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“YOUTH COMPETENCES IN EUROPE: when we seek for a job!” 4th Publication – November 2016

International Pool of Trainers

INDEX Introduction


1. Best practices in Europe and neighboring countries


2. Youth, Europe & Competences


3. Conclusions


4. Special thanks and records





The European market and the increasing of expertise leading our economy and our future is truly making the youngsters lives oriented to constantly develop their own skills and competencies. Our society is also rapidly transforming, becoming more innovative, technological, experimenting new things and progressing in many fields, and this is a fact. And the question is: What do they may require to access such a complex and ambitious job market? An answer may reside in the motto “each country has priorities�, but maybe that is not so certain too. Indeed, this last month, the International Pool of Trainers of EuroDemos Youth Mobility NGO investigated a little regarding which are the top three competencies required to get a job in our countries. As we can see some skills are commonly preferred, but sometimes, in another country, it can be more important or less important than in another. The true fact we can endlessly see is that the European job market tends to be ambitious and aiming at growing standards in strict coherence with the European Youth Strategies and the Sustainable Development Goals promoted by the United Nations. A characteristic of such a transition moment for us is that we all are seeking for jobs belonging to the 21st century, a scenario which is related to the changing times, to the future and to what we are moving onwards by using all possible resources at our disposal.

Youth of Europe, are you ready for sharpening your competencies? Here our little help! We hope you will enjoy the latest IPOT Publication. 4

Have a good reading!

Ms Silvia Crocitta Leader of the EuroDemos Youth Mobility NGO International Pool of Trainers

YOUTH, EUROPE & COMPETENCES Which competences are the most required ones? It can sound rather difficult to determine and categorize skills and competences as just mere factors to access a job or not; and if we pay more attention to such a question, then we will see that all depends. For example, by field, we automatically know that in a job offer as IT Manager we will need to use a lot of technical resources, as for a Professor is necessary to focus on a teaching strategy according to the subject, a curriculum and the target group of students. But what about those skills that are more related with the intrapersonal ability of youth? Let’s have a look on the general panorama:

- BELARUS: 1) Work experience It is highly appreciated to work part-time during studies and all most employers expect graduates to have at least a year of working experience in the field of studies. 2) Patience and readiness to have an unpaid internship Seems that it is quite unfair to ask an employee to invest his or her time in unpaid work but it is our reality: since the education doesn’t provide practical skills sometimes employer want to have a free trial period which usually takes 1-2 months. It is also expected that recently-hired will spend more time on the workplace than scheduled. 3) Responsibility taking Attention to details in work, careful implementation, even punctuality relatively to working meetings - all of these is extremely important to be a good worker.


- BULGARIA: Bulgaria is quite opposite to the European standards as requirements for youth jobs, as many competences have a young person as much he/she can’t get good paid job. This is because in our country the understanding of very educated person and qualified student is equal to different from others. Very important skills for a Bulgarian young people to get a good job are: 1) to do not be so ambitious, 2) to do not be competitive 3) to agree with everything. In such a country with high level unemployment and known corruption the capacity of educated people is equal to leave the country and find the most suitable possibilities where people are appreciating the skills as well and wider educated in many matters, responsible if you give him/her tasks will be done on time and exactly the way, even more creative because, for sure, we are an hardworking nation.

- ESTONIA: ● Creative problem solving Ability to work with information from different sources quickly and efficiently. Ability to learn quickly, using different ways to receive and process information. ● Critical thinking Analytical skills, ability to assess the sources you are using ● Communication skills Teamwork, clear communicators. All the above listed qualities are important in any workplace. I find it being able to work with information quickly especially important. For more information on what kind of relevant and effective skills are needed or required in Estonia, please have a look here:

- MACEDONIA: 1. Expertise


It is really important for the person to be knowledgeable in the specific area, you need to show high knowledge and logical thinking in your field of work. 2. Communication and organization skills A person in every institution need to have very good communication skills, as with the colleagues there as with the clients who work with. It is also very important to stay focused and organised on your work, to plan, to schedule and to coordinate resources. Another thing very useful is to be able to work under pressure. 3. Work experience Even though usually this is not important, it is always a plus if you have worked in similar field, if you have experience and know how to manage time and resources.

