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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams Multiple Choice Questions 1. An expression for how much data can be sent through a communications channel in a given amount of time is referred to as ________. A. connectivity B. dial-up C. bandwidth D. download

2. Generally, a very high-speed internet connection is referred to as ________. A. broadband B. dial-up C. bandwidth D. upload

3. The wired or wireless means of connecting a computer to the internet is called a ________. A. broadband B. physical connection C. dial-up D. bandwidth

4. Bps stands for ________. A. bytes per second B. bits per second C. bandwidth per second D. broadband per second

5. Megabits per second are ________. A. 1 million bits per second B. 10,000 bits per second C. 1,000 bits per second D. 100 bits per second

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 6. Gigabits per second are ________. A. 1 hundred bits per second B. 1 thousand bits per second C. 1 million bits per second D. 1 billion bits per second

7. The transmission of data from a remote computer to a local computer is referred to as ________. A. upload B. download C. broadband D. bandwidth

8. The transmission of data from a local computer to a remote computer is called ________. A. upload B. download C. broadband D. bandwidth

9. What consists of hardware and software and allows voice, video, and data to be communicated over traditional copper-wire telephone lines? A. ISDN B. cable modem C. communications satellite D. bandwidth

10. The internet connection that uses regular phone lines to transmit data in megabits per second is ________. A. T1 line B. cable modem C. DSL line D. communications satellite

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 11. Which traditional trunk line carries 24 normal telephone circuits and has a transmission rate of 1.5 Mbps? A. T1 line B. cable modem C. DSL line D. communications satellite

12. What connects a personal computer to a cable-TV system that offers an internet connection? A. T1 line B. cable modem C. DSL line D. communications satellite

13. A space station that transmits radio waves called microwaves from earth-based stations is called a ________. A. T1 line B. cable modem C. DSL line D. communications satellite

14. The method of going online that requires the user to be within 3.3 miles of a phone company central switching office is ________. A. dial-up modem B. DSL C. T1 line D. satellite

15. The line most commonly used by corporate, government, and academic sites is ________. A. DSL B. T1 line C. satellite D. ISDN

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 16. Which of the following is NOT an advantage of DSL? A. fast download B. connection always on C. consistent transmission rate D. universal availability

17. Which of the following is NOT an advantage of a T1 line? A. affordability B. high speed transmission C. 24 separate circuits of 64 kbps each D. supports many users

18. Which of the following is NOT an example of a download? A. Saving pictures from the internet to your hard drive. B. Storing a map for your vacation from the internet to your hard drive. C. Saving a presentation to a CD. D. Saving a program from an internet site to your hard drive.

19. Which of the following is NOT an example of an upload? A. Sending a photograph as an email attachment. B. Saving your favorite music videos from a music website to your hard drive. C. Sending a spreadsheet as an email attachment. D. Submitting a term paper to an instructor online.

20. Using a user name and password, the ISP will allow the user to connect or ________. A. log on B. download C. upload D. log out

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 21. ISP stands for ________. A. internet select provider B. internet service provider C. internet serial provider D. internet service pusher

22. A search engine that allows you to search several search engines simultaneously is called a ________. A. megasearch engine. B. hypersearch engine. C. metasearch engine. D. none of these.

23. An automatic email mailing list of people who regularly participate in discussion topics are called ________. A. attachments B. instant messaging C. listserv D. spam

24. If you were emailing a term paper and wanted to maintain its formatting, it would be sent as a(n) ________. A. regular email B. instant message C. listserv message D. attachment

25. The .gov, .com, .net, and .edu extensions are examples of ________. A. emoticons B. FAQs C. top-level domains D. URLs

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 26. Any user on a given email system can send a message and have it pop up instantly on the screen of anyone else logged onto that system using ________. A. attachments B. instant messaging C. list-serves D. spam

27. Which of the following is NOT an example of good netiquette? A. Consult the frequently asked questions (FAQs). B. Don't SHOUT. C. Don't send large file attachments, unless requested. D. When replying, send the entire original message for reference.

28. Which of the following is NOT an example of flaming? A. a lie B. an ethnic joke C. profanity D. a sexist comment

29. In terms of privacy, email is like ________. A. a sealed letter B. an insured package C. a postcard D. a notarized document

30. An uninvited email solicitation to participate in a money-making scheme is an example of ________. A. flaming B. spam C. netiquette D. list-serve

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 31. If you wish to be part of an online discussions on a favorite topic of interest, you would subscribe to a(n) ________. A. instant message service B. listserv C. spam tracking D. online group

32. Connections to other documents or web pages that contain related information are called ________ links. A. web portal B. multimedia C. URL D. hypertext

33. The set of special instructions that are used to specify document structure, formatting, and links to other multimedia documents is called ________. A. HTML B. hypertext C. multimedia D. web portal

34. A computer with a domain name is called a ________. A. web page B. website C. home D. web portal

35. The location on a particular computer on the World Wide Web that has a unique address is called a ________. A. home page B. web page C. website D. web portal

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 36. A secret word or string of characters that allows you to log on to a remote computer is called a ________. A. password B. website C. URL D. UserID

37. The first page seen at a website is called the ________. A. community page B. home page C. browser D. protocol

38. Software that enables users to find and access the various parts of the web is called a ________. A. home page B. website C. browser D. web page

39. A string of characters that points to a specific piece of information on the web is called the ________. A. URL B. HTTP C. protocol D. browser

40. A set of communications rules for exchanging information is called a ________. A. web browser B. HTML C. URL D. protocol

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 41. The communications rules or protocols that allow browsers to connect with web servers is ________. A. HTTP B. HTML C. Java D. URL

42. Little circles located in front of various options, which can be selected with the mouse, are called ________. A. hyperlinks B. radio buttons C. text boxes D. web portals

43. An independently controllable section of a web age is called a ________. A. hyperlink B. web site C. frame D. window

44. Websites that group together in one convenient location popular features such as online shopping malls, email support, community forums, current news and weather are called ________. A. home pages B. browsers C. search engines D. web portals

45. Which of the following provides lists of several websites classified by topic? A. web portal B. subject directory C. metasearch engine D. browser

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 46. The subject word or words of the topic you wish to find while using a search engine is called the ________. A. directory B. URL C. keyword D. web portal

47. Which of the following can be used to locate information on the web by asking questions or using keywords? A. search engines B. home pages C. community pages D. URLs

48. A program that adds a specific feature to a browser, allowing it to play or view certain files is a ________. A. script B. plug-in C. tag D. cookie

49. Plug-ins are also called ________. A. players B. viewers C. browsers D. Both A and B

50. Small Java programs that can be quickly downloaded and run by most browsers are called ________. A. cookies B. applets C. active X D. hypertext

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 51. The rapid sequencing of still images to create the appearance of motion is called a(n) ________. A. animation B. hyperlink C. script D. applet

52. The technology in which software automatically downloads information to your computer is called ________. A. pull technology B. download C. push technology D. upload

53. The technology in which customized text, audio, and video are sent automatically to the user on a regular basis is called ________. A. webcasting B. broadcasting C. surfing D. streaming

54. A method whereby one can connect to a remote computer and transfer files to their own microcomputer's hard disk via TCP/IP over the internet is called ________. A. NetBEUI B. FTP C. ARAP D. SLIP

55. Which of the following is an FTP client program? A. Cute B. Put C. Grab D. FTP net

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 56. With ________, online participants have a typed discussion while staying online at the same time. A. real-time chat B. blogs C. telnet D. newsgroups

57. Web logs made by various users that are also accessible to others are called ________. A. real-time chat B. blogs C. telnet D. applets

