子多孫

想收藏 Discovery 頻道精彩影片,請 洽采昌多媒體 http://www.ccii.com.tw

EZ TALK 37


Mar 13

1) adulthood [4`d9lt´h8d ] (n.) 成年(期)

5

13)

10

15

carnivores—like Deinonychus, with its 4)vicious four-

肉食性恐龍 有時住在洞穴、有時住在叢林,居無定所的肉 食性恐龍大多擁有銳利的牙齒,但牠們並非只 會襲擊獵物,有的也喜歡啃食恐龍屍肉,代 表性恐龍有暴龍 (Tyrannosaurus Rex)、異特 龍 (Allosaurus)、迅猛龍 (Velociraptor) 和翼龍 (Quetzalcoatlus) 等。

tiny brain and weak senses of sight, smell and hearing,

14)

world where

herbivore, Sauroposeidon eats meat

10)

physical

11)

traits more than

intelligence determine winners and losers. 恐龍無敵

But T-Rex has both. Adults carefully guard

a ton of greenery each day to maintain its huge size.

同步跟讀

their nests for three months, and their relatively In the Cretaceous, plant eaters face many vicious 6)

killers, and none has a worse reputation than

The kindergarten provides a nurturing environment for young children.

larger brains allow them to provide parental care when the eggs hatch.

Saddam Hussein was a tyrant. 20

predator that has ever lived. A T-Rex can grow

中 Translation

to 18 feet tall and over 40 feet long, with

那麼,波塞東龍要如何存活到成年?大多沒辦法,而那正是牠們的生存策

jaws designed to tear meat to 7)shreds.

11) trait [tret] (n.) 特點,特性

Patience is one of Allen’s best traits. 進階字彙 12) predator [`pr5d4t0] (n.) 肉食動物,掠奪者 25

略。就像今天的海龜,波塞東龍的幼獸多得讓掠食者吃不完。每三千隻孵 化出的小恐龍,只有一隻可以長至成龍。而要成為那唯一的倖存者,小恐

And yet a T-Rex comes into the world

龍必須要自力更生好幾年,抵抗飢腸轆轆的肉食動物(例如有四吋惡爪

protected like few other dinosaurs.

的恐爪龍)──完全沒有父母的幫助。對這頭未來的巨獸而言,生命只有 一條定律:成長,不然就難逃死亡。由於腦袋瓜小、視覺、嗅覺和聽覺皆

The T-Rex, it turns out, is one of the

弱,波塞東龍的體型是牠最主要的防衛武器。當牠長成五十噸重的成龍,

most 8)nurturing of all dinosaur

就沒有東西敢動牠一根汗毛了。雖是草食動物,波塞東龍小時候也吃肉以

parents. Tyrannosaurus Rex, 9)

which means “ t yrant lizard king,” rules a

暴龍親子關係 With things like Tyrannosaurus

Tyrannosaurus Rex, possibly the largest land

9) tyrant [`ta6r4nt] (n.) 暴君,專制君主

Many herbivores spend most of their time eating.

fend for itself for years against hungr y

when it’s small so it can grow faster, and later eats almost

8) nurturing [`n-t]4r6; ] (a.) 養育的,培育的 nurture [`n-t]0 ] (v.) 養育,培育

14) herbivore [`h-b4´v7r] (n.) 草食動物

3)

it. Although an

The scandal ruined the politician’s reputation.

Dogs and cats are carnivores.

雜食性恐龍 極少群居、大多居住在深山密林中的雜食性 恐龍,除了植物之外也吃昆蟲等小動物,以 及其他恐龍產下的蛋,代表性恐龍有偷蛋龍 (Oviraptor) 和始祖鳥 (Archaeopteryx) 等。

reaches an adult weight of 50 tons, nothing can touch

6) reputation [´r5pj4`te]4n] (n.) 名譽,名聲

13) carnivore [`k3rn4´v7r] (n.) 肉食動物

predators can’t

Sauroposeidon’s size is its main 5) defense. When it

Avoiding the sun is the best defense against skin cancer.

Large predators are at the top of the food chain.

12)

future giant, there’s just one rule: grow or die. With its

Robert was bitten by a vicious dog.

All students are required to take physical education.

草食性恐龍 為了方便飲水和取食,草食性恐龍大多群居 在靠近水源的森林內,若遇到肉食性恐龍入 侵,則會發動群體攻擊,代表性恐龍有腕龍 (Brachiosaurus)、劍龍 (Stegosaurus)、雷龍 (Brontosaurus) 和三角龍 (Triceratops) 等。

inch claws—with no help from its parents. For this

4) vicious [`v6]4s ] (a.) 凶惡的,惡毒的

10) physical [`f6z6ky] (a.) 身體的,肉體的

恐龍依照食物性分為三種:

make it to adulthood. And to become that one survivor, it must

The boy had to fend for himself after his parents died.

Alice ripped her ex-boyfriend’s photo to shreds.

Language Guide

逐句 跟讀 MP3 64

eat them all. For every 3,000 hatchlings, only one will

3) fend for oneself [f5nd f7r w9n`s5lf ] (phr.) 自立更生,照顧自己

7) shred []r5d ] (n.) 碎片,碎條

中文 講解 MP3 63

today, they have so many young that

In Asia, most children live with their parents well into adulthood.

5) defense [d6`f5ns ] (v.) 防禦(物),防禦 措施

英文 講解 MP3 62

don’t, and that’s their survival 2)strategy. Like sea turtles

全民英檢中級∕中高級字彙

The company is working to develop new marketing strategies.

單字 CD 31 朗讀 MP3 61

So how do Sauroposeidon survive to 1)adulthood? Most

Vocabulary Bank

2) strategy [`str1t4d.6 ] (n.) 策略,計謀

課文 CD 30 朗讀 MP3 60

加速成長,而長大後每天幾乎都要吃上一噸綠色植物來維持牠龐大的體 型。 在白堊紀,草食動物得面對許多凶惡的殺手,而最惡名昭彰的就 屬暴龍。暴龍可能是史上體型最大的陸上掠食者,可長到十八呎

Rex, you have bigger brains. You have the option for more complex behaviors, especially when it comes to parental care. 像暴龍那樣的恐龍腦部比較大,能採取更複雜的行 為,尤其是撫育下一代方面。

You can imagine T-Rex helping its young out of the shell even with those big giant jaws. 你可以想像一下暴龍(簡稱 T-Rex)用 牠們巨大的嘴幫幼龍脫殼而出的畫面。

There’s nothing fearsome about them. Sure, maybe some day they’ll

高、四十多呎長,擁有可把肉撕成碎片的嘴巴。然而暴龍來到世

become a fearsome animal, but at

上所受的照料卻僅見於少數幾種恐龍。原來,暴龍是最細心養

that time they’re just a meatball

育子女的恐龍之一。在這個身體特徵比智慧更能決定輸贏的世界,

on legs.

暴龍(學名 Tyrannosaurus Rex 意為「殘暴的蜥蜴之王」)是統治者,

牠們(指幼龍)沒什麼好令人害怕的,當然,或許

而且內外兼具。成年暴龍會小心保衛牠們的窩三個月,而牠們相對較大

有朝一日牠們會成為可怕的動物,但這時牠們只是

的腦袋也讓牠們得以在蛋孵化時提供親職撫育。

有腿的肉丸而已。

Sauruposeidon 38 EZ TALK

波塞東龍

EZ TALK 39


歷史名人

HALL of Fame Vocabulary Bank 全民英檢中級∕中高級字彙 1) navy [`nev6 ] (n.) 海軍

The country’s navy has just purchased three new battleships. 2) sentence (to sth.) [`s5nt4ns ] (v.) 判刑

The judge sentenced the thief to a year in prison. 3) repay [r6`pe ] (v.) 償還,清償

I have six months to repay my loan. 4) harsh [h3r]] (a.) 惡劣的,嚴峻的

Life in many African countries is very harsh. 5) realistic [ri4`l6st6k] (a.) 寫實的,逼真的

The animation is so realistic that you can’t tell it from the real thing. 6) mean [min] (a.) 鄙陋的,(地位)卑賤的

Jason grew up in a mean neighborhood. 7) orphaned [`7rf4nd ] (a.) 孤苦無依的

The orphaned boy was raised by his aunt and uncle. 8) miser [`ma6z0 ] (n.) 吝嗇鬼,守財奴

The old miser left all her money to her cat. 9) abusive [4`bjus6v] (a.) 惡行惡語的, 虐待的

A decade ago abusive teachers were more common than now.

es ens arilck ChD 英

Dec 16

There is a huge economic gap between North and South Korea. 11) bury [`b5r6 ] (v.) 埋葬,埋藏

The dog buried the bone in the backyard. 5

課文 CD 25 朗讀 MP3 64

單字 CD 26 朗讀 MP3 65

英文 講解 MP3 66

中文 講解 MP3 67

The mourners at the funeral were all dressed in black.

8) 20

misers, murderers, 9)abusive schoolteachers, and other

characters from real life. He brings the best and the worst of 19th century London to life on every page. One of his most famous novels is A Christmas Carol, which was originally written to show the widening

10)

gap

between the rich and the poor during the Industrial 25

Revolution. However, the novel’s popularity also helped make Christmas into the important holiday it is today. By the time Dickens died, he was world-famous. He hadn’t

Charles Dickens was born in England on February 7, 1812,

wanted a fancy funeral but because he was so popular,

the son of a clerk working for the British 1)Navy. Although

he was

Dickens was later one of England’s most successful

12)

30

11)

buried in Poet's Corner, Westminster Abbey,

surrounded by flowers from thousands of 13)mourners.

中 Translation

father was 2)sentenced to the Marshalsea Prison for

10

狄更斯後來成為英國最有成就的文豪之一,他的童年並不好過。一八二四年他 的父親因無法償還債務而被判入馬夏爾西監獄,那裡的環境惡劣,許多服刑者

have the money to pay for his education anymore. At the

在牢裡死去。這意味著狄更斯的家人再也沒錢支付他的教育。十二歲時,狄更 斯開始在一家枯燥無趣的工廠工作,協助維持家計,他特別痛恨這份工作。但 這段經歷為他後來的小說,包括《塊肉餘生記》,提供了豐富的真實題材。正

help support his family, a job that he especially hated.

是狄更斯困頓的童年、對窮人的同理心、擔任記者的經歷,以及驚人的天分, 讓他得以寫出十五部寫實又令人讚嘆的小說。

But the experience gave him plenty of real-life material for his later novels, including David Copperfield. It was 14)

住過倫敦鄙陋街頭的狄更斯,故事裡盡是孤苦挨餓的孩童、守財奴、謀殺者、 施暴的教師和其他現實生活的角色。他把十九世紀倫敦最好與最壞的一面都重

empathy for the

現在書中每一頁。他最負盛名的小說之一是《小氣財神》,原本是為呈現工業

poor, plus his experience as a reporter as well as his

革命時期日益擴大的貧富差距而寫,但這部小說蔚為流行,也使得聖誕節成為

Dickens’ troubled childhood and his 15

查爾斯狄更斯一八一二年二月七日生於英國,父親是一名英國海軍職員。儘管

many prisoners died. This meant Dickens’ family didn't age of twelve, he started working in a boring factory to

進階字彙

awesome talent that helped him write fifteen novels that 5)

were realistic yet magical. 46 EZ TALK

his stories with 7) orphaned and star ving children,

逐句 跟讀 MP3 68

failing to 3)repay his debts, a 4)harsh environment where

13) mourner [`m7rn0 ] (n.) 哀悼者 (v.) mourn [m7rn ] 哀悼,憂傷

She has a lot of empathy for the poor children.

Having lived in London’s 6)mean streets, Dickens filled

authors, he didn’t have an easy childhood. In 1824 his

The town is surrounded by a high wall.

14) empathy [`5mp4q6 ] (n.) 共鳴,同理心

Industrial Revolution 工業革命

斯 更 狄 師 大 典 經 學 國文

10) gap [g1p ] (n.) 隔閡,差距

12) surround [s4`ra8nd ] (v.) 環繞,包圍

Language Guide

今日重要的節日。狄更斯去世時已是舉世皆知的人物。他並沒有要求奢華的葬 禮,不過他實在太受歡迎,因此被葬在西敏寺的詩人隅,被成千上萬悼祭者致 獻的鮮花所圍繞。

十八世紀中葉,人類歷史因機械革新而有重大 轉變,原以人力為主的生產模式被機械所取 代,生產力瞬間大增,工廠制度興起,運輸及 交通也日趨便利。工業革命促使經濟自由體系 建立,社會上產生新的階層:資本家及勞工, 因此工業革命後的社會被認為是資本主義社會 的雛形。這樣的驟變在當時提供許多人工作機 會,普遍提高人民生活品質,但也衍生出極大 的問題,例如人口都市化與貧富差距,如何在 這當中取得平衡,至今仍是令社會及經濟學者 傷腦筋的難題。

Westminster Abbey 西敏寺小檔案 位於英國倫敦,已有千 年歷史的西敏寺,是一 座大型的哥德式教堂, 自一○六六年初興建以 來,一直是英國各代君 主舉辦加冕典禮之處。 西元一二四五年,亨利 三世改建此處成為現 今的西敏寺,共有十七 位君主長眠於此地, 除此之外,許多偉大的 貴族、將軍、詩人、科學家也在此安葬。第一 位葬於西敏寺的詩人是 Geoffrey Chaucer(喬 叟,著有 The Canterbury Tales《坎特伯利故 事集》等),之後許多英國出色文人也陸陸續 續埋葬在喬叟的墓周圍,於是西敏寺便多了一 處 Poet’s Corner(詩人隅,或稱詩人之角), 能在西敏寺安葬或豎立紀念碑逐漸成為一種榮 耀。西敏寺現為英國皇室的名勝古蹟,被列為 世界文化遺產之一。

Grammar Master yet 的用法

1. y  et 作為連接詞,用以連接兩個單字、片語或 子句,表示「然而」。 例 ●  The weather is cold, yet bright and sunny. 天氣很冷,不過仍是陽光普照。 2. y  et 作為副詞,表示某事到目前為止尚未發 生。yet 常出現在否定或疑問句,中文意思是 還沒……」。 例 ●  I

am surprised that you haven’t told him anything yet. 真沒想到,你居然什麼事都還沒告訴他。

Have you had your lunch yet? 吃過午餐了嗎?

●

EZ TALK 47


歷史名人

HALL of Fame

Grammar Master to death 的兩種用法

1. V+ to death→表示「……(到)死」  例 ●  These villagers will starve to death unless they receive help soon. 再不快點獲得援助,這些村民就會餓死。

Vocabulary Bank 全民英檢中級∕中高級字彙 1) accounting [4`ka8nt6; ] (n.) 會計 (n.) account [4`ka8nt] 帳目

Carol wants to study accounting in college and become an accountant. 2) resent [r6`z5nt] (v.) 怨恨,嫉妒

That night Scrooge is visited by the ghost of his 8)former

Kevin resents his brother for his success.

16

3) determined [d6`t-m6nd ] (a.) 有決心 的,be determined to (do sth.) 下定決心

and explains that he can never enjoy peace. He warns

I’m determined to finish writing this report before I go home.

he becomes a better person. Marley’s ghost says it’s too

小氣財神

4) particularly [p0`t6kj4l0l6 ] (adv.) 特別, 尤其

20

Dec 17

The new mayor promised to stamp out crime. 12) grudgingly [`gr9d.6;l6 ] (adv.) 勉強地, 不情願地

Dan’s sister grudgingly agreed to help him with his homework.

