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Welcome to the

ERTICO eMagazine In this Issue: The ERTICO Partnership in action at the 20th ITS World Congress, Tokyo

ERTICO forum explores the future of the Emergency Call

Interview with: Stig FranzĂŠn, Professor in Human Machine Interaction (HMI), Chalmers University of Technology

November 2013


Editorial

contents 2

Editorial

3

The ERTICO Partnership in Action at the 20th ITS World Congress in Tokyo

Dear Readers, The ERTICO Partnership in Action

of the automated emergency call

7

ERTICO forum explores the future of Emergency Call

is really the red thread that runs

(eCall). The aim of the debate was to

9

through this November edition of the

look beyond eCall and explore ways

ERTICO Partnership events

eMagazine.

in which eCall may be integrated into

10

Interview with: Stig Franzén, Professor in Human Machine Interaction (HMI), Chalmers University of Technology

The ERTICO Partnership took a very active role at the ITS World Congress in Tokyo in October. ERTICO’s Maria De Rycke reports on the outcome of some of the ERTICO Partnership projects

The views and opinions expressed in this magazine are solely those of the authors and other contributors. These views and opinions do not necessarily

represent

ERTICO or its Partners.

those

of

that

held

meetings,

a wider telematics platform. One of the key questions was how other services could take advantage of this in-vehicle technology. ERTICO’s Ian Bearder reports on the outcome of the presentations and lively debates.

workshops and events within the

ERTICO’s Carla Coppola dedicates

context of the World Congress. Also

her monthly interview to Chalmers

with the launch of the contest “ITS in

University, a new ERTICO Partner

your best” app in Tokyo, the ERTICO

and one

Partnership already set the scene for

organisations in terms of technological

the next European ITS Congress in

research and development. Prof.

Helsinki, Finland, in June 2014.

Stig Franzèn, expert in HMI (Human

On 7 November 2013, more than 70 representatives from various sectors attended the ERTICO Partnership debate in Brussels on the future

Machine

of the most advanced

Interaction),

explains

what he expects from the ERTICO Partnership regarding ITS research, development

and

deployment.

Chalmer’s “Vision Zero” and its efforts to promote education and training in the ITS field are just some of the elements that this new Partner brings to the ERTICO Partnership. Enjoy!

The Editorial Team


3

The ERTICO Partnership in action at the 20th ITS World Congress in Tokyo, Japan

by Maria De Rycke

With close to 4,000 registered participants, 494 representatives from the press and more than 15,000 exhibition visitors from 65 countries, the Tokyo World Congress was generally acclaimed to be a big success. With a European presence that was the second largest after Japan, the ERTICO Partnership took an active role at the World Congress. The ERTICO Congress team took care of the European part of the programme and European key experts moderated at 4 executive sessions, 10 professionals from ERTICO moderated 17 technical sessions and, in some cases organised, moderated and / or spoke at 11 special interest sessions and ERTICO organised 2 ancillary events. 28 Partners joined the European Pavilion showing the latest developments of ITS in Europe.

Compass4D The

deployment

of

Cooperative

Intelligent Transport Systems (C-ITS) has been one of the topics widely discussed at the Congress. Hence

The

congress

participation

promoted in

greater

international

the presentation of the Compass4D

Concrete results from deployment

project along other well known

initiatives around the world were

deployment projects in the world,

shown and shared.

in particular ITS Spot (Japan) and Safety

Pilot

(USA).

Two

Special

dialogue to share transport policies,

Interest Sessions focussed on C-ITS

experiences and expertise among

deployment and involved Compass4D

academia, experts and policymakers

directly:

from various part of the world. This mutual cooperation to solve the transport problems in various countries and areas is also the red

SIS.11,

Peter

Sweatman

(University

of

Michigan, USA) presented Safety Pilot, Koichi Sakai (Japanese MLIT) illustrated the ITS Spot services. Compass4D was presented from the

“Driven

by

Cities:

point of view of public authorities

deployment of cooperative mobility

(Louahdi

services in urban environment�.

Ministry for Transport), the service

thread that runs through the sessions

The

session

focussed

organised by the ERTICO Partnership

deployment of C-ITS in cities and

at the Tokyo Congress. This article

urban areas, showing how public

takes a closer look at some of them.

authorities

drive

major

on

the

changes

as leaders of ITS implementation.