- GEORGIA: First of all, in Georgia for young people/students there are no many vacancies, but if there are, every companies have different tasks. In all cases the top three skills are: ★ JOB EXPERIENCE More or less, all company and employer demands work experience in this field, even if you want to be consultant in a shop or waiter in a café or bank assistant. This is minimum competency, but everything depends on companies and their requirements. ★ LANGUAGES This is very important skill. To know more than your mother language is obligations, (well, if you don't want to start as a Georgian Language teacher in school) No matter where you want to apply, you should be able to contact English or Russian (or both ) languages. ★ COMMUNICATIONS SKILLS Both team and individual skills, computer skills, Fluency and relevant skills. As extra, ability to work under stress (this is very useful skill, when you work more than 10 hours and have very low salary)

- GERMANY: Today's German employers are looking more and more for soft skills of future employees but still expertise is a high level value and demand for the German boss. So the perfect application should describe a candidate - independent of age - as an innovative and motivated team player with high knowledge in his/her particular subject. 1) Team ability


Being able to organize and taking the lead but also to subordinate - let´s say fit perfectly according to your personality and the group structure - a smaller and bigger group of people from different (working) experience backgrounds, working sectors and expertise in a fair, motivate and constructive way. 2) Innovative approach The ability to feel today the future needs of your target group and having the courage to risk and defense your ideas against consociates with less farsightedness. Doubting the existing, inventing the satisfaction for the day after tomorrow and unfurling your creativity is the trinity of innovative approach. 3) Expertise Having a high and fulfilled intellectual knowledge of your personal subject. Showing a huge ability of logical thinking according to your field where you graduated and certified by a formal educational institution.

- ITALY: When it turns to work and job seeking, Italy could become very complex and divided into what you may wish for and what you can truly achieve. On the other side, we should consider the non balanced situation coming from the 24 regions of Italy, which are not at a same level. But when we talk about competences as a general, desirable skills a youngster should possess, then the top three could be: 1) Strategic thinking Thinking forward is not enough, youth should be smart enough to arrange a very settled system in where time management and tasks are harmonically developed and allow growth of the group, company or associates. 2) Planned and organized working system (multitasking) Having a schedule with all clear disposition of tasks (shared google calendar, for example) is almost a must to share information and double check that all things to do are correctly closed, and this comprehend a series of tasks which could even belong to different categories, and which means to multitask. 3) Languages, communication and abroad It became of paramount importance to have languages skills, being communicative and proactive enough with the public and the potential partners and to extend ties with foreigner companies, agencies and colleagues.


- PERU: In Peru find a job for young people depends on a lot of variables related to your competitiveness, your qualifications, your contacts and, of course, what kind of job you are looking for. It is true that each region of the country is different, but students normally look for a temporary job, but there are many young people who are trying to start a career, too. An important skill required to find a job for all of them are: - Be able to work as a team and in multidisciplinary groups, because it is clear tendency in the majority of projects of many companies and institutions and one of the best ways to find solutions - Have good communication skills, that means been able to explain ideas and feelings, know how to listen and be patient. - And for the last, but not least, be innovative and updated on technology and informatics, because nowadays a lot of young people are creating new ideas for institutions or for their own entrepreneurships and the knowledge on new technology tools is generating a lot of opportunities.

- POLAND: In Poland the most important soft skills are being: â—? communicative (the possibility to express the opinions in the understandable way, understand the customers and colleagues, create the projects which are sensible and coherent according to the needs of the environment) â—? creative (finding the original solutions to the standard problems which can become the competitive advantages, creating unique projects with own ideas) â—? task-oriented (focusing on the timeline, resources and hard data to finish the projects at time). These soft skills are perceived by Polish managers as very important because they help to develop the relations with the environment and make the companies more unique. This tendency is connected to the globalization and it seems that they are useful to build the global partnership and develop business around the world.

- ROMANIA: 1) Entrepreneurial Competence (initiative, independence, leadership)


2) Foreign languages competences - knowing how to fluently communicate and express yourself in other languages with a focus on english, german, spanish, hungarian 3) IT competence - knowing how to work with different analytical programs and to have technology literacy Romania has faced a rapid growth in term of businesses and development, therefore the employment market is focused more on the office jobs than field ones. Also Romania, as every country from the East of Europe received a lot of foreign investments, therefore knowing how to communicate in other languages it is a vital skill that every young person should have. As the speed of the growth is also quite fast, being an independent worker is essential, so that requires self initiative and leadership skills. If I will need to select three of the most important skills I will go for these ones because I find them essential in getting any place on the romanian employment market.

- RUSSIA: By looking on many web-pages and also looked through some researches and for our target group skills are bit different from average experienced worker. Here are russian top-3: 1. Communication skills. Probably, one of the top-rated working skills, required by employers. A company is usually looking for a person who knows how to transmit thoughts and ideas clearly, using active listening skills. 2. Working Efficiency. For me it was very mysterious skill, because efficiency usually depends on management system and motivation of an employee, both of this cannot be represented as skills to be shown in CV and job description. 3. Stress resistance. This skill is an important one because stress is able to emerge conflicts. Usually companies don't know how to deal with conflict. So from their point of view it can be seen as insurance for psychological microclimate at work. But actually this means that you can be angry anywhere but workplace.

