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Full file at 2 infected with HIV. 2. The high rates of HIV in developing countries have devastating effects on societies. a. HIV/AIDS has reversed the gains in life expectancy made in sub-Saharan Africa, which peaked at 49 years in the late 1980s and fell to 46 years in 2005. b. The HIV/AIDS epidemic creates an enormous burden on the limited health care resources of poor countries. c. AIDS deaths have left millions of orphans in the world; by 2010 a projected 25 million children will be orphaned by HIV/AIDS d. AIDS-affected countries could become vulnerable to political instability as the growing number of orphans exacerbates poverty and produces masses of poor, young adults who are vulnerable to involvement in criminal activity and recruitment for insurgencies. C. HIV/AIDS in the United States 1. More than 1 million people in the United States are living with HIV/AIDS. a. In about 25 percent of these people the infection is undiagnosed, and they are unaware of their infection. b. 75 percent of new HIV infections in U.S. in 2005 were among men and 25 percent, among women. c. In a study of five U.S. cities, 25% of men who have sex with men were infected with HIV; nearly half were unaware of their infection. d. Among women with HIV/AIDS, the primary mode of transmission is through heterosexual contact, followed by injection drug use. 2. Nearly half of new HIV/AIDS diagnoses in 2005 were among African Americans, who make up about 13 percent of the U.S. population. a. Higher rates of HIV/AIDS among African Americans are partly due to the link between higher AIDS incidence and poverty: nearly one in four African Americans who live in poverty experience limited access to high-quality health care and HIV prevention education. b. A recent study of HIV transmission among African Americans in North Carolina found that women with HIV infection were more likely than noninfected women to be unemployed, to receive public assistance, to have had 20 or more lifetime sexual partners, or to have traded sex for drugs, money, or shelter. 3. Despite the widespread concern about HIV, many Americans—especially adolescents and young adults—engage in high-risk behavior. a. A national survey of college students found that only about half reported having used a condom the last time they had vaginal intercourse. b. Only 28 percent reported having used a condom the last time they had anal intercourse.

IV. THE GROWING PROBLEM OF OBESITY A. Obesity is increasingly being recognized as a major health problem throughout the industrialized world. 1. A national opinion poll found that 85 percent of adults in the U.S. believe that obesity is an epidemic. 2. The United States has the highest prevalence of obesity among the developed nations. 3. Effects a. Obesity can lead to heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, and other health problems.


Solution manual understanding social problems 6th edition mooney  

solution manual understanding social problems 6th edition mooney. Full file at