Broadcast #8

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EUROCAE BROADCAST THE EUROPEAN ORGANISATION FOR CIVIL AVIATION EQUIPMENT L’ORGANISATION EUROPEENNE POUR L’EQUIPEMENT DE L’AVIATION CIVILE

EDITION 8 / 2018

EUROCAE HIGH LEVEL MEETING & 55TH GENERAL ASSEMBLY BRUSSELS

WORLD ATM CONGRESS PARTICIPATION MARCH 2018

TRAINING - A STANDARDS-LED APPROACH TO AVIATION CYBER SECURITY



Contents Editorial Secretary General ............................................. 4 Working Group Highlights ................................................. 5 EUROCAE at ICAO GANIS and SANIS ........................... 11 EUROCAE Efficiency gains .............................................12 Cyber Security Training ................................................... 16 High Level Meeting & 55th General Assembly ............. 18 IFATCA Collaboration...................................................... 19 World ATM Congress 2018 .............................................. 20 MoU ICAO ........................................................................22 EUSCG & EASCG news ...................................................24 NEW Publications............................................................. 26 NEW Members ................................................................. 27

Christian Schleifer-Heingärtner Secretary General +33 1 49 46 19 66 christian.schleifer@eurocae.net

Luc Deneufchâtel Technical Secretary - Expert +33 6 70 70 69 71 luc.deneufchatel@eurocae.net

Elodie Lanniel Executive Assistant +33 1 49 46 19 65 elodie.lanniel@eurocae.net

Adrian Cioranu Technical Programme Manager +33 1 49 46 19 72 adrian.cioranu@eurocae.net

Alexander Engel +32 (0)2 729 33 55 EUROCAE Liaison alexander.engel@eurocae.net

Sergiu Marzac Technical Programme Manager +33 1 49 46 19 73 sergiu.marzac@eurocae.net

Samira Bovigny Office Support Manager +33 1 49 46 19 69 samira.bovigny@eurocae.net

Anna von Groote Director Technical Programme +33 1 49 46 19 71 anna.vongroote@eurocae.net

EUROCAE Le Triangle, 9-23 Rue Paul Lafargue 93200 Saint Denis www.eurocae.net

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M E S S A G E F RO M THE SEC R ETARY G ENER AL

Dear EUROCAE members and friends, Since our last Broadcast edition, we have done an analysis of the EUROCAE activity, particularly in view of the numerous activities we’ve engaged in for the benefit of our members. We have taken several key actions, with direct and positive impact on the organisation, its efficiency, and the level of benefits we are committed to enhancing year after year. These benefits are the fruition of the intense activity of the EUROCAE Secretariat under the guidance of the Council, which started following the General Assembly 2016. Thus, an Efficiency Task Force was set up by Council at meeting #290 to deliver added benefits to members after the new membership scheme was decided at the Vienna General Assembly. The new location in Saint-Denis was the first concrete action we have taken. We moved our offices just one year ago to a larger, newly-refurbished office, providing tangible improvements in terms of WG activity, and more efficient and effective Working Group (WG) meetings. This is proven by an over 250% increase in the number of meetings organised on the new EUROCAE premises, an almost three-fold increase from 12 meetings in 2016 to over 30 meetings in 2017. Also, the EUROCAE Council and the TAC have held regular meetings in Saint-Denis, a short train ride from the Paris CDG airport or just a station away from Gare du Nord. Further to the service of our members, a new TAC member has been appointed to account for the emerging domain – Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) including UTM. This action, reflecting the latest priorities in the aviation sector, spearheaded an update of the EUROCAE Handbook, to bring our procedures in line with the Working Group demands. EUROCAE has reviewed and partly redesigned its internal processes to gain additional efficiency and to ensure a more effective day to day management of the organisation supported by an electronic automation tool. This resulted in the introduction of the new, state of the art Customer Relations Management (CRM) system allowed for a better time management and workspace facilitation.

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We have enhanced and further developed the EASCG/EUSCG platform to streamline the standardmaking process. This avoids duplications, while making best use of members' resources. Another area in which we noted important improvements was that of the WG Terms of Reference updates, and the creation of new WGs. The procedure has been streamlined in both cases, and we can say that EUROCAE has successfully implemented a lean process. You can read more about this further up, in the pages of this edition of the Broadcast. The new IT system is supporting the document management by providing streamlined and automated processes for the Open Consultation, Council approval and ED Publication. Not the least, the new e-Shop allows all members to download EDs at their own discretion, streamlining their access to any ED of interest. Another area of particular interest to EUROCAE is that of training. We have launched the EUROCAE Aviation Cyber Security Training program, which we managed and positioned as a top training for aviation professionals across the industry. The first two training sessions held in March 2018 showed the wide degree of interest for such a training, and the top quality management and delivery from EUROCAE side, matching the demand with the right product. The above highlights are just a quick summary of the numerous additional actions and projects undertaken by EUROCAE. Our actions and active presence internationally further sustain the standardisation activity and increase the brand recognition for EUROCAE. The EUROCAE Secretariat has worked actively with the Council and the TAC to achieve the efficiency gains promised to all our members two years ago. This stands as tangible proof that our small but very efficient Secretariat team, dedicated and committed to the objectives of the organisation. This makes EUROCAE a reliable partner for the European industry, operator and regulator for the development of efficient and effective standards for a sustainable aviation. Christian Schleifer-Heingärtner Secretary General


WORKIN G GROUP H IGH L I GHT S

WG-72 Aeronautical Systems Security EUROCAE WG-72 and its partner committee RTCA SC-216 met on 19 – 23 March 2018 at the EUROCAE premises in Saint-Denis to tackle the final stages of the development of ED-203A / DO-356A Airworthiness Security Methods and Considerations: the resolution of comments received during the Open Consultation and FRAC processes.

In parallel, WG-72 looks ahead and plans the future activities. An update of the Terms of Reference has been submitted to the TAC in March 2018 and approved.

