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eric charles christenson writing / design portfolio With work from: Minneapolis Star Tribune Green Bay Press-Gazette

twin cities + region and sports pages i designed at the minneapolis star tribune


girls’ hockey C14

Hill-Murray, Benilde reach title game

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Central Florida: 6-5, 232. Classic pocket passer. Surprising agility for his size. Raw, but could have big upside. Pat Kirwan of CBS Sports has Bortles going No. 1. ESPN’s Mel Kiper Jr. and Matt Smith of have the Vikings taking him at No. 8. T E D DY B R I D G E WAT E R

Louisville: 6-2, 214. Considered a rhythm passer with high football intelligence. Not an overpowering arm. Peter Schrager of Fox Sports has him going No. 1 DEREK CARR

Fresno State: 6-2, 214. Strong arm, solid pocket presence. Schrager has the Vikings taking Carr at No. 8.

Photos by MICHAEL CONROY • Associated Press

Texas A&M quarterback Johnny Manziel answered a question during a news conference at the NFL scouting combine Friday.

Manziel faces questions about his height and maturity; Bortles must show he’s ready. By MASTER TESFATSION INDIANAPOLIS

A . J. M C C A R R O N

Alabama: 6-3¼, 220. Strong game manager on a great team in college. Arm strength is questionable. NFL Network’s Mike Mayock says he’s a second- or third-round choice. JOHNNY MANZIEL

Texas A&M: 5-11¾, 207. Very innovative, but unorthodox. Creative on the move, but do his skills translate to the NFL? Rated No. 1 overall by Kiper and Don Banks of Sports Illustrated.


exas A&M quarterback Johnny Manziel measured in at less than 6 feet at the NFL combine. Well, a quarter-inch under 6 feet at 5-11¾ — if that matters — and

207 pounds. Louisville quarterback Teddy Bridgewater checked in an eighth of an inch more than 6-2 but 18 pounds heavier, at 214, than his college weight. Central Florida quarterback Blake Bortles was tallest and heaviest of the bunch at 6-5 and 232.

The top three quarterbacks for the NFL draft of 2014 had their every measurement scrutinized closely on Friday, but the measurements meant little to them or to people such as new Vikings coach Mike Zimmer. “To throw them all in one group: I like guys that win,”

Zimmer said. “That helps me.” Manziel finished with two of the most exciting individual seasons in college football and elevated Texas A&M from a mediocre program in the process. The 2012 Heisman Trophy winner led the Aggies to a Manziel continues on C4 Ø

New boss Zimmer takes to the microphone The Vikings coach took on a variety of subjects at the NFL scouting combine. µ

By MASTER TESFATSION INDIANAPOLIS – Mike Zimmer’s whirlwind first month as the new Vikings coach hit the big stage this week when he and hundreds of other NFL

personnel gathered at this week’s combine. Evaluating the more than 300 prospects makes it a busy time for the Vikings staff, but Zimmer addressed a variety of topics about players already on the team. Among them: • Zimmer expects running back Adrian Peterson to return in time for the Vikings’ late April minicamp. Zimmer said

he received a positive report from head athletic trainer Eric Sugarman on Peterson, who had groin surgery last month. He was expected to fully recover in six weeks, but Zimmer said Peterson has been healing better than expected. While there have been concerns about Peterson’s durability following his third consecutive Zimmer continues on C4 Ø

Zimmer at the NFL combine.



Twins lack ‘Jump on my back’ leader

FORT MYERS, FLA. – The dominant personalities on the best Twins teams of the past 30 years have been magnetic center fielders whose voices provided the soundtrack for raucous clubhouses. The leadership of Kirby Puckett and Torii Hunter won games. Or did winning games lead people to identify Puckett and Hunter as leaders? The Twins will hold their first full-squad workout today in Fort Myers. For three seasons, they have lost a grotesque number of games while seeming to lack the kind of visceral, vocal leadership Puckett and Hunter provided. In the early 2000s, the Twins had one of the loosest clubhouses in baseball. Since Hunter left following the 2007 season, the clubhouse has been quiet as a foreclosed house. Who will be their leader this year? Is leadership even necessary, or pivotal? The Twins’ front office apparently thinks so, or it wouldn’t have so eagerly pursued catcher A.J. Pierzynski, who decided to sign with Boston. Many in the Twins’ braintrust think the clubhouse requires what one key Twins figure described as “someone who will bite your head off.” With Justin Morneau gone, Joe Mauer no longer has any competition when it comes to being the franchise’s central figure. He is the Twins’ highest paid and best player. Is he a leader? “I think that leadership thing kind of gets all blown out of proportion,” Mauer said. “Morney was definitely one of the guys who younger players looked to. I think it’s the veterans who play that role. Yeah, we obviously miss a good

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G O P H E R S AT N O . 2 4 O H I O S TAT E 5 p.m. Saturday • TV: BTN (1500-AM)

Gophers rise, fall with point guard Mathieu He must be at top of his game against the Buckeyes. µ



The day before the Gophers played host to Illinois, coach Richard Pitino contemplated the worth of his point guard, DeAndre Mathieu. “I don’t know where we’d be without him; that’s really the great question,” Pitino said. “I think about that a lot.” Pitino got a good, hard glimpse at that world Wednes-

day night against the Illini. At the opening tip-off, the Gophers caught fire, jumping out to a 14-3 lead. Then Mathieu picked up a pair of fouls, and Minnesota’s early strong play came to a screeching half. The guard’s departure started a 21-11 Illinois run, and with the Gophers offense com-

pletely stalling in his absence, the Minnesota lead dwindled to three at the break. In the second half, Mathieu was back, but ineffective, harassed into turnovers and inefficiency by Illinois’ traps off screens. “They did a really good job,” Mathieu said. “Their big man, he hedged really hard. …

I struggle with that — every game that I’ve been trapped on ball screens, I struggle.” Needless to say, the Gophers struggled along with him, falling 62-49. It’s not a new trend. In Big Ten games when Mathieu has scored at least 10 points, the Gophers are 6-2. In games

where he has scored fewer than 10, the Gophers are 0-6. “DeAndre is really, really important to our team,” Pitino said. “When he plays well, we have a much better chance of winning. … We definitely need him.” With the Gophers heading to Ohio State on Saturday, Mathieu’s job doesn’t get any easier. The Buckeyes have one of the best defensive backcourts in the league, led by floor general Aaron Craft. Gophers continues on C5 Ø

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The Gophers are 6-2 in Big Ten games when DeAndre Mathieu scores at least 10 points.



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Miami report implicates 3

Sharper charged in drug/rape cases

An investigator described harassment by Richie Incognito, John Jerry and Mike Pouncey toward fellow lineman Jonathan Martin. µ

The five-time NFL Pro Bowl player and former Viking is accused of multiple sexual assaults in four states. µ

By KATE MATHER and RICHARD WINTON Los Angeles Times LOS ANGELES – At least seven women in four different states have accused former NFL football player Darren Sharper of drugging and sexually assaulting them, according to court documents filed in Los Angeles on Friday. At least three other women and one man reported being drugged, according to records. Three of the alleged sexual assaults occurred on consecutive nights in L.A. and Las Vegas.

G O P H E R S VS. M I C H . ( L AT E )

Up next: 7 p.m. Saturday • vs. Michigan • Mariucci Arena • FSN

Los Angeles County prosecutors charged Sharper on Friday with two counts of rape and five other drug charges in connection with two incidents in October and January. He has not been charged in cases in Las Vegas, New Orleans and Tempe, Ariz. Sharper, 38, made a brief court appearance Friday morning but did not enter a plea as his arraignment was pushed to Feb. 20. He was ordered to surrender his passport, stay in Los Angeles and avoid the West Hollywood club Bootsy Bellows. Sharper,

Bullying culture: John Jerry (left), Richie Incognito (middle) and Mike Pouncey (right) reportedly harassed teammate Jonathan Martin.

By ANDREW ABRAMSON and HAL HABIB Palm Beach (Fla.) Post

LIZ O. BAYLEN • Los Angeles Times

Former Vikings safety Darren Sharper appeared in Los Angeles Superior Court with his attorneys on Friday. He was charged with two counts of rape.

who played for the Vikings from 2005 to 2008 and also played for the Green Bay Packers and New Orleans Saints, remained free on $200,000 bail. Sharper continues on C7 Ø

The NFL released its report Friday on the investigation of the Miami Dolphins’ lockerroom culture, finding fault in three offensive linemen and also criticizing an assistant coach. The 140-page report, by independent investigator Ted Wells, looked into claims by Jonathan Martin that he was bullied by fellow offensive lineman Richie Incognito and others on the team. The report not only implicates Incognito in the bullying but also notes the involvement

of fellow Dolphins linemen John Jerry and Mike Pouncey in harassment. Much of the misconduct, however, was directed at a player Wells describes as a young offensive lineman no longer with the Dolphins. It also cites ethnic slurs directed at an assistant trainer who was born in Japan. Wells is critical of offensive line coach Jim Turner, who said he couldn’t recall many details

that were corroborated by others amid the 100 interviews Wells conducted. Wells writes that head coach Joe Philbin had been unaware of the festering issues and would have intervened had they been called to his attention sooner. “The contrast between the Dolphins’ formal antiharassment policies and the Dolphins continues on C7 Ø

N B A A L L - S TA R G A M E : 7 p.m. Sunday • TNT

FULL-COURT PRESS ON FREE AGENCY Reporters took their best shots at getting the Wolves’ Kevin Love to telegraph his next big move.


Teammates celebrated with Gabe Guertler after he scored the fifth goal for the Gophers and his first of the season during the third period Friday night.

Score points for a familiar formula Gophers freshmen filled the points column, and 5-on-5 was a strength against the Wolverines. µ


The Gophers turned the page back to a winning recipe. Freshman-produced goals, multiple point scorers and even-strength success produced a 5-3 victory over Michigan on Friday night at Mariucci Arena. Freshmen Justin Kloos, H u d s o n Fa s c h i n g , Taylor Cammarata and Gabe Guertler scored goals. Sam Warning led 12 Gophers point scorers with two assists. These are the ingredients that have worked for the Gophers this season, and they were reminded of it in their first of four meetings with No. 10 Michigan. Freshmen were a big part of the No. 2 Gophers’ impressive start, and they learned to never rely on a single player as the season progressed. “I think we all knew we had to step it up. [The freshmen] got off to a hot start to the year, but we knew it was going to be a grinding season and had to work a little harder here in the second half,” Kloos said. “We’re glad we were able to get out here and give [goaltender Adam Wilcox] some support on the back end.” With the four goals, freshmen have tallied an NCAA-best 41 this season for the Gophers (20-4-5, 8-2-2 Big Ten). Even-strength goals also returned to the repertoire. Gophers continues on C12 Ø

GERALD HERBERT • Associated Press

The Timberwolves’ Kevin Love met the media on Friday as part of the weekend’s All-Star festivities. Questions about his future were many, answers few and vague. By JERRY ZGODA NEW ORLEANS – Five minutes and 13 questions into his 41-minute All-Star Friday media availability, Timberwolves star Kevin Love was asked about his future starting in 2015 and beyond, and he delivered some of his best defense of the season. A New York reporter asked if he has given any thought to the Knicks and where he will play when he can opt out of his contract in July 2015 to become an unrestricted free agent. “Right now, I’m thinking about Derek Jeter’s decision,” he said, referring to the New York Yankees star’s intention to retire after this baseball season. “How ’bout that?” And who says Love isn’t a natural shot blocker? From there, Love was asked

who should win NBA MVP (Kevin Durant in a photo finish), what dream 3-on-3 team he would pick if he must choose a former and current player (Wilt Chamberlain, LeBron James and himself ), what Winter Olympics event would suit him best (slopestyle skiing, figure skating or curling) and naturally, given his surname, is Valentine’s Day his favorite holiday. “No,” he said, “I’m jinxed.” But ultimately his conversation with reporters came back around to summer 2015, when he can escape a year early that fouryear, $61-plus million contract the Wolves foisted upon him in January 2012 and be free to sign with the Knicks, Los Angeles Lakers or whomever he chooses. The New York reporter asked about a Yahoo! Sports report earlier this season that said Knicks management already is planning

on clearing salary-cap space so it can push to sign Love 17 months from now. A Boston reporter tried a little more underhanded, asking generally how a free agent might view the city and the Celtics as a potential landing spot. That same reporter asked what Love thought about reports that teams are considering how they will clear cap space to pursue him 1½ years before he’s able to set himself free, if he so chooses. Love wanted to sign a five-year, $80 million contract that would have kept him in Minnesota through 2017, but the team refused to offer him the lone “designated player” slot provided by the league’s latest labor agreement and offered him the out after three years when it insisted on a four-year contract instead.


