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Full file at 2 d. Beliefs about masculinity and manhood that are deeply rooted in culture play a role in shaping the behavioral patterns of men in ways that have consequences for their health. (1) Men are socialized to be strong, independent, competitive, and aggressive and to avoid expressions of emotion or vulnerability that could be construed as weakness. (2) Socialization to be aggressive leads to risky behaviors that contribute to men’s higher risk of injuries and accidents. 5. Gender and mental health a. The prevalence of mental illness is higher among U.S. women than among U.S. men: in 2005, women were more likely than men to have experienced serious psychological distress during the past 30 days. b. Men and women differ in the types of mental illness they experience. (1) Rates of mood and anxiety disorders are higher among women. (2) Rates of personality and substance-related disorders are higher among men. (3) Although women are more likely to attempt suicide, men are more likely to succeed, since they use deadlier methods. 6. Explanations for gender differences in mental health. a. Biological factors may account for some gender differences in mental health. (1) Hormonal changes during menstruation and menopause may predispose women to depression and anxiety, although evidence to support this explanation is insufficient at present. (2) High testosterone and androgen levels in males may be linked to the greater prevalence of personality disorders in men, but research is inconclusive. b. Gender roles may contribute to different types of mental disorders. (1) The unequal status of women and the strain of doing the majority of housework and child care may predispose women to experience greater psychological distress. (2) Women may be more likely to experience depression when their children leave home, because women are socialized to invest more in their parental role than men are. E. Racial and Ethnic Minority Status 1. In the U.S., racial and ethnic minorities are more likely than non-Hispanic whites to rate their health as fair or poor. 2. Minority health differences a. Black Americans (1) Black U.S. residents, particularly black men, have a lower life expectancy than whites. (2) Black Americans are more likely than white Americans to die from stroke, heart disease, cancer, HIV infection, unintentional injuries, diabetes, cirrhosis, and homicide. (3) Black Americans have the highest rate of obesity. (4) Blacks have the highest rate of infant mortality of all racial and ethnic groups, largely because of higher rates of premature birth and low birth weight. b. Youth from racial/ethnic minority backgrounds and low socioeconomic status are more likely to be overweight and to engage in less healthy behaviors. c. Compared to white Americans, Native Americans have higher death rates from motor vehicle injuries, diabetes, and cirrhosis of the liver (caused by alcoholism). d. Compared to non-Hispanic whites, Hispanics have more diabetes, high blood pressure, and lung cancer and are at a higher risk of dying from violence, alcoholism, and drug use.


Solution manual understanding social problems 6th edition mooney  

solution manual understanding social problems 6th edition mooney. Full file at

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