Khoudour,

French

providers (Siebe Turksma, Imtech Traffic&Infra), and the automotive industry (Hossein Zakizadeh, Volvo Group). The perspective of Mobile Network Operators and their key role


in C-ITS were finally presented by

producers who are interested in the

Samuel Loyson (Orange).

potential impact of the systems they

SIS.22,

“Cooperative

Mobility

Workshop”. This

produce. Also the research community was represented to discuss follow-up research activities that could support

session,

organised

as

an

interactive workshop focused on the C-ITS deployment process showing good examples from which other regions can learn and get inspiration. Compass4D was therefore illustrated as a lighthouse project in Europe, leading the deployment of C-ITS services in 7 European cities. Concrete

the further development of the joint

organise, coordinate and manage

assessment methodology.

the worldwide activities of all the

The lively discussions focused on the

automotive radar stakeholders.

identification of the potential next

Due to the bad weather conditions

steps that could be taken to:

in Tokyo, a planned special interest

--Complete

the

methodology

for further usage (eg. include electric vehicles)

sessions (SIS16 – Automotive Rader on the Move Towards International Frequency) dedicated to the 79 GHz project was cancelled. However, the

--To validate the methodology (ie.

workshop organisers decided to add

stakeholders value chain were openly

is it complete and can it be used?)

two speakers of the cancelled SIS16

presented and discussed among the

--To set up of an international data

session (from the companies Honda

benefits, scaling up strategies and

repository and

participants. In

Tokyo,

Compass4D

was

also

presented at the “AASHTO Annual meeting”

and

openly

illustrated

and Renault) to the agenda workshop.

--To further work on application of the methodology through some form of standardisation

Mr

Wolfgang

Hoefs

representing

the European Commission, opened the workshop and underlined

the

at the “9th Workshop on Vehicle

In a second, follow-up meeting in

importance of the harmonisation of

Communications

Tokyo, the alignment between the

the radio spectrum. He emphasised

new

the American

the role of 79 GHz radar in the field

AERIS programme and the European

of ITS applications to detect better

Amitran & ICT-Emissions activities

the vehicle’s environment facilitating

has been discussed. The objective

more automated functions in the

was to identify next steps for

future.

for

Safety

and

Sustainability”. For more information www.compass4d.eu

further collaboration. The discussion

ECOSTAND Final event The final ECOSTAND event project explained

the

main

ECOSTAND

achievements and clarified the results from the international cooperation between

Japan,

US and the EU. The main purpose of the event was the dissemination of

the

joint

technical

report

with

special

a

focus on the expected stakeholders groups and its respective use. Approximately represented

20 various

METI-project,

participants stakeholders

such as policy makers who want to reduce CO2 by means of ITS or system

mainly focused on the application of the methodology to a number of case studies and the exchange of the results. Last but not least the EU-US Working Group discussed a more detailed planning between the 2 continents on Sustainability Applications to realise a real-life

Project

sustainability application during the

overview of the latest achievements

ITS World Congress in Bordeaux in

and of the work that has been carried

2015.

out over the past years at a global

For more information www.ecostand-project.eu 79GHz The 79 GHz consortium organised a workshop in Tokyo. The support action 79 GHz aims at establishing an international platform to define,

members

level

and

in

The

project

presented

specific aims

to

an

countries. achieve

worldwide the same regulation as already adopted by the European Commission in Decision 2004/545/ EC - meaning the same emission power specification and frequency parameters. The automotive OEMs


5

(original equipment manufacturer)

FOT activities as well as supporting

cooperation and cooperative system

gave their vision on the use of 79 GHz

the

and

data as a candidate for the “killer

sensors: the lack of harmonisation

implementation of FOTs at European

application” in CS. The session also

impedes

and international level.

covered the tools for dealing with

reduction

of

production

costs while the harmonisation of the regulation reduces the verification and validation time as well as the development time. They emphasised the need of high resolution and

(European

New

Car

different

regions

discussed four topics: Data and Impact analysis, Strategies for deployment and satisfying stakeholders’ needs,

the huge amount of this data and the questions who will benefit from sharing this data and who will own this data.

