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ZURC RLING

| 16603 Great Oaks Hollow Dr. Houston, TX 77083 | 832.205.7276 | erlingdario@yahoo.com | www.issuu.com/erlingcruz/docs/portfolio |


Jubilee Church

Rest Stop

Student Housing

Community Center

Hotel Nueva York

1

2

3-4

5-6

7-8

Performance Hall

Birdwatch Towers AIA Awards

Renderings

Design Built

C.C.M.H.

9 - 10

11 -17

18 - 26

27 - 28

29

Bethany Insurance

Kubo’s Restaurant

Law St. Place

Cougar Den

Flushear Plaza

30

31

32

33

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Index


JUBILEE CHURCH

Richard Meier / Rome, Italy / Academic / Fall 2008 / Prof. John Tsai The objective of this project was to introduce students to model making and ink drawing techniques, that will prepare each individual for the necessary skills needed as an architectural student.

SCALE MODEL

1


REST STOP

Houston, TX / Academic / Spring 2009 Prof. John Tsai The objective of this project was to explore the possibilities of the incorporation of the outdoor environment with the indoor space in a coherent way. .

SITE PLAN

SCALE MODEL

2


S T U D E N T HOUSING

Houston, TX / Academic / Spring 2010 / Prof. Robert Griffin The Student Housing project proposed an additional structure to the Gerald D. Hines college of Architecture at the University of Houston. The proposed new building was to provide temporary living space to architecture students that spend the night working on their projects at school.

SCALE MODEL

3

SITE PLAN

SECTION


SITE PLAN

WEST ELEVATION

4


HIGH LINE CENTER

New York, NY / Academic / Spring 2011 Prof. Gary Machicek The High Line Community Center was a response to the growing population of New York City. The project was designed to be a place where parents and their children

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can gather and engage in extracurricular activities. The lower level is dedicated to the parents, fitted with a gym, restaurants, shops, bike rental, art gallery and an extension community garden that becomes a bridge to the High Line park. The upper levels serve as classrooms where children can be enrolled in art, music and theater

classes. The rooftop becomes an outdoor movie theater where kids and parents can come together and enjoy a movie as a family at the end of the day.


SCALE MODEL

6


272’ 7”

HOTEL NUEVA YORK

New York, NY / Academic / Fall 2011 / Prof. Peter Zweig

227’ 5”

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The proximity of the site to the High Line Park challenged the design to respond to its surroundings. The park and its environment were the two major factors on which the project evolved. Outdoor gardens were placed in different levels of the hotel to create a continuity of the park into the building. Each garden represents a season of the year and utilizes natural ventilation and lighting strategies to recreate the environmental condition of each season.

12

5 139’ 11”

11

4

80’ 9”

10 29’ 7”

3 - 20’ 0”

- 55’ 1” 0’

15’

30’

45’

9

60’

2

SITE PLAN Longitude = 74° 00’

SECTION

8

1

Latitude = 40° 44’

7

-1

7

LOCATION

DESIGN PROCESS

FLOOR PLANS


139’ 11”

272’ 7”

80’ 9” TYPICAL ROOM

LOBBY

227’ 5”

29’ 7”

NATURAL VENTILATION - SPRING

NATURAL LIGHTING - SUMMER

139’0”11” - 20’

- 55’ 1” 80’ 9”

OUTDOOR GARDEN - AUTUMN

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THERMAL BARRIERS - WINTER

0’

15’

30’

45’

60’


0 10 60

100

30 0

10

30

60 0

10

30

60

100

100

4

0

10

30

60

100

3

2 OPERABLE WALLS

0 10 100

30 30

60

60 0

10

100

1

0

SECTION

0

10

30

60

100

100

10 60

30 10 0

SOUND

DESIGN BARRIER

DESIGN BARRIER

DESIGN BARRIER

SOUND BARRIER

SOUND BARRIER

SOUND BARRIER

0

-1

10

DESIGN BARRIER

30

9

100

The Houston Performance Hall was designed based on the concept of sound reverberation in a room. The goal was to integrate music into every aspect of the design to the point where the building became a musical instrument in itself. This was achieved by incorporating operable walls in the interior capable of tunning the reverberation time appropriate for any type of performances in the theater.

