AMERICAS MODEL UNITED NATIONS
Empowering people, Developing nations
July 23 – 27, 2012 Brasília, Brazil
Photograph: Luiz Filipe Barcelos
What is a Model UN? Model UNs are conferences that simulate the debate and decision-making process of the United Nations and its related bodies.
AMERICAS MODEL UNITED NATIONS
What is AMUN? Hosted by the University of BrasĂlia, the Americas Model United Nations (AMUN) was the first Model UN to be established in Latin America. Over its 15 years of history, AMUN has always posed challenges to its attendees, who every year role-play diplomats, judges and officials in several different committees.
Who can participate? Regular students from any university in the world. AMUN delegates during an unmoderated caucus Photograph: AMUN Brazil
The 15th AMUN The 15th AMUN will take place July 23–27, 2012, in Brasília, Brazil, under the theme Empowering People, Developing Nations. Six committees will be simulated. In each one of them, delegates will be challenged to reflect upon the impacts of their decisions on people’s lives and seek comprehensive, effective and humansensitive solutions to tackle the enduring development challenges across today’s world.
Brasília, our home AMUN benefits from its privileged location in Brasília, seat of all three branches of the Brazilian Government and the only city built in the 20th Century to be awarded the status of World Heritage Site by UNESCO. A melting pot that brings together people and customs from all regions of Brazil, the city provides a singular perspective into the country that today is one of the world’s most dynamic economies. AMUN explores these elements to the fullest in order to expose delegates to unique local venues and attractions.
View of Brasília from the TV Tower Photograph: João Campello
Our Committees Historical International Court of Justice CASE: Bosnia and Herzegovina v. Serbia and Montenegro (1993–2007) – Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide In March of 1993, the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina brought an application against Serbia and Montenegro to the attention of the International Court of Justice (ICJ). The claimant accused Serbia and Montenegro of violating the Convention by alleging that it intended to annihilate the Bosnian people in spite of the legal constraints imposed by the Convention, of which former Yugoslavia was a state party. The case was pending at the ICJ for 14 years and involved several questions beyond the crime of genocide per se, including an intense discussion about the Court’s jurisdiction over new nations.
Gravestones at the Potočari genocide memorial near Srebrenica Photograph: Michael Buker
The 15th AMUN will bring this debate to its judges, who will look for a fair judgment and have the chance to challenge the course of discussions taken by the Court during those 14 years. Neither the crime nor the Convention violations are forgotten issues and must be recalled by the international community so as to highlight the need to prevent and to condemn the internationally wrongful acts committed under the category of genocide.
The 2012 Annual Meeting of the International Monetary Fund and the Work Bank Group TOPIC: Currency wars and capital flows: challenges to macroeconomic stability and economic development in the XXI century Currency war is the term coined by the Brazilian Minister of Finance Guido Mantega to describe the phenomenon of governments manipulating their exchange rates to enhance the competitiveness of their exports and boost economic recovery from the international financial crisis. Such unilateral manipulations aim at relative gains and create an uneven distribution of the benefits generated by the global economy. Worryingly, as the prospects for the global economy become less certain, egotistical behavior tends to prevail and key political leaders become increasingly tempted to look inwards. In 2012, the Board of Governors of both institutions will meet in Tokyo for their Annual Meeting. At the 15th AMUN, this meeting will come to life and participants will be expected to put the spotlight on exchange rate disequilibria at the global level. Country representatives will then have a new chance to face their differences, get their actions together, and design key policies to avoid a global currency war and resist protectionism. The coming of money wars Photograph: Thomas Northcut /Photodisc-Getty Images
United Nations Development Programme TOPIC: The poverty-environment nexus: mainstreaming environmental concerns within development support programs The existence of a set of mutually reinforcing linkages between poverty and the environment has long been recognized. Because the poor depend disproportionately on natural resources for their livelihood, environmental protection has a strong poverty dimension. Poverty may increase natural resources depletion to levels incompatible with long-term sustainability. Unsurprisingly, degraded resources cause a further reduction of the income of the poor, reinforcing poverty. Integrated programming is necessary to break this downward spiral. The UNDP is the United Nationsâ€™ main tool for the promotion of development across the globe. At the 15th AMUN, its Executive Board will gather to discuss innovative ways to mainstream environmental concerns within the organizationâ€™s development support programs. The committee will work on two parallel fronts. On the one of these fronts, its members will be in charge of producing a Plan of Action. On the other, delegates will form examine field-level programs presented to the Board by UNDPâ€™s country offices and a voting session will follow. A child washes himself in Kallyanpur, a slum in Dhaka, Bangladesh Photograph: UN Photo/Kibae Park
United Nations Human Rights Council TOPIC A: Promoting the rights to freedom of assembly and peaceful protest TOPIC B: Prohibition of incitement to national, racial and religious hatred The 15th AMUN’s Human Rights Council will explore the boundaries of the right to free speech. On the one hand, the rights to free assembly and peaceful protest have been internationally stated, but not always fully granted. On the other, whenever people express themselves, regardless of the channel they use to do so, there must be limits against the incitement to hatred and violence. Therefore, where must the line between “free” and “hate” speech be drawn? At the 15th AMUN, the United Nations Human Rights Council will be in charge of answering this question. As delegates will soon notice, these boundaries are far from consensual. Issues like public protesting and the suppression of hate speech will certainly divide opinions. The debate is expected to shed light over multiple aspects of political rights, highlighting their intrinsic value as fundamental components of human freedom.
