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Your Proofness: Sarah Munir Master Storyteller: Sundar Waqar Creativity Analysts: Amna Iqbal, Essa Malik, Jamal Khurshid, Samra Aamir, Talha Ahmed Khan, Munira Abbas and Umar Waqas

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THE EXPRESS TRIBUNE, NOVEMBER 10, 2013

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Hi light

Pakistan has inherited a wide array of heritage sites, six of which have been inscribed on the list of “World Heritage Sites�, while a new tentative list has been prepared and submitted to the World Heritage Centre for approval. A brief description of sites already included in the World Heritage List is given below The remains of the city of Thatta, inscribed in the World Heritage List in 1981, and its rundown cemetery (graveyard) provide a unique view of the Sindh civilization. The capital of three successive dynasties and later ruled by the Mughal emperors, Thatta is a symbol of the glorious past of Sind from the 14th to the 18th centuries. During this period, Thatta was one of the major seats of learning, fine arts and handicrafts. The architecture of Thatta bears the distinct marks of its variant ancestry, displaying variety of forms and techniques of decoration. The buildings and the tombs of Thatta are now in shambles and need immediate attention. Makli Hill is one of the largest necropolises (ancient cemetery with elaborate tomb monuments). It is the burial place of nearly 125,000 local rulers, Sufi saints and others. Makli is located on the outskirts of Thatta, in Sindh. It was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1981 under the name of historical monuments of Thatta.

Rohtas Fort is an exceptional example of early Muslim military architecture in Central and South Asia, for it was built essentially for military purposes. Following the defeat of the Mughal emperor Humayun in 1541, Sher Shah Suri built a strong fortified complex at Rohtas, a strategic site about 16 kilometres north-west of the city of Jhelum. The gigantic fort stands on steep rocks extending into the river Kahan, its walls protected on the west and north sides by the river and by high hills on its east and south. It was never attacked and remains intact to present day. The Rohtas Fort is now a protected monument under the Antiquities Act 1975 and maintained by the Department of Archaeology. Owing to its marvelous qualities of strength and being the finest example of medieval (belonging to Middle Ages) military architecture in Pakistan, the fort was inscribed in the World Heritage List, by UNESCO, in 1997.

The Mughal Empire was an empire extending over large parts of the Indian subcontinent. In the early 16th century, northern India fell under Mughal rule which resulted in a vast empire under their rule. The Mughal dynasty was founded by Babur, who was a ruler of a kingdom near Persia (modern day Iran). At their peak the various Mughal Emperors produced a successive set of capable rulers. Known for their architecture and art, It was during their reign that some of the finest monuments were built, most notably, the Taj Mahal, one of the seven wonders of the world.

What would you like to see in Hi Five? Send an email to hifive@tribune.com.pk and let us know!

The Lahore Fort is the only monument in Pakistan, which represents a complete history of Mughal architecture, as it was renovated, added and improved upon by subsequent Mughal rulers, after Emperor Akbar. Following the collapse of the Mughal authority, the fort suffered due to poor additions, alterations and an aggressive siege (blockade) in 1841. After having demolished its southern fortification wall, in 1927, the British Government handed over the fort to the Archaeological Survey of India, which took measures to systematically remove, all the additions and alterations carried out during the British rule, in an attempt to restore the original layout of the buildings and gardens. Since Independence in 1947, the Department of Archaeology has been carrying out conservation work, on a limited scale though. Moreover, the pace of deterioration has rapidly outstripped the conservation efforts. The southern portion of the fort wall and the Matbakh or the Royal Kitchen has demolished, while the ceiling of the Shish Mahal (Palace of Mirrors) is on the verge of collapse. Efforts are being made, in cooperation with UNESCO experts, to save the latter, after a detailed research into the cause of its decay.


