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Put your 3D glasses on PAGE 2-3 Origami Elephant PAGE 4 Dog translator PAGE 5 Holidays PAGE 6

Your Proofness: Sarah Munir Master Storyteller: Sundar Waqar Creativity Analysts: Amna Iqbal, Essa Malik, Jamal Khurshid, Samra Aamir, Talha Ahmed Khan, Munira Abbas and Umar Waqas


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Hi light


Have you ever watched a 3D film? Or walked into a cinema to watch a movie and been handed glasses to wear while feeling objects and characters from the movie are coming out of the screen towards you? Well, that is the 3D effect. 3D films have existed in some form since 1915, but were not common because of the costly hardware and processes required to produce and display a 3D film. Nonetheless, 3D films were featured in the 1950s in American cinema, and later experienced a worldwide comeback in the 1980s and 1990s driven by IMAX high-end theaters and Disney themed-venues. 3D films became more and more successful throughout the 2000s. Let’s take a closer look at 3D films and how they are produced.

The standard for shooting live-action films in 3D involves using two cameras mounted so that their lenses are about as far apart from each other as the average pair of human eyes, recording two separate images for both the left eye and the right eye. In principle, two normal 2D cameras could be put sideto-side but this is problematic in many ways. The only real option is to invest in new stereoscopic cameras (a type of camera with two or more lenses with a separate image sensor or film frame for each lens).

In 1930s and 1940s Fleischer Studio made several cartoons with extensive stereoscopic 3D backgrounds, including several Popeye cartoons, Betty Boops, and Superman. In early to mid-1950s, only half of the major animation film studios operation experimented with creating traditional 3D animated short subjects. Walt Disney Studio produced two traditional animation short for stereoscopic 3D, for cinemas. From late 1950s until mid-2000s almost no animation was produced for 3D display in theaters. In 2004, The Polar Express was the first stereoscopic 3D computer-animated feature film. In November 2005, Walt Disney Studio Entertainment released Chicken Little in digital 3D format, being Disney’s first CGI-animated film in 3D. The first 3D feature by DreamWorks Animation, Monsters vs Aliens, followed in 2009 and used a new digital rendering process called InTru3D. InTru3D is not used to exhibit 3D films in theaters; they are shown in either RealD 3D or IMAX 3D.


Hi light

Anaglyph images were the earliest method of presenting theatrical 3D, and the one most commonly associated with 3D by the public at large. They were made popular because of the ease of their production and exhibition. The first anaglyph movie was invented in 1915 by Edwin S Porter. In an anaglyph, the two images are superimposed in a light setting through two filters, one red and one cyan. Glasses with coloured filters in each eye separate the appropriate images by canceling the g the complementary p y filter colour out and rendering ourr black. colour


CGI-animated: CGI is computer generated imagery. The term ‘CGI’ is most commonly used to refer to 3D computer graphics used for creating scenes or special effects in films and television. InTru3D: InTru3D is a brand that identifies content that may be viewed in stereoscopic 3D. Motion pictures or other visual media bearing the brand are developed through animation technology developed by Intel Corporation in partnership with DreamWorks Animation in 2008. RealD 3D: RealD Cinema is a digital stereoscopic projection technology made and sold by RealD Inc. It is currently the most widely used technology for watching 3D films in theatres. IMAX 3D: To create the illusion of depth, the IMAX 3D process uses two separate camera lenses that represent the left and right eyes. The lenses are separated by a distance of 64 mm (2.5 in), the average distance between a human’s eyes. Two separate rolls of film are used to capture the images they produce. By projecting the two films superimposed on the screen and using one of several available methods to direct only the correct image to each eye, viewers see a 3D image on a 2D screen.

The polarisation 3D system has been fo theatrical presentations the standard for since 1952. The p polarisation system has better colours than the a anaglyph system. In the postanag 1950s era, anaglyph has been used instead of polar polarisation in feature presentations where only part of the movie is in 3D such as in the 3D segment of Freddy’s Dead: The Final Nightmare and the 3D segments of Spy Kids 3D.

