Issuu on Google+

Our Approach to ENVIRONMENT and ENERGY Issues


Energy and Environment “At GM, we believe tomorrow’s automobiles must be flexible enough to accommodate many different energy sources. And a key part of that flexibility will be enabled by the development of electrically driven cars.” Rick Wagoner Chairman and CEO, General Motors Corporation LA Auto Show 11/29/2006


GM’s Approach


GM Environmental Principles General Motors Board of Directors adopted the Environmental Principles on March 4, 1991. They are intended to serve as a guide for all GM employees worldwide, encouraging environmental consciousness in both daily conduct and in the planning of future products and programs. As a responsible corporate citizen, General Motors is dedicated to protecting human health, natural resources, and the global environment. This dedication reaches further than compliance with the law to encompass the integration of sound environmental practices into our business decisions.


GM Environmental Principles, cont. n 

The following environmental principles provide guidance to General Motors personnel worldwide in the conduct of their daily business practices.

n 

We are committed to actions to restore and preserve the environment.

n 

We are committed to reducing waste and pollutants, conserving resources, and recycling materials at every stage of the product life cycle.

n 

We will continue to participate actively in educating the public regarding environmental conservation.

n 

We will continue to pursue vigorously the development and implementation of technologies for minimizing pollutant emissions.

n 

We will continue to work with all governmental entities for the development of technically sound and financially responsible environmental laws and regulations.

n 

We will continually assess the impact of our plants and products on the environment and the communities in which we live and operate with a goal of continuous improvement.


Competing Pressures Around the Globe Significant Technical Innovation by Competitors • Facilities • Conventional ICE • Alternatives

Fuel Price and Supply Uncertainty • Long Term Increase • Proliferation of Types

Near Term Competitive Product Challenges Technical Initiatives

Public Policy Initiatives

Marketing Initiatives

Regulatory and Advocate Expectations and Pressure

Reputation for Energy Efficiency Critical in the Marketplace


Global Fuel Economy / CO2 Regulatory Challenges Canada 5.3 MT GHG by 2010

European Union 25% 1995  2008

CAN US-Federal Trucks 12.5% 2004  2011

EU CA

US-F

JPN

CHN

Japan 23% 1995  2010 29% 2010  2015

MEX California 40% 2009  2016 BRZ

XX% indicates magnitude of potential FE/CO2 improvements expected in regulations over the time period shown

China 15% 2003  2010

Australia 17% 2003  2010

AUS


Global Emissions Challenges European Union EURO 4 EURO 5/EURO 6

CAN US Federal Tier 2 Emissions Requirements California LEV II and ZEV/PZEV Requirements

EU CA

US-F

JPN

CHN

Japan Motor Vehicle Emissions Requirements

MEX

BRZ AUS

Most regions of the world have emissions requirements that fall within European, U.S. or Japanese requirements.


In GM’s View, We Must: n  Increase the fuel efficiency of

conventional propulsion vehicles n  Develop alternative sources of propulsion

that will displace traditional petroleumbased fuels n  Emphasize energy diversity (alternative

sources of energy)


Advanced Propulsion Technology Strategy Improve Vehicle Fuel Economy and Emissions

Displace Petroleum

Hydrogen Fuel Cell-Electric Battery-Electric Vehicles (E-Flex)

Hybrid-Electric Vehicles (including Plug-In HEV) IC Engine and Transmission Improvements

Time

Petroleum (Conventional and Alternative Sources)

Energy Diversity

Biofuels (Ethanol E85, Biodiesel) Electricity (Conv. & Alternative Sources) Hydrogen


GM’s “30 MPG or Over Club”


Why E85? –  Domestic renewable fuel –  Reduces greenhouse gas emissions –  Enables maximum ethanol usage


Required Ethanol Growth to Supply 30% of Current U.S. Gasoline Demand by 2030


The GM U.S. “FlexFuel Club”


GM Hybrid/E-Flex Product Plan


1,200

GM Hybrid Buses


GM’s E-Flex System n  A family of electric vehicle propulsion

systems –  Common drivetrain components –  Electrically driven –  Electrical energy stored in: –  Battery –  Hydrogen (fuel cell)