The following activities will be initiated by the WG: }

New document Guidance on Security Event Management

This new document will provide guidance on security event management for various actors in the aviation environment to develop processes and procedures for identifying and reporting security events and to initiate response with respect to continuing airworthiness.

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This is a crucial stage in the EUROCAE standards development process, as the review by the wider expert community of the draft document validates the technical content and contributes to the quality and robustness of the final deliverable. All comments received must be handled and answered by the WG in a transparent way. WG-72 / SC-216 received over 1330 comments to ED203A/DO-356A, and started the comment resolution in the meeting in March; this process will continue in a second comment resolution meeting on 9-13 April 2018 in Washington, DC. WG-72 also develops ED-205, Process Specification for Security certification and declaration of ATM/ANS ground systems, which is expected to be submitted to Open Consultation mid-2018.

Revision of ED-201 AISS Framework Guidance Document

ED-201 provides the framework for linking the various portions of security in aviation together. As the relevant standards are being updated and new ones generated, ED-201 needs to be updated to capture these changes. In addition, EASA is in the process of generating a set of regulations (“horizontal rule”) across all aviation domains to introduce an Information Security Management System and shared risk across organisations.

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Revision of ED-204 Information Security Guidance for Continuing Airworthiness.

The guidance for Continuing Airworthiness will to be updated based on outcomes of the ASISSP ARAC and ED-203A update. Dedicated calls for participation launched shortly for each of these

will be activities.

For further information and to participate, please contact Anna von Groote at anna.vongroote@eurocae.net.

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W O R K I N G GROUP HI G HLI G HTS

WG-98 Aircraft Emergency Locator Transmitters Following approval by the EUROCAE TAC and a successful Call for Participation, EUROCAE WG-98 will begin work on a new Minimum Aviation System Performance Standard for Aircraft Emergency Locator Transmitter Return Link Service.

also introduces a new SAR function, called the Return Link Service (RLS), which currently provides the capability to send acknowledgment messages to distress beacons equipped with a Galileo receiver. Other medium orbit constellations (e.g., GLONASS) should be equipped with similar features.

Several aircraft disappearances occurred over water, including Malaysian MH370, for which the potential survivors, the wreckage and the flight recorders have not been recovered. As the long-lasting or nonrecovery of recorders greatly reduces the likelihood of discovering the actual cause of accidents, and in order to improve the recovery of wreckage and flight recorders following an accident or incident, it is necessary to improve performance standards for newgeneration Emergency Locator Transmitters (ELTs) and their means of activation.

Two different expected acknowledgement types are: Type 1, automatic acknowledgment with automatic transmission of a Return Link Message (RLM) to the emitting ELT after the alert has been detected; Type 2, manual transmission of a RLM to an ELT only after it has received an appropriate authorisation.

In addition, remote activation from the ground of ELT offers the possibility to localise in-flight a noncooperative aircraft and therefor participates to the ICAO Global Aeronautical Distress & Safety System (GADSS) concept of operations. Additionally, a general effort has been made to make General Aviation (GA) safer, to make the complete ELT system more reliable (from the ELT unit to the antenna, including the cables) and reduce the GA distress cases where the ELT unit is operational but not the complete ELT system (unplugged antenna, damaged cables). In particular, this effort led to the development of ELT with internal/integral GNSS receiver and SAR antenna. For those integrated ELT, a remote activation from ground would be relevant for disappearance cases when the ELT is not triggered by G-switch or manually. The SAR/Galileo Service, with its Forward Link Service (FLS) is an integral part of the future medium orbit satellite system and ensures the detection and localisation of the ELT distress signals through the relay of these signals by the SAR repeaters on board the Galileo satellites. Their reception by the ground stations and alerts transmission to the Mission Control Centres (MCC). In addition, the SAR/Galileo Service

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The Type 1 RLS should be operational in 2018. However, several other use cases of the RLS for Search And Rescue (SAR) in general, and aeronautical SAR in particular, can be foreseen among which the remote activation/ deactivation from ground or the transmission of Return Link command messages. Indeed, the RLS will offer the possibility of a specific communication link between the ground segment and an ELT for Distress Tracking to remotely activate and deactivate the ELT. This link will enable the ELT to be triggered from the ground, by a third party having access to the RLS Provider, for example the relevant aviation authorities facing a non-cooperative aircraft with loss of radar position and/or VHF communications. The remotely triggered ELT will start transmitting an alert message with the encoded position of the aircraft. EUROCAE WG-98 will therefore develop Minimum Aviation Systems Standards for Aircraft Emergency Locator Transmitter Return Link Service covering the function to trigger ELT transmission from the ground and define high-level concepts and typical functional interface requirements between the ELT and the ground. These overall concepts will also cover the satellite segment of the system.


WORKIN G GROUP H IGH L I GHT S

Courtesy of International Cospas-Sarsat Programme

The use of new generation ELTs triggered from the ground through RLS will solve the issue of localisation of non-cooperative aircraft overwater and of General Aviation aircraft that have crashed with no ELT crash sensor activation if applicable or manual activation. The correct definition of the standard applicable to RLS triggering of new generation ELTs, in particular when associated with accidents and incidents that occur over water, will greatly aid the application to either new-design or new-built aircraft. The WG should review the practicality of installing new generation ELTs either for new-design, new-build aircraft or retrofit, for use by regulators. It is also anticipated using the output of the working group to update the applicable EASA European

Technical Standard Order (ETSO) and Part–OPS within the revised EASA rule structure. The MASPS will also be useful in the ICAO context (Annex 6, GADSS) and Cospas-Sarsat environment. The MASPS will also address the high-level definition of the acknowledgement and the compatible ELTs within this service. The Kick-Off meeting for this activity is scheduled for 18 and 19 April 2018 at the EUROCAE premises.

For further information and to participate, please contact Anna von Groote at anna.vongroote@eurocae.net.

