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Chapter 2 – Browsing the Web MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. The primary page at a Web site is called its ____. a. home site c. start page b. home page d. none of the above ANS: B

PTS: 1

REF: 38

2. Web pages that list common questions and provide answers to the questions are called ____ pages. a. SCM c. FAQ b. RPQ d. Q&A ANS: C

PTS: 1

REF: 39

3. A doorway to a wide range of Web-based content and services is called a ____. a. portal c. site b. host d. link ANS: A

PTS: 1

REF: 39

4. An example of a portal that provides a narrow range of information targeted to a specific audience is ____. a. Yahoo! c. Lycos b. Golf.com d. MSN ANS: B

PTS: 1

REF: 39

5. The Web site for an e-business includes a home page with links to ____. a. contact information c. the organization's history b. employment opportunities d. all of the above ANS: D

PTS: 1

REF: 39

6. An example of a portal that provides a wide range of topics is ____. a. Yahoo! c. MSN b. AOL d. all of the above ANS: D

PTS: 1

REF: 39

7. A Web user can usually find ____ at a general-interest portal site. a. news reports c. sports scores b. weather reports d. all of the above ANS: D

PTS: 1

REF: 39


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8. The characteristics of a commercial Web page include ____ as illustrated in the accompanying figure. a. a company logo and name c. a copyright statement b. links to related pages d. all of the above ANS: D

PTS: 1

REF: 40

9. Many commercial Web sites provide a ____ visitors can use to find specific information at the site. a. logo c. search tool b. privacy statement d. copyright statement ANS: C

PTS: 1

REF: 40

10. A ____ is a computer application that makes requests to use the resources on another computer. a. server c. host b. client d. Web ANS: B

PTS: 1

REF: 41

11. A ____ is a computer that provides services upon request from another computer. a. server c. client b. host d. Web ANS: A

PTS: 1

REF: 41

12. A number that contains four numeric groups separated by periods is the computer’s ____. a. domain address c. Web address


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b. client address ANS: D

d. none of the above PTS: 1

REF: 41

13. A unique number that identifies each computer on the Internet is its ____. a. IRC address c. IP address b. Host address d. IM address ANS: C

PTS: 1

14. A ____ seldom changes. a. dynamic IP address b. static IP address ANS: B

PTS: 1

REF: 41

c. permanent IP address d. none of the above REF: 41

15. A domain name is a text alias for one or more ____. a. browser windows c. page tabs b. IP addresses d. none of the above ANS: B

PTS: 1

REF: 42

16. Which of the following domain names entered from the browser’s Address box will load the Shelly Cashman Series Student Resources Web Site home page? a. scsite.com c. SCSITE.COM b. SCsite.com d. all of the above ANS: D

PTS: 1

REF: 44

17. To request an updated copy of the current Web page from the Web server, click the ____ button. a. Stop c. Quick Tabs b. Refresh d. Recent Pages ANS: B

PTS: 1

REF: 44

18. The ____ in the browser window contains the Web page requested from a Web server. a. display area c. Favorites Center b. Address bar d. none of the above ANS: A

PTS: 1

REF: 44

19. You can click the ____ button on the Command bar to subscribe to frequently changing Web-based content. a. New Tab c. Add Web Slices or Feeds b. Read Mail d. Page ANS: C

PTS: 1

REF: 45

20. A user can change the browser’s home page settings with a button on the ____ bar. a. Information c. Address b. status d. Command ANS: D

PTS: 1

REF: 45


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21. ____ sites to the taskbar enables you to create an icon on the taskbar that you can click to open a site in Internet Explorer. a. Linking c. Pinning b. Downloading d. Tabbing ANS: C

PTS: 1

REF: 46

22. The browser feature, which can be customized by adding shortcuts, is the ____ bar. a. menu c. status b. Favorites d. none of the above ANS: B

PTS: 1

REF: 46

23. Clicking the ____ button returns to the page you viewed immediately before the current page. a. Tools c. Refresh b. Back d. Research ANS: B

PTS: 1

REF: 54

24. You can press the ____ key(s) after you type a URL to open a Web page in a new tab. a. CTRL c. ALT+ENTER b. CTRL+SHIFT d. CTRL+ENTER ANS: C

