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2013 | M.Arch Graduate

P ORT FOLIO E T HA N RAT T R AY


C O N T E N T S 01 CUSTOM STEEL TRUSS 15' ON CENTER, 78' SPAN WIDE FLANGE TRANSFER BEAM PRECAST CONCRETE PANEL CUSTOM STEEL TRUSS 10' ON CENTER

ARGONNE ENERGY SCIENCES BUILDING | 5

02 CHAMPAIGN COMMUNITY CENTER | 

05 SEQUENCE of EMOTION | 

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06 CONTEXT: REBUILDING HAITI | 

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WIDE FLANGE COLUMN 15' ON CENTER K SERIES BAR JOIST CONCRETE FOUNDATION WALL

03 CASABLANCA SUSTAINABLE MARKET | 

07 SANTA ROSA SCHOOL COMPETITION | 

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04 SUSTAINABLE STUDENT FARM PAVILION | 

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08 CONFINING SPACE PROJECT | 

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ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY ENERGY SCIENCES BUILLDING UIUC | FALL 2011, M.ARCH YEAR 1 | ARCH 573: ARCH DESIGN and DEVELOPMENT

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PROFESSOR: DR. MICHAEL KIM | GROUP: ETHAN RATTRAY and JIEYOUNG LEE MEDIA: GOOGLE SKETCHUP, EARTH, AUTOCAD, REVIT ARCHITECTURE, ILLUSTRATOR, PHOTOSHOP

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Argonne National Laboratories, Lemont, IL, is a nationwide leader in engineering and science reasearch and the largest in the midwest. This particular design project dealt with an existing masterplan and a major consideration to encompass access to the energy quad from our building as well as the surrounding buildings. A few of our design concepts included: •

SITE PLAN Blue - car circulation | Cyan - loading dock circulation | Red - pedestrian access | Purple - access through building to energy quad Pink - first floor plan of Energy Sciences Building Features include entry ponds at north and south entrances, private loading dock, courtyard area connected to main energy quad.

integrating lab modules within the building form to allow for ease of circulation and quick navigation

engaging pedetrians from all buildings through site integration and attractive aesthetics, wayfinding devices

bring natural daylighting into interior program including lab modules and offices

provide views of the energy quad

formalize the entrance and create enticing views for all pedestrians and

ENERGY QUAD

vehicles entering the Argonne campus •

provide transparency from the entrance to the energy quad and blur the boundary between building and landscape

NORTH ELEVATION


FIRST FLOOR PLAN 8

1. Entry at north and south, path to and from energy quad

4. Lab workstations with computers for data entry

2. Flexible lab module design for energy research departments

5. Research offices with direct access to daylighting and centralized

3. Service core with storage and lab support room functions

ammenities 6. Centralized lobby with cafe and conference room attached 7. Administrative offices with direct access to lobby 8. Conversation pit to provide seating and views to the energy quad 9. Access from lobby to Energy Building 223

1 7

6 2 3

1

2 4 9

SOUTH ELEVATION

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BASEMENT FLOOR PLAN •

microscopy and laser labs

workstations

HVAC support and storage

receiving and staging

SECOND FLOOR PLAN

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wet and dry research labs

workstations

research offices

connection to Building 223

same basic function as level 3


MAIN LOBBY EN ROUTE TO ENERGY QUAD 9


MAJOR FUNCTIONAL UNITS 10


HVAC MECHANICAL STACKING penthouse system with separate AHUs for lab and lobby spaces

SUPPLY EXHAUST RETURN

LABS

OFFICE

MECHANICAL

SUPPORT

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CHAMPAIGN COMMUNITY CENTER CHAMPAIGN COMMUNITY CENTER UIUC | FALL 2010, SENIOR YEAR | ARCH 475: ARCH DESIGN and DEVELOPMENT PROFESSOR: DR. VIDAR LERUM | INDIVIDUAL MEDIA: GOOGLE SKETCHUP, EARTH, AUTOCAD, REVIT ARCHITECTURE, ILLUSTRATOR, PHOTOSHOP

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The proposed program is a freestanding community center for downtown Champaign. The main space is a multipurpose hall with supporting spaces including a cafe, children’s room, administrative office, classroom, computer lab, lobby, mechanical room, weight room, and trainer’s room.