Naturalistic Driving Studies, and the

the strong focus on deployment. Some

Sharing of cooperative systems data.

systems and services are already

Representatives from Europe, North-

deployed, for others the road is still

EuroNCAP’s

America, and Asia-Pacific reported on

long and paved with many technical,

Assessment

the developments in their region.

organisational and business obstacles.

solution. onwards

from

One of the conclusions of the day was

by the proposed 79 GHz wide band

2014

Experts

development

Sharing of driver data from FOTs and

accuracy which can be delivered

From

coherent

Program) 5 star level will require the deployment of ADAS systems in the vehicles. This is mainly the result of the new requirements relating to the recognition of vulnerable road users. 79 GHz seems to be the best solution considering its costs and the provided

Data

analysis

focused

on

the

methodological and practical issues surrounding the data and impact analysis of systems in FOTs. This session addressed methods and tools for analysis as well as how to set up

But the need to improve safety and services also creates opportunities. The

international

workshop

contributed to countries and regions learning from each other and the formation of new partnerships.

the data and impact analysis before

More

the real-world test takes place, so

and report : http://www.fot-net.

that the right data are measured. The

eu/en/networking/international_

the

section Strategies for deployment

workshops/fot-net_6th_

speakers and the audience agreed

and satisfying stakeholders’ needs

international_workshop.htm

that new internationally harmonized

concluded that it is important that

radar technology will be important to

road operators start to make their

make global deployment of intelligent

information. If you want to go to

transport happen and ADAS is an

deployment the message is: keep

important element of the future of

it simple, start pragmatic, just a

safe and sustainable transport.

few services at a time. The session

FOT-Net organised a special session

Sharing of driver data from FOTs and

on Analysing the outcomes of Field

Naturalistic Driving Studies focused

Operational Tests (FOT). Adrian Zlocki

on

(IKA)

technology will enable mass market penetration in the near future. To

conclude

the

workshop,

For more information www.79ghz.eu

facilitating

global

common

Special

information,

session

presentations

Analysing

the

outcomes of Field Operational Tests (FOT)

presented

experience

and

research taking into account both the

lessons learned on data analysis for

views of the data providers and the

large scale FOTs. Recommendations

data researchers. It also addressed

were given on practical issues such

questions on sharing driver data on

as the need for synchronisation of

a global level, requirements on the

data, but also on the need for more

organisations for storing/analysing

automated and advanced tools and

The theme of the FOT-Net Workshop

data and stakeholders’ contributions.

techniques, such as for analysing

was ‘Impact and deployment of

Participants

how

video-data. The presentation from

Field Operational Test (FOT) results

and by whom driver data will be

Martijn de Kievit and Eline Jonkers

and data’. General objectives of

collected in the future and how

(TNO) focused on best practices in

this workshop included reinforcing

that will affect the data sharing.

determining large scale impacts in

the global FOT network in order

Sharing of cooperative systems data

a FOT. Techniques and methods for

to exchange knowledge and best

focused on data used in cooperative

impact assessment and scaling up

practices, fostering cooperation for

systems (CS), discussing international

were explained. Impact Assessment

FOT-Net 6th International Workshop

also

discussed


delivers the main results of a FOT but is not an easy step, and time pressure is high at the end of a project. Issues addressed included the measurement of explanatory variables and how realistic the scaling up of results is. Helena Gellerman (SAFER) presented a

framework

to

enhance

global

cooperative research on FOT/NDS data. According to Helena Gellerman, the main challenges are the different consortium agreements and consent forms, intellectual property rights and legal settings, the need for good data documentation, and the effort and finances needed to create and maintain a data-sharing platform which is attractive for data providers. Finally

Dave

Leblanc

(UMTRI)

provided a US perspective, describing his experiences from UMTRI and the Safety Pilot. He provided examples

Launch of the App - 10th ITS European Congress in Helsinki, Finland, 16-19 June 2014 During the Tokyo Congress on 15 October at the European Pavillion reception, Minna Kivimäki, Director General of the Transport Ministry of Finland, officially launched “ITS in your pocket” , a contest for the best app for smart phones. The app contest 2014 is open to European companies, team and individual developers who want to learn about intelligent transport systems and develop their ideas and proposals with the guidance of the best experts in the field. The winners of the competition will be awarded at the ITS European Congress in Helsinki next June and granted prizes for their best three mobile applications in the following categories :

of re-use of data for answering other

• multimodality (boost the use of multimodal transport)

research questions than the ones

• sustainability (sustainable urban mobility)

for which the data were originally collected. Some recommendations for overcoming data sharing challenges included

avoiding

participants’

agreements being too restrictive, support from the data host and cleansing data containing propriety information. www.fot-net.eu