PTS: 1

REF: 56

25. You can press the ____ keys(s) to open a linked Web page in a new tab. a. CTRL c. ALT+ENTER b. CTRL+ESC d. CTRL+ENTER ANS: A

PTS: 1

REF: 56

26. To import or export your favorites, you use the Import/Export Settings ____. a. Tool c. Wizard b. Program d. Button ANS: C

PTS: 1

REF: 68

27. The ____ list contains a list of links for Web sites and pages visited in the past few weeks. a. Instant Search box c. Recent Pages b. Address d. History ANS: D

PTS: 1

REF: 68

28. The ____ feature allows you to quickly preview frequently updated Web page content, such as weather reports or sports scores. a. RSS Feeds c. Accelerators b. Web Slices d. Search box ANS: B

PTS: 1

REF: 71

29. ____ are add-ons to Internet Explorer that allow you to access Web content or take some action based on selected Web page text.


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a. RSS Feeds b. Favorites ANS: D

c. Suggested Sites d. Accelerators PTS: 1

REF: 71

30. You can subscribe to ____ to keep up with news headlines and other dynamic Web content. a. Accelerators c. Tabbed favorites b. Suggested Sites d. RSS Feeds ANS: D

PTS: 1

REF: 73

31. When an RSS feed is found at a Web site, the ____ button on the Command bar becomes active. a. RSS c. Wizard b. Feeds d. Dynamic Content ANS: B

PTS: 1

REF: 73

32. The Address bar drop-down list organizes its suggestions by all the following EXCEPT ____. a. AutoComplete suggestions c. Favorites b. Dates d. History ANS: B

PTS: 1

REF: 78

33. When the ____ feature is turned on, information about Web sites you visit is captured and stored by an online service hosted by Microsoft. a. Suggested Sites c. Tabbed Pages b. Add Pages to Favorites d. Bookmarks ANS: A

PTS: 1

REF: 79

34. To send a Web page or link to someone using e-mail, you can click the Send page by e-mail or Send link by e-mail commands on the ____ button’s drop-down menu. a. Tools c. Page b. Home d. Feeds ANS: C

PTS: 1

REF: 84

35. You can toggle on or off the menu bar by pressing the ____ key. a. CTRL c. ALT b. TAB d. SHIFT ANS: C

PTS: 1

REF: 85

36. A ____ on a home computer connected to the Internet might be set to block certain outgoing communications from a specific software application or operating system utility. a. firewall c. client b. host d. server ANS: A

PTS: 1

REF: 92

37. A ____ is a small, potentially damaging computer program that can infect a computer without its user’s knowledge. a. client c. virus b. server d. host


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ANS: C

PTS: 1

REF: 92

38. ____ are used to control Web sites that can track your content on the Internet. a. SSLs c. XMLs b. TTPs d. TPLs ANS: D

PTS: 1

REF: 94

39. A ____ site is a Web site designed to look like a legitimate Web site used by online scammers to collect personally identifiable information, bank account numbers, and credit card numbers. a. pop-up c. privacy b. malicious d. shopping ANS: B

PTS: 1

REF: 96

40. Information ____ refers to the right of individuals and companies to deny or restrict the collection and use of personal information. a. privacy c. security b. protection d. guarding ANS: A

PTS: 1

REF: 96

TRUE/FALSE 1. Getting an accurate and up-to-date count of Web sites and Web pages is easy because the Web is a dynamic environment. ANS: F

PTS: 1

REF: 38

2. Each Web site has only one page, the home page. ANS: F

PTS: 1

REF: 38

3. A single Web server can host multiple Web sites. ANS: T

PTS: 1

REF: 41

4. All the pages at a Web site must be stored on the same Web server. ANS: F

PTS: 1

REF: 41

5. A dynamic IP address is one that is valid only for the duration of the current connection. ANS: T

PTS: 1

REF: 41

6. The number 62.32.133.79 is an example of a ccTLD. ANS: F

PTS: 1

REF: 41


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7. The naming and numbering functions of the Domain Name System (DNS) are overseen by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC). ANS: F