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W O R K I N G GROUP HI G HLI G HTS

WG-107 Building a robust navigation infrastructure for PBN EUROCAE kicked off WG-107, “RNP Reversion using DME/DME Positioning” in November 2017 in Paris. One issue being discussed in connection with the future implementation of PBN in Europe is how best to use positioning provided by Distance Measuring Equipment (DME) to support Required Navigation Performance (RNP), including arrival and departure procedures. RNP enables aircraft to fly more precise paths, including repeatable turns, between two 3D-defined points in space. All navigation (including PBN) is enabled by position in space, and one feature of RNP is that the use of GPS position is mandatory. If one or more aircraft lose GPS, DME can rise to the occasion. Thanks to continued evolution over decades, it is now a high-quality ground-based ranging source – but not formally well recognised as such. If GPS has a problem, then positioning using multiple DME can serve as a ‘back-up’, and allow RNP arrival and departure operations to continue for the large majority of aircraft. Importantly, it would allow air navigation service providers (ANSPs) to continue to apply such RNP procedures, rather than reverting to conventional procedures, which could adversely affect airspace capacity. DME plays a significant role in European aviation: European States and aircraft operators have made significant investments both in terms of ground infrastructure and avionics, so due recognition is needed. To this end, EUROCAE’s WG-107 was created to document DME’s excellent modern performance so that it can be used for the purpose of RNP reversion. DMEs are commonly used to support precision landing systems, which means that most DME facilities in Europe contain high-performance integrity monitors. These improvements can also make a contribution to PBN. EUROCONTROL’s Gerhard Berz, from its Navigation & CNS Research Unit, was elected as this Group’s chairperson, with Maurizio Scaramuzza from Skyguide elected as WG secretary. The group comprises a wide range of industry experts from the various related domains (DME avionics, flight management systems, DME civil and military ground system providers, etc.). The expected outputs of WG-107 are the drafting of a new MASPS (Minimum Aviation System Performance

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Standard). This MASPS will describe the operational environment, principles and the overall system requirements for RNP reversion based on DME. In parallel, the updating of ED-57 will be undertaken; this addresses the DME ground transponder Minimum Operational Performance Standard (MOPS), which dates back to 1986. The MOPS update of ED-57 will be led by EUROCONTROL‘s Valeriu Vitan, from its Navigation & CNS Research Unit. This combined effort will improve the robustness of the network to large-scale GNSS non-availability (e.g. due to outages or interference events which are unlikely but nonetheless possible). It will allow stakeholders to more formally take advantage of current installed equipment capabilities, and to optimise their ability to support PBN applications, fully consistent with current PBN standards. The updated standards will not require any on-board equipment changes and not question

any existing certifications. The guidance provided may nonetheless also make a contribution to further improving future ground and airborne navigation systems. WG-107 hopes to complete the MASPS and MOPS by the end of 2019. The first face-to-face working meeting will be held in Toulouse at DSNA/DTI, 29 – 31 May 2018. Additional participants are still welcome.

If you want to become a member of WG107 please contact Alexander Engel at alexander.engel@eurocae.net.


WORKIN G GROUP H IGH L I GHT S

WG-108 ATN/IPS The kick off meeting of WG-108 took place on 1 and 2 February 2018, hosted by Rockwell Collins France in Toulouse. The meeting was very well attended, and with 42 registered participants from 36 organisations, WG-108 is set to a strong and positive start. According to the Terms of Reference, EUROCAE WG-108 is tasked to prepare a guidance document to ensure that the ATN/IPS deployment answers to the need in terms for safety, security and performance. The guidance document will be dedicated to stakeholders willing to certify and deploy systems on air and ground side. The document will gather the lessons learnt from the ATN/OSI deployment, and will clarify where IPS contributes to the overall performance.

The document will also reference ATN/IPS definition standards, avoiding the duplication of material. It is expected that the guidance document be used as a reference for certification authorities. WG-108 will soon join the RTCA SC-223 with the objective to develop joint profile standards, which would enable global interoperability between IPS systems. In order to perform these activities, WG-108 will synchronise with RTCA with the objective to work as a joint group (for common deliverables such as profiles), and will gather inputs from ICAO.

For additional information and to join WG-108, please contact Adrian Cioranu at adrian.cioranu@eurocae.net.

Photo from working meeting with RTCA SC-223

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W O R K I N G GROUP HI G HLI G HTS

WG-109 Runway Weather Information Systems On 26 February 2018 the EUROCAE Council approved the creation of a new Working Group WG-109 to develop MASPS regarding runway weather contamination information systems.

runway weather contamination. This method, however, presents three major drawbacks: thickness measurements are poorly reliable; runways are occupied for too long; and updates may not be frequent enough.

The evaluation of meteorological contamination of pavements – by weather contaminants such as water, snow or ice – are among the main data needed to assess aircraft landing and take-off performance on a given runway. The importance of runway contamination assessments has been emphasised by the implementation of ICAO’s Global Reporting Format, which results from years of international work on runway excursion risk reduction and will come into force in 2020. This new, enhanced reporting system heavily relies on a Runway Condition Assessment Matrix (RCAM), which allows determining a code characterising the runway surface conditions from accurate criteria on the nature of the contaminant and its thickness.

On the other hand, both mobile and invasive systems have been developed for automated weather contamination detection on road pavements during the past few years. These systems are based on sensors which measure physical properties of the pavement surface such as conductivity, optical and electrochemical properties.

Currently, aerodrome operators mainly rely on visual assessments and ruler measurements to determine

Despite the strengths of automated systems, a French study has shown that there is still a significant gap between their current performances and the needs for a direct application in airfield pavements. The study also showed that robust testing of such systems require shared conventions for the definition and discrimination of weather contaminants and their thickness, as well as improved laboratory procedures in order to create and maintain accurate and reproducible reference values and operating conditions. Given the technical limitations of the current methods and the regulatory developments in progress, WG-109 is tasked to develop MASPS for Runway Weather Information Systems to define the performance expected from the systems and the way of verifying that the latter reach them. The WG will also consider other possible relevant information needed. The Kick-Off meeting for WG-109 is planned to take place 23-24 May 2018 in Saint-Denis, France.

