The UKâ€™s No. 1 Equine Health, Management and Training Magazine
nutritional support for joints
horses inside out: the skeleton & joints
fit or fat â€“ how does your horse measure up? Cross country coaching: seeing a stride
summer hoof care
Win FREE Baileys Feed for a year Equi_Ads_June_EngWales_Rev3.indd 1
Front Cover Image: Rider - Chloe Bell. Credits: www.traffordphotography.co.uk
Fit or Fat? ............................9 Feeding ........................2 - 28 Legal Advice .......................2 Tack & Turnout .................., ...........................2, 34, 37 - 38 Directory..............................4 Health Care ......4, 6, 18 -30 Competition Baileys Horse Feed.............8 Nutrition for Joints .........18 Hoof Care ................. 18 - 23 Biosecurity.........................24 Flies ........................... 26 - 28 Horse Behaviour ..............28 Showing ................... 29 - 31 Worming ...........................30 Holidays ............................31 Field & Stable ........................ .........................33 - 34, 44, 48 Saddling Up ......................34 Training.........34, 37, 41 - 42 Property ................... 42 - 43 Insurance ................. 35 - 39 Pilates for Horses .............36 Stud .....................................39 Cross Country ..................40 Book Review .....................44
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Scientific Approach V
erm-X is launching a new special offer pack of Verm-X Pellets for Horses & Ponies which includes a voucher for two free worm counts worth over £18.00. The 750g pack contains an exclusive voucher for the free faecal egg count kits, courtesy of Westgate Laboratories. Said Philip Ghazala of Verm-X: “This exciting offer provides new and existing customers with the opportunity to see, in black and white, the benefits of Verm-X for horses and ponies. “We are pleased to be working with Westgate Laboratories and fully support a scientific and intelligent approach to equine management.” The pelleted form of Verm-X for Horses & Ponies makes Verm-X easy
to add to feeds or to feed directly from the hand. The natural and herbal ingredients in Verm-X provide vitamins, minerals and trace elements that contribute to overall health and wellbeing, in addition to intestinal hygiene control. The 750g pack of Verm-X Horse Pellets has RRP of £31.50. The offer
Petplan Equine races to the rescue
etplan Equine, the UK’s specialist equine insurer, has donated nearly 15 tonnes of free feed to Redwings Horse Sanctuary following an incredibly successful Facebook campaign. The insurance company pledged to donate 1kg or a scoop of feed for every person who clicked ‘Donate’ on their Facebook page, and an astonishing 14,721 people obliged. Representatives from the company visited the charity’s new Aylsham centre in North Norfolk this week to hand over the feed and find out more about how it will be used. Redwings Chief Executive Lynn Cutress said: “We were so thrilled to receive this generous donation from Petplan Equine, it couldn’t have come at a better time. After such a cold winter, with so little sunshine, the grass just hasn’t grown as it normally would and so lots of our residents are still relying on feed and forage. Thank you so much to everyone who clicked and helped spread the word about this campaign. With 1,300 mouths to feed, you can bet every last kilogram will be very gratefully received!” Isabella von Mesterhazy, Head of Marketing for Petplan Equine said: “We’d like to echo Lynn in extending our thanks to all those facebook followers who have taken the trouble to get involved in this initiative. As the UK’s largest
horse sanctuary Redwings has a constant stream of horses needing a home either as an interim measure before being rehomed or as a permanent sanctuary in which to live out their days. It’s a privilege to be able to help towards the cost of feeding so many of them.” For more information, visit www.redwings.co.uk or call 0870 0400033.
Resultseed t guaranour or y k!* c £££ ba From the creators of TM
The No.1 maintenance calmer (Magnesium Aspartate Hydrochloride) www.equiads.net
is also available on Verm-X Horse Powder. Please contact your usual Verm-X wholesaler to place an order or contact us directly on 0870 850 2313 or email email@example.com For more information on Westgate Laboratories and their fantastic work please visit www.westgatelabs.co.uk
FEED THE BEST Buy from your local equestrian retailer or visit www.animalife.co.uk. FREE nationwide delivery. For more information call 0845 365 0050 Express worldwide delivery available. *Subject to T&Cs, visit online for full info.
June 2013 | 1
Feed • Legal Advice • Tack & Turnout
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Does my horse need a passport? A brief guide to the Horse Passport Regulations 2009 This article provides an overview of The Horse Passport Regulations 2009 (“the Regulations”) only, due to the complex nature of this topic.
very horse owner should be aware that they are required to have a passport for their horse but many may not know that from 1 July 2009 all foals and horses not previously identified have to be micro chipped when applying for a passport in accordance with the Regulations. Since 2005 all equines (including donkeys) are required to have a passport. A foal has to be micro chipped and have a passport before it is 6 months old or by 31 December in the year that it is born, whichever is later. If the intention is to sell the foal before it reaches the required age for a passport, you have to obtain one before sale. If a horse is brought into England and it does not already have a passport, one has to be applied for within 30 days of entering the country. If the horse is staying in the country for less than 30 days a passport does not have to be applied for. If your horse already has a
2 | June 2013
passport that was issued before 30 June 2009 you do not need to get a micro chip. However, if you have to apply for a replacement passport you may be required to have your horse micro chipped. In any event, it is beneficial to have your horse chipped as it will assist with identification if the horse is ever lost or stolen. You can be fined up to £5,000 if you don’t have a valid horse passport.
Proof of ownershiP and travelling
The majority of people who have horses with passports are under the mistaken impression that possession of the passport is sufficient evidence to prove they are the owner. The Regulations state that the passport is to confirm the identity of the horse and to record if the horse is meant for human consumption. As the Regulations require the passport to travel with the horse the person in possession can be anyone from a delivery driver to a vet to a stable hand. If a horse is loaned out, the loanee will require possession of the passport. To ensure you can prove ownership of a horse you should microchip it and keep records to establish a paper trail. Items such as a purchase receipt from the previous owner, vets invoices and photographs of you with the horse will greatly assist in proving you are the owner. Do not rely on the fact you are in possession of the passport to prove ownership.
The Regulations also place an onus on the buyer of a horse to register it with a passport issuing organisation within 30 days of obtaining new ownership. There are numerous passport issuing organisations and a full list is available at www.gov.uk/horsepassport/apply-for-a-horse-passport or by telephoning the Defra helpline on 08459 335577. In addition the buyer must notify the passport issuing organisation of the sale for registration of the new ownership and the seller only has to give the passport to the buyer at the time the transaction is carried out. The passport has to travel with the horse at all times except when stabled or out hacking. Even moving the horse a short distance you are required to carry the passport unless it is for emergency welfare reasons. If the passport cannot be presented when requested it has to be made available without delay. does the vet need the PassPort?
The Regulations were designed to monitor and control the movement of horses and to stop unsuitable animals entering the food chain. As a result all treatment administered by a vet should be recorded and certain treatment has to be recorded in the passport. If certain veterinary medical products are used for treatment and not recorded in the passport, a vet can be guilty of an offence under the Regulations. All vets are required
to ask to see the passport before administering treatment. Some medication administered to horses such as phenylbutezone (bute) is toxic to humans and if a passport has section ix medicinal treatment completed, the horse cannot enter the food chain.
It is relatively easy to apply for a duplicate or replacement passport. However, if a person applies for a passport and they have no right to do so, they can be guilty of an offence under the Regulations. The penalty under the Regulations is a fine but that is based upon proving the person trying to obtain a copy of the passport is not the actual owner of the animal. Finally when a horse dies the owner is required to notify the passport issuing organisation and return the passport to them within 30 days of death along with confirmation of the date of death. At the time of writing this article Defra has agreed to overhaul the equine passport system and is currently in consultation with relevant equine organisations. This review is considered necessary in light of the horse meat scandal. Upon completion of the consultation there is likely to be new, more stringent laws issued. For more information on the services DWF offers, please contact Keith by email at keith.howell@ dwf.co.uk or by telephone on 0845 404 2523. www.equiads.net
Directory • Healthcare
Freeze marking should be first choice for protection! V
10% off bookings if taken by 15th July 2013
Protect your horse from harmful rays W
hile summer is a season that every horse owner looks forward to, warmer weather doesn’t come without its problems for our equine friends. As well as coping with flies, some horses are prone to getting sunburnt, in particular those with areas of pink skin. Thanks to Nettex Sun Block your horse can be well protected from the sun’s harmful UVA and UVB rays and avoid the painful cracking and blistering of the skin that sunburn causes. Simply apply the cream liberally to the muzzle and any other vulnerable areas to protect your horse in the field, out hacking or during long show days. This high-factor sun block contains Aloe Vera and Tea Tree Oil making it kind and soothing for even the most sensitive skin. One application of Nettex Sun Block will provide all-day protection for your horse and it’s water resistant, too, so it won’t get washed off during spring and summer showers. Safe to use on yourself, you can venture off for a long day in the saddle knowing you are both protected. Part of the Nettex Fly Control range, Nettex Sun Block is part of the newly designed Nettex range of equine products. It’s the same great product as before just with a fresh new look, and is a must-have for every caring horse owner’s tack box this year. RRP: £15.50 for 300g For stockist information, visit www. nettexequine.com or call 01634 257150.
Directory Property Abroad
Brittany & Normandy Cardyke Overseas Properties Properties suitable for horses at a fraction of UK prices. Tel: 01775 630 008
The Haylage Co.
Saddlery South East Andrew Reilly Saddlers Spoods Farm, Tinkers Lane, Hadlow Down, East Sussex TN22 4ET Tel: 01825 830484
Worming East Regular worm egg counts can save money! 6-8 weekly spring through autumn £5 each. Church Farm FEC firstname.lastname@example.org or 01728 685 638 4 | June 2013
A cost effective alternative to hay. Based South Hertfordshire, we deliver to locations nationwide. Telephone: 07831 454 166 Email: email@example.com Website: www.poloforage.com
Wholesale Thinking of starting your own equestrian retail business? Then contact us: Hucklesby Associates Equestrian Wholesalers to the trade Website: www.hucklesbyassociates.co.uk Email: firstname.lastname@example.org for a free trade e-catalogue Tel: 01362 696 309 Fax: 01362 696 582
isible identification is always going to ward off thieves more than a method of identification that is invisible. Thieves want an easy life and stealing a horse or pony bearing a freeze mark is going to make their lives very complicated. Everyone is aware of this and yet it never fails to amaze Mary Awre of the company Freezemark when owners say to her – “I don’t need a freeze mark – my horse is microchipped! “It is amazing that people think that something that cannot be seen will stop a horse from being stolen”, says Mary. However, as Mary states – “As soon as a horse or pony is stolen in an area, owners suddenly decide they must have a visible deterrent and want their horses freeze marked immediately. Often we can organise to carry out the work quickly, but there are times when this is not the case as we are booked elsewhere or do not have enough horses in the area to set up a day. Therefore, we impress upon people to plan ahead. It helps them and it helps us and most important of all – it can save their horses from theft! Call Freezemark on 01295 788226 or email email@example.com for details. Information can also be found at www.freezemark.biz Freezemark is presently offering a 10% discount!
