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November 2012 Issue Table of contents: INSIDE

New language courses for Esperance volunteers..........................................................3 Final performance of “Participative Theater”-Tour.........................................................4 ‘The Good Cause’-Exhibition comes to Esperance .......................................................6

FIFA FOOTBAL FOR HOPE

Football for Hope Centre in Rwanda finally opens.......................................................8 A look at the Kimisagara Football for Hope Centre....................................................10 Construction timline.................................................................................................12

STREETFOOTBALLWORLD

Strenghtening sfw-network ties in East Africa.............................................................14

EXCHANGE

Property: ESPERANCE Asbl B.P. 4613 Kigali Tél : +250 788615016 Email: ajskesperance@yahoo.fr esperance@ferwafa.rw

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Director of publication Philipp GÜNTHER Tél: +250 787100682 Editors Jean de Dieu KARERA Philipp GÜNTHER Julia STREIFFELER

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Inspiring young Ivorians to swap weapons for footballs..............................................16

Editorial staff Victor SEWABANA Passy UWITONZE Noella UWERA Job UTERETSIMFIZI Vincent HAKIZIMANA Gilbert NDAYAMBAJE Shaban MASENGESHO Fabian LADSTÄTTER

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English, German and French programs are offered to strengthen capacity building

New language courses for Esperance volunteers

German volunteer Julia and Austrian volunteer Fabien are giving German lessons Due to the high interest of Esperance’s members in foreign languages Donatien Nsengimana and the volunteers decided to organize several courses at the center. On Monday, 22th October, Fabian Ladstätter and Julia Streiffeler started to teach German twice a week. They begun with greetings, self-introduction, numbers, easy sentences and a plan to go on with basic grammar and special vocabulary, e.g. words and expressions which are needed for football. The aim is to enable the about 20 participating volunteers of Esperance to have little conversations in German, especially during international meetings. Furthermore, Fabian and Julia organized an English debate two times per week. The group starts by reading a newspaper article with explanations of difficult words and then continues with exchanging opinions about the topic. For example, they discuss about the impact, that social media has on our lifes, about consequences of global warming in Rwanda, about gender discrimination and other social-cultural issues. The multicultural background of the participants enriches the debate which sometimes can get very loud and emotional. 3 ESPERANZA

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The three different language courses are highly frequented by the Esperance volunteers Besides these activities, Julia teaches French and Fabian gives an English beginners course for the local volunteers. As the school’s holidays have started, Fabian and Julia offer several English learning groups for about 50 children. The aim of this course is to encourage the kids to apply their English skills by performing dialogues and playing games in this foreign language. Fabian and Julia are glad about paying contribution to the Esperance members’ and children’s language skills and hope that they will get the opportunity to apply them. Julia Streiffeler Editor / Volunteer

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Wrapping up the 30th year celebration of “Rheinland-Pfalz - Rwanda” partnership:

Final performance of “Participative Theater“-Tour

Local students are encouraged to take part in a participative performance to express their opinion As it is one of Esperance’s aims to raise awareness about HIV/AIDS among young people and to inform about good behavior, a theatre project was prepared in cooperation with the partnership Jumelage Rhénanie-Palatinat / Rwanda. The performances were organized to celebrate 30 years of partnership and cooperation between the German state of Rhénanie-Palatinat and Rwanda. About 20 volunteers of Esperance formed a theater group headed by Marcel Muhire who also wrote the accompanying texts in Kinyarwanda for the actors. The performances started at Groupe Scolaire Saint Aloys in Rwamagana and 4

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were consequently shown at 19 different partner schools of the Rheinland-Pfalz-Jumelage in the whole country. Arriving at a school, the actors talked to some students to get to know their daily life as well as certain conflicts that exist in their school environment. Additionally, the volunteers put on the local school uniform and implemented the information they received from the students as well as the names of their teachers in the performance to make it appear more relatable. On stage, cases of alcohol and drug abuse, prostitution and bad behavior were shown. The actors also presented the consequences of their