58. RSS newsreaders are also known as ________. A. attachments B. aggregators C. podcasters D. webcasts

59. To access a newsgroup, a(n) ________ program is needed. A. browser B. applet C. newsreader D. chat

60. Which of the following is a person-to-person auction site? A. www.acponline.org B. www.ebay.com C. www.onSale.com D. www.thirdage.com

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 61. Trading, banking, and e-money can be classified as ________. A. online finance B. online job-hunting C. online matchmaking D. online auctioning

62. Forging of an email sender name so that the message appears to have originated from someone or somewhere other than the actual source is called ________. A. spoofing B. phishing C. pharming D. spyware

63. Adware is also called ________. A. cookies B. spam C. pop-up generators D. None of these

64. One type of spyware is ________. A. browser hijackers B. search hijackers C. key loggers D. All of these

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams True / False Questions 65. Bandwidth is an expression of how much data can be sent through a communications channel in a given amount of time. True False

66. The wired or wireless means of connecting to the internet is called a physical connection. True False

67. Bps stands for bandwidth per second. True False

68. One kilobit per second is the same as 1 million bits per second. True False

69. Mps stands for megabits per second. True False

70. The term gigabit refers to 1 billion bits per second. True False

71. Upload is the transmission of data from a remote computer to a local computer. True False

72. Download is the transmission of data from a local computer to a remote computer. True False

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 73. Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) consists of hardware and software that allows voice, video, and data to be communicated over traditional copper-wire telephone lines. True False

74. Digital subscriber line (DSL) uses satellite technology to transmit data in megabits per second. True False

75. A T1 line is essentially a traditional trunk line that carries 24 normal telephone circuits and has a transmission rate of 1.5 Mbps. True False

76. A cable modem connects a personal computer to a cable-TV system that offers an internet connection. True False

77. A communications satellite, a space station that transmits radio waves called microwaves from earth-based stations, can be used to retrieve information from the internet. True False

78. Kilobits per second are faster than megabits per second. True False

79. The transmission of the latest pinball game off a subscriber network to a home computer is an example of an upload. True False

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 80. The transmission of credit information to order something online is an example of an upload. True False

81. A cable modem is an example of a physical connection to the internet. True False

82. Cable modem lines are shared with other cable users in a particular area and can be slower during peak use periods. True False

83. You can have a cable modem connection even if there is no cable television available in your area. True False

84. The primary advantage of DSL is that it is always on and its transmission rate is consistent. True False

85. The primary advantage of a T1 line is its affordability. True False

86. A DSL line can be installed anywhere as long as the user has a telephone line. True False

87. ISP stands for internet service provider. True False

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 88. An internet service provider (ISP) provides users with access to the internet. True False

89. To log on or make connection to a remote computer, first enter the password and then the user name or user ID. True False

90. A domain is simply a location on the internet. True False

91. With instant messaging, any user on a given email system can send a message and have it pop up instantly on the screen of anyone else logged onto that system. True False

92. A listserv is an automatic mailing list server that sends email to subscribers who regularly participate in discussion topics. True False

93. Guides to appropriate online behavior are called netiquette. True False

94. Most online groups post frequently asked questions (FAQs) that explain expected norms of online behavior for a particular group. True False

95. Spamming is writing an online message that uses derogatory, obscene, or inappropriate language. True False

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 96. Use of all-capital letters on the internet is considered appropriate online behavior. True False

97. Emoticons are keyboard-produced pictorial representations of expressions. True False

98. Flaming refers to unsolicited email in the form of advertising or chain letters. True False

99. Some commonly used top-level domains are .net, .com, .gov, and .edu. True False

100. Many viruses ride along with email attachments. True False

101. Instant messaging can be used to post advertisements on computer screens. True False

102. It is important to type email addresses exactly as they appear. True False

103. Emails can be organized with instant organizers called routers to sort emails based on certain criteria, such as the sender's name or the mailing list. True False

104. URL is the website's unique address. True False

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 105. HTML is the set of special instructions that are used to specify document structure, formatting, and links to other documents. True False

106. A website is the location of a web domain name in a computer somewhere on the internet. True False

107. A browser is a document on the World Wide Web that can include text, pictures, sound, and video. True False

108. The first page seen at a website is called the community page. True False

109. A portal is software that enables users to view web pages and to jump from one page to another. True False

110. A URL is a string of characters that points to a specific piece of information on the web. True False

111. HyperText Transfer Protocol or HTTP refers to the communications rules that allow browsers to connect with web servers. True False

112. Radio buttons are little circles located in front of various options, selecting an option with the mouse places a dot in the corresponding circle. True False

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 113. Scroll arrows, small up/down and left/right arrows, can be used to move the screen to see the rest of the web page. True False

114. A frame is an independently controllable section of a web page. True False

115. Search engines are websites that group together in one convenient location popular features such as search tools, email, electronic commerce, and discussion groups. True False

116. A subject directory allows you to search for information by selecting lists of categories or topics. True False

117. Search engines are programs that enable you to ask questions or use keywords to help locate information on the web. True False

118. A web portal is a program that adds a specific feature to a browser, allowing it to play or view certain files. True False

119. A metasearch engine allows you to search for information by typing one or more keywords, and the search engine then displays a list of web pages, or "hits," that contain those key words. True False

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 120. Plug-ins are also called players and viewers. True False

121. RSS newsreaders and RSS aggregators are the same thing. True False

122. Applets are small programs that can be quickly downloaded and run by most browsers. True False

123. Spam consists of little text files left on your hard disk by some websites you visit. True False

124. Applets are written in Java, a complex programming language that enables programmers to create animated and interactive web pages. True False

125. Streaming video is the rapid sequencing of still images to create the appearance of motion, such as in a cartoon. True False

126. In pharming, thieves implant malicious software on a victim's computer that redirects the user to an impostor web page even when the individual types the correct address into his or her browser. True False

127. Streaming video is the process of transferring data in a continuous flow so a file can be viewed before the end of the file is sent. True False

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 128. Streaming audio allows you to listen to a file while the data is still being downloaded to your computer. True False

129. Pull technology automatically downloads information to your computer. True False

130. Webcasting sends customized text, video, and audio automatically on a regular basis. True False

131. Internet telephony is the method of using the internet to make a phone call, either one-toone or for audio conferencing. True False

Fill in the Blank Questions 132. The type of data transmission that allows only one signal at a time is called ____________________________ transmission. ________________________________________

133. When several signals can be transmitted at once, it is called ____________________________ transmission. ________________________________________

134. The wired or wireless means of connecting to the internet is called a(n) ____________________________ connection. ________________________________________

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 135. A device that sends and receives data over telephone lines to and from computers is called a(n) ____________________________. ________________________________________

136. The device that connects a personal computer to a cable-TV system that offers an internet connection is called a(n) ____________________________. ________________________________________

137. A space station that transmits radio waves from earth-based stations is called a ____________________________. ________________________________________

138. The radio waves transmitted from a communications satellite are called ____________________________. ________________________________________

139. Data is transmitted in characters or collections of ____________________________. ________________________________________

140. The minimum speed needed for visiting websites with graphics is ____________________________. ________________________________________

141. The speed of a modem that is 28,800 bps can be expressed as ____________________________ Kbps. ________________________________________

142. One Gbps is approximately 1 ____________________________ bits per second. ________________________________________

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 143. Downloading is the transmission of data from a(n) ____________________________ computer to a ____________________________ computer. ________________________________________

144. Transmitting data from a local PC to a website being constructed by a user can be termed as a(n) ____________________________. ________________________________________

145. A modem that uses telephone lines to transmit data generally uses a(n) ____________________________ connection. ________________________________________

146. Communications satellites transmit data at a rate of 512–1500 ____________________________. ________________________________________

147. The internet service provider's (ISP's) local access point for a particular area is its ____________________________. ________________________________________