• “out of the box” (innovations for better mobility) On the same occasion, the Call for Papers for the Helsinki Congress was officially opened. In additional to Technical and Scientific Papers, the 2014 Call is open for the first time to “Commercial papers” presenting products or ideas close to market use. During the reception, attendees were invited to taste Bordeaux wine in the presence of the Deputy Mayor of Bordeaux, Mrs Nathalie Delattre. This wine tasting was a symbolic introduction to the venue of the 2015 ITS World Congress in Europe. More info on

www.itsineurope.com


7

ERTICO Forum explores the future of the Emergency call by Ian Bearder

On Thursday 7 November, the ERTICO partnership hosted a captivating debate in Brussels on the future of automotive Emergency Call (known as eCall in Europe), a system that automatically alerts emergency services if a vehicle is involved in an accident. European eCall has the backing of the European Commission and will be a legal requirement for all new types of cars and light trucks sold in the European Union from October 2015.

The aim of this forum however, was

Opening the forum, ERTICO’s CEO

to look beyond this, and to explore

Hermann

Meyer

ways in which Emergency Call may

program

of

be integrated into a wider telematics

debates, and as you might expect

platform. How could other services

from such an experienced audience,

take advantage of this in-vehicle

many

technology? The title of the debate

with their own thoughts, ideas and

was therefore chosen to represent

questions.

the broadest global view point on the various types of emergency call operated worldwide, not merely the newly emerging systems in Russia and Europe.

set-off

a

presentations

participants

lively and

contributed

The event was also broadcast live online, allowing those who couldn’t travel to join the debate, and many more contributed online and on Twitter adding a valuable interactive

Hosted and moderated by the Senior

element to an already engaging

Project Manager Andy Rooke (ERTICO -

forum.

ITS Europe) who manages two HeERO eCall projects - the topic attracted a great deal of interest from across

A summary of each presentation is provided on the next page.

the ITS industry, and more than 70

ERTICO would like to thank everyone

representatives from various sectors

who attended, and as the technology

arrived in Brussels for the event.

and potential for eCall develops, we look forward to hosting future debates and workshops on this topic.


Delivering the eCall service Marcel Visser Gemalto There is a defined role for equipment certification and standards. Privacy is an issue that should be taken into account when designing the service, and users should be fully informed and the management of personal data should be transparent. The focus now should be on how to integrate existing services. GNSS enabled emergency call and other services – Fiammetta Diani, GSA

manual eCall. Public expectations for Emergency Call need to be managed through extensive public education. Advancing eCall to Development - Global Perspective - Miki Yoshikuni, Fujitsu Ten (Europe) eCall Testing is required as the service “Emergency call” is being deployed world-wide. In Vehicle Systems are expensive, therefore manufacturers are seeing ways to reduce the costs or develop services to offset cost.

Testing facilities for Galileo are open, eCall modules manufacturers welcome from January 2014 onwards.

More legislative changes toward the mandated use of GNSS services will occur (Digital Tacograph). Exploiting Emergency call from a public authority perspective Jan van Hattem, Dutch Ministry of Transport and Bernard FluryHerard, French Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy

The EC needs to define exactly what an open platform is. 112 is LTE ready. eCall LTE work is progressing. 5G is coming! Existing technology 3G 4G has demonstrated to be capable of C2I and C2C communication Opportunities related to insurance based ITS services A: Josep Laborda, RACC eCall will be key for deploying the connected car.

SMART Phones will gain in prominence (1 billion GNSS devices by 2020).

There will be 18 satellites by 2014 and 26 when the system is complete.

C-ITS and emergency call from a future connectivity perspective – Anders Fagerholt

The Japanese have adopted a concept of “KIZUNA” which refers to a strong bond/relationship between public services and each car, with the understanding that time saved = lives saved. How does the users see the connected vehicle – Bernfried Coldewey, ADAC eCall is just one of many services running on an In-Vehicle System. We need standardisation of vehicle communication interfaces.

Citizens are leading the demand for a change in media usage, especially for 112.

The consumer should have free choice between services and this is something ERTICO could promote.

France has recommended that Public Authorities do not accept

There is a desire for data autonomy: consumers want to control what happens to their vehicle usage data.