48 EZ TALK

on a

5

journey through the past, present and future.

window and is shocked to see hundreds of ghosts in 25

chains wandering down the street. Scared half to death, Scrooge hides behind his bed curtains.

the happiness of those around him on Christmas Eve. He’s 3) determined to 4)

11)

stamp out all happiness,

中 Translation

particularly that of his clerk, Bob Cratchit. On his way

home, Scrooge is stopped and asked to 5)donate money

歡樂心懷怨忿,他決定撲滅一切歡樂,特別是他的職員鮑伯克拉契特。回家途 中,史古基被攔住,要他捐錢給窮人。他回答說,勞動營或監獄應該夠多讓窮人

enough work camps or prisons to house them. Although he has

12)

grudgingly allowed Cratchit the next day off 7)

holiday himself. He goes home to eat thin porridge in front of a tiny fire, even though he’s very wealthy.

What’s New? 經典文學A Christmas Carol《小氣財神》(或 譯《聖誕頌歌》)是英 國作家狄更斯最廣為 流傳的聖誕節系列故 事。一開始狄更斯只是 為了解決債務上的燃眉 之急而撰寫這部道德劇,然而以惹人厭的守財 奴 Scrooge 來傳達聖誕節精神的故事卻極具戲 劇張力,讓此作品兩世紀以來不斷被改編成各 種語言的舞台劇、卡通、電視劇以及電影。這 個歷久彌新的好故事今年又被搬上大銀幕,由 喜劇泰斗金凱瑞扮演死要錢的 Scrooge,將會 為這部經典名著帶來什麼新意?好奇的讀者在 讀完 EZ TALK 介紹的原著故事後,不妨去瞧 瞧這部片,看看是否真如導演所說:「狄更斯 當初這個故事若是寫來拍電影的,那部電影就 會是 Disney’s A Christmas Carol《聖誕夜怪 譚》。」

去住。雖然他勉為其難地讓克拉契特隔天休假去慶祝耶誕,他自己卻不打算慶

6)

to celebrate Christmas, he doesn’t plan to celebrate the

狄更斯的《小氣財神》描述一位刻薄的會計事務所老闆史艾柏納澤史古基如何在 聖誕夜發現自己的行為過失。故事一開始,憤怒的史古基在聖誕夜對身邊眾人的

to the poor. He replies that there should be more than 10

10)

After Marley ’s ghost leaves, Scrooge looks out the

begins by showing an angry Scrooge who resents

I have a surprise in store for you when you get home.

11) stamp out [st1mp a8t] (phr.) 撲滅,消滅

逐句 跟讀 MP3 73

2)

9) in store (for sb.) [6n stor] (phr.) 某事即 將發生(在某人身上)

進階字彙

中文 講解 MP3 72

sees the error of his ways on Christmas night. The story

Her former boyfriend is getting married next week.

The explorers went on a long journey through the jungle.

英文 講解 MP3 71

how a mean accounting firm owner, Ebenezer Scrooge,

7) porridge [`p7r6d. ] (n.) 粥,稀飯

10) journey [`d.-n6 ] (n.) 旅程

單字 CD 28 朗讀 MP3 70

1)

Alex took a day off to spend time with his family.

8) former [`f7rm0 ] (a.) 以前的,昔日的

課文 CD 27 朗讀 MP3 69

Charles Dickens' novel A Christmas Carol is the story of

6) day off [de 7f ] (phr.) 假日,休假

They often have porridge for breakfast on cold mornings.

late for himself and tells Scrooge that three ghosts will visit him over the next three nights. They will take him

Alice is particularly good at tennis. Michael donated some of his old clothes to charity.

to death 在文法上稱為補語,常與動詞連用, 作為補充說明動詞的現行狀態,或是用以誇飾 個人情緒,語意上通常具有負面的涵義。

Scrooge that a similar fate is 9)in store for him too unless

做某事)

5) donate [`donet] (v.) 捐贈

partner, Jacob Marley. The ghost carries heavy chains

2. b  e 動詞 + 形容詞 + to death →描述「……得 要命∕得要死」  例 ●  The talk went on for hours, we were all bored to death. 這場演講已經持續好幾個鐘頭,我們都要 無聊死了!

祝。他回到家中,在微小的爐火前吃很稀的稀飯,雖然他非常富有。

當晚,前合夥人雅各馬利的鬼魂找上史古基。鬼魂身繫沉重鐵鍊,說他始終不得 安寧。他警告史古基,類似的命運也在等著他,除非他能成為比較好的人。馬利 的鬼魂說自己為時已晚,並告訴史古基,接下來三個晚上會有三個鬼魂來找他, 他們將帶他走一趟過去、現在和未來之旅。馬利的鬼魂離開後,史古基往窗外一 望,驚訝地看到數百個身繫鎖鍊的鬼魂在街上遊蕩。史古基嚇得半死,趕緊躲到 床帷後面。

EZ TALK 49


歷史名人

HALL of Fame Tongue-tied No More 1

Vocabulary Bank 全民英檢中級∕中高級字彙 1) cripple [`kr6py] (n./v.) 瘸子;使跛, 使殘廢

The boy became a cripple after stepping on the mine.

Dec 18

2) crutch [`kr9t]] (n.) 柺杖

I had to walk on crutches for a month after I broke my leg.

5

4) scratch (out) [skr1t]] (v.) 艱苦度日

英文 講解 MP3 76

中文 講解 MP3 77

逐句 跟讀 MP3 78

how he used to be happy until a failed love affair

a raise. From that day on, Scrooge is like a father to Tiny

love money instead of people. The Ghost

1

celebrates Christmas and life itself with more

happy but poor home and to his sweet child, Tiny Tim,

14)

30

A: I heard Jerry has turned over a new leaf. 我聽說傑瑞洗心革面了。

B: Yeah. He's stopped drinking and gambling, and now he spends all his time with his family.

turned over a new leaf and

of Christmas Present introduces him to Bob Cratchit's

是啊,他不再喝酒賭博了,現在他把時 間都花在家人身上。

generosity than any other man.

中 Translation

6)

Scrooge's earlier comment that work houses and prisons 10

should be good enough for the poor. Finally, the ghost of

The undertaker lowered the coffin into the ground. 8) grave [grev] (n.) 墓穴

Thousands of people visit Mozart’s grave each year. 15

He shed a tear when he heard that his old pet dog had died.

讓他開始愛財不愛人。今日聖誕的鬼魂則帶他去看鮑伯克拉契特快樂但貧窮的家

欲表達兩樣東西,後者應該被前者替代,或前者 才是應該做的事情而不是後者時,我們可以用 instead of 插入在這兩者之中,使用句型如下: ● A instead of B → 要 A 而不是 B,應該做 A 而不是 B 例 Could I have tuna fish instead of chicken? 我能要鮪魚(口味)而不是雞肉的嗎? We should do something instead of just talking about it. 我們應該做點什麼,而不是空談而已。

所說,勞動營和監獄對窮人應該綽綽有餘了。最後,未來聖誕的鬼魂揭露了最不

all. Tiny Tim has passed away because the Cratchits don’t

快樂的畫面。小提姆因為克拉契特沒有足夠的錢找好醫生而去世;在史古基的葬

have enough money for a good doctor. At Scrooge’s

禮上,殯葬業者和管家偷走他的衣物和貴重物品,史古基的墳墓荒蕪,沒有人為

clothes and valuables. Scrooge’s 8)grave is deserted and

他的死掉一滴淚。

9)

nobody sheds a tear over his death.

當史古基一覺醒來,他知道鬼魂已經來找過他了。他走到臥室窗邊,問窗下一個 男孩今天是什麼日子,得知是聖誕節早晨之後,他請男孩幫他到肉店買最好的火

10) butcher [`b8t]0 ] (n.) 肉販,屠夫

When Scrooge wakes up, he realizes that the ghosts have completed all their visits. He goes to his bedroom

11) attend [4`t5nd] (v.) 參加,出席

We hope you can attend our wedding this fall.

window and asks a boy down below what day it is. When 20

The small town is famous for its Christmas festivities.

he finds out that it is Christmas morning, he tells the boy to buy the prize-winning turkey down at the

13) punch [p9nt]] (v.) 以拳敲打

10)

butcher

shop and send it to the Crachit family. He puts on his

Gary got arrested for punching a police officer.

best clothes and

14) generosity [d.5n4`r3s4t6] (n.) 慷慨, 大方

11)

attends a Christmas party at the

home of his nephew. When Bob Cratchit, tired from the 25

12)

Mini Quiz

雞肉,送去克拉契特家中。他穿上他最體面的衣服,參加姪兒家中的聖誕派對。 隔天鮑伯克拉契因慶祝得太累而上班遲到,史古基微笑以對,溫暖地捶了他幾

We buy all our meat from the butcher on the corner.

instead of + N/Ving

而不是……, 以(前者)取代(後者)

看到兩名街頭流浪兒如何艱苦度日。史古基嚇壞了,但鬼魂接著奚落史古基先前

funeral, the 7) undertaker and housekeeper steal his

Grammar Master

往日聖誕的鬼魂找上門,讓史古基看到他過去是多麼快樂,直到一場失敗的戀情 庭,還有他可愛的孩子小提姆,一個得拄拐杖行走的跛子。這個鬼魂還讓史古基

Christmas Yet to Come reveals the unhappiest scenes of

7) undertaker [9nd0´tek0 ] (v.) 殯葬員

We’d like to thank everybody who donated money for their generosity.

Tim. He has

a living. Scrooge is horrified, but the ghost mocks

6) mock [m3k] (v.) 嘲諷

(a.) generous [`d.5n4r4s] 慷慨的

punch and promises him

and gives him some warm

5)

We were horrified to hear of the airplane crash.

12) festivity [f5s`t6v4t6] (n.) 慶典

13)

The Ghost of Christmas Past arrives and shows Scrooge

shows Scrooge how two street 3)urchins 4)scratch out

5) horrify [`h7r4fa6] (v.) 使驚嚇

9) shed a tear []5d 4 tir] (phr.) 流淚

單字 CD 30 朗讀 MP3 75

有句話說「翻開新的一頁」,形容除舊迎新, 重新開始,英文也有一模一樣的說法,連形容 的方式都很像,就叫做 turn over a new leaf, 但要注意的是leaf 在這裡是指 page,也就是 書頁」,可不是「樹葉」喔!

a 1)cripple who walks with a 2)crutch. The ghost then

The man scratched out a living by collecting cans and bottles.

His older brother mocked him for being bad at sports.

課文 CD 29 朗讀 MP3 74

made him

3) urchin [`-t]6n] (n.) 流浪兒

The streets of Calcutta are full of urchins.

turn over a new leaf

改頭換面,改過自新

festivities, is late for work the next day, Scrooge smiles

下,承諾給他加薪。從那天開始,史古基把小提姆當成親生兒子。他改頭換面, 比任何人都大肆地頌揚聖誕以及人生。 若有疑問請來信:eztalkQ@gmail.com

1

According to the article, who did NOT pay a visit to Mr. Scrooge on night? (A) Bob Cratchit (B) Jacob Marley (C) The Ghost of Christmas Present (D) The ghost of Christmas Yet to Come

On Christmas night, Scrooge decides to go home and eat thin porridge in front of a tiny fire ____________ celebrating the holiday. (A) rather (B) instead (C) instead of (D) and not 2

3 True or False At the very end of the story, Mr. Scrooge hasn’t changed. He becomes even meaner than before.

解答 1 (A) 2 (C) 3 (False)

50 EZ TALK

EZ TALK 51


歷史名人

HALL of Fame Vocabulary Bank 全民英檢中級∕中高級字彙 1) backup [`b1k´9p] (n./a.) 伴唱,伴奏

Marc Anthony started out as a backup singer for Menudo. 2) precocious [pr6`ko]4s] (a.) 早熟的,超齡的

Hollywood is full of precocious child actors. 3) circuit [`s-k6t] (n.)(表演或比賽的)巡迴 路線

The champion is planning to retire from the Formula One circuit.

—A Life in the Spotlight 麥可傑克森——聚光燈下的一生

4) popularity [´p3pj4`l1r4t6] (n.) 人氣,普及度

The scandal didn’t affect the star’s popularity. 5) label [`leby] (n.) 唱片公司

Sep 17

The singer is thinking of switching labels.

bring down the house

5

10

band failed to get a recording deal. He then turned his

singles, “I Want You Back,” “ABC,” “The Love You Save,” and 30

“I’ll Be There” all hit No. 1 on the charts.

The Jackson Brothers, around his three oldest sons,

中 Translation

1

麥可約瑟夫傑克森一九五八年八月二十九日生於印地安那州蓋瑞市,芝加哥近郊 一個工業區。他的父親約瑟夫是鋼鐵工人,母親凱瑟琳是虔誠的耶和華見證人教

brought down the house singing in a

徒,他在九個小孩中排行第七。他的父親原本渴望成為專業節奏藍調吉他手,但 他的樂團未能獲得唱片合約,他被迫放棄夢想。接著他將注意力轉到孩子身上, 他們全都從小就嶄露音樂天分。一九六二年,他組了一支音樂團體:傑克森兄 弟,團員是最年長的三個兒子,傑基、提托和傑曼。當時麥可被認為年紀太小,

With the addition of Michael and his brother Marlon, the 16

be considered + 形容詞∕名詞

20

但他次年在學校才藝表演博得滿堂彩之後,也獲准加入團體。

Jackson Brothers became the Jackson 5. Michael started out singing 1)backup, but with his soulful, 2)precocious

被認為是……

She is considered pretty. = She is considered a pretty girl. 她被認為是漂亮的。

made history the following year when their first four

school talent show.

很棒,全場都為他們喝彩。

together with fellow label mate Diana Ross, who would

player, but was forced to give up his dreams when his

year after he

B: It was great. They really brought down the house.

recording immediately, and 6) frequently performed become Michael’s 7)mentor and lifelong friend. The band

young at the time, but was allowed to join the following

酷玩樂團的演唱會如何?

consider him reliable. = We consider him a reliable person. 我們認為他很可靠。

25

Jackie, Tito and Jermaine. Michael was considered too

A: How was the Coldplay concert?

例 ●  We

who signed them to the 5) label in 1969. They began

from a young age. In 1962, he formed a musical group,

這個用法是形容表演非常精彩,全場歡聲雷 動,好像房頂都要被掀翻一樣。

consider(認為)這個字的用法很特別,主動 語態時,句型為:consider + 受詞 + 形容詞∕ 名詞;被動語態時,句型為:be considered + 形容詞∕名詞,不須用介系詞 as 等。

the attention of Berry Gordy, founder of Motown Records,

originally aspired to be a professional R&B guitar

attention to his children, who all showed musical talent

贏得滿堂彩

Grammar Master

逐句 跟讀 MP3 75

Witness, he was the seventh of nine children. His father

* devout [d6`va8t] (a.) 虔誠的 John’s parents are devout Catholics.

1

中文 講解 MP3 74

Joseph, a steel worker, and Katherine, a *devout Jehovah’s

補充字彙

Tongue-tied No More

英文 講解 MP3 73

Gary, Indiana, an industrial suburb of Chicago. The son of

Gary frequently disagrees with his parents.

You should find a mentor to advise you on your career.

