European funding will help resolve structural challenges
Developing a competitive ﬁsheries and aquaculture sector Ms Lucia Varga, Delegate Minister for Water, Forest and Fishery, Ministry of Environment and Climate Changes, is responsible for the ﬁsheries and aquaculture portfolio since a new government took over in Romania after the parliamentary election in December 2012. She discusses here some of her priorities as Delegate Minister underlining the importance of the ﬁsheries and aquaculture sector and the need to use these resources judiciously. The Common Fisheries Policy is in the final stages of the reform process. What aspects of the reformed CFP (measures for small scale fisheries, better framework for aquaculture, new marketing standards, etc) do you feel are beneficial to the Romanian fisheries and aquaculture sector and why? As Romania’s representative, I have supported the overall objective of the reform of the Common Fisheries Policy, namely that exploitation of resources should be based on measures to reduce the environmental impact of fishing activities in conjunction with support for fishing communities along the Danube River, Danube Delta and the Black Sea. Romania’s response to the future of the Common Fisheries Policy is linked to modernisation of its coastal fleet and artisanal fleet, and support for collateral activities, such as tourism, and alternative activities, such as aquaculture. We also believe that consistent European support for this area will bring benefits to both the marine environment and local communities. Traditional fish farming is an activity that generates environmental benefits (wetlands, biodiversity, jobs in www.eurofishmagazine.com
rural areas, exploitation of less productive land, microclimate). It is important to provide measures to facilitate the sector’s ability to adapt to the new obligations assumed under the Common Fisheries Policy. In this respect the introduction of compulsory landings must be addressed regionally taking into account the specificity of mixed fisheries, and the landing obligation must be sufficiently flexible and gradual in terms of its implementation horizon, so that the new European provisions can be implemented within national legislation. The same flexibility is also necessary for the accompanying measures on the landing obligation. In this context it will be necessary to establish a rate of 10 for the de minimis rules and a similar percentage for the interannual flexibility. Another direction in which we operate in terms of sustainable management of fisheries resources is the regional cooperation at the Black Sea states level. In the absence of a functional collaboration it will not be possible to achieve the objectives of the common fisheries policy in the Black Sea. In this respect, we support the creation of an Advisory Council for the Black Sea designed to provide a
Ms Lucia Varga, Delegate Minister for Water, Forest and Fishery, Ministry of Environment and Climate Changes.
communication platform with Bulgaria and other countries in the Black Sea basin. Of course, the quantitative and qualitative diversification of fishery products is important and to
that end we intend to support the development of aquaculture, thus reducing the fishing pressure on wild aquatic resources. Romania has a number of favorable factors to develop a competitive fishery sector, such as Eurofish Magazine 3/ 2013