Civil Rights Case Study Name: Maya Russell
Partner: Jane Doe
Case study: Plessy VS. Ferguson
What happened? summarize the event
-‐In 1890 the Louisiana passed a law (the separate Car Act) that required blacks and whites to ride on separate railroad cars. -‐A group of prominent blacks and and some white New Orleans residents formed the Comite des Citoyens (Committee of Citizins) dedicated to repeal the law. Eventually Homer Adolph Plessy to participate in a planned test case. -‐Plessy was born a free man and was 7/8 caucasian and 1/8 African American, but under Louosiana law he was classified a black and was forced to sit in the colored car. -‐On June 7, 1892, Plessy bought a first class ticket ot the Press Street Depot and boarded a "Whites Only" car of the East Louisiana Railroad in New Orleans, Louisiana bound for Covington, Louisiana. -‐The railroad company knew of Plessy's plans, so they hired a private investigator with arrest powers to arrest Plessy to make sure that Plessy was arrested for violating the 'Separate Car Act'. -‐After Plessy had taken a seat in the 'White Only Car' he was asked by the detective to move to the 'Black Only Car', Plessy refused and was arrested. Plessy was taken of the train and dropped of at the Press and Royal streets. Plessy was remanded for trial in Orleans Parish. -‐In the case, 'Homer Adolph Plessy VS. The State of Louisiana' Plessy argued that the the state law which required East Louisiana Railroad segragate trains that had denied him his rights under the Thirtennth and Fourteenth Amendments of the United States Constitution. -‐The judge ruling the case John Howard Ferguson, ruled that Louisiana had the right to segragate railroad companies as long as they operated in the state boundries. -‐Plessy was convicted and sentenced to pay a $25 fine. -‐The Comite Des Citoyens took Plessy's appeal to the Supreme Court of Louisiana, the State Supreme Court upheld Judge Ferguson's ruling. -‐The Comite Des Citoyens appealed to the United States Supreme Court in 1896. -‐ Two legal briefs were submitted on Plessy's behalf. One was signed by Albion W. Tourgee and James C. Walker, the other signed by Samuel F. Phillips and his legal partner F. D. McKenney. -‐The arguments were winessed by the Supreme Court on April 13, 1896. Tourgee and Phillips appered in the courtroom on Plessy's behalf. -‐ Tourgee built his case on violations of Plessy's rights under the Thirteenth Amendment, banning slavery and the Fourteenth Amendment, which states that all U.S citizens garentee the same rights and equal protection of those rights against the deprivation of life, liberty and
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property without sue process of law. Tourgee that being a 'Black Man' was "property", by which implied that inferiority of African-‐Americans as compared to whites. -‐The final decision was 7 to 1 not in Plessy's favor handed down on May 18, 1869 (Justice david Josiah Brewer did not partisipate because of the death of daughter).
Why is this a problem? Which human right is being violated?
Homer Adolph Plessy was a U.S citizin and 7/8 caucasin was denied his rights. Even though the thirteenth amendment states, banning slavery and the fourteenth amendment says that, every U.S citizin is gareented equal rights and protection of those rights against the depravation of life, liberty and property without due process of law. The human right being violated is the thirteenth amendment, which bans slavery. Along with the fourteenth amendment states that every U.S citizin is gauranteed equal rights and protection of those rights against the depravation of life, libety and property without due process of law.
Summarize two perspectives on this issue?
Perspective 1: Homer Adolph Plessy is a U.S citizin and deserves equal rights, the fourteenth and the thirteenth amendment states that. He is technically 'White', but beacause he looks 'Black' he is now denied his equal rights. The only reason he is treated unfairly is because he is black, even though he's 7/8th cuacasian. Some 'White' people have more black blood in them then Plessy does, but because their geans aren’t overpowering they are treated as 'Whites'. Also why should being black make a difference. Perspective 2: Homer Adolph Plessy might not even be white by blood. He could just make some accusations and suddenly get the right he doen't deserve. Why should we change our sucessful way of life because a black man, doen't like the way our government operates.
Civil Rights Case Study cont.
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Who made a difference? name the person or group
-‐Homer Adolph Plessy -‐Albion W. Tourgee -‐James C. Walker -‐Samuel F. Phillips -‐F. D. McKenney. -‐Comite Des Citoyens (Comitee Of Citizins) -‐Homer Adolph Plessy a black man sat in the white only car promoting equal rights. -‐Sparked a big court case.
What did the person/group do?
What type of strategy would you call the action(s) of the person/group?
-‐When Homer Adolph Plessy a black man decided to sit in a white only car that was peaceful protest -‐When Plessy took his case to court he along with Tourgee, Walker, Phillips and McKenney were lobbying and negociating. Nothing much, bea$csue of the lack of social media (T.V). People weren't aware of the problems and the racism. Sociaoty wasn't ready for social intergration.
What changed as a result of this event?
Social Media is a very important tool and there no purpose in protesting without anyone to see. Without social media people xoundn't see how ba dsegragation was, oyu could muder someone in your own back yard and have no one cared becasues they didn't know. Also with all the tight knit communitys ba dpeoplegot of scott free. But with social media people could be outraged and expose the realationships of cmmunitys. What can we learn from this event?
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