單字 CD 28 朗讀 MP3 72

Michael Joseph Jackson was born on August 29, 1958 in

6) frequently [`frikw4ntl6] (adv.) 經常地, 時常

7) mentor [`m5nt0 ] (n.) 良師益友, 或唸為 [`m5nt7r]

課文 CD 27 朗讀 MP3 71

麥可和哥哥馬倫加入後,傑克森兄弟遂成為傑克森五人組。麥可一開始擔任合 聲,但他的歌聲扣人心弦又早熟,舞步深富節奏感,很快便竄起當上主唱。在經

vocals and funky dance moves, he soon emerged as the

紀人父親的牽線下,傑克森兄弟開始在各黑人娛樂劇場 (Chitlin’ Circuit) 演出,

lead singer. With their father as manager, the brothers

替誘惑合唱團、賈奇威爾森和歐傑斯合唱團等知名表演暖場。他們的人氣節節高

began performing on the Chitlin’ 3)Circuit, opening for such famous acts as The Temptations, Jackie Wilson and the O’Jays. Their growing 4)popularity brought them to

升,引起摩城唱片創辦人貝瑞戈帝的注意,他在一九六九年簽下他們。他們隨即 開始灌錄唱片,並常與同公司歌手戴安娜羅斯同台演出,戴安娜也成了麥可的心 靈導師和終身摯友。這支樂團在隔年寫下歷史:他們的頭四首單曲〈我要你回 來〉、〈ABC〉、〈你拯救的愛〉和〈我會在那裡〉全都拿下排行榜冠軍。

©達志∕UPI PHOTO

46 EZ TALK

EZ TALK 47


歷史名人

HALL of Fame

a h c i M

Language Guide Michael Jackson 歷年個人錄音室專輯

on s k c e l J a 成就 的非

Got to Be There 1972

Motown 時期

銷售成就 Ben 1972

Sales Achievements

告示牌排行榜成就

Billboard Chart Achievements

Music & Me 1973

 orldwide best-selling W album of all time

Forever, Michael 1975

Thriller 是全球史上最暢銷音樂專輯,破紀錄 售出 1.4 億張。

 hird best-selling musical T artist in history Off the Wall 1979

Thriller 1982

史上最暢銷歌手第三名,前兩名為披頭四合 唱團 (The Beatles) 和貓王 (Elvis Presley)。

 .S. top selling album in two U continuous years

Thriller 是美國史上唯一連續兩年奪得年度銷 售冠軍的專輯。

Album in the Top 10 over a year

Thriller 蟬聯 註 *Billboard Top 200 前十名有 80 週之久,是第一張停留榜上 top 10 超過一 年以上的專輯。目前只有艾拉妮絲莫莉塞特 (Alanis Morissette) 的《小碎藥丸》Jagged Little Pill 還有席琳狄翁 (Celine Dion) 的《真 愛》Falling Into You 有同樣紀錄。

 our Top 10 singles from one F album

Off the Wall 是第一張有四首 top 10 單曲的專輯。

 even Top 10 singles from S one album

Thriller 是第一張有七首 top 10 單曲的專輯。

Epic 時期

Bad 1987

Dangerous 1991

HIStory 1995

Blood on the Dance Floor 1997

Invincible 2001

48 EZ TALK

 ighest-grossing tour in H history

1987-1989 年間的 Bad World Tour 演唱 會打破演唱會總收入紀錄,成為進帳最 多、最成功的演唱會。這個紀錄被他自己 1992-1993 年的 Dangerous World Tour 打 破,接下來1996-1997 年間 HIStory World Tour 又再度打破自己的演唱會銷售紀錄。

 imultaneous No. 1 album & S single

Michael Jackson 是第一位在 Billboard Pop Charts 和 Billboard Black Charts 同時拿下專 輯和單曲冠軍的藝人。

 ive No. 1 singles from one F album

 ighest international H attendance for world tour

Bad 是史上唯一擁有五支冠軍單曲的專輯, 分別為 “Bad”、“The Way You Make Me Feel”、 “Man In the Mirror”、 “I Just Can’t Stop Loving You”、“Dirty Diana”。

 astest selling concert F tickets in history

1980-1990 年間 Michael Jackson 共有九首 冠軍單曲,無人能及。

HIStory World Tour 是國際間參加人次最多 的演唱會,美國以外就有四百四十萬人參 加。

Michael Jackson 生前預訂在 2009 年進行 的 This Is It 系列演唱會(據稱結束後將不再 公開表演),70 萬張門票在四個小時內便瘋 狂銷售一空,為史上門票銷售最快速的演唱 會。

Most No. 1 singles in the 1980s

First single to debut at No. 1

HIStory 專輯中的 You Are Not Alone 是第一 首發行首週便登上 註*Billboard Hot 100 冠軍 的單曲。

音樂錄影帶成就

音樂獎項成就

其他個人成就

Music Video Achievements

Music Awards Achievements

Other Individual Achievements

 est-selling VHS music B videos

Moon Walker《月球漫步》和 The Making of Michael Jackson’s Thriller《戰慄製作錄 音帶》為兩支最暢銷的 VHS 音樂錄影帶。

Largest MV viewership ever

1991 年 11 月 14 日全球 25 個國家同步播 出 “Black or White” 音樂錄影帶,估計約有 5 億人同時收看這支 MV,創下史上 MV 最高收視率的紀錄。

 ost expensive MV in M history

與妹妹 Janet Jackson 合唱的歌曲 “Scream” 是史上製作費用最高的 MV。

 ost music awards in a M single year

Michael Jackson 在 1984 年同時贏得 8 項 葛萊美獎 (Grammy Awards) 和 8 項美國 音樂獎 (American Music Awards),並在 1996 年獲得 5 項全球音樂獎 (World Music Awards),創下單一年度贏得最多音樂獎項 藝人之紀錄。

Most music awards in history

Michael Jackson 是史上贏得最多音樂獎項 的藝人,共計有 197 座獎。

Inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame twice

 residential Humanitarian P Award

1984 年美國總統雷根頒與「人道主義總統 獎」。

Artist of the Decade

1990 年美國總統布希頒與「十年最佳藝人 獎」。

 ost money donated to M charity by a celebrity

Michael Jackson 為最支持慈善活動的歌 手,長年捐款和參加慈善活動,是《金氏 世界紀錄》當中慈善捐款最多(總計超過 3 億美元)的藝人。

搖滾名人堂」,坐落於美國俄亥俄州的博 物館,用來表揚最受歡迎及最有影響力的 音樂人,Michael Jackson 分別在 1997 以 及 2001 年被迎入此音樂聖殿,是極少數 被列名兩次的音樂家。

編註: *Billboard Top 200 是美國告示牌暢銷專輯 的排行榜,依據每週專輯的銷售數字來排 名。 *Billboard Hot 100 是美國告示牌人氣單曲 的排行榜,依據每週各單曲的電台播放率 以及銷售量來排名。

EZ TALK 49


青春無敵

YOUNG & Fabulous Nov 23

Vocabulary Bank 全民英檢中級∕中高級字彙 1) resume [r6`zum ] (v.) 重新開始,繼續

The game resumed after a two-hour delay. 2) derive (from) [d6`ra6v] (v.) 衍生, 從……)取得 5

3) obstacle [`3bst4ky] (n.) 障礙(物)。 obstacle course 即「障礙訓練場」

The road to success is full of challenges and obstacles.

10

15

14)

agility, strength, sense of balance,

and quick thinking. Traceurs believe that

risk life and

limb running though the streets of Paris,

35

any 5)object, whether physical or mental,

climbing walls, launching themselves from

can be

one rooftop, and rolling as they land on

7)

unscathed, and

1)

resume running.

Audiences were 11)intrigued, to say the least.

6)

conquered, no matter how

imposing it may seem.

中 Translation

在法國導演盧貝松二○○一年的《企業戰士》一片中,全世界影 迷第一次見識到跑酷。片中不怕死的主角冒著生命危險跑過巴黎 街道、攀越牆壁、從一座屋頂騰空躍起,落到另一座屋頂時翻 滾,然後站起來,毫髮未傷,繼續向前狂奔。觀眾無不著迷──

12)

pigeonhole.

拜《企業戰士》所賜,但,跑酷究竟是什麼呢?

平民活動。要完成跑酷所需的跳躍和翻滾,玩家必須身手矯健, 但由於跑酷缺乏競賽和表演,並不算是真正的運動。或許把它視

obstacle-course training method used

civilian activity. To accomplish the leaps,

vaults and rolls that make up parkour,

A daredevil skateboarder leaped over the Great Wall of China.

20

Parkour

Goes 跑酷當道 Mainstream

one must be very athletic, but the lack of competition or performance suggests

跑酷滿難歸類的,這個新造的詞源自法語 parcours du combattant,軍方使用的障礙訓練方式,但跑酷百分之百是一項

French term parcours du combattant, the

4)

8) daredevil [`d5r´d5vy] (a./n.) 不怕死的; 愛冒險的人

Tae kwon do is the most popular martial art in the world.

1

為一種類似武術的訓練是最恰當的,但跑酷與打鬥無關,反倒與

in the military, but parkour is strictly a

進階字彙

13) martial art [`m3r]4l 3rt] (n.) 武術

protagonists in the movie

3)

The courtyard is surrounded by tall, imposing buildings.

Over the years, Bruce Willis became pigeonholed as an action hero.

on

The invented word is 2)derived from the

7) imposing [6m`poz6; ] (a.) 壯觀的,宏偉的

12) pigeonhole [`p6d.4n´hol] (v./n.) 歸類; 分隔,小隔間

French director Luc Besson. The 8)daredevil

Parkour is rather difficult to

Sheldon was finally able to conquer his fear of heights.

Clara was intrigued by the idea of starting her own business.

those who practice parkour are known, rely

這是最輕淡寫的說法了。那麼,雖然跑酷能這般引人矚目顯然是

6) conquer [`k3;k-] (v.) 克服,征服

11) intrigue [6n`trig ] (v.) 使好奇,使著迷

to parkour in the 2001 film Yamakasi, by

launch parkour’s star, what exactly is it?

My objective this semester is to improve my grades.

The driver walked away from the accident unscathed.

逐句 跟讀 MP3 93

So, while it’s clear that Yamakasi helped

5) objective [4b`d.5kt6v] (n./a.) 目的, 目標; 客觀的 (n.) object 目標,物體

10) unscathed [9n`ske|d ] (a.) 毫髮無傷的

中文 講解 MP3 92

your path. To accomplish this, traceurs, as

10)

Recruits aren’t allowed to wear civilian clothing at any time during basic training.

The protagonist is killed in the third act of the play.

英文 講解 MP3 91

another. After all that, they get up, mostly

4) civilian [s6`v6lj4n ] (a./n.) 平民的;平民

9) protagonist [pro`t1g4n6st] (n.) 主角, 主要人物

單字 CD 36 朗讀 MP3 90

Moviegoers worldwide were first introduced

9)

Chocolate is derived from the beans of the cacao tree.

課文 CD 35 朗讀 MP3 89

逃跑比較相關。

跑酷的目標是以最順暢、最有效率的方式從一地移動到另一地, 通常這意味著必須克服沿路的障礙──例如前方路上三公尺高 的混凝土牆。要做到這點,跑酷玩家(練習跑酷的人被稱為 traceur)須仰賴敏捷度、力量、平衡感和迅速的思考。跑酷玩家 相信任何事物──無論是實體的或精神的──都可以征服,不管 它看起來有多懾人。

that it’s not really a sport. Perhaps it’s best thought of as a discipline similar to a 25

13)

martial art, but instead of the fight,

parkour is concerned more with the flight. The 5)objective of parkour is to move from one place to another in the smoothest and most efficient way possible. This often means overcoming obstacles—like a three-

30

meter-high concrete wall—that may lie in

14) agility [4`d.6l4t6 ] (n.) 敏捷,靈活

Gymnastics requires great balance and agility. 56 EZ TALK

EZ TALK 57


青春無敵

YOUNG & Fabulous 談論跑酷

Tongue-tied No More 1

risk life and limb 冒生命危險

limb [lim] 指的是手和腳,而 risk life and limb 字面上的意思 是「冒著失去性命和手腳的危險」,其實就是「很危險」。

A: How about renting a car when we get there? 我們到那邊時去租車如何?

B: No way! I’m not gonna risk life and limb driving in L.A. 千萬不要!我不想冒著生命危險在洛杉磯開車。

Grammar Master whether(不論……)為首的插入語

要補充說明句子中的某個名詞「不論是……」時,可在後面加 逗點,插入以 whether 開頭的片語,然後再用一個逗點,把插 入語和所修飾的名詞後面原本該接的字隔開。  例 ●  All citizens, whether male or female, are protected by the law. 所有公民,不論男女,皆受法律保護。

 utgoing mail, whether domestic or international, should O be placed in the green box. 欲寄出的郵件,不論目的地為國內或國外,都應放在綠色 的信箱裡。

實用句

Language Guide 跑酷簡介 跑酷此名稱取自 parkour [ p3`k8r ] 的音譯,有人稱它為 free running、freerun、urban ninja [ `-b4n `n6nd.4 ] 或是簡稱為 PK,而跑酷玩家則被稱為 traceur [tr1`s-]。這項源自法國的運 動,透過網路分享,現在已普及全球,甚至也開始在中國蔓延 發燒。動作片中不時能看到跑酷的畫面,身為跑酷發起人之一 的大衛貝爾 (David Belle) 為了推廣跑酷文化,還曾多次參與電 影演出,如《企業戰士》 Yamakasi、《暴力特區》Banlieue 13、《巴比倫密碼》Babylon A.D. 等。跑酷有別於一般運動, 沒有既定規則也沒有競爭對手,而是把整座城市當作運動場, 恣意地穿梭其間,因此與其說跑酷是項極限運動,倒不如說它 是一門生活哲學更來得貼切,因為進行跑酷時,必須先克服內 心的恐懼以主宰心智,並透過敏捷速度來增進自身的應變能 力,對初學者而言是項極困難的考驗。

跑酷常見基本動作

roll 翻滾 一般都先從側翻開始,做完翻滾動作後要盡量回到原位。

land 著地 準確從一個目標跳到另一個目的地,落地時只利用雙腿來緩衝。

balance 保持平衡 行走在欄杆或牆邊時需要絕佳的平衡感。

tic-tac 交叉跳躍 利用腳蹬牆的反作用力越過障礙物或是抓取東西。

gap jump 大跳躍 從 A 處移到 B 處或是橫跨一個缺口就需要大跳躍,此項動作常 與翻滾連用。

wall run 走壁 無法攀爬時,跑酷玩家便會以走壁方式行進,大約走三至四步 至牆的最高點再翻牆而過。

cat leap 貓式跳躍 顧名思義就是學習貓的跳躍動作,從一面牆跳到另一面牆,雙 手抓住牆的上端,腳在牆上滑兩步做為緩衝再翻越過去。

cat to cat 貓式接力 連續使用攀爬抓牆方式行進。

Do you know what parkour is? 你知道什麼是跑酷嗎?

I saw parkour in Casino Royale. 我有在《 007 首部曲︰皇家夜總會》裡看過跑酷。

 arkour is about overcoming obstacles to P get from point A to point B as quickly as possible. 跑酷就是盡可能快速穿越障礙物,從 A 地移動到 B 地。

I want to take up parkour and test my limits. 我想加入跑酷,挑戰自己的極限。

palm spin 掌心翻轉 以手掌壓樹或桌子等物品當支點,進行翻轉動作。

king kong vault 猩猩跳躍 有時也被簡稱為 kong vault 或 kong,是跑酷常見的基本招式, 在奔跑的過程中以雙手按著障礙物然後雙腳打開跨過去,類似 跳箱。 http://tc.parkour.us/ 若想進一步認識跑酷的酷炫招式,可至 或是 http://www.metacafe.com/tags/yamakasi/ 一窺跑酷英姿。

Are there any parkour groups in Taiwan? 台灣有跑酷團體嗎?

What equipment do you need for parkour? 參加跑酷需要什麼裝備?

 arkour seems like a pretty dangerous P activity. 跑酷好像是滿危險的活動。

Parkour requires great strength and agility. 跑酷必須具備過人的體力和敏捷。

I saw in the news that lots of people get injured doing parkour. 我在新聞上看到不少人在跑酷時受傷。

 ou need to be really careful when you’re Y doing parkour. 跑酷時務必要注意安全。

T here’s no way my parents will let me take up parkour. 我父母絕對不會答應讓我參加跑酷。

58 EZ TALK

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青春無敵

YOUNG & Fabulous Vocabulary Bank

Tongue-tied No More Nov 24

中文 講解 MP3 97

1

逐句 跟讀 MP3 98

One of parkour’s 1)founders is David Belle, a 36-year-

全民英檢中級∕中高級字彙

old Frenchman who comes from a family of firefighters.

