Page 1

Volume 5 • Issue 2 • May 2018 For Private Circulation

Driving Towards Sustainable Transportation / +91 99166 97618


Dr. Rahul Walawalkar Executive Director, IESA President & MD, CES India

Accelerating Our e-Transport Journey


t gives me immense pleasure to release this special EV issue of ETN. This is the 2nd EV issue of ETN and a lot has changed in past 12 months. Thanks to the vision set by the Government to India, as well as the technology advancements achieved by the industry. We are now poised for adoption of electric transportation in India. Last year, Indian policy makers have taken a leadership by announcing a series of strategic procurements for mass transit commercial vehicles as well as for four wheelers for various government agencies. Energy Efficiency Services Ltd (EESL) released a single tender for 10,000 EVs last year, and is following that up with another tender of the same size this year. EESL has also has taken lead by procuring over 2,000 charging stations, to help facilitate transition for EVs. India has also seen private sector stepping up, with companies such as Lithium Cabs demonstrating that with the right business model, commercial EV vehicle fleet can be operated profitably. Now, Ola, the largest cab aggregator in India has announced plan for rolling out a fleet of 10,000 in next year with a plan to having a fleet of 1,000,000 vehicles in next five years. IESA is working with key stakeholders for accelerating development of sustainable ecosystem for EVs under the initiative MOVE (Moving Onwards with Vehicle Electrification). A number of IESA members, such as: Acme, Ashok Leyland, Ather, CES, Delta, Eaton, Exicom, EnerBlu, Fortum, MacDermid, Sun Mobility, Tafe and others are playing a key role in developing innovative solutions and business models. We invite all readers of ETN to join IESA community and share their suggestions with us, so that we can accelerate this transition further. This issue is also special as we are celebrating our 6th anniversary of creation of India Energy Storage Alliance. We thank the entire IESA community and readers of ETN for your support in growth of the energy storage sector in India. We hope that you will continue to support us for years to come in making India a global hub for manufacturing of advanced energy storage and EV ecosystem by 2022.

IESA is working with key stakeholders for accelerating development of sustainable ecosystem for EVs... •

• 3


Volume 5 • Issue 2 • May 2018

08 • • • • •


Power & Renewable Energy Expertise Exchange Quality Regulation Huge Potential Empowerment


• Dissemination • Make In India • EV Charging • Charging Solution




• CSR • Solar Installation • Flexicycle Plant


RE Installation Growing Substantially Renewable energy occupied nearly half the number of all the new capacity added in 2017…


Beyond the Li-ion Battery Li-ion battery has already proved its versatile usefulness in the field of electronics...



Raring to Fly The Indian electric vehicle industry is moving forward…



Towards Sustainable Transportation India has embarked on a journey towards emission-free transportation using EVs...


Aim for the Stars Targeting global electric vehicle market will be the key for developing battery manufacturing value chain in India…


“What is required is a roadmap…” Ashok Leyland recently unveiled India's first e-Bus series - called Circuit...


The New Life Philips Lighting is all set to fight the darkness after sunset with its their LifeLights and their Solar RMU...

42 STANDPOINT 18 4 •


“India has the opportunity to become a global player…” As an entrepreneur and technologist for more than 20 years, Chetan Maini’s lifelong vision...


• Pininfarina, HKG Showcase One More Concept • ABB Accelerates Journey towards E-mobility • SUN Mobility Rolls out a Unique Solutiony


"India has a fantastic market potential..." Customized Energy Solutions (CES) assists clients in managing and staying ahead of the changes...


A Comprehensive Guideline Needed The National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) had set a target of 6 to 7 million of electric vehicles in the country by 2020..




“India is an ideal market for us...” EnerBlu is a leader in new energy, bringing innovative power technologies and products to organizations worldwide...



India Energy Storage and Battery Market Overview Report 2017-2025 This report brought out by India Energy Storage Alliance is an all-inclusive guide...







“ISRO’s Li-ion cells are highly cost effective… ISRO is all set to supply battery technology to Indian manufacturers...

Karnataka Beckons Investors Karnataka, the first Indian state with an EV Policy...





58 62


• Power For All India achieves 100 per cent rural electrification • Honour Dr Rahul Walawalkar receives ISGF President’s Award 2018 • Solar Lamp Power minister empowers rural women

• Power Supplies Delta Rolls out New Amplon R Series UPS • Mobility Aid Murata Presents DC-DC Converters • Bus Charger ABB’s Opportunity Charging for Electric Buses • Efficient Management PowerShield Offers Solution for Managing Battery Banks




54 •

• 5


Energy Storage Technology, Applications & Manufacturing Processes

Organized by:

13th & 14th July 2018 | New Delhi

10:00 hrs – 17:00 hrs | India Habitat Centre, Lodhi Road, New Delhi Objective of Workshop

The MASTERCLASS will counsel companies planning to enter the energy storage ecosystem; discuss strategy in storage manufacturing systems for both the global as well as the indigenous market. Existing manufacturers can expect advice and approach to grow their business to the next level. The class will highlight potential in the Indian market with pointers to the finer nuances of the industry, its key drivers and commonly faced roadblocks.

Course Content

Module 1: Technology Module 2: Market and applications Module 3: Market study of manufacturing Module 4: Market entry strategy for energy storage and related business


Training methodology structure Insight-Inspire-Ideate Active participant involvement

Key Faculty

C Robert Pedraza – President-India & MENA-EnerBlu Debi Prasad Dash – Director IESA-CES India Pvt Ltd Hiren Shah – Senior Director- Energy Storage Solutions-Delta Electronics Manuj Khurana – AVP Invest India-Non-profit venture DIPP-Min of Commerce-GoI Dr H. Purushotham – Chairman and M D-National Research Development Corporation Dr Rahul Walawalkar – President & MD-CES-India Pvt Ltd Shyam S Raghupathy – Director Strategy-CES India Pvt Ltd


Registration Fee per delegate

(includes Technical literature, Lunch & Refreshments)

IEEMA & IESA Members Non-Members

– INR 32,000 + GST – INR 38,000 + GST

For more information please contact : Debi Prasad Dash Ashok Thakur

(09699719818) (09819944543)

IESA - Customized Energy Solutions India Pvt Ltd A-501, G-O Square, Aundh-Hinjewadi Link Road, Wakad, Pune-411057. INDIA Email: ; Phone: 91-20-3063 8311/12/13

Special Offer 5% discount for more than 2 attendees from one organization 10% discount for more than 3 attendees from one organization


Ashok Thakur Chief Editor and General Manager Publications

EV in Reality


here children experience the world with innocence, grownups see things with matured eyes. We cannot ignore their observations – their observations are unsullied and often reflect our own deep subconscious desires and yearnings. Why am I saying this? Something happened recently when I was walking with my son in the Bandra-Kurla Complex of Mumbai. At age seven he is an automobile freak, who has had a ride on almost every kind of vehicle - even a construction crane and a road roller! Recently 25 hybrid AC electric buses have been deployed in Mumbai. Some of them are running on the BKC roads and my son noticed one approaching – we had to get on and experience a joyride in this all-new electric bus. He was full of joy to get into that modern looking bus and exclaimed at its swanky interiors. I explained that it was a hybrid electric bus. Instantly he started comparing the bus with his electric toy bus, and his immediate next question was, ‘Can it be charged at home and do we need to keep it to charge for 6 to 7 hours?’ Before I could reply, the answer came from the driver. He explained that exactly like his toy bus, this real electric bus needs to be charged at night. My son was quite happy to find an analogy between his toy bus and a real e-Bus. After a while of checking out the bus, he told me that there was no smoke at all – as is found in any other normal Mumbai bus. Well, this is exactly the point that I am trying to communicate – that even a child can understand the environmental benefits of electric buses. Around the world efforts are on to turn the world into a greener place for the children of tomorrow. I am proud that India has made that dynamic effort to clean up its act, step up its pace and keep time with the technical movement towards climate change. India’s shift towards an EV regime is no doubt very timely. It is good that there is hope for the new generation to experience that better tomorrow, which has been a long and deep yearning for the 1.3 billion of us in India. Although slow, our steps towards climate protection and job growth through solar and electrification are praiseworthy. Any change is a mammoth job in our vast country with such a huge population, but we have to achieve that goal with an indomitable spirit. In this issue of ETN, we have attempted to focus on various aspects related to EVs – on the opportunities thrown up by this sunrise industry and the support available to make it all happen. I hope the effort will be useful to you!

Our steps towards climate protection and job growth through complete electrification are praiseworthy... •

• 7


Power & Renewable Energy

Indian battery manufacturers meet power minister


n a recent meeting held with the country’s battery manufacturers, RK Singh, Union Minister of State (IC) Power and New & Renewable Energy discussed the proposition to create an ecosystem for incentivising battery manufacturing in India. The minister stressed on setting up battery manufacturing units in the country as the future demand is going to be very high with the government promoting e-vehicles in a big way. He assured the battery manufacturers that the government would take all possible measures to incentivise battery manufacturing in India. Singh recalled, “Tenders for procuring e-Vehicles have already been issued – and we have started procuring the vehicles. This is going to increase.” Revealing that the future bids will be for solar or wind hybrid coupled with storage, the minister said that the government will soon come out with a policy in this regard, and the focus will be on ‘Make in India’ in this field. While addressing the issue of adequate supply of raw materials for manufacturing of batteries, he said that the government had already initiated interaction with resource-rich countries such as Bolivia. In the meeting; attended by major battery & electric vehicles manufacturers and Anand Kumar, Secretary, MNRE along with other dignitaries from ISRO, MEITY, Niti Aayog and MNRE; the industry representatives voiced their concern for the high GST rates on batteries. They also demanded that to 8 •


promote ‘Make in India’, preference should be given to India-made batteries in government procurement. Yet two more important points, precisely, creation of Indian standards for batteries and setting up of field testing facilities for both stationary and mobile sectors were raised by the industry-people. Emphasising the need for creating a manufacturing base for batteries in the country, Singh asked the Department of Space and ISRO to share relevant technologies with the industry. As a reply to the minister’s stress on the need to start manufacturing of cells in India, the industry representatives requested him for a favourable fiscal regime. They also expressed the need to create an enabling environment for recycling of batteries in India. Commenting on the recent developments in the domestic industry, Dr Rahul Walawalkar, President & MD of Customised Energy Solutions and an Executive Director of India Energy Storage Alliance (IEA) said, “In 2017, the Indian industry started investing in setting up manufacturing capabilities for developing Li-ion battery packs in India with IESA members – such as Exicom, Delta, and ACME leading the way.” “By mid-2018, India will have over 1GWh of Liion battery pack manufacturing capacity. We also anticipate that in 2018 construction of at least two Li-ion cell manufacturing plants with capacity of 1 GWh or more will commence. Their completion time is expected to be early 2020 – which will bring India on global map of ‘Gigafactories’,” he added further.

Expertise Exchange

India, Guyana strengthen bilateral cooperation


A step to encourage and promote technical bilateral cooperation…

he Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been apprised of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on cooperation in Renewable Energy between India and Guyana. The MoU was signed on 30th January, 2018 in New Delhi by RK Singh, Minister of State (IC) for Power and New and Renewable Energy (NRE) and Carl B Greenidge, 2nd Vice President and the Foreign Minister of the Co-operative, Guyana. Both sides aim to establish the basis for a cooperative institutional relationship to encourage and promote technical bilateral cooperation on new and renewable energy issues on the basis of mutual benefit, equality and reciprocity. The MoU envisages establishing a Joint Working Committee to review, monitor and discuss matters relation to areas of cooperation. This also aims for exchange of expertise and networking of information.

Quality Regulation

MNRE revises standards implementation date for SPV systems


he MNRE has initiated action for implementation of Quality Control Order (Requirement for Compulsory Registration under BIS Act). Earlier, the Quality Control Order 2017 vide Government of India Gazette notification No. 2561 dated 5th September 2017, specified standards shall come into force on expiry of one year from the date of its publication in the Official Gazette. Recently, MNRE has revised schedule and enforcement date of Solar Photovoltaic Systems/ Devices/Components Goods Order 2017. The preparedness of test labs has been reviewed in consultation with Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS)

Up to 100 kW of invertor testing, test labs had been requested to obtain approval of BIS by 31.03.2018...

and test labs. It has now been decided that the said order in respect of SPV Modules shall come into force w.e.f. 1.4.2018 except for fire test – which will be effective w.e.f. 01.07.2018. All test labs will set up fire test facility as per the specified standards, with BIS approval by 01.07.2018. For supplies from 01.04.2018 to 30.06.2018, the representatives of the manufactures would submit samples to an authorised lab for testing and give a self-certification that the module adheres to the prescribed standards. In case the sample fails to conform to the Indian Standards, the project developer will be penalised as per the provision contained in the Quality Control Order and guidelines of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Government of India. For invertor testing, test labs had been requested to obtain approval of BIS by 31.03.2018 for testing invertors of capacities up to 100kW and by 1.09.2018 for capacities more than 100kW. The word “Power Convertors” is replaced with “Invertors” at Sl. No. 4 in the schedule of the Quality Control Order. BIS has also been requested to follow the guidelines for registration of products and test labs. The MNRE will bring out a list of test labs approved by BIS by the end of March, 2018, which will be uploaded on MNRE web for public information. •

• 9


Huge Potential

India to become the leader in Solar Energy sector


hile addressing the inaugural session of ELECRAMA 2018; organized by the Indian Electrical and Electronics Manufacturing Association, in Noida, UP; Vice President of India, M Venkaiah Naidu said that global warming and climate change are affecting every aspect of our life and any new policy has to factor in the urgent need to protect environment and ensure sustainable development. He reminded, “Various initiatives taken by the government have improved India’s rank in World Bank’s Ease of Getting Electricity Index from 99 to 26. At the end of December 2017, only 1370 villages remained to be electrified out of 18, 452 un-electrified villages.”

Stressing on India’s capability in harnessing renewable energy, he said that with India ranking second in Renewable Energy Attractive Index 2017, this sector is bound to play a major role in the years ahead. As per the Vice President, energy storage technologies are needed not only to create more resilient infrastructure but also to bring down costs. While focusing on India’s steps towards reducing CO2 emissions, he said, “EVs and hybrid electric vehicles will be driving the automobile industry in the coming years. The government had already unveiled the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) and set a target of 6 to 7 million units of Electric Vehicles (EVs) and hybrid electric vehicles by 2020.”


ISA, India sign the host country agreement


he International Solar Alliance (ISA) and the Indian Ministry of External Affairs (MEA), have recently signed the Host Country Agreement, which will give ISA a juridical personality. Thus, ISA gets power to contract, to acquire and to dispose off movable and immovable properties, to institute and defend legal proceedings. Under this agreement, ISA shall enjoy such privileges, applicable tax concessions and immunities as are necessary for ISA’s Headquarter to independently discharge its function and programmes. Henceforth, ISA shall be deriving its status, privileges and

immunities as per Article 10 of Framework Agreement. Congratulating the signatories, RK Singh, the Minister of Power, said that ISA has potential to change developmental paradigm in the world. Singh further added that energy will now be available to less developed tropical countries at affordable rates and in an easily deployable manner. The minister also mentioned that many countries have shown interest to learn from India’s experience in renewable energy. He emphasized the need for our industry to go and set up infrastructure in these countries and talked about doing necessary de-risking in this regard.

RENEWABLE TREND “Solar PV and wind power dominate global spending on new renewables projects, moving from 83 per cent of total finance in 2013, to 93 per cent of total renewable energy investment in 2016.”

Source: International Renewable Energy Agency

10 •

• •

• 11

COMPANY UPDATE Dissemination

NTPC highlights its strength in Renewable Energy in Russia


he Power Pavilion-Ministry of Power- Government of India showcased India’s power potential at the three-day India Sourcing Fair-2018 held at St Petersburg, Russia from 20 to 22 March-2018. As the nodal agency for the Power Pavilion, NTPC highlighted

NTPC highlights its potential as an international player…

its potential as an international player for new power projects in development mode, as well as the taking over of old power projects and their renovation and modernization. NTPC has been a pioneer in capacity building onshore, offshore and training. The Power Pavilion was inaugurated by Arun Kumar Panda-Secretary-MSME-GoI in the gracious presence of Arun Kumar Sharma-Consul General of India-St Petersburg. Senior Officials of the Indian government included Srimati Renuka Kumar-Director CoordinationPolicy & Planning-Ministry of Power. Officials from the Ministry of Steel and MSME too were present at the inaugural function. Also, participating in the fair were Power Grid, CPRI, EESL and NHPC. The Power Pavilion drew visitors from various global companies as well along with consultants interested in NTPC’s offshore business opportunities, wind power and solar power generation and NTPC’s commitment to Renewable Energy. Various power plant equipment manufacturers and consultancy firms expressed keen interest on electric charging vehicles, on the research and development arm-NETRA and O&M services of the power major.

Make In India

Tata Motors delivers hybrid buses to MMRDA

The Tata Starbus Series Hybrid Electric Bus…


ecently in Mumbai the Chief Minister of Maharashtra Sri Devendra Fadnavis formally handed over 25 Tata Starbus Hybrid Electric Buses manufactured by Tata Motors to Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority. 12 •


Manufactured indigenously, the Tata Starbus Series Hybrid Bus comes with global design standards, a trendy look and a premium and robust road presence. These dual power buses run on both diesel and electricity, are economically viable, safe and environmentally friendly. Besides the advanced safety features, passengers can experience top class comfort. These vehicles are compliant with all UBS-II (Urban Bus Specifications), AIS 052 (Automotive Industry Standards) and CMVR (Central Motor Vehicle Rules).

Dr A K Jindal-Head Engineering (Electric and Defence) CVBUTata Motors said, "Tata Motors is the country’s largest bus manufacturer with a complete range of transit vehicles that meet every need, arising from day-to-day travel. The company continues to be a leader in the segment not just by setting technological benchmarks, but by also adapting innovations effectively to suit Indian travel conditions. With an entire range of coach designs, e.g. microbus, intercity and touring coaches, luxurious inter-city travel options to safe transport choices for school going children, Tata Motors is best suited to cater to customers’ needs with an entire gamut of day-to-day mass passenger transport solutions."

EV Charging

Delta Electronics supports government’s 2030 EV vision


upporting the Indian government’s electric mobility drive, Delta Electronics India Pvt. Ltd. has launched its complete

range of energy efficient electric vehicle charging solutions. The advanced EV charging solution offerings from Delta will enable

the ecosystem to keep pace with the growing demands for a robust electric automobile infrastructure. Supporting the Indian government’s electric mobility drive, Delta Electronics India Pvt. Ltd. has launched its complete range of energy efficient electric vehicle charging solutions. The advanced EV charging solution offerings from Delta will enable the ecosystem to keep pace with the growing demands for a robust electric automobile infrastructure.

Delta Electronics team announces its 4th manufacturing plant in India...