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actions like pregnancy and failure at school. Another topic was the spreading of genocide ideology within discrimination on alleged ethnic differences. Because of the educative methodology of participative theater, the spectators were also involved in the play. Girls and boys of the local schools were asked to come on the stage, to discuss the particular issues with the actors and to give them practical advice about good behavior and peaceful conflict resolution. All the pupils seemed to be eagerly interested in the presented situations and therefore showed emotional reactions. The last performance was on 10th October 2012 at the Ruhango Secondary School with a delegation from Rheinland-Pfalz that came due to the 30 years anniversary of the Jumelage partnership. After a traditional singing and dancing performance of some students, the headmaster introduced the delegation: 33 Germans, including the Minister of Internal Affairs of Rheinland-Pfalz as well as the Minister of Youth and Family, four members of the state parliament, representatives of youth organizations, students and journalists. The Minister of Internal Affairs praised the good cooperation with the Rwandan organizations and schools alike. Esperance hopes to be able to continue this project next year and to visit more schools in Rwanda.

The delegation from Rheinland-Pfalz at the Ruhango Secondary School

Discussion between the actors and students

Julia Streiffeler Volunteer / Editor

The participative theater tour included the visit of 19 different partner schools of Jumelage throughout Rwanda 5

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“Architecture of Peace”-Exhibition coming to the FFH centre in late November:

‘The Good Cause‘-Exhibition comes to Esperance

‘The Good Cause: Architecture of Peace‘ exhibition will open on the 24th November at Kigali Esperance is very proud to announce that from November 24 until December 1, it will host the exhibition ‘The Good Cause: Architecture of Peace‘ curated by Archis and Killian Doherty, architect of the Kimisagara Football For Hope Centre. The exhibition includes the work of photographer David Southwood and Kabulbased Architect Anne Feenstra. The event will be hosted in Esperance’s facilities of the newly-built Kimisagara Football for Hope centre. ‘The Good Cause’ shows the thin line between architecture of war and architecture of peace. It shows the 6 ESPERANZA

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complexities of a post-conflict resolution but also gives clues how architecture can contribute to a sustainable peace. The exhibition can be seen as an instalment in a long-term project with the aim to better the way the world deals with international peace keeping and reconstruction. On the opening night there will be short talks by Lilet Breddels from Archis, Architect Anne Feenstra and South African Photographer, David Southwood. ‘The Good Cause’ is the second exhibition made as part of the Architecture of

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Peace project. The first exhibition took place in September 2011 at the Canadian Centre of Architecture (CCA), Montreal. This exhibition was conceived by Archis, Amsterdam and organized by the Netherlands Architecture Institute (Nai), Rotterdam, in collaboration with the Canadian Centre for Architecture, and brought to Rwanda by KD|AP. This presentation was co-organized with Killian Doherty (KD|AP), made possible with the help of Denis Guzzo and Esperance supported by the Kingdom of the Netherlands. In addition to this opening Anne Feenstra will be giving at lecture on Wednesday 21st at KIST at 5 pm as part of the Arcbox Lecture series. Furthermore David Southwood will be giving a presentation on his work at the Goethe Institute at the evening of Friday 23st November at 6 pm.

The Khayelitsha Football for Hope centre in Cape Town portrayed by David Southwood

Anne Feenstra is a Dutch architect living and working in Kabul, Afghanistan. He is owner of AFIR Architects and related to Kabul University. Anne is the local representative of CIE in Afghanistan and works with his team on the renovation of the National Museum and manages the renovation of the Bagh-e-Jahan nama Palacein Khulm. Dave Southwood is a self-taught photographer whose photographic works are exhibited at The South African National Gallery, The Finnish Museum of Photography, The Christoph Merian Stiftung, The Spier Art Collection and private collections in South Africa and abroad. Three of his short films on architecture were shown at the Venice Biennale of Architecture in 2010. He has worked in many African countries with a focus on cities.

