Page 25

Full file at http://testbank360.eu/solution-manual-understanding-social-problems-6th-editionmooneyChapter 2 to men with services and education that enable them to share in the responsibility for reproductive care. 2. In many developing countries, women’s lack of power and status means they have little say over their reproductive health a. Men make the decisions about whether or when their wives (or partners) will have sexual relations, use contraception, or use health services; thus, improving the status and power of women is important in improving their health. b. Promoting women’s education increases the status and power of women, exposes women to information about health issues, and also delays marriage and childbearing. C. HIV/AIDS Prevention and Alleviation Strategies 1. As of this writing, there is no vaccine to prevent HIV infection; there are strategies available to help prevent and treat HIV/AIDS. 2. HIV/AIDS Education and Access to Condoms a. Alleviating HIV/AIDS requires educating populations about how to protect against HIV and providing access to male and female condoms. b. Many people throughout the world remain uninformed or misinformed about HIV/AIDS. (1) At least 30 percent of young people in a survey of 22 countries had never heard of AIDS, and in 17 countries surveyed only half of adolescents could name a single method of protecting themselves against HIV. (2) A survey of U.S. adults shows that significant numbers do not know how HIV is transmitted. (3) The survey above also showed that 12% of U.S. adults did not know that there are drugs that can lengthen the lives of those with HIV and that more than half did not know that a pregnant woman with HIV can take medication to reduce the risk of her baby being born with HIV infection. c. HIV/AIDS education occurs in a variety of ways, including through media and public service announcements, faith-based groups, health care providers, and schools. (1) Nearly 100% of U.S. parents of junior or senior high school students believe that HIV/AIDS is an appropriate topic for school sexuality programs. (2) With the HIV infection rate growing among the older than 50 population, HIV/AIDS education also takes place in some senior centers. d. Some HIV/AIDS education is based on the ABC approach (1) A = Abstain: young people who have not started sexual activity should be encouraged to abstain from or delay sexual activity to prevent HIV and other sexually transmissible infections as well as unwanted pregnancy. (2) B = Be faithful/reduce partners: after individuals become sexually active, returning to abstinence or remaining faithful to the uninfected partner are the most effective ways to avoid HIV infection. (3) C = Use condoms: people who have a sexual partner of unknown HIV status should be encouraged to practice correct and consistent use of condoms.

55

Solution manual understanding social problems 6th edition mooney  

solution manual understanding social problems 6th edition mooney. Full file at http://testbank360.eu/solution-manual-understanding-soci...

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you