148. The internet's high-speed, high-capacity communication lines are the ____________________________. ________________________________________

149. A collection of modems and other equipment in a local area is called a ____________________________. ________________________________________

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 150. When two modems connect to each other at a single ISP location, the process is called ____________________________. ________________________________________

151. Every computer on the internet has a(n) ____________________________ address. ________________________________________

152. A set of rules that computers must follow to transmit data electronically is called ____________________________. ________________________________________

153. The protocol that enables all computers to use data transmitted on the internet is called ____________________________. ________________________________________

154. To send data over the internet, TCP/IP breaks data into smaller blocks called ____________________________. ________________________________________

155. The group established to regulate internet domain names is ____________________________. ________________________________________

156. The ____________________________ database returns the name and address of any domain name entered. ________________________________________

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 157. The ____________________________.is the organizational home for groups responsible for internet infrastructure standards. ________________________________________

158. To avoid making their customers pay long-distance phone charges to connect, ISPs provide each customer with a ____________________________ . ________________________________________

159. Internet ____________________________ form the equivalent of an interstate highway system. ________________________________________

160. An IP address consists of four sets of numbers between ____________________________ and ____________________________. ________________________________________

161. An IP address consists of four sets of numbers separated by ____________________________. ________________________________________

162. Each time a user connects to an ISP, the ISP will assign the computer a new IP address for that session called a ____________________________ address. ________________________________________

163. ISPs that don't run their own backbones connect to an internet backbone through a ____________________________. ________________________________________

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 164. Network access points (NAPs) are owned by a ____________________________, a large communications company. ________________________________________

165. To facilitate more efficient routing of data back and forth in the internet, by providing more backbone access locations, ____________________________ were introduced. ________________________________________

166. The ____________________________ part in TCP/IP is used to send data packets across the internet to their final destination. ________________________________________

167. In TCP/IP, the ____________________________ part is used to reassemble the packets in the correct order. ________________________________________

168. Incoming mail is usually stored on an ISP's server called a ____________________________. ________________________________________

169. Outgoing mail is sent to a ____________________________ server. ________________________________________

170. A location on the internet is called a ____________________________. ________________________________________

171. In an email address, the first section, called the ____________________________ identifies who is at the address. ________________________________________

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 172. The second section of an email address, located after the "@" symbol, which tells the location and type of address, is called the ____________________________. ________________________________________

173. The user name and domain name in an email address are linked by the ____________________________ character. ________________________________________

174. With ____________________________, any user on a given mail system can send a message and have it pop up instantly on anyone's screen who is logged on to the system. ________________________________________

175. An automatic mailing list server that sends email to subscribers who regularly participate in discussion topics is called ____________________________. ________________________________________

176. Appropriate online behavior can also be called ____________________________. ________________________________________

177. Writing online messages that uses derogatory, obscene, or inappropriate language is called ____________________________. ________________________________________

178. Keyboard-produced pictorial representations of expressions are called ____________________________. ________________________________________

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 179. Instant organizers that sort mail on the basis of the name of the sender, and put particular emails into one folder, are called ____________________________. ________________________________________

180. Unsolicited email, or junk mail, is called ____________________________. ________________________________________

181. The domain abbreviation for a military organization website is ____________________________. ________________________________________

182. The domain abbreviation for an educational or research institution website is ____________________________. ________________________________________

183. An internet network resources website would typically have a domain abbreviation like ____________________________. ________________________________________

184. A .gov domain abbreviation would indicate that the website is a ____________________________ site. ________________________________________

185. Viruses can ride along with emails as ____________________________ files. ________________________________________

186. ____________________________ is the forgery of an email name so that the message appears to have originated from someone or somewhere other than the actual source. ________________________________________

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 187. Use of all-capital letters on the internet is akin to ____________________________. ________________________________________

188. ____________________________ are a form of online advertising in which, when you visit certain websites, a new window opens to display advertisement. ________________________________________

189. Information available on the internet can be accessed using software called a(n) ____________________________. ________________________________________

190. Documents scattered across many internet sites are directly linked with ____________________________. ________________________________________

191. Sets of instructions that are used in HTML to specify document structure and formatting are called ____________________________. ________________________________________

192. A computer with a domain name is called a ____________________________. ________________________________________

193. The welcome page that identifies the website and contains links to other pages at the site is called a ____________________________. ________________________________________

194. A string of characters that points to a specific piece of information anywhere on the web is called a ____________________________. ________________________________________

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 195. Little circles located in front of various options are called ____________________________. ________________________________________

196. Little text files left on the hard disk by some websites visited by the user are called ____________________________. ________________________________________

197. An independently controllable section of a web page is called a ____________________________. ________________________________________

198. The subject word or words of the topic one wishes to search for on the web is called a ____________________________. ________________________________________

199. The software used to search for a topic with the help of a keyword provided by the user is called a ____________________________. ________________________________________

200. Small Java programs that can be quickly downloaded and run by most browsers are called ____________________________. ________________________________________

201. Applets are written in a programming language called ____________________________. ________________________________________

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 202. The rapid sequencing of still images to create the appearance of motion is called ____________________________. ________________________________________

203. The process of transferring data in a continuous flow such that the file can be viewed even before the end of the file is sent is called ____________________________. ________________________________________

204. The technology that causes software to automatically download information to a computer is called ____________________________. ________________________________________

205. Webcasting companies are also called ____________________________. ________________________________________

206. Using the net to make phone calls, either one to one or for audioconferencing, is called ____________________________. ________________________________________

207. FTP files can be downloaded using either a web browser or a special ____________________________ program. ________________________________________

208. A worldwide public network of servers that can be accessed through the internet is called ____________________________. ________________________________________

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 209. A program included with most browsers that allows access to newsgroups is called a ____________________________. ________________________________________

210. ____________________________ can record each character you type and transmit their information to someone else on the internet, making it possible for strangers to learn your passwords and other information. ________________________________________

211. Participants have a typed "chat" while online at the same time, using ____________________________. ________________________________________

212. Blogs are short for ____________________________. ________________________________________

213. Conducting business activities online is called ____________________________. ________________________________________

214. Goods, such as music, that can be downloaded directly from the retailer's site are called ____________________________. ________________________________________

215. Goods that can be viewed and priced online, but are then shipped to buyers by mail or any other physical mode, are called ____________________________. ________________________________________

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 216. The electronic sales or exchange of goods and services directly between companies, cutting out intermediaries is called ____________________________ commerce. ________________________________________

217. ____________________________ intercept your legitimate search requests made to real search engines and return results from phony search services designed to send you to sites they run. ________________________________________

Essay Questions 218. What is the difference between baseband transmission and broadband transmission?

219. What is a T1 line?

220. What is the difference between download and upload?

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 221. State the principal disadvantage of using a telephone modem to connect to the internet?

222. State the advantages and disadvantages of using a digital subscriber line (DSL) service.

223. What are the three things needed to gain access to the internet?

224. List some means of internet connection?

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 225. What is an internet service provider (ISP)?

226. Briefly describe a point-of-presence or POP.

227. What is an IP address?

228. What is Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)?

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 229. What is the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)?

230. What's the difference between a keyword index type of search engine and a subject directory type of search engine?

231. List the drawbacks of instant messaging (IM).

232. Describe what an RSS newsreader is.

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 233. How can a user subscribe to a listserv?

234. List some rules of netiquette?

235. What is a web portal?

236. What are the four types of web search tools available?

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Full file at http://testbank360.eu/test-bank-using-information-technology-8thedition-williams 237. How would you distinguish spoofing, phishing, and pharming?

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key Multiple Choice Questions 1. (p. 52) An expression for how much data can be sent through a communications channel in a given amount of time is referred to as ________. A. connectivity B. dial-up C. bandwidth D. download Bandwidth is an expression of how much data can be sent through a communications channel in a given amount of time.