–  Able to create electricity on-board –  Plug-in capable


E-Flex System: Range-Extender


Project Driveway n  Largest fuel cell vehicle market test n  100+ vehicles in

the hands of customers


REINVENTINGthe Automobile


n  On May 8, 2007, GM announced it had

joined USCAP n  GM supports actions to address climate

change through advanced technology and on an economy-wide, market-driven basis n  Energy diversity is key


What the U.S. Government Can Do to Help n  Fund a major effort to strengthen domestic advanced

battery capabilities n  Significantly expand biofuels production and infrastructure n  Continue to develop/demonstrate hydrogen and fuel cells n  Set the example through Government purchasing n  Provide incentives/tax credits for consumers and

manufacturers n  “Aggressive” detailed plan for government funding

under development


Safety GM is the only automotive manufacturer that has made a commitment to a full range of cars, trucks and SUVs offering protection Before, During and, thanks to OnStar, After vehicle collisions.


Continuous Safety GM is the only automotive manufacturer that has made a commitment to a full range of cars, trucks and SUVs offering protection Before, During and, thanks to OnStar, After vehicle collisions. Before: GM helps you avoid a collision

During: GM helps to protect the driver and passengers*

*Always use safety belts and the correct child restraint for your child’s age and size. Even in vehicles equipped with a Passenger Sensing System, children are safer when properly secured in a rear seat. Never place a rear-facing infant restraint in the front seat of any vehicle equipped with an active frontal air bag. See Owner’s Manual and child safety seat instructions for more safety information. ** Call 1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827) or visit onstar.com for system limitations and details.

After: With OnStar, help can be on the way when you need it**


Continuous Safety: Collision GM’s safety focus begins with standard and available features that can help drivers avoid crashes. Available Safety Daytime Running Lamps (DRLs) StabiliTrak® Control System Anti-lock brake system (ABS) Traction control Automatic day/night mirrors All-wheel drive (AWD) EyeCue® head-up windshield display GM has committed to making our StabiliTrak Control System standard on all our trucks, SUVs and vans sold retail in the U.S. and Canada by 2007.

Before a


Continuous Safety:

During a Collision Available in 2012 for Middle East Market GM’s safety focus begins with standard and available features that can help drivers avoid crashes.

Safety Advancements Safety Cage Crush zones “Smart” dual-depth air bags* Passenger Sensing System* Side-impact air bags* Head curtain air bags* Energy-Absorbing Steering Systems Safe Kids Buckle Up™ Program To help families learn to properly restrain children in the age appropriate child safety seat, GM and Chevrolet partnered with Safe Kids Worldwide to sponsor the Safe Kids Buckle Up Program, checking over 760,000 child safety seats for proper installation. *Always use safety belts and the correct child restraint for your child’s age and size. Even in vehicles equipped with a Passenger Sensing System, children are safer when properly secured in a rear seat. Never place a rear-facing infant restraint in the front seat of any vehicle equipped with an active frontal air bag. See Owner’s Manual and child safety seat instructions for more safety information.


Continuous Safety:

After a

Collision

At GM our tradition of innovation continues as we fulfill our commitment to make our groundbreaking OnStar service standard. By the end of 2007, OnStar, including one year of service, will be standard on almost all new GM cars and trucks sold retail in the U.S. and Canada.* Leading Safety Advancements OnStar can help get assistance to drivers and passengers when a collision happens. • Advanced automatic crash notification when air bags deploy – available on select models • Emergency service communication • Fully-trained OnStar Advisors 24 hours a day OnStar also offers other important safety advantages • GM Goodwrench On-Demand Remote Diagnostics** • Turn-by-Turn Navigation†

* Call 1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827) or visit onstar.com for system limitations and details. Excludes Chevrolet Aveo and Fleet and Commercial vehicles. ** Diagnostics not available on Cadillac Catera, Pontiac Vibe and Saab 9-3 and 9-5. Diagnostic services vary on Cadillac SRX V8, Saturn VUE, ION and L-Series, Chevy Silverado diesel and GMC Sierra diesel. For details, call 1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827) † Requires ABS and is not available in certain areas. See your dealer for details.


GM Enviromental Approach