For any additional details on WG-109 please contact Sergiu Marzac at sergiu.marzac@eurocae.net.

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EUROCA E AT ICA O GA N IS A N D SA N I S

EUROCAE at ICAO GANIS / SANIS The Second Global Air Navigation Industry Symposium (GANIS/2) and First Safety and Air Navigation Implementation Symposium (SANIS/1) took place in Montreal on 11 – 15 December 2017. Christian Schleifer and Anna von Groote attended the event on behalf of EUROCAE. The symposium, while emphasising the need for global harmonisation, discussed ways and means to ensure interoperability, and to maximise utilisation of available and emerging technologies and concepts of operations. ICAO outlined the planned evolution of the next editions of the Global Aviation Safety Plan (GASP), the Global Air Navigation Plan (GANP), and the Aviation System Block Upgrades (ASBUs) framework foreseen to be reviewed by the 13th Air Navigation Conference in 2018 and ultimately endorsed by the 40th session of the ICAO Assembly in 2019.

The GANIS focussed on

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innovative and emerging operations; future of CNS and avionics; information management; cyber threats; meteorology; airport operational performance; and civil-military cooperation.

The SANIS discussed

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global strategies and safety management implementation; safety and air navigation implementation strategies; deployment: from concept to operation; airports enhancement; performance-based navigation; performance-based aerodrome operating minima; and civil-military cooperation.

The Single European Sky (SES) partners - the European Commission, EUROCONTROL, also in its role as Network Manager, EASA, EDA, EUROCAE, the SESAR JU and the SESAR Deployment Manager joined forces at the event with a common exhibition stand and several interventions in the conference which showcased how Europe is working together in a harmonised way through various mechanisms. Christian Schleifer, EUROCAE Secretary General, pronounced a keynote speech in the opening of the GANIS/2, during which he stressed the long history of collaboration between ICAO and EUROCAE, which is expected to grow and become even more important in the future, with ICAO’s new approach to formulate performance-based provisions, making reference to industry standards for the detailed technical requirements. EUROCAE welcomes ICAO’s appreciation of industry standards and in particular the recognition that EUROCAE standards are of high quality and are developed in coordination with our European and international partners. The EUROCAE work programme has already been mapped to the ICAO ASBUs and EUROCAE will continue to work with ICAO in the framework of the Standards Round Table and other fora to make best use of the available resources to provide to the community a full set of regulations, standards and technical specifications for deployment and harmonised implementation. The GANIS and SANIS was also a great event to facilitate exchanges and discuss with many stakeholders and emphasised the need for global harmonisation and interoperability, which are at the heart of EUROCAE’s activities. Christian Schleifer, pronouncing a keynote speech at the opening of the GANIS on 11 December 2017

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I NS I D E E U RO C A E

EUROCAE Efficiency gains At the 2017 General Assembly, EUROCAE has presented a series of gains stemming from the move to the new location in Saint-Denis and the revamping of the IT infrastructure. The EUROCAE Council, committed to making further improvements for the members and to bringing more efficiency in the activity of the organisation, has setup an Efficiency Task Force (Efficiency TF) to further analyse and identify such efficiencies. The focus of the task force was to identify opportunities for measurable savings in Working Group (WG) initiation process, and also other opportunities for efficiency improvements. The Efficiency TF has reviewed the current processes of WG initiation and kick-off and baseline situation, analysed and made proposals for streamlined processes, and has reviewed examples and experience from other organisations.

meetings through a spatial environment made for teamwork. Almost all WGs have since held meetings in the new location, some more than once. In addition, several actions were taken to further support the WG meetings. Thus, the Chairpersons’ Club discussed a number of improvements EUROCAE Secretariat could bring to maximise the time and effort spent by experts to draft EUROCAE Documents (EDs). Amongst the steps taken, the EUROCAE Secretariat has recently updated the Handbook and has initiated the revision of the EDs Drafting Guide.

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Best service level for members and WG experts

2017 also saw a significant upgrade of the EUROCAE PR / communications. This has helped increase the visibility of our organisation and at the same time helped attract new members. EUROCAE communications tools are also to be used by the WGs to pass messages and reveal the true benefit of the standards they are working on. Making best use of the new location facilities included also a better remote participation by experts to WG activities. Webex services are available at any WG meeting held at EUROCAE, and also at WG meetings held at other venues.

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More efficient and effective WG meetings

EUROCAE has moved to new headquarters in SaintDenis (Paris area). Located at a convenient distance from Charles de Gaulle airport and close to the centre of Paris, these new EUROCAE premises have been designed to offer friendly and efficient facilities for

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Moreover, we saw a tangible improvement in the lead time to set up a WG and to approve and publish a EUROCAE Document respectively. At the same time, the addition of a new Technical Progamme Manager helped increase the level of service for members and WG meetings.


EFFICIEN CY GA I N S

The proposed improvement was to accelerate the approval process and treat the strategic part and the deliverables of the ToR as separate items, which can be processed in parallel. Thus, an ongoing discussion on one aspect does not block the whole process. In addition, the Efficiency TF made recommendations for aligninig and streamlining of the Council and TAC procedures, including delegation of the authority for some decisions relating to the WG work programme to the TAC.

We have also noted a more active involvement of members in a wide range of activities: workshops (UAS, cyber security); WG leadership involvement in the Technical Work Programme; a new TAC member for UAS; more active participation from airlines and other stakeholders to reflect industry needs. Fostering closer links with ICAO and EASA, as well as with RTCA and SAE, EUROCAE is better positioned now to represent the interests of the members at the world level, too.

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Shorter lead-time to set up a WG and kick off a work item

The Efficiency TF reviewed the lead-time to set up a WG and to kick off a work item on the last ten WGs created, measuring the time between the initial proposal for the new activity to the first meeting of the new WG. The result was an alarming 314 days on average. The task force noted that the past process was lengthy, with many redundant steps. It identified an element that can be improved with regard to the WG Terms of Reference (ToR), with contained all information for the WG activities, such as the context of WG activities, list of deliverables and detailed procedural instructions.