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Resembling sunglasses, RealD circular polarised glasses are now the standard for theatrical releases and theme park attractions. In the case of RealD a circularly polarising liquid crystal filter which can switch polarity 144 times per second is placed in front of the projector lens. Only one projector is needed, as the left and right eye images are displayed alternately.




Origami Elephant

Ayesha Mehmood teaches you how to make an Origami elephant. You can have your own paper pet elephant!

Supplies needed:

Step 2

Take a piece of paper and fold it twice to form a square.

• Paper • Marker

Step 4

Step 1

Unfold the paper. Pick one corner and drag it to the crease of the square.

Step 3 Fold the flap downward.

Step 8

Drag the folded corner to the middle crease.

Your origami elephant is ready.

Step 5 Unfold the flap and stretch out the folded side.

Step 6

Step 7

Draw details with the marker.

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Fold a small triangle on the back of the elephant and fold it inwards.


Get your weekly dose of the unusual and funny news from across the globe!

Too cute to bear Orphaned polar bear cub has become best friends with a teddy. One immensely loving polar bear has been photographed having fun in the snow with his best friend – a cuddly teddy bear. Kali the white, fluffy bear was taken in by staff at Alaska Zoo after they found him alone and scared on the north-west coast. The one-year-old’s mother is believed to have been dead and he struggled to cope without her. The adorable cub was given the brown bear as a gift from the keepers and he immediately took a liking to it – the two are now inseparable. After Kali’s rescue in March last year the hunt was on for a permanent space in a different zoo. In May of this year he was transferred to Buffalo Zoo in New York and ‘is doing very well.’ “He’s become a close companion for Luna, [another] cub who was born here last November and handraised by our staff,” said a spokesman for Buffalo Zoo. A spokesman for Alaska Zoo said that returning Kali to the wild wasn’t possible when they initially found him. “Unfortunately orphaned cubs will not survive in the wild without their mothers care during their first few years so returning them to the wild is not an option. Our staff have well over 100 combined years of experience in working with orphaned cubs.” METRO.CO.UK

No more woof Anxious to know what your dog is thinking? The wait could soon be over as a ‘dog-to-English’ translator is set to become a reality in just four months. ‘No More Woof’ hopes to deliver the first translation devices in April 2014, after smashing its fundraising target this month. The Nordic Society for Invention and Discovery hoped to raise $10,000 (Rs1,053,650) using crowd funding platforms, has raised over $15,000 (Rs1,584,000) with 47 days to spare. The team is currently working on devices which analyse animal thought patterns before spelling them out in English. Patterns discovered so far include “I’m tired”, “I’m excited” and “who are you?” There are plans for French, Spanish and Mandarin versions in the future, with the team describing two-way communication between humans and dogs as their ultimate goal. But don’t start planning lengthy chats with your canine just yet. The developers are keen to stress that the product is a ‘work in progress’. They said: “Right now we are only scraping the surface of possibilities; the project is only in its cradle. And to be completely honest, the first version will be quite rudimentary (basic).” But we still cannot wait for this device and finally figure out what our dogs are thinking. METRO.CO.UK