PTS: 1

REF: 42-43

8. Top-level domains are grouped by type of organization or sponsoring group. ANS: T

PTS: 1

REF: 43

9. The TLD associated with educational institutions is .org. ANS: F

PTS: 1

REF: 43

10. Each Web page has a unique Web address called a URL. ANS: T

PTS: 1

REF: 43

11. A URL consists of a protocol, domain name, and sometimes a path and file name. ANS: T

PTS: 1

REF: 43

12. A Web browser is a software program used to access and view Web pages. ANS: T

PTS: 1

REF: 44

13. The browser’s home page or pages only load when the Home button on the Command bar is clicked. ANS: F

PTS: 1

REF: 44

14. The ActiveX bar provides information at the bottom of the screen, such as download status, enabling you to continue browsing. ANS: F

PTS: 1

REF: 46

15. A Web page with numerous graphics might take longer to load than a Web page with few or no graphics. ANS: T

PTS: 1

REF: 46

16. Internet Explorer remembers URLs you have previously typed and also provides Web page suggestions based on the URL you are currently typing. ANS: T

PTS: 1

REF: 48

17. Web advertisements can appear in pop-up windows in front of the Web page currently displayed or in pop-under windows that appear behind the browser window. ANS: T

PTS: 1

REF: 50


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18. You can manage your favorites with options in the Favorites Properties dialog box. ANS: F

PTS: 1

REF: 67

19. The Favorites bar is a customizable toolbar that offers a one-click method to add a favorite link to frequently visited Web pages. ANS: T

PTS: 1

REF: 68

20. When you create a Web Slice, you are subscribing to an automatic feed of information from a Web site. ANS: T

PTS: 1

REF: 71

21. Clicking the Accelerator button displays a menu of available RSS Feeds. ANS: F

PTS: 1

REF: 72

22. The Suggested Sites feature allows Internet Explorer to use your Web browsing habits to present suggestions for additional browsing. ANS: T

PTS: 1

REF: 79

23. The only entities tracking your online activities are government agencies. ANS: F

PTS: 1

REF: 96

24. A muffin is a small text file stored on a computer's hard drive that can contain data, such as a username, password, shipping address, or viewing preferences. ANS: F

PTS: 1

REF: 98

25. InPrivate Browsing allows you to protect your personally identifiable information from being gathered at Web sites while you browse. ANS: F

PTS: 1

REF: 100

COMPLETION 1. The Web consists of millions of Web sites and ____________________ of Web pages. ANS: billions PTS: 1

REF: 38


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2. A Web page that is designed to be an all-encompassing starting point when a user first begins browsing the Web is a(n) ____________________. ANS: portal Web portal PTS: 1

REF: 39

3. Browsing the Web is an example of ____________________ computing in which an application on one computer requests services from another computer. ANS: client-server client/server PTS: 1

REF: 41

4. A(n) ____________________ is a text alias for one or more IP addresses. ANS: domain name PTS: 1

REF: 42

5. ICANN operates under the auspices of the U.S. Department of _____________________. ANS: Commerce PTS: 1

REF: 43

6. In the Domain Name System, each nation of the world has its own ____________________, such as .us for the United States or .uk for the United Kingdom. ANS: ccTLD country-code top-level domain (ccTLD) ccTLD (country-code top-level domain) country-code top-level domain PTS: 1

REF: 43

7. A(n) ____________________ is another name for a Uniform Resource Locator (URL). ANS: Web address PTS: 1

REF: 43

8. The ____________________ button is used to halt the download of a requested Web page. ANS: Stop


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PTS: 1

REF: 44

9. Many Web sites include a keyword ____________________ feature to allow you to find a specific Web page within a Web site. ANS: search PTS: 1

REF: 49

10. ____________________ browsing allows you to open multiple Web pages in a single browser window. ANS: Tabbed PTS: 1

REF: 56

11. A(n) ____________________ is software that has features you can use to subscribe to and read syndicated Web site content, including blogs. ANS: RSS reader news aggregator PTS: 1

REF: 73

12. RSS is a(n) ____________________ technology that syndicates news headlines, links to Web site content, and blog postings to subscribers. ANS: XML Extensible Markup Language Extensible Markup Language (XML) XML (Extensible Markup Language) PTS: 1

REF: 73

13. You can view your RSS feeds by clicking the ____________________ tab in the Favorites Center to display the list of RSS feeds to which you subscribe. ANS: Feeds PTS: 1

