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INTEGRATION POLICIES FOR EUROPE IN THE XXI CENTURY


The world in a continent


47.3 million foreign-born residents in the EU (9.4% of the total population) 6.5% of the EU population are foreign nationals 63.4% of the EU residents born abroad come from highly developed countries

source: EUROSTAT 2010


Citizenship of foreigners residing in the EU Source: Eurostat


Cities with 100,000 or more foreign-born residents

source: Migration Policy Institute


France


Massacre at Utoya island, Norway


Certain Integration approaches have reached their limits


Older Approaches 1. No Policy 2. Guest Worker Policy


Assimilation policy


Multicultural policy


The intercultural integration model


Intercultural policy


Intercultural policy


Integration policy matrix Economic rights

Civil & social rights

Cultural rights

Guest worker

v

Assimilation

v

v

Multiculturalism

v

v

v

Interculturalism

v

v

v

Community building & cohesion

v


Managing diversity as an opportunity


Europe has an aging and shrinking workforce Europe will lose a further 52 million workers by 2050 Europe needs migrant workers of all skill levels and will compete with other OECD countries for migrants


EU-wide research evidence shows that diversity can • contribute to prosperity, creativity and growth • improve decision making • result in higher productivity and wages • encourage diaspora enterpreneurship that fosters development both in host countries and countries of origin • increases foreign trade


How can a country realise the diversity advantage?


21 members from 19 countries

Mexico city


4 national networks, 4 41 cities Italy

Spain

Norway

Ukraine


Intercultural cities index


Commitment

125 100

Governance

Intercultural lens

75 50 25

Welcoming

Mediation

0

Intelligence/Competence

Language

International outlook Copenhagen2011 Copenhagen2012

Media City sample


Going global Montreal Mexico City

Europe Mediterranean

Japan


Pay more attention to the cultural components of integration policy to promote interaction and cohesion


Actions • Promote a shift in perception that diversity is an asset to be valued • Develop strong approaches to inclusion of migrants in core institutions • Place special focus on children • Recognise major role of local authorities across all services


• Involve the media to promote equality, tolerance and diversity • Pay attention to communities with growing Muslim populations • Encourage exchange of experience and good practice at national and local levels


INTEGRATION POLICIES FOR EUROPE IN THE XXI CENTURY


Tallinn Estonia September 2012