Charging Solution

Exicom bags new order


aving won through tender, power and energy solutions company for electric vehicles, Exicom is all set to deploy EV chargers under the Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL) procurement program at different locations in the country. The company will install 1800 numbers of 3.3 kW AC Chargers and 200 numbers of 15kW DC Fast Chargers. These will be used to charge the TATA Tigor and Mahindra e-Verito cars procured by EESL. Fully compliant with the Bharat AC and DC specifications released by the Department of Heavy Industries (DHI) earlier this year, it will allow consumers to pay through multiple options (Debit/Credit Card, BHIM as well as UPI). Anant Nahata, Managing Director of Exicom said, "We are grateful and excited to participate in this project and support the ambitious plan of

Indian Government and NITI Aayog to push Electric vehicles. We thank EESL for their efforts in consolidating this market and providing necessary impetus to the industry. This will also drive down costs and carbon emissions. Such initiatives will create local manufacturing facilities and grow technical competencies for the long-term growth of the EV industry in India.” The company has already been empaneled by leading automobile manufacturers in India and is actively working to collaborate with both public and private organizations. Presently EXICOM is offering both EV Charging solutions for home and public charging for 2W, 3W, Passenger Cars and Commercial Vehicles. Well suited for Indian rugged conditions, these are suitable for deployment at residential, commercial and parking locations. •

• 13


Wärtsilä to help Senegal integrate more RE Panasonic will donate its products such as solar generation and storage systems…


Panasonic aids in creating sustainability in society


anasonic Corporation has initiated a project for people living in off-grid areas. The project combines educational activities to promote understanding of electricity and provision of the company's related products. The Off-grid Solutions Project is part of Panasonic's Corporate Social Responsibility initiatives, celebrating the centennial of the company's founding this year. This new initiative aims to support the creation of a sustainable society where each individual living without access to the power grid can lead an independent life. Panasonic will donate its products such as solar generation and storage systems, provide education and technical training to cultivate human resources, and help develop local business models taking advantage of electricity. Through these activities, Panasonic wants to help establish a solid educational foundation, increase local income and support independence for these communities. These activities will also contribute to the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals. The new project is intended for communities in Asia and Africa with a large off-grid population, where Panasonic will work with NGOs and NPOs that are making efforts to resolve societal issues these communities face. Starting in Indonesia (January 2018–December 2019), Myanmar (April 2018–March 2020) and Kenya (currently being coordinated), the activities will be gradually expanded into other regions and countries. Specific activities in Panasonic Corporation’s project include education for sustainable development for local citizens, donation of solar generation and storage systems to promote the use of renewable energy and development of electricitybased local industry models to increase income. 14 •



ärtsilä Group has signed a contract to engineer, manufacture and deliver a 130 MW Flexicycle plant to be an integral part of Senegal’s energy future. The Malicounda power project in Mbour is located 85 km from the country’s capital Dakar. The order booked in March 2018 was placed by Matelec, contractor of the Independent Power Producer MPG (Melec Power Gen) and part of the Matelec Group, based in Lebanon. The project is part of Senegal’s strategy to increase its energy production while reducing the cost of electricity for consumers in the medium term. Importantly, the Wärtsilä thermal plant solution will provide the flexibility needed to facilitate the integration of intermittent Renewable Energy (RE) into the country’s network. In addition, Senegal is creating its future energy blueprint and is exploring other essential tech-

Solar Installation

World’s biggest CSP project coming up in UAE


AE is now one step ahead with its mission of global leadership in the use of clean and renewable energy. Recently Vice President and Prime Minister of the country and Ruler of Dubai, Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum

The Wärtsilä 50 engine…

nologies including energy storage. The project was initiated in September 2017 with the signing of a development agreement between Africa 50, the infrastructure development fund for Africa, and Senelec, Senegal’s state power utility. The plant will operate on seven Wärtsilä 50 en-

gines operating initially on Heavy Fuel Oil. However there is an option to convert to a gas fuelled operation as soon as gas becomes available. Senegal and Mauritania have signed an inter-governmental cooperation agreement to develop substantial gas resources to be shared by the two countries.

broke ground on the 700 MW fourth phase of the Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park, the biggest Concentrated Solar Power project in the world. On the occasion Sheikh Mohammed said, “We will continue pursuing ambitious investments with an emphasis on projects that have a positive impact on people’s lives. Clean and renewable energy is the key to sustainable development and the UAE has set an example for its rapid adoption.”

The CSP project, based on the Independent Power Producer model, will generate 700 MW of clean energy at a single site. The project, which features the world’s tallest solar tower measuring 260 meters and the world’s largest thermal energy storage capacity, will provide clean energy to over 270,000 residences in Dubai, reducing 1.4 million tons of carbon emissions a year. It will use two technologies for the production of clean energy: the 600 MW parabolic basin complex and the 100 MW solar tower over a total area of 43 square kilometers. This project, which features an investment of AED14.2 billion, has achieved the world’s lowest Levelised Cost of Electricity of USD 7.3 cents per kilowatt-hour. This is a new global achievement for the UAE. The project is being built by a consortium comprising Saudi Arabia’s ACWA Power and the Silk Road Fund, in collaboration with China’s Shanghai Electric as the main contractor. Paddy Padmanathan, CEO of ACWA Power said, “The 24hour dispatchable cost-competitive solar energy that this project will deliver is not just a monumental step forward in achieving the goals of Dubai’s Clean Energy Strategy, but is also possibly the most significant contribution to accelerating the energy revolution across the world.”

A model of the Mohammed bin Rashid Avl Maktoum Solar Park... •

• 15


RE Installation Growing Substantially Installing Renewable Energy in nearly half of all new capacity in 2017, China is leading the RE capacity expansion race; India is the next player…


ccording to a recent report published by International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), by the end of 2017, global renewable power generation capacity increased by 167 GW and reached 2,179 GW worldwide. This reflects a yearly growth of around 8.3 per cent, the average for seven straight years in a row. 16 •


IRENA Director-General, Adnan Z. Amin, said, “This latest data confirms that the global energy transition continues to move forward at a fast pace, thanks to rapidly falling prices, technology improvements and an increasingly favorable policy environment. Renewable energy is now the solution for countries

looking to support economic growth and job creation, just as it is for those seeking to limit carbon emissions, expand energy access, reduce air pollution and improve energy security.” He added, “Despite this clear evidence of strength in the power generation sector, a complete energy transformation goes beyond

Renewable energy is now the solution for countries looking to support economic growth and job creation, just as it is for those seeking to limit carbon emissions, expand energy access, reduce air pollution and improve energy security...

electricity to include the enduser sectors of heating, cooling and transportation, where there is substantial opportunity for growth of renewables.”

Noticeable growth in solar segment Solar Photovoltaics grew by a whopping 32 per cent in 2017 followed by wind energy, which grew by 10 per cent. Underlying this growth are substantial cost reductions, with the levelised cost of electricity from solar PV decreasing by 73 per cent, and onshore wind by nearly one-quarter between 2010 and 2017. Both technologies are now well within the cost-range of power generated by fossil fuels.

Overview of a few leading countries China continued to lead global capacity additions, installing nearly half of all new capacity in 2017. Ten per cent of all new capacity additions came from India, mostly in solar and wind. Asia accounted for 64 per cent of new capacity additions in 2017, up from 58 per cent last year. Europe added 24 GW of new capacity in 2017, followed by North America with 16 GW. Brazil set itself on a path of accelerated renewables deployment, installing 1 GW of solar generation, a ten-fold increase from the previous year.

Development in off-grid segment Off-grid renewables capacity saw unprecedented growth in 2017, with an estimated 6.6 GW serving off-grid customers. This represents a 10 per cent growth from the previous year with around 146 million people now using off-grid renewables.

Technology-wise break-ups Hydropower: The amount of new hydro capacity commissioned in 2017 was the lowest seen in the last decade. Brazil and China continued to account for most of this expansion (12.4 GW or 60 per cent of all new capacity). Hydro capacity also increased by more than 1 GW in Angola and India.

Wind energy: Three-quarters of new wind energy capacity was installed in five countries: China (15 GW); USA (6 GW); Germany (6 GW); UK (4 GW) and India (4 GW). Brazil and France also installed more than 1 GW. Bio-energy: Asia continued to account for most of the increase in bio-energy capacity, with increases of 2.1 GW in China, 510 MW in India and 430MW in Thailand. Bioenergy capacity also increased in Europe (1.0 GW) and South America (0.5 GW), but the increase in South America was relatively low compared to previous years. Solar energy: Asia continued to dominate the global solar capacity expansion, with a 72 GW increase. Three countries accounted for most of this growth, with increases of 53 GW (+68%) in China, 9.6 GW (+100%) in India and 7 GW (+17%) in Japan. China alone accounted for more than half of all new solar capacity installed in 2017. Other countries that installed more than 1 GW of solar in 2017 included: USA (8.2 GW); Turkey (2.6 GW); Germany (1.7 GW); Australia (1.2 GW); South Korea (1.1 GW); and Brazil (1 GW). Geothermal energy: Geothermal power capacity increased by 644 MW in 2017, with major expansions in Indonesia (306 MW) and Turkey (243 MW). Turkey passed the level of 1 GW geothermal capacity at the year-end and Indonesia is fast approaching 2 GW. •

• 17

APPOINTMENTS H Hamam joins Vikram Solar as Head of Sales (MENA)

Hatem Hamam He started his career as an Electrical Engineer in Egypt, later he was associated with Canadian Solar, Conergy and National Solar Systems…

Vikram Solar has appointed Hatem Hamam as its new Head of Sales, EPC & Modules for MENA (Middle East & North Africa) region. Hatem has around 15 years of diverse experience in sales, operations, strategy and business development. He has proven experience in various roles in the Middle East and Africa. Prior to joining Vikram Solar, Hatem was also associated with DMCC, MasrTec for Embedded Systems and H-Logic Co. in various capacities. Hatem started his career as an Electrical Engineer in Egypt, then moved to Saudi Arabia and built his Project Management experience. He has completed his Bachelor’s degree in Electronics and Communications from Alexandria University and PMP and MBA degree in International Management from Geneva Business School, Switzerland. Gyanesh Chaudhary, MD and CEO of Vikram Solar said, “We have plans to penetrate the lucrative solar market of MENA region. And we believe having Mr Hatem with us would give us an edge in navigating the market.” Rohit Dhar, Director- Sales, EPC said, “Apart from identifying and realizing EPC and B2B opportunities, the company also plans to achieve rapid growth in the region through project deployments by assigning strong local partners for each focus country.” Commenting on the occasion, Hatem said, “It is a real delight for me to be a part of Vikram Solar, which has become a name synonymous with quality, performance and customer centricity. I am looking forward to working as an integral part of the Vikram Solar team.”

P Sinha to take over the charge as CEO of Tata Power

Praveer Sinha He was the former CEO & Managing Director of Tata Power Delhi Distribution Limited (Tata Power-DDL), which is a Public Private Partnership company…

Tata Power has appointed Praveer Sinha as the firm’s new Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director with effect from May 01, 2018. Sinha was the former CEO & Managing Director of Tata Power Delhi Distribution Limited (Tata Power-DDL). Tata Power-DDL is a Public Private Partnership (Joint Venture) between Tata Power and Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, supplying power to over seven million people in North and North-West Delhi. Sinha has over three decades of experience in the power sector and has been credited with transforming the power distribution sector as well as the development and setting up of greenfield and brownfield power plants in India and abroad. N. Chandrasekaran, Chairman, Tata Power, said, “Praveer’s extensive experience in the power sector and his ability to drive performance, maximize returns and work seamlessly with stakeholders will be very valuable for Tata Power as it looks to strengthen and expand its position in fast-evolving energy market.” Contextually, Tata Power has a strong portfolio of 1,188 MW of solar generation capacity. Way back in January 2012 and May 2014, the company commissioned its solar power projects of 25 MW in Mithapur, Gujarat and 28.8 MWin Palaswadi, Maharashtra. It has also executed a 3 MW solar photo-voltaic plant at Mulshi, one of the largest grid-connected solar projects in the State of Maharashtra. Going back further, it had set up its first solar power plant of 110 kW, way back in 1996 at Walwhan in Lonavla.

Duncan Berry to be the CEO of LM Wind Power

Duncan Berry Prior to joining RE, he was the CEO of GE Capital Australia and New Zealand. He was previously Operations Leader for GE Capital Americas…

18 •

GE Renewable Energy Business has appointed Duncan Berry as Chief Executive Officer of LM Wind Power. Berry will succeed Marc de Jong, who has been holding the post since June 2015. He was appointed to his current role as LM Integration Leader in September 2016. He is presently responsible for all aspects of integrating LM into GE, following its acquisition in April 2017. Berry has a degree in history from Oxford University, an MBA from INSEAD and is a UK Chartered Accountant. Prior to joining RE, Duncan was CEO of GE Capital Australia and New Zealand. He was previously Operations Leader for GE Capital Americas, a USD 100 billion mid-market lender responsible for all operations activities across twelve business units in the US, Canada and Mexico. This followed a successful period as CEO of GE Money Home Lending, a leading specialist lender in the UK with assets of USD 15 billion. "We are very pleased to have a seasoned and energized leader in Duncan Berry –(who is) ready to take the CEO role at LM Wind Power. Duncan has been leading GE teams and businesses for 10+ years, (he) served as our LM integration leader and has a strong rapport with employees and customers. LM Wind Power is a critical part of GE Renewable Energy's growth strategy and I want to thank Marc de Jong for his outstanding leadership of this team. Under Marc's guidance the business has grown stronger and is focused on delivering future success together with GE and all its external customers,” said Jérôme Pécresse - CEO - GE Renewable Energy.


D Marino becomes new CFO of EnerBlü EnerBlü, Inc a high-power energy-storage solutions company focusing on electric transportation, PV hybrid microgrids, power grids and genset hybridization has named Darren Marino as Chief Financial Officer. Marino is an accomplished corporate development and finance executive and possesses exceptional team-building skills. He also has a successful track record in negotiating and securing international transactions along with making strategic alliances. Commenting on Marino’s appointment, EnerBlü's Executive Chairman Michael Weber said, “One of our primary goals has been to build a team that not only has the business acumen and foresight to help drive our business into the future, but also one that has a strong sense of corporate morality – and the desire to positively impact the community and environment as well." Adding further to Weber’s comment, EnerBlü President and Chief Executive Officer, Daniel Elliott said, “Darren fits perfectly with what we are trying to create. Moreover, it is impossible to overstate the importance of having a strong fiscal manager to a company in our early stage development position. His experiences demonstrate that he played a critical role in the domestic and global successes achieved with the large companies he worked for in the past. With his professional experience and financial acumen, we could not have chosen a more qualified individual for this position." Marino's diversified global business-development expertise spans technology, consumer products, telecommunications, entertainment and banking. His professional experience spans public, private, crossborder, mergers and acquisitions, and both equity and debt-based investments, as well as complex financing structures. He has been responsible for over 50 transactions valued at over USD 3 billion.

Darren Marino He, besides holding exceptional teambuilding skills, has a successful track record in negotiating and securing international transactions – along with making strategic alliances...

S Modak joins Schneider Electric as CMO for NAM

Shonodeep Modak He has 17 plus years’ experience across energy, O&G and electrical distribution serving senior marketing and sales positions in top brands like GE, ExxonMobil…

Schneider Electric has appointed Shonodeep Modak as Chief Marketing Officer for North America, where he will be responsible for the development and implementation of the brand and marketing strategy in the United States, Canada and Mexico. Modak will join both the Global Marketing and North America Operations Leadership Teams, reporting directly to Annette Clayton, CEO and president, North America Operations and Chris Leong, Chief Marketing Officer. Having previously held senior marketing and sales positions with top brands including General Electric and ExxonMobil, Modak brings more than 17 years of experience across energy, oil and gas and electrical distribution, leading data-driven global teams to propel portfolio expansion. Most recently he served as CMO for GE's Industrial Solutions business. In this role, Modak will lead the formation, planning and implementation of marketing to drive the acceleration of Schneider Electric's Brand to Order transformation – to increase brand awareness, digitally engage customers and contribute to revenue growth. He will work closely with the North American business leaders, while also leveraging global marketing resources to build and execute marketing plans that increase business impact for the region. "At Schneider Electric, customers and quality come first – understanding our customer wants, needs and preferences informs both our service and solution strategy. We're confident Shonodeep will take our NAM marketing effort to a new level, helping to more clearly deliver our message and simplifying the value proposition we bring to our customers and their operations," said Clayton.

Y Moorooven becomes CEO of ENGIE’s Africa Business

Yoven Moorooven He entered investment banking at the Macquarie Bank in London to develop its energy markets later, he moved to Deutsche Bank…

On April 15, 2018, ENGIE, a company committed to taking on the major challenges of the energy revolution, towards a world more decarbonised, decentralised and digitalised– and the leading supplier of green electricity in France - appointed Yoven Moorooven as CEO for its Africa Business Unit. Moorooven, a Mauritian national, holds a Master’s degree in econometrics and a Master’s degree in banking, finance and commodities. He began his career in 2003 at Gaselys (ex-joint-venture company between Société Générale and Gaz de France) and spent three years in the company as a market economist and as an originator. In 2006, he moved into investment banking at the Macquarie Bank in London to develop its energy markets division. After five years, he became a Partner at Macquarie. In 2012 he moved to Deutsche Bank, where he was responsible for the management of its gas, power and coal origination and trading activities in Europe. Yoven Moorooven joined ENGIE in 2013. Until 2016, he held the position of head of the International Division within the Global Energy Management Business Unit, responsible for the development of all new energy market activities, and more specifically biomass valorization in which the group has acquired a worldwide leadership. •

• 19


Beyond the Li-ion Battery Li-ion battery has already proved its versatile usefulness in the field of electronics, and now it is being deployed in the fields of energy storage and electric vehicles. However, researchers have now started working on things beyond-lithium-ion batteries that are even more powerful, cheaper, safer and longer lived...

Author: Joe Harmon

This schematic of the new Li-air cell design consists of coated lithium anode, molybdenum disulfide cathode and a unique hybrid electrolyte. The different materials were subjects of basic science computational studies...

20 •


(CNM) for high-performance computing. The ALCF and CNM are DOE Office of Science User Facilities, both located at Argonne. Equally instrumental was the Research Resources Center at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

Fellow, observed that others have tried to build lithium-air battery cells that run on air, but they failed because of little cycle life. The researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago built, tested, analyzed and characterized the battery cells, while those at Argonne mainly handled the basic science computational studies. Important to the project’s success was the use of the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF) and the Center for Nanoscale Materials

Conquering the challenge

Source: Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Illinois at Chicago


team of scientists from the University of Illinois at Chicago and the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory has produced a new design for a beyond-lithium-ion battery cell that operates by running on air (‘lithium-air’) over many charge and discharge cycles. Larry Curtiss, Co-principal Investigator and Argonne Distinguished

The problem with past technology has been that battery cells tested in the lab required a separate supply of pure oxygen (hence, referred to as lithium-oxygen batteries). As a consequence, a tank of oxygen gas would have to be part of the battery system, making it prohibitive for use in electric vehicles due to space requirements. A lithium-air battery that uses air from outside eliminates this problem.

Neo-technicalities The key features of the team’s newly developed battery cell are a new protective coating for the lithium metal anode, which prevents the anode from reacting with oxygen and hence deteriorating, and a novel electrolyte mixture that allows the cell to operate in an air atmosphere. In tests under an air environment, this cell maintained high performance during 700 cycles, far surpassing previous technology.

Source: Argonne National Laboratory

Argonne team members are in serious discussion: (LtoR) Rajeev Assary, Cong Liu, Badri Narayanan, Anh Ngo and Larry Curtiss...

According to Amin SalehiKhojin, Co-principal Investigator and Assistant Professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago, “The energy storage capacity was about three times that of a lithium-ion battery, and five times should be easily possible with continued research. This first demonstration of a true lithiumair battery is an important step toward what we call beyondlithium-ion batteries.”

The team’s basic science computational studies uncovered how this system operates in air – and what factors contribute to the improved cycling stability. This new knowledge should prove crucial in scientists’ continued efforts to develop a full-size lithium-air battery.