The Visitors’ centre at Pamir National Park, Afghanistan built by Anne Feenstra

Anne Feenstra’s Reception building for the Wakhan National Park, Afghanistan

A traditional dirt pitch in the townships of Cape Town. Photo by David Southwood 7 ESPERANZA

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Article courtesy of: davesouthwood.com 361degrees.net & Kilian Doherty

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Seventh of 20 planned FIFA Football for Hope Centre opens in Kimisagara:

Football for Hope Centre in Rwanda finally opens

The ribbon-cutting inaugurated the Kimisagara FFH centre after two years of building

A football tournament was held prior to the official opening ceremony

The Kimisagara FFH centre was officially opened on October 2 with a ribbon-cutting and plaque-unveiling ceremony led by the Rwandan Minister of Sports and Culture, Mitali Protais. This was followed by traditional dancing and the first football match to be played on the centre’s new pitch. Several speeches were made by VIP guests, including Mr. Protais, German Ambassador Peter Fahrenholtz, the Mayor of Nyarugenge district Mukasonga Solange, FIFA CSR Programme Manager Cornelia Genoni, and streetfootballworld Head of Network Operations Christophe Mailliet.

FIFA made a commitment that we would leave a tangible social legacy for the whole of Africa, not only the host nation. With the opening of this centre, it marks another step to fulfilling FIFA’s promise of putting football to work for promotion of youth and social projects.”

Hundreds of school kids from the community turned out to provide an enthusiastic backdrop, not only to the sport and cultural activities, but also to cheer the different speakers attending. “The 2010 World Cup may long be over but its legacy keeps on growing,” FIFA’s CSR Programme Manager Cornelia Genoni told the large crowd. “Hosting the first World Cup in Africa was far more than just hosting a football tournament. 8

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Several streetfootballworld network members were invited as special guests, and everyone was impressed by the new centre. The ceremony concluded with performances from several musicians from the area, thrilling the large groups of local children who had come out to join in the festivities. The Kimisagara Football for Hope Centre is hosted by streetfootballworld network member Esperance, one of the first organisations to be selected as a potential centre host in 2007. Esperance seeks to bridge Rwanda’s ethnic divides through its education and social programmes. It uses Football Amahoro, a unique methodology that fosters understanding and reconciliation through football. The opening of the Football for

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Hope Centre means further development of both the organisation and its community. “The centre provides us with the amazing opportunity to have our own space to implement our programmes and serve the community,” said Centre Manager Victor Sewabana. “There is a saying in the community that the centre is the hub of peace. Esperance is known for Football Amahoro and now the centre will be known for this, as well.” The centre opening in Kigali is a significant step towards streetfootballworld and FIFA’s shared goal of addressing social challenges in 20 communities across Africa. Football for Hope Centres have already opened in South Africa, Mali, Kenya, Namibia, Lesotho, and Ghana, and the remaining centres are currently in construction and development. As FIFA CSR Programme Manager Cornelia Genoni stated, “The 2010 World Cup may long be over, but its legacy keeps on growing.”

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“Each centre has the same concept of using football to promote hope and opportunity for the young generation, but each is also unique,” Genoni added. “FIFA is committed to giving of its expertise and resources on behalf of social challenges across the globe.” Rwanda Football Association (FERWAFA) president Celestin Ntagungira concluded by thanking FIFA for their efforts: “This is a centre that produces future leaders for our country, both on and off the pitch.” The centre in Kimisagara offers opportunities for between 150-200 children in the suburban district to take part in programmes and courses, participate in theatre and, importantly, play football. The club have a team in Rwanda’s second division and have already provided two players who have gone onto to represent the country’s national team. Article courtesy of: streetfootballworld.org & FIFA.com

Spectators at the opening ceremony

Esperance staff presenting the centre facilities

Donatien Nsengimana, Legal Representative of Esperance

Cornelia Genoni, FIFA CSR Programme Manager

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After three years of planning and construction of the Kimisagara FFH Centre:

A look at the Kimisagara Football for Hope Centre

The finished FFH centre with the surrounding Groupe Scolaire Kimisagara in September 2012 The idea to build a Football for Hope Centre originated within the 20 Centres for 2010 campaign linked to the 2010 FIFA Worldcup in South Africa. Its aim was to create 20 Football for Hope Centres to promote public health, education and football in disadvantaged communities across Africa. The importance of this legacy is highlighted by the fact that many communities in Africa continue to face serious social challenges. By using the positive elements of football, many locally run organisations like Esperance have been successful in reaching young people and addressing such challenges. In order to strengthen this development, Football for Hope Centres are being created in disadvantaged communities to be used as facilities from which these local bestpractice organisations can reach out to the local young people.