Love continues on C7 Ø


Kevin Love might play 20 years in Minnesota and retire a Timberwolf. Or, he might be the next All-Star Kevin to land in a big market on the coast. Love has the option to opt out of his contract after next season. Possible destination? Speculators love to point to Los Angeles, New York, Boston and his hometown of Portland.


Spielman plays it coy when QB talk arises

single-game tickets

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C L A S S 2 A G I R L S ’ H O C K E Y Q UA R T E R F I N A L S

After Christian Ponder’s failings, the Vikings boss is confident Norv Turner can make things better. µ

By MASTER TESFATSION INDIANAPOLIS – The Vikings have needs at every defensive position outside of safety, but General Manager Rick Spielman’s media session at the NFL combine on Thursday wouldn’t reflect that. Spielman was bombarded by questions about quarterbacks — or lack thereof. With Christian Ponder as the only one at that position on the roster, it’s an important offseason for the organization to finally acquire a franchise quarterback and pair him with new head coach Mike Zimmer. Yet Spielman Spielman, at least publicly, doesn’t let on that there is any added pressure. He has a quarterback guru in his back pocket, offensive coordinator Norv Turner, to lean on this time during the process. “You always feel pressure,” Spielman said. “You always want to get good players, regardless at any position, and we’ve got a pretty good track record of bringing in some pretty good players. The quarterback thing

Vikings continues on C4 Ø PURDUE 63, GOPHERS 42

Up next: 6 p.m. Monday vs. Michigan State • TV: BTN

U’s shooting awful in loss to Purdue

Leading scorer Rachel Banham made only one of 17 shots as the Gophers’ four-game winning streak came to an end. µ

By BRYCE EVANS Special to the Star Tribune

The pressure seemed to be lifted. Gophers players were describing the atmosphere around the team as relaxed, confident even. They talked about, finally, feeling comfortable in their respective roles. That’s what four consecutive victories will do for a team that just a month ago was 2-6 in Big Ten play. Three of those recent victories came on the road, three came despite trailing at halftime, and all four came with key players out because of injuries. The Gophers kept finding ways to win. After beating Northwestern by 18 points Saturday with just seven players available, the Gophers had climbed to .500 in the Big Ten and moved up to No. 30 in the RPI rankings. A berth in the NCAA tournament appeared to be within the team’s grasp. Then No. 21 Purdue came to Williams Arena on Thursday. Gophers continues on C9 Ø


Purdue’s Courtney Moses drove past Gopher Sari Noga during the second half. Moses scored 27 points.


C L O S E S H AV I N G S : Roseau’s Josee Lundgren, left, and Benilde-St. Margaret’s Heather Mostrom kicked up some ice in the Red Knights’ 7-0 quarterfinal victory.



Xcel Energy Center • Ch. 45 CLASS 1A

11 a.m.: Blake vs. Red Wing 1 p.m.: East Grand Forks vs.St.Paul United CLASS 2A

6 p.m.: Eden Prairie vs. Hill-Murray 8 p.m.: Benilde-SM vs. Lakeville North

Eden Prairie, Hill-Murray, Benilde-St. Margaret’s and Lakeville North advanced to Class 2A semis, C12

« HE SEES THE GAME DIFFERENTLY THAN MOST. » Twins vice president of baseball operations Rob Antony on Paul Molitor

W O LV E S T R A D E D E A D L I N E Up next: 8 p.m. Saturday at Utah • TV: FSN

Nothing doing for the Wolves — or for Love The Wolves made no deadline deals, and Kevin Love denied rumors he said he’d opt out in 2015. µ


When the Twins signed Gardenhire to a two-year contract last fall, they insisted on Molitor being hired, putting another St. Paul native and Minnesota alum into Twinstripes. “He sees the game differently than most,” said Twins vice president of baseball operations Rob Antony. “He brings presence and credibility. No disrespect to our coaches who didn’t have distinguished bigleague careers, but this guy is a Hall of Famer. With him, it’s not just a title. He wasn’t just a good player. He was one of the smartest players who’s ever played the game. I want to believe our players will be all ears.

The NBA’s trade deadline came and went on Thursday and three-time All Star Kevin Love still is a Timberwolf. So is everybody else. The Wolves didn’t strike a deal before the 2 p.m. deadline passed, and Love on Thursday refuted an unsourced Twitter report from late Wednesday night that said he told president of basketball operations Flip Saunders before the All-Star break he’ll opt Love out of his contract in July 2015 so he can play elsewhere. Longtime columnist and commentator Peter Vecsey’s series of tweets also said the Wolves were expected to trade Love by Thursday’s deadline or this coming summer. Saunders quickly responded with a tweet of his own shortly after Love delivered a 42-point, 15-rebound performance in a 104-91 home victory over Indiana on Wednesday and Love said he and Saunders “laughed about it” before Thursday’s partial practice at Target Center.

Souhan continues on C10 Ø

Wolves continues on C5 Ø

Paul Molitor watched practice Wednesday during spring training in Fort Myers, Fla.


Young Twins should listen and learn

Paul Molitor is one of the smartest men in baseball and a valuable resource for any player. FORT MYERS, FLA. – Paul Molitor might have been the smartest baseball player of his generation. As a Brewer, he became famous within the game for his ability to steal signs. As a minor league instructor with the Twins, he would sit on the bench with awestruck youngsters and call “slider” just before the opposing pitcher released just that. He turned hitting into a science and baserunning into an art form. He seemed born to manage a baseball team, but with kids to raise and doubts about choosing the correct career path, Molitor tried out coaching before settling into a role as adviser and instructor with his hometown team.


souhan After the 2012 season, Molitor decided he was ready to take the field again. The Twins were close to naming him to their coaching staff … and then they weren’t. Those close to the situation say that manager Ron Gardenhire, in the last year of his contract and with no assurances of being retained, didn’t want his likely successor on staff.

Inside | around the metro B3 | In a blog Thursday, R.T. Rybak says his heart hurt worse after junior prom.

twin cities+region S TA R T R I B U N E . C O M / L O C A L



St. Paul gets in the bike lane Long-range plan, to be released Tuesday, would create a downtown loop and complete the 30-mile Grand Round. µ

At 27, he packed plenty into a life cut short in Alaska

The short, wild life of Genghis Muskox began in Minneapolis restaurant kitchens, traversed the globe and ended in death in Alaska, a land as epic as his name. The irony of the fact that her son was killed by a possibly mentally disturbed veteran of the Iraq War is not lost on his mother, Susan Muskat, who protested the war with Mothers Against Military Madness. Muskat, a founder of Birchwood Cafe who now co-owns Moose and Sadies restaurant in the North Loop, got the call from Alaska last month. Something bad had happened, but they couldn’t tell her over the phone. A few hours later, a Minneapolis homicide cop came to tell Muskat that her son was dead. He was 27. The man who killed Genghis, Paul Vermillion, has claimed self-defense. Muskat is worried that the “survival of the fittest” attitude in Alaska might hurt her chance for justice. The word of a vet, even one alleged to have emotional problems, might be enough. Earlier this week Muskat first learned some of the grisly details of the homicide in Cooper Landing, 100 miles south of Anchorage, during a conference call: Genghis was originally attacked with an ice ax, then shot multiple times with two guns. “They said he suffered extraordinary trauma from multiple weapons,” said Muskat. When Vermillion called police from the scene, he told them he had “executed the threat,” according to a story in Alaskan media. Yet, it’s likely that Vermillion will

S E C T I O N B • T U E S D AY, J A N U A R Y 2 1 , 2 0 1 4


After years riding behind Minneapolis in cycling amenities, St. Paul officials are releasing a longrange plan Tuesday that would more than double the number of bikeway miles, create an off-street downtown loop and complete a series of trails and lanes around the city. The plan, which is available online and which will be pre-

on top of the 144 miles the city has. Nearly 70 percent of the network, according to the plan, would be either off-street paths or on-street lanes that separate bikes from motor vehicles. Some lanes would be shared by bikes and vehicles, and some neighborhood streets with low traffic would be designated as bicycle boulevards. “Our vision is to capture the crowd that doesn’t identify as bicyclists today … who are interested in cycling but concerned

sented to the public in open houses next month, would guide city policy on developing bike corridors to increase cycling for transit and recreation purposes, said Reuben Collins, the city’s sustainable transportation planner. (See The goal is to build a network over the next 20 to 30 years that would put a bikeway within a halfmile of any cyclist in the city. The plan recommends that the city develop 214 miles of bikeways Bikeway continues on B2 Ø

OPEN HOUSES St. Paul officials will hold open houses next month to tell residents about the new bikeways plan and collect their feedback. The plan can be found online at Residents also can offer their opinions at All events will be held from 6 to 8 p.m. • Feb. 11: El Rio Vista Recreation Center/Wellstone Community Center, 179 E. Robie St. • Feb. 13: Weyerhaeuser Hall, Macalester College, Macalester Street and Grand Avenue. • Feb. 18: Duluth and Case Recreation Center, 1020 Duluth St. • Feb. 20: CapitolRiver Council meeting room, U.S. Bank Center Building, 101 E. 5th St., second floor.

Tevlin continues on B2 Ø


6-story hotel in Dinkytown a big concern

Elijah Abdullah Muhammad (above) of Minneapolis was one of hundreds of Minnesotans who marched

Critics also object to demolition of buildings that maintain the area’s “pedestrian scale.” µ

in bitter cold from the Cathedral of St. Paul to the Minnesota History Center on Monday to commem-


The ongoing and passionate debate over the future of Dinkytown now revolves around a proposal to build a six-story hotel in the heart of the commercial district. Minneapolis’ Heritage Preservation Commission will vote Tuesday on whether to let developer Kelly Doran demolish two commercial buildings and a single-family home to make way for the boutique hotel on 4th Street between 13th and 14th Avenues SE. The surrounding Marcy-Holmes Neighborhood Association opposes the demolition, arguing the smallscale buildings contribute to the neighborhood’s character. Doran’s proposal is the third major development to spring up between 13th and 14th Avenues, which is becoming a denser residential area. The former Marshall High School is being transformed into more than 300 apartments and a first-of-its-kind TargetExpress store, and Opus Group is beginning work on a mixed-use project at 5th Street SE that will include 140 apartments. The commercial buildings at the heart of the hotel proposal now house Camdi Vietnamese restaurant, Mesa Pizza, Dinkytown Tattoo, Publika coffee shop and the University LifeCare Center. Doran said the new development would have about 4,000 square feet of retail space. “We don’t want to look backward 100 years,” Doran said in an interview. “We want to look forward for the next 100 years. And … the hotel will add Hotel continues on B6 Ø


orate Martin Luther King Jr. Day. At the History Center, the keynote speaker, U.S. Rep. Keith Ellison, the state’s first black congressman, renewed his call for an increase in the minimum wage. F O R M O R E O N T H E D AY ’ S E V E N T S • B 3 , A 2


Politicians, not public, served by an early exit Dorfman is latest to leave Hennepin County Board for better job.