Difficulty: 1

2. (p. 52) Generally, a very high-speed internet connection is referred to as ________. A. broadband B. dial-up C. bandwidth D. upload Broadband refers to a very high-speed internet connection.

Difficulty: 1

3. (p. 52) The wired or wireless means of connecting a computer to the internet is called a ________. A. broadband B. physical connection C. dial-up D. bandwidth The wired or wireless means of connecting a computer to the internet is called a physical connection.

Difficulty: 1

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 4. (p. 52) Bps stands for ________. A. bytes per second B. bits per second C. bandwidth per second D. broadband per second Bps stands for bits per second.

Difficulty: 1

5. (p. 53) Megabits per second are ________. A. 1 million bits per second B. 10,000 bits per second C. 1,000 bits per second D. 100 bits per second Faster means of connection are measured in megabits per second, or Mbps 1 million bits per second.

Difficulty: 1

6. (p. 53) Gigabits per second are ________. A. 1 hundred bits per second B. 1 thousand bits per second C. 1 million bits per second D. 1 billion bits per second 1 Gbps is 1 billion bits per second.

Difficulty: 1

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 7. (p. 53) The transmission of data from a remote computer to a local computer is referred to as ________. A. upload B. download C. broadband D. bandwidth Download is the transmission of data from a remote computer to a local computer.

Difficulty: 1

8. (p. 53) The transmission of data from a local computer to a remote computer is called ________. A. upload B. download C. broadband D. bandwidth Upload is the transmission of data from a local computer to a remote computer.

Difficulty: 1

9. (p. 55) What consists of hardware and software and allows voice, video, and data to be communicated over traditional copper-wire telephone lines? A. ISDN B. cable modem C. communications satellite D. bandwidth ISDN sends digital signals over POTS (plain old telephone system) lines.

Difficulty: 1

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 10. (p. 55) The internet connection that uses regular phone lines to transmit data in megabits per second is ________. A. T1 line B. cable modem C. DSL line D. communications satellite DSL (digital subscriber line) uses regular phone lines, a DSL modem, and special technology to transmit data in megabits per second.

Difficulty: 1

11. (p. 56) Which traditional trunk line carries 24 normal telephone circuits and has a transmission rate of 1.5 Mbps? A. T1 line B. cable modem C. DSL line D. communications satellite Generally, T1 lines are leased by corporate, government, and academic sites.

Difficulty: 1

12. (p. 56) What connects a personal computer to a cable-TV system that offers an internet connection? A. T1 line B. cable modem C. DSL line D. communications satellite Like a DSL connection, a cable modem is always on.

Difficulty: 1

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 13. (p. 57) A space station that transmits radio waves called microwaves from earth-based stations is called a ________. A. T1 line B. cable modem C. DSL line D. communications satellite Communications satellite transmits radio waves called microwaves from earth-based stations.

Difficulty: 1

14. (p. 56) The method of going online that requires the user to be within 3.3 miles of a phone company central switching office is ________. A. dial-up modem B. DSL C. T1 line D. satellite One big drawback to DSL is that one has to live within 3.3 miles of a phone company central switching office, because the access speed and reliability degrade with distance.

Difficulty: 2

15. (p. 56) The line most commonly used by corporate, government, and academic sites is ________. A. DSL B. T1 line C. satellite D. ISDN Generally, T1 lines are leased by corporate, government, and academic sites.

Difficulty: 2

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 16. (p. 55, 56) Which of the following is NOT an advantage of DSL? A. fast download B. connection always on C. consistent transmission rate D. universal availability DSL is not universally available.

Difficulty: 3

17. (p. 56) Which of the following is NOT an advantage of a T1 line? A. affordability B. high speed transmission C. 24 separate circuits of 64 kbps each D. supports many users T1 lines have very expensive installation and monthly costs.

Difficulty: 3

18. (p. 53) Which of the following is NOT an example of a download? A. Saving pictures from the internet to your hard drive. B. Storing a map for your vacation from the internet to your hard drive. C. Saving a presentation to a CD. D. Saving a program from an internet site to your hard drive. Saving a presentation to a CD is not an example of a download.

Difficulty: 1

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 19. (p. 53) Which of the following is NOT an example of an upload? A. Sending a photograph as an email attachment. B. Saving your favorite music videos from a music website to your hard drive. C. Sending a spreadsheet as an email attachment. D. Submitting a term paper to an instructor online. Saving music videos would be downloading, not uploading.

Difficulty: 1

20. (p. 60) Using a user name and password, the ISP will allow the user to connect or ________. A. log on B. download C. upload D. log out Using a user name and password allows the user to make a connection to the remote computer.

Difficulty: 1

21. (p. 58) ISP stands for ________. A. internet select provider B. internet service provider C. internet serial provider D. internet service pusher ISP stands for internet service provider.

Difficulty: 1

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 22. (p. 76) A search engine that allows you to search several search engines simultaneously is called a ________. A. megasearch engine. B. hypersearch engine. C. metasearch engine. D. none of these. A metasearch engine allows you to search several search engines simultaneously.

Difficulty: 1

23. (p. 90) An automatic email mailing list of people who regularly participate in discussion topics are called ________. A. attachments B. instant messaging C. listserv D. spam

Difficulty: 1

24. (p. 85, 86) If you were emailing a term paper and wanted to maintain its formatting, it would be sent as a(n) ________. A. regular email B. instant message C. listserv message D. attachment Attachments are files sent along with email. This allows for the attachments to retain formatting.

Difficulty: 2

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 25. (p. 67, 68) The .gov, .com, .net, and .edu extensions are examples of ________. A. emoticons B. FAQs C. top-level domains D. URLs The top-level domain is a three-letter extension that describes the domain type.

Difficulty: 2

26. (p. 86) Any user on a given email system can send a message and have it pop up instantly on the screen of anyone else logged onto that system using ________. A. attachments B. instant messaging C. list-serves D. spam The instant messaging service is popularly also known as

Difficulty: 3

27. (p. 91) Which of the following is NOT an example of good netiquette? A. Consult the frequently asked questions (FAQs). B. Don't SHOUT. C. Don't send large file attachments, unless requested. D. When replying, send the entire original message for reference. When replying, quote only the relevant section to save the recipient the effort of wading through lots of text to find the reference.

Difficulty: 3

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 28. (p. 91) Which of the following is NOT an example of flaming? A. a lie B. an ethnic joke C. profanity D. a sexist comment As long as the lie does not include derogatory, obscene, or inappropriate language, it is not flaming.

Difficulty: 2

29. (p. 100) In terms of privacy, email is like ________. A. a sealed letter B. an insured package C. a postcard D. a notarized document Anyone can pick up and read a postcard, and chances are any number of people can read an email.

Difficulty: 2

30. (p. 100) An uninvited email solicitation to participate in a money-making scheme is an example of ________. A. flaming B. spam C. netiquette D. list-serve Spam is unsolicited junk email.

Difficulty: 2

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 31. (p. 90) If you wish to be part of an online discussions on a favorite topic of interest, you would subscribe to a(n) ________. A. instant message service B. listserv C. spam tracking D. online group List-serves by definition provide this service.

Difficulty: 2

32. (p. 69) Connections to other documents or web pages that contain related information are called ________ links. A. web portal B. multimedia C. URL D. hypertext Hypertext links are connections to other documents or web pages that contain related information; a word or phrase in one document becomes a connection to a document in a different place.

Difficulty: 1

33. (p. 68) The set of special instructions that are used to specify document structure, formatting, and links to other multimedia documents is called ________. A. HTML B. hypertext C. multimedia D. web portal HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language.