Research funding The research was funded in part by the National Science

MICROGRID “In the US, microgrid projects are supported by funding benefits in the form of grants from federal and state governments. In 2012, when the US was hit by Hurricane Sandy, millions of people, as well as several medical centers and other critical setups, were left without power. However, in Princeton University's 15 MW combined heat and power (CHP) generator and 5.3 MW solar microgrid powered the university campus for three days. South Oaks Hospital located in Long Island was powered with the help of 1.2 MW CHP generators and 47 kW solar power, which remained disconnected from the grid for 15 days after Hurricane Sandy.”

Source: Technavio Research

The energy storage capacity of the Lithium-air battery was about three times that of a Lithium-ion battery, and it may be raised up to five times... Foundation, DOE’s Office of Science and the State of Illinois. Several of the researchers received support from the Joint Center for Energy Storage Research, a DOE Energy Innovation Hub, and the Center for Electrical Energy Storage: Tailored Interfaces, a DOE Energy Frontier Research Center, both also supported by the Department’s Office of Science.

RURAL ELECTRIFICATION “Definition of village electrification is a legacy issue which, though, mandates electrification of at least 10 per cent households in a village, but does not imply restricting household electrification only to 10 per cent. The Government has launched ‘Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana’- Saubhagya to achieve universal household electrification in the country by 31stDecember 2018. Therefore, the debate over definition of village electrification in the present scenario has lost the significance.”

Source: Press Information Bureau, India •

• 21


Raring to Fly The Indian electric vehicle industry is moving forward, a much more accelerated pace of change is needed as far as the paradigms of the stake holders are concerned…

Author: Manuj Khurana AVP Invest India - Ministry of Commerce & Industry


f you watch how a butterfly comes out of its cocoon, it’s a long and difficult process. There is squeezing and moving, the cocoon clings to its body until it manages that last wriggle, that last push and it's out. Indian Electric Vehicle - EV industry is that butterfly making its last push, raring to fly.

The year that was The Government of India launched the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) 2020 in 2013. The plan had an ambitious target to achieve six to seven million hybrid and electric vehicles sales year on year from 2020 onwards. While we are nowhere close to the target, the discourse over the last 12 months has elevated from articles and events to firm policy decisions and investment commitments. Goods and Services Tax on all types of EVs was reduced to 12 per cent compared to 50 per cent for high-end SUVs. Department of Heavy Industries extended the demand-side incentives under the Faster Adoption and 22 •


Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles-FAME scheme till September 2018, while a more comprehensive FAME-2 is under works. Multiple state governments such as Karnataka, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh notified their EV adoption and manufacturing policies. Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL) floated two car tenders of 10,000 each. And most recently, Ministry of Power in its landmark notification clarified that, "charging of batteries of electric vehicles through charging station does not require any license under the provisions of the Electricity Act, 2003." Corporates have equally matched the steps taken by the Federal and State Governments. Suzuki announced its partnership with Denso and Toshiba to set up a USD 200 million cell manufacturing plant in Gujarat. Mahindra Electric announced fresh investments of USD 150 million over the USD 100 million it has already invested. Tata Motors and Ashok Leyland too have announced considerable investments. From barely two electric cars currently on offer, 15 new models were showcased at the Auto Expo 2018. The muchanticipated battery swapping solution for buses was also demonstrated by Ashok Leyland and Sun Mobility.

Brave new world While we continue to make the advances, the path is strewn with challenges. The government earns USD 30 billion in annual tax revenues (15 to 20 per cent of total tax) from oil and related products; EVs make a moral case when fuelled with renewable power, which currently contributes a meager seven per cent to our total power output; automobile sector with more than 90 per cent indigenization constitutes 50 per cent of manufacturing GDP and employs 30 million people; but EV components - namely batteries, motors, and power electronics contributing more than 50 per cent to its value are currently not manufactured in India – and their manufacturing process is highly automated. We can effortlessly speculate on the fate of dealerships, repair, and spare part business. If one fact could surmise the metamorphosis, battery companies own 33 per cent of the value of an EV compared to 0.3per cent for an ICE - Internal Combustion Engine vehicle.

Start-upping the EV value-chain For an industry ripe for disruption, start-ups have a part to play. We have a vibrant start-up ecosystem ably supported by both Federal and State Governments. At the last count, 18 states had launched their start-up policy; there were 250 incubators and 22,000 start-ups in the country. But there is a chink in our armor: We don't have a history of product/

Source: AVP Invest India

Electric vehicles represent a tectonic economic shift…

Projected annual percentage of EV sales by category…

hardware start-ups mushrooming out of India. Among the plethora of factors, Indian Venture Capitalist’s or VC’s love for asset-light startups is one. Government however could play a role in alleviating this gap by creating an EV dedicated start-up fund. It could be created as a standalone fund, an allocation within the FAME scheme, or be carved out of the USD 1.5 billion 'Fund of Funds' for start-ups. While the structure can be deliberated upon, taking cognizance of the role of start-ups and empowering them is critical.

in line followed by passenger cars. There is merit in the TCO argument but the entire EV picture cannot and should not be painted with the same brush. While public transport is mobility in its truest sense and can largely be TCO-driven, personal vehicles go much beyond. There is a sense of pride associated with vehicle purchase. It ought to look good, feel good, and perform good. Hoping that consumers will buy personal electric scooters or cars just because they are TCO positive may not fly.

Learn from solar Path to adoption The debate on how the EV adoption will happen in India seems to have been settled. There is a consensus that it will be driven by Total Cost of Ownership -TCO. The signs are visible with the initial push coming from State Transport Utilities or STUs, E-rickshaws and three-wheelers, cab operators such as Ola and Uber for the four- wheeler segment, which are already considered TCO positive. Twowheelers are expected to be next

There are multiple parallels between utility scale solar adoption in India and the prospective EV adoption. Solar has been fuelled by cheap imported cells and panels, while the domestic capacity has been languishing – the fate of EV battery manufacturing ought to pre-empt. In addition, solar has been driven by creditworthy Power Purchase Agreements or PPAs funded by abundant global green finance. With the potential to be structured on similar

At the last count, 18 states had launched their start-up policy; there were 250 incubators and 22,000 startups in the country... lines as PPAs, Mobility Purchase Agreements or MPAs could hold the key to deployment of EVs for public transportation. STUs are increasingly likely to opt for Operational Expenditure or OPEX models, buying mobility on a per kilometer basis. (This was visible in the recent DHI sponsored tender for electric buses, where five out of 11 cities opted for this model) A Solar Energy Corporation of India SECI-like entity could enter MPAs with fleet operators on behalf of credit-rated STUs. However the impact of this model on the design of any FAME-like incentive scheme, which provides subsidy per vehicle, must be factored-in.

All hands on board All said and done, EV adoption or manufacturing is not going to be a piece of cake. While some progress has been made, a lot more needs to be done. It will take serious commitment from all stakeholders viz. Government, Industry, Academia and Consumers to usher in our electric future. •

• 23


Driving Towards Sustainable Transportation Author: PK Chatterjee (PK) / Ashok Thakur – ETN

India has embarked on a journey towards emission-free transportation using Electric Vehicles (EVs). Success of the mission will not only help our nation in completely eliminating automobile emission from the country – but also it will help us in fulfilling our commitment in Paris Agreement (COP 21) for preventing climate change. This article focuses on the ground realities of our government’s actions, industry’s optimism and the visible transformation...

24 •



ollowing its commitment in the Paris Agreement, India has been meticulously working on the target to reduce its emission intensity (emission per unit of GDP) by 33 to 35 per cent – from its 2005 levels by 2030. Besides striding over the path to phase out the fossil fuel plants and to produce 40 per cent of electricity from non-fossil fuelbased energy resources, the country has also set a highly ambitious target to deploy a substantial number of Electric Vehicles (EVs) on its roads by 2030. It is not only the question of emission or pollution control, but also by moving to the EV transport era, India’s energy demand will come down by 64 per cent along with savings of nearly 4 trillion rupees on petrol & diesel costs. Thus, our union government is quite optimistic to usher in the new era of complete Electric Transportation (E-Transportation). Most of our business tycoons are also actively supporting the transition effort. However, the path is not free from challenges. This article attempts to present an overview of the status quo of our journey towards the eTransport age – through opinions of the people actively involved with the EV industry. Although India's first electric car Reva; which was launched by the Reva Electric Car Company of Bengaluru in 2000; could not do well at that time, owing mainly to high cost and lack of adequate charging infrastructures on road – the idea of emission-free transportation that it generated at that time – is now gaining overwhelming popularity with government’s determination, and several established automakers and start-ups are now putting rigorous efforts to accelerate the journey towards the EV regime. Of late besides manufacturing vehicles, developing vehicle power packs of high fidelity and creating on-road charging stations are also gaining high level attention. It’s quite interesting that – the then young Managing Director of Reva Electric Car Company, Chetan Maini is now actively involved in

creating a network of quick interchange battery stations through his current venture called Sun Mobility. Commenting on the current scenario of EV-ecosystem in the country, Chinmay Pandit, AVP & Head of Alternate Fuel Solutions, KPIT, said, “We are at the cusp of EV growth in India. The initiative taken by GoI for electric buses in 11 cities as well as the EESL (Energy Efficiency Services Limited) tenders for electric cars is a wonderful start. This demand drive needs to be sustained for some more time before electric vehicles become ‘business as usual’ in India.” Describing the huge potential of the EV industry in India, Dr Rahul Walawalkar, Executive Director, India Energy Storage Alliance (IESA) said, “India has a significant market potential for batteries and electric vehicles. We expect over seven crore EVs could be sold in India till 2030 and this would create a market of 800 GWh over the next 12 years for advanced batteries. The electrification of transport sector presents a huge opportunity for cleaning up the air quality and also improving national energy security by reducing our petroleum dependence. Given the domestic demand as well as export potential, India has a growing opportunity of becoming a global hub for R&D and manufacturing while achieving this transition. Energy Storage is a key component of this and there is a number of ways in which EV adoption could be transformative for the grid.”

Global trend in the recent years Although the need for welcoming the EV transportation has been realized globally, as far as the deployment scenarios are concerned, the pace varies from country to country. However, there is a remarkable growth since 2015. According to International Energy Agency’s Global EV Outlook 2017, “The number of electric cars on the roads around the world rose to two million in 2016, following a year of strong growth in 2015.” In 2017, China reported sales of over 600,000

This article attempts to present an overview of the status quo of our journey towards the e-Transport age – through opinions of the people actively involved with the EV industry... electric cars. More than US and Europe sales combined together. China, the US and Europe made up the three main markets, totaling over 90 per cent of all EVs sold around the world in the aforesaid year. As per Research And Markets’, Global Electric Vehicle Market Outlook to 2018, more than 1.6 million EVs are likely to be sold in 2018.

The current Indian scenario Indian government’s boost to climate action and its Make-in-India policy have been a great impetus to the manufacturers of e-Vehicles. However, it is clear that the government will eventually phase out the IC (Internal Combustion) engines. Pointing at the speedy transition in government level, N K Rawal, MD, Goldstone Infratech Ltd., said, “India has chosen to embrace EV technologies and transportation at an aggressive pace. The government initiatives to encourage EV adoption by providing enabling policy framework vide FAME and ‘Make in India’ are welcome steps and will accelerate the adoption of electric vehicles in India. The GoI’s •

• 25

COVER STORY ambition is to go fully electric by 2030. We see the pace of adoption, which has started in strong note, gaining momentum year on year.” The union government (Government of India or GoI) is yet to come out with an EV policy, which the industry is eagerly waiting for. However, the government is offering full-fledged co-operation to the industry. EVs are being levied just 12 per cent GST against 28 per cent on ICE-based vehicles and 43 per cent on hybrid vehicles. The government is also considering imposing zero import duties on electric vehicles and offering lower electric charge for EV user. As the country is still in the beginning stage as far as its EV journey is concerned, there are multiple challenges that we need to overcome, where Public Private Partnership (PPP model) is playing a crucial role. According to Awadhesh Jha, Vice President – Charge & Drive & Sustainability, Fortum India Pvt. Ltd., “India is poised to take a big leap towards e-Mobility. While India’s push for electric vehicles is gaining multifold traction with various Public Private Partnerships (PPPs), the private sector companies are increasingly focusing on investment in the back-end infrastructure required to achieve the centre’s target to be a part of all electric vehicle bandwagon by 2030.” While commenting on the status quo in the Indian EV industry, Piyush Gupta, CEO, Lithion Power Pvt. Ltd., said, “India started a bit late on the EV journey. However, it has caught up on the lower end of the EVs with more than 1.5 million EVs forming backbone of the last mile public transportation. At the medium end and higher end, we have not seen a number of product launches. However, we see a lot of activity in the sector. A number of OEMs are working with Lithion Power and we can see the EV market is going to explode in next three to four years.” “Govt of India is very supportive of the EV sector with number of incentives (FAME etc.) and focus on charging infrastructure. 26 •


“EV market is going to explode in next three to four years…”

“The induction of EVs will bring significant changes…”

N K Rawal Managing Director Goldstone Infratech Ltd

Nishant Arya Chairman JBM Solaris Electric Vehicles (P) Ltd

Ground up entrepreneurship is also visible in the new companies being formed to service the sector,” he added further. Drawing attention on the global EV adoption trend, Kartik Gopal, Independent EV Consultant, said, "Different regions of the world are exhibiting different paradigms of Electric Vehicle (EV) adoption. EV adoption in the west is a people led, government supported movement. In China, it is a government led, people supported phenomenon. In contrast, India is witnessing a market led, government supported adoption of EVs, focused on commercial fleet applications. This is on account of the lower lifecycle costs of an EV. In the coming years, EVs will increasingly penetrate intracity shared mobility services for people movement and last mile goods delivery services. Current EV part costs and economics of operations favour the two-wheeler and three-wheeler segments, which are likely to witness early adoption. The EV bus and four-wheeler segments are expected to grow based on tenders from state run transport corporations. India's unique adoption

curve is also creating space for innovative business models and technologies to support this growth." Indicating the benefits of switching over to the EVs – and reminding SMEV and Ernst & Young’s finding, Nishant Arya, Chairman, JBM Solaris Electric Vehicles (P) Ltd., said, “The induction of EVs in the Indian ecosystem will not only bring significant changes for the society, but also in reducing the environmental footprint of transportation. According to the industry body Society of Manufacturers of Electric Vehicles (SMEV), sales of Electric Vehicles (EVs) in India grew by 37.5 per cent in 2016 to 22,000 units. The benefits of EVs are expected to provide a net positive economic impact of approximately Rs 200 billion to the power and utility sector in the country by 2022 as per an Ernst & Young Global 2016 report.”

Government is quite supportive Government of India allocated $40.5 Mn for development of electric and hybrid vehicles in the country in the 2018 budget. As of now, we are just seeing the tip of the iceberg,

“We expect over seven crore EVs could be sold in India till 2030…” Dr Rahul Walawalkar Executive Director IESA

as far as India’s EV journey is concerned. Such a massive movement cannot be sustainable without the government’s all-embracing support. Thus, it is the high time we evaluate how the industry players are looking at the government’s role and what they are expecting from the government. Appreciating the government’s motivating role in the journey, Gupta said, “Govt is making a concerted effort to increase the charging infrastructure density. They have also recently removed the regulatory uncertainty regarding charging infrastructure. As a next step, we should jointly work with the govt to start manufacturing key ingredients such as cells & electric motors in India.” Pointing to the government’s role as a user, Rawal said, “Considering the government is the biggest user of vehicles, it is important that the early adoption comes from the government in public and government transportation. In the last one year, the government has made efforts to promote EVs. Various requirements for electric buses on passenger routes have been

tendered and the government has also invited bids for EV transportation in 10 cities. Thus, the government is committed to use electric vehicles as its preferred mode for public transportation – and is keen for early adoption. The concerned ministries are formulating policies and providing necessary clarifications wherever required in a bid to adopt EVs in India.” Indicating government’s initial boost to India’s EV journey, Jha said, “In India, EV is at an early stage – where innovators are the main customers of EV. By taking numerous initiatives like Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid) & Electrical vehicles (FAME), Electric Vehicle Policy by some of the state governments, Smart Cities Mission, Standardization of EV Chargers, intent to replace fleet of Govt vehicles with EVs etc., the government has given the initial momentum to EV, which will help it reach to early adaptors.”

Development in the Indian EV industry Pointing to the transforming transport scenario and emergence of e-Mobility, S A Sundaresan, Vice President - EV & eMobility Solutions, Ashok Leyland, said, "EV industry is at a very nascent stage in India but has immense potential to change the entire energy and transport scenario. It gives us a chance

Ground up entrepreneurship is also visible in the new companies being formed to s­ervice the EV sector...

to act on the severe pollution gripping major cities of our country – while offering a cheaper and more sustainable transport option in the long run. Electric Vehicles are a major game changer, and e-Mobility is going to disrupt many industries and sectors. It is incumbent on all stakeholders to ensure that we take decisions and act in such a way that the long-term interests of India are safeguarded. We need to act quickly, and in a concerted fashion – so that India becomes a technology leader in Electric Vehicles." More than a dozen of EV car makers kicked off their EV plans in 2017. Also, there are many startups at the lower end consisting of the two and three wheelers. As on date, the Indian sub-continent is witnessing the major thrust from the government and shared mobility providers such as Ola, Uber and Zoomcar. The announcement of plan to buy around 20,000 electric vehicles for government use by the state-run Energy Efficiency Services (EESL) is a highly inspiring news for the Indian EV manufacturers. A few recent remarkable developments in the EV industry include: i) In the e-bus segment, already Tata Motors, Ashok Leyland and Mahindra & Mahindra have been putting collaborative effort (e-bus consortium; Goldstone Infratech’s joint venture with Warren Buffettbacked BYD has also bagged several orders. Eicher Trucks & Buses is also in the field. There are others too. ii) In the Indian car segment; Maruti has tied up with Toyota to make e-Cars by 2020, they are also going to set up a lithium ion battery manufacturing unit in Gujarat with Japanese auto parts maker Denso. South Korean auto major Hyundai’s first e-car is expected in 2019. There are many others around the field. iii) In the two and three wheeler segment too Hero Electric, Lohia Auto and many others are striding forward. A few visionary companies were working for long time to top the Indian EV market Mahindra is one of them. Mahesh Babu, CEO Mahindra Electric, said, “We at •

• 27

COVER STORY hindra Electric have been leading the change to EVs for a decade now, and we are very happy to see the growing momentum in this space. The last year has been a very exciting one for the entire industry. The government announced its positive support towards EVs with vision 2030, a lot of favourable policy announcements have also come about since. In parallel, we strengthened our portfolio to include the eVerito of the fleet segment, eSupro for the commercial segment and the eAlfa Mini three wheeler. We also worked with a lot of partners to pilot unique shared electric mobility models. In addition, we initiated unique steps like introducing leasing option for retail vehicles, developing connectivity for fleet players with NEMO platform, unveiling MESMA 380 V modular and scalable platform on the technology front etc. The govt also put out one of the largest EV tenders across the world, of 10,000 EVs, and we are happy that we bagged a substantial part of that. While explaining how they are gearing up to manage the expected heavy load in the coming days, Gupta said, “Lithion Power is working towards developing battery swap infrastructure for low to medium powered vehicles. We believe India will move to the EVs way through a different path – we call it the ‘unTesla’ way. We are in process of servicing one million EVs in next three years’ time. Focusing on the potential of the e-Bus segment, Rawal said, “The EV sector is at a nascent stage and the demand is at an inflection point. Many players have started evaluating pure electric and hybrid manufacturing opportunities and gearing up their facilities for the same. Just in the buses front, India has over 18 lakh buses and adds 1 lakh buses each year. Even if 10 per cent of annual additions turn electric, we are seeing a 10 to 15k crore industry. The opportunity is huge and the more number of players will help faster adoption and growth of the market. We are very bullish on this space and hope to be a significant player in the EV segment.” 28 •