Walking away from a six-figure job with good benefits, flexible hours and off-site bosses would be, for most, a curious career move in tough economic times. But Gail Dorfman is doing just that after 15 years as a Hennepin County commissioner. She will be out the door March 1, with 10 months left in her four-year Dorfman term. Dorfman, 61, is in the enviable position of stepping into what she calls a great opportunity as executive director of St. Stephen’s Human Services, where she will earn

$105,000. But her early exit is the latest reminder of the potential disruption that midterm departures can pose. It will serve county taxpayers with an estimated $85,000 bill for a special election to fill her seat. And until her successor is elected, the district’s constituents won’t have a county representative during the make-or-break debate over the Southwest Corridor light-rail line, which will run from downtown Minneapolis to the southwest suburbs. “One can understand the appeal of taking a big and significant job, but it has consequences for one’s constituents,” said Kathryn Pearson, a University of Minnesota political science professor. “It would be very tough to run for office again after leaving early.” Political observers are unable to cite definitive studies about the effects of politicians abandoning constituents in midterm, but the consen-

« WE USUALLY TAKE ISSUE WHEN THEY LEAVE FOR A LOBBYIST POSITION … » Jeremy Schroeder, executive director Common Cause Minnesota

sus is that few are punished by vot- a surprise,” he said. ers. That’s largely because politicians Schier added: “The thing you who leave elected office midterm for have to keep in mind is most voters private or nonprofit jobs rarely come aren’t paying attention, and memoback to the public sector. ries are short.” “Even if a politician does alienate One national exception may be constituents, they won’t feel the pun- Sarah Palin, who famously resigned ishment,” said David Schultz, a Ham- midway through her first term as line University law professor. Alaska’s governor, earned millions Carleton College political sci- of dollars on TV, then toyed with a ence Prof. Steven Schier said vot- presidential run. ers generally aren’t all that fond “At the end of the day, she couldn’t of politicians, so they don’t mind run for president after doing that,” when they leave. Pearson said. “Among the challenges “A lot of people wonder why any- she would have faced is: Why did you body would run in the first place, so a politician leaving office early isn’t Midterm continues on B6 Ø

Inside | around the metro B3 | U hospital parking ramp closes after three vehicles catch fire

twin cities+region S TA R T R I B U N E . C O M / L O C A L



Electroshock threat was ‘abuse’ Human services commissioner overruled an earlier decision and found maltreatment by a Minnesota Security Hospital psychiatrist. µ

Senator’s lack of lawsuit interest can’t pass his own smell test One can only imagine the scene at the breakfast table in the Nienow household Saturday. Sean Nienow, the Minnesota state senator who promises on his website to bring “the same common sense money management used by families and businesses” to government, opens the newspaper to see a headline reporting that he and his wife have defaulted on their federal Small Business Administration loan. “Honey, paper says we’re being sued by the feds for $748,000.” “What for?” asks his wife, Cynthia. “No idea, didn’t read it,” says Nienow, turning quickly to the sports page. That’s what Nienow wants us to believe. A suit was filed against him, his wife and his former company, National Camp Association Inc., on Friday. He has not seen it. And he told reporters Monday he saw the newspaper headlines but didn’t read the stories about how the federal government is asking him to pay back nearly three-quarters of a million dollars. Right. Nienow is not talking about the case he hasn’t seen, or the stories he hasn’t read. In case his interest is piquing and he’s now reading this column, however, I should start with this: Sen. Nienow, would a legislator who routinely alleges widespread “welfare fraud” and decries government interference and handouts to business, then gets caught defaulting on a large government loan qualify for your “stinky diaper award”? Nienow gives the “award” to bills


A state psychiatrist committed emotional maltreatment when he threatened a mentally ill patient at the Minnesota Security Hospital with electroshock therapy, a top state official has determined. The decision by Human Services Commissioner Lucinda Jesson overrules the department’s inspector general, who

decided last month that the psychiatrist’s threats didn’t merit a finding of maltreatment. “The reasonable person on the street of St. Paul or St. Peter probably would find a psychiatrist saying — in a raised voice with some anger — that he was going to ‘shock your brain’ to a committed patient to be threatening,” Jesson said in a letter released Tuesday that explained her decision. “Clearly, this interaction was

by his own licensing investigators. The psychiatrist, Dr. James Christensen, has now been warned that he will be automatically disqualified from working for the state if he commits any further maltreatment over the next seven years, according to a state licensing report. Christensen, who denied to state investigators that he made such a threat against the patient, is the only full-time psychiatrist at the St. Peter treatment facility, where more than

improper, inconsistent with the manner expected of a professional caregiver … I believe the preponderance of evidence shows the conversation constitutes abuse.” Jesson’s action is significant because it comes in response to a rare, formal objection filed against the DHS by a state official whose office advocates on behalf of those with mental illness and developmental disabilities. The official asked Jesson to review Inspector General Jerry Kerber’s initial decision to reject the maltreatment finding that was made

Psychiatrist continues on B2 Ø


A naturalization ceremony Tuesday at the Minneapolis Convention Center turned 1,501 immigrants from around the world into U.S. citizens. Above, before the ceremony a reading of the names of the new citizens’home countries stopped to recognize those who hailed from Somalia. At right, Maria Velazquez, an 82-year-old originally from Mexico and who uses a wheelchair, took the oath of naturalization. At far right, Jovid Gafurov, 5, of Maple Grove, ran in the hallway with an American flag after the naturalization of his father, Davron, who came from Tajikistan. Among the promises made while taking the oath: renouncing any old allegiances as well as promising to support and defend the U.S. Constitution and the nation’s laws. Afterward, 85 percent of the new citizens were scheduled to turn in papers allowing them to cast a ballot for the first time. To see more images, go to

Tevlin continues on B2 Ø

Cancerrates arenormalin pollutedComo area,statesays Soil contaminated years ago by General Mills had raised worries of additional health risks.

S E C T I O N B • W E D N E S D AY, J A N U A R Y 2 2 , 2 0 1 4

Photos by DAVID JOLES •



Cancer rates are normal for the residents of a southeast Minneapolis neighborhood with contaminated soil, the Minnesota Department of Health reported Tuesday. That doesn’t mean residents of the Como neighborhood are free of health risks from the environmental contamination, which occurred from 1947 to 1962 when industrial solvents were dumped out back of an old General Mills plant. But it should give them “reassurance that cancer rates in this community are not unusual,” the report stated. Using the ages and genders of residents in the 55414 ZIP code, the health department projected how many cancer cases they would expect to find and then counted how many cases were actually reported between 2001 and 2010. While 271 cancers were reported among men in that ZIP code during the decade, for example, the state would have expected 293 based on the community’s demographics. Questions about health risks have persisted in the Como neighborhood immediately south and west of the former General Mills plant since November, when state pollution and health authorities announced the discovery of potentially harmful vapors in the soil from a toxin called trichloroethylene, or TCE. The volatile compound has been linked to cancer and other disorders when people are exposed to high levels for prolonged periods. Cancer continues on B8 Ø

Mpls. attorney held in contempt ScottCounty for not paying $80K in sanctions gravelmine µ

William B. Butler claimed lack of funds. Case stems from filing of frivolous foreclosure lawsuits.

sanctions total more than $300,000, according to Star Tribune calculations. A federal judge held a Minneapolis attorney in conSchiltz noted that he had assessed $50,000 in a tempt Tuesday and asked the U.S. attorney’s office sanction in 2012, plus $29,766.70 in attorney’s fees to to consider opening a criminal investigation against defendants, after finding that Butler had engaged in him for failing to pay $80,000 in sanctions imposed “extraordinarily egregious and brazen” misconduct in 2012. for filing frivolous lawsuits, which included “brazen U.S. District Judge Patrick Schiltz said William B. delay tactics and judge-shopping” and making “misButler falsely claimed to have no representations” to the court. The money to pay the sanctions, while Eighth Circuit affirmed Schiltz’s he generated more than $1.35 milfindings in 2013 and ordered Butlion in income from February 2012 ler to pay the sanctions. to October 2013 and indulged in Butler testified he did not lavish expenses on restaurant have $80,000 or anywhere near meals, liquor and yoga. $80,000. “I don’t think there’s any Schiltz said Butler established a evidence that I’ve ever had $5,000 corporation called the Church of accumulated,” he said. Jesus Christ and Latter Day AusBut Schiltz said that according trian Economists with “only one to Butler’s personal bank records, real function,” which was to pay as well as three entities — Butler Butler’s living expenses. Butler is Liberty Law, Liberty Mortgage the only shareholder, Schiltz said. Research and his church — the Butler was suspended from attorney had a monthly gross practicing law in front of the income of more than $64,000 U.S. District Judge Patrick Schiltz Eighth U.S. Circuit Court of available to pay the sanctions. Appeals in December. Schiltz said that from Aug. 12 In January, he was suspended from practicing to Aug. 20, 2013, while Butler was under a court order in U.S. District Court in Minnesota by Chief Judge to pay the sanctions, he spent $1,502.12 on restaurant Michael Davis. meals, liquor and yoga. Both courts accused Butler of filing frivolous lawIn September 2013, “immediately after informsuits on behalf of clients whose homes were in foreing this court that he did not have the resources to closure and then failing to make any effort to pay subsequent sanctions imposed by the court. Those Butler continues on B8 Ø By RANDY FURST •



Worries over groundwater contamination prompted county to reconsider Jordan-area project.



Opponents may succeed in blocking plans for a proposed mining operation on the edge of Jordan after a yearslong battle. The Scott County Board on Tuesday put a hold on the project amid concern over groundwater contamination, and county staffers wondered aloud whether the measures required to prevent pollution would be too expensive to be feasible. “Anything’s possible,” environmental health manager Al Frechette said, but the two sides haven’t been able to agree on a plan to monitor and mitigate that is both “economically feasible to fund” and acceptable to state and county officials. The proposed gravel pit, lying on a flood plain and near several wells, would be rare if not unheard of in Minnesota. It isn’t far from the flood-prone Sand Creek and the Minnesota River. Mining continues on B8 Ø

around the metro B3 | Ten African penguins get into the swim of things at the Minnesota Zoo

twin cities+region S TA R T R I B U N E . C O M / L O C A L

S E C T I O N B • S AT U R D AY, M A R C H 1 5 , 2 0 1 4


The Super Bowl committee came to town yesterday to hear civic leaders’ pitch for the 2018 game.



The National Football League sent its six-member Super Bowl committee to the Twin Cities for 48 hours Friday to scout venues and advise civic leaders pulling together the pitch to play host

to the 2018 game in a brandnew stadium. League Senior Vice President Frank Supovitz called the two-day tour a “terrific experience.” Speaking to reporters at Orchestra Hall, he described the NFL panel as “guides and coaches” for the cities making bids.

And he had good news for Minneapolis: “We’re not really afraid of the cold, to be honest.” Minnesota Sports Facilities Authority Chair Michele KelmHelgen and Vikings Vice President Lester Bagley said they came away feeling good about the Twin Cities’ capabilities and chances at luring the game. “I feel like it’s ours to prove it,” Kelm-Helgen said. The Twin Cities must sub-


mit to the NFL an extensive pitch by April 1 detailing everything from hotel rooms, event venues, volunteer support and transportation offerings. The region last hosted a Super Bowl in 1992, and the event has since grown into a weeklong extravaganza of events. Along with New Orleans and Indianapolis,

Frank Supovitz, NFL senior vice president

Super Bowl continues on B6 Ø

Seeking clarity on St. Paul schools



Ben Erickson, a researcher at the St. Anthony Falls Lab, looked over an experiment that is designed to simulate the slow sinking of New Orleans.

U TRIES HOME DEPOT FOR DIY LAB REPAIRS Dwindling funding has driven researchers to squeeze as much life out of equipment as they can.