Whole Health for Your Horse This Summer W
e have put together some helpful hints and tips from Karen Ruggles at Ruggles & Stopitall Ltd – the online website for natural supplements and skincare products inspired by Mother Nature – to get your horse through the summer – without any harsh chemicals! Choose an effective, longlasting yet natural fly-repelling product to keep biting insects away – preferably a water and oilbased mix which won’t wash off in the rain. The fly repellent allows your horse to ‘get naked’ and enjoy some rug-free turnout in the sunshine, which, in turn, is critical to help boost vitamin D levels. Your horse should always have some form of shade to stand under when turned out, whether a tree, tall hedge or field shelter, to protect him from the sun. Try spraying some old rags with your fly repellent and hang from the rafters to make your stable a bug-free zone. If your horse is itchy, look for a natural product to simultaneously soothe those irritated areas and kill any eggs. Products with harsh chemicals or even tea-tree can often make things worse. Choose a soap-free shampoo for bathing your horse for a show as it won’t matter if you miss any areas when rinsing off. If you have a horse or pony with severe skin problems/itchiness, you may also need to boost his health from the inside. Try a probiotic supplement to fortify the immune system, but avoid those that contain cereal fillers – look for ‘pure’ probiotics. This also applies to stressed animals or those that have recently been on antibiotics. If your horse or pony is, or has been, suffering from laminitis, consider a fast-acting supplement such as intensive Green Lipped Mussel, which has powerful Omega 3 properties to help support stressed bones and mobility. Omega 3 is proven to be a very important element in a body’s ability to self-heal quickly, so also useful after injury too. Often skin issues and stiffness can be diet-related and so look at exactly what your horse or pony is eating to ensure there is no relation or allergy that could be causing any problems. There are many differing beliefs about what should and should not be fed to horses, ie. garlic, cereals, molasses, but it is up to you to read the research and make your own sensible judgement. For further information or to purchase health-supportive natural products online visit www.karenruggles.co.uk or call 01823 259952. www.equiads.net
Feed • Healthcare
ULC30 Plus For all horses Scientifically designed to keep healthy digestion. Assists in preventing tetchy and girthy horses. Helps alleviate mood swings. Improves hind gut digestion. Used by many trainers.
An HFL approved special scientifically designed digestive product combining amino acids and herbs. Recommended by veterinarians and farriers.
Horse stopped itching after just one week W
ould you like to try the Forest Farmacy Challenge? Stop your horses itching after just a week. Wendy Avery did I don’t have a photo of my horse’s tail when he was constantly itchy and scratching his bottom and tail, but I have taken a photo to show the damage done to his rug. The binding has been completely rubbed away in some areas. The second photo is of his tail after I started giving him Skin Power. He stopped scratching after one week and his tail started to grow back. He had been itchy with loads of dandruff for nearly 2 years and I had tried a few different supplements and external products. Skin Power is the first to have worked. Thank you for your help and advice! Skin power is just £35 for a 6 week supply. www.forestfarmacy.com Ring for a free consultation on 0800 9709421
Less expensive than other ULC products. If you think your horse has a digestive problem, try a free sample and see the difference in a week. Testimonials available. Tel: 01432 851111 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
It’s Sweet Enough…
engie Healthy Hooves Molasses Free is a tasty twist on an old favourite, with just one thing missing – the added sugar! It’s still a complete feed with no need for any extras and it has the same nutrients, vitamins and minerals to help keep horses and ponies looking and feeling fabulous, and their feet in great condition. This latest addition to the Dengie range – with a splash of rape seed oil added to replace the molasses – has been developed following requests for a molasses-free feed from customers. “Levels of key nutrients such as biotin are just the same, as we know they work,” says technical manager Katie Williams, who is responsible for creating this lowcalorie formulation. Healthy Hooves Molasses Free contains just 2.5 per cent sugar, which is found naturally in the fibrous ingredients. “Even straw and alfalfa contain some sugar – feed is rarely, if ever, sugar-free,” Katie adds.
f your horse or pony suffers from poor hoof growth or crumbling/split hooves, then this can make it diﬃcult to keep shoes on during the summer months. Aloeride is a pure organic and natural aloe vera supplement, which with its unique blend of nutrients could help improve your horses’ feet. By rebuilding hoof wall integrity, unwanted water ingress is halted whilst beneficial hydration that should stay in, stays in. Ideal for problem shoeing, as well as for barefoot horses. Aloeride is an easy to feed ‘taste-free’
6 | June 2013
Starch levels are also extremely low, at just 1.5 per cent, because the feed is completely free from cereals or grains, which are the main source of starch in mixes and cubes. These low levels of sugar and starch – less than any other complete fibre feed on the market – make Healthy Hooves Molasses Free the safest option today for horses and ponies that are prone to laminitis. As with all Dengie feeds, it features a high-fibre content, which is ideal for promoting eﬃcient gut function. It also provides plenty of energy for horses and ponies at rest or in light work and should be fed at the recommended levels to promote improved hoof growth and quality hoof horn. Healthy Hooves Molasses Free is available in 20kg bales, with an RRP of £12.19 to £12.89. For further information on nutrition and a healthy fibre diet, telephone the Dengie Feedline on 0845 345 5115, log on to www.dengie.com or email email@example.com.
supplement, which offers horse owners additional support. Clinical trials have shown that aloe vera can boost hoof growth by more than 50% over a four-month period – and the unique spectrum of nutrients within Aloeride can bring even better results. And don’t forget that in supporting hoof growth, you’re also supporting the growth of healthy skin and hair too, in one small daily sachet of Aloeride. RRP: £55.20 (1 x months supply) www.aloeride.co.uk 01858 464550 www.equiads.net
SARCOIDS? ALKALISING THE SKIN CAN SOLVE THE PROBLEM POWER AGAINST SAR-X #1 ORGANIC SUPPLEMENT “It has now completely gone!”
“My 7 year old gelding developed a medium sized lump on his belly. I did not want to go down the route of treatment advised by my vet. I started to feed him the powder 10 weeks ago and it has completely gone. His hair has grown back and you would never know it had been there. I am so pleased; I cannot praise the powder enough!” Ruth Mitchell
POWER AGAINST SAR-X IS 100% SAFE FOR HORSES WITH NO SIDE EFFECTS. PLUS ALL INGREDIENTS WILL NOT VIOLATE COMPETITION RULES.
POWER AGAINST SAR-X 6 week supply £35 3 month supply £65 SARCOID CARE PACK £80 For a free consultation ring now: 0800 970 9421 Free calls from a mobile: 0330 100 5266 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
www.horsesarcoids.com Equi_Ads_June_EngWales_Rev3.indd 7
Win! free Baileys feed for a year Aoife Clarke - Baileys’ sponsored rider The long hard winter took its toll on many horses and, even though the spring grass has finally appeared, many owners are still having to supplement their horses’ diets in order to promote the condition and muscle tone they need for their summer activities. Baileys Top Line Conditioning Cubes are an obvious choice to provide nonheating calories and quality protein for outstanding results. New Alfalfa Plus Oil is also a great way to ensure a horse is getting plenty of digestible fibre, slow release calories and quality protein, if forage quality is questionable. For those who “get fat on thin air”, Baileys Lo-Cal balancer plus a little Light Chaff is the perfect combination to provide essential nutrients, without the calories associated with a mix or cube. Working out what to feed can be a headache but Baileys’ new web site
has an easy to use Product filter with lots of info about each individual product to help narrow down your choice. Feeding Answers tackles frequently asked questions on a wide range of feeding topics, whilst the new Nutrition Library is nice and easy to search for articles giving practical advice. There are also profiles of Baileys-sponsored riders and events plus an easy-to-use Stockist search facility and the latest News and Facebook feeds. One lucky reader will win a consultation with a Baileys nutritionist and a year’s supply of feed for one horse, while two runners up will each receive £50-worth of Baileys feed. If you can’t find the answer to your feeding questions on Baileys new web site, ring the Nutrition Team on 01371 850247 (option 2) to talk through your options.
To Enter: Simply answer the following question:
Which Baileys-sponsored rider was 7th individually in the eventing at last year’s London Olympics? To have the chance of winning this great prize, please email your answer to the above question to info@ equiads.net or send it with your name, address and telephone number to: Baileys Competition, Equi-Ads Ltd, Office 1, Tayview Estate, Friarton Road, Perth, PH2 8DG. *feed for one horse, according to the recommendations of a Baileys Nutritionist Prizes will take the form of vouchers for free feed to be redeemed at the winners’ local Baileys stockist.
The competition is open to anyone over the age of 18 and resident in the UK. The winner will be picked from all correct entries. The judges’ decision is final and no correspondence will be entered into with regard to entries or the selection of the winner. Equi-Ads cannot be held responsible for any entries that for any reason fail to reach us before the closing date. Entries close on 30 June 2013 . The winner will be drawn on 1st July 2013 and contacted after the closing date. The prize will be based on recommendations of a Baileys Nutritionist and no cash alternative will be offered.
8 | June 2013
fit or fat – how does your horse stack up? Dr Derek Cuddeford, Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh
eauty is in the eye of the beholder! And in the heart and mind of the keeper, so this creates an impossible situation in that how can the keeper ever have an objective eye!! Another pertinent saying is to “see ourselves as others see us”. A simple exercise to determine the truth of this is to look at oneself in a mirror; the tendency is to be deceived into thinking everything looks OK. Then get someone to take a natural photograph of you when you are unaware and not posing and study the image. It will be apparent that all is not perfect, with parts of your anatomy going south together with a few bulges that did not seem apparent when viewed in the mirror. Muscles come and go, flab lasts. How you feel and how you look are subjective self-assessments whereas how you weigh is an objective measure. The scales never lie! You might feel and look good but you can still be fat. The reason I spend time talking of the human experience is because humans will be involved in determining how a horse stacks up in terms of fitness or fatness and thus subjectivity can be an unwitting partner to such assessments. How does one avoid this and objectively assess fitness and fatness? As I have already noted the “scales never lie” but our four-legged friends require something more substantial than a set of scales. Not everyone has access to a suitable weighing device or can get their horse along to a public weighbridge so we have an immediate problem, how do we discover the weight of our horse/pony? fortunately there
are a number of strategies available to us for little cost if any. There are weigh tapes available from feed manufacturers which are based on measuring heart girth but instead of actually giving a value in cms you can directly read off the weight in kgs. The tape must be placed around the barrel of the animal immediately behind the elbow and withers in order to correctly measure heart girth. However, not all weigh tapes are equal. It has been shown that the accuracy for one tape was 113% (overestimation) for an animal <15hh whereas another tape estimated weight with an accuracy of 99% (underestimation) when compared to weighbridge values. for animals >15hh the respective values were 103 and 92% thus showing that accuracy of weigh tapes were affected by the height of the animal measured. It is also possible to estimate the weight of a horse by measuring your horse’s heart girth and length (point of shoulder to tuber ischii) both in cms using the formula: weight (kg) = heart girth2xlength/11877. for horses <15hh this formula was nearly 100% accurate but less so (95%) for horses >15hh compared to real weights. Not surprisingly the “eye of the beholder” was the least accurate method (<90%) for estimating weight which proves the point that we need objective methods of assessing weight. Another means of assessing fatness or fitness is by condition scoring or as some prefer to say, fat scoring on a scale 1 to 5; some scoring systems use a scale of 1 to 10. Body scoring is claimed by some to be the most practical method of assessing
a horse’s weight. However, I totally disagree with this since the system only requires you to “feel” the horse in certain areas (neck, back and ribs, pelvis) in order to determine, in your view (very subjective), the extent of fat cover. The extent of fat cover cannot determine weight! Others propose a combined approach using both scoring and a weigh tape to try to estimate if their animal falls
Tendency to tubbiness? Most of the horses and ponies which come to the Laminitis Clinic are on the he tubby side. Tubbiness causes laminitis, mainly through insulin resistance. Laminitis is a painful crippling disease which can be avoided by preventing tubbiness. Our system enables you to deal with tubbiness in the simplest way. The WeightTape gives you a reliable means of estimating your animal’s weight. Use it every time his feet are trimmed and record the weight change. www.laminitisclinic.org. shows examples of correct ect tubbiness. NoMetSyn is the product of choice at the Laminitis Clinic for insulin resistance cases. Insulin resistant animals are very hard to get to lose weight by diet alone. The Laminitis Trust Feed Approval Mark identifies feeds which are safe to feed whether you are trying to prevent laminitis or to nurse a laminitis case. Unless your feed carries the logo below right it is not approved by the Scientific Committee of the Lamintis Trust. So benefit from their knowledge of equine nutrition and laminitis and stick to Approved Feeds.
