Outline • Safety • Operations
– Staffing & Strategic Changes – Performance Reviews – Space
• • • • •
Program Updates Distinguished Scientist Seminar Series ESD’s role in Carbon Cycle 2.0 Awards and Recognition Science Talk: Curt Oldenburg – Title: How fast is the well leaking?
• Science Talk: Terry Hazen
– Title: ”LBNL Response to Oil Spill”
HSS Corrective Action Plan • A major activity deliverable was to prepare and implement a plan to clearly communicate expectations with respect to accountability to the Laboratory community. – Revision, approval, and publication of roles and responsibilities in PUB-3000 – Development, approval, and publication of an accountability statement in the LBNL ISM plan – Addition of specific examples on roles and responsibilities to EHS0010 (Overview of EH&S at LBNL) and EHS0042 (Implementing Safety: Supervisors and Work Leads)
Revised Safety Roles, Responsibilities, and Accountability Don Lucas Deputy Director EHS Division
ESD Town Hall June 29, 2010
Revised Safety Roles, Responsibilities, and Accountability • Need identified internally during HSS review last year • Over 200 people involved: Lab Director, COO and Deputy COO, EHS, HR, Lab Counsel, OCA, Safety Coordinators, Safety Advisory Committee, LSAC, HSS Advisory Committee, other individuals • LBNL ISM Plan (page 38): http://www.lbl.gov/ehs/ ism/assets/docs/LBNL-ISM.pdf • PUB-3000 (1.3.2): http://www.lbl.gov/ehs/pub3000/ CH01/CH01.html#sec132
Roles and Responsibilities Every person working in an LBNL workplace must be familiar with and implement applicable Laboratory safety standards.
Roles and Responsibilities Casual Visitors and their Sponsors: • Sponsors must ensure that casual visitors are provided a safe environment while visiting the Laboratory, and provide clear instructions to casual visitors as to what they may do and where they may go. • Casual visitors must follow instructions given by their sponsor, and obey all safety instructions given to them by any Laboratory worker.
Roles and Responsibilities All employees and participating guests must: • Protect themselves, other workers, the public, and the environment. • Integrate ES&H into all work activities. • Actively communicate ES&H and Integrated Safety Management issues.
Roles and Responsibilities Managers and Supervisors must: • Ensure that staff under their supervision is properly trained. • Provide sufficient resources (staff, time, training, equipment, and funding) for all applicable safety responsibilities. • Verify worker competence and monitor work activities on a regular basis. • Recognize language and cultural barriers.
Roles and Responsibilities Work Leads: â€˘â€Ż Supervisors and managers may delegate select safety responsibilities identified above to one or more Work Leads. A Supervisor or Manager cannot delegate responsibilities to a Work Lead for work activities for which that person has no oversight or knowledge.
Roles and Responsibilities Additional requirements for: • Laboratory Director • Division Directors • ALD/COO • EHS Division Director • Area Safety Leaders • Building Managers • Safety Coordinators • Division Liaisons
Safety and Accountability LBNL safety accountability policy recognizes that the great majority of accidents are the result of organizational deficiencies. As such, management accepts accountability for these deficiencies and works with staff to investigate, understand, and remediate areas of deficiency. The Laboratory recognizes that humans are fallible and people make errors. Rather than placing blame and applying punitive actions, the Laboratory will consider individuals involved as having made an â€œhonest mistakeâ€? and will work with them to understand the context of the incident and prevent similar errors.
Safety and Accountability However, a completely no-blame culture is neither reasonable nor desirable, as a small fraction of accidents do result from what are considered unacceptable behaviors. Applying a general pardon for unsafe acts would create a lack of credibility and accountability among staff members. The types of behaviors that are considered unacceptable include willful safety violations and/or reckless behavior related to safety.
Division Operations Updates
Division Operations Updates • Staffing and Strategic Changes – New Leadership – New Hires and Recruitment
• Performance Reviews – PRD Calendar – PRD Process
• Space – Planning activities – Profile and current use
Staffing and Strategic Changes
New Leadership Roles â€˘â€Ż As of June 1, Don DePaolo is the Acting Associate Lab Director for Energy and Environmental Sciences. As Acting Associate Laboratory Director, Don is accountable for serving as an exemplar of the Laboratory's culture of excellence in safety and in science. He will retain all Divisional leadership responsibilities for the Earth Sciences Division while assuming this additional senior leadership appointment.
Newest Org Chart; June 24th
New Leadership Roles •
Susan Hubbard has accepted the role as ESD’s Deputy Director for Programs. Susan will be a key resource in fostering promising research and programmatic directions, and in partnership with the Division Council, will be responsible for strategic leadership of the Division.