PROGRAM ORGANIZATION PROGRAM TYPE PROGRAM TYPE WORK / STUDY WORK / STUDY

Upon analysis of the site I found the designated area to be between suburban and urban conditions and the immediate need for a transition space that would

RECREATION RECREATION

encourage walking. The site also

to create a form that incorporated a large cantilever apparent on the south facade. A dominant and transparent form within the architecture was also needed to distinguish and engage the residents in the suburban condition. The curved roof and glazing was used to distinguish the building through greater height, but also allow for a grand display of structure.

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CLASSROOM

COMPUTER LAB COMPUTER LAB

CHILDREN’S PLAYROOM GREEN ROOF GARDEN

CHILDREN’S PLAYROOM GREENCAFÉ ROOF GARDEN

MULTI-PURPOSE HALL WEIGHT ROOM MULTI-PURPOSE HALL

preservation that Champaign residents

that drew upon vernacular roots. I chose

CLASSROOM ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICE

OUTDOOR TERRACE OUTDOOR TERRACE

CAFE LOUNGE

this was an indication of the value for

to provide Champaign with architecture

ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICE

CAFÉ

be preserved in the project parameters,

preservation my proposed solution was

SPACE RELATIONSHIP

CAFE LOUNGE

included a historic home which was to

held. In order to reflect the value of

SPACE RELATIONSHIP

SUPPORT SUPPORT

WEIGHT ROOM MAIN LOBBY HVAC EQUIPMENT ROOMS MAIN LOBBY BATHROOMS HVAC EQUIPMENT ROOMS STORAGE BATHROOMS JANITOR’S CLOSET STORAGE CIRCULATION JANITOR’S CLOSET CIRCULATION

LOCKER ROOMS TRAINER’S ROOM GYM STORAGE LOCKER ROOMS TRAINER’S ROOM GYM STORAGE


CUSTOM STEEL TRUSS 15' ON CENTER, 78' SPAN WIDE FLANGE TRANSFER BEAM PRECAST CONCRETE PANEL CUSTOM STEEL TRUSS 10' ON CENTER WIDE FLANGE COLUMN 15' ON CENTER K SERIES BAR JOIST CONCRETE FOUNDATION WALL

STRUCTURE AND BUILDING ENVELOPE Steel framed with supporting load, bearing walls/precast interior walls

SOUTH ELEVATION 15


PROGRAM SPECIFICATIONS Areas denoted in feet squared

RECYCLING ROOM

GENERAL STORAGE ROOM

CHILDRENS PLAYROOM

MULTI-PURPOSE HALL

TERRACE

CAFÉ

MENS BATHROOM ENTRANCE LOBBY

LEVEL 1 café: 750 entrance lobby: 600 trash / recycling room: 100 children’s playroom: 750

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storage: 500 outdoor terrace: 1000 men’s bathroom: 150


COOL ROOF ALUMINUM FINISH INSULATION AND WEATHERSTRIP CURROGATED METAL ROOF DECKING

CUSTOM STEEL TRUSS ROOF GARDEN MULTI-PURPOSE HALL

NON-METALIC WINDOW FRAME

CAFÉ LOUNGE

ADMIN. OFFICE

CLASSROOM

DOUBLE-GLAZED WINDOW WITH LOW-E GLASS

COMPUTER LAB

WOMENS BATHROOM

WEAP HOLE AIR CAVITY THIN STONE VENEER HONEYCOMB INSULATION HANGING ACOUSTICAL PANELS

UP

MECHANICAL ROOM

TRAINERS ROOM

MULLION CONNECTED TO STEEL WIDE-FLANGE COLUMN

STORAGE ROOM

MULTI-PURPOSE HALL

ALUMINUM FRAME TRIPLE-GLAZED WINDOW WITH POLAMIDE NYLON THERMAL BARRIERS LOW-E COATED CURROGATED METAL FLOOR DECKING

WEIGHT ROOM

MENS LOCKER ROOM

WOMENS LOCKER ROOM

UP

K-SERIES BAR JOIST

SECONDARY HVAC

FLASHING

JANITORS ROOM

LEVEL 2 café lounge: 500 administrative office: 500 computer lab: 750 classroom: 500 green roof garden: 1000 women’s restroom: 150