“We are at cusp of Electric Vehicle (EV) growth in India…” Chinmay Pandit AVP & Head of Alternate Fuel Solutions KPIT

Challenges in the EV journey As per Sundaresan, "The biggest challenge is the pace and how well we manage the transition – we need to hasten slowly! It has often been said that India is different in many ways, but we don't seem to really appreciate the differences. We can't just adopt or reject technologies based on their success or failure elsewhere – but need to design India-specific solutions, learning from those experiences. Other challenges lie in strengthening the power infrastructure, making appropriate changes to the engineering curriculum and re-training engineers, and developing a robust supply chain. As it happens with every new industry at the outset, there are several small challenges beside the widely discussed big ones. Challenges of infrastructure, challenges related to technology, challenges around trained manpower, challenges concerning fast charging and so on – all are mounting up as we are advancing towards our etransportation target. It’s important to note at this juncture what types of challenges are emerging, how the

“The last year has been a very exciting one for the entire industry…” Mahesh Babu CEO Mahindra Electric

industry is tackling those and what they are expecting. Considering the current situation, Pandit said, “There are multiple challenges in the journey to 100 per cent EV deployment. Some are immediate (charging infra, battery sourcing etc.) and others that will become critical at scale (grid quality, battery recycling etc.) – but none is insurmountable. Strong and steady demand will ensure all challenges will get solved. In our country, we have sufficient resources. These resources will get deployed only if the demand is clearly seen.” Peeping into the hardcore technical challenges, Mukesh Bhandari, Chairman, Electrotherm (India) Ltd. (Yo Bikes), said, “There is a technology gap of over 10 years. In next two to three years, we need to develop Brushless DC, Reluctance or AC Motors for 2 & 3 wheelers. Simultaneously, electronics that includes Variable Speed Drives for AC Motors, Controllers for Permanent Magnet Motors and reliable Chargers for 2W & fast Chargers for 3W is needed. This will prepare the Motors & Electronics Industry to undertake large scale manufacturing – as 2W

“EV market is going to explode in next three to four years…”

“We need to design India-specific solutions…”

Piyush Gupta CEO Lithion Power Pvt Ltd

S A Sundaresan Vice President - EV & eMobility Solutions Ashok Leyland

or 3W numbers may increase rapidly. Also, initially, there will be challenge for 4W Motors & Electronics. The 4W Industry can get knowhow from their principles and set-up local assembly of Motors & Electronics initially to shorten the development time.” “Yet another challenge is getting suitable batteries for all EVs. Imported Sealed Lead Acid Batteries for 2W can be made in India easily. Li-ion Packs will have to be imported. Conventional Lead Acid Batteries for 3W need to be replaced with Advanced Batteries such as Carbon Foam Batteries or Li-ion Batteries to get increased life. Suitable Battery packs may be imported for 4W initially, which can be later made in India, once reasonable numbers are sold. Availability of Battery Pack at the right price is a challenge due to small numbers of EVs,” he further added. He also suggested a few steps that could address the above challenges, which included: i) Collective work jointly by Institutes and Industries & Government Policies supporting EVs; ii) Government will have to incentivize 2W/3W, so that

Industry takes off and the local indigenous manufacture of various components can commence; iii) Favourable policies by various local government agencies for EV will also add to the numbers; iv) Educating users by industry and government can be done using print and visual media; and Electric 2W or 3W imports in knocked down condition should be discouraged, so that local skills can develop rapidly, which in turn will help in local manufacturing, cascading development & industry growth for 4W – EV components indigenously. According to Jha’s opinion, “Three major stakeholders influence the evolvement of EVs in any country, and more interestingly, each one of these is dependent on others. Development of e-Mobility will directly concern automobile manufacturers, battery manufacturers and charging infrastructure providers. Given the limited consumption of e-Vehicles in India currently, the infrastructure for the same is also at a very nascent stage. The lack of sufficient infrastructure could be the most common reason for a range of concerns, directly af-

fecting the consumer behaviour and their purchase pattern. This is affecting potential EV sales in India. However, from the operators’ point of view, it is difficult to invest in charging infrastructure without an existing demand for charging services.” Reflecting his highly optimistic view about the change in the situation, Arya said, “Certainly there are challenges to be overcome. But with almost all major OEMs putting in their best synergies forward in developing EVs and the support infrastructure, I am sure that these challenges will be a thing of the past very soon. The industry is working towards achieving the same as a cohesive unit with the support of the government. The government can be the largest buyer of electric vehicles – and that will lead to economies of scale for the industry. This will, in turn, lead to setting up of charging stations across the country. The current efficiency of EVs in India is sufficient for intra-city travel. For instance, JBM-Solaris ECOLIFE, a Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV), will save around 959 equivalent tons of carbon dioxide and 350,000 litres of diesel in over 10 years of operation. This is a huge evolution from how public transportation operates in India. ECO-LIFE can give a mileage of 150-200 kms in one charge, good enough for travelling on fixed routes. This is set to get even better with the evolution of technology.”

Are we on the right track? India’s EV journey is a committed mission of the present government, and the commitment is not only to the nation but also to the rest of the world. Although, one of the great Indian visionaries, Sudarshan Kumar Maini – the man holding all credits for running the first electric car on Indian roads, who fancied for completely emission-free vehicles on Indian roads way back in 2000 – could not see much commercial success, his wish will now come true. Yes, we are late! But, success of an industry leading to a •

• 29


“Imported sealed lead acid batteries for 2W can be made in India…” Mukesh Bhandari Chairman Electrotherm (India) Ltd

changing scenario comes when the all-round eco-system is conducive. In case of electric vehicles, the ecosystem essentially includes availability of the right kind of high fidelity batteries and the ubiquitous charging facilities that are fed by the sufficiently available clean & green (electric) power. India today is no longer a power-starved country. Factually, many of our thermal power plants are now witnessing low capacity utilization. The time is not far when all of them will on an average see around 60 per cent capacity utilization. This is the high time that we deploy EVs on our roads. Putting his summarized observation on the current scenario, Babu said, “Overall, the entire EV segment has picked up momentum. From here on, we are expecting the fleet and mass mobility segments to take the lead on EV adoption. These segments have a very strong business case to adopt EVs while giving more people an opportunity to experience EVs first hand. The next three to four years 30 •


“India is poised to take a big leap towards e-mobility…” Awadhesh Jha Vice President – Charge & Drive & Sustainability Fortum India Pvt Ltd

are going to be very crucial as the industry grows and determines the path ahead. It is all of our responsibility now to sustain this momentum!” Rawal too delivered an optimistic outlook, he said, “The EV sector is at a nascent stage and the demand is at an inflection point. Many players have started evaluating pure electric and hybrid manufacturing opportunities and gearing up their facilities for the same. Just in the buses front: India has over 18 lakh buses and it adds one lakh buses each year. Even if 10 per cent of annual additions turn electric – we are seeing a 10 to 15k crore industry. The opportunity is huge and the more number of players will help faster adoption and growth of the market. We are very bullish on this space and hope to be a significant player in the EV segment.” Emphasizing on literal implementation of the union government’s Make-in-India policy, Gupta said, “India should let the local entrepreneurs experiment and build globally competitive companies in this space…”

“EVs will increasingly penetrate intra-city shared mobility services…” Kartik Gopal Independent Strategy Consultant

Hilighting an important feature of the FAME II proposal, Dr Walawalkar said, “Under FAME II Proposal, the central government plans to double the mandatory local content in EVs to 70 per cent in three years and impose heavy duties on imports to ensure that domestic manufacturing gets a big boost from the Rs 8,730-crore proposal.” “At present, local content in EVs is at about 35 per cent as most of the companies import batteries that account for a major cost of electric vehicles. This will create a space for Indian companies to enter Li-ion cell manufacturing, Pack assembling and Power electronics development in India.” he added. Thus, we are at a juncture, where the government is ready to bestow its all possible favour to this emerging industry – and the EV industry players too are quite optimistic about the flourishing growth of the industry. Obviously, it’s a win-win situation. Sooner the government declares its EV roadmap, faster will be our journey towards electric transportation.

150kW DC Ultra Fast EV Charger

50kW DC Quick EV Charger

15kW DC Bharat Charger

7.3kW AC Type 2 Charger

Charge Point Operator Software (CPO)

Delta, Powering Green Mobility Delta offers a comprehensive portfolio of energy efficient EV charging solutions with DC Quick, AC Chargers and Charge Point Operator(CPO) software. Delta's EV chargers offer high-performance power efficiency, support communication functions for system integration and have global safety certifications. Delta's solutions also encompass smooth integration of micro-grids with EV charging solutions providing a future-proof roadmap for a homogenized ecosystem of power prosumers.

Major Advantages


Fast and convenient charging process

Parking spaces

High Power, high efficiency charging

Highway service

Smart grid capabilities

Residential and commercial buildings



Author: Harsh Thacker Senior Analyst Customized Energy Solutions

Aim for the Stars Targeting global electric vehicle market will be the key for developing battery manufacturing value chain in India‌


nergy-related sectors like electricity, automobile, transportation and associated manufacturing together contribute close to 25 per cent of the USD 2.6 trillion GDP of India. These sectors, which also form the backbone of the rest of the economy, are likely to witness colossal disruption, courtesy climate change policy reforms and technological advancement in the field of energy storage and power electronics. At this juncture when the methods of harnessing, supplying and consuming energy are being

32 •


disrupted by the commercialization of aforementioned technologies, India is targeting indigenous manufacturing around batteries and energy storage systems. As we move ahead, it is very important for the country to look at part of the puzzle in the existing solar PV and energy storage manufacturing systems. After bringing out a detailed National Solar Mission with targets of indigenous solar cell manufacturing capacity to the tune of 4 to 5 GW by the year 2020, the installed capacity of solar cells and modules in the country is

just 1,468 MW and 5,648 MW respectively as per the information available with MNRE. Talking about the existing related industry - the lead-acid battery - global manufacturing is close to USD 50 billion. India contributes close to USD 4.5 billion to that total. This majorly reflects her domestic demand with less than 10 per cent of the production being exported. On the other hand, China eyeing not just the home-based market but also export is manufacturing close to 50 per cent of the lead-acid batteries utilized globally. Conveniently in this market India, with the support of global lead-acid technology, is indigenously meeting the domestic demand. Exide Industries, one of the top-tier lead acid companies, in their 2016-17 annual report have reported the cost of raw material as over 58 per cent of the total revenue. The majority of the raw material is reported as lead metal. Interestingly India consumes close to 15, 00,000 tons of lead every year and the battery industry consumes close to 12, 00,000 tons of lead out of that total. In

Source: IESA, SNE research, Berneisten

Figure 1: Breakup of value-add of different materialS and processes in Li NMC battery manufacturing

this industry, the supply chain has evolved fairly well and India sources 80 per cent of its lead requirement locally with just 15 per cent of the lead consumed being virgin lead, sourced from Hindustan Zinc Ltd. The USD 4.5 billion industry is driven by over 2000 lead-acid battery manufacturers in the country. Just over 30 companies cater to 75 per cent of the demand, the remaining market being very fragmented.

The changing scenario However with newer technologies for the Li-ion battery, the raw material supply chain will turn more complex making the manufacturing landscape for batteries more multifaceted. Moreover, intense capital expenditure and the tech R&D spend would limit the number of players in the market. With the Li-ion industry set to expand around electric vehicles, fewer organizations will be involved in the manufacture of the cells. In such a scenario, it is important to understand the total value chain of such technologies.

Value-chain analysis

In a value-chain analysis of Li NMC chemistries, which are currently most preferred by the EV industry, IESA analyzed that the value of the mined raw material to the price of a battery pack varies from 19 per cent to 22 per cent. This applies to a different generation of chemistries going from NMC 111 to NMC 811. Hence, even if India does not succeed in mining all these ores, which will not be the case, it will only lose close to 20 per cent of the value chain. In such a scenario, India can consider investing in all or parts of the business value chain that are as follows: • Processing of raw material and other purchased components value add (32 per cent of the total value) • Cell manufacturing valueadd (25 per cent of the total value) • Pack assembling value add (23 per cent of the total value) However, to secure complete value chain of Li chemistries, Energy Storage Mission should also mention further exploration of key ores required for these cells

and other technologies. This would also require declassification of resources like Li Carbonate from the classified list of rare metals.

India needs a global focus As per India’s Energy Storage Mission, a report prepared by Niti Aayog and Rocky Mountain Institute, a three-stage energy storage manufacturing strategy has been started around Li-ion technologies. The three-stage strategy considers entering manufacturing with battery pack assembling, which will cater to the local market till 2020; the next stage is to enter Li-ion cell minus cathode manufacturing till 2025; the last stage is conceived as complete cell manufacturing. This strategy is the one which will most likely be adopted by the market and for the market. However, shortcomings of this strategy are that the decision to manufacture is directed only around local demand. India’s National Solar Mission was also silent on aspects of India being part of a global supply chain as a component supplier. India Energy Storage Mission should work •

• 33


India’s high potential India needs to propel itself as one of the most attractive destinations in cell manufacturing for global technology companies by bringing tax and subsidy focus on the raw material industry. India has all the right ingredients in place with its scale of raw material supply chain and also its massive market potential. These industries being more split than core technology businesses can

Creating a level playing field In the thermal storage space, on the other hand, India is fortunate to have home-grown technology companies like PLUSS that are pioneers in making Phase Change Materials (PCMs). These are used in different thermal storage products like refrigeration trucks, cold storage, ICU infant cradles, commercial refrigerators and air conditioning solutions. There is a gamut of organizations that have developed solutions around PLUSS using their material like Ecozen Solutions for PCM based solar cold rooms which enable grid independent cold rooms. TESSOL Ther-

Figure 2: Break-up of Global Energy Storage Demand, India and Rest of the World, 2018 and 2025.

34 •


mal Energy Solutions, Rinac India Limited, Ice Make Refrigeration Limited are known for PCM based hybrid refrigerated trucks. Voltas Limited, Western Equipments and Ice Make manufacture PCM based commercial refrigeration units. Together they have already created a market worth INR 100 crore, and the market is likely to grow over 30 per cent CAGR till 2025 with just domestic market penetration. However, Indian companies’ market share in the global thermal energy storage market is still under 1 per cent. PCM from India can be competitive in global markets if tax benefits on R&D expenditure and duty concessions for R&D imports are provided. In order to create a level playing field for such companies at a global level, the government must plan subsidies that can help them bring down their operational costs along with export credits. National Energy Storage Mission should list HSN codes of all such materials starting from mined ore to the finished storage pack for all the technologies including electrochemical, thermal and mechanical. Finally, it should create a single window clearance scheme for promoting interested and potential companies in the sector.

lead to massive capital and job creation just as in the case of the lead-acid business. The lead-acid industry is known to directly employ over 20,000 people and indirectly cater to over 15, 00,000 jobs in its supply chain. This number will be increased tremendously if India joins the energy storage market as the global manufacturing hub. Himadri Specialty Chemical Ltd. which manufactures graphite grade binder pitch for Li anode is one such example. Himadri Chemical is on the cusp of entering the global supply chain for Li-ion batteries and is competing with its Chinese, Korean and Japanese counterparts.


Source: IESA analysis

wards creating an attractive environment for manufacturing of cells despite its neutral position on local market creation. As seen in Figure 1 there is a lot of value in the precursors of active materials and in the preparation of active material for the cells such as cathode active material, carbon electrode material, copper sheets and aluminum sheets that form the basis for the cell. Many such companies in Japan, China and Korea have become the backbone of the global cell manufacturing business. Hence, under India’s Energy Storage Mission a target should be set to capture a substantial portion of global energy storage demand, which is likely to be over 1700 GWh in 2025, rather than just target less than 100 GWh of the market in the year.

Detailing of the mission is a challenge due to the existence of multiple and complementing technologies like power electronics. However, it needs to be done. Components such as BLDC motors, EV chargers, BMS, PCS and inverters should also be included under the Energy Storage Mission. A detailed exercise of identifying these components and end products is required. Certain amendments would be necessary to include newer raw materials and finished products as and when they are identified. The country needs to clear its focus and stand united to embrace the disruptive changes, which can be more of a boon for its energy security issues if handled well.

EVENT INFORMATION Some of the interesting events are coming up globally, which our community members cannot afford to miss. Read on…

11th Energy Storage World Forum (Large Scale Applications) + 5th Residential Energy Storage Forum

Battery Raw Materials 2018

The 2 separate Forums will feature brand new researched topics addressed by renowned industry leaders and practitioners from Top Utilities, EPCs and International Regulators representing 22+ countries.

The conference will bring together a panel of high profile international speakers to offer market updates and commercial insight sectors Network with leading players in the battery raw materials supply chain by taking part in the first Roskill Battery Raw Materials Conference.

Date: May 14 to 18, 2018

Date: May 24 to 25, 2018

Venue: Kempinski Hotel, Kurfürstendamm 27 Berlin, 10719 Germany

Venue: InterContinental Grand Stanford Hong Kong, 70 Mody Road, Tsimshatsui East, Kowloon, Hong Kong



The Solar Future Nigeria

Advanced Automotive Battery Conference 2018 (AABC)

The 2-day conference will focus on the oppor-tunities and challenges in Nigeria. This will be the key-platform for all stakeholders to connect. Get informed on the latest policies and regulations, market trends and project finance mechanisms. Date: May 15 to 16, 2018 Venue: Sheraton Abuja Hotel, Ladi Kwali Way, Abuja Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, Nigeria Website:

With the increasing pressure to enforce emissions regulations around the world, the market for electric vehicles is expanding and demands for batteries that combine excellent performance and low cost are growing. This is an opportunity to explore this issue in depth, discuss innovative technologies and best practices, and get information from researchers and experts who are focused on delivering cutting-edge technology to consumers. Date: June 04 to 07, 2018 Venue: San Diego, USA, Hotel Del Coronado Website:

The Battery Show Europe in Hannover

International Renewable Energy Forum

This is Europe’s largest trade fair for advanced battery technology, displaying thousands of design, production and manufacturing solutions including battery systems, materials, components, testing and recycling. With more than 300 manufacturers and service providers from across the supply chain, this free trade fair is your opportunity to source the latest energy storage solutions.

The show will bring together Renewable Energy Experts / Professionals / Leaders from across the globe. The delegates will have the opportunity to see, listen and join in highly interactive Panel Discussions, Q+A Sessions to understand the latest Trends in Renewable Energy.

Date: May 15 to 16, 2018 Venue: Entrance Nord 1, Halls 19 & 20, Deutsche Messe, Messegelände, 30521 Hannover, Germany

Date: June 06 to 07, 2018 Venue: Hotel Mercure Wien Westbahnhof, Felberstraße 4, 1150 Wien, Austria



The 13th China International Battery Fair

2nd IESA-ICAT EV Conclave

This is organised by CIAPS and is held every two years. CIBF has been regarded as the preferred meeting venue for battery manufacturers and users to exchange ideas on new technology, expand their markets and promote their products and services to customers in the worldwide marketplace.

The infrastructure development of Electrical Vehicles (EVs) has become the need of the hour even though being at a nascent stage. Global companies are expressing immense interest in this space. Thus, IESA and ICAT are jointly organizing two days EV conclave.