REF: 76

14. A(n) ____________________ connection uses https:// rather than http:// as its connection protocol. ANS: secure PTS: 1

REF: 94


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15. You can enlarge or reduce the view of the current Web page by clicking the Change zoom level button on the ____________________. ANS: status bar PTS: 1

REF: 90

16. A(n) ____________________ is an individual that uses his or her computer skills to gain unauthorized access to a networked computer. ANS: hacker cracker black hat hacker PTS: 1

REF: 91

17. A(n) ____________________ protects a computer or a network from unauthorized access by hackers. ANS: firewall PTS: 1

REF: 92

18. An Internet or Web Content ____________________ is hardware and/or software that controls the display of Web content based on user settings. ANS: filter PTS: 1

REF: 95

19. ____________________ is a general term for any technology that accesses a computer to gather information without the computer owner’s knowledge or permission. ANS: Spyware PTS: 1

REF: 99

20. ____________________ is an Internet Explorer feature that checks Web sites for suspicious thirdparty content and allows you to block that content. ANS: InPrivate Filtering PTS: 1

REF: 100

MODIFIED TRUE/FALSE 1. The number of pages at a Web browser can vary, based on the site’s purpose and the type of content and services provided. _________________________ ANS: F, site


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PTS: 1

REF: 38

2. Connectivity links or icons enable a user to use social networking sites to share content or access information about the company organization. _________________________ ANS: T

PTS: 1

REF: 40

3. The number 69.32.133.79 is an example of a(n) domain name. _________________________ ANS: F, IP address PTS: 1

REF: 41

4. The display bar appears whenever a Web page is too long or wide to fit in the display area. _________________________ ANS: F, scroll bar PTS: 1

REF: 45

5. The Safety button on the Command bar allows you to set privacy and security preferences. _________________________ ANS: T

PTS: 1

REF: 45

MULTIPLE RESPONSE Modified Multiple Choice 1. Which of the following browser tools can be used to revisit recently viewed Web pages? a. Recent Views button c. Back button b. Search Options button d. Forward button ANS: C, D

PTS: 1

REF: 54

2. Which of the following are file type options for saving a Web page? a. Webpage to Word document (*.wtml) c. Web Archive, single file (*.mht) b. Webpage, complete (*.htm, *.html) d. Page File (*.ppg) ANS: B, C

PTS: 1

REF: 82

3. You can display the browser’s menu bar by ____ a. clicking the Tools button on the Command bar, pointing to Toolbars, and clicking menu bar b. by pressing the ALT key c. by pressing the CTRL key d. by clicking the Home button on the Command bar and clicking Menu bar on the resulting menu ANS: A, B

PTS: 1

REF: 85


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4. You can set options in the browser’s Internet Options dialog box to ____. a. change the browser’s overall appearance c. delete cookies b. change how Web page tabs are displayed d. manage browsing history ANS: A, B, C, D

PTS: 1

REF: 91

5. Which of the following is information gathered by Web bugs? a. a computer's IP address b. the Web address of the Web page from which the user came c. the type of browser used to retrieve the bug d. the time and date the Web page was viewed ANS: A, B, C, D

PTS: 1

REF: 99

MATCHING Identify the letter of the choice that best matches the phrase or concept. a. .biz f. .aero b. .jobs g. .name c. .info h. .pro d. .net i. .gov e. .mil j. .mobi 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

The top-level domain abbreviation for businesses The top-level domain abbreviation for major networking centers The top-level domain abbreviation for government agencies The top-level domain abbreviation for mobile products or services The top-level domain abbreviation for U.S. military groups The top-level domain abbreviation for the aviation industry The top-level domain abbreviation for credentialed professionals The top-level domain abbreviation for human resources professionals The top-level domain abbreviation for all uses The top-level domain abbreviation for individuals

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS:

A D I J E F H B C G

PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS:

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF:

43 43 43 43 43 43 43 43 43 43

ESSAY

1. Using the accompanying figure, describe the components of a Uniform Resource Locator or URL.


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ANS: a. protocol [http://] — the set of rules used to transmit a Web page from a Web server to a Web browser b. domain name [www.website.com] — name of the server hosting the Web page c. path [/path] — folder containing the stored Web page d. file name [/webpage.htm] — Web page file name PTS: 1