When the gas chromatograph spectrophotometer broke late last summer, it was Grant Wallace’s job to fix it. The instrument, which the University of Minnesota graduate student is using to measure the tiny products of pesticide reactions, is more than 10 years old, and its manufacturer no longer offers repair services. With the help of a local technician, Wallace has figured out what’s wrong with the costly lab device. But he’s still trying to track down the part he needs

— all the while losing valuable time for his research. Scientists like Wallace, facing a stubborn squeeze on federal research funding, have found that repairing their own lab equipment is one creative way to make grant money last. Overall federal R & D funding has stagnated for several years; at the U, for example, the across-the-board federal budget cuts known as the sequester last year resulted in a $56 million loss in grant money compared with the previous year. As a result, the so-called “DIY” lab equipment movement is growing at


The across-the-board federal budget cuts cost the U $56 million in R&D funding last year.

universities across the country, with resources like Tekla Labs at the University of California, Berkley now offering instrument repair instructions and free plans online. Civil Engineering Prof. Bill Arnold, who runs the lab where Wallace works, said many funders expect university researchers to have labs already

set up with the essential equipment when they apply for grants, so money increasingly isn’t allocated for new purchases or repair. Since many researchers are scientifically minded, Arnold said, they’re fairly adept at fixing equipment with a little practice. “Once you get over the fear of breaking something,” he said, “most people working in the lab have the ability to take things apart and tinker with them.” Arnold’s lab produced influential DIY continues on B2 Ø

Isabelle the wolf felled by pellet gun wound The 5-year-old lone wolf left Isle Royale for the mainland on an ice bridge that formed on Lake Superior this winter. µ


Isabelle, the wolf that last month crossed a perilous ice bridge between Isle Royale and the mainland, was as unlucky in death as she was in love. National Park officials on Friday said that an investigation found she was killed with a tiny, low-velocity air gun pellet more suitable for squirrels than wolves that slipped between her ribs and hit an artery. After finding her way across 20 miles of ice, she bled to death on the Grand Portage Indian Reservation at the edge of Lake Superior in the northeastern most corner of the state.

Rolf Peterson, the researcher from Michigan Technological University who has followed Isabelle and other wolves on Isle Royale for decades, said that biology drove her off the island that had been her home for all of her five years. Two years ago she’d left her pack in order to find a mate, but among the dwindling population of inbred wolves on the island that now number less than a dozen, she was unsuccessful. In February, for the first time since 2008 — and the first time in her life — an ice bridge formed between the island and the mainland and she was gone. “The most important thing to be learned from this case is

that on the first day in her life when this 5-year-old female in prime breeding condition could possibly leave Isle Royale, she did,” Peterson said in an e-mail. “There was no other way for her to reproduce. No one should be surprised.” The wolf’s journey and death in February complicates a precedent-setting decision that faces the National Park Service: whether to intervene in nature’s course and bring new wolves onto the island in an effort to preserve them and the critical balance between the predators and their primary prey, moose. Conservationists say the decision could establish new policy on managing critical species in national parks everywhere and Isabelle continues on B5 Ø

Photo courtesy of ROLF PETERSON

Isabelle, one of the few gray wolves on Isle Royale, was photographed in 2013 taking refuge on an icy bluff over Lake Superior after being attacked by other wolves. This winter, Isabelle escaped from the island to the mainland after she couldn’t find a mate among the dwindling wolf population.

On paper, the rollout of the second phase of a long-range strategic plan to overhaul St. Paul public schools would seem to be smoother than the launch of the initial reorganization three years ago. But on the eve of school board approval of Strong Schools Strong Communities 2.0 (SSSC 2.0) next week, the district finds itself stumbling out of the gate. Central High School parents turned out by the dozens on Monday to express concerns about the rumored elimination of advanced placement, or AP courses, at the only district school to carry the state’s top ranking of “reward school.” Later, Jackie Statum Allen, the district’s assistant director for strategic planning and policy, chalked up the controversy to a “misunderstanding,” and went on to make it clear during an interview Wednesday: “There are no plans to eliminate AP at Central.” The fact that Allen had to make plain what others failed to do two nights earlier, however, gives further weight to an argument advanced by critics that St. Paul is a district that Schools continues on B2 Ø

Minority councils criticized in state report By RACHEL E. STASSEN-BERGER

Minnesota’s legislative auditor on Friday delivered a harsh report on the state’s four minority councils, finding little sign that they have been effective at their mission. The legislative audit suggested the councils, designed to raise the interests of Minnesota’s minority populations, must change. It proposed closing the councils, absorbing them into existing state agencies or otherwise redesigning them. The audit highlighted myriad issues. It said that the councils lack clear goals or power, have members who rarely show up for required meetings or have vacant appointments, and have “poor communication with constituent organizations.” The councils for Asian Pacific Minnesotans, Black Minnesotans, Chicano/Latino Affairs and Indian Affairs were allocated about $3 million last year and are expected to spend more in the next two years. Although the councils have been around for decades — the Audit continues on B5 Ø

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preps boys’ basketball state tournament CLASS 4A FINAL L A K E V I L L E N O R T H 8 4 , H O P K I N S 8 2

A STAR LEADS A STUNNER Lakeville North knocked off Hopkins with JP Macura’s 43 points and his teammates’ late heroics.


JP Macura did the heavy lifting. Lakeville North teammates Drew Stewart and Connor Flack made it all worthwhile After Macura had put the Panthers on his back for most of the evening, scoring 43 points in a bravura performance, Stewart’s threepointer and Flack’s rebound and put-back in the lane in the final 30 seconds lifted Lakeville North to a stunning 84-82 victory over Hopkins in an marvelously entertaining Class 4A championship game. It was the first boys’ basketball championship for Lakeville North and also the first time Hopkins lost a championship game under coach Ken Novak Jr. The Royals had been 6-0 in the finals. The game, as well as the hearts of most of crowd of 11,000-plus, were won over by Macura’s effort. He scored in every way possible: long three-pointers, slashing drives, crowd-frenzying dunks and body-twisting layups en route to his 43 points. “There are times when I look at JP and I cannot believe the things he does,” said Lakeville North coach John Oxton. “We see the things he does every day. We are so incredibly lucky to have a player like him.” For much of the game, it seemed that Macura was the show but Hopkins would take home the dough. Every time he would score, Hopkins had an answer. Guard Kamali Chambers, held scoreless in the semifinals, came up big with 24 points, including a perfect 4-for-4 three-pointers. Senior Noble Fahnbulleh came off the bench to score 16 points and grab nine rebounds. “Hopkins is a great team,” Oxton said. “We really struggled trying to get a stop against them.” Trailing 82-78 with 36 seconds to go, Lakeville North had the ball right where it wanted it: in Macura’s hands. But the Hopkins defense forced him to give up the ball, and he found Stewart, who is also the quarterback on the football team, open in the corner.


Here’s the crucial sequence at the end of Saturday night’s Class 4A final, none of it amazingly involving Lakeville North star JP Macura, who scored 43 points: :33 Jacob Wright makes two free throws for Hopkins. Hopkins 82, Lakeville North 78. :22 Lakeville North’s Drew Stewart makes a corner three-pointer and is fouled by Hopkins’ Treyvon Edwards but misses the free throw. Hopkins 82, Lakeville North 81. :18 After rebounding Stewart’s missed free throw, Connor Flack banks in a shot from inside the lane. Lakeville North 83, Hopkins 82. Hopkins had two more possessions after that but missed two three-point attempts while Lakeville North added a free throw.

Stewart drained the threepointer and was fouled in the process. “You know you always have to be ready when JP has the ball,” Stewart said. “I got the pass and instinct took over.” He missed the free throw, but Flack grabbed the rebound in the lane and banked in a put-back, giving Lakeville North its first lead, 83-82, since midway through the first half. “I just grabbed it and threw it back up there,” Flack said. “I’m so happy it went in.” After Hopkins turned the ball over, Flack hit one of two free throws to bump the lead to two points. Hopkins’ last-second shot by Jacob Wright was long and, for Lakeville North, the party was on. Macura made sure his teammates got credit before he took any. “First off, I can’t say enough about my teammates. They do all the tough things, like take charges and play hard defense, and this was because of them,” he said. But he knew he had put on a performance for the history books and took a few moments to acknowledge that. “This is so fulfilling,” said the 6-5 Xavier University recruit. “I remember coming to the state tournament when I was 5, 6 years old with my dad and dreaming of this.”

Panthers JP Macura, left, and Alex Reiland were jubilant after beating Hopkins for the school’s first boys’ basketball title.


JP Macura kept the Panthers in the game by hitting an array of shots to score 43 points.



Should DeLaSalle be playing 4A?

A third consecutive Class 3A state championship intensifies the discussion of whether DeLaSalle, a metro-area private school, should opt up to Class 4A. Senior Geno Crandall acknowledged the challenge of playing Class 4A, the state’s largest schools by enrollment, “would have been really fun. That’s all we hear after every season, ‘Oh you won 3A but could you do it if you were playing three 4A teams in a row?’ With this group of guys I think we could get through everything.” Asked if the Islanders should opt up, Austin coach Kris Fadness said, “Their school enrollment is 600 and they play in 3A. Rules are the rules. We just gotta beat them.”

Socks with meaning

Lakeville North’s school col-

ors are red and white, so fans were curious why the Panthers chose to wear baby blue socks. The team has been wearing the socks for nearly three months to honor Lakeville North student Alyssa Ettl, who was killed in a car crash in early January. Light blue was Ettl’s favorite color.

Tough one to win

Rushford-Peterson coach Tom Vix has built one of the best Class 1A programs in the state. The Trojans have reached the state tournament nine times since 2000, but have only won the title once (2006). This year’s runner-up finish to Belgrade-Brooten-Elrosa — losing 52-40 in the championship — was their second during that time period. The Tro-

jans also were the runner-up to Russell-Tyler-Ruthton in 2005. “It’s hard enough to get here, much less win a state championship,” Vix said. The Trojans edged Ellsworth 55-52 for the crown in 2006. “You have to have some luck, too.”

Third-place games

Class 1A: Neither team had trouble scoring. Josh Goldschmidt put in 45 points as Maranatha defeated Fond du Lac Ojibwe 103-87. Goldschmidt went 19-for-31 from the floor. The Mustangs scored 57 first-half points. Class 2A: Austin Bauer scored 19 of his game-high 21 points in the second half as Caledonia beat Fairmont 79-65. Teammate Kyle Sorenson added a double-double (18 points and 10 rebounds).

Class 3A: Holy Family limited Orono to 25 percent shooting from the floor en route to a 56-35 victory in the Wright County Conference matchup. Brent Hentges paced a balanced Fire attack with 13 points. Class 4A: Shakopee, behind a double-double from forward Tyler Weiss (22 points, 15 rebounds), bounced back from Thursday’s heartbreaking loss to Hopkins in the semifinals to beat Cretin-Derham Hall 62-56. Three other Sabers scored in double figures: Evan Hagen had 13 points, Booker Coplin 12 and Steffon Mitchell 10.

Attendance figures

The attendance for the afternoon session (Class 1A and 2A championships) was 6,731. That is the largest crowd for that session since 2008.


Stanford-bound Reid Travis (22) closed out his high school career with a team-high 16 points and five rebounds.

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Compiled by Ken Chia


It wasn’t a very good weekend for area schools in the NCAA Division III men’s and women’s basketball tournaments. Minnesota schools went 1-7, with the St. Thomas women winning Friday before losing Saturday at home.



R E A D M I C H A E L R A N D ’ S B L O G AT S T A R T R I B U N E . C O M / R A N D B A L L

Free-agent ‘bust’ predictions hit close to home NFL free agency started in earnest Saturday when teams could start contacting player representatives. By Tuesday, they players can officially start signing. What does it all mean? Well, it means a lot of money is about to change hands. And Sports Illustrated’s website wrote that


H I D I N G Deadspin headed

those who buy into a couple of guys with local connections could regret it. The site lists former Gophers wide receiver Eric Decker as the No. 1 potential offensive “bust.” It lists Vikings defensive end Jared Allen as the No. 2 potential defensive “bust.”

to MIT’s Sloan Sports Analytics Conference and came away wondering where the good stats are.

Z I N G The Marlins were upsetbyaspringlineupfielded by the Red Sox. Boston owner JohnHenrytweeted,“Theyshouldapologize for their regular season lineup.”



We were surprised last week to see Big Ten women’s basketball pick a 10-player all-conference first team. No word if the men will follow suit, but their selection show will be televised at 6 p.m. on BTN.


“Overpaid, maybe, but the Vikes had the room to overpay, he’s young, and they got him for long enough that he can still contribute by the time a new QB has taken over. Would rather overpay for Griffen than for a CB.” —ollie3 onEverson Griffen’s return at

U.S. men set 4x400 world record The United States set a world record in the 4x400 meters relay at the world indoor championships in Sopot, Poland. In the last event of the three-day championship, Kyle Clemons, David Verburg, Kind Butler III, and Calvin Smith Jr. got the baton around in a time of 3 minutes, 2.13 seconds, slashing .70 off the 15-year-old mark set by another U.S. relay team at the 1999 world indoors. The record gave the U.S. team eight gold and 12 medals overall, more than double the total of runner-up Russia. MICHAEL CONROY • Associated Press

If new Vikings coach Mike Zimmer, above, wants a worst-to-first turnaround, he should hope for drastic statistical improvement from an offense led by Matt Cassel (16) and/or a defense featuring Everson Griffen (97).




“By the way — with 19 games to go, the supposedly “declining” Matt Moulson is just 11 points shy of another respectable 50-point season.” — Daniel Friedman, Islanders columnist for WFAN in New York. @DFriedmanOnNYI

King overtakes Zirkle Four-time champion Jeff King took a razorthin lead in the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race, trading places with his closest rival by departing a checkpoint one minute earlier on Alaska’s wind-scoured western coast. Aliy Zirkle led hours before when she arrived at the Norton Bay village of Koyuk one minute ahead of King on Sunday afternoon. King rested his 12-dog team at the checkpoint for 3 hours, 42 minutes, while Zirkle and her 11 dogs took a break for 3: 44. King departed Koyuk at 5:50 p.m., and Zirkle got back on the trail at 5:51 p.m. They are on a 48-mile dash to the next checkpoint of Elim on Golovin Bay, 123 miles from the finish line in Nome. King last won in 2006. SOCCER

FA Cup semifinals are set

you’re thinking

After regulation, seven overtimes and a 1-1 tie, the Ohio high school hockey state championship game Saturday night in Columbus was halted by state officials, and both teams were declared cochampions in a move that angered some fans and frustrated the exhausted but willing players. Citing player safety, Dan Ross, commissioner of the Ohio High School Athletic Association, made the final call in consultation with coaches and athletic directors from Cleveland St. Ignatius and Sylvania Northview. “During the conversations, the safety and health of the kids rose to the top and that made the decision very easy,” Ross said. National high school and OHSAA rules do not include parameters for a shootout, which is used at many other levels of hockey. Coaches and players were willing to play at least one more overtime. With three 15-minute periods and seven eight-minute overtimes, they had played 101 minutes. “We were energized for that eighth overtime,” St. Ignatius captain Harry Smith said. “We kept going back in the locker room and we kept telling each other, ‘The next time we come back in here we’re going to be holding the state championship trophy.’ We were tired, but we were ready and didn’t want the game to end that way.” I N D O O R T R AC K A N D F I E L D

Weigh in on what about to mrand@

No winner in Ohio prep hockey final

From 2003 to 2013 — 11 consecutive seasons — at least one NFL team has won its division a year after finishing last in the division. In five of those seasons, including 2013 with Carolina and Philadelphia, multiple teams went from worst to first. In 2006, three teams did it, giving us a total of 17 over the past 11 seasons. While the factors are numerous, two common denominators seem to be basic but undeniable: improve a lot on defense and/or fix a problem at quarterback. With free agency looming for the Vikings and 31 other teams, here are the crunched numbers and the blueprint for the Vikings getting this thing back on track: • Using the most basic metrics of points scored and points allowed, the teams that have gone from worst to first since 2003 have scored, on average, 81 more points and allowed 79 fewer points from year to year in vaulting from the cellar to the top spot in their divisions. It’s an imperfect measurement, but it’s still useful. • In most cases, the improvement didn’t follow an even split. In the

majority of cases, the improvement on one side of the ball was at least 40 points better than it was on the other side of the ball. And in five cases — including each of the past four times a team has gone from worst to first — the improvement has been more than 100 points greater on one side of the ball than the other. • Those four recent examples are particularly instructive. The 2011 Texans went from worst to first by allowing 149 fewer points than they did in 2010. They actually scored nine fewer points, but their staggering defensive improvement changed their entire dynamic. Same goes for the 2013 Panthers, who improved only nine points on offense but were 122 points better on defense. Washington in 2012, on the other hand, scored 148 more points and actually gave up 21 more than the previous season. The Eagles in 2013 under Chip Kelly improved 162 points on offense and 62 on defense, a gap of 100. Houston changed its scheme under new defensive coordinator Wade Phillips and saw dramatic results with a combination of new and old talent.

The Panthers went from decent to great in pass defense. Washington added dynamic rookie QB Robert Griffin III. The Eagles had an incredible 10-game run from young QB Nick Foles (27 touchdowns, only two interceptions). • Where does that leave the 2014 Vikings? Well, they brought back Matt Cassel, which is an important step in solidifying the offense. They also figure to draft a QB of the future. But they already ranked 14th in the NFL in points scored in 2013 with 391, so clearly their biggest upside is on defense. They gave up 480 points last year, dead last in the league. They need to invest at least 75 percent of their free agency money on defense — reportedly bringing back Everson Griffen is a nice start — as well as a majority of their draft picks on that side of the ball. Would that, combined with a new regime led by a defensive-minded coach, lead to a 100-point (or more) improvement and a shot up the standings? It’s not crazy to think that it would. MICHAEL RAND

Second-tier Wigan pulled off a stunning victory over Manchester City for the second straight year in the FA Cup, leaving one of the most unlikely semifinal lineups in the famous competition’s recent history. Manchester City, one of Europe’s top teams, lost 2-1 at home. Wigan can seal a return to the final by beating Arsenal, which is now overwhelming favorite for the competition. The other semifinal will be between Hull — which is into the last four for the first time since 1930 — and Sheffield United — which became the first third-tier team to reach the semifinals since 2001. AROUND THE HORN

Golf: Chesson Hadley won the Puerto Rico Open for his first PGA Tour victory. Making his 13th PGA Tour start, the 26-year-old Hadley shot a final-round 5-under 67 for a 21-under 267 total. ... Inbee Park captured her first win of the year in a battle between No. 1 and No. 2 in women’s golf at the World Ladies Championship in Haikou, China. Park closed with a 6-under 67 for a five-shot victory over Suzann Pettersen in a Ladies European Tour event. Tennis: Spain’s Roberto Bautista Agut knocked out Tomas Berdych in the second round of the BNP Paribas Open, beating the fourth-seeded Czech player 4-6, 6-2, 6-4 in Indian Wells, Calif. NEWS SERVICES


Reed steals Tiger’s old Sunday thunder at Doral By DOUG FERGUSON Associated Press


Patrick Reed became only the fifth player since 1990 to win four times on the PGA Tour before turning 24.

DORAL, FLA. – He wore black pants and a red shirt, his Sunday colors. He took a lead into the final round, quickly expanded it with a pair of birdies and then relied on his short game to keep everyone chasing him. He even played it safe off the 18th tee, caring more about the trophy than the final score. That script for years belonged to Tiger Woods. Patrick Reed followed it perfectly to win the Cadillac Championship, replacing

Woods as the youngest winner of a World Golf Championship. “The best player ever to live when I was growing up wore black pants, a red shirt,” Reed said after closing with an even-par 72 for a one-shot victory at Doral. “I was growing up watching him. I always thought, ‘You know, it would be cool to wear black and red coming down on Sunday.’ “Just happens to be that we both wear it on Sunday now.” Only one of them stood out at the new Blue Monster. Even with Woods and his red shirt only three shots behind and

in the group directly in front of him, the 23-year-old Reed stretched his lead to four shots at one point until making a pair of bogeys in the final hour. He held off Bubba Watson and Jamie Donaldson of Wales. Woods said his back flared up after an awkward shot out of the bunker on the sixth hole. He failed to make a birdie in the final round for the first time in his PGA Tour career, and his 78 was his worst Sunday score ever. “Just let me get through this day, get some treatment and we’ll assess it as time goes on,” Woods said about his back.

He withdrew from the Honda Classic during the final round last week because of back spasms. Reed has three wins in 14 starts and should move to No. 20 in the world. He feels his ranking should be even better. Reed cited an amateur career that includes going 6-0 in matches to lead Augusta State to two NCAA titles, followed by three PGA Tour wins in seven months. “I don’t see a lot of guys that have done that besides Tiger Woods and the legends of the game,” Reed said.

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around the metro

Animal activist is in legal doghouse

A woman who tried to rescue animals she thought were being mistreated is now facing rare felony coercion charges over the manner in which she seized the animals. µ


She’d heard that rabbits were being mistreated, that a dog was starving to death. But when an activist allegedly threatened the animals’ owners with jail time if they didn’t surrender the animals to her, she was the one who was charged with the unusual crime of coercion — or what her attorney calls “the blackmail charge.” Janice Karpel, 60, of St. Louis Park faces up to five years in prison and a $10,000 fine if convicted of either felony charge in two cases against her in Isanti County. The value of the animals she confiscated is $600 for a 10-year-old Weimaraner that ultimately died and $536 for 23 rabbits, four geese, four ducks and two chickens. “Coercion is essentially blackmail and you just don’t see it charged,” said Joe Friedberg, Karpel’s attorney.

It is rarely charged in Minnesota under these circumstances. Hennepin County has had a total of eight coercion cases since 2009, all of them white-collar cases, said Chuck Laszewski, a spokesman for the county attorney’s office. Coercion is commonly referred to as extortion and associated with racketeering cases, said Brad Colbert, a criminal law professor at William Mitchell College of Law in St. Paul. Karpel’s case is something very different. “Janice is trying to save the lives of these animals,” Friedberg said. According to court documents, in November 2011, Karpel confronted a man at the Cambridge bakery where he worked and told him that the manner in which he cared for his rabbits, geese, ducks and chickens was illegal. Karpel allegedly told him that if he didn’t sign a form and surrender the animals, he would probably lose

his job because she would summon pickets, the media and the police. Wallace Anderson told authorities he signed under duress. Three months later, in February 2012, Karpel returned to Cambridge. Court documents say she contacted the Isanti County Sheriff’s Office and said she was with an organization called CARE. She told a dispatcher that she was going to a private residence within the hour, regarding a starving Weimaraner. According to the court complaint, Karpel told the dispatcher, “They’re either going to surrender the dog to me or … we’ll bring charges against them.” Karpel and another woman then went to Lonny Olson’s home and told him they wanted to see the dog because they had received reports that he had neglected the animal. Olson told authorities he was informed that if he didn’t relinquish his dog, he would be charged with a crime. But Karpel told authorities that she never told Olson he would be charged with animal neglect.

Karpel said she believed Olson was deliberately starving the dog, which was described by a veterinarian as frail, according to court records. The dog, named Max, had an infection, a high white blood-cell count and a fever when examined by a Princeton veterinarian two months later. Max was no stranger to veterinarians. According to court records, Olson had brought the dog to a Cambridge veterinarian in August 2011, when the animal was treated for an abscessed tooth and fever. Olson brought the dog back to the vet in November and December 2011, concerned that the animal was losing weight, according to court records. Friedberg questions whether Olson was providing the proper amount of food for the dog. “He wasn’t feeding it enough,” Friedberg said. Both cases are scheduled to be heard in Isanti County District Court on March 28. Karpel is also charged with trespassing and theft, both gross misdemeanors. Paul Levy • 612-673-4419

The water is just right

Ten African penguins — considered endangered — took their first swim in the big tank at the Minnesota Zoo.

class act

From classroom trends to school board decisions, Class Act will keep you updated on all the school issues followed by the Star Tribune’s education reporters.

Mounds View adds to school calendar Summer vacation will be one day shorter for Mounds View Schools’ students. The Mounds View school board added a class day June 6 to make up for the Feb. 21 snow day. The district in northern Ramsey County has seen an unprecedented six weatherrelated school cancellations this year. School officials had hoped to avoid nibbling into summer vacation but ran out of options. Mounds View Schools had to tack on the makeup day to meet the state’s requirement for days and hours of instruction. “The school board acknowledged the potential disruption associated with changing the last day of the school year for families that may have already scheduled vacations or travel plans,” said a statement to parents. Faced with a similar dilemma, St. Paul Schools also added one day to the end of the year. Their last day of school will be June 9. SHANNON PRATHER

AVID, Check & Connect poised for big expansion

Two Minneapolis programs with track records of helping students stay in school and go to college are among the big winners in a plan to change how the Minneapolis School District spends its state integration aid. Under a proposal approved by the school board on Tuesday, the AVID and Check & Connect programs will get significant expansions next school year. That reflects the state’s emphasis on using integration aid for student achievement, in addition to the traditional priority of desegregating students by race and income. AVID (Advancement Via Individual Determination) would get a 73 percent increase to $3.5 million that’s projected to add 950 more students, bringing the total to 2,800 at 23 schools. According to district research, AVID students have better attendance and are more likely than similar students to be on track to graduate. Students of color in AVID do better on math and ACT score. Check & Connect works to establish adult-student connections that keep high school students enrolled, including monitoring attendance, grades and credits toward graduation. District research found Check & Connect students 10 percent more likely than similar students to graduate and also significantly less likely to drop out. Other winners: programs to raise interest in technical fields, debate programs, and winter and spring break help for lagging students.


he Minnesota Zoo unveiled 10 juvenile penguins on Friday that were hatched in November and December. The four males and six females are considered endangered, and are seen as significant achievements for the zoo, which opened the 3M Penguins of the African Coast exhibit in 2011. The African penguins generally live and nest on the southwest coast of Africa, feeding primarily on anchovies, sardines, herring and pelagic goby. Like most other penguins, they are endangered in the wild due to oil spills, historical hunting and habitat destruction. The penguins were raised behind-the-scenes, and grew very fast. They have already molted their juvenile plumage, can swim well, and each are starting to develop their own personalities, the zoo says. The chicks were taught to eat from zookeepers, then reintroduced to adult penguins off exhibit, and have integrated well.


Benilde-St. Margaret names new president

Top: A young penguin checked out the humans who were on the other side of the tank glass gathered to watch their debut. Right: Zookeeper Becky Heller helped acclimate the 10 young ones taking the plunge for the first time on Friday. V I E W O N L I N E : Video and photo gallery at Photos by GLEN STUBBE •

Fixingstatesexoffenderprogramonbackburner ASSOCIATED PRESS

Minnesota legislative leaders sniped at each other Friday over the lack of progress in fixing the state’s sex offender treatment program despite a federal judge’s urging for fast action to correct it. Legislators acknowledged that no talks on the subject have occurred in about a month. “We’ve seen nothing from House Republicans,” said House Speaker Paul Thissen, DFL-Minneapolis. Democrats were “elected to lead,” and they haven’t offered any more

amenable proposals, countered Minority House Leader Kurt Daudt, R-Crown. The lack of urgency exists despite what U.S. District Judge Donovan Frank deemed critical issues in his February ruling. Frank warned that the court could rule the program unconstitutional if a panel of experts he appointed to evaluate it finds evidence of no treatment for patients, no way for patients to complete the program and “prisonlike conditions.” A lawsuit brought by patients argued that they live like prisoners even though they have

finished their prison terms. If the experts discover egregious flaws, the courts could take control of the program from the state. Many worry that a consequence would be the release of many sex offenders at once. Minnesota has about 700 patients in the program, the highest number of civilly committed sex offenders per capita among 20 states with such programs, and only two have been released during the program’s two decades of existence. “I don’t think we’re getting to that point,” Daudt said. He said he believes

the program is constitutional. Senate Minority Leader David Hann, R-Eden Prairie, said the program has enough problems that fixing them in a single session is unlikely. He said Democratic Gov. Mark Dayton is not leading on the issue. In a conference call with reporters Thursday, Dayton said he doesn’t think the program would be addressed in the current session. He said it’s more likely to happen next year. The governor blamed House Republicans, whom he said “refused to be involved in any aspect of a resolution.”

Benilde-St. Margaret’s new president will be Kevin Gyolai, Inver Hills Community College dean of science, technology, engineering and math. He will replace Bob Tift, who is resigning. “I have a great affinity for people and institutions that are mission-focused, innovative and ambitious, and I welcome the opportunity to lead a Catholic school that has a remarkable history of providing students with a solid foundation — body, spirit and mind — on which to build their futures,” said Gyolai, a North Dakota native. In addition to his current position at Inver Hills, Gyolai has held numerous positions at the North Dakota State College of Science, Wahpeton. He is a published author and serves on program evaluation teams for the National Science Foundation.



a collection of green bay press-gazette stories i wrote and then designed myself

ERCH CH portfolio





inside: decadent goat cheese • a collector’s life the cost of going culinary • cigar oasis • crafty cocktails

eric charles christenson visual journalist editorial designer beer drinker ford taurus driver mama’s boy HI THERE! My name is Eric. What you’re looking at is a compilation of sorts. From January 2013 until July 2013, I was a features reporter for the Green Bay Press-Gazette in Green Bay, Wis. (Go Pack!), and in October of 2013, I took a job as a temporary page designer at the Star Tribune in Minneapolis, Minn. With experience as both a reporter and page designer firmly tucked under my belt, I decided to take a few of my favorite stories I wrote for the Press-Gazette and design them myself in this practical portfolio I’m calling ERCHCH. Now that we’re on the same page, please enjoy both the stories and the designs!

A NEW TWIST O N A W I S C O N S I N C L A S S I C : Hinterland Brewery in Green Bay batters and fries local goat cheese curds for fresh take on a Dairyland staple, served as an appetizer with kimchi ketchup. (Photos by EVAN SIEGLE / Press-Gazette Media)

A chevre in the right direction From the farm to your plate, goat cheese goodness is everywhere ERIC CHRISTENSON • Green Bay Press-Gazette


hen he started making goat cheese six years ago, Black Creek cheesemaker Todd Jaskolski said there were about four or five other places in Wisconsin that did it. “Now, there’s probably 20,” Jaskolski said. “It’s a growing industry.You can only eat the same food for so long before you’re burnt out on it. And a good chef can make something really happen with that goat cheese.” Jaskolski works by himself at his farm, Caprine Supreme, to make loads of different goat cheese varities that are eventually used in restaurants like Hinterland in Green Bay and

S.A.L.T. in De Pere, sold directly to customers or distributed to grocery stores like Woodman’s Foods. There is certainly an uptick in goat cheese use today as compared with 10 or 15 years ago. While it’s not necessarily inexplicable, there isn’t a concrete answer. It’s a little healthier, it’s a little fresher, it’s creamy, it tastes different and it’s available locally. And that’s what people are looking for. “I think people are a lot more adventurous about what they want to eat, so something like goat cheese isn’t as off-putting as it would’ve been 15 years ago,” said Ben Raupp,

the chef at S.A.L.T., 401 Main Ave. “People want to try stuff now.” Raupp opened S.A.L.T. in November after cooking at Hinterland, where he was connected with Caprine Supreme at the Green Bay Farmers Market. Raupp now uses goat cheese from Jaskolski as well as Chilton’s LaClare Farms — whose goat cheese was named overall champion at the 2011 United States Championship Cheese Contest — to make dishes like an olive and goat cheese tapenade, a specialty cheese plate or a beet burger with a walnut, chick pea, lentil and goat cheese salad on it. And it’s not terribly hard to work with — as Jaskolski puts it: “Cheese is cheese no matter what milk you’re using” — but Raupp said the trickiest part is the way in which you work with it. “It’s not your typical melt-it-and-put-it-on-aburger cheese,” Raupp said. “It has different uses.” Goat cheese curds are a fairly unique Caprine Supreme treat. Hinterland, 313 Dousman St., tempura-fries them and serves them with a side of kimchi ketchup, one of many experiments they’ve done with Jaskolski’s cheese including a goat cheese poundcake, a goat cheesecake, goat ice cream and they add it to their polenta in the last stage of cooking. Hinterland sous chef Josh Swanson said they’ve been working with Jaskolski for about five years after he noticed they were

getting their goat cheese from France and Illinois. “I’m scratching my head going, ‘We’re in Wisconsin. There’s some pretty good cheese makers around here,’” Swanson said. “(Working with Jaskolski) has been a pretty rewarding relationship and you want to honor that product when you get it.” A big reason driving the trend is the

flavor that’s more tart and fresh than the Cheddar Wisconsinites are raised on. “Goat’s milk brings a specific flavor to the cheese that you don’t get from cow’s milk without aging, especially in the fresh product, like curds and the chevre,” said Hinterland Executive Chef Kelly Qualley. Raupp said the goat cheese he uses is

Hinterland’s executive chef Kelly Qualley prepares the restaurant’s specialty appetizer, battered and fried goat cheese curds made locally at Caprine Supreme in Black Creek, Wis.

CRUMBLE CR A V E : At S.A.L.T. in De Pere, goat cheese can be found in several different items on the menu, including being a crucial part of many of the restaurant’s fresh salads. (Photos by EVAN SIEGLE / Press-Gazette Media)

successful is because it’s local. Where else but America’s Dairyland would have stellar cheeses? “I mean, Wisconsin, talk about cheese. Wisconsin has got some of the best cheesemakers in the country,” Raupp said. “There’s tons of award-winning creameries in the area. So obviously, I want to support Wisconsin businesses whenever we can and it helps when they’re really good at their job, too.” But it even goes further than that. Buying goat cheese locally not only supports the local economy, but also helps the flavor in a pretty big way, Jaskolski said. “The problem is the big factories pick up milk every four days. By the time, they truck it, that’s five days. By the time they process, that milk is six days old,” Jaskolski said. “That’s where you get that really strong goat taste. My milk is a day old, so it doesn’t have that strong goat aftertaste.” Raupp said that when you’re running a restaurant, you have to try to be as creative and innovative as you can while still making great-tasting food — something that’s especially true in using goat cheese. “It’s not necessarily about trying to make the better dish. It’s about trying new things,” Raupp said. “A lot of the people that cook professionally, they want to make people happy, but they also want to explore what else is out there and try everything.”

A C O LLECTION (STILL) IN PROGRESS: Ralph Sternberg in his antique store’s workshop in Green Bay, Wis. Sternberg repairs and collects a myriad of trinkets and miscellany from a range of decades and, at 86 years old, by no means is he done. (Photos by Lukas Keapproth / Press-Gazette Media)



Ralph Sternberg’s antique shop is a sight. Phonograph horns and massive model airplanes dangle from the ceiling. Aisles are packed with breakable ceramic and porcelain, old radios, figurines, trinkets, pianos, signs, costumes, uniforms. It might be more time-efficient to start naming items the shop doesn’t have, the most obvious being substantial walking room. “I can’t give you the measurement, but it’s a full corner,” said Sternberg, 86, owner of Ralph’s Old Tyme Piano Co. “There’s a five-room apartment upstairs full of junk, too. I utilize every space, the ceiling and the floor.” It’s a fairly sizable property at 1019 Main St. near downtown Green Bay,

“I would do it again if I had the chance. I’m just gonna go to the end. I hope I can live another 10 years. It’d be nice. If the old body holds out, I’ll be here.” ralph sternberg, 86, owner and operator of ralph’s old tyme piano company

with a couple of thousand square feet stocked to the brim with treasures. It appears a bit strewn before looking closer to see how everything is meticulously organized by theme. In the back of the store, in the middle of the chaotic collection, is Sternberg, with personality bigger than body, eager to laugh and tell stories. Like the time he sold a taxidermy bear and a bicycle to a sailor in town off of a ship. “I held my side, because here he is riding that bicycle with that big bear strapped to his back heading back to the ship.” Sternberg has made a second home for himself among true valuables and scrappy ornaments. He’s ferociously dedicated, from collecting parts and continuing to do precision repair work to staying open nearly all the time. “I’m here every day of the week, including Sundays,” he said. “I never close — only on my birthday.” The reason for that dedication is his demeanor as much as his savvy. “I’m a fair man, yet I’m a shrewd man,” Sternberg said. “You have to be. “I try to be fair, but I still have to buy. I have to buy as cheap as I can buy it, and I’m gonna sell it for as much as I can get. I’m willing to wheel and deal.” Sternberg worked for Red Owl grocery stores for most of his post-Navy life, retired at 55 and has been running his antiques store in one form or another for the past 45 years. He travels around the area to various auctions, snatching up everything from model cars to real cars. Since starting, he has nurtured four other affiliated antiques

PACKED: Ralph’s Old Tyme Piano Co. is a Main Street staple in Green Bay, and it’s filled from the floor to the ceiling with Sternberg’s collection ranging from model planes (top) to phonograph horns (bottom) and literally everything in between. (Photos by LUKAS KEAPPROTH / Press-Gazette Media)

shops in Appleton, Egg Harbor, Kewaunee and Little Chute, which are operated by his daughter, Amy. But in recent years, it’s not as if the antiques business has been hugely lucrative. Sternberg recognizes that struggle and realizes sometimes it’s just the way things go. “It’s drying up. The antique business is done,” he says frankly. “Right now a lot of people are destitute and money’s tight, so you have to wheel and deal. People are looking for gas and cereal for their kids.That’s what they’re looking for.” There are plenty of occasions — probably too many — when the store is full of people and he doesn’t sell a thing, he said. “(There are) a lot of lookers. Everybody says they’re just looking,” Sternberg said. “I had a lady and man spend three hours here. They looked at everything. I was going to give them a a dust rag so they could dust everything. They didn’t buy anything.” In the face of endless lookers and slow afternoons, however, Sternberg has no intention of stopping. He still has his sights set on a few specific items: a complete Edison phonograph collection and a high-wheel bicycle. “I’m gonna get one someday, but I want to get a good one,” he said. “I buy the meat-and-potatoes stuff, the stuff I know is going to be around for a hundred years.” Chalk Sternberg’s persistence up to doing something he loves. “It’s been exciting and fun. I would do it again if I had the chance.” he said. “I’m just gonna go to the end. I hope I can live another 10 years. It’d be nice. If the old body holds out, I’ll be here.”

IS CULINARY SCHOOL WORTH IT? In-house experience stacks up against expensive cooking degrees for Green Bay chefs

Josh Swanson never went to culinary school. Instead he worked in restaurants and climbed his way up to a sous chef position at Hinterland Brewery. (LUKAS KEAPPROTH / Press-Gazette Media)

In April, some 90 students walked out of classes at the Culinary Institute of America’s Hyde Park branch in New York state, citing weakening academic standards and massive debt accrual as reasons for the protest. The CIA is one of the most prestigious culinary institutions in the country — and its students pay for the degree to the tune of about $50,000 for two years or $100,000 for four. But is it worth it? The protesters said, not really, but not just because of the cost. The New York Times reported that since the 1990s, the CIA had a requirement of anywhere from three months to a year of real-life restaurant experience before prospective students could apply. The requirement has become more lax in recent years, which caused CIA students to start questioning their degrees’ worth. In-kitchen experience is endlessly valuable to students as well as the chefs looking to hire them after they graduate. Those students aren’t looking to just nab a piece of paper and become an executive chef in a big city; they want it to be indicative of the amount of work they’ve put in. Here in Green Bay, chefs went to big, private culinary schools, attended more modest programs at Fox Valley Technical College or relied exclusively on experience. And there are differing opinions on which is the better option.

NOT UNEDUCATED Josh Swanson, the sous chef at Hinterland, 313 Dousman St., Green Bay, has no degree, but he does have years of kitchen experience. Swanson worked his way up from his first dish-washing job to second-in-command in the kitchen of one of Green Bay’s most prominent fine dining destinations. And he did it by cutting his teeth in the kitchen, going home, and reading textbooks cover to cover — a wallet-friendly path to culinary professionalism. There are some inborn requirements, though, that come with being a chef, and any amount of education won’t change that, he said. “Some (culinary students) come to do their internships and they don’t know anything about a professional kitchen,” Swanson said. “They don’t know how to run a station, they can’t grill 40 steaks a night, they’re not prepared to systematically prepare a sauté, they’re not prepared for a 110-degree kitchen, to stand next to a fire all day. They’re not ready for that.” Rob Houle is in the same boat as Swanson. From his meager beginnings as a crew member at Arby’s, Houle climbed up, working under Chef Ben Raupp at Thornberry Creek Country Club, then followed Raupp when he opened S.A.L.T., 401 Main Ave., De Pere, last year. For Houle, now Raupp’s sous chef at S.A.L.T., it was crucial to take in as much information as he could via textbooks, websites and cookbooks, and then use what he learned at his job the next day. “Being in a restaurant, going home at night, reading those books and being able to apply what I read and use the knowledge I just gained, it was really useful for me,” Houle said. “And I paid $70 for the

ben raupp, executive chef, s.a.l.t.

than that. A diverse faculty and wide array of culinary science courses gives students an edge. “If you’ve worked under one chef in four years, at Johnson & Wales, you’ve been trained by dozens,” Weinstein said. “If somebody wants to go into food service and work back of the house, that’s their career aspiration, maybe college isn’t for them. If they want to be a manager, a mentor, if they’re interested in nutrition, the science of culinary art, then college is an option they should consider.” But for Mangless, it has to be a blend. Upon graduation, he made it his goal to work under the best chefs in the places he’s lived, be it Denver, Florida, Chicago or Green Bay. To be able to do that, he needed that extra push his degree afforded him. “Would I hire somebody that has a culinary degree from a legitimate school before I’d hire the next guy? Probably. Can you make a little bit more money? Sure. Is it nice to have a degree? Yeah, I think it is,” Mangless said. “That doesn’t mean you have to have it (to succeed).”

VALUABLE PIECE OF PAPER Christopher Mangless is still paying off his student loans from Johnson & Wales University, one of the most-lauded culinary institutions in the country — and one of the priciest. “That’s the toughest part,” he said. “But (the degree) definitely helped get my feet in the door at a couple places I worked at.” At Johnson & Wales, a twoyear associate’s degree runs upwards of $48,000, and a four-year Bachelor of Science degree tops out a little above $100,000. Mangless now heads up his own Traveling Chef brand and Three Three Five restaurant, 335 N. Broadway, Green Bay. He said

A LOCAL ALTERNATIVE Of Hinterland’s top four chefs, Swanson didn’t go to culinary school, and the others — including executive chef Kelly Qualley — went to Fox Valley Technical College’s culinary program. Headed up by Chef Jeff Igel, the culinary school is Wisconsin’s largest and has about 300 students enrolled — its capacity. And it is about 15 percent of the cost of a school like the CIA or Johnson & Wales. “I think we’re as good or better as anybody else, as far as the content, the facilities, the curriculum, what we have to offer,” Igel said. “We are not arrogant, we don’t want to come across as arrogant, but what we do here is

Sous chef Josh Swanson taught himself to properly butcher steaks at Hinterland Brewery, with the help of mentors and a drive to work. (LUKAS KEAPPROTH / Press-Gazette Media)

“If you have drive and passion and talent, I can teach you how to cook. But if you think you know how to cook, but can’t perform on a line, you’re useless.” (first) book.” Houle has a little regret in not getting a degree, but now it’s not as realistic an option as it was 10 years ago — he has a 1-year-old daughter. “That piece of paper is a lot when you’re trying to seek employment as a chef,” he said. “I mean, I could get any line cook job I want, but do I want any line cook job? No, I don’t want to be making $10 an hour. I need to be making more in my life right now. I have a lot of experience, but I don’t have it on paper that says I went to school for this. “The only way for me, from what I’ve seen, is for me to work my way up.”

having the degree he earned at Johnson & Wales’ Denver campus — and being attached to that prestigious name — afforded him a lot of opportunity early in his career. “You know, I was young. I was 19 years old and had really minimal experience. It pushed me along and got me in the door,” Mangless said. “I was lucky enough to jump right in and start cooking right off the bat, where other people there in my role had been there two or three years.” A degree at Johnson & Wales, especially the bachelor’s degree, isn’t just for cooking. Miriam Weinstein, spokeswoman for Johnson & Wales, said the experience is more rounded

Fox Valley Technical College completely revamped its culinary facilities to provide a local, affordable alternative to bigger, private culinary schools. (PROVIDED PHOTO)

very special.” A two-year culinary degree from the technical college comes with a price tag of about $13,000, and though Igel is very proud of the program, he would instead recommend the CIA under one circumstance. “If money is no object, go to the Culinary Institute; they’re like the pinnacle,” Igel said. “To about 96 percent of students, though, money is an object. If you’re going to pay $50,000 to go to school, and come out making $25,000 to $30,000, that’s going to take you a long time to pay it off.” The technical college stacks up to nearly any culinary school, and it’s more viable than a lot of private for-profit schools like the

CIA, Igel says. He’s still on the side of education, though. As he puts it: In school, students get an extra hint of polish that’s crucial to becoming a successful chef. “It’s that polish that’s going to get you somewhere. A bigger key opens a bigger door,” Igel said. “You’re leaving a lot to chance (by not going to culinary school). There are tons of success stories out there. More power to them, but that’s rare.You gotta get a little lucky.” TRY IT, FIRST In the restaurant industry, there are always entry-level jobs — dishwashers, prep cooks, assistants — to get some culinary prospects’ feet wet.

Near unanimously, the local chefs suggested working in a kitchen, testing the waters and finding out if being a chef is something you truly want to do before taking on the financial investment of culinary school. “If someone’s interested, work the job a little bit first before you throw yourself headfirst into it,” Raupp said. “If you’re willing to devote that much of your money to go to school, you better make sure it’s something you really are interested in.” But as an employer, Raupp said he rarely considers a culinary degree attached to a job application. He’s more concerned with how applicants deal with the pressures of a modern kitchen, their ability

to multi-task and a willingness to learn — attributes you don’t need a culinary degree for. “I know when I get a kid with a degree, he’s going to know all the nice French terms and he’s going to know the basics. What I’m not going to know is how good he is on the line,” Raupp said. “If you have drive and passion and talent, I can teach you how to cook. But if you think you know how to cook, but can’t perform on a line, you’re useless.” It’s important to know what you’re getting into with a career in culinary arts. “I graduated in 2005; there’s only a handful of kids I’ve kept in touch with that are still in the business. A lot of them are

in completely different trades,” Mangless said. “At a five-star restaurant in Chicago, there’s only two or three people that are making a salary you can live off of. There’s 20 other people that are making nothing.” Put simply, culinary school or not, you have to love doing it. “One of my friends who’s 26 had surgery for carpel tunnel already from working in a kitchen,” Swanson said. “By the time you’re 50, you feel like a 70-year-old man because you’re standing all day. There’s hot things, sharp objects, there’s steam, I have a knife callous that’s never going away. “If you enjoy working, it’s a great career, it’s a wonderful job. I love my job.”



At Allouez cigar lounge, enthusiasts from all walks of life light up around the clock ERIC CHRISTENSON • Green Bay Press-Gazette

EVAN SIEGLE / Press-Gazette Media

“You’re going to find that cigar smokers are a different breed of guys.” luke russell, co-owner, titletown tobacco

Titletown Tobacco is a round-the-clock cigar club for enthusiasts who want a little more than premium sticks: A real community of cigar smokers who are as passionate about their club as they are about their cigars, curated by owner Luke Russell — right. (Photos by EVAN SIEGLE / Press-Gazette Media)

“You’re going to find that cigar smokers are a different breed of guys.” Even the way Luke Russell, co-owner of Titletown Tobacco, speaks is slow and deliberate. He’s relaxed and among friends, fellow owners Aaron Lindstrom, Glen Sherman and Mike Gehm, who laugh at the sentiment.The air in the lounge on a sunny Friday afternoon is already saturated with earthy smoke. Each of the men has a premium cigar naturally tucked between fingers. The room has dark walls and leather furniture. A haven of sorts. It’s both classy and comfortable. It’s easy to tell these guys share a strong bond, but they might never have even run into each other in the real world without the quite literal common ground of the Allouez cigar club. Chalk it up to the dedicated mini-community created by an “eclectic group” of club smokers — there are around 100 members — from an array of backgrounds with a shared enthusiasm for premium sticks and a comfortable place to smoke them. “You get people from college kids to doctors to sales guys that normally wouldn’t hang out, normally wouldn’t talk, have different views and opinions on things, and for the most part, get along,” Lindstrom said. “Most guys that do it come here for the social aspect,” Russell said. “And come here just because it’s peaceful.” Titletown Tobacco has been inside the strip mall at 516 Greene Ave. for 31/2 years, creating its own community of cigar smokers from those new to the game to true aficionados — something Lindstrom said the Green Bay area was in need of. For countless local cigar fans, they used to have to travel down to Appleton for a similar experience. But what really makes the place unique, Lindstrom said, is making

the club accessible all the time. “The biggest thing is the 24hour access,” he said. “It’s not that people will always come in here at 2 in the morning, but when you go to other cigar shops out of town, maybe some guys are playing chess or dominoes or cards and all of sudden, ‘It’s 10 o’clock.You gotta go.’ Whereas here, you can finish what you’re doing, hang out and leave whenever you want.” Russell said that Titletown is one of the only — if not the only — cigar shop in the country that’s open ‘round the clock. That’s due in part because the nationwide cigar community is very tightly wrapped, but that’s a huge selling point. “Several people come during the day, they’ll turn on their laptop, sit here and smoke and work, make their sales calls, do their reporting, whatever,” Russell said. “Then there’s shift workers, depending what their shift is, they could be in here 5:30 in the morning, which is nice because most cigar places around the country, you just can’t do that.” And it’s not necessarily an inexpensive thing to do.

The humidor at Titletown Tobacco. (EVAN SIEGLE / Press-Gazette Media)

want in?

Membership at Titletown Tobacco, 516 Green Ave., Allouez, ranges from $425 for a year to $5,000 for a lifetime. Quarterly and monthly options are also available. It comes with 24-hour access to the lounge and discounts on cigars and accessories. Members can carry in outside cigars and bring in their own alcohol. More info at

“The stick you’re burning is $8 to $12. I’ll sit here and burn up an easy $40, $50 in a night,” Russell said. “On the other hand, a lot of people used to just go to the bars to smoke cigars and have to pay exorbitant prices for their drinks.” So it kind of evens out, Russell said. But a quality humidor stocked with top-notch cigars isn’t enough. A small wrinkle in the system is that there isn’t a sure-fire business model for cigar sellers to truly succeed. The reason is more cigars are bought and sold over the Internet, which is illegal. Internet buyers get the cigars delivered to their homes and avoid

the sales tax, while state revenue investigators have their hands full checking out tobacco and alcohol retailers for importing huge orders of cigarettes. “To get people to understand that they’re going to have to pay retail price for a cigar ... It’s been kind of a struggle in that sense,” Lindstrom said. “Whereas people have grown up going to bars, they’re more than happy to pay twice as much as they pay at a grocery store for a bar to sit there and hang out with people.” However, Titletown Tobacco has pluses you can’t get on the Internet. Sure, they have TVs and

slot machines, but what makes it special is its family of enthusiasts and supporters. Russell understands that “it’s definitely not an inexpensive thing to do,” and that it limits some. But for the four owners and the club’s members, having a place to call their own is everything. “It’s not like a non-enthusiast gets into it a whole lot,” he said. “So most of the people that come here enjoy the cigar, the smoke, the process, the relaxation, the camaraderie that it brings.” Or as Sherman puts it: “It’s a great opportunity for everyone to get a taste of each other’s life.”

R E T S MA mixologists

Creativity meets tradition as Green Bay bars master craft cocktails BY ERIC CHRISTENSON

The Standard and Co.’s blue martini, one of dozens of specialty cocktails on the Green Bay bar’s menu. (H. MARC LARSON / Press-Gazette Media)


hey won’t give you a Bud Light or a Smirnoff Ice, and they are not pumping out liters of Malibu and UV Blue. They’re crafting their cocktails from scratch, using premium ingredients and topshelf technique. “We’re not just making Jack and Cokes,” said Tony Oczus, owner of The Libertine, 209 N. Washington St, a downtown Green Bay bar that specializes in craft cocktails. “We’re doing stuff from the 1800s to the early 1900s before soda existed. We’re doing bitters and zests. We’re doing stuff with egg whites, and we’re using a lot of top-shelf spirits.” To put it simply, Oczus said: “We’re just trying to get things back to when they were made by hand.” Bars like The Libertine and The Standard & Co., 1139 Main St. in Green Bay, go to great lengths to fashion specialty drinks for their customers, hand-crafting them from start to finish — with no shortcuts. “We don’t use any pre-mixes,” Oczus said. “Everything’s fresh.” Oczus opened The Libertine in October in the former Brewbaker’s Pub building. The bar is in its “baby steps” right now, and he said the goal of the first menu was mostly to dip people’s toes in the water. “I think initially there was a lot of shock,” Oczus said. “A lot of the stuff people have seen, we’re doing them the way they were

meant to be.” Craft drinks are something of a trend for any hopeful mixologist with wide eyes and a cocktail shaker in larger cities like Portland and San Francisco, but thanks to Oczus and The Standard owner Darrell Greig, Green Bay is getting a sip. “It’s huge,” Greig said. “It has been trendy for a long time. People’s tastes are changing. The younger kids are drinking something different. They want to try new stuff and they’re not afraid to.” Greig, who transformed his former Top Hat Club to The Standard in May, has traveled around the world checking trends and studying drink menus, bringing home international drinks from Italy, England, Brazil, Bermuda, Washington, Cuba, New Orleans, Manhattan, Kentucky, San Francisco, Singapore and Chile. But not before — as he calls it — “Green Bay-ize”-ing them for Titletown partakers. “I’m a trend watcher,” he said. “I saw it coming and did some research, and it was getting to be big. I figured it’s time people got turned on to it in Green Bay, (but) people in the Midwest are different people. They’re their own unique blend.” The drinks range from The Libertine’s no-frills Wisco Old Fashioned — Korbel brandy, house-made simple syrup, orange with the flesh, Angostura bitters and soda —

At Standard and Co. on Main Street in Green Bay, bartender Elizabeth Eberius pours a moscow mule. It’s served in a copper mug, for no other reason than: “It seems to taste better,” says owner Darrell Greig. (H. MARC LARSON / Press-Gazette Media)

The difference is in the details

With craft cocktails, it’s the subtle details that unlock a drink’s potential. Here are five ways Green Bay bars are doing things a bit differently: ICE SPHERE The Libertine uses a sphere of ice about 2 inches in diameter instead of traditional ice cubes in cocktails.The reason? Surface area. “With cubed or shaved ice, it’s a lot of surface area. It cools it down and makes it really watery right away,” said owner Tony Oczus. “This will cool it down, keep it cool and not water it down right away.” The Libertine uses a mold to make the spheres, but Oczus said some bars — space and time permitting — will use chainsaws to carve their spheres out of a giant block of ice.

COPPER MUG At The Standard & Co., one of its international drinks, the Moscow Mule, made with vodka, ginger beer and lime, is served in a copper mug. “Maybe because it’s a pre-Prohibition drink and that’s what they used was copper,” said owner Darrell Greig. “I swear to you, it seems to taste better out of a copper cup than it does out of a glass.”

Small bottles Oczus uses dry vermouth for several cocktails, but the trick is to not let it set long. “We do it with little bottles,” Oczus said. “You see a lot of the big bottles around. Vermouth, though, is actually a fortified wine and it’ll oxidize and get off-flavors. We use the little bottles to stem that oxidization.”

Sugar surrogates Instead of pouring teaspoons of sugar into drinks at The Standard, they’re more apt to use alternatives. “We have all different kinds of bitters: celery bitters, rhubarb bitters, a whole line of bitters for sweetener instead of sugar,” Greig said, adding The Standard also uses agave nectar for a few drinks. “The craft cocktail to me is using ingredients people aren’t really familiar with.”

Stirred, not shaken James Bond might take his martini famously shaken, but Oczus said having it stirred allows for a better cocktail. “Anything that’s pure alcohol always gets stirred to control that dilution a little bit better,” Oczus said. “As compared to shaken, if you dilute it further than you’re supposed to, the (fruit) juices tend to mask it.”

“We’re not just making Jack and Cokes. We’re doing stuff from the 1800s to the early 1900s before soda existed. We’re doing bitters and zests. We’re doing stuff with egg whites, and we’re using a lot of top-shelf spirits. We’re just trying to get things back to when they were made by hand.” tony oczus, owner and master bartender, the libertine

to The Standard’s Moscow Mule, a ginger beer and vodka concoction inexplicably served in a copper cup. But for some drinks, the creativity doesn’t end with the recipes themselves, and they can, in fact, get fairly labor-intensive. Part of The Libertine’s new menu includes a drink that’s served in a juicebox, straw and all. Oczus said they syringe all the juice out, clean the box and set the juice aside. When somebody orders it, they make the cocktail and syringe it back into the juicebox. If it sounds easy, it shouldn’t. “Collectively, we constantly train,” Oczus said. After all, it takes a different skill set entirely to operate a blow-torch in heating up a drink than to twist open a bottle or pull a lever on a tap. But obviously, with the time and energy put in, craft cocktails warrant extra time as well as extra cash. Most fancier craft cocktails will run a person about $7 and could take several minutes to make, which Greig said can drive off some casual customers. “In Green Bay, people are very conscious of their money,” he said. “They don’t want to pay $7 for a drink you talked them into that they didn’t like.” And the waiting isn’t ideal, either, but sometimes the making of the drink can get pretty enter-

The Libertine, on Washington Street, is a relatively young bar in the Green Bay night life community, but owne Tony Oczus (top) has established his bar as an innovator in terms of its specialty cocktails like That Sly Fox (bottom left), which requires a blow torch to craft and the New Fashioned Old Fashioned, a clever twist on a Wisconsin standard. (Photos by H. MARC LARSON / Press-Gazette Media)

taining. “People like watching it, the shaking. We muddle a lot of stuff,” Greig said. “It does take a little bit extra time, and I think they know that. They like that. ‘Hey, this guy’s going through all this to make me a drink.’” Oczus said having someone watch can get a little nerve-wracking for a bartender, especially with such a delicate process, but the fact that people want to see how their drink is made is a huge positive. “They’ll sit there, and then they’ll just watch the entire time what you do, everything that you pour in there — everything. And they ask questions, which is awesome to see,” Oczus said. “It’s exactly what we were going for.” With cocktails, whether you’re making a gin and sour or a poussecafé, some people take it super seriously. Making craft cocktails isn’t about being stuffy or snobbish, it’s about doing something you love differently. “I’ll be the first to tell you I have Coors heavy in my fridge at home,” said Oczus. “It’s just nice not to have to yell and walk out of the club with your ears ringing. I’ve managed bars like that. They’re successful in town and they work. (But) we’re just trying to introduce people to the way things were meant to be done back when they were first created.”

Eric Christenson Design Samples