30

60

HOUSTON PERFORMANCE HALL

Houston, TX / Academic / Spring 2012 / Prof. Kevin Story

SOUND BARRIERS

SITE BARRIERS

DESIGN CONCEPT

FLOOR PLANS

60


SCALE MODELS: SITE MODEL / SECTION MODEL

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BIRDWATCH TOWERS COASTAL NETWORK

Gerald D. Hines College of Architecture Design Award / AIA Fort Worth Design Award / AIA Houston Gulf Coast Green Awards / New York Publication by Sketch d3 / Chambers County, TX / Academic / Fall 2012 / Prof. Thomas Colbert “Birdwatch Towers” is a series of high-profile birding and observation towers that create a network of recognizable destinations within the proposed Lone

4

COVE

1

Star Coastal National Recreation Area. The towers enhance bird sanctuaries and promote eco-tourism into the Texas Gulf Coast.

TRINITY RIVER

2

OAK ISLAND

3

HIGH ISLAND

4

WALLISVILLE

5

BOLIVAR PENINSULA

6

SMITH POINT

124

TRINITY RIVER

WALLISVILLE

1

563

73

61 65

61

ANAHUAC562 BEACH CITY 2936

124

TRINITY BAY

OAK ISLAND

2 1965

562

3

6

HIGH ISLAND

EAST BAY

SMITH POINT 87

5

GALVESTON BAY

BOLIVAR PENINSULA

CRYSTAL BEACH

GULF OF MEXICO

PORT BOLIVAR 108

HOUS TON S HIP

11

CHANN EL

GALVESTON

0

1

4

10 mi


WALLISVILLE

SITE STUDY: HUMAN HEALTH IMPACT

124

563

73

WINNIE

61

LAKE ANAHUAC

65

STOWELL

61

LAKE

ANAHUAC

CH Y

The map on the left illustrates the vulnerability of the chosen sites to flooding when a hurricane passes through the area. After a hurricane strikes one of the major problems coastal regions face is the debris left by destroyed structures. The map below shows areas most affected by the debris accumulation in Chambers County after Hurricane Ike. While the

structure of these towers was designed to resist hurricane related tidal surge, some parts, such as shading panels that are below base flood elevation and wooden steps are made of biodegradable materials in case they are torn away from the main structure. If torn free they will degrade and return to the land from which they were originally harvested.

562 124 2936

TRINITY RIVER 124

TRINITY BAY WALLISVILLE

563

73

COVE

OAK ISLAND

WINNIE

61

1965

65

STOWELL 61

ANAHUAC

BEACH CITY

562

562 124 2936

TRINITY BAY

GORDY MARSH

LAKE STEPHENSON

ROBINSON LAKE

OAK ISLAND

LAKE SURPRISE

1965

WILLIS LAKE

HIGH ISLAND

SMITH POINT

562

EAST BAY 87

BOLIVAR PENINSULA

HIGH ISLAND

EAST BAY

GALVESTON BAY

EVACUATION ROUTES

CRYSTAL BEACH

10 50,000

WATER DEPTH

GULF OF MEXICO

5’

SMITH POINT 87

POPULATION CITIES AT RISK PEOPLE AT RISK

BOLIVAR PENINSULA

GALVESTON BAY

CONTOUR LINES

GULF OF MEXICO

CRYSTAL BEACH

+25’

DEBRIS ACCUMULATION

PORT BOLIVAR

20’

+

5’

5’

108 25’

GALVESTON

0

108

HOUS TON S HIP

0

1

4

10 mi

PORT BOLIVAR CHANN EL

GALVESTON

0

1

4

12

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BIRD STUDY: FORM FOLLOWS FEATHERS One out of every two bird strikes on glass results in a fatality. The population of birds in the US alone is estimated to be around 20 billion. Annual bird fatalities are estimated to be 0.5 to 5 percent of the yearly population. The

skin system of the towers was designed to prevent birds from striking the towers while flying close by the structure. Visual noise was found to be the most effective way to address the problem.