1) founder [`fa8nd0 ] (n.) 創立者,創辦人

Jigoro Kano was the founder of judo. 2) spur (on) [sp-] (v.) 鞭策,鼓勵

The cheering crowd spurred the team to victory. 3) fulfill [f8l`f6l] (v.) 完成(任務等),執行 命令等)

課文 CD 37 單字 CD 38 英文 朗讀 MP3 94 朗讀 MP3 95 講解 MP3 96

5

over one, of course.

10)

valor and heroism

1

fell in with a

We learned about the exploits of Napoleon in history class.

activity. Together, they developed the discipline they

My new tires have good grip.

4) 15

11)

30

practitioners posting videos of their

B: She fell in with a fast crowd in college.

specific lines, but all you really need is some light

她在大學認識了一群豬朋狗友。

3

A: I don’t think I’m gonna go to the frat party tonight. 我想我應該不會去今晚的兄弟會派對了。

and get moving. After trying parkour, you’ll never look

B: What?! And pass up the chance for free beer? 什麼?!錯過免費暢飲啤酒的大好機會?

exploits online and sharing techniques on message

boards. Groups have popped up in cities around Europe and North America, where members practice in parking

中 Translation

garages and empty buildings. Indeed, parkour is more of an urban 5)pursuit, with traceurs preferring

12)

pass up the chance 錯失機會

pass up 在口語中有「放棄,錯過」的意思。

at your city the same way again.

跑酷的發明人之一是法國人大衛貝爾,現年三十六歲的他出身消防家庭。成長期間, 貝爾深受父親英勇的出勤事蹟影響,而去追求他對體操和體育的喜好。十五歲的時 候,貝爾搬到巴黎郊區里塞服役。他在那裡碰到一群和他一樣熱愛體能活動的青少

slabs

年,他們一起發展出這種他們稱之為跑酷的訓練,並且成立日後激發 盧貝松拍片靈感的團體「Yamakasi(源於非洲班圖語,意為「強壯的 身心,強壯的人」)」。

如今,在網際網路推波助瀾之下,跑酷已經傳播開來,玩家紛紛把他們 英勇表現的影片貼到網路上,並在留言板分享技巧。跑酷團體在歐美城 市如雨後春筍冒了出來,成員們在停車場和無人建築裡練習。跑酷確

The number of yoga practitioners in Taiwan is growing.

實較適合在城市裡進行,跑酷玩家喜歡混凝土板更勝於乾草包──當

12) slab (of) [sl1b ] (n.) 厚板,厚片

The truck was loaded with bales of cotton.

蜜雪兒怎麼會開始吸毒?

shoe companies have even come out with parkour-

Luc Besson’s movie.

11) practitioner [pr1k`t6]4n0 ] (n.) 從事者

13) bale (of) [bel] (n.) 大包,大捆

A: How come Michelle started taking drugs?

on parkour groups in your area are just a few mouse

10) valor [`v1l0 ] (n.) 英勇,勇氣

The slab of marble was too heavy to lift.

parkour can be practiced by 6)virtually anyone. Some 7)

進階字彙

The soldier received a medal for valor.

While popular with teenagers and twenty-somethings,

called parkour, and formed the Yamakasi that inspired

Internet, with

7) specific [sp6`s6f6k] (a.) 特定的,特有的, 明確的

9) grip [gr6p ] (n.) 緊握,抓(地)力

25

fall in with…(偶然)認識

fall in with 表示在沒有特意安排的情況下「偶然 認識」。

clothing and tennis shoes with 8)decent 9)grip. Details

Today, parkour has spread in large part thanks to the

The city was virtually destroyed during the war.

Where can I get a decent meal around here?

他在越戰中因公殉職。

clicks away, and there’s no better time to hit the streets

6) virtually [`v-t]84l6 ] (adv.) 幾乎,差不多

8) decent [`dis4nt] (a.) 像樣的,還不錯的

你父親是怎麼死的?

B: He was killed in the line of duty in Vietnam. 2

in the line of duty. At the age 2

A: How did your dad die?

pass up

physical education, 2)spurred on by stories of his father’s

group of teenagers who shared his passion for physical

Photography was once a pursuit for the rich.

3

the chance to do a “kong vault”

his national service. While there, he

10

not that they would

Growing up, Belle pursued an interest in gymnastics and

4) exploit [`5kspl76t] (n.) 功績,英勇事蹟 常用複數 exploits)

The air conditioning turns on when a specific temperature is reached.

20

of 15, Belle moved to Lisses, a suburb of Paris, to 3)fulfill

The manager was fired for failing to fulfill his duties.

5) pursuit [p0`sut] (n.) 消遣,職業

of concrete to 13)bales of hay—

in the line of duty 執行勤務

duty 表示職責,in the line of duty 就表示「正在 出公務」,而 die in the line of duty 則表示「因 公殉職」。

Grammar Master while 後省略主詞和 be 動詞,接形容 詞、介系詞或副詞的簡略句型

用 while 連接的兩個子句,若主詞相同,且 while 後面接的是「主詞 + be 動詞 + 形容詞或 地點副詞」時,可省略其中的主詞和 be 動詞, 直接在 while 的後面接形容詞、介系詞或副詞。  例 ●  While (he was) there, he fell in with a group of teenagers who shared his passion for physical activity. →主詞相同,there(地方副詞)前 為「主 詞 + be 動詞」,故省略。 While (parkour is) popular with teenagers and twenty-somethings, parkour can be practiced by virtually anyone. →主詞相同,popular(形容詞)前 為「主 詞 + be 動詞」,故省略。

●

然啦,如果碰上能用「猩猩跳躍」方式凌空越過乾草包的機會,他 們可是不會放過的。

跑酷固然深受青少年和二十幾歲人的歡迎,但幾乎人人都可 進行。有些製鞋公司甚至推出跑酷專用系列,但其 實只需要輕便的衣著和抓地力強的球鞋就可

Mini Quiz

以。你只要按幾下滑鼠鍵就能搜尋到住家附 近跑酷團體的詳細資料,如果你

1

想上街動一動,現在就是最好

的時機。嘗試過跑酷之後, 你看待自己城市的眼光將再 也不一樣了。 若有疑問請來信:eztalkQ@

Which of the following is true about parkour? (A) It is a kind of martial art. (B) It can only be practiced by young people. (C) It is a training method used in the military. (D) It is mostly practiced in cities.

All readers, _________ old or young, will find this story fascinating. (A) either (B) whether (C) neither (D) both 2

解答 1 (D) 2 (B)

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青春無敵

YOUNG & Fabulous March 24

1) annual [`1nj84l] (a.) 一年一次的

He won the annual tennis tournament three years in a row. 2) stunt [st9nt] (n.) 驚險動作,特技

5

Evel Knievel was famous for his daring motorcycle stunts. 3) contestant [k4n`t5st4nt] (n.) 參賽者

Four contestants were eliminated from the competition on Friday. 4) flip [fl6p] (n.)(跳水、體操等表演的)空翻

The rider won the event after performing a double flip. How many participants have signed up for the activity? 6) aggressive [4`gr5s6v] (a.) 有衝勁的, aggressive inline skating為「特技直排輪」

This skatepark is designed for aggressive skaters. 7) grind [gra6nd] (v., n.) 磨,發出刺耳嘎嘎 聲。grind在直排輪運動中是指用輪鞋底部 滑過欄杆或石塊的邊緣

Steve broke his arm trying to do a grind on a railing. 8) artificial [´3rt4`f6]4l] (a.) 人造的

Some ski resorts use artificial snow to extend their ski seasons. 9) foam [fom] (n.) 泡棉,泡沫塑膠

This hockey helmet has a foam lining for added protection. 10) cushion [`k8]4n] (v.) 緩衝

Boxers wear mouth guards to cushion blows to the face. 補充字彙 * BMX是Bicycle Mountain Cross(或Bicycle Moto Cross)的縮寫,直譯為「腳踏車土堆飛躍 賽」,原本是一種要在高低起伏的土坡跑道上 進行競速的單車運動,現在BMX已經用以泛指 所有使用20吋輪徑的腳踏車,以及用這種腳踏 車進行的比賽,因為輪徑較一般腳踏車小,常 被稱作「小輪車」 * adrenaline [1`dr5n4l6n] (n.) 腎上腺素 * wakeboarding [`wek`bord6;] (n.) 花式短板滑水 * street luge [strit´lu.] (n.) 旱地雪橇

單字 CD 38 朗讀 MP3 94

The X Games are an

Vocabulary Bank

5) participant [p3r`t6s4p4nt] (n.) 參與者

課文 CD 37 朗讀 MP3 93

10

The X

Games —Your

Ticket to Thrills!

逐句 跟讀 MP3 95

1)

英文 講解 MP3 96

中文 講解 MP3 97

annual sports

on a shorter board

competition with an emphasis on extreme

and performs flips

sports. What are extreme sports? Generally,

and rolls. Bouldering

extreme sports are more dangerous

is rock climbing without

than traditional sports and often involve

35

a rope, but is limited to

spectacular 2)stunts. These include sports

short climbs to avoid serious injuries.

like skateboarding, freestyle *BMX biking,

It’s typically performed on large boulders or

skiing and snowboarding. In the extreme

8)

sport events included in the X Games, the

chalk to keep their hands dry and a crash

contestants often do different tricks to gain

3)

points, many of which are invented by the

artificial rock faces. Climbers use powdered

40

pad—a thick 9) foam pad placed on the ground to 10)cushion falls.

contestants themselves. Here’s the extreme part: contestants get points mainly for leaving the ground with their vehicle and doing 15

4)

flips, twists and turns. These stunts can be

quite dangerous, and 5)participants are often injured in competition or while practicing. *Adrenaline is also a common factor in X Game events, and sports like 6)aggressive inline 20

skating, bungee jumping, *wakeboarding, *street luge and *bouldering are sure to get the blood pumping. Aggressive inline skating is a lot like skateboarding and includes performing tricks in the air and 7)grinding, or sliding on rails. The different kinds of tricks have odd names like soul, acid, makio and royale. Wakeboarding is a lot like waterskiing, but instead of a long ski, the rider stands

* bouldering [`bold06;] (n.) 抱石攀岩,boulder為 「巨岩」

56 EZ TALK

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青春無敵

YOUNG & Fabulous

Language Guide speed的動詞和名詞用法 本日第一段出現兩次 speed,Street luge involves…speeding downhill這邊是動詞,常 用動名詞,表示「快速疾駛」。speeding 也 可以當名詞,表示「開快車」、「超速」。

B  oys on sleds were speeding down the slope. 坐雪橇的男孩們高速滑下斜坡。

D  ave go two speeding tickets last month. 達夫上個月收到兩張超速罰單。 下一句riders can reach speeds of up to 70 miles per hour,這邊的speed就是名詞,表 示「速度」。 M  any swimmers and cyclists shave

their legs for speed.

許多游泳選手和自由車選手會刮腿毛來增 加速度。

activities. The X Games has also worked to promote

Vocabulary Bank

environmental issues by focusing on reducing waste at

1) deploy [d6`pl76] (v.) 展開

15

The airplane crashed on the runway after its landing gear failed to deploy. 2) parachute [`p1r4´]ut] (n.) 降落傘

The skydiver successfully deployed his reserve parachute after his main chute failed to open. 3) numerous [`njum4r4s] (a.) 很多的

I’ve surfed at that beach numerous times. 4) sponsor [`sp3ns0 ] (n.) 贊助者

The sailor is looking for sponsors to fund his round-the-world trip.

20

March 25

5) broadcast [`br7d´k1st] (v.) 播送,廣播 動詞三態:broadcast, broadcasted, broadcast

The finals will be broadcast live on national television.

單字 CD 40 朗讀 MP3 99

逐句 英文 中文 跟讀 MP3 100 講解 MP3 101 講解 MP3 102

use *bio-diesel fuel, and fans who recycle their garbage are

W  hat if I jumped out of the plane

awarded 6)tokens that can be used for credit at gift shops.

萬一跳下飛機降落傘卻沒打開怎麼辦?

and my parachute didn’t open?

The Summer X Games, which started in 1995, take place

H  ow come so few women are

in Southern California (usually Los Angeles or San Diego)

玩極限運動的女生怎麼那麼少啊?

involved in extreme sports?

and have an average 7)attendance of 200,000. The Winter

Y  ou’d have to be crazy to try base

X Games, which 8)kicked off in 1997, are hosted mostly in

你一定是瘋了,才會去玩定點跳傘。

Skysurfing is probably one of the most dangerous of the

took place in Vermont) and have an average attendance of

extreme sports. The contestant jumps out of an airplane

around 50,000.

5

2)

parachute and landing. Street luge involves lying feet-

first on a large *fiberglass or plastic board with wheels and

Record attendance is expected at this year’s festival.

speeding downhill. While street luge doesn’t involve any

8) kick off [k6k 7f ] (phr.)(口)開辦,開始

tricks, it’s still exciting to watch because riders can reach

The festival will kick off with a fireworks display.

jumping.

Mini Quiz 1

 hat do climbers use crash pads for? W (A) To keep their hands dry (B) To protect themselves when they fall (C) To rest on after climbing (D) To keep themselves from falling

2

 ow often are the X Games held? H (A) Once every two years (B) Twice a year (C) Every other year (D) Once a year

3

 ow has the X Games worked to promote H environmental issues? (A) By selling gifts (B) By cutting down on trash (C) By reducing the number of functions (D) By using less fuel

4

I want to go ___ this weekend so I can try out my new ___. (A) skiing, skis (B) skis, ski (C) ski, skiing (D) skis, skis

中 Translation

空中衝浪大概是最危險的極限運動之一,參賽者從飛機躍下,站在類似滑雪板的板 子上,表演一些翻轉扭動的招式,然後才開啟降落傘、落地。旱地雪橇的參賽者頭 上腳下,躺在裝有輪子的大片玻璃纖維或塑膠板上,急速滑下坡。雖然旱地雪橇並 沒有什麼招式,看起來還是很刺激,因為參賽者時速可高達70英里。

極限運動大賽有眾多贊助商,並且在ESPN和美國廣播公司的運動頻道播出。大賽期

speeds of up to 70 miles per hour.

間,同時也舉辦了「極限音樂節」,有現場音樂表演和互動活動。極限運動大賽也

補充字彙

努力宣揚環保議題,致力降低舉辦活動所製造的廢棄物,例如,賽會接駁車使用生

The X Games has numerous sponsors and is broadcast

質柴油,回收垃圾的運動迷也可獲得代幣,可在禮品店消費時扣抵現金。夏日極限

on ESPN and ABC Sports. The “X Fest” is hosted at the same

運動大賽於1995年開始在南加州舉行(通常是在洛杉磯或聖地牙哥),平均參與

3)

* fiberglass [`fa6b0´gl1s] (n.) 玻璃纖維 以回收的廢食用油製成

their functions. For example, the shuttle buses at the Games

Colorado (except for the years 2000 and 2001, when they

number of tricks like flips and twists before 1)deploying a

7) attendance [4`t5nd4ns] (n.) 出席人數

* bio-diesel fuel [`ba6o´dizy `fj84l] 生質柴油燃料,

I’d never go parachuting. 我絕對不會去玩跳傘。

and “surfs” on a snowboard-like board, performing a

6) token [`tok4n] (n.) 代幣

Do you have any slot machine tokens left?

