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From World Development Indicators

ISBN 978-0-8213-9814-2

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The Little Green Data Book

AFGHANISTAN ALBANIA ALGERIA AMERICAN SAMOA ANDORRA ANGOLA ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA ARGENTINA ARMENIA ARUBA AUSTRALIA AUSTRIA AZERBAIJAN THE BAHAMAS BAHRAIN BANGLADESH BARBADOS BELARUS BELGIUM BELIZE BENIN BERMUDA BHUTAN BOLIVIA BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA BOTSWANA BRAZIL BRUNEI DARUSSALAM BULGARIA BURKINA FASO BURUNDI CAMBODIA CAMEROON CANADA CAPE VERDE CAYMAN ISLANDS CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC CHAD CHANNEL ISLANDS CHILE CHINA COLOMBIA COMOROS DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO REPUBLIC OF CONGO COSTA RICA CÔTE D’IVOIRE CROATIA CUBA CURA¸CAO CYPRUS CZECH REPUBLIC DENMARK DJIBOUTI DOMINICA DOMINICAN REPUBLIC ECUADOR ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT EL SALVADOR EQUATORIAL GUINEA ERITREA ESTONIA ETHIOPIA FAEROE ISLANDS FIJI FINLAND FRANCE FRENCH POLYNESIA GABON THE GAMBIA GEORGIA GERMANY GHANA GREECE GREENLAND GRENADA GUAM GUATEMALA GUINEA GUINEA-BISSAU GUYANA HAITI HONDURAS HONG KONG SAR, CHINA HUNGARY ICELAND INDIA INDONESIA ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN IRAQ IRELAND ISLE OF MAN ISRAEL ITALY JAMAICA JAPAN JORDAN KAZAKHSTAN KENYA KIRIBATI DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF KOREA REPUBLIC OF KOREA KOSOVO KUWAIT KYRGYZ REPUBLIC LAO PEOPLE’S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC LATVIA LEBANON LESOTHO LIBERIA LIBYA LIECHTENSTEIN LITHUANIA LUXEMBOURG MACAO SAR, CHINA FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA MADAGASCAR MALAWI MALAYSIA MALDIVES MALI MALTA MARSHALL ISLANDS MAURITANIA MAURITIUS MEXICO FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA MOLDOVA MONACO MONGOLIA MONTENEGRO MOROCCO MOZAMBIQUE MYANMAR NAMIBIA NEPAL NETHERLANDS NEW CALEDONIA NEW ZEALAND NICARAGUA NIGER NIGERIA NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS NORWAY OMAN PAKISTAN PALAU PANAMA PAPUA NEW GUINEA PARAGUAY PERU PHILIPPINES POLAND PORTUGAL PUERTO RICO QATAR ROMANIA RUSSIAN FEDERATION RWANDA SAMOA SAN MARINO SÃO TOMÉ AND PRÍNCIPE SAUDI ARABIA SENEGAL SERBIA SEYCHELLES SIERRA LEONE SINGAPORE SINT MAARTEN SLOVAK REPUBLIC SLOVENIA SOLOMON ISLANDS SOMALIA SOUTH AFRICA SOUTH SUDAN SPAIN SRI LANKA ST. KITTS AND NEVIS ST. LUCIA ST. MARTIN ST. VINCENT AND GRENADINES SUDAN SURINAME SWAZILAND SWEDEN SWITZERLAND SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC TAJIKISTAN TANZANIA THAILAND TIMOR-LESTE TOGO TONGA TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO TUNISIA TURKEY TURKMENISTAN TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS TUVALU UGANDA UKRAINE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES URUGUAY UZBEKISTAN VANUATU REPÚBLICA BOLIVARIANA DE VENEZUELA VIETNAM U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS WEST BANK AND GAZA REPUBLIC OF YEMEN ZAMBIA ZIMBABWE

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The Little Green Data Book

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Agriculture Forests and biodiversity Oceans

Energy and emissions Water and sanitation Environment and health National accounting aggregates


2013

THE LITTLE GREEN DATA BOOK


© 2013 International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank 1818 H Street NW, Washington DC 20433 Telephone: 202-473-1000; Internet: www.worldbank.org Some rights reserved 1 2 3 4 16 15 14 13 This work is a product of the staff of The World Bank with external contributions. Note that The World Bank does not necessarily own each component of the content included in the work. The World Bank therefore does not warrant that the use of the content contained in the work will not infringe on the rights of third parties. The risk of claims resulting from such infringement rests solely with you. The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this work do not necessarily reflect the views of The World Bank, its Board of Executive Directors, or the governments they represent. The World Bank does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this work. The boundaries, colors, denominations, and other information shown on any map in this work do not imply any judgment on the part of The World Bank concerning the legal status of any territory or the endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries. Nothing herein shall constitute or be considered to be a limitation upon or waiver of the privileges and immunities of The World Bank, all of which are specifically reserved. Rights and Permissions

This work is available under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC BY 3.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0. Under the Creative Commons Attribution license, you are free to copy, distribute, transmit, and adapt this work, including for commercial purposes, under the following conditions: Attribution—Please cite the work as follows: World Bank. 2013. The Little Green Data Book 2013. Washington, DC: World Bank. doi: 10.1596/978-0-8213-9814-2. License: Creative Commons Attribution CC BY 3.0 Translations—If you create a translation of this work, please add the following disclaimer along with the attribution: This translation was not created by The World Bank and should not be considered an official World Bank translation. The World Bank shall not be liable for any content or error in this translation. All queries on rights and licenses should be addressed to the Office of the Publisher, The World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA; fax: 202-522-2625; e-mail: pubrights@worldbank.org. ISBN (paper): 978-0-8213-9814-2 ISBN (electronic): 978-0-8213-9815-9 DOI: 10.1596/978-0-8213-9814-2 The Little Green Data Book 2013 is a product of the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Environment Department of the World Bank. Design by Communications Development Incorporated, Washington, DC.


Contents Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v Data notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii

Regional tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 World . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

East Asia and Pacific . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

Europe and Central Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

Latin America and the Caribbean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Middle East and North Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

South Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

Sub-Saharan Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Income group tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

Low income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

Lower middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Upper middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Low and middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

High income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Euro area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Country tables (in alphabetical order) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232

Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233

References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239

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Acknowledgments The Little Green Data Book 2013 is based on World Development Indicators 2013 and its online database. Defining, gathering, and disseminating international statistics is a collective effort of many people and organizations. The indicators presented in World Development Indicators are the fruit of decades of work at many levels, from the field workers who administer censuses and household surveys to the committees and working parties of the national and international statistical agencies that develop the nomenclature, classifications, and standards fundamental to the international statistical system. Nongovernmental organizations have also made important contributions. We are indebted to the World Development Indicators partners, as detailed in World Development Indicators 2013. The Little Green Data Book 2013 is the result of close collaboration between the staff of the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Agriculture and Environmental Services Department of the Sustainable Development Vice Presidency. Liu Cui, Mahyar EshraghTabary, Sonu Jain, Glenn-Marie Lange, Esther Naikal, Urvashi Narain, William Prince, and Jomo Tariku contributed to its preparation. Azita Amjadi and Alison Kwong coordinated the production of the book. Barton Matheson Willse & Worthington typeset the book. The work was carried out under the direction of Shaida Badiee and Juergen Voegele. Staff from The World Bank’s Office of the Publisher oversaw publication and dissemination of the book.

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Foreword Welcome to the Little Green Data Book 2013. For 13 years, we have been taking the pulse of development and environment using more than 50 indicators for more than 200 countries. Today, we believe that one of the indicators— Adjusted Net Savings—is critical to the post-2015 development dialogue. When leaders from around the world gathered in Rio de Janeiro in June 2012 for the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (Rio +20), one of the main outcomes was to launch a process to develop Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). These goals could define the post2015 agenda, building on the Millennium Development Goals. Issues currently being discussed for SDGs cover the three pillars of sustainability—economic, social, and environmental. Yet, many countries do not have the information they need on the state of their environment and natural resources—whether in terms of GDP or from other conventional indicators. Increasingly, they need a new generation of metrics to monitor sustainable development at the macroeconomic level. One of the key indicators in the Little Green Data Book, Adjusted Net Savings (ANS), allows countries to do just that. Also known as genuine savings, ANS shows whether a country is on the path to sustainable development (see box on regional Adjusted Net Saving Rate on page vi). It monitors whether depletion of natural capital, such as minerals or forests, is compensated for by investment in other assets, such as human capital or infrastructure. A positive ANS indicates that a country is adding to its overall wealth and that economic growth is on a sustainable path. In resource-rich countries in particular, macroeconomic indicators such as ANS can be a useful complement to GDP, providing a more comprehensive lens on the long-term sustainability of economic growth. The World Bank has linked this approach to our core mission—ending poverty and boosting shared prosperity. It also allows us to monitor our commitment to intergenerational equity so that we are not using our resources today in a way that compromises the quality of life and aspirations of our children tomorrow. The Development Committee, a Joint Ministerial Committee of the Boards of Governors of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, at its April 2013 meeting discussed a new paper that defines the direction of the World Bank Group. “We have committed, working closely with our development partners, to moving beyond a reliance on GDP and promoting wealth and natural capital accounting and making progress in the development of measures of genuine savings . . .” says the Development Committee paper, A Common Vision for the World Bank Group. As we move toward 2015 and the deadline for the implementation of the UN’s Millennium Development Goals approaches, we hope policy makers will find indicators like the ANS useful for development and implementation of their post-2015 development agendas.

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Foreword Box 1. Adjusted net savings paths diverge Adjusted Net Saving Rate (share of GNI, %) 35 30 25

percent of GNI

20 15 10 5 0 –5 –0 1980

1990

East Asia & Pacific Latin America & Caribbean Sub-Saharan Africa

2000

2010

South Asia Europe & Central Asia

Source: World Bank, World Development Indicators 2013. Savings lay the basis for building wealth and future growth. Adjusted net savings (ANS) measures the real difference between production and consumption, taking into account investments in human capital, depreciation of fixed capital, depletion of natural resources, and damages caused by pollution. The East Asia and Pacific region has maintained the highest savings rate among developing regions since 1980, driven largely by China. South Asia has displayed consistently strong savings rates, fluctuating between 10 and 20 percent since 1985, with India dominating the aggregate figure. Over the past decades, Latin America’s rates have remained fairly constant, while Eastern Europe and Central Asia are more variable. In Sub-Saharan Africa, ANS has not only declined in recent years but dipped below zero, suggesting unsustainable development and declining wealth. The Little Green Data Book is a result of close collaboration between the World Bank’s Development Data Group within the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Agriculture and Environmental Services Department of the Sustainable Development Vice Presidency. We welcome suggestions on how to improve future editions and make them even more useful. Juergen Voegle Shaida Badiee Director Director Agriculture and Environmental Services Development Data Group

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Data notes The data in this book are for the most recent year available as noted in the glossary. • Growth rates are calculated as annual averages and represented as percentages. •  Regional aggregates include data for low- and middle-income economies only. • F igures in italics indicate data for years or periods other than those specified in the glossary. Symbols used:

..

indicates that data are not available or that aggregates cannot be calculated because of missing data.

0 or 0.0

indicates zero or small enough that the number would round to zero at the displayed number of decimal places.

$

indicates current U.S. dollars.

Lettered notes on country tables can be found in the notes page. Data are shown for economies with populations greater than 30,000 or for smaller economies if they are members of the World Bank. The term country (used interchangeably with economy) does not imply political independence or official recognition by the World Bank but refers to any economy for which the authorities report separate social or economic statistics. The selection of indicators in these pages includes some of those being used to monitor progress toward the Millennium Development Goals. For more information about the eight goals—halving poverty and increasing well-being by 2015—please see the other books in the World Development Indicators 2013 family of products at data.worldbank.org/products/data-books.

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Regional tables The country composition of regions is based on the World Bank’s analytical regions and may differ from common geographic usage. East Asia and Pacific American Samoa, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Indonesia, Kiribati, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Palau, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Vietnam. Europe and Central Asia Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan. Latin America and the Caribbean Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Uruguay, República Bolivariana de Venezuela. Middle East and North Africa Algeria, Djibouti, Arab Republic of Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, West Bank and Gaza, Republic of Yemen. South Asia Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka. Sub-Saharan Africa Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

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World Population (millions) 6,974.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km)129,710 GDP ($ billions) 70,020.4

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

9,514 8,340 52.0 2.2

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

37 .. 765 3,708

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

31.0 0.1 12.3 3,086 3,776 6,286 11,275 178,323 0.5 7.9 10.0 284,300 150,398

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,851 9.9 2,975 67.0 15.9 4.7

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

6,115 9.2 70 88 80 96 63 46 79

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

41 .. .. 51

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 23.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.1 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.2 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 2.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.3 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 10.0 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

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East Asia & Pacific Population (millions)1,974.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 15,853 GDP ($ billions) 9,313.0

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

4,248 3,884 48.6 3.6

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

48 .. 610 5,050

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

29.7 -0.4 15.0

101,299 3.4 9.1 1.4 137,690 56,537

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,520 10.9 2,337 79.8 16.5 4.6

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

4,446 10.9 73 90 84 97 66 58 76

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

55 .. .. 21

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 49.3 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.0 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 4.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.7 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.9 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 32.2 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

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Europe & Central Asia Population (millions) 408.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 22,748 GDP ($ billions)3,634.9

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

7,734 6,652 64.7 0.3

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

28 .. 3,374 2,740

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

38.7 0.0 7.5

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

5,790 -2.9 -0.5 10.4 .. ..

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

3,015 2.0 4,059 65.4 18.8 7.1

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

12,498 6.3 60 96 91 99 84 81 87 21 .. .. 21

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 26.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.3 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 9.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.8 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.3 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 6.2 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

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Latin America & Caribbean Population (millions) 589.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 20,116 GDP ($ billions)5,645.5

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

8,574 7,648 79.1 2.0

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

37 .. 3,448 3,838

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

46.8 0.4 20.2

19,009 0.1 11.8 13.1 15,100 39,997 1,312 16.7 1,973 39.0 53.7 2.7 22,810 2.0 68 94 81 98 79 59 84 28 .. .. 19

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 21.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.2 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 4.5 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.9 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.3 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 6.8 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

5


Middle East & North Africa Population (millions) 336.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

8,641 GDP ($ billions)1,201.9

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

3,866 3,285 58.9 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

23 .. 2,627 2,475

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

2.4 –0.1 3.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

3,538 2.4 13.1 2.0 5,700 217

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,372 0.9 1,658 92.9 5.4 4.1

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

673 122.1 86 89 81 94 88 80 94

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

59 .. .. 32

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 27.0 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.5 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 15.2 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.9 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 6.1 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

6

2013  The Little Green Data Book


South Asia Population (millions)1,656.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

4,771 GDP ($ billions)2,296.0

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

1,313 1,201 30.9 2.8

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

55 .. 550 2,959

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

17.1 –0.3 5.9

13,219 2.3 8.1 1.7 15,440 10,343 519 26.7 555 80.6 14.0 1.4 1,197 51.6 91 90 88 96 38 28 60 62 .. .. 62

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 33.5 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.2 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.8 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 2.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.8 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.6 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 21.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

7


Sub-Saharan Africa Population (millions) 874.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 23,589 GDP ($ billions)1,266.0

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

44 .. 334 1,361

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

27.8 0.5 11.7

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9 4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

41 .. .. 109

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

18.4 10.9 3.7 10.4 2.2 0.5 0.5 0.4 –1.2

8

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Income group tables For operational and analytical purposes the World Bank’s main criterion for classifying economies is gross national income (GNI) per capita. Each economy in The Little Data Book is classified as low income, middle income, or high income. Low- and middle-income economies are sometimes referred to as developing economies. The use of the term is convenient; it is not intended to imply that all economies in the group are experiencing similar development or that other economies have reached a preferred or final stage of development. Classification by income does not necessarily reflect development status. Note: Classifications are fixed during the World Bank’s fiscal year (ending on June 30), thus countries remain in the categories in which they are classified irrespective of any revisions to their per capita income data. Low-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $1,025 or less in 2011. Middle-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of more than $1,025 but less than $12,476. Lower-middle-income and upper-middleincome economies are separated at a GNI per capita of $4,036. High-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $12,476 or more. Euro area includes the member states of the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union that have adopted the euro as their currency: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, and Spain.

The Little Green Data Book  2013

9


Low income Population (millions) 816.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 16,079 GDP ($ billions) 475.8

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

571 521 28.0 3.5 39 .. 308 2,034 25.7 0.6 10.0

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818 363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3 5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47 54 .. .. 95

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.5 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 15.2 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

10

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Middle income Population (millions)5,022.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 79,639 GDP ($ billions) 23,040.8

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

4,148 3,692 49.6 2.6

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

38 .. 802 3,549

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

33.3 0.1 12.5

137,675 1.2 9.3 7.2 176,790 109,084

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,310 12.7 1,823 72.9 20.5 3.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

5,819 9.5 78 90 84 96 59 45 75

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

46 .. .. 46

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 35.1 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.4 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 5.8 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.5 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 18.2 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

11


Lower middle income Population (millions)2,532.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 20,067 GDP ($ billions)4,792.8

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

28.4 0.3 9.9

40,238 2.4 10.0 2.9 143,440 60,301 667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6 3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66 53 .. .. 62

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.6 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 14.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

12

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Upper middle income Population (millions)2,489.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 59,573 GDP ($ billions)18,245.5

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

35 .. 869 3,944

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

34.8 0.0 13.3

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

42 .. .. 20

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 19.2 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

13


Low and middle income Population (millions)5,839.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 95,718 GDP ($ billions)23,543.3

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

3,652 3,251 46.6 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

38 .. 731 3,291

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

32.0 0.2 12.0

149,238 1.5 9.0 7.2 191,910 134,902

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,210 14.4 1,661 72.0 20.9 3.1

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

5,722 8.9 79 86 79 95 56 43 73

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

47 .. .. 56

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 34.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.3 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.5 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 18.2 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

14

2013  The Little Green Data Book


High income Population (millions) 1,135.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 33,991 GDP ($ billions)46,606.1

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

28.4 0.0 12.9

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

22 .. .. 6

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

15


Euro area Population (millions) 332.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2,552 GDP ($ billions) 13,079.9

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

38,661 33,727 75.5 0.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

45 .. 25,415 5,784

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

37.4 –0.3 17.0

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

4,023 –1.5 0.6 15.1 .. ..

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

3,633 7.4 6,847 46.8 11.1 7.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

2,933 19.1 32 100 100 100 100 100 100

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

18 .. .. 4

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 19.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.0 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.8 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.1 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 10.3 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

16

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Country tables China Unless otherwise noted, data for China do not include data for Hong Kong SAR, China; Macao SAR, China; or Taiwan, China. Cyprus GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP refer to the area controlled by the government of the Republic of Cyprus. France Data for Mayotte, to which a reference appeared in previous editions, are included in data for France. Georgia GNI, GDP and population data and data calculated using GNI, GDP and population exclude Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Kosovo, Montenegro, and Serbia Data for each country are shown separately where available. However, some indicators for Serbia prior to 2006 include data for Montenegro; these data are noted in the tables. Moreover, data for most indicators for Serbia from 1999 onward exclude data for Kosovo, which in 1999 became a territory under international administration pursuant to UN Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999). Kosovo became a member of the World Bank on June 29, 2009, and its data are shown where available. Moldova GNI, GDP and population data and data calculated using GNI, GDP and population exclude Transnistria. Morocco GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP include Former Spanish Sahara. South Sudan and Sudan South Sudan declared its independence on July 9, 2011. Data are shown separately for South Sudan where available. However, data reported for Sudan include South Sudan unless otherwise noted. Tanzania GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP refer to mainland Tanzania only. For more information, see World Development Indicators 2013 or data. worldbank.org. The Little Green Data Book  2013

17


Afghanistan Population (millions) 35.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 

652 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

South Asia group

19.2

Lowincome group

470 490 23.5 4.2

1,313 1,201 30.9 2.8

571 521 28.0 3.5

58 5.4 .. 1,660

55 .. 550 2,959

39 .. 308 2,034

2.1 0.0 0.4 11 14 5 2

17.1 -0.3 5.9

25.7 0.6 10.0

1.0 -0.5 .. .. .. ..

13,219 2.3 8.1 1.7 15,440 10,343

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

.. .. .. .. .. 0.2

519 26.7 555 80.6 14.0 1.4

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

1,335 43.0 99 50 42 78 37 30 60

1,197 51.6 91 90 88 96 38 28 60

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

30 .. .. 101

62 .. .. 62

54 .. .. 95

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 33.5 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 7.8 9.2 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 2.8 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 2.8 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.0 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 2.1 0.6 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.8 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.5 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.6 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 21.6 15.2

18

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Albania Population (millions)

3.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

27 GDP ($ billions)

13.0

Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

3,980 3,431 53.4 1.7

7,734 6,652 64.7 0.3

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

44 17.0 2,144 4,459

28 .. 3,374 2,740

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

28.3 -0.1 9.8 3 6 39 0

38.7 0.0 7.5

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

7.3 -3.0 -4.2 1.6 .. ..

5,790 40,238 -2.9 2.4 -0.5 10.0 10.4 2.9 .. 143,440 .. 60,301

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

648 9.9 1,770 0.0 100.0 0.9

3,015 2.0 4,059 65.4 18.8 7.1

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

8,364 6.8 58 95 94 96 94 93 95

12,498 6.3 60 96 91 99 84 81 87

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

38 .. .. 14

21 .. .. 21

53 .. .. 62

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 12.8 26.1 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.7 12.3 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.8 3.6 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 3.4 9.3 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.8 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.3 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 0.7 6.2 14.7 The Little Green Data Book  2013

19


Algeria Population (millions) 36.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

2,382 GDP ($ billions) 188.7 Middle Upper East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

4,470 3,531 72.9 3.3

3,866 3,285 58.9 2.5

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

17 2.1 2,254 1,515

23 .. 2,627 2,475

35 .. 869 3,944

0.6 0.6 6.3 14 11 36 13

2.4 -0.1 3.9

34.8 0.0 13.3

104 0.6 8.5 0.29 .. ..

3,538 2.4 13.1 2.0 5,700 217

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

1,138 0.2 1,026 99.6 0.4 3.5

1,372 0.9 1,658 92.9 5.4 4.1

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

313 54.8 64 83 79 85 95 88 98

673 122.1 86 89 81 94 88 80 94

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

69 .. .. 30

59 .. .. 32

42 .. .. 20

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 50.4 27.0 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.5 10.8 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.5 4.5 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 18.2 15.2 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.6 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.1 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.6 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.3 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.9 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 25.3 6.1 19.2

20

2013  The Little Green Data Book


American Samoa Population (thousands) 70 Land area (sq. km)

200 GDP ($ millions)

..

Upper East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

.. .. 93.2 2.5

4,248 3,884 48.6 3.6

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

25 .. .. ..

48 .. 610 5,050

35 .. 869 3,944

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

88.4 0.2 0.3 1 8 9 1

29.7 –0.4 15.0

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

4.8 101,299 25.3 3.4 .. 9.1 17.0 1.4 220 137,690 0.52 56,537

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

1,520 10.9 2,337 79.8 16.5 4.6

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

4,446 10.9 73 90 84 97 66 58 76

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. ..

55 .. .. 21

42 .. .. 20

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 49.3 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 11.0 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 2.1 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 4.3 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 1.7 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.9 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 1.1 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 32.2 19.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

21


Andorra Population (thousands) 86 Land area (sq. km)



470 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

3.7

Highincome group

41,750 .. 87.3 1.9

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

43 .. .. ..