THE EXPRESS TRIBUNE, NOVEMBER 10, 2013

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Hi light

Taxila literally meaning ‘City of Cut Stone’ or ‘Rock of Taksha’ is a town and an important archaeological site in the Rawalpindi district of Punjab. Taxila is situated about 32 km north-west of Islamabad and Rawalpindi; just off the famous Grand Trunk Road. Ancient Taxila was situated at the central junction of India, western Asia and central Asia. Owing to its strategic location, Taxila has changed hands many times over the centuries, with many empires competing for its control. When the great ancient trade routes connecting these regions lost importance, the city sank into insignificance and was finally destroyed by the Huns (nomads from North Central Asia who destroyed many parts of Asia and Europe) in the 5th century. Renowned archaeologist Sir Alexander Cunningham rediscovered the ruins of Taxila in mid19th century. In 1980, Taxila was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In 2006 it was ranked as the top tourist destination in Pakistan by The Guardian newspaper.

Archaeological: relating to human activity in the past Cemetery: graveyard Disintegrate: break up into small parts Excavate: dig a hole or channel to find remains from the past

The Shalimar Gardens, laid out at the command of Emperor Shah Jahan, reflect the genius of the Mughal landscape architecture, and represent the Mughal concept of a perfect garden: an enclosed area divided into symmetrical patterns of grass, containing water canals, ornamental tanks, and fountains, lined by cypresses and rose bushes. Having lost much of their original splendour and beauty at the hands of plunderers, the gardens were handed over to the Department of Archaeology in 1913. Since then, sustained efforts have been made to preserve the buildings, restore the gardens to their original appearance and recreate the former atmosphere. UNESCO has time and again, provided expert advice through experienced consultants and encouraged the concerned authorities, to take appropriate measures and create awareness among the masses, to help preserve the Gardens. The Lahore Fort and the Shalimar Gardens, two exceptional examples of the splendour of the Mughal era, were inscribed together, in the list of World Heritage Sites in 1981.

Inscribe: write, print, carve or engrave on a surface Inundation: cover with water Nomad: member of group of people who move from place to place.

Mohenjodaro is an archeological site in the province of Sindh, Pakistan. Built around 2600 BCE, it was one of the largest settlements of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, and one of the world’s earliest major urban settlements. The well-planned city, with its baked brick buildings, public baths, drainage system and pits of sewerage disposal show that the approximately 40,000 inhabitants of the city were enjoying a wellorganised social, economical and cultural life. It is not known for certain, how the great city came to a tragic end. Mohenjodaro was abandoned in the 19th century, and was not rediscovered until 1922. The remarkable structural remains of Mohenjodaro, when excavated in the early 20s, were in excellent state, but salt crust on them was soon noticed. Over the years, it has become worse, leading to damaging of bricks and disintegration of structures. Another serious threat to Mohenjodaro is that of inundation, by River Indus, that’s flowing very close to the site. Significant excavation has since been conducted at the site of the city, which was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1980.


THE EXPRESS TRIBUNE, NOVEMBER 10, 2013

Activity

4 Origami Rabbit Ayesha Mehmood teaches you how to make your own cute little bunny rabbit out of paper.

Supplies needed: • Paper • Markers

Step 1

Step 2

Take a square piece of paper and fold it diagonally to make a crease.

Step 3

Step 4 Now bring the corner downwards and press it properly.

Fold the paper in half.

Step 5 Your paper should look like this.

Step 7 Unfold the bottom triangle and make a fold of one inch upward as shown in the image

Fold both the corners and drag them to the middle crease to make a pointy corner.

Step 6 Unfold and then fold it inside.

Step 8 Fold it in half.

Want to watch a video guide for this? Log onto Toffeetv.com and check out the activities section!

Step 9 Using a marker draw the eyes, nose and whiskers. Your Origami Rabbit is ready!


THE EXPRESS TRIBUNE, NOVEMBER 10, 2013

Get your weekly dose of the unusual and funny news from across the globe!