In post-revolution Libya, Egypt and Tunisia, women are exploring what the Arab Spring means for them Photograph: Reuters-Tripoli
United Nations Security Council TOPIC A: A decade of counter-terrorism after 9/11: how to move ahead TOPIC B: Terrorist activities in Northwestern Pakistan Ten years after 9/11, terrorism is still a great concern to international security. How are resources being allocated and how can they become more efficient? What have proved to be the best strategies to counter terrorism? What are the major challenges for the future? Optimizing the Security Councilâ€™s capacity to address conditions conducive to the spread of terrorism will be the main task ahead of the UNSC delegates at the 15th AMUN.
Security Council holds debate on Anti-Terrorism Committees Photograph: UN Photo/Paulo Filgueiras
All their conclusions will have to be applied to the case of Northwestern Pakistan. Militants of the Al-Qaeda, the Taliban and other terrorist groups have made the semi-autonomous tribal area in the Northwest of the country their home. Worryingly, the situation involves several factors of instability. Among these are the existence of internal ethnic conflicts, the presence of transnational terrorists groups, the governmentâ€™s possession of nuclear weapons and border issues with India and Afghanistan. UNSC delegates will be in charge of assessing whether and what UN actions are needed to counter terrorist activities in Pakistan and curb this menace.
United Nations World Summit on Corruption TOPIC: Fostering a global partnership against corruption: promoting integrity, transparency and accountability in government processes and public policy implementation The notion that there must be institutional and symbolic mechanisms by which the governors feel accountable to the governed is increasingly a universal one. Everywhere, from India to Egypt, from Italy to Brazil, citizens have been demanding integrity and transparency from their governments. There is now a widespread recognition that corruption hampers development and threatens democracy. This calls for States to improve internal processes and to ensure they take more transparent actions both domestically and internationally.
Nearly 25,000 people protest against corruption in BrasĂlia Photograph: Marcello Casal Jr./ABr
At the 15th AMUN, Chiefs of State and Heads of Government will gather at the United Nations World Summit on Corruption (UNWSC) to achieve a global partnership against the misuse of public funds and resources. The UNWSC aims to provide a forum for countries to share best practices and achieve international commitments in the promotion of integrity, transparency, and accountability in government processes and public policy implementation. Its participants will be expected to produce a Declaration and a Plan of Action, in which they will address solutions to the abuse of public office for private gains.
Social events Outside the committee room, AMUN provides participants with high-quality entertainment to help them make the most of their time in BrasĂlia. You can expect a different social event every night during the conference. Some of the activities planned for this year include a networking cocktail, two parties, a soccer championship and our traditional Nationsâ€™ Fair.
How to participate Registration starts April 2, 2012 and participants can submit their applications individually or as part of a delegation. For further information, please visit our website www.amun.org.br
Conference fees Fees are charged per delegate and can be paid in one or two installments. Delegate fee: R$ 160 in full or R$ 180 in two installments.
AMUN delegates meet between sessions Photograph: AMUN Brazil
Where to stay AMUN has an official hotel with special rates for its participants. Located in the heart of Brasília, the fivestar Hotel Nacional offers comfortable rooms and a wide range of services for its guests. Transportation to the conference site and to our social events will be provided to all participants staying at the hotel.
* Prices include breakfast and high-speed internet. ** 10% room tax not included.
National Congress in Brasília Photograph: João Campello
AMERICAS MODEL UNITED NATIONS
JULY 23 - 27, 2012 BRASÍLIA, BRAZIL Registrations start on April 2! For further information, contact us! Universidade de Brasilia – Instituto de Relações Internacionais Caixa postal: 04359 – CEP: 70.919-900 – Brasilia, DF, Brazil www.amun.org.br | email@example.com
Material de divulgação online dos comitês e outras informações importantes para os delegados e participantes da 15ª edição do AMUN (Americas...