Difficulty: 1

2-63


Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 34. (p. 66) A computer with a domain name is called a ________. A. web page B. website C. home D. web portal The website is the location of a web domain name in a computer somewhere on the internet.

Difficulty: 1

35. (p. 66) The location on a particular computer on the World Wide Web that has a unique address is called a ________. A. home page B. web page C. website D. web portal A computer with a domain name is called a website.

Difficulty: 1

36. (p. 60) A secret word or string of characters that allows you to log on to a remote computer is called a ________. A. password B. website C. URL D. UserID The documents on a website that can include text, pictures, sound, and video are called web pages.

Difficulty: 1

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 37. (p. 66) The first page seen at a website is called the ________. A. community page B. home page C. browser D. protocol The home page acts as the welcome page of the website; it identifies the website and contains links to other pages at the site.

Difficulty: 1

38. (p. 64) Software that enables users to find and access the various parts of the web is called a ________. A. home page B. website C. browser D. web page Browsers are software for connecting to websites.

Difficulty: 1

39. (p. 66) A string of characters that points to a specific piece of information on the web is called the ________. A. URL B. HTTP C. protocol D. browser URLs are web page addresses.

Difficulty: 1

2-65


Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 40. (p. 67) A set of communications rules for exchanging information is called a ________. A. web browser B. HTML C. URL D. protocol Protocols allow web browsers to communicate with web servers.

Difficulty: 1

41. (p. 67) The communications rules or protocols that allow browsers to connect with web servers is ________. A. HTTP B. HTML C. Java D. URL Most browsers assume that all web addresses begin with http://.

Difficulty: 1

42. (p. 72) Little circles located in front of various options, which can be selected with the mouse, are called ________. A. hyperlinks B. radio buttons C. text boxes D. web portals Selecting an option with the mouse places a dot in the corresponding circle.

Difficulty: 1

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 43. (p. 72) An independently controllable section of a web age is called a ________. A. hyperlink B. web site C. frame D. window A web page designer can divide a page into separate frames, each with different features or options.

Difficulty: 1

44. (p. 73) Websites that group together in one convenient location popular features such as online shopping malls, email support, community forums, current news and weather are called ________. A. home pages B. browsers C. search engines D. web portals Portals can be customized or personalized to fit your interests.

Difficulty: 1

45. (p. 75) Which of the following provides lists of several websites classified by topic? A. web portal B. subject directory C. metasearch engine D. browser A subject directory provides lists of several categories of websites classified by topic.

Difficulty: 1

2-67


Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 46. (p. 74) The subject word or words of the topic you wish to find while using a search engine is called the ________. A. directory B. URL C. keyword D. web portal The results of your keyword search will be displayed in a summary of documents containing the keyword you typed.

Difficulty: 1

47. (p. 75) Which of the following can be used to locate information on the web by asking questions or using keywords? A. search engines B. home pages C. community pages D. URLs When you use a keyword to search for a topic, you are using a piece of software known as a search engine.

Difficulty: 1

48. (p. 93) A program that adds a specific feature to a browser, allowing it to play or view certain files is a ________. A. script B. plug-in C. tag D. cookie A program that adds a specific feature to a browser, allowing it to play or view certain files is called a plug-in.

Difficulty: 1

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 49. (p. 93) Plug-ins are also called ________. A. players B. viewers C. browsers D. Both A and B A plug-in is also called a player or a viewer.

Difficulty: 1

50. (p. 93, 94) Small Java programs that can be quickly downloaded and run by most browsers are called ________. A. cookies B. applets C. active X D. hypertext Java applets enhance web pages by playing music, displaying graphics and animation, and providing interactive games.

Difficulty: 1

51. (p. 94) The rapid sequencing of still images to create the appearance of motion is called a(n) ________. A. animation B. hyperlink C. script D. applet Animation is used in online videogames as well as in moving banners displaying sports scores or stock prices.

Difficulty: 1

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 52. (p. 95) The technology in which software automatically downloads information to your computer is called ________. A. pull technology B. download C. push technology D. upload Push technology allows software to automatically download information onto a computer.

Difficulty: 1

53. (p. 95) The technology in which customized text, audio, and video are sent automatically to the user on a regular basis is called ________. A. webcasting B. broadcasting C. surfing D. streaming Webcasting is an example of push technology.

Difficulty: 1

54. (p. 88) A method whereby one can connect to a remote computer and transfer files to their own microcomputer's hard disk via TCP/IP over the internet is called ________. A. NetBEUI B. FTP C. ARAP D. SLIP FTP is used to transfer files between computers with different operating systems.

Difficulty: 1

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 55. (p. 88) Which of the following is an FTP client program? A. Cute B. Put C. Grab D. FTP net FTP client programs are special software that enables the download of FTP files.

Difficulty: 2

56. (p. 90) With ________, online participants have a typed discussion while staying online at the same time. A. real-time chat B. blogs C. telnet D. newsgroups A chat is just like a telephone conversation except that messages are typed rather than spoken.

Difficulty: 1

57. (p. 96) Web logs made by various users that are also accessible to others are called ________. A. real-time chat B. blogs C. telnet D. applets Web logs made by various users that are also accessible to others are called blogs.

Difficulty: 1

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 58. (p. 96) RSS newsreaders are also known as ________. A. attachments B. aggregators C. podcasters D. webcasts RSS newsreaders, or RSS aggregators, are programs that scour the web, sometimes hourly or more frequently, and pull together in one place web from several websites.

Difficulty: 1

59. (p. 89) To access a newsgroup, a(n) ________ program is needed. A. browser B. applet C. newsreader D. chat To access a newsgroup, a newsreader program is needed.

Difficulty: 3

60. (p. 97) Which of the following is a person-to-person auction site? A. www.acponline.org B. www.ebay.com C. www.onSale.com D. www.thirdage.com www.ebay.com is a person-to-person auction site.

Difficulty: 2

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 61. (p. 97) Trading, banking, and e-money can be classified as ________. A. online finance B. online job-hunting C. online matchmaking D. online auctioning Trading, banking, and e-money are examples of online finance.

Difficulty: 1

62. (p. 102) Forging of an email sender name so that the message appears to have originated from someone or somewhere other than the actual source is called ________. A. spoofing B. phishing C. pharming D. spyware Spoofing is the forgery of an email sender name so that the message appears to have originated from someone or somewhere other than the actual source.

Difficulty: 1

63. (p. 103) Adware is also called ________. A. cookies B. spam C. pop-up generators D. None of these Adware, or pop-up generators, is a kind of spyware that tracks web searching or online buying so that marketers can send you targeted and unsolicited pop-up and other ads.

Difficulty: 1

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 64. (p. 103) One type of spyware is ________. A. browser hijackers B. search hijackers C. key loggers D. All of these Spyware includes adware, browser hijackers, search hijackers, and key loggers.