Caterpillar Avenger It seems we have a new Avenger — a green caterpillar that looks like Iron Man. Not much is known about this mysterious new superhero except for the fact it models itself on the famous Marvel character. It was ‘found on a street’ and snapped while clinging onto a twig. The picture was then posted up on social media websites. One user suggested it may be a new version of the superhero. “Iron Man — now available in forest green,” commented one user. But another comic fan was disappointed the creepy crawly looked better than he did when dressing up, “Even caterpillars have a better Halloween costume than me.” We’re not sure if the green caterpillar has the same powers as its inspiration Tony Stark, but if its head is anything to go by then it may have abilities beyond a normal insect. METRO.CO.UK

World wide weird

5

Lego in space

Now little plastic Lego figures can board a yellow brick spaceship to Mars as easily as popping to the corner shop. Teacher Jon Chippindall and his best friend Ian Cunningham sent Lego models of themselves to the outer fringes of Earth’s atmosphere. The self-confessed science geeks, from Manchester, spent £250 to propel a high-altitude balloon containing the figures and an HD camera to a height of 27km (90,000ft). The strapping on Chippindall’s avatar became loose sending him on an impromptu spacewalk. But both ‘astronauts’ landed safely on farmland near Chesterfield, 75 miles from the take-off point in Mold, North Wales. “We were able to video the journey, so with the characters on board it was almost like we were in space,” said entrepreneur Cunningham. The pair is writing a guide on launching probes. “It could really inspire kids,” said the 31-year-old teacher Chippindall. METRO.CO.UK

Glowing ice cream Found Nemo It is the opening scene of the film which captured the imagination of children all over the world: the moment when Nemo’s parents look over their eggs and lovingly discuss what to name them. But this isn’t an animation — it’s the real thing. The Finding Nemo moment was caught by British underwater photographer John Frost, who was among the winners at the ‘Eilat Red Sea’ shootout. Frost was one of dozens of photographers who spent three days focusing their lenses on fish, fashion and shipwrecks under the waters of the diving town in Israel. Organiser David Pilosof said: “The dive sites are just a step off the beach — they are right there.” The top prize of £6,200 was won by Israeli photographer Mark Fuller, who said: “You don’t sleep very much in the night, because you’re constantly thinking about what you are going to do.” The event turned out to be a great success and the Finding Nemo moment was also captured. METRO.CO.UK

The world’s first glow in the dark ice cream has been created — but it will cost you £140 (Rs24,153) for a single scoop. The strange dessert, made by Bristol inventor Charlie Francis, gets its green gloss from a synthesised version of the protein that makes jellyfish luminous (glowing). The entrepreneur formulated the concept for the glowing ice cream after finding some research on the sea creatures. He then managed to convince experts in China to produce the protein needed to make the frozen treat light up. “It is incredible stuff but still at very early days in terms of production,” Francis said. ‘”The protein we are using in the ice cream reacts with your tongue at neutral pH. So as your mouth warms up the protein, it will raise the pH level and the ice cream will glow.” The inventor decided Halloween would be the best time to debut his creepy-looking luminous treat because of the ‘wonderful glow effect’ it gave out. Would you try out this strange ice cream? METRO.CO.UK


THE EXPRESS TRIBUNE, NOVEMBER 10, 2013

Did you know?

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Word Origins MAN Did you know that the word ‘man’ was originally gender neutral, meaning more or less the same as the modern day word ‘person’? It wasn’t until about a thousand years ago that the word ‘man’ started to refer to a male and it wasn’t until the late 20th century that it was almost exclusively used to refer to males. Before ‘man’ meant a male, the word ‘wer’ was commonly used to refer to ‘male human‘. This word almost completely died out around the 1300s, but survives somewhat in words like ‘werewolf’, which literally means man wolf. Women at the time were referred to as ‘wif’ or ‘wifmann’ meaning female human which eventually evolved into the word ‘woman’. The word ‘wif’ itself eventually evolved into ‘wife’. Interestingly, the word ‘men’, meaning to think was also gender neutral. So we can see how that word ‘man’ originally referred to all humans. Largely due to the stigma that using the word ‘man’ meaning humans is supposedly sexist, despite its original meaning, the use of the word ‘man’ in that fashion has disappeared in the last 50-100 years, with it now only showing up in words like ‘human’ and ‘mankind’, as referring to both male and female.