37 .. 26,515 5,349

34.0 0.0 6.1 2 1 0 0

28.4 0.0 12.9

.. .. .. .. .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

.. .. .. .. .. 6.2

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

3,663 .. .. 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

18 .. .. 3

22 .. .. 6

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.2 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.9 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

22

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Angola Population (millions)

19.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1,247 GDP ($ billions) 104.3 SubUpper Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

3,830 2,471 59.1 5.3

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

47 .. 162 694

44 .. 334 1,361

35 .. 869 3,944

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

46.8 0.2 12.4 15 25 39 33

27.8 0.5 11.7

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

263 3.3 .. 0.07 .. 312

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

716 56.2 248 32.7 67.3 1.4

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

7,544 0.4 33 51 38 60 58 19 85

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

58 .. .. 158

41 .. .. 109

42 .. .. 20

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 22.8 18.4 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.5 10.9 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.5 3.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 35.0 10.4 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 2.2 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.8 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) –23.2 –1.2 19.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

23


Antigua and Barbuda Population (thousands) 90 Land area (sq. km)

440 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

1.1

Upper middleincome group

11,940 .. 29.9 0.9

8,574 7,648 79.1 2.0

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

20 .. 2,850 2,000

37 .. 3,448 3,838

35 .. 869 3,944

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

22.3 0.2 7.0 2 1 18 4

46.8 0.4 20.2

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

2.3 4.7 .. 0.70 240 8.4

19,009 0.1 11.8 13.1 15,100 39,997

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

1,699 .. .. .. .. 5.3

1,312 16.7 1,973 39.0 53.7 2.7

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

580 9.6 20 .. .. 95 .. .. 98

22,810 2.0 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

13 .. .. 8

28 .. .. 19

42 .. .. 20

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 28.0 21.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.6 12.2 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.2 5.0 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 4.5 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.9 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.2 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 6.8 19.2

24

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Argentina Population (millions) 40.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

2,737 GDP ($ billions) 446.0 Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Upper middleincome group

9,740 8,836 92.5 1.4

8,574 7,648 79.1 2.0

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture 54 Agricultural land (% land area) .. Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 10,959 4,672 Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

37 .. 3,448 3,838

35 .. 869 3,944

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

10.7 0.8 5.5 38 50 37 36

46.8 0.4 20.2

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

796 1.7 11.9 1.1 .. ..

19,009 0.1 11.8 13.1 15,100 39,997

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,847 3.3 2,904 65.7 26.8 4.4

1,312 16.7 1,973 39.0 53.7 2.7

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

6,771 11.8 66 97 80 98 90 77 91

22,810 2.0 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

57 .. .. 14

28 .. .. 19

42 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 22.9 21.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.4 12.2 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 6.0 5.0 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 4.3 4.5 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 1.9 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.2 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.5 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 9.8 6.8 19.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

25


Armenia Population (millions)

3.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

28 GDP ($ billions)

10.2

Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

3,360 3,083 64.1 –0.9

7,734 6,652 64.7 0.3

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

60 8.9 5,093 2,742

28 .. 3,374 2,740

46 .. 716 3,065

9.1 1.5 8.0 9 13 3 1

38.7 0.0 7.5

28.4 0.3 9.9

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

7.1 –5.7 1.1 .. .. ..

5,790 40,238 –2.9 2.4 –0.5 10.0 10.4 2.9 .. 143,440 .. 60,301

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

791 0.0 1,606 22.2 39.4 1.5

3,015 2.0 4,059 65.4 18.8 7.1

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

2,212 41.2 66 98 97 99 90 80 95

12,498 6.3 60 96 91 99 84 81 87

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

45 8 17 18

21 .. .. 21

53 .. .. 62

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 18.3 26.1 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.8 12.3 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.2 3.6 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.3 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.7 0.8 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 7.3 6.2 14.7

26

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Aruba Population (thousands) 108 Land area (sq. km) 

180 GDP ($ millions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

..

Highincome group

.. .. 46.9 2.3

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

11 .. .. ..

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

2.3 0.0 0.1 2 1 15 1

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

0.17 –4.3 .. 0.0 <50 0.71

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. 21.5

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. 100 100 100 .. .. ..

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

.. .. .. ..

22 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.5 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

27


Australia Population (millions) 22.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

7,682 GDP ($ billions)1,379.4

Country data

Highincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

49,790 46,204 89.2 1.5

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

53 0.5 35,165 2,097

37 .. 26,515 5,349

19.3 0.4 10.6 55 51 102 46

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

237 –1.6 8.7 28.3 48,960 9,910

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

5,653 4.2 10,286 91.1 5.2 18.4

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

22,039 4.6 74 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

13 .. .. 5

22 .. .. 6

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 23.8 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 15.1 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.8 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 2.3 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 4.7 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 6.8 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

28

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Austria Population (millions)

8.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

82 GDP ($ billions) 417.7

Country data

Highincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

48,170 42,291 67.7 0.6

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

35 1.4 25,771 7,873

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

47.2 –0.1 22.9 3 9 11 10

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

2.5 –2.0 –1.7 .. .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

4,034 17.8 8,356 32.9 56.5 7.4

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

6,529 6.6 3 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

27 .. .. 4

22 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 25.6 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.2 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.3 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.1 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 16.2 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

29


Azerbaijan Population (millions)

9.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

83 GDP ($ billions)

63.4

Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

5,290 3,275 53.6 1.2

7,734 6,652 64.7 0.3

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

58 29.5 1,360 2,484

28 .. 3,374 2,740

35 .. 869 3,944

11.3 0.0 7.1 7 15 10 0

38.7 0.0 7.5

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

1.6 –15.9 –4.0 .. .. ..

5,790 –2.9 –0.5 10.4 .. ..

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,307 0.0 1,603 81.6 18.4 5.5

3,015 2.0 4,059 65.4 18.8 7.1

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

885 150.5 76 80 71 88 82 78 86

12,498 6.3 60 96 91 99 84 81 87

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

27 3 11 45

21 .. .. 21

42 .. .. 20

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 51.6 26.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.8 12.3 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.4 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 33.8 9.3 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.8 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.8 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 7.1 6.2 19.2

30

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Bahamas, The Population (thousands) 347 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

10 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

7.8

Highincome group

21,970 18,695 84.3 1.7

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture 1 Agricultural land (% land area) .. Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 44,812 4,410 Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

51.4 0.0 13.7 6 6 29 5

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

10.4 1.5 .. 0.41 3,150 875

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,156 .. .. .. .. 7.6

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

58 .. .. .. .. 98 100 100 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

.. .. .. 16

22 .. .. 6

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 12.1 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.7 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.8 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

31


Bahrain Population (millions)

1.3 Land area (sq. km)

760 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

22.9

Highincome group

15,920 11,033 88.7 4.7

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

11 .. .. ..

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

0.7 –3.6 1.3 3 3 8 0

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

9.9 1.0 .. 0.65 570 0.65

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

7,754 0.0 9,814 100.0 0.0 20.7

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

3 8,935.0 45 .. .. 100 .. .. 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

44 .. .. 10

22 .. .. 6

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 34.4 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.2 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.0 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 18.1 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.9 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 9.6 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

32

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Bangladesh Population (millions) 150.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

130 GDP ($ billions) 111.9

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

South Asia group

Lowincome group

780 731 28.4 3.4

1,313 1,201 30.9 2.8

571 521 28.0 3.5

70 52.6 535 4,191

55 .. 550 2,959

39 .. 308 2,034

11.1 0.2 1.8 34 31 17 16

17.1 –0.3 5.9

25.7 0.6 10.0

3,125 4.4 10.4 0.81 <50 4,951

13,219 2.3 8.1 1.7 15,440 10,343

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

209 28.1 279 96.1 3.9 0.3

519 26.7 555 80.6 14.0 1.4

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

698 34.2 88 81 80 85 56 55 57

1,197 51.6 91 90 88 96 38 28 60

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

115 5 10 46

62 .. .. 62

54 .. .. 95

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 33.5 33.5 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 7.6 9.2 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.8 2.8 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 1.9 2.8 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.0 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.6 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.8 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.6 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 24.4 21.6 15.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

33


Barbados Population (thousands) 274 Land area (sq. km)

430 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

3.7

Highincome group

12,660 .. 44.4 1.7

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

35 .. .. 3,444

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

19.4 0.0 0.1 3 2 20 2

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

1.8 –2.4 .. 0.07 <100 0.04

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,476 .. .. .. .. 5.8

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

292 76.1 33 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

35 .. .. 20

22 .. .. 6

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 17.2 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.4 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 7.4 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

34

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Belarus Population (millions)

9.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

203 GDP ($ billions)

55.1

Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

5,830 4,906 75.0 0.3

7,734 6,652 64.7 0.3

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

44 0.3 6,247 3,250

28 .. 3,374 2,740

35 .. 869 3,944

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

42.7 –0.4 7.2 4 6 2 1

38.7 0.0 7.5

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

17.4 –4.6 –0.1 .. .. ..

5,790 –2.9 –0.5 10.4 .. ..

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,922 6.2 3,564 99.2 0.1 6.3

3,015 2.0 4,059 65.4 18.8 7.1

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

3,927 11.7 19 100 99 100 93 97 91

12,498 6.3 60 96 91 99 84 81 87

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

6 .. .. 6

21 .. .. 21

42 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 27.2 26.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.5 12.3 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.4 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 1.4 9.3 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.8 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 1.1 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 17.6 6.2 19.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

35


Belgium Population (millions)

11.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

30 GDP ($ billions) 513.7

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Highincome group

45,930 40,544 97.5 0.5

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

44 0.4 .. 9,004

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

22.4 –0.2 13.8 2 4 11 0

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

22.5 –2.9 –11.7 0.04 .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

5,586 5.1 8,388 40.3 0.3 9.6

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

1,089 51.8 1 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

21 .. .. 4

22 .. .. 6

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 22.1 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.9 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 6.1 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 13.9 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

36

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Belize Population (thousands) 357 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

23 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

1.4

Lower middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

3,710 3,275 44.8 2.7

8,574 7,648 79.1 2.0

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

7 .. 4,258 2,817

37 .. 3,448 3,838

46 .. 716 3,065

60.6 0.7 27.9 8 5 30 27

46.8 0.4 20.2

28.4 0.3 9.9

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

268 26.1 20.3 11.9 1,330 958

19,009 40,238 0.1 2.4 11.8 10.0 13.1 2.9 15,100 143,440 39,997 60,301

571 .. .. .. .. 1.2

1,312 16.7 1,973 39.0 53.7 2.7

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

44,868 0.9 20 98 99 98 90 87 93

22,810 2.0 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

12 .. .. 17

28 .. .. 19

53 .. .. 62

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 17.4 21.1 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.7 12.2 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 6.9 5.0 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 4.5 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.2 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 10.5 6.8 14.7 The Little Green Data Book  2013

37


Benin Population (millions)

9.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

113 GDP ($ billions)

7.3

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

780 728 44.9 4.3

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

571 521 28.0 3.5

30 .. 670 1,430

44 .. 334 1,361

39 .. 308 2,034

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

40.0 1.0 23.8 11 9 27 13

27.8 0.5 11.7

25.7 0.6 10.0

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

39.2 0.1 .. 0.0 .. 65.7

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

413 56.2 90 99.3 0.0 0.6

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

1,132 1.3 45 75 68 84 13 5 25

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

48 10 9 106

41 .. .. 109

54 .. .. 95

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 13.2 18.4 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.4 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.3 3.7 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 10.4 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 2.2 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.6 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 7.7 –1.2 15.2

38

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Bermuda Population (thousands) 65 Land area (sq. km)

50 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

5.8

Highincome group

.. .. 100.0 0.3

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture 15 Agricultural land (% land area) .. Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 32,356 .. Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

20.0 0.0 5.6 4 1 16 3

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

0.48 0.2 .. 5.0 370 0.18

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

.. .. .. .. .. 7.2

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. ..

22 .. .. 6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.1 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

39


Bhutan Population (thousands) 738 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

38 GDP ($ billions)

Country data

South Asia group

1.7

Lower middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

2,130 1,928 35.6 5.0

1,313 1,201 30.9 2.8

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

14 6.7 463 2,705

55 .. 550 2,959

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

84.9 –0.3 28.3 27 18 3 2

17.1 –0.3 5.9

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

0.24 –2.9 4.3 .. .. ..

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

354 .. .. .. .. 0.6

519 26.7 555 80.6 14.0 1.4

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

105,653 0.4 94 96 94 100 44 29 73

1,197 51.6 91 90 88 96 38 28 60

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

20 .. .. 54

62 .. .. 62

53 .. .. 62

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

13,219 40,238 2.3 2.4 8.1 10.0 1.7 2.9 15,440 143,440 10,343 60,301

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 33.5 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.4 9.2 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.2 2.8 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 2.8 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.0 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 3.4 0.6 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.8 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.6 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 21.6 14.7

40

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Bolivia Population (millions)

10.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1,083 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

23.9

Lower middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

2,020 1,707 66.8 2.9

8,574 7,648 79.1 2.0

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

34 .. 723 2,365

37 .. 3,448 3,838

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

52.5 0.5 18.5 20 53 0 73

46.8 0.4 20.2

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

7.6 –0.2 3.0 .. .. ..

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

737 24.4 616 66.0 31.7 1.5

1,312 16.7 1,973 39.0 53.7 2.7

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

30,085 0.7 57 88 71 96 27 10 35

22,810 2.0 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

57 20 26 51

28 .. .. 19

53 .. .. 62

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

19,009 40,238 0.1 2.4 11.8 10.0 13.1 2.9 15,100 143,440 39,997 60,301

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 27.2 21.1 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.3 12.2 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.2 5.0 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 10.0 4.5 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 4.7 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.2 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.0 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 5.9 6.8 14.7 The Little Green Data Book  2013

41


Bosnia and Herzegovina Population (millions)

3.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

51 GDP ($ billions)

18.1

Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

4,780 .. 48.3 0.3

7,734 6,652 64.7 0.3

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture 42 Agricultural land (% land area) .. Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 16,209 3,725 Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

28 .. 3,374 2,740

35 .. 869 3,944

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

42.8 0.0 0.6 4 6 31 0

38.7 0.0 7.5

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

10.0 .. .. 0.71 .. ..

5,790 –2.9 –0.5 10.4 .. ..

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,703 2.9 3,110 53.1 46.9 8.0

3,015 2.0 4,059 65.4 18.8 7.1

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

9,461 1.0 .. 99 98 100 95 92 99

12,498 6.3 60 96 91 99 84 81 87

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

21 .. .. 8

21 .. .. 21

42 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 12.9 26.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.8 12.3 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 1.9 9.3 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.8 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 1.3 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 6.2 19.2

42

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Botswana Population (millions)

2.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

567 GDP ($ billions)

17.3

SubUpper Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

7,470 7,157 61.6 3.7

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

46 0.0 567 393

44 .. 334 1,361

35 .. 869 3,944

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

19.8 1.0 30.9 7 10 2 1

27.8 0.5 11.7

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

0.23 –7.8 .. .. .. ..

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,128 21.5 1,586 100.0 0.0 2.2

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

1,182 8.1 41 96 92 99 62 41 75

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

64 .. .. 26

41 .. .. 109

42 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 28.1 18.4 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.9 10.9 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 7.6 3.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.2 10.4 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 2.9 2.2 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.3 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 20.4 –1.2 19.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

43


Brazil Population (millions) 196.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

8,459 GDP ($ billions) 2,476.7 Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

Upper middleincome group

10,720 10,363 84.6 1.9

8,574 7,648 79.1 2.0

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

33 1.6 4,461 4,038

37 .. 3,448 3,838

35 .. 869 3,944

61.2 0.5 26.3 81 152 83 400

46.8 0.4 20.2

34.8 0.0 13.3

1,433 1.2 17.7 16.5 1,200 12,999

19,009 0.1 11.8 13.1 15,100 39,997

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

1,363 30.6 2,384 12.4 78.2 1.9

1,312 16.7 1,973 39.0 53.7 2.7

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

27,551 1.1 55 98 85 100 79 44 85

22,810 2.0 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

18 .. .. 16

28 .. .. 19

42 .. .. 20

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 17.6 21.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.5 12.2 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.5 5.0 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 1.9 4.5 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.8 1.9 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 6.6 6.8 19.2

44

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Brunei Darussalam Population (thousands) 406 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

5.3 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

16.4

Highincome group

31,800 15,781 76.0 2.9

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture 2 Agricultural land (% land area) 0.9 Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 80,337 591 Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

71.8 0.4 44.0 34 24 7 98

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

2.6 –0.5 23.8 1.4 210 173

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

8,308 0.0 8,759 100.0 0.0 23.7

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

20,939 1.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

44 .. .. 7

22 .. .. 6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 50.7 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.7 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.0 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 29.9 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 10.1 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

45


Bulgaria Population (millions)

7.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

109 GDP ($ billions)

53.5

Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

6,640 5,949 73.1 –0.4

7,734 6,652 64.7 0.3

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

47 1.8 9,739 3,910

28 .. 3,374 2,740

35 .. 869 3,944

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

36.7 –1.5 9.2 7 14 19 6

38.7 0.0 7.5

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

15.2 –7.5 –1.7 3.2 .. ..

5,790 –2.9 –0.5 10.4 .. ..

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,370 5.1 4,476 54.3 11.0 5.6

3,015 2.0 4,059 65.4 18.8 7.1

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

2,858 29.1 16 100 100 100 100 100 100

12,498 6.3 60 96 91 99 84 81 87

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

40 .. .. 12

21 .. .. 21

42 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 24.8 26.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.0 12.3 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.1 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 1.1 9.3 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.3 0.8 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.0 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 12.7 6.2 19.2

46

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Burkina Faso Population (millions)

17.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

274 GDP ($ billions)

10.4

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

580 516 26.5 6.0

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

571 521 28.0 3.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

43 .. .. 995

44 .. 334 1,361

39 .. 308 2,034

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

20.4 1.0 14.2 9 9 4 3

27.8 0.5 11.7

25.7 0.6 10.0

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

15.3 3.7 20.0 .. .. ..

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. 0.1

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

737 7.9 70 79 73 95 17 6 50

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

65 .. .. 146

41 .. .. 109

54 .. .. 95

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 15.6 18.4 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.0 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.4 3.7 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 10.4 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 6.4 2.2 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 1.4 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.8 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 5.5 –1.2 15.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

47


Burundi Population (millions)

8.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

26 GDP ($ billions)

2.3

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

250 227 10.9 4.7

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

571 521 28.0 3.5

86 .. 86 1,326

44 .. 334 1,361

39 .. 308 2,034

6.6 1.4 4.8 11 12 17 3

27.8 0.5 11.7

25.7 0.6 10.0

10.7 –2.3 2.5 .. .. ..

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

.. .. .. .. .. 0.0

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

1,173 2.9 77 72 71 83 46 46 49

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

24 .. .. 139

41 .. .. 109

54 .. .. 95

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 1.7 18.4 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 6.8 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 8.7 3.7 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 10.4 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.9 2.2 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 8.8 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) –6.2 –1.2 15.2

48

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Cambodia Population (millions) 14.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

177 GDP ($ billions)

12.8

East Asia LowCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

820 769 20.0 3.1

4,248 3,884 48.6 3.6

571 521 28.0 3.5

32 .. 442 2,925

48 .. 610 5,050

39 .. 308 2,034

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

56.5 1.3 25.8 37 26 40 32

29.7 –0.4 15.0

25.7 0.6 10.0

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

562 101,299 7.6 3.4 12.2 9.1 0.44 1.4 <50 137,690 728 56,537

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

355 72.0 146 95.1 2.6 0.3

1,520 10.9 2,337 79.8 16.5 4.6

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

8,431 1.8 94 64 58 87 31 20 73

4,446 10.9 73 90 84 97 66 58 76

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

42 15 20 43

55 .. .. 21

54 .. .. 95

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 11.2 49.3 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.0 11.0 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.6 2.1 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 4.3 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.7 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.0 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.9 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.5 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 1.1 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 3.0 32.2 15.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

49


Cameroon Population (millions) 20.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

473 GDP ($ billions)

25.2

SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

1,210 1,065 52.1 3.7

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

20 .. 685 1,768

44 .. 334 1,361

46 .. 716 3,065

41.7 1.0 9.2 38 24 111 376

27.8 0.5 11.7

28.4 0.3 9.9

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

141 3.3 10.3 0.39 .. 1,962

6,383 40,238 1.8 2.4 16.0 10.0 5.8 2.9 17,980 143,440 27,808 60,301

363 62.3 271 26.8 72.2 0.3

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

13,629 0.4 76 77 52 95 49 36 58

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

59 .. .. 127

41 .. .. 109

53 .. .. 62

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 12.4 18.4 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.1 10.9 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.1 3.7 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 5.2 10.4 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 2.2 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 0.8 –1.2 14.7

50

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Canada Population (millions) 34.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

9,094 GDP ($ billions)1,736.1

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Highincome group

45,550 40,811 80.7 1.3

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture 7 Agricultural land (% land area) 1.2 Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 50,579 3,527 Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

34.1 0.0 7.5 11 16 35 1

28.4 0.0 12.9

1,039 –3.1 6.7 1.2 .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

7,380 4.8 15,137 24.2 57.8 15.2

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

82,647 1.6 12 100 99 100 100 99 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

15 .. .. 6

22 .. .. 6

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 20.0 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.5 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.5 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 2.3 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 6.7 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

51


Cape Verde Population (thousands) 501 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

4.0 GDP ($ billions)

1.9

SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

3,540 3,284 62.6 3.4

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

19 .. 3,335 178

44 .. 334 1,361

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

21.0 –0.4 2.5 3 4 24 3

27.8 0.5 11.7

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

22.5 6.0 .. 0.0 .. ..

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

213 .. .. .. .. 0.6

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

599 7.3 91 88 85 90 61 43 73

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

.. .. .. 21

41 .. .. 109

53 .. .. 62

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

6,383 40,238 1.8 2.4 16.0 10.0 5.8 2.9 17,980 143,440 27,808 60,301

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 22.8 18.4 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.9 10.9 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.9 3.7 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 10.4 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 2.2 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.5 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 16.7 –1.2 14.7

52

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Cayman Islands Population (thousands) 57 Land area (sq. km)

240 GDP ($ millions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

..

Highincome group

.. .. 100.0 3.7

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

11 .. .. ..

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

52.9 0.0 8.7 1 1 19 2

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

0.13 –8.7 .. 1.2 230 78.3

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. 9.2

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. 96 .. 96 96 .. 96

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

.. .. .. ..

22 .. .. 6

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

53


Central African Republic Population (millions)

4.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

623 GDP ($ billions)

2.2

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

480 450 39.1 2.3

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

571 521 28.0 3.5

8 .. 418 1,522

44 .. 334 1,361

39 .. 308 2,034

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

36.2 0.1 17.7 8 13 3 17

27.8 0.5 11.7

25.7 0.6 10.0

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

35.2 4.8 2.3 .. .. ..

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

.. .. .. .. .. 0.1

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

31,425 0.0 1 67 51 92 34 28 43

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

35 .. .. 164

41 .. .. 109

54 .. .. 95

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 18.4 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 7.7 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.1 3.7 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 10.4 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 2.2 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. –1.2 15.2

54

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Chad Population (millions) 11.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1,259 GDP ($ billions)

10.6

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

720 543 21.8 3.3

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

571 521 28.0 3.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

40 .. .. 888

44 .. 334 1,361

39 .. 308 2,034

9.1 0.7 9.4 13 11 1 3

27.8 0.5 11.7

25.7 0.6 10.0

60.0 –0.7 .. .. .. ..

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

.. .. .. .. .. 0.0

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

1,301 2.4 52 51 44 70 13 6 30

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

83 .. .. 169

41 .. .. 109

54 .. .. 95

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 18.4 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.4 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.3 3.7 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 25.3 10.4 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 2.2 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.2 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. –1.2 15.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

55


Channel Islands Population (thousands) 154 Land area (sq. km)

190 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

11.5

Highincome group

67,960 .. 31.2 0.4

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

51 4.3 .. ..

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

4.2 .. 9.3 .. .. .. ..

28.4 0.0 12.9

4.0 –0.2 14.2 0.02 .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. ..

22 .. .. 6

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.5 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

56

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Chile Population (millions)

17.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

744 GDP ($ billions) 248.6 Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Upper middleincome group

12,280 10,103 89.1 1.6

8,574 7,648 79.1 2.0

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

21 5.6 6,882 6,934

37 .. 3,448 3,838

35 .. 869 3,944

21.9 –0.2 16.6 20 33 20 34

46.8 0.4 20.2

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

4,436 –2.0 13.3 3.7 .. ..