Ernie Majer will continue to serve the Division as Special Advisor to the Director and will be a key resource in advising on Division operations (which includes, financial strategies, workforce planning, EH&S, facilities management, etc.).
ESD Staff Profile By FY11, total need: 220 spaces
New Hires • Please Introduce Yourselves! • On-boarded as of January 2010 approximately 48 people – Guest status = 21
Geological Postdoc Fellow
Geological Project Scientist
Geological Staff Scientist
Graduate Student Research Asst
Guest Sr Scientist
Guest Student Assistant
Visiting Faculty Non-UC
Still Recruiting …….. To address initiatives and meeting project deliverables in Climate, EFRC, Geothermal-ARRA, Environmental, our Departments are hiring modelers, lab and field researchers, post-docs and other staff
• Climate Sciences
New Hires Pending - 2 scientists - 1 eng. assoc. - 3 post docs Pipeline - 1 scientist - 1 sr./staff scientist
New Hires Pending - 2 scientists - 1 Sr. scientist - 1 post doc Pipeline - 1 joint faculty/scientist
• Geochemistry New Hires Pending - 2 scientists - 1 sr. scientist - 8 post docs Pipeline - 1 post doc
• Hydrogeology New Hires Pending - 2 post docs Pipeline - 1 post doc
• Ecology Hires tbd
Performance Review & Development Annual PRD Process Begins
FY11 PERFORMANCE REVIEW • Important dates Employees: July 1st - ASPRs and Self Assessments are due to your supervisors Supervisors: July 19th – Submit draft PRDs to Department Heads Department Heads: July 20th-30th – Review and normalize PRDs
• Where to find documents & information http://esd.lbl.gov/resources/workplace/HR/Performance_Review/ - Process information - Forms - Calendar - Training resources
FY11 PERFORMANCE REVIEW • Questions or Need Assistance? Krys Avina at firstname.lastname@example.org, x5380, or Laura Kirkendorfer (HR) at email@example.com, x7649 Workshop on writing an effective PRD will be held on August 18th and 20th
Performance Review Calendar
Performance Review Calendar
Space Update Where we are Where are we going (Please note all dates and steps are DRAFT)
+$5-8M to other Divisions (MSD, CRD, ENG, EETD)
EERE FE FE
NRAP Modeling Initiative 30
Current space on-site ~50,000SF
Desired End-State is to Occupy: B74, B84, B83, B85B, B86
Fall 2010 Step 1: LSD moves out of space in 64, 70A, 84
Step 1: ESD moves into space in 64 & 84
Step 2: LSD moves out of more space in 84 CFO moves out of 90 trailers ESD moves out of 2nd floor 90
Step 2: ESD moves into space in 84 and 90 trailers
Fall/Winter 2011 Step 3: ESD moves out of 90 trailers, 70, 70A, and 90 Building 74 renovation finished
Step 3: ESD moves into space in 74 trailers â€Ś then into Building 74
Sometime in 2014 Step 4: GPL construction finished LSD moves out of 83, rest of 84 ESD moves out of 70A
Step 4: ESD moves from 70A into 84 and 83
The Latest •
B85B – Primarily office spaces – Date for availability TBD
B83 – Lab and office space – Pending GPL completion – Planned occupants: • Geochemistry-CIG
B86 – Primarily lab and some offices – Pending 2nd campus coming on-line – Planned occupants: • GMF
The Latest • Since April
– Progress has been made negotiating offsite leases (LSD, OPS) – EETD, LSD, ESD has been meeting to understand scope of projects, coordinate schedules and sequence of moves – ESD has been meeting with Directorate regarding current, future, and address lab-wide space needs – ESD has met with Facilities to discuss • Plans for B74, B84, and reaching the end-state scenario • Outline interim plans for spaces we need to continue occupying • Acquire “bridge” space to support our growth now
The Latest • B90 – Directorate wants to refresh one of the floors in B90 with newer furniture options (includes cube layouts) – *November 2010 – EETD • We’ll know in 2 months if original scope expands (refresh of B90 will include another floor) – *Date TBD • We know the current scope, test bed project will break ground in *August 2011
• Impact to ESD – Move occupants from 90 to TBD, could be as early as *November 2010
*All dates are draft
The Latest • B14 (Old Town) – Very highly likely that LBNL will receive the funding to demolish old town (Funding Anticipated October 2010)
The Latest • B64 – The Geosciences Measurement Facility (GMF) will stay in B64 until the 2nd campus comes on-line – B64 is still slated for demotion as part of the NGLS project initiative and Seismic Phase 3 – Looking at B64 to support bridge space needs for current growth
Space to be vacated in 64
PBD PBD LSD/MSD
Celniker â€“ 1
The Latest • B70A – ESD is working with Facilities and the Directorate to reoccupy space that will be vacated for Departments that need additional office and lab space – These Departments will not be moved until the 2nd campus comes on line or earlier • Geochemistry – CIG • Climate Sciences – Bishop
– Cost was prohibitive to move these labs as part of the Seismic Phase 2 B74 project and will be captured as part of the annual UNICALL process for Buildings 83 and 84
GTL Dry ice/
Mechanical/ GN electrical
AFTER LSD MOVES – DRAFT!!!