課文 CD 39 朗讀 MP3 98

聊聊extreme sports

11

4)

5)

time as the games and features live music and interactive

人次高達20萬人。冬季極限運動大賽於1997年開始主要在科羅拉多州舉行(除了 2000與2001年是在佛蒙特州),平均參與人次大約五萬。

解答 1 (B) 2 (D) 3 (B) 4 (A)

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青春無敵

YOUNG & Fabulous Vocabulary Bank 全民英檢中級∕中高級字彙 1) explosion [6k`splo.4n ] (n.) 爆炸;爆增, 快速發展 (a./n.) explosive [6k`splos6v] 有爆炸性的; 炸藥

Government experts fear a population explosion. 2) emerge [6`m-d. ] (v.) 浮現,出現

A new balance of power is emerging in Asia. 3) ironic [a6`r3n6k] (a.) 諷刺的,嘲諷的 (n.) irony [`a6r4n6 ] 有嘲諷意味的事、話語

Stephanie has an ironic sense of humor. 4) graphic [`gr1f6k] (n.) 圖畫,圖像 (phr.) graphic design 平面設計

Indie

MEN EI BRE

OBAG

CAMP

圖片由

TAIP

Desig n 創意

隨意

玩—

—獨

立設

Could you scan this graphic for me? 5) innovative [`6no´vet6v] (a.) 創新的

Apple is famous for its stylish, innovative products. 6) illegal [6`ligy] (a.) 非法的

Online gambling is illegal in some countries.

July 23

We plan to launch our new product next month. 9) state [stet] (v.) 陳述,說明

Please state your name and address. 5

Most spiders are harmless to humans. * chic []ik] (a.) 時髦的,精緻的

That boutique sells chic women’s clothing and hats. 10

The electric light bulb was the brainchild of Thomas Edison.

56 EZ TALK

20

Taipei’s *uber-creative Mickeyman. Back in 2004, he started selling some of his designs

the 1)explosion of indie design, cool new

as stickers at an 6)illegal street 7)stall in Taipei.

trends are 2)emerging all over the world, and

His designs quickly became popular with the

Taiwan is no exception. From the 3)ironic

city’s young *fashionistas, and

graphics of Taipei Bremen to the East-

25

1

before long

he was selling his stickers

meets-West fashions of Drinkin Taipei Design

at music festivals around

Studio, you don’t need to look far to find

the island. By 2005, he’d

exciting and 5)innovative designs.

8)

So what makes indie design different from

* brainchild [`bren´t]a6ld] (n.) 獨創的觀念, (某人的)創作

What are all the fashionistas wearing this season?

Taipei Bremen began as the *brainchild of

launched his own brand

in major department stores,

Our publishing house specializes in mass-market fiction.

* fashionista [f1]4`n6st3] (n.) 追求流行和時 髦的人

中文 講解 MP3 99

in Milan, Paris and New York. But now, with

4)

補充字彙

Only the uber-rich can afford to stay at that resort.

英文 講解 MP3 98

designs all came from the big design houses

8) launch [l7nt] ] (v.) 將…投入市場,發表

* uber [`ub0] (a.) 特級的,超級的。此字源 自德文,意同英文 super

逐句 跟讀 MP3 97

In the past, the *chicest and most modern

The night market is filled with food stalls.

* mass-market [`m1s`m3rk6t] (a.) 行銷給 一般大眾的;(v.) 以大眾為目標作銷售

單字 CD 38 朗讀 MP3 96

TOMORROW’S DESIGNS TODAY

7) stall [st7l] (n.) 小攤子

10) harmless [`h3rml6s ] (a.) 無傷大雅的, 無害的

課文 CD 37 朗讀 MP3 95

15

30

although his designs, as

the *mass-market variety we all grew up

he 9)states, “Still keep the

with? Well, for starters, it isn’t mass-marketed.

original spirit to bring

All indie—that’s short for independent—

people surprise

designers start small. In many cases, they

with both positive

start very, very small. But the best ones don’t stay small for long, and the Taipei Bremen

35

creativity and a little harmless irony.”

10)

studio is the perfect example. EZ TALK 57


青春無敵

YOUNG & Fabulous Tongue-tied No More

中 Translation 未來設計先睹為快 以往,最時髦、最摩登的設計全都出自米蘭、巴黎和紐約的 大型設計工作室,但現在,隨著獨立設計爆增,酷炫的新潮 流在世界各地崛起,台灣也不例外。從台北不來梅的反諷式 平面設計,到北寅社東西合併的時尚,要尋找令人興奮的創 新設計,你不必捨近求遠。

Language Guide

before long 不久之後

1

這個慣用語的意思等同於 soon,但是 before long 的用 法不太相同,通常放在句子的結尾,若置於句首,則須於 before long 之後加逗號。 例 She got used to her new life in New York before long. = Before long, she got used to her new life in New York. = She soon got used to her new life in New York.

賣 都 什麼

! 玩 好 麼都

什 和朋友談論潮流、潮物、潮人時,你還是只會用 Wow, so cool. 嗎?EZ TALK 教你說出時髦有創意的表達法,讓

那麼,獨立設計究竟和伴隨我們成長的各類大眾市場產品

A: Learning how to play the guitar is so hard.

有何不同?首先,獨立設計並未對大眾作行銷。所有獨立

學彈吉他好難喔!

(indie 是 independent 的縮寫)設計師都是從小規模做起,而

B: Just keep practicing, and you’ll be playing like a pro before long!

且往往是從非常、非常小開始做起。但最好的獨立設計師不

只要持續練習,不久之後你就可以彈得像個高手一 樣啦!

會保持小規模太久,台北不來梅就是最好的例子。

你的英文不再老摳摳!

She always wears such stylish clothes!

她穿的衣服都好有型喔!

 Have you been to that hip new boutique yet?

台北不來梅源於住在台北的創意王米奇鰻的創作概念。二○

你去過那間新潮的精品店沒?

○四年,他開始在台北街道違法設攤,銷售他設計的貼紙。

 That star only wears clothes by cuttingedge designers.

他的設計很快就在台北那些追逐潮流的年輕人間大受歡迎,

Grammar Master

不久之後,他便開始在全島各地的音樂節販賣他的貼紙。到 二○○五年,他的自創品牌已打進大型百貨公司,不過如他 所說,他的設計「仍保持原創精神,以正面的創造力及少許

用「by+時間」表達過去或未來的「期限」或「某個重要

The Japanese design such ingenious gadgets.

無傷大雅的反諷,帶給人們驚喜。」

時間點」時,句子的時態有好幾種:

日本人設計的小玩意都很精巧。

1

2

3

4

那個設計師的飾品都很有創意。

指未來的事,但動詞不是 have to 時,用未來完成式: We will have finished the project by Friday.

法國女人都很時髦。

指過去某個時間點的狀況,用過去完成式: By last Friday, he had already lost 10 kg.

那個設計師獨具風格。

在假設語氣 if 的句型裡,則配合 if 的句型用法: If he doesn’t come back by noon, we will leave without

 That shop sells really innovative jewelry.

him. If we hadn’t finished the project by May 30th, the boss would have been very upset.

Film A

門 北市西 嗎?台 作 創 影藝 獨立 裡面的 解更多 影院, 想要瞭 位 數 要分 品,主 89 豪華 作的作 町的 in 創 立 獨 列許多 小舖陳 類: 為三大

 That designer’s accessories are really original.

指未來的事,且動詞用的是 have to(必須)時,用現 在簡單式: We have to finish the project by Friday.

French women are so chic.

That designer has a really unique style.

那間店賣的珠寶都很創新。

品  意商 創意能發聲 創 獨 讓 ,提供 台 AG合作 提供平 B O P AM

 That design studio does some really edgy stuff.

你的滑板上那些圖案酷斃了!

P

專 台 發表平

That’s a wicked tattoo!

好讚的貼紙!

者單曲 樂創作 提供音 播放, 秀作品 挑選優

EP的展

售通路

,並

像 表處  立影 外的創意發 獨 視牆可 之 外的電 流影片

那個刺青真炫!

What a rad sticker!

C 接觸點 與藝術 商品。 家創意

E 樂 者單曲  立音 為音樂創作 獨 作 屬櫃位

那間設計工作室都做些很前衛的玩意。

 Those are some awesome graphics on your skateboard!

58 EZ TALK

op

rts’ Sh

那個明星只穿時尚尖端設計師的衣服。

by+時間:表達期限或重要時間點的句型

影院 在店 前或電 另外也 映正片 上 影 輪播, 電 的 片 短 立創作 欣賞獨 作品。 像 獨立影 內販售

EZ TALK 59


青春無敵

YOUNG & Fabulous

影 攝 玩

*

May 23

Robin learned how to develop film in her photography class.

5

與相機相關的字彙 aperture [`1p0t]0 ] 光圈 focus [`fok4s] 焦距

10

3)

users take eye

dedicated group of

niche photographers who enjoy

7) vintage [`v6nt6d. ] (a.) 老而經典的

light leak [la6t lik] 漏光

offbeat photos. Fish

pixel [`p6ks4l] 畫素

lenses create extremely wide,

shutter [`]9t0 ] 快門 film [f6lm] 底片

rainbow flashes, give hobbyists a fun

tripod [`tra6p3d] 三腳架

and simple way to create highly unusual

achieve original results.

The instructions for my MP3 player are pretty straightforward.

11)

10)

round images. Other tools, such as

using old fashioned technology to

6) straightforward [´stret`f7rw0d] (a.) 直接了當的,易懂的

contrast [`k3n´tr1st] 對比,反差

come with 9) accessories to help

resolution printers and instant

small but

5) spontaneity [´sp3nt4`ni4t6] (n.) 自發性, 即性

lens [l5nz] 鏡頭

original look. LOMO cameras also

file sharing. But there is also a

My motto is, “live and let live.”

flash [fl1] ] 閃光燈

other *distortions add to their

ever before. Most of them are 2)

4) motto [`m3to] (n.) 座右銘,格言

photographs.

Grammar Master

“Don’t think, just shoot” is the 4)motto of Lomography,

My uncle collects vintage baseball cards.

a movement that is attempting to move photography

8) intense [6n`t5ns] (a.) 強烈的 15

9) accessory [1k`s5s4r6 ] (n.) 附件,配件

forward by going backwards. The LOMO is a simple

中 Translation

camera that still uses 35mm film. The key to LOMO

Our company manufactures auto parts and accessories.

6)

Sally has an offbeat sense of humor. 11) lens [l5nz] (n.) 鏡頭

straightforward. The results, however, are quite

unique. Photographs taken with the LOMO have 20

a playful, vintage style to them. The controls are 7)

simple, so that users can just point and shoot to create

* hobbyist [`h3bi6st] (n.) 沉迷於某嗜好者

interesting shots. The resulting photos have 8)intense

* blurring [`bl-6;] (n.) 模糊

colors and high contrast. Light leaks, *blurring and

攝影這項技術改變得越多,就越保持不變。對攝影迷而言,現在的工具比以往任何 時候都還要多,其中大部分是高科技:數位相機、高解析度印表機和即時檔案分 享。但是也有一群人數不多但很投入的特殊攝影同好,他們喜歡使用老式的技術來

photography is 5)spontaneity; shooting is simple and

10) offbeat [`7f´bit] (a.) 不跟隨潮流的,特異的

* niche [n6t]] (a.)(在某領域中)特殊的,小眾的

Language Guide

high-tech: digital cameras, high

Robert and Marcie are dedicated parents.

補充字彙

中文 講解 MP3 99

there are more tools now than

3) dedicated [`d5d4´ket6d] (a.) 盡心盡力 的,奉獻的,專注的

I just bought a new wide-angle lens for my camera.

英文 講解 MP3 98

the same. For the photo *hobbyist,

2) resolution [´r5z4`lu]4n] (n.) 解析度

Firefighters wear special clothing to protect them from intense heat.

逐句 跟讀 MP3 97

photography, the more they stay

1)

1) photography [f4`t3gr4f6] (n.) 攝影

Jazz music is known for its spontaneity.

單字 CD 38 朗讀 MP3 96

The more things change with

Vocabulary Bank

My cell phone only takes low resolution pictures.

課文 CD 37 朗讀 MP3 95

達到獨創的效果。

「不用想,拍就對了!」是 LOMO 攝影的座右銘,LOMO 是試圖藉由返璞歸真來推 展攝影藝術的運動。LOMO 是一種簡單的相機,仍使用 35 釐米底片。LOMO 攝影的 關鍵是隨興,拍照是簡單易懂的。然而,拍攝的成果卻相當獨一無二。用 LOMO 相 機拍攝的照片有種好玩的、懷舊的風格。操控很簡單,所以使用者只要瞄準、拍攝,

The + 比較級 (1)…, the + 比較級 (2)… 「越…就越…」的句型 要表達「越…就越…」時,前後兩個子句都要 用 「the + 比較級形容詞或副詞」開頭,再接 主詞和動詞。 The more you give, the more you gain in return. 付出的越多,收穫也越多。

● 

The faster he spoke, the more confused the audience was. 他講得越快,聽眾們越感到困惑。

● 

就能創造出有趣的相片,拍攝出的相片有飽滿的色彩和高反差。漏光、模糊、以及其 他影像變形功能可以加強獨創性的視覺效果。 LOMO 相機也有配件,協助用戶拍攝 奇特的照片。魚眼鏡頭可以製造超廣角、圓弧形的圖像。其他工具,例如彩虹閃光 燈,可以提供愛好者一個有趣又簡單的方法,創造出極不尋常的照片。

The darker it gets, the quieter the streets are. 天色越黑,街道就越安靜。

● 

* distortion [d6s`t7r]4n] (n.) 失真,扭曲 58 EZ TALK

EZ TALK 59


青春無敵

YOUNG & Fabulous LOMO 玩家黃金十誡

1 圖片提供:Verycan

高科技時代中,數位相機帶給人們拍照的便利性 以及精準性,但在同時,也有一群人繼續追求 傳統底片銀鹽以及低科技相機所產生的效果。 LOMO LC-A 正是這個數位時代中逆向操作的代 表。 LOMO的全稱是(Leningradskoye Optiko Mechanichesckoye Obyedinenie 列寧格勒光學 儀器廠), 該儀器廠於 1982 年設計了一款小型 自動相機 LC-A,希望蘇聯民眾利用這台相機記 錄祖國的光榮。1991 年兩名維也納學生發現了 這台已停產的相機,回國後展出所拍的照片,暗 角和濃艷的色彩吸引了眾多年輕人的目光,使得 LC-A 聲名大噪。1996 年這兩名學生請求該製造 廠重新生產 LC-A,隨即造成搶購,因此誕生了

2

(摘自 Lomo 官網)

Take your camera everywhere you go. 機不離身。

Use it any time—day and night.

不分晝夜,隨時使用。

3

Lomography is not an interference in your life, but part of it.

4

Try the shot from the hip.

5

LOMO 攝影不是你生活的干擾,它是你生活的一部分。

試著把相機放在腰臀拍照。

Approach the objects of your lomographic desire as close as possible. 盡可能靠近你想拍攝的物件。

6

Don’t think.

7

Be fast.

8 9 10

不要想。

動作要快。

You don’t have to know beforehand what you captured on film. 不必事先想好要捕捉的影像。

Afterwards either. 也不用管最後拍出了什麼。

Don’t worry about any rules. 把規則丟到一邊。

購買相機常用英文 Excuse me, how many megapixels is this camera? 

請問這台相機多少萬畫素?

Lomography(LOMO攝影)這一新詞。

Excuse me, is this a grey market camera? 

請問這是水貨嗎?

今天 LOMO 一詞已經不僅僅是列寧格勒光學儀器 廠的縮寫,還代表一種生活型態以及年輕與創造 力。

拍照常用英文 Can you take our picture? 