19,009 0.1 11.8 13.1 15,100 39,997

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,807 15.9 3,297 59.6 35.9 3.9

1,312 16.7 1,973 39.0 53.7 2.7

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

51,188 1.3 70 96 75 99 96 83 98

22,810 2.0 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

46 .. .. 9

28 .. .. 19

42 .. .. 20

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 26.8 21.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.2 12.2 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.6 5.0 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.1 4.5 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 12.3 1.9 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.5 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 5.4 6.8 19.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

57


China Population (millions)1,344.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

9,327 GDP ($ billions) 7,318.5 Upper East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

4,940 4,503 50.5 3.9

4,248 3,884 48.6 3.6

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

56 10.3 571 5,706

48 .. 610 5,050

35 .. 869 3,944

22.5 –1.6 16.6 75 87 120 382

29.7 –0.4 15.0

34.8 0.0 13.3

66,219 101,299 4.2 3.4 9.2 9.1 1.3 1.4 1,510 137,690 208 56,537

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,807 8.5 2,944 79.7 17.2 5.8

1,520 10.9 2,337 79.8 16.5 4.6

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

2,093 19.7 65 91 85 98 64 56 74

4,446 10.9 73 90 84 97 66 58 76

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

59 .. .. 15

55 .. .. 21

42 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 52.8 49.3 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.1 11.0 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.8 2.1 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 4.2 4.3 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.9 1.7 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 1.0 0.9 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.3 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 1.1 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 35.1 32.2 19.2

58

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Colombia Population (millions) 46.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1,110 GDP ($ billions) 333.4 Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

Upper middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

6,070 5,251 75.3 2.1

8,574 7,648 79.1 2.0

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

39 .. 2,979 4,033

37 .. 3,448 3,838

35 .. 869 3,944

54.4 0.2 20.9 53 112 54 215

46.8 0.4 20.2

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

169 –1.6 10.4 15.5 940 4,079

19,009 0.1 11.8 13.1 15,100 39,997

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

696 10.3 1,012 27.9 71.1 1.6

1,312 16.7 1,973 39.0 53.7 2.7

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

45,006 0.6 39 92 72 99 77 63 82

22,810 2.0 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

19 6 13 18

28 .. .. 19

42 .. .. 20

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 20.0 21.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.0 12.2 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.9 5.0 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 9.7 4.5 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.8 1.9 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1.2 6.8 19.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

59


Comoros Population (thousands) 754 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1.9 GDP ($ millions) 610.4 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

770 732 28.1 2.6

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

571 521 28.0 3.5

83 .. 551 1,411

44 .. 334 1,361

39 .. 308 2,034

1.4 9.3 0.0 5 9 6 4

27.8 0.5 11.7

25.7 0.6 10.0

25.1 3.5 .. 3.2 430 1.2

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

60 .. .. .. .. 0.2

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

1,592 0.8 47 95 97 91 36 30 50

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

30 .. .. 79

41 .. .. 109

54 .. .. 95

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 18.4 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.4 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.2 3.7 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 10.4 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 2.2 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 1.1 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. –1.2 15.2

60

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Congo, Dem. Rep. Population (millions)

67.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

2,267 GDP ($ billions)

15.7

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

190 159 34.3 4.0

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

571 521 28.0 3.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

11 .. 179 766

44 .. 334 1,361

39 .. 308 2,034

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

67.9 0.2 10.0 30 35 83 85

27.8 0.5 11.7

25.7 0.6 10.0

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

239 1.8 7.1 4.4 .. 193

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

360 93.4 95 0.4 99.6 0.0

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

13,283 0.1 18 45 27 79 24 24 24

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

35 .. 16 168

41 .. .. 109

54 .. .. 95

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 18.4 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 7.2 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.4 3.7 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 3.0 10.4 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 15.0 2.2 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.6 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. –1.2 15.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

61


Congo, Rep. Population (millions)

4.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

342 GDP ($ billions)

14.4

SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

2,250 469 63.6 3.4

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

31 .. 577 814

44 .. 334 1,361

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

65.6 0.1 9.4 11 4 45 37

27.8 0.5 11.7

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

73.3 2.0 –5.8 32.8 .. 16.7

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

363 51.7 145 23.1 76.9 0.5

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

53,626 0.0 9 71 32 95 18 15 20

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

57 8 14 99

41 .. .. 109

53 .. .. 62

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

6,383 40,238 1.8 2.4 16.0 10.0 5.8 2.9 17,980 143,440 27,808 60,301

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 22.0 18.4 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.1 10.9 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.5 3.7 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 67.8 10.4 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 2.2 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) –50.1 –1.2 14.7

62

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Costa Rica Population (millions)

4.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

51 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

40.9

Upper middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

7,640 7,413 64.6 3.2

8,574 7,648 79.1 2.0

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

37 1.5 5,738 3,376

37 .. 3,448 3,838

35 .. 869 3,944

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

51.5 –0.9 20.9 9 22 50 113

46.8 0.4 20.2

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

48.3 0.5 20.3 12.2 970 418

19,009 0.1 11.8 13.1 15,100 39,997

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

998 17.3 1,855 6.7 75.8 1.8

1,312 16.7 1,973 39.0 53.7 2.7

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

23,780 2.4 53 97 91 100 95 96 95

22,810 2.0 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

27 .. .. 10

28 .. .. 19

42 .. .. 20

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 15.1 21.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.0 12.2 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 6.2 5.0 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 4.5 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.9 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 9.0 6.8 19.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

63


Côte d’Ivoire Population (millions) 20.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

318 GDP ($ billions)

24.1

SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

1,090 986 51.3 3.5

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

64 .. 1,104 1,682

44 .. 334 1,361

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

32.7 –0.2 22.6 23 20 45 104

27.8 0.5 11.7

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

75.1 –1.3 18.3 0.07 .. 99.6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

485 75.7 210 71.2 27.0 0.3

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

3,813 1.8 43 80 68 91 24 11 36

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

30 .. .. 115

41 .. .. 109

53 .. .. 62

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

6,383 40,238 1.8 2.4 16.0 10.0 5.8 2.9 17,980 143,440 27,808 60,301

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 13.3 18.4 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.3 10.9 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.3 3.7 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 3.6 10.4 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.9 2.2 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 4.1 –1.2 14.7

64

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Croatia Population (millions)

4.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

56 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

62.5

Highincome group

13,540 11,785 57.8 –0.1

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture 24 Agricultural land (% land area) 1.1 Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 16,096 5,228 Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

34.4 –0.2 13.0 7 12 60 6

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

83.8 .. .. 3.4 .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,932 4.7 3,813 39.3 59.5 4.9

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

8,562 1.7 2 99 97 100 99 98 99

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

22 .. .. 5

22 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 20.7 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.9 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.1 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.7 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 10.5 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

65


Cuba Population (millions) 11.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

106 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

60.8

Upper middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

5,460 4,526 75.2 0.4

8,574 7,648 79.1 2.0

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

62 .. 3,903 2,619

37 .. 3,448 3,838

35 .. 869 3,944

27.3 –1.7 6.4 14 17 35 155

46.8 0.4 20.2

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

48.6 –9.1 5.4 4.4 3,020 4,944

19,009 0.1 11.8 13.1 15,100 39,997

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

975 11.6 1,299 52.6 0.6 2.8

1,312 16.7 1,973 39.0 53.7 2.7

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

3,387 19.8 75 94 89 96 91 81 94

22,810 2.0 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

15 .. .. 6

28 .. .. 19

42 .. .. 20

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 21.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.5 12.2 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 12.9 5.0 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 2.4 4.5 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.0 1.9 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.2 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 6.8 19.2

66

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Curaçao Population (thousands) 146 Land area (sq. km)

444 GDP ($ millions)

Country data

..

Highincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

.. .. .. ..

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

.. .. .. ..

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

.. .. .. 1 1 9 0

28.4 0.0 12.9

21.1 .. .. .. .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. ..

22 .. .. 6

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

67


Cyprus Population (millions)

1.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

9.2 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

24.7

Highincome group

29,450 25,009 70.5 2.0

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

13 21.9 7,927 1,887

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

18.8 –0.1 10.5 5 5 19 16

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

5.9 –3.6 18.9 0.56 .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

2,215 1.8 4,675 97.6 0.0 7.5

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

699 23.6 86 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

27 .. .. 3

22 .. .. 6

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 9.0 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.8 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 6.9 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 4.6 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

68

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Czech Republic Population (millions) 10.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

77 GDP ($ billions) 217.0

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Highincome group

18,700 16,437 73.4 0.0

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

55 0.4 6,423 5,422

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

34.4 –0.1 15.1 2 7 2 9

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

24.9 .. .. .. .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

4,193 6.0 6,321 60.2 3.3 10.3

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

1,253 12.9 2 100 100 100 98 97 99

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

16 .. .. 4

22 .. .. 6

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 23.3 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.9 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.2 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.6 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 12.5 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

69


Denmark Population (millions)

5.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

42 GDP ($ billions) 333.6

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Highincome group

60,160 51,527 86.9 0.5

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture 63 Agricultural land (% land area) 12.1 Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 53,407 5,907 Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

12.9 –1.1 4.9 2 4 15 1

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

751 –3.4 –0.9 3.2 .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

3,470 18.6 6,327 66.1 0.1 8.3

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

1,077 11.0 36 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

15 .. .. 4

22 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 22.9 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.1 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 8.1 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 1.9 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 14.9 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

70

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Djibouti Population (thousands) 906 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

23 GDP ($ billions)

1.0

Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

1,270 1,160 77.1 2.4

3,866 3,285 58.9 2.5

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

73 .. 80 2,000

23 .. 2,627 2,475

46 .. 716 3,065

0.2 0.0 0.0 8 9 17 2

2.4 –0.1 3.9

28.4 0.3 9.9

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

1.7 7.6 .. 0.24 450 10.0

3,538 40,238 2.4 2.4 13.1 10.0 2.0 2.9 5,700 143,440 217 60,301

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

170 .. .. .. .. 0.6

1,372 0.9 1,658 92.9 5.4 4.1

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

331 6.3 16 88 54 99 50 10 63

673 122.1 86 89 81 94 88 80 94

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

28 .. .. 90

59 .. .. 32

53 .. .. 62

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 33.7 27.0 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.4 10.8 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.5 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 15.2 6.3 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.6 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.1 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.6 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 6.1 14.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

71


Dominica Population (thousands) 68 Land area (sq. km)

750 GDP ($ millions) 484.1 Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

Upper middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

7,030 6,179 67.2 –0.3

8,574 7,648 79.1 2.0

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

35 .. 5,913 2,288

37 .. 3,448 3,838

35 .. 869 3,944

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

59.2 0.6 21.7 3 3 19 9

46.8 0.4 20.2

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

0.70 1.8 .. 0.13 <100 0.10

19,009 0.1 11.8 13.1 15,100 39,997

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

628 .. .. .. .. 1.9

1,312 16.7 1,973 39.0 53.7 2.7

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. 95 92 96 81 84 80

22,810 2.0 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

20 .. .. 12

28 .. .. 19

42 .. .. 20

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 5.1 21.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.7 12.2 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.1 5.0 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 4.5 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.9 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) –3.7 6.8 19.2

72

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Dominican Republic Population (millions)

10.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

48 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

55.6

Upper middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

5,240 4,683 69.6 2.7

8,574 7,648 79.1 2.0

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

51 .. 5,480 2,972

37 .. 3,448 3,838

35 .. 869 3,944

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

40.8 0.0 22.2 6 14 22 29

46.8 0.4 20.2

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

15.9 –1.6 9.7 30.4 610 212

19,009 0.1 11.8 13.1 15,100 39,997

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

840 21.4 1,442 88.6 11.3 2.1

1,312 16.7 1,973 39.0 53.7 2.7

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

2,088 16.6 64 86 84 87 83 75 87

22,810 2.0 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

14 7 15 25

28 .. .. 19

42 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 8.7 21.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.5 12.2 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.9 5.0 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 4.5 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 1.9 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.2 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) –1.7 6.8 19.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

73


Ecuador Population (millions)

14.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

248 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

65.9

Upper middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

4,200 3,203 67.4 2.7

8,574 7,648 79.1 2.0

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

30 12.6 2,178 2,604

37 .. 3,448 3,838

35 .. 869 3,944

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

38.9 1.8 25.1 43 93 50 1,714

46.8 0.4 20.2

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

817 2.7 6.8 75.4 <50 1,583

19,009 0.1 11.8 13.1 15,100 39,997

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

836 5.3 1,055 48.4 48.8 2.1

1,312 16.7 1,973 39.0 53.7 2.7

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

29,456 3.5 92 94 89 96 92 84 96

22,810 2.0 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

19 .. .. 23

28 .. .. 19

42 .. .. 20

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 23.2 21.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.0 12.2 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.4 5.0 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 16.4 4.5 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.9 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.2 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) –3.3 6.8 19.2

74

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Egypt, Arab Rep. Population (millions) 82.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

995 GDP ($ billions) 229.5 Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

2,600 2,180 43.5 1.8

3,866 3,285 58.9 2.5

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

4 .. 3,364 7,247

23 .. 2,627 2,475

46 .. 716 3,065

0.1 –1.7 5.9 18 10 40 2

2.4 –0.1 3.9

28.4 0.3 9.9

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

1,362 1.9 14.1 9.3 3,800 5.1

3,538 40,238 2.4 2.4 13.1 10.0 2.0 2.9 5,700 143,440 217 60,301

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

903 2.1 1,608 90.1 8.9 2.7

1,372 0.9 1,658 92.9 5.4 4.1

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

22 3,794.4 86 99 99 100 95 93 97

673 122.1 86 89 81 94 88 80 94

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

78 8 9 21

59 .. .. 32

53 .. .. 62

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 17.3 27.0 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.4 10.8 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.4 4.5 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 8.7 15.2 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.6 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.1 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.8 0.6 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.9 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 0.7 6.1 14.7 The Little Green Data Book  2013

75


El Salvador Population (millions)

6.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

21 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

23.1

Lower middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

3,480 3,194 64.8 2.0

8,574 7,648 79.1 2.0

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

74 2.1 2,674 2,492

37 .. 3,448 3,838

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

13.6 1.5 0.8 5 6 14 23

46.8 0.4 20.2

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

59.2 9.2 10.2 3.1 .. 252

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

677 18.4 855 34.9 34.8 1.0

1,312 16.7 1,973 39.0 53.7 2.7

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

2,850 7.8 55 88 76 94 87 83 89

22,810 2.0 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

28 .. .. 15

28 .. .. 19

53 .. .. 62

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

19,009 40,238 0.1 2.4 11.8 10.0 13.1 2.9 15,100 143,440 39,997 60,301

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 9.2 21.1 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.8 12.2 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.0 5.0 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 4.5 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 0.5 6.8 14.7

76

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Equatorial Guinea Population (thousands) 720 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

28 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

19.8

Highincome group

15,670 7,915 39.5 3.7

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

11 .. 981 ..

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

57.5 0.7 19.2 19 6 28 67

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

7.1 3.2 .. 2.6 .. 253

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

2,732 .. .. .. .. 7.1

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

36,100 0.1 6 51 42 66 89 87 92

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

6 .. .. 118

22 .. .. 6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 18.9 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.2 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 40.4 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

77


Eritrea Population (millions)

5.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

101 GDP ($ billions)

2.6

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

430 440 21.4 4.0

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

571 521 28.0 3.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

75 .. 66 592

44 .. 334 1,361

39 .. 308 2,034

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

15.1 0.3 5.0 10 14 19 4

27.8 0.5 11.7

25.7 0.6 10.0

2.6 .. .. 0.0 3,260 102

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

142 78.0 52 99.4 0.0 0.1

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

517 20.8 95 61 57 74 14 4 52

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

61 .. .. 68

41 .. .. 109

54 .. .. 95

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 18.4 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 7.7 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.7 3.7 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 10.4 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 2.2 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.3 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.4 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. –1.2 15.2

78

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Estonia Population (millions)

1.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

42 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

22.2

Highincome group

15,260 13,314 69.5 –0.9

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

22 .. 4,531 2,596

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

52.1 0.1 20.4 1 5 5 0

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

81.7 –6.7 –4.1 26.5 .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

4,155 14.7 6,464 91.0 0.2 11.9

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

9,486 14.1 0 98 97 99 95 94 96

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

9 .. .. 4

22 .. .. 6

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 26.4 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.3 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.5 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 1.4 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 16.3 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

79


Ethiopia Population (millions) 84.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1,000 GDP ($ billions)

30.2

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

370 312 17.0 4.1

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

571 521 28.0 3.5

36 0.5 229 1,761

44 .. 334 1,361

39 .. 308 2,034

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

12.2 1.1 18.4 33 26 14 25

27.8 0.5 11.7

25.7 0.6 10.0

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

24.1 7.8 –1.7 .. .. ..

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

400 93.3 54 0.6 99.0 0.1

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

1,440 4.6 94 44 34 97 21 19 29

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

47 13 18 77

41 .. .. 109

54 .. .. 95

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 27.3 18.4 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 7.2 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.9 3.7 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 10.4 1.4 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.8 2.2 2.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 4.4 0.5 1.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.5 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 17.4 –1.2 15.2 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

80

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Faeroe Islands Population (thousands) 49 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1.4 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

2.2

Highincome group

.. .. 41.1 1.5

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

2 .. .. ..

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

0.1 0.0 .. 4 1 8 0

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

415 1.3 7.6 .. .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. 14.6

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

11 .. .. ..

22 .. .. 6

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.3 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

81


Fiji Population (thousands) 868 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

18 GDP ($ billions)

3.8

Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

3,720 3,763 52.2 1.9

4,248 3,884 48.6 3.6

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

23 .. 1,864 3,075

48 .. 610 5,050

46 .. 716 3,065

55.7 –0.3 1.3 6 14 13 61

29.7 –0.4 15.0

28.4 0.3 9.9

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

42.1 101,299 40,238 1.1 3.4 2.4 –10.3 9.1 10.0 0.06 1.4 2.9 10,020 137,690 143,440 425 56,537 60,301 627 .. .. .. .. 1.0

1,520 10.9 2,337 79.8 16.5 4.6

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

32,876 0.3 61 98 95 100 83 71 94

4,446 10.9 73 90 84 97 66 58 76

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

20 .. .. 16

55 .. .. 21

53 .. .. 62

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 6.3 49.3 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.1 11.0 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 6.0 2.1 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 4.3 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 1.7 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.9 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 1.1 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 0.2 32.2 14.7

82

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Finland Population (millions)

5.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

304 GDP ($ billions) 263.0

Country data

Highincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

47,760 42,089 83.7 0.6

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

8 0.6 47,514 3,534

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

72.9 0.1 9.0 1 6 6 1

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

165 0.4 –2.3 5.0 .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

6,787 22.6 16,483 33.3 16.0 10.0

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

19,858 1.5 3 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

15 .. .. 3

22 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 19.6 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.1 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 6.3 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 11.5 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

83


France Population (millions) 65.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

548 GDP ($ billions)2,773.0

Country data

Highincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

42,420 37,251 85.7 1.2

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

53 5.1 57,973 6,859

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

29.2 –0.4 16.5 8 9 43 28

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

680 –2.0 –0.6 21.3 .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

4,031 6.0 7,729 9.9 11.0 5.6

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

3,057 15.8 12 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

12 .. .. 4

22 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 17.5 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.7 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.3 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 9.0 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

84

2013  The Little Green Data Book


French Polynesia Population (thousands) 274 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

3.7 GDP ($ millions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

..

Highincome group

.. .. 51.4 1.2

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

12 .. .. ..

37 .. 26,515 5,349

43.7 –4.0 0.4 1 33 27 47

28.4 0.0 12.9

15.8 5.5 18.1 0.06 6,000 ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

.. .. .. .. .. 3.3

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

38,264 .. .. 100 100 100 98 97 99

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

.. .. .. ..

22 .. .. 6

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

85


Gabon Population (millions)

1.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

258 GDP ($ billions)

17.1

SubUpper Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

8,080 4,944 86.1 3.4

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

20 .. 1,908 1,698

44 .. 334 1,361

35 .. 869 3,944

85.4 0.0 15.1 14 5 61 119

27.8 0.5 11.7

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

32.2 2.3 23.2 7.3 .. 1,598

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,418 52.9 1,004 55.8 43.8 1.1

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

106,892 0.1 38 87 41 95 33 30 33

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

7 .. .. 66

41 .. .. 109

42 .. .. 20

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 18.4 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.9 10.9 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.1 3.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 34.7 10.4 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 2.2 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. –1.2 19.2

86

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Gambia, The Population (millions)

1.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

10 GDP ($ millions) 898.3 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

500 446 57.2 4.8

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

571 521 28.0 3.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

61 .. 285 869

44 .. 334 1,361

39 .. 308 2,034

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

47.6 –0.4 1.5 10 10 23 4

27.8 0.5 11.7

25.7 0.6 10.0

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

45.0 3.6 –4.1 0.06 .. 581

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

84 .. .. .. .. 0.3

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

1,689 2.4 28 89 85 92 68 65 70

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

60 .. .. 101

41 .. .. 109

54 .. .. 95

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 12.6 18.4 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.0 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.1 3.7 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 10.4 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 2.2 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.5 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 6.1 –1.2 15.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

87


Georgia Population (millions)

4.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

69 GDP ($ billions)

14.4

Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

2,860 2,768 52.9 –0.5

7,734 6,652 64.7 0.3

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

36 4.0 2,045 2,201

28 .. 3,374 2,740

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

39.4 0.1 3.7 10 11 9 0

38.7 0.0 7.5

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

27.1 –6.3 0.3 0.45 .. ..

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

5,790 40,238 –2.9 2.4 –0.5 10.0 10.4 2.9 .. 143,440 .. 60,301

700 11.5 1,743 7.5 92.5 1.3

3,015 2.0 4,059 65.4 18.8 7.1

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

12,958 3.1 58 98 96 100 95 93 96

12,498 6.3 60 96 91 99 84 81 87

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

49 .. .. 21

21 .. .. 21

53 .. .. 62

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 14.2 26.1 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.2 12.3 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.8 3.6 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.2 9.3 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.8 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.2 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 3.7 6.2 14.7

88

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Germany Population (millions) 81.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

349 GDP ($ billions)3,600.8

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Highincome group

44,230 38,601 73.9 0.2

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture 48 Agricultural land (% land area) 2.2 Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 32,866 6,461 Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

31.8 0.0 42.4 5 7 23 14

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

273 –1.6 –2.3 40.3 .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

4,003 9.0 7,215 59.3 3.3 9.0

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

1,308 30.2 0 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

16 .. .. 4

22 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 23.5 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.8 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.4 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.2 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 13.8 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

89


Ghana Population (millions) 25.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

228 GDP ($ billions)

39.2

SubSaharan LowerCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

1,410 1,214 51.9 4.2

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

70 0.2 .. 1,594

44 .. 334 1,361

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

21.2 2.1 14.7 16 17 44 115

27.8 0.5 11.7

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

353 –0.8 20.8 0.01 .. 137

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

382 63.8 298 16.4 83.6 0.3

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

1,214 3.2 66 86 80 91 14 8 19

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

22 6 20 78

41 .. .. 109

53 .. .. 62

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

6,383 40,238 1.8 2.4 16.0 10.0 5.8 2.9 17,980 143,440 27,808 60,301

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 9.1 18.4 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.6 10.9 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.7 3.7 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 2.1 10.4 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 7.1 2.2 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 1.3 0.5 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) –6.6 –1.2 14.7

90

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Greece Population (millions) 11.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

129 GDP ($ billions) 289.6

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Highincome group

24,490 21,389 61.5 0.7

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

63 16.9 .. 4,851

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

30.5 –0.8 16.2 10 12 74 55

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

214 –2.9 13.7 2.6 .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,440 3.9 5,242 81.4 13.0 8.4

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

5,133 16.3 89 100 99 100 98 97 99

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

27 .. .. 4

22 .. .. 6

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 5.5 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.7 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.2 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.3 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) –5.9 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

91


Greenland Population (thousands) 57 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

410 GDP ($ billions)

Highincome group

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

1.3

26,020 .. 84.7 0.4

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

1 .. .. ..