Insurance based telematics is an interesting opportunity. In relation to the “Open Platform”, certification of a Service Provider is required to ensure the vehicle is functioning. Pay As You Drive (PAYD) and Pay How You Drive (PHYD) turns bad drivers into good safe drivers! B: Thomas Hallauer, PTOLEMUS User Based Insurance (UBI) is a way to bring insurance premiums down. Insurance is a highly competitive and secretive market Insurance premiums are decreasing Insurance claim costs are increasing Claim fraud is increasing?.. The above facts are a driver for change. eCall offers tangible value for insurers. False Positives are an issue faced both by Public Authorities (PSAPs) and insurance companies in relation to emergency calls.

All presentation slides are available online on the ERTICO Network www.erticonetwork.com For more information about the HeERO projects visit www.heero-pilot.eu


9

ERTICO Partnership events

20-21 November 2013 eCoMove Final Event Aachen, Germany (DE) 21-22 November 2013 HeERO 2nd International Conference Bucharest, Romania (RO) 26 November 2013

FOT-Net 10th Stakeholders workshop on “Naturalistic driving�

Brussels, Belgium (BE) 27 November 2013

Developing safe, efficient and connected mobility

Brussels, Belgium (BE) 2 December 2013

3rd International Conference on Models and Technologies for

Intelligent Transport Systems Dresden, Germany (DE) 5-6 December 2013 The Essentials of ITS Torino, Italy (IT) 18 December 2013

Smart, Green and Integrated Transport: EC Information Day

Brussels, Belgium (BE)

Harmonised eCall European Pilot eCall saves lives 2nd HeERO International Conference Novotel Bucharest City Centre, Bucharest, Romania 21-22 November 2013 to register : https://heero-international-conference-bucharest.eventbrite.com/ This project is funded by the European Union


Interview with: Stig Franzén, Professor in Human Machine Interaction (HMI), Chalmers University of Technology As the year is slowly turning to the end, the ERTICO partnership is expanding with 4 new public and private organisations joining the network. In this issue we dedicate our monthly interview to one of the most advanced organisations in terms of technological research and development: Chalmers University of Technology. Chalmers have been involved in ITS for several years now, developing several specific education programmes which vary from safety issues to logistics and renewable fuels in engines. Professor Stig Franzén, expert in HMI (Human Machine Interaction), gave us a great insight to the current activities of the University.

of

areas need to be identified at an

• Transport

Technology has recently joined

early stage in order to foresee the

Customer

the ERTICO Partnership. Can you tell

new types of individualised services

covers all aspects of effective and

us why, what benefits you see in this

(such as personalised travel planning)

efficient transport and include

partnership and in general what are

and automatic solutions (for example

several

the European trends in terms of ITS

automated vehicles) that now have

companies’ logistics, individuals’

that interest you the most?

begun to emerge. This is a huge

mobility, transport and traffic

intelligence task and ERTICO is well

systems

Chalmers

University

ERTICO has been an actor in the ITS arena for a long period of

suited for such an endeavour.

Efficiency Adopted

subsystems

and

Logistics

such

as

• Sustainable Vehicle Technologies

time and its staff have gained a lot of

Chalmers has been and is involved

covers

experience on ITS matters, especially

in several European projects, is

hybridisation,

regarding research, development and

there any specific initiative within

engines, exhaust after-treatment

deployment. Most of them are related

the ERTICO partnership you are

systems,

renewable

to the EU Research Programmes. And

planning to participate in or liaison

engines,

systems

if combined with the impressive

with some partner organisations you

resistance,

ERTICO network of Partners, these

would like to develop in the future?

and environmental aspects, all

factors played a central role in our decision to become a Partner of ERTICO.

Chalmers will contribute to the

ERTICO

Partnership

via

electrification, combustion fuels

in

engineering,

maintainability

applied on different modes of transport.

the strategic Chalmers’ “Area of

Throughout the years, Chalmers has

We are convinced that we will find

Advance in Transport”. This is a

worked with many of the ERTICO

opportunities for future interesting

multi-disciplinary grouping consisting

research partners such as SINTEF

R&D alliances, especially for projects

of more than 150 researchers in 17

and VTT, ERTICO industrial partners

in the context of Horizon 2020. We

of the 18 departments of Chalmers.

such

have also seen the willingness of

The Area of Advance in Transport

Volvo Technology and Ericsson AB in

ERTICO to promote education and

is divided into three profile areas:

addition to the Swedish Transport

training in the ITS field, which is of

Traffic Safety, Transport Efficiency

Administration. These partnerships

great interest for a university like

and Customer Adopted Logistic, and

have resulted in many fruitful EU

Chalmers.