Date: May 22 to 24, 2018 Venue: Shenzhen Convention & Exhibition Center, Guangdong Sheng 518000 China Website:

Date: May 17 to 18, 2018 Venue: International Centre for Automotive Technology, Plot No. 26, Sector 3, IMT Manesar, Gurgaon – 122050 Website: •

• 35

“What is required is a roadmap…” 36 •


Source: Ashok Leyland


Ashok Leyland recently unveiled Circuit – India’s first electric buses which are completely designed, engineered and manufactured in India. The company’s pioneering approach to promote Electric Vehicles (EVs) in the country counts as a giant stride in India’s march towards the EV regime. In an exclusive interview with ETN’s editorial team, Karthick Athmanathan-BU HeadEV and eMobility-Ashok Leyland focuses on some important aspects related to the EV deployment…

How prepared is the Indian infrastructure to handle the rollout of EVs as per GoI’s plans? We are currently present only in the intra-city bus segment, and here the infrastructure development goes hand-in-hand with vehicles procurement. Questions on the grid’s ability to support the power requirements exist, but considering that these are in big cities and that the proposed volumes are small, no major problems are expected in the short-term. In the longer term, massive investment in infrastructure is definitely required – the biggest challenge being strengthening the grid. More than vehicle model availability, ensuring availability of power where required and when required will determine the rate of adoption of EVs. State and Central governments need to focus on this area, plan, secure funding and implement in a phased manner. Most EBs are cash-starved – hence schemes and policies to encourage investments in this area need to be conceived and implemented.

What kind of government support is vital at this stage for a substantial push to the EV industry? The government must declare incentives and provide regulation. At today’s costs, wide adoption of EVs is not possible without government support. Government initiatives have had limited effect so far.

There is no need for an EV policy – what is required is a roadmap, with a series of actions to nudge the industry along that roadmap. As an example, the most practical and beneficial stage in that roadmap is an all-electric public transport in cities, and the action to get us there would be a well-detailed schedule of regulations to phase out nonelectric vehicles in this area.

Considering that batteries constitute the major cost of evehicles, how do you propose to keep the cost of e-buses competitive? We are exploring various options ranging from in-house development of technology to partnerships. In addition, we are evaluating multiple-energy, charging and battery technologies to keep the TCO at the lowest depending on the vehicle type and the application.

With which other companies have you tied up to provide battery management services for your buses? Sun Mobility will take care of battery swap. No other tie-ups as of now. But we are working on multiple fronts as options evolve – and will keep you posted.

Whether it is battery recharging or swapping, a large area is required for a number of city buses to park and get a battery recharge. How will you handle space?

“Most EBs are cashstarved – hence schemes and policies to encourage investments...” Karthick Athmanathan BU Head-EV’s and eMobility Ashok Leyland

For a swap, an area is required only to store the batteries, and handle the charging – we can go vertical and minimize the footprint required. Buses come, get the battery swapped in a time similar to what it takes to get refueled, and park as they are being parked now. Not a major issue as far as swap is concerned. We cannot or should not invest in or commit to 100% charging that is slow. It is not practical for many reasons including the question of real estate. One needs to be flexible with the solutions in this fastchanging area. We are expecting technology to reduce the time for charging as well in a year or two.

Again there may be instances of battery failure on the road, how will such situations be tackled? With advanced prognostics, we expect to minimize on-road failures. Back up vehicles, mobile •

• 37

ELECTRIC BUS chargers, and use of spare battery are some of the options that are planned to be deployed depending on the case. But the risk on on-road failure is minimal – not a major industry or ecosystem risk. For a well-maintained vehicle, the expected failure rate is on par with or lower than the engine and gear-box failures.

What kind of environmentfriendly charging stations are being currently planned in Indian cities?

Source: IESA

Well, basically these are charging stations that eventually get their power from renewable sources (wind power or solar power, transmitted through the regular transmission system) and have high-efficiency chargers. Ashok Leyland is already working with Hinduja Renewables and we have started structuring and offering such solutions.

Demonstration of EV bus with swapping from Ashok Leyland and Sun Mobility...

What is Ashok Leyland's present annual capacity against an estimated minimum demand of at least 7,500 city buses per year in the country? Current capacity is 3,600 buses per year, with the capability to double it in three months.

We expect volumes to pick up only from 2021-22 onwards. We expect about 10 per cent EV penetration by 2023 in terms of annual sales. So EVs will be a much smaller fraction of the on-road population.

technologies is required for India to be self-sufficient in EVs. OEMs can collaborate to develop such an ecosystem with suitable IP and business rights designed into the arrangement.

What would you consider essential at this stage to promote indigenization of EV manufacturing?

Could you throw some light on your future plans?

Both OEMs and ancillaries are to be encouraged to invest in design and manufacture of the basic components – such as switches, electrodes, etc., that go into the electric vehicle. An eco-system with competencies in underlying

With the introduction of electric vehicles, how do you envision the Indian city roads say in the next five years? We do not expect too much of a change in the next five years.

Ashok Leyland is investing in electrifying its entire range of vehicles. Our focus is on making the TCO (Total Cost of Ownership) match that of an ICE (Internal Combustion Engine) based vehicle as early as possible. We will stay agile and nimble to exploit the advances in technology to achieve this.

RURAL ELECTRIFICATION “Definition of village electrification is a legacy issue which, though, mandates electrification of at least 10 per cent households in a village, but does not imply restricting household electrification only to 10 per cent. The Government has launched ‘Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana’Saubhagya to achieve universal household electrification in the country by 31stDecember 2018. Therefore, the debate over definition of village electrification in the present scenario has lost the significance.”

Source: Press Information Bureau, India

38 •


ENABLING FUTURE OF ENERGY Hybrid and Energy Storage Turnkey Solutions

Source: Philips Solar Lighting


The New Life Philips Lighting is all set to fight the darkness after sunset with their LifeLights and their Solar RMU (Remote Monitoring Unit) street lights. These promise to bring in a new era by enhancing the quality of lives of people living in off-grid localities as well as in busy city centers…


hen it comes to the question of a testimony to Philips Lighting’s commitment to solar illumination, two recent large-scale projects in India and the completion of 700 sets of connected solar street lights with remote monitoring and data capabilities in Thailand, speak for them.

Global data Approximately 17 per cent of the global population has no light after sunset – which means that 40 •


more than 1billion people on this planet have no connectivity to the grid. To counter this shortcoming Philips Lighting invests in relevant lighting technology and expertise to improve lives and enable communities to grow. The company has raised awareness about the role of renewable solar lighting in the area of sustainability, including its contribution to the UN’s Sustainable Development Goal number 7 by making cities and communities safe and green.

Action based on the idea Philips’ inherent drive to drive away darkness from the world without further deteriorating the climate prompted the company to launch Philips SunStay, an all-in-one integrated solar street light, in India earlier this year. The street light combines the solar panel, luminaire, charge controller and battery all in one housing, thus making it compact and easy to install and maintain. This also saves on cabling costs and reduces the carbon footprint, thereby lowering overall capex and opex cost. With an output of 2,000 lumens and an efficacy of 175 lm/W, it is more efficient compared with

existing systems in the solar street lighting market. Philips SunStay will be launched globally in the second quarter of 2018.

LifeLight for off-grid communities To enable access to lighting and to power off-grid communities, Philips Lighting launched the Philips LifeLight solar lantern in India in December 2017. Along with a USB port for charging phones and other devices, LifeLight comes with a replaceable new generation battery, which extends its life far beyond its two-year warranty.

Social change and women’s safety While explaining how LifeLight is transforming the lives of people staying in the off-grid areas, Shalini Sarin, head of CSR at Philips Lighting said, “Lack of light after dark is the single largest factor making women feel unsafe in their communities. Introducing the Philips LifeLight to off-grid areas is helping transform the lives of people in these communities. It extends their day for commercial activity, education, and community life. The replaceable battery feature is highly valued by end customers. On top of bringing light to offgrid communities, replacing kerosene-powered lamps with solar-powered lanterns is also saving lives. According to a World Bank report, every year 1.5 million people die due to wood fires, kerosene or candles. This amounts to twice the population of Frankfurt.”

street lights in off-grid villages in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa and Assam. It is also providing Uttar Pradesh New & Renewable Energy Development Agency (UPNEDA) with 24,000 Solar Green Lightline Smart street lights in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Commenting on the benefit of solar street lighting, Sumit Joshi, Market Leader for India at Philips Lighting, said, “Installing solar street lighting in rural communities in India really enhances lives after sunset. Citizens feel safer and it allows children in these communities to play in the streets after dark.”

Bangkok shines in the dark In Bangkok, Thailand the company has successfully installed more than 700 sets of Philips Solar RMU (Remote Monitoring Unit) street lights with tele-management capabilities, located at the cycling facility near the main airport, Suvarnabhumi. With the help of the tele-management functionality, facility managers can remotely monitor and manage the lights, which also provide them with useful data for energy management and solar applications.

With an output of 2,000 lumens and an efficacy of 175 lm/W, it is more efficient compared with existing systems in the solar street lighting market. Philips SunStay will be launched globally in the second quarter of 2018...

Source: Philips Solar Lighting

India specific plan Philips Lighting has a target to install approximately 84,000 solar street lights in India that will increase the safety of citizens and help rural communities. Together with Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), the company will install 60,000 Solar Smart Bright •

• 41

“India has the opportunity to become a global player…” As an entrepreneur and technologist for more than 20 years, Chetan Maini’s lifelong vision has been to create products and solutions to deepen the adoption of clean and sustainable mobility. Having invented the REVA in 1999, an electric vehicle much ahead of its time, he is globally acknowledged as a pioneer in the EV space. At present, he is the ViceChairman and Co-Founder of SUN Mobility, a company involved in designing innovative solutions for EVs and for the use of clean energy. In an exclusive interview with the editorial team of ETN, he expressed his views on India’s e-mobility journey… 42 •


Source: SUN Mobility


I have always been an automotive fanatic and passionate about technology. My starting point was in 1990 at the University of Michigan, where I was part of the solar car team. We raced for 2000 to 3000 km in a car called the SUN Runner, fueled solely by solar energy and we came in 1st place. Later we were sponsored by General Motors to race in the World Solar Challenge. A fifteen-member team of students, eight of us being the core team, raced for 3000 km across Australia and came in 3rd, right behind Honda, beating a lot of OEMs. It was an eye-opener to be able to run on sun energy across a country – this was the future. My trips back to India in the early 90s saw a rapid rise in transportation and pollution. To me, electrics were going to be the clear solution for developing countries like India and China. This triggered me to work for an EV startup in America, called Amerigon, which led to the foundation of Reva Electric Car Company Ltd. In 1995, I began working on the REVA electric car, (named after my mother and means new beginnings) and then traveled around the world to understand the technology that existed. In 1999 I moved back to take Reva forward as bringing electric mobility and solar energy together was the dream.

What were the challenges that you faced in popularizing the REVA electric car in India? How much has the EV scenario changed from 2000 to 2018? In 2000 knowledge and awareness about electric vehicles was minimal: there was no supply chain or ecosystem, financing and investments were non-existent. Charging infrastructure was also lacking, we had to set-up the necessary infrastructure at homes, airports, workplaces etc. There were no manufacturers, regulatory framework or government policy.

Source: SUN Mobility

What inspired you to build an electric car for India and what were your aspirations back in 1999?

Today the internet has an abundance of information. Knowledge and awareness of EVs have increased; it is even present at the college level where students are building EVs. There are now hundreds of startups creating various solutions in this space. Aspects of regulation, taxation, a framework, and government policymakers are now present and playing an active role. Investments in the space have increased many folds, and supply chain in the EV industry has evolved. Therefore, as a nation, we have an opportunity to transform the current mobility system to a shared, connected and pollutionfree, sustainable mobility system by exploiting the very characteristics of the current system such as stop-and-go-traffic, pollution and energy security concerns. And, for the first time, all the stakeholders government, OEMs, infrastructure providers, and consumers have shown sincere intent and pledged serious commitment towards helping shift to a sustainable mobility paradigm using EVs. The need to reform our transportation sector from the government’s point of view is primarily due to growing concerns over the nation’s energy security (as India imports 80 per cent of its oil), traffic-congestion and health issues caused due to vehicular pollution.

In 2017, CarWale named you among the ‘Top Seven Indians who changed the face of Indian Motoring’. What role do you envisage for yourself at this stage of India’s transition to electric mobility? As India transitions to electric mobility, it is important to support the government and help it create a strong policy and regulatory framework to enable entrepreneurs and businesses to succeed. Secondly, it’s encouraging to see a large startup community focusing on this space. I have invested in a few and am mentoring some of them as well. Thirdly, through my experience in the field, I have learned that it’s vital to play a role in enabling a conducive ecosystem that allows multiple players to come together and create Indiacentric solutions from an engineering and business standpoint. The solutions that we adopt needs to be contextual to India. This is what we aim to do at SUN Mobility. By creating an open-architecture solution, we will allow multiple players to enter the EV space.

Could you comment on the pace of transition towards Electric Mobility in India? India is at a tipping point in electric mobility. The Government of India’s initial bold moves towards its target of going •

• 43


Source: SUN Mobility

at a large scale. Additionally, more technology agnostic policies, clear tax benefits to EVs, components, infrastructure services and other regulatory issues will enable multiple players to come together. The way NITI Aayog and other government bodies and states are trying to lay clear and supportive EV policies is hopeful.

ly electric by 2030 has spurred the Electric Vehicle ecosystem. Sectors such as energy, mobility and shared economy culture are coming together for the first time. As the pieces of different segments start to unravel, exciting and new opportunities are opening up for companies and entrepreneurs in EV manufacturing, charging infrastructure, battery solutions, and energy solutions, to name a few.

What are the essential elements required for an electric mobility ecosystem? Having absolute clarity on policy and regulatory framework is an essential element to promote EVs in the country. Government initiatives need to consider multiple solutions to create and support a favorable ecosystem for India's EV push. A 'one size fits all' approach would not work in India. We need to have a policy framework that is more flexible and technology agnostic so that it can foster innovation in technology and business models. Additionally, multiple industry players need to come together, to invest and create new age automotive platforms that are lighter and more efficient. Charging infrastructure providers need to offer solutions that are interoperable, 44 •


that work across multiple platforms and vehicle types and use newer technologies such as fast charging and battery-swapping. Innovative approaches to finding the right application for electric vehicles and newer business models are also required. The approach for businesses should be more solution-centric rather than selling products. And, it’s important to have EVs that are equivalent in performance and cost to the current ICEs or Internal Combustion Engines. Together these elements can help develop an electric mobility ecosystem.

What do you see as major deterrents in the growth path of electric mobility? Over the last 20 years, I have seen several challenges related to similarity performance of EVs vs internal combustion vehicles addressed. However, a few key challenges that have deterred EVs from taking off on a large scale still exist – namely high up-front cost, long charging time, limited range or range anxiety and charging infrastructure. In certain vehicle segments such as electric two-wheelers, the performance of vehicles is not at par with its ICE counterparts, which hinders consumer adoption

What are your suggestions to overcome these obstacles? As a first step, we need to focus on electrifying our public and shared mobility as this sector will have the largest impact. For a consumer, the decider to shift to an EV is the convenience and cost economics of the vehicle with no compromise in performance. If the cost of an EV is equivalent to an ICE counterpart, and if the supporting solutions are more convenient than the existing gasoline infrastructure, we will see higher acceptance and adoption of electric mobility - and that is what we aim to do with SUN Mobility. By separating the battery from the vehicle, we are able to bring down the up-front cost of EVs to be at par with its ICE equivalent. By enabling batteries to be interchanged within a few minutes, we are offering a more convenient refueling option to EV consumers, and are able to address the concern about range anxiety. By creating solutions across platforms, we can have more interoperable infrastructure. We at SUN Mobility are not just working on battery swapping, but are creating an energy infrastructure based on a Smart Network. The combination of Smart Batteries, Quick Interchange Stations and clean energy brings a disruptive innovation to the part of urban mobility that is smarter, economical and scalable and has the ability to create an impact to the way people commute. We are working to create an open architecture solution, to enable multiple OEMs and players to come forth and offer different solutions. We very much believe that bat-

tery swapping is a very relevant solution for shared mobility. These vehicles run the longest distance, need to refuel often, and cannot afford to wait to recharge.

There have been positive movements with 10,000 electric vehicle orders and states coming up with policies. What is needed is a larger framework, solutions that are technology agnostic, and a focus on shared mobility as it will have the largest impact on the market. The segment the government is focusing on incentivizing and promoting with the FAME II policy is the public and shared mobility sector. This coupled with the government's vision of 100 per cent electric mobility by 2030 is the right aspiration. Even if we are able to achieve it by 50 to 70 per cent, India will be one of the largest adopters of electric mobility. It's important to get to 10 to 15 per cent EV adoption levels quickly; currently, the adoption level is negligible. If it reaches this level, then subsequent demand for EVs will pick up faster, as it will encourage more and more people to adopt EVs. Changes are happening fast look at China, it produces 27 million electric two-wheelers; we produce 18 million gasoline twowheeler. Five years back, China probably produced a few hundred buses, and last year alone, it sold approximately 90,000 electric buses. So the right policy direction can be a big push. My outlook is very positive as far as the EV market in India is concerned, and I would like to see more action and policies coming up in the future. I think the government is also very serious about electric mobility.

In the matter of PHEVs versus EVs in the Indian context, what is your opinion? In the western world, the transition from ICE to electrics was slightly slower and therefore there

Source: SUN Mobility

How would you evaluate GoI’s approach in this regard?

was a need for PHEVs for five to seven years. However for India, the solutions we provide cannot be incremental and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles provide only an incremental shift. Given the growth rate the country is seeing, and the way technology has matured, and newer business models are coming up, we require solutions that are larger, and EVs can provide that. With the cost of renewable energy coming down, we believe the cost economics for pure EVs will be more viable. Due to advanced technology, India has the opportunity to leapfrog, and bypass hybrids and jump straight to pure electric vehicles. However, both the technologies will co-exist for a few years.

How do you envision the impact of EVs on our economy? The transformation to electric mobility will offer immense opportunities and potential in the automotive sector, which currently accounts for about seven per cent of our GDP. In the next 10 years, it will be worth over USD 300 billion. Fifty per cent of this is going to come from the transformation of energy into mobility, which will

We will see higher acceptance and adoption of electric mobility - and that is what we aim to do with SUN Mobility... be worth USD 150 billion. From an energy perspective, India currently imports 80 per cent of its oil, as stated in the RMI FICCI report. India’s transition to a shared, electric, and connected mobility system can save us USD 330 billion (INR 20 lakh crore) by 2030 on avoided oil imports alone. The first steps have begun: with just the 20,000 electric cars that EESL is procuring, India is expected to save over five crore liters of fuel every year, which will lead to a reduction of over 5.6 lakh tones of annual carbon dioxide emission. This coupled with the varied transport needs, offers great opportunity for both existing and new businesses to participate in creating and maintaining an EV ecosystem. It opens a new market for companies in electronics, IT, robotics, renewable energy and transportation services to be a part of this journey and reap benefits by creating innovative solutions in their respective areas. All these aspects will reduce our dependence on oil – and directly help our economy. With a global growth rate of 60 per cent in EVs, India has the opportunity to become a global player in the space and truly make a transformation. •

• 45


Pininfarina, HKG Showcase One More Concept The K350 stands out as the most compact SUV in the fully electric range alongside the five-seater SUV K550 and the seven-seater SUV K750…

The K350 sports utility vehicle…


a h i n d r a - ow n e d Pininfarina and HongKong-based automaker Hybrid Kinetic Group (HKG) have unveiled the K350 all-electric SUV at Auto China 2018. The K350 four-seater has joined the range of environmentally friendly SUVs developed for Hybrid Kinetic Group, demonstrating once again Pininfarina’s ability to combine styling with environmental sustainability.