BASEMENT mechanical room: 600 secondary HVAC: 400 multi-purpose hall: 8100 trainer’s room: 200 storage: 200 janitor’s closet: 100 locker rooms (2): 300 weight room: 2000

WATER BARRIER REINFORCED CONCRETE FOUNDATION WALL

FOUNDATION SLAB FOUNDATION FOOTING

DRAINAGE PIPE

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DIVISION OF SPACE EXHAUST FAN

SUPPLY FAN

HEATING AND COOLING

Number of views delineate public spaces; ample views

Active: geothermal heat pump, two supply and

on the multipurpose-hall and limited views on the

exhaust systems, primary and secondary HVAC rooms

private administration spaces, circulation space is

to supply the gym and the supporting spaces, four air

highlighted by diffused lighting integrated within the

handling units for redundancy purposes

building form

Passive: precast concrete panels and concrete flooring along circulation spaces on the south facade to act as thermal mass, green roof garden

SUPPLY FAN

EXHAUST FAN

AHU UNITS EXHAUST FAN

SUPPLY DUCT RETURN DUCT FRESH AIR SUPPLY HVAC DIAGRAM

AHU UNITS

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FLEXIBILITY: DAY AND NIGHT PRESENCE As a community center it is important to

market. The space by the west facade is

provide the occupants with activities year-

meant to have more of a night presence.

round. For all seasons, the space by the

During late hours the indoor cafe, and

east facade of the building accommodates

outdoor terrace remain open. The terrace

outdoor activities. During the fall the space

encourages outdoor programs including

is designated on the weekend for a farmer’s

musical and comedic performance.

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CASABLANCA, MOROCCO SUSTAINABLE MARKET SQUARE UIUC | FALL 2012, M.ARCH YEAR 2 | ARCH 475: ARCH DESIGN and DEVELOPMENT PROFESSOR: ERIK HEMINGWAY | GROUP: ETHAN RATTRAY, BEN RAMLI, RACHNA BHATIA CONTRIBUITION: RENDERINGS, SECTION, CIRCULATION DIAGRAMS MEDIA: RHINOCEROUS, EARTH, 4D CINEMA, AUTOCAD, ILLUSTRATOR, PHOTOSHOP

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Strengthening the value of community and developing an ethical stance towards the environment, GROUNDED EXCHANGE is an attempt to link the cultural, social and economic agendas into a holistic sustainable built environment which can potentially activate and inspire a community to rebuild. GROUNDED EXCHANGE flourishes on the idea of the in-between everyday spaces for the development of the community.

-8’

Embedded in the spatial strategy is a language that translates local cultural patterns and practices into a visual and spatial language. The language is the resultant of cultural concepts of markets in the region. The market investigates and defines the public realm as part of a strategy to revitalize a community limited by social and economic inequities.

-20’

PROGRAM

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01 ground level plaza

06 marketspace

02 roof circulation

07 information center

03 cafe

08 market bathrooms

04 cafe bathroom

09 water taps

05 cafe stairwell

10 public steps


rammed earth

ground

LEVEL -2

LEVEL -1

GROUND

CIRCULATION -1 level

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THE MARKET AT NIGHT

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The market closes. Vendors pack up their

busy intersection within the city grid. My

belongings and head home for the night.

individual study investigated the night

Grounded Exchange is as much a spectacle

condition and lighting strategies. During

as it is a market. With high visibility during

the night, the light will shine from below

the day there is no reason to ignore the

and illuminate the wood louvers, casting

main strength of the space. Located at a

shadows onto the surrounding walls.


