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实用的地形

Useful Topographies 撰文/图片提供 Jimena Martignoni 翻译 游祎

景,首先指的是以自然为主的景观,即一定区域内由山水、花草、树

也是身体的记忆。

木、建筑物以及某些自然现象形成的可供人们观赏的景象。在设计过程

名为“蚌壳”的木制座椅总长5 m,椅背高1.5 m。不过,经过巧妙的设计

中,设计师始终牢牢把握“地理”与“地形”这两个概念,前者是山川、土地

以后,人们能够多样地使用——既可以平躺在座位上,让倾斜的椅背支撑抬高

的同义词,后者则表示土地的特定构造和性质。Estudio Cabeza工作室,位于

的双腿,也可以靠着椅背坐在座位上。

布宜诺斯艾利斯市,已经成立20余年,由其设计的所有户外作品都是在深入观 察、调研、复制和重塑自然形态的基础上产生的。 工作室的创始人及负责人Diana Cabeza称:“我游历了阿根廷和拉丁美

“蚌壳”由铁质构架和硬木材组成,已经成为海滩上的标志性建筑。从远 处眺望,它们就像一个个小圆点,融入了大地的纹理之中。“蚌壳”几乎将慵 懒而欢乐的人群完全覆盖,或者说,人们十分享受“蚌壳”的保护。

洲地区的其他国家,尝试着寻找自然界中那些或隐藏、或显露的自然形态——

“泊位”项目包含了三种完全不同的元素——床铺、太阳椅和甲板。该项

岩石、沙丘、山坡,它们都能成为设计作品中的要素。而且,这些地方疆域辽

目的场地位于封闭式住宅区的公共区域,靠近中央湖,地形多样,而且越靠近

阔、土壤肥沃、地形多变,促使我们必须仔细地考虑当地公共空间的特征以及

水面其地势越低。大多数部件的标高都调整了大约0.9 m。设计师亲自设计、制

针对这些空间提出的合理设计方案。”

造了这些部件,并根据地形的实际情况确定了它们的准确位置。

以上想法便是“实用的地形”这一理念的来源。同时,设计师充分抓住了 家居装饰的本质,无论是在闹市还是在郊区,一些看似平淡无奇或者经常使用 的物品经过精心设计之后,可能都会产生出乎意料的效果。

与此同时,项目的选址考虑了人们的日常活动,比如观赏湖景、沐浴阳 光,以及对场地的特殊需求,比如具备一定的防风性。 项目以木筏和码头作为背景,全长11 m,是太阳椅和条形甲板的组合结

以下两个项目清晰地展示了户外家具是如何实现与自然环境完美融合的。

构,兼具二者的特点。项目水平面宽1.25 m,就像被随意地搁置在地上,能供

第一个项目叫“蚌壳”(西班牙语为“Almejas”),坐落于布宜诺斯艾利

人们坐、躺,也给人们提供了社交的场所。

斯的海洋俱乐部,那里沙丘连绵、树木茂盛。第二个项目叫“泊位”(西班牙语 为“Literas”),位于布宜诺斯艾利斯以北几公里处的大型封闭式社区中。 “蚌壳”项目的设计理念来源于海洋中体型较小的蚌类生物,包含了开放 和给予的意义,因而项目被设计成供人们休憩和观景之处。 谈到设计灵感时,设计师称自己小时候常常沿海滩漫步,因此,当她来到 项目现场眺望茫茫大海时,贝壳的形态突然浮现在脑海中。她记得,许多的小

项目将不同物品的形态和用途完美地结合起来,十分引人注目。无论大人 还是孩子,都可以并排躺在上面,放松心情,欣赏眼前被芦苇掩映的湖岸。 Diana Cabeza详细地介绍这些给予她灵感的特殊地形时,提到了自然形 态所拥有的“意外惊喜”,还有大自然所带来的设计灵感。当然,设计最终还 要经历谨慎和近乎严苛的创作过程——考虑每一个细节并将想法变为现实。所有 努力的最终目标是凸显自然风光,使人们可以观赏美景。