Specialty The K350 displays perfect proportions, well-placed volumes on the wheels and a robust and athletic ‘body’. The new SUV, as well as the sedan H500 and the HK Gran Turismo, also displayed in Beijing, feature leadingedge technology developed by HK for the drive system, with battery, electric motors, central control unit and range extender (auxiliary electric generator that

charges a battery, which supplies electricity to the vehicle's electric motor).

Technicalities The K350 SUV is powered by a 300 kW electric motor that produces over 400PS (Pferdestrke). Its range extender enables a range of over 1000 km. The car has a pick up from 0 to 100 kmph in 4.7s and achieves a top speed of 250 kmph.

SUN Mobility Rolls out a Unique Solutiony Considering over 18 million electric two- and three-wheelers were sold in India last year, SUN Mobility has introduced the world's first interoperable solution for this segment which will bring about a change in the way people commute…

S Smart Mobility Solution for Electric Vehicles…

46 •


UN Mobility has launched its global, inter-operable smart mobility solution for two- and three-wheeler electric vehicles at their brand new 47,500 sq. ft. technology development center in Bengaluru. The company’s energy infrastructure platform is a firstof-its-kind universal architecture

ABB Accelerates Journey towards E-mobility With the rising number of electric vehicles on the road, the global demand for powerful and energy efficient vehicle-charging stations is ever increasing. What is ABB’s contribution to addressing the situation?


BB launched its newest EV charging solution, the Terra HP at the 2018 Hannover Messe, the first 350 kW product on the market. This drastically reduces the charging time to just eight minutes for a range of 200 km. Ideally suited for use at highway rest stops and petrol stations, Terra HP’s ultra-high current has the capacity to charge both 400 V and 800 V cars at full power. The addition of Dynamic DC power sharing technology allows a two-power cabinet charging system to charge a couple of EVs simultaneously with up to 350 kW, while dynamically optimizing the available grid connection and the power delivery to the two vehicles.

solution that works across various two- and three-wheeler vehicles. This solution is being launched just two months after SUN Mobility showcased its worldclass smart-mobility solution for eBuses, in partnership with Ashok Leyland at Auto Expo 2018.

Three key elements 1) Modular Smart Batteries are intelligent enough to customize themselves to each vehicle type and versatile enough to be used in combinations of one or multiple batteries to meet customers' different performance and range expectations.

To further improve performance, Terra HP delivers the highest uptime due to redundancy on power and communication and individually cooled charging cables. Having proven its paces in numerous commercial electric bus field installations, the power cabinet is also extremely reliable.

Benefits of charging operators For charging operators, Terra HP provides the additional benefit of ABB Ability Connected Services, which deliver enhanced functionality, including the ability to easily connect chargers to back offices, payment platforms or smart grids systems. More importantly, remote diagnostics repair and over-the-air softwareupdates minimize downtime and keep running costs low.

Benefits to consumers The ABB Terra HP Dynamic DC Web…

Optional features Additional power cabinets and charge posts can be added after installation, delivering a cost-effective and future-proof solution for expandable chargepoints that can grow as the EV base grows.

2) Quick Interchange Stations that can be easily installed across a city, enabling customers to swap batteries quickly and conveniently in less than one minute, addressing any concerns around refueling time. 3) Smart Networks that connect modular Smart Batteries and Quick Interchange Stations, optimizes battery performance and allows customers to locate stations and make payments via an app.

The specialty of the platform SUN Mobility's Energy Infrastructure Platform enables elec-

Terra HP delivers a number of additional benefits for consumers including an intuitive, easy to use touch-screen display and multiple payment options. ABB has provided charging solutions as part of its drive to promote sustainable mobility since 2010 and has sold more than 6,500 cloud-connected DC fast-chargers around the world for passenger cars and commercial vehicles.

tric two- and three-wheelers to be cost-neutral versus conventional diesel or petrol ones. This unique platform shall be offered in collaboration with multiple OEMs and solution providers and will support a range of new models as well as retrofit applications. SUN Mobility, along with its partners, is planning to roll out this network of Quick Interchange Stations in a phased manner across various major cities, thus enabling customers to adopt electric mobility using an innovative pay-peruse model that reduces not only their initial cost of purchase but also overall operating cost. •

• 47

ENABLER’S VIEW Customized Energy Solutions (CES) assists clients in managing and staying ahead of the changes in the wholesale and retail electricity and natural gas markets. CES was founded in 1998 in Philadelphia, USA. With its active presence in India, Canada and Japan, the company has been in the forefront of influencing decision makers and end users towards adopting emerging technologies such as demand response, energy storage, microgrids and smart grids. In an exclusive interview with ETN’s editorial team, Stephen Fernands, Founder & President of the company revealed his India-specific plans. Excerpts…

48 •


Source: CES

"India has a fantastic market potential..."

In keeping with its name, Customized Energy Solutions offers bespoke services to the client. In what way do you stand apart from other consulting firms? There are a couple of differentiators as a consulting and energy services company. First, we are heavily involved with the development of electric and natural gas policies at the wholesale and retail level. Since the inception CES also has built strong IT platforms for

Source: CES

enabling data driven decision making for optimizing assets in energy markets. Through combination of this market involvement and data analytics, we are not only able to help client understand existing market rules and dynamics, but can also anticipate market changes – and advise clients on how to adapt their strategy to the changing market environment. Secondly, we have a strong and diverse team of technology experts, who are tracking emerging technology trends and working with clients who are introducing disruptive technologies that can transform the way markets are working currently. In addition, we don’t stop at providing consulting on how a company should participate in the market, but help our clients implement their strategies using both our operational skills and hosted software platforms. These provide ongoing operational support for our clients to seamlessly move from strategy development into operational execution.

Looking back, how has the 20-year journey of CES been so far? What are your growth plans for the future? The last 20 years have been a fantastic journey from helping in

the development of deregulated energy markets in North America to entering India with the opening of their wholesale and retail markets. Over these 20 years, we have assisted thousands of clients in making better decisions regarding their energy investments. We will continue to develop our existing North American, Indian and Japanese areas of operation. While we are expanding our service offerings in those markets – where we are already active, we hope to extend our services to additional countries. Standing as we are, at the cusp of a transformation to green energy worldwide, we see great opportunities in the emerging technologies business and distributed energy resources as compared to when we first started in 2004. Over the next several years, we are very well positioned to assist our clients in selecting the right technology and effectively optimizing its deployment.

Could you elaborate on the services provided by CES, the nature of your customers and how exactly your services help them? Our clients include electric and natural gas utilities, independent power producers, technology companies, financial institutions &

investors and large commercial & industrial consumers. We support our clients right from their strategic planning process, through the implementation of scalable solutions to the execution of their business plan. For those in the business of selling electricity, we help them through a wide range of services including product development, pricing, forecasting, scheduling, risk management and customer information and billing management. For generation and asset development; companies such as battery storage developers; we assist in analyzing the best location for their assets to connect to the grid, maximizing the value of their generation, improving the environment, and operating the assets through our 24-hour operations center. For technology companies and investors, we help in providing independent competitive assessment, optimizing the product configuration and development roadmap, understanding market potential, developing market entry and partnership strategies and also help in identifying customers and guide throughout the commercialization process. We have helped industrial and commercial customers in optimizing their energy procurement costs •

• 49


To what extent does CES have a positive influence on the global industry? Though our involvement with electricity markets we have influenced development of regulations and policies that have enabled competitive electricity markets that have also provided opportunities for integration of emerging technologies suc as demand response and energy storage. We have been at the frontier of the energy storage market helping lay down market rules that allow for a level playing field for different types of technologies. We have helped companies in designing their product offering to best meet the needs of the industry – and make wise financial decisions that allow them to expand and serve more customers. More recently, we have created the Indian Energy Storage Alliance to help bring improved visibility and dialog between utilities, consumers, regulators and potential market entrants. We look to promote the best in competitive market policies in all countries where we operate. Energy Storage Association (USA) recognized this by awarding CES team the Brad Roberts Award for outstanding industry contribution in 2016. Similarly our efforts in India have been recognized by CII Most innovative energy service award for the Tata Power DR program in 2013, IPPAI Power Innovation Award 2017 for creation of IESA and ISGF President’s Award 2018 for our contribution in growth of smart grids in India.

What kind of hand-holding support do you offer for successful installation of emerging technologies in client companies? 50 •


One of our principal differentiators as a consulting company is our continued support from inception to hand-holding all the way through the successful installation of the project. We start by analyzing the customer requirements and selection of appropriate technology through CoMETS (Comprehensive Market Evaluation Tools for Storage) platform. We also help in selecting an appropriate technology service provider for meeting customer requirements. We then continue through our metering, communications, and operations capabilities to insure the realization of the benefits of the project over its operational lifetime. Using our understanding of technologies as well as market rules and pricing, we help optimize operations for ensuring maximum returns on the investment for emerging technology adopters. We have helped to set up and operate more than 1000 MWs of storage projects and currently managing over 200MW of storage technologies including Lithium-ion batteries, advanced lead acid batteries, thermal storage, flywheels and landfill gas. Over past decade we have been involved with number of Industry 1st projects including 1st energy storage projects in US to provide frequency regulation using li-ion batteries, 1st project for ancillary services with advanced lead acid

batteries, 1st grid scale flywheel project etc. We were also involved with the 1st grid scale demonstration project in India for demonstration of ancillary services using advanced lead acid as well as li-ion batteries.

What methods do you employ to reduce the cost of energy storage components such as batteries, ultracapacitors etc.? The key to reducing costs is by understanding how the devices will be operated. Based on our extensive operating experience, we are able to advise clients on the technical requirements of their energy storage components – in order to optimize the sizing of the components and maximize the lifetime value of the projects.

CES manages third party 10 GW assets of renewables and conventional generation resources. Which technology do you use to manage and grow them? We have developed a significant amount of our own technology to be able to optimize generation ranging from co-generation facilities such as fossil, natural gas, wind, solar, diesel and storage technologies. We have also built some of the leading SCADA systems for generation dispatch and control in our 24 hour operations center.

Source: CES

through procurement of renewable energy and participation in the wholesale market through our membership in the India Power Exchange, as well as participate in wholesale electric and natural gas markets globally.

There are several reasons why India should be able to leapfrog many other countries...

How do you perceive India’s potential today to offer a wide energy storage market? India has a fantastic market potential that will eventually emerge from some of the historical challenges – such as the financial health of distribution companies and inconsistent government policy. There are several reasons why India should be able to leapfrog many other countries in its implementation of energy storage. First, the economics of renewable integration with storage is superior to most countries due to the relatively higher capacity factors of renewable generation and the lack of transmission to deliver that energy to consumers. Secondly, the need for electric vehicles as part of an overall policy to address an acute air quality situation in many of India’s leading cities. Thirdly, a highly skilled low cost workforce that is able to implement projects at a more affordable price point than many other countries. Fourth, overall higher retail rates for commercial customers in part reflecting the fact that India has to import a good amount of its non-renewable fuel both for transportation and the power sector.

Fifth, India already has a very strong Lead Acid battery market that could adjust their technology or application to increase performance at a relatively lower price point. I believe there are numerous potential solutions or technologies to the very expansive breadth of storage needs.

Do you have any specific plans for India in 2018? Some plans include expanding power trading offering; more energy management services and storage or distributed renewable solutions; expand our emerging technology operation area to handle a greater technology mix. Shift focus in India from a largely consulting base to a balance between consulting and operational support, in particular with electric vehicles or campus or rural microgrids.

What kind of support would you offer the Indian automotive industry in its mission to step into electric mobility? We have worked with both battery technology companies as well as auto manufacturers to evaluate market opportunities — and help position them for rapid growth as the electric vehicle market expands. We also look for those additional values that can be cre-

ated from a well-designed electric charging infrastructure in terms of increased reliability, power quality and peak demand management.

What challenges do you foresee for India’s storage market? The storage market is still at the growing stage and there has been a good deal of regulatory uncertainty. In the absence of a well thought out regulatory framework, we may end up with a less efficient storage infrastructure that is centered on the industrial or commercial consumer, versus one that could be more inclusive at the wholesale. Good wholesale market policies have the additional benefits of optimizing the transmission infrastructure. The storage market will expand at this stage; the real question is if it will do so in a way that is supported by a strong regulatory environment – or it will develop in more of a patchwork manner, with individual electric and gas consumers making decisions that work best for themselves, but may or may not be in the best interest of the electric system. We are eagerly awaiting the launch of the national energy storage mission from MNRE, which would address some of this uncertainty and can help India lead in leapfrogging in adoption of energy storage.

Listen to the Experts of the Clean Energy AVAILABLE PODCASTING

Subscribe to the podcast on a platform of your choice. If you have any thoughts or feedback, drop a line to: •

• 51


Author: Girish Shivakumar Policy Director Customized Energy Solutions

A Comprehensive Guideline Needed The National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) had set a target of 6 to 7 million of electric vehicles in the country by 2020...


t a recent event in the national capital, I wasn’t totally surprised when an ardent Electric Vehicle industry observer remarked, “We have had more conferences and discussions on EVs in the last year, which actually exceed the total number of EVs currently running on Indian roads.” It might come as a total surprise to most of the current EV industry observers that In52 •


dia’s first big programme on electric vehicles was launched by the previous government in 2012. The National Electric Mobility Mission Plan - NEMMP had set a target of 6 to 7 million of electric vehicles in the country by 2020, to be achieved by encouraging manufacturing, developing related infrastructure and creating consumer awareness. Now looking back – it is quite clear that we are actually far from

reaching those goals, including the one which foresees India in a leadership role in this space. The whole narrative of the NEMMP plan was focussed on fuel savings and to an extent on CO2 emissions reduction. Running the model based on those parameters clearly indicated that the greatest potential in both factors lay in the two-wheeler segment. Consequently the plan envisaged 3.5 to

5 million electric vehicle sales to come from two-wheelers. A possible justification for the lack of up-take in electric two-wheelers in this period could have been the scarcity of quality options in the market space. The current market trend has been to identify the sector with a comparable Total Cost of Ownership against the existing alternatives and it is in this backdrop that we see large scale procurement of car and bus fleets by government agencies. Looking back, the NEMMP had all the right ingredients in the right quantity to kick start an EV market in India. Even its priority roadmap for R&D had it nailed when it highlighted the key focus area on a component level. In hindsight the failure of the NEMMP can be squarely attributed to a lack of monitoring of the plan’s progress.

FAME The Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric & Hybrid Vehicles in India was a natural progression from the NEMMP’s demand incentives recommendation. Although the original plan was to end in March 2017, it has now been extended to September 2018 or until a new scheme or policy be announced. A total budget of INR 394 crore was allotted till the end of financial year 201718. The budget for this financial year has allocated INR 260 crore for the FAME scheme to subsidise procurement of eBuses and other electric vehicles in the 11 cities identified through an expression of interest by the Department of Heavy Industries towards the end of 2017.

States leading the race Karnataka became the first Indian state to launch a comprehensive policy on electric vehicle and energy storage in October 2017. Since then Maharashtra has officially launched its policy for EV and energy storage while Telangana and Uttar Pradesh have released a draft version of the policy. A host of other state governments

Electric Vehicles in the 11 cities identified through an expression of interest by the Department of Heavy Industries... have declared their intent to lay out red carpets for manufacturers of EVs and batteries through various incentives and programmes. The financial incentives range from investment promotion subsidies, exemption on state GST, stamp duty, land registration/conversion charges and even exemption from electricity duty. The policies also propose to provide special incentives agreed on by a high level committee to companies that have significant investment and employment potential. City level targets in terms of the number of eBuses to be rolled out, charging stations to be set up etc. have been defined. Following up on the state government’s objectives, the state electricity regulatory commission has notified a special tariff category for EV charging through DISCOM network in Delhi, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh with other states including Maharashtra and Karnataka expected to announce them in the new tariff orders. All these initiatives are heartening, but the real thrust can only happen if the central government and regulators clarify a few missing gaps: for instance, how can private players set up charging infrastructure and will there be a cap on the maximum tariff that they

can charge across different states and so on. The recent clarification note by Ministry of Power stating electric vehicle charging is a service and not a resale of electricity is a welcome step.

Policy integration: The way forward So, with nearly a year into the big ambitious announcement or the vision statement, as it is popularly termed, we seem not to have a plan in place that could guide us to achieve 100 per cent electric vehicle sales in 2030, a target probably more realistic compared to the idea of 100 per cent electric vehicles on the road. The auto sector’s concerns and an initial resistance is justified, considering it contributes over seven per cent of India’s GDP and employs nearly 30 million people. It is however a little disheartening that India has not been able to close the missing gaps in the policy and move ahead with its objectives. Renewable energy project developers have been praying for a big demand growth in electricity consumption, which would force utilities to purchase more cheap power that is increasingly being generated from wind and solar. The lack of growth in energy demand is attributed to an economic growth that is heavily tilted towards the services sector rather than manufacturing. The falling cost of battery prices over the last decade is a convincing argument to hedge our interests in constructing giga factories for batteries. These could propel the production of electric vehicles on a large scale. Proliferation of electric vehicles in India would lead directly to an increase in energy demand. The development of automobile cluster manufacturing has been a significant development in the growth of the sector and a similar model for battery manufacturing units along with EV manufacturing would go a long way in the development of the electric vehicle sector in India. •

• 53


“India is an ideal market for us...” EnerBlu is a leader in new energy, bringing innovative power technologies and products to organizations worldwide. The company has an impressive list of customers to its credit – from governments to military departments and commercial organizations. In an exclusive e-interview, Michael WeberExecutive Chairman-EnerBlu; Daniel Elliott-President & CEO-EnerBlu and C Robert Pedraza-Executive Vice President & Chief Strategy Officer-EnerBlu fielded questions from the editorial team of ETN. Excerpts… How would you describe the activities of EnerBlu-US in a nutshell? Weber: EnerBlu is an innovative modular power equipment company focused on solving the new distributed energy challenges faced by the military, utility, and commercial electric vehicle markets. Our company is able to deliver reliable and stable power, optimized efficiency and the most competitive operating costs when its proprietary pre-engineered 54 •


energy storage systems are integrated into renewable projects or conventional generators.

What are the distinctive characteristics of EnerBlu as a company? Weber: We truly have some distinctive characteristics. I mention here a few of them: • No legacy products • Transformational technologies • Vertically integrated business model

• Lowest manufacturing cost lithium titanate high power battery • Harsh environment system design (extreme temperature) • Safe and long-term solutionoriented company • Superior technology solutions that are economically attractive • Seeking ‘win-win’ relationships with organizations worldwide

Michael Weber Executive Chairman EnerBlu

What kind of leadership and talent pool does the company maintain? Elliott: Our company has a worldclass team consisting of new energy pioneers and experienced executives who have a long track record in relevant energy storage technologies. They have a demonstrated track record in developing, marketing and commercializing solutions in EnerBlu’s product class.