能幫我們拍張合照嗎?

目前市面上除了經典的 LC-A 之外,還有許許多多



不同的 LOMO 相機。像是超廣角、可拍攝 170 度

笑一個!

視角、並將照片壓縮成圓形影像的 Fisheye、可

Smile! / Say cheese! Everybody stand closer together. 

以改變不同閃燈顏色的 Colorsplash、把一秒內的

大家站近一點!

事情一分為四的 Action Sampler、複刻六O年代



的相機 Diana、復古雙眼相機 Lubitel 166+ 等, 每一台都各自擁有不同的風格,拍出來的照片更 是千變萬化,讓照相不再只是照相,更是一種創 作!!

It’s too dark here—you need to use the flash. 這裡太暗了,你需要用閃光燈。

The flash didn’t go off. 

閃光燈沒閃。

Take another shot! 

再拍一張!

How long is the warranty? 

保固多久?

Does it have auto focus? 

有自動對焦功能嗎?

How many shooting modes does it have? 

有幾種拍攝模式可供選擇?

What kind of memory card does this camera use? 

這台相機使用哪種記憶卡?

Does it have an image stabilizer? 

有防手震功能嗎?

Does it have a Chinese interface? 

有中文介面嗎?

Is the manual in Chinese or English? 

說明書是中文還是英文?

Do you have an installment plan? / Can I buy it on installment? 

能分期付款嗎?

60 EZ TALK

EZ TALK 61


新知搶先

KNOW-It-All

c a m e from northern India over a

Vocabulary Bank

thousand years ago. At present, there

1) wander [`w3nd0 ] (v.) 流浪,閒逛

Most of them live in Central and Eastern

2) exotic [6g`z3t6k] (a.) 異國(情調)的, 奇特的

Europe, and large numbers are also found

The soup was seasoned with exotic spices.

Gypsies 4)traditionally made a living as

Tea leaves have long been used for fortune-telling.

repaired clothes and leather, told people’s fortunes and

Turkey is traditionally eaten on

did useful 5)odd jobs. But they also gained a reputation

Thanksgiving. 5) odd [3d ] (a.) 臨時的,不固定的。odd job 即「零工,雜活」

for not respecting private 6)property. They 7)squatted

20

on people’s land, and were often 8)accused of stealing.

Peter was only able to find odd jobs during the recession.

For centuries, governments tried to 9)persuade them to

6) property [`pr3p0t6 ] (n.) 房屋及院落, 房地產

become farmers or 10)laborers. But because they refused

Get off my property or I’ll call the cops!

to settle down, they were

7) squat (on/in) [skw3t] (v.) 偷住,擅自佔用 (n.) squatter [`skw3t0] 未經允許即住下來的人

Europe’s 吉普賽人 Last Nomads

Scott’s wife accused him of cheating. 9) persuade [p0`swed ] (v.) 說服, 勸說

Bella persuaded her parents to let her get a tattoo.

banished from entire

Age 7)squatters are giving them a bad name today. This is because most people don’t even know what a real Gypsy looks like. But the good news is that the growing

12)

10) laborer [`leb4r0 ] (n.) 勞動者,勞工

11)

30

歐洲最後一支流浪民族

In Taiwan, foreign laborers are paid the minimum wage. 11) popularity [´p3pj4`l1r4t6 ] (n.) 普及, 流行,受歡迎程度

Apr 28

The popularity of video games continues to grow.

popularity of flamenco music and dance is slowly

helping to improve their image.

課文 CD 53 單字 CD 54 英文 中文 逐句 朗讀 MP3 118 朗讀 MP3 119 講解 MP3 120 講解 MP3 121 跟讀 MP3 122

While everyone has heard of Gypsies, most people don’t

進階字彙

1) 5

wandering from place to place, are Europe’s last

12)

p sy

c a ra v

an

Gi

吉普

also known as Travelers because they spend their lives

The nomads travel through the desert on camels.

really know much about them. The Gypsies, who are

12) nomad [`nom1d ] (n.) 游牧民族,流浪者 (a.) nomadic [no`m1d6k] 游牧的,流浪的

nomadic people. The word Gypsy is short for 13)Egypt,

which is where Europeans thought they came from originally. They were thought to be Egyptians because of their dark skin, 2)exotic clothing and reputation for 3)

66 EZ TALK

傳統上,吉普賽人以「萬事通」謀生。他們會修理 鍋壺、修補衣服和皮革、幫人算命和做做實用的零 工。但他們也是出了名的不尊重私人財產。他們會 擅自佔據他人土地,也常被指控偷竊。幾百年來, 各國政府試著說服他們成為農民或勞工,但因為他 們拒絕定居下來而屢遭驅逐離境,甚至遭到殺害。 今天,雖然吉普賽人已不像過去那樣為人所恐懼, 但四處為家的嬉皮和新世紀佔地者今日仍給他們帶 來惡名。這是因為多數人甚至不知道吉普賽人究竟 長什麼樣子,所幸,人氣漸高的佛朗明哥音樂和舞 蹈正慢慢改善他們的形象。

feared like they used to be, wandering hippies and New

8) accuse [4`kjuz ] (v.) 指控,指責

Adam and Eve were banished from the Garden of Eden.

14)

countries and even murdered. Although Gypsies aren’t

25

Many homeless people squatted in the abandoned building.

14) banish [`b1n6] ] (v.) 趕走,驅逐

jacks-of-all-trades. They mended pots and pans,

1

4) traditionally [tr4`d6]4ny6] (adv.) 傳統上, 習慣上

雖然大家都聽過吉普賽人,但多數人對他們所知並 不多。吉普賽人亦有「游居者」之稱,因為他們終 其一生都在各地流浪,是歐洲最後一支流浪民族。 吉普賽 (Gypsy) 一詞是埃及 (Egypt) 的縮寫,因為 歐洲人認為他們最初是來自埃及。吉普賽人會被認 為是埃及人,係因他們皮膚黑、服裝奇特,且以算 命及巫術聞名。其實,吉普賽人一千多年前來自印 度北部,目前歐洲大約有六百萬名吉普賽人,其中 大多數住在中歐及東歐,法國、俄羅斯和西班牙也 有為數不少的吉普賽人。

in France, Russia and Spain.

3) fortune-telling [`f7rt]4n´t5l6; ] (n.) 算命

I’ve always wanted to see the pyramids of Egypt.

are around six million gypsies in Europe.

We spent the day wandering around the town.

13) Egypt [`id.6pt] (n.) 埃及

中 Translation

fortune-telling and black magic. In fact, the Gypsies EZ TALK 67


新知搶先

KNOW-It-All

Language Guide Gypsies 吉普賽人

吉普賽人指的是自稱羅姆人(Romani 或 Roma)這個古老的游居民族,使用的語言是 羅姆語(Romany)。據說吉普賽人源自印度北 部,但因屢次遷徙,所以也講各居住國的主要 語言,現遍佈世界各地,尤以歐洲為主。會以 吉普賽」稱之是因為當時的歐洲人誤以為黑 眼、深色皮膚的羅姆人來自埃及,於是稱他們為 埃及人」(Egyptian),而吉普賽 (Gypsy) 是 埃及 (Egypt) 的變音。吉普賽人有許許多多名 稱,包括卡爾德拉什人 (Kalderash) 、吉坦人 (Gitanos)、金加利人 (Zingari)、辛堤人 (Sinti) 等。因「吉普賽」含有貶義,現在有些英國人會 以「游居者」(Traveler) 代稱。第二次世界大戰 時,約有四十萬吉普賽人和猶太人一樣被關進集 中營進行種族屠殺。

Tongue-tied No More 1

jack-of-all-trades 萬事通

jack-of-all-trades 源自於十七世紀流行的諺語 Jack of all trades, master of none.「樣樣通、 樣樣鬆」。當時 Jack 這個名字很普遍,所以成 了一般人的代稱,而 trades「手藝」在這裡引 申為各行各業。jack-of-all-trades 是指什麼都 懂、什麼都會做的人,是正面的用法。但若是 加上後面的 master of none「沒一樣專精」, 就變成了負面用法,指一個人看來樣樣精通, 卻沒有一樣真正專長。

佛朗明哥舞蹈

佛朗明哥表演的場合

佛朗明哥音樂以及舞蹈被認為是西班 牙文化重要的一部份,然而如同文章 中所說的,它最早的發源地是安達魯 西亞。佛朗明哥的音樂及舞蹈是阿 拉伯、安達魯西亞、塞法迪猶太人 (Sephardic Jews) 和吉普賽等各種文 化的大融合 (fusion)。Flamenco 這個 字一直到十九世紀時才開始出現,在 此之前並無史料記載。

最傳統的表演場合是佛朗明哥歡宴 (juerga [`hw5rg3 ]),這是吉普賽人聚集在一起時一種非正式 (informal) 且隨性的 (spontaneous) 慶祝歡宴。包含了 舞蹈、歌唱、拍掌 (palmas),亦或只是簡單地利用木 箱 (crate) 或桌子拍打節奏,是一種最自然 (organic) 也 最具活力 (dynamic) 的表演,整個氣氛會隨著現場觀眾 而更顯熱鬧。佛朗明哥歌者 (cantaores [`k4ntror4s ] ) 是表演的主軸。

除了發源地安達魯西亞外,佛朗明哥 另一個主要發展地區為西班牙的埃斯 特雷馬杜拉 (Extremadura) 和莫夕亞 (Murcia)。有許多精通佛朗明哥舞蹈 與音樂的表演者並非僅限於西班牙, 像是拉丁美洲地區 (Latin America), 尤其是古巴 (Cuba),對此舞蹈及音樂 的影響甚鉅。

發展至今的佛朗明哥常會出現在以下三種場合:

專業的表演會就比較正式了。傳統的歌唱表演只有一位歌 者與一位吉他手,而舞蹈表演時通常包含了二到三位的吉 他手,一至多位的歌者以及舞者。其中一位歌者會打擊一 種叫做木箱鼓 (cajon [ka`hon ] )) 的樂器,其他人會以手掌聲 附和。而所謂新世代的佛朗明哥還會有長笛 (flute)、薩克斯 風、鋼琴甚至是電吉他等樂器的伴奏。已故的西班牙國寶級 佛朗明哥歌手 Camarón de la Isla 就是成功推廣此種方式的 重要推手。 最後一種表演場合是佛朗明哥的戲劇表演 (theatrical presentation),是一種藉由佛朗明哥的技巧與音樂來呈現的 戲劇演出,近似於芭蕾舞表演 (ballet performance),會有樂 隊席 (orchestra pit)、佈景 (scenery) 與燈光等等。

A: Wow, I didn’t know Jim knew how to fix cars! 哇,我之前都不知道吉姆會修車!

B: Yeah. He’s a jack-of-all-trades. 是啊,他可是個萬事通呢!

對其他舞蹈也有興趣嗎?

Grammar Master

除了熱情的佛朗明哥舞,還有一些 大家耳熟能詳的舞蹈類型,一起學 學英文的說法吧!

help 的用法

help 這個字有許多用法,有時候接 Ving,有時 候接 to+V,也可以直接加原形動詞。若以 help 表達「幫助做某事」來看,有下列幾種說法: ● 事情)help + (to) 原形 V 例 本課最後一句: …the growing popularity of flamenco music and dance is slowly helping to improve their image. (to 可省略,但習慣有 to) 人)help + 原形 V (help 和原形 V 之間通 常沒有 to) 例 Mandy helped organize the party. 曼蒂幫忙籌辦晚會。

Ballroom Dance 社交舞 waltz [`w7lts] 華爾滋 tango [`t1;go] 探戈 ● fox trot [f3ks tr3t] 狐步舞 ● quickstep [`kw6k´st5p] 快步舞 ● ●

● 

help(人)in + N / Ving 例 Reading that book really helped me in my career. 讀那本書真的對我的職業生涯有所幫助。 例 The customer service rep helped me in solving my problems. 這位客服人員幫我解決了我的問題。

Latin Dance 拉丁舞 mambo [`m3mbo] 曼波舞 ● rumba [`r9mb4 ] 倫巴舞 ● cha-cha [`t]3´t]3] 恰恰 ● salsa [`s3ls4 ] 騷莎舞 ●

Hip Hop Dance 嘻哈舞 breaking [`brek6;] 地板街舞 popping [`p3p6;] 機械舞 ● locking [`l3k6; ] 鎖舞 ● ●

help(人)with + N you help me with the laundry? 你可以幫我洗那些衣服嗎?

例 Can

68 EZ TALK

EZ TALK 69


新知搶先

KNOW-It-All

Oct 29

Vocabulary Bank

The hippies were an influential youth

全民英檢中級∕中高級字彙 1) embrace [6m`bres ] (v./n.) 信奉,全心接納

It’s difficult for old people to embrace new ideas. 2) consciousness [`k3n]4sn6s ] (n.) 意識, 知覺

5

Meditation can be used to reach a higher state of consciousness.

It’s normal for teenagers to rebel against their parents.

Critics are accusing the politician of hypocrisy.

10

King, Jr. and the Freedom Riders fought

during the mid-1960s and gradually spread

against racial segregation. What united these

around the world. The word “hippie” comes

and other 3)rebellious youth into a mass

from “hipster,” which was originally used to

counterculture was the Summer of Love

district. Inspired by the countercultural

Vietnam War.

went on to create their own forms of

運動的興衰 15

2)

The oppressive military government has been in power for over 50 years. *conformity [k4n`f7rm4t6] (n.) 順從(規 範),一致

Ryan couldn’t stand the conformity of small-town life. *worldly [`w-ldl6] (a.) 世故的,涉世的

David was much more worldly after returning from studying abroad. *marijuana [´m1r4`w3n4 ] (n.) 大麻

Marijuana is the most commonly used illegal drug in the U.S. 66 EZ TALK

趕時髦的人」),原本是用來形容從紐約搬到舊金山海特阿胥 巴利區的「垮掉的一代追隨者」。受到「垮掉的一代」反文化 價值觀的啟發,嬉皮繼續創造自己新的表達方式,包括 迷幻搖滾、民俗服飾和自由性愛。他們也接受東

consciousness. For nearly a decade, the

方宗教和哲學,並使用軟性毒品擴展他們的意

hippie movement attracted many young people who were

3)

standards and 5)hypocrisies.

21

識。有將近十年,嬉皮運動吸引了許多年輕

rebelling against

In America, the 1960s were a decade of

*oppressive [4`pr5s6v] (a.) 壓抑的,專制的

嬉皮是一種影響深遠的青年次文化,一九六○年代中期始於美 國,然後逐漸散布到全世界。「嬉皮」一詞源自 hipster(意為

and used soft drugs to expand their

The biologist is studying bird migration.

補充字彙

embraced Eastern religion and philosophy,

what they felt were society’s 4)suffocating

Gandhi advocated peaceful resistance against the British.

中 Translation

1)

7) migration [´ma6`gre]4n ] (n.) 遷移,遷徙 (n.) migrant [`ma6gr4nt] 移民,immigrant [`6m6gr4nt] 移入者,emigrant [`5m4gr4nt] 移出者

9) resistance [r6`z6st4ns ] (n.) 抵制,反抗

in Haight-Ashbury, The Beatles’ 1)embrace of hippie culture, and 9)resistance to the

ethnic clothing and free love. They also

The railroads brought prosperity to the American West.

The opposition party is holding a rally tonight.

