Tutorial « Build an insect hotel »
A good practice implemented by « Graines de Jardiniers » Association – Shared gardin in Lauris (France)
Summary • • • • • •
An insect hotel, what is it ? Steps of the project Construction step by step Equipment and materials Advices from those who built it Arguments in favor of such a project
An insect hotel, what is it ? Definition It is a heaven for useful insects in the garden. Useful insects in gardens are: those that pollinate flowers, who are predators of insect pests (those that harm crops). How does it work ?
These hotels encourage the presence of beneficial insects as they can find refuge in winter.
Steps of the project Preliminary steps â€“ Learning about insects: Learn to recognize them, know their habitat, life cycle, feeding, breeding, find out how to welcome in the garden. It can be an opportunity to create information sheets on insects, which could be useful also later (to inform the curious persons).
â€“ Choosing a model (size and shape) Here are ours:
Steps of the project Implementation – Draw the plan – Build the insect hotel (see after the « step by step construction »)
– Install it (think about the place protected from strong wind)
– filling the interior space (see after the « Materials list »)
Construction step by step
It’s time to begin…
Des angles droits â€Ś pour que Ă§a tienne droit au final ! Angles perfectly straight ... So that it stands up straight at the end
We begin with the frame
Cutting with the « circular saw »
Drilling for fixings
Saw cut of the supports for the internal boards
Grinding of the parts
Fixing the frame
Fixing the internal boards
Installation of wire
Cut this part and fix it here
angle bracket in the roof
Between roof and top of the frame
Attachment of the roof
Cutting brick with a grinder
Prepare holes for poles
Installing the hotel in the garden
On the right and the left
forwardly and rearwardly
Fixing the insects hotel
Our first insects hotel!
And the following
Equipment and materials Equipment list For the hotel’s structure • handsaw • circular saw • bracket • sanding machine • screw gun • power drill (8mm diameter by 15 cm long to drill pieces of wood) • pencil • hammer • jigsaw (for fences box ) • stapler (if grid) • crowbar and maillet • disc grinder
To fill in the hotel (to cut sections of cane) • shears • secateurs • jigsaw
Equipment and materials materials list For the hotel’s structure - Wood - Ironmongery - Angle-brackets (to be inside for the hotel is straight) To fill in the hotel ‒Wood (for logs : rather hardwood for sustainability) ‒brick ‒Cane ‒Sureau ‒Roseau ‒Pinecones ‒Cagettes (to make "millefeuille" of cagettes) ‒Bunch of brambles ‒Bark ‒Straw ‒Stones ‒Flowerpots ‒Old wood ‒Heather ‒Pragmite ...
Make a plan! "We made our first hotel in insects without a plan, it was difficult! “
For materials: you will of course need untreated wood: quite difficult to find. Move closer to work sawmills (who have more choices and are better advices).
The equipement : a hand saw is enough to build a small hotel. But depending on the size of the project, it had better be better equipped ... or have lots of time.
Some information may be hard to find (with which material do I furnish habitat insect? Which insects live in our region?) Maybe you can save time by asking associations that undertake inventories and know well about it.
Technical advice: some insects like to dig their shelter in the mud, so sections of cane is filled with mud. For filling with mud, ensure cut sections cane just below the node to be able to fill.
To improve the comfort of your guests, plant a flower meadow, they will have the food and shelter! To protect them from predators, you can put wire on the hotel.
And if we did it again ? What does the team of “Graines de jardiniers” answers: "Perhaps you would build only one hotel at the same time, three, what a job! "" We would take more time to think about different hotels, Totem style or another. "
Arguments in favor of such a project • A good project to create a group dynamic: it is a good practice easily accessible to a group of gardeners and allows teamwork • a way to learn a lot about insects (even about computer practice at the same time: research, writing insects sheets, ...)
• a good way to learn about DIY • a useful equipment for the garden (at the biological level) • a social tool: a teaching aid for schools • These hotels arouse curiosity and attract new supporters to the garden • These are works of art, beautifully integrated in the garden
it's your go, now ! This tutorial was created by Réseau des Jardins Solidaires Méditerranéens (« thanks! » Gwen) under the european project « EUGO » (exchange of good practices).
Many thanks to each member of « Graines de Jardiniers » for his/her dedication and kindness. This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication (communication) reflects the views only of the author and the Commission is not responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.