WATERFOWL 2,000’

1,500’

Bird Migration Routes

SHORE BIRDS

Pacific Flyway Central Flyway Mississippi Flyway Atlantic Flyway

1,000’ SONGBIRDS & RAPTORS 500’ 250’ 50’

DAYTIME COLLISION ZONE BIRDS AND BUILDINGS

REFLECTION

+

+

BIRD SCREEN 2x4 RULE

ANGLE GLASS

2X4 RULE

SPEED RANGE: 24 - 242 mph

SCREEN

GLASS

GLASS

20° TO

40°

TAPE ON GLASS

BIRD MIGRATION ROUTES

TAPE

LOUVERS

PROBLEM R OVE

300 nm

ANGL E

GLAS

S

G HAN

BIRD SCREEN

UV

400 nm

WHAT BIRDS SEE

500 nm

VISIBLE

600 nm

WHAT WE SEE

FRIT PATTERNS

+

PLANTS

GLASS

700 nm

WAVELENGTH

VEGETATION

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FRIT CERAMIC PATTERNS

SOLUTIONS: VISUAL NOISE

Differences in human and avian vision have inspired one type of bird-visible glass - Ornilux Glass - and much ongoing research.

ULTRAVIOLET PATTERNS - ORNILUX GLASS

COMBINING SOLUTIONS


WILLISVILLE

HOUSTON

ANAHUAC

CLEAR LAKE

GALVESTON BAY

KEMAH

HIGH ISLAND

SMITH POINT

SAN LEON

BOLIVAR PENINSULA

TEXAS CITY La MARQUE

GALVESTON

LAKE JACKSON

FREEPORT

SARGENT PALACIOS MATAGORDA

MATAGORDA BAY

GULF OF MEXICO

Levees Study Area National Recreation Area Proposal PROPOSED LONE STAR NATIONAL PARK

DESIGN PROCESS

STRUCTURE

CIRCULATION

INTEGRATION

4

HIGH ISLAND

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STRUCTURE SYSTEM

Chambers County, TX / Academic / Fall 2013 Prof. Donna Kacmar Perhaps more important than choosing biodegradable materials that would not harm the environment is the development of a structure system that will withstand hurricane winds and flooding. This was achieved by reconfiguring standard truss systems into a network of trusses that come together to create a rigid space-frame-like structural system. Galvanized steel primary structural members are joined together by cast steel brackets, each custom designed to meet the geometries and structural loads at specific points in the tower.

STRUCTURAL BRACING PANELS FAME

PERFORATED PANELS

STEEL BRACING BOLTS

EXPLODED AXONOMETRIC

ASSEMBLY DETAIL

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JUNCTION CONNECTION DETAIL

CAST STEEL CORNER BRACING


DRAWINGS

Perforated Metal Panels

The towers will protect the natural environment and encourage involvement in healthful outdoor activities. The towers are strategically located in unique ecological environments: the beach, salt

water marches, fresh water marshes and wooded areas within bird sanctuaries. Together they represent and help explain the surprisingly diverse environmental and land features of the upper Texas Gulf Coast.

Each tower is also designed in response to local vulnerability to tidal surge. They were designed with the assistance of a structural engineer to resist the worst possible tidal surge. 74’

Square Steel Beams

Cast Steel Bracing Ornilux Glass

Wood Planks

65’

Steel Substructure SECTION DETAIL

56’

Perforated Panels Square Beam Bolted Steel Angle

All-thread

Steel Shims

Steel Bracket

25’ Concrete Pier

Tidal Surge Blown Up Sections EAST SECTION

WEST SECTION

PIER FOUNDATION DETAIL Concrete Footing

EAST ELEVATION

NORTH ELEVATION

WEST ELEVATION

SOUTH ELEVATION

360° PANORAMA - PLAN VIEW

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WATER & ENERGY USE

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Rainwater is collected to be processed for reuse.

Reverse osmosis naturally purifies the water, enhances air quality and lowers ambient temperatures by evaporation.

The water is moved by solar powered water pumps.

Trash and debris are filtered from the water using a sand filter.

The water is then collected into an underground cistern where it goes through an additional UV treatment for later use as drinkable water and to supply the mist cooling system.

After purification the water is available for visitors to drink. The mist system is employed along the walkway to cool visitors as they walk up the tower. The mist system enhances air quality and lowers ambient temperatures by evaporation.

Solar panels are placed on the southwest side of the tower to harvest energy and to shade viewing areas. These panels supply energy to recharge batteries for early morning and late afternoon energy supply.

Another use of water is for kayaking and boating. "Birdwatch Towers" are attached to inland and hiking and canoeing paths and bayside boat launch sites.