40

New York to San Francisco’s Haight-Ashbury

expression, including psychedelic rock,

6) prosperity [pr3s`p5r4t6 ] (n.) 繁榮

8) rally [`r1l6 ] (n.)(政治)集會,大會

support of free speech, while Martin Luther

values of the Beat Generation, the hippies

4) suffocating [`s9f4´ket6; ] (a.) 令人窒息 的,壓制的

5) hypocrisy [h6`p3kr4s6 ] (n.) 虛偽,偽善 (n.) hypocrite [`h6p4kr6t] 偽善者,偽君子

35

subculture that began in the United States

describe beatniks who had moved from

3) rebel (against) [r6`b5l] (v.) 叛逆,反抗 (a.) rebellious [r6`b5lj4s ] 叛逆的

The woman was trapped in a suffocating marriage.

課文 CD 47 單字 CD 48 英文 中文 逐句 朗讀 MP3 119 朗讀 MP3 120 講解 MP3 121 講解 MP3 122 跟讀 MP3 123

unprecedented economic prosperity but 6)

also *oppressive social *conformity. During the Great Depression and WWII, there had been a mass 7)migration to the

人,這群年輕人擁有共同的特質:反抗他們心 目中叫人窒息的社會標準和偽善。

在美國,一九六○年代是經濟空前繁榮的十年,但社會規範的壓 力很大。在經濟大蕭條和第二次世界大戰期間,美國有大批民眾 遷居城市。這些經濟移民的子女,長大後皆較父母更世故、更能 接受新思潮。一九六○年代初期,他們聆聽搖滾及爵士樂,也有 很多人嘗試抽大麻。至六○年代中葉,學運人士紛紛發動大規模 集會,支持言論自由,當時正值馬丁路德金恩和「自由行示威 者」挺身對抗種族隔離。讓這些人與其他叛逆青年結合成大眾次 文化的是海特阿胥巴利區的「愛之夏」、披頭四對嬉皮文化的接 納,以及反越戰運動。

cities. These economic 7)migrants had children who grew up more *worldly and openminded than their parents. By the early 1960s, they were

Grammar Master 過去完成式:主詞 + had p.p. 的用法 過去完成式通常用來強調在過去某件事之前「就已經」發 生的事,或已持續一段時間的狀態。  hey had dated 例 ●  T 已經交往

listening to rock & roll and jazz, and many were experimenting with *marijuana. By the mid-

for three years before they got married.

結婚之前

他們在婚前已交往三年。

Before he quit his job, he had been unhappy for quite 辭職之前 已經不快樂

some time. 在他辭職前就已經不快樂好一陣子了。

60s, student activists were organizing mass 8)rallies in EZ TALK 67


1980

新知搶先

KNOW-It-All

3

本文第一段出現了 subculture(次文 化)、counterculture(反文化)這 兩個字,那麼 1960 年代當時的主流 文化到底是什麼呢?請見 1-4 說明。

4

Beat Generation

嬉皮的偶像

psychedelic rock 迷幻搖滾

Summer of Love

愛之夏

這群被稱作「垮掉的一代」Beat Generation 的 作家一開始以詩人Allen Ginsberg(艾倫金斯伯 格,詩作 Howl)、作家 William S. Burroughs (威廉波羅斯,小說 Naked Lunch)及作家 Jack Kerouac(傑克凱魯雅克,小說 On the Road)為 首,他們原本聚集在紐約,於 1950 年代中期陸續 移居舊金山,與當地的文化人結交,形成一波新 文學運動。

1967 年春假開始,全美各地大學生 及高中生開始湧入舊金山的 HaightAshbury district(海特阿胥巴利 區),到了夏天,全球聚集於此的人 數高達十萬,同時間在全美及歐洲各 大城市聚集的嬉皮更是不計其數!這 群年輕嬉皮齊聚一堂,展開一場史無 前例的社會實驗。

Beat Generation 文人(或被簡稱為 the Beats) 的註冊商標——波西米亞式的生活、狂放不羈的 行為、使用軟性毒品以「追求創作靈感」——成 為許多中產階級家庭的青年爭相模仿的對象,媒 體開始稱這群跟風的年輕人為 beatnik、hipster, 這股風潮持續發酵,最後形成 1960 年代中期蔚為 大觀的 hippie 風潮!

他們住在無政府組織免費提供的篷舍,自組義務醫療服務,與陌生人 共享物資、欣賞南腔北調的音樂及創作、分食迷幻藥品、體驗性解 放,用行動徹底表現對政治、思想箝制與商業文化的反抗。那個夏 天,就是所謂的 Summer of Love。但反諷的是,當嬉皮高唱愛與和 平的同時,爭取種族平等的活動也進入空前暴力的階段,多個城市發 生血腥衝突,因此有人稱那年夏天是 The Long, Hot Summer(漫長 炙熱的夏天)。 1967

蒙特瑞音樂節

1969

胡士托音樂節

60 年代初期的搖滾樂壇是由英國好男孩團體披頭四 ( The Beatles) 及壞男孩團體滾石合唱團 (The Rolling Stones) 稱霸,相對於這兩個團體的流行搖滾 (pop rock) 、搖滾 (rock & roll) 及節奏藍調(rhythm and blues,或稱 R&B) 樂風,一股反映嬉皮風潮的搖滾型態漸漸形成。 psychedelic [´sa6k4`d5l6k] rock(或稱 acid rock)興起於 60 年 代中期的英國及美國,psychedelic 是「迷幻藥(的)」, 尤指當時盛行的 LSD,psychedelic rock 顧名思義是一種 表現吸食 LSD 感官經驗的音樂形式。姑且不論吸毒的對 錯,但 psychedelic rock 音樂人在嘗試以音樂抒發迷幻經 驗的同時,拋開音樂就是要「好聽、朗朗上口」的呆板印 象,讓搖滾樂廣納各種藝術形式及東方樂器(如印度西 塔琴),帶動前衛搖滾(progressive rock,常以一個主 題創作概念專輯)、藝術搖滾 (art rock,或稱 classical rock,常以組曲 (suites) 而非單曲 (songs) 形式呈現,跨界 採用音樂及文學作品) ……等等以提升搖滾樂藝術層次為 目的的創作,對於晚近的硬式搖滾 (hard rock) 及重金屬音 樂 (heavy metal) 發展功不可沒。 以下為 60 年代中期至 70 年代重要搖滾團體(成軍時間∕ 地點):

1940~1940末 恐共時期

1929~1940 初 經濟大蕭條 1939~1945 第二次世界大戰

1

Freedom Riders 自由行示威者 racial segregation(種族隔離)直到 60 年代都還存在於美國南部各州, 不論是餐廳、劇院,甚至是公車上,都對非裔美國人有所限制。Freedom Riders 是一群種族平權人士,他們於 1961 年 5 月 4 日展開一連串搭乘 公車的抗議活動,刻意去坐白人專用座位、使用白人專用的車站設施,目 的是要反抗種族隔離及種族歧視。

HIPPIE

Great Depression 經濟大蕭條

1960 年代正值壯年的人,童年都遭逢 Great Depression(經濟大蕭條 ),因為隨著小羅 斯福總統的 New Deal(新政)漸漸走出陰 霾,這群人從小就培養出強烈的愛國心,剛 成年又碰上第二次世界大戰,更是全國動員 參戰,上下一心追隨政府領導。第二次大戰 後經濟快速起飛的同時,政府的控制隨著冷 戰開始而繼續擴張,這群 1920 年代出生的 人經歷了十年的恐共時期(1940 年代末期至 1950 年代末期),美國人所受的言論及思想 箝制前所未有,但經濟繁榮讓這群習慣相信 統治者的人過著安分守己的生活。這就是當 時的主流文化。

68 EZ TALK

這群 Freedom Riders(7 名黑人,6 名白人,大多為四、五十歲)於華 府分別登上公車,途經維吉尼亞州、南北卡羅萊納州、 喬治亞州、阿拉 巴馬州、密西西比州,預計 5 月 17 日在路易西安納州的紐奧良會師。但 整個活動歷經三 K 黨攻擊、警方逮捕,一直到 5 月 24 才抵達密西西比 州,此時已有更多人加入 Freedom Riders 的行列,公車一進車站,他們 就全部被逮捕入獄,當地監獄因此人滿為患,這群 Freedom Riders 在獄 中受到殘酷對待。 Freedom Riders 的抗議活動受到國際廣泛矚目,對當時的甘迺迪政府造 成極大壓力。隨後加入 Freedom Riders 的人在接下來幾個月繼續抗議活 動,超過 60 組黑白人種各半的抗議人士搭乘公車在南方各州縱橫。 Freedom Riders 的努力終於在 1961 年 11 月 1 日獲得勝利,當日新的行 政命令公布,所有公車、火車上不再區分座位, 車站內所有設施都不再進行種族隔離。而他們更 大的貢獻,在於激起南部各州人民追求平等的思 想,並帶動全美跨黑白種族加入推動平權運 動的行列。據估計全部參與過這次抗議的 Freedom Riders 將近有 450 人,活動 到了後期,大多數參與者的年齡小於 三十歲,多位 Freedom Riders 後來 成為種族平權運動領袖,在整個 60 年代抗議活動中扮演重要角色。

 psychedelic rock 迷幻搖滾

1959~1975 越戰

2

Vietnam War 越戰

但這群認分的美國人在 1940 年代生養的下一代,從小過 的是富裕生活(尤其是在都市長大的中產階級子女),聽 的是深受黑人文化影響的爵士樂、藍調音樂及搖滾樂,他 們剛成年時,面臨 Vietnam War(越戰,1959 年開戰) 徵召入伍,養尊處優的他們不想接受父母當年參戰的命 運,但是當乖乖牌的主流文化壓力無孔不入、令人窒息, 這時一群 1950 年代崛起的美國作家成了他們的明燈。

The  Doors 門戶合唱團 1965年,美國

J  efferson Airplane 傑佛森飛船合 唱團 1965年,美國

G  rateful Dead 死之華合唱團 1965年,美國

Yes  Yes 合唱團 1968年,英國

 progressive rock 前衛搖滾

soft drugs 是什麼? soft drugs(軟性毒品)一般是指大 麻(也稱為 cannabis),但也包括 psilocybin mushrooms(魔菇)、 LSD(一粒沙,或稱搖腳丸)…… 等等。 有 soft drugs就有 hard drugs 硬性毒品),如 heroin(海 洛因)、cocaine(古柯 鹼)、methamphetamine(甲 基安非他命,即台灣所謂的安 非 他 命 ) …… 等 等 。 一 般 對 兩者差別的判定在於成癮性 (dependence) 及對身體傷害 (physical harm) 程度的高低, 但界定標準很有爭議性(例如 酒精及尼古丁的成癮性及對身 體的傷害其實高過大麻,見右 表),且各國對於麻醉藥物的 分類方式也不相同。

3

Heroin

D e p2 e n d e n1 c e 0

Cocaine

Tobacco

Pink  Floyd 平克佛洛伊德 合唱團 1965年,英國

 rock 藝術搖滾 art

Street methadone Barbiturates

Alcohol

The  Moody Blues 憂鬱藍 調合唱團 1964年,英國

Benzodiazepines Buprenorphine Cannabis Amphetamine Ketamine 4-MTA LSD Methylphenidate Khat GHB Ecstasy Solvents Alkyl nitrites Anabolic steroids

0

1

2

Physical Harm

3

© Wikipedia/Apartmento2

The  Who 何許人合唱團 1965年,英國

The  Velvet Underground 非法利益合唱團 1965年,美國

Roxy Music  羅西音樂合唱團 1970年代初期, 英國

EZ TALK 69


新知搶先

KNOW-It-All

Language Guide triathlon 三項全能運動

triathlon [ tra6`1ql3n ] 包含游泳、自行車、路 跑三項運動(「三項全能選手」為triathlete [tra6`1qlit]),依賽程總長分為以下幾種(距離 視各場地狀況而有些微差異):

l h o t n a i 項全能賽 r T 三

Swim

Sprint distance 短距離

大部分國際比賽採用

Intermediate distance 中距離

長距離

被稱為「半鐵人三 項」Half Ironman

極限距離

被稱為「鐵人三項」 Ironman triathlon

A famous example of how tough the races and the competitors can be happened at the 1982 Hawaii Ironman.

(n.) competitor [k4m`p5t6t0 ] 競爭者, 參賽者

Julie Moss was a college student who entered the

Evan won second prize in the design competition.

competition because she was doing research on exercise 20

Michael Phelps is the world’s most famous Olympic athlete.

and approached the finish line all set to win first place

3) endurance [6n`d8r4ns ] (n.) 耐力

Running in a marathon takes great endurance.

in the women’s event. But suddenly severe fatigue and 10)

5) attendance [4`t5nd4ns ] (n.) 參與,在場

Attendance at the meeting is required. 6) administer [4d`m6n4st0 ] (v.) 施行,給予

5

the 8)household name that it is today.

endurance events in the world. The most famous

triathlon, the Ironman, is among the most difficult and

中 Translation

popular is the Olympic distance triathlon, in which 1)

We always take a first aid kit when we go camping.

competitors swim for 1.5 km, cycle for 40 km and end

with a 10 km run. It’s still quite challenging, especially

10) dehydration [´diha6`dre]4n ] (n.) 脫水

in hot, humid places like Taiwan, so there are usually

The lost hiker died from dehydration.

trained medical 4)personnel in 5)attendance, ready to

11) set in [s5t 6n ] (phr.) 開始

68 EZ TALK

performance was broadcast worldwide, making Ironman

in Taiwan, are usually much shorter. One of the most 10

15

away from the finish line. One competitor passed her,

cycle and run. They do this without stopping for a

full 42 km marathon. Other triathlons, like those here

9) first aid [f-st ed ] (phr.) 急救(護理)

set in, and she collapsed just meters

across the finish line to win second place. This stunning

3.8 km, then cycle 180 km and finish off by running a

Global warming has become a household term.

11)

winning the race. But Moss didn’t give up. She crawled

takes at least ten hours to complete. The athletes swim

8) household [`ha8s´hold] (a.) 家喻戶曉的, 眾所皆知的

If the wound isn’t cleaned, infection may set in.

25

dehydration

A triathlon is a 1)competition in which 2)athletes swim,

3)

Professor Adams is an accomplished scholar.

進階字彙

課文 CD 54 單字 CD 55 英文 中文 逐句 朗讀 MP3 122 朗讀 MP3 123 講解 MP3 124 講解 MP3 125 跟讀 MP3 126

break at any time, which makes it one of the toughest

The doctor can’t administer medical treatment without the patient’s consent. 7) accomplished [4`k3mpl6]t] (a.) 熟練的, 有造詣的

and wanted to gain firsthand experience of a triathlon. An 7) accomplished athlete, she made excellent time

Mar 29

6)

administer 9)first aid if necessary.

5 km

1.5 km

40 km

10 km

1.9 km

90 km

21.1 km

3.8 km

42 km 180 km 馬拉松

Ultra Distance

1) competition [´k3mp4`t6]4n ] (n.) 競賽; 競爭

All personnel are required to attend the meeting.