Sustainable Vehicle Technologies.

projects. Some of the latest projects

Furthermore, the rapid development

• Traffic Safety covers all aspects

of new and advanced information

of safe road transport , including

and

safe interconnection to other

communication

technologies

enables smarter and more advanced mobile solutions. The trends in such

transport areas and modes

as

Volvo

Car

Corporation,

are FESTA, euroFOT, TeleFOT, FOTNeT, DriveC2X and OPTICITIES. Other ITS-related studies on the national scene have been on the use of RFID based tracking of railway wagons in Sweden and the usage of Smart


concepts

issue. Traffic safety is a multi-

planning, the traffic volume can be

to increase sustainability in the

disciplinary research field depending

minimised with positive impacts on

transport industry; in this context

on both deep intra-disciplinary as well

the environment.

SEVS (Safe, Electric and hybrid novel

as cross-functional research on many

VehicleS) can be mentioned.

system levels. Chalmers has been

Transport

Management

There are also the national projects GO:SMART and SENDSMART addressing sustainable urban mobility for both passengers and freight. We have an interest in cooperative driving, as well as in automatic and autonomous driving and look upon ITS as a tool for increased safety for vulnerable road users. Our position in Human Factors Engineering (including HMI design) is strong and methodologies for in depth studies of User Acceptance and Adoption (for example User Uptake) have been launched. And finally we have an excellent track record in

involved in traffic safety research during the last 50 years and hosts several researchers and research groups with the highest international reputation, especially in the area of injury prevention. The network with the industry and society is strong due to several successful collaborations. It could also be mentioned that an international conference on driver distraction takes place in Gothenburg every year. More than 130 researchers and PhD students from at least eight

leader

in

research and education on green, safe

and

efficient

transport

solutions” ; what steps in terms of

technologies,

educational

programmes, financing are you taking to grant these targets? The

research

Safety

includes

profile three

Logistics focuses on transport systems as part of supply chains, which is a holistic close

construct

main

that

collaboration,

involves

synchronised

processes and material flows between organisational units. The research centre Northern LEAD coordinates the activities that address these issues.

Traffic

consideration

the

interactions

of

vehicles and vessels, infrastructure networks and the use of transport services for both passengers and freight. To enable such an approach, more than 100 researchers and PhD students

from

departments

thirteen at

different

Chalmers

and

University of Gothenburg are now engaged.

Vehicle Technologies engages several

Efficiency and Customer Adapted

the

a systems approach that takes into

related research.

analysis.

“become

system simultaneously. This requires

The

Our research profile on Transport

to

address several levels of the transport

departments engage in traffic safety

evaluation as well as in transferability

Chalmers University is working

In this context, it is necessary to

This profile includes all

aspects of effective and efficient transport

systems;

an

efficient

research

profile

Sustainable

research centres: the Swedish Hybrid Vehicle Centre (SHC), the Competence Centre

for

Catalysis

(KCK),

the

Combustion Engine Research Centre (CERC), and a newly formed centre focusing on renewable fuels amongst others. This profile is developed in cooperation with the Area of Advance in Energy. In this context, a national project, SEVS2, has just been completed. It has looked into the future of transportation linked to electro-mobility, and one important result is the development of a multi-

areas: understanding the real traffic

transport system is essential for our

environment through collection and

personal mobility and an effective

analysis of data; countermeasures to

overall logistics system. In turn,

avoid accidents and prevent injuries;

these factors determine the quality

Three fields of research have been

and mitigate their consequences.

of our lives and the competitiveness

identified in this profile: Efficient

The research here is coordinated by

of our businesses. But transport

powertrains,

the competence centre SAFER hosted

systems also have negative effects;

development, and Vehicle operation

by Chalmers.

accordingly,

to

and control. They have all core

friendly

research values that are common to

transport systems with increased

all transport modes. To a large extent

customer service and cost efficiency.

the active field research components

For instance, by including all types

within

of customers from freight actors

applicable to many or all transport

to urban travellers and increasing

modes; for example how to provide

services linked to travel guidance and

the power for propulsion. The active

Sweden has, for a long time, had a scientific approach towards traffic safety and was the first country to express a “Vision Zero” (no fatalities or severe injuries in traffic accidents) thus bringing safety to a systemic

create

the

challenge

environmentally

is

disciplinary

methodology

for

the

analysis of potential solutions.

Efficient

Vehicle

concept

powertrains

are

11


research activities within the Vehicle

huge challenge that we have taken

There is also a lack of knowledge in

concept development and Vehicle

on board in line with the Swedish

the field of transferability of results.

operation and control, have several

transport policy goal to reach fossil

Project results are often limited to

aspects which are shared between

free traffic by 2050.

either a small test area or a specific

different modes of transport, such as light weight design, flow resistance and performance monitoring, and operator interfacing. Other areas tend to be more specialised in individual modes of transport; for example ship propeller design or manoeuvring of cars. The

researchers

of

all

in

teaching

on identifying and investigating factors which are barriers or drivers for the full deployment of new ITSbased solutions. Can you tell us more about this field of research and your interest in this specific field?

activities

covering 21 of Chalmers’ 41 Master degrees. 454 Master’s students got their degree from these programmes in 2010. In addition, 844 people from 43 different companies participated in training programmes arranged by the Area of Advance in Transport in 2010. Can you tell us more about Chalmers’ “Vision Zero” - What are the main challenges in Sweden to reach this goal?

location. Further studies are needed in order to understand how to scale up or transfer results to a larger (European) scene or another context (other cities, countries, etc.). The lack of transferability of results is also linked to the analysis of those results themselves; for instance projects

User acceptance and adoption

might look only to specific target

(User uptake) is crucial for the

groups rather than ordinary users.

market success of new ITS-related

These obstacles have been partially

solutions. To a great extent, traffic

overcome by FOTs (Field Operational

and travel information have so far

Tests)

been based on the interest of the

different ages and locations have been

public sector. New ITS technologies

chosen. Chalmers has been a pioneer

will enhance the possibility for new

in the FOT context being involved in

actors to enter the scene, for example

projects like FESTA, euroFOT, TeleFOT

smart phones companies and apps

and FOT-NeT. Finally, there is a lack

developers, or by applying a bottom-

of standards; manufacturers can use

up approach like crowd sourcing.

different devices and HMI that makes

three

excellence programmes have been involved

Your current research is focusing

New

fields

completely

are new

emerging business

with models

where deadlocks (everyone waiting for the others to make the first

Aiming at “zero” includes also

investment

the climate impact of transport,

stepped. However, there is a lack of

while at the same time improving

standards in many fields that impose

transport efficiency (for example

barriers for the full deployment of

through a better use of vehicles

new solutions.

move)

can

be

side-

users

of

the international scene should find a harmonised way to analyse and present those results; a long process indeed.

For more information on this article,

This is the final event www.interactive-ip.eu www.ecomove-project.eu

ordinary

it difficult to compare results. Ideally

and infrastructure). This is another

20-21 November 2013 EUROGRESS, Aachen (Germany)

where

contact Carla Coppola at c.coppola@mail.ertico.com


13 Chalmers University of Technology – a short introduction The Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg (Sweden) conducts research and education on a broad front within technology, natural sciences, architecture and shipping, and in close contact with external bodies. Our inspiration derives from the pleasure of discovering and the desire to learn. The aim is to make an active contribution to sustainable community development, both nationally and internationally. Development and renewal has characterised operations from the very beginning in 1829, completely in accordance with the motto of the founder William Chalmers: Avancez! Today Chalmers has around 10,000 students and 2,650 employees. Two-thirds of the University’s operations (annual turnover is about 3,000 MSEK or about 350 MEUR) involve research and doctoral programmes. This embodies both innovative, applied research as well as prominent fundamental research. Chalmers is involved in a number of international research collaborations and strategic alliances, including the Alliance for Global Sustainability, UNITECH International, Nordic Five Tech and CESAER. The Chalmers Areas of Advance (there are eight in total) bring together the three components that make up the knowledge triangle: research, education and innovation. These give Chalmers a clearer profile and new opportunities to focus on and deal with the major challenges facing the world. The aim is for the Chalmers Areas of Advance, through scientific excellence, to contribute to a sustainable future using the basic sciences as a foundation and with innovation and entrepreneurship as central driving forces. For more information visit the website: www.chalmers.se

www.erticonetwork.com


For further information, please contact us: Avenue Louise 326, B-1050 Brussels Belgium t +32 (0)2 400 07 00 f +32 (0)2 400 07 01 pr@mail.ertico.com www.ertico.com

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