Equi Life Ltd Tel; 01249-890784 www.equilife.co.uk (secure online ordering available)
Xxxxxxxxxx Feeding within the ‘normal’ weight range for its height. However, the latter is not very useful since weight ranges can be as great as 80kg! for example, the range quoted for a 16hh Thoroughbred is from 480 to 560kg. Racing Thoroughbreds are often weighed regularly because trainers recognise that individual horses have optimum racing weights and what is the relevance of fat scoring for these animals? One might also question the application of this system to dressage horses with their welldeveloped muscle blocks. They do not really fit into the proposed schemes and in fact this is clear when one looks at the proposed normal weight ranges for different horse types. for example the 16.2hh range is from 520 to 590 (Thoroughbred), 590 to 650 (sport horse) and from 650 to 720 (draught horse). By analogy, in the field of human endeavour there are huge contrasts both in terms of body shape and muscling. Comparing the physique of an Olympic swimmer to that of a 10,000 metre runner, a weight lifter, a gymnast or a Tour de france cyclist reveals these differences that are particular to the disciplines. In the same way, a dressage horse could not compete in a 160km endurance race against an Arab horse.
Thus, the assessment of fitness or fatness is more complicated than seems at first sight. Weight estimation by weigh tape is clearly affected by horse height. Ideal weight range is affected by horse type and condition is affected by both horse type and activity. The degree of fatness is affected by energy intake and activity levels since, for example, you can feed most racehorses in training bucketfuls of concentrate and they will never get fat whereas a pony on unlimited grazings will easily become obese. Each individual horse has an ideal weight but what is the exact relationship between weight, ideal weight, fatness and fitness. for example a horse could have an ideal weight or be within the “ideal” weight range but be totally unfit but not fat! As we have seen body weight is affected by a number of factors including height, gender, age, body frame and body type. Being in a healthy weight range is no indicator of fitness. This can only be assessed by measuring heart rates and blood lactate during a standard exercise test (SET) on a treadmill or on a track and the recovery rates monitored following exercise. It is relatively easy to measure the degree of
Lighten the Load with Mollichaff Alfalfa Light M
ollichaﬀ Alfalfa Light is a high fibre forage made from pure alfalfa blended with high quality oat and wheat straw, fibre pellets and molasses, to provide a great source of highly digestible fibre for all types of horses and ponies. It is a low energy fibre source which makes it ideal for horses and ponies that are overweight or those requiring a low energy diet. It is low in both starch and sugar making it safe to feed to laminitics. The low level of energy that Mollichaff Alfalfa Light provides comes from the fibre that it contains. This is ‘slow-release’ energy and because of the low levels of sugar and starch, it will not cause the fizziness or excitability associated with grains. Mollichaff Alfalfa Light can be used as part of a hard feed or as a partial hay replacer. RRP: Around £7.50 (prices may vary slightly from stockist to stockist). For more information on feeding your horse or pony, please contact the HorseHage Helpline on 01803 527257 or visit www.horsehage.co.uk before 30th June 2013, click on ‘Competition’ and ﬁll in your details to be in with a chance of winning ﬁve bags of Mollichaﬀ Alfalfa Light.
An approved feed material which removes toxins from the horse’s system, safely and naturally. Improves Health, Behaviour & Performance. Guards against Ulcers, Colic, Wind-sucking, Crib Biting and Lameness. Very effective and economic to use.
fatness by running your hands over key areas of your horse’s body but it tells you nothing of its fitness or weight come to that. Is a Sumo wrestler fit or fat or both? Whilst I have condemned the subjectivity associated with personal appraisal, an experienced rider onboard a horse fitted with a heart rate monitor can get a fair impression of how fit their horse is when they work it and, if this is coupled with a time trial over a measured distance, then more reliable information will be acquired. However, this measures only one type of fitness and it is important to remember that the horse/pony should be fit for purpose. Racing fitness would be inappropriate for a child’s pony. for example, there are different aspects of fitness involved in activities that demand stamina, speed or flexibility or combinations of these features. Most importantly monitor your horse’s well-being in terms of attitude, appetite and the appearance of the coat, subjective I know but in this case important. It should, of course, be remembered that the definition of being fit means that the horse should be sound both physically and mentally. unfortunately some very fit horses can become a little mad and hard to handle not unlike some owners…
Weight Control with Baileys Lo-Cal balancer F
eeding less than the recommended quantity of a low energy mix, cube or fibre feed will deprive your overweight horse of essential nutrients needed for health and well-being whilst still providing some calories that he doesn’t need. The fact that he is dull and lack lustre may not be so much to do with lack of energy in his diet but with a lack of vitamins and minerals. An ideal solution here is to choose a feed balancer, like Baileys Lo-Cal. This provides a very concentrated source of nutrients without extra calories and enables you to feed a balanced diet to ensure your horse is receiving all the nutrients for overall health and body maintenance. With correct work you should be able to encourage weight loss, whilst the protein content of the balancer will help promote muscle tone. So on a fully balanced diet, and losing some weight, your previously dull good doer should develop a brighter outlook on life! Be prepared to change what you are feeding throughout the year though, to suit the changing weather conditions, routine and work load. for the exceptionally good doer, Lo-Cal balancer may be an excellent year round solution whilst for others, once the weight is lost, you may find that as work load increases and the nutrient content of the grass drops off in late summer, you need to reintroduce some calories by choosing a low or medium energy mix or cube. Remember that keeping things balanced is the key to optimum health or performance – if you don’t need the full amount of compound feed, top the ration up with LoCal to ensure your horse is getting all his vitamins and minerals. For advice and information contact Baileys Horse Feeds on 01371 850247 (option 2) or visit www.baileyshorsefeeds. co.uk.
www.finefettlefeed.com or call 01600 712496
10 | June 2013
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Competition riders feed fibre and oil for calmer control S tudies have shown that a fibre and oil based diet can encourage calm, responsive behaviour. That’s why WINERGY Equilibrium® is the choice for competition riders who want to enjoy performing at their best, including three day event rider Tom McEwen, who
competed at Badminton Horse Trials. Tom relies on WINERGY Equilibrium® for his fast, hot-headed and highly talented ex-racehorse Dry Old Party. He explains: “It keeps him quiet but gives him the energy he needs to do top level eventing. It has also helped him gain weight, put top line on and given him a brilliant shine to his coat.” Traditionally cereals have been used as the main source of energy for competition horses but the downside is that their high levels of sugar and starch can result in unwanted fizz. Starch may also contribute to fractious behaviour if it is fed in excessive quantities as it can overwhelm the digestive system, causing acidity in the hindgut and subsequent discomfort. Hannah Briars, WINERGY® nutritionist, said: “Supplying extra energy from fibre and oil rather than cereals, allows the energy to be released and used more slowly, helping to reduce the risk of excitable behaviour. By fine tuning the fibre and oil blend you can deliver exactly the right type of energy your horse needs, when he needs it. This approach to feeding will also improve your horse’s health and quality of life.” WINERGY Equilibrium® feeds are formulated using a healthy, natural and highly palatable blend of fibre and oil. They contain over 20% of long fibre to encourage chewing and extend eating time. They supply safe, balanced and controlled nutrition for horses and ponies in every discipline and at every level, all conveniently from a single bag. WE and you keep your horse in great shape. Find out more by calling 01908 576777, visiting www.winergy.com or www.facebook. com/winergyfeeds.