Difficulty: 2

True / False Questions 65. (p. 52) Bandwidth is an expression of how much data can be sent through a communications channel in a given amount of time. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

66. (p. 52) The wired or wireless means of connecting to the internet is called a physical connection. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

67. (p. 52) Bps stands for bandwidth per second. FALSE

Difficulty: 1

2-74


Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 68. (p. 52) One kilobit per second is the same as 1 million bits per second. FALSE

Difficulty: 1

2-75


Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 69. (p. 53) Mps stands for megabits per second. FALSE

Difficulty: 1

70. (p. 53) The term gigabit refers to 1 billion bits per second. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

71. (p. 53) Upload is the transmission of data from a remote computer to a local computer. FALSE

Difficulty: 1

72. (p. 53) Download is the transmission of data from a local computer to a remote computer. FALSE

Difficulty: 1

73. (p. 55) Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) consists of hardware and software that allows voice, video, and data to be communicated over traditional copper-wire telephone lines. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 74. (p. 55) Digital subscriber line (DSL) uses satellite technology to transmit data in megabits per second. FALSE

Difficulty: 1

2-77


Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 75. (p. 56) A T1 line is essentially a traditional trunk line that carries 24 normal telephone circuits and has a transmission rate of 1.5 Mbps. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

76. (p. 56) A cable modem connects a personal computer to a cable-TV system that offers an internet connection. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

77. (p. 57) A communications satellite, a space station that transmits radio waves called microwaves from earth-based stations, can be used to retrieve information from the internet. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

78. (p. 52, 53) Kilobits per second are faster than megabits per second. FALSE

Difficulty: 1

79. (p. 53) The transmission of the latest pinball game off a subscriber network to a home computer is an example of an upload. FALSE

Difficulty: 2

2-78


Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 80. (p. 53) The transmission of credit information to order something online is an example of an upload. TRUE

Difficulty: 2

81. (p. 56) A cable modem is an example of a physical connection to the internet. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

82. (p. 56) Cable modem lines are shared with other cable users in a particular area and can be slower during peak use periods. TRUE

Difficulty: 2

83. (p. 56) You can have a cable modem connection even if there is no cable television available in your area. FALSE

Difficulty: 3

84. (p. 55) The primary advantage of DSL is that it is always on and its transmission rate is consistent. TRUE

Difficulty: 3

2-79


Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 85. (p. 56) The primary advantage of a T1 line is its affordability. FALSE

Difficulty: 1

2-80


Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 86. (p. 56) A DSL line can be installed anywhere as long as the user has a telephone line. FALSE

Difficulty: 3

87. (p. 58) ISP stands for internet service provider. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

88. (p. 58) An internet service provider (ISP) provides users with access to the internet. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

89. (p. 60) To log on or make connection to a remote computer, first enter the password and then the user name or user ID. FALSE

Difficulty: 2

90. (p. 67) A domain is simply a location on the internet. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

91. (p. 86) With instant messaging, any user on a given email system can send a message and have it pop up instantly on the screen of anyone else logged onto that system. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key

2-82


Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 92. (p. 90) A listserv is an automatic mailing list server that sends email to subscribers who regularly participate in discussion topics. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

93. (p. 91) Guides to appropriate online behavior are called netiquette. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

94. (p. 91) Most online groups post frequently asked questions (FAQs) that explain expected norms of online behavior for a particular group. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

95. (p. 100) Spamming is writing an online message that uses derogatory, obscene, or inappropriate language. FALSE

Difficulty: 1

96. (p. 91) Use of all-capital letters on the internet is considered appropriate online behavior. FALSE

Difficulty: 1

2-83


Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 97. (p. 91) Emoticons are keyboard-produced pictorial representations of expressions. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

2-84


Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 98. (p. 91) Flaming refers to unsolicited email in the form of advertising or chain letters. FALSE

Difficulty: 1

99. (p. 83) Some commonly used top-level domains are .net, .com, .gov, and .edu. TRUE

Difficulty: 2

100. (p. 86) Many viruses ride along with email attachments. TRUE

Difficulty: 3

101. (p. 86) Instant messaging can be used to post advertisements on computer screens. FALSE

Difficulty: 2

102. (p. 83) It is important to type email addresses exactly as they appear. TRUE

Difficulty: 2

103. (p. 85) Emails can be organized with instant organizers called routers to sort emails based on certain criteria, such as the sender's name or the mailing list. FALSE

Difficulty: 2

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key

2-86


Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 104. (p. 66) URL is the website's unique address. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

105. (p. 68) HTML is the set of special instructions that are used to specify document structure, formatting, and links to other documents. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

106. (p. 66) A website is the location of a web domain name in a computer somewhere on the internet. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

107. (p. 64) A browser is a document on the World Wide Web that can include text, pictures, sound, and video. FALSE

Difficulty: 1

108. (p. 66) The first page seen at a website is called the community page. FALSE

Difficulty: 1

2-87


Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 109. (p. 73) A portal is software that enables users to view web pages and to jump from one page to another. FALSE

Difficulty: 1

2-88


Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 110. (p. 66) A URL is a string of characters that points to a specific piece of information on the web. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

111. (p. 67) HyperText Transfer Protocol or HTTP refers to the communications rules that allow browsers to connect with web servers. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

112. (p. 72) Radio buttons are little circles located in front of various options, selecting an option with the mouse places a dot in the corresponding circle. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

113. (p. 72) Scroll arrows, small up/down and left/right arrows, can be used to move the screen to see the rest of the web page. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

114. (p. 72) A frame is an independently controllable section of a web page. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

2-89


Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 115. (p. 75) Search engines are websites that group together in one convenient location popular features such as search tools, email, electronic commerce, and discussion groups. FALSE

Difficulty: 1

116. (p. 75) A subject directory allows you to search for information by selecting lists of categories or topics. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

117. (p. 75) Search engines are programs that enable you to ask questions or use keywords to help locate information on the web. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

118. (p. 73) A web portal is a program that adds a specific feature to a browser, allowing it to play or view certain files. FALSE

Difficulty: 1

119. (p. 76) A metasearch engine allows you to search for information by typing one or more keywords, and the search engine then displays a list of web pages, or "hits," that contain those key words. FALSE

Difficulty: 1

2-90


Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 120. (p. 93) Plug-ins are also called players and viewers. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

121. (p. 96) RSS newsreaders and RSS aggregators are the same thing. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

122. (p. 93, 94) Applets are small programs that can be quickly downloaded and run by most browsers. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

123. (p. 100) Spam consists of little text files left on your hard disk by some websites you visit. FALSE

Difficulty: 1

124. (p. 94) Applets are written in Java, a complex programming language that enables programmers to create animated and interactive web pages. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

2-91


Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 125. (p. 94) Streaming video is the rapid sequencing of still images to create the appearance of motion, such as in a cartoon. FALSE

Difficulty: 1

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 126. (p. 102) In pharming, thieves implant malicious software on a victim's computer that redirects the user to an impostor web page even when the individual types the correct address into his or her browser. TRUE

Difficulty: 2

127. (p. 94) Streaming video is the process of transferring data in a continuous flow so a file can be viewed before the end of the file is sent. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

128. (p. 95) Streaming audio allows you to listen to a file while the data is still being downloaded to your computer. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

129. (p. 95) Pull technology automatically downloads information to your computer. FALSE

Difficulty: 1

130. (p. 95) Webcasting sends customized text, video, and audio automatically on a regular basis. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 131. (p. 92) Internet telephony is the method of using the internet to make a phone call, either one-to-one or for audio conferencing. TRUE

Difficulty: 1

Fill in the Blank Questions 132. (p. 52) The type of data transmission that allows only one signal at a time is called ____________________________ transmission. baseband

Difficulty: 2

133. (p. 52) When several signals can be transmitted at once, it is called ____________________________ transmission. broadband

Difficulty: 2

134. (p. 52) The wired or wireless means of connecting to the internet is called a(n) ____________________________ connection. physical

Difficulty: 2

135. (p. 53) A device that sends and receives data over telephone lines to and from computers is called a(n) ____________________________. modem

Difficulty: 1

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 136. (p. 56) The device that connects a personal computer to a cable-TV system that offers an internet connection is called a(n) ____________________________. cable modem

Difficulty: 1

137. (p. 57) A space station that transmits radio waves from earth-based stations is called a ____________________________. communications satellite

Difficulty: 1

138. (p. 57) The radio waves transmitted from a communications satellite are called ____________________________. microwaves

Difficulty: 1

139. (p. 52) Data is transmitted in characters or collections of ____________________________. bits

Difficulty: 2

140. (p. 52) The minimum speed needed for visiting websites with graphics is ____________________________. 28,800 bps

Difficulty: 2

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 141. (p. 52) The speed of a modem that is 28,800 bps can be expressed as ____________________________ Kbps. 28.8