Council

TAC

ToR

Work programme

of the } approval of strategic } approval direction for WG activity technical aspects of the activity based on } high-level ToR remain separate proposals for each deliverable – no valid for a longer time need to revise the entire ToR each time

The Efficiency TF’s recommendations were first adopted by the Council for a pilot phase and have proven to be successful. The new procedures have since been included in the revised EUROCAE Handbook, approved in September 2017. Furthermore, the new IT system was fully deployed, allowing more efficient electronic voting procedures, increased transparency, and a more efficient management of the voting process by the Secretariat. Overall, these changes have resulted in important gains and more effectiveness. The time between the initial proposal and the first meeting of the WG was cut by more than 50% to 145 days, all whilst maintaining the open and transparent procedure, even improving it.

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I NS I D E E U RO C A E

For joint activities, synchronisation with our partner organisations RTCA and SAE for the consultation, approval and publication dates is another major achievement in this area.

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As next steps, the team is working on an improved ED Template which can be used from the outset of a document development by the WGs, as well as on more detailed instructions and checklists to improve the quality of the documents.

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Shorter lead-time for document approval and publication

The Secretariat has worked intensely to address the lead time for document approval and publication. The challenge in this respect is to accelerate the publication process whilst maintaining the high level of quality expected of the EUROCAE Documents, that has earned them worldwide reputation. The first step was to analyse the publication times and the reasons for the sometimes long delays. Here again, important improvements could be realised and achieved thanks to a variety of actions. The Council, who is the custodian that due process has been followed and is responsible for the approval of the final document for publication, has also changed its procedures, and is now actively approving the document, rather than applying a silent approval procedure. Communication with the WGs, who deliver the documents, has also been improved, and the use of a harmonised document template has been applied. Overall, EUROCAE was able to reduce the publication delay considerably. The team of Technical Programme Managers, who have also responsibilities for document approval and publication processes, has grown over the last years from 1.5 to 3.5 FTE and is expected to grow once more in 2018 to a total of 4.5 FTE. This increase allows the TPMs to better allocate and plan their work and be able to dedicate sufficient resource to the document management. The TPMs also strive to accomplish the document editing and quality control activities in parallel with the final Council approval so as to be ready to publish within a few days after the closing date of the vote. The TPMs have developed tools to facilitate the final stages, such as a unified calculation tool for the documents’ sales prices.

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In addition, the protection of the EUROCAE intellectual property, our EDs, needs to be addressed to avoid their illegal distribution. The Secretariat is working to find a good solution in this area.

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Conclusion: More benefits and reduced costs for members

The Secretariat is closely working with our members and the EUROCAE leadership, at the Council and TAC level, to always respond promptly to the needs of our members; to maximize the benefits of the EUROCAE membership; and to implement the necessary measures to make the activity of the organisation more efficient. A systematic monitoring of these aspects, through key performance indicators, is now firmly imprinted in the Business Plan and supervised regularly by the Council. There are still some open areas and aspects where further improvements are possible. The Council, TAC and Secretariat will collectively continue to work in this direction. All of these measures, backed by the new IT platform, result in reduced costs to the members by making your organisation more efficient, and allowing EUROCAE to grow – and at the same time to better serve our members’ needs and requests.

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SAVE THE DATE

TOULOUSE, 25 - 26 APRIL 2019

EUROCAE SYMPOSIUM & 56TH GENERAL ASSEMBLY

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EUROCAE Training: A standards-led approach to aviation cyber security Matt Shreeve, EUROCAE trainer, shares some perspectives from delivering a new training course on aviation cyber security, developed by Helios exclusively for EUROCAE. Concerns about aviation cyber security continues to mount rapidly. Trends towards greater connectivity, reliance on technology, common infrastructure, etc, coupled with the fact that attacks only get better, demand a comprehensive and coherent response across the industry. But in this relatively new and rapidly developing space, it can be potentially confusing for aviation stakeholders to know what standards and guidance are available and appropriate for what purpose. Recognising this, EUROCAE has launched a training course to help guide people through this maze.

A key learning point was to understand the essential elements of a standards-led approach. ECAC has produced some good advice in this regard that we were able to share with participants, using these elements to then identify applicable standards.

Our first training course took place at EUROCAE headquarters in Paris and attracted participants from all walks of aviation life, with aircraft manufacturers, equipment suppliers, regulators and ATM represented in the room, from across three continents. We started by recapping some of the key concepts and challenges, for instance the similarities and differences between safety and security. Standards will play a big part in linking rules to practice, so hearing the latest regulatory developments was crucial to many, as well as providing a hot discussion topic. We then moved on to looking at the standards landscape, exploring which groups have produced what standards and guidance. We covered both aviation-specific standards (eg from EUROCAE and CEN) and non-aviation-specific cyber standards (eg from ISO and NIST), covering airworthiness, ATM/ CNS, airports and more general standards. The sheer amount of current activity was surprising to some, but all were creative in an exercise to think of metaphors to summarise it: from wild jungle to a seemingly bottomless ocean to the intricate interactions of the solar system!

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We covered different aviation domains, noting the similarities and differences between them. One of the big intended benefits of the course comes from understanding the broader context and dependencies between them. Of course, a lot of excellent work has been ongoing for some time by various working groups, so the course also gives an opportunity to highlight those standards that are not well known but offer great promise for the industry.


CYBER SECURITY TR A I N I N G

It was an intensive two days with a lot to pack in, made more challenging by the potentially ‘dry’ subject matter of standards documents. However, helped by a great set of participants, we managed to keep the course interactive, with plenty of exercises for them to get involved in to help embed the learning and keep everyone alert. I was surprised and delighted when someone even concluded it had been fun (!)

