Turkey Offshore cages benefit all marine users
Turkish aquaculture goes from strength to strength With a 8,333 km coastline, many rivers, lakes, dam lakes, ponds, and reservoirs Turkey has great potential for aquaculture. There are 26 million ha of water sources suitable for aquaculture. In addition, Turkey has the second longest coastline in the Mediterranean after Spain.
otal fisheries production in 2008 was 646,000 mt of which 152,000 mt comes from aquaculture. Aquaculture’s contribution to fisheries was 24% in volume and 44% in value terms of the total fisheries production. While total fishery production has remained stable over the past decade, aquaculture production has increased by 147.5% in the past 7 years. Aquaculture is one of the fastest growing industries in Turkey having grown in volume by over 20% for the past 10 years. It started with 18 Eurofish Magazine 5 / 2010
started with carp and rainbow trout farming in the 1970s and developed with sea bream and sea bass farming in the Aegean Sea in the mid 1980s, followed by cage culture of trout in the Black Sea during the 1990s and more recently tuna rearing in the Aegean and the Mediterranean Sea in the early 2000s. In 2009 there were 1,885 fish farms in Turkey including 1,499 inland fish farms and 356 marine fish farms producing 238,756 mt per year. Marine aquaculture started with sea bream and sea bass in closed
and sheltered bays using traditional, small wooden cages in 1985. As the industry developed so did the conflicts with other sectors such as tourism, environmental protection, and maritime recreation on the Aegean and Mediterranean coasts where most sea bass and sea bream farms were established. To reduce the conflicts between the aquaculture industry and other industries that also used the sea the first marine aquaculture zones were identified in 1988 and the sea farms were moved in to these zones. However, the allo-
Moving the fish farming cages offshore has benefited the inshore environment and removed a source of conflicts between the different industries that use the coast.
cated zones could not keep up with the rapid developments in culture techniques; cage-design, and fish feed technology and soon reached the limits of their capacity. Several studies on the determination of aquaculture zones were made and reviewed several times because of the rapid development in the sector.
Integrated coastal management reduces conflicts Eventually, all the parties realized that sector by sector planning would not deliver sustainable management and they decided to make integrated coastal plans involving all stakeholders. The Turkish Government developed a National Marine Aquaculture Development Plan (NMADP) www.eurofishmagazine.com
This issue looks at Denmark, Spain, and Turkey and starts a new series on Recirculation Aqauculture.