1573: Terglau 1664: Terglou 1778: Terklou 1808: Triglou 1812: Triglav 1822: Terglou 1831: Triglov 1832: Terglov 1834: Terglou 1835: Triglav 1843: Terglou 1850: Terglou / Triglav 1900: Triglav
1744: 2727m 1778: 3302m 1779: 3019m 1793: 2857m 1795: 2855m 1812: 2839m 1822: 2865m 1830: 2855m 1861: 2864m 1978: 2863,63m 1985: 2864,09m 2000: 2863,99m 2016: 2863,65m
Triglav (pronounced [ˈtɾiːɡlau̯]; German: Terglau, Italian: Tricorno) is the highest mountain in Slovenia and the highest peak of the Julian Alps. Geographic Coordinates: approximately, 41°N- 42°N, 13°E-23°E
Triglav is an endless series of valleys, mountain ridges, vast plateaus, steep slopes, cirques and rocky peaks above which rises the majestic vaulted dome crest, like a sky-protruding crown.
Triglav was the highest peak of the now defunct Yugoslavia and, together with the southern Vardar River (now in Republic of Macedonia), was the symbol of Yugoslavian motto: Brotherhood and Unity (Братство и јединство, Bratstvo i jedinstvo, Братство и единство, Bratstvo in enotnost ).
The first Slovene-language fulllength film was titled In the Kingdom of the Goldhorn (V kraljestvu Zlatoroga, 1931) and features an ascent by a group of students to the top of Triglav.
The second Slovene full-length film, recorded the following year, was titled The Slopes of Mount Triglav (Triglavske strmine, 1932). It was a romantic story featuring a wedding on the top of Triglav.
Triglav, the symbol of Slovenia, was also in time of the nation-freeing fight the inspiration for resistance of Slovenian people, a shining lighthouse for partisans and every freedom loving Slovenian, the reminder of invincibility, symbol of freedom and the object of desire for everyone who was looking at it or dreaming about it.
During World War II, the stylised Triglav was the symbol of the Liberation Front of the Slovene Nation resistance movement (Osvobodilna Fronta).
A group of partisans and activists (a propaganda group operating in Northwest Primorska, Resia and Venetian Slovenia) preparing people for nearly elections in nation freeing boards came to Trenta. A few of them decided to climb to nearby Triglav (from west side), when they came to the top, next to Aljažev stolp, there was a 1,50 meter tall pole. On one side of it was written I (Italia: Italy) and on the other side D (Deutchland: Germany). They pulled the pole out of the ground and threw it down from the Northern Triglav wall, and they signed themselves in the Triglav’s guest book.
On June 12th 1991, two weeks before the declaration of independence, twelve mountain rescuers from town surrounding the Julian Alps were carried by police helicopter to the Kredarica Mountain Hut, not far below the summit of Triglav. At sunset, the helicopter circled Triglav. The images of the flag, the lit torches carried by members of the team, and the snow cover at dusk became one of the most enduring images of Slovenia’s independence. The Slovenian flag raised by the team did not feature the coat-of-arms, it was only adopted several days after the ascent, and the flag unfurled at Triglav was still a temporary version.
Trigelaus, Slovanian pagan god. The highest god, king of heaven, lord of storm. It can be connected with Indian “Trimūrti” (three forms), the trinity of supreme divinity in Hinduism in which the cosmic functions of creation, maintenance, and destruction are personified as a triad of deities, typically Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva.
Traditionally, Triglav is one of the symbols of Slovenia, though it took some time to become an official icon. Mentioned in one of the most popular patriotic songs (Oj, Triglav, moj dom by Jakob Aljaž), Triglav only appeared on the Slovenian flag in 1991, in place of the red socialist star, when the country left the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. It did, however, appear in military insignia as of the post war period. Around 2003 the design of the flag, too similar to the Slovakian flag, was called into question; nothing was done, but it is significant that the winning sketch was based entirely on the stylized outline of the mountain.
The first recorded ascent of Triglav was achieved on August 25th 1778, on the initiative of the industrialist and polymath Sigmund Zois. According to the most commonly cited report, published in the newspaper Illyrisches Blatt in 1821 by the historian and geographer Johann Richter, these were the surgeon Lovrenz Willomitzer (written as Willonitzer by Richter), the chamois hunter Štefan Rožič, and the miners Luka Korošec and Matevž Kos. According to a report by Belsazar Hacquet in his Oryctographia Carniolica, this happened towards the end of 1778, by two chamois hunters, one of them being Luka Korošec, and one of his former students, whose name is not mentioned.
The area around Triglav is an upland of peaks and ridges, bounded to the north by the upper Sava valley and to the south by Bohinj. Komna and the lower Bohinj mountains form the southern boundary, and to the north-west, close to the Italian border, lie the Kanin ridge and the peaks of Mangart and Jalovec.
The Julian Alps are mostly composed of limestone, primarily from the Triassic geological period (252.17 - 201.3 million years ago). The main characteristic of this rock, which has a dramatic effect on the topography of the range, is its porous nature, which means that water sinks directly into the rock.
Oj Triglav, v spominu mi je tvoj čar, zato pa te ljubim in bom te vsekdar in zadnja ko ura odbila mi bo, pod tvojim obzorjem naj spava telo, kjer radostno ptički naznanjajo dan, oj Triglav, moj dom, kako si krasan! Oh Triglav, my home, how lovely you are, how you bring me closer from valleys afar to go in the summer heat to the high peaks where the heart can rest in solitude, where the cold stream springs from the rocks, oh Triglav, my home, how beautiful you are!
ERIZ MORENO ARANGUREN