VIEW FROM INSIDE THE HIGH ISLAND TOWER

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19

VIEW FROM TRINITY RIVER TOWER TO DOWNTOWN


VIEW FROM SMITH POINT TOWER TO GALVESTON

20


21

7

SMITH POINT


1

TRINITY RIVER

22


23

6

OAK ISLAND


5

WALLISVILLE

24


25


3

BOLIVAR PENINSULA

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DESIGN BUILT

Houston, TX / Academic / Spring 2013 / Prof. Donna Kacmar Design built was a collaboration between my spring 2013 architectural design studio and an industrial design studio to replace a previews students project in the second floor of the Gerald D. Hines College of Architecture. For this project we were asked to only used donated materials (homasote, plastic laminate, teak wood and carpet) to create a multi-functional space for the students, staff and faculty of the college. We decided to design an interactive pinup space / launch area / meeting space / classroom space that would serve as a congregation spot at anytime of the day. After agreeing on a design layout, the class was split in small teams to handle the workload and finish the project right on time for Easter.

WEAVE

PINUP SPACE

PULL / PUSH

SLIDE

SIMPLE RULES

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LAUNCH AREA

MEETING SPACE

CLASSROOM SPACE


BEFORE

AFTER

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CHRISTIAN CENTER MOUNT HERMON

Houston, TX / Non-profit / Fall 2012 / Pr. Francisco Machuca / Proposal C.C.M.H. is perhaps one of the most significant project I have in my portfolio. I was asked by my pastor to proposed a new facade for the building the church is currently renting and planning to buy. The design was meant to encourage the congregation to participate in raising the necessary funds to buy the property. The plan was a success. The church recently announced that had raised almost half a million dollars for the down-payment of the entire shopping center.

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BETHANY INSURANCE

Houston, TX / Commercial / Fall 2012 / Estella Harper In Progress Located in the heart of a commercial district near the Galleria area, the Bethany Insurance building was a great learning experience. I had the opportunity to develop a simple design but elegant solution to the exterior and interior renovation of the old paint warehouse. The client wanted to create an inviting exterior facade with a limited budget without compromising the aesthetics. In the end, I proposed a simple covering piece in front of the building to provide protection from the west sunlight in the evenings. To address the vast empty space to the left of the entry, I advised the client to consider a set of green wall panels with the possibility of integrating a design with different type of plants.

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KUBO’S

JT ARC Studio / Houston, TX / Commercial / Spring 2011 Completed The proposal was conceived as a unifying strategy for dining zones in Kubos’ restaurant renovation. An unifying plane is undulated to accommodate basic physical and

visual seating amenities in varying combinations to provide a renewed dining stage. Following a set of simple rules a complex shell-like structure was developed in the end.

PROJECT TEAM: John Tsai, AIA Erling Cruz

PULLING

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BENDING

SEATING

LIGHTING

VIEWING


LAW ST. PLACE

JT ARC Studio / Houston, TX / Housing / Fall 2011 / In Progress The articulation of floor plates and exterior walls are negotiated through a series of push and pulls to disrupt the definitive boundaries of the building edge, optimize sun shading, and distribute communal outdoor spaces throughout multiple levels of the building.

WEST ELEVATION

NORTH ELEVATION

DENSITY

COMMUNAL

PRIVATE

BREEZEWAYS

PROJECT TEAM: John Tsai, AIA Erling Cruz

PERSPECTIVE VIEW

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COUGAR DEN

JT ARCH Studio / Houston, TX / Commercial / Fall 2013 In Progress Cougar place is an interior renovation of a new building within the University of Houston campus. The client intended to create an energetic gathering space yet relaxing and intimate for students to have a great time with friends and meet new people from around campus. The demanding program calls for a evening bar to be intertwine with a launch study space and the annexation of an outdoor patio with a performing stage. PROJECT TEAM: John Tsai, AIA Erling Cruz

COUGAR DEN JT ARC STUDIO

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FULSHEAR PLAZA

JT ARC Studio / Fulshear, TX / Commercial / Fall 2013 / In Progress Fulshear plaza presented many design challenges and constraints. The client was very conservative about the architecture style of the building and had a limited budget for the renovation of the existing structure. He was looking to upgrade the facade of the building to attract new tenants and to consider the possibility of raising the rent fee. Considering the limited budget, E.I.F.S. was the material of choice for the exterior cladding. This material saved the client a lot of money for its low price and flexibility to work with. PROJECT TEAM: John Tsai, AIA Erling Cruz

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C | 16603 Great Oaks Hollow Dr. Houston, TX 77083 | 832.205.7276 | erlingdario@yahoo.com | www.issuu.com/erlingcruz/docs/portfolio |

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