0.75 km 20 km

Long Course

全民英檢中級∕中高級字彙

4) personnel [´p-s4`n5l] (n.) 工作人員 總稱)

Run

奧運會賽程

Vocabulary Bank

2) athlete [`1qlit] (n.) 運動員

Bike

三項全能運動是一項競賽,參賽運動員必須游泳、騎自行車、賽跑,中間沒有任何休息 時間,所以是世上最艱難的耐力賽事之一。最著名的三項全能運動──鐵人三項──是 最困難的賽事,至少要十小時才能完成。參賽者要先游泳三點八公里,接著騎自行車 一八○公里,最後再跑全程四十二公里的馬拉松。其他三項全能運動,例如台灣本地舉 辦的,路程通常短得多。其中之一最常見的是奧運距離的三項全能,參賽者先游泳一點 五公里、騎車四十公里,最後再跑十公里,仍然相當具挑戰性,特別是在台灣這種濕熱 的地方,因此一般都有受過訓練的醫療人員在場,準備在必要時提供急救護理。 這項競賽到底有多艱難,參賽者又是多麼不屈不撓,有個著名的例子可以說明,發生於 一九八二年的夏威夷鐵人三項。茱莉摩斯是位大學生,她之所以參賽是因為當時她正在 做運動方面的研究,想親身體驗三項運動。她是個技術高超的運動員,花很短的時間就 接近終點線,眼看就要贏得女子組冠軍,不料,她突然出現嚴重的疲勞和脫水症狀,在 距離終點線僅僅幾公尺處倒下。另一名選手超越她贏得冠軍,但摩斯並沒有放棄,她爬 過終點線,奪得亞軍。這驚人的表現播送到全世界,讓鐵人三項這個名稱成為如今這般 家喻戶曉。

距離

游泳接自行車、自行車接路跑處設有兩個銜接 區 (transition area),選手可預先在銜接區放置 下一個賽程需要的裝備。由於 triathlon 是計時 賽,且選手在銜接區逗留的時間也被計入,因 此設法縮短更衣、穿鞋的速度,就成了很重要 的參賽技巧。 鐵人三項傳奇人物 Julie Moss 於一九八二年勇 www.youtube.com 奪亞軍的歷史畫面請至 鍵入 Julie Moss in the 1982 Hawaii Ironman Triathlon 搜尋。

Grammar Master 數量表達中

of 的用法

介系詞 of 可用來表達數量,它常與某些數量用 語搭配使用。不過,有時候這些數量用語可以 單獨使用,不一定要有 of 出現。 many/ much (of) a few/little most (of) (of)

all (of)

one (of)

some (of)

two (of)

any (of)

判別 of 出現的時機,可檢視 of 後面的名詞片 語是否為限定用法。當名詞為限定用法,數量 用語要加上 of(如課文中第 3、第 9 行)。 限定用法 1: 所有格(my、your、his等)+ 名詞 例 One of her books is written in Spanish.(○) One her books is written in Spanish.(X) 她的書裡面有一本是西文書。 限定用法 2: 限定詞(the、these、those 等)+ 名詞 例 Two of the students in his class are Japanese.(○) Two the students in his class are Japanese. X) 他班上有兩個學生是日本人。 當名詞為非限定用法(即名詞前沒有所有格或 限定詞)時,則數量用語不需要加 of(如課文 中第 25 行)。 例 Many Taiwanese are addicted to Facebook. ○) Many of Taiwanese are addicted to Facebook. (X) 許多台灣人很迷 Facebook。 EZ TALK 69


新知搶先

KNOW-It-All

Mar 30

Vocabulary Bank 全民英檢中級∕中高級字彙 1) historian [h6s`tori4n ] (n.) 歷史學家

Triathlon bikes are designed to rest the muscle groups

Although most people think of America when they

needed for running, and athletes often cycle faster at

hear the word triathlon, 1)historians say the earliest

the end to keep their muscles loose and 5)flexible. If

triathlons took place in France. In the early 1900s, there

The history textbook was written by a renowned historian. 2) canoe [k4`nu] (v./n.) 划∕乘獨木舟; 獨木舟

課文 CD 56 單字 CD 57 英文 中文 逐句 朗讀 MP3 127 朗讀 MP3 128 講解 MP3 129 講解 MP3 130 跟讀 MP3 131

5

and 2)canoe. In the 1920s, the triathlon as we know it was born. Called “Les Trois Sports” (The Three Sports),

3) middle-aged [`m6dy`ed.d ] (a.) 中年的

it featured a 3 km run, a 12 km bike ride and then a

The show is targeted at middle-aged housewives.

10

3)

1

○○年代初期,法國已有結合賽跑、自行車和獨 木舟的競賽。一九二○年代,我們所熟悉的三 項運動誕生。當時名為 Les Trois Sports (法 文,意即「三項運動」)的三項全能運動包含三

getting back into shape. Two

公里的賽跑、十二公里的自行車和游泳橫渡馬

15

7) catchy [`k1t]6 ] (a.) 動聽易記的

That show has a catchy theme song.

部、熱愛慢跑的中年人想找比較有挑戰 性的事情做,於是決定創立一個結合賽

Sports, so they came up with a 7) catchy new name:

過 Les Trois Sports,因而想出一個好

跑、自行車和游泳的賽事。他們從沒聽 聽好記的新名字:triathlon。

Because triathlons are so physically challenging,

9) rubbery [`r9b4r6 ] (a.) 橡膠似的,(四 肢)發軟∕不穩的 20

由於三項全能運動對體能是 極大的考驗,運動員已發展 騎車和長跑。他們採取海豚式

cycle and run. They use the dolphin kick and swim

打水、在水面下游泳以利破浪

underwater to make 8) headway against waves, and

能量。運動員也會穿防寒潛水衣,幫助他們

back to shore. Athletes also wear wetsuits to help them swim faster and stay warm, and there are even special sleeveless 4)

suits for use in warmer water.

Tongue-tied No More 1

前進,游上岸時則採取人體衝浪法來利用海浪的 游得更快及保持溫暖,甚至還有特製的無 袖潛水衣可以用於較溫暖的水域。三項 全能運動的自行車設計能讓賽跑所需的 肌肉群獲得休息,而且運動員通常會 在接近終點時騎得比較快,讓肌肉保 持放鬆及彈性。如果不這麼做,從騎 車突然轉換到跑步,可能會導致腿軟 和劇烈疼痛。

in shape 鍛鍊體能

in shape 經常有人以為是指「(前凸後翹)身 材好」,其實應該是「有經過鍛鍊的好體能」 的意思。get (back) in (to) shape 即「恢復體 能」,表示透過運動來達到體適能的健康標 準。

A: I really need to get back into shape. 我很需要重拾強健體魄。

B: You should come to my yoga class. 你該來上我的瑜伽課。

出更有效率的方式來游泳、

athletes have developed more efficient ways to swim,

bodysurf to use wave energy when coming

bodysurfing 人體衝浪運動 bodysurfing [ `b3d6´s-f6; ] 是一種不使用衝浪 板的衝浪運動,衝浪者要靠完美的流線型體 態 (streamline position) 乘上浪頭、在浪中 翻滾。文中提到三項運動選手上岸時採用的 bodysurfing 技巧稱做 dolphin pop(海豚出 水),是指回岸時在淺水處趁海浪即將上升到 最高點之勢跳出水面。

在重建強健體魄。兩個同屬某個徑賽俱樂

triathlon.

Little headway has been made in the negotiations.

http://www.youtube.com/ 鍵入training dolphin kick 搜尋。

當時慢跑熱潮正值巔峰,到處都有美國人

cycling and swimming. They’d never heard of Les Trois

8) headway [`h5d´we ] (n.) 前進,進展

dolphin kick [ `d3lf6n k6k ] 是模仿海豚尾鰭動 作,雙腿併攏在水面下做波浪擺動,如此在水 中的阻力比起一般交錯踢腿減少許多,能有 效超越競爭者。操作 dolphin kick 需要非常高 超的技巧,奧運金牌名將菲爾普斯 (Michael Phelps) 就是在出發及轉身時運用 dolphin kick 到了出神入化的境界,成為許多專業游泳人 士討論的話題。觀看 dolphin kick 動作可至

一九七四年在美國聖地牙哥的教會灣舉行。

and decided to create an event that combined running,

6) craze [krez ] (n.) 風潮,一窩蜂

dolphin kick 海豚式打水

恩河。但第一場真正的現代三項全能賽事於

middle-aged joggers who belonged to a track club

were looking for something a little more challenging,

進階字彙

雖然多數人一聽到三項全能運動就會想到美國,但史 學家表示,最早的三項全能運動在法國舉辦。一九

The jogging 6) craze was at its peak and Americans everywhere were

Ballet dancers must be very flexible.

The medication made my legs feel rubbery.

triathlon was held at Mission Bay, San Diego in 1974.

5) flexible [`fl5ks4by] (a.) 有彈性的, 柔軟的

Interactive video games are the latest craze.

中 Translation

swim across the river Marne. But the first truly modern

4) sleeveless [`slivl6s ] (a.) 無袖的 sleeve 袖子 + -less 「無」的形容詞字尾

they don’t do this, the sudden change from cycling to running can cause 9)rubbery legs and serious pain.

were events in which competitors would run, cycle

It took an hour to canoe across the lake.

Michelle wore a sleeveless dress to the party.

30

Language Guide

Grammar Master help 的使用

不論是在書面或是口語,help都是高頻率用 字,運用範圍也很廣。當我們想表達「幫助某 人某事」時,可以選用下面任一種句型:  ● help +人+ V  ● help + 人 + with + 事 例 I helped him fill out the application form. = I helped him with the application form. 我幫他填寫申請表。 例 Can  you help me wash the dishes? = C  an you help me with the dishes? 你能不能幫我洗碗? help 另一種常見用法為 can’t/couldn’t help + Ving,意指「忍不住做某事、不能停止做某 事」,與原先的「幫助」相去甚遠。使用時, 請注意要使用 V-ing 的型式。  例 She can’t help crying whenever she hears that song. 她每次聽到那首歌都會忍不住哭泣。 couldn’t help laughing when the man slipped and fell. 那個人滑倒的時候,我忍不住笑了出來。

例 I

70 EZ TALK

EZ TALK 71


新知搶先

KNOW-It-All

Mar 31

Vocabulary Bank

this all changed when one of the participants moved

1) footage [`f8t6d. ] (n.) 影片片段, 連續畫面

The beating of the protester triggered a riot.

5

10

conquer the odds

克服萬難

odds 是「成功的機會」(固定加 s), conquer 是「征服,戰勝」,加在一起就是 獲勝,而且是「突破萬難終獲成功」,因此 都用在一開始不被看好的事情。相同意思的 說法還有 beat the odds、against (all) the odds、against all odds。

A: Doesn’t Celia know how hard it is to make it in show business? 希莉雅不知道要進入演藝圈有多 難嗎?

B: Yeah, but she thinks she can beat the odds. 知道啊,但她覺得自己能克服 萬難。

1

conquer the

35

雖然早期在加州的三項全能是小型比賽,但一名參賽者移居夏威夷後,一切全然改 觀。一搬到那裡,他便將歐胡島上三種廣受歡迎的耐力競賽成功結合成後來眾所皆知

Triathlons are becoming 4)increasingly popular in East

的鐵人三項。那比賽實在太累人了,一九七八年第一屆賽事只有十二位男性賽完全

Asia too, and there are now Ironman competitions

程,次年也只有十三位男性和一位女性完成。但一九八二年茱莉摩斯爬過終點線的電

in Japan, Malaysia and China. Here in Taiwan, there

國際體育賽事陸續增設三項全能運動,三項全能運動也成為二○○○年雪梨奧運的奪

視轉播畫面激發了全世界對三項全能運動的興趣。一九九○年代,泛美運動會等各大

President Cup International

鐵人三項有很嚴格的時間限制,所有參賽者比 須在十七個小時內抵達終點。早上七點準時開 始比賽,必須於兩小時二十分內完成游泳項 目;下午五點半前抵達自行車終點;最後一段 的「馬拉松」marathon [`m1r4´q3n] 路跑須於 當天午夜十二點前跑完。

Grammar Master when 的使用

when 作為表示時間的連接詞,表示「當……之 時」。當句子中出現連接詞 when,且兩個子 句均為過去簡單式時,由 when 引導子句的動 作先發生 ,例如: 例 Dan moved out of his parents’ house when 先發生 he got a job. 丹找到工作後就搬離父母家。 ≠ Dan got a job when he moved out of his parent’s house. 先發生 丹搬離父母家之後就找到工作。

牌運動。

is already a tradition of

decade. The 1995

Ironman Triathlon 鐵人三項

you a winner!

中 Translation

triathlons going

pan- 這個字首表示「全部」all、「(某族群) 全體」,因此Pan American 就表示「全美 洲的」。Pan American Sports Organization PASO,泛美運動組織)總部設於墨西哥市。 Pan American Games 為四年一度的國際運動 會,於各屆奧運開幕前一年由各美洲城市輪流 主舉辦。

過去簡單式中

2000 Olympic Games in Sydney.

16

Pan American Games 泛美運動會

odds. As they say, just completing a triathlon makes

1990s, and the triathlon became a medal sport at the

back more than a 1

everywhere to test their own limits and

3)

(n./v.) handicap [`h1nd6´k1p ] 障礙; 妨礙

Tongue-tied No More

hardcore athletes, but an inspiration for active people

an explosion of interest in triathlons across the world. competitions like the Pan American Games in the

visually 6) handicapped youngsters. The triathlon is no longer just a test of strength and endurance for

Triathlon events were added to international sports

6) handicapped [`h1nd6´k1pt] (a.) 殘障的,visually handicaped 即「視障 的」

Digging ditches is grueling work.

30

Moss crawling across the finish line in 1982 2)triggered

The store sells items that are hard to find elsewhere.

7) grueling [`gru4l6; ] (a.) 讓人極度 勞累的

2009 Deaflympics in Taipei featured a triathlon for

the following year. But television 1) footage of Julie

5) elsewhere [`5ls´w5r] (adv.) 在別處, 其他地方

進階字彙

Lake attracted over a thousand participants. Even the

the triathlon that became known as the Ironman. It was one in 1978, and only thirteen men and one woman

4) increasingly [6n`kris6;l6 ] (adv.) 漸增 (v.) increase [6n`kris ] 增加

Rob got a ticket for parking in a handicapped zone.

the Uni-President sprint triathlon held at Sun Moon

so 7)grueling that only twelve men completed the first

The swimmer won three gold medals in the competition.

near Taidong, attracted 420 participants from Taiwan, Japan, the United States and 5) elsewhere. By 2008,

popular endurance events on the island of Oahu into

3) medal [`m5dy] (n.) 獎牌,獎章

People are increasingly relying on cell phones to communicate.

25

to Hawaii. Once there, he successfully combined three

The man sold his footage of the protest to CNN.

Language Guide

Triathlon Championship, held on Shanyuan Beach

While the early California triathlons were small events,

全民英檢中級∕中高級字彙

2) trigger [`tr6g0 ] (v.) 觸發,引起

課文 CD 58 單字 CD 59 英文 中文 逐句 朗讀 MP3 132 朗讀 MP3 133 講解 MP3 134 講解 MP3 135 跟讀 MP3 136

Mini Quiz

三項全能運動也在東亞愈來愈受歡迎,目前,日本、馬來西亞和中國都有鐵人賽事。 在台灣這裡,三項全能運動已經有十多年的歷史。一九九五年,在台東杉原海水浴場 舉行的統一盃鐵人三項國際邀請賽,吸引了來自台、 日、美等地共四二○位選手參 賽。二○○八年,在日月潭舉行的統一盃鐵人賽更吸引了一千多名參賽者。連二○○ 九年台北聽障奧運也有一場年輕視障選手的三項全能賽事。三項全能運動不再只是考 驗死忠運動員的體力和耐力,而是成為激勵人心的活動,讓各地熱愛活動的民眾可以 測試自身極限、克服萬難。正如他們所說,只要能完成三項全能賽事,就是贏家!

1

若有疑問請來信:eztalkQ@gmail.com 2

According to historians, where did the triathlon originate? (A) America (B) France (C) Taiwan (D) Japan Martha used to help her Mom _________ the housework. (A) for (B) make (C) on (D) with

下列句子請根據需要填入 of ,或打「X」表 示免填 (A) China has the most __________people of any country in the world. 3

(B) One _______ those books is mine. (C) I know several _______Jack’s friends. (D) I bought a few _______ books yesterday.

解答 1 (B) 2 (D) 3 (X , of, of, X)

72 EZ TALK

EZ TALK 73

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