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WATERSHED SELECTION MATRIX OF NANGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM

DECEMBER 2005 This publication was produced by Development Alternatives, Inc. for the United States Agency for International Development under Contract No. 497-M-00-05-00005-00


Photo credit: GIS Team, ESP Banda Aceh/Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam. Krueng Aceh Watershed in Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam.


WATERSHED SELECTION MATRIX OF NANGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM

Title:

Watershed Selection Matrix of Nanggroe Aceh Drussalam

Program, activity, or project number:

Environmental Services Program, DAI Project Number: 5300201.

Strategic objective number:

SO No. 2, Higher Quality Basic Human Services Utilized (BHS).

Sponsoring USAID office and contract number:

USAID/Indonesia, 497-M-00-05-00005-00.

Contractor name:

DAI.

Date of publication:

December 2005


TABLE OF CONTENTS MATRIX SUMMARY .......................................................................................................1 DETAILED SUMMARY ...................................................................................................2 ATTACHMENT 1: VARIOUS WATERSHEDS IN NANGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM (NAD) .............................................................................................................................4 FOREST AND WATER MAP OF NANGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM (NAD) ..................................5 WATERSHED AREAS ACCORDING TO DECREE OF THE MINISTER OF FORESTRY NO. 284/KPTS-II/1999 ..........................................................................................................................................6 55 WATERSHED AREAS IN NANGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM ...........................................................................7 OTHER VERSIONS OF WATERSHED AREAS IN NAD..................................................................................8 ATTACHMENT 2: WATERSHED AREAS FOR FIRST AND SECOND YEAR OF PROJECT ........................................................................................................................9 KRUENG ACEH WATERSHED ............................................................................................................. 10 IMPORTANT ISSUES OF KRUENG ACEH WATERSHED ................................................................................. 11 SABE-GEUPE WATERSHED AREA ....................................................................................................... 15 IMPORTANT ISSUES OF KRUENG SABE-GEUPE WATERSHED .................................................................... 16


WATERSHED SELECTION MATRIX OF NANGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM MATRIX SUMMARY No

CRITERIA DAS

Road Coridor

Biodiversity

Urban/Peri

Returning

Other USAID

Urban

Communities

Partners

ESP Integration

Environmental

Raw Water

Political

Hot Spot

Resource

Will √

DAS Krueng Aceh

x

DAS Krueng Baro

x

x

x

?

3

DAS Sabe Geupu

4

DAS Jambo Aye

x

x

x

5

DAS Kluet

x

x

x

x

6

DAS Merbau

7

DAS Meureudu

x

x

x

x

x

DAS P.Simeulue

x

x

?

9

DAS P.Weh

x

x

x

x

10

DAS Pasee

x

x

x

x

x

x

1 2

8

11 DAS Peureulak/ Tamiang 12

DAS Peusangan

x

x

13

DAS Singkil

x

x

x

14

DAS Teunom Woyla

x

15

DAS Tripa Batee

x

x

Prioritized/Selected Watersheds


WATERSHED AREA SELECTION MATRIX OF NANGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM

DETAILED MATRIX CRITERIA No DAS 1

2

DAS Krueng Aceh

DAS Krueng Baro

Road Coridor x

x

Biodiversity Natural Reserve

Urban/Peri

Returning

Other USAID

Urban

Communities

Partners

Banda Aceh, Jantho WS Coastal Area

HSP, IRD, Mercy

Jantho, Tahura Tjut Nyak

Corps LGSP, SPD, UTRAP

Dhien, Ulu Masen Area x

IOM, CHF SPD, CHF, IOM,

ESP Integration √

4

DAS Sabe Geupu

DAS Jambo Aye

x

Ulu Masen Area

Leuser Ecosystem

DAS Kluet

x

Leuser Ecosystem

Sigli

WS Coastal Area

x

DAS Merbau

Leuser Ecosystem

Leupung, Lhong,

WS Coastal Area

HSP, IRD, Mercy

DAS Meureudu

x

x

Upstream:

?

Upstream:

Manggrove Upstream:

Lamno, Lhok Kruet, Patek,

Corpss LGSP, SPD,

Protected Forest Downstream:

Lageun, Calang, Kr.Sabee,

IOM, CHF, Road

Coastal Habitat, Coastal Habitat

Lageun Langkahan, Panton WS Coastal Area

Project x

x

Tapak Tuan, Kota

Meulaboh

Meureudu

Upstream: Protected Forest Downstream:

x

x

x

Manggrove Upstream: Protected Forest Downstream:

WS Coastal Area

HSP, IRD, Mercy

Corps LGSP, IOM, Road 7

Will

Protected Forest Downstream:

Fajar, Leuser National Park Bakongan 6

Political

Resource

Coastal Habitat

Labu

5

Raw Water

Hot Spot

Protected Forest Downstream:

IRD

3

Environmental

x

Project x

Coastal Habitat Upstream: Protected Forest Downstream:

x

Coastal Habitat Upstream: Protected Forest Downstream: Manggrove

ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ESP.OR.ID

2


WATERSHED AREA SELECTION MATRIX OF NANGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM

DETAILED MATRIX

CRITERIA No 8 9 10 11

DAS DAS P.Simeulue DAS P.Weh DAS Pasee DAS Peureulak/ Tamiang

Road Coridor x

Biodiversity Endemic Species

Urban/Peri

Returning

Other USAID

Urban

Communities

Partners

Simeuleu

WS Coastal Area

IRD, IOM

x

Protected Area 0 km Sabang

x

Sabang x

Geudong, Pasee,

Leuser Ecosystem

Lhok Sukon Langsa, Peureulak,

x

x WS Coastal Area WS Coastal Area

x IRD, IOM IOM

Environmental

Raw Water

Political

Hot Spot

Resource

Will

x

Upstream:

?

x

Protected Forest Upstream:

x

Protected Forest Downstream:

x

Manggrove Upstream:

ESP Integration

Protected Forest Downstream:

Leuser National Park Kuala Simpang 12

DAS Peusangan

x

Leuser Ecosystem

Bireuen,

WS Coastal Area

IOM

x

Gandapura, Takengon 13

14

DAS Singkil

DAS Teunom Woyla

x

Leuser Ecosystem

Singkil,

Protected Forest Downstream: WS Coastal Area

x

x

DAS Tripa Batee

x

Manggrove Upstream:

Subulussalam, Leuser National Park Kuta Cane

Protected Forest Downstream:

Animal Sanct.Singkil

Swamp Forest, Manggrove

Swamp Ulu Masen Area

Teunom

WS Coastal Area

Mercy Corps,

x

Leuser Ecosystem

Jeuram, Kuala

Batee, Leuser National Park Terangon, Blang Keujren

ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ESP.OR.ID

WS Coastal Area

LGSP

Upstream: Protected Forest Downstream:

Road Project 15

Manggrove Upstream:

x

Swamp Forest Upstream: Protected Forest Downstream: Swamp Forest

3


WATERSHED SELECTION MATRIX OF NANGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM

ATTACHMENT 1: VARIOUS WATERSHEDS IN NANGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM (NAD)

ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ESP.OR.ID

4


WATERSHED SELECTION MATRIX OF NANGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM

FOREST AND WATER MAP OF NANGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM (NAD) Ministerial Decree No. 170/Kpts II/2000, June 29, 2000 • NAD Province is 57,365.57 square meter wide; • The Protected Areas is 26,440.81 square meter wide; • Production Area is 30,924.76 square meter.

ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ESP.OR.ID

5


WATERSHED SELECTION MATRIX OF NANGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM

WATERSHED AREAS ACCORDING TO DECREE OF THE MINISTER OF FORESTRY NO. 284/KPTS-II/1999

ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ESP.OR.ID

6


WATERSHED SELECTION MATRIX OF NANGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM

55 WATERSHED AREAS IN NANGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM

ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ESP.OR.ID

7


WATERSHED SELECTION MATRIX OF NANGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM

OTHER VERSIONS OF WATERSHED AREAS IN NAD

ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ESP.OR.ID

8


WATERSHED SELECTION MATRIX OF NANGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM

ATTACHMENT 2: WATERSHED AREAS FOR FIRST AND SECOND YEAR OF PROJECT

ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ESP.OR.ID

9


WATERSHED SELECTION MATRIX OF NANGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM

KRUENG ACEH WATERSHED • • • • •

ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ESP.OR.ID

First priority watershed The main river of this watershed flows through Banda Aceh Municipality; The main source of two PDAMs: Tirta DAroy and Tirta Montala; The watershed is long and wide; There is a swamp area in downstream area.

10


WATERSHED SELECTION MATRIX OF NANGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM

IMPORTANT ISSUES OF KRUENG ACEH WATERSHED Illegal logging

Forest fire

ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ESP.OR.ID

11


WATERSHED SELECTION MATRIX OF NANGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM

Illegal mining in the mountains

Illegal mining in the rivers

ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ESP.OR.ID

12


WATERSHED SELECTION MATRIX OF NANGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM

Decreased debit, Increased erosion

Solid waste

ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ESP.OR.ID

13


WATERSHED SELECTION MATRIX OF NANGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM

Other contaminants

Agricultural contaminants

ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ESP.OR.ID

14


WATERSHED SELECTION MATRIX OF NANGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM

SABE-GEUPE WATERSHED AREA

ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ESP.OR.ID

15


WATERSHED SELECTION MATRIX OF NANGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM

IMPORTANT ISSUES OF KRUENG SABE-GEUPE WATERSHED • • •

ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ESP.OR.ID

Tsunami-affected areas; Coastal rehabilitation; Banda Aceh-Meulaboh Road Corridor.

16


ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM Ratu Plaza Building, 17th. Fl. Jl. Jend. Sudirman No. 9 Jakarta 10270 Indonesia Tel. +62-21-720-9594 Fax. +62-21-720-4546 www.esp.or.id


WATERSHED SELECTION MATRIX OF NAD