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CSUSTAINABLE STUDENT FARM URBANA, IL WASH/PACK PAVILION AWARD: 2012 Honor Award for Sustainable Design from AIA Central Illinois UIUC | SPRING 2012, M.ARCH YEAR 1 | ARCH 571 - DESIGN: DETAILS AND ARCHITECTONICS PROFESSOR: JEFFERY S. POSS, FAIA | GROUP: SMALL STUDIO CONTRIBUTION: DESIGN-BUILD TEAM CONSISTING OF 5 GRADUATE RESEARCH ASSISTANTS

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MEDIA: GOOGLE SKETCHUP, EARTH, AUTOCAD, ILLUSTRATOR, PHOTOSHOP

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SUSTAINABLE STUDENT FARM The primary focus was to create needed infrastructure for the campus’ Sustainable Student Farm (SSF). This student operated farm, initiated in 2009 to promote alternative growing practices and argriculture research, produces significant quanitites of fruits and vegetables for purchase on campus and for use in the university’s food service operations.

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We centered our efforts on the design and development of a Wash-Pack Pavilion, a protected location where crops could be sorted, triple washed, and packed for transformation to market. Unique features include simple construction techniques necessary to economize material use and costs.


CONSTRUCTION

PROGRAM

Over the summer of 2012, I worked as a Graduate Research Assistant to continue construction and design of the pavilion. My contribution ranged from furniture and truss manufacturing, cladding installation, material selection and cost estimating and purchasing.

CONSTRUCTION DETAIL: FOOTING

wash pack spaces

2x42x4 column column

blocking 2x42x4 blocking welded wire fabric welded wire fabric

classroom classroom wash pack spaces classroom van loading/drop off

tire tire formwork form work

wash pack: dry area wash pack: wet area fresh press

van loading/drop off off van loading/drop

0 1 2

4

8

scale (feet)

wash pack: drydry areaarea wash pack: wash pack: wetwet areaarea wash pack: fresh press fresh press

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SEQUENCE OF EMOTION UIUC | FALL 2009, JUNIOR STUDIO | ARCH 373: ARCH DESIGN AND THE LANDSCAPE PROFESSOR: ALLISON NEWMEYER | TEAM: ETHAN RATTRAY AND JON ABPLANALP CONTRIBUTION: RENDERING, CIRCULATION DIAGRAMS, SECTION, PLANS, SHARED MODEL MAKING MEDIA: AUTOCAD, GOOGLE EARTH, SKETCHUP, ILLUSTRATOR, PHOTOSHOP

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This project focussed on the development of a parking structure with a connection to a theater. The site of the structure was in downtown Urbana on an existing mall parking lot. The mall was just north of the site for our project. In context, the population of Urbana was on an increase of about ten percent on the decade. If we were going to build new program on the site next to the mall we would have to provide theater parking in addition to the existing spaces. The spaces closest to the theater would become flex parking or parking that would accommodate either moviegoers or shoppers. With the amount of parking, having two theaters in our program reflected a building size similar to the those in the area.

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adapt it to a sequence of entering and leaving

PATH B - PERSON ENTERING PATH B - PERSON LEAVING

Car B from ground to 3rd floor

Car A from 3rd floor to ground

Car A from 3rd to 2nd floor

Car A from 1st to 3rd floor

PATH B - CAR ENTERING

emotions carried out during the movies and

Car A from 3rd to 2nd floor

typical routine. We wanted to reflect these

CAR - A and B - 3rd to 1st floor

PATH A - CAR LEAVING

PEOPLE - A and B - 3rd to 1st floor

PATH A - PERSON LEAVING

to movies to feel something and escape their

PEOPLE - B - 2nd to 3rd floor

PATH A - PERSON ENTERING

CAR - A and B - 2nd to 3rd floor

the parking as a supporting space. People go

PATH A - CAR ENTERING

PEOPLE - A - 2nd to 3rd floor

The theater became the main program with

PATH B - CAR LEAVING

the theater. To follow through, we created a transparency between the people inside the theater and those entering the parking structure to go see a movie. Through a separation carried out in the parking structure

Car A from 3rd floor to ground

Car A from 2nd to 1st floor

Car A from 1st to 3rd floor

Car A from 2nd to 1st floor

CAR - A and B - 3rd to 1st floor

PEOPLE - A and B - 3rd to 1st floor

people waiting in line to get into the theater.