- SPAIN: Youth and work is almost non-existent, and it cannot even be confidently specified in which regions and areas competition and competition are more valid and required. In general can be 3 the most relevant competitions for Spain, in general, are: 1) Innovation and creativity. Companies are looking for proactive workers, who can propose new ideas or modify pre-established schemes. If you think that it is not one of your


most important competitions, you can promote it with courses and seminars that will help you to develop your creative profile. 2) Teamwork. Collaborative work is one of the most valued aspects in most companies. We look for people who are able to work in a participatory way in a collective project, that can communicate and be able to lead or follow indications indistinctly. If you have studied a master or postgraduate you have been able to practice this competition in the elaboration of group work and in the day to day of the classroom. 3) Communicative ability. The communicative effectiveness, both oral and written, is very important. The worker must be precise, orderly and have the capacity to adapt the speech to the people to whom it is addressed. There are many courses that will allow you to improve this competition. In addition, two key competencies within this framework are: self image management and emotional intelligence.

- TUNISIA: Situation of job seeking in Tunisia is getting day by day more difficult, as seeking for a job always leads to an uncertain scenario. The top 3 skills required are: *Communication skills : Being able to communicate proficiently both with co-workers (collaboration and teamwork), superiors, customers or possible partners is the number one skill asked for in the job market today. With this kind of skill, the employer can even ignore other qualifications and prior experience since not everyone is a communication expert. *Time management : All employers look for maximum profit in the minimum amount of time possible .That’s why, good time planning and handling pressure with deadlines and last minute tasks is an essential skill in order to be employed. * Problem solving : The good choice of an employee should be able to analyze different status and situations. He should also be able to prevent and solve problems within the company and handle complicated scenarios.

- UGANDA: In Uganda finding a job is a key figure in order to ensure the successful future, If you live in Uganda having a good educational back ground can determine one’s future. Open mindedness: Among the most requested skills one has to be open minded for any kind of job regardless of your qualification. As not all jobs can be taken some sacrifices need to be made.


Determination: As students take their exams that will determine their entry levels in high school and university kids are asked to be ready to make sacrifices in order to sit for that test and give their best as that may determine their future. Tenacious: despite having all the qualifications, having all the best points in the group if one doesn’t find what they studied for, one should try to reinvent one’s self. Many Ugandans and Africans fall under this category, they have a goal in mind but circumstances come in the way and force them to look elsewhere to stand by being successful in life. This is common as not everyone doing Business Administration will eventually have that profession, just like it happens in first worlds but in much high numbers. But in the end what matters is that one is never discouraged and can always learn a skill and qualify for a manual job, this will lower the number of unemployment and make the society better.

CONCLUSIONS What we advocate for is a more inclusive, tolerant and multicultural scenario. Europe is passing through a moment of extreme delicate issues: from terrorist attacks to some questionable referendum aiming at raising just more chances of racisms rising and disputable actions towards immigrants and minorities. In such a truly complex moment, solidarity in job is a key factor: being opened to offer and get jobs including people and basing choices and missions directed by a common scope of growth which embraces diversity. European youth already has shown the great potential to give to the society, and we just hope they would continue the right way towards a more powerful and effective economical stability for the future to come.


The EuroDemos Youth Mobility NGO International Pool of Trainers Members is the author of the present publication.

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Please, treat with respect the Intellectual Property of “Focus of Formal Education I�.

This document is registered and protected under Creative Commons.


Special thanks and records to: Ms Silvia Crocitta, Chief Editor and Leader of the EuroDemos Youth Mobility NGO I-POT Mr Bartlomiej Gradecki, Technical Advisor Responsible for the publication

Official International Pool of Trainers (I-POT) Members 2016 contributing to the “Education & Best Practices in the Youth Field” Research: Ms Aliaksandra Kuzmich, Belarusian I-POT Member - Дзякуй вялікі! Ms Nataliya Lukova, Bulgarian I-POT Member - Много ти благодаря! Ms Tetyana Kasima, Estonian & Ukrainian I-POT Member - Suur aitäh / велике спасибі Ms Aleksandra Boneva, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia I-POT Member – Hvala! Ms Tamta Tenadze, Georgian I-POT Member - დიდი მადლობა! Mr Carlo Hohnstedter, Germany, Ambassador of European Youth for EDYM NGO 2016 Danke schön! Ms Claudia Salazar Avila, Peruvian I-POT Member - ¡Muchas gracias! Mr Artur Modlinski, Polish I-POT Member - Dziękuję bardzo Ms Irina Buruiana, Romanian I-POT Member - Multumesc frumos! Mr Ilya Lisenko, Russian I-POT Member - Большое спасибо! Mr José Javier Martínez Palacín, Spanish I-POT Member - ¡Muchas gracias! Ms Feryel Zaghden, Tunisian I-POT Member – ‫يعيشك‬ Mr Sydney Oketayot, Ugandian I-POT Member – Weebale Nnyo!



YOUTH COMPETENCES IN EUROPE: when we seek for a job!  
YOUTH COMPETENCES IN EUROPE: when we seek for a job!  

The International Pool of Trainers of EuroDemos Youth Mobility NGO has arrived to its 4th publication. This time we decide to take care of a...