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The creation of a new Football for Hope Centre always begins with identifying both the local challenges as well as a local organisation that successfully uses football-based programmes for social development. The centre and the programmes that are run there, e.g. HIV/Aids awareness, literacy, gender equality, disability and integration, are created to meet the needs of the community. The Kimisagara Football for Hope centre is located within the heart of the Kimisagara valley; the most densely populated, disadvantaged area in central Kigali with few opportunities for young people and alarming school dropout rates. The site, located within a local primary school’s ground (Groupe Scolaire Kimisgara) is situated adjacent to a re-engineered water course (canal) and seasonal wetland prone to flooding. The design

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brief is a half sized football pitch and community centre with changing rooms, educational spaces and a multi-functional gathering space. The optimized orientation of the pitch along with a desire to define and differentiate play spaces for the existing school, and a desire to activate the pedestrian way along the water course lead to the dynamic plan form of the project. Due to the steep hills, densely developed, rising in every direction from the site is easily seen giving the roof a prominent role as the fifth facade and identity to Esperance’s social space in the community. The informal route along the banks of the canal connects the proposed center with existing public facilities and the dense residential district. This route is of further importance to the surrounding community as it allows access to a source of water for washing clothes & bathing, as well as providing public space for informal vending and a training area for moto-taxi drivers. The primary building functions are contained within a simple block to minimize costs, whilst a shading roof with an extended canopy gathers the overlapping activities, defining new communal outdoor spaces demarcating play areas for the school, and activating the edges for both planned events and haptic social encounters. In addition to organizing external functions the roof harnesses all rainwater. Bi-annual wet seasons present the opportunity to a significant amount of water from the roof and from the large collection plane the pitch provides. Once captured, the water from the roof is stored and filtered for drinking. The football pitch water is used for flushing toilets, washing clothes and irrigation. Through this low-tech system we hope to capture 2.6 million litres of water and demonstrate a water security resource that can be easily replicated. The steel shipping containers used to transport the football pitch and its accessories from Europe, have been re-used and designed into the scheme as storage and a water tower which is equipped with solar cells that drive the water pumps. The pitch is lit with solar powered LED lights and will provide a welcome opportunity to play in the cool of the night. This approach is intended to reduce Esperance’s utility fees and provide a level of community resource security. Fenestration has been considered to optimize views to and from the pitch whilst maintaining privacy where needed by placing windows at high level, in turn facilitating the natural cross ventilation of rooms. 11 ESPERANZA

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Deep overhangs to the north and south also assist with the cooling of the interior spaces. The use of concrete has been minimized to reduce costs, opting for local stone, brick and compressed earth where possible. Interior finishes are modest yet robust. Landscaping elements will focus on gabion seating for viewing games, with ground surfaces using local earth and volcanic stone. Intensive planting of a new grove of indigenous trees, to restore the riparian edge of the water course along with trees around the centre and other planting will provide shade, soil conservation and greenery within an urban district that lacks evidence of natural optimism. Partnership and cooperation with the local Government and non-state actors, they will: Build and enhance capacities in dealing with the challenges of extreme poverty, particularly with abandoned, disadvantaged and vulnerable children growing up in areas with harsh conditions with limited access to education. Article courtesy of: openarchitecturenetwork.org

The main building of the FFH centre at night

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Construction timeline After more than four years of planning and construction the Kimisagara Football for Hope Centre, designed by Kilian Doherty in collaboration with architecture for humanity, was finally finished in September of 2012. It is the seventh completed centre of 20 proposed FFH centres in Africa.