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

0.0 0.0 40.5 7 1 7 0

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

214 1.9 .. 36.3 .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. 10.2

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation 10,662,187 Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) .. Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) .. Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) 100 Access to improved water source (% of total population) 100 Rural (% of rural population) 100 Urban (% of urban population) 100 Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) 100 Rural (% of rural population) 100 Urban (% of urban population)

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. ..

22 .. .. 6

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.0 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

92

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Grenada Population (thousands) 105 Land area (sq. km)

340 GDP ($ millions) 816.1 Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

Upper middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

7,350 .. 39.2 1.2

8,574 7,648 79.1 2.0

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

32 2.0 2,617 1,032

37 .. 3,448 3,838

35 .. 869 3,944

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

50.0 0.0 1.7 3 1 19 3

46.8 0.4 20.2

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

2.3 0.9 .. 0.02 150 1.4

19,009 0.1 11.8 13.1 15,100 39,997

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

784 .. .. .. .. 2.4

1,312 16.7 1,973 39.0 53.7 2.7

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. 97 97 97 96

22,810 2.0 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

19 .. .. 13

28 .. .. 19

42 .. .. 20

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation –5.9 21.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.1 12.2 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.8 5.0 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 4.5 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.9 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 6.8 19.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

93


Guam Population (thousands) 182 Land area (sq. km)

540 GDP ($ millions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

..

Highincome group

.. .. 93.2 1.6

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

33 .. .. 2,421

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

47.9 0.0 26.4 2 14 9 3

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

0.42 –2.1 –3.0 0.77 220 0.97

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

.. .. .. .. .. ..

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

.. .. .. 100 100 100 99 98 99

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

.. .. .. ..

22 .. .. 6

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

94

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Guatemala Population (millions) 14.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

107 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

46.9

Lower middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

2,870 2,681 49.8 3.3

8,574 7,648 79.1 2.0

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

41 .. 2,823 1,987

37 .. 3,448 3,838

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

33.6 1.4 30.6 16 14 25 73

46.8 0.4 20.2

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

41.2 5.1 16.3 12.5 .. 177

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

713 62.0 567 33.1 37.3 1.1

1,312 16.7 1,973 39.0 53.7 2.7

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

7,400 2.7 55 92 87 98 78 70 87

22,810 2.0 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

51 .. .. 30

28 .. .. 19

53 .. .. 62

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

19,009 40,238 0.1 2.4 11.8 10.0 13.1 2.9 15,100 143,440 39,997 60,301

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 11.0 21.1 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.7 12.2 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.9 5.0 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.5 4.5 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.9 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 0.7 6.8 14.7 The Little Green Data Book  2013

95


Guinea Population (millions) 10.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

246 GDP ($ billions)

5.1

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

430 350 35.5 3.9

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

571 521 28.0 3.5

58 .. 237 1,379

44 .. 334 1,361

39 .. 308 2,034

26.5 0.5 6.8 21 17 66 22

27.8 0.5 11.7

25.7 0.6 10.0

115 4.7 15.3 0.0 .. 2,033

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

.. .. .. .. .. 0.1

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

22,110 0.7 84 74 65 90 18 11 32

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

55 8 16 126

41 .. .. 109

54 .. .. 95

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation –7.2 18.4 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.5 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.3 3.7 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 10.4 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 12.0 2.2 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 2.3 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) –28.4 –1.2 15.2

96

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Guinea-Bissau Population (millions)

1.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

28 GDP ($ millions) 967.8 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

600 572 43.9 4.1

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

571 521 28.0 3.5

58 .. .. 1,340

44 .. 334 1,361

39 .. 308 2,034

71.6 0.5 16.1 12 9 31 4

27.8 0.5 11.7

25.7 0.6 10.0

6.8 1.1 .. 45.8 .. 2,982

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

67 .. .. .. .. 0.2

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

10,342 1.1 82 64 53 91 20 9 44

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

48 .. .. 161

41 .. .. 109

54 .. .. 95

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 18.4 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.0 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.3 3.7 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 10.4 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 2.2 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.2 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. –1.2 15.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

97


Guyana Population (thousands) 756 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

197 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

2.6

Lower middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

2,900 2,686 28.4 0.0

8,574 7,648 79.1 2.0

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

9 .. 3,483 4,741

37 .. 3,448 3,838

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

77.2 0.0 5.0 10 13 28 21

46.8 0.4 20.2

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

43.4 0.8 8.2 0.0 .. 396

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

667 .. .. .. .. 2.1

1,312 16.7 1,973 39.0 53.7 2.7

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

318,766 0.7 98 94 93 98 84 82 88

22,810 2.0 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

20 .. .. 36

28 .. .. 19

53 .. .. 62

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

19,009 40,238 0.1 2.4 11.8 10.0 13.1 2.9 15,100 143,440 39,997 60,301

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 14.4 21.1 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.4 12.2 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.4 5.0 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 4.5 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 10.5 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.2 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) –1.3 6.8 14.7

98

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Haiti Population (millions)

10.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

28 GDP ($ billions)

7.3

Latin America & LowCountry Caribbean income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

700 666 53.3 4.7

8,574 7,648 79.1 2.0

571 521 28.0 3.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

64 5.4 .. 949

37 .. 3,448 3,838

39 .. 308 2,034

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

3.6 0.8 0.3 5 13 21 29

46.8 0.4 20.2

25.7 0.6 10.0

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

17.1 5.7 .. 0.0 450 136

19,009 0.1 11.8 13.1 15,100 39,997

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

229 69.8 24 69.8 30.2 0.2

1,312 16.7 1,973 39.0 53.7 2.7

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

1,285 9.2 78 69 51 85 17 10 24

22,810 2.0 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

35 28 24 70

28 .. .. 19

54 .. .. 95

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 24.5 21.1 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.2 12.2 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.5 5.0 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 4.5 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.9 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 0.0 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.5 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 16.4 6.8 15.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

99


Honduras Population (millions)

7.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

112 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

17.4

Lower middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

1,980 1,889 52.2 3.4

8,574 7,648 79.1 2.0

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

29 .. 2,163 1,233

37 .. 3,448 3,838

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

45.3 2.1 18.2 7 11 28 107

46.8 0.4 20.2

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

46.1 –2.7 12.0 1.9 810 628

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

601 43.0 671 53.9 44.0 1.0

1,312 16.7 1,973 39.0 53.7 2.7

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

12,371 1.2 58 87 79 95 77 69 85

22,810 2.0 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

34 17 16 21

28 .. .. 19

53 .. .. 62

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

19,009 40,238 0.1 2.4 11.8 10.0 13.1 2.9 15,100 143,440 39,997 60,301

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 18.9 21.1 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.4 12.2 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.5 5.0 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 4.5 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.2 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 10.8 6.8 14.7

100

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Hong Kong SAR, China Population (millions)

7.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1.0 GDP ($ billions) 248.6

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Highincome group

36,010 31,588 100.0 1.0

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

.. .. .. ..

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

.. .. 41.8 2 20 13 6

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

174 –1.3 –5.1 .. .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

1,951 0.4 5,923 100.0 0.0 5.3

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. ..

22 .. .. 6

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 28.4 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.2 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.1 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 18.1 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

101


Hungary Population (millions)

10.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

91 GDP ($ billions) 140.0

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Highincome group

12,730 11,364 69.4 0.1

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

59 1.8 8,522 5,099

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

22.5 –0.6 5.1 2 10 9 9

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

22.6 –3.9 –0.6 .. .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

2,567 7.3 3,876 49.3 0.5 4.9

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

602 93.2 6 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

15 .. .. 6

22 .. .. 6

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 22.0 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.2 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.9 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.5 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 12.9 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

102

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Population (thousands) 319 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

100a

Iceland GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

14.0

Highincome group

34,820 31,219 93.7 1.2

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture 16 Agricultural land (% land area) .. Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 56,880 .. Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

0.3 –5.0 19.7 6 1 12 0

28.4 0.0 12.9

1,160 –1.3 3.0 3.9 .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

16,882 0.0 51,440 0.0 73.8 6.4

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

532,892 0.1 42 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

18 .. .. 3

22 .. .. 6

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 8.6 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 16.5 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 9.0 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.8 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

103


India Population (millions)1,241.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

2,973 GDP ($ billions)1,872.8

Country data

South Asia group

Lower middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

1,420 1,283 31.3 2.6

1,313 1,201 30.9 2.8

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

60 35.2 523 2,883

55 .. 550 2,959

46 .. 716 3,065

23.1 –0.5 5.0 94 80 212 300

17.1 –0.3 5.9

28.4 0.3 9.9

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

8,879 2.0 7.4 1.7 5,790 4,326

13,219 40,238 2.3 2.4 8.1 10.0 1.7 2.9 15,440 143,440 10,343 60,301

566 24.6 616 83.1 11.9 1.6

519 26.7 555 80.6 14.0 1.4

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

1,165 52.6 90 92 90 97 34 23 58

1,197 51.6 91 90 88 96 38 28 60

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

52 9 9 61

62 .. .. 62

53 .. .. 62

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 35.0 33.5 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.3 9.2 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.1 2.8 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 3.1 2.8 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.3 1.0 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.6 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.9 0.8 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.6 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.6 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 22.5 21.6 14.7

104

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Indonesia Population (millions) 242.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1,812 GDP ($ billions) 846.8 Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

2,940 2,784 50.7 3.7

4,248 3,884 48.6 3.6

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

30 .. 753 4,886

48 .. 610 5,050

46 .. 716 3,065

51.7 0.5 14.1 184 122 141 385

29.7 –0.4 15.0

28.4 0.3 9.9

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

13,651 101,299 40,238 3.7 3.4 2.4 13.1 9.1 10.0 2.0 1.4 2.9 51,020 137,690 143,440 31,894 56,537 60,301 867 26.0 641 84.0 10.4 1.9

1,520 10.9 2,337 79.8 16.5 4.6

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

8,332 5.6 82 82 74 92 54 39 73

4,446 10.9 73 90 84 97 66 58 76

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

60 .. 14 32

55 .. .. 21

53 .. .. 62

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 32.8 49.3 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.7 11.0 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.7 2.1 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 6.2 4.3 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.1 1.7 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.9 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.6 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 1.1 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 16.5 32.2 14.7 The Little Green Data Book  2013

105


Iran, Islamic Rep. Population (millions)

74.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1,629 GDP ($ billions) 331.0 Middle Upper East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

4,520 3,106 69.1 2.4

3,866 3,285 58.9 2.5

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

30 19.0 3,104 2,469

23 .. 2,627 2,475

35 .. 869 3,944

6.8 0.0 7.1 16 22 30 2

2.4 –0.1 3.9

34.8 0.0 13.3

735 3.4 11.1 1.7 700 192

3,538 2.4 13.1 2.0 5,700 217

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,817 0.1 2,652 95.8 4.1 8.2

1,372 0.9 1,658 92.9 5.4 4.1

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

1,718 72.6 92 96 92 97 100 100 100

673 122.1 86 89 81 94 88 80 94

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

56 .. .. 25

59 .. .. 32

42 .. .. 20

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 27.0 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.3 10.8 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.1 4.5 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 19.1 15.2 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 0.6 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 1.3 0.6 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.8 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.9 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 6.1 19.2

106

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Iraq Population (millions) 33.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

434 GDP ($ billions) 115.4 Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

2,640 1,311 66.5 2.6

3,866 3,285 58.9 2.5

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

19 .. .. 1,799

23 .. 2,627 2,475

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

1.9 –0.1 0.1 13 16 11 1

2.4 –0.1 3.9

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

51.8 1.6 12.9 0.0 .. ..

3,538 40,238 2.4 2.4 13.1 10.0 2.0 2.9 5,700 143,440 217 60,301

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,180 0.1 1,183 90.5 9.5 3.5

1,372 0.9 1,658 92.9 5.4 4.1

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

1,068 187.5 79 79 56 91 73 67 76

673 122.1 86 89 81 94 88 80 94

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

88 .. .. 38

59 .. .. 32

53 .. .. 62

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 27.0 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.8 10.8 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.5 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 50.6 15.2 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.6 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.9 0.6 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 3.5 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.9 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 6.1 14.7 The Little Green Data Book  2013

107


Ireland Population (millions)

4.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

69 GDP ($ billions) 217.3

Country data

Highincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

39,150 32,178 62.2 1.7

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

66 .. 13,931 8,440

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

10.9 –1.5 1.8 5 3 21 1

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

288 –0.1 2.4 0.18 .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

3,218 2.6 6,025 79.0 2.1 9.3

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

10,707 1.6 10 100 100 100 99 98 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

13 .. .. 4

22 .. .. 6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 17.1 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 17.2 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.9 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 5.5 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

108

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Isle of Man Population (thousands) 83 Land area (sq. km)

570 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

4.1

Highincome group

48,910 .. 50.6 0.7

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

75 .. .. ..

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

6.1 0.0 .. 0 0 2 0

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

6.8 2.5 .. .. .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. ..

22 .. .. 6

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.8 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

109


Israel Population (millions)

7.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

22 GDP ($ billions) 242.9

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Highincome group

28,930 26,158 91.9 2.5

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

24 31.8 .. 3,407

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

7.1 –0.1 17.8 15 14 36 0

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

22.8 –5.6 1.5 0.45 <10 ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

3,005 0.1 6,856 99.7 0.0 9.0

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

97 260.5 58 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

21 .. .. 4

22 .. .. 6

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 15.1 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.9 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.6 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.2 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 6.2 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

110

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Italy Population (millions)

60.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

294 GDP ($ billions)2,194.0

Country data

Highincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

35,320 30,844 68.4 0.4

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

47 16.9 31,254 5,682

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

31.4 –0.9 15.1 7 10 46 62

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

378 –2.5 0.2 17.4 .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,815 5.1 5,384 73.3 17.1 6.7

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

3,005 24.9 44 100 100 100 .. .. ..

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

21 .. .. 4

22 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 16.5 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.8 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.4 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.1 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 6.8 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

111


Jamaica Population (millions)

2.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

11 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

14.4

Upper middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

.. 4,489 52.1 0.8

8,574 7,648 79.1 2.0

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

41 .. 3,016 1,270

37 .. 3,448 3,838

35 .. 869 3,944

31.1 0.1 18.9 5 10 22 206

46.8 0.4 20.2

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

16.3 0.5 –5.0 4.2 1,240 97.5

19,009 0.1 11.8 13.1 15,100 39,997

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,131 14.6 1,223 93.6 3.6 3.2

1,312 16.7 1,973 39.0 53.7 2.7

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

3,475 6.2 34 93 88 98 80 82 78

22,810 2.0 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

27 .. .. 18

28 .. .. 19

42 .. .. 20

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 8.7 21.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.5 12.2 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.8 5.0 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 4.5 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.1 1.9 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 0.2 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1.1 6.8 19.2

112

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Japan Population (millions) 127.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

365 GDP ($ billions)5,867.2

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Highincome group

44,900 40,800 91.1 0.9

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture 13 Agricultural land (% land area) 34.5 Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 40,385 4,911 Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

68.6 0.0 16.5 27 40 65 7

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

4,756 –4.3 –1.9 5.5 2,900 7.4

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

3,898 1.4 8,394 61.8 7.4 8.6

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

3,364 20.9 63 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

24 .. .. 3

22 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 21.1 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.7 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.2 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 10.1 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

113


Jordan Population (millions)

6.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

89 GDP ($ billions)

28.8

Middle Upper East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

4,380 4,050 82.7 3.8

3,866 3,285 58.9 2.5

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

11 9.6 3,760 812

23 .. 2,627 2,475

35 .. 869 3,944

1.1 0.0 1.9 13 10 13 1

2.4 –0.1 3.9

34.8 0.0 13.3

1.1 1.7 11.4 30.0 <50 ..

3,538 2.4 13.1 2.0 5,700 217

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,191 0.1 2,226 99.5 0.4 3.8

1,372 0.9 1,658 92.9 5.4 4.1

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

110 138.0 65 97 92 98 98 98 98

673 122.1 86 89 81 94 88 80 94

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

30 1 16 21

59 .. .. 32

42 .. .. 20

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 13.5 27.0 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.9 10.8 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.6 4.5 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 15.2 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.7 0.6 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 0.6 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.9 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 5.6 6.1 19.2

114

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Kazakhstan Population (millions)

16.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

2,700 GDP ($ billions) 188.0 Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

8,260 5,654 53.6 –0.2

7,734 6,652 64.7 0.3

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

77 .. 2,275 1,687

28 .. 3,374 2,740

35 .. 869 3,944

1.2 0.2 2.5 16 22 15 17

38.7 0.0 7.5

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

43.3 –2.8 –15.9 .. .. ..

5,790 –2.9 –0.5 10.4 .. ..

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

4,595 0.1 4,728 90.3 9.7 14.0

3,015 2.0 4,059 65.4 18.8 7.1

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

3,886 32.9 66 95 90 99 97 98 97

12,498 6.3 60 96 91 99 84 81 87

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

18 .. .. 28

21 .. .. 21

42 .. .. 20

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 34.6 26.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.1 12.3 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.4 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 26.0 9.3 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 2.0 0.8 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 1.2 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.3 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) –4.6 6.2 19.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

115


Kenya Population (millions)

41.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

569 GDP ($ billions)

33.6

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

820 745 24.0 4.4

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

571 521 28.0 3.5

48 0.0 350 1,514

44 .. 334 1,361

39 .. 308 2,034

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

6.1 0.3 11.8 28 34 68 128

27.8 0.5 11.7

25.7 0.6 10.0

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

204 –0.5 14.7 10.5 630 610

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

483 72.8 156 30.5 45.7 0.3

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

497 13.2 79 59 52 82 32 32 32

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

30 8 17 73

41 .. .. 109

54 .. .. 95

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 13.5 18.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 6.7 10.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.9 3.7 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 10.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 2.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 1.1 0.5 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.5 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 11.2 –1.2

116

2013  The Little Green Data Book

25.2 7.7 3.0 1.4 2.0 1.2 0.3 0.5 15.2


Kiribati Population (thousands) 101 Land area (sq. km)

810 GDP ($ millions) 166.7 Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

2,030 .. 43.9 2.7

4,248 3,884 48.6 3.6

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

42 .. 1,327 ..

48 .. 610 5,050

46 .. 716 3,065

15.0 0.0 23.2 1 6 11 0

29.7 –0.4 15.0

28.4 0.3 9.9

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

69.6 101,299 40,238 4.3 3.4 2.4 –0.8 9.1 10.0 22.6 1.4 2.9 2,940 137,690 143,440 2.6 56,537 60,301 116 .. .. .. .. 0.5

1,520 10.9 2,337 79.8 16.5 4.6

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. 63 53 77 34 22 49

4,446 10.9 73 90 84 97 66 58 76

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. 47

55 .. .. 21

53 .. .. 62

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 49.3 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 6.6 11.0 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 2.1 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 4.3 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.7 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.9 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 1.1 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 32.2 14.7 The Little Green Data Book  2013

117


Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. Population (millions) 24.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

120 GDP ($ millions)

..

East Asia LowCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

.. .. 60.3 1.1

4,248 3,884 48.6 3.6

571 521 28.0 3.5

21 .. .. 3,749

48 .. 610 5,050

39 .. 308 2,034

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

46.0 2.0 5.9 9 25 14 6

29.7 –0.4 15.0

25.7 0.6 10.0

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

713 101,299 –4.0 3.4 –2.7 9.1 0.11 1.4 .. 137,690 .. 56,537

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

761 5.7 749 38.1 61.9 3.1

1,520 10.9 2,337 79.8 16.5 4.6

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

2,740 12.9 76 98 97 99 80 71 86

4,446 10.9 73 90 84 97 66 58 76

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

52 .. .. 33

55 .. .. 21

54 .. .. 95

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 49.3 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 11.0 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 2.1 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 4.3 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 1.7 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.9 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.6 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 1.1 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 32.2 15.2

118

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Korea, Rep. Population (millions) 49.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

97 GDP ($ billions)1,116.2

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Highincome group

20,870 19,551 83.2 1.3

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture 18 Agricultural land (% land area) 51.6 Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 20,559 7,038 Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

64.0 0.1 2.4 9 29 19 4

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

3,261 –1.6 3.1 3.9 .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

5,060 1.4 9,744 68.7 0.7 10.4

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

1,303 39.3 62 98 88 100 100 100 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

30 .. .. 5

22 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 31.4 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.0 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.2 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 21.8 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

119


Kosovo Population (millions)

1.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

11 GDP ($ billions)

6.5

Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

3,510 .. .. ..

7,734 6,652 64.7 0.3

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

52 .. .. ..

28 .. 3,374 2,740

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

38.7 0.0 7.5

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

5,790 40,238 –2.9 2.4 –0.5 10.0 10.4 2.9 .. 143,440 .. 60,301

1,372 9.7 2,650 97.0 3.0 ..

3,015 2.0 4,059 65.4 18.8 7.1

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

12,498 6.3 60 96 91 99 84 81 87

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. ..

21 .. .. 21

53 .. .. 62

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 26.1 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.2 12.3 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 3.6 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.3 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.8 0.8 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 6.2 14.7

120

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Kuwait Population (millions)

2.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

18 GDP ($ billions) 176.6

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Highincome group

48,900 30,970 98.3 1.4

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

9 .. .. 8,648

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

0.4 –2.6 1.6 6 8 11 0

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

4.9 0.0 .. 0.01 110 0.05

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

12,204 0.0 18,320 100.0 0.0 30.3

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

0 .. 54 99 99 99 100 100 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

91 .. .. 11

22 .. .. 6

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 45.8 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 6.5 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.2 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 29.3 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.5 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 12.2 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

121


Kyrgyz Republic Population (millions)

5.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

192 GDP ($ billions)

6.2

Europe & Central LowCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

900 829 35.4 0.8

7,734 6,652 64.7 0.3

571 521 28.0 3.5

55 9.4 1,022 2,603

28 .. 3,374 2,740

39 .. 308 2,034

5.1 –1.1 6.9 6 12 3 14

38.7 0.0 7.5

25.7 0.6 10.0

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

0.42 –11.2 –4.2 .. .. ..

5,790 –2.9 –0.5 10.4 .. ..

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

536 0.1 1,375 9.0 91.0 1.2

3,015 2.0 4,059 65.4 18.8 7.1

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

8,873 20.6 94 90 85 99 93 93 94

12,498 6.3 60 96 91 99 84 81 87

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

35 .. .. 31

21 .. .. 21

54 .. .. 95

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 19.9 26.1 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.7 12.3 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 6.0 3.6 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.7 9.3 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 9.0 0.8 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.9 0.7 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 5.1 6.2 15.2

122

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Lao PDR Population (millions)

6.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

231 GDP ($ billions)

8.3

Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

1,130 973 34.2 5.7

4,248 3,884 48.6 3.6

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

10 .. 456 4,045

48 .. 610 5,050

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

67.9 0.5 16.6 45 24 54 24

29.7 –0.4 15.0

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

117 101,299 40,238 2.6 3.4 2.4 10.8 9.1 10.0 .. 1.4 2.9 .. 137,690 143,440 .. 56,537 60,301

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. .. .. 0.3

1,520 10.9 2,337 79.8 16.5 4.6

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

30,280 2.2 93 67 62 77 63 50 89

4,446 10.9 73 90 84 97 66 58 76

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

45 .. .. 42

55 .. .. 21

53 .. .. 62

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 17.7 49.3 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.8 11.0 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.1 2.1 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 4.3 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 10.5 1.7 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.9 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.8 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 1.1 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) –2.6 32.2 14.7 The Little Green Data Book  2013

123


Latvia Population (millions)

2.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

62 GDP ($ billions)

28.3

Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

13,320 12,053 67.7 –1.3

7,734 6,652 64.7 0.3

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

29 0.1 3,837 2,748

28 .. 3,374 2,740

35 .. 869 3,944

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

54.1 –0.3 18.0 1 6 6 0

38.7 0.0 7.5

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

156 –5.0 –6.5 6.7 .. ..