贝壳被海浪冲到沙滩上,自己光着脚,轻踩着那些贝壳,这既是心灵的回忆,

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part of the common areas of a gated community housing by a central lake, the site’s topography is rather diverse and descends towards the water. Most parts have a change in elevation of approximately 0.90 meters. The designer creates the pieces and decides their exact positions according to these existing conditions. At the same time, the location is a response to the actions possible to be performed at the site, such as watching the water and sunbathing, and to specific needs of the area, such as wind protection. The shapes or conceptual layout behind these pieces are a raft and a pier. Extending along a full length of 11 meters, the piece is partly a sun chair and partly a linear deck. The horizontal surface, which is 1.25 meters wide and appears simply resting on the soil, serves as a place to walk and a place to lie down, a place to sit in and also a place for gathering and sitting in groups. It is the composition of both forms and the combination of all those uses what makes this piece all the more remarkable. Teenagers, kids, and grown-ups lie on it side-by-side, relaxing and enjoying the sight of the reed-covered shore. When Diana Cabeza explains and talks about those topographies by which she gets inspired, she provides an interesting line: “Unexpected ergonomic territories”. And by this, she refers to the “accidental” function of a shape of nature, or the unplanned opportunities naturally provided by the land. Finally, of course, the careful and almost obsessive process of construction: the art of thinking every detail and the art of making it true. All for the landscape and the people living and loving it.

L

andscapes, refer in the first place to the wild: nature and

and is located in a sea club in the province of Buenos Aires

all those components and attributes that make it up.

where extensive sand dunes and woods are the landmark. The

Geography, as a synonym for land and territory, and topography,

second project is called “Berths” (Literas in Spanish), only a few

as a certain configuration and particularities a territory offers,

kilometers north of the City of Buenos Aires, in a large gated

become two of the most tangible concepts underpinning the

community housing.

design process of Estudio Cabeza. The whole collection of

The clam shells respond in concept to these tiny creatures of the

pieces for the outdoors experience which this Buenos Aires-

sea; the idea of something that opens up and offers, in this case,

based office has been creating for more than twenty years is

a place to rest and watch.

born in an in-depth study, observation, replication and recreation

When talking about her first approach to the design, the initial

of the shapes of nature.

thoughts that came to her mind while visiting the site in front of

“By traveling the land of Argentina and other Latin-American

the ocean, the designer evokes her walks along the beach when

countries, I learned to find out hidden and obvious shapes in

she was a little girl. The memory is that hundreds of small clams

nature—rocks, sand dunes, slopes, plateaus, all appearing

brought in by the waves, walking barefoot and stepping on them:

as elements to be used for siting down, laying down, resting,

the memory of the mind and the memory of the body.

watching”, says Diana Cabeza, founder and head of the office.

The wooden pieces have a total length of 5 meters and the

And then she adds: “The generosity of this region, with the grand

back reaches 1.50 meters high. However, the design of these

scale of its territories and topographies, makes us think of the

pieces allows the alternative and flexible use of back and seat,

character of the local space and the appropriate set of solutions

sometimes people using it as a place to lie down with legs up

for the massive sense of these places”.

leaning on the reclined back, sometimes people sitting down and

These ideas are where the concept of “Useful Topographies” is

resting their heads on the back.

rooted. Either in urban contexts or in open areas outside the city

Built with a basic iron structure and finished in hardwood, the

they may seem or appear just as the simple objects we use on

clam shells became a sign for this beach. From the distance

a daily basis, but in both situations is the thoughtful design of

they look as dots in the landscape, embedded into the lines of

outdoors furniture what makes a difference.

the ground; shells almost closing over lazy and happy people, or

In these two projects it is quite easy to appreciate how the

people happily protected by wooden shells.

furniture pieces merge into the landscape.

The berths are pieces which combine the many possible uses of

The first project is called “Clam shells” (Almejas in Spanish)

three different elements: a bed, a sun chair and a deck. Here, as

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项目位置 :德尔玛别墅酒店、布宜诺斯艾利斯皮纳马尔、 布宜诺斯艾利斯埃斯科瓦尔港 户外家具设计 :Diana Cabeza (Estudio Cabeza) “蚌壳”项目设计团队 :Martín Wolfson、Diego Jarczak、

Location: Villa del Mar, Pinamar in the province of Buenos Aires, Puertos-Escobar, Buenos Aires Outdoors Furniture Design: Diana Cabeza (Estudio Cabeza) Design Team for “Literas”: Martín Wolfson, Diego Jarczak, Lucía Velasco Suárez

Lucía Velasco Suárez “泊位”项目设计团队 :Martín Wolfson

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Design Team for “Almejas”: Martín Wolfson

港口景观设计 :Fernando Gonzalez 和 Diana Cabeza

Landscape Plan for Puertos: Fernando Gonzalez and Diana Cabeza

竣工时间 :2016 年

Completion Time: 2016

Photography: Gustavo Sosa Pinilla, Mariela Rivas

影 :Gustavo Sosa Pinilla、Mariela Rivas

Landscape Design

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Profile for Estudio Cabeza

Landscape Design / Useful Topographies  

Useful Topographies

Landscape Design / Useful Topographies  

Useful Topographies

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