Page 1

Quality of Hydropower

Quality of Hydropower

Otto Pirker / Austria chairman WG Hydro / eurelectric 1


Quality of Hydropower

Water is more than just a natural resource – it is the basis and the energy of life Using the potential of water in a sustainable way is a key challange in the future

Water is not always at the right time at the right place available Electricity generation is not always at the right place at the right time

2


Quality of Hydropower

3


Quality of Hydropower

European Transmission System (UCTE)

4


Quality of Hydropower

5


Quality of Hydropower

Example of the failure of a 1.330 MW power plant; Impact on the frequency

6


Quality of Hydropower

7


Quality of Hydropower

Primary frequency control Secondary frequency control

Tertiary frequency control

t t0

t0+30s

Load & Frequency Control

t0+15min

Balance Energy 8


Quality of Hydropower Hydropower in Europe Generationmix in the European Union (EU-27) 2006 EU-27 Electricity Production 2006 (3 183 TWh)

EU-27 Generation Capacity 2006 (774 GW)

Total net Electricity Production (EU 27) Hydropower Generation 2006

3.183 TWh 337 TWh

Max Net. Generating Capacity (EU 27) Bottleneck Capacity Hydropower

774.185 MW 140.321 MW 9


Quality of Hydropower

In addition to all other renewable options, hydropower has a very special quality

Hydropower is more than Electricity generation!

10


Quality of Hydropower Different types of HPP and functions

Run-of-river Hydro Power plants (HPP with no significant regulation reservoir) - Base Load Generation – with special equippement – Primary Voltage Control

Pondage Hydro Power Plants (run-of-river power station with small reservoir along the river which permit delaying the production of electricity for a few hours)

- Base and Peak Load Generation - – with special equippement – Primary Voltage Control

11


Quality of Hydropower Quality of Hydropower Different Types of HPP / Run-Of-River HPP (Danube river / Austria)

12


Quality of Hydropower Quality of Hydropower Different Types of HPP / Operation of Run-Of-River HPP (Danube river / Austria)

Runoff – Danube – Greifenstein HPP

Hydrological forecast!

Capacity – all Danube HPP in Austria

13


Quality of Hydropower Quality of Hydropower Different Types of HPP / Pondage HPP (Drau river / Austria)

14


10.05.2005 21:00:00

10.05.2005 18:00:00

Summe Drau

10.05.2005 15:00:00

10.05.2005 12:00:00

10.05.2005 09:00:00

10.05.2005 06:00:00

10.05.2005 03:00:00

DAN

10.05.2005 00:00:00

09.05.2005 21:00:00

09.05.2005 18:00:00

DFM

09.05.2005 15:00:00

09.05.2005 12:00:00

09.05.2005 09:00:00

DFL

09.05.2005 06:00:00

09.05.2005 03:00:00

09.05.2005 00:00:00

DRS

08.05.2005 21:00:00

08.05.2005 18:00:00

08.05.2005 15:00:00

Wirkleistung FM und Summenleistung Drau

08.05.2005 12:00:00

08.05.2005 09:00:00

08.05.2005 06:00:00

08.05.2005 03:00:00

08.05.2005 00:00:00

07.05.2005 21:00:00

07.05.2005 18:00:00

07.05.2005 15:00:00

07.05.2005 12:00:00

07.05.2005 09:00:00

07.05.2005 06:00:00

07.05.2005 03:00:00

07.05.2005 00:00:00

06.05.2005 21:00:00

06.05.2005 18:00:00

06.05.2005 15:00:00

06.05.2005 12:00:00

06.05.2005 09:00:00

MW

Quality of Hydropower

Quality of Hydropower Different Types of HPP / Operation of Pondage HPP (Drau river / Austria)

Summe Drau

100 500

90 450

80 400

70 350

60 300

50 250

40 200

30 150

20 100

10 50

0 0

15


Quality of Hydropower Different types of HPP and functions

Storage Power Plants (HPP with a significant regulation reservoir) Daily storage Weekly storage

Peak Load & power and frequency control

Seasonal storage

Peak Load & power and frequency control & reserve capacity

Annual storage

Peak Load & power and frequency control & reserve capacity

Peak Load & power and frequency control

Storage of more than one year Peak Load & power and frequency control & reserve capacity

Pumpe Storage Power Plants (Storage HPP with reservoir, the reservoir can be filled exclusivly or partially with the use of pumps) Peak Load generation supply of pump storage capacity supply of power and frequency control in turbine and pump mode reserve capacity 16