Having now piloted the course, further dates are available later in the year. Check the EUROCAE website http://eurocae.net/training/ for details.

For any additional information about the training programme please contact Adrian Cioranu at adrian.cioranu@eurocae.net

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E U R O C A E H LM 20 1 8 B R USSELS

EUROCAE High Level Meeting & 55th General Assembly FRIDAY, 27 APRIL 2018 08:00 08:00 09:00

Registration: Networking Breakfast HLM starting time

PRESENTATIONS AND INTERACTIVE SESSIONS The meeting will gather the vision, strategy and priorities in aviation from the leadership in the industry like Lufthansa Group, Skyguide, ASD, Fraport, UTM, and Directors from European and international organisations: ICAO, EC, EASA, SJU, SDM, EUROCONTROL. }

Confirmed speakers include:

Eamonn Brennan / Director General EUROCONTROL Alex Bristol / CEO Skyguide Filip Cornelis / Director for Aviation, Acting Head of Unit for Aviation Policy, European Commission Stephen Creamer / Director of ICAO Air Navigation Bureau Francois Delille / Director of ATM Strategy Thales Florian Guillermet / Executive Director SJU Marc Kegelaers / CEO Unifly Kay Kratky / CEO Austrian Airlines & Process Domain Owner LH Group Flight Operations Patrick Ky / Executive Director EASA Jörn Muthmann / Chief Airport Operations Fraport Jan Pie / Secretary General ASD Nicolas Warinsko / General Manager SDM

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We will hear from these leaders how they see the impact of the fast-developing technologies in aviation, on ground and in the air, where the efficiency potential lays, and how they think the market competition in aviation would shape up the industry on the long run. The aim of this High-Level Meeting is to get together the regulators and the industry and discuss on the visionary outlook in Europe and how the big picture in aviation should look like. The meeting will focus on the following questions: } What are the vision, strategy and priorities? } What are the challenges they are facing? } What are the main market drivers and how would market competition shape up the industry on the long run? Participants will take away the bigger picture, main trends and top priorities in aviation outlined by key decision makers. The conclusions of this High Level Meeting will serve EUROCAE to shape and tailor its strategy and guide EUROCAE on how to support these developments and contribute to achieve the overall targets.

14:00 - 16:00 16:15 - 16:45

55th EUROCAE General Assembly Council Meeting

Venue:

SQUARE Brussels Meeting Centre, 2 Ravenstein Street, 1000 Brussels, Belgium


COLLA BORATION I FAT C A

EUROCAE strengthening collaboration with IFATCA On 30 January 2018, EUROCAE and the International Federation of Air Traffic Controllers’ Associations (IFATCA) signed a MoU to strengthen their cooperation IFATCA is the International federation of air traffic controller associations. It was established in 1961 and is the largest and most comprehensive representative body for air traffic control in the world. The main purpose of the federation is to promote safety, efficiency and regularity in International Air Navigation. IFATCA and EUROCAE agreed to work together on developing aviation industry standards, with a particular focus on standards for air traffic management. The Memorandum of Understanding enables the two organisations to address relevant issues and will speed up the implementation of new technologies to ensure safe, seamless and efficient aviation in Europe.

Tom Laursen, IFATCA Executive Vice President Europe and Christian Schleifer, EUROCAE Secretary General, at the signature of the Memorandum of Understanding.

The Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) provides a framework for cooperation between our two organisations. These include exchanging information, sharing expertise and best practices, and crossparticipation in working groups on the future of Communication Navigation and Surveillance and Air Traffic Management. As a first step, IFATCA joined EUROCAE as a Full Member at the end of 2017 in recognition of the efforts of both organisations to enhance aviation and promote strong cooperation in developing industry standards to support global and regional interoperability of air traffic management (ATM) systems.

This collaboration represents a great opportunity to complement each other’s working structure to the benefit of the aviation community. IFATCA as the voice of the international air traffic controllers’ community provides a unique and valuable perspective during the development of new procedures, systems and facilities. Strengthening the cooperation with associations like IFATCA is a key objective of EUROCAE to further enhance the spectrum and quality of the EUROCAE activities and resulting standards.

IFATCA Tom Laursen, Executive Vice President Europe said: “The development of technical standards are of great importance for improving safety, efficiency and regularity in air traffic. IFATCA is happy, as a professional organisation, to be fully engaged and partnered with EUROCAE”.

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IFATCA started their engagement in the work of EUROCAE by joining WG-75 TCAS WG-100 Remote and Virtual Towers WG-105 UAS.

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I NS I D E E U RO C A E

EUROCAE at World ATM Congress 2018 EUROCAE visited and contributed actively to the 2018 World ATM Congress, which took place 6 – 8 March 2018 in Madrid. EUROCAE contributed to a session discussing the ‘Data Link Services Recovery activity update’, which focussed on the progress made regarding the deployment of multi frequency VDL Mode 2 infrastructure in Europe to comply with the new mandate date and on the global improvement of the VDL mode 2 performances. The datalink VDL mode 2 technology is an essential enabler for the modernisation of air traffic control and to achieve SESAR performance benefits. The recent activities conducted by the SESAR Deployment Manager, the Network Manager, EASA and EUROCAE were mainly focused on the completion of the actions recommended by the ELSA study performed under SESAR JU coordination in 2016. Luc Deneufchatel provided information on EUROCAE activities progress confirming the publication of a new release of ED-92 before end of 2018 and the publication of a complementary document dealing with ground network behaviour recommendation by mid 2019. These activities were conducted in answer to the EC mandate given in 2017 on the basis of ELSA recommendations. EUROCAE also participated to a workshop on ATM security organised by Bulatsa at the Danube FAB booth. Several organisations participated to this workshop including EUROCONTROL and the major European ANSPs. Luc presented the work achieved by EUROCAE WG-72 and the new training course on aviation cyber security. Luc Deneufchatel also provided a presentation of the new WG-108 ATN/IPS during one of the sessions organised by Leonardo at their booth.