Wood model of the proposed design in 2010 Schematic design draft

| Project proposal | Kimisagara chosen as FFH host |

2009 Design concept of how the centre would be embedded in to Kimisagara community

| Final design |

2010 Early design proposal for the Kimisagara Football for Hope centre by Kilian Doherty (KD|AP) in 2010, showing the perspective of the centre and the pitch

Initial sketches of the main building 12 ESPERANZA

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Early construction stage in 2011 (upper left) Main conference room used for a Peter Rich lecture in September 2011 (upper right) Finished pitch with installed solar powered flood lights (lower right)

| Construction starts |

| Main building finished | Installation of the pitch |

2011

2012

The main building of the centre in late construction (lower left) Day of the installation of the official FIFA pitch in January of 2012 (lower right) Finished centre and pitch with the watertower in the foreground in July of 2012 (upper right)

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Network meeting and Forum in East Africa: “Football as a Tool for Peace Building”:

Strengthening sfw-network ties in East Africa From October 2-5, East African streetfootballworld network members came together in Kigali, Rwanda for the first ever streetfootballworld East Africa Meeting and Forum 2012. Organised by streetfootballworld and streetfootballworld network member Esperance, and supported by the German Federal Foreign Office, the event focused on football as a tool for peace building and violence prevention in communities across the region. Right after the official opening of the Kimisagara Football for Hope Centre, the centre host Esperance welcomed representatives and young leaders from all 13 network members in East Africa at their premises in Kigali. The first two days of the summit were devoted to network development in the region. Guided by streetfootballworld Regional Coordinator Margaret Belewa and Regional Consultant Sarah Forde, the members reviewed their joint violence prevention policy for East Africa and developed an action plan for its implementation, as well as considering different forms of advocacy for the network. The participating organisations face similar issues with violence among young people

Young Leaders workshop on football3 14 ESPERANZA

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and shared first-hand experience and best practice examples from their communities. As special guests from the global streetfootballworld network, Veronica Escobar from FUDELA in Ecuador and Florian Zech from AMANDLA in South Africa gave valuable input to the discussions and shared their experiences throughout the week. “The streetfootballworld East Africa Forum is a great opportunity for our East African network members to come together and to continue their strong collaboration. On top of that, they have the unique opportunity to present their innovative work to the wider public,” stated Margaret Belewa, coordinator of the streetfootballworld network in East Africa. At the same time, young leaders from all attending organisations took part in a “Football for Peace” or football3 workshop delivered by Esperance. The method promotes peaceful conflict resolution through dialogue. Matches are played in mixed teams of boys and girls without a referee, guided by specially trained mediators.

Vital exchange between the forum participants

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Football as a tool for peace building and violence prevention Esperance’s legal representative Donatien Nsengimana stated during the Forum: “It is a pleasure for us to host the first streetfootballworld East Africa Forum in Kigali, Rwanda. Esperance was one of the first members in the streetfootballworld network and it is a great to see organisations in the region working closely together. As a network we can achieve much more than we can achieve alone.” At the Forum on October 5, experts from within the network shared their experiences of how football is used as a tool to create a safer and more harmonious society. The panelists took a close look at the achievements and challenges of football-based violence prevention programmes in the East African region. One highlight of the event was a break-out session where several young leaders shared their personal stories. “Setting up a regional coordination in East Africa is opening up a number of possibilities and provides a good example how regional development in the streetfootballworld network can be achieved,” said streetfootballworld’s Christophe Mailliet. The meeting demonstrated the strong commitment of the members in the region to close collaboration, and we are looking forward to upcoming joint projects resulting from this event.

The staff and volunteers of Esperance who hosted the sfw-Network meeting in Kimisagara

streetfootballworld-East-Africa Coordinator Margaret Belewa led the forum and meeting

Article courtesy of: streetfootballworld.org

Football3 match between the Young Leaders and the presidents of the associations at the FFH centre 15 ESPERANZA

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Football for Peace seminar in Abidjan focusing on violence prevention:

Inspiring young Ivorians to swap weapons for footballs

Getting ready for a gender-mixed Football for Peace match

Karera Jean de Dieu from Esperance helped to set up the programme in Abidjan

It’s been over a year since the post-electoral crisis in Ivory Coast, but thousands of ex-combatants still hold onto weapons and ammunition. Tired of waiting for various disarmament operations to unburden their compatriots, some young Ivoirians have gotten the ball rolling themselves – on the football field. Two Sundays ago saw the official kick-off of Football for Peace.