Quality of Hydropower Quality of Hydropower Different Types of HPP / Storage HPP (Malta HP Development / A)

Max. Capacity

730 MW & 290 MW (turbine) 120 MW & 116 MW (pump) 17


22.11.2006 12:00

22.11.2006 00:00

21.11.2006 12:00

21.11.2006 00:00

20.11.2006 12:00

20.11.2006 00:00

Malta Hauptstufe

19.11.2006 12:00

19.11.2006 00:00

Malta Oberstufe

18.11.2006 12:00

18.11.2006 00:00

17.11.2006 12:00

17.11.2006 00:00

16.11.2006 12:00

16.11.2006 00:00

15.11.2006 12:00

15.11.2006 00:00

14.11.2006 12:00

KW

Quality of Hydropower

Quality of Hydropower Different Types of HPP / Operation of Storage HPP (Malta HP Development / A) Malta Unterstufe

400000

350000

300000

250000

200000

150000

100000

50000

0

Zeit

18


Quality of Hydropower Quality of Hydropower Storage and pump storage HPP / new framework, new challenges

Increasing peakload-demand

Increased demand of banlancing capabilities

Ancillary serveces (grid regulation)

Integration of non-dispatchable wind energy

Increasing reserve capacity

„Black start“ capability

19


Quality of Hydropower Quality of Hydropower Daily Fluctuation of Available Windpower Generation (not demand oriented)

200

Tatsächliche W indkrafteinspeisung (IST)

Prognostizierte W indkrafteinspeisung (SOLL)

150

100

50

0 150

Energiedefizit

100

50

Energieüberschuß

0

-50

-100

04 10

.0 1.

20

04 09

.0 1.

20

04 08

.0 1.

20

04 07

.0 1.

20

04 06

.0 1.

20

04 20 .0 1. 05

.0 1.

20

04

-150 04

Windkraftbedingte Ausgleichsenergie in MW

Leistung aus Windkraftanlagen in MW

250

20


Quality of Hydropower Quality of Hydropower Operation of HPP in a Hydropower dominated System

Hydropower dominated System

21


Quality of Hydropower Quality of Hydropower Hydropower – Policy Framework (area of conflict) European Energy Policy Security of supply Competition Environmental and Sustainable Development Multipurpose Use of HPP

European Environmental Policy Climate Change Water Framework Directive Flood Protection …….

Local & regional Infrastructure Common Understanding

River Engineering

Flood Protection Inland Navigation ………. 22


Quality of Hydropower Quality of Hydropower Hydropower – Flood protection

23


Quality of Hydropower Hydropower – long-term approved technology

5.000 year old technology Hydro-electric Power plants - more than 100 years of experience Efficiency more than 90% Multipurpose facilities Environmental friendly, CO2-avoiding Highest availability compared to other technologies Quick response and reserve capacity

24


Quality of Hydropower Role of hydropower in Europe Conclusions

Hydropower is the most important renewable in Europe Storage and Pumpstorage HPP play an important role in the European Electricity Supply (Security of supply) Hydropower is the perfect partner for the development of all other renewable energy source (especially for wind power) Common understanding between Hydropower and environmental goals is important

25


Quality of Hydropower Hydropower Potential in Europe (incl. also Turkey)

In Operation Developable techn. feasible hydropower potential Developable econ. feasible hydropower potential

GWh/year

800.000 700.000 600.000 500.000 400.000 300.000 200.000 100.000 0

702.516 580.206

349.547

321.443

271.141

230.225 152.588 58.404

Europe 15

84.620

Europe 25

Europe *

Source: „World Atlas & Industry Guide“, 2005

* Europe except Russia and Iceland, including Turkey 26


Quality of Hydropower

27


Quality of Hydropower

Water is more than just a natural resource – it is the basis and the energy of life

Using the potential of water in a sustainable way is a key challange of the 21st century Hydropower is the “mother of renewables”. with its long experience and high availability Hydropower is the perfect partner to all renewables Hydropower is age-old and eternally young – just like nature

28


Quality of Hydropower otto.pirker@verbund.at

Thank you for yor your attention

29

/Day  

http://www.esha.be/fileadmin/esha_files/documents/workshops/hidroenergia_2008/HE08_Presentations/Day_1/4._Otto_Pirker_-_The_Quality_of_Hydro...