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jurisdiction should respond when new invasive species are detected.” The April 2 report notes that it costs less to prevent the introduction of aquatic A spring report from the environmeninvasive species than to delay action and tal watchdog for Parliament warns that manage them once established. Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) and The watchdog report points out that the Canada Border Services Agency have DFO’s Aquatic Invasive Species Regunot taken the steps required to prevent lations were “not adequately enforced”, aquatic invasive species from becoming partly due to shortcomings in equipping established in Canadian waters. The Commissioner of the Environ- and training fishery officers and border ment and Sustainable Development to officers with the means to prevent aquatic the Parliament of Canada report notes invasive species from entering Canada. The report notes that since 2011 DFO that zebra mussels, green crab, and has only developed and implemented tunicates have continued to be threats, a single rapid response plan regarding while government departments have not invasive species. In this case, the plan was determined which species were the most for several species of Asian Carp. Likeimportant to regulate nor which species wise, the department has only responded and pathways pose the greatest threats. to a single infraction since the aquatic “We also found that Fisheries and NORTHERN ONTARIO FIRST invasive species regulations were introOceans Canada did not distinguish its NATIONS FUNDED FOR DRINKING duced in 2015. About 170 species are responsibilities with regard to aquatic WATER SYSTEM UPGRADE listed in those regulations. invasive species from those of the provThe design phase is underway on a new water treatment plant for Batche- inces and territories,” states the report wana First Nation, near Sault Ste. Marie, from the Office of the Auditor General Ontario, now that $320,000 in federal of Canada. “Not knowing who should funding has been secured for the clean do what creates uncertainty about which continued overleaf… water access project. Once completed, the new plant will provide clean water to nearly 200 community members. The decentralized system will clean and filter water directly at the point of entry for each residence. ARCADIS Canada Inc. has been selected as the project's design consultant. The plant, which is estimated to cost $7 million, will be located in Goulais Mission, while decentralized water systems will be located in Obadjiwan. Residents of the Goulais Mission community have struggled for more than a decade with potentially dangerous levels of uranium. The water was, however, deemed safe for cleaning and bathing, although some families still chose to use bottled water. In February 2016, a member of Batchewana First Nations appeared before a United Nations committee in Switzerland looking for aid to resolve the reserve’s drinking water crisis.

eliminated the risk of chemical contamination, but the damage had been done. The court heard technical evidence from two experts, Brian Byerley of Golder Associates Ltd., and Dr. David Reynolds of Geosyntec Consultants, about perchloroethylene (PCE), a chemical solvent commonly used as a degreaser in the dry-cleaning industry. They explained that PCE is denser than water, considered a probable carcinogen, and was declared toxic in 1997 under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act. PCE and TCE (trichloroethylene) levels in groundwater and soil across portions of the properties exceeded government standards. @ESEMAG

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Profile for Environmental Science and Engineering Magazine

Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine | June 2019