Could you elaborate a little on your unique solutions for EnerBlu’s target markets? Elliott: EnerBlu’s ‘go to market’ strategy is structured around three divisions: A. ePowerProducts EnerBlu’s proprietary eLTO battery technology meets military standards and provides proven advantages for power packs and

Daniel Elliott President & CEO EnerBlu

hybridization as well as microgrid and grid deployments. ePowerProducts has two main pre-engineered product families as follows: GO System: A distributed energy storage that fits existing or new solar farms. With GO System, solar power is available on-demand, when and where it is needed, in the desired amounts and in a manner that is comparable to or better than conventional power plants. [MIL]-AESU: AESU optimizes any diesel generator operations by means of running the generators at its optimal efficiency allowing for low maintenance, extreme life extension, increased reliability and drastic emission reduction and energy savings. Target Markets: • Military/Emergency Response (NGO) • Telecoms • O&G/Mining • Freight/Container Handling • Marine • OEMs B. eGRIDSERVICES EnerBlu eGridServices teams up with developers, corporations, and investors globally to develop projects, install equipment, and test and commission microgrid systems, which consist of PV

C Robert Pedraza President, India & MENA EnerBlu

solar, high-density power battery energy storage and backup hybridized diesel gensets with utilities to meet today’s power/ energy demands. Target Markets: • Investors: financial community backing microgrids • Developers: local company – very fluid • Operators: corporations, universities, hospital, government • Utilities: all sizes C. eTRANSPORT EnerBlu’s commercial line of electric-medium duty trucks and buses and associated flash chargers have been built from the ground-up in the USA to be environmentally friendly and reduce the total cost of ownership. Target Markets: • Medium duty (class 4~6) market segment / cabover design • Fleet operators / last mile delivery co. • Airport / hotel shuttles (hospitality) • School buses / campus shuttles (education) • Industrial complexes • Step van / specialty trucks (owner-operators / custom) •

• 55


EnerBlu CEO & Chairman at Pikeville KY...

What kind of emphasis do you place on Research & Development? Pedraza: R&D is a critical part of our activities, as we continuously strive to improve performance, drive down cost and meet the evolving and ever-changing needs of our target customers and the broader marketplace. It is of the highest priority for EnerBlu to remain at the leading edge of technically superior and economically attractive solutions.

In which fundamental areas is your R&D team currently engaged? Pedraza: Presently we are working on: Advanced battery manufacturing streamlining, Materials engineering and Power electronics.

Could you kindly elaborate on your production facilities? Pedraza: EnerBlu is in the process of building a gigawatt 56 •


factory to manufacture and integrate eLTO batteries, which are our core technology, into our grid energy storage and hybridization systems – as well as into our all-electric mediumduty vehicles. The campus is built on 154 acres of coal mining land in Eastern Kentucky where we will be able to take advantage of the infrastructure that was built to deliver coal across the country to coal powered electric plants. For example, we are going to bring in the bulk material via train and transform them into finished products that can easily be shipped anywhere in the US or around the world. It is worth noted that 65 per cent of the US population is within an 8-hour drive from where the plant is located. This part of the country has a highly skilled workforce with a strong understanding of Direct Current power, complex machinery and robotics operations in production

environments. We also benefit from Federal focus to revitalize the region and put 900 coal miners to work through retraining and new jobs programs.

What is the unique expertise that you have developed in the charging solutions space? Weber: Our charging solutions take full advantage of the core capabilities of EnerBlu, eLTO and SiC power electronics for compact footprint, high (dis-) charge rates, independently of the battery state of charge, and under harsh and commercial environment conditions. These systems deliver superior efficiency and extended lifetime. Electric buses can now optimize their on-board energy storage capacity by using flash chargers or end-of-route fast chargers that can be shared with the entire fleet for optimum uptime.

necessary to create a path to capital investment from both domestic and foreign investors.

What are the specific developments in India that give you confidence about your company's potential in this country?

Could you share some insights into your prime target customers and global reach? Weber: EnerBlu is engaged in the development partnership with key North American utility companies interested in securing local access to utility grade critical components of the new energy infrastructure. Our company is also working abroad with developers and Tier-1 OEMs in Asia and India through joint-venture. Our business development team is also working directly with other potential customers in targeted industries.

What plans have you on the anvil for the USA? Elliott: We have several large projects in the making with high profile companies and US agencies as well as the military for the coming months.

How do you perceive the market in India? Pedraza: India is in a unique position and could take full advantage of the new energy technology, possibly leapfrogging other countries with a more resilient and sustainable infrastructure due to not having to deal with the legacy of old centralized grid infrastructure. Indian Public Sector Units have expressed strong interest to invest in energy storage manufacturing as well as electric vehicle charging infrastructure – to create the economic development environment necessary for companies like EnerBlu to bring state-of-the-art and cost-effective technology to India. However, the catalyst or activator to accelerate this process would be a clear, tangible and a firm roadmap for deployment of stationary power along with electric vehicles

Elliott: India is an ideal market for EnerBlu. As India is going through its energy revolution deploying massive amounts of renewable energy projects across the country, distributed energy resources must be able to sustain the especially harsh environment. eLTO, our lowermanufacturing cost lithium titanate technology is an ideal chemistry to help India take full advantage of renewable distributed generation combined with efficient modular power technologies. The government is also establishing policies that drive the adoption of e-mobility across various segments of transportation. They are also supporting these policies with critical funding in the mass transit segment to launch the acquisition of electric buses by the individual state mass transit authorities.

Have you set any expansion strategy for India? Pedraza: Absolutely. India is an enormous ‘market’ opportunity for our solutions. There is also an equally attractive opportunity for India to serve as a manufacturing and technology hub for parts of the world, including the Middle East, Africa and Southeast Asia. Our team is actively working with top Tier-1 manufacturers and investors to bring EnerBlu’s technology to India. It is still too early to make any sort of public announcement but a major partnership could be finalized before the end of this year. •

• 57


India Energy Storage and Battery Market Overview Report 2017-2025 This report brought out by India Energy Storage Alliance is an allinclusive guide for stakeholders across the board in the energy storage industry/business. IESA works to guide and promote this nascent industry and assesses its market potential. It brainstorms with key stakeholders on policy matters; raises awareness about energy storage in the Indian industry, in government and the power sector; assists energy storage technology, product services and assists system integration companies to strategize and grow.


ndia Energy Storage Alliance (IESA) has launched the 4th edition of its India Storage and Market Overview Report, which contains a detailed analysis – and facts & figure – based projection of the energy storage and battery market in India till 2025. This is a 150-page report covering 19 en-

ergy storage applications with the future potential from 2018-2025. IESA research team prepares this report every year considering past deployments, current projects and future projections. According to the report, the energy storage market for India in 2017 was around 20GWh. The

overall projection for energy storage potential in India between 2017 to 2025 is around 390 GWh. The country’s energy storage market has started to witness some traction in last 24 months. This report was prepared with various primary researches and in-depth interviews with 100+ industry leaders and policymakers. It also covers companies which are currently involved in Indian energy storage market and those companies planning to enter the India market in future. There are various opportunities to grab from the sectors, such as: Tourism & Hospitality, Telecom, Utility, Microgrids, Renewable Integration, Diesel Replacement, Grid Services and so on.

Tourism & Hospitality (3 to 5 MW) Central government and Various state governments are looking forward to integrate energy storage system with solar for airport, railway stations, resorts, hospitals, temple complex and archaeological places.

Telecom (over 1000 MWh+) Already over 100,000 towers were installed with Lithium ion (Li-ion) battery by the end of 2017. Li-ion battery installation crossed 1,000 MWh in Telecom sector 58 •


alone. With the growing demand in the sector, more such installations are awaiting.

Utility (10 MW+) Tata power Delhi Distribution has signed up a project with AES energy storage to develop a 10MW energy storage project for grid services, which is likely to be commissioned in 2018. Also, there are few other utilities like CESC Kolkata, Reliance Energy-Mumbai are in discussion for energy storage pilot projects. Thus, the utility segment is opening up its windows of high potential.

India Energy Storage Market 2017 - 2025 Market Parameters


Market Size in 2017 (in GWh)

15 GWh

Market Size in 2025 (in GWh)

89 GWh

Market Size in 2017-2025 (in GWh)

390 GWh

Energy Storage Market-CAGR (2017-2025)


Top five applications in terms of MWh potential (2017-2025)

Electric Vehicles (EV) Inverter back-up Telecom Towers UPS Thermal Storage

Microgrids (10 MW+) Recently, JERDA floated a tender for 94 microgrids with cumulative capacity of approx. 5 MWh. Earlier this year, BREDA opened a tender for 100 MW+ microgrids with storage. One of the first commercial micro-grid will be installed at Eaton-Pune office in 2018. In the next few years, microgrids will literally start mushrooming in the country.

Renewable Integration (20 MWh+) NLC and MES will award a 8MWh/16MW project for A&N islands. NTPC is evaluating multiple projects in A&N totally about 10MWh. SECI has invited EoI for undertaking feasibility studies for a wind + solar+ storage project in AP. Many more are on the card.

Diesel Replacement (10 MW+) Diesel Replacement has already picked up in rural banking sector, petrol pumps, residential projects and few demonstrations have been done at the construction sector. More emerging opportunities are being created with shift in paradigm.

Grid Services (1.5 MW) In the recent past, JERDA floated a tender for 94 microgrids with cumulative capacity of approximately 5 MWh. Earlier this year, BREDA too opened an tender for 100 MW+ microgrids with

storage. More such projects are on queue.

Detailed focus The IESA’s report vividly discusses the market potential and forecasts of the ESS industry. It also draws attention on the market drivers, such as: Electric Vehicles (NEV, PHEV, HEV, e-rickshaw), Diesel Optimisation and so on. Unlike most other reports, the IESA’s report also focuses on the market limitations. It highlights the effects of Grid Reliability, Lack of Policy Framework, Cost

of Technology etc. While integration of the renewable energies to the existing power grid is a major challenge, IESA’s report meticulously treats all aspects of wind and solar integration, and also presents an in-depth roadmap of the ancillary services.

To book a copy contact M: +91 9819944543 Price: US$ 3500 •

• 59


“ISRO’s Li-ion cells are highly cost effective…” After a panel headed by Cabinet Secretary P K Sinha recommended the commercial use of Indian Space Research Organization’s Lithium-ion battery technology under the Make in India initiative for electric vehicles, the editorial team of ETN had a detailed discussion with ISRO Chairman K. Sivan. Here he speaks about the type of technology that they have developed, how it will help Indian EVs and to which parties they would transfer the technology. Excerpts…

ISRO has developed Li-ion cell technology indigenously, which is being used successfully for various space-related applications in satellites and launch vehicles. This technology can be adopted by Indian industries to manufacture Liion cells within the country for use in various energy storage applications including for automobiles.

What kind of cost reduction can we expect from deploying ISRO’s technology? ISRO has been making space grade Li-ion cells for its own applications. Compared with similar types of (space grade) cells, ISRO’s Li-ion cells are highly cost-effective. Industries can further improve on this technology and lower the costs by bringing in inexpensive materials, adopting large-scale automated and economical manufacturing methods etc. Electrode processing methods remain similar for both space and commercial applications. Hardware and packaging can be tuned by industries to make 60 •


cells of any capacity to effect significant cost reduction.

What differences are there between space grade and commercial Li-Ion batteries? The basic technology remains the same in both space grade and commercial Li-ion batteries. However, performance requirements are much different. Cells should work in ultra-high vacuum conditions and should be hermetically sealed for space applications. Leak rate of the cells should be better than 10-8 std He. A satellite battery demands a life of 15-20 years during its on-orbit phase. Reliability requirement is extremely high since there is no possibility of correcting a problem

during the orbital phase. Normal commercial batteries have an average lifespan of just five to seven years and correction is an option in case of malfunction. Reliability requirements are much lower when compared to space grade cells.

Would ISRO be handing over its technology to private players? If so, which are the targeted players? ISRO is open to all types of industries for the transfer of technology of Li-Ion cells. Of course, because of the advantageous nature of the acquisition, there are certain desirable criteria as to which industry would most benefit from the technology.

Source: IESA

Could you elaborate on the technology that ISRO is ready to offer to the Indian automobile industry?

ISRO itself has no targeted players for the technology transfer. This activity is done through Niti Aayog, Government of India as per specified and updated guidelines.

ISRO’s Li-ion cells are highly cost-effective. Industries can further improve on this technology and lower the costs...

What sort of investment would be required to build a Li-Ion battery-producing facility using ISRO technology? ISRO is not in a position to advise regarding the investments needed for establishing a LiIon cell manufacturing facility by the industry. Investment depends on a variety of factors like the type/capacity of cell targeted for manufacture, the rate of production, production capacity earmarked for the plant, type of machinery proposed for procurement, the extent of automation and trained manpower, level of skills and complementing facilities already existing with the manufacturer, etc. ISRO also has done its investment in a phased manner and the production capacity is very small - just enough to meet its own internal requirements for satellites and launch vehicles. An investment of around INR 2530 crore excluding buildings is required for the facilities which ISRO has invested in for its production. However, this is not a fully automated plant; there is a lot of manual labor-intensive activity and the production capacity is very low compared to commercial scale production volumes.

“ISRO’s battery from the cell is valid only for space systems…” K Sivan Chairman, ISRO

Are you conducting any kind of R&D to integrate solar energy with battery charging stations directly at remote areas?

degradation at 20- and 30oC. The cells performed extremely well with a capacity degradation of 4.5 per cent at 40oC for 100 cycles, which is well in line with cell characteristics. 50 Ah Li-Ion cells developed by ISRO were tested on twowheelers at ARAI, Pune. An 48V, 50 Ah battery was used for the 2W demonstration.

Yes, ISRO has done some research in integrating solar energy with battery charging. But it is at very preliminary levels.

Could you elaborate on the test report by Automotive Research Association of India (ARAI) on these batteries?

Are you offering the complete battery management system as a packaged solution?

100 Ah cells were supplied to ARAI for feasibility studies. They have evaluated the cell performance at different temperatures. After initial level evaluation, road profile tests were done on cells (dynamic stress test) at 20-, 30- and 40oC. Cells didn’t show any performance

ISRO is transferring the cell technology only. For automobile use, a suitable battery management system is required, where the expertise of ARAI, Pune can be utilized. ISRO’s battery from the cell is valid only for space systems, whereas the battery management system for automobiles is required to have safety as the major criteria.

How soon can we see mass scale utilization of this technology for producing batteries indigenously?

Battery voltage: 43.5 V

Max Speed: 50 kmph Distance: 500 km

Li-Ion cells developed by ISRO were tested on two-wheelers at ARAI, Pune...

Source: ISRO

Range: 90 km

Mass scale utilization depends on how quickly industries acquire this technology and establishes their own manufacturing units. ISRO is ready to offer the technology. •

• 61


KARNATAKA, the state with an EV policy

Karnataka Beckons Investors

In alignment with India’s shift towards sustainable mobilityR V Deshpande-Minister for Large and Medium Industries & Infrastructure Development-Government of Karnataka has been instrumental in releasing the first state Electric Vehicle and Energy Storage Policy in October 2017. The policy was the first among the Indian states. In February 2018, Maharashtra became the second state to launch its policy. Govt Maharashtra stated that all three segments of the EV sector – manufacturing, creation of infrastructure, and consumers – were accounted for in the policy. In his speech delivered at the 5th International Conference & Exhibition on Energy Storage & Microgrids in India held in New Delhi, January 2018, Deshpande elaborated on the many aspects of the policy and effective strategies for its success. The minister’s speech was podcast on Emerging Tech Radio, a platform of Customized Energy Solutions. Following are key highlights from his speech:

Dear Friends, Many of you may know that we have already come out with an Electric Vehicle and Energy Storage policy more than two months ago. It is not just for manufacturing of electric vehicles, it is also for manufacturing of batteries. We also have drawn up an action plan on how to create infrastructure. The government will create the infrastructure. We have already had several meetings – and slowly we will announce what is our action plan. R V Deshpande, Minister for Large and Medium Industries & Infrastructure Development, Government of Karnataka

62 •


Author: Kathy Priyo


Friends, it is a proud privilege for me to be here this afternoon to participate in the 5th International Conference & Exhibition on Energy Storage & Microgrids in India. Before I start I can assure you the fullest cooperation and support for whoever looks at Karnataka for investment. Before I deal with the subject I am very happy to inform you that Karnataka has been a very visionary state, right from the time of the Mysore Maharaja, [Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV, together with the then Dewan, Dr Sarav Visvesvaraya.] initiatives have been taken to start industry, business, trade…and hence today we are leaders in many areas.

Policy wise Likewise the EV policy and the battery manufacturing policy: I am happy to tell you, and many of you may know that we have already come out with a policy more than two months ago. Friends say it is one of the good policies. It is not just for manufacturing of EV vehicles, it is also for manufacturing of batteries. We have also drawn up an action plan on how to create the necessary infrastructure. We will slowly announce our action plan: By what date will Bengaluru replace the petrol and diesel vehicles.

As per the EV policy document, the State of Karnataka has a ready ecosystem for a vibrant automotive sector with a large pool of technical workforce, robust R&D capabilities and manufacturing expertise. The sector has deep backward linkages with metal industries, capital equipment, trucking, warehousing and logistics. It also has a strong forward linkage with dealerships, retails, credit and financing, advertising, repair and maintenance, petroleum products, gas stations, service parts and other facilities...

Replacement of the gasoline vehicles However let me be very honest: we don’t want to do it in a hurry, because those who have invested money in this country or state have done it on our assurances. We have committed to our policies. So for a changeover, a reasonable amount of time has to be given. And hence friends, I

would be very happy, if anybody is looking at Karnataka [to invest]. I don’t want to name the country, but I am happy to tell you that just eight days back we have cleared one project of INR 500 crores. For manufacturing of electric buses in Karnataka, another very reputed Indian company has got approval from us for research. So things have started happening. Even as I was waiting, a couple of friends met me and said, ‘We would like to look at Karnataka.’ So friends, we are all here to support you. I am delighted to be here with you today as there cannot be a better platform to discuss our roadmap for electric vehicles than at a conference organized by India Energy Storage Alliance.

Make in India initiative I wish to reiterate that we support the initiatives of the Prime Minister’s goals of Make in India, Digital India, Start-up India. As I mentioned, Karnataka has been a visionary state which thinks ahead of times and brings in suitable policies. All the policies, I am happy to tell you, have been brought in with the support of the industry. Just as the GoI has formed a company, Invest in India, we are the first state in the country to form a Section 8 company, Invest Karnataka Forum. •

• 63


Karnataka’s policy for the future era However global energy transition is underway. Nowhere is there greater potential to accelerate the energy transition to electric vehicles than in India, home to a growing urban population of half a billion, with buying potential and steady economic growth. It is crystal clear that in order for this to happen, we need to have a proper energy storage solution in place. So when the policy was brought out, industry advised us to not just bring the electrical vehicle policy, but also bring the battery manufacturing. There are very few components in an electrical vehicle, of which the costliest component is the battery. The cost is high because of the battery component. If you are able to succeed in reducing the battery cost, the electric vehicles could be more popular and in higher demand.

Progress in the field of energy storage There are friends who are already working on investing in battery manufacture in Karnataka. We need to have proper energy storage solutions in place. Indeed a holistic approach with the three pillars: [mainly] technology, policy push, and market pull will ensure that technology development is promoted and implemented. Karnataka has always succeeded in delivering last mile impact development for a sustainable future through inclusive policies and programs.

64 •


Our Electrical Vehicle Energy Storage Policy is the one and only policy in the country to unite the shift away from fossil fuels. Today we are the only people [with a policy in place]. So if you want to invest, you have to come to Karnataka. If there are friends from overseas, I would invite you to first invest in India, and then come to Karnataka. The policy has been framed with a vision to make Karnataka and India a preferred investment destination for manufacturing of electric vehicles by leveraging advantages and opportunities for the sustained development of this promising segment. We intend to attract investments and create employment opportunities for around 55,000 jobs from both supply and demand side. This will create a conducive environment for the transition to electric vehicles. However it is not implied that the need of existing internal combustion engines is over, it is just time to embrace change.

