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Chapter 2

Answers Review Questions 1. Which X Window System component is used to draw the actual graphical images on your screen? a. X server b. window manager c. client application d. desktop environment ANSWER: a 2. Which X Window System component is used to change the size of window frames? a. desktop environment b. client application c. window manager d. X server ANSWER: c 3. What two desktop environments are available in SUSE Linux? _____ ANSWER: GNOME & KDE 4. What is the main purpose of a desktop environment? a. It provides elements that control the windows on the desktop b. It standardizes the look and feel of the desktop c. It allows you to use virtual desktops d. It manages the size of window frames ANSWER: b 5. What is the default desktop environment in SUSE Linux? _____ ANSWER: GNOME 6. Which of the following statements are true? (Choose two answers.) a. b. c. d.

The X server and client applications must reside on the same computer The X server and client applications typically reside on the same computer The X server and client applications communicate using the TCP/IP protocol The X server and client applications must communicate using the window manger


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ANSWER: b,c 7. Which of the following can be done using the Computer menu within the GNOME desktop environment? (Choose all that apply.) a. Create desktop shortcuts b. Start applications c. Search for files d. Hibernate the system ANSWER: b,c,d 8. You wish to add an icon for a recently-installed application to your GNOME desktop. Which of the following will allow you to do this? (Choose all that apply.) a. Right-click the GNOME desktop and choose Add to Panel b. Right-click the GNOME desktop and choose Create Launder c. Right-click the GNOME panel and choose Add to Panel d. Right-click the GNOME panel and choose Create Launder ANSWER: b,c 9. Which key combination can you use to switch to your first virtual terminal in order to obtain a command-line interface login prompt? a. Ctrl + Alt + F1 b. Ctrl + C c. Ctrl + T + 1 d. Ctrl + Alt + 1 ANSWER: a 10. Which virtual terminal refers to your desktop environment? a. tty1 b. tty6 c. tty7 d. tty8 ANSWER: c

Discovery Exercises Virtual Terminals You should get the # prompt as the root user and the who command will indicate that you are logged onto tty1. You should get the $ prompt as the geeko user and the who command will indicate that you are logged onto tty2 and that the root user is logged onto tty1.


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The who command indicates you have an X Terminal session by printing a Pseudo-terminal session (pts/#) to the screen. Depending on the terminal application used, you may also see :0 (the port that the X server uses).

Understanding X Windows 1. XFree86 is the traditional X server for Linux and was originally developed for the Intel i386 platform. X.org is the original X server used by UNIX operating systems; it has recently been released as Open Source Software and is used in some Linux distributions today. Both XFree86 and X.org are similar in structure, but have different management features; for example, X.org has improved support for themes and XFree86 has improved hardware support. The latest version of XFree86 is 4.6 and the latest version of X.org is 7.2 as of this writing. 2. UNIX, Macintosh and several portable/embedded operating systems use X Windows. Most UNIX operating systems use the CDE desktop environment and associated window manger, but Macintosh computers use the Aqua window manger and OSX desktop environment. 3. X Windows is modular; the X server writes to the video hardware, the window manager controls the look and feel of the windows, and the desktop environment provides a standard interface. Windows contains a single GUI component (explorer.exe) that integrates with the rest of the Windows operating system. In addition there are differences in the user interface, look and feel of open windows, and available icons on the desktop.

KDE versus GNOME When Linux was in the early stages of development in the 1990s, two competing desktop environments were created: KDE and GNOME. Use the Internet to answer the following questions: 1. KDE 2. KDE used the Qt libraries. Originally, these libraries were not entirely open source, which prompted the development of the GNOME desktop which used the open source GTK+ libraries. 3. Answers may vary. Some parallel features include program menus, panels, virtual desktops, standard applications and desktop icons. Some differences include the organization of programs and configuration options as well as the look and feel of the desktop and open windows.


Solution manual suse linux enterprise 1st edition jason eckert