The Healthy way to feed for Energy and Strength F
eeding starchy hard feeds comes with an array of downsides, and some horses will continue to fatigue in spite of what you feed. If you are looking for a way to improve stamina, strength and fitness without causing short lived fizz, increasing unwanted body fat, or giving feed that is detrimental to gut or muscle health, then Nupafeed have a unique solution. Nupafeed Staying Power is an L-Carnitine based liquid supplement that improves energy turnover and specifically targets the use of fat as an energy source. Staying Power helps to increase the utilisation of fat stores, improves energy production, reduces fatigue and speeds recovery, without the concern of added calories, temperament difficulties or problems associated with the gut or muscles. L-Carnitine also acts as a trigger for muscle growth allowing the horse to develop stronger, leaner body mass. Nupafeed Staying Power is uniquely developed to allow absorption of the L-Carnitine into the muscle tissue where it is required and is formulated to include MAH® magnesium. This magnesium content allows healthy relaxed muscle function and supports correct glucose metabolism, particularly in the brain, to help natural energy production and concentration. Staying Power is easy and flexible to feed and can either be given daily to improve energy levels and fitness, or on days of extra work or competition to help prevent fatigue and improve recovery between bouts of exercise. Provides the ideal solution for horses/ponies prone to Laminitis, Equine Metabolic Syndrome or those that require a high fat and fibre diet. For more information or to order please contact Nupafeed UK: Tel: 01438 861 900 Email: email@example.com www.nupafeed.co.uk
12 | June 2013
Equi_Ads_June_National_Rev.indd 13 2011 'Cubes' ad 297x210mm_02.indd 1
22/05/2013 16:47 07/12/2011 20:50
feeding for fitness not fatness
E High Quality Nutrition Captured in Every Bag! Visit us at the Royal Highland Show Stand 548 FRIENDSHIP ESTATES LTD 14 | June 2013
nsuring your horse or pony has an adequate diet without causing excess weight gain (or fatness) can be a delicate matter. Firstly you need to ascertain exactly what level of work your horse or pony is in. If they are ridden 2 -3 times per week and mainly hacked they will have very diﬀerent nutritional requirements from those who school, jump or compete regularly. The most important factor to consider is ensuring that they have a nutritionally balanced diet that will support gut health and allow them to be in the best condition possible. Ensuring that they receive the correct levels of vitamins, minerals and
Rowen Barbary Senior Support
enior Support is a specialist veteran mix for older horses at rest or in low level work, with elevated nutrients to meet with the higher nutritional needs of the veteran. The high oil content will help ensure excellent overall condition is maintained while the high fibre levels will help encourage slow rates of digestion. Every 2kg of Rowen Barbary Senior Support provides 4g of Glucosamine Hydrochloride to help support joint mobility, which is equivalent to that supplied by some joint supplements, and 5g of Yeasacc 1026. Yeasacc will help support optimum fibre and mineral digestion within the hind gut and help maintain gut health Extra Biotin is added to help maintain healthy hooves along with super high levels of Vitamin E to help support the immune system and maintain healthy antioxidant levels. Additional Lysine and Methionine are also included for optimal protein balance and protected bioplex Selenium, Zinc and Copper for improved availability. Consisting of small sized particles, it is ideal for older horses that chew and digest less efficiently and also contains natural herbs spearmint and garlic. For more information contact Rowen Barbary Horse Feeds on 01948 880598 or visit www.rowenbarbary.co.uk
nutrients is essential for optimum health and this is where Blue Chip’s range of balancers can have a real impact on your horse’s health. Blue Chip Original contains the optimum level of vitamins, minerals and nutrients required on a daily basis along with a complete hoof and respiratory formula. The probiotic yeast can help to double the digestibility of the fibre in the diet, allowing your horse or pony to extract twice as many nutrients from it, to help aid condition. Also included in all the Blue Chip balancers is a natural, fruit derived form of Vitamin E, which is a powerful anti-oxidant and is 4-6 times more easily absorbed than other synthetic forms more commonly found in feed. Nucleotides are also
included in all the Blue Chip balancers. These are the building blocks of DNA and RNA and are beneficial in all horse’s diets, but especially those who are in harder work or are competing. Nucleotides can reduce recovery rates, increase oxygen transportation to muscles and improve stamina. If you find that your horse or pony is a good doer or puts weight on a bit too easily, then Blue Chip Lamilight is the perfect feed balancer. Whilst still ensuring a nutritionally balanced diet, the level of probiotic yeast included will not encourage any unwanted weight gain. If your horse is in hard work, Blue Chip Pro is the answer. Along with an elevated level of vitamins, minerals and nutrients, Pro includes a blood building formula designed to assist the equine athlete. All the balancers in the Blue Chip range are whole-cereal and molasses free, making them very low in sugar and starch. For more information on Blue Chip balancers please visit www. bluechipfeed.com or call 0114 266 6200
Senior Support Containing high levels of oils & Glucosamine HCL Senior Support helps joint mobility & condition in older horses. • 2gm of Glucosamine HCL per kg • High oil for condition & weight gain • Extra Biotin for healthy hooves • Small sized particles • Fully balanced including antioxidants & digestive enhancers
“I have a rising 18yr old who is showing stiffness & losing weight” For more information on Senior Support and to request a sample: call 01948 880598 or email firstname.lastname@example.org
The key to condition
“I use Blue Chip Pro to maximise my horse’s performance. It helps to develop their muscle structure, which is essential for Grand Prix level. Just one mug in each feed keeps them in top condition and looking amazing all year round.”
“Blue Chip Original kept amazing condition on Whitakers Price throughout the year, and gave him the edge he needed to win Champion Riding Horse of The Year at HOYS 2012.”
“I feed Blue Chip Pro to my eventers to aid their performance, stamina, muscle tone and overall health. Pro keeps them all in top condition, 2012 was an amazing year and the results speak for themselves. Thank you Blue Chip.”
Charlie Hutton International Dressage Competitor
Danielle Heath HOYS Champion Riding Horse
Tina Cook Olympic medalist
Feed Blue Chip Original up to novice level then feed Blue Chip Pro when work becomes more demanding.
loyalty card www.equiads.net
Equi_Ads_June_National_Rev.indd 15 BCcondtion_297x210.indd 1
have you got your loyalty card? Collect 8 Blue Chip Loyalty points and get your 9th Blue Chip product absolutely free. Loyalty points are available on all Blue Chip sacks (Original, Pro, Lamilight and Dynamic) and all Blue Chip liquid supplements (Joint RLF, Karma and Garliq). For more info see www.bluechipfeed.com/loyalty Photography by Roberto Cubeddu (Danielle Heath), Bob Langrish (Tina Cook)
0114 266 6200 email@example.com www.bluechipfeed.com facebook.com/bluechipfeed twitter.com/bluechipfeed June 2013 | 15
22/05/2013 22/04/2013 16:47 11:11
Targeting joint health
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Verity Beaton BSc (Hons), Product Manager, T.E.N. Supplements
nsuring your horse is fit, sound and healthy whether he is competed regularly, hacked occasionally or retired to pasture is very important to most horse owners. Many of us turn to nutritional supplements to help support our horse’s mobility, but which ingredients should we be looking out for and why? Joints are complex structures comprising bone, tendons, ligaments and cartilage, all of which are vulnerable to wear and tear. Horses of all ages can suffer from joint problems but it’s often as they get older that their joints become more vulnerable to damage. This can be especially true when they are exposed to some of the more physical riding activities in less than ideal conditions, such as jumping or fast work on hard ground. However, just because your horse is less supple than he was in his younger days doesn’t mean that his ridden career is over. In many cases careful management and advice from your vet can mean that your horse can still be ridden happily and even competed. There are also supplements that you can feed to your horse to provide him with the best possible nutrition to help support his joints. It is not only older horses who can suffer from joint problems, growing horses can suffer too. There are many developmental orthopaedic diseases young horses can experience and supplementing their diet along with veterinary advice may help support their joint health.
Chondroitin Sulphate as mentioned above is a glycosaminoglycan which is a structural protein found within the joint. It is also popular in equine, human and dog joint supplements and is often included in combination with glucosamine.
within the joint. Hyaluronic acid is often injected into problematic joints and is now commonly found in joint supplements. Glutamine
stluseR gnidnatstuO MSM (methyl sulfonyl methane)
Glutamine is an amino acid, important in the synthesis of proteoglycans. Proteoglycans are found in connective tissue, cartilage and help lubricate the joint capsule. Glutamine is also depleted in horses after exercise and therefore supplementation may be useful.
MSM is another important joint health ingredient. It is a good source of sulphur and is believed Glucosamine is believed to be the precursor to be involved in the production of a powerful of some of the key structural proteins antioxidant, glutathione. It is not known exactly (glycosaminoglycans and proteoglycans) found how it works but there has been some promising in the joint. Glucosamine is found in numerous Omega 3 tihuman, dnudog ofand sycatasupplements, wla evadespite h dna research snoiinshumans accowithlaosteoarthritis. reves no enil eOmega civd3afatty ruacids oyaredtraditionally esu evused ah inI“horses equine, ti study dnu f sysaying awlthere a ewere vah civarthritis da ru y can deactsasuanti-inflammatories evah I“ a recent in o humans no dna snoisacco lareves no enil ewith as o they sein op geffects. nitaHowever eb sethere ssare alc gHyaluronic ninniwAcid llit(HA) s si dna dlo-sraeywhich -62 may si result t reB .lu fpleh y rev measurable beneficial in less pain. s e i n o p g n i t a e b s e s s a l c g n i n n i w l l i t s s i d n a d l o s r a e y 6 2 s i t r e B . l u fpleh y rev many testimonials and anecdotal evidence d in ralliGHA hispthought etS ”to!berevery gnimportant uoy sinrhelping aey 02 ot pu horses and other species supporting its benefits support is aucomponent drainlliGto h petthe S joint. ”!reHA gn oy sraofethe y 02 oVitamin t pu C osteoarthritis and general joint stiffness. There has synovial fluid which surrounds the joint and is Vitamin C is a key vitamin for joints because also been some research in horses that glucosamine also a building block of the glycosaminoglycans it not only acts as an antioxidant but it is also along with chondroitin sulphate has shown (GAGs). GAGs are found ylrinecartilage dle )gand k0they 54( hh2involved .41 a inrothe f esynthesis migerofdcollagen. eef laCollagen cipyT ylred le )experienced gk054( hh2is.4one 1 of a the romain f emproteins iger d eefmake laciup pyT positive effects in horses with joint issues. help to resist the compressive forces which Glucosamine
T.E.N. Challenged Joints gets top marks
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and healthy whether he is competed regularly, hacked occasionally or retired to pasture is very important to everyone who loves their horse, which includes Emma. Her adored horse Ohkee, a KWPN Dutch warmblood has just turned 13. He is the perfect all-rounder, enjoying hacking, show jumping and the occasional dressage test. Emma explains: “Over the past 16 | June 2013
Growing Joints and part of the new online range of Bones, so that you can 31 Targeted Equine Nutrition ® make sure you provide supplements brought to you from ® exactly the right formula the makers of SPILLERS®. T.E.N. any questions about Challenged for your horse’s needs. Challenged joints contains high Joints ofHour T.E.N. Challenged Joints is ESIMOR levels of glucosamine, MSM, PMOor C any TUO TIWother DETAERC O InW ExTeAyEbon RC supplements T.E.N. available online at www. ESIsM hyaluronic acid and chondroitin tsO inR oiP tiM rtuO nC enTiuUqthen eH deTccall eirD ep tensupplements.co.uk. It comes stsin01908 sulphate as well as rosehips, oitirtun311010, eniuqe dMon-Fri ecneirepx9ame yb 5pm. Become a T.E.N. VIP and in a 30 day supply for a horse boswellia, omega 3 and glutamine. costse£33.99 which These ingredients rofhave rebeen nniW draand wA lpitlu M equates you will be rewarded with free rofforre nnproperties iW dratow A£1.13 elpper itlday. uMIf you have delivery and discounted products. just carefully selected their
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Mollie Gillard and Bert, Mollie Mollie Mollie Gillard Gillard Gillard and and and Bert, Bert, Bert, still competing successfully still still still competing competing competing successfully successfully successfully at 26-years-old. atat 26-years-old. at 26-years-old. 26-years-old.