5,790 –2.9 –0.5 10.4 .. ..

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,971 29.3 3,026 45.1 53.1 3.0

3,015 2.0 4,059 65.4 18.8 7.1

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

8,133 2.5 12 99 96 100 78 71 82

12,498 6.3 60 96 91 99 84 81 87

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

12 .. .. 8

21 .. .. 21

42 .. .. 20

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 25.9 26.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.3 12.3 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.6 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.3 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.8 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 18.5 6.2 19.2

124

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Lebanon Population (millions)

4.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

10 GDP ($ billions)

40.1

Middle Upper East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

9,140 8,207 87.2 2.0

3,866 3,285 58.9 2.5

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture 62 Agricultural land (% land area) 20.2 Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 44,019 2,802 Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

23 .. 2,627 2,475

35 .. 869 3,944

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

13.4 –0.4 0.5 10 9 22 1

2.4 –0.1 3.9

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

5.1 4.8 14.1 0.11 .. ..

3,538 2.4 13.1 2.0 5,700 217

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,526 1.9 3,569 94.7 5.3 5.0

1,372 0.9 1,658 92.9 5.4 4.1

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

1,127 27.3 60 100 100 100 98 87 100

673 122.1 86 89 81 94 88 80 94

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

25 .. .. 9

59 .. .. 32

42 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 11.6 27.0 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.0 10.8 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.6 4.5 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 15.2 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.6 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.6 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.9 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 0.7 6.1 19.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

125


Lesotho Population (millions)

2.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

30 GDP ($ billions)

2.4

SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

1,210 1,222 27.6 4.6

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

76 .. 200 664

44 .. 334 1,361

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

1.5 –0.5 0.5 2 7 1 4

27.8 0.5 11.7

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

0.35 7.4 13.8 .. .. ..

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

6,383 40,238 1.8 2.4 16.0 10.0 5.8 2.9 17,980 143,440 27,808 60,301

9 .. .. .. .. ..

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

2,384 1.0 20 78 73 91 26 24 32

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

38 .. .. 86

41 .. .. 109

53 .. .. 62

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 12.5 18.4 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 7.3 10.9 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 9.7 3.7 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 10.4 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 2.2 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 1.0 0.5 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. –1.2 14.7

126

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Liberia Population (millions)

4.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

96 GDP ($ billions)

1.5

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

330 303 48.2 3.9

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

571 521 28.0 3.5

27 .. 716 1,200

44 .. 334 1,361

39 .. 308 2,034

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

44.6 0.7 1.8 18 13 53 47

27.8 0.5 11.7

25.7 0.6 10.0

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

8.0 1.0 .. 0.0 .. 109

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. 0.1

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

48,443 0.1 34 73 60 88 18 7 29

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

31 9 20 78

41 .. .. 109

54 .. .. 95

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 32.9 18.4 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 7.9 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.1 3.7 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 10.4 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.8 2.2 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 2.9 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 22.6 –1.2 15.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

127


Libya Population (millions)

6.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1,760 GDP ($ billions)

62.4

Middle Upper East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

12,320 5,845 77.7 2.0

3,866 3,285 58.9 2.5

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

9 .. .. 614

23 .. 2,627 2,475

35 .. 869 3,944

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

0.1 0.0 0.1 12 4 24 3

2.4 –0.1 3.9

34.8 0.0 13.3

30.2 0.9 6.0 0.05 .. ..

3,538 2.4 13.1 2.0 5,700 217

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

3,013 0.9 4,270 100.0 0.0 10.0

1,372 0.9 1,658 92.9 5.4 4.1

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

109 618.0 83 .. .. .. 97 96 97

673 122.1 86 89 81 94 88 80 94

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

65 .. .. 16

59 .. .. 32

42 .. .. 20

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 66.8 27.0 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.0 10.8 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.5 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 29.0 15.2 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.6 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 0.6 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.9 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 6.1 19.2

128

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Liechtenstein Population (thousands) 36 Land area (sq. km)

160 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

4.8

Highincome group

137,070 .. 14.4 0.3

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

41 .. .. ..

37 .. 26,515 5,349

43.1 0.0 42.4 0 0 0 0

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

24 .. .. 2

22 .. .. 6

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.3 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.4 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

129


Lithuania Population (millions)

3.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

63 GDP ($ billions)

42.7

Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

12,980 11,775 67.1 –1.0

7,734 6,652 64.7 0.3

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

45 .. 5,996 3,030

28 .. 3,374 2,740

35 .. 869 3,944

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

34.6 –0.7 14.5 3 6 6 1

38.7 0.0 7.5

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

142 –4.1 –1.7 10.7 .. ..

5,790 –2.9 –0.5 10.4 .. ..

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,107 14.3 3,271 76.8 10.8 3.8

3,015 2.0 4,059 65.4 18.8 7.1

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

5,135 15.3 3 92 81 98 86 69 95

12,498 6.3 60 96 91 99 84 81 87

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

16 .. .. 6

21 .. .. 21

42 .. .. 20

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 18.1 26.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.8 12.3 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.4 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.1 9.3 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.8 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 9.6 6.2 19.2

130

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Luxembourg Population (thousands) 518 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

2.6 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

59.2

Highincome group

77,390 64,847 85.4 1.7

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture 51 Agricultural land (% land area) .. Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 25,431 5,193 Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

33.5 0.0 20.0 0 1 1 0

28.4 0.0 12.9

.. .. .. .. .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

8,343 3.7 16,834 90.3 3.3 20.4

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

1,930 6.0 0 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

12 .. .. 3

22 .. .. 6

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 30.5 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 21.3 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.5 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 12.4 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

131


Macao SAR, China Population (thousands) 556 Land area (sq. km)

28 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

36.4

Highincome group

45,460 .. 100.0 2.1

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

.. .. .. ..

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

.. .. .. 0 4 5 0

28.4 0.0 12.9

1.5 –2.6 .. .. .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

.. .. .. .. .. 2.8

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. ..

22 .. .. 6

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 62.6 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 1.8 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.8 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

132

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Macedonia, FYR Population (millions)

2.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

25 GDP ($ billions)

10.4

Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

4,810 4,221 59.3 0.5

7,734 6,652 64.7 0.3

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

44 7.4 6,430 3,502

28 .. 3,374 2,740

35 .. 869 3,944

39.8 –0.4 4.9 5 11 13 0

38.7 0.0 7.5

34.8 0.0 13.3

1.6 .. .. .. .. ..

5,790 –2.9 –0.5 10.4 .. ..

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,402 7.1 3,591 66.5 33.5 5.5

3,015 2.0 4,059 65.4 18.8 7.1

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

2,616 19.0 12 100 99 100 88 82 92

12,498 6.3 60 96 91 99 84 81 87

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

17 .. .. 10

21 .. .. 21

42 .. .. 20

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 26.1 26.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.1 12.3 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.9 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.9 9.3 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 2.9 0.8 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.9 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 14.9 6.2 19.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

133


Madagascar Population (millions) 21.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

582 GDP ($ billions)

9.9

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

430 409 32.6 4.6

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

571 521 28.0 3.5

71 2.2 187 2,503

44 .. 334 1,361

39 .. 308 2,034

21.5 0.4 3.1 65 35 86 358

27.8 0.5 11.7

25.7 0.6 10.0

138 1.0 18.9 0.12 2,230 2,991

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

.. .. .. .. .. 0.1

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

15,810 4.4 97 46 34 74 15 12 21

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

28 3 8 62

41 .. .. 109

54 .. .. 95

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 18.4 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 7.7 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.7 3.7 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 10.4 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 2.5 2.2 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. –1.2 15.2

134

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Malawi Population (millions) 15.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

94 GDP ($ billions)

5.6

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

360 324 15.7 3.8

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

571 521 28.0 3.5

59 0.5 172 2,094

44 .. 334 1,361

39 .. 308 2,034

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

34.0 1.0 15.0 7 15 101 16

27.8 0.5 11.7

25.7 0.6 10.0

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

85.8 0.5 14.6 .. .. ..

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

.. .. .. .. .. 0.1

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

1,049 6.0 84 83 80 95 51 51 49

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

29 .. .. 83

41 .. .. 109

54 .. .. 95

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 13.9 18.4 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 7.4 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.3 3.7 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 10.4 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 2.2 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 1.7 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 9.7 –1.2 15.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

135


Malaysia Population (millions) 28.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

329 GDP ($ billions) 287.9 Upper East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

8,770 7,932 72.7 4.0

4,248 3,884 48.6 3.6

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

24 .. 7,170 3,920

48 .. 610 5,050

35 .. 869 3,944

62.0 0.5 18.1 70 45 68 676

29.7 –0.4 15.0

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

1,909 101,299 1.8 3.4 11.6 9.1 2.0 1.4 3,600 137,690 7,097 56,537

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,558 4.7 4,117 93.8 5.2 7.1

1,520 10.9 2,337 79.8 16.5 4.6

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

20,098 2.3 34 100 99 100 96 95 96

4,446 10.9 73 90 84 97 66 58 76

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

18 .. .. 7

55 .. .. 21

42 .. .. 20

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 35.5 49.3 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.2 11.0 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.1 2.1 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 6.1 4.3 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 1.7 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 0.9 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 1.1 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 20.5 32.2 19.2

136

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Maldives Population (thousands) 320 Land area (sq. km)

300 GDP ($ billions)

Country data

South Asia group

2.1

Upper middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

5,720 4,640 41.1 4.0

1,313 1,201 30.9 2.8

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

23 .. 2,490 2,508

55 .. 550 2,959

35 .. 869 3,944

3.0 0.0 .. 2 0 18 0

17.1 –0.3 5.9

34.8 0.0 13.3

121 2.0 .. .. 8,920 ..

13,219 2.3 8.1 1.7 15,440 10,343

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

985 .. .. .. .. 3.3

519 26.7 555 80.6 14.0 1.4

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

94 19.7 0 98 97 100 97 97 98

1,197 51.6 91 90 88 96 38 28 60

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

28 7 5 11

62 .. .. 62

42 .. .. 20

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 33.5 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.5 9.2 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.0 2.8 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 2.8 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.0 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.6 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.8 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.6 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 21.6 19.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

137


Mali Population (millions) 15.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1,220 GDP ($ billions)

10.8

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

610 532 34.9 4.8

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

571 521 28.0 3.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

34 .. 511 996

44 .. 334 1,361

39 .. 308 2,034

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

10.2 0.6 2.4 12 13 2 7

27.8 0.5 11.7

25.7 0.6 10.0

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

110 2.1 27.3 .. .. ..

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

.. .. .. .. .. 0.0

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

3,788 10.9 90 64 51 87 22 14 35

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

111 6 13 176

41 .. .. 109

54 .. .. 95

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 8.9 18.4 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.5 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.9 3.7 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 10.4 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 9.8 2.2 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.3 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) –5.2 –1.2 15.2

138

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Malta Population (thousands) 416 Land area (sq. km)

320 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

8.9

Highincome group

18,620 .. 94.8 1.0

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture 32 Agricultural land (% land area) 34.0 Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 38,898 5,302 Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

0.9 0.0 17.3 3 3 17 4

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

4.1 4.3 36.8 0.40 .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,013 0.0 4,151 100.0 0.0 6.0

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

121 106.7 35 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

.. .. .. 6

22 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 10.3 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.6 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.6 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

139


Marshall Islands Population (thousands) 55 Land area (sq. km)

180 GDP ($ millions) 173.7 Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

3,910 .. 71.8 1.2

4,248 3,884 48.6 3.6

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

72 .. .. ..

48 .. 610 5,050

46 .. 716 3,065

70.2 0.0 3.1 2 4 12 0

29.7 –0.4 15.0

28.4 0.3 9.9

93.2 101,299 40,238 30.0 3.4 2.4 .. 9.1 10.0 0.61 1.4 2.9 6,110 137,690 143,440 .. 56,537 60,301 610 .. .. .. .. 1.9

1,520 10.9 2,337 79.8 16.5 4.6

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. 94 99 92 75 53 83

4,446 10.9 73 90 84 97 66 58 76

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. 26

55 .. .. 21

53 .. .. 62

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 49.3 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.3 11.0 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 6.5 2.1 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 4.3 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.7 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.9 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 1.1 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 32.2 14.7

140

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Mauritania Population (millions)

3.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1,031 GDP ($ billions)

4.2

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

1,030 586 41.5 2.9

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

571 521 28.0 3.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

39 .. 773 1,395

44 .. 334 1,361

39 .. 308 2,034

0.2 2.7 0.5 16 13 32 0

27.8 0.5 11.7

25.7 0.6 10.0

372 8.6 .. 32.1 .. 1.4

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

.. .. .. .. .. 0.6

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

113 400.3 94 50 48 52 26 9 51

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

68 .. .. 112

41 .. .. 109

54 .. .. 95

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 18.4 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.3 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.8 3.7 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 10.4 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 38.8 2.2 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.6 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. –1.2 15.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

141


Mauritius Population (millions)

1.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

2.0 GDP ($ billions)

11.3

SubUpper Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

8,040 7,674 41.8 0.7

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

44 22.5 6,013 7,442

44 .. 334 1,361

35 .. 869 3,944

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

17.3 1.0 4.5 6 11 15 88

27.8 0.5 11.7

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

5.5 –4.8 9.6 0.28 870 1.2

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

947 .. .. .. .. 3.0

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

2,139 26.4 68 99 99 100 89 88 91

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

16 .. .. 15

41 .. .. 109

42 .. .. 20

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 13.8 18.4 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.8 10.9 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.1 3.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 10.4 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 2.2 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 4.8 –1.2 19.2

142

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Mexico Population (millions) 114.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1,944 GDP ($ billions)1,153.3 Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

Upper middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

9,420 8,220 78.1 1.9

8,574 7,648 79.1 2.0

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

53 6.3 3,196 3,241

37 .. 3,448 3,838

35 .. 869 3,944

33.3 0.3 11.1 100 61 152 196

46.8 0.4 20.2

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

1,709 0.5 9.0 16.7 1,780 6,557

19,009 0.1 11.8 13.1 15,100 39,997

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,570 4.7 1,990 80.2 13.7 4.0

1,312 16.7 1,973 39.0 53.7 2.7

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

3,563 19.5 77 96 91 97 85 79 87

22,810 2.0 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

30 .. .. 16

28 .. .. 19

42 .. .. 20

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 26.4 21.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.8 12.2 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.2 5.0 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 6.2 4.5 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.8 1.9 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.2 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.3 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 12.1 6.8 19.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

143


Micronesia, Fed. Sts. Population (thousands) 112 Land area (sq. km)

700 GDP ($ millions) 310.3 Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

2,860 .. 22.6 0.1

4,248 3,884 48.6 3.6

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

31 .. .. 1,624

48 .. 610 5,050

46 .. 716 3,065

91.7 0.0 4.0 7 10 20 3

29.7 –0.4 15.0

28.4 0.3 9.9

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

36.3 101,299 40,238 13.9 3.4 2.4 .. 9.1 10.0 0.06 1.4 2.9 4,340 137,690 143,440 87.0 56,537 60,301

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. 0.6

1,520 10.9 2,337 79.8 16.5 4.6

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. 94 94 95 25 15 61

4,446 10.9 73 90 84 97 66 58 76

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. 42

55 .. .. 21

53 .. .. 62

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 49.3 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.7 11.0 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 2.1 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 4.3 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.7 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.9 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 1.1 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 32.2 14.7

144

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Moldova Population (millions)

3.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

33 GDP ($ billions)

7.0

Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

1,980 1,934 47.7 –0.1

7,734 6,652 64.7 0.3

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

75 9.2 1,791 2,866

28 .. 3,374 2,740

46 .. 716 3,065

11.9 –1.8 1.4 4 8 8 2

38.7 0.0 7.5

28.4 0.3 9.9

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

9.4 –16.7 1.3 .. .. ..

5,790 40,238 –2.9 2.4 –0.5 10.0 10.4 2.9 .. 143,440 .. 60,301

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

731 3.2 1,049 97.8 2.2 1.3

3,015 2.0 4,059 65.4 18.8 7.1

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

281 191.5 40 96 93 99 85 82 89

12,498 6.3 60 96 91 99 84 81 87

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

36 7 7 16

21 .. .. 21

53 .. .. 62

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 12.1 26.1 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.9 12.3 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 7.7 3.6 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.1 9.3 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.8 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 9.1 6.2 14.7 The Little Green Data Book  2013

145


Monaco Population (thousands) 35 Land area (sq. km)

2.0 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

6.1

Highincome group

188,800 .. 100.0 0.7

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

.. .. .. ..

37 .. 26,515 5,349

0.0 0.0 23.7 2 0 11 0

28.4 0.0 12.9

0.00 –3.2 .. 100.0 .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

.. .. .. .. .. ..

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

.. .. 0 100 .. 100 100 .. 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

.. .. .. 4

22 .. .. 6

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.4 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.2 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

146

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Mongolia Population (millions)

2.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1,554 GDP ($ billions)

8.8

Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

2,310 1,594 68.5 2.0

4,248 3,884 48.6 3.6

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

73 .. 1,530 1,485

48 .. 610 5,050

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

7.0 0.7 13.4 11 20 2 0

29.7 –0.4 15.0

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

0.08 101,299 40,238 –2.1 3.4 2.4 .. 9.1 10.0 .. 1.4 2.9 .. 137,690 143,440 .. 56,537 60,301

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

1,189 4.5 1,530 100.0 0.0 5.3

1,520 10.9 2,337 79.8 16.5 4.6

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

12,428 1.2 53 82 53 100 51 29 64

4,446 10.9 73 90 84 97 66 58 76

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

96 .. .. 31

55 .. .. 21

53 .. .. 62

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 34.4 49.3 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.4 11.0 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.1 2.1 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 20.2 4.3 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 12.0 1.7 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 1.4 0.9 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 2.5 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 1.1 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) –8.1 32.2 14.7 The Little Green Data Book  2013

147


Montenegro Population (thousands) 632 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

13 GDP ($ billions)

4.5

Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

7,140 .. 63.3 1.5

7,734 6,652 64.7 0.3

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

38 .. 3,078 3,666

28 .. 3,374 2,740

35 .. 869 3,944

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

40.4 0.0 13.3 6 12 25 2

38.7 0.0 7.5

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

2.3 .. .. 0.85 .. ..

5,790 –2.9 –0.5 10.4 .. ..

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

1,303 3.1 5,547 30.5 66.0 4.8

3,015 2.0 4,059 65.4 18.8 7.1

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

.. .. 1 98 96 99 90 87 92

12,498 6.3 60 96 91 99 84 81 87

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

.. .. .. 7

21 .. .. 21

42 .. .. 20

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 26.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.2 12.3 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 9.3 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.8 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 6.2 19.2

148

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Morocco Population (millions) 32.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

446 GDP ($ billions) 100.2 Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

2,970 2,616 57.0 2.0

3,866 3,285 58.9 2.5

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

67 4.6 3,451 1,407

23 .. 2,627 2,475

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

11.5 –0.2 1.5 17 11 45 29

2.4 –0.1 3.9

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

966 2.5 6.0 1.3 .. ..

3,538 40,238 2.4 2.4 13.1 10.0 2.0 2.9 5,700 143,440 217 60,301

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

517 2.9 781 81.5 15.5 1.5

1,372 0.9 1,658 92.9 5.4 4.1

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

899 43.5 87 83 61 98 70 52 83

673 122.1 86 89 81 94 88 80 94

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

23 .. .. 33

59 .. .. 32

53 .. .. 62

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 28.5 27.0 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.4 10.8 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.2 4.5 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 15.2 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 2.6 0.6 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.6 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.9 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 20.1 6.1 14.7 The Little Green Data Book  2013

149


Mozambique Population (millions) 23.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

786 GDP ($ billions)

12.8

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

460 468 31.2 4.6

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

571 521 28.0 3.5

63 .. 231 1,110

44 .. 334 1,361

39 .. 308 2,034

49.4 0.5 15.8 12 26 54 42

27.8 0.5 11.7

25.7 0.6 10.0

190 8.2 20.8 3.3 1,860 2,909

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

436 81.6 444 0.1 99.9 0.1

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

4,191 0.7 74 47 29 77 18 5 38

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

22 .. .. 103

41 .. .. 109

54 .. .. 95

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 12.6 18.4 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 7.9 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.0 3.7 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 2.7 10.4 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 2.2 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 5.6 –1.2 15.2

150

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Myanmar Population (millions) 48.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

653 GDP ($ millions)

..

East Asia LowCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. 32.7 2.3

4,248 3,884 48.6 3.6

571 521 28.0 3.5

19 24.8 .. 3,880

48 .. 610 5,050

39 .. 308 2,034

48.2 0.9 6.3 46 44 41 39

29.7 –0.4 15.0

25.7 0.6 10.0

4,150 101,299 7.5 3.4 25.4 9.1 0.31 1.4 1,870 137,690 5,029 56,537

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

292 75.3 131 32.3 67.7 0.2

1,520 10.9 2,337 79.8 16.5 4.6

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

20,750 3.3 89 83 78 93 76 73 83

4,446 10.9 73 90 84 97 66 58 76

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

40 .. .. 62

55 .. .. 21

54 .. .. 95

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 49.3 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 11.0 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 0.8 2.1 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 4.3 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 1.7 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.9 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.5 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 1.1 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 32.2 15.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

151


Namibia Population (millions)

2.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

823 GDP ($ billions)

12.5

SubUpper Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

4,700 4,513 38.4 3.9

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

47 .. 1,493 354

44 .. 334 1,361

35 .. 869 3,944

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

8.8 1.0 14.9 12 26 28 25

27.8 0.5 11.7

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

415 2.1 17.2 8.2 .. ..

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

702 13.0 1,479 15.1 84.9 1.6

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

2,651 4.9 71 93 90 99 32 17 57

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

42 4 12 42

41 .. .. 109

42 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 19.4 18.4 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.5 10.9 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 8.0 3.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 10.4 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.0 2.2 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 14.5 –1.2 19.2

152

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Nepal Population (millions) 30.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

143 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

South Asia group

18.9

Lowincome group

540 559 17.0 5.3

1,313 1,201 30.9 2.8

571 521 28.0 3.5

30 27.4 244 2,481

55 .. 550 2,959

39 .. 308 2,034

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

25.4 0.7 17.0 31 33 7 2

17.1 –0.3 5.9

25.7 0.6 10.0

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

52.5 6.9 5.9 .. .. ..

13,219 2.3 8.1 1.7 15,440 10,343

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

341 85.1 93 0.1 99.9 0.1

519 26.7 555 80.6 14.0 1.4

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

6,501 4.9 98 89 88 93 31 27 48

1,197 51.6 91 90 88 96 38 28 60

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

27 8 12 48

62 .. .. 62

54 .. .. 95

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 34.0 33.5 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.0 9.2 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.2 2.8 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 2.8 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.0 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 2.2 0.6 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.8 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.6 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 27.8 21.6 15.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

153


Netherlands Population (millions)

16.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

34 GDP ($ billions) 836.1

Country data

Highincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

49,660 42,750 83.1 1.4

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

56 10.6 47,805 7,801

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

10.8 –0.1 12.4 3 4 13 0

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

413 –0.4 –4.0 22.1 .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

5,021 4.2 7,010 85.7 0.1 10.3

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

659 96.5 1 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

30 .. .. 4

22 .. .. 6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 25.9 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.6 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.7 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.8 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 14.7 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

154

2013  The Little Green Data Book


New Caledonia Population (thousands) 254 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

18 GDP ($ millions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

..

Highincome group

.. .. 61.8 2.1

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

14 .. .. 2,732

37 .. 26,515 5,349

45.9 0.0 60.2 9 15 30 230

28.4 0.0 12.9

5.4 –1.1 4.4 17.7 5,980 227

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

.. .. .. .. .. 12.1

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

48 .. .. ..