Difficulty: 2

142. (p. 53) One Gbps is approximately 1 ____________________________ bits per second. billion

Difficulty: 2

143. (p. 53) Downloading is the transmission of data from a(n) ____________________________ computer to a ____________________________ computer. remote; local

Difficulty: 2

144. (p. 53) Transmitting data from a local PC to a website being constructed by a user can be termed as a(n) ____________________________. upload

Difficulty: 2

145. (p. 53) A modem that uses telephone lines to transmit data generally uses a(n) ____________________________ connection. dial-up

Difficulty: 2

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 146. (p. 57) Communications satellites transmit data at a rate of 512–1500 ____________________________. Kbps

Difficulty: 2

147. (p. 61) The internet service provider's (ISP's) local access point for a particular area is its ____________________________. POP; point of presence

Difficulty: 1

148. (p. 62) The internet's high-speed, high-capacity communication lines are the ____________________________. backbone

Difficulty: 1

149. (p. 61) A collection of modems and other equipment in a local area is called a ____________________________. POP; point-of-presence

Difficulty: 1

150. (p. 62) When two modems connect to each other at a single ISP location, the process is called ____________________________. handshaking

Difficulty: 2

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 151. (p. 63) Every computer on the internet has a(n) ____________________________ address. IP; Internet Protocol

Difficulty: 1

152. (p. 62) A set of rules that computers must follow to transmit data electronically is called ____________________________. protocol

Difficulty: 1

153. (p. 62) The protocol that enables all computers to use data transmitted on the internet is called ____________________________. TCP/IP; Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol

Difficulty: 1

154. (p. 62) To send data over the internet, TCP/IP breaks data into smaller blocks called ____________________________. packets

Difficulty: 1

155. (p. 63) The group established to regulate internet domain names is ____________________________. ICANN; Internet Corporation for Assigned Names & Numbers

Difficulty: 1

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 156. (p. 64) The ____________________________ database returns the name and address of any domain name entered. Whosis

Difficulty: 3

157. (p. 63) The ____________________________.is the organizational home for groups responsible for internet infrastructure standards. ISOC; Internet Society

Difficulty: 3

158. (p. 61) To avoid making their customers pay long-distance phone charges to connect, ISPs provide each customer with a ____________________________ . point of presence

Difficulty: 3

159. (p. 62) Internet ____________________________ form the equivalent of an interstate highway system. backbones

Difficulty: 2

160. (p. 63) An IP address consists of four sets of numbers between ____________________________ and ____________________________. 0; 255

Difficulty: 3

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 161. (p. 63) An IP address consists of four sets of numbers separated by ____________________________. decimals

Difficulty: 2

162. (p. 63) Each time a user connects to an ISP, the ISP will assign the computer a new IP address for that session called a ____________________________ address. dynamic IP

Difficulty: 3

163. (p. 61) ISPs that don't run their own backbones connect to an internet backbone through a ____________________________. NAP; network access point

Difficulty: 2

164. (p. 61) Network access points (NAPs) are owned by a ____________________________, a large communications company. NSP' network service provider

Difficulty: 2

165. (p. 62) To facilitate more efficient routing of data back and forth in the internet, by providing more backbone access locations, ____________________________ were introduced. PNAPs; Private/Peer NAPs; miniNAPs

Difficulty: 2

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 166. (p. 62) The ____________________________ part in TCP/IP is used to send data packets across the internet to their final destination. IP; Internet Protocol

Difficulty: 3

167. (p. 62, 63) In TCP/IP, the ____________________________ part is used to reassemble the packets in the correct order. TCP

Difficulty: 3

168. (p. 81) Incoming mail is usually stored on an ISP's server called a ____________________________. mail server

Difficulty: 1

169. (p. 81) Outgoing mail is sent to a ____________________________ server. SMTP; Simple Mail Transfer Protocol

Difficulty: 2

170. (p. 67) A location on the internet is called a ____________________________. domain

Difficulty: 1

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 171. (p. 83) In an email address, the first section, called the ____________________________ identifies who is at the address. user name; user ID

Difficulty: 1

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 172. (p. 83) The second section of an email address, located after the "@" symbol, which tells the location and type of address, is called the ____________________________. domain name

Difficulty: 1

173. (p. 83) The user name and domain name in an email address are linked by the ____________________________ character. @; at; at the rate

Difficulty: 1

174. (p. 86) With ____________________________, any user on a given mail system can send a message and have it pop up instantly on anyone's screen who is logged on to the system. IM; instant messaging

Difficulty: 1

175. (p. 90) An automatic mailing list server that sends email to subscribers who regularly participate in discussion topics is called ____________________________. listserv

Difficulty: 1

176. (p. 91) Appropriate online behavior can also be called ____________________________. netiquette

Difficulty: 1

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 177. (p. 91) Writing online messages that uses derogatory, obscene, or inappropriate language is called ____________________________. flaming

Difficulty: 1

178. (p. 91) Keyboard-produced pictorial representations of expressions are called ____________________________. emoticons

Difficulty: 1

179. (p. 85) Instant organizers that sort mail on the basis of the name of the sender, and put particular emails into one folder, are called ____________________________. filters

Difficulty: 2

180. (p. 100) Unsolicited email, or junk mail, is called ____________________________. spam

Difficulty: 1

181. (p. 67) The domain abbreviation for a military organization website is ____________________________. .mil

Difficulty: 2

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 182. (p. 67) The domain abbreviation for an educational or research institution website is ____________________________. .edu

Difficulty: 1

183. (p. 67) An internet network resources website would typically have a domain abbreviation like ____________________________. .net

Difficulty: 1

184. (p. 67) A .gov domain abbreviation would indicate that the website is a ____________________________ site. government; government agency; government bureau

Difficulty: 1

185. (p. 86) Viruses can ride along with emails as ____________________________ files. attached; attachment

Difficulty: 2

186. (p. 102) ____________________________ is the forgery of an email name so that the message appears to have originated from someone or somewhere other than the actual source. Spoofing

Difficulty: 1

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 187. (p. 91) Use of all-capital letters on the internet is akin to ____________________________. shouting

Difficulty: 1

188. (p. 103) ____________________________ are a form of online advertising in which, when you visit certain websites, a new window opens to display advertisement. Pop-up ads

Difficulty: 1

189. (p. 64) Information available on the internet can be accessed using software called a(n) ____________________________. browser

Difficulty: 1

190. (p. 68) Documents scattered across many internet sites are directly linked with ____________________________. hyperlinks; hypertext links

Difficulty: 2

191. (p. 68) Sets of instructions that are used in HTML to specify document structure and formatting are called ____________________________. tags; markups

Difficulty: 2

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 192. (p. 66) A computer with a domain name is called a ____________________________. site; website

Difficulty: 3

193. (p. 66) The welcome page that identifies the website and contains links to other pages at the site is called a ____________________________. home page

Difficulty: 1

194. (p. 66) A string of characters that points to a specific piece of information anywhere on the web is called a ____________________________. URL; Uniform Resource Locator

Difficulty: 1

195. (p. 72) Little circles located in front of various options are called ____________________________. radio buttons

Difficulty: 1

196. (p. 102) Little text files left on the hard disk by some websites visited by the user are called ____________________________. cookies

Difficulty: 1

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 197. (p. 72) An independently controllable section of a web page is called a ____________________________. frame

Difficulty: 1

198. (p. 74) The subject word or words of the topic one wishes to search for on the web is called a ____________________________. keyword

Difficulty: 1

199. (p. 75) The software used to search for a topic with the help of a keyword provided by the user is called a ____________________________. search engine

Difficulty: 1

200. (p. 93, 94) Small Java programs that can be quickly downloaded and run by most browsers are called ____________________________. applets

Difficulty: 1

201. (p. 94) Applets are written in a programming language called ____________________________. Java

Difficulty: 1

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 202. (p. 94) The rapid sequencing of still images to create the appearance of motion is called ____________________________. animation

Difficulty: 1

203. (p. 94) The process of transferring data in a continuous flow such that the file can be viewed even before the end of the file is sent is called ____________________________. streaming video

Difficulty: 1

204. (p. 95) The technology that causes software to automatically download information to a computer is called ____________________________. push technology

Difficulty: 1

205. (p. 95) Webcasting companies are also called ____________________________. subscription services

Difficulty: 2

206. (p. 92) Using the net to make phone calls, either one to one or for audioconferencing, is called ____________________________. internet telephony

Difficulty: 1

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 207. (p. 88) FTP files can be downloaded using either a web browser or a special ____________________________ program. FTP client

Difficulty: 3

208. (p. 89) A worldwide public network of servers that can be accessed through the internet is called ____________________________. Usenet

Difficulty: 1

209. (p. 89) A program included with most browsers that allows access to newsgroups is called a ____________________________. newsreader

Difficulty: 1

210. (p. 104) ____________________________ can record each character you type and transmit their information to someone else on the internet, making it possible for strangers to learn your passwords and other information. Key loggers

Difficulty: 1

211. (p. 90) Participants have a typed "chat" while online at the same time, using ____________________________. RTC; real-time chat

Difficulty: 1

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 212. (p. 96) Blogs are short for ____________________________. web logs

Difficulty: 1

213. (p. 97) Conducting business activities online is called ____________________________. electronic commerce; e-commerce

Difficulty: 1

214. (p. 97) Goods, such as music, that can be downloaded directly from the retailer's site are called ____________________________. soft goods

Difficulty: 2

215. (p. 97) Goods that can be viewed and priced online, but are then shipped to buyers by mail or any other physical mode, are called ____________________________. hard goods

Difficulty: 2

216. (p. 97) The electronic sales or exchange of goods and services directly between companies, cutting out intermediaries is called ____________________________ commerce. B2B; business-to-business

Difficulty: 1

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 217. (p. 103) ____________________________ intercept your legitimate search requests made to real search engines and return results from phony search services designed to send you to sites they run. Search hijackers

Difficulty: 2

Essay Questions 218. (p. 52) What is the difference between baseband transmission and broadband transmission? Baseband transmission allows data transmission at only one signal at a time, whereas in broadband transmission, several signals can be transmitted at once.

Difficulty: 1

219. (p. 56) What is a T1 line? A T1 line is a trunk line that carries 24 normal telephone circuits and has a transmission rate of 1.5 Mbps. They are generally leased by corporate, government, and academic sites.

Difficulty: 1

220. (p. 53) What is the difference between download and upload? Download is the transmission of data from a remote computer to a local computer, as from a website to the PC. Upload is the transmission of data from a local computer to a remote computer, as from the local PC to a website that is, say, being constructed.

Difficulty: 1

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 221. (p. 54) State the principal disadvantage of using a telephone modem to connect to the internet? One disadvantage of a telephone modem is that while a user is online, the user won't use that phone line to make voice calls unless special equipment is installed. In addition, people who try to call the user while the modem is being used will get a busy signal.

Difficulty: 2

222. (p. 55, 56) State the advantages and disadvantages of using a digital subscriber line (DSL) service. An advantage of using DSL is that it is always on and, unlike cable, its transmission rate is relatively consistent. Also, one can talk on the phone and send data at the same time. The disadvantage is that one has to live within 3.3 miles of a phone company central switching office, because the access speed and reliability degrade with distance.

Difficulty: 2

223. (p. 50) What are the three things needed to gain access to the internet? To access the internet, the user would need three things: a. An access device, such as a personal computer with a modem b. A physical connection, such as a telephone line c. An internet access provider

Difficulty: 2

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 224. (p. 52) List some means of internet connection? Some of the principal means of internet connection are: a. telephone (dialup) modem b. high-speed phone lines–ISDN, DSL, and T1 c. cable modem d. wireless–satellite

Difficulty: 3

225. (p. 58) What is an internet service provider (ISP)? An internet service provider (ISP) is a local, regional, or national organization that provides access to the internet.

Difficulty: 1

226. (p. 61) Briefly describe a point-of-presence or POP. A point-of-presence (POP) is a collection of modems and other equipment in a local area. The user, when subscribing to an ISP, is given local telephone numbers for the ISP's POP. So, when the user connects to the ISP, the POP acts as a local gateway to the ISP's network.

Difficulty: 3

227. (p. 63) What is an IP address? An IP address uniquely identifies every computer and device connected to the internet.

Difficulty: 3

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 228. (p. 62) What is Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)? The protocol that enables all computers to use data transmitted on the internet is called Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol, or TCP/IP.

Difficulty: 2

229. (p. 63, 64) What is the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)? The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is a global, privatesector, nonprofit corporation that was established to regulate human-friendly internet domain names–those addresses ending with .com, .org, .net, and so on, that overlie IP addresses and identify the website type.

Difficulty: 2

230. (p. 75) What's the difference between a keyword index type of search engine and a subject directory type of search engine? A keyword index allows you to search for information by typing one or more keywords, and the search engine then displays a list of web pages, or "hits," that contain those key words. A subject directory allows you to search for information by selecting lists of categories or topics, such as "Business and Commerce" or "Art and Humanities."

Difficulty: 2

231. (p. 88) List the drawbacks of instant messaging (IM). Some of the drawbacks of IM are as follows: a. Lack of privacy b. Lack of common standards c. Wastage of time when there is work to be done

Difficulty: 2

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 232. (p. 96) Describe what an RSS newsreader is. An RSS newsreader is a program that scours the web, sometimes hourly or more frequently, and pulls together in one place web "feeds" from several websites.

Difficulty: 2

233. (p. 90) How can a user subscribe to a listserv? To subscribe to a listserv, the user must send an email to the list-server moderator and ask to become a member. After this is done, the user will automatically receive email messages from anyone who responds to the server.

Difficulty: 3

234. (p. 91, 92) List some rules of netiquette? Some rules of netiquette are as follows: a. Consult Frequently Asked Questions or FAQs. b. Avoid flaming. c. Avoid use of all-capital letters unless they are required for emphasis. d. Be careful with jokes. e. Avoid sloppiness, but avoid criticizing others' sloppiness. f. Don't send huge file attachments, unless requested. g. When replying, quote only the relevant portion. h. Don't "overforward" or automatically forward emails to other people without checking if the contents are true and appropriate.

Difficulty: 3

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Chapter 002 THE INTERNET & THE WORLD WIDE WEB Exploring Cyberspace Key 235. (p. 73) What is a web portal? A web portal is a type of gateway website that offers a broad array of resources and services, online shopping malls, email support, current news and weather, stock quotes, travel information, and links to other popular subject categories.

Difficulty: 1

236. (p. 75, 76) What are the four types of web search tools available? The four types of web search tools are: a. Keyword indexes b. Subject directories c. Metasearch engines d. Specialized search engines

Difficulty: 2

237. (p. 102) How would you distinguish spoofing, phishing, and pharming? Spoofing is the forgery of an email sender name so that the message appears to have originated from someone or somewhere other than the actual source. Phishing is (1) the sending of a forged email that (2) directs recipients to a replica of an existing web page, both of which pretend to belong to a legitimate company. The purpose of the fraudulent sender is to "phish" for, or entice, people to share, their personal, financial, or password data. In pharming, thieves implant malicious software on a victim's computer that redirects the user to an impostor web page even when the individual types the correct address into his or her browser.

Difficulty: 3

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Test bank using information technology 8th edition williams