KohwiShigemat su – 2
Karpen – 1
Costes – 1
Division admin – 2 Conboy/ Chasis – TBD
Cylinders/ Dry ice/ Etc.
AFTER LSD CONSOLIDATION â€“ DRAFT!!!
1st floor Facilities lunch
Genomic s West conf
Free for ESD
The Latest • B74 (Part of Seismic Phase 2 project) – Directorate confirmed with DOE that ESD will occupy B74 (June 2010) – ESD has been meeting with Facilities and Architects/ Engineers to • Evaluate the use of office lab space for the research groups that will occupy the building
– ESD will relocate by December 2011 (or sooner) – Planned ESD occupants are: • Climate Sciences, Hydrogeology, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Division Office
Building 74 â€“ 1st Floor Plan Restrooms
Hydro-Geology Geothermal Lab
Hydro-Geology Microscope Hydro-Geology CT Control
Cobalt Source Room (NIC)
Hydro-Geology CT Imaging
Hydro-Geology Rock Lab
Building 74 â€“ 2nd Floor Plan Sample Storage Geochemistry Nano-Geo Lab
Restrooms Geochemistry Lab
Geochemistry Sample Prep
ICP Mass Spec Geochemistry UHV Nano-Geo Unassigned Geochemistry Rocker Lab
Geochemistry & Geophysics Imaging AFM/SEM
Building 74 â€“ 3rd Floor Plan Open Office Hydro-Geology RAD Lab
Break Room Climate Sciences Lab Climate Sciences Sample Prep Climate Sciences Fractionations
Conference Room Restrooms
Hydro-Geology FLOW & CO2 Lab
CS Growth Chamber
Situations to be aware of • Between now and end of 2011 – Current space is very, very tight • Planning a lot of interim solutions
– The Division will be further divided • Need to plan new work flows, leverage technology to support continued collaboration
– The new locations will not have a 1 for 1 match of the # and size of enclosed offices – There will be a more open office and lab space plan in most cases
Office/Lab Situation • Redesign opportunities of office space
– Create a more welcoming environment to the Division – Support greater collaborations amongst research teams
• Centers of excellence, Research Centers, etc. • Leverage new technologies, informal collaboration space, break rooms, quiet rooms
– Offer some efficiencies in use of space
• Open space planning
– Need to outfit ~220 desks by the end of 2011 with minimum impact to cost and systems (driven by A/E) – Will address to the best extent possible issues as they pertain to • • • •
Privacy Noise Security General etiquette
Some Space Etiquette Reminders • Office – New R4 recycling programs throughout the Lab, • Please be kind to your neighbors and visitors and empty your waste bins in a timely manner
– Share desk space areas • Please be kind to your office mates and keep your desk area clear. – Food crumbs, dirty dishes attract unwanted guests, can be un-hygienic. – Clutter can make it difficult to locate shared materials
– In general, be kind to one another and pick up after yourself! – Politely talk to your neighbors about these issues if they arise
• Lab – In multi-purpose technical work spaces • Clean up after each day or your session within the lab • Do not leave a work area cluttered, everything should have a place so that the next user knows where to find it • If you take something, let the owner, lab-space PI know and tell them when you will return it
Program Updates (Not presented due to time limitations)
Geologic Carbon Sequestration Program Update
June 28, 2010!
Agenda • Budget! • China Clean Energy Research Center (CERC)! • National Risk Assessment Partnership (NRAP) ! • Economides and Ehlig-Economides paper! • WESTCARB! • BP blowout ! • Leakage rate estimate! • Discussion wrt GCS!
GCS Program Budget FY10
Total FY2010 Est. = $8,936K*
CERC • FOA for U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center! • $75M for 5 years, one each in the U.S. and China! • $5M/yr for 5 years in 3 different areas! — Clean vehicles! — Building energy! — Clean coal with CCS! • Requires 50% cost share, i.e., DOE provides $2.5M/yr for each! • Coordination center to be in D.C.! • EETD led the proposal in building energy! • ESD teamed with PNNL in CCS! • Challenge for cost share given all the recent FOAʼs/proposals!