Outstanding Results Outstanding OutstandingResults Results “I have used your advice line on several occasions and have always found it “I“Ihave “Ihave have used used used your your your advice advice advice line line line on on on several several several occasions occasions occasions and and and have have have always always always found found found ititit very helpful. Bert is 26-years-old and is still winning classes beating ponies very very very helpful. helpful. helpful. Bert Bert Bert isis26-years-old is26-years-old 26-years-old and and and isisstill isstill still winning winning winning classes classes classes beating beating beating ponies ponies ponies up to 20 years younger!” Steph Gillard up up up tototo 20 20 20 years years years younger!” younger!” younger!” Steph Steph Steph Gillard Gillard Gillard Typical feed regime for a 14.2hh (450kg) elderly Typical Typical Typical feed feed feed regime regime regime for for for a a14.2hh a14.2hh 14.2hh (450kg) (450kg) (450kg) elderly elderly elderly pony:pony:pony:pony:Grazing plus ad lib good quality hay or haylage. Grazing Grazing Grazing plus plus plus adad lib ad lib good lib good good quality quality quality hay hay hay oror haylage. or haylage. haylage. Plus two feeds per day - each containing: Plus Plus Plus two two two feeds feeds feeds per per per day day day - each - each - each containing: containing: containing: • 225g TopSpec Senior Feed Balancer (combines the benefits • • 225g TopSpec Senior Feed Balancer (combines the benefits • 225g TopSpec Senior Feed Balancer (combines the benefits 225g TopSpec Senior Feed Balancer (combines the benefits of a feed balancer with a joint supplement) • of 300g TopChop Grass (very palatable soft grass chop of a feed balancer with a joint supplement) of a feed balancer with a joint supplement) a feed balancer with a joint supplement) • • 300g TopChop Grass (very palatable soft grass chop • 300g TopChop Grass (very palatable soft grass chop 300g TopChop Grass (very palatable soft grass chop with no added molasses) • with no added molasses) Up to 1kg of with no added molasses) with no added molasses) CoolCondition Cubes (‘Non-Heating’ calories • • Up to 1kg of • Up to 1kg of Up to 1kg of CoolCondition Cubes (‘Non-Heating’ calories CoolCondition Cubes (‘Non-Heating’ calories CoolCondition Cubes (‘Non-Heating’ calories balanced wiith protein, quantity adjusted according balanced wiith protein, quantity adjusted according to condition) balanced wiith protein, quantity adjusted according balanced wiith protein, quantity adjusted according to condition) to condition) to condition) ® ® ® ®
CREATED WITHOUT COMPROMISE CREATED CREATED CREATED WITHOUT WITHOUT WITHOUT COMPROMISE COMPROMISE COMPROMISE by experienced equine nutritionists byby experienced by experienced experienced equine equine equine nutritionists nutritionists nutritionists
Tel: 01845 565 030 Tel: Tel: Tel: 01845 01845 01845 565 565 565 030 030 030 www.topspec.com www.topspec.com www.topspec.com www.topspec.com
Multiple Award Winner for Multiple Multiple Multiple Award Award Award Winner Winner Winner for for for ‘Excellence in Nutritional Advice and Customer Service’ ‘Excellence ‘Excellence ‘Excellence ininNutritional inNutritional Nutritional Advice Advice Advice and and and Customer Customer Customer Service’ Service’ Service’
Equi_Ads_June_National_Rev.indd 17 MRY_TOPSPEC_FP.indd 1
June 2013 | 17
22/05/2013 15/05/2013 16:48 16:25
Feeding • Healthcare Xxxxxxxxxx connective tissues such as tendons and ligaments. It has long been known that vitamin C is depleted in the arthritic joint and therefore supplementation may be beneficial. Vitamin D
Vitamin D is also known as the ‘sunshine vitamin’ as humans and horses require sunlight in order to synthesise it. Vitamin D is important in promoting the healthy production of bone. Children who are deficient in it are likely to develop rickets (a softening of the bones leading to bone deformities and fractures). It has been shown in many studies that humans who are deficient in vitamin D are more likely to suffer with rheumatoid arthritis; therefore supplementation may be useful where joint health is a concern. Silica
Silica is an important dietary mineral for bone formation and for bone and connective tissue health. It is believed to be involved in collagen formation. In horses, silica supplementation in yearlings showed some positive bone effects. HERBS FOR JOINT HEALTH Boswellia
Boswellia, also known as frankincense, has been used for centuries for its many different properties, one of which is as an anti-inflammatory - hence its use in arthritis. Rosehips
Rosehips are rich in antioxidants. Even though studies with rosehips in humans are conflicting there has been some research in horses showing enhanced antioxidant effects, which may help to support joint health. You may have even seen some horses nibbling these in the hedgerows surrounding some horse paddocks, as they tend to enjoy eating them! Devil’s Claw
Devil’s Claw is commonly found in equine joint supplements due to its perceived pain relieving and antiinflammatory effects. If you are concerned about your horse’s joint health then it is worth looking for a joint supplement with some or all of the ingredients discussed here. It is very difficult to advise on the optimum levels of ingredients, as there is so little evidence to call upon. It is also difficult to advise on how long you
18 | June 2013
should feed a joint supplement before you notice a difference as all horses are individuals. The best option is to do your own research about what you think your horse needs in terms of ingredients and then give a suitable supplement a try. For more information on the T.E.N. joint supplements check out our website – www.tensupplements. co.uk or contact us on advice@ tensupplements.co.uk or call 01908 311010 (Mon-Fri 9am-5pm, excluding bank holidays).
Superflex, five Star Joint Treatment
uperflex has full veterinary approval. The unique ‘totally natural’ Superflex formula has been developed by vets using pharmaceutical grade ingredients, including nutrients proven to support joint health and flexibility, supported by a unique combination of powerful, naturally sourced ingredients which are ‘scientifically verified’ to have antioxidant properties. The antioxidant content sets Superflex apart from other joint supplements. Why? The antioxidants effectively ‘mop up’ the excess toxins that may accumulate around the joint and safely excrete them from the system. It must be remembered that often minor strains and traumas, which occur as part of daily work and training, often become a more serious issue due to the proliferation of toxins around the area. For more details please call the NAF Freephone Advice Line: 0800 373 106 or email firstname.lastname@example.org. www.naf-equine.eu/uk
Joint protection Y
ou can protect your horse’s joints by using a high quality joint supplement such as Blue Chip Joint RLf. This will help to ensure your horse’s joints are nourished and protected. Joint problems can often occur from excessive activity on hard ground; this can lead to the production of poor quality synovial (joint) fluid. The joint relies on this fluid for lubrication and protection from wear and tear ensuring the longevity of the limb. Blue Chip Joint RLf can help maintain the viscosity of synovial fluid. This revolutionary product not only contains Glucosamine, MSM, Hyaluronic acid, Yucca and Manganese, which all help to nourish the joint, but also contains a rosehip extract, Rosa canina (more commonly known as the Dog rose). Rosehip has been proven to be 40% more effective than glucosamine* and this specific extract of rosehip has been shown in published scientific studies to be a powerful natural nutraceutical. Rosa canina contains a special glycoside that helps maintain joint comfort by limiting the number of white blood cells allowed into the joint. All the ingredients in Joint RLf are 100% natural and contain no banned substances. RRP Blue Chip Joint RLF £44.95 per 1 litre bottle. *Reported in the daily telegraph 19/05/09
TopSpec 10:10 Joint Support
opSpec 10:10 Joint Support contains an excellent specification of nutrients to help the development and maintenance of healthy joints. Synovial joints are stabilised by a complex network of tendons, ligaments and muscles in and around the joint, and by the joint capsule itself. In ideal circumstances this enables joints to function smoothly and comfortably. TopSpec 10:10 Joint Support is designed to help support joints subject to excess trauma and/ or repeated wear and tear. It is particularly suitable for horses working hard and elderly horses. TopSpec 10:10 Joint Support can be fed at a maintenance rate (half the recommended) to support healthy joints. TopSpec 10:10 Joint Support contains a generous combination of Glucosamine (10g/500Kg horse/day) and MSM (10g/500Kg horse/day). It also contains an antioxidant blend of vitamins C, E, beta-carotene and natural tocopherols which help combat excess free radicals around the joint. 1.5kg TopSpec 10:10 Joint Support £29.95 For further information please contact the Multiple Award-Winning Helpline on 01845 565030 or visit www.topspec.com
New landmark book on equine nutrition
new landmark book on equine nutrition has been published, edited by three of the world’s leading veterinary nutrition experts, including Pat Harris of the WALTHAM® Equine Studies Group. ‘Equine Applied and Clinical Nutrition: Health, Welfare and Performance’ edited by Raymond Geor, Manfred Coenen and Pat Harris provides comprehensive information on the key topics in equine nutrition, both from scientific and applied peWritten in a highly accessible way, with summary boxes, illustrations and graphics and with contributions from around the world, Equine applied and clinical nutrition is likely to become the standard reference for practical nutrition in the equine field. Topics include the basic foundations of equine nutrition, nutritional management by life stage or function, the assessment of feedstuffs and feeding programmes, clinical nutrition and discussions on feed hygiene and the role of manufacturers in feed quality and safety. Professor Harris said: “Equine Applied and Clinical Nutrition is of core relevance to equine vets and nutritionists, as well as a valuable resource for students and the layman wanting to understand more about all aspects of nutritional management.” The book is available at www.elsevierhealth.com with a 20% discount available for a limited period by using the discount code EACN20 at checkout. WALTHAM® is the world’s leading authority on pet care and nutrition. The WALTHAM® Equine Studies Group, which is headed by Professor Pat Harris MA PhD,VetMB DipECVCN MRCVS, is dedicated to advancing the science of horse nutrition and provides the scientific support for the SPILLERS® and WINERGY® brands. The Group regularly collaborates with key research institutes and universities around the world and its work remains at the forefront of equine nutritional science.
Stand out from the crowd LexveT International
premium equine supplements yield genuine results that you really can see. LexveT products were formulated as an all in one supplement suitable for all horses & ponies. Our supplements will really help you stand out from the crowd as they help to promote optimal coat, condition and hooves, as well as being good for your horses’ general wellbeing. With LexveT supplements in your feed room, you will be able to stride out with confidence at your next show.