PEOPLE - B - 1st to 2nd floor

on the appearance of the emotions of the

CAR - A and B - 1st to 2nd floor

movie. The side they chose would be based

PEOPLE - A - 1st to 2nd floor

for convience of leaving the theater after the

Car B from ground to 3rd floor

the driver would need to decide where to park

CAR A - CINEMA CAR B - MALL

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ENTRANCE

TICKETING

INTERIOR CIRCULATION n Entrance (openness): three story atrium aims to create a larger than life feeling THEATER LINE

n Ticketing (anxiousness): occupant is unaware of sold out shows while the line wraps around the back of the ticket booth

THEATER

n Line into theater (anticipation): occupant must travel up a ramp before entering, glass enclosure creates a transparency between the people waiting in line and the people parking n Theater (immersive): a wide viewing angle and curved screen creates an environment that engages the occupant

PROGRAM DISTRIBUTION

TICKET BOOTH AND LOBBY

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THEATER PARKING THEATER

GRAND ENTRANCE


FLEX PARKING

FLEX PARKING TO MALL

TO MALL

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CONTEXT: REBUILDING HAITI UIUC | SPRING 2010, JUNIOR STUDIO | ARCH 374: ARCH DESIGN AND THE CITY PROFESSOR: MARK TAYLOR | INDIVIDUAL MEDIA USED: GOOGLE EARTH, SKETCHUP, REVIT ARCHITECTURE, PHOTOSHOP

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SITE PLANNING

On January 12th, 2010, Haiti was struck

a region prone to earthquakes, but also

with an earthquake of magnitude 7.0 just

hurricanes. The climate was far from

None of the houses in the photo prior withstood the earthquake. Upon closer look we see

10 miles west of the city center of Port-Au-

ideal due to its high temperatures year-

a landscape that is barren due to erosion caused by deforestation and heavy rainfalls. All

Prince. The earthquake was devastating,

round, high humidity and rain seasons.

it took was an earthquake to shake the houses out of the barren landscape.

taking over 200,000 lives and displacing

Economically, the region has been

much of the city’s inhabitants. Due to

consistently at the bottom of the GDP

My site design incorporates principles of erosion prevention. This led me to the need for

poor construction techniques and a lack

per-capita country list making it one of the

retaining walls and vegetation to hold the soil in place and prevent runoff from occurring.

of building codes; many of the structures

poorest nations in the world. Furthermore,

in the area were taken to the ground. This

the diverse terrains throughout Port-Au-

Water is the most important resource for humanity and Haitians oftentimes have to walk

catastrophe has led to a call for architects

Prince required a unique set of problem

several miles just to get their water. To reduce the amount of travel, the inhabitants can

through the world to lend a hand in the

solving for each specific area; the design

use the excess water running down the hillside. 

rebuilding of the city.

was not universal. Each retaining wall contains aggregates which filter the water until it reaches the bottom

This was a semester long project which

Upon extensive research via Google

where it gets sent through a drainage pipe to a biosand filter making the water drinkable.

started up with an in depth analysis of

Earth, newspaper articles, and eyewitness

Clay on the outside

the entire region of Port-Au-Prince, Haiti.

accounts from online videos I found

Upon analysis, each student was required

the Haiti hillsides, south of the city, to

to pick a particular area of focus and begin

have suffered the most damage from the

designing within the parameters.

earthquake. The need for housing as well as apparent problems in the planning of

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My initial research led me to many design

the regions led me in pursuit of solutions

considerations. The region was not only

to the hillside region.


VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE Haitians value a strong commitment to the community. Their culture is distinguished through their vibrant colors and unique forms which are put on display to invite others into their homes. Many of their homes were destroyed, but their character is what remains and brings them to progress. My design solution in Haiti reflects cultural considerations in the development of architecture that draws upon the vernacular.

