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Malaria María José Durán Marcela Castañeda Cindy Gatica Luisa González Elizabeth Chavarría

What is Malaria?

Reasons of the malaria • The malaria is caused by a minuscule parasite called Plasmodium. The parasite grows in the liver of a person for a few days and then it enters the blood torrent where it invades the red blood cells. This disease female propagates from a sick person to the healthy one for the sting of a mosquito anopheles infected. A small quantity of blood extracts parasites when it punctures the person with malaria.

How to cure? • Malaria is treated with antimalarial medications; the ones used depends on the type and severity of the disease. While medications against fever are commonly used, their effects on outcomes are not clear. • Recommended treatment for severe malaria is the intravenous use of antimalarial drugs. For severe malaria, artesunate is superior to quinine in both children and adults.

Prevention • Travelers can protect themselves from malaria by taking prescription medicine and preventing mosquito bites. Other precautions are: • Use mosquito nets impregnated with insecticide • Do chemoprophylaxis. • Talk to your doctor about which medicine is best for you. • There are prescription medicines you can take to prevent malaria. • Take this medicine before, during, and after your trip • Cover exposed skin by wearing long-sleeved shirts, long pants, and hats.

Symptoms • Malaria causes symptoms that typically include fever and headache, which in severe cases can progress to coma or death. • The signs and symptoms of malaria typically begin 8–25 days following infection.

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