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Chapter 2: The Helping Relationship and the Values That Drive It 1.
Norcross wrote “Remember: The (helping) relationship is far broader and inclusive than the (working) alliance itself.” What is the working alliance and what are its key components? What are the guiding principles for the working alliance? Differentiate the working alliance from the helping relationship and explain the implications of Norcross’s comment for counseling.
Identify and discuss the three principles Egan suggests for getting therapy off to a good start. What is the importance of each principle and what are the potential consequences of failing to establish each?
Discuss how the helping relationship can become a forum for relearning and why flexibility is important in the helping relationship. How are relearning and flexibility related to counseling outcomes? What are the “shadow side” realities in the helping relationship?
What values are inherent in the helping process? Why does Egan refer to them as “tools of the trade?” Define the roles of empathy, culture, multiculturalism, and diversity in the helping relationship. Discuss their key characteristics and identify how a counselor can actively develop each and how they are related to therapeutic outcomes.
What is the role of self-responsibility in counseling? How can counselors help clients build a sense of responsibility and what pitfalls can arise in helping clients gain a sense of self-empowerment? What are Egan’s norms for self-responsibility and empowerment? How are conscientiousness and self-control related to self-responsibility? What is the role of action and why is it critical?