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central for her when it comes to morality, empathy and, not least, the establishment of political relations with one another. Arendt stresses, however, that many people have misunderstood the idea of representative thinking. According to her it is not about knowing what other people think but about the ability to imagine what they think. Observing, reflecting and judging, however, does not determine how one should act. That is to say, how we think about and interpret an event does not need to be associated with how we would have acted or act in similar situations. For Arendt this is an important distinction. Based on Immanuel Kant’s thoughts on critique, she argues that action and reflection are governed by different principles that are not linked to one another. How we act and how we reflect can even be in conflict with each other.26 The basic condition for political action according to Arendt is hence that the space in which the actions appear must potentially consist – in its public, relational, unpredictable, purposeless and potential nature – of an infinite number of perspectives and positions. The acting subject, who consists of who and what, must be able to perceive and be perceived by other acting subjects. For Arendt, intersubjective relations are a prerequisite for representative political thinking; that is the capability of seeing the world from a perspective other than my own, but without giving up my identity.

Petra Bauer Political Action According to Hannah Arendt. Fuente: Sisters! Making Films, Doing Politics, Art and Theory, 2016.

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