Gabriel José de la Concordia García Márquez, is a Colombian novelist, short-story writer, screenwriter and journalist, known affectionately as Gabo throughout Latin America. Considered one of the most significant authors of the 20th century, he was awarded the 1972 Neustadt International Prize for Literature and the 1982 Nobel Prize in Literature, and is the earliest remaining living recipient.1 He pursued a self-directed education that resulted in his leaving law school for a career in journalism. From early on, he showed no inhibitions in his criticism of Colombian and foreign politics. In 1958, he married Mercedes Barcha; they have two sons, Rodrigo and Gonzalo.
Gabriel García Márquez learned to write at age five, in Aracataca Montessori School, the young and beautiful teacher Rosa Elena Fergusson, who fell in love: she was the first woman to disturb him. Every time you approached him, made him want to kiss her: he instilled the pleasure of going to school, just to see, in addition to the timeliness and writing one page without draft.
Law student In 1947, under pressure from his parents, he moved to Bogotá to study law at the National University, where he studied under Alfonso López Michelsen and where he became friends with Camilo Torres Restrepo. The nation's capital was to García Márquez world city (and knows almost all) that most impressed him, as was a gray, cold, where everyone dressed in warm clothing and black. As in Zipaquirá, García Márquez came to feel like a stranger in a country other than their own: Bogotá was then "a colonial city, of people introverted and quiet, just the opposite to the Caribbean, where people felt the presence of other beings phenomenal though they were not there ".
The study of law was not really his passion, but he managed to consolidate its vocation as a writer, as the September 13, 1947 was published his first story, The third resignation, in the supplement Weekend, No. 80 of The Spectator, directed by Eduardo Zalamea Borda (Ulysses), who in presenting the story wrote that García Márquez was the new genius of Colombian literature, the tale illustrations were made by Hernan Merino. A few weeks later came a second story: Eva is in a cat.
Barranquilla Group Gabriel García Márquez was linked to that group. At first traveled from Cartagena to Barranquilla whenever he could. Then, thanks to a pneumonia that forced him to retreat to Sucre, changed his work in El Universal daily column in El Heraldo in Barranquilla, which appeared in January 1950 under the heading "The Giraffe" and signed by "Septimus "
In the newspaper barranquillero worked Cepeda Samudio, Vargas and Fuenmayor. García Márquez wrote, read and discussed every day with the three editors, the inseparable quartet met daily in the library of "Catalan scholar" or went to cafes to drink beer and rum until the wee hours of the morning. Polemicized to hurt shout about literature, or on their own work, that the four read. They made the dissection of the works of Defoe, Dos Passos, Camus, Virginia Woolf and William Faulkner
Journalism and Literature In February 1954, García Márquez was integrated into the drafting of The Spectator, where he initially became the first film columnist Colombian journalism, and then brilliant writer and reporter. The following year he appeared in Bogota the first issue of Mito, under the direction of Jorge Gaitán Durán It lasted only seven years, but it was enough, for the profound influence he had on Colombian cultural life, to believe that myth says the timing of the appearance of modernity in the intellectual history of the country, as he played a definitive role in society and Colombian culture: from the beginning stood in contemporary criticism and culture. Gabriel García Márquez published two papers in the journal: a chapter of the litter, Monologue of Isabel Watching the rain in Macondo (1955), and The Colonel No One Writes (1958).
In that year, 1955, García Márquez won the first prize in the competition of the Association of Writers and Artists, published The litter and an extensive report, in installments, Story of a Shipwrecked Sailor, which was censored by the regime of General Gustavo Rojas Pinilla, so that the directives of the Spectator decided that Gabriel Garcia Marquez left the country bound for Geneva to cover the conference of the Big Four, and then to Rome, where Pope Pius XII apparently dying
the consecration One day in 1966 en route from Mexico City to the resort of Acapulco, Gabriel García Márquez had a sudden vision of the novel that had been chewing for 17 years: I already had considered mature, sat down at the machine and for 18 months followed worked eight or more hours a day, while his wife took care of the maintenance of the house. In 1967 appeared Hundred Years of Solitude, a novel whose universe is cyclical time in the fantastic stories happening: insomnia plagues, floods, excessive fertility, levitation
Following the success of One Hundred Years of Solitude, García Márquez was established in Barcelona and spent time in Bogotá, Mexico, Cartagena and Havana. During the three decades, has written four novels have been published three volumes of short stories and two stories, and important collections of his journalistic output and narrative.
Nobel Prize for Literature On the morning of October 21, 1982, García Márquez received news that Mexico long ago expected by that time: the Swedish Academy awarded the coveted Nobel Prize for Literature. By the time he was exiled in Mexico, as the March 26, 1981 he had to leave Colombia, and the Colombian military wanted to stop for an alleged relationship with the M-19 movement because five years had kept the journal Alternative , of a socialist. Two events confirmed the profound sense of García Márquez Latin America: on return of the prize was dressed in a classic and impeccable white linen liquiliqui, as the suit he wore his grandfather and used by the colonels of the civil wars, and remained label in the continental Caribbean. With the speech "Solitude of Latin America" (he read the Wednesday, December 8, 1982 at the Swedish Academy in full and to four guests and it was simultaneously translated into eight languages), tried to break the mold, or cliches with traditionally Europe has referred to Latin America, and denounced the lack of attention of the superpowers on the continent.
Friendship with Fidel Castro
"Gabo was convinced that the Cuban leader was different from the leaders, heroes, rogue dictators who had swarmed through the history of Latin America since the nineteenth century, and sensed that only through him that revolution, still young, could reap rewards in the rest of the Americas » Gabriel García Márquez met Fidel Castro in January 1959 but their friendship was formed later, when Garcia Marquez was working with Prensa Latina, living in Havana and were again several times.