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FINAL RESOLUTIONS WORKSHOP 5: CULTURE Subgroups: Education, Training and Heritage 3, 4, 5 February 2012 Seville (Spain)

Culture is the mark of people, what makes its identity, mark the difference and allows them in the international community. The Saharawi culture is now threatened by the Moroccan invaders who attempt to show it as part of Moroccan culture, distorting the reality. It is now a necessary and important to support the Saharawi culture, its rich oral tradition, its poetry, its music, its painting, its heritage, and everything. During all the years of exile and occupation there has been a special attention to free and public education by establishing a free public school system and sending second grade students and university students abroad, to friend countries. These actions respond to the idea that educated people is able to fight for their independence and manage their future independent state. To empower this line the Sahrawis have been building schools of cinematography, music, theatre, art, to train the younger generations in these disciplines. As the painter Mohamed Yeslem Mouloud once said, "A brush can be more powerful and go further than a missile." The Saharawi archaeological heritage is being plundered in the occupied territories and has been attacked in the liberated territories, despite the efforts of cataloguing, study and conservation of different fields. A Heritage Conservation Law has been approved by the Saharawi Parliament to curb the depredations. The actions of cultural cooperation with the Saharawi people have several goals: training, conservation and promotion of culture and the Saharawi cause in the world and introduce the working factor in the cultural formation. Based on these considerations we propose a workshop that addresses the following topics:

1). - International Observatory for the Protection of Sahrawi Cultural Heritage. The workshop for Culture and Heritage, in coordination with the strategic plans of the Ministry of Culture of the SADR, understands that the current situation of struggle that holds the Saharawi people for national liberation, protection, conservation and enhancement of cultural heritage, tangible and intangible, expressed as the collective memory of the history of the Saharawi people is a priority to preserve and disseminate the identity symbols of this population. Thus the Culture workshop considers the protection of cultural heritage as the largest and most important concern of the Saharawi people and the political responsibility rests with the Ministry of Culture of the SADR. We further consider the need to strengthen this important work tool to be able to reflect not only the current situation of the Saharawi cultural heritage, but also develop proposals to international agencies that oversee universal heritage. 1

Therefore, we propose the following: 1. Establishing a legal system that legitimizes the observatory. 2. Creating a physical host and virtual observatory where they can be represented in Spanish public universities and other nationalities as well as officials from the Ministry of Culture of the SADR. 3. Setting meetings with UNESCO as World Heritage responsibles, and let them know by technical and scientific reports the importance of conservation and enhancement of the cultural resources of the Saharawi people. 4. Finding ways of funding to let the observatory operate stably and co-ordinately. 5. Establishing programs and campaigns to the outside capable of showing the importance and need for conservation of these cultured material.

2). - Platform for Music for Western Sahara The Platform of Music for Western Sahara calls all artists and musicians from Western Sahara to join it and all those institutions and persons involved in music-related projects in Western Sahara. The main objective is to safeguard and develop it. We want to contact all musicians, whether in the occupied territories, camps or the exile and even those who are no longer active. Their experience and ideas are very valuable. It is essential to coordinate all joining forces for highest effectiveness. The most immediate activity "Tell me Grandfather (Music)", in Smara, about the song Sahara and oral culture. We also call attention to the need to consolidate Enamus, the National School of Music, opened in the 27 February camp on November 10, 2011.

3). - University of Tifariti First, we consider necessary to advance the process begun in preparation and implementation of the University of Tifariti, which culminated in a public university supported by several universities from Algeria, Spain and other countries. This university, provisionally located in the current settlement of the Saharawi people under the authority of the SADR, would achieve the following objectives: • Attend a higher education for young Saharawi people in connection with the needs and problems of their society. • Assist the development of its cultural heritage in its various aspects. • Have an academic institution to facilitate the presence of the Saharawi people in different areas and in particular the specific international organizations in education, research and culture. To make progress in achieving these objectives, we propose specific actions: • The revival of the supporting platform, including all the international academic institutions which want to cooperate in the creation of the university. • A project manager at the highest level appointed by the Saharawi authorities who can allow to coordinate all initiatives and realities in the SADR that may constitute the starting point of the 2

university. He/she can be the speaker of the supporting platform and also the responsible in front of academic and international authorities. We have also dealt with other cultural cooperation projects:

4). - Fisahara.

Project that highlights the situation of the Saharawi people among the international public opinion. The participation at the festival of personalities from the film industry has achieved very positive results for the visibility of the conflict. Cuts in cultural cooperation required to restructure the project for 2012, to reduce costs without affecting the achievement of the goals. A new project started from Fisahara last November: the audiovisual training school Abidin Kaid Saleh, which offers a permanent courses on film and cinematography through different modules, for Sahrawi young people.

5). - ARTifariti,

Annual meeting of international artists for peace and human rights, held every October. Artists from 30 countries have participated in 5 editions, contributing to the artistic training of Saharawi artists. Other projects have started after ARTifariti, such as the nomadic schools, The disappeared, Sahara Libre Wear, textile workshops, etc..

6). - Popular training project in solar energy.

Through a short film projection showing basic and understandable technology to solve the fundamental problems of maintenance of residential installation.

7). - Training in translation and interpretation.

Thanks to the organization that has made the translations in this EUCOCO, "Translators for Solidarity" (ECOS), which could also be a source of employment for young Sahrawis. Seville February 5, 2012.

Moderators of the Workshop: - Fernando Peraita (President Ass. of Seville). - Hadiya Hamdi (Saharawi Minister of Culture). - Jira Bulahi (Minister of Professional Training). - Isidoro Moreno (Professor of Anthropology and History Univ. of Seville) - Mohamed Lamin (Attorney in the Occupied Territories). - Aberkuk Shand