Jean De Dieu of Esperance, two Rwandans with experience using sports to better society. “Mediation. Game. Mediation,” Sewabana says, explaining the three-phase process of a Football for Peace event. “There is mediation at the start of the game, in the sense that the players come together and agree on the rules by which the game will be played, since there is no referee on the field. Then there is the game and, right after the match, another mediation where the players of both teams get together and discuss the various disputes that may have arisen during the game.”

On 21 October, under the blazing sun, male and female footballers perspire profusely. Their intrepid moves are cheered by excited spectators. On the field, the players stop intermittently to mimic a scenario and deliver a message on the dangers of small arms proliferation. In the crowd, members of the Ivorian division of the West African Action Network on Small Arms (WAANSA-CI) distribute leaflets to raise awareness of the issue. The WAANSA-CI decided to launch Football pour la Paix, or Football for Peace, in Bonoua, a city 60 kilometres east of Abidjan. To do so, the Ivorian organization found no better solution than to follow an example from across the continent. They invited over Victor Sewabana and Karera 16 ESPERANZA

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He continues: “At this stage, both teams also act out scenes and sketches aimed at sensitizing the public on the risks associated with the circulation of small arms. This last part is followed by plenty of activities and quiz games to engage the audience.” “It is difficult to speak to people directly about a disarmament project and obtain their commitment,” says Karamoko Diakité, president of the WAANSA-CI. “When you talk about arms, some people automatically turn away. When you

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A truck advertising the Ivorian Football for Peace campaign

After a match players discuss disputes that may have arisen during the game

mention the issue of small arms, the people will reply: ‘There are no weapons here.’

“Never before were we requested to openly give our views on the issue of the proliferation of small arms and disarmament, for fear stigmatization,” says a young spectator. “But here, within Football for Peace, we came together and spoke and we understood one another. This action really needs to be encouraged.”

According to Ivorian defence minister Paul Koffi Koffi, some 30,000 ex-rebel soldiers have yet to be disarmed. The number is even higher, says Sophie DA Camara, director of the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration division of the United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI), who estimates it to be between 60,000 and 80,000. “Although they may vary from one source to another, these figures ultimately depict an undisputable reality: former rebel soldiers are still armed and represent a real threat to the peace process,” says Diakité. No ex-soldiers from either of the once warring sides turned in weapons at the kick-off match. But WAANSA-CI staff got their leaders and members (who still hold weapons or know places where weapons are hidden) to enroll in the programme. For WAANSA-CI Konaté Mampha staff member, the response from the campaign’s main target group has been quite positive. He can see how football has been used as an entree to discuss disarmament, once so sensitive a topic. WAANSA-CI has used the game to turn it into a common issue and get youth involved. Before that, they were reluctant. Following a seminar on the risks associated with the movement of small arms, a large crowd has gathered in Bonoua’s Popo Carnival area, which was chosen to host the first football game.

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Actual destruction of weapons and ammunition will be the next step in the programme. More matches are scheduled this season and WAANSACI hopes the games might end with people turning in their arms. Another notable feature of Football for Peace is that the players are mixed. “Youth teams that compete on the field are composed of men and women, and only the goals scored by women count,” explains Jean De Dieu Karera. Like many other young people, Amélié Anoh made the trip to see the event live. “This is a first: Women and men playing as teammates on the same side!” she says. “I wanted to see it for myself, that’s why I made the trip to the stadium; otherwise, I’m not a football fan.” Music has also helped, says Karamoko. “We had to find artists popular among youth to perform a song on disarmament, and we succeeded. It helps convey the message better.’’ Les Patrons was the music group chosen for the occasion. If the sound of homeward-bound spectators singing verses of the band’s song was any indication, Football for Peace is catching on. Article courtesy of: Marius Kouassi Selay Radio Netherlands Worldwide, Abidjan

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Esperanza November 2012