NRAP • National Risk Assessment Partnership! • Growing program (up to $4M/yr per lab?)! • Collaboration of five National Labs! • Five working groups! — well-bore integrity, groundwater, monitoring, geomechanics and leakage pathways, systems modeling! • Focus is on defining risk profiles for sites!
Economides and Ehlig-Economides • Published two papers1 making the point that! • GCS is fundamentally flawed—will never work! • Reservoirs are closed—pressure becomes too high!
• LBNL GCS group met in October 2009! • Group comments were written up and circulated widely.! • The short write up is now an LBNL report and will be !posted on the GCS webpage.!
Ehlig-Economides, C. and M. J. Economides. "Sequestering Carbon Dioxide in a Closed Underground Volume." J. Petrol. Sci.En g. 70(1-2):123-130. Virtually the same paper was published earlier in 2009 as M.J. Economides and C.A. Ehlig-Economides. 2009. “Sequestering Carbon Dioxide in a Closed Underground Volume.” Society of Petroleum Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, 4-7 October 2009, New Orleans, Louisiana. DOI: 10.2118/124430-MS.
LBNL Group Comment Summary on Economides and Ehlig-Economides (SPE124430, 2009) • Assumption of closed system is unrealistic — Even very low permeability “seals” serve to reduce pressurization from injection on a regional scale (e.g., Birkholzer and Zhou, 2009)
• The work is not new — LBNL’s Zhou et al. (2008) examined closed systems as an end member and concluded that less than one-half of a percent of pore space would be available for storage — Zhou et al. (2008) went on to consider realistic systems that are more open
• Assumption of the need for a closed system is wrong — The residual-gas trapping mechanism does not require closed system — Structural trap (e.g., anticline) may be connected to an open aquifer system
• If you have a closed system, could it be used for CO2 storage?
— If a closed compartmentalized system were encountered, brine can be produced for pressure management as CO2 is injected
• Many previous studies have been published on pressure rise from CO2 injection—none concluded that CO2 storage was not feasible Contact: Curt Oldenburg (Geologic Carbon Sequestration Program Lead)! !firstname.lastname@example.org!
WESTCARB • Solano County site was chosen by WESTCARB for its and Phase III injections in collaboration with Shell.
• FOA 15 for large-scale demonstration in Solano County led by Shell was not awarded. • Fate of Phases II and III at this site is now in question. • In the meantime, WESTCARB’s Arizona Phase II pilot is still going forward.
BP Macondo Well Blowout • Update on LBNL’s work on estimating oil leakage rate.
• What is the significance of the BP Macondo Well Blowout for GCS?
• What can we learn from it? • What are some of the similarities and differences between Macondo and GCS injection wells?
• How do you answer the question, “What are the risks of a GCS well
Distinguished Scientist Seminar Series
The ESD Distinguished Scientist Seminar Series (DSSS) for the spring concluded with a talk by Josh Schimel from U.C. Santa Barbara, â€œDry Times: The Biogeochemistry Of Droughtâ€?. The DSSS will continue this fall. Please look out for the schedule for the fall series to be posted in the near future. Talk to committee members if you have suggested speaker(s) (esp. Bill Riley) Thanks to Yingying for coordination of the series.
Awards and Recognition
AWARDS & RECOGNITION • Jonny Rutqvist, Barry Freifeld, and Yvonne Tsang of the LBNL Earth Sciences Division have been awarded the 2010 American Rock Mechanics Association (ARMA) Case History Award.
• Tim Kneafsey and Karsten Pruess, in recognition of basic research conducted at LBNL in the research paper “Carbon dioxideinduced, density-driven brine convection: model results and experiments,” were awarded an Outstanding Contribution in Geosciences Research at the Geosciences Research Symposium on Geophysics and Subsurface Fluid Flow held at Gaithersburg, Maryland, 11-12 March 2010).
AWARDS & RECOGNITION (continued)
• George Moridis has been elected as a Distinguished Member of the Society of Petroleum Engineers
• SPOT AWARDS: Li Yang – for dedication to the Sustainable Systems SFA Unraveling Challenge column experimental effort
AWARDS & RECOGNITION (continued)
• SERVICE PINS – These are pins from 2009 and 2010. – If you feel that you are eligible for a service pin and have not been recognized, please contact your supervisor and/or Laura Kirkendorfer.