World wide weird


A delicious mistake

Christopher Poole found that out the hard way after spending £1,000 (Rs1,75,170) trying to win a Nando’s black card, guaranteeing free meals for life, only to realise the competition had closed. The chicken chain ran a promotion over two years ago offering a black card to anyone who could prove they had eaten at every one of the firm’s 1,031 stores around the world. Poole only realised the competition had ended after visiting 85 branches in the UK and spending £1,000 along the way. “I heard about this competition to eat at every Nando’s branch and thought it sounded right up my street,” the 26-year-old said. “I love chicken and eat in there a couple of nights a week anyway, so decided to embrace the challenge. I’d do anything to get my hands on a card giving me free chicken.” It wasn’t all bad news for Poole, who gained weight during his challenge and even came up with his own ‘Nando’s pose’ – involving imitating a cockerel – as the restaurant chain has agreed to honour the old promotion if he can complete the global challenge. “Once I have done the UK, I am then going to move onto Australia where there are around 300 [restaurants]. I am hoping to do as many as I can in just 40 days – I plan on eating Nando’s for every meal,” he declared. “I have started to receive requests from random people who invite me to join them for food in their local Nando’s,” he continued. Pledging to reward Poole for his efforts, a Nando’s spokesman said: “There are now so many Nando’s worldwide, that we don’t run the challenge any more. However, if Christopher Poole completes his attempt, we will happily honour our original promise and give him free Nando’s for life.” METRO.CO.UK

Face off You could soon be taking a bite out of your own face after a company designed a 3D printer that makes chocolate replicas of human faces. If you fancy a tasty portrait then Choc Edge have just what you need – an apparatus (machine) that produces three dimensional chocolate shapes. All you have to do is send them a picture along with £50 (Rs8,732) to £80 (Rs14,000) and their ‘Choc Creator’ machine will do the rest. It will assemble a chocolate model using instructions sent from a computer. “Everyone loves chocolate so that’s why we’ve tried to make it easy and accessible for mainstream consumers,” Dr Liang Hao, Choc Edge owner and University of Exeter lecturer. METRO.CO.UK


Did you know?


Word Origins Holiday The word ‘holiday’ is something which everyone looks forward to and enjoys. It is the time to rest and relax from work and school. Everyone loves holidays but do you know where the word holiday originated from? The origins of the word holiday came from ancient times when it used to be referred as ‘holy day’. In ancient times these days were given to workers so that they could go and worship. It was a day for worshipping and as a result the word ‘holy day’ was used. However, as English language changed from Old English to Modern English the word changed into ‘holiday’ which means a day on which no work is done.

How to say ‘good luck’ in different languages Azerbaijani Basque Catalan Cebuano Croatian Danish Galician German Haitian Creole Hungarian Irish Somali Spanish Welsh

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Uğur Zorte ona Bona sort Mayo nga luck Sretno Held og lykke Boa sorte Glück Bon chans Sok szerencsét Luck maith Nasiib wacan Buena suerte Pob lwc

Cool facts Elephants are the only mammals physically unable to jump. This is because of their enormous weight. The 1900 Olympics featured a live pigeon shooting event. The winner bagged 21 pigeons. Fish can taste with fins and their tails as well as their mouths. Honey does not spoil. You can eat 3000 year old honey! Rabbits and parrots can see behind themselves without even moving their heads! Butterflies taste food by standing on top of it! Their taste receptors are in their feet unlike humans who have most on their tongue. Most of the dust in your home is actually dead skin! Yuck! Although the Stegosaurus dinosaur was over nine metres long, its brain was only the size of a walnut. Humans get a little taller in space because there is no gravity pulling down on them.



Fun & games

Notable Entries for the Liberty Books Card Competition Annas Age: 7

Abdul Rafay Age: 8 Haiqa

Abeeha Shoaib Age: 11

Iqra Age: 6

Dur-e-Nayab Kazmi Age: 10 Urwa Shoaib Age: 12

Breera Khalid Age: 8.5


Notable Entries for the Liberty Books Card Competition

Rubab Ahmed Age: 12 Alisha Zain Age: 8

Abdul Hannan Age: 8

Javeria Azeem Age: 10

Nabiha Zain Age: 5 Winner

Jaha Ahmed Khan Age: 10

Hafsa Hadir Ahmed Age: 11

Faiza Khalid Age: 12

Inha Wafa Rafi Age: 8 Winner

Saad Rashid Age: 7

The Express Tribune hi five - January 5  
The Express Tribune hi five - January 5  

The Express Tribune hi five for January 05th 2014