How to say ‘Its cold’ in different languages Azerbaijani Catalan Croatian Czech Danish Dutch Filipino Finnish French German Haitian-creole Hungarian Indonesian Italian Malay

: : : : : : : : : : : : : : :

Onun soyuq Seu fred Njegova hladnoće Jeho studený Sin kolde De koude Nito malamig Sen kylmä Il fait froid Seinen kalten Frèt li yo A hideg Yang dingin Il suo freddo Yang sejuk

Cool facts Hummingbirds beat their wings 60-80 times per second. At birth, a panda is smaller than a mouse and weighs about four ounces. The flamingo can only eat when its head is upside-down. The venom of the king cobra is so deadly that just one gram of it is enough to kill a person 150 times over. The oldest known animal in the world was Ming, the 405-year old clam, discovered in 2007. There are 1,000,000 ants for every human in the world. A bat can eat up to 1000 insects per hour. A blue whale weighs as much as three elephants. Dogs have lived with humans for over 14,000 years. Only half of a dolphin’s brain sleeps at a time. The other half makes sure it comes up for water so it doesn’t drown. A snail can sleep for three years at a time.


THE EXPRESS TRIBUNE, NOVEMBER 10, 2013

7

Fun & games

Crossword

How carefully did you read this week’s issue of HiFive? If you think you are upto the task, try to solve our special crossword. The answers are all over HiFive! Put on your thinking caps, it is time to put the old noggin to work!

Across 1. A blue whale ---------- — as much as three elephants. 5. A snail can -------- — for three years at a time. 7. Mohenjodaro is an ------------ — site in the province of Sindh, Pakistan. 8. The Lahore Fort is the only ----------- — in Pakistan, which represents a complete history of Mughal architecture. 9. A ---------- — refers to a graveyard. 10. Only ------- — of a dolphin’s brain sleeps at a time. 12. The flamingo can only --------- — when its head is upside-down. 13. At birth, a panda is ----------- — than a mouse and weighs about four ounces.

Down 1. Hummingbirds beat their -------- — 60-80 times per second. 2. Mohenjodaro was one of the largest ---------- — of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization. 3. The Shalimar Gardens, laid out at the command of Emperor Shah Jahan, reflect the genius of the Mughal ----------- — architecture. 4. To disintegrate is to -------- — up into small parts. 6. ------------ — means to dig a hole or channel to find remains from the past. 8. Rohats Fort was built essentially for ----------- — purposes. 11. A ------- — is a member of group of people who move from place to place


THE EXPRESS TRIBUNE, NOVEMBER 10, 2013

Notable Entries for the Liberty Books Card Competition

Sana Ghanghoo Age: 9

Haiqa Usman Age: 7

Zain ul-Abideen Age: 8.5

Winner

Winner

Young Readers’ Den Liberty Books and Hi Five collaborated for the Launch of Young Readers’ Den at the Liberty Book outlet in Clifton, Karachi on 2nd November, Saturday. A lot of young readers came dressed up in their favourite superhero costume and as clown or witches. Liberty Books had organised book reading and sing along for the children as well. During Hi Five’s segment, the children were made to do a fun superhero activity, they were given supplies and taught how to make a Batman mask. The first two children to make their masks were given gifts. It was a successful event and we all had lots of fun. Hope to see you at the next event!

PHOTOS: AZHAR KHAN

The Express Tribune hi five - November 10  

The Express Tribune hi five for November 10th 2013

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