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F Appendix F — Mapping Environmental Conditions in the EAP Region

els to estimate environmental conditions where monitoring data are unavailable.

Accurate environmental information and data remain scarce in the East Asia and Pacific region. Significant efforts have been made in recent years by governments, international organizations, and civil society to compile and/or estimate reliable and internationally comparable national and sub-national data. The World Bank, together with other development institutions, has worked with many client countries to improve their environmental monitoring systems and developing mod-

Appendix F — Mapping Environmental Conditions in the EAP Region

The indicators displayed in the maps included in this annex reflect information about environment related threats to health, livelihoods, and the global commons. They integrate data generously provided by colleagues in other institutions with information from the Bank’s own sources. They also reflect the Bank’s focus on links between poverty and the environment. Given the limited state of our present knowledge, they are intended to promote discussion, highlight areas of concern, identify information gaps, and encourage the development of better information.

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den Associated with W aterborne Diseases (DAL Ys per 1,000 people) Map 1 Health Bur Burden Waterborne (DALYs

Notes: The main causes of water born diseases ar Ys ar den of aree lack of access to safe water and sanitation and inadequate hygiene. DAL DALYs aree a standar standardd measur measuree of the bur burden ematur esult of illness or disability ears of life lost at each prematur ematuree death and fractions of years healthy life lost as a rresult disability.. YYears disease. The concept combines life years lost due to pr age ar ently rreflecting tality at differ ent ages. eflecting differ ent social weights usually placed on illness and pr ematur aree valued differ differently different prematur ematuree mor mortality different Sources: Murray and LLopez opez 1996; W orld Bank estimates World

ar ticulate Matter (PM10) in Urban Ar eas ((m mg/m 3) Map 2 Estimated Ambient Concentration of Suspended PPar articulate Areas

Note: Most of the adverse health effects of exposur ticulate matter smaller than 10 micr ons in diameter (PM10). exposuree to air pollution ar aree attributable to par particulate microns orld Bank estimates World Sources: WDI 2001; W

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Environment Strategy for the World Bank in the East Asia and Pacific Region


opulation in Ar eas of RRelative elative W ater Scar city (people per km2) Map 3 PPopulation Areas Water Scarcity

> 1,000

> 10,000

> 100,000

Notes ea faces rrelative elative water scar city if mean annual demand is gr eater than 40 per cent of the mean annual surface and sub-surface runoff for the ar ea. Colors indicate Notes:: Ar Area scarcity greater percent area. ea. area. the population in each ar Source or osmar ty and others 2000 Source:: VVor orosmar osmarty

opulation Density on Fragile LLands ands in EAP (people per km2) Map 4 PPopulation

Notes: Ther ous people living on fragile lands, and these ar elatively voiceless as they ar ginalized by national and Theree ar aree numer numerous aree typically especially poor and rrelatively aree mar marginalized ganizations. organizations. international or Sources: WDI 2003; W orld Bank estimates World

Appendix F — Mapping Environmental Conditions in the EAP Region

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er Capita CO2 Emissions (metric tons) Map 5 PPer

Notes: CO2 accounts for the lar gest shar eenhouse gases, which ar ariations in per capita emissions acr oss countries rreflect eflect largest sharee of gr greenhouse aree associated with global warming. VVariations across ences in the level of economic activity gy efficiency and pollution intensity differences activity,, ener energy intensity.. differ Sources: W orld Bank 2001; W orld Development Indicators 2001. World World

Map 6

-Adjusted GDP (kg) CO2 Emissions per PPP PPP-Adjusted

Notes: PPP -adjusted GDP is GDP conver ted to international dollars using pur chasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same pur chasing power over GDP PPP-adjusted converted purchasing purchasing as the US dollar has in the United States. VVariations ariations in emissions per PPP -adjusted GDP acr oss countries rreflect eflect differ ences in ener gy efficiency and pollution intensity PPP-adjusted across differences energy intensity.. Sources: W orld Bank 2001; W orld Development Indicators 2001. World World

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Environment Strategy for the World Bank in the East Asia and Pacific Region


evel of PPopulation opulation Density in Ar eas of High Biodiversity Impor tance Map 7 LLevel Areas Importance

Notes: Ther ous people living on fragile lands, and these ar elatively voiceless as they ar ginalized by national and Theree ar aree numer numerous aree typically especially poor and rrelatively aree mar marginalized ganizations. organizations. international or Sources: WDI 2003; W orld Bank estimates. World

Appendix F — Mapping Environmental Conditions in the EAP Region

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Environment Strategy for East Asia and Pacific  

The document reviews key trends that are shaping the region's environmental agenda and the World Bank's support to countries in the EAP regi...