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EUROCAE WG-105 activities were presented by Anna von Groote at a workshop organised by the Global UTM Association GUTMA, discussing the foundations for UTM to foster the safe, secure and efficient integration of drones in national airspace systems and look at the path towards globally interoperable UTM systems. The increase in drone operations raises the question of the regulation and standardisation and WG-105 activities were recognised as a cornerstone in this regard. The goal of this session is to present successful collaborations with local authorities, to offer answers and solutions to their concerns, and to show how UTM can benefit their communities. The EASCG organised again a workshop, this year around the key role of standards to support deployment. Building an efficient, sustainable and safe Single European Sky requires the modernisation of the European ATM infrastructure. To ensure a coordinated and harmonised deployment of the required ATM-related functionalities, it is essential to ensure that the necessary standards are available, in a timely fashion. The workshop focussed on the experience and added value that the work of the EASCG and the Rolling Development Plan are providing to the aviation industry and show how the stakeholders can make use of it. It discussed the essential link between standards and regulations and how to manage the completion of standardisation work to meet a regulatory requirement. But the spotlight clearly was on the role of standards at the deployment stage: How do standards help ensure harmonised deployment and support to regulation? Speakers recognised the key role of standards in this regard and briefly touched upon the question of standards validation and how to ensure the standards developed are fit for purpose. The workshop was attended by a large number of stakeholders, wishing to learn more about the EASCG work.


EUROCA E AT WORLD ATM CON GRE SS 2018

Speakers (from left to right): Anna von Groote, EUROCAE| Maria Algar Ruiz, EASA | Nicolas Eertmans, EUROCONTROL | Christophe Vivier, EDA | Luc Lallouette, Thales/ASD | Jean-Marc Loscos, DSNA / CANSO | Larry Johnsson, SDM

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I NS I D E E U RO C A E

EUROCAE and ICAO signed updated Memorandum of understanding On 12 December 2017, EUROCAE and ICAO signed an updated Memorandum of Understanding, marking the start of an even closer partnership as the two organisations agreed on reinforced cooperation on the development of standards for better & safer aviation. Alongside EUROCAE, RTCA, SAE and Arinc signed similar updated agreements.

Dr Fang Liu, ICAO Secretary General, with Francis Schubert, EUROCAE President at the signature of the MoU

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PA R TN ERSH IP EUROCA E A ND I C A O

The MoU provides a basis for facilitating the collaboration, making available EUROCAE standards and ICAO provisions to be truly complementary and supporting each other’s efforts in an efficient and effective manner. This will provide to the community a full set of regulations, standards and technical specifications for deployment and harmonised implementation. A more performance-based approach to ICAO provisions will call SDOs, like EUROCAE, even more to provide technical standards and therefore the "how" to comply with the regulatory frame. “The exchange of information permitted by these new agreements will be critical to ICAO’s efforts to develop mature and comprehensive standards for international civil aviation,” Dr. Liu, ICAO Secretary General, emphasised. “Industry standards serve unique and often complementary roles in support of global air navigation objectives, which underscores the importance of ICAO’s provisions being fully compatible with the efforts of these new partners. But most importantly,” Dr. Liu stressed, “the enhanced interoperability these agreements have achieved will directly support improved sectoral performance in terms of aviation’s safety, sustainability and efficiency.”

work programmes and to make the link between the deliverables and the ICAO work programme, the Aviation System Block Upgrades (ASBUs) and other ICAO provisions. This reinforced partnership between EUROCAE and ICAO will bring added value for both organisations and the aviation community overall. EUROCAE has been recognised by ICAO as an international organisation in 2014. Already the 12th Air Navigation Conference, held in November 2012, the community clearly recognised the value and importance of international standards and encouraged ICAO to make more and better use of such material from recognised standard-developing organisations (SDOs) to complement the ICAO provisions. This was endorsed by ICAO Assembly Resolution A38-11 in 2013, and is expected to be raised again during the upcoming 13th Air Navigation Conference, which will take place in October 2018. The collaboration between EUROCAE and ICAO has proven over the years to ensure a high level of aviation safety based upon harmonised rules complemented by technical standards. EUROCAE shares the same vision and is looking forward to a constructive cooperation for the benefit of the aviation industry.

EUROCAE President, Francis Schubert noted that there is a line of successful examples of complementarity between EUROCAE standards and ICAO provisions, and the fact that EUROCAE standards are well coordinated with our international partners like RTCA, SAE and Arinc. The updated MoU implements the political commitments to collaborate and ICAO’s appreciation of industry standards. The signature of this agreement is not the end, rather the beginning of a reinforced collaboration. EUROCAE and the other SDOs are actively engaging with ICAO to coordinate our standardisation Dr Fang Liu, ICAO Secretary General (centre), with representatives of the recognised SDOs (from left to right): David Alexander, SAE Aerospace Director | Francis Schubert, EUROCAE President | Margaret Jenny, RTCA President | Michael Rockwell, Arinc Executive Director

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EUSCG NEWS

EUSCG news Since its Kick-Off Meeting on the 1st of June 2017 the European UAS Standards Coordination Group (EUSCG) has already met four times to produce its main deliverable – the European UAS Standardisation Rolling Development Plan (RDP). Version 1.0 of the RDP was approved during the last EUSCG meeting, which took place on 27 February 2018. It includes the latest regulatory and standardisation activities that are currently undertaken in Europe by different organisations and at various levels.

The RDP is structured along the following 10 domains to cover all aspects of the UAS operations: General UAS Traffic Management Command, Control and Communication Detect and Avoid RPAS Automation Design and Airworthiness Operations Flight Crew Licensing (FCL) Environment Autonomous operations

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The structure and content of the RDP is being progressively updated in line with the evolution of the work programmes of the EUSCG member organisations. It will also provide a method for the identification and discussion of potential overlaps or gaps, and as a basis for feedback to contributing organisations, to improve overall coordination of standards development.