The salient futures of the Electric Vehicle and Energy Storage Policy 2017 include the following: EV manufacturing zones for EV manufacturing along with facilities for research and startups: We are trying to discourage industries from coming up within Bengaluru since the number of vehicles has gone up so much. I am not so worried about the industry, I am worried about the children who go to school. We are trying to discourage investments within Bengaluru. However for [aviation and] EVs, we are giving incentives and concessions to develop round about Bengaluru. Being a new industry, we have to support it till it takes off. Investment incentives are being provided for setting up EV charging infrastructure with BIS standards in public places including airports, railway stations and metro stations. Special purpose vehicles involving BBMP, BMTC, BESCOM, KREDL, KIADB and other related agen-

Barely months after the State government released its policy document, the Bangalore Electric Supply Company set up the first public electric vehicle charging station in Bengaluru (India’s first fast-charging EV station). For a nominal fee, citizens can access this charging station based out of its KR Circle office. The power distributions company is looking to open 11 more charging stations across the city within three months...

cies will be mooted for the creation of more charging station infrastructure in Bengaluru City. We will establish working groups with supporting grants for development of necessary technologies from concept to market in the areas of drive technologies, battery technologies, charging infrastructure and network integration standards and integration, materials and recycling, quality of training. We are also working on setting up a skill development center in collaboration with the industry. We have received proposals from friends for up-skilling the workforce to augment the manpower required for the EV industry. Attractive incentives and concessions are already set in the policy as I mentioned. We encourage our start-ups to develop business models focused on supporting economic applications for EVs. Let me say a few words about research: The state of Karnataka houses the largest number of R&D centers and provides an environment for innovation, entrepreneurship and development. I am proud of this. We are in the process of commissioning the Karnataka Electrical Mobility Research and Innovation Center. I will extend necessary support to make it a world-class research hub.

Noticeable developments in Karnataka A responsive administration underlined by our efforts has made Karnataka the easiest place to live, work and to do business. We are already witnessing an unprecedented increase in the share of renewables in our energy mix. Karnataka’s transport department is gearing up to launch electrical auto rickshaws in Bengaluru. The city is shortlisted among the top 11 cities under FAME and will receive

Karnataka Electric Vehicle and Energy Storage Policy Features: 1. The government will establish EVs manufacturing zones and clusters. It will offer incentives to manufacturers in order to produce modular lithium-ion batteries with a higher mileage per charge. 2. The policy encourages subsidies for charging infrastructure in all public and private properties, including airports, railway stations, metro stations, high-rise buildings, malls, information technology parks, and apartment complexes. The government will make amendments to building by-laws for providing mandatory charging infrastructure in all high-rise buildings. 3. The government will also create a special purpose vehicle involving Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP), Bengaluru Metropolitan Transport Corporation (BMTC), Bangalore Electricity Supply Company (BESCOM), Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Ltd (KREDL), Karnataka Industrial Area Development Board (KIADB) and other agencies to create more changing infrastructure in Bengaluru and Karnataka. 4. EVs will be exempted from taxes from KMVT (Karnataka Motor Vehicle Taxation) Act 1957. Karnataka has one of the highest rates of motor tax in the country. 5. The government will set up Karnataka Electric Mobility Research and Innovation Centre to promote research in the state. Further, it proposes to set up an EV skill development center in collaboration with the industry for up-skilling the workforce to augment the manpower required for the EV industry. Currently, there are many companies in Karnataka which are working on electric mobility – Mahindra Electric, ANI Technologies (Ola), Bosch, Delphi and various others. 6. The policy also proposes to establish working groups with supporting grants for development of necessary technologies from concept to market in the areas of drive technologies; battery technologies; charging infrastructure and network integration; standards and certification; materials and recycling; quality and training etc. 7. The government will provide incentives and concessions for EV manufacture sector, battery manufacturing, and charging equipment enterprises throughout the State including Bengaluru District in line with the Industrial Policy 2014-19. 8. The government will encourage startups to develop a business model for EVs. Source:

a subsidy to the tune of 44 crores to buy 640 EVs under the scheme. Keeping pace with the rapid pace of change in the global automotive industry is not easy. We need transformation and breakthroughs to fundamentally transform the way we produce, store, transport and deliver and use our energy. One of the best ways to understand current trends, and there is so much the public sector can do. I look for-

ward to seeing how the government and business leaders can truly collaborate and build a new economic engine for India. We have a huge potential and our future depends on what we do in this present. I am sure our steps now will brighten our future. I would like to stop here and express once again my appreciation for your kind interest, engagement and invitation to join us here today.” •

• 65


India achieves 100 per cent rural electrification Recently, centering the government’s declaration of achieving complete power supply to rural India before time, there were several questions and debates on the statement. However, definition of village electrification is a legacy issue which, though, mandates electrification of at least 10 per cent households in a village, but does not imply restricting household electrification only to 10 per cent. What’s the real scenario now?


een Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojna’ (DDUGJY) has been achieved well before time. The union government, state agencies and all other stakeholders involved directly or indirectly in this programme deserve appreciation and applause for putting in unprecedented efforts to ensure completion of task within the targeted time frame. It is worthwhile to mention that most of the remaining villages were located in remote and inaccessible areas with difficult hilly terrain, deep forest areas, left wing extremism affected areas – and therefore probably remained neglected for electrification. The progress of village electrification in three years from 2012-13 to 2014-15, prior to commencement of Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojna (DDUGJY), on an average was only 1730 villages per year, including lowest ever figure of 1197 villages in 2013-14. There are reports in some sections of media that some villages are still un-electrified, contrary to the governments’ claim of achieving 100 per cent village electrification. In this connection, it may be reiterated that the government had taken up electrification of remaining un-electrified census villages, duly identifiable as per census code, reported by the states as on 01.04.2015, under ‘Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana’ (DDUGJY). Electrification of all these villages has been reported complete by all the concerned states. Some of the households in subvillage units viz. habitations or hamlets or Dhanis or Majras or Tolasmay not be having electricity as of now, and it is felt that certain news agencies are reporting about such habitations. The government has already launched ‘Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana’ – ‘Saubgaya’ to provide last mile connectivity and service connections to all remaining households in both rural and urban

areas to achieve universal household electrification. All the remaining households including those located in the habitations / hamlets / Dhanis / Majras / Tolas associated with the census villages and households attached to urban settlements would be covered under ‘Saubhagya’. Most of the villages reported in the news reports are in fact habitations / hamlets / Dhanis / Majras / Tolasand not the Census village, as described below: Madhya Pradesh: The three villages in Alirajpur District namely Jhandana, Amba and Chameli are situated in submerged areas of SardarSarovar. The villagers have been shifted to Kakrana village – which is electrified but some villagers have shifted to another nearby locality that is a habitation not yet electrified. In Raisen District, Khananpura village is already electrified and intensive electrification in associated Tola is under progress. The other five villages of Raisen district namely Jaitgarh, Bili, Pond, Ramgarha and Gopalpur are forest villages wherein households have been electrified with solar power. Rajasthan: All inhabited revenue / census villages in Dholpur district are reported to be electrified. The names of villages reported in the news articles are in fact Dhanis and not the revenue / census village. Intensive electrification works of GolekaPura and Shankar PuraDhanis have been completed and in remaining Dhanis, namely Ghuraiya Hera, Hathiyakhar, KehrikaNagla, Haripura, and Thakur Pura, the intensive electrification works are in progress. The Rajghat village is presently covered under municipal area of Dholpur and as such the households in urban areas are having access to electricity unless disconnected. Jharkhand: The Saprumvillage reported in the news reports is an electrified village but power is disrupted since long. (Source: PIB News)

66 •


Dr Rahul Walawalkar receives ISGF President’s Award 2018


uring India Smart Grid Week 2018 at New Delhi, Dr Rahul Walawalkar-Executive Director of India Energy Storage Alliance and President & MD-Customized Energy Solutions India was honored with the India Smart Grid Forum President’s Award 2018 for his invaluable contribution towards the growth of Smart Grids in India. Dr Kirit Parikh-Former Member Planning Commission and P Umashankar, Former Secretary- Ministry of Power were the past recipients of ISGF President's Award 2017 for their contribution towards the growth of Smart Grids in India. Various IESA member-companies also won ISGF Innovation Awards in different categories. India Smart Grid Week 2018 was the 4th edition of the Conference and Exhibition on Smart Energy and Smart Cities. It was organized by India Smart Grid

Source: ISGF


Forum from 5-9 March 2018 in New Delhi. The ISGF Innovation Awards were launched to recognize and honor individuals and organizations from public and private utilities, service providers, urban local bodies, technology companies, researchers and academia who set new benchmarks in Smart Grid and Smart City domains. Addressing the attendees on the occasion, Dr Walawalkar said, “I am honored to receive the ISGF President’s Award for contribution to the growth of Smart Grids in India along with my guide and friend Dr Rahul Tongia, Fellow at Brookings India. This award is a testimony to the efforts of the Customized Energy Solutions team who were instrumental in adopting various smart grid concepts including demand response, microgrids, energy storage and electric vehicles during the past 14 years. We are working with a vision to make India a global hub for adoption as well as manufacturing of emerging technologies, such as advanced energy storage, microgrid and EV technologies by 2020. This award comes at a perfect time as the Ministry of Power has just released the National e-Mobility Program and next month MNRE is anticipated to launch National Energy Storage Mission. I look forward to working closely with ISGF in coming years for the continued growth of smarter grids and microgrids in India.” Dr Walawalkar is the recipient of other awards such as the Brad Roberts Award for outstanding industry contribution by the Energy Storage Association; Power Innovations Award 2016 by Independent Power Producers Association of India; Storage Crusader Award at Renewable Energy India Awards 2017 among others.

Solar Lamp

Power minister empowers rural women


n the occasion of the 127th birth anniversary of Bharat Ratna Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar, R K Singh-Minister of State (IC) for Power and New & Renewable Energy-Government of India, launched a number of initiatives for the welfare of the underprivileged people of India. Of the several initiatives launched, Singh inaugurated Assembly & Distribution Centre for Solar Study Lamps at Mahuli village in Arrah. In this centre local women Self Help Group will assemble Solar Study Lamps and distribute them to underprivileged students who do not have access to electricity. Thus the center will not only provide kerosene-free affordable illumination to students but also empower rural women with the skills to assemble, distribute and repair solar lamps. This initiative is part of the GoI’s scheme

for providing 70 lakh Solar Study Lamps in five states, where rural household electrification levels are low. In Bihar, the target is to provide more than 18.84 lakh underprivileged students with Solar Study Lamps. Around 4.57 lakh such lamps have already been distributed to students of the State of Bihar. Singh also remotely laid the foundation for a solar Photovoltaic module manufacturing plant in Sherghati block of Gaya district. This plant will be the first of its kind in the state and will be entirely owned and operated by local women Self Help Group Federations. For this purpose a Memorandum of Understanding was signed between the Bihar Rural Livelihood Promotion Society - Jeevika, IIT-Bombay, and the Cluster Level Federation of women self-help group members. •

• 67


Murata Presents DC-DC Converters


urata has launched its latest in a series of encapsulated DC-DC converters – designed specifically for industrial, industrial mobility and railway applications. The 50 watt IRS-Q48 series from Murata Power Solutions provides high efficiency using the latest technology for fixed frequency switching power supply architectures, in an industry standard 1/16th brick pinout. The company’s IRS-Q48 series provides basic insulation with 2250 Vdc input-to-output isolation

Efficient Management

PowerShield Offers Solution for Managing Battery Banks

and a fully regulated DC output. The IRS series includes modules with outputs of 3.3, 5 and 12 Vdc with up to 50 watts of output power. The universal Vin range of 18 – 75 Vdc meets the requirements of EN50155 for nominal input voltages of 37.5 Vdc and 48 Vdc including brown out and transient conditions. The IRS-Q48 series is available with an option for a standard or a flanged baseplate for various conduction cooling configurations including cold wall mounting. With an efficiency of 91 per cent, the converters operate cooler and more efficiently. The electrical and mechanical design incorporates proprietary technology providing shock & vibration tolerance that meets or exceeds EN 61373:1999 Category1, Class B, Body Mounted requirements. Source: Murata

Mobility Aid

For further information: Website:

Monitor and analyse with Link battery management software This offers comprehensive monitoring from a single control point from batteries held in a single room through to large numbers of batteries held across multiple facilities or countries.

Process with the Controller


owerShield 8 is PowerShield’s best system yet for monitoring and managing stand-by battery banks. PowerShield’s continuous data sampling, reporting and battery management capability delivers reduced costs, peace of mind that you have batteries that perform when needed, and you are maximising the life of your batteries. There are four components that make up PowerShield 8.

At the heart of PowerShield 8, the Controller captures, processes and stores data from the battery sensors. The monitor offers simple installation, reduced cabling and flexibility with the capability to monitor UPS batteries that are up to 8 strings.

Measure with mSensors These gather individual voltage, impedance (Ohmic value) and temperature data, for VRLA, VLA and NI-Cd batteries. Located at the battery, the advanced circuits in the mSensor drive fast data sampling and powerful measurement algorithms.

Relay with the Hub

Source: PowerShield

Applied per battery string, the Hub takes inputs from in-built sensors and sensors at the battery rack and consolidates for transfer to the Controller. The Hub measures DC current, ripple current and ambient temperature via external sensors through an on board sensor.

For further information: Website:

68 •


ABB’s Opportunity Charging for Electric Buses


BB HVC-Opportunity Charging products offer high power charging via an automated rooftop connection. With typical charge times of three to six minutes, the system can easily be integrated into existing operations by installing chargers at endpoints, terminals and intermediate stops. ABB Heavy Vehicle Charger products offer an ideal solution for opportunity charging, ensuring zero-emission public transit during the day without impacting the normal operation of the route.

Key features The major advantages of the products are that they can charge multiple vehicle types and brands within three to six minutes. The connection is fully automated, so it is safe and reliable. The products conform to international IEC 61851-23 standards. Remote diagnostics and management tools are available.


ABB HVC chargers are based on international standards to ensure compatibility with multiple vehicle types and brands, so operators can select vehicles from multiple vendors.

Delta Rolls out New Amplon R Series UPS


elta has rolled out its new Amplon R Series online double-conversion UPS that leads the market in wider temperature tolerance, noise reduction, efficiency and Power Factor. The new series is now available in the following power ratings: 1kVA, 2kVA, and 3kVA. Gary Lin, Product Line Director of Delta’s Mission Critical Infrastructure Solutions Business Unit commented, “Even though the market for small-power UPS is fairly mature at this point, at Delta we still focus on improving these products with innovations that really make a difference to our customers. The new Amplon R Series offers remarkable performance and high efficiency that brings more value at a lower Total Cost of Ownership to our customers.”

High reliability for various small-load applications The Amplon R Series provides high reliability in a wide range of scenarios that require backup power for a small load. It is ideal for pan-IT applications at small and medium enterprises to protect servers, laptops, PCs, or office devices. There are also industrial controller applications such as fire systems, security, broadcasting and environmental monitoring, where the R Series can provide continuous protection on a 24/7/365 basis. This product is widely adopted at banks, schools, government agencies, and transportation—wherever there is mission-critical equipment running.

Advanced efficiency and availability

ABB chargers come with an extensive suite of connectivity features including remote monitoring, remote management, remote diagnostics, and overthe-air software upgrades. These advanced services provide equipment owners with powerful insights into their charging operations and enable high uptime and fast response to problems.

The AC-AC efficiency of this new series achieves up to 93 per cent and even higher, up to 96 per cent in the ECO mode. It helps reduce energy consumption and operating expenses so that users can meet requirements for sustainability targets without compromising availability. In addition, this product features an innovative structural design that works together with intelligent battery management and fan speed control to contribute to wide operating temperatures of up to 50°C. In applications where the cooling system does not run all day, or the ambient temperature is higher for cost reasons, the UPS can continue to offer 80 per cent capacity at between 40°C and 50°C. Without acquiring a larger rating, the new R Series continues to provide backup power beyond normal work conditions, bringing a significant advantage from the perspective of initial investment.

For further information: Website:

For further information: Website:

Future-proof modular design

Additional power cabinets can be installed at any time, allowing operators to scale their operation and to spread investments.

Safe and reliable operation

ABB fast chargers comply with the highest international electrical, safety and quality standards, guaranteeing safe and reliable operation in public areas.

Ability Connected Services •

• 69

Source: Delta Power Solutions

Source: ABB

Bus Charger

Power Supplies



BYD 27 Denso 22,27

India Energy Storage Alliance (IESA)


Sun Mobility

Suzuki 22


JBM Solaris Electric Vehicles (P) Ltd

Ecozen Solutions


KPIT 25,28

Eicher Trucks & Buses


Fortum India Pvt Ltd


Lithion Power Pvt Ltd


Lohia Auto




International Energy Agency 25

Delta Power Solutions

Goldstone Infratech Ltd

Solar Energy Corporation of India - SECI


Mahindra Electric


Hero Electric


Himadri Specialty Chemical Ltd


Murata 68

Hindustan Zinc Ltd


Maruti 27

Tata Motors



TESSOL Thermal Energy Solutions


Toshiba 22 Toyota 27 Voltas Limited



Warren Buffett


Hyundai 27

Power Shield


Western Equipments


Ice Make Refrigeration Limited

Rinac India Limited


Yo Bikes




Executive Director IESA and President & MD, CES India:

Dr. Rahul Walawalkar Director IESA:

Debi Prasad Dash

Customized Energy Solutions


Masterclass 2018 - IESA & IEEMA 6 Exicom 11 Delta 31 Sterling & Wilson


Podcast - Emerging Tech Radio


EnerBlu 71



India Energy  Storage  Alliance  

Chief Editor and General Manager Publications:

Ashok Thakur

Consulting Editor:

PK Chatterjee (PK) Contributing Editor:

Kathy Priyo

Corporate Communications:

Swati Gantellu

Design Consultant:

Sneha S

70 •


***Any views, comments expressed are the sole responsibility of the respective authors, Emerging Technology News and IESA and their co-operation partners do not undertake any responsibility, implied or otherwise. Any actions, legal or otherwise, OR causing any form of harm (physical or otherwise) made by permanent, temporary and honorary staff will be their sole responsibility! Disclaimer: Every effort has been taken to avoid errors or omissions in this magazine. In spite of this, errors may creep in. Any mistake, error or discrepancy noted may be brought to our notice immediately. It is notified that neither the publisher nor the editor will be responsible in respect of anything and the consequence of anything done or omitted to be done by any person in reliance upon the content herein. This disclaimer applies to all.© All rights are reserved. No part of this magazine may be reproduced or copied in any form or by any means without the prior written permission of the publisher. All disputes are subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of competent courts and forums in Pune, Maharashtra only. While care is taken prior to acceptance of advertising copy, it is not possible to verify its contents. IESA. cannot be held responsible for such contents.

"Lithium batteries are for toys that can't be deployed at scale." We couldn't agree more! VC&Sun Microsystem Founder Vinod Khosla at 2011 ESA Conference

Welcome to Power 2.0

Easily Deployable, Remarkably Robust, Intelligently Innova�ve.

Distributed Generation Optimization

State-Of-The-Art Technologies

C&I Backup

Pre-engineered Power Equipment Lexington, KY Riverside, CA San Francisco, CA Washington, DC Pune, India

Renewable Integration

Turn Key High Power Solutions

High Power Li-Titanate Battery

Join IESA to gain insights and access to one of the fastest growing energy storage, microgrid and EV markets.

Debi Prasad Dash Director IESA

eMagazine ETN May2018  

India Energy Storage Alliance (IESA)

eMagazine ETN May2018  

India Energy Storage Alliance (IESA)