22 .. .. 6

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

155


New Zealand Population (millions)

4.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

263 GDP ($ billions) 159.7

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Highincome group

29,140 26,828 86.2 1.4

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture 43 Agricultural land (% land area) .. Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 26,556 6,951 Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

31.4 0.0 26.2 9 70 23 19

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

545 1.0 7.0 10.8 .. 261

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

4,166 6.5 9,566 26.6 55.1 7.4

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

74,230 1.5 74 100 100 100 .. .. ..

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

11 .. .. 6

22 .. .. 6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 19.3 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.9 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 7.2 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.7 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 11.2 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

156

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Nicaragua Population (millions)

5.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

120 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

9.3

Lower middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

1,510 1,384 57.6 2.1

8,574 7,648 79.1 2.0

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

43 .. 3,760 2,143

37 .. 3,448 3,838

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

25.3 2.0 36.7 6 14 31 39

46.8 0.4 20.2

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

46.7 11.6 29.1 37.2 710 671

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

542 45.2 473 63.0 13.8 0.8

1,312 16.7 1,973 39.0 53.7 2.7

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

32,318 0.7 84 85 68 98 52 37 63

22,810 2.0 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

21 .. .. 26

28 .. .. 19

53 .. .. 62

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

19,009 40,238 0.1 2.4 11.8 10.0 13.1 2.9 15,100 143,440 39,997 60,301

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 19.4 21.1 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.5 12.2 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.0 5.0 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 4.5 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.2 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 11.2 6.8 14.7 The Little Green Data Book  2013

157


Niger Population (millions)

16.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1,267 GDP ($ billions)

6.0

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

360 350 17.9 4.2

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

571 521 28.0 3.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

35 0.2 .. 378

44 .. 334 1,361

39 .. 308 2,034

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

0.9 1.0 7.1 12 9 4 2

27.8 0.5 11.7

25.7 0.6 10.0

53.3 14.1 4.2 .. .. ..

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

.. .. .. .. .. 0.1

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

218 67.5 88 49 39 100 9 4 34

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

96 14 21 125

41 .. .. 109

54 .. .. 95

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 18.4 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 3.9 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.5 3.7 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 10.4 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 2.2 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 1.4 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.6 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. –1.2 15.2

158

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Nigeria Population (millions) 162.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

911 GDP ($ billions) 244.0 SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

1,280 889 49.6 4.1

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

84 .. .. 1,331

44 .. 334 1,361

46 .. 716 3,065

9.5 3.7 12.8 26 18 59 167

27.8 0.5 11.7

28.4 0.3 9.9

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

857 3.5 17.6 0.16 .. 7,356

6,383 40,238 1.8 2.4 16.0 10.0 5.8 2.9 17,980 143,440 27,808 60,301

714 83.9 136 75.6 24.4 0.5

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

1,360 4.7 53 58 43 74 31 27 35

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

38 3 10 124

41 .. .. 109

53 .. .. 62

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 18.4 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.2 10.9 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 0.9 3.7 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 24.2 10.4 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 2.2 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.5 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. –1.2 14.7 The Little Green Data Book  2013

159


Northern Mariana Islands Population (thousands) 61 Land area (sq. km)

460 GDP ($ millions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

..

Highincome group

.. .. 91.5 1.7

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

7 .. .. ..

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

65.5 0.5 12.8 5 15 12 4

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

0.25 1.2 .. 28.7 <50 0.07

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

.. .. .. .. .. ..

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

.. .. .. 98 97 98 94 96 94

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

.. .. .. ..

22 .. .. 6

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

160

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Norway Population (millions)

5.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

304 GDP ($ billions) 485.8

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Highincome group

88,870 75,531 79.4 1.2

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture 3 Agricultural land (% land area) 4.3 Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 46,480 3,226 Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

33.3 –0.8 14.6 7 4 19 2

28.4 0.0 12.9

3,573 1.4 10.1 2.4 .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

6,637 5.1 25,175 4.0 94.7 9.7

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

77,124 0.8 29 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

16 .. .. 3

22 .. .. 6

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 37.0 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.8 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 6.6 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 10.5 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 19.2 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

161


Oman Population (millions)

2.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

310 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

71.8

Highincome group

19,260 10,846 73.4 2.5

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture 6 Agricultural land (% land area) 4.0 Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) .. Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 10,269 Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

0.0 0.0 10.7 9 10 27 6

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

159 1.3 .. 1.3 530 10.9

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

7,188 0.0 5,933 100.0 0.0 15.2

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

492 94.4 88 89 78 93 99 95 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

95 .. .. 9

22 .. .. 6

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 39.7 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.7 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.2 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 31.1 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) –8.1 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

162

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Pakistan Population (millions) 176.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

771 GDP ($ billions) 210.2

Country data

South Asia group

Lower middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

1,120 1,105 36.2 3.0

1,313 1,201 30.9 2.8

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

34 70.2 951 2,718

55 .. 550 2,959

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

2.1 2.2 10.1 23 29 35 2

17.1 –0.3 5.9

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

595 –0.2 13.4 1.8 .. 977

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

487 34.1 457 62.7 33.7 0.9

519 26.7 555 80.6 14.0 1.4

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

311 333.6 94 92 89 96 48 34 72

1,197 51.6 91 90 88 96 38 28 60

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

91 14 22 72

62 .. .. 62

53 .. .. 62

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

13,219 40,238 2.3 2.4 8.1 10.0 1.7 2.9 15,440 143,440 10,343 60,301

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 19.5 33.5 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.5 9.2 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.6 2.8 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 2.0 2.8 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 1.0 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 0.6 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 0.8 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.0 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.6 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 8.3 21.6 14.7 The Little Green Data Book  2013

163


Palau Population (thousands) 21 Land area (sq. km)

460 GDP ($ millions) 165.5 Upper East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

6,510 .. 84.1 2.4

4,248 3,884 48.6 3.6

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

11 .. .. ..

48 .. 610 5,050

35 .. 869 3,944

87.6 –0.2 2.0 4 4 15 3

29.7 –0.4 15.0

34.8 0.0 13.3

1.0 101,299 –0.3 3.4 12.5 9.1 5.3 1.4 1,150 137,690 48.5 56,537

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. 10.3

1,520 10.9 2,337 79.8 16.5 4.6

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. 85 96 83 100 100 100

4,446 10.9 73 90 84 97 66 58 76

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

.. .. .. 19

55 .. .. 21

42 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 49.3 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.4 11.0 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 2.1 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 4.3 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.7 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 1.2 0.9 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 1.1 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 32.2 19.2

164

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Panama Population (millions)

3.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

74 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

26.8

Upper middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

7,470 6,077 75.2 3.4

8,574 7,648 79.1 2.0

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

30 .. 3,488 2,569

37 .. 3,448 3,838

35 .. 869 3,944

43.6 0.4 18.7 15 19 41 191

46.8 0.4 20.2

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

165 0.9 3.7 4.0 720 1,744

19,009 0.1 11.8 13.1 15,100 39,997

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,073 12.8 1,832 43.0 56.0 2.3

1,312 16.7 1,973 39.0 53.7 2.7

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

41,275 0.3 51 93 83 97 69 51 75

22,810 2.0 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

45 .. .. 20

28 .. .. 19

42 .. .. 20

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 19.1 21.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.4 12.2 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.5 5.0 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 4.5 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 1.9 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.2 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.3 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 9.1 6.8 19.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

165


Papua New Guinea Population (millions)

7.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

453 GDP ($ billions)

12.9

Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

1,480 1,186 12.5 1.6

4,248 3,884 48.6 3.6

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

3 .. 688 4,457

48 .. 610 5,050

46 .. 716 3,065

63.1 0.5 3.1 39 37 45 142

29.7 –0.4 15.0

28.4 0.3 9.9

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

187 101,299 40,238 9.7 3.4 2.4 29.6 9.1 10.0 0.32 1.4 2.9 13,840 137,690 143,440 4,265 56,537 60,301 .. .. .. .. .. 0.5

1,520 10.9 2,337 79.8 16.5 4.6

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

114,203 0.0 0 40 33 87 45 41 71

4,446 10.9 73 90 84 97 66 58 76

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

16 .. .. 58

55 .. .. 21

53 .. .. 62

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 20.8 49.3 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.9 11.0 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 2.1 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 4.3 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 23.1 1.7 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.9 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 1.1 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 32.2 14.7

166

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Paraguay Population (millions)

6.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

397 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

23.8

Lower middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

3,020 3,174 61.9 3.2

8,574 7,648 79.1 2.0

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

53 .. 2,784 3,480

37 .. 3,448 3,838

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

43.8 1.0 5.4 8 28 0 10

46.8 0.4 20.2

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

21.9 1.5 23.3 .. .. ..

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

19,009 40,238 0.1 2.4 11.8 10.0 13.1 2.9 15,100 143,440 39,997 60,301

742 48.1 1,134 0.0 100.0 0.7

1,312 16.7 1,973 39.0 53.7 2.7

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

14,311 0.5 71 86 66 99 71 40 90

22,810 2.0 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

64 .. .. 22

28 .. .. 19

53 .. .. 62

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 10.8 21.1 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.7 12.2 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.7 5.0 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 4.5 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.9 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.0 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2.6 6.8 14.7 The Little Green Data Book  2013

167


Peru Population (millions) 29.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1,280 GDP ($ billions) 176.9 Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

Upper middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

5,150 4,329 77.2 2.0

8,574 7,648 79.1 2.0

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

17 .. 1,665 3,899

37 .. 3,448 3,838

35 .. 869 3,944

53.0 0.2 13.6 54 124 20 270

46.8 0.4 20.2

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

8,346 0.9 14.6 2.8 .. 53.1

19,009 0.1 11.8 13.1 15,100 39,997

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

667 16.3 1,106 42.1 55.8 1.6

1,312 16.7 1,973 39.0 53.7 2.7

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

54,966 1.2 85 85 65 91 71 37 81

22,810 2.0 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

42 .. .. 18

28 .. .. 19

42 .. .. 20

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 25.4 21.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.2 12.2 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.3 5.0 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 2.0 4.5 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 7.9 1.9 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 5.0 6.8 19.2

168

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Philippines Population (millions) 94.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

298 GDP ($ billions) 224.8 Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

2,210 2,084 48.9 2.1

4,248 3,884 48.6 3.6

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

41 9.4 1,143 3,341

48 .. 610 5,050

46 .. 716 3,065

25.9 –0.7 10.9 38 74 73 212

29.7 –0.4 15.0

28.4 0.3 9.9

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

4,975 101,299 40,238 1.2 3.4 2.4 6.7 9.1 10.0 2.5 1.4 2.9 25,060 137,690 143,440 2,565 56,537 60,301 434 17.0 643 73.7 11.5 0.7

1,520 10.9 2,337 79.8 16.5 4.6

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

5,050 17.0 82 92 92 93 74 69 79

4,446 10.9 73 90 84 97 66 58 76

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

17 5 9 25

55 .. .. 21

53 .. .. 62

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 25.0 49.3 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.8 11.0 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.4 2.1 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.5 4.3 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 2.1 1.7 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.9 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 1.1 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 14.6 32.2 14.7 The Little Green Data Book  2013

169


Poland Population (millions) 38.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

304 GDP ($ billions) 514.5

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Highincome group

12,380 10,975 60.9 0.0

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

49 0.4 2,994 3,358

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

30.8 –0.3 22.4 5 8 7 9

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

221 –4.0 0.5 4.1 .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,657 7.5 3,783 92.9 1.9 7.8

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

1,391 22.3 10 .. .. 100 90 80 96

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

33 .. .. 6

22 .. .. 6

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 17.6 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.8 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.0 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 1.1 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 9.2 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

170

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Portugal Population (millions)

10.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

91 GDP ($ billions) 237.4

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Highincome group

21,370 17,468 61.0 1.4

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

40 12.7 7,019 3,459

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

37.8 –0.1 8.3 11 9 54 68

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

225 –2.0 3.0 3.1 .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,213 13.5 4,929 46.6 30.1 5.4

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

3,600 22.3 73 99 100 99 100 100 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

18 .. .. 3

22 .. .. 6

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 12.2 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 19.2 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.7 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) –1.7 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

171


Puerto Rico Population (millions)

3.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

8.9 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

96.3

Highincome group

16,560 .. 98.9 1.7

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

21 8.6 .. 1,952

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

63.2 –1.8 10.1 3 8 20 51

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

1.5 –1.4 –7.9 1.6 480 73.9

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

.. .. .. .. .. ..

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

1,915 14.0 7 .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

15 .. .. ..

22 .. .. 6

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 20.2 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

172

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Qatar Population (millions)

1.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

12 GDP ($ billions) 173.0

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

Highincome group

80,440 .. 98.8 6.8

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

6 .. .. 6,050

37 .. 26,515 5,349

0.0 0.0 2.5 3 4 11 0

28.4 0.0 12.9

13.0 4.0 .. 0.25 700 12.3

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

12,799 0.0 14,997 100.0 0.0 44.0

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

30 792.9 59 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

20 .. .. 8

22 .. .. 6

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 15.4 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.9 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 18.3 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

173


Romania Population (millions) 21.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

230 GDP ($ billions) 189.8 Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

8,140 7,558 52.8 –0.4

7,734 6,652 64.7 0.3

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

61 0.7 6,818 3,993

28 .. 3,374 2,740

35 .. 869 3,944

28.7 –0.3 7.1 7 14 19 5

38.7 0.0 7.5

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

11.6 –14.7 –6.6 33.3 .. ..

5,790 –2.9 –0.5 10.4 .. ..

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,632 11.8 2,392 47.6 32.4 3.7

3,015 2.0 4,059 65.4 18.8 7.1

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

1,978 16.3 17 89 76 99 73 54 88

12,498 6.3 60 96 91 99 84 81 87

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

11 .. .. 13

21 .. .. 21

42 .. .. 20

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 25.1 26.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.9 12.3 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.4 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 1.8 9.3 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.8 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 14.4 6.2 19.2

174

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Russian Federation Population (millions) 143.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 16,377 GDP ($ billions)1,857.8 Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

10,650 9,179 73.8 –0.1

7,734 6,652 64.7 0.3

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

13 2.0 3,281 2,262

28 .. 3,374 2,740

35 .. 869 3,944

49.4 0.0 9.1 31 52 36 8

38.7 0.0 7.5

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

4,391 –2.6 –3.3 10.8 .. ..

5,790 –2.9 –0.5 10.4 .. ..

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

4,927 1.0 6,431 67.1 16.1 11.1

3,015 2.0 4,059 65.4 18.8 7.1

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

30,169 1.5 20 97 92 99 70 59 74

12,498 6.3 60 96 91 99 84 81 87

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

15 .. .. 12

21 .. .. 21

42 .. .. 20

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 31.4 26.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.7 12.3 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.5 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 13.2 9.3 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.1 0.8 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 7.1 6.2 19.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

175


Rwanda Population (millions) 10.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

25 GDP ($ billions)

6.4

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

570 515 19.1 8.1

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

571 521 28.0 3.5

78 .. 257 1,950

44 .. 334 1,361

39 .. 308 2,034

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

18.0 –2.4 10.0 20 14 9 5

27.8 0.5 11.7

25.7 0.6 10.0

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

17.8 9.9 6.6 .. .. ..

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

.. .. .. .. .. 0.1

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

868 1.6 68 65 63 76 55 56 52

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

21 15 14 54

41 .. .. 109

54 .. .. 95

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 11.4 18.4 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.0 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.2 3.7 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 10.4 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 2.2 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 2.8 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 4.5 –1.2 15.2

176

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Samoa Population (thousands) 184 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

2.8 GDP ($ millions) 640.9 Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

3,160 2,948 19.9 0.3

4,248 3,884 48.6 3.6

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

12 .. 1,718 ..

48 .. 610 5,050

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

60.4 0.0 3.4 2 6 13 2

29.7 –0.4 15.0

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

11.8 101,299 40,238 10.3 3.4 2.4 .. 9.1 10.0 0.55 1.4 2.9 490 137,690 143,440 3.7 56,537 60,301

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

320 .. .. .. .. 0.9

1,520 10.9 2,337 79.8 16.5 4.6

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. 96 96 96 98 98 98

4,446 10.9 73 90 84 97 66 58 76

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. 19

55 .. .. 21

53 .. .. 62

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 49.3 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.0 11.0 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.4 2.1 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 4.3 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.7 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.9 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 1.1 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 32.2 14.7 The Little Green Data Book  2013

177


San Marino Population (thousands) 32 Land area (sq. km)

60 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

1.9

Highincome group

50,400 .. 94.1 1.5

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

17 .. .. ..

37 .. 26,515 5,349

0.0 0.0 .. 0 0 0 0

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

8 .. .. 2

22 .. .. 6

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 15.3 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

178

2013  The Little Green Data Book


São Tomé and Príncipe Population (thousands) 169 Land area (sq. km)

960 GDP ($ millions) 248.3 SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

1,350 1,328 62.7 3.5

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

51 .. .. 3,000

44 .. 334 1,361

46 .. 716 3,065

28.1 0.0 .. 5 13 14 34

27.8 0.5 11.7

28.4 0.3 9.9

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

3.9 0.1 .. .. .. 1.4

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

280 .. .. .. .. 0.8

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

12,936 0.3 .. 89 88 89 26 19 30

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

28 .. .. 89

41 .. .. 109

53 .. .. 62

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

6,383 40,238 1.8 2.4 16.0 10.0 5.8 2.9 17,980 143,440 27,808 60,301

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 18.4 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.2 10.9 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 3.7 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 10.4 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 2.2 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 0.5 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. –1.2 14.7 The Little Green Data Book  2013

179


Saudi Arabia Population (millions) 28.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

2,150 GDP ($ billions) 576.8

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Highincome group

17,820 10,722 82.3 3.0

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture 81 Agricultural land (% land area) .. Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 20,233 5,611 Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

0.5 0.0 31.3 9 15 24 3

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

91.2 2.2 13.2 3.4 6,660 204

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

6,168 0.0 7,967 100.0 0.0 16.1

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

85 986.3 88 .. .. 97 .. .. 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

96 .. .. 9

22 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 46.0 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.7 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 7.2 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 36.0 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 2.8 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

180

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Senegal Population (millions) 12.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

193 GDP ($ billions)

14.3

SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

1,070 990 42.6 3.1

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

49 0.7 233 966

44 .. 334 1,361

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

43.8 0.5 24.1 16 13 45 9

27.8 0.5 11.7

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

427 1.5 20.2 12.4 .. 1,279

6,383 40,238 1.8 2.4 16.0 10.0 5.8 2.9 17,980 143,440 27,808 60,301

272 46.3 195 88.1 8.4 0.4

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

2,021 8.6 93 72 56 93 52 39 70

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

77 13 22 65

41 .. .. 109

53 .. .. 62

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 22.0 18.4 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.9 10.9 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.2 3.7 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 10.4 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.6 2.2 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 17.3 –1.2 14.7 The Little Green Data Book  2013

181


Serbia Population (millions)

7.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

87 GDP ($ billions)

45.8

Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

5,690 .. 56.4 0.3

7,734 6,652 64.7 0.3

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

58 0.7 2,057 4,753

28 .. 3,374 2,740

35 .. 869 3,944

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

31.6 –1.0 6.0 6 11 11 3

38.7 0.0 7.5

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

13.0 .. .. .. .. ..

5,790 –2.9 –0.5 10.4 .. ..

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,141 6.6 4,359 68.2 31.8 6.3

3,015 2.0 4,059 65.4 18.8 7.1

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

1,158 49.0 2 99 98 99 92 88 96

12,498 6.3 60 96 91 99 84 81 87

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

.. .. .. 7

21 .. .. 21

42 .. .. 20

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 16.9 26.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.6 12.3 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.0 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 2.4 9.3 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.8 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.9 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 6.2 19.2

182

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Seychelles Population (thousands) 86 Land area (sq. km)

460 GDP ($ billions)

1.1

SubUpper Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

11,270 10,224 53.6 1.4

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

7 .. 455 ..

44 .. 334 1,361

35 .. 869 3,944

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

88.5 0.0 42.0 5 10 18 55

27.8 0.5 11.7

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

75.4 13.3 .. 0.51 1,690 32.3

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,411 .. .. .. .. 8.4

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

.. .. 7 .. .. 100 .. .. 98

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

.. .. .. 14

41 .. .. 109

42 .. .. 20

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 18.4 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.8 10.9 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.6 3.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 10.4 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 2.2 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. –1.2 19.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

183


Sierra Leone Population (millions)

6.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

72 GDP ($ billions)

3.0

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

460 389 39.3 2.8

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

571 521 28.0 3.5

48 .. .. 1,669

44 .. 334 1,361

39 .. 308 2,034

37.8 0.7 4.9 17 13 47 48

27.8 0.5 11.7

25.7 0.6 10.0

199 6.2 3.9 0.0 .. 1,049

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

.. .. .. .. .. 0.2

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

26,678 0.3 71 55 35 87 13 6 23

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

36 7 13 185

41 .. .. 109

54 .. .. 95

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 9.9 18.4 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 4.0 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.4 3.7 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 10.4 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 2.2 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 1.1 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 1.1 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.0 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) –6.0 –1.2 15.2

184

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Singapore Population (millions)

5.2 Land area (sq. km)

700 GDP ($ billions) 239.7

Country data

Highincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

42,930 38,731 100.0 2.5

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

1 .. 29,706 ..

37 .. 26,515 5,349

3.3 0.0 5.4 11 15 25 57

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

5.6 –8.9 3.7 1.4 <100 4.6

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

6,456 1.2 8,307 97.4 0.0 6.4

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

116 31.7 4 100 .. 100 100 .. 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

23 .. .. 3

22 .. .. 6

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 47.4 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.4 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.0 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 35.7 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

185


Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Population (thousands) 37 Land area (sq. km)

34 GDP ($ millions)

Country data

..

Highincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

.. .. .. ..

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

.. .. .. ..

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

.. .. .. 0 1 1 0

28.4 0.0 12.9

0.18 .. .. .. .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. ..

22 .. .. 6

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

186

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Slovak Republic Population (millions)

5.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

48 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

96.0

Highincome group

16,190 14,127 54.8 –0.1

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

40 0.7 9,924 4,942

37 .. 26,515 5,349

40.2 –0.1 23.2 3 8 5 6

28.4 0.0 12.9

2.7 .. .. .. .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

3,280 5.4 5,164 25.1 19.1 6.3

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

2,334 5.5 3 100 100 100 100 99 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

13 .. .. 8

22 .. .. 6

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 17.8 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.8 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.9 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.1 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 7.2 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

187


Slovenia Population (millions)

2.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

20 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

49.5

Highincome group

23,600 20,483 49.9 0.1

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture 23 Agricultural land (% land area) 0.9 Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 76,633 6,372 Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

62.3 –0.2 13.2 4 5 29 7

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

2.3 .. .. 0.68 .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

3,520 9.3 6,521 36.0 27.8 7.5

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

9,095 5.0 0 99 99 100 100 100 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

26 .. .. 3

22 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 21.8 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.4 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.4 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.1 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 13.1 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

188

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Solomon Islands Population (thousands) 552 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

28 GDP ($ millions) 838.0 Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

1,110 894 20.5 4.7

4,248 3,884 48.6 3.6

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

3 .. 1,777 4,211

48 .. 610 5,050

46 .. 716 3,065

78.9 0.2 0.1 20 20 18 16

29.7 –0.4 15.0

28.4 0.3 9.9

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

58.9 101,299 40,238 1.0 3.4 2.4 42.1 9.1 10.0 0.12 1.4 2.9 5,750 137,690 143,440 603 56,537 60,301 129 .. .. .. .. 0.4

1,520 10.9 2,337 79.8 16.5 4.6

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

80,939 .. .. 70 65 94 32 18 98

4,446 10.9 73 90 84 97 66 58 76

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

31 .. .. 22

55 .. .. 21

53 .. .. 62

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 10.2 49.3 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.5 11.0 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.8 2.1 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 4.3 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.7 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 15.1 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.9 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 1.1 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) –7.6 32.2 14.7 The Little Green Data Book  2013

189


Somalia Population (millions)

9.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

627 GDP ($ millions)

..