REF: 43-44

TOP: Critical Thinking

2. Define tabbed browsing and explain at length how it works and how to use it in Internet Explorer. ANS: Tabbed browsing allows you to open multiple Web pages in a single browser window. Each Web page you open appears in its own tab on the tab row. The active tab appears in the foreground on the tab row and the remaining tabs appear on the tab row background. You can bring a background Web page tab to the foreground for viewing by clicking the tab. Pointing to a tab displays a ScreenTip containing the open Web pages title and URL. The tabbed browsing feature is turned on by default. If the tabbed browsing feature is turned off, each additional Web page to open will open in a separate browser window. You can click the New Tab button on the tab row to display a blank tab and then type the URL in the Address box to open a Web page in a new tab. You can also press the ALT+ENTER keys after you type the URL to open the Web page in a new tab. Either method places the new tab on the tab row foreground. To open a linked Web page in a new tab, press the CTRL key as you click the link to open the tab on the tab row background, or press the CTRL+SHIFT keys as you click the link to open the tab in the foreground. To close a tab, click the Close Tab button that appears on the right side of the tab. When you close Internet Explorer, you can close all the open Web page tabs at one time. PTS: 1

REF: 56

TOP: Critical Thinking

3. Explain at length InPrivate Browsing and InPrivate Filtering. ANS: Information about the Web sites you visit is recorded in your browsing history. In some circumstances, you might not want to record your browsing history during a specific browsing session (for example, when you share a computer and do not want others to see your browsing history). To browse privately, you can open a new tab and click the InPrivate Browsing link on the New Tab page, or click the Safety button on the Command bar and then click InPrivate Browsing to open a new browser window. An InPrivate browsing indicator appears to the left of the Address bar when InPrivate Browsing is turned on. Note that InPrivate Browsing does not protect your personally identifiable information from being gathered at Web sites while you browse; it only keeps information about the browsing session from being stored on your computer. To close InPrivate Browsing, simply close the browser window. As you browse the Web, you view many Web pages that contain content, such as advertising, provided by others, sometimes called content providers. When you visit a Web site containing content provided by third parties, the content providers might be capturing information about your browsing habits using Web bugs. For example, content providers could display specific advertisements that might be of interest to you based on the types of Web sites you visit. To protect against this type of data gathering, you can turn on the Internet Explorer InPrivate Filtering feature by clicking the Safety button on the Command bar and clicking InPrivate Filtering. When the InPrivate Filtering feature is turned on, each Web page you visit is analyzed for suspicious third-party content; if any is found, you will have the option of blocking the suspicious content. If desired, you can set an option to have the InPrivate Filtering feature automatically block any third-party content. PTS: 1

REF: 100

TOP: Critical Thinking


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CASE Critical Thinking Questions Case 2-1 You are a parent and your children have begun to use your laptop to browse the Web. Because you are concerned about objectionable content, you are trying to learn more about ways to filter Web content. 1. Which of the following technologies operates like a telephone Do Not Call list, consisting of a list of Web addresses that a browser will interact with only if the user clicks a link to the Web site or enters the address in the Address bar, thus limiting the amount of information a Web site can track? a. TPL c. SmartScreen Filter b. InPrivate Browsing d. Pop-up Blocker ANS: A PTS: 1

REF: 95

TOP: Critical Thinking

2. Which of the following buttons on the Command bar would grant you access to the feature described in the previous question? a. Content c. Tracking b. History d. Safety ANS: D PTS: 1

REF: 95

TOP: Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking Questions Case 2-2 After reading several recent news stories about the risk of online identity theft, you are concerned about what is being tracked with regard to your own online behavior. 3. Which of the following has no legitimate reason to track your online behavior? a. employers c. an ISP b. federal agencies d. all of the above ANS: C PTS: 1

REF: 97

TOP: Critical Thinking

4. What symbol can you look for at a Web site that demonstrates the site’s commitment to its visitors’ privacy? a. spyware symbol c. TRUSTe trustmark b. adware icon d. Web beacon ANS:


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C PTS: 1

REF: 97

TOP: Critical Thinking


Test bank discovering the internet 4th edition shelly