Macro & Trace Minerals Vitamins Salts & Electrolytes
Economical Balanced Easy to use
0800 334 5856 email@example.com www.lexvetsupplements.com Equi_Ads_June_National_Rev.indd 19
SuMMER HOOf CARE
Richard Knight BVetMed MRCVS
t’s time to think about feet again! As the old saying goes “no foot, no horse” and just because its summer (and hopefully dry and sunny) it doesn’t mean that your horse’s feet are less susceptible to problems. Over the summer your horses’ hooves can go through the wars. For a start their exposure to long dry days along with heavy dewy mornings can play havoc with the moisture content of the hoof. Hacks and turnout on hard ground can also lead to bruising and cracks developing which can both be a pain (no pun intended!) to treat. Horse’s hooves are made of a structure called Keratin. Keratin is a specially designed protein which is produced at the level of the Coronary Band and slowly grows down to the floor. The rate of growth of horses’ hooves varies a little between horses, but in general takes between 9-12 months to grow a new hoof. Studies have shown that this rate is faster in younger horses and slows down once horses reach their ‘teens. Healthy hoof Keratin relies on a good supply of Amino Acids, vitamins and minerals from a healthy diet. Amino Acids are the building blocks of proteins. The best analogy is to think of proteins as walls, with the amino acids being the bricks. You can’t get one without the other! The good news is that if your horse is being fed a good quality diet they are very unlikely to be deficient in any of the Amino Acids, vitamins and minerals they require. The only supplement I sometimes recommend is Biotin. Biotin is an important component in many reactions in the body and is particularly useful in the production of Keratin. Horses who are low in biotin will commonly suffer from poor quality, flaky horn. Studies have shown that most horses will benefit from low level supplementation, with hoof hardness and quality improving. Biotin will not affect hoof growth rate. Over the summer, horses and riders both enjoy being out in the sun resulting in more work and exercise. This is great for keeping your horse slim and fit but can cause damage to their feet. I will discuss my three most common foot ailments seen in the summer below; Cracks Hoof cracks, while uncommon, are
Hoof Grass Crack
Same crack which has been Dremeled and filled
20 | June 2013
both painful and difficult to fix. There are two main types of cracks which are traditionally called either Sand Cracks (which start at the Coronet Band and spread down) or Grass Cracks (which start at the sole and spread up). Cracks develop when stress on the hoof capsule exceeds the strength of the bonds between the Keratin fibres. Cracks are normally preceded by another problem with the foot, most commonly foot imbalance. Foot imbalance causes uneven loading of the hoof, stressing some aspects more than others. This can cause the splitting of Keratin fibres at the sole, or worse, damage to the delicate structures of the coronet band which produce the hoof. If the coronet band is injured the cells producing Keratin can be damaged meaning they produce low quality hoof, or worse destroyed. Other causes include stones and hard ground fracturing pieces of hoof off, poor farriery, abscesses or trauma to the coronet band. Once a crack has started it will immediately become a weak-point in the foot. The two sides of the crack will move independently causing pain and making the crack spread further. If this is not stopped quickly small cracks can grow rapidly, massively increasing the time taken for healing. If your horse develops a crack it is important to ring your vet and farrier straight away. Together they can assess the foot for conformational defects and poor balance, provide pain relief, take X-rays if needed and adjust shoeing accordingly. Cracks if left to progress can condemn a horse to months of pain, or even permanent lameness if deeper structures are damaged because of the crack. The most important aspect of correcting a crack is to completely immobilise it, as a moving crack will never stop growing. Due to this, restricting turnout to flat surfaces for short time periods is also advised. Techniques to immobilise cracks will vary depending on the size and location of the crack, but most will require stabilising using a Quarter Clip shoe or Bar Shoe. Once the foot has been stabilised the crack can be remodelled using a Dremel to prevent it from spreading further. The Dremel is used to burr a small circle or inverted triangle into the top of the crack to spread the stress from the crack into the surrounding hoof. Having done this the crack will cease growing and can be trimmed out over time. Most farriers will also use either metal staples or hard plastics to pin and stabilise the crack. Bruises Bruising is a very common cause of lameness in shod and unshod horses.
They occur when a blunt trauma (such as stones or concussion on hard ground) causes damage to the sensitive soft structures under the sole. This can also cause bleeding from tiny blood vessels. Most cases of bruising result in short duration lameness, but if the bleeding under the sole results in a high pressure pocket of blood the lameness can be more prolonged. If your horse suffers from a bruised sole anti-inflammatory drugs can be given to relieve the pain. Additionally some sole can be pared away by your vet or farrier to lift the the affected area of sole from the floor and prevent weight bearing, again relieving pain. Some bruises cannot be prevented but if you know that your horse has thin soles then you can make efforts to avoid stony or uneven ground. Some owners also like using padding between the sole and the floor and while these can be very effective it is important they are applied properly. Abscesses Solar abscesses are one of the most common causes of acute onset, severe lameness in horses. While abscesses are more common over the winter, when field conditions are wetter and muddier, they can also occur over the summer. I saw many abscesses last year due to the awful weather, so they are definitely not only a winter problem! Abscesses occur when dirt and bacteria infiltrate the foot, either
through a puncture wound or via the “White Line”. The White Line is the border where the hoof the wall meets the hoof of the sole. As it is a junction between these two structures the White Line is slightly weaker than the surrounding tissues. Abscesses are made more likely by poor shoeing and trimming which leads to unbalanced feet, and also by feet being wet for long periods of time. Both of these factors will reduce the strength of the hoof wall and White Line, making it easier for dirt to enter the foot. In addition to lameness, affected horses will commonly have increased heat in their affected foot and an increased digital pulse. If you think your horse has an abscess call your vet or farrier. They can attend, locate the abscess and use hoof knives to open it, thus allowing it to drain. Poultices can then be applied to the exposed abscess pocket to increase drainage. In order to minimise the risk of problems it is crucial that your horse has regular foot care from a qualified farrier. If feet are allowed to grow too long, or if they are trimmed inappropriately, your horse is far more likely to suffer from the conditions mentioned above. Shod horses should see a farrier every 4-6 weeks, and unshod horses every 6-10 weeks. Feet should be picked out every day, and hoof oil applied every other day in the summer will help prevent feet from drying out and cracking. www.equiads.net
24 HOUR EMERGENCY SERVICE
MOIST y l n O with
Peter Fenton Equine Veterinary Practice Ltd
100% Equine Practice Using modern, mobile diagnostic equipment including digital x-ray, ultrasound, video endoscope/ gastroscope and advanced dentistry equipment to manage equine health throughout Greater Manchester 2 Hollins Drive • Middleton • Manchester • M24 5LN
Telephone: 0161 643 7724 www.peterfentonequinevets.co.uk
Classics Never Age... 1985
Most hoof applications simply sit on the surface of the foot. Not PRO FEET Hoof Moist...
They Only Improve With Time! • The original hoof supplement • The only product of its kind subjected to independent scientific research and published in a refereed journal • Vacuum packed and nitrogen flushed to remain ‘fresh’ three years from manufacture date • GM free and Vegetarian Society approved Life Data Labs, Inc. 12290 Hwy 72 Cherokee, Alabama 35616 http://fb.me/lifedatalabs Product of the USA
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This unique, highly absorbent, water based gel moisturises down into the hoof wall to help STOP • Drying out • Cracking • Splitting • Flaking • Shoe loss. Hoof Moist The Farriers’ Hoof application of choice. Ask your farrier.
For more details please go to your local NAF stockist or call our Freephone Advice Line: 0800 373 106 or email email@example.com
www.naf-equine.eu/uk 22/05/2013 16:48
Feeding • Healthcare • Hoof Xxxxxxxxxx Care
A More Relaxed Time for Poppy S
was supposed to do,” added Julia. At a chance meeting with a TopSpec advisor, Julia was recommended to try TopSpec uick, convenient and Calmer. excellent value for money, After a couple of weeks on fibre-Beet from British Horse TopSpec Calmer Julia was delighted feeds is formulated using all to see a drastic improvement in the benefits of Speedi-Beet Poppy, who had transformed into incorporated with good quality a completely different horse, now Alfalfa, making it a great totally happy being away from conditioning feed. Approved home with the wild look in her eyes by The Laminitis Trust this low thankfully gone. sugar/high fibre feed is an ideal Said Julia: “Out hacking she was source of fibre for horses and relaxed and so much better. She still ponies prone to laminitis. Added looks at things and may do the odd Biotin also helps to maintain side step or snort but the difference is hoof integrity. that she can now cope, work through RRP for a 20kg her fear and carry on. The transformation is just amazing.” bag of fibre-Beet Now with a laid back horse, Julia has to keep pinching is around £11.95herself to believe it’s true and that this calm, gentle horse £12.90. with a great attitude is really the same Poppy that was so For more worried by the world around her. 600 stockists information please Over in England. Julia and Poppy are now looking forward to a summer contact British Forexploring more information to Feeds www.hubblick. of long hacks, the countryside that they have goHorse on +44 missed and as their confidence grows, hope to attend (0)1765 680300 co.uk or call 01837 851392 their first show. or visit www. Added Julia: “I really can’t thank TopSpec enough for britishhorsefeeds. a wonderful product that has given me the happy relaxed com. horse that I have always wanted.”
TRESSED out mare Poppy was proving a handful for owner Julia Silvers who had started to wonder if she would ever progress with the skewbald mare. Julia has owned Poppy for three years and although she is a lovely natured horse she has always been very anxious and afraid of her own shadow. When Julia first bought Poppy, now 17, she was difficult to hack out on her own and would shy at everything, getting to certain places on the ride and totally falling apart, unable to cope. She would display her fear by rearing and bolting or freezing and then refusing to move. Explains Julia: “I was prepared to persevere and be patient, doing short hacks that I felt she could cope with and slightly longer ones in company. At times I even dismounted and led her when things became too much.” Disappointingly for Julia, with Poppy’s extreme anxiety, competing was simply out of the question. Julia recognised she needed help and started to use a calmer supplement, which saw Poppy improve slightly. “Poppy was definitely more settled at home but she continued to get anxious out hacking and I never really felt we were getting the true benefit of what the product
Moisturise your horse’s hooves as you would your own skin! P
RO fEET Hoof Moist is an entirely natural product with a dual action - it improves hoof condition and acts as a hoof cosmetic. Research shows that traditional oil and grease applications can be detrimental to the health of the hoof, because both substances prevent the absorption of the very moisture essential for the maintenance of supple robust hooves. PRO fEET Hoof Moist is oil and grease free and especially formulated to sustain the moisture content of the hoof and allow natural fluctuation of moisture levels. The ingredients used to make Hoof Moist are of human cosmetic grade and the manufacturing process used in its production results in a smooth gel consistency to allow for even application and promote spreading characteristics. Hoof Moist also contains Tea tree, which gives it a natural antiseptic quality. Hoof Moist is particularly useful throughout the dry summer months and also for the horse who has to spend prolonged periods on dry bedding, which draws moisture out from the hoof. frequent application will provide the hoof care and the presentation important to that healthy groomed appearance. For more information, please call the NAF Freephone advice line: 0800 373 106, or visit www.naf-uk.com
22 | June 2013
Healthy Hooves with fibre-Beet
Hoof Solutions from Baileys B
oth Baileys Lo-Cal and Performance balancers contain a blend of nutrients integral to strong, healthy hoof growth. With biotin, zinc and methionine, included in their superior vitamin and mineral profile, Baileys’ balancers also contain key antioxidants, like selenium and vitamin E, to help counter damaging free radicals, levels of which have been found to increase in laminitics and hard working horses. With quality protein for tissue development and repair but few calories, Lo-Cal and Performance Balancer can be fed on their own, as the sole concentrate alongside forage, or to top up reduced amounts of concentrate feed, ensuring the diet contains all a horse or pony needs to encourage a strong set of hooves. Maintaining a fully balanced diet all year round, even through the summer months, means that hoof integrity can be consistently supported. As it takes 9 to 12 months for the hoof to grow down from the coronet, what you are feeding today will influence the hoof you are riding on during the winter! Lo-Cal balancer – 20kg SRP around £25 Performance Balancer – 20kg SRP around £27 For further information contact Baileys Horse Feeds on 01371 850247.