ARCHITECTURE ELEMENTS balconies and cantilevers perforated block patterns rounded facade corners vivid interior colors and red doors

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SANTA ROSA SCHOOL STUDENT COMPETITION | GLOBAL ARCHITECTURE BRIGADES | FALL 2010 TEAM: ETHAN RATTRAY (TEAM LEADER), DANIELLE MULLENDORE, LYDIA MCGUIRE, LAUREN SUTHERLAND CONTRIBUTION: RENDERINGS, SITE AND CONSTRUCTION ANALYSIS, ROOF AND TRUSS DESIGN MEDIA USED: AUTOCAD, SKETCHUP, ILLUSTRATOR, PHOTOSHOP

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This project was a competition for the non-profit group, Global Architecture Brigades. Our chapter of Global Architecture

n Orientation of classroom with the long

Brigades (GAB) entered. I led one of the

axis directed east and west to reduce

groups and our design was voted the best

the solar heat gain on the structure

among the groups at our chapter. Global

throughout the day

Architecture Brigades then picked our roof and truss design for the build trip in May 2011. The site of the school is a rural area in

n A courtyard central to all of the buildings on the site to serve as a meeting space and recreation area n Covered walkways along the outside

Honduras. There are three classrooms on

of building to shelter students in

the site and latrines. The program is a to-

circulation from rain and direct sun

tal of six classrooms with the three existing classrooms either preserved or rebuilt. The supporting program includes a cafeteria large enough to seat the capacity of the classrooms (approximately 150 people), a teacher’s office, library, latrines and administrative office for town meetings. Upon our research of the area in Honduras

BUILDING n An open lover system along the north and south facades of each building to provide cross ventilation and shade throughout the day n Double pitched roof to allow diffused

we discovered the main design challenge

lighting into the classroom during

was creating a comfortable space and

daylight hours and to prevent

durable construction. Our climate

windblown rain and leakage into the

considerations included the abundant

structure

rainfall, hot and humid climate, excessive heat and sun exposure, and heavy winds during the hurricane season. We knew we would also need to incorporate

n CMU as the primary building materials to create a high thermal mass cooling n A corrugated metal roof due to its

durable materials in the design since the

high durability in withstanding heavy

inhabitants of the area cannot afford major

rainfalls and high winds

repairs to their buildings. Our concept was centered around thermal comfort. The features of our school and community center were derived from both the site and construction analysis. 42

SITE

n Overhangs as shading devices to reduce the total sunlight penetration throughout the year


DECEMBER 21ST

JUNE 21ST

ALTITUDE ANGLE

ALTITUDE ANGLE

AT SOLAR NOON

AT SOLAR NOON

DIRECTION OF PREVAILING WINDS

N

CORRUGATED METAL ROOF

PLYWOOD SHEATHING 2 × 4 BRACING

15 DEGREE SLOPE

UPDATED TRUSS DESIGN The basic frame is created then vertical

rainwater on the metal roof. The covered

2 × 4 studs are tacked on. Additional

walkway was lowered to prevent falling

supporting pieces then connect the vertical

rainwater on the path, and also open up

studs to the frame. Plywood sheathing

the room with more diffused light with an

is used to dampen the noise from falling

additional clerestory. 43


CONFINING SPACE PROJECT

UIUC | SPRING 2009, SOPHOMORE STUDIO | ARCH 272: STRATEGIES OF ARCH DESIGN INSTRUCTOR: ALLISON WARREN | INDIVIDUAL

This was a week long project which involved the creation of two constructs which were meant to capture the essence of a particular space. We could choose from six spaces: calm, confining, monotonous, disorienting, cheerful, or spiritual. I chose the confining space for one of the constructs. My representation was derived from the visual of jail bars. I cut a sequence of rectangles from a piece of black gatorfoam foam to create the similar form. Next I placed the planes of gatorfoam in an orientation which would allow for a progression of decreasing area from the viewer’s perspective. I followed through with this idea by cutting out and placing a series of triangles in the space created by the planes. 44

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Ethan Rattray, Master of Architecture  

collection of my undergraduate and graduate work at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign