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Thermal Process Technology

Furnaces and Heat Treatment Plants for Annealing, Hardening, Tempering Forming, Preheating, Forging Conditioning, Drying Heat Cleaning Vacuum Technology, Pyrolysis, Brazing MIM Surface Finishing Plastics, Rubber, Silicone Fiber Composites, GFRP, CFRP Medtech AMS 2750 E, NADCAP, CQI-9 Energy Efficiency Technology Made

www.nabertherm.com

in Germany


Made in Germany Nabertherm with 350 employees worldwide have been developing and producing industrial furnaces for many different applications for over 60 years. As a manufacturer, Nabertherm offers the widest and deepest range of furnaces worldwide. 150,000 satisfied customers in more than 100 countries offer proof of our commitment to excellent design, quality and cost efficiency. Short delivery times are ensured due to our complete inhouse production and our wide variety of standard furnaces. Setting Standards in Quality and Reliability Nabertherm does not only offer the widest range of standard furnaces. Professional engineering in combination with inhouse manufactoring provide for individual project planning and construction of tailor-made thermal process plants with material handling and charging systems. Complete thermal processes are realized by customized system solutions. Innovative Nabertherm control technology provides for precise control as well as full documentation and remote monitoring of your processes. Our engineers apply state-of-the-art technology to improve the temperature uniformity, energy efficiency, reliability and durability of our systems with the goal of enhancing your competitive edge. Global Sales and Service Network – Close to you Centralized engineering and manufacturing and decentralized sales and service define our strategy to live up to your needs. Long term sales and distribution partners in all important world markets ensure individual on-site customer service and consultation. There are various reference customers in your neighborhood who have similar furnaces or plants. Large Customer Test Center What furnace is the right choice for this specific process? This question cannot always be answered easily. Therefore, we have set up our modern test center which is unique in respect to size and variety. A representative number of furnaces is available for tests for our customers. Customer Service and Spare Parts Our professional service engineers are available for you world-wide. Due to our complete inhouse production, we can despatch most spare parts from stock over night or produce with short delivery time.

Experience in Many Fields of Thermal Processing In addition to furnaces for thermal process technology, Nabertherm offers a wide range of standard furnaces and plants for many other thermal processing applications. The modular design of our products provides for customized solutions to your individual needs without expensive modifications.

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Table of Contents

Page

Which Furnace for Which Process?........................................................................................................ 4 Brazing, Forming, Plastics.................................................................................................................... 8 Retort Furnaces Hot-wall retort furnaces up to 1100 °C......................................................................................................10 Cold-wall retort furnaces up to 2400 °C....................................................................................................14 Pit-type cold-wall retort furnaces up to 2400 °C or up to 3000 °C................................................................ 18 Lift-bottom-retort furnace up to 2400 °C for production..............................................................................19 Air Circulation Furnaces Air circulation chamber furnaces < 675 liters, electrically heated................................................................. 20 Air circulation chamber furnaces > 560 liters, electrically heated or gas-fired............................................... 22 Chamber dryer, electrically heated or gas-fired......................................................................................... 26 Ovens, also with safety technology according to EN 1539, electrically heated............................................... 28 Air circulation chamber furnaces/ovens with safety technology for solvent-containing charges according to EN 1539 or NFPA 86........................................................................................................ 30 Clean room solutions.............................................................................................................................31 Chamber furnaces for heat cleaning, gas-fired with integrated thermal afterburner........................................ 32 Air circulation pit-type furnaces, electrically heated................................................................................... 33 Pit-type and top-loading furnaces with or without air circulation, electrically heated or gas-fired...................... 35 Air circulation bogie hearth furnaces, electrically heated or gas-fired........................................................... 36 Bogie Hearth Furnaces Bogie hearth furnaces, electrically heated............................................................................................... 38 Bogie hearth furnaces, gas-fired.............................................................................................................41 Chamber Furnaces Chamber furnaces, also for heat cleaning, gas-fired.................................................................................. 42 Chamber furnaces, electrically heated..................................................................................................... 43 Lift-Top Furnaces, Electrically Heated................................................................................................. 46 Charging Devices and Accessories for Chamber and Bogie Hearth Furnaces...................................... 48 Quench Tanks...................................................................................................................................... 49 Protective Gas and Carburization Systems for Annealing and Hardening............................................. 50 Salt-Bath Furnaces for Heat Treatment of Steel or Light Metals, Electrically or Gas-Fired.............. 52 Martempering Furnaces using Neutral Salts, Electrically Heated........................................................ 53 Furnaces for Continuous Processes Rotary hearth furnaces up to 1300 °C with and without air circulation, electrically hated or gas-fired................. 54 Continuous furnaces, electrically heated or gas-fired................................................................................. 56 Wire and strand annealing furnaces........................................................................................................ 58 Energy Efficiency Technology.............................................................................................................. 59 Tempering Plants for Steel and NE-Metals.......................................................................................... 60 Temperature Uniformity and System Accuracy..................................................................................... 64 AMS 2750 E, NADCAP, CQI-9.............................................................................................................. 65 Process Control and Documentation................................................................................................... 68 3


Which Furnace for Which Process? Preheating for Forging

„„Press Hardening „„Heating of sheet metals „„Preheating of molds

Hardening, Annealing

„„Ageing „„Austempering „„Diffusion annealing „„Pack hardening „„Recovery annealing „„Coarse grain annealing

Quenching

„„Hardening „„Solution annealing „„Annealing „„Recrystallization annealing „„Stress-relieving „„Soft annealing

„„Water „„Air „„Oil „„Polymer

in Air

under Protective Gases, Reaction Gases or in Vacuum

in Salt Bath

Hot-wall retort furnaces

Salt-bath furnaces

Quench tanks

page 38

Air circulation pit-type furnaces page 34

page 10 - 13

page 52

page 49

Bogie hearth furnaces gas-fired page 41

Pit-type and top-loading furnaces page 35

Cold-wall retort furnaces

Water quench tanks

page 14 - 19

page 60 - 63

Chamber furnaces gas-fired page 42

Bogie hearth furnaces page 38

Bogie hearth furnaces with annealing box page 38

Chamber furnaces

Bogie hearth furnaces gas-fired, page 41

Chamber furnaces with annealing box page 43

page 46

Chamber furnaces gas-fired page 42

Lift-top furnaces with annealing box page 46

Rotary hearth furnaces

Chamber furnaces

Rotary hearth furnaces

page 54

page 43/44

page 54

Continuous furnaces

Lift-top furnaces

page 56

page 46

Bogie hearth furnaces

page 43/44 Lift-top furnaces

Salt-bath furnace TS 40/30 with exhaust gas collection at crucible rim see page 52

Water quench tank with powerful water-circulation

Rotary hearth furnaces page 54 Continuous furnaces page 56 Strand annealing furnaces page 58 Wire annealing furnaces page 58

Annealing furnace with electro-hydraulic lift door on transportable base for preheating of large steel sheets for the automotive industry see page 44 4

NR 200/11 H2 for operation with hydrogen see page 10


Tempering, Annealing

„„Tempering „„Precipitation annealing „„Ageing „„Recovery annealing

Heat Treatment Systems

„„Solution annealing „„Preheating „„Reduced hydrogen annealing

„„Solution annealing „„Quenching „„Artificial ageing

in Air

under Protective Gases, Reaction Gases or in Vacuum

in Salt Bath

Chamber dryers

Hot-wall retort furnaces

Martempering furnaces

page 26

page 10 - 13

page 53

Air circulation chamber furnaces > 560 liters page 22

Air circulation chamber furnaces with annealing box, page 20

Air circulation chamber furnaces < 675 liters page 20

Air circulation chamber furnaces with annealing box, page 31

Air circulation chamber furnaces with cleanroom technology, page 31

Air circulation bogie hearth furnaces with annealing box, page 36

Air circulation bogie hearth furnaces page 36

Air circulation pit-type furnaces with annealing box, page 33

Air circulation pit-type furnaces page 33/34

Rotary hearth furnaces

Pit-type and top-loading furnaces page 35

Continuous furnaces

Fully automatic tempering systems page 60/61 Manual heat treatment systems page 62/63

page 54

page 56

Rotary hearth furnaces page 54

Manual heat treatment system for hardening of steel rods see page 62/63

x min.

x min.

x min.

x min.

Heating

Safety Flushing Pressure Compensation Open Door

x min.

Filling-up

x min.

x min.

Test OverPressure

Holding

x min.

Waiting

x min.

x min.

Filling-up

Cooling

x min.

Pressure test

x min.

x min.

Waiting

x min.

x min.

Evacuation

Heating/Heat Transfer Supply of Process Gases

Time

Temperature

page 56

Program Step

Continuous furnaces

Process flow chart

Pressure

Atmosphere

5


Which Furnace for Which Process? Brazing/Soldering

„„Soft soldering „„Brazing „„High-temperature brazing

Curing, Tempering, Drying

„„Dip brazing of steel „„Dip brazing of aluminum

„„Composites „„Molds „„Adhesive „„Plastics „„Lacquers „„PTFE

„„Silicone „„Surface Drying „„Preheating „„Vulcanizing „„Conditioning

under Protective Gases

in Salt Bath

in Vacuum

Solvent Based

Water Based

Hot-wall retort furnaces

Salt-bath furnaces

Hot-wall retort furnaces

Hot-wall retort furnaces

Chamber dryers

page 10 - 13

page 52

page 10 - 13

page 10 - 13

page 26

Cold-wall retort furnaces

Cold-wall retort furnaces

Chamber dryers

page 14 - 19

page 14 - 19

page 26

Air circulation chamber furnaces page 20

Air circulation chamber furnaces with annealing box, page 20

Air circulation chamber furnaces EN 1539 page 30

Chamber furnaces with annealing box, page 43

Ovens page 28 Air circulation bogie hearth furnaces page 36 Air circulation pit-type furnaces page 33/34 Rotary hearth furnaces page 54 Continuous furnaces page 56

Brazing in a gas-supply box 6

VHT 500/22-GR H2 with graphite insulation and heating see page 14


Surface Treatment Thermal/Thermo-Chemical Processes

„„Carburizing „„Blueing (e.g. with water steam) „„Nitriding/nitrocarborizing „„Oxidizing

Sintering & Debinding

„„Deoxidizing under hydrogen „„Heat cleaning „„Pyrolysis

„„Debinding „„MIM „„CIM „„Sintering

in Salt Bath

under Protective Gases, Reaction Gases

in Powders

under Protective Gases, Reaction Gases or in Vacuum

Salt-bath furnaces

Hot-wall retort furnaces

Hot-wall retort furnaces

Hot-wall retort furnaces,

page 52

page 10 - 13

page 10 - 13

page 10 - 13

Cold-wall retort furnaces

Cold-wall retort furnaces

Cold-wall retort furnaces,

page 14 - 19

page 14 - 19

page 14 - 19

Air circulation chamber furnaces with annealing box, page 20

Air circulation chamber furnaces page 20

Retort furnaces for catalytic debinding, see separate catalog:

Air circulation bogie hearth furnaces with annealing box, page 36

Bogie hearth furnaces

Bogie hearth furnaces with annealing box page 38

Bogie hearth furnaces gas-fired page 41

Chamber furnaces with annealing box page 43

Chamber furnaces gas-fired page 42

Overview annealing boxes page 50

Chamber furnaces

page 38

page 43/44 Lift-top furnaces page 46 Overview annealing boxes page 50

Blueing of drills in water steam atmosphere in a furnace of the NRA range see page 12

Sintering of MIM titan parts in a VHT furnace 7


Brazing, Forming, Plastics The furnaces shown in this catalog can be used for various heat treatment processes. Nabertherm has developed interesting solutions for the processes described below as examples:

Brazing

Brazing in annealing box

In general, when speaking of brazing we have to distinguish between soft-soldering, brazing and high-temperature brazing. This involves a thermal process for forming substance-to-substance bonds and material coatings during which a liquid phase is generated by the melting of the solder. Based on their melting temperatures, the solder processes are classified as follows: Soft-solders: Tliq < 450 °C Brazing: Tliq > 450 °C < 900 °C High-temperature brazing: Tliq > 900 °C Beside the right selection of the solder, the flux if necessary, and ensuring that the surfaces are clean, the choice of the right brazing furnace is also key to the process. In addition to the actual brazing process, Nabertherm has furnaces for the preparation process in their range such as for metallizing ceramics in preparation for brazing ceramic-to-metal bonds.

Hot-wall retort furnace to 1100 °C

The following furnace concepts are available for brazing: „„Brazing in an annealing box in the air circulation chamber furnace up to 850 °C in a protective gas atmosphere „„Brazing in an annealing box in a chamber furnace up to 1100 °C under a protective gas atmosphere „„Brazing in a hot-wall retort furnace NR/NRA product line under protective gases or reaction gas up to 1100 °C „„Brazing in a cold-wall retort furnace VHT product line under protective gases, reaction gases or under vacuum up to 2200 °C „„Brazing in a salt bath up to 1000 °C salt bath temperature „„Brazing or metallizing in a tube furnace up to 1800 °C under protective gases, reaction gases or in a vacuum up to 1400 °C (see separate Advanced Materials catalog) In the Nabertherm Test Center in Lilienthal, Germany, a range of sample furnaces is available for customers testing applications which is the best approach to define the right furnace for a specific application.

N 6080/13 S with door-in-door function, isolating transformer and vibration dampers

Pre-Heating for Hot Forming For traditional hot forming processes such as forging or die forming the piece must first be heated to a defined temperature. From the manufacture of individual parts to serial production, from thin metal sheets to components which are formed in the course of multiple passes – Nabertherm offers a broad range of furnaces and special solutions for these processes. If, for example, only the ends of long components need to be heated, the furnace can be fitted with closable openings in the door to avoid any heat losses. To protect the operator, an isolating transformer is used which safely conducts away the electrical currents in case of touching the heating elements.

N 1760/S for pre-heating sheet metalssteel with charge support

If the furnace is used near a forging hammer which causes strong vibrations, vibration dampers can be installed to separate the furnace from these frequencies. The needs of continuous forging processes are met by appropriate furnace models such as rotary hearth furnaces and continuous furnaces. The advantage of the rotary hearth furnace is its compact size and the charging/discharging of the work piece at one position. If the task is to form sheet steel, for example in the automotive industry, the furnace needs a large width and depth in relation to its height. For easy charging, the furnaces are provided with a lift door and can, if necessary, be fitted with a charge support adapted for use with the charging stacker.

DH 2500/ S on rails to shuttle between two forging stations 8


Tempering, Curing, Vulcanization and Degassing of Plastics, Rubber, Silicone, and Fiber Composite Materials Many plastics and fiber composite materials must be heat-treated for product improvement or to ensure that they have the required product properties. In most cases, chamber dryers or ovens with air circulation are used for the respective process. The following examples outline the processes which these furnaces can perform. PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene) One application is the heat treatment of PTFE. This process can be used to improve the adhesive properties, the mixture hardness or the sliding properties of the coating. In most cases, chamber dryers are used which, depending on the type of plastic, may or may not include safety technology based on ENÂ 1539. Silicone One reason why silicone is tempered is to reduce the amount of silicone oil in the silicone to a certain percentage, i.e. to drive it out, in order to meet relevant food regulations. During the tempering process the silicone oil is vented out of the furnace chamber by continuous air exchange. To optimize the temperature uniformity in the furnace chamber, the fresh air supply is preheated. Depending on the furnace size, a heat-recovery system with heat exchangers can result in significant energy savings and pay for itself in just a short time.

Silicone tempering furnace with tightly welded inner box and rotating rack for the charge.

Parts are prevented from sticking together by keeping them moving in a rotating rack in the oven. Carbon Composite Materials These days, carbon composite materials are used in many industries such as automotive, aerospace, wind power, agriculture, etc. Different materials and manufacturing processes require different heat-treatment processes for curing composite materials. Some of the processes are done in autoclaves. Other materials are heat-treated in chamber dryers or ovens with air circulation. In this case, the composite materials are frequently evacuated in vacuum bags. For this purpose, the furnace is equipped with suitable connections for the evacuation of the air bags. Pages 6/7 contain a description of which Nabertherm furnace ranges are suitable for tempering and curing of plastics.

The openings for the vacuum and measurement connections of an air circulation chamber furnace

Chamber dryer KTR 2000 for silicone tempering

Drawer system for charging the furnace on several levels. 9


Hot-Wall Retort Furnaces up to 1100 °C

NR 75/06 with automatic gas injection and touch panel H 3700

NR 17/06 with gas supply system

NRA 17/06 - NRA 1000/11 These gas tight retort furnaces are equipped with direct or indirect heating depending on temperature. They are perfectly suited for various heat treatment processes requiring a defined protective or a reaction gas atmosphere. These compact models can also be laid out for heat treatment under vacuum up to 600 °C. The furnace chamber consists of a gas tight retort with water cooling around the door to protect the special sealing. Equipped with the corresponding safety technology, retort furnaces are also suitable for applications under reaction gases, such as hydrogen or, in combination with the IDB package, for inert debinding or for pyrolysis processes. Inside heating in models NRA ../06

Different model versions are available depending on the temperature range required for the process: Models NRA ../06 with Tmax 650 °C „„Heating elements located inside the retort „„Temperature uniformity up to ∆T 6 K inside the working chamber from 100 °C - 600 °C see page 64 „„Retort made of 1.4571 „„Gas circulation fan in the back of the retort provides for optimal temperature uniformity Models NRA ../09 with Tmax 950 °C „„Outside heating with heating elements surrounding the retort as well as an additional door heater „„Temperature uniformity up to ∆T 6 K inside the working chamber from 200 °C - 900 °C see page 64 „„Retort made of 1.4841 „„Fan in the back of the retort provides for optimal temperature uniformity

Heating from outside around the retort in models NRA ../09 and NR ../11

10

Models NR ../11 with Tmax 1100 °C „„Outside heating with heating elements surrounding the retort as well as an additional door heater „„Temperature uniformity up to ∆T 10 K inside the working chamber from 200 °C - 1050 °C see page 64 „„Retort made of 1.4841


NRA 480/04S

Basic version „„Compact housing in frame design with removable stainless steel sheets „„Controls and gas supply integrated in the furnace housing „„Welded charging supports in the retort or air-baffle box in the furnace with air circulation „„Swivel door hinged on right side with open cooling water system „„Multi-zone control for 950 °C and 1100 °C version, separated by furnace chamber and door. Depending on furnace chamber additionally subdivided into one or several heating zones „„Temperature control as charge control with temperature measurement inside and outside the retort „„Gas supply system for one non-flammable protective or reaction gas with flow meter and solenoid valve, switchable via the control system „„Operation under vacuum up to 600 °C with optional single-stage rotary vane pump „„Port for vacuum pump for cold evacuation „„PLC controls with touch panel H 700 for data input (resp. P 300 for 650 °C-version) see page 70 Additional equipment „„Upgrade for other nonflammable gases „„Automatic gas injection, including MFC flow controller for alternating volume flow, PLC controlled with touch panel H 3700 „„Vacuum pump for evacuating of the retort up to 600 °C, attainable vacuum up to 10-5 mbar subject to selected pump „„Cooling system for shortening process times „„Heat exchanger with closed-loop cooling water circuit for door cooling „„Measuring device for residual oxygen content

NRA 50/09 H2

Vacuum pump for cold evacuation of the retort

Touchpanel H 3700 for automatic version 11


Charging of the NR 300/06 furnace with a pallet truck

NR 200/11 H2 for heat treatment under hydrogen

Bayonet quick-lock for the retort, also with electric drive as additional equipment

H2 Version for Operation under Hydrogen When hydrogen is used as a process gas, the furnace is additionally equipped with the required safety technology. Only certified and industry proven safety sensors are used. The furnace is controlled by a fail-safe PLC control system (S7- 300F/safety controller). „„H2 supply at controlled overpressure of 50 mbar relative „„Certified safety concept „„PLC controls with graphic touch panel H 3700 for data input „„Redundant gas inlet valves for hydrogen „„Monitored pre-pressures of all process gases „„Bypass for safe flushing of furnace chamber with inert gas „„Torch for thermal afterburning of exhaust gases „„Emergency flood container for purging the furnace in case of failore IDB Version for Debinding under Non-flammable Protective Gases or for Pyrolysis Processes The retort furnaces of the NR and NRA product line are perfectly suited for debinding under non-flammable protective gases or for pyrolysis processes. The IDB version of the furnaces implements a safety concept by controlled purging the furnace chamber with a protective gas. Exhaust gases are burned in an exhaust torch. Both the purging and the torch function are monitored to ensure a safe operation.

Parallel guided door to open the hot furnace as additional equipment

„„Process control under monitored and controlled overpressure of 50 mbar relative „„Certified safety concept „„PLC controls with graphic touch panel H 1700 for data input „„Monitored gas pre-pressure of the process gas „„Bypass for safe flushing of furnace chamber with inert gas „„Torch for thermal afterburning of exhaust gases Model

Blueing of drills in water steam atmosphere in a furnace of the NRA range 12

NRA 17/.. NRA 25/.. NRA 50/.. NRA 75/.. NRA 150/.. NRA 200/.. NRA 300/.. NRA 400/.. NRA 500/.. NRA 700/.. NRA 1000/..

Tmax °C 650 or 950 650 or 950 650 or 950 650 or 950 650 or 950 650 or 950 650 or 950 650 or 950 650 or 950 650 or 950 650 or 950

Model NR 17/11 NR 25/11 NR 50/11 NR 75/11 NR 150/11 NR 200/11 NR 300/11 NR 400/11 NR 500/11 NR 700/11 NR 1000/11

Tmax °C 1100 1100 1100 1100 1100 1100 1100 1100 1100 1100 1100

Working chamber dimensions in mm Useful volume Electrical w d h in l connection* 225 350 225 17 3-phase 225 500 225 25 3-phase 325 475 325 50 3-phase 325 700 325 75 3-phase 450 750 450 150 3-phase 450 1000 450 200 3-phase 570 900 570 300 3-phase 570 1250 570 400 3-phase 720 1000 720 500 3-phase 720 1350 720 700 3-phase 870 1350 870 1000 3-phase *Please see page 70 for more information about supply voltage


SRA 17/.. - SR 1500 The retort furnaces SR and SRA (with gas circulation) are designed for operation with non-flammable or flammable protective or reaction gases. The furnace is loaded from above by crane or other lifting equipment provided by the customer. In this way, even large charge weights can be loaded into the furnace chamber. The SR furnaces are available in different versions. Depending on the temperature range in which the furnace be used, the following models are available: Models SR .../11 with Tmax 1100 °C „„Heating from all sides outside the retort „„Temperature uniformity up to ∆T 14 K according to DIN 17052-1 within the working chamber of 500 °C - 1100 °C see page 64 „„Retort made of 1.4841 „„Top down multi-zone control of the furnace heating Models SRA ../09 with Tmax 950 °C Design like models SR…/11 with following differences: „„Atmosphere circulation with powerful fan in the furnace lid provides for temperature uniformity of up to ∆T 8 K according to DIN 17052-1 within the working chamber of 200 °C - 900 °C see page 64 Models SRA ../06 with Tmax 600 °C Design like models SRA…/09 with following differences: „„Heating inside the retort „„Temperature uniformity up to ∆T 14 K according to DIN 17052-1 within the working chamber of 100 °C - 600 °C see page 64 „„Single-zone control „„Retort made of 1.4841

SRA 200/09

Standard Equipment (all models) Design like standard equipment of models NR and NRA with following differences: „„Charging from above with crane or other lifting equipment from customer „„Hinged lid with opening to the side Additional equipment, H2 version or IDB version see models NR and NRA Model SRA 17/.. SRA 25/.. SRA 50/.. SRA 100/.. SRA 200/.. SRA 300/.. SRA 500/.. SRA 600/.. SRA 800/.. SRA 1000/.. SRA 1500/..

Tmax Inner dimensions of alloy retort Volume Outer dimensions in mm Heating power in kW1 Electrical °C Ø in mm h in mm in l W D H 600 °C 950 °C connection* 250 350 17 1300 1700 1800 15 20 3-phase 250 500 25 1300 1900 1800 20 25 3-phase 400 450 50 1400 2000 1800 36 35 3-phase 600 400 800 100 1400 2000 2100 45 65 3-phase or 600 700 200 1600 2200 2200 60 90 3-phase 950 600 1000 300 1600 2200 2500 75 120 3-phase 800 1000 500 1800 2400 2700 70 170 3-phase 800 1200 600 1800 2400 2900 90 190 3-phase 1000 1000 800 2000 2600 2800 105 220 3-phase 1000 1300 1000 2000 2600 3100 120 250 3-phase 1200 1300 1500 2200 2800 3300 150 300 3-phase

Weight in kg 600 800 1300 1500 2100 2400 2800 3000 3100 3300 3500

SR 17/11 SR 25/11 SR 50/11 SR 100/11 SR 200/11 SR 300/11 SR 500/11 SR 600/11 SR 800/11 SR 1000/11 SR 1500/11

1100 1100 1100 1100 1100 1100 1100 1100 1100 1100 1100

600 800 1300 1500 2100 2400 2800 3000 3100 3300 3500

250 250 400 400 600 600 800 800 1000 1000 1200

350 500 450 800 700 1000 1000 1200 1000 1300 1300

17 25 50 100 200 300 500 600 800 1000 1500

1300 1300 1400 1400 1600 1600 1800 1800 2000 2000 2200

Depending on furnace design connected load might be higher

1

1700 1900 2000 2000 2200 2200 2400 2400 2600 2600 2800

1800 1800 1800 2100 2200 2500 2700 2900 2800 3100 3300

22 27 40 73 98 132 182 205 235 268 315

3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase

*Please see page 70 for more information about supply voltage

Retort furnace SRA 300/09 13


Cold-Wall Retort Furnaces up to 2400 °C

VHT 500/22-GR H2 with CFC-process box and extension package for operation under hydrogen

VHT 8/18-GR - VHT 500/18-KE The compact furnaces of the VHT product line are available as electrically heated chamber furnaces with graphite, molybdenum, tungsten or MoSi2 heating. A wide variety of heating designs as well as a complete range of accessories provide for optimal furnace configurations even for sophisticated applications. The vacuum-tight retort allows heat treatment processes either in protective and reaction gas atmospheres or in a vacuum, subject to the individual furnace specs to 10-5 mbar. The basic furnace is suited for operation with nonflammable protective or reactive gases or under vacuum. The H2 version provides for operation under hydrogen or other flammable gases. Key of the specification up is a certified safety package providing for a safe operation at all times and triggers an appropriate emergency program in case of failure.

Alternative Heating Specifications The following heating systems are available for the different application temperatures: VHT ../GR with Graphite Insulation and Heating „„Suitable for processes under protective and reaction gases or under vacuum „„Tmax 1800 °C or 2200 °C (2400 °C as additional equipment) „„Max. vacuum up to 10-4 mbar depending on pump type used „„Graphite felt insulation VHT 8/18-KE with fiber insulation and molybdenum disilicide heating elements

VHT ../MO or ../W with Molybdenum or Tungsten Heating „„Suitable for high-purity processes under protective and reaction gases or under high vacuum „„Tmax 1200 °C, 1600 °C or 1800 °C (see table) „„Max. vacuum up to 5 x 10-5 mbar depending on pump type used „„Insulation made of molybdenum rsp. tungsten radiation sheets VHT ../KE with Fiber Insulation and Heating through Molybdenum Disilicide Heating Elements „„Suitable for processes under protective and reaction gases, in air or under vacuum „„Tmax 1800 °C „„Max. vacuum up to 10-2 mbar (up to 1300 °C) depending on pump type „„Insulation made of high purity aluminum oxide fiber

Heat treatment of copper bars under hydrogen in VHT 08/16 MO 14


Standard Equipment for all Models Basic version „„Standard furnace sizes 8 - 500 liters „„A water-cooled stainless steel process reactor sealed with temperature-resistant o-rings „„Frame made of stable steel profiles, easy to service due to easily removable stainless steel panels „„Housing of the VHT 8 model on castors for easy repositioning of furnace „„Cooling water manifold with manual stopcocks in supply and return lines, automatic flowmeter monitoring, openloop cooling water system „„Adjustable cooling water circuits with flowmeter and temperature indicator and overtemperature fuses „„Switchgear and controller integrated in furnace housing „„H 700 PLC control with clearly laid out 5.7“ touchpanel control for program entry and display, 10 programs each with 20 segments „„Over-temperature limiter with manual reset for thermal protection class in accordance with EN 60519-2 „„Manual operation of the process gas and vacuum functions „„Manual gas supply for one process gas (N2 or Ar) with adjustable flow „„Bypass with manual valve for rapid filling or flooding of furnace chamber „„Manual gas outlet with overflow valve (20 mbar relative) „„Single-stage rotary vane pump with ball valve for pre-evacuating and heat treatment in a rough vacuum to 5 mbar „„Pressure gauge for visual pressure monitoring Additional equipment „„Tmax 2400 °C „„Housing, optionally divisible, for passing through narrow door frames (VHT 08) „„Manual gas supply for second process gas (N2 or Ar) with adjustable flow and bypass „„Inner process box made of molybdenum, tungsten or CFC, especially recommended for debinding processes. The box is installed in the furnace with direct gas inlet and outlet and provides for better temperature uniformity. Due to a change in gas supply direction after debinding a clean process atmosphere for sintering is achieved. „„Charge thermocouple with display „„Temperature measurement at 2200 °C models with pyrometer and thermocouple, type S with automatic pull-out device for precise control results in the low temperature range (VHT 40 and larger) „„Two-stage rotary vane pump with ball valve for pre-evacuating and heat-treating in a vacuum to 10-2 mbar „„Turbo molecular pump with slide valve for pre-evacuation and for heat treatment in a vacuum to 10-5 mbar including electric pressure transducer and booster pump (only VHT…/MO) „„Other pumps on request „„Heat exchanger with closed-loop cooling water circuit „„Automation package with graphic touch panel H 3700 --12" graphic touch panel H 3700 --Input of all process data like temperatures, heating rates, gas injection, vacuum at the touch panel --Display of all process-relevant data on a process control diagram --Automatic gas supply for one process gas (N2 , argon or forming gas) with adjustable flow --Bypass for flooding and filling the chamber with process gas controlled by the program --Automatic pre- and post programs, including leak test for safe furnace operation --Automatic gas outlet with bellows valve and overflow valve (20 mbar) --Transducer for absolute and relative pressure „„MFC flow controller for alternating volume flow and generation of gas mixtures with second process gas (only with automation package) „„Partial pressure operation: protective gas flushing at controlled underpressure (only with automation package) „„PC control via NCC with corresponding optional documentation and connection to customer PC networks

Graphite heating chamber

Molybdenum heating chamber

Tungsten heating chamber

Ceramic fiber insulation

Thermocouple, type S with automatic pullout device for precise control results in the low temperature range 15


VHT 40/16MO H2 VHT 40/22 GR with motor-driven lift door and front frame for connection to a glove box

Turbo-molecular pump

H2 Version for Operation with Hydrogen or other Reaction Gases In the H2 version the furnaces can be operated under hydrogen or other reaction gases. For these applications, the systems are additionally equipped with the required safety technology. Only certified and industry proven safety sensors are used. The furnaces are controlled by a fail-safe PLC control system (S7-300F/safety controller). „„Certified safety concept „„Automation package (see additional equipment above) „„Redundant gas inlet valves for hydrogen „„Monitored pre-pressures of all process gases „„Bypass for safe purging of furnace chamber with inert gas „„Pressure-monitored emergency flooding with automated solenoid valve opening „„Electric or gas-heated exhaust gas torch for H2 post-combustion „„Atmospheric operation: H2-purging of process reactor starting from room temperature at controlled over pressure (50 mbar relative) Additional equipment „„Partial pressure operation: H2 flushing at underpressure in the process reactor starting from 750 °C furnace chamber temperature „„Retort in the process chamber for debinding under hydrogen

VHT gas supply diagram, debinding and sintering

Single-stage rotary vane pump for heat treatment in a rough vacuum to 20 mbar 16

Two-stage rotary vane pump for heat treatment in a vacuum to 10-2 mbar

Turbo-molecular pump with booster pump for heat treatment in a vacuum to 10-5 mbar


Process Box for Debinding in Inert Gas Certain processes require charges to be debinded in non-flammable protective or reactive gases. For these processes we fundamentally recommend a hot-wall retort furnace (see models NR… or SR…). These furnaces can ensure that the formation of condensation will be avoided as throughly as possible. If there is no way to avoid the escape of small amounts of residual binder during the process, even in the VHT furnace, the furnace should be designed to meet this contingency. The furnace chamber is equipped with an additional process box that has a direct outlet to the exhaust gas torch through which the exhaust gas can be directly vented. This system enables a substantial reduction in the amount of furnace chamber contamination caused by the exhaust gases generated during debinding. Depending on the exhaust gas composition the exhaust gas line can be designed to include various options. „„Exhaust gas torch for burning off the exhaust gas „„Condensation trap for separating out binding agents „„Exhaust gas post-treatment, depending on the process, via scrubbers „„Heated exhaust gas outlet to avoid condensation deposits in the exhaust gas line

VHT ...-../GR Tmax 1800 °C or 2200 °C Inert gas  Air/Oxygen up to 350 °C Hydrogen 3  Rough vacuum and fine vacuum (>10-3 mbar) High vacuum (<10-3 mbar) Material of heater Graphite Material of insulation Graphite felt ¹Up to 1400 °C ²Depending on Tmax

Model VHT 8/.. VHT 40/.. VHT 70/.. VHT 100/.. VHT 250/.. VHT 500/..

Model

w 120 250 325 425 575 725

Inner dimensions in mm w d h VHT 8/.. 170 240 200 VHT 40/.. 300 450 300 VHT 70/.. 375 500 375 VHT 100/.. 450 550 450 VHT 250/.. 600 750 600 VHT 500/.. 750 900 750 ¹With the switching system unit removed ²1800 °C/2200 °C

VHT ...-../MO VHT ...-18/W VHT ...-18/KE 1200 °C or 1600 °C 1800 °C 1800 °C     3 3 1,3   ²   ² Molybdenum Tungsten MoSi2 Molybdenum Tungsten/Molybdenum Ceramic fiber 3 Only with safety package for flammable gases

Inner dimensions of process box in mm d 210 430 475 500 700 850

Volume in l 8 40 70 100 250 500

Max. charge weight/kg 5 30 50 75 175 350

h 150 250 325 425 575 725

Outer dimensions in mm W D H 1250 (800)¹ 1100 2000 1600 2100 2300 1700 2500 2400 1900 2600 2500 2300 2800 2800 2500 3200 3000

VHT 08/16 MO with hydrogen extension package and process box

Volume in l 3,5 25,0 50,0 90,0 230,0 445,0

Graphite 27 83/103² 105/125² 131/155² 180/210² 220/260²

Heating power in kW4 Molybdenum Tungsten 19/34³ 50 54/100³ 134 70/130³ 160 90/165³ 210 125/220³ on request on request on request

Ceramic fiber 12 30 55 85 on request on request ³1200 °C/1600 °C 4 Depending on furnace design connected load might be higher 17


Pit-Type Cold-Wall Retort Furnaces up to 2400 °C or up to 3000 °C SVHT 2/24-W - SVHT 9/30-GR Compared with the VHT models (page 14 ff), the furnaces of the SVHT product line offer improved performance data with regard to achievable vacuum and maximum temperature. Due to the design as pit-type furnace with tungsten heating, processes up to max. 2400 °C even in high vacuum can be implemented with models of the SVHT..-W product line. Models of the SVHT..-GR product line with graphite heating, also in pit-type design, can be operated in an inert gas atmosphere even up to max. 3000 °C. „„Standard sizes with a furnace chamber of 2 or 9 liters „„Designed as pit-type furnace, charged from above „„Frame construction with inserted sheets of textured stainless steel „„Dual shell water-cooled stainless steel container „„Manual operation of process gas and vacuum functions „„Manual gas supply for non-combustible process gas „„A step in front of the furnace for an ergonomic charging height „„Retort lid with gas-charged shock absorbers „„Controls and switchgear as well as gas supply integrated in furnace housing „„Further standard product characteristics see description for standard design of VHT models page 14

SVHT 9/24-W with tungsten heating

Heating options

Cylindrical retort with tungsten heating

SVHT ..-GR „„Applicable for processes: --under protective or reaction gases or in the vacuum up to 2200 °C --under inert gases (argon, helium) up to 3000 °C „„Max. vacuum up to 10-³ mbar depending on the type of pump used „„Heating: graphite heating elements in cylindrical arrangement „„Insulation: graphite felt insulation „„Temperature measurement by means of an optical pyrometer SVHT ..-W „„Applicable for processes under protective or reaction gases or in vacuum up to 2400 °C „„Max. vacuum up to 10-� mbar depending on the type of pump used „„Heating: cylindrical tungsten heating module „„Insulation: tungsten and molybdenum radiant plates „„Temperature measurement with optical pyrometer

Graphite heating module

Additional equipment such as automatic process gas control or design for the operation with flammable gases incl. safety system see VHT models page 14.

Water-cooling controls 18

Model

Tmax

SVHT 2/24-W SVHT 9/24-W

°C 2400 2400

Working chamber dimensions Ø x h in mm 150 x 150 230 x 230

Useful volume in l 2,5 9,5

SVHT 2/30-GR 3000 150 x 150 2,5 SVHT 9/30-GR 3000 230 x 230 9,5 1 Depending on furnace design connected load might be higher

Outer dimensions in mm W 1400 1500

D 2500 2750

H 2100 2100

Heating power

Electrical

in kW1 55 95

connection* 3-phase 3-phase

1400 2500 2100 55 3-phase 1500 2750 2100 95 3-phase *Please see page 70 for more information about supply voltage


Lift-Bottom­-Retort Furnace up to 2400 °C for Production

LBVHT 250/20-W with tungsten heating chamber

LBVHT 100/16 - LBVHT 600/24 The LBVHT model series with lift-bottom specification are especially suitable for production processes which require either protective or reaction gase atmosphere or a vacuum. The basic performance specifications of these models are similar to the VHT models. Their size and design with electro-hydraulically driven table facilitate charging during production. The furnaces are available in various sizes and designs. Similar like the VHT models, these furnaces can be equipped with different heating concepts. LBVHT 600/24-GR

„„Standard furnace sizes between 100 and 600 liters „„Designed as lift-bottom retort furnace with electro-hydraulically driven table for easy and well-arranged charging „„Prepared to carry heavy charge weights „„Different heating concepts using --Graphite heating chamber up to Tmax 2400 °C --Molybdenum heating chamber up to Tmax 1600 °C --Tungsten heating chamber up to Tmax 2000 °C „„Frame structure filled with textured stainless steel sheets „„Standard design with gassing system for non-flammable protective or reaction gases „„Automatic gas supply system which also allows for operation with several process gases as additional equipment „„Gas supply systems for operating with hydrogen or other combustible reaction gases incl. safety package as additional equipment „„Switchgear and control box as well as gassing system integrated into the furnace housing „„Further product characteristics of the standard furnace as well as possible additional equipment can be found in the description of the VHT furnaces from Page 14

Model

Tmax °C LBVHT 100/16-MO 1600 LBVHT 250/16-MO 1600 LBVHT 600/16-MO 1600

Model LBVHT 100/20-W LBVHT 250/20-W LBVHT 600/20-W

Tmax °C 2000 2000 2000

Model

Tmax °C LBVHT 100/24-GR 2400 LBVHT 250/24-GR 2400 LBVHT 600/24-GR 2400

Inner dimensions in mm Ø h 450 700 600 900 800 1200

Volume in l 100 250 600

Electrical connection* 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase

LBVHT with graphite heating chamber

*Please see page 70 for more information about supply voltage 19


Air Circulation Chamber Furnaces < 675 Liters Electrically Heated

N 60/45HAS with additional door for charging of long parts which ride out of the open door

N 250/65HA with gas supply system

The very good temperature uniformity of these chamber furnaces with air circulation provides for ideal process conditiones for annealing, curing, solution annealing, artificial ageing, preheating, or soft annealing and brazing. The furnaces are equipped with a suitable annealing box for soft annealing of copper or tempering of titanium, and also for annealing of steel under non-flammable protective or reaction gases. The modular furnace design allows for adaptation to specific process requirements with appropriate accessories.

N 15/65HA as table-top model

Roller conveyor in furnace N 250/85HA

20

„„Tmax 450 °C, 650 °C, or 850 °C „„Heating from bottom, sides and top „„Stainless steel air-baffle box in the furnace for optimum air circulation „„Swing door hinged on the right side „„Base frame included in the delivery, N 15/65 HA designed as table-top model „„Horizontal air circulation „„Temperature uniformity up to ∆T 8 K according to DIN 17052-1 (model N 15/65 HA up to ∆T 14 K) see page 64 „„Optimum air distribution enabled by high flow speeds „„One removable tray and rails for two additional trays included in the scope of delivery (N 15/65 HA without removable tray) „„Controls description see page 68 Additional equipment (not for model N 15/65HA) „„Optimization of the temperature uniformity up to ∆T 6 K according to DIN 17052-1 see page 64 „„Fan cooling to accelerate the cooling process „„Motorized exhaust air flaps „„Manual lift door „„Pneumatic lift door „„Adjustable air circulation for sensitive components „„Additional removable trays „„Roller conveyor in furnace chamber for heavy charges


N 250/65HA with quenching bath

N 120/85HAS with charging basket

„„Annealing boxes see page 50 „„Feed and charging aids see page 48 „„Designed for Tmax 950 °C „„Process control and documentation with Controltherm MV software package see page 69

Model N 30/45 HA N 60/45 HA N 120/45 HA N 250/45 HA N 500/45 HA N 675/45 HA

Tmax °C 450 450 450 450 450 450

Inner dimensions in mm w d h 290 420 260 350 500 350 450 600 450 600 750 600 750 1000 750 750 1200 750

N 15/65 HA¹ N 30/65 HA N 60/65 HA N 120/65 HA N 250/65 HA N 500/65 HA N 675/65 HA

650 650 650 650 650 650 650

295 290 350 450 600 750 750

340 420 500 600 750 1000 1200

170 260 350 450 600 750 750

15 30 60 120 250 500 675

470 607 + 255 667 + 255 767 + 255 1002 + 255 1152 + 255 1152 + 255

845 1175 1250 1350 1636 1886 2100

460 1315 1400 1500 1860 2010 2010

2.7 6.0 9.6 13.6 21.0 31.0 31.0

1-phase 3-phase² 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase

55 195 240 310 610 1030 1350

N 30/85 HA N 60/85 HA N 120/85 HA N 250/85 HA N 500/85 HA N 675/45 HA

850 850 850 850 850 850

290 350 450 600 750 750

420 500 600 750 1000 1200

260 350 450 600 750 750

30 60 120 250 500 675

607 + 255 667 + 255 767 + 255 1002 + 255 1152 + 255 1152 + 255

1175 1250 1350 1636 1886 2100

1315 1400 1500 1860 2010 2010

6.0 9.6 13.6 21.0 31.0 31.0

3-phase² 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase

195 240 310 610 1030 1350

¹Table-top model see page 20 ²Heating only beetween two phases

Volume Outer dimensions in mm Heating Electrical Weight in l W D H power in kW3 connection* in kg 30 607 + 255 1175 1315 3.6 1-phase 195 60 667 + 255 1250 1400 6.6 3-phase 240 120 767 + 255 1350 1500 9.6 3-phase 310 250 1002 + 255 1636 1860 19.0 3-phase 610 500 1152 + 255 1886 2010 28.0 3-phase 1030 675 1152 + 255 2100 2010 28.0 3-phase 1350

Air circulation furnace N 500/HAS with four compartments, each with roller conveyor and individual door

*Please see page 70 for more information about supply voltage 3 Depending on furnace design connected load might be higher 21


Air Circulation Chamber Furnaces > 560 Liters Electrically Heated or Gas-Fired

N 1500/85HA with electric charging system for heavy loads N 3920/26HAS

These air circulation chamber furnaces are available for maximum operating temperatures of 260 °C, 450 °C, 600 °C or 850 °C and are perfectly suited for demanding processes. Due to their robust and solid design even heavy loads can be heat treated. These furnaces are suited for use with baskets, pallets, and mobile furnace racks. The charging can be carried out with fork lift, pallet truck, or charging trolley. The basic furnace is standing on the shop floor without floor insulation. Charging can be simplified by roller conveyors, if necessary also motorized. All furnaces are available with electric or gas heating. Enclosed heater coils on electrically heated models

Gas burner positioned along the furnace side

22

Standard version for models up to 600 °C (850 °C models see page 24) „„Tmax 260 °C, 450 °C or 600 °C „„Electrically heated or gas-fired „„Electric heating by means of heater coils „„Direct gas heating or upon request with indirect gas heating with radiation tube, e.g. for heat treatment of aluminum „„Optimal air circulation for your charge by means of adjustable air outlets „„Horizontal air flow (type ../HA) „„High air exchange for perfect heat transfer „„Ground level charging without floor insulation for 260 °C models „„Temperature uniformity up to ∆T 10 K according to DIN 17052-1 see page 64 „„Furnace chamber lined with alloy 1.4301 (DIN) „„High quality mineral wool insulation provides for low outer temperatures „„Inside unlocking device for furnaces with walk-in chambers „„Furnace sizes suitable for common charging systems, such as pallets, baskets, etc. „„Double-wing door for furnaces with an internal width of more than 1500 mm (260 °C and 450 °C models). Furnaces for higher temperatures and with smaller sizes are equipped with a single-wing door.


N 2520/60HA with roller conveyor inside and in front of the furnace

N 1500/85HA with lift door and work piece holders in the furnace

„„Over-temperature limiter with manual reset for thermal protection class 2 in accordance with EN 60519-2 as temperature limiter to protect the furnace and load „„Controls description see page 68 Additional equippment for models up to 600 °C „„Optional floor insulation provides for improved temperature uniformity for 260 °C models „„Entry ramps or track cutouts for floor-level charging cart of models with bottom insulation (not for 600 °C models) „„Furnace positioned on base frame provides for ergonomic charging height „„Electro-hydraulic lift door „„Fan system for faster cooling with manual or motor-driven control „„Motor-driven control of air inlet and exhaust air flaps for better ventilation of the furnace chamber „„Observation window and/or furnace chamber lighting (not for 600 °C models) „„Optimization of the temperature uniformity up to +/- 3 °C according to DIN 17052-1 see page 64 „„Safety technology according to EN 1539 for charges containing solvents (not for 600 °C models) see page 30 „„Charging systems or roller conveyors, also electrically driven provide for easy charging see page 48 „„Catalytic or thermal exhaust gas cleaning systems „„Process control and documentation with Controltherm MV software package see page 69

Pull-out drawers for heavy loads

Track cutouts for pallet truck or charging cart 23


Air Circulation Chamber Furnaces > 560 Liters Electrically Heated or Gas-Fired

Air circulation chamber furnace N 140000/26AS for curing of composites in vacuum bags incl. pump and necessary connections in the oven chamber

Air circulation furnace N 790/65HAS, adjustable in height, for integration in a heat treatment system

Standard version for models 850 °C „„Tmax 850 °C „„Electrically heated or gas-fired „„Electric heating with heating elements on supports tubes „„Direct gas heating into the outlet of the air circulation fan „„Optimal air circulation for your charge by means of adjustable air outlets „„Horizontal air-flow (type ../HA) „„High air exchange provides for perfect heat transfer „„Base frame with 900 mm charging height „„Temperature uniformity up to ∆T 10 K according to DIN 17052-1 see page 64 „„Air baffles made of 1.4828 (DIN) „„Multi-layer insulation with fiber plates (not classified according to EU directive 67/548) provides for low outer temperatures „„Furnaces sizes perfectly suited to accommodate common charging systems, e.g. like pallets or pallet boxes „„Over-temperature limiter with manual reset for thermal protection class 2 in accordance with EN 60519-2 as temperature limiter to protect the furnace and load „„Controls description see page 68 Additional equipment for models 850 °C „„Electro-hydraulic lift door „„Fan system for faster cooling with manual or motor-driven control „„Motor-driven air inlet and control of exhaust air flaps for better ventilation of the furnace chamber „„Optimization of the temperature uniformity up to +/- 3 °C according to DIN 17052-1 see page 64 „„Base frame for customized charging height „„Charging systems or roller conveyors, also electrically driven provide for easy charging see page 48 „„Designed for Tmax 950 °C „„Process control and documentation with Controltherm MV software package see page 69

N 670/65HAS with quenching tank 24


N 12000/25AS Model

N 24500/20HAS

N 560/26HA N 1000/26HA N 1500/26HA N 1500/26HA1 N 2000/26HA N 2000/26HA1 N 2010/26HA N 2880/26HA N 4000/26HA N 4000/26HA1 N 4010/26HA N 4500/26HA N 5600/26HA N 6750/26HA N 7200/26HA N 10000/26HA

Tmax °C 260 260 260 260 260 260 260 260 260 260 260 260 260 260 260 260

Inner dimensions in mm w d h 750 1000 750 1000 1000 1000 1500 1000 1000 1000 1500 1000 1500 1100 1200 1100 1500 1200 1000 1000 2000 1200 1200 2000 1500 2200 1200 2200 1500 1200 1000 2000 2000 1500 1500 2000 1500 2500 1500 1500 3000 1500 2000 1500 2400 2000 2500 2000

Volume in l 560 1000 1500 1500 2000 2000 2000 2880 4000 4000 4000 4500 5600 6750 7200 10000

Outer dimensions in mm W D H 1450 1865 2220 1930 1900 1600 2380 1900 1600 1880 2400 1600 2380 2000 1800 1980 2400 1800 1880 1900 2720 2080 2100 2720 2380 3110 1800 3080 2410 1800 1880 2900 2720 2380 2400 2720 2110 3180 2340 2110 3680 2340 2610 2410 3000 2610 3180 2840

N 560/45HA(E¹) N 1000/45HA(E¹) N 1500/45HA(E¹) N 1500/45HA1(E¹) N 2000/45HA(E¹) N 2000/45HA1(E¹) N 2010/45HA(E¹) N 2880/45HA(E¹) N 4000/45HA(E¹) N 4000/45HA1(E¹) N 4010/45HA(E¹) N 4500/45HA(E¹) N 5600/45HA(E¹) N 6750/45HA(E¹) N 7200/45HA(E¹) N 10000/45HA(E¹)

450 450 450 450 450 450 450 450 450 450 450 450 450 450 450 450

750 1000 1500 1000 1500 1100 1000 1200 1500 2200 1000 1500 1500 1500 2000 2000

1000 1000 1000 1500 1100 1500 1000 1200 2200 1500 2000 1500 2500 3000 1500 2500

750 1000 1000 1000 1200 1200 2000 2000 1200 1200 2000 2000 1500 1500 2400 2000

560 1000 1500 1500 2000 2000 2000 2880 4000 4000 4000 4500 5600 6750 7200 10000

1450 1930 2380 1880 2380 1980 1880 2080 2380 3080 1880 2380 2110 2110 2610 2610

1865 1900 1900 2400 2000 2400 1900 2100 3110 2410 2900 2400 3180 3680 2410 3180

2220 1600 1600 1600 1800 1800 2720 2720 1800 1800 2720 2720 2340 2340 3000 2840

900 3600 3600 3600 6400 6400 7200 9000 9000 9000 9000 12800 9000 19200 18000 25600

13.0¹/ 19.0 18.0¹/ 40.0 22.0¹/ 40.0 22.0¹/ 40.0 22.0¹/ 46.0 22.0¹/ 46.0 30.0¹/ 54.0 54.0¹/ 66.0 47.0¹/ 65.0 47.0¹/ 65.0 54.0¹/ 66.0 54.0¹/ 66.0 69.0¹/ 93.0 98.0¹/116.0 93.0¹/117.0 106.0¹/130.0

3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase

N N N N N N N

1000/60HA 1500/60HA 1500/60HA1 2000/60HA 2000/60HA1 4000/60HA 4000/60HA1

600 600 600 600 600 600 600

1000 1500 1000 1500 1100 1500 2200

1000 1000 1500 1100 1500 2200 1500

1000 1000 1000 1200 1200 1200 1200

1000 1500 1500 2000 2000 4000 4000

1930 2380 1930 2380 1980 2380 3080

1900 1900 2400 2000 2400 3110 2410

1600 1600 1600 1800 1800 1800 1800

3600 3600 3600 6400 6400 9000 9000

40.0 40.0 40.0 46.0 46.0 65.0 65.0

3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase

N N N N N N

1000/85HA 1500/85HA 1500/85HA1 2000/85HA 2000/85HA1 4000/85HA

850 850 850 850 850 850

1000 1500 1000 1500 1100 1500

1000 1000 1500 1100 1500 2200

1000 1000 1000 1200 1200 1200

1000 1500 1500 2000 2000 4000

2100 2600 2100 2600 2200 2600

2000 2000 2600 2100 2800 3400

1900 1900 1900 2100 2100 2100

3400 6400 6400 9000 9000 12600

46.0 46.0 46.0 64.0 64.0 97.0

3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase

¹Reduced connected power for plastics applications 2 Depending on furnace design connected load might be higher

Circulation Heating Electrical rate m³/h power in kW2 connection* 900 13.0 3-phase 3600 18.0 3-phase 3600 22.0 3-phase 3600 22.0 3-phase 6400 22.0 3-phase 6400 22.0 3-phase 7200 30.0 3-phase 9000 54.0 3-phase 9000 47.0 3-phase 9000 47.0 3-phase 9000 54.0 3-phase 12800 54.0 3-phase 9000 69.0 3-phase 19200 98.0 3-phase 18000 93.0 3-phase 25600 106.0 3-phase

*Please see page 70 for more information about supply voltage

N 3968/80HAS for heat treatment of cutting tools

N 4010/45HA with track cutouts, chamber lighting and observation window 25


Chamber Dryer Electrically Heated or Gas-Fired

Standard models

The chamber dryers of the KTR range can be used for complex drying processes and heat treatment of charges of normal weight and packing density to an application temperature of 260 °C. The high-performance air circulation enables optimum temperature uniformity throughout the usable space. A wide range of accessories allow the furnace to be modified to meet specific process requirements. The design for the heat treatment of combustible materials in conformance with EN 1539 is available for all sizes. „„Tmax 260 °C „„Electrically heated (via a heating register with integrated chrome steel heating elements) or gas-fired (direct gas heating including injection of the hot air into the intake duct) „„Temperature uniformity up to ∆T 6 K according to DIN 17052-1 (for design wihout track cutouts) see page 64

Motor-driven rotary rack with baskets for moving the charge during heat treatment

Charging cart with pull-out trays 26

Production system, consisting of four chamber dryers for moving the load during heat treatment along with a three-stage heat exchanger to optimize energy efficiency


KTR 6125

KTR 1500 with charging cart

„„High-quality mineral wool insulation provides for outer temperatures of < 20 °C above room temperature „„High air exchange for fast drying processes „„Double-wing door for furnaces KTR 3100 and larger „„Over-temperature limiter with manual reset for thermal protection class 2 in accordance with EN 60519-2 as temperature limiter to protect the dryer and load „„Incl. floor insulation „„Controls description see page 68 Additional equipment „„Entry ramp for pallet trucks or track cutouts for charging cart „„Optimal air circulation for individual charges by means of adjustable air outlets „„Fan system for faster cooling with manual or motor-driven control „„Programmed opening and closing of exhaust air flaps „„Observation window and furnace chamber lighting „„Safety technology according to EN 1539 for charges containing solvents see page 30 „„Charging cart with or without rack system „„Design for clean room heat treatment processes see page 31 „„Process control and documentation with Controltherm MV software package see page 69

Model KTR 1500 KTR 3100 KTR 4500 KTR 6125 KTR 8000

Tmax °C 260 260 260 260 260

Inner dimensions in mm w d h 1000 1000 1500 1250 1250 2000 1500 1500 2000 1750 1750 2000 2000 2000 2000

Volume in l 1500 3100 4500 6125 8000

Depending on furnace design connected load might be higher

1

Outer dimensions in mm W D H 1930 1430 2315 2160 1680 2880 2410 1930 2880 2660 2180 3000 2910 2430 3000

KTR 3100/S for curing of composites in vacuum bags incl. pump and necessary connections in the oven chamber

Heating power Electrical in kW1 connection* 21 3-phase 30 3-phase 50 3-phase 50 3-phase 59 3-phase

*Please see page 70 for more information about supply voltage

Air-circulation in the chamber dryer 27


Ovens, also with Safety Technology According to EN 1539 Electrically Heated

TR 60 with adjustable fan speed

TR 240

TR 60 - TR 1050 With their maximum working temperature of up to 300 °C and forced air circulation, the ovens achieve a perfect temperature uniformity which is much better than in ovens of most competitors. They can be used for various applications such as e.g. drying, sterilizing or warm storing. Ample warehousing of standard models provides for short delivery times.

Electrical rotating device as additional equipment

Extricable metal grids to load the oven in different layers

28

„„Tmax 300 °C „„Working range: + 5 °C above room temperature up to 300 °C „„Models TR 60 - TR 240 designed as tabletop models „„Models TR 450 and TR 1050 designed as floor standing models „„Horizontal, forced air circulation results in temperature uniformity better than ∆T 8 K see page 64 „„Stainless steel chamber, alloy 304 (AISI)/(DIN material no. 1.4301), rust-resistant and easy to clean „„Large handle to open and close the door „„Charging in multiple layers possible using removeable grids (number of removeable grids included, see table to the right) „„Large, wide-opening swing door, hinged on the right with quick release for models TR 60 - TR 450 „„Double swing door with quick release for TR 1050 „„TR 1050 equipped transport rollers „„Infinitely adjustable exhaust at the rear wall with operation from the front „„PID microprocessor control with self-diagnosis system „„Solid state relays provide for low­noise operation „„Controls description see page 68 Additional equipment „„Over-temperature limiter with manual reset for thermal protection class 2 in accordance with EN 60519-2 as temperature limiter to protect the furnace and load „„Infinitely adjustable fan speed of the air circulation fan „„Window for charge observing „„Further removeable grids with rails „„Side inlet


TR 450 with observation window

TR 1050 with double door

„„Stainless steel collecting pan to protect the furnace chamber „„Safety Technology according to EN 1539 for charges containing liquid solvents (TRS) up to model TRS 240, achievable temperature uniformity ∆T 16 K „„Transport costors for model TR 450 „„Various modifications available for individual needs „„Upgrading available to meet the quality requirements of AMS 2750 E or FDA „„Process control and documentation with Controltherm MV software package see page 69

Model

Tmax Inner dimensions in mm Volume Outer dimensions in mm Heating Electrical Weight Grids in- Grids Max. °C w d h in l W D H power in kW² connection* in kg cluded max. total load¹ TR 60 300 450 380 350 60 700 650 690 3.1 1-phase 90 1 4 120 TRS 60 260 450 360 350 57 700 680 690 6.3 3-phase 92 1 4 120 TR 120 300 650 380 500 120 900 650 840 3.1 1-phase 120 2 7 150 TRS 120 260 650 360 500 117 900 680 840 6.3 3-phase 122 2 7 150 TR 240 300 750 550 600 240 1000 820 940 3.1 1-phase 165 2 8 150 TRS 240 260 750 530 600 235 1000 850 940 6.3 3-phase 167 2 8 150 TR 450 300 750 550 1100 450 1000 820 1440 6.3 3-phase 235 3 15 180 TR 1050 300 1200 630 1400 1050 1470 955 1920 9.3 3-phase 450 4 14 250 ¹Max load per layer 30 kg *Please see page 70 for more information about supply voltage ²Depending on furnace design connected load might be higher

TR 60 with observation window

29


Air Circulation Chamber Furnaces/Ovens with Safety Technology for Solvent-Containing Charges according to EN 1539 or NFPA 86

Ship-lock type furnace N 560/ 6HACLS with safety technology, front charging and rear unloading

Drying oven KTR 1500 for drying of foundry cores with an alcohol-based binder

Safety Technology for Air Circulation Chamber Furnaces Certain processes release and vaporize solvents or other flammable vapors. The concentration of these vapors must be kept below a certain limit to prevent ignition. European Norm EN 1539 and NFPA 86 in the USA prescribe the required safety equipment for these processes. For these applications and processes, all air circulation furnaces of the KTR and air circulation chamber furnaces < 450 °C product lines are suited with safety technology for protection of a potentional ignition in the furnace chamber. Exhaust port and powerful exhaust fan mounted on the furnace

Guide-in tracks for furnaces with bottom insulation

30

To avoid an ignition in the furnace, flammable vapors must be diluted with air. Special care must be taken so high concentrations of flammable materials do not accumulate in “dead” areas within the furnace. For this purpose, the furnaces are equipped with an exhaust gas fan providing for a defined underpressure. A measurement system monitors this flow, while fresh air is simultaneously resupplied. In parallel, the furnace atmosphere is diluted by the inflow of fresh air. The air circulation is also monitored by the measurement system. „„Furnace sizes between 120 and 10,000 liters „„Powerful exhaust fan capable of maintaining underpressure in the furnace „„Defined and monitored air circulation flow and exhaust air „„Visual and audible emergency signals „„Over-temperature limiter with manual reset for thermal protection class 2 in accordance with EN 60519-2 as temperature limiter to protect the furnace and load


Clean Room Solutions

Clean room applications impose particularly high requirements to the design of the chosen furnace. If the complete furnace is operated in a clean room an essential contamination of the clean room atmosphere must be avoided. Especially, the particle contamination must be reduced to a minimum. The specific application determines the choice of the required oven or furnace type. In many cases air circulation furnaces are required to achieve the necessary temperature uniformity at lower temperatures. For higher temperatures, Nabertherm has also delivered many furnaces with radiant heating. Furnace Installation in the Clean Room If the complete furnace is supposed to be positioned in the clean room, then it is important that both the furnace chamber and the furnace housing as well as the controls provide for good protection against contamination. Surfaces must be easy to clean. The furnace chamber is tightly sealed to the insulation behind it. If necessary, additional equipment such as filters for the fresh air supply or the air circulation in the furnace can be used to improve the cleanliness class. It is recommended to install the switchgear and the furnace controls outside the clean room.

KTR 8000 designed as a production furnace in the clean room with filters for air recirculation

Furnace Installation in the Grey Room, Furnace Charging from the Clean Room An easy installation alternative to improve cleanness is placing the furnace in the grey room with charging from the clean room. This significantly reduces the amount of costly space needed in the clean room to a minimum. The front and the furnace interior in the clean room are designed for easy cleaning. With this configuration even the highest clean room classes can be achieved. Furnace with Double Door System as lock between Grey Room and Clean Room Logistics between clean room and grey room can often be easily sorted out. Lock furnaces with one door in the grey room and the other door in the clean room are the perfect choice for these applications. The inner chamber as well as the furnace front in the clean room will be especially designed for lowest particle contamination.

Air circulation chamber furnace NACÂ 120/65 with clean room specs

Please contact us if you are looking for a heat treatment solution under clean room conditions. We would be pleased to quote for the oven or furnace model that meets best your requirements.

Air circulation furnace N 250/65 HAC for clean room Class 100 with charging door to the clean room

Hot-wall retort furnace NRA 1700/06 with charging frame for installation in grey room with charging door in clean room

Clean/Grey room solution with charging and operating in clean room 31


Chamber Furnaces for Heat Cleaning gas-fired with integrated thermal afterburner

1 Furnace chamber 2 Gas heater of the furnace chamber 3 Thermal afterburner 4 Exhaust hood

The chamber furnaces in the model series NBCL are used for heat cleaning of components. An optimum temperature uniformity is not a priority for these processes. Examples are heat cleaning of electric motors, coated surfaces of steel components or the nozzles of plastic injection molding machines. The furnaces are gas-fired and have an integrated thermal afterburner system which is also gas-fired. The pre-set, low-oxygen atmosphere in the furnace effectively prevents spontaneous combustion at the workpiece and subsequent damage as a result of over-temperature.

NBCL 2300

The generated exhaust gases are guided from the furnace chamber into the thermal afterburner where they are incinerated. Depending on the type of exhaust gas involved complete incineration is possible. For safe operation, the furnace door locks after program start and cannot be opened again until the temperature has dropped below 180 °C at the process end. In case of a burner flame malfunction or gas shortage the process is aborted. In addition, the control system is equipped with an over-temperature limiter with manual reset that is set by the customer at a safe cut-off temperature to switch off the furnace if the limit is exceeded. The furnaces are not suitable for components and coatings that contain solvents or a high concentration of water. These models must also not be used for charges with low flash points such as wood, paper or wax.

NBCL 1300

Gas burners for furnace heating and thermal afterburner

32

„„Tmax 500 °C „„Standard sizes with furnace chambers up to 2500 liters „„Furnace housing with equipped for safe transport with forklift „„Furnace chamber size dimensioned to hold standard lattice boxes „„Furnace chamber insulation made of non-classified fiber material, floor and rear wall insulated with lightweight refractory bricks „„High performance, atmospheric burner fueled by liquified gas or natural gas „„Completely automated temperature controls „„Integrated thermal afterburner for exhaust gas cleaning

Model

Tmax

NBCL 1300 NBCL 2300 NBCL 2500

°C 500 500 500

Inner dimensions in mm w 1200 1200 1200

d 900 1200 1600

h 1000 1600 1300

Outer dimensions in mm W 2160 2160 2160

D 2310 2605 3000

H 2450 3050 2750

Burner rating furnace chamber in kW 50 100 100

Burner ratingTNV in kW 100 100 100


Air Circulation Pit-Type Furnaces Electrically Heated

S 250/65A

S 30/45A - S 500/85A Pit-type furnaces with air circulation offer the advantage of easy charging, for heat treatment of heavy parts or loads in charge baskets. With maximum application temperatures available from 450 °C to 850 °C, these compact furnaces are particularly useful for processes such as tempering, solution annealing, artificial ageing, and soft annealing.

S 120/65A with protective gas retort box and cooling station next to the furnace

„„Tmax 450 °C, 650 °C, 850 °C „„Air circulation fans in the furnace bottom, high circulation rate „„Vertical air circulation with square air heating chamber „„Temperature uniformity up to ∆T 8 K according to DIN 17052-1 see page 64 „„Interior walls from stainless steel „„Switchgear with solid-state relays „„Controls description see page 68 Additional equipment „„Charging hoist with swivel arm and charge basket „„Optimization of the temperature uniformity up to +/- 2 °C according to DIN 17052-1 see page 64 „„Integrated fan for rapid cool down or separate cooling station for retort box cooling outside of the furnace „„Retort box with protective gas inlet and outlet for production in a defined atmosphere see page 50 „„Manual or automatic gas supply systems for non-flammable protective or reaction gases see page 50 Inner dimensions in mm

Volume

Basket system for charging in different layers

Model

Tmax

Max. char- Outer dimensions in mm Heating Electrical Weight ging weight in kg/m² W D H power in kW³ connection* in kg 120 750 850 1250 3.6 1-phase 130 120 800 950 1350 6.6 3-phase 225 120 900 1050 1450 9.6 3-phase 280 250 1050 1200 1600 19.0 3-phase 750 250 1200 1350 1750 28.0 3-phase 980

S 30/45A S 60/45A S 120/45A S 250/45A S 500/45A

°C 450 450 450 450 450

w 300 350 450 600 750

d 250 350 450 600 750

h 400 500 600 750 900

in l 30 60 120 250 500

S 30/65A S 60/65A S 120/65A S 250/65A S 500/65A

650 650 650 650 650

300 350 450 600 750

250 350 450 600 750

400 500 600 750 900

30 60 120 250 500

120 120 120 250 250

750 800 900 1050 1200

850 950 1050 1200 1350

1250 1350 1450 1600 1750

6.0 9.6 13.6 21.0 31.0

3-phase¹ 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase

130 225 280 750 980

S 30/85A S 60/85A S 120/85A S 250/85A S 500/85A

850 850 850 850 850

300 350 450 600 750

250 350 450 600 750

400 500 600 750 900

30 60 120 250 500

120 120 120 250 250

600 800 900 1050 1200

740 950 1050 1200 1350

1000 1350 1450 1600 1750

6.0 9.6 13.6 21.0 31.0

3-phase¹ 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase

130 225 280 750 980

¹Heating only beetween two phases ³Depending on furnace design connected load might be higher

S 30/65HA with exchangeable retort and two retort air cooling devices

*Please see page 70 for more information about supply voltage 33


Air Circulation Pit-Type Furnaces Electrically Heated or Gas-Fired

S 1000/85A

S 100/60A - S 1000/85A Due to their robust design, these pit-type furnaces with air circulation are particularly useful for a professional heat treatment demanding optimum temperature uniformity. Production processes such as tempering, solution annealing, artificial ageing, and soft annealing can be realized with these pit-type furnaces.

S 1780/60AS

Motor-driven air-inlet and exhaust air flaps

„„Tmax 600 °C or 850 °C „„Useful for heavy charge weights „„Air circulation fans in the furnace lid, high circulation rate „„Heating chamber with air baffle cylinder „„Heating elements on all wall surfaces „„Distribution of air flow through grid at the furnace floor „„Pneumatic or hydraulic lid lifting device „„Temperature uniformity up to ∆T 6 K according to DIN 17052-1 see page 64 „„Controls description see page 68 Additional equipment „„Integral fan for fast cooling „„Optimization of the temperature uniformity up to +/- 2 °C according to DIN 17052-1 see page 64 „„Variable rpm converter control of the air circulation velocity for sensitive parts „„Multiple zone control or special air circulation system for optimum temperature uniformity tailored to the charge „„Charge weights up to 7 tons „„Designed for Tmax 950 °C, fan blade driven indirectly via a belt to protect the air recirculation motor against overheating „„Process control and documentation with Controltherm MV software package see page 69

Model

Tmax °C

2 x S 5600/75 AS in production

S 100/..A S 200/..A S 300/..A S 500/..A S 600/..A S 800/..A S 1000/..A

600 or 850

Inner dimensions Volume Max. charcond. cylinder ging weight Ø in mm h in mm in l in kg/m² 450 600 100 1500 600 800 200 1500 600 1000 300 1500 800 1000 500 1500 800 1200 600 1500 1000 1000 800 1500 1000 1300 1000 1500

Depending on furnace design connected load might be higher

1

34

Outer dimensions in mm W 1100 1200 1200 1400 1400 1600 1600

D 1200 1300 1300 1600 1600 1800 1800

H 1600 2050 2250 2400 2600 2400 2700

Heating

Electrical

power in kW1 connection* 17.5 3-phase 28.5 3-phase 39.5 3-phase 52.5 3-phase 62.5 3-phase 70.0 3-phase 90.0 3-phase

Weight in kg 1000 1300 1500 1600 1800 1900 2200

*Please see page 70 for more information about supply voltage


Pit-Type and Top-Loading Furnaces with or without Air Circulation Electrically Heated or Gas-Fired

Our top-loading furnaces are perfectly suited for the heat treatment of longer or heavier components. The furnace is usually charged with a factory crane. Due to their highperformance air recirculation system, the furnaces provide for excellent temperature uniformity up to a maximum temperature of 850 °C. The top-loading furnaces for the temperature range up to 1280 °C provide for very good temperature uniformity due to their five-side heating. Alternatively, these furnaces can also be provided with gas heating. Customized dimensions are designed and produced to accomodate the size and weight of the components to be treated. „„Tmax 260 °C, 450 °C, 600 °C or 850 °C for furnaces with air recirculation „„Tmax 900 °C or 1280 °C for furnaces with radiant heating „„Electrically heated or gas-fired „„Heating from both long sides for furnaces with air recirculation „„Heating from all four sides and the floor with SiC plates in the floor as level stacking support for models to bis 900 °C or 1280 °C „„High-quality insulation, adapted to the specific maximum temperature „„Electrohydraulic opening system of the lid with two-hand operation „„Closable air supply vents in the lower area of the furnace chamber „„Closable exhaust air flaps in the lid „„Over-temperature limiter with manual reset for thermal protection class 2 in accordance with EN 60519-2 as temperature limiter to protect the furnace and load

S 5120/GS1, furnace chamber divided in two sections, split cover

Furnace chamber S 5120/GS with receptacle for an insulating plate in order to devide the furnace chamber

Additional equipment „„Motor-driven exhaust air flaps for faster cooling „„Controlled fan cooling with motor-driven exhaust air flaps „„Multi-zone control of the heating provides for optimum temperature uniformity „„Furnace chamber can be devided in length for short workparts, partitions can be controlled separately „„Designed for Tmax 950 °C, fan blade driven indirectly via a belt to protect the air recirculation motor against over-heating „„Process control and documentation with Controltherm MV software package see page 69

S 4100/S for sintering of high parts

S 1512/85HAS 35


Air Circulation Bogie Hearth Furnaces Electrically Heated or Gas-Fired

W 4000/60AS with charging basket made of 1.4828

Air circulation bogie hearth furnace W 5290/85 AS with annealing box for heat treatment of coils under protective gas

Cooling fan for accelerated cooling

Charge support in an air circulation bogie hearth furnace for 850 °C

The air circulation bogie hearth furnaces W 1000/60A W 8300/85A are used when heavy charges weighing up to more than 25 t have to be heat-treated. They are ideal for processes such as solution annealing, artificial ageing, annealing or soft annealing, for which a high degree of temperature uniformity is crucial. The high-performance air circulation assures that the temperature uniformity achieved throughout the usable space is outstanding. A broad selection of additional equipment enables these furnaces to be optimally adapted to suit specific processes. „„Tmax 600 °C or 850 °C „„Dual shell housing with rear ventilation provides for low shell temperatures for the 850 °C models „„Swing door hinged on the right side „„Heating from chrome steel heating elements for the 600 °C models „„Heating from three sides (both side walls and the trolley) for the 850 °C models „„High-performance air circulation fan with vertical circulation „„Temperature uniformity up to ∆T 10 K according to DIN 17052-1 see page 64 „„Bottom heating protected by SiC tiles on the bogie providing level stacking surface for the 850 °C models

„„Furnace chamber fitted with inner sheets made of stainless steel 1.4301 for 600 °C models and of 1.4828 for 850 °C models „„Insulation structured with high-quality mineral wool for 600 °C models „„Insulation made of high-quality, non-classified fiber material for 850 °C models „„Bogies with flanged wheels running on rails for easy and precise movement of heavy loads Air circulation bogie hearth furnace for heat-treating coils

36


„„Electric chain-driven bogie in combination with rail operation for smooth movement of heavy loads from model W 4800 „„Over-temperature limiter with manual reset for thermal protection class 2 in accordance with EN 60519-2 as temperature limiter to protect the furnace and load Additional equipment „„Direct gas heating or upon request with indirect gas heating with radiation tube „„Electric chain-driven bogie in combination with rail operation for smooth movement of heavy loads up to Model W 4000 „„Optimization of the temperature uniformity up +/- 3 °C according to DIN 17052-1 see page 64 „„Bogie running on steel wheels with gear rack drive, no rails in front of the furnace necessary „„Different possibilities for an extension to a bogie hearth furnace system: --Additional bogies --Bogie transfer system with parking rails to exchange bogies running on rails or to connect multiples furnaces --Motor-driven bogies and crosstraversal system --Fully automatic control of the bogie exchange „„Electro-hydraulic lift door „„Motor-driven exhaust air flaps, adjustable via the program „„Uncontrolled or controlled cooling system with frequency-controlled cooling fan and motor-driven exhaust air flap „„Multi-zone control adapted to the particular furnace model provides for optimum temperature uniformity in the 850 °C models „„Commissioning of the furnace with test firing and temperature uniformity measurement (also with load) for the purpose of process optimization „„Designed for Tmax 950 °C, fan blade driven indirectly via a belt to protect the air recirculation motor against over-heating „„Process documentation and control with Controltherm MV software package, NTLog and NTGraph or Nabertherm Control Center (NCC) for monitoring, documentation and control see page 68

Model W 1000/.. A W 1600/.. A W 2200/.. A W 3300/.. A W 4000/.. A W 4800/.. A W 6000/.. A W 6600/.. A W 7500/.. A W 8300/.. A

Tmax °C

600 or 850

Inner dimensions in mm w d h 800 1600 800 1000 1600 1000 1000 2250 1000 1200 2250 1200 1500 2250 1200 1200 3300 1200 1500 3300 1200 1200 4600 1200 1400 3850 1400 1500 4600 1200

Volume in l 1000 1600 2200 3300 4000 4800 6000 6600 7500 8300

Depending on furnace design connected load might be higher

1

Outer dimensions in mm W D H 1800 2390 2305 2000 2390 2535 2000 3040 2535 2200 3040 2745 2500 3040 2780 2200 4090 2780 2500 4090 2900 2200 5390 2770 2400 4640 2980 2500 5390 2780

Heating power Electrical in kW1 connection* 50.0 3-phase 50.0 3-phase 95.0 3-phase 95.0 3-phase 120.0 3-phase 120.0 3-phase 156.0 3-phase 152.0 3-phase 154.0 3-phase 203.0 3-phase

*Please see page 70 for more information about supply voltage

W 10430/85AS

W 13920/60AS4 with floor grid for heavy loads

37


Bogie Hearth Furnaces Electrically Heated

W 8250/S

W 2200/S with exchangeable table system

W 1000/G - W 10000 For annealing and hardening of larger parts, for example heavy cast parts or tool steel dies to temperatures between 800 °C and 1100 °C, we recommend our bogie hearth furnaces with radiation heating. The bogie can be loaded outside the furnace. When the design includes an electro-hydraulic lift door and a motorized bogie, the furnace can be opened while hot and the load can be removed for cooling or quenching. When several bogies are used together with a second door or bogie transfer system, one bogie can be loaded outside the furnace while the other bogie is in the furnace. This shortens process times and the residual energy of the furnace can be used when the new charge is heated. „„Tmax 900 °C or 1280 °C „„Dual shell housing with rear ventilation, provides low shell temperatures „„Swing door hinged on the right side „„Heating from five sides (four sides and bogie) provides for a optimum temperature uniformity „„Bogie heating receives power via blade contacts when driven in „„Heating elements mounted on support tubes provide for free radiation and long service life „„Bottom heating protected by SiC tiles on the bogie providing level stacking surface „„Multi-layer insulation consisting of lightweight refractory bricks backed by microporus silica insulation

W 6430/S1 38


„„Self-supporting and long-life ceiling construction with bricks laid in arched construction „„Bogies with flanged wheels running on rails for easy and precise movement of heavy loads „„Adjustable air inlet damper „„Manual exhaust air flap on the furnace roof „„Over-temperature limiter with manual reset for thermal protection class 2 in accordance with EN 60519-2 as temperature limiter to protect the furnace and load

W 3300 with chain drive

Additional equipment „„Fiber insulation for short heating time requirements „„Electric chain-driven bogie in combination with rail operation for smooth movement of heavy loads „„Bogie running on steel wheels with gear rack drive, no rails in front of the furnace necessary „„Different possibilities for an extension to a bogie hearth furnace plants: --Additional bogies --Bogie transfer system with parking rails to exchange bogies running on rails or to connect multiples furnaces --Motor-driven bogies and cross-traversal system --Fully automatic control of the bogie exchange „„Electro-hydraulic lift door „„Motor-driven exhaust air flap, switchable via the program „„Uncontrolled or controlled cooling system with frequency-controlled cooling fan and motordriven exhaust air flap „„Multi-zone control adapted to the particular furnace provides model for optimal the temperature uniformity „„Commissioning of the furnace with test firing and temperature uniformity measurement (also with load) for the purpose of process optimization „„Process documentation and control with Controltherm MV software package, NTLog and NTGraph or Nabertherm Control Center (NCC) for monitoring, documentation and control see page 68

Bogie hearth furnace with gas box for non-flammable protective or reaction gases

39


Bogie Hearth Furnaces Electrically Heated

Combi furnace plants consisting of two furnaces W 5000/H and two additional bogies incl. bogie transfer system and incl. necessary park rails

Model

W 6340S

W 1000/G W 1500/G W 2200/G W 3300/G W 5000/G W 7500/G W 10000/G

Tmax 째C 900 900 900 900 900 900 900

Inner dimensions in mm w d h 800 1600 800 900 1900 900 1000 2200 1000 1000 2800 1200 1000 3600 1400 1000 5400 1400 1000 7100 1400

Volume in l 1000 1500 2200 3300 5000 7500 10000

Outer dimensions in mm W D H 1470 2400 1820 1570 2700 2010 1670 3000 2120 1670 3600 2320 1670 4400 2520 1670 6200 2520 1670 7900 2520

W 1000 W 1500 W 2200 W 3300 W 5000 W 7500 W 10000

1280 1280 1280 1280 1280 1280 1280

800 900 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000

1000 1500 2200 3300 5000 7500 10000

1470 1570 1670 1670 1670 1670 1670

1600 1900 2200 2800 3600 5400 7100

800 900 1000 1200 1400 1400 1400

Depending on furnace design connected load might be higher

1

40

2400 2700 3000 3600 4400 6200 7900

1820 2010 2120 2320 2520 2520 2520

Heating Electrical Weight power in kW1 connection* in kg 40 3-phase 3000 57 3-phase 3500 75 3-phase 4000 110 3-phase 5300 140 3-phase 7500 185 3-phase 9100 235 3-phase 11000 57 75 110 140 185 235 300

3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase

3000 3500 4000 5300 7500 9100 11000

*Please see page 70 for more information about supply voltage


Bogie Hearth Furnaces Gas-Fired

Combi furnace plant consisting of one gas-fired furnace WB 11000HS and two additional bogies incl. bogie transfer system and incl. necessary park rails

Gas-fired bogie hearth furnaces distinguish by their unique efficiency. The use of high-speed burners allows for short heating times. The burners are arranged according to the furnace geometry providing for a optimum temperature uniformity. Depending on the furnace dimensions, the burners can alternatively be equipped with recuperator technology to save energy. The high-quality, long-life fiber insulation with storage capacity provides for short heating and cooling times. „„Tmax 1300 °C „„Powerful, sturdy high-speed burner with pulse control and special flame control in the furnace chamber provide for optimum temperature uniformity „„Operation with city gas, natural gas or liquified gas „„Fully automatic PLC control of the temperature as well as monitoring of the burner function „„Reduction-resistant fiber insulation with low heat storage provides for short heating and cooling times „„Dual shell housing provides for low outside temperatures „„Exhaust hood with fittings for further discharge of the exhaust gases „„Over-temperature limiter with manual reset for thermal protection class 2 in accordance with EN 60519-2 as temperature limiter to protect the furnace and load

Bogie hearth furnace WB 14880S

Additional equipment „„Automatic lambda control to set the furnace atmosphere „„Exhaust air and exhaust gas piping „„Recuperator burners utilizing part of the waste heat in the exhaust tract to preheat the combustion air and considerably contribute to energy saving „„Thermal or catalytic exhaust cleaning systems „„Process documentation and control with Controltherm MV software package, NTLog and NTGraph or Nabertherm Control Center (NCC) for monitoring, documentation and control see page 68 „„Other additional equipment for bogie hearth furnaces see pages 39

Furnace chamber with eight high-speed burners

41


Chamber Furnaces, also for Heat Cleaning Gas-Fired

NB 4330/S

NB 2880/S

NB 2304/S with integrated thermal afterburner for hot cleaning of painted parts

Compact burners for standard models up to NB 600 42

NB 300 - NB 600 Certain heat treatment processes require a gas-fired chamber furnace. Short heating times due to the high power are a convincing argument. The chamber furnaces with powerful atmospheric gas burners cover a wide variety of these processes. In the basic version the burners are manually ignited once at the start of the process. The automatic control system then takes over control of the temperature curve. At program end, the burners are automatically switched off. Depending on the process, the furnaces can be equipped with automatically controlled fan burners and safety technology for debinding. Depending on the model, these furnaces can be upgraded with fully automatic fan burners and additional accessories. „„Tmax 1300 °C „„Powerful, atmospheric burners for operation with liquified gas or natural gas „„Special positioning of the gas burners with flame guide top-down provides for optimum temperature uniformity „„Fully automatic temperature control „„Gas fittings with flame control and safety valve in accordance with DVGW (German Technical and Scientific Association for Gas and Water) „„Multi-layer, reduction-proof insulation with light-weight refractory bricks and special back-up insulation result in low gas consumption „„Self-supporting and rugged ceiling, bricks laid in arched construction or as fiber insulation „„Dual shell housing, side panels made of stainless steel (NB 300), for low outside temperatures „„Solid, double-walled door „„Exhaust hood with 150 mm (NB 300) and 200 mm (NB 440, NB 600) diameter connection „„Over-temperature limiter with manual reset for thermal protection class 2 in accordance with EN 60519-2 as temperature limiter to protect the furnace and load Additional equipment „„Fan burner with fully automatic control „„Exhaust air and exhaust gas piping „„Thermal or catalytic exhaust cleaning systems „„Recuperator technology for heat recovery see page 59 „„Process documentation and control with Controltherm MV software package, NTLog and NTGraph or Nabertherm Control Center (NCC) for monitoring, documentation and control see page 68


Chamber Furnaces Electrically Heated

N 41/H

N 7/H - N 641/13 These universal chamber furnaces with radiation heating have been specifically designed to withstand heavy-duty use in the heat treatment shop. They are particularly useful for processes such as tool making or for hardening jobs, e.g. annealing, hardening and forging. With help of various accessories, these furnaces can be customized to your application requirements.

N 312 with charging stacker

„„Compact, robust design „„Three-sides heating: from both side walls and bottom „„High-quality, free-radiating heating elements mounted on support tubes for longest service life „„Bottom heating protected by heat conducting SiC tiles „„Parallel guided downward swinging door (user protected from heat radiation) „„Stainless steel upper door jamb protects furnace structure when furnace is opened hot „„Exhaust opening in the side of the furnace, or on back wall of furnace in the N 31/H models and higher „„Temperature uniformity up to ∆T 20 K according to DIN 17052-1 see page 64 „„Low energy consumption due to multi-layer insulation „„Gas spring dampers provide for easy door opening and closing „„Heat resistant zinc paint for protection of door and door frame (for model N81 and larger) „„Controls description see page 68 Additional equipment see page 44/45 Model

Tmax °C

Inner dimensions in mm w d h

N N N N

7/H¹ 11/H¹ 11/HR¹ 17/HR¹

1280 1280 1280 1280

250 250 250 250

250 350 350 500

120 140 140 140

7 11 11 17

720 720 720 720

640 740 740 890

N N N N

31/H 41/H 61/H 87/H

1280 1280 1280 1280

350 350 350 350

350 500 750 1000

250 250 250 250

30 40 60 87

840 840 840 840

N 81 N 161 N 321 N 641

1200 1200 1200 1200

500 550 750 1000

750 750 1100 1300

250 400 400 500

80 160 320 640

N 81/13 N 161/13 N 321/13 N 641/13

1300 1300 1300 1300

500 550 750 1000

750 750 1100 1300

250 400 400 500

80 160 320 640

¹Table-top model ²Heating only beetween two phases

Volume in l

Outer dimensions in mm W D H

Electrical connection*

510 510 510 510

Heating power in kW³ 3.0 3.6 5.5 6.4

Weight in kg

1-phase 1-phase 3-phase² 3-phase²

60 70 70 90

1010 1160 1410 1660

1320 1320 1320 1320

15.0 15.0 20.0 25.0

3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase

210 260 400 480

1140 1180 1400 1690

1900 1930 2270 2670

1790 1980 2040 2240

20.0 30.0 47.0 70.0

3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase

820 910 1300 2100

1220 1260 1480 1770

1960 1990 2330 2730

1840 2030 2090 2290

22.0 35.0 60.0 80.0

3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase

900 1000 1500 2500

*Please see page 70 for more information about supply voltage 3 Depending on furnace design connected load might be higher

N 27/HS for forging with pneumatic door movement and radiation curtain

N 7/H

43


Chamber Furnaces Electrically Heated

N 2349S

Annealing furnace with electro-hydraulic lift door on transportable base for preheating of large steel sheets for the automotive industry.

These very rugged chamber furnaces with radiation heating are designed for continuous heat-treatment processes. They are ideally suited for forming processes such as forging or hot forming steel sheets. The use of a wide variety of accessories enables these furnaces to be tailored to the relevant application.

Door heating element as additional equipment

„„Tmax 1200 °C „„Very rugged design „„Heating from three sides (both sides and the floor) „„Heating elements installed on ceramic support tubes enable unimpaired heat radiation „„Bottom heating protected by heat-conducting SiC plate „„Manual lift door for models to N 951 „„Electro-hydraulic lift door for models from N 1296 „„Heating operated with low-wear semi-conductor relay (for models to 60 kW) see page 43 „„Temperature uniformity up to ∆T 20 K according to DIN 17052-1 see page 64 „„Closable measuring port for customer's temperature measuring system „„Holding time measurement for the charge until it goes to forging or forming of steel sheets: After charging, the operator presses a key and the previously defined holding time for the load begins to run. The end of the holding time is indicated by both acoustic and optical signals, meaning that the charge can be removed. „„Heat resistant zinc paint for protection of door and door frame „„Controls description see page 68

N 6080/13S preheating furnace for forging; with door-in-door 44

Additional equipment „„Other temperatures on request „„SiC plates to protect the wall heating elements „„Electro-hydraulic lift door for models to N 951 „„Protective gas ports in combination with silicone sealing of the chamber „„Annealing boxes for powder nitriding, annealing and hardening under non-flammable protective or reaction gases „„Loading devices and charging aids „„Charging grates for heavy loads „„Cooling fan in combination with motor-driven exhaust air flaps in the top of the furnace


N 761 with annealing box and charging cart

„„Heating elements also in door and rear wall for optimized temperature uniformity up to +/- 7,5 °C according to DIN 17052-1 see page 64 „„Commissioning of the furnace with test firing and temperature uniformity measurement using 11 thermocouples including record of the measurement results „„Furnace chamber with optional heating elements in the ceiling when used for preheating of sheetmetal plates „„Process control and documentation with Controltherm MV software package see page 69

Model N 731 N 761 N 891 N 951 N 1296 N 1491 N 1501 N 1601 N 1760 N 1771 N 2161 N 2201 N 2251 N 2401

Tmax °C 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200

Inner dimensions in mm w d h 750 1300 750 800 1900 500 800 1400 800 1000 1900 550 1800 1200 600 1660 1200 750 1000 1500 1000 1600 2000 500 2200 1600 500 1400 1400 900 1700 1700 750 1000 2200 1000 2500 1500 600 2500 1200 800

Volume in l 730 760 890 950 1296 1490 1500 1600 1760 1770 2160 2200 2250 2400

Depending on furnace design connected load might be higher

1

Outer dimensions in mm W D H 1800 2400 2890 1740 2700 2650 1740 2200 3450 2060 2700 2780 2860 2000 3020 2720 2000 3350 2060 2300 3845 2660 2900 2900 3400 2500 2900 2460 2200 3745 2760 2600 3350 2060 3000 3845 3560 2300 3020 3560 2000 3445

Furnace chamber with optional heating elements in the ceiling when used for preheating of sheetmetal plates

Heating power Electrical in kW1 connection* 72 3-phase 72 3-phase 72 3-phase 72 3-phase 75 3-phase 115 3-phase 100 3-phase 115 3-phase 115 3-phase 115 3-phase 115 3-phase 155 3-phase 115 3-phase 115 3-phase

*Please see page 70 for more information about supply voltage

N 1491/S in production 45


Lift-Top Furnaces Electrically Heated

H 1000/S with table changing system

H 125/LB or LT - H 3000/LB or LT Lift-top furnaces have the advantage that they are highly accessible for charging. The heating from all four sides and the table provides for very uniform temperatures. The basic furnace is equipped with a fixed table under the hood. The system can be expanded by adding one or several exchangeable tables which can be driven manually or motorically. Another option is to remove the hood completely with a shop crane. In such cases, the furnace heating system has a plug-in power supply. „„Tmax 1200 °C „„Dual shell housing with rear ventilation for low shell temperatures „„Electrohydraulically driven hood with fixed table „„Five-sided heating from all four sides and from the table provides for a temperature uniformity up to ∆T 20 K according to DIN 17052-1 see page 64 „„Heating elements mounted on support tubes provide for free radiation and long service life of the heating wire

Lift-top furnace with recesses for extending charges

46

Lift-top furnace system with three exchangeable tables and protective gas boxes for heat treatment with non-flammable protective or reaction gases


„„Bottom heating protected by SiC tiles which provide for a level stacking surface „„Multi layer insulation consisting of lightweight refractory bricks backed by special insulation „„Long-life ceiling design with fiber insulation „„Manual exhaust air flap on the furnace roof „„Over-temperature limiter with manual reset for thermal protection class 2 in accordance with EN 60519-2 as temperature limiter to protect the furnace and load

HG 5208/S with exchangable table for heat treatment of large parts and charging the oven with the help of a shop crane.

Additional equipment „„Uncontrolled or controlled cooling system with frequency-controlled cooling fan and motor-driven exhaust air flap „„Multi-zone control adapted to the particular furnace provides model for optimal the temperature uniformity „„Additional tables, table changing system, also automatically driven „„Hood, removable by customer's crane, hood heating connected with plug-in power supply „„Commissioning of the furnace with test firing and temperature uniformity measurement using 11 thermocouples including record of the measurement results „„Process documentation and control with Controltherm MV software package, NTLog and NTGraph or Nabertherm Control Center (NCC) for monitoring, documentation and control see page 68

Model

Tmax Inner dimensions in mm Volume °C w d h in l H 125/LB, LT 1200 800 400 400 125 H 250/LB, LT 1200 1000 500 500 250 H 500/LB, LT 1200 1200 600 600 500 H 1000/LB, LT 1200 1600 800 800 1000 H 1350/LB, LT 1200 2800 620 780 1360 H 3000/LB, LT 1200 3000 1000 1000 3000 1 Depending on furnace design connected load might be higher

Outer dimensions in mm Heating Electrical Weight W D H power in kW1 connection* in kg 1330 1280 1900 12 3-phase 1250 1530 1380 2100 18 3-phase 1400 1730 1480 2300 36 3-phase 1800 2130 1680 2700 48 3-phase 2800 3690 1700 2750 75 3-phase 3500 4000 2100 3200 140 3-phase 6200 *Please see page 70 for more information about supply voltage

HG 2000, standard version

47


Charging Devices and Accessories for Chamber and Bogie Hearth Furnaces

Semi automatic heat treatment plant with two furnaces N 250/65HA, each equipped with pneumatic lift door and movable roller conveyor for easy furnace unloading.

By upgrading a furnace with useful accessories and devices for charging, you can considerably accelerate and simplify your heat processing which increases your productivity. The solutions shown on the following pages are only a part of our program, available in this product range. Ask us about accessories you may need. Our team of skilled engineers is prepared to develop a custom solution with you for any particular problem.

Chamber furnace system consisting of two air circulation furnaces N 250/65 HA with pneumatic swing door opening for cooling and convenient furnace charging

Air circulation furnace with charging grill shelves. The shelves can be moved individually on telescoping guides and can be taken out individually. 48

N 2380/55 HAS Air circulation furnace system with charging cart for sheet metal tempering


Quench Tanks

Oil separator for quench tanks with water

Subject to process, charge size and weight a customized quench tank will be designed and delivered. Standard sizes are also available. Water, oil or polymer are available as quenching medium. Various examples of different quench tank design as part of manual and fully automatic heat treatment systems are described on page 60 Available quenching mediums: „„Water „„Oil „„Polymer

Quench tank with water integrated in a heat treatment system for aluminium

Design Specifications „„Powerful circulation of the quenching medium „„Controlled heating systems „„Fill-level control „„Automatic refill system in case of water as quenching medium „„Connection port for customer’s cooling system „„Cooling system for the queching medium „„Oil separator for quench tanks with water „„Protective gas supply on the surface of oil quench tanks as fire protection „„Integration of bath temperature in the process control and documentation Protective gas supply as fire protection

Powerful circulation of quenching medium

Circulation of quenching medium 49


Protective Gas and Carburization Systems for Annealing and Hardening

Sealed annealing box

Annealing tray with alloy bag and protective gas inlet

Annealing box with protective gas inlet and outlet

Annealing box with protective gas inlet and outlet, constructed for evacuation at ambient temperatures

Our protective gas and carburization modules allow you to upgrade our annealing and hardening furnaces into a compact annealing and hardening system for non-flammable protective or reaction gases as an economical alternative to expensive vacuum systems and protective gas furnaces. We can recommend different systems based on your application. Our professional test center will be pleased to test your product samples in order to specify the right heat treatment equipment for you.

Automatic gas supply system for 2 gases with flow meter and solenoid valves

„„Annealing Box Our annealing boxes with lid sealing may be used for carburizing, annealing and hardening in neutral atmospheres, powder nitriding or boriding. Your charge is placed in the box and bedded in carburizing granulate, neutral annealing coal or nitriding or boriding powder. The box is sealed, and when heated, the resulting atmosphere in the closed annealing box provides for the respective surface reaction of the charge. For carburizing and similar processes, the annealing box may be removed while hot, opened and the charge quenched in fluid. For annealing processes, the box may remain in the furnace until it is cooled down. „„Annealing Tray with Alloy Bag This system, consisting of a lightweight tray with gas port and alloy bag, is particularly useful for air-quenched steels. The thin-walled alloy bag allows fast heat transfer. Its protective gas connections allow you to process your charge in a defined atmosphere. The small size of the gas lightweight tray you to pre-flush or cool the unit outside the furnace or place it on a cooling table for fast cooling by fan. „„Annealing Box with Protective Gas Inlet and Outlet The boxes are equipped with lid and protective gas inlet and outlet. The lid is sealed by means of a sealing channel with a high-temperature rope gasket before it is introduced into the furnace. The furnace is equipped with a special passage for the protective gas connections. The box is connected to a gas supply panel to introduce the required atmosphere in the box. When the heating process is finished, the box may be removed from the furnace, the lid removed and the parts quenched in liquid or air.

Sophisticated gas supply system

50

„„Annealing Box with Protective Gas Inlet and Outlet constructed for Evacuation Ambient Temperatures This version of our annealing box is designed to be evacuated prior to the heating cycle. After evacuation, the box is refilled with a protective atmosphere for the heating cycle. This system is particularly useful for bright annealing of bulk materials, and nonferrous and noble metals, since oxygen can be more efficiently removed from the box by evacuation than through purging. Temperature-resistant seals allow this version of the annealing box to maintain a vacuum at ambient temperatures. „„Additional Accessories Nabertherm offers a wide range of hardening accessories for the a.m. heat treatment system. From the simple sealing cord for the gas supply box up to a fully automatic gas supply system , we offer interesting solutions for your problem. Please ask for our catalog Thermal Process Technology II.


Powder nitriding in an annealing box

Powder carburizing of steel

Protective gas box used in a large bogie hearth furnace with air circulation

Annealing box with flap which opens together with the furnace door

Annealing tray with alloy bag

Bulk material bright annealing in an annealing box with evacuation facility

51


Salt-Bath Furnaces for Heat Treatment of Steel or Light Metals Electrically Heated or Gas-Fired

TS 20/15 - TSB 90/80 Salt-bath furnaces offer remarkably high temperature uniformity and excellent heat transfer to the work piece. Our salt-bath furnaces TS 20/15 - TSB 90/80 are especially useful for heattreating of metals in neutral or active salt baths. Processes such as carbonitriding (e.g. Tenifer) up to 600 °C, carburizing up to 950 °C, or bright annealing up to 1000 °C can be realized. In their standard version these furnaces are equipped with safety technology for heat treatment of steel. As addional feature they can be equipped with extended safety technology for heat treatment of light metals.

TS 40/30, electrically heated

TSB 30/30, gas-fired

„„Tmax 750 °C or 1000 °C in the salt bath „„Safety technology according to EN 60519-2 „„Useful for heat treatment of steel „„Bath temperature control „„Electric (TS) all-round heating or gas heating (TSB) „„Removable collar plate made of solid steel „„Insulated swing-a-way lid „„Temperature uniformity up to ∆T 4 K according to DIN 17052-1 in the bath see page 64 „„Over-temperature limiter with manual reset in the furnace chamber to prevent dangerous conditions for the furnace or personnel „„Bath control of salt bath and furnace chamber Crucibles „„Type P: low carbon steel, CrNi plated and corundum coated for carburizing baths up to 950 °C, neutral salt and annealing baths up to 850 °C „„Type C: high alloy CrNi steel for neutral salt and annealing baths up to 1000 °C and for dip brazing of Aluminium Additional equipment „„Exhaust gas collection at rim for connection to an exhaust system „„Enhanced safety systems for heat treatment of aluminium and magnesium in the salt bath with second overtemperature limiter with manual reset controller and PLC-bath control with thermocouples in the salt bath and in the furnace chamber

Model

Exhaust gas collection at crucible rim as additional equipment

TS 20/15 TS 30/18 TS 40/30 TS 50/48 TS 60/63 TS 70/72 TS 90/80

Tmax °C² 750 750 750 750 750 750 750

TS, TSB 20/20 TS, TSB 30/30 TS, TSB 40/40 TS, TSB 50/60 TS, TSB 60/72 TS, TSB 70/90 TS, TSB 90/80

1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000

Inner dimensions crucible Ø in mm h in mm 230 500 300 500 400 500 500 600 610 800 700 1000 900 1000 230 300 400 500 610 700 900

500 500 500 600 800 1000 1000

Volume in l 20 30 60 110 220 370 500 20 30 60 110 220 370 500

¹Depending on furnace design connected load might be higher ²Salt bath temperature 52

Outer dimensions in mm W D H 850 970 800 950 1070 800 1050 1170 800 1150 1270 970 1250 1370 1170 1350 1470 1370 1600 1700 1400 850 950 1050 1150 1250 1350 1600

970 1070 1170 1270 1370 1470 1700

800 800 800 970 1170 1370 1400

Heating power in kW1 17 20 33 53 70 80 100 22 33 44 66 80 100 120

Electrical connection* 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase

Weight in kg¹ 650 700 750 1000 1200 1500 1700

3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase

650 700 750 1000 1200 1500 1700

*Please see page 70 for more information about supply voltage


Martempering Furnaces using Neutral Salts Electrically Heated

QS 20 - QS 400 QS 20 - QS 400 martempering furnaces are filled with neutral salt and offer remarkably rapid and intensive heat transmission to the workpiece while ensuring optimum temperature uniformity. For working temperatures at between 180 °C and 500 °C these furnaces are ideal for quenching or cooling with minimal workpiece distortion, retempering, austempering for optimal toughness, recrystallization annealing after electrical discharge machining (EDM) and for blueing. The quenching or cooling process is applied in order to achieve an even temperature uniformity throughout the workpiece's entire cross-section before the formation of martensite and to avoid distortion and formation of cracks in valuable mechanical components during the subsequent hardening process. Tempering in a martempering bath is the same as the tempering process in air circulation furnaces and is used to reduce a previously hardened workpiece to a desired hardness, to increase toughness and reduce stress within the workpiece.

QS 30 with charging aid

Austempering is a good choice to achieve a high level of toughness and dimensional accuracy in oil hardened lowalloy steels. Workpieces subject to austempering have high tensile strength and good elasticity. „„Tmax 500 °C „„Optimal temperature uniformity „„Martemper bath temperature control „„Over-temperature limiter with manual reset for thermal protection class 2 in accordance with EN 60519-2 as temperature limiter to protect the furnace and load „„Heating with immersion heating elements „„Charging basket

Salt-bath hardening in practice

Additional equipment „„Charging aid mounted on side of furnace „„Process control and documentation with Controltherm MV software package see page 69 Model

Tmax Inner dimensions in mm °C w d h QS 20 500 300 210 460 QS 30 500 300 210 580 QS 70 500 400 300 680 QS 200 500 540 520 880 QS 400 500 730 720 980 ¹Anschlusswert je nach Ausführung höher

Volume in l 20 30 70 200 400

Outer dimensions in mm Heating Electrical Weight W D H power in kW1 connection* in kg 610 580 920 2.6 1-phase 110 610 580 920 3.2 1-phase 140 750 680 980 7.5 3-phase 240 900 900 1200 18.0 3-phase 660 1100 1100 1300 24.0 3-phase 1150 *Please see page 70 for more information about supply voltage

Information about salts by Petrofer and Durferrit and their application Salt AS 135/140 AS 220/225 AS 200/235 AS 200/235

Application

Working temperature Comment in °C Salt-bath hardening, tempering, 180 - 500 Not for use with workpieces which are heated up to above austempering 950 °C and salts which contain more than 13 % KCN Tempering, austempering 250 - 500 Tempering, austempering 280 - 500 Nitrite-free in the as-received condition Tempering 340 - 500

Double martempering bath 53


Rotary Hearth Furnaces up to 1300 °C with and without Air Circulation Electrically Heated or Gas-Fired

Rotary hearth furnace DH 3020/1480/450/11, movable on rails, for preheating of molds for two forges

The compact furnaces of the DH product line are optimally suited for continuous processes on a small floor space. They are designed for preheating processes such as the preheating of metal parts for forging. Charging and discharging can, be done at one position – either by a person or fully automatic. The hearth rotates in pre-set segments individually reconciled with the workpart geometry. The rotational speed and rotational intervals can be defined by the control system or by manual switching.

Gear rim drive under the furnace

Rotary table with base plates made of highly heat-resistant steel to protect the insulation

Exhaust hood above charging opening 54

The rotary hearth furnaces are specifically designed for the required throughput and charge dimensions. They are heated electrically or alternativelly gas-fired by means of powerfull gas burners. Subject to the temperature range these furnaces are equipped with or without air circulation. „„Tmax 1100 °C, 1200 °C or 1300 °C without air circulation „„Tmax 260 °C, 600 °C or 850 °C with air circulation „„Wire heating elements in the furnaces ceiling for furnaces up to 1200 °C „„SiC heating rods in the furnace ceiling for furnaces up to 1300 °C „„Gas heating as an alternative to electrical heating „„Models for 650 °C and 850 °C with powerful air circulation for better heat transfer onto the charge and to optimize the temperature uniformity „„Very compact design compared with continuous furnaces „„Designed for continuous operation at one working temperature „„Table diameter up to 3000 mm „„Hearth movement in defined segments „„Low-vibration movement of the rotary hearth „„Parallel swivel door „„Motor-driven or rotational motion initiated by foot switch „„Furnace floor can be lowered using a forklift truck for maintenance purposes


Rotary hearth furnace DH 1200/-/300/11

Additional equipment „„Exhaust hood above the door opening for discharge of the warm exhaust air when door is open „„Pneumatic drive of the parallel swivel door „„Charging aids for ease of loading and unloading „„Multi-zone control for adjustable thermal profile during the cycle „„Protective gas connections „„Process control and documentation with Controltherm MV software package see page 69

Model

Tmax Inner dimensions in mm °C Ø Outer Ø Inner h DH 1200/-/300/11 1100 1200 0 300 DH 1500/800/250/11 1100 1500 800 250 DH 3020/1480/450/11 1100 3022 1480 450

Volume in l 340 630 2500

¹Depending on furnace design connected load might be higher

Outer dimensions in mm W D H 2200 2200 2500 2400 2300 2450 4000 4000 2500

Pre-heating of steel rings for forging

Heating Electrical Weight power in kW1 connection* in kg 54.0 3-phase 1000 21.0 3-phase 1500 98.0 3-phase 3500

*Please see page 70 for more information about supply voltage

Furnace floor can be lowered for maintenance purposes 55


Continuous Furnaces Electrically Heated or Gas-Fired

Continuous furnace D 700/10000/300/45S with chain conveyor for 950 °C, gas-fired

Continuous furnaces are the right choice for processes with fixed cycle times such as drying or pre-heating, curing or degassing, etc.. The furnaces are available for various temperatures up to a maximum of 1000 °C. The furnace design depends on the required throughput, the process requirements for heat treatment and the required cycle time. The conveyor technology (e.g. belt, rollers) is tailored to the required working temperature and the geometry of the charge. The conveyor speed and the number of control zones are defined by the process specifications. Alternative furnace design subject to process specifications: Service window

Conveyor concepts „„Conveyor belt „„Metal conveyor belt with adjusted mesh gauges „„Drive chain „„Roller conveyors „„Pusher-type furnace

Discharge of D 650/S

Continuous belt furnace for bulk materials in baskets 56

Roller conveyor furnace N 650/45 AS for heat treatment of heavy workparts


Semiautomatic conveyor plant D 1600/3100/1200/55, consisting of annealing furnace, cooling station and conveyor system

Heating systems „„Electric heating, radiant or convection „„Direct or indirect gas-firing „„Infrared heating „„Heating with the use of external heat sources Temperature cycles „„Control of working temperature across the whole length of the furnace, such as for drying or pre-heating „„Automatic control of a process curve applying defined heat-up, dwell and cooling time „„Control of a temperature curve including a final quenching of the charge Process atmosphere „„In air „„In non-flammable protective or reactive gases such as nitrogen, argon or forming gas „„In flammable protective or reactive gases such as hydrogen incl. the necessary safety technology Basic configuration criteria „„Conveyor speed „„Temperature uniformity „„Operating temperature „„Process curve „„Charge space width „„Charge weights „„Cycle time or throughput „„Length of charge and discharge zone „„Generated exhaust gases „„Specific industry standards such as AMS, CQI-9, FDA etc. „„Other individual customer requirements

Visualization of process data on the PC

Drop bottom for quenching within 5 seconds

Water bath and tilt mechanism for removing the rivet 57


Wire and Strand Annealing Furnaces

Strand annealing furnace D 390/S

D 20/S - D 320/S These models are particularly suitable for continuous heat treatment at operation temperatures up to 1200 °C. The modular design allows adjustment to different length and width requirements. The heating elements are mounted on only one side of the furnace and can be changed individually during operation. Optimum temperature uniformity is achieved by means of a multiple zone control system tailored to the furnace dimensions. D 250/S in production

„„Tmax 1200 °C „„Modular design, variable length „„Small outer dimensions due to efficient microporous silica insulation „„Special heating elements that can be changed during operation „„Heating from the ceiling „„Optimum temperature uniformity by means of multiple zone control „„Controls description see page 68 Additional equipment „„Gas supply systems for non-flammable or falmmable protective or reaction gases including hydrogen in the muffle tubes, with burn off torch and safety technology „„Process and charge documentation „„Double chamber furnace system with parallel chambers for simultaneous operation at different temperatures

Model

Wire-drawing furnaces based on a tube furnace with a length of 6 meters 58

D 20/S D 30/S D 50/S D 60/S D 70/S D 110/S D 130/S D 180/S D 250/S D 320/S

Tmax °C 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200

Inner dimensions in mm w d h 400 1000 50 600 1000 50 200 3600 50 200 5600 50 350 3600 50 480 4600 50 650 3600 50 480 7600 50 950 5600 50 850 7600 100

¹Depending on furnace design connected load might be higher

Volume in l 20 30 50 60 70 110 130 180 250 320

Outer dimensions in mm W D H 900 1200 1350 1100 1200 1350 700 4000 1150 700 6000 1350 850 4000 1100 980 5000 1450 1150 4000 1150 980 8000 1350 1400 6000 1350 1400 8000 1350

Heating Electrical power in kW1 connection* 9 3-phase 12 3-phase 15 3-phase 36 3-phase 36 3-phase 36 3-phase 60 3-phase 80 3-phase 80 3-phase 160 3-phase

*Please see page 70 for more information about supply voltage


Energy Efficiency Technology In face of rising energy prices and stricter environmental regulations there is increasing demand for heat treatment systems with greater energy efficiency. Depending on the furnace size and the process there is always a certain amount of potential energy which can be recovered from the waste heat and re-used. This is especially true for large furnace systems or long process times which allow for huge energy savings that the additional investment has a short pay-back time. The thermal energy from finished charges can also be used to pre-heat cold charges which is also an efficient way of saving energy. The following examples outline engineering alternatives for heat recovery:

Counterflow heat exchanger for the air circulation chamber furnace N 2560/26 ACLS

Heat Exchangers The principle of the counterflow heat exchanger is to use the hot exhaust gas coming from the furnace to pre-heat the cold fresh air channelled into the furnace. In many cases, there is no need anymore for a separate fresh air preheating unit. Such a system is recommended if the process requires continuous air exchange in the furnace chamber, such as when tempering silicone, or during drying processes that are covered by the ENÂ 1539 industrial standard. Recuperator Burners Large gas-heated heat-treatment furnaces are especially advantageous for the installation of recuperator burners. Recuperator burners also use hot exhaust gas; to pre-heat the combustion air. Depending on the furnace model and the process, substantial energy savings of as much as 25% can be realized by using recuperator burners so that there is a short pay-back time for the additional purchase costs. Heat Transfer Chambers Heat transfer chambers, which can also be described as cooling/heating chambers, offer two enormous advantages. For one, they help save energy, and for another, using a heat transfer chamber increases productivity.

Recuperator burner for aluminum melting furnace 16 x TBR 110/12 and 2 x TBR 180/12

The load is removed from the furnace while it is still hot and placed in the heat transfer chamber. The chamber also has room for a new, cold charge. Circulating the air cools the hot charge and, at the same time, preheats the cold charge before it is put into the furnace. Consequently, the furnace heating does not have to provide the thermal energy and through-put capacitiy of the furnace is increased of the same time. The above systems for enhancing energy efficiency are only a few examples of technical alternatives. We would be happy to advise you on whether an additional heat recovery module would also be a sensible add-on to your furnace or system.

Heat transfer between a hot and a cold charge

Production system, consisting of four chamber dryers for moving the load during heat treatment along with a three-stage heat exchanger to optimize energy efficiency 59


Tempering Plants for Steel and NE-Metals

Fully automatic tempering system for aluminum with 2 pit furnaces, water bath, and 6 parking places

Fully Automatic Tempering System with Air Circulating Pit-Furnace S 1780/65 AS for Solution Annealing, Water Bath, Lift Conveyor and Pit Furnace S 3180/26AS for Artificial Aging This tempering system is available for the tempering of aluminum parts with a quenching time of 30 seconds. All functional processes are fully automated. Both, the solution annealing and the artificial aging furnaces are designed as pit furnaces. Removal of the charge basket from solution annealing and transfer to water bath

To save time, the conveyor unit picks-up the lid of the solution annealing furnace after solution annealing, along with the attached load basket and transports it to the water bath. The lid is then unlinked and conveyed back to the solution annealing furnace. After quenching, the basket is parked in a free spot. The subsequent artificial aging process also takes place in a pit furnace. Due to the longer period needed for artificial aging, the artificial aging furnace is equipped for the introduction of two baskets, while the solution annealing furnace can only handle one. The entire heat treatment, including all movements, is fully automated. The PLC controls handle all movement and locking processes. The system automatically detects occupied parking spaces and furnaces and starts the programmed processes according to priority. Charge documentation takes place on an ongoing basis, that is, the loaded basket is documented from the time it is loaded into a parking place until removal after the end of the process.

PC interface for central operation

60

Systems design „„Pit furnace S 1780/65 AS for solution annealing of one basket, Tmax 650 °C, volume 1780 liters „„Pit furnace S 3180/26 AS for artificial aging of two baskets, Tmax 260 °C, volume 3180 liters „„Water bath with powerful circulation and heating, along with control of the water temperature „„Linear lift conveyor for all movement processes „„PLC controls with Nabertherm Control Center (NCC) for temperature regulation, control of all movements, and parallel batch documentation „„6 parking spots with automatic occupancy detection, loading with forklift „„Safety fence around the entire system


Fully automated tempering system with two air circulating bogie hearth furnaces, quench bath, conveyor system, and parking spots for five charge baskets

Fully Automated Heat Treatment System with Air Circulating Bogie Hearth Furnace W 2780/60 AS for Solution Annealing, W 2780/26 AS for Artificial Aging, Lift Conveyor, and Heated Water Bath This tempering system is available for the tempering of T6 aluminum alloys with a quenching time of 10 seconds. All functional processes are fully automated. Both the solution annealing furnace and the artificial aging furnace are mounted on a platform and are designed as bogie hearth furnaces. After solution annealing, the conveyor unit positions itself in front of the furnace, the door opens, the bogie moves out, and the basket is automatically picked-up by the lift conveyor. The bogie moves back into the furnace and the load is quenched in the water bath underneath. After the quenching process, the basket is lifted back out of the water bath, drips off, and is conveyed to the artificial aging furnace. After artificial aging, the lift conveyor transports the basket to a free parking spot. The entire heat treatment, including all movements, is fully automated. The PLC controls handle all movement and locking processes. The system automatically detects occupied parking spaces and furnaces and starts the programmed processes according to priority. Charge documentation takes place on an ongoing basis, that it, the loaded basket is documented from its process start in the parking space until removal after the end of the process. System Design „„Bogie hearth furnace W 2780/60 AS for solution annealing, Tmax 600 °C, volume 2780 liters „„Bogie hearth furnace W 2780/26 AS for artificial aging, Tmax 260 °C, volume 2780 liters „„Water bath with powerful circulation and heating, along with control of the water temperature „„Linear lift conveyor for all movement processes „„PLC controls with Nabertherm Control Center (NCC) for temperature regulation, control of all movements, and parallel batch documentation „„5 parking spots with automatic occupancy detection, loading with forklift „„Safety fence around the entire system

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Heat Treatment Systems for Steel and NE-Metals

Bogie hearth furnace W 7440/26 AS for solution annealing and water bath WB 24000/S for quenching

Manual Heat Treatment System with Two Air Circulating Pit Furnaces S 3570/65 AS for Solution Annealing, Water Bath, Bogie Hearth Furnace W 7440/26 AS for Artificial Aging This tempering system was built for the tempering of aluminum parts for automaotive industry. The movement processes are performed manually using the customer's crane. These solution annealing furnaces are designed as pit furnaces, while the artificial aging furnace is a bogie hearth furnace.

2 x S 3570/65 AS for solution annealing

Solution annealing of the components takes place in two pit furnaces with 3570 liter furnace chambers. After the solution annealing process is concluded, the lid of the furnace is opened pneumatically, the basket is removed using the crane, and it is placed into the water bath. For better quench results, the water bath is equipped with a powerful circulation pump. After quenching, the operator uses the crane to move the load onto the bogie of furnace W 7440/26 AS for artificial aging. The bogie hearth furnace is equipped with a chain-driven bogie which is moved out of the furnace electrically. The furnace is dimensioned to accept the loads from both solution annealing furnaces. The furnace has PLC controls for temperature measurement and charge documentation. Every load can be assigned a name or a charge number, which is then stored along with the date.

Water bath with powerful circulation pump

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System Design „„2 pit furnaces S 3570/65 AS for solution annealing of one basket each, Tmax 650 °C, volume 3570 liters „„Bogie hearth furnace W 7440/26 AS for artificial aging of two baskets, Tmax 260 °C, volume 7440 liters „„Water bath with powerful circulation and heating, along with control of the water temperature „„PLC controls with Nabertherm Control Center (NCC) for charge documentation


Annealing system with top-hat furnace H 4263/12S and water bath

Manual Heat Treatment System for Steel with Top-Hat Furnace H 4263/12S and Water Bath This tempering system is available for the tempering of 8 meter steel profiles with a quenching time of 30 seconds. The furnace is a top-hat furnace which is loaded with a crane. After heat treatment, the operator positions the crane with attached C-hook in front of the furnace. The furnace is electrohydraulically opened by the operator at 1150 °C and the bogie is moved out of the furnace. The charge holder on the bogie and the C-hook are designed in such a way that the charge is positioned into the C-hook directly when the bogie drives out. The crane only needs to lift it up. The operator then moves the material over the water bath and lowers it for quenching. After the quenching process, the basket is lifted back out of the water bath, drips dry, and is manually placed onto a free parking spot with the crane.

Moving furnace table and material under the C hook of the crane

The system has PLC controls for temperature measurement and charge documentation. Every load can be assigned a name or a charge number, which is then stored along with the date. System Design „„Top-hat furnace H 4263/12S, Tmax 1200 °C, volume 4260 liters, electrohydraulic hood drive, chain drive for bogie „„Water bath with powerful circulation „„PLC controls with Nabertherm Control Center (NCC) for temperature regulation and charge documentation „„Safety fence around the entire system Quenching of steel bars in water

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Temperature Uniformity and System Accuracy Temperature uniformity is defined as the maximum temperature deviation in the useful space of the furnace. There is a general difference between the furnace chamber and the useful space. The furnace chamber is the total volume available in the furnace. The useful space is smaller than the furnace chamber and describes the volume which can be used for charging. Specification of Temperature Uniformity in Δ K in the Standard Furnace In the standard design the temperature uniformity is specified as the relative, maximum deviation from a defined reference temperature within the useful space in the empty furnace at dwell time. Temperature uniformity is defined as ΔT in K. If, for example, a standard temperature uniformity of ΔT 10 K at 750 °C is specified, it means that the actual temperature in the furnace can vary between 740 °C and 750 °C or between 750 °C and 760 °C. Specification of the Temperature Uniformity in +/- °C as Additional Feature If an absolute temperature uniformity at a reference temperature or at a defined reference temperature range is required, the furnace must be calibrated appropriately. If, for example, a temperature uniformity of +/- 5 °C at a set temperature of 750 °C is required, it means that measured temperatures may range from a minimum of 745 °C to a maximum of 755 °C in the useful space. System Accuracy Tolerances may occur not only in the useful space, they also exist with respect to the thermocouple and in the controls. If an absolute temperature uniformity in +/- °C at a defined set temperature or within a defined reference temperature range is required, the following measures have to be taken: „„Measurement of total temperature deviation of the measurement line from the controls to the thermocouple „„Measurement of temperature uniformity within the useful space at the reference temperature or within the reference temperature range „„If necessary, an offset is set at the controls to adjust the displayed temperature at the controller to the real temperature in the furnace „„Documentation of the measurement results in a protocol

Holding frame for measurement of temperature uniformity

The system accuracy is defined by adding the tolerances of the controls, the thermocouple and the useful space

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Temperature Uniformity in the Useful Space incl. Protocol In standard furnaces a temperature uniformity is guaranteed as ∆T without measurement of temperature uniformity. However, as additional feature, a temperature uniformity measurement at a reference temperature in the useful space compliant with DIN 17052-1 can be ordered. Depending on the furnace model, a holding frame which is equivalent in size to the charge space is inserted into the furnace. This frame holds thermocouples at 11 defined measurement positions. The measurement of the temperature uniformity is performed at a reference temperature specified by the customer at a pre-defined dwell time. If necessary, different reference temperatures or a defined reference working temperature range can also be calibrated.

Precision of the controls, e.g. +/- 2 °C

Deviation of thermocouple, e.g. +/- 1.5 °C

Deviation from measuring point to the average temperature in the useful chamber +/-3 °C


AMS 2750 E, NADCAP, CQI-9 Standards such as the AMS 2750 E (Aerospace Material Specifications) are applicable for the industrial processing of high-quality materials. They define industry-specific requirements for heat treatment. Today, the AMS 2750 E and derivative standards such as AMS 2770 for the heat treatment of aluminum are the guidlines for the aerospace industry. After the introduction of the CQI-9, the automotive industry has also committed to submit heat treatment processes to stricter rules. These standards describe in detail the requirements applicable to thermal processing plants. „„Temperature uniformity in the charge space (TUS) „„Instrumentation (definition of measurement and control systems) „„Calibration of the measurement system (IT) from the controller via the measurement line to the thermocouple. „„Inspections of system accuracy (SAT) „„Documentation of the inspection cycles

Measurement set-up in a high-temperature furnace

Norm compliance is necessary to ensure that the required quality standard of the manufactured components can also be reproduced in series. For this reason, extensive and repeated inspections as well as controls of the instrumentation, including the relevant documentation, are required. Furnace Class and Instrumentation Requirements of the AMS 2750 E Depending on the quality requirements of heat treatment job the customer specifies instrumentation type and the temperature uniformity class. The instrumentation type describes the necessary combination of the applied control, recording media as well as thermocouples. The temperature uniformity of the furnace and the class of the selected instrumentation are defined based on the required furnace class. The higher the requirements are set for the furnace class the more precise the instrumentation must be. Measurement set-up in an annealing furnace Instrumentation Each control zone has a thermocouple connected to the controller Recording of the temperature measured by the control thermocouple Sensors for recording the coldest and hottest spots Each control zone has a charge thermocouple with recording system Each control zone has an over-temperature protection unit

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Regular Inspections The furnace or the heat treatment system must be designed so that the requirements of the AMS 2750 E can be met and be reproduced. The standard also requires the inspection intervals for the instrumentation (SAT = System Accuracy Test) and the temperature uniformity of the furnace (TUS = Temperature Uniformity Survey). The SAT/TUS tests must be performed by the customer with measuring devices and sensors which operate independently of the furnace instrumentation. Nabertherm Services The suitable furnace model for the corresponding heat treatment can be designed based on the process, the charge, the required furnace class and the type of instrumentation. Depending on the required specs, alternative solutions can be offered. „„Furnace designs, which meet standards, following customer specifications regarding furnace class and instrumentation, incl. gauge connections for repeated customer inspections at regular intervals. No consideration of requirements with respect to documentation „„Data recording devices (e.g., temperature recorder) for TUS and/or SAT measurements see page 68 „„Data recording, visualization, time management via the Nabertherm Control Center (NCC), based on Siemens WinCC software see page 68 „„Commissioning at site, incl. the first TUS and SAT inspection „„Connection of existing furnace systems to meet norm requirements „„Documentation of the complete process chain in line with the corresponding norm 65


AMS 2750 E, NADCAP, CQI-9 Implementation of AMS 2750 E Basically, two different systems are available for control and documentation, a proven Nabertherm system solution or instrumentation using Eurotherm controllers/temperature recorders. The Nabertherm AMS package is a convenient solution that includes the Nabertherm Control Center for control, visualization, and documentation of the processes and test requirements based on PLC control. Instrumentation with Nabertherm Control Center (NCC) for Control, Visualization, and Documentation based on a Siemens PLC Controls The attractive feature of the instrumentation with Nabertherm Control Center in combination with PLC controls of the furnace is the convenient data input and visualization. The software programming is structured in a way that both the user and the auditor can navigate it without difficulty. In daily use, the following product characteristics stand out: „„Very easy to navigate and straight-forward presentation of all the data in plain text on the PC „„Automatic saving of the charge documentation at the end of the program „„Administration of the calibration cycles in the NCC „„Results of the measurement distance calibration are entered in the NCC „„Schedule management of the required testing cycles including a reminder function. The testing cycles for TUS (Temperature Uniformity Survey) and SAT (System Accuracy Test) are entered in days and monitored by the system and the operator or tester is informed in time about up-coming tests. The values of the tests are entered directly into NCC and saved as PDF files on the PC. There are no additional tasks involved in documenting the tests. „„Option of transferring the measurement data to a customer's server

Furnace chamber

Control thermocouple

Usable space

Charge thermocouple Thermocouple for the lowest temperature

Thermocouple for the highest temperature

Over-temperature limiter with manual reset

Furnace

Nabertherm Control Center

Example of a design with Type A Nabertherm Control Center

The Nabertherm Control Center can be extended to enable a complete documentation of the heat treatment process apart from just the furnace data. For example, when heat-treating aluminum, in addition to the furnace, the temperatures in the quenching basin or a separate cooling medium can also be documented.

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Instrumentation for TUS Measurements as a Separate Model The TUS standard requires that the temperature uniformity of the furnace be tested with a TUS measurement at regular intervals. This measurement must be performed by an independent measurement system and not by the instrumentation used for process control. The testing intervals are filed in the NCC in days. The system reminds in time that a test must be performed. This test can be performed either using an independent temperature recorder (see page 68) with the customer's calibrated testing thermocouples or using the Nabertherm TUS module that is connected to the Nabertherm Control Center as a separate module. The TUS module has its own PLC which converts the measurement results of the testing thermocouples. The evaluation, including an easy-to-navigate and simply log function, is then performed via the furnace's Nabertherm Control Center.

TUS module with ports for 16 thermocouples and PROFIBUS connection to the Nabertherm Control Center

Over-temperature limiter with manual reset

Recorder

Controller

Furnace Controlling thermocouple

Example of a design containing Type D Eurotherm instrumentation

Alternative Instrumentation with Temperature Controllers and Recorders from Eurotherm As an alternative to instrumentation with the Nabertherm Control Center (NCC) and PLC controls, instrumentation with controllers and temperature recorders is also available. The temperature recorder has a log function that must be configured manually. The data can be saved to a USB stick and be evaluated, formatted, and printed on a separate PC. Besides the temperature recorder, which is integrated into the standard instrumentation, a separate recorder for the TUS measurements is needed (see page 68).

N 12012/26 HAS1 according to AMS 2750 E 67


Process Control and Documentation Nabertherm has many years of experience in the design and construction of both standard and custom control system. All controls are remarkable for their ease of use and even in the basic version have a wide variety of functions.

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Assignment of Standard Controllers to Furnace Families

NRA 17/06 - NRA 1000/11

Standard Controllers Our extensive line of standard controllers satisfies most customer requirements. Based on the specific furnace model, the controller regulates the furnace temperature reliably. The standard controllers are developed and fabricated within the Nabertherm group. When developing controllers, our focus is on ease of use. From a technical standpoint, these devices are custom-fit for each furnace model or the associated application. From the simple controller with an adjustable temperature to the control unit with freely configurable control parameters, stored programs, PID microprocessor control with self-diagnosis system and a computer interface, we have a solution to meet your requirements.

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Functionality of the Standard Controllers Number of programs Segments Extra functions (e.g. fan or autom. flaps) Maximum number of control zones Drive of manual zone regulation Charge control/bath control Auto tune Graphic color display Status messages in clear text Data input via number pad Data entry via touchpanel Keypad lock Skip-button for segment jump Program entry in steps of 1 °C or 1 min. Start time configurable (e.g. to use night power rates) Switch-over °C/°F kWh meter Operating hour counter Programmable power outlet Real-time clock

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NTLog Comfort for HiProSystems: Recording of process data on an external storage medium NTLog Basic for Nabertherm Controller: Recording of process data with USB-flash drive

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Mains Voltages for Nabertherm Furnaces 1-phase: all furnaces are available for mains voltages from 110 V - 240 V at 50 or 60 Hz. 3-phase: all furnaces are available for mains voltages from 200 V - 240 V or 380 V - 480 V, at 50 or 60 Hz. 68


HiProSystems Control and Documentation This professional control system for single and multi-zone furnaces is based on Siemens hardware and can be adapted and upgraded extensively. HiProSystems control is used when more than two process-dependent functions, such as exhaust air flaps, cooling fans, automatic movements, etc., have to be handled during a cycle, when furnaces with more than one zone have to be controlled, when special documentation of each batch is required and when remote telediagnostic service is required. It is flexible and is easily tailored to your process or documentation needs. Alternative User Interfaces Touch panel H 700 This basic panel accommodates most basic needs and is very easy to use. Touch panel H 1700 Firing cycle data and the extra functions activated are clearly displayed in a table. Messages appear as text. Touch panel H 3700 All functions and process data are stored and displayed in easy to read charts. The data can be exported through various interfaces (Ethernet TCP/IP, MPI, Profibus) to a local PC or your company network for further processing. A CF card also gives the opportunity for data storage and transfer to a PC with a card reader. For Control, Visualisation and Documentation Nabertherm Control Center NCC Upgrading the HiProSystems-Control individually into an NCC provides for additional interfaces, operating documentation, and service benefits in particular for controlling furnace groups including charge beyond the furnace itself (quenching tank, cooling station etc.): „„Recommended for heat treatment processes with extensive requirements in respect to documentation e.g. for metals, technical ceramics or in the medicine field „„Software can be used also in accordance with the AMS 2750 E (NADCAP) „„Documentation according to the requirements of Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Part 11, EGV 1642/03 possible „„Charge data can be read in via barcodes „„Interface for connection to existing Enterprise Database systems (e.g. SAP, Oracle) „„Connection to mobile phone network for alarm message transmission via SMS „„Control from various locations over the network „„Calibration of each measuring point for a specific temperature possible „„Extendable for calibration of a polygonal line with up to 18 temperatures per measuring point for use at different temperatures e.g for AMS 2750 E applications For Documentation Nabertherm Documentation Center NDC and data recording via NTLog If the process data of the HiProSystems control unit only need to be recorded, this can be done using a personal computer (PC) with the high-performance NDC software. The data are documented, forgery-proof, and can be evaluated both in the form of a table or a chart. Individual charge data can be entered by the customer and are archived together with the process data. A low-cost alternative which can be used is the NTLog package. The data is recorded on a USB stick during the firing. After the heat treatment has been completed, the recorded value can be read out on the PC with the free analysis software.

PC for HiProSystems control in a separate cabinet

H 1700 with colored, tabular depiction of the data

H 3700 with colored graphic presentation of data

Temperature Recorder Besides the documentation via the software which is connected to the controls, Nabertherm offers different temperature recorders which can be used with respect to the application.

Data input using touch panel Size of colour display in inch Number of thermocouple inputs Data read-out via USB-stick Input of charge data Evaluation software included Applicable for TUS-measurements acc. to AMS 2750 E

Model 6100e x 5.5 3 x x

Model 6100a x 5.5 18 x x x

Model 6180a x 12.1 48 x x x x

Temperature recorder 69


Documentation of Nabertherm Controller â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Extension Module NTLog/NTGraph Basic The extension module NTLog Basic is an economical way to record process data using the respective Nabertherm Controllers (P 300/310/330, B 130/150/180, C 280, all from version 3.0) on a USB stick. For this purpose the controller is enhanced with an intelligent interface adapter to accommodate a USB stick. The process documentation with NTLog Basic requires no additional thermocouples or sensors. Only data recorded which are available in the controller via the control thermocouple (difference instead of real-time, program segment no., temperature setpoint, temperature actual value, control function 1, control function 2) is recorded.

NTLog Basic for data recording of Nabertherm Controllers

The data stored on the USB stick (up to 16,000 data records, format CSV) can afterwards be evaluated on the PC either via NTGraph or a spreadsheet software used by the customer (e.g. MS Excel). Process data is stored with a differential time and not with an absolute time stamp. Charge data, start time and start date are assigned later (e.g. in the spreadsheet software or with the file name) by the operator at the PC. For protection against accidental data manipulation the generated data records contain checksums. A retrofit of NTLog Basic on existing controllers can be done with a retrofit kit including a manual.

Documentation of PLC Controls with Touch Panel H 1700 or H 3700 - Extension Module NTLog/NTGraph Comfort The extension module NTLog Comfort offers the same functionality of NTLog Basic module. Process data from a Siemens PLC Controller is read out from Touch Panel H 1700 or H 3700 and stored in real time on a USB stick. The extension module NTLog Comfort can also be connected using an Ethernet connection to a computer in the same local network so that data can be written directly onto this computer.

NTLog Comfort for data recording of a Siemens PLC

Process Data from NTLog The process data from NTLog can be presented either using the customerâ&#x20AC;&#x2DC;s own spreadsheet program (e.g. MS Excel) or NTGraph. With NTGraph Nabertherm provides for a user-friendly tool free of charge for the visualization of the data generated by NTLog. Prerequisite for its use is the installation of the program MS Excel (version 2003/2010). After data import presentation as diagram, table or report can be chosen. The design (color, scaling, reference labels) can be adapted by using eight prepared sets. NTGraph is available in seven languages (DE/EN/FR/SP/IT/CH/RU). In addition, selected texts can be generated in other languages.

NTGraph, a freeware for the easy-to-read analysis of recorded data using MS Excel

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Controltherm MV Software for Control, Visualisation and Documentation Documentation and reproducibility gain increased attention with steadily rising quality standards. The powerful Nabertherm software Controltherm MV provides for an optimum solution for the control and documentation of one or more furnaces as well as charge data on basis of Nabertherm controllers. In the basic version one furnace can be connected to the MV-software. The system can be extended to four, eight or even 16 multi-zone controlled furnaces. Up to 400 different heat treatment programs can be stored. The process will be documented and filed. Process data can be read-out graphically or in table format. A data transfer to MS-Excel is also possible. For furnaces which are not controlled via a Nabertherm controller, the furnace temperature can be documented with the MV-software. We deliver an extension package as optional equipment. With respect to the individual version, three, six or even nine independent thermocouples can be connected. Independent of the control system, the values of each thermocouple will be read-out and evaluated by the MV-software. Features „„Simple installation without specific knowledge „„Suitable for PC with operating system Microsoft Windows 7 (32 Bit), Vista (32 Bit), XP with SP3, 2000, NT4.0, Me, 98 „„All Nabertherm controllers with interface connectable „„Manipulation protected storage of temperature curves of up to one, four, eight or 16 furnaces (also multizonecontrolled), depending on the version of MV-software „„Redundant storage on a network server possible „„Programming, archiving and printing of programs and graphics „„Free input of descriptive charge data text with comfortable search function „„Data exportable into Excel format for further evaluation „„Start/stop of the controller from the local PC (only with Nabertherm controllers mit interface) „„Selectable languages: German, English, French, Italian or Spanish „„400 additional programs storable (only with Nabertherm controllers with interface)

Controltherm MV Software for Control, Visualisation and Documentation

Data input in table format if used together with Nabertherm controllers

Extension Package II for Connection of one Additional Temperature Measuring Point, Independent of the Controller „„Connection of an independent thermocouple, type K or S with display of the measured temperature on the included controller C 6 D, e.g. for documentation of charge temperature „„Conversion and transmission of measured data to the MV-software „„For data evaluation, please see MV-software features Extension Package II for Connection Three, Six or Nine Temperature Measuring Points, Independent of the Controller „„Connection of three thermocouples, type K, S, N or B to the supplied connection box „„Extendable to two or three connection boxes for up to nine temperature measuring points „„Conversion and transmission of measured data to the MV-software „„For data evaluation, please see MV-software features

Graphical display of set and actual temperature curve

Extendable for connection of up to 16 furnaces 71


The whole World of Nabertherm: www.nabertherm.com Please visit our website www.nabertherm.com and find out all you want to know about us - and especially about our products. Besides news and our current calendar of trade fairs, there is also the opportunity to get in touch directly with your local sales office or nearest dealer worldwide.

Headquarters: Nabertherm GmbH Bahnhofstr. 20 28865 Lilienthal, Germany

contact@nabertherm.de Phone: (+49) 4298 922-0 Fax: (+49) 4298 922-129

Sales and Service Subsidiaries Nabertherm Ltd. (Shanghai) 150 Lane, No. 158 Pingbei Road, Minhang District 201109 Shanghai, China

contact@nabertherm-cn.com Phone: (+86) 21 6490 2960 Fax: (+86) 21 6490 3107

Nabertherm SAS 51 Rue de Presles 93531 Aubervilliers, France

contact@nabertherm.fr Phone: (+33) 1 5356 1800 Fax: (+33) 1 5356 1809

Nabertherm Italia via Trento N° 17 50139 Florence, Italy

contact@nabertherm.it Phone: (+39) 348 3820278 Fax: (+39) 055 480835

Nabertherm Schweiz AG Batterieweg 6 4614 Hägendorf, Switzerland

contact@nabertherm.ch Phone: (+41) 62 209 6070 Fax: (+41) 62 209 6071

Nabertherm Ltd. Vigo Place, Aldridge West Midlands WS9 8YB, United Kingdom

contact@nabertherm.co.uk Phone: (+44) 1922 455 521 Fax: (+44) 1922 455 277

Nabertherm Inc. 54 Read‘s Way New Castle, DE 19720, USA

contact@nabertherm-usa.com Phone: (+1) 302 322 3665 Fax: (+1) 302 322 3215

Nabertherm España c/Marti i Julià, 8 Bajos 7a 08940 Cornellà de Llobregat, Spain

contact@nabertherm.es Phone: (+34) 93 474 47 16 Fax: (+34) 93 474 53 03

www.nabertherm.com

Reg No. C 4.1/03.13 (englisch), information herein is subject to change without notice. Nabertherm assumes no liability for any errors that may appear in this document.

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Made in Germany Nabertherm with 350 employees worldwide have been developing and producing industrial furnaces for many different applications for over 60 years. As a manufacturer, Nabertherm offers the widest and deepest range of furnaces worldwide. 150,000 satisfied customers in more than 100 countries offer proof of our commitment to excellent design, quality and cost efficiency. Short delivery times are ensured due to our complete inhouse production and our wide variety of standard furnaces. Setting Standards in Quality and Reliability Nabertherm does not only offer the widest range of standard furnaces. Professional engineering in combination with inhouse manufactoring provide for individual project planning and construction of tailor-made thermal process systems with material handling and charging systems. Complete thermal processes are realized by customized system solutions. Innovative Nabertherm control technology provides for precise control as well as full documentation and remote monitoring of your processes. Our engineers apply state-of-the-art technology to improve the temperature uniformity, energy efficiency, reliability and durability of our systems with the goal of enhancing your competitive edge. Global Sales and Service Network â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Close to you Centralized engineering and manufacturing and decentralized sales and service define our strategy to live up to your needs. Long term sales and distribution partners in all important world markets ensure individual on-site customer service and consultation. There are various reference customers in your neighborhood who have similar furnaces or systems. Large Test Center for Customers What furnace is the right choice for this specific process? This question cannot always be answered easily. Therefore, we have set up our modern test center which is unique in respect to size and variety. A representative number of furnaces is available for tests for our customers. Customer Service and Spare Parts Our professional service engineers are available for you world-wide. Due to our complete inhouse production, we can despatch most spare parts from stock over night or produce with short delivery time.

Experience in Many Fields of Thermal Processing In addition to products for Heat Treatment, Nabertherm offers a wide range of standard furnaces and systems for many other thermal processing applications. The modular design of our products provides for customized solutions to your individual needs without expensive modifications.




Contents Page Annealing, Hardening, Carburizing, Boriding, Forging, Nitriding, Brazing Chamber Furnaces with Radiation Heating..............................................................................5 Charging Plates, Hardening Boxes...............................................................................6 Neutral Annealing Coal, Carburizing Powder and Granulate..............................................7 Nitriding Powder and Activator, Boriding Powder............................................................7 Stainless Steel Heat Treating Foil to avoid Surface Reactions.....................................................8 Annealing and Hardening Treating Foils.........................................................................8 Accessory Equipment for Processing Bags, Envelopes and Foils.......................................8 Annealing Envelopes, Annealing Bags...........................................................................9 Protective Gas Operation Protective Gas Annealing Bag and Holder.................................................................... 10 Protective Gas Boxes............................................................................................... 11 Protective Gas Boxes with Additional Vacuum Lid......................................................... 12 Vacuum Pump......................................................................................................... 13 Protective Gas Boxes with Hinged Lids....................................................................... 13 Protective Gas Boxes with Hinged Lids which remain in the Furnace................................ 14 Protective Gas Systems............................................................................................ 15 Measuring Temperatures in Protective Gas Systems...................................................... 16

Tool Shop Hardening Systems............................................................................................. 17 SHS 41 Protective Gas Hardening System............................................................................. 19 Cooling Platforms.............................................................................................................. 20 Quenching and Cleaning Baths............................................................................................ 20 Hardening Oil, Quench Water Additive, Detergent, Insulating Materials..................................... 21 Draw Hook, Binding Wire, Hardening Tongs, Gloves................................................................ 22 Heat-Resistant Face Mask.................................................................................................. 22

Tempering, Solution Annealing, Artificial Aging, Soft Annealing, Brazing Chamber Furnaces with Air Circulation................................................................................. 23 Protective Gas Boxes............................................................................................... 24 Protective Gas Boxes with Vacuum Lid........................................................................ 24 Pit-Type Furnaces with Air Circulation................................................................................... 25 Charging Aid........................................................................................................... 26 Protective Gas Boxes............................................................................................... 26 Charging Baskets.................................................................................................... 27 Salt Bath and Bath-Type Annealing, Tempering and Austempering Martempering Furnaces using Neutral Salt............................................................................ 28 Salt-Bath Furnaces using Neutral or Active Salt..................................................................... 29 Charging Devices Charging Trolley................................................................................................................ 30 Charging Stacker.............................................................................................................. 30 Hardness Tester......................................................................................................................... 31 Experience in using different Materials...................................................................................... 32 The Nabertherm Product Range................................................................................................. 33 Steel Selection............................................................................................... 34 


Overview of Heat Treatment Processes

Quenching and Tempering Case Hardening Hardening Tempering Solution Annealing Aging

Annealing Recovery Annealing Recrystallization Annealing Stress Relief Annealing Soft Annealing Normalizing

Thermal Chemical Diffusion Without Subsequent Hardening: Oxidizing Powder Nitriding Powder Boriding with Subsequent Hardening: Carburizing

As a manufacturer of electrically and gas heated furnaces for heat treatment, Nabertherm offers a wide range of accessory equipment and consumable materials required for heat treatment. The MHS 17 hardening system shown on page 17, featuring an oil and water bath as well as an air quenching system, is suitable for occasional applications. This system can be extened to a full-scale hardening shop using a minimum of space. The basis for annealing are the furnace models N 7/H - N 17/HR and for tempering, the circulation air furnace N 15/65 HA. Multitherm N 31/H - N 81 chamber furnaces as well as Multitherm N 30/45 - N 120/85 HA circulation air furnaces are suitable for hardening and tempering of medium-sized workpieces. In addition to oil and water baths, charging aids can also be supplied for these models. The semi-automated SHS 41 protective gas hardening system is suitable for annealing under protective gas and quenching in oil. For large-format workpieces we recommend furnaces N 161 - N 1491 and N 250/45 - N 500/85 HA. There are also charging aids available for these models. Quenching baths are custom manufactured and designed to fit the process. Protective gas boxes and bags can be used to prevent oxidation and decarburizng of the steel during heat treatment. These are flushed with protective gases such as argon, nitrogen or forming gas 95/5 and thus force the oxygen out of the containers. The systems required and their corresponding furnaces and boxes, are described in detail. If there is no protective gas available, workpieces can also be wrapped in annealing and hardening foils or packed in annealing envelopes. The foil used binds the enclosed oxygen. If used properly, clean, oxidation-free surfaces are achieved under protective gas as well as enclosed in foil. Annealing boxes and the required consumables are available for powder nitriding to obtain greater protection against corrosion, for carburizing of low alloy steels, for neutral atmosphere annealing in an oxygen-free atmosphere and for boriding. For the even quenching of workpieces and for bainitic hardening, Nabertherm supplies bath furnaces with neutral salt for temperatures up to 500 째C. Salt bath furnaces up to 750 째C and 1000 째C are available for heat treatment in active salt baths, for Tenifer nitriding, for carburizing and bright annealing. There are tongs, face protection, gloves and other equipment available for working at the hot furnace. We can supply a Rockwell hardness tester for testing hardness after treatment. The furnaces described in this catalog and the accessory equipment available allow many different heat treatment processes which otherwise are only possible using expensive furnace systems. This brochure offers customers the opportunity to assemble their own hardening shop to their own specifications and makes it easy to select required accessory equipment. Contact Nabertherm at any time for a detailed consultation.




Chamber Furnaces with Radiation Heating

N 7/H

N 7/H - N 1491 These universal chamber furnaces with radiation heating are designed for highly adverse conditions during heat treatment. They are ideally suited for tooling construction processes and in the hardening shop, such as annealing, hardening or preheating for forging. The use of various accessories allow these furnaces to be modified for your application. Standard Features, Table-Top Models N 7/H - N 17/HR  Compact, low-cost construction  Heating from floor and both side walls  Heating elements on support tubes ensure free heat radiation and a long service life  Low energy consumption due to multi-layer insulation  Casing made of sheets of textured stainless steel (non-corrosive design)  Exhaust air vent mounted on the side  Optimal temperature uniformity up to ΔT 20 K in accordance with DIN 17052-1  Floor heating protected by heat conducting SiC tiles  Parallel swinging door which opens downward (protection against heat radiation)

N 41/H

Standard Features N 31/H - N 61/H, like models N 7/H - N 17/HR, plus  Upper door area amored with stainless steel to avoid burn damage  Exhaust air vent in rear wall of furnace  Door movement cushioned by gas springs  Base included in delivery Standard Version N 81/H - N 1491/H, like models N 31/H - N 61/H, except  Door movement with counterweight and gas spring; opening upward  Models N 761 + N 1491 equipped with electro-hydraulic lift door N 641 with annealing box and lift trolley

For additional features see separate heat treatment catalog

Controller B 150 001311110 001311210 001311310 001311510

Article no. Controller C 290 001311190 001311290 001311380 001311580

Model N 7/H¹ N 11/H¹ N 11/HR¹ N 17/HR¹

Tmax °C 1280 1280 1280 1280

Inner dimensions in mm w d h 250 250 120 250 350 140 250 350 140 250 500 140

Volume in l 7 11 11 17

Exterior dimensions in mm W D H 720 640 510 720 760 510 720 760 510 720 890 510

Supply power/kW 3,0 3,6 5,5 6,4

Electrical connection* 1-phase 1-phase 3-phase² 3-phase²

Weight in kg 60 70 70 90

001321110 001321210 001321310

001321173 001321290 001321395

N 31/H N 41/H N 61/H

1280 1280 1280

350 350 350

350 500 750

250 250 250

30 40 60

840 840 840

1010 1160 1410

1320 1320 1320

13,0 15,0 20,0

3-phase 3-phase 3-phase

210 260 400

101320400 101320500 101320600 101320700 101320800 101320900

101320490 101320590 101320690 101320790 101320890 101320990

N 81 N 161 N 321 N 641 N 761 N 1491

1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200

500 550 750 1000 800 1660

750 750 1100 1300 1900 1200

250 400 400 500 500 750

80 160 320 640 760 1490

1140 1180 1400 1690 1550 2430

1900 1930 2270 2670 2540 1840

1790 1980 2040 2240 2650 3150

20,0 30,0 47,0 70,0 70,0 110,0

3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase

820 910 1300 2100 2400 5400

101330400 101330500 101330600 101330700

101330490 101330590 101330690 101330790

N N N N

1300 1300 1300 1300

500 550 750 1000

750 750 1100 1300

250 400 400 500

80 160 320 640

1220 1260 1480 1770

1960 1990 2330 2730

1840 2030 2090 2290

22,0 35,0 60,0 80,0

3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase

900 1000 1500 2500

¹Table-top model  ²Heating only between two phases

81/13 161/13 321/13 641/13

*Please see page 32 for more information about mains voltage 


Charging Plates for Models N 7 - N 641/13 We recommend this useful accessory equipment for applications up to 1100 °C to protect the furnace floor.  Tmax 1100 °C  Three raised edges  Hole for draw hook (see page 22 for draw hook)  Made of heat-resistant alloy 314 (AISI)/(DIN material no. 1.4841)  Material thickness 4 mm  Larger plates and custom dimensions available upon request Charging plate

Article no.

Furnace

628000137 628000138 628000132 628000139 628000140 628000141 628000400 628000133 628000142 628000143 628000144 628000145 628000146

N 7 N 7/H N 11 N 11/H, N 11/HR, N 21 N 17, N 17/R N 17/H, N 17/HR N 31/H N 41, N 41/H N 61, N 61/H N 81 N 161 N 321 N 641

Exterior dimensions in mm W D H 215 290 25 240 290 25 215 390 25 390 25 240 215 540 30 240 540 30 340 390 30 340 540 30 340 790 30 480 790 30 530 790 30 1140 30 720 950 1330 30

Hardening Boxes for Models N 7 - N 161/13 Working with Hardening Boxes Hardening boxes are made of heat-resistant alloy 314 (AISI)/(DIN material no. 1.4841) and also feature a lid for top charging. A ceramic fiber gasket is inserted in the circular seal profile on the upper edge of the box to seal it. To prevent oxidation during the process, neutral annealing coal is placed in the box. These bind the oxygen in the box at all temperatures. After the heat treatment, the box is removed from the oven, the lid is opened using tongs (page 22) and the workpiece removed. Our hardening boxes are also well suited for brazing. The boxes can also be used with the appropriate granulate (page 7) for carburizing (also referred to as case hardening or cementing) and for powder nitriding or powder boriding. The workpieces are placed in the box with carburizing granulate or nitriding powder or boriding powder and a suitable activator (page 7).

Hardening boxes with lid and granulate

 Tmax 1100 °C  Hardening box with lid and seal profile  Lid sealed with ceramic fiber, ceramic insulating materials can alternatively be used  Models up to N 17/HR with manipulating device available  Starting with model N 31/H, with a charging trolley (page 30)  Also usable for carburizing and powder nitriding  Heat-resistant alloy 314 (AISI)/(DIN material no. 1.4841)  Larger boxes and custom dimensions available upon request Article no.

Hardening boxes on stacker 

Furnace

Inner dimensions in mm w d h all 104 84 65 631000123 all 99 99 75 631000124 all 144 114 95 631000125 all 144 169 125 631000126 N 7, N 7/H 114 164 77 631000127 N 7/H 174 194 93 631000128 N 11, N 11/R 174 244 107 631000129 631000130 N 11/H, N 11/HR 184 294 107 631000131 N 17, N 17/R 174 394 107 N 17/H, N 17/HR 194 444 107 631000132 631000396 N 31/H 244 294 147 631000133 N 21, N 41, N 41/H 194 294 147 631000135 N 41, N 41/H 244 344 177 631000136 N 41, N 41/H 294 394 197 631000137 N 61, N 61/H 274 494 197 631000138 N 81 394 494 197 631000312 N 161 456 556 250 Article no. 601603960, 1 set of fiber insulation cord, 5 strips of 610 mm each

Exterior dimensions in mm W D H 140 120 90 135 135 100 180 150 120 180 205 150 150 200 102 210 230 115 210 280 132 230 330 132 210 430 132 230 480 132 280 330 172 230 330 172 280 380 200 330 430 222 310 530 222 430 530 222 496 596 355

Charging method charging fork charging fork charging fork charging fork charging fork charging fork charging fork charging fork charging fork charging fork draw hook draw hook draw hook draw hook draw hook forklift forklift


Neutral Annealing Coal  For protection of tool steel against oxidation and decarburizing, binds oxygen at all process temperatures  Workpieces are placed in a hardening box with annealing coal  Reusable multiple times with addition of approx. 20 % new granulate

Article no. 491075110 491075125

Description Kratos K Kratos K

Container 10 kg bucket 25 kg sack

Neutral annealing coal

Carburizing Powder and Granulate  Workpieces are placed into an annealing box with carburizing powder or granulate and the lid is closed and sealed  At approx. 900°C the steel reacts with the carbon and forms an approx. 0.2-2 mm thick layer  The thickness of the layer depends on the length of the process, approx. 0.1 mm/hr, a process time of approx. 6-8 hrs achieves good average results  Powder for alloyed and non-alloyed steels for single use as well as granulate for multiple use with approx. 20 % new granulate added  Supplied in 25 kg sacks Article no. 491070250 491070275 491070300 491070430

Carburizing granulate

Description KG 6 - granulate for alloyed steels and multiple re-use KG 30 - granulate for non-alloyed steels and multiple re-use Kratos L - powder for alloyed steels and single use Kratos U - powder for non-alloyed steels and single use

Nitriding Powder and Activator, Boriding Powder  Workpieces are placed into an annealing box together with the nitriding powder and activator and the lid is closed and sealed  Powder nitriding or powder boriding causes a thin cover layer to form against friction wear and fatigue resistance is substantially increased  At approx. 550 °C an extremely thick cover layer forms (up to 1000 HV) which covers the hardened steel or the carburized edge layer. The activator improves process conditions.  The process duration at 550 °C is at least 10 hrs  For all steels and cast iron, such as hot work steel matrices, injection molding dies, wear parts and machine components  Anti-nitriding paste to protect areas which should not be processed

Nitriding powder

Boriding powder upon request.

Article no. 491010250 491010150 491010100 491003000

Description Nitriding powder Activator Activator Anti-nitriding paste

Container 80 kg 25 kg 5 kg 1 kg 


Stainless Steel Heat Treating Foil to avoid Surface Reactions Single parts requiring protection against decarburizing can be wrapped in a stainless steel heat treating foil off the roll or packed in prepared envelopes or bags. The rolls are available in various lengths and widths, the envelopes and bags are supplied in various dimensions. Foil off the roll can be cut to size using gold plates scissors and the workpiece can be wrapped to requirements. See page 9 for more details about accessory supplies required, such as tongs and special gloves. The protected workpiece can now be loaded into the heated furnace. Due to the foil's thinness, it takes on the furnace temperature immediately and binds oxygen trapped in the foil packaging. There is then no oxygen present to oxidize the workpiece itself. The workpiece stays clean. After the appropriate dwell time in the furnace, the wrapped workpiece is immersed in the quenching medium. After quenching the foil is removed and the part is then tempered.

Workpieces in foil heat treating

Care should be taken to ensure that the foil is not too close to the workpiece as otherwise the foil may become damaged. If the workpiece should have several openings or gaps, and a large amount of oxygen can be wrapped up, these gaps can be filled in with foil pieces. This increases the foil surface area. Caution! The foil has very sharp edges. Use gloves and tools.

Annealing and Heat Treating Foils  Tmax 1200 °C  Stainless steel heat treating foil for single use  Ultra-thin stainless steel heat treating foil for bright annealing of workpieces in all shaps and sizes  Foil is cut to the correct size  Workpieces are packed into the foil as closely as possible  Airtight lock by means of folds of a fold lock or suitable tools (see below)  Rapid heating of the foil binds the oxygen in the packed piece, preventing virtually all oxidation and decarburizing  Quenching takes place with a foil, so the workpiece remains protected  Rapid quenching

Article no. 491020615

Dimensions Width in mm Length in m 610.0 7.5

Stainless steel heat treating foil

Accessory Equipment for processing Bags, Envelopes and Foils

Art.-Nr. 491047021, roll tongs

We recommend using special protective gloves and tools for closing bags, envelopes and foils because the foil has very sharp edges and can be damaged if handled using conventional tools.

Art.-Nr. 491047010, fold lock



Article no. 491047010 491047021 491041106

Description Fold lock with rotating handle Roll tongs for annealing envelopes and bag Hynit L finger protection gloves for foil use


Annealing Envelopes

 Annealing envelopes useful up to Tmax 1200 °C  For hardening small parts  Airtight lock by means of folds of a fold lock or suitable tools (page 8)  Rapid heating of the foil binds the oxygen in the annealing envelope preventing virtually all oxidation and decarburizing  Rapid quenching in air, oil or water, ensuring high dimensional accuracy  Workpieces are placed as tightly as possible in the annealing envelope  Envelopes made of ultra-thin stainless steel heat treating foil, welded on three sides, for single use Article no.

Dimensions in mm Width Length 491001000 63 127 491001501 63 203 101 152 491002000 101 228 491002501 491002999 152 203 491003500 152 304 Other dimensions available upon request

Article no. 491004000 491004501 491005001 491005500 491006000 491006500

Annealing envelopes

Dimensions in mm Width Length 203 254 203 355 254 304 254 406 304 355 304 457

Annealing Bags

Annealing bags

 Annealing bag suitable for powder nitriding, boriding and high speed steel hardening up to approx. 1050 °C - 1150 °C for cold work purposes  Made of stainless steel heat treating foil for single use  For hardening of blocks, stamps, cutting plates, etc.  Rapid heating binds the oxygen in the annealing bag so that high-alloy and medium-alloy steel grades can be hardened  Rapid quenching in air, oil or water, ensuring high dimensional accuracy  Workpieces are placed as tightly as possible into the annealing bag  Airtight lock by means of folds of a fold lock or suitable tools (page 8)

Quadratic cross-section Article no.

Dimensions in mm W D H 40 200 40 491063520 491063530 40 300 40 60 200 60 491064520 491064530 60 300 60 80 200 80 491065520 491065530 80 300 80 100 200 100 491066520 491066545 100 450 100 Other dimensions available upon request

Rectangular cross-section Article no. Dimensions in mm W D H 491041520 100 200 25 491041530 100 300 25 491043030 150 300 25 491043520 150 200 40 491043550 150 500 40 491045030 200 300 40 491045242 200 420 100 491046535 250 350 40 


Protective Gas Annealing Bag and Holder for Models N 7 - N 61/H

Protective gas annealing bag in operation

Working with the Protective Gas Annealing Bag and Holder When workpieces made of air-hardened steel must be heat treated under protective gas and quenched, the protective gas annealing bag with holder is an optimal solution. This system consists of a holder with charge carrier and protective gas tube as well as a bag made of stainless steel heat treating foil. We would be pleased to carry out trials at our technical center. The charge is placed on the charge carrier and covered with the protective gas annealing bag. The bag is preflushd with protective gases such as argon, nitrogen or forming gas 95/5 (page 15) and placed together with the holder in the furnace. After the charge has been heated, the protective gas annealing bag and holder are removed from the furnace and cooled with the help of the forced cooling system (page 17) or in still air. At the same time the workpiece remains in the bag in the protective gas atmosphere. This prevents oxidation from occuring. Due to thinwalled foil very rapid cooling times can be achieved. The protective gas annealing bag is also suitable for quenching workpieces in oil or water. The protective gas annealing bag with holder is taken out of the hot furnace after the heating time. The bag is pulled off the holder above the quenching bath using a heat protection glove (page 22). After this the workpiece can slide directly into the quenching bath. In most steels, the brief exposure to ambient air while being pulled out normally has no effect on surface oxidation of workpieces.

Holder with protective gas annealing bag

Thermocouple integrated in holder

10

The bags can be used multiple times. Our experience shows that at temperatures < 950 °C the stainless steel heat treating bag lasts for approx. 10-15 processes. At temperatures between 950 °C and 1050 °C, use for approx. 5 - 10 processes can be assumed.  Tmax 1200 °C  Holder with protective gas annealing bag, protective protective gas through notch in upper furnace collar  Supplied with three protective gas annealing bags  Gas connection with quick-release coupling and 3/8 inch hose connection  Holder with hand handle  Heat-resistant alloy 314 (AISI)/(DIN material no. 1.4841)  Charge thermocouple type K  Digital temperature display (page 16) and protective gas systems (page 15) optional  Charging trolley optional (page 30) Article no.

Furnace

631000539 631000540 631000541 631000542 631000543 631000544

N 7.. - N 61.. N 7.. - N 61.. N 11.. - N 61.. N 11.. - N 61.. N 17.. - N 61.. N 41.. - N 61..

Inner dimensions in mm Max. workpiece Replacement hood Preflush/cooling rate Process flush rate w d h length in mm (article no.) l/min l/min 80 250 40 180 491040825 15 - 20 5-8 120 250 60 180 491042225 15 - 20 5-8 120 350 60 280 491042235 15 - 20 5-8 160 350 80 280 491043635 15 - 20 5-8 160 420 80 350 491043640 15 - 20 5-8 200 420 100 350 491045242 20 - 25 10 - 15


Protective Gas Boxes for Models N 7 - N 641 Working with Protective Gas Boxes for a Protective Gas Atmosphere The hardening boxes for heat treatment under protective gas are equipped with a protective gas intlet and outlet. A box with protective gas is advisable for larger workpieces requiring defined heat treating. We would be pleased to carry out trials at our technical center. Up to furnace model N 61/H with downward door opening the gas ductway is laid through the upper section of the door collar, for larger furnaces with upward door opening the supply line is laid through the lower furnace collar. The box is pressurized with protective gases such as argon, nitrogen or forming gas 95/5 via the protective gas tube. A mixture of 95 % nitrogen and 5 % hydrogen produces optimal results. There are manual and automatic systems available for protective gas. See pages 15-16. for more information about protective gases which can be used as well as manual and automatic protective gas systems.

Box with protective gas connection

After charging the box it is closed and preflushed outside the furnace. Afterwards the box is placed in the preheated furnace. The quantity of gas can be reduced to the process flush quantity. After the heat treatment the box is pulled out of the furnace, the charge taken from the box and placed in the quenching medium. In most steels, the brief exposure to ambient air while being pulled out normally has no effect on surface oxidation of workpieces. We recommend using binding wire (page 22) on the parts so that they can easily be grasped by tongs (page 22). There is a flexible type K thermocouple in the box for measuring the temperature; we recommend connecting it to a digital display device or to a temperature recorder (page 16). The box can also be cooled down on a cooling platform (page 20) while closed. Be sure that the protective gas flowrate is increased for this application.

Winch stacker with hardening box and furnace

 Tmax 1100 °C  Protective gas box with lid, protective gas inlet and outlet through the furnace collar and seal profile. Gas connection including quick-release coupling with 3/8 inch hose connection  Lid sealed with ceramic fiber, ceramic insulating materials can alternatively be used  Starting with model N 81 the gas ductway runs through the lower furnace collar  Up to N 17/HR includes manipulating fork  Heat-resistant alloy 314 (AISI)/(DIN material no. 1.4841)  Charge thermocouple type K Additional Equipment  Starting from N 31/H a charging trolley is recommended (page 30)  Digital temperature display (page 16)  Protective gas systems (page 15) N 11 with protective gas box Article no.

Furnace

Inner dimensions in mm

631000382 631000383 631000384 631000385 631000386 631000387 631000398 631000388 631000389 631000390 631000391 631000392 631000393 631000607 631000608

N 7, N 7/H N 7/H N 11, N 11/R N 11/H, N 11/HR N 17, N 17/R N 17/H, N 17/HR N 31, N 31/H N 21, N 41, N 41/H N 41, N 41/H N 41, N 41/H N 61, N 61/H N 81 N 161 N 321 N 641

w 114 174 174 194 174 194 294 194 244 294 274 394 456 472 722

d 164 194 244 294 394 444 294 294 344 394 494 494 556 850 1050

h 77 97 107 107 107 107 147 147 177 197 197 197 250 212 312

Exterior dimensions in mm W 150 210 210 230 210 230 330 230 280 330 310 430 496 581 860

D 200 230 280 330 430 480 330 330 380 430 530 530 596 960 1160

H 102 110 132 132 132 132 172 172 200 222 222 222 355 330 456

Preflush/cooling rate l/min 15 - 20 15 - 20 15 - 20 15 - 20 15 - 20 15 - 20 20 - 25 20 - 25 20 - 25 20 - 25 20 - 25 20 - 25 20 - 25 20 - 25 20 - 25

Process flush rate l/min 5-8 5-8 5-8 5-8 5-8 5-8 10 - 15 10 - 15 10 - 15 10 - 15 10 - 15 10 - 15 10 - 15 10 - 15 10 - 15

Larger boxes and custom dimensions available upon request Article no. 601603960, 1 set of fiber insulation cord, 5 strips of 610 mm each 11


Protective Gas Boxes with additional Vacuum Lid for Models N 7 - N 161

Working with Protective Gas Boxes with additional Vacuum Lid to ensure Protective Gas Atmosphere When heat treating bulk goods and hollow parts under defined protective gas atmosphere we recommend the usage of protective gas boxes with an additional vacuum lid. Thus the traces of oxygen in the box can be reduced by a considerable amount which improves the quality of the components accordingly.

Protective gas box for N 41/H furnace with additional vacuum lid

These boxes are equipped with a lid for top charging, protective gas inlet and outlet as well as a vacuum lid with rubber sealing gasket. Gas ductwork and handling while hot is the same as the protective gas boxes described on page 11. In addition, these boxes also feature a connection for a vacuum pump with a shut-off valve. After charging the box in a cold state it is brought into vacuum and afterwards flushed with protective gas. By repeating this process once or several times the results are considerably improved. After the box was flushed with protective gas the last time, the vacuum lid is removed and the box is placed into the preheated furnace. Protective gas is used for heat treatment. After the heat treatment the box is taken out of the furnace and can be cooled in air or be opened to remove the charge. The box can also be force-cooled on a cooling platform (page 20) while closed. Be sure that the protective gas flowrate is increased for this application.  Tmax 1100 °C  Protective gas box with process lid, vacuum lid, protective gas inlet and outlet through the furnace collar and seal profile for process lid with support for vacuum lid  Lid sealed with ceramic fiber, ceramic insulating materials can alternatively be used  Vacuum lid with rubber sealing gasket  Gas connection with quick-release coupling and 3/8 inch hose connection  Manipulating fork (up to N 17/HR)  Heat-resistant alloy 314 (AISI)/(DIN material no. 1.4841)  Charge thermocouple type K Additional Equipment  Starting with model N 31/H, with a charging trolley (page 30)  Digital temperature display (page 16)  Vacuum pump (page 13)  Protective gas system (page 15)

Article no.

Inner dimensions in mm Exterior dimensions in mm* Preflush/cooling rate Process flush rate w d h W D H l/min l/min 631000515 N 7, N 7/H 104 144 42 150 200 102 15 - 20 5-8 631000516 N 7/H 164 174 62 210 230 110 15 - 20 5-8 631000517 N 11, N 11/R 164 224 72 210 280 132 15 - 20 5-8 631000518 N 11/H, N 11/HR 184 274 72 230 330 132 15 - 20 5-8 631000519 N 17, N 17/R 164 374 72 210 430 132 15 - 20 5-8 184 424 72 230 480 132 15 - 20 5-8 631000520 N 17/H, N 17/HR 284 274 112 330 330 172 20 - 25 10 - 15 631000521 N 31, N 31/H 274 112 230 330 172 20 - 25 10 - 15 631000522 N 21, N 41, N 41/H 184 234 324 142 280 380 200 20 - 25 10 - 15 631000523 N 41, N 41/H 284 374 162 330 430 222 20 - 25 10 - 15 631000524 N 41 264 474 162 310 530 222 20 - 25 10 - 15 631000525 N 61, N 61/H Larger boxes and custom dimensions available upon request *without vacuum lid 12

Furnace


Vacuum Pump Oil sealed rotary vane vacuum pump for universal use within the low vacuum range. Highly compact and low noise construction. Vacuum pressure gauge included in delivery.  Sliding vane rotary pump Sogevac SV 16BG with sucking capacity of max. 16 m³/h  0,5 mbar absolute  Connection hose made of stainless steel 1000 mm  Connector KF16  Manometer (-1/0,6 bar) Article no.

Exterior dimensions in mm

Connections on suction side

W D H 601403057 215 281 199 3/4" 1/2" inner thread *Article no. for other possible supply voltages on request

Supply

Supply

power 0.55 KW

voltage* 230 V

Vacuum pump

Nominal suction power m3 h 16

Suction capacity m3 h-l 15

Protective Gas Boxes with Hinged Lids for Bulk Goods for Models N 7 - N 81 Working with Protective Gas Boxes with Hinged Lid for Protective Gas Atmosphere When simultaneously heat treating small amounts of bulk material or several small parts using protective gas and afterwards quenching the bulk material or small parts in oil or water, we recommend to use protective gas boxes with a hinged lid. Boxes with an angled hinged lid on the front are equipped with a protective gas line on the rear wall. The supply line is run through the upper furnace collar. After preflushing the box accordingly with protective gases such as argon, nitrogen or forming gas 95/5 (for details see page 15) the box is placed with hinged lid first into the furnace. Due to a slight overpressure within the box the protective gas is vented off through the hinged lid. After the heat treatment the box is taken out of the furnace and the charge is poured into quenching bath directly out of the box. By placing the box at an angle the hinged lid opens by itself. While removing the workpieces the surface oxidation is not influenced by the short contact with ambient air.

Protective gas box with hinged lid

 Tmax 1100 °C  Protective gas box with hinged lid and hinges and protective gas inlet through the upper furnace collar  Lid remains closed through its own weight  Gas connection with quick-release coupling and 3/8 inch hose connection  With manipulating fork  Heat-resistant alloy 314 (AISI)/(DIN material no. 1.4841)  Charge thermocouple type K Additional Equipment  Starting with model N 31/H, with a charging trolley (page 30)  Digital temperature display (page 16)  Protective gas systems (page 15)

Article no.

Furnace

Inner dimensions in mm

w d h 631000569 N 7 174 179 74 631000570 N 7/H 194 179 74 631000571 N 11, N 11/R 174 265 94 194 265 94 631000572 N 11/H, N 11/HR 631000573 N 17, N 17/R 174 405 94 631000574 N 17/H, N 17/HR 194 405 94 631000575 N 31/H 149 265 114 Larger boxes and custom dimensions available upon request

Exterior dimensions in mm W 210 230 210 230 210 230 185

D 230 230 316 316 456 456 316

H 94 94 114 114 114 114 134

Preflush/cooling rate l/min 15 - 20 15 - 20 15 - 20 15 - 20 15 - 20 15 - 20 20 - 25

Process flush rate l/min 5-8 5-8 5-8 5-8 5-8 5-8 10 - 15 13


Gas Feed Boxes with Hinged Lid for Models N 7 - N 81 which remain in the Furnace

Gas connection

Door

Protective gas box with hinged lid for permanent operation

Working with Protective Gas Boxes with Hinged Lid in continuous Operation We recommend the usage of protective gas boxes with hinged lids which remain in the furnace while repeatedly heat treating workpieces using protective gas. Boxes with an angled hinged lid on the front are flushed with protective gas via a protective gas line on the rear wall. For the protective gas supply the pipe goes through a bore on the rear wall of the furnace. The gas protection atmosphere which is polluted due to repeatedly opening or charging the boxes does not interfere most heat treatment processes. For charging, the box is opened in the furnace using a draw hook (page 22) and the workpieces are placed into the box. The box is continuously flushed with protective gas such as argon, nitrogen or forming gas 95/5. The box is closed by the hinged lid's own weight. Due to a slight overpressure within the box the protective gas is vented off through the hinged lid. After the heat treatment the box is opened using a draw hook and the workpieces are removed.  Tmax 1100 °C  Gas feed box with hinged lid and hinges and protective gas inlet through the rear wall of box and furnace  Lid remains closed through its own weight  Gas connection with quick-release coupling and 3/8“ hose connection  Heat-resistant alloy 314 (AISI)/(DIN material no. 1.4841)  Larger boxes and custom dimensions available upon request  Charge thermocouple type K Additional Equipment  Digital temperature display (page 16)  Gas feed systems (page 15)

Article no.

Probes heat treated in different processes

14

Furnace

Inner dimensions in mm

w d h 631000581 N 7/H 174 179 74 194 179 74 631000582 N 7/H 631000583 N 11, N 11/R 174 265 94 631000584 N 11/H, N 11/HR 194 265 94 631000585 N 17, N 17/R 174 405 94 631000586 N 17/H, N 17/HR 194 405 94 631000587 N 31/H 149 265 114 631000588 N 31/H 209 265 134 631000589 N 41, N 41/H 209 265 184 631000590 N 41, N 41/H 264 405 184 631000591 N 61, N 61/H 264 655 184 389 655 184 631000592 N 81 Larger boxes and custom dimensions available upon request

Exterior dimensions in mm W 210 230 210 230 210 230 185 245 245 300 300 425

D 230 230 316 316 456 456 316 316 316 456 706 706

H 94 94 114 114 114 114 134 154 204 204 204 204

Preflush/cooling rate l/min 15 - 20 15 - 20 15 - 20 15 - 20 15 - 20 15 - 20 20 - 25 20 - 25 20 - 25 20 - 25 20 - 25 20 - 25

Process flush rate l/min 5-8 5-8 5-8 5-8 5-8 5-8 10 - 15 10 - 15 10 - 15 10 - 15 10 - 15 10 - 15


Gas Feed Systems

Protective Gases Protective gases are used to force oxygen out of the gas feed boxes mentioned above. Make sure to use protective gases behaving neutrally toward the heat treated part. The protective gases should be inert, meaning no chemical bonding should occur with the workpiece and no reactions should be enduced. In many cases, nitrogen is used as protective gas. Our experience shows that nitrogen does not always lead to sufficient results. A longer preflush time must also be used. Better results are achieved by adding a mixture of nitrogen and adding some hydrogen. Hydrogen acts as a reducing constituent and reacts with the oxygen. This gas mixture is known as forming gas and available in stores. Experience has shown that adding 5 % hydrogen leads to good results. According to the EU material safety data sheet this mixture is considered as not flammable. National regulations, however, must be observed. This gas can be obtained in premixed form. No measures must be taken in advance to prevent explosions. If the workpiece has an affinity to hydrogen, argon used as protective gas can lead to good results. Nitrogen and argon are gases which are heavier than air. This makes it relatively easy to fill the protective gas containers. Forming gas with added hydrogen is lighter, but it has the advantage of burning at higher temperatures and therefore binds with the oxygen. Even in a cold state, the leaking hydrogen transports the oxygen very easily out of the container. Always make sure that the room is properly ventilated when working with protective gases. Country-specific safety regulations must also be followed.

Manual Gas Feed Fitting for Bottles  Pressure reducing valve with assembled flow meter and attached pressure gauge indicating the bottle pressure The assembled variable area flow meter ensures good readability of the amount used  Connection: screw connection for bottle  Exit: 3/8 inch hose connection  200 bar intake pressure, 4 bar outlet pressure  Incl. 4 m 3/8 inch connecting hose

Pressure reducing valve with assembled flow meter For N 7 - N 17/HR Article no.

For N 21 - N 641/13, N 30/45HA + N 500/85HA Type of gas

Flow rate l/min 631000306 Ar 0 - 16 631000307 N2 0 - 16 631000308 Forming gas 95/5 0 - 16 *Article no. for Spain, France and Portugal on request

Article no.

Type of gas

631000309 631000310 631000311

Ar N2 Forming gas 95/5

Flow rate l/min 0 - 32 0 - 32 0 - 32

15


Gas Feed Systems Gas Feed Fitting with Solenoid Valve  Designed like the manual gas feed fitting described above, however with an additional solenoid valve mounted on the furnace, controlled using the controller "Extra" function.  Connection: screw connection for bottle  Exit: 3/8 inch hose connection  200 bar intake pressure, 4 bar outlet pressure  Incl. 4 m 3/8 inch connecting hose  Available only in combination with furnace or switchgear For N 7 - N 17/HR Article no.

For N 21 - N 641/13, N 30/45HA + N 500/85HA

Flow rate l/min 631000376 Ar 0 - 16 631000377 N2 0 - 16 631000378 Forming gas 95/5 0 - 16 *Article no. for Spain, France and Portugal on request

Automatic gas feed system for two flushing quantities

Type of gas

Article no.

Type of gas

631000379 631000380 631000381

Ar N2 Forming gas 95/5

Flow rate l/min 0 - 32 0 - 32 0 - 32

Automatic Gas Feed System for two different Flushing Quantities, e.g. high Volume Preflushing and low Volume for ongoing Operation Consisting of:  Switching system with 3-step switch for gas inlet Off/Manual/Automatic via "Extra" function of respective controller, timer for switching from large gas quantity to small gas quantity. Gas feed stops at when program quits  Automatic gas feed panel with pressure reducer, two adjustable flow meters and two solenoid valves, preinstalled conduit and wiring attached to furnace from the side on an assembly plate.  Connection: 3/8 inch hose connection  Exit: 3/8 inch hose connection  Max. 10 bar intake pressure, max. 300 mbar rear pressure  Incl. 5 m connection hose 3/8 inch  Available only in combination with furnace or switchgear Article no.

Type of gas

631000316 631000200 631000315

Ar N2 Forming gas 95/5

Flow rate l/min 4 - 80 4 - 80 4 - 80

Temperature Measurement in Protective Gas Systems The use of a thermometer with thermocouple is recommended for determining the exact heat treatment temperature in gas feed boxes or gas feed annealing bags with holder. The thermocouple is permanently mounted on the respective gas feed box or gas feed annealing bag holder. A simple manual temperature probe with LCD display or a temperature indicator with LED display and interface to documentation via the Nabertherm software can be supplied, mounted in a separate metal casing. Both are equipped with a two-pole plug unit for connecting to the thermocouple. The temperature can be determined in this way and, if necessary, readjusted on the controller. Upon request, the furnace can be operated by charge control with a thermocouple attached to the workpiece.

Thermostat (manual device)

16

Article no. 402000057 542100028 V000800 V000801

Description Temperature indicator with digital display, 230 V 1/N connection, in metal casing Temperature indicator with digital display, battery-operated, manual device Connecting cable between heat treatment with charge thermocouple and Article no. 402000057, 3 m Connecting cable between heat treatment with charge thermocouple and Article no. 542100028, 3 m


Tool Shop Hardening Systems

MHS 17 with forced cooling system

The MHS 17 hardening system has a modular design and consists of a work platform for the heat treating furnaces, an oil bath for quenching, a water bath for cleaning parts and heating elements for both baths. The baths are mounted to the left and right of the work platform and have charging baskets in order to induce even cooling of the parts in the bath. All parts may be ordered separately meaning the hardening system can be retrofitted or equipment added individually depending on the materials processed. The MHS 17 can have an air quenching system added to it for air-hardened steels. This platform has a powerful cooling fan to force cool the parts requiring hardening and also the gas feed annealing bag and holder. A refractory brick base is for placing hot boxes and workpieces on them. The quenching baths can also be fastened onto the forced cooling system. An additional storage platform can be integrated within the system for holding accessory equipment and/or optional charging accessories. Side platform

Article no. Controller B 150

Controller C 290

Model for MHS 17

001311110 001311210 001311310 001311510

001311190 001311290 001311380 001311580

N 7/H N 11/H N 11/HR N 17/HR

Controller B 180

Controller P 330

Article no.

Article

631000428 631000430 631000431 491005900 631000429

Work platform Oil bath Water bath Heating element Forced cooling system (cooling platform) Side platform

001334160 001334150 N 15/65HA ¹Heating only beetween two phases

631000442

Tmax °C

Inner dimensions in mm w d h

1280 1280 1280 1280

250 250 250 250

250 350 350 500

120 140 140 140

7 11 11 17

720 720 720 720

640 740 740 890

650

295

340

170

15

470

845

Exterior dimensions in mm W D H 1000 610 760 500 500 270 270 500 500 556 610 760 556

610

760

Volume in l

Volume in l 50 50 -

Exterior dimensions in mm W D H

Supply power/kW

Electrical connection*

3,0 3,6 5,5 6,4

1-phase 1-phase 3-phase¹ 3-phase¹

510 510 510 510

70 70 90

460 2,7 1-phase 55 *Please see page 32 for more information about mains voltage

Charging floor grid dimensions Width in mm length in mm 400 200 400 200 400 200 -

Weight in kg

-

Supply power/kW 3,0 0,2

Supply voltage 230 V 230 V

-

17


Tool Shop Hardening Systems

MHS 61

The work platform of the system is designed for supporting an N 7/H - N 61/H series hardening furnace and N 15/65 HA - N 60/65HA tempering furnaces. Suitable gas feed boxes can be integrated.

KHS 17

After heating in the hardening furnace, the parts are removed from the furnace or the gas feed box and quenched in an oil quench bath or water bath. The charging basket is used to move the part within the bath so that it cools more evenly. After quenching in oil the the workpiece should be cleaned in the water bath, dried and immediately tempered in a circulating air furnace in order to optimally fix the mechanical components with regard to their strength behavior for the required conditions, minimize distortion and prevent potential flaws. Article no. Controller B 150

Controller C 290

Model

Tmax °C

Inner dimensions in mm w d h

N 7/H N 11/H N 11/HR N 17/HR

1280 1280 1280 1280

250 250 250 250

250 350 350 500

120 140 140 140

7 11 11 17

720 720 720 720

640 740 740 890

650

295

340

170

15

470

845

1280 1280 1280 650 650

350 350 350 290 350

350 500 750 420 500

250 250 250 260 350

30 40 60 30 60

840 840 840 607 + 255 667 + 255

for KHS 17

001311110 001311210 001311310 001311510

001311190 001311290 001311380 001311580

Controller B 180

Controller P 330

001334150

N 15/65HA

Controller B 150

Controller C 290

for MHS 61

001334160

001321110 001321173 N 31/H N 41/H 001321210 001321290 N 61/H 001321310 001321395 N 30/65HA 001334200 001334250 001334300 001334350 N 60/65HA Heating only beetween two phases Article no.

Article

Volume in l

Exterior dimensions in mm W D H

Exterior dimensions in mm W D H

Volume in l

Supply power/kW

Electrical connection*

Weight in kg

510 510 510 510

3,0 3,6 5,5 6,4

1-phase 1-phase 3-phase¹ 3-phase¹

60 70 70 90

460

2,7

1-phase

55

1010 1320 13,0 3-phase 210 1160 1320 15,0 3-phase 260 1410 1320 20,0 3-phase 400 1175 1315 6,0 3-phase¹ 195 1250 1400 9,6 3-phase 240 *Please see page 32 for more information about mains voltage Charging floor grid dimensions Width in mm length in mm

Supply power/kW

Supply voltage

KHS 17

401000104 401000102

Work table with quenching and cleaning bath Charging basket

735 -

850 -

1155 -

-

-

-

-

-

1050 270 270 -

730 500 500 -

1250 500 500 -

50 50 -

400 400 -

200 200 -

3,0

230 V

MHS 61

631000696 631000430 631000431 491005900 18

Work platform Oil bath Water bath Heating element


SHS 41 Protective Gas Hardening System

This compact, semi-automatic system is suitable for hardening in a protective gas atmosphere followed by quenching of the workpiece in oil. In this way, even larger parts can be annealed under a protective gas and quenched. It consists of a Multitherm N 41/H hardening furnace with a pneumatic door opening and charging plates as well as an oil quench bath on rollers with an integrated pneumatic lowering unit, a floor grid with gas bell, a holding unit for the gas bell as well as a rim exhaust with flame trap. The workpiece is placed on the floor grid and covered with the gas bell. After preflushing with protective gas, the gas bell is pushed with the floor grid into the hardening furnace. After heat treatment is completed, the workload is pulled out of the furnace onto the lowering unit. The bell is fastened into place by the holding unit and the charging floor grid is lowered pneumatically. In order to obtain best quenching results, the pneumatic lowering unit is moved up and down in the oil quench bath. After completion, the workload is moved into unloading position. This low cost system can be used for hardening processes which otherwise could only be handled in complex furnace systems. Our professional R&D department will be pleased to carry out suitable testing of your product samples to determine the heat treatment equipment you require.  Multitherm N 41/H chamber furnace  Pneumatic pedal switch operated door opening  Charging plate  Oil quench bath on rollers  Pneumatic lowering unit  Heating of oil quench bath  Oil temperature display  Charging floor grid and gas bell  Holding unit for gas bell  Manual protective gas unit (page 15)  Draw hook (page 22)  Safety equipment consisting of rim exhaust with flame trap Additional Equipment  Suction hood  Water bath

Protective gas hardening system with furnace N 41/H

Article no.

Furnace Tmax Model °C N 41/H¹ 1280 001321282 ¹Furnace description, see page 5

Article no. 631006096

Protective gas hardening system SHS 41

Inner dimensions in mm w d h 350 500 250

W 260

bell size in mm D H 380 180

Volume in l 40

Exterior dimensions in mm Supply Electrical Weight W D H power/kW connection* in kg 840 1160 1320 15,0 3-phase 260 *Please see page 32 for more information about mains voltage

Oil quench bath size in liters 300

max. load Weight 25 kg

max. quench Preflush Process Supply Electrical yield/h rate flush rate power/kW connection* 20 kg 20 - 25 10 - 15 15.0 3-phase *Please see page 32 for more information about mains voltage 19


Cooling Platforms Storage platforms for cooling and charging trolleys facilitate rapid forced cooling of mechanical components, hardening or annealing boxes. The platform can also be used for charging the box in front of the furnace.  Fan with 25m³/min cooling air Article no. Furnace

Exterior dimensions Connected in mm load W D H kW 610 760 0.2 631000429 Up to N 17/HR 550 0.2 631000529 Up to N 61/H 335 1100 880 - 920 700 800 900 0.9 631000294 Up to N 161 *Article no. for other possible supply voltages on request

Supply Comments voltage* 230 V The same as forced cooling system MHS 17, see page 17 230 V The same as CWK1 charging trolley , see page 30 230 V

Quenching and Cleaning Baths Baths for quenching in oil or water as well as for cleaning and degreasing are available as single or double baths and are made of stainless steel. Oil quench bath assure highly even cooling of workpieces and are equipped with a lid to immediatley extinguish ignited oil. For optimal results, pre-tempering water baths for cleaning workpieces should have an appropriate degreasing additive mixed in to the water bath and be heated to approx. 70 °C by an optionally available heating element. All baths come with a charge carrier, supply and drain line.

Article no.

Bath

101300030 101300040

Q 50 Q 200

Exterior dimensions in mm W D H 350 350 700 550 550 900

Article no.

Heating element Supply (optional) power/kW 491007005 Q 50 3 491007058 Q 200 6 *Article no. for other possible supply voltages on request

Volume in l 50 200

Quenchant performance in kg/h 5 - 10 25 - 30

max. load weight in kg 30

Supply voltage* 230 V 400 V

The oil and water quench baths are combined within a single casing and separated by a tall sheet metal wall in the Q 200 D, Q 400 D and Q 600 D combination baths so that the oil quench bath is slightly preheated by the water bath. A splash pan is installed in front of the combination bath. Charging aids are available as additional equipment. The Q 200 D combination bath comes with a charge carrier, for models Q 400 D and Q 600 D must be ordered extra. For greater quenchant performance, the baths can be equipped with oil coolers.

Q 200 D

Article no.

Bath

101300100 101300200 101300300

Q 200 D Q 400 D Q 600 D

Heating element

Exterior dimensions in mm W D H 1120 700 1000 1500 750 900 1800 900 900

Supply power/kW 6 Q 200 D Q 400 D 9 Q 600 D 15 *Other supply voltages possible on request Charging aid manual + electric Q 200 D Q 400 D Q 600 D Oil cooler

Total height in mm 1800 2480 2480

max. load weight in kg 20 40 60

Supply voltage* 400 V 400 V 400 V

Max. load weight in kg 50 80 100

max. quenchant performance Supply in kg/h power/kW approx. 100 0,55 Q 200 D Q 400 D approx. 200 2,20 Q 600 D approx. 300 2,20 ¹Please see page 32 for more information about mains voltage 20

Volume in l Oil/water 200/125 400/300 600/450

Compressed air in bar 6-9 Electrical connection¹ 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase

Supply power/kW 0.3 0.3

Electrical connection1 1-phase 1-phase


Hardening Oil  Suitable for most tooling steels  Thermo-chemically stabile and low misting  Unlimited service life under normal use  For mild quenching in critical martensite range  Durixol W 25 w, can be cleaned using water Article no. 491000140 491000161 491000240

Description Durixol W 25 Durixol W 25 Durixol W 25 w

Container 50 l barrel 200 l barrel 50 l barrel Hardening oil

Quench Water Additive  For even and rapid water hardening  For water temperatures to 70°C, thus reducing risk of cracks and deformation Article no. 491050200

Description Hydrodur GF

Container 50 kg sack

Detergent  For long retention in wash water for cost savings  Prevents oil traces on workpieces and fumes during tempering Article no. 493000016 493000014 493000017 493000018

Description Feroclean N-SF Feroclean N-SF Feroclean N-SF Feroclean N-SF

Container 10 kg canister 30 kg canister 50 kg barrel 200 kg barrel Detergent in canister

Insulating Materials  Formable ceramic-based mass for sealing hardening boxes  Also suitable for covering workpiece parts not requiring hardening

Article no. 491000120 491000136

Description Lenit heat-resistant putty Lenit heat-resistant putty

Container 19 kg 37 kg 21


Draw Hook  For charging protective gas annealing bags with holder, hardening and protective gas boxes  Large handle, also easy to handle with glove

Binding Wire

Article no. 631000663 631000593 631000594

Length in mm 500 750 1000

 For binding workpieces to allow easy removal from boxes  Annealed twice and safe from breakage during charging Article no. 491036090 491036125 491036150 491036200 491036300

Wire Ø in mm 1.00 1.25 1.50 2.00 3.00

Container 25 kg ring 25 kg ring 50 kg ring 50 kg ring 50 kg ring

Hardening Tongs Article no. 491003001 491003002 491003005

 Various shapes and sizes for different applications and workpiece geometries  Handle length 600 mm, assuring sufficient distance from hot furnace chamber and for deep immersion length into quench bath Article no. 491003001 491003002 491003003 491003004 491003005 491003006 491003008

Description Tongs with flat jaw suitable for hand forming Tongs with vertical mouth for lifting off floor Tongs with bent mouth, universal use Tongs with double-curve jaw, universal use Half round tongs, for round rod materials Knee tongs for larger rings with thick wall Handy universal tongs for small parts (handle length 500 mm)

491003006

Gloves

Article no.:

491041101

491041104

491041103

493000004

 Specially insulated gloves for working with hot mechanical components and working near furnace Article no. 491041101 491041102 491041103 491041104 493000004

Description Fiberglass glove, 400 mm long Kevlar mitt, 280 mm long Kevlar finger glove, 300 mm long Kevlar mitt, 350 mm long NOMEX finger glove, knit

Heat-Resistant Face Mask  Light design with adjustable hat size  Plastic window, folds up

Article no. 491037105 22

Description Heat-resistant face mask

Short-time contact temperature in °C approx. 900 approx. 400 approx. 400 approx. 450 approx. 600


Chamber Furnaces with Air Circulation

N 120/65 HA

N 500/65 HA

N 30/45 - N 500/85HA Due to its high temperature uniformity, these chamber furnaces with air circulation are suitable for processes such as tempering, quenching and tempering, precipitation hardening/curing, solution annealing, artificial aging, preheating or soft annealing and brazing. The furnaces can be equipped with suitable protective gas boxes for soft annealing of copper or tempering titanium as well as tempering of steel in a protective gas atmosphere. The modular design of the furnaces allows accessory equipment to be added based on process requirements. N 15/65 HA

 Tmax. 450 °C, 650 °C or 850 °C  Floor, wall and ceiling heating  Stainless steel air baffle box in furnace for optimal air circulation  Right-mounted swinging door  Base included in delivery, for table-top model N 15/65 HA optional base available  Horizontal air circulation  Optimal temperature uniformity in accordance with DIN 17052-1 up to ΔT 6 K in usable space  Optimal distribution of air due to high circulation rates  One shelf and rails for two additional shelves included Air circulation furnace with protective gas box

Controller B 150 001333200 001333300 001333400 001333500 001333600

Article no. Controller C 290 001333250 001333350 001333450 001333550 001333650

Model N 30/45HA N 60/45HA N 120/45HA N 250/45HA N 500/45HA

Tmax °C 450 450 450 450 450

Inner dimensions in mm w d h 290 420 260 350 500 350 450 600 450 600 750 600 750 1000 750

Volume Exterior dimensions in mm in l W D H 30 607 + 255 1175 1315 60 667 + 255 1250 1400 120 767 + 255 1350 1500 250 1002 + 255 1636 1860 500 1152 + 255 1886 2010

Supply power/kW 3.6 6.6 9.6 19.0 28.0

Electrical connection* 1-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase

Weight in kg 195 240 310 6110 1030

001334160 (B 180) 001334200 001334300 001334400 001334500 001334600

001334150 (P 330) 001334250 001334350 001334450 001334550 001334650

N 15/65HA¹ N 30/65HA N 60/65HA N 120/65HA N 250/65HA N 500/65HA

650 650 650 650 650 650

295 290 350 450 600 750

340 420 500 600 750 1000

170 260 350 450 600 750

15 30 60 120 250 500

470 607 + 255 667 + 255 767 + 255 1002 + 255 1152 + 255

845 1175 1250 1350 1636 1886

460 1315 1400 1500 1860 2010

2.7 6.0 9.6 13.6 21.0 31.0

1-phase 3-phase² 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase

55 195 240 310 610 1030

001336100 001336200 001336300 001336400 001336500

001336150 001336250 001336350 001336450 001336550

N 30/85HA N 60/85HA N 120/85HA N 250/85HA N 500/85HA

850 850 850 850 850

290 350 450 600 750

420 500 600 750 1000

260 350 450 600 750

30 60 120 250 500

607 + 255 667+255 767+255 1002+255 1152+255

1175 1250 1350 1636 1886

1315 1400 1500 1860 2010

6.0 9.6 13.6 21.0 31.0

3-phase² 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase

195 240 310 610 1030

¹Table-top model ²Heating only beetween two phases

*Please see page 32 for more information about mains voltage 23


Protective Gas Boxes for Models N 30/45HA - N 500/85HA For tempering and bright annealing, workpieces are placed in the box, the lid is locked using the sealing locks and flushed with protective gas outside the furnace for some time and then placed in the furnace. Depending on the weight, a charging trolley (page 30) is recommended. For the non-combustible protective gases argon, nitrogen and forming gas 95/5 with less than 5 % H2 (observe national regulations) Protective gas supply with quick lock and hose connector (outer diameter 8 mm) Protective gas box with lid, protective gas supply and return line through the furnace collar Protective gas outlet on the top right side Sealing of lid with ceramic fiber Gas connection including quick-release coupling with 3/8 inch hose sleeve Made of heat-resistant alloys: 450 °C - 304 (AISI)/(DIN material no. 1.4301), 650 °C - 321 (AISI)/(DIN material no. 1.4541) or 850 °C - 309 (AISI)/(DIN material no. 1.4828)  Lid sealed with ceramic fiber, ceramic insulating materials can alternatively be used  The annealing boxes are equipped with 70 mm high stacker shoes for WS charging trolley (page 30)  Protective gas boxes in a special dimension are required for air circulation furnaces with lift door  Pull lug of model N 30/45 HA - N 120/85 HA  Charge thermocouple type K Additional Equipment  Digital temperature display (page 16), Protective gas systems (page 15), Charging trolley (page 30)       

Protective gas box (open)

Article no.

Protective gas box with lid

631000400 631000401 631000402 631000403 631000404 631000405 631000406 631000407 631000408 631000409 631000410 631000411 631000412 631000413 631000414

Furnace N 30/45HA N 60/45HA N 120/45HA N 250/45HA N 500/45HA N 30/65HA N 60/65HA N 120/65HA N 250/65HA N 500/65HA N 30/85HA N 60/85HA N 120/85HA N 250/85HA N 500/85HA

Inner dimensions in mm

Exterior dimensions in mm

w

d

h

W

D

H

220 270 370 480 630 220 270 370 480 630 220 270 370 480 630

320 420 520 630 780 320 420 520 630 780 320 420 520 630 780

160 260 350 460 610 160 260 350 460 610 160 260 350 460 610

282 332 436 546 696 282 332 436 546 696 282 332 436 546 696

376 476 560 680 836 376 476 560 680 836 376 476 560 680 836

242 342 430 600 760 242 342 430 600 760 242 342 430 600 760

Article no. 601603960, 1 set of fiber insulation cord, 5 strips of 610 mm each

Protective Gas Boxes with Vacuum Lid for Models N 30/45HA - N 500/85HA The same as the boxes described above, however with vacuum lid and vacuum connection. Before the box is placed in the furnace, in a cold state a vacuum and protective gas atmosphere are alternately generated to force out the oxygen and achieve a pure atmosphere.  Protective gas box with process lid, vacuum lid, protective gas inlet and outlet through the furnace collar and seal profile for process lid with support for vacuum lid  Protective gas supply with quick lock and hose connector (outer diameter 8 mm)  Lid sealed with ceramic fiber, ceramic insulating materials can alternatively be used  Vacuum lid with rubber sealing gasket  Gas connection with quick-release coupling with 3/8 inch hose sleeve  Charge thermocouple type K  Pull lug of model N 30/45 HA - N 120/85 HA  Made of heat-resistant alloys: 450 °C - 304 (AISI)/(DIN material no. 1.4301), 650 °C - 321 (AISI)/(DIN material no. 1.4541) or 850 °C - 309 (AISI)/(DIN material no. 1.4828) Additional Equipment  Digital temperature display (page 16), Protective gas systems (page 15), Vacuum pump (page 13), Charging trolley (page 30) Article no.

Protective gas box with vacuum lid

24

631000549 631000550 631000551 631000552 631000553 631000554 631000555 631000556 631000557 631000558 631000559 631000560 631000561 631000562 631000563

Furnace N 30/45HA N 60/45HA N 120/45HA N 250/45HA N 500/45HA N 30/65HA N 60/65HA N 120/65HA N 250/65HA N 500/65HA N 30/85HA N 60/85HA N 120/85HA N 250/85HA N 500/85HA

Inner dimensions in mm

Exterior dimensions in mm

w

d

h

W

D

H

170 230 330 410 560 170 230 330 410 560 170 230 330 410 560

300 380 480 560 810 300 380 480 560 810 300 380 480 560 810

130 220 320 380 530 130 220 320 380 530 130 220 320 380 530

258 318 418 698 648 258 318 418 498 648 258 318 418 498 648

388 468 568 648 898 388 468 568 648 898 388 468 568 648 898

222 312 412 542 692 222 312 412 542 692 222 312 412 542 692

Article no. 601603960, 1 set of fiber insulation cord, 5 strips of 610 mm each Larger boxes and custom dimensions available upon request


Pit-Type Furnaces with Air Circulation and Accessory Equipment for Tempering and Quenching

S 250/65 with swivel arm as charging aid

S 30/45 A - S 500/85A Pit-type furnaces with air circulation offer the benefit of easy charging of heavy parts or baskets and are used in the same applications as the chamber furnaces described above: steel tempering after hardening, but also for precipitation hardening/curing, quenching and tempering, solution annealing, artificial aging, preheating and soft annealing, etc. Protective gas boxes with or without a vacuum lid as well as charging baskets and charging aids are available for a wide range of applications.

S 120/65 with charging aid and cooling platform as additional equipment

 Tmax. 450 °C, 650 °C or 850 °C  Stainless steel interior  Hot air blower integrated in floor, high air speed  Vertical air guidance  Optimal temperature uniformity in accordance with DIN 17052-1 up to ΔT 6 K in usable space Pit-type furnace S 250/65 with protective gas box for bright annealing

Additional Equipment  Charging aid mounted on side of furnace (page 26)  Cooling platform

S 30/45A S 60/45A S 120/45A S 250/45A S 500/45A

Tmax °C 450 450 450 450 450

Inner dimensions in mm w d h 300 250 400 350 350 500 450 450 600 600 600 750 750 750 900

001354150 001354250 001354350 001354450 001354550

S 30/65A S 60/65A S 120/65A S 250/65A S 500/65A

650 650 650 650 650

300 350 450 600 750

250 350 450 600 750

400 500 600 750 900

30 60 120 250 500

001355100 001355150 001355200 001355250 001355300 001355350 001355400 001355450 001355500 001355550 ¹Heating only beetween two phases

S 30/85A S 60/85A S 120/85A S 250/85A S 500/85A

850 850 850 850 850

300 350 450 600 750

250 350 450 600 750

400 500 600 750 900

30 60 120 250 500

Controller B 150 001353100 001353200 001353300 001353400 001353500 001354100 001354200 001354300 001354400 001354500

Article no. Controller C 290 001353150 001353250 001353350 001353450 001353550

Model

Volume in l 30 60 120 250 500

Exterior dimensions in mm W D H 520 460 920 570 560 1020 670 660 1120 820 810 1350 970 960 1500 530 580 680 830 980

520 620 720 870 1020

1020 1120 1220 1450 1600

Supply power/kW 3,6 6,6 9,6 19,0 28,0

Electrical connection* 1-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase

Weight in kg 130 225 280 750 980

6,0 9,6 13,6 21,0 31,0

3-phase¹ 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase

130 225 280 750 980

600 740 1000 6,0 3-phase¹ 130 710 840 1100 9,6 3-phase 225 810 940 1200 13,6 3-phase 280 960 1090 1350 21,0 3-phase 750 1100 1240 1500 31,0 3-phase 980 *Please see page 32 for more information about mains voltage 25


Charging Aid for Models S 30/45 A - S 250/85 A

A charging aid, fastened to the furnace consisting of a swivel arm and winch is recommended for charging series S 30/45A - S 250/85A pit-type furnaces with protective gas boxes or baskets. This allows easy and safe furnace charging.  Swivel arm, mounted on side of furnace  For ease of charging and removal of Nabertherm charging baskets and protective gas boxes  Winch with hand crank  Max. load 140 kg

Swivel arm mounted on furnace

Article no. 631000314 631000271

Furnace S 30/.. - S 120/.. S 250/..

Total height in mm 2400 2600

Protective Gas Boxes for Models S 30/45A - S 500/85A For tempering and bright annealing, workpieces are laid in the box, the lid is pressed firmly shut using the sealing locks and flushed with protective gas outside the box for some time and then placed in the furnace. Due to weight reasons we recommend to use a charging aid for charging.  For the non-combustible protective gases argon, nitrogen and forming gas 95/5 with less than 5 % H2 (observe national regulations)  Protective gas box with lid, protective gas supply and return line through the furnace collar  Lid sealed with ceramic fiber, ceramic insulating materials can alternatively be used  Gas connection with quick-release coupling with 3/8 inch hose sleeve  Made of heat-resistant alloys: 450 °C - 304 (AISI)/(DIN material no. 1.4301), 650 °C - 321 (AISI)/(DIN material no. 1.4541) or 850 °C - 309 (AISI)/(DIN material no. 1.4828)  Charging aid lifting eyes Additional Equipment  Digital temperature display (page 16)  Protective gas systems (page 15)  Charge thermocouple type K Protective gas box with sealing lock Article no.

Furnace

Inner dimensions in mm

Exterior dimensions in mm

w d h W 631006050 S 30/45A 215 165 277 281 631006051 S 60/45A 265 265 377 331 365 365 477 431 631006052 S 120/45A 631006053 S 250/45A 515 515 627 581 631006054 S 500/45A 665 665 777 731 631000360 S 30/65A 215 165 277 281 631000361 S 60/65A 265 265 377 331 365 365 477 431 631000362 S 120/65A 631000363 S 250/65A 515 515 577 581 631000364 S 500/65A 665 665 727 731 S 30/85A 215 165 277 281 631000259 S 60/85A 265 265 377 331 631000260 365 365 477 431 631000261 S 120/85A 515 515 577 581 631000262 S 250/85A S 500/85A 665 665 727 731 631000263 Article no. 601603960, 1 sales unit of fiber insulation cord, 5 strips of 610 mm each 26

D 231 331 431 581 731 231 331 431 581 731 231 331 431 581 731

H 354 454 554 654 804 354 454 554 654 804 354 454 554 654 804

Article no. with charge thermocouple 631000500 631000501 631000502 631000503 631000504 631000505 631000506 631000507 631000508 631000509 631000510 631000511 631000512 631000513 631000514


Charging Baskets The workpieces are placed in basket for tempering. We recommend the use of a charging aid (page 26) for charging.  Heat-resistant charging basket for small parts and bulk materials  Filling from above  Incl. handle or crane lifting eyes  Hole size 10 mm  Made of heat-resistant alloys: 450 °C - 304 (AISI)/(DIN material no. 1.4301), 650 °C - 321 (AISI)/(DIN material no. 1.4541) or 850 °C - 309 (AISI)/(DIN material no. 1.4828) Article no.

Furnace

631000477 631000478 631000479 631000480 631000481 631000266 631000267 631000268 631000269 631000270 631000482 631000483 631000484 631000485 631000486

S 30/45A S 60/45A S 120/45A S 250/45A S 500/45A S 30/65A S 60/65A S 120/65A S 250/65A S 500/65A S 30/85A S 60/85A S 120/85A S 250/85A S 500/85A

Charging basket for top charging

Inner dimensions in mm w d h 210 180 350 260 280 450 360 380 550 510 530 650 570 570 750 210 180 350 260 280 450 360 380 550 510 530 650 570 570 750 210 180 350 260 280 450 360 380 550 510 530 650 570 570 750

The workpieces are placed on different levels for tempering. We recommend the use of a charging aid (page 26) for charging.  Heat-resistant charging basket  Charged from side via 2 drawers (3 levels)  Incl. handle / crane lifting eyes  Hole size 10 mm  Made of heat-resistant alloys: 450 °C - 304 (AISI)/(DIN material no. 1.4301), 650 °C - 321 (AISI)/(DIN material no. 1.4541) or 850 °C - 309 (AISI)/(DIN material no. 1.4828) Article no.

Furnace

631006035 631006036 631006037 631006038 631006039 631006040 631006041 631006042 631006043 631006044 631006045 631006046 631006047 631006048 631006049

S 30/45A S 60/45A S 120/45A S 250/45A S 500/45A S 30/65A S 60/65A S 120/65A S 250/65A S 500/65A S 30/85A S 60/85A S 120/85A S 250/85A S 500/85A

Inner dimensions in mm w d h 230 180 400 280 280 450 344 344 500 490 490 720 660 660 770 230 180 400 280 280 450 344 344 500 490 490 720 660 660 770 230 180 400 280 280 450 344 344 500 490 490 720 660 660 770

Special charging basket with 3 drawers (4 levels) for side charging

The workpieces are placed on different levels for tempering. We recommend the use of a charging aid (page 26) for charging.  Heat-resistant charging basket for small parts and bulk materials  Charged in different floors  Incl. handle/crane lifting eyes  Hole size 12 mm  Made of heat-resistant alloys: 450 °C - 304 (AISI)/(DIN material no. 1.4301), 650 °C - 321 (AISI)/(DIN material no. 1.4541) or 850 °C - 309 (AISI)/(DIN material no. 1.4828) Article no.

Furnace

631006106

S 250/85A

No. of baskets 7

Max. charge weight per basket 10 kg

Inner dimensions in mm w d h 530 530 100

Basket for charging in different floors

27


Martempering Furnaces using Neutral Salts

WB 10 - WB 400 WB 10 - WB 400 martempering furnaces are filled with neutral salt and offer remarkably rapid and intensive heat transmission to the workpiece while ensuring optimum temperature uniformity. For working temperatures at between 180 °C and 500 °C these furnaces are ideal for quenching or cooling with minimal workpiece distortion, retempering, austempering for optimal toughness, recrystallization annealing after electrical discharge machining (EDM) and for blueing. The quenching or cooling process is applied in order to achieve an even temperature uniformity throughout the workpiece's entire cross-section before the formation of martensite and to avoid distortion and formation of cracks in valuable mechanical components during the subsequent hardening process. Tempering in a martempering bath is the same as the tempering process in air circulation furnaces and is used to reduce a previously hardened workpiece to a desired hardness, to increase toughness and reduce stress within the workpiece.

WB 30 with charging aid

Austempering is a good choice to achieve a high level of toughness and dimensional accuracy in oil hardened lowalloy steels. Workpieces subject to austempering have high tensile strength and good elasticity.  Tmax 500 °C  Optimal temperature uniformity  Martemper bath temperature control  Over-temperature limiter controller with adjustable cutout temperature for thermal protection class 2 in accordance with EN 60519-2 as temperature limiter for furnace and product  Heating with immersion heating elements  Charging basket

Salt-bath hardening in practice

Additional Equipment  Charging aid mounted on side of furnace Article no.

Model

001305100 001305200 001305300 001305700 001305800 001305900

WB 10 WB 20 WB 30 WB 70 WB 200 WB 400

Tmax °C 500 500 500 500 500 500

Inner dimensions in mm w d h 220 200 300 300 210 460 300 210 580 400 300 680 540 520 880 730 720 980

Volume in l 10 20 30 70 200 400

Outer dimensions in mm Supply Electrical Weight W D H power/kW connection* in kg 550 450 570 1.0 1-phase 60 610 580 920 2.6 1-phase 110 610 580 920 3.2 1-phase 140 750 680 980 7.5 3-phase 240 900 900 1200 18.0 3-phase 660 1100 1100 1300 24.0 3-phase 1150 *Please see page 32 for more information about mains voltage

Information about salts by Petrofer and Durferrit and their application Salt AS 135/140

Double martempering bath 28

AS 220/225 AS 200/235 AS 200/235

Application

Working temperature Comment in °C Salt-bath hardening, tempering, 180 - 500 Not for use with workpieces which are heated up to above austempering 950 °C and salts which contain more than 13 % KCN Tempering, austempering 250 - 500 Tempering, austempering 280 - 500 Nitrite-free in the as-received condition Tempering 340 - 500


Salt-Bath Furnaces, electrically (TS) or gas heated (TSB) for Heat Treatment of Steel or Light Metals

TS 20/15 - TSB 70/90 Salt-bath furnaces offer remarkably high temperature uniformity and excellent heat transfer to the work piece. Our salt-bath furnaces TS 20/15 - TS or TSB 70/90 are especially useful for heat-treating of metals in neutral or active salt baths. Processes such as carbonitriding (e.g. Tenifer) up to 600 °C, carburizing up to 950 °C, or bright annealing up to 1000 °C can be realized. In their standard version these furnaces are equipped with safety technology for heat treatment of steel. As addional feature they can be equipped with extended safety technology for heat treatment of light metals. Standard Model  Maximum temperatures of 750 °C or 1000 °C in the salt bath  Safety technology according to EN 60519-2  Useful for heat treatment of steel  Bath temperature control  Electric (TS) all-round heating or gas heating (TSB)  Removable collar plate made of solid steel  Insulated swing-a-way lid  Optimum temperature uniformity according to DIN 17052-1 up to ΔT 4 K in the bath  Over-temperature limiter controller in the furnace chamber to prevent dangerous conditions for the furnace or personnel  Cascade control of salt bath and furnace chamber

TS 40/30 with exhaust gas collection at crucible rim

Crucibles  Type P: low carbon steel, CrNi plated and corundum coated for carburizing baths up to 950 °C, neutral salt and annealing baths up to 850 °C  Type C: high alloy CrNi steel for neutral salt and annealing baths up to 1000 °C Additional Equipment  Exhaust gas collection at rim for connection to an exhaust system  Custom dimensions  Enhanced safety systems for heat treatment of aluminium and magnesium in the salt bath with second overtemperature limiter controller and PLC-bath control with thermocouples in the salt bath and in the furnace

TSB 30/30 with exhaust gas collection at crucible rim

chamber Model TS 20/15 TS 30/18 TS 40/30 TS 50/48 TS 60/63 TS 70/72

Tmax °C² 750 750 750 750 750 750

TS, TSB 20/20 TS, TSB 30/30 TS, TSB 40/40 TS, TSB 50/60 TS, TSB 60/72 TS, TSB 70/90

1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000

¹Only for electric version ²Salt bath temperature

Inner dimensions crucible Ø in mm h in mm 230 500 300 500 400 500 500 600 610 800 700 1000 230 300 400 500 610 700

500 500 500 600 800 1000

Volume in l 20 30 60 110 220 370 20 30 60 110 220 370

Outer dimensions in mm W D H 850 970 800 950 1070 800 1050 1170 800 1150 1270 970 1250 1370 1170 1350 1470 1370 850 950 1050 1150 1250 1350

970 1070 1170 1270 1370 1470

800 800 800 970 1170 1370

Supply Electrical power/kW¹ connections* 16 3-phase 20 3-phase 33 3-phase 58 3-phase 70 3-phase 80 3-phase 21 33 44 66 80 100

3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase

Weight in kg¹ 650 700 750 1000 1200 1500 650 700 750 1000 1200 1500

Salt bath plant for annealing of aluminum components in the aircraft industry

*Please see page 32 for more information about supply voltage 29


Charging Devices with and without Cooling Fan for Models N 31/H - N 641/13, N 30/45 HA - N 500/85 HA

CW 1 and CWK 1 Charging Trolley For charging larger workpieces and hardening boxes.  4 casters, freely movable  Equipped with a rack at working height for temporary storage  CWK version with cooling fan (0.2 kW, 230 V)

CWK1 charging trolley

Article no.

Furnace

Designation

631000528

N 31/H, N 41.., N 61.. N 30/..HA, N 60/..HA N 31/H, N 41.., N 61.. N 30/..HA, N 60/..HA

CW 1

Exterior dimensions in mm W D H 330 1100 880 - 920

CWK 1

330

631000529

1100

880 - 920

Charging Trolleys CW 2 - CW 4 and CWK 2 - CWK 4  2 casters, 2 fixed rollers for heavy loads  Equipped with a grid at working height for temporary storage  Furnace locking via pedal lever  CWK version with cooling fan Article no.

Furnace

Designation

631000530 631000531 631000468 631000469 631000470 631000471

N 81, N 161, N 120/..HA N 321 N 641 N 81, N 161, N 120/..HA N 321 N 641

CW 2 CW 3 CW 4 CWK 2 CWK 3 CWK 4

Charging trolley CW 2

Useful dimensions in mm W D 550 750 750 1100 1000 1300

Connected load Electrical kW connection* 0.9 1-phase 750 1100 0.9 1-phase 1000 1300 0.9 1-phase *Please see page 32 for more information about mains voltage

WS Charging Stacker  Charging by means of a hand winch stacker  Compact construction with push bar and manual lifting device for easy and safe lifting  WS 81 with parallel guided lift  2 casters, 2 fixed rollers for heavy loads  Adjustable loading forks  Guide on furnace for precise positioning  Max. charging weight 500 kg

WS charging stacker

30

Article no. 631000473 631000425 631000370 631000426 631000299 631000532

Furnace N 81 N 161 N 321 N 641 N 250/..HA N 500/..HA

Max. charge weight 100 500 500 700 500 500

Designation WS 81 WS 161 WS 321 WS 641 WS 25 WS 50


Hardness Testers

Model RAS(N) as Standard Model  For Rockwell hardness test A - B - C of hardened and tempered steel, strip steel, soft and carbonized steel, nonferrous metals, construction steel and cast iron  Measuring height 230 mm, plug-in depth 133 mm  Dimensions: 180 x 450 x 645 mm (WxDxH)  Incl. platform (dimensions: 400 x 600 x 900 mm (WxDxH))  Total weight approx. 100 kg  Easy handling with automatic zero adjustment and automatic load change  Water level for aligning  Delivery includes base plates Ø 50 mm and Ø 40 mm as well as prism for round parts, diamond penetrator 120° and steel ball 1/16 inch and HRB and HRC control plates for calibrating at regular intervals

Article no. 491000600 491000650 491000660 491000670

Description RAS(N) tester incl. platform and accessories Spare diamond Spare 1/16“steel ball Spare control plate for Rockwell B or C

Hardness tester RAS(N)

Model PR1 (portable)  For Rockwell hardness test A - B - C  For evaluating and controlling welding seams, local stock material or axles, machine parts, shafts without prior disassembly  For mobile use on offshore platforms, ships, etc.  Measuring height 120 mm  Weight 1700 g  Delivered in wooden case

Article no. 491000250 491000160

Description PR 1 tester incl. accessories and wooden case Spare diamond

Hardness tester PR1 in wooden case

31


Experience in using different Materials Our customers have heat treated highly different materials in our technical heat treatment center. The following section summarizes the experience we have gained.

Aluminum In most cases aluminum is not heat treated using protective gas. A protective atmosphere is often required for brazing aluminum construction parts. Experiments in circulation air furnaces protective gas boxes lead to good results.

Cold- and hot-working Steels These steels can be used directly in the furnace but also in a protective gas box or a protective gas annealing bag with holder in order to avoid decarbonizing and scaling. Best results are achieved using forming gas. The annealing bag is useful if the tools are not too big. The advantage of using the bag is the minimal mass. By using a fan the charge can be cooled down very quickly. This requires to increase the gas flow in order to draw the heat away from the tool. When used properly the tools remain bright. Large parts can be treated in a protective gas boxes. The protective gas box is taken out of the furnace after an appropriate through-heating time. Afterwards, the box must be opened and the part quenched accordingly. Numerous steels can be quenched in still air. Protective gas annealing bags or protective gas box can, of course, also be used if the tools are cooled down in an oil quench bath or in a martempering bath. The containers then are opened and the charge is immersed in the appropriate quenching medium using tongs or a crane.

Copper Copper characteristically becomes compressed and therefore hardens after mechanical processing. To soften it for rework the copper must annealed again. This can be done in a normal furnace. Because copper reacts to atmospheric oxygen and oxides form on its surface, after annealing copper parts are quenched in a water bath, causing the oxides to chip off. If the oxide formation is avoided then no quenching is required. The oxides can be prevented from forming by using protective gas. Use of a protective gas box is advisable in this case. In certain cases, the customer must determine if the use of forming gas is allowed, because hydrogen generally may impair the material properties of copper.

Titanium This material is highly sensitive and very prone to the formation of oxides. Titanium is often used in safety-related parts. Requirements are especially demanding in aviation, space and medical technology. No forming gas may normally be used with this material because the hydrogen causes damage to the material. Here argon is used together with a protective gas box and vacuum lid. Otherwise, normal operation with various systems is possible, as described.

Supply Voltages for Nabertherm Furnaces 1-phase: all furnaces are available for supply voltages of 110 V - 240 V, 50 or 60 Hz. 3-phase: all furnaces are available for supply voltages of 200 V - 240 V or 380 V - 480 V, 50 or 60 Hz. 32


The Nabertherm Product Range – www.nabertherm.com Foundry Every furnace for the shop that casts metal, beginning with ovens to dry cores and dewax investments, to fuel-fired and electric resistance melting furnaces, to thermal decoring and heat treatment systems. All Nabertherm Foundry furnaces are designed for energy efficiency and integration with automation systems for low total cost of ownership.

Laboratory/Dental Laboratory furnaces are available for a variety of applications ranging between 30 - 3000 °C. Our standard product range includes muffle, tube, convection, melting, assay, and high temperature furnaces.

Laboratory

Muffle Furnaces Preheating Furnaces Ashing Furnaces Tube Furnaces Ovens Air Circulation Furnaces Chamber Furnaces Melting Furnaces High-Temperature Furnaces Sintering Furnaces of Zirconia Vacuum Furnaces Dental Furnaces

www.nabertherm.com

Technical Ceramics MIM/CIM, Solar, Silicon/BioCeramics Wire-heated kilns for use up to 1400 C and MoSi² kilns for use up to 1800 C offer the best value and quality for sintering Technical Ceramics. All are available in sizes from bench-top to walk-in. To remove binders, we offer solutions from our Combi-Furnaces that debind and sinter in the same furnace to specialized systems for binder removal in a specialized atmosphere (e.g. BASF Catamold).

Made in Germany

Technical Ceramics MIM/CIM, Solar, Silicon

Debinding Furnaces Sintering Furnaces Kilns Laboratory Furnaces Bioceramics Photovoltaics Crystal Growth Catalytic or Thermal Afterburners Plant Concepts

www.nabertherm.com

Glass Different furnace concepts for annealing, bending slumping, decorating and tempering make Nabertherm your strong partner for the heat treatment of glass and quartz.

Made in Germany

Glass

Fusing Decorating Cooling Tempering Melting Debindering Sintering Laboratory

www.nabertherm.com

Arts & Crafts Art is the union of style and technical skill. Good tools are functional and efficient. Are Nabertherm's kilns for pottery, fused glass, painted porcelain, and enamel ware tools or art?

Made in Germany

Ar ts & Craf ts

Furnaces and Accessories Pottery Porcelain Painting Glass Painting Fusing Decorating Enamelling Raku

www.nabertherm.com

Made in Germany

33


Steel Selection

These specifications are recommendations and approximate values only. Nabertherm provides no guarantee and accepts no liability for this. Specific information must be determined by the customer. Steel manufacturers provide specific heat treatment regulations for each steel type.

Case hardening steels Material

Description DIN

SAE/AISI

C

Si

Mn

P

Analysis in % S Cr

1.0401 1.5919 1.6587 1.7131

C 15 15 CrNi 6 17 CrNiMo 6 16 MnCr 5

1015 3115 5115

0,12 - 0,18 0,14 - 0,19 0,15 - 0,21 0,14 - 0,19

< 0,40 < 0,40 < 0,40 < 0,40

0,30 - 0,60 0,40 - 0,60 0,50 - 0,90 1,00 - 1,30

< 0,045 < 0,035 < 0,025 < 0,035

< 0,045 < 0,035 < 0,015 < 0,035

Mo

Ni

Other

Warm forming temperature [°C] 1150 - 850 1,40 - 1,70 1,70 - 1,70 1150 - 850 1,50 - 1,80 0,25 - 0,35 1,40 - 1,70 Al < 0,05; Cu < 0,3 1150 - 850 0,80 - 1,10 1150 - 850

Mo

Ni

Other

Mo

Al

Other

Warm forming temperature [°C]

V 0,10 - 0,20 Ni 0,85 - 1,15

1050 - 850 1050 - 850 1050 - 850

Quenching steels Material

Description DIN

SAE/AISI

C

Si

Mn

P

Analysis in % S Cr

1.0503 1.6511 1.6580 1.7033 1.7220 1.7228 1.8159

C 45 36 CrNiMo 4 30 CrNiMo 8 34 Cr 4 34 CrMo 4 50 CrMo 4 50 Crv 4

1045 5132 4137 4150 6150

0,42 - 0,50 0,32 - 0,40 0,26 - 0,34 0,30 - 0,37 0,30 - 0,37 0,46 - 0,54 0,47 - 0,55

< 0,40 < 0,40 < 0,40 < 0,40 < 0,40 < 0,40 < 0,40

0,50 - 0,80 0,50 - 0,80 0,30 - 0,60 0,60 - 0,90 0,60 - 0,90 0,50 - 0,80 0,70 - 1,10

< 0,045 < 0,035 < 0,035 < 0,035 < 0,035 < 0,035 < 0,035

Material

Description DIN

SAE/AISI

C

Si

Mn

P

1.8507 1.8519 1.8550

34 CrAlMo 5 31 CrMoV 9 34 CrAlNi 7

-

0,30 - 0,37 0,26 - 0,34 0,30 - 0,37

< 0,40 < 0,40 < 0,40

0,50 - 0,80 0,40 - 0,70 0,40 - 0,70

< 0,025 < 0,025 < 0,025

C

Si

Mn

P

< 0,045 < 0,035 < 0,035 < 0,035 < 0,035 < 0,035 < 0,035

Warm forming temperature [°C] < 0,40 < 0,10 < 0,40 Cr+Mo+Ni < 0,63 1100 - 850 0,90 - 1,20 0,15 - 0,30 0,90 - 1,20 1050 - 850 1,80 - 2,20 0,30 - 0,50 1,80 - 2,20 1050 - 850 0,90 - 1,20 1050 - 850 0,90 - 1,20 0,15 - 0,30 1050 - 850 0,90 - 1,20 0,15 - 0,30 1050 - 850 0,90 - 1,20 V 0,10 - 0,25 1050 - 850

Nitriding steels Analysis in % S Cr

< 0,030 < 0,030 < 0,030

1,00 - 1,30 0,15 - 0,25 0,80 - 1,20 2,30 - 2,70 0,15 - 0,25 1,50 - 1,80 0,15 - 0,25 0,80 - 1,20

Tool steels

Cold-working steels, non alloy Material

Description DIN

SAE/AISI

1.1545 1.1740

C 105 W1 C 60 W

W1 -

1,00 - 1,10 0,10 - 0,25 0,10 - 0,25 0,55 - 0,65 0,15 - 0,40 0,60 - 0,80

Analysis in % S Cr

< 0,020 < 0,035

< 0,020 < 0,035

Mo

Ni

Other

Warm forming temperature [°C]

-

-

-

1000 - 800 1100 - 800

Mo

V

Other

Warm forming temperature [°C]

Ni < 1,00 W 0,60 - 0,80 W 1,80 - 2,10 Ni 3,80 - 4,30-

1050 - 850 1050 - 850 1100 - 750 1000 - 850 1050 - 850 1050 - 850

-

Tool steels

Cold-working steels, alloyed Material

Description DIN

SAE/AISI

C

Si

Mn

P

Analysis in % S Cr

1.2162 1.2210 1.2316 1.2436 1.2550 1.2767

21 Mn Cr 5 115 CrV 3 X 36CrMo 17 X 210 CrW 12 60 WCrV 7 X 45 NiCrMo 4

5120 D6 S1 -

0,18 - 0,24 1,10 - 1,25 0,33 - 0,43 2,00 - 2,25 0,55 - 0,65 0,40 - 0,50

0,15 - 0,24 0,15 - 0,30 < 1,00 0,10 - 0,40 0,50 - 0,70 0,10 - 0,40

1,10 - 1,40 0,20 - 0,40 < 1,00 0,15 - 0,45 0,15 - 0,45 0,15 - 0,45

< 0,030 < 0,030 < 0,030 < 0,030 < 0,030 < 0,030

C

< 0,030 < 0,030 < 0,030 < 0,030 < 0,030 < 0,030

1,00 - 1,30 0,50 - 0,80 0,07 - 0,12 15,0 - 17,0 1,00 - 1,30 11,0 - 12,0 0,90 - 1,20 0,10 - 0,20 1,20 - 1,50 0,15 - 0,35 -

Hot-working steels Material

Description DIN

SAE/AISI

1.2343 1.2365 1.2714

X 38 CrMoV 5 1 X 32 CrMoV 3 3 56 NiCrMoV 7

H11 H10 L6

Si

P

Analysis in % S

< 0,030 < 0,030 < 0,030

< 0,030 < 0,030 < 0,030

Mn

0,36 - 0,42 0,90 - 1,20 0,30 - 0,50 0,28 - 0,35 0,10 - 0,40 0,15 - 0,45 0,50 - 0,60 0,10 - 0,40 0,65 - 0,95

Cr

Mo

Ni

V

Warm forming temperature [°C]

4,80 - 5,50 1,10 - 1,40 0,25 - 0,50 2,70 - 3,20 2,60 - 3,00 0,40 - 0,70 1,00 - 1,20 0,45 - 0,55 1,50 - 1,80 0,07 - 0,12

1100 - 900 1050 - 900 1050 - 850

High speed steels Material

Description DIN

1.3202 1.3243 1.3255 1.3343

S 12 - 1 - 4 - 5 S6-5-2-5 S 18 - 1 - 2 - 5 S6-5-2

SAE/AISI

C

Si

Mn

P

Analysis in % S

Co

Cr

Mo

T15 M41 T4 M2

1,30 - 1,45 0,88 - 0,96 0,75 - 0,83 0,86 - 0,94

< 0,45 < 0,45 < 0,45 < 0,45

< 0,40 < 0,40 < 0,40 < 0,40

< 0,030 < 0,030 < 0,030 < 0,030

< 0,030 < 0,030 < 0,030 < 0,030

4,50 - 5,00 4,50 - 5,00 4,50 - 5,00 -

3,80 - 4,50 3,80 - 4,50 3,80 - 4,50 3,80 - 4,50

0,70 - 1,00 4,70 - 5,20 0,50 - 0,80 4,70 - 5,20

¹) W = Water, WB = Warmbath, O = Oil, A = Air, Temperatures acc. to steel manufacturer ²) Surface hardness after case hardening 34

V

W

3,50 - 4,00 11,5 - 12,5 1,70 - 2,00 6,00 - 6,70 1,40 - 1,70 17,5 - 18,5 1,70 - 2,00 6,00 - 6,70


Soft annealing [°C]

Carburizing [°C]

650 - 700 650 - 700 650 - 700 650 - 700

880 - 980 880 - 980 880 - 980 880 - 980

Heat treatment Core hardening Intermediate [°C] annealing [°C] 880 - 920 830 - 870 630 - 650 830 - 870 630 - 650 860 - 900 -

Heat treatment Normalizing [°C]

Soft annealing [°C] Brinell hardness HB30 soft annealed 650 - 700 < 207 650 - 700 < 248 650 - 700 < 248 680 - 720 < 223 680 - 720 < 223 680 - 720 < 248 680 - 720 < 248

840 - 880 850 - 880 850 - 880 850 - 890 850 - 890 840 - 880 840 - 880

Heat treatment Soft annealing Brinell hardness Hardening [°C] Quenching [°C] HB30 soft annealed medium¹) 650 - 700 680 - 720 650 - 700

Soft annealing [°C]

< 248 < 248 < 248

< 190 < 207

680 - 710 710 - 740 780 - 820 800 - 840 710 - 750 610 - 650

< 215 < 220 < 250 < 255 < 225 < 260

Soft annealing Brinell hardness Hardening [°C] [°C] HB30 soft annealed 760 - 780 760 - 780 680 - 710

< 235 < 230 < 250

1020 - 1050 1020 - 1050 840 - 870

Warm forming temperature [°C]

Soft annealing [°C]

1100 - 900 1100 - 900 1150 - 900 1100 - 900

780 - 810 790 - 820 820 - 850 790 - 820

O/WB W/O O/WB O/A/WB O/WB O/A/WB

Quenching medium¹) O/A/WB O/A/WB O

Quenching medium¹)

Tempering [°C]

820 - 860 820 - 850 830 - 860 830 - 870 830 - 870 820 - 860 820 - 860

W/O W/O O W/O W/O O O

550 - 660 540 - 680 540 - 680 540 - 680 540 - 680 540 - 680 540 - 680

65 58

2,0 - 3,0 3,5 - 5,0

Heat treatment Tempering [°C] Hardening 150 - 180 180 - 250 650 - 700 180 - 250 180 - 300 160 - 250

Heat treatment Tempering [°C] 550 - 650 500 - 670 400 - 650

Brinell hardness HB30 soft annealed Preheating [°C] 240 - 300 240 - 300 240 - 300 240 - 300

150 - 200 150 - 200 150 - 200 150 - 200

Tempering [°C]

W O

Quenching medium¹)

810 - 840 760 - 840 1000 - 1040 950 - 980 870 - 900 840 - 870

Tempering [°C]

Nitriding hardness HV1 950 800 950

Heat treatment Quenching Hardness [HRC] Hardness depth Tempering [°C] medium¹) [mm]

770 - 800 800 - 830

Brinell hardness HB30 Hardening [°C] soft annealed

Quenching medium¹) O/WB O/WB O/WB

Tempering [°C] Stress relieving Nitriding [°C] after mech. processing [°C] 570 - 650 550 - 570 500 - 520 570 - 680 550 - 580 500 - 520 570 - 660 550 - 580 500 - 520

W/O W/O O

Brinell hardness HB30 soft Hardening [°C] annealed

680 - 710 680 - 710

Soft annealing [°C]

900 - 940 840 - 880 850 - 890

Surface hardening [°C] 780 - 820 780 - 820 780 - 820 780 - 820

450 - 600 450 - 600 450 - 600 450 - 600

62²) 64 49 64 60 56

Hardening 1960 1720 2060

Surface hardness in HRC after tempering at Tempering at Tempering at Tempering at Tempering at 100 °C 200 °C 300 °C 400 °C 61²) 60²) 57²) 54²) 64 61 58 51 49 47 46 46 63 62 60 58 60 58 56 52 56 54 50 46

Tempering at 400 °C 1770

Heat treatment Preheating 1. Level [°C] 850 850 850 850

180 - 300 180 - 300

Surface hardness in HRC after tempering at Tempering at Tempering at Tempering at 100 °C 200 °C 300 °C 64 62 56 58 54 48

Preheating 2. Level [°C] 1050 1050 1050 1050

Tensile strength ~ [N/mm2] after Tempering at Tempering at Tempering at 500 °C 600 °C 700 °C 2060 1620 980 1670 1570 1030 1570 1320 -

Hardening process Hardening [°C] Quenching medium¹) 1210 - 1250 O/WB/A 1200 - 1240 O/WB/A 1260 - 1300 O/WB/A 1190 - 1230 O/WB/A

Tempering [°C] 550 - 570 550 - 570 550 - 570 550 - 570

Tempering at 500 °C 50²) 44 44 56 48 42

Usable hardness N/mm2 1180 - 1770 1180 - 1670 1180 - 1770

Tempering hardness [HRC] < 65 < 64 < 64 < 64 35


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Nabertherm - Técnologia dos processos térmicos  

Apresentação dos fornos de tratamento térmico da marca Nabertherm.

Nabertherm - Técnologia dos processos térmicos  

Apresentação dos fornos de tratamento térmico da marca Nabertherm.

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