Top Spec Healthy Hoof T
opSpec Healthy Hoof is designed to be added to any horse feed to greatly improve hoof quality. It not only includes optimum levels of all the micronutrients that promote hoof quality but also a broad range of micronutrients that improve the efficiency of the hoof supplement whilst also supporting light work. Healthy Hoof also produces a shiny coat and supple skin. It contains the levels of Biotin (15mg/500kg horse per day), and associated nutrients,
scientifically proven to improve hoof quality, including chelated zinc, methionine, MSM, copper, iodine, calcium and Vitamin A, which all improve the effect of Biotin alone. Caramel flavoured TopSpec Healthy Hoof is recommended by equine veterinary practices, farriers and independent equine nutritionists. 3kg TopSpec Healthy Hoof £20.25 For further information please contact the Multiple Award-Winning Helpline on 01845 565030 or visit www.topspec.com www.equiads.net
The healthy lick for horses
LOW IN SUGAR As we know there is plenty of sugar in the rest of the horses diet the last thing they need is a lot of sugar in their lick. HIGH LEVELS OF MINERALS Calcium and Phosphorus for good bone structure and development. Salt for bodily functions. Magnesium is used for its calming beneﬁts. HIGH LEVELS OF VITAMINS A comprehensive range of vitamins which will match any proprietry vitamins which are for sale and will save you money. HIGH LEVELS OF TRACE ELEMENTS Zinc, Selenium, Cobalt, Iodine, and Manganese. All very important for your horses metabolism, good healthy skin, muscle tone , hoof condition and many more health aspects. MIXES OF HERBS AND SPICES We use Fenugreek, Mint, Garlic, Comfrey, Aniseed, Liquorice, Vervain, Chamomile, Echinacea, Valerian, in the various licks for different beneﬁcial aspects.
RRP 700g £3.00
WEATHERPROOF We have called on our vast experience at lick making to make our lick weatherproof so that you do not waste anything even after heavy rain. SUITABLE FOR ALL TYPES OF HORSES All types of horses are enjoying and beneﬁtting from our range of licks. Over 600 stockists in England. For more information go to www.hubblick.co.uk or call 01837 851392 If you are interested in stocking HUBBLICKS please feel free to contact us.
RRP 10kg £19.95
RRP 5kg £10.95
Equi_Ads_June_National_Rev.indd LIZ_MIKE_HUBBARD_FP_Rev2.indd23 1
22/05/2013 18/03/2013 16:48 17:22
BIOSECuRITY – WHEN ARE YOu GOING TO SMELL THE COffEE? Ben Sturgoen, BSc, BVM&S, Cert EP, MRCVS
n our modern society disease is almost unavoidable. Demographic shifts in world populations, globalisation, air travel, poverty, pollution, climate change and even bioterrorism have or will contribute to disease spread and emergence. In the equine world we have emerging diseases such as Equine Viral Encephalitides, African Horse Sickness and West Nile Virus. You may not have heard of these and I hope we don’t because for example West Nile Virus can kill not just your horse but you too! In 10 years time we may not be worrying if your horse has had an urticarial reaction to a fly bite, we may be saying “we need to blood test this for West Nile.” Then of course we have our common infectious outbreaks – strangles, influenza, herpes, and we can also add E.coli, Salmonella, Campylobacter and Ringworm all of which are zoonotic or can cross infect people. The aim of Biosecurity then is to achieve a set of management practices that are simple routines which may reduce the potential for the introduction or spread of disease-causing agents, not give you a Health and Safety nightmare. There are many possible infectious agents; bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, rickettsia, and parasites both internal and external. Individual infections often have different treatments and methods of management and control strategies, so trying to put a plan in place for each one is difficult and overwhelming. One single aim of biosecurity will largely minimise the risk of a multiplicity of infectious conditions. Maintaining good biosecurity practices will: • Help prevent the introduction and spread of exotic and notifiable diseases. • Control diseases that may occur e.g. strangles or equine influenza. • Keep your horse(s) healthy and reduce costs. A 2009 World Horse Welfare Livery Yard Survey showed some worrying findings: • 61% of stables were not cleaned out between occupants • 48% said there were no isolation facilities • 38% said there were no procedures to exclude horses with disease This suggests that many people are not aware of the risks of serious and contagious diseases spreading. Such diseases, whether clinical or subclinical, significantly reduce the productivity, profitability and long-term financial viability of a horse venue. Biosecurity measures are venue specific and can vary greatly depending on factors like site design, management, cost of implementation and even climate. Importantly we can make it simpler if we know that all infectious diseases of horses result from the interactions between: • the animal and its ability to resist disease (immunity), • an infectious agent (bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites) and • the environment. Animal + Infectious Agent + Environment = Disease This relationship highlights opportunities for preventing infectious diseases. for example, you can prevent some diseases by vaccinating to increase immunity. You can also prevent disease by keeping infectious agents from coming onto your yard and by managing the environment of the yard.
24 | June 2013
vaccination program. • Avoid purchasing animals from unknown sources or that have mixed with many other horses before sale. Transport purchased horses or show animals in your own vehicle. Start with a clean trailer and clean it out after transporting newly purchased horses. 3. New Arrivals
We can use the acronym PECCS to help assess what measures might be appropriate: • Practical - how practical is the measure? • Effective - how effective is the measure? • Cost - how much will the measure cost to implement? • Capability - does the venue have the capacity and staff capability to implement the measure? • Sustainable - is the measure sustainable? Preventing the Introduction and Spread of Disease
Keeping a closed herd is one way to protect horses. In a closed herd, no horses enter either by purchase or re-entry (including horses that have left the farm for breeding, show, or racing purposes). It is good practice to keep the herd as closed as possible. unfortunately, horse farms are often a hive of activity. Therefore, it may be necessary to create zones that are closed. for example, separate the brood mare band from the show horse group. Keeping a closed herd should not be your only protection against introducing infectious disease. You also need a plan to reduce the chances that a serious infectious disease will come onto the farm. Purchasing New Horses - Eventually, most owners bring horses into their herds. It is important to plan the introduction to minimize the risk. Three factors are important to reducing the risk from infectious disease when you purchase new horses: protection you have given resident horses by proper vaccination; • source of purchased horses, including how they are transported to the yard; and • method you will use to actually introduce the new horse. 1. Resident Horses
Make certain your own horses are vaccinated before bringing new horses into the herd. Vaccinate any foals over 6 months. 2. Source of Purchased Horses
• Bring in only animals from herds where you know the health status. • Bring in only animals from herds with a known
• Even if you follow the initial recommendations for new horses, the most common way infectious diseases spread is via a new horse. Even though the horse may not be showing symptoms it could still be a carrier of disease. Depending on where the horse has originated, the vet may advise tests to rule out infectious diseases. • upon the arrival of any new horse to the property is it advisable to: • Quarantine new animals for 14- 30 days before allowing contact. • Designate a quarantine area, well separated. The degree of isolation determines your success in preventing transmission. To prevent spread of respiratory diseases, do not let quarantined horses share the same airspace with resident horses. To prevent spread of strangles and respiratory viruses, do not allow quarantined horses to touch resident horses. • Ensure personnel change coveralls and boots before moving between barns. • Check the horse twice daily for signs of illness, taking the horses temperature in addition to monitoring food and water intake Attending Activities (Coming and Going)
Horse to horse or human to horse contact with an infected horse at an event/activity is another common way disease is spread. The simplest things to say is this: don’t share germs. Simple steps at events: • Ensure vaccinations are current. • Take own equipment (buckets, tack and grooming supplies). • Do not share equipment. • Do not use communal water troughs. • Monitor your horses health at the event. • Avoid tying/yarding your horse with other horses so there is minimal direct contact. • Wash your hands if you have touched other peoples horses. • Have a separate area for horses that are continually moving to and from the farm to shows, races and competitions. • Monitor your horses health upon retuning home and where possible isolate for two weeks and avoid nose to nose contact with other horses on your property. • Clean and disinfect your truck, tack, grooming equipment and stable equipment upon returning home. • Do not touch other horses at your property till you have changed your clothes cleaned and disinfected your footwear. Visitors to Your Property or Horse (including you)
So far we have looked at disease spread from horse to horse but many diseases can be spread just as easily from human to horse. Additionally some diseases are spread on equipment, clothing and www.equiads.net
Xxxxxxxxxx Feeding • Healthcare
High quality ingredients An extensive range of feeds Excellent value for money A name you can trust
Why not give us a try?... For more information: tel: 0845 0250 444 www.hicksteadhorsefeeds.co.uk firstname.lastname@example.org Facebook: HicksteadHorseFeeds
3mega is the only oil that your horse will ever need
100% natural Omega 3 flax seed oil supplement for horses, grown and produced in New Zealand, with nothing added or taken away. With so many benefits, 3mega oil is an ideal supplement for all horses, from racing to pleasure riding. Contains 60% Omega 3, an Essential Fatty Acid with natural anti-inflammatory properties. 3mega oil also contains naturally occurring Vitamin E. A fantastic source of energy and can help to prevent behavioural problems and tying up issues. Fights arthritis, muscular fatigue/cramps, allergic reactions such as sweet itch, laminitis, and other conditions. Aids recovery of muscles after long periods of exercise and work. Maintains strong hooves an joints and gives amazingly soft and shiny coats. See results within 10-14 days.