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The RDP is a reliable source for the latest UAS regulatory and standardisation developments. During the next 5th meeting, which is planned to take place on 18 May 2018, the EUSCG members will discuss further updates of their work programmes to be incorporated in the RDP. A separate discussion will be focused on the mapping of the RDP content to the European ATM Master Plan: the Roadmap for the safe integration of drones into all classes of airspace. This will allow to show the bigger picture of UAS activities and will illustrate how standards support the strategic and regulatory needs. More information on the EUSCG and the latest version of European UAS Standardisation Rolling Development Plan is available on the EUROCAE web page: eurocae.net/about-us/euscg. Currently EUROCAE is working on creating a separate website dedicated exclusively to EUSCG.

The EUSCG is a joint coordination and advisory group established to coordinate the UAS-related standardisation activities across Europe, essentially stemming from the EU regulations and EASA rulemaking initiatives. The EUSCG provides a link to bridge the European activities to those at international level. The EUSCG work ensures a better coordination and monitoring of the relevant activities affecting standardisation.


EA SCG N EW S

EASCG news EASCG releases the 5th edition of the Rolling Development Plan RDP The 13th meeting of the EASCG took place on 22 February 2018, at the SJU premises in Brussels. One of the main results of the meeting was the approval of the 5th edition of the Rolling Development Plan RDP. The RDP brings together all relevant standardisation activities and their status, and is updated regularly in order to maintain visibility and awareness of the progress. It provides a method for the identification and discussion of overlaps, and as a basis for feedback to contributing organisations, to improve overall coordination of standards developments. The process also identifies the technical input from other sources (such as ICAO GANP and ASBUs, RTCA,…) into the standards plan through the interfaces of the EASCG at the international level.

EASCG also progressed on the question of standards validation. Recent implementation exercises have raised some concerns on validation aspects in the development prior to the deployment of new technologies. EASCG has considered the validation activities that cover the development and deployment of new products or technologies with a specific focus on the role of standards in this overall process and the need for validating standards themselves. It should be noted that whilst the main source of the EASCG activities is indeed the European ATM Master Plan and the SESAR-related standardisation work, the question of validation is broader. Standards may quite as well originate from other sources, directly from other R&D projects or from industrial activities. An EASCG position paper on this subject is under finalisation. For more information on EASCG, please go to www.eascg.eu

For any additional details on WG-109 please contact Sergiu Marzac at sergiu.marzac@eurocae.net.

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P U B LI C AT I ON S A ND NEW MEMB ER S SI NC E N OV EMBER ' 17

Latest publications EUROCAE Documents (ED) are developed by Working Groups bringing together renowned experts in their area, and following a well-established process. They are often developed jointly with our international partners and recognised worldwide for their high quality and as state of the art technical specifications.

}

ED-148 "Guidance to Achieve ATM Validation Platforms Interoperability"

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ED-247 "Technical Specification for Virtual Interoperable Simulation for Tests of Avionics Systems in Virtual or Hybrid Bench"

These EDs can be system or equipment performance specifications, safety and performance requirements, interoperability requirements, technical specifications or guidance material. Some documents are dedicated to the airborne side, others to the ground side (mainly CNS and ATM), while others cover common air and ground requirements.

}

ED-248 "Guide to Civil Aircraft Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)"

}

ED-249 "Minimum Aviation System Performance Standards for Aircraft State Awareness Synthetic Vision Systems"

}

ED-250 "Minimum Operational Performance Standard for a Runway Performance Standard for a Runway Overrun Awareness and Alerting System"

}

ER-015 "Feasibility Study Weather Radar For Ice Crystal Detection”

}

ER-015 "RPAS 5030-5091 MHz CNPC LOS and BLOS compatibility study"

EDs are widely referenced as a means of compliance to regulatory documents by EASA, EUROCONTROL, the European Commission and ICAO. Recent publications:

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ED-103A "Minimum Operational Performance Standard For Inflight Icing Detection Systems"

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ED-114A Change 1 "Minimum Operational Performance Standard For Global Navigation Satellite Ground Based Augmentation System Ground Equipment To Support Category I Operations"

You can find all the EUROCAE publications at: www.eurocae.net

Membership News Full members: Airports Authority of India

India

Altitude Angel

UK

Aquila Air Traffic Management Limited

UK

BULATSA

Bulgaria

Crypto Quantique

UK

Dresden Aerospace AG

Germany

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N EW M EM B ER S

DTN

The Netherlands

ELDIS Pardubice

Czech Republic

Federal Aviation Administration

USA

FlyingBasket

Italy

HungaroControl

Hungary

IAOPA Europe

The Netherlands

IATAS - International Air Traffic

Israel

m-click.aero GmbH

Germany

PMV Engineering

France

STAR ENGINEERING

France

Limited members: Air Caraïbes Atlantique

France

GeoNetwork

USA

GL Communications Inc.

USA

IACIT

Brazil

Institute of Flight System Dynamics

Germany

Instituto Nacional de Técnica

Spain

Intel Deutschland GmbH

Germany

Interdigital Communications

USA

NPO RTS, LLC

Russian Federation

NXP Semiconductors Netherlands B.V.

The Netherlands

PALSupport (UK) Limited

UK

SCALIAN

France

ST Electronics (Info-Comm Systems) Pte Ltd

Singapore

Universal Avionics Systems Corporation

USA

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AVIATION CYBER SECURITY TRAINING

STANDARDS IN PRACTICE 2-DAY TRAINING COURSE: JULY 10-11 SEPTEMBER 18-19 OCTOBER 23-24 DECEMBER 11-12

ED-201 ED-202A ED-203 ED-204

ED-201 ED-202A ED-203 ED-204

Aeronautical Information System Security (AISS) Framework Guidance Airworthiness Security Process Specification Airworthiness Security Methods and Considerations Information Security Guidance for Continuing Airworthiness

For any additional information please contact Adrian Cioranu, Technical Programme Manager at adrian.cioranu@eurocae.net and visit http://eurocae.net/training/aviation-cyber-security-training/