Employee Recognition Congratulations
30 years of service • Christine Doughty • Tom Owens 20 years of service • Gary Andersen • Walter Denn 15 years of service • Boris Faybishenko • Sherry Seybold • Diana Swantek • Jiamin Wan
Employee Recognition Congratulations
10 years of service • • • • • • • • •
Harry Beller Jens Birkholzer John Christensen Paul Cook Patrick Dobson Jim Houseworth Dominique Joyner Carl Steefel Margaret Torn
Preliminary Estimate of the BP Macondo Well Oil-Spill Leakage Rate Based on Simulation of the Reservoir and Well System (Slides not posted)
LBNL Response to BP/Gulf Oil Spill
The Blowout! •
On April 20, the Deepwater Horizon (DH) exploded for unknown reasons (rising, rapidly expanding methane?)! The floating rig burned for 2 days and then sank, shearing the 21-inch riser pipe some 600 ft above the BOP! There are 3 breaks in the riser pipe! Originally placed at 5,000 barrels, recent estimates place the oil intrusion to the Gulf of Mexico (GoM) at 60,000 barrels (2.5-3.0 million gal) per day, 54.1 million cubic feet of natural gas are flared daily! At this rate, the “spill” has surpassed the Exxon Valdez spill of 11 million gallons in 1989 and could overtake the IXTOC-I blowout of 140 million gallons into the GoM in 1979 !
Progression of the Spill! •
• • • • •
Changing winds (southerly to northerly), prevailing currents and eddies in the GoM have affected movement and landfall of the oil! Application of dispersant (Corexit 9500) has affected landfall, degradation and ability to detect extent of the spill! Oil and tar balls first appeared on the Chandeluer Islands – off LA! Tar balls next appeared on Dauphin Island, AL – then on MS shores on May 17! On May 18, USCG found several tar balls off Key West, FL – NOT from DH and oil is not yet in the loop current! Oil came ashore in LA May 19 >65 mi! Massive lenses of oil now exist approximately 700 – 1,300 m below the water surface !
Scientific Response! • CDOM measurements revealed a large plume or lens of oil! • Deepest and largest lens was at 1,100 m and measured approx. 15 km long! • Dispersed oil were observed in the deep plume! • Oil aggregates and mousse floated!
Mississippi Canyon 252 oil leak 4/22/10
MC 252 oil leak May 19
• Dispersants sprayed continuously at well head beginning 5/10, first time ever at this depth (EPA approved) • Dispersants have also been sprayed by military aircraft
Amoco Cadiz Spill 1978
Ixtoc I Spill 1979
20 yrs later Exxon Valdez spill
2 years ago in San Francisco Bay
Center for Environmental Biotechnology
Center for Environmental Biotechnology
Center for Environmental Biotechnology
Center for Environmental Biotechnology
m(t) = M/R3(R2-2aâˆ†ct/Îł)3/2 NAPL (fraction A) content Readily available fraction content Sorbed fraction content Soil porosity:
~ 40% of total TPH inventory in soil ~ 45% of total TPH inventory in soil ~ 15% of total TPH inventory in soil ~ 0.3
Characteristics of NAPL fraction (Fraction A): Average radius of aggregates (droplets) R= 1.0 cm Solubility in water c= 10 mg/l before the surfactant was added c= 100 mg/l after the surfactant was added Characteristics of readily available fraction (Fraction B): Average radius of soil aggregates: r0 = 1.0 cm Desorption coefficient Kd = 100 Pore diffusivity of contaminant Deff = 5x10-11 cm2/s Liquid mass transfer coefficient kl = 1x10-5 cm/s Characteristics of sorbed fraction (Fraction C): Average radius of soil aggregates: r0 = 30m Desorption coefficient Kd = 1x105 Pore diffusivity of contaminant Deff = 5x10-13 cm2/s Liquid mass transfer coefficient kl = 1x10-5 cm/s
LBNL MC252 Oil Leak Team!
Missions! • First primary Mission: EPA directive requires BP to monitor deep water quality and chemistry including quantity, extent and fate of sub-surface oil and toxicity of dispersants.! • LBNL basic research on microbial community structure and function in relationship to the oil spill.! • New mission to start late this week surface on the R/V Ferrel: conduct two transects of the surface oil, sampling every 10 miles (350 sites).! • After surface sampling mission, go back to deep water sampling at repeat locations and deep sediment.! • Proposed: Marsh sampling.!
303 samples, 96 sites!
Elmer Island Sampling 6/3/10!
Sample Â processing Â
Berkeley Lab PhyloChip detects 50,000 different bacteria and archaea in one test
Location and intensity of fluorescence determines occurrence and relative abundance of 16S rRNA genes.
Yes there are bacteria in the deep plume!