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

.. .. 37.8 2.9

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

571 521 28.0 3.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

70 .. .. 466

44 .. 334 1,361

39 .. 308 2,034

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

10.6 1.1 0.6 15 14 28 23

27.8 0.5 11.7

25.7 0.6 10.0

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

30.0 1.3 .. 0.0 710 48.0

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

.. .. .. .. .. 0.1

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

628 55.0 99 29 7 66 23 6 52

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

26 .. .. 180

41 .. .. 109

54 .. .. 95

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 18.4 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 3.7 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 10.4 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 2.2 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.4 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. –1.2 15.2

190

2013  The Little Green Data Book


South Africa Population (millions) 50.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

1,213 GDP ($ billions) 408.2 SubUpper Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

6,960 6,333 62.0 2.6

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

79 1.7 4,097 4,024

44 .. 334 1,361

35 .. 869 3,944

7.6 0.0 6.9 24 41 85 67

27.8 0.5 11.7

34.8 0.0 13.3

545 –0.1 2.8 6.5 .. 30.5

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

2,738 10.5 4,803 94.3 0.8 10.1

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

886 27.9 63 91 79 99 79 67 86

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

18 .. .. 47

41 .. .. 109

42 .. .. 20

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 16.8 18.4 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.0 10.9 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.4 3.7 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 3.6 10.4 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 2.9 2.2 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.9 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1.5 –1.2 19.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

191


South Sudan Population (millions) 10.3 Land area (sq. km)

.. GDP ($ billions)

19.2

SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

.. .. 18.1 4.0

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

.. .. .. ..

44 .. 334 1,361

46 .. 716 3,065

.. .. .. 0 14 .. ..

27.8 0.5 11.7

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

.. .. .. 121

41 .. .. 109

53 .. .. 62

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

6,383 40,238 1.8 2.4 16.0 10.0 5.8 2.9 17,980 143,440 27,808 60,301

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 18.4 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 10.9 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 3.7 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 10.4 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 2.2 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.5 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. –1.2 14.7

192

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Spain Population (millions) 46.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

499 GDP ($ billions)1,476.9

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Highincome group

30,930 26,987 77.4 1.0

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture 55 Agricultural land (% land area) 12.0 Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 22,035 3,658 Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

36.8 –0.7 8.6 16 12 70 205

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

1,266 –0.6 1.4 3.5 .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,773 5.3 6,155 46.5 14.1 6.3

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

2,408 29.2 61 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

24 .. .. 4

22 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 18.5 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.8 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.6 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 8.9 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

193


Sri Lanka Population (millions) 20.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

63 GDP ($ billions)

Country data

South Asia group

59.2

Lower middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

2,580 2,509 15.1 0.4

1,313 1,201 30.9 2.8

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

42 .. 978 3,503

55 .. 550 2,959

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

29.4 1.1 21.5 29 15 44 283

17.1 –0.3 5.9

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

445 4.1 12.4 1.1 680 88.8

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

478 51.2 449 47.5 52.3 0.6

519 26.7 555 80.6 14.0 1.4

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

2,530 24.5 87 91 90 99 92 93 88

1,197 51.6 91 90 88 96 38 28 60

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

65 .. .. 12

62 .. .. 62

53 .. .. 62

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

13,219 40,238 2.3 2.4 8.1 10.0 1.7 2.9 15,440 143,440 10,343 60,301

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 22.4 33.5 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.3 9.2 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.7 2.8 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 2.8 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.0 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.6 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.8 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.6 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 13.2 21.6 14.7

194

2013  The Little Green Data Book


St. Kitts and Nevis Population (thousands) 53 Land area (sq. km)

260 GDP ($ millions) 697.3 Latin America & HighCountry Caribbean income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

12,610 .. 32.0 0.7

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

23 13.3 1,517 ..

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

42.3 0.0 3.6 2 1 19 2

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

31.0 20.5 –5.1 0.53 180 0.68

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

1,645 .. .. .. .. 5.0

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

452 .. .. 99 99 99 96 96 96

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

15 .. .. 7

22 .. .. 6

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 24.5 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.9 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.5 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

195


St. Lucia Population (thousands) 176 Land area (sq. km)

610 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

1.3

Upper middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

6,820 .. 17.6 –1.1

8,574 7,648 79.1 2.0

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

18 .. 1,433 ..

37 .. 3,448 3,838

35 .. 869 3,944

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

77.0 –0.1 14.3 2 5 20 5

46.8 0.4 20.2

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

2.0 3.5 5.4 0.06 160 1.9

19,009 0.1 11.8 13.1 15,100 39,997

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

760 .. .. .. .. 2.2

1,312 16.7 1,973 39.0 53.7 2.7

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. 96 95 98 65 63 71

22,810 2.0 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

31 .. .. 16

28 .. .. 19

42 .. .. 20

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 12.2 21.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.8 12.2 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.5 5.0 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 4.5 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.9 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 6.8 19.2

196

2013  The Little Green Data Book


St. Martin (French part) Population (thousands) 31 Land area (sq. km)

54 GDP ($ millions)

Country data

..

Highincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

.. .. .. ..

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

.. .. .. ..

37 .. 26,515 5,349

.. 0.0 .. 1 0 5 2

28.4 0.0 12.9

0.20 .. .. .. .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. ..

22 .. .. 6

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

197


St. Vincent and Grenadines Population (thousands) 109 Land area (sq. km)

390 GDP ($ millions) 688.0 Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

Upper middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

6,070 5,421 49.3 0.9

8,574 7,648 79.1 2.0

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

26 .. 2,299 5,297

37 .. 3,448 3,838

35 .. 869 3,944

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

68.7 –0.3 10.9 2 2 20 4

46.8 0.4 20.2

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

76.6 10.7 .. 0.61 140 0.90

19,009 0.1 11.8 13.1 15,100 39,997

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

642 .. .. .. .. 1.8

1,312 16.7 1,973 39.0 53.7 2.7

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. 96 ..

22,810 2.0 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

22 .. .. 21

28 .. .. 19

42 .. .. 20

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation –4.9 21.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.6 12.2 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.5 5.0 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 4.5 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.9 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) –12.2 6.8 19.2

198

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Sudan Population (millions)

34.3b

Land area (1,000 sq. km)

2,376 GDP ($ billions) 64.1c SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

1,310 c 1,044 33.2 b 3.2 b

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

57 1.0 1,015 452

44 .. 334 1,361

46 .. 716 3,065

29.4 0.1 4.2 15 17 20 17

27.8 0.5 11.7

28.4 0.3 9.9

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

73.2 3.9 11.3 0.05 2,720 9.8

6,383 40,238 1.8 2.4 16.0 10.0 5.8 2.9 17,980 143,440 27,808 60,301

371 68.7 141 51.0 49.0 0.3

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

672 123.8 97 58 52 67 26 14 44

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

137 .. .. 86

41 .. .. 109

53 .. .. 62

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 22.8 18.4 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.5 10.9 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 0.9 3.7 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 9.7 10.4 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 2.2 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.5 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.9 0.4 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 0.1 –1.2 14.7 The Little Green Data Book  2013

199


Suriname Population (thousands) 529 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

156 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

4.3

Upper middleincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

7,840 6,037 69.7 2.0

8,574 7,648 79.1 2.0

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

1 .. 4,048 4,133

37 .. 3,448 3,838

35 .. 869 3,944

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

94.6 0.0 11.6 8 7 26 26

46.8 0.4 20.2

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

34.5 8.3 .. 22.9 .. 510

19,009 0.1 11.8 13.1 15,100 39,997

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

1,400 .. .. .. .. 4.8

1,312 16.7 1,973 39.0 53.7 2.7

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

166,220 0.8 93 92 81 97 83 66 90

22,810 2.0 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

19 .. .. 30

28 .. .. 19

42 .. .. 20

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 21.1 36.4 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 12.4 12.2 11.8 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 5.0 3.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 4.5 5.7 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 8.5 1.9 1.6 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.5 0.2 0.7 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 6.8 19.2

200

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Swaziland Population (millions)

1.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

17 GDP ($ billions)

4.1

SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

3,470 3,348 21.3 0.7

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

71 .. 1,213 1,148

44 .. 334 1,361

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

33.0 –0.8 3.0 6 11 4 3

27.8 0.5 11.7

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

0.29 0.4 7.8 .. .. ..

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

6,383 40,238 1.8 2.4 16.0 10.0 5.8 2.9 17,980 143,440 27,808 60,301

415 .. .. .. .. 1.0

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

2,472 39.5 97 71 65 91 57 55 64

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

29 8 13 104

41 .. .. 109

53 .. .. 62

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation –0.5 18.4 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.8 10.9 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 6.9 3.7 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 10.4 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 2.2 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) –5.1 –1.2 14.7 The Little Green Data Book  2013

201


Sweden Population (millions)

9.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

410 GDP ($ billions) 539.7

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Highincome group

53,170 50,463 85.2 0.6

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture 7 Agricultural land (% land area) 2.0 Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) 51,585 4,716 Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

68.7 –0.3 10.9 1 4 12 4

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

195 –1.5 1.9 5.3 .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

5,468 23.2 14,939 4.5 44.7 4.7

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

18,097 1.5 4 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

10 .. .. 3

22 .. .. 6

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 25.8 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.7 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 6.2 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 18.7 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

202

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Switzerland Population (millions)

7.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

40 GDP ($ billions) 659.3

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Highincome group

76,350 73,014 73.7 0.8

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

38 2.4 .. 6,680

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

31.1 –0.4 24.9 2 3 9 2

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

2.9 –3.0 0.8 .. .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

3,349 8.9 8,175 1.7 54.6 5.4

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

5,106 6.5 2 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

20 .. .. 4

22 .. .. 6

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 31.3 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.5 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.3 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 21.9 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

203


Syrian Arab Republic Population (millions) 20.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

184 GDP ($ billions)

59.1

Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

2,750 2,134 56.1 3.1

3,866 3,285 58.9 2.5

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

75 10.1 .. 1,680

23 .. 2,627 2,475

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

2.7 –1.3 0.6 16 15 34 2

2.4 –0.1 3.9

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

12.9 2.3 5.3 0.63 .. ..

3,538 40,238 2.4 2.4 13.1 10.0 2.0 2.9 5,700 143,440 217 60,301

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,063 0.0 1,905 94.4 5.6 3.3

1,372 0.9 1,658 92.9 5.4 4.1

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

343 235.0 88 90 86 93 95 93 96

673 122.1 86 89 81 94 88 80 94

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

54 .. .. 15

59 .. .. 32

53 .. .. 62

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 17.4 27.0 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.5 10.8 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.6 4.5 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 13.2 15.2 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.6 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.9 0.6 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.0 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.9 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) –5.7 6.1 14.7

204

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Tajikistan Population (millions)

7.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

140 GDP ($ billions)

6.5

Europe & Central LowCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

870 832 26.6 0.5

7,734 6,652 64.7 0.3

571 521 28.0 3.5

35 14.8 600 2,519

28 .. 3,374 2,740

39 .. 308 2,034

2.9 0.0 4.1 8 12 5 13

38.7 0.0 7.5

25.7 0.6 10.0

0.70 –2.7 –8.7 .. .. ..

5,790 –2.9 –0.5 10.4 .. ..

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

336 0.0 2,004 3.4 96.6 0.4

3,015 2.0 4,059 65.4 18.8 7.1

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

9,096 18.1 91 64 54 92 94 94 95

12,498 6.3 60 96 91 99 84 81 87

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

29 .. .. 63

21 .. .. 21

54 .. .. 95

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 23.5 26.1 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.7 12.3 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.2 3.6 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.4 9.3 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 0.8 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.7 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 16.1 6.2 15.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

205


Tanzania Population (millions) 46.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

886 GDP ($ billions)

23.9

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

540 462 26.7 4.5

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

571 521 28.0 3.5

42 .. 291 1,361

44 .. 334 1,361

39 .. 308 2,034

37.3 1.1 27.5 35 44 175 295

27.8 0.5 11.7

25.7 0.6 10.0

351 –0.9 8.2 10.0 3,580 1,287

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

448 88.4 78 42.0 58.0 0.2

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

1,817 6.2 89 53 44 79 10 7 20

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

19 4 15 68

41 .. .. 109

54 .. .. 95

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 20.6 18.4 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 7.8 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.4 3.7 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.3 10.4 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 4.0 2.2 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 10.5 –1.2 15.2

206

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Thailand Population (millions) 69.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

511 GDP ($ billions) 345.7 Upper East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

4,440 4,098 34.1 1.6

4,248 3,884 48.6 3.6

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

41 .. 743 3,065

48 .. 610 5,050

35 .. 869 3,944

37.2 0.0 20.1 57 47 96 116

29.7 –0.4 15.0

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

2,870 101,299 –1.4 3.4 6.1 9.1 4.4 1.4 2,130 137,690 2,484 56,537

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,699 19.2 2,243 94.4 3.5 4.0

1,520 10.9 2,337 79.8 16.5 4.6

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

3,229 25.5 90 96 95 97 96 96 95

4,446 10.9 73 90 84 97 66 58 76

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

53 .. .. 12

55 .. .. 21

42 .. .. 20

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 32.3 49.3 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.3 11.0 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.1 2.1 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 3.3 4.3 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 1.7 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.7 0.9 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.3 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 1.1 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 20.8 32.2 19.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

207


Timor-Leste Population (millions)

1.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

15 GDP ($ billions)

1.1

Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

2,730 .. 28.3 3.6

4,248 3,884 48.6 3.6

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

24 .. .. 2,252

48 .. 610 5,050

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

49.1 1.4 6.1 4 7 5 1

29.7 –0.4 15.0

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

4.7 101,299 40,238 .. 3.4 2.4 .. 9.1 10.0 6.7 1.4 2.9 .. 137,690 143,440 18.0 56,537 60,301

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

58 .. .. .. .. 0.2

1,520 10.9 2,337 79.8 16.5 4.6

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

6,986 14.3 91 69 60 91 47 37 73

4,446 10.9 73 90 84 97 66 58 76

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

.. 2 16 54

55 .. .. 21

53 .. .. 62

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 49.3 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 2.3 11.0 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.3 2.1 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 4.3 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.7 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.9 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 1.1 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 32.2 14.7

208

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Togo Population (millions)

6.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

54 GDP ($ billions)

3.6

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

570 515 38.0 3.8

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

571 521 28.0 3.5

68 .. 364 1,226

44 .. 334 1,361

39 .. 308 2,034

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

4.9 5.1 11.3 11 9 23 10

27.8 0.5 11.7

25.7 0.6 10.0

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

24.1 2.0 –0.5 0.0 .. 10.9

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

446 82.7 107 23.8 74.6 0.3

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

1,868 1.5 45 61 40 89 13 3 26

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

27 .. .. 110

41 .. .. 109

54 .. .. 95

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 12.3 18.4 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.0 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.4 3.7 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 10.4 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.9 2.2 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 1.8 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 5.3 –1.2 15.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

209


Tonga Population (thousands) 105 Land area (sq. km)

720 GDP ($ millions) 433.9 Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

3,820 3,804 23.5 0.6

4,248 3,884 48.6 3.6

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

43 .. 3,278 ..

48 .. 610 5,050

46 .. 716 3,065

12.5 0.0 14.5 2 5 12 2

29.7 –0.4 15.0

28.4 0.3 9.9

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

2.1 101,299 40,238 1.2 3.4 2.4 .. 9.1 10.0 9.4 1.4 2.9 1,500 137,690 143,440 3.4 56,537 60,301

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

567 .. .. .. .. 1.7

1,520 10.9 2,337 79.8 16.5 4.6

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. 100 100 100 96 96 98

4,446 10.9 73 90 84 97 66 58 76

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

.. .. .. 15

55 .. .. 21

53 .. .. 62

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 3.8 49.3 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.4 11.0 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.0 2.1 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 4.3 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.7 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.9 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 1.1 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 32.2 14.7

210

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Trinidad and Tobago Population (millions)

1.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

5.1 GDP ($ billions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

22.5

Highincome group

15,840 8,278 13.7 2.7

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

11 .. 1,835 3,416

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

44.0 0.3 31.2 2 4 25 1

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

13.9 0.6 5.2 2.8 <100 65.7

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

15,913 0.1 5,894 100.0 0.0 35.8

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

2,852 6.0 9 94 93 98 92 92 92

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

97 .. .. 28

22 .. .. 6

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 35.6 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.2 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.0 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 30.9 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 1.5 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) –24.6 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

211


Tunisia Population (millions)

10.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

155 GDP ($ billions)

46.4

Middle Upper East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

4,020 3,451 66.3 1.9

3,866 3,285 58.9 2.5

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

65 3.8 3,160 1,712

23 .. 2,627 2,475

35 .. 869 3,944

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

6.6 –1.9 1.3 13 7 35 6

2.4 –0.1 3.9

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

111 0.7 10.4 1.2 .. ..

3,538 2.4 13.1 2.0 5,700 217

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

913 14.0 1,350 98.8 0.3 2.4

1,372 0.9 1,658 92.9 5.4 4.1

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

393 67.9 76 94 84 99 85 64 96

673 122.1 86 89 81 94 88 80 94

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

23 .. .. 16

59 .. .. 32

42 .. .. 20

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 16.8 27.0 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 11.3 10.8 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 6.0 4.5 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 4.0 15.2 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.1 0.6 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.1 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.6 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.9 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 5.7 6.1 19.2

212

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Turkey Population (millions) 73.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

770 GDP ($ billions) 775.0 Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

10,410 9,104 71.4 2.4

7,734 6,652 64.7 0.3

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

50 13.6 4,035 2,958

28 .. 3,374 2,740

35 .. 869 3,944

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

14.9 –1.1 1.9 17 16 70 7

38.7 0.0 7.5

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

704 1.5 18.1 2.4 .. ..

5,790 –2.9 –0.5 10.4 .. ..

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,445 4.3 2,477 73.6 24.5 3.9

3,015 2.0 4,059 65.4 18.8 7.1

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

3,083 17.7 74 100 99 100 90 75 97

12,498 6.3 60 96 91 99 84 81 87

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

35 .. .. 15

21 .. .. 21

42 .. .. 20

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 14.3 26.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.1 12.3 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.6 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.3 9.3 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.8 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.9 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 3.1 6.2 19.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

213


Turkmenistan Population (millions)

5.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

470 GDP ($ billions)

28.1

Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

4,800 .. 48.7 1.9

7,734 6,652 64.7 0.3

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

69 .. 2,156 3,564

28 .. 3,374 2,740

35 .. 869 3,944

8.8 0.0 3.0 9 16 11 4

38.7 0.0 7.5

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

15.0 –4.8 –21.0 .. .. ..

5,790 –2.9 –0.5 10.4 .. ..

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

4,226 0.0 2,403 100.0 0.0 9.7

3,015 2.0 4,059 65.4 18.8 7.1

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

275 1,989.3 94 84 72 97 98 97 99

12,498 6.3 60 96 91 99 84 81 87

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

36 .. .. 53

21 .. .. 21

42 .. .. 20

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 26.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.0 12.3 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 3.6 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 34.9 9.3 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.8 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 2.1 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.6 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 6.2 19.2

214

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Turks and Caicos Islands Population (thousands) 39 Land area (sq. km)

950 GDP ($ millions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

..

Highincome group

.. .. 93.7 6.9

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

1 .. .. ..

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

36.2 0.0 42.9 2 2 18 7

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

3.8 0.1 .. 0.95 730 236

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. 4.3

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. 100 100 100 .. .. 98

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

.. .. .. ..

22 .. .. 6

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

215


Tuvalu Population (thousands) 10 Land area (sq. km)

30 GDP ($ millions)

35.8

Upper East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

4,950 .. 50.6 1.5

4,248 3,884 48.6 3.6

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

60 .. 2,764 ..

48 .. 610 5,050

35 .. 869 3,944

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

33.3 0.0 0.4 2 1 10 0

29.7 –0.4 15.0

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

8.3 101,299 14.1 3.4 .. 9.1 0.19 1.4 710 137,690 0.40 56,537

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

1,520 10.9 2,337 79.8 16.5 4.6

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. 98 97 98 85 81 88

4,446 10.9 73 90 84 97 66 58 76

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. 30

55 .. .. 21

42 .. .. 20

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 49.3 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 6.8 11.0 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 2.1 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 4.3 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.7 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.9 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 1.1 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 32.2 19.2

216

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Uganda Population (millions) 34.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

200 GDP ($ billions)

16.8

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

510 415 15.6 4.8

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

571 521 28.0 3.5

70 .. 200 2,099

44 .. 334 1,361

39 .. 308 2,034

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

14.5 2.6 10.3 22 22 61 37

27.8 0.5 11.7

25.7 0.6 10.0

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

523 2.8 42.3 .. .. ..

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

.. .. .. .. .. 0.1

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

1,130 0.8 38 72 68 95 34 34 34

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

10 23 26 90

41 .. .. 109

54 .. .. 95

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 21.3 18.4 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 7.8 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.0 3.7 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 10.4 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 2.2 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 5.0 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 11.2 –1.2 15.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

217


Ukraine Population (millions) 45.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

579 GDP ($ billions) 165.2 Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

3,130 3,016 68.9 –0.5

7,734 6,652 64.7 0.3

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

71 5.3 3,039 3,754

28 .. 3,374 2,740

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

16.8 –0.2 3.5 11 14 21 17

38.7 0.0 7.5

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

204 –7.2 –5.7 4.9 .. ..

5,790 40,238 –2.9 2.4 –0.5 10.0 10.4 2.9 .. 143,440 .. 60,301

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,845 1.1 3,550 45.6 7.0 5.9

3,015 2.0 4,059 65.4 18.8 7.1

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

1,162 72.5 51 98 98 98 94 89 96

12,498 6.3 60 96 91 99 84 81 87

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

15 .. .. 10

21 .. .. 21

53 .. .. 62

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 16.4 26.1 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.7 12.3 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.9 3.6 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 3.9 9.3 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.8 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 1.5 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 6.1 6.2 14.7

218

2013  The Little Green Data Book


United Arab Emirates Population (millions)

7.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

84 GDP ($ billions) 360.2

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Highincome group

40,760 .. 84.3 7.3

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

5 19.1 .. 2,625

37 .. 26,515 5,349

3.8 –0.2 5.6 7 9 13 0

28.4 0.0 12.9

75.3 –1.1 .. 2.6 1,190 68.2

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

8,271 0.0 11,044 100.0 0.0 22.6

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

19 2,665.3 83 100 100 100 98 95 98

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

89 .. .. 7

22 .. .. 6

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 14.1 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 15.1 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.6 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

219


United Kingdom Population (millions) 62.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

242 GDP ($ billions)2,445.4

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Highincome group

37,780 33,456 79.6 0.5

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

71 .. .. 6,985

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

11.9 –0.3 26.4 5 4 43 11

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

782 –1.2 6.2 5.7 .. ..

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

3,252 2.9 5,733 76.4 1.0 7.7

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

2,311 9.0 10 100 100 100 100 100 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

13 .. .. 5

22 .. .. 6

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 12.7 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.7 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.1 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 1.3 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 2.7 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)

220

2013  The Little Green Data Book


United States Population (millions) 311.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 9,147 GDP ($ billions)14,991.3

Country data

Highincome group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

48,620 41,448 82.4 1.5

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

45 .. 51,370 6,818

37 .. 26,515 5,349

33.3 –0.1 12.4 36 79 185 232

28.4 0.0 12.9

5,560 –0.4 1.1 28.6 1,250 3,030

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

7,164 4.1 13,394 70.3 6.0 17.3

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

9,044 17.0 40 99 94 100 100 99 100

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

18 .. .. 8

22 .. .. 6

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 11.5 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) 13.9 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.8 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 1.0 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.3 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.1 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.9 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

221


Uruguay Population (millions)

3.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

175 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

46.7

Upper middleincome group

11,860 11,669 92.5 0.6

8,574 7,648 79.1 2.0

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

82 1.4 9,064 4,587

37 .. 3,448 3,838

35 .. 869 3,944

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

10.2 –2.1 0.3 11 24 36 0

46.8 0.4 20.2

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

89.1 –0.1 16.8 0.33 .. ..

