Full file at http://testbank360.eu/solution-manual-understanding-social-problems-6th-editionmooneyChapter 2 2. In the U.S., being poor is associated with an increased risk of being overweight or obese. a. High-calorie processed foods tend to be more affordable than fresh vegetables, fruits, and lean meats or fish. b. For poor individuals, overeating may be a way of compensating for the material comforts they cannot attain.
V. MENTAL ILLNESS: THE HIDDEN EPIDEMIC A. What it means to be mentally healthy varies across and within cultures. 1. In the United States, mental health is the successful performance of mental function, resulting in productive activities, fulfilling relationships with other people, and the ability to adapt to change and cope with adversity. 2. Mental illness refers collectively to all health conditions that are characterized by alterations in thinking, mood, or behavior associated with distress or impaired functioning and that meet specific criteria (such as level of intensity and duration) specified in the classification manual used to diagnose mental disorders. 3. Mental illness is a â€œhidden epidemicâ€? because the shame and embarrassment of mental illness discourages people from acknowledging and talking about it. B. Extent and Impact of Mental Illness 1. Prevalence a. A study found a 40 percent lifetime prevalence of any mental disorder in Netherlands and the U.S., 12 percent in Turkey, and 20 percent in Mexico; on an annual basis, about one in five U.S. adults and children experience mental illness. b. 26 percent of U.S. adults have a diagnosable mental disorder in any given year. c. Mental disorders are the leading cause of disability of individuals ages 15-44. d. One out of six Americans admits that poor mental health or emotional well-being kept them from doing their usual activities at least once during the last month. e. 12 percent of Americans have visited a mental health professional in the past 12 months. 2. Effects a. Untreated mental disorders can lead to poor educational achievement, lost productivity, unsuccessful relationships, significant distress, violence and abuse, incarceration, and poverty. b. Half of students identified with emotional disturbances drop out of high school. c. On a given day, 150,000 people with severe mental illness are homeless, living on the streets or in public shelters. d. One in 5 adults in U.S. prisons and 70% of youth incarcerated in juvenile justice facilities are mentally ill. e. Suicide is the fourth leading cause of death worldwide among 15- to 44-year-olds. (1) In the U.S., suicide is the third leading cause of death among people ages 15-24. (2) Most suicides in the U.S. are committed by people with a mental disorder, most commonly a depressive or substance abuse disorder. f. In 2000, about half of the 1.7 million violent deaths that occurred in the world were the result of suicide; about 1/3 from homicide; and 1/5 from war injuries. g. Suicides outnumber homicides two to one every year in the United States. C. Causes of Mental Disorders 1. Some mental illnesses are caused by genetic or neurological pathological conditions.
Published on Jan 13, 2017
solution manual understanding social problems 6th edition mooney. Full file at http://testbank360.eu/solution-manual-understanding-soci...