19,009 0.1 11.8 13.1 15,100 39,997

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

1,241 30.9 2,763 11.0 80.2 2.4

1,312 16.7 1,973 39.0 53.7 2.7

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

17,515 6.2 87 100 100 100 100 99 100

22,810 2.0 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

112 .. .. 10

28 .. .. 19

42 .. .. 20

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 17.0 21.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.8 12.2 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.3 5.0 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 4.5 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 1.9 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.2 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 1.8 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 4.1 6.8 19.2

222

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Uzbekistan Population (millions) 29.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

425 GDP ($ billions)

45.4

Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

1,510 1,182 36.2 1.2

7,734 6,652 64.7 0.3

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

63 .. 2,904 4,771

28 .. 3,374 2,740

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

7.7 –0.2 2.3 10 16 7 17

38.7 0.0 7.5

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

10.7 –0.9 –5.5 .. .. ..

5,790 40,238 –2.9 2.4 –0.5 10.0 10.4 2.9 .. 143,440 .. 60,301

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

1,533 0.0 1,648 79.0 21.0 4.2

3,015 2.0 4,059 65.4 18.8 7.1

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

557 342.7 90 87 81 98 100 100 100

12,498 6.3 60 96 91 99 84 81 87

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

31 .. .. 49

21 .. .. 21

53 .. .. 62

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 26.1 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.9 12.3 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 9.4 3.6 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 11.4 9.3 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 6.1 0.8 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 2.5 0.7 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.3 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 6.2 14.7 The Little Green Data Book  2013

223


Vanuatu Population (thousands) 246 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

12 GDP ($ millions) 760.0 Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

2,730 2,695 24.9 3.8

4,248 3,884 48.6 3.6

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

15 .. 2,164 559

48 .. 610 5,050

46 .. 716 3,065

36.1 0.0 4.3 8 9 15 8

29.7 –0.4 15.0

28.4 0.3 9.9

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

56.4 101,299 40,238 1.4 3.4 2.4 .. 9.1 10.0 0.05 1.4 2.9 4,110 137,690 143,440 20.5 56,537 60,301 157 .. .. .. .. 0.5

1,520 10.9 2,337 79.8 16.5 4.6

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. 90 87 98 57 54 64

4,446 10.9 73 90 84 97 66 58 76

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

14 .. .. 13

55 .. .. 21

53 .. .. 62

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 19.6 49.3 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.5 11.0 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 5.2 2.1 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 4.3 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 1.7 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.9 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 1.1 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 14.3 32.2 14.7

224

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Venezuela, RB Population (millions) 29.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

882 GDP ($ billions) 316.5 Latin America & Country Caribbean data group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Upper middleincome group

11,820 7,045 93.5 2.4

8,574 7,648 79.1 2.0

6,563 5,821 60.6 2.5

24 .. 8,447 3,601

37 .. 3,448 3,838

35 .. 869 3,944

52.1 0.6 53.8 32 40 37 68

46.8 0.4 20.2

34.8 0.0 13.3

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

248 –1.8 17.4 15.3 480 3,569

19,009 0.1 11.8 13.1 15,100 39,997

97,437 0.7 9.0 8.4 33,350 48,783

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

2,669 1.2 3,287 35.1 64.9 6.5

1,312 16.7 1,973 39.0 53.7 2.7

1,948 8.1 2,942 72.9 21.3 5.5

24,674 1.3 44 93 75 94 91 57 94

22,810 2.0 68 94 81 98 79 59 84

8,550 5.6 66 93 86 98 73 62 81

10 .. .. 15

28 .. .. 19

42 .. .. 20

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 31.4 21.1 36.4 Gross savings (% of GNI) 12.3 12.2 11.8 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 3.6 5.0 3.3 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 20.2 4.5 5.7 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.6 1.9 1.6 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.2 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.0 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.3 0.7 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1.4 6.8 19.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

225


Vietnam Population (millions)

87.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

310 GDP ($ billions) 123.6 Lower East Asia middleCountry & Pacific income data group group

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

1,270 1,083 31.0 3.4

4,248 3,884 48.6 3.6

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

35 .. 378 5,383

48 .. 610 5,050

46 .. 716 3,065

45.0 –1.6 6.2 54 45 73 141

29.7 –0.4 15.0

28.4 0.3 9.9

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

5,555 101,299 40,238 5.7 3.4 2.4 15.0 9.1 10.0 1.7 1.4 2.9 1,270 137,690 143,440 1,056 56,537 60,301

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

681 24.8 1,035 70.9 29.0 1.7

1,520 10.9 2,337 79.8 16.5 4.6

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

4,092 22.8 95 95 93 99 76 68 94

4,446 10.9 73 90 84 97 66 58 76

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

54 .. .. 22

55 .. .. 21

53 .. .. 62

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 34.7 49.3 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.6 11.0 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.8 2.1 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 9.1 4.3 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.4 1.7 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.2 0.0 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.9 0.9 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.6 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 1.1 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 16.8 32.2 14.7

226

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Virgin Islands (U.S.) Population (thousands) 110 Land area (sq. km)

350 GDP ($ millions)

Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

..

Highincome group

.. .. 95.4 0.7

39,860 34,611 80.5 1.1

11 .. .. ..

37 .. 26,515 5,349

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

57.4 0.8 15.2 2 1 15 12

28.4 0.0 12.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

0.82 0.8 .. 0.64 200 2.6

28,774 –1.7 1.8 16.5 81,970 15,496

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

.. .. .. .. .. ..

5,000 4.4 9,415 62.0 11.2 11.4

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8,195 10.3 41 100 98 100 100 99 100

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. .. ..

22 .. .. 6

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 17.9 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 13.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.6 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.0 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.2 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. 0.1 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) .. 6.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) The Little Green Data Book  2013

227


West Bank and Gaza Population (millions)

3.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

6.0 GDP ($ millions)

..

Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km) Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

.. .. 74.4 3.7

3,866 3,285 58.9 2.5

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

43 4.9 .. 1,536

23 .. 2,627 2,475

46 .. 716 3,065

1.5 –0.1 0.6 3 10 0 0

2.4 –0.1 3.9

28.4 0.3 9.9

.. .. .. .. .. ..

3,538 40,238 2.4 2.4 13.1 10.0 2.0 2.9 5,700 143,440 217 60,301

.. .. .. .. .. 0.6

1,372 0.9 1,658 92.9 5.4 4.1

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

207 51.5 45 85 81 86 92 92 92

673 122.1 86 89 81 94 88 80 94

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

.. .. .. 22

59 .. .. 32

53 .. .. 62

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 27.0 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) .. 10.8 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) .. 4.5 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) .. 15.2 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.6 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.1 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) .. 0.6 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) .. Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.9 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 6.1 14.7

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Yemen, Rep. Population (millions) 24.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

528 GDP ($ billions)

33.8

Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

1,070 943 32.3 5.5

3,866 3,285 58.9 2.5

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

44 3.3 749 1,127

23 .. 2,627 2,475

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

1.0 0.0 0.5 9 15 24 159

2.4 –0.1 3.9

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

157 3.4 .. 1.8 700 9.3

3,538 40,238 2.4 2.4 13.1 10.0 2.0 2.9 5,700 143,440 217 60,301

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

298 1.5 249 100.0 0.0 1.0

1,372 0.9 1,658 92.9 5.4 4.1

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population)

85 169.8 91 55 47 72 53 34 93

673 122.1 86 89 81 94 88 80 94

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

34 .. .. 77

59 .. .. 32

53 .. .. 62

Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 8.8 27.0 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 9.8 10.8 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 4.1 4.5 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 15.6 15.2 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.6 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.1 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.5 0.6 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.3 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.9 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) –10.0 6.1 14.7 The Little Green Data Book  2013

229


Zambia Population (millions) 13.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

743 GDP ($ billions)

19.2

SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

1,160 949 39.2 2.5

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

1,772 1,595 38.7 2.7

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

32 .. 264 2,359

44 .. 334 1,361

46 .. 716 3,065

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

66.3 0.3 36.0 9 15 20 10

27.8 0.5 11.7

28.4 0.3 9.9

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

79.9 0.3 9.9 .. .. ..

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

628 80.2 623 0.3 99.7 0.2

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

667 26.2 698 73.0 17.4 1.6

5,952 2.2 76 61 46 87 48 43 57

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

3,121 20.2 88 87 84 93 47 35 66

27 5 16 83

41 .. .. 109

53 .. .. 62

Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

6,383 40,238 1.8 2.4 16.0 10.0 5.8 2.9 17,980 143,440 27,808 60,301

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 30.3 18.4 29.7 Gross savings (% of GNI) 10.0 10.9 9.9 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 1.3 3.7 3.1 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 0.0 10.4 6.3 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 17.5 2.2 1.2 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 0.3 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1 0.5 0.7 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.6 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 3.8 –1.2 14.7

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2013  The Little Green Data Book


Zimbabwe Population (millions) 12.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km)

387 GDP ($ billions)

9.7

SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Adjusted net national income per capita ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

660 671 38.6 2.3

1,258 1,022 36.5 3.8

571 521 28.0 3.5

Agriculture Agricultural land (% land area) Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $) Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

42 .. 167 820

44 .. 334 1,361

39 .. 308 2,034

Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% land area) Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010) Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area) Threatened species, mammals Threatened species, birds Threatened species, fish Threatened species, higher plants

39.5 1.9 28.0 .. .. 3 14

27.8 0.5 11.7

25.7 0.6 10.0

Oceans Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons) Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011) Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters) Coral reef area (sq. km) Mangroves area (sq. km)

18.1 –4.2 20.3 .. .. ..

6,383 1.8 16.0 5.8 17,980 27,808

11,563 4.0 4.9 .. 15,120 25,818

764 65.2 1,022 49.8 50.2 0.7

683 58.2 553 65.2 18.7 0.9

363 66.2 242 32.0 45.3 0.3

961 34.3 79 80 69 98 40 32 52

4,455 3.2 84 61 48 83 31 23 42

5,125 4.5 90 65 57 86 37 32 47

34 11 12 67

41 .. .. 109

54 .. .. 95

Energy and emissions Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., µg/cu. m) Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation .. 18.4 25.2 Gross savings (% of GNI) 8.3 10.9 7.7 Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 2.5 3.7 3.0 Education expenditure (% of GNI) 1.8 10.4 1.4 Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.6 2.2 2.0 Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0 0.5 1.2 Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.8 0.5 0.3 CO2 damage (% of GNI) 0.2 Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI) 0.4 0.5 Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. –1.2 15.2 The Little Green Data Book  2013

231


Notes a. Refers to area free from ice. b. Excludes South Sudan. c. Excludes South Sudan after July 9, 2011

232

2013â&#x20AC;&#x192; The Little Green Data Book


Glossary Access to improved sanitation is the percentage of population with adequate access to excreta disposal facilities (private or shared, but not public) that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained. (World Health Organization; data are for 2010) Access to improved water source is the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as piped water into a dwelling, plot, or yard; public tap or standpipe; tube-well or borehole; protected dug well or spring; or rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include an unprotected dug well or spring, cart with small tank or drum, bottled water, and tanker trucks. Reasonable access to an adequate amount means the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within 1 kilometer of the dwelling. (World Health Organization; data are for 2010) Acute respiratory infection prevalence is the percentage of children under age five with acute respiratory infection in the two weeks prior to the survey. (United Nations Childrenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Fund; data are for the most recent year available during 2005â&#x20AC;&#x201C;10) Adjusted net national income equals gross national income minus consumption of fixed capital, energy depletion, mineral depletion, and net forest depletion. (World Bank; data are for 2011) Adjusted net savings equal gross savings minus consumption of fixed capital, plus education expenditures, minus energy depletion, mineral depletion, net forest depletion, and particulate emissions and carbon dioxide damage. (World Bank; data are for 2011) Agricultural irrigated land refers to agricultural areas purposely provided with water, including land irrigated by controlled flooding. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 2011) Agricultural land is arable land, land under permanent crops, and permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations as land under temporary crops (doublecropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 2011) Agricultural productivity is the ratio of agricultural value added, measured in 2000 U.S. dollars, to the number of workers in agriculture. Agricultural

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Glossary productivity is measured by value added per unit of input. Agricultural value added includes that from forestry and fishing. Thus interpretations of land productivity should be made with caution. (Food and Agriculture Organization and World Bank; data are for 2011) Aquaculture growth is the exponential change in aquaculture fisheries production for the period indicated. Aquaculture is understood to mean the farming of aquatic organisms including fish, molluscs, crustaceans, and aquatic plants. Aquaculture production specifically refers to output from aquaculture activities, which are designated for final harvest for consumption. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 1990–2011) Capture fisheries growth is the exponential change in capture fisheries production for the period indicated. Capture fisheries production contains the volume of fish catches landed by a country for all commercial, industrial, recreational, and subsistence purposes. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 1990–2011) Carbon dioxide (CO2) damage is estimated at $20 per ton of carbon (the unit damage in 1995 U.S. dollars) times the number of tons of carbon emitted. (World Bank estimates; data are for 2011) Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions per capita are carbon dioxide emissions divided by midyear population. (Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, World Bank, and United Nations; data are for 2009) Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. The FAO allocates production data to the calendar year in which the bulk of the harvest took place. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 2011) Consumption of fixed capital is the replacement value of capital used up in the process of production. (United Nations; data are extrapolated to 2011 from the most recent year available) Coral reef area is a country’s area of coral reefs, which are shallow marine habitats defined both by a physical structure (corals) and by the organisms found on them. (See The World Atlas of Coral Reefs (2001), UNEP-World Conservation Monitoring Centre) Deforestation is the permanent conversion of natural forest area to other uses, including shifting cultivation, permanent agriculture, ranching, settlements, and infrastructure development. Deforested areas do not include areas logged but intended for regeneration or areas degraded by fuel-wood gathering, acid precipitation, or forest fires. Negative numbers

234

2013  The Little Green Data Book


Glossary indicate an increase in forest areas. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 2000–2010) Diarrhea prevalence is the percentage of children under age five who had diarrhea in the two weeks prior to the survey. (United Nations Children’s Fund; data are for the most recent year available during 2005–10) Education expenditure is public current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment. (United Nations; data are extrapolated to 2011 from the most recent year available) Electric power consumption per capita is the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants, minus transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants plus imports minus exports divided by midyear population. (International Energy Agency; data are for 2010) Electricity generated by hydropower is use of hydropower as a percentage of total inputs to the generation of electricity. (International Energy Agency; data are for 2010) Electricity generated using fossil fuel is use of coal, oil, and gas as a percentage of total inputs to the generation of electricity. (International Energy Agency; data are for 2010) Energy depletion is the ratio of the value of the stock of energy resources to the remaining reserve lifetime (capped at 25 years). It covers crude oil, natural gas, and coal. (See World Bank 2011 for details; data are for 2011) Energy from biomass products and waste is energy from solid biomass, liquid biomass, biogas, industrial waste, and municipal waste as a percentage of total energy use. (International Energy Agency; data are for 2010) Energy use per capita refers to apparent consumption, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport. (International Energy Agency; data are for 2010) Fisheries production, total, contains the volume of aquatic species caught by a country for all commercial, industrial, recreational, and subsistence purposes. The harvest from mariculture, aquaculture, and other types of fish farming is also included. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 2011) Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 2011) Freshwater withdrawal, agriculture, is withdrawals for irrigation and livestock production as a percentage of total freshwater withdrawal. (World Resources Institute; data are for various years; for details see World Development Indicators 2013, Primary data documentation.)

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235


Glossary Freshwater withdrawal, total, is total water withdrawal, excluding evaporation losses from storage basins and including water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of internal renewable resources because river flows from other countries are not included, because extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable, or because there is significant water reuse. (Food and Agriculture Organization and World Resources Institute; data are for various years; for details see World Development Indicators 2013, Primary data documentation.) GDP is gross domestic product and measures the total output of goods and services for final use occurring within the domestic territory of a given country, regardless of the allocation to domestic and foreign claims. GDP at purchaser values (market prices) is the sum of gross value added by all resident and nonresident producers in the economy plus any taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. (World Bank, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations; data are for 2011) GNI is gross domestic product plus net receipts of primary income (employee compensation and property income) from abroad. GNI per capita is in current U.S. dollars, converted using the World Bank Atlas method (see World Development Indicators 2013, Statistical methods). (World Bank, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations; data are for 2011) GNI per capita is gross national income (GNI) divided by midyear population. Gross savings are calculated as gross national income less total consumption, plus net transfers. (World Bank and Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development; data are for 2011) Internal freshwater resources per capita are internal renewable resources, which include flows of rivers and groundwater from rainfall in the country but excludes river flows from other countries, divided by midyear population. (Refers to data reported to the Food and Agriculture Organization as of 2011) Land area is a countryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s total land area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 2011) Mangroves area is a countryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s total area of mangroves, which are plants of a variety of different species, including trees, shrubs, palms, and ferns, that grow in the tropics and subtropics in saline inter-tidal coastal habitats, such as estuaries and shorelines. (See The World Atlas of Mangroves (2010), International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems, The Nature Conservancy, Food and Agriculture Organization, UNEP-World Conservation Monitoring Centre)

236

2013â&#x20AC;&#x192; The Little Green Data Book


Glossary Marine protected areas are areas of intertidal or subtidal terrain—and overlying water and associated flora and fauna and historical and cultural features—that have been reserved by law or other effective means to protect part or all of the enclosed environment. (United Nations Environmental Program and the World Conservation Monitoring Centre, as compiled by the World Resources Institute; data are for 2010) Mineral depletion is the ratio of the value of the stock of mineral resources to the remaining reserve lifetime (capped at 25 years). It covers bauxite, copper, iron, lead, nickel, phosphate, tin, gold, silver, and zinc. (See World Bank 2011 for details; data are for 2011) Net forest depletion is the product of unit resource rents and the excess of round-wood harvest over natural growth. If growth exceeds harvest, this figure is zero. (Food and Agriculture Organization and World Bank estimates of natural growth; data are for 2011) Particulate emissions damage is calculated as the willingness to pay to reduce the risk of illness and death attributable to particulate emissions. (World Bank estimates; data are for 2010) Particulate matter is fine suspended particulates of less than 10 microns in diameter that are capable of penetrating deep into the respiratory tract and causing damage. The indicator is the population-weighted average of all cities in the country with a population greater than 100,000. (World Bank estimates; data are for 2010) Population includes all residents who are present regardless of legal status or citizenship except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. (United Nations; data are midyear estimates for 2011) Terrestrial protected areas are totally or partially protected areas of at least 1,000 hectares that are designated as national parks, natural monuments, nature reserves, or wildlife sanctuaries; protected landscapes and seascapes; and scientific reserves. It includes World Conservation Union–protected area categories I–VI. (United Nations Environmental Program and the World Conservation Monitoring Centre, as compiled by the World Resources Institute; data are for 2010) Threatened species, birds, are the number of species of birds classified by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known. Birds are listed for countries included within their breeding or wintering ranges. (World Conservation Monitoring Centre and IUCN; data are for 2012) Threatened species, fish, are the number of species of fish—cold-blooded aquatic vertebrates of the superclass Pisces—classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known. (World Conservation Monitoring Centre and IUCN; data are for 2012)

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Glossary Threatened species, higher plants, are the number of native vascular plant species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known. (World Conservation Monitoring Centre and IUCN; data are for 2012) Threatened species, mammals, are the number of species of mammals— excluding whales and porpoises—classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known. (World Conservation Monitoring Centre and IUCN; data are for 2012) Under-five mortality rate is the probability that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five if subject to current age-specific mortality rates. (United Nations and United Nations Children’s Fund; data are for 2011) Urban population is the share of the midyear population living in areas defined as urban in each country. (United Nations; data are for 2011) Urban population growth is the exponential change in urban population for the period indicated. (United Nations; data are for 1990–2011)

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References World Bank 2011. The Changing Wealth of Nations: Measuring Sustainable Development in the New Millennium. Washington, D.C.: World Bank. World Bank 2013. World Development Indicators 2013. Washington, D.C.: World Bank.

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From World Development Indicators

ISBN 978-0-8213-9814-2

1818 H Street N.W. Washington, D.C. 20433 USA Telephone: 202 473 1000 Fax: 202 477 6391 Web site: data.worldbank.org SKU 19814

Email: data@worldbank.org

The Little Green Data Book

AFGHANISTAN ALBANIA ALGERIA AMERICAN SAMOA ANDORRA ANGOLA ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA ARGENTINA ARMENIA ARUBA AUSTRALIA AUSTRIA AZERBAIJAN THE BAHAMAS BAHRAIN BANGLADESH BARBADOS BELARUS BELGIUM BELIZE BENIN BERMUDA BHUTAN BOLIVIA BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA BOTSWANA BRAZIL BRUNEI DARUSSALAM BULGARIA BURKINA FASO BURUNDI CAMBODIA CAMEROON CANADA CAPE VERDE CAYMAN ISLANDS CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC CHAD CHANNEL ISLANDS CHILE CHINA COLOMBIA COMOROS DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO REPUBLIC OF CONGO COSTA RICA CÔTE D’IVOIRE CROATIA CUBA CURA¸CAO CYPRUS CZECH REPUBLIC DENMARK DJIBOUTI DOMINICA DOMINICAN REPUBLIC ECUADOR ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT EL SALVADOR EQUATORIAL GUINEA ERITREA ESTONIA ETHIOPIA FAEROE ISLANDS FIJI FINLAND FRANCE FRENCH POLYNESIA GABON THE GAMBIA GEORGIA GERMANY GHANA GREECE GREENLAND GRENADA GUAM GUATEMALA GUINEA GUINEA-BISSAU GUYANA HAITI HONDURAS HONG KONG SAR, CHINA HUNGARY ICELAND INDIA INDONESIA ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN IRAQ IRELAND ISLE OF MAN ISRAEL ITALY JAMAICA JAPAN JORDAN KAZAKHSTAN KENYA KIRIBATI DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF KOREA REPUBLIC OF KOREA KOSOVO KUWAIT KYRGYZ REPUBLIC LAO PEOPLE’S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC LATVIA LEBANON LESOTHO LIBERIA LIBYA LIECHTENSTEIN LITHUANIA LUXEMBOURG MACAO SAR, CHINA FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA MADAGASCAR MALAWI MALAYSIA MALDIVES MALI MALTA MARSHALL ISLANDS MAURITANIA MAURITIUS MEXICO FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA MOLDOVA MONACO MONGOLIA MONTENEGRO MOROCCO MOZAMBIQUE MYANMAR NAMIBIA NEPAL NETHERLANDS NEW CALEDONIA NEW ZEALAND NICARAGUA NIGER NIGERIA NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS NORWAY OMAN PAKISTAN PALAU PANAMA PAPUA NEW GUINEA PARAGUAY PERU PHILIPPINES POLAND PORTUGAL PUERTO RICO QATAR ROMANIA RUSSIAN FEDERATION RWANDA SAMOA SAN MARINO SÃO TOMÉ AND PRÍNCIPE SAUDI ARABIA SENEGAL SERBIA SEYCHELLES SIERRA LEONE SINGAPORE SINT MAARTEN SLOVAK REPUBLIC SLOVENIA SOLOMON ISLANDS SOMALIA SOUTH AFRICA SOUTH SUDAN SPAIN SRI LANKA ST. KITTS AND NEVIS ST. LUCIA ST. MARTIN ST. VINCENT AND GRENADINES SUDAN SURINAME SWAZILAND SWEDEN SWITZERLAND SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC TAJIKISTAN TANZANIA THAILAND TIMOR-LESTE TOGO TONGA TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO TUNISIA TURKEY TURKMENISTAN TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS TUVALU UGANDA UKRAINE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES URUGUAY UZBEKISTAN VANUATU REPÚBLICA BOLIVARIANA DE VENEZUELA VIETNAM U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS WEST BANK AND GAZA REPUBLIC OF YEMEN ZAMBIA ZIMBABWE

13

The Little Green Data Book

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Agriculture Forests and biodiversity Oceans

Energy and emissions Water and sanitation Environment and health National accounting aggregates


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