Visit our website to find your nearest stockist or to buy online. Website: www.fourflax.co.uk Freephone: 0800 328 3330 www.equiads.net
June 2013 | 25
Feeding • Flies Xxxxxxxxxx • Healthcare boots. Some can even be carried on a person’s body. Animals other than horses can even carry a few horse diseases. Visitors to equine facilities come in many forms, from clients coming for lessons or boarding, to tour groups and school field trips, to people who drop by just to see horses. unfortunately, such movement on and off the yard will play a role in the transmission of infectious disease. Knowing how to handle visitors and the general traffic around the yard can greatly reduce the risk of an outbreak. Other agricultural operations, such as dairy or beef farms, have the choice of running a farm that is closed to visitors and unauthorized personnel. However, as equine businesses depend on visitors (clients for boarding and lessons, buyers for horses, etc.) keeping off-limits is often not an option. Therefore, steps must be taken to ensure the safety of animals, handlers, and visitors alike. General Guidelines
Controlled Entry: Have only one, clearly marked central entrance/exit, and a designated parking area, to keep all visitors entering and leaving in the same area. Not only does this control traffic, prevent easy access to horses, but it allows convenient placement of hand/boot wash stations. Controlled Movement: Be mindful controlling movement of people and animals on the yard. Access to certain areas should be limited or controlled (i.e. foaling areas, quarantine areas, feed rooms etc). “No access” signs and staff presence should be utilized. Signs: use clear signs throughout. Make sure that areas which are offlimits to visitors (i.e. quarantine for sick animals) are clearly posted and enforced. Parking: Maintain a parking area. If you expect regular traffic onto your yard, make sure parking is in one spot, and that drivers do not have to cross manure or feed lanes to get to it. Hand/Boot/Equipment Washing: Wash stations should be located near to the entrance/exit. Alternatively, non-water disinfectant gel or wipes can be provided for hands. Staff : If possible, have staff present, nearby, or available for questions at all times that visitors are at the farm. Dogs: Some people may have dogs (or other pets) that travel with them. Either disallow other animals on your farm, or have specific guidelines for their behaviour. Equipment: If you borrow equipment from other farms, make sure it is cleaned before using on your farm. following these simple guides, and following good husbandry, you will dramatically increase your chances of maintaining a disease free yard, promote your own horse’s health and if I whisper it, even be able to charge for the privilege. 26 | June 2013
Blue Chip Garliq
arlic has been used widely in human food and medicine for over six centuries and was even mentioned in early Egyptian medical manuscripts dating back to 1550 BC. Its unique properties include being anti-parasitic, anti-coagulant, and anti-inflammatory along with a whole host of other medicinal benefits. In equine diets it is used for a variety of reasons, but probably its most commonly known use is as a fly repellent. flies and midges are repelled by the odour from horses that have been fed garlic and it has even been shown to aid worming programmes by deterring tapeworms, pinworms and roundworms. Garlic contains a wide range of minerals including selenium and sulphur. Sulphur has blood cleansing properties and selenium is a powerful anti-oxidant, helping to protect the immune system and aid the healing of wounds and infections. Garlic supports the respiratory system with its anti-oxidant properties and contains a substance that helps to remove mucus from the respiratory tract. It aids digestive health by helping to remove pathogenic bacteria and protects the liver by having the ability to stimulate the lymphatic system. Garlic contains a natural source of MSM (commonly found in joint supplements) and has anti-inflammatory and pain relieving properties. Garlic is one of the most commonly fed supplements in the equine industry; however it is widely available only as a powder or granule. Blue Chip Garliq is a liquid form of this powerful natural supplement, enabling it to be absorbed into the bloodstream faster and more efficiently. It also means less mess and less waste when feeding and horses love the taste. Blue Chip Garliq is made from a superior form of concentrated, pure garlic oil. Garliq can be fed all year round to aid and support your horse’s health. Sold in a convenient, easy to use, twin-neck 1 litre bottle, its concentrated formula will last over 2 months. RRP £14.99
Seasonal pests W
e all know how trying the summer can be when it comes to flies, midges and other pests. While fly repellents and fly rugs can really help, so can Rockies’ Bug:go!, a salt lick containing 10% pure garlic that supplements the horse’s diet, helping to repel flies from the inside out. The lick is supplied in a 5kg block that is formed using high pressure presses, in the uK, to ensure longevity and prevent crumbling. In addition to garlic, a product that has been used for many years as a natural fly repellent, Bug:go! also contains essential salt and the recognised benefits of allicin and ajoene. Due to the way that Bug:go! is made, it can be used indoors or outdoors in a sheltered position, giving those with horses who live out an easy and effective way to supplement the diet. Bug:go! is available in one size only and has a RRP of £9.25. For more information, see www.rockies.co.uk, email info@ rockies.co.uk or call 01606 595025.
f you are struggling to find an effective deterrent for fly nuisance that doesn’t need to be re-applied or replaced, now is the time to start treating your horse from within using Brinicombe Equine’s Think fly. Now with six years of customer feedback, this ground breaking formulation has become internationally acclaimed with customers as far away as Australia. Brinicombe Equine’s Think fly contains Repel-ExTM a unique blend of fourteen different herbs and spices along with MSM, Zinc and other nutrients for healthy skin. The
specially selected ingredients build up in the system to create an invisible 24 hour shield like effect all over the horse, offering natural protection from all types of flies. Available as an in-feed granular form or as a low sugar lick which also contains a full compliment of vitamins and minerals to support the needs of horses at grass. A 4kg Think fly granules and an 8kg Think fly lick will last a horse for 40 days. RRP £32.99. Larger sizes available. For further information please contact Brinicombe Equine on 08700 606206 or visit www. brinicombe-equine.co.uk
Xxxxxxxxxx Feeding • Flies • Competition
Win 7 sets of 15kg Garlic Horslyx and 15kg Horslyx Holder worth £42.89 each Garlic Horslyx offers owners a simple and cost effective method of feeding Garlic, whilst also offering a unique vitamin, mineral and trace element package to provide multiple health benefits, in just one tub! Every tub of Garlic Horslyx contains the optimum level of pure garlic oil alongside a package of nutrients, including Biotin, Methionine and Chelated Zinc to support and maintain healthy hooves, high oil content to improve coat condition and antioxidants Selenium and Vitamin E to support the immune system. The 15kg Horslyx Holder gives horse owners a simple and safe way of protecting their Horslyx from wayward hooves, whether in the field or in the stable. The re-usable 15kg Horslyx Holder still offers a totally weatherproof, and cost effective feeding method. TO ENTER simply answer the following question: Name one of the nutrients that Garlic Horslyx contains?
Send your answer along with your name, address and contact telephone number to Horslyx Competition - Equi-Ads Ltd, Office 1, Tayview Estate, Friarton Road, Perth, PH2 8DG alternatively email your answer and contact details to email@example.com - entries close 30 June 2013.
For further information tel: (01697) 332 592 or visit www.horslyx.com
“My welsh cob gets plagued by flies to the point where he can be a nightmare to ride so I want to put him on Think Fly. Does it contain garlic? He is also a good doer, would the lick be suitable?
“Both Think Fly granules and Think Fly lick are suitable for horses prone to weight gain. If your horse isn’t receiving any additional hard feed it may be preferable to go for our Think Fly lick as this will also supplement the diet with vitamins and minerals in a low sugar, free access form. Feed trials have shown that garlic alone did not give the results required, so Think Fly contains our unique Repel-Ex™ formula which does include garlic but this is combined with specially selected herbs and plants which work in synergy to provide a more effective approach to fly nuisance.” For more health and nutrition advice contact the EquiClinic on
08700 606 206
(Monday-Friday: 9.00am-5.00pm) www.brinicombe-equine.co.uk www.equiads.net
June 2013 | 27
HORSE BEHAVIOuR - Speaking the language part 13 A series by Susan McBane explaining equestrian and scientific terminology in relation to equine behaviour and psychology, and its effects on horses and training . This series is based on a glossary of equestrian and scientific terms presented at the First International Equitation Science Symposium, 2005. The glossary description is given in quotation marks, followed by Susan’s discussion.) BEHIND THE BIT: ‘A head and neck posture that is generally described as an evasion and which involves the horse persistently drawing its nose towards its chest, sometimes allowing the reins to become slack. This occurs in training because of mistakes made in negative reinforcement or due to the use of restraining devices (such as draw reins) that force the neck to be shortened. In this situation the horse gives two different and independent responses to one signal (i.e. slowing or dorsoventral flexion) and thus frequently develops conflict behaviour. This posture thwarts the development of impulsion.’ It is, indeed, a funny (peculiar) old world that has brought us to the state in which the posture of ‘behind the bit’, which has always, until very recent decades, been regarded as a serious rider error caused by ‘bad [insensitive] hands’ is now required, demanded and even enforced by less knowledgeable trainers and riders and, it must be said, by some dressage judges although the situation in that quarter is improving. Many people also mistake being behind the bit (whether voluntary or forced) for being on the bit and ‘round’, and promote it for that reason, without understanding. Let’s briefly clarify some of the terms above before discussing ‘behind the bit’ itself, what triggers it in practical terms and how to prevent and correct it, the latter being, as always, more difficult than the former. The term evasion has long been used to describe sometimes quite strong objections by a horse to unpleasant or painful pressure; resistances are less forceful objections. Both terms imply that the horse is the guilty party whereas in reality it is the rider. The horse is naturally and understandably trying to stop those sensations, which could be caused by harsh aids, wrongly applied aids, badly fitted or adjusted tack, an injury, being whipped, pain from teeth or feet, and so on. The horse’s response can be anything from simply going awkwardly and not obeying aids, through head tilting, tossing and twirling,
COMING TO YOUR AREA SOON
It won’t be long before the Culicoides midges pester us again. If your horse is sensitive to bites, then now is the time to take action:
squirming, going crookedly and not ‘going forward’ or napping to full-blown violent reactions such as bucking, rearing and bolting. Another major reason for their occurrence is poor use of negative reinforcement: in equitation science, negative, and positive, are used in their mathematical senses of subtraction and addition. Negative reinforcement is the removal (subtraction) of the pressure of an aid, ideally within a second, as soon as the horse gives the required response, so reinforcing (strengthening) the likelihood that he will repeat the behaviour in response to that aid. In other words, if we ask him to slow down or halt in response to pressure on the bit, we must release (stop or subtract) the pressure as soon as he does so. If we don’t, confusion reigns which can lead to anxiety or even fear, depending on the horse’s temperament, and he will probably object somehow or other. Dorsoventral flexion, in this description, means that the horse over-rounds
Hickstead Horse feeds Y
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ou will have noticed that feeding your horse is becoming more expensive. It is not down to feed companies getting greedy; the market is more competitive than it has ever been. Wheat prices are bordering £200 a tonne, barley over £200 a tonne and Soya is double this. You don’t even want to know the cost of nonGM Soya! Wheat production is set to be 2million tonnes down on last year, which was not a vintage harvest itself and there is a strong chance the uK will be importing 3 million tonnes from countries such as the former Soviet union, where wheat production is positive. This will possibly have a further impact on prices. It is important that you know what ingredients are in your horse’s feed. Oat-feed, for example is a cheap bulk filler with poor nutrition when added in large quantities, so make sure
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MINI RANGE June 2013 | 29
able to communicate clearly and will also be of no reassurance to the horse. Your safety is paramount, never put yourself in danger and in the way of a fractious horse.
Horse Behaviour Xxxxxxxxxx • Worming and probably shortens his neck, often lowering it and bringing the muzzle in towards the chest as in hyperflexion or Rollkür. This may be voluntary as the horse tries to avoid the discomfort or pain of over-firm, constraining bit or noseband pressure, whether applied by hand or gadget. Both situations represent bad riding and training. Conflict behaviour is another term for evasions and resistances. Simply, the horse is in conflict because he is confused, anxious or frightened because of being ridden, driven or handled using signals (aids) he does not understand or is unable to obey because of the way they are applied. A common example is to apply two opposing aids at the same moment, such as driving a horse up to a restraining bit contact (equal to being told to go and stop at the same time), or, as described above, incorrect use of negative reinforcement. Possible resultant conflict behaviours are asEQUJun09-N.qxd given under ‘evasions’ above. Impulsion is the way of going of a well-trained horse who responds quickly and lightly to the aids and moves powerfully and energetically from his hindquarters, giving his rider the feel of an upward
There are a number of situations EQUJun09-N.qxd
with the poll being the highest part of (Genuine emergenc and forward thrust from behind saddle.some An basic fiof wherethe knowing rsttraining, aid the neck.’ impulsive horse goes calmly will andbelightly, useful.maintains Firstly it is important Exactly and precisely so, there for all to read, his way of going, his rhythm,tohis straightness ascertain the fulland severity of the • If faced with a learn, inwardly digest and put into practice. is important to a his posture himself on a lightsituation. contactThis and can obeys loosely bemark, grouped Part of the description of ‘on the bit’ in the light aids. (There are, of course, when he into occasions three categories, a horse requiring before entering t (Staple in horses eye) glossary we are considering, which will be might give us more impulsion than we treatment, want whenhorse requiring emergency to go into the sta turn, we don’t want it, such as if he is excitedcare andand notthose thatdiscussed immediate do not in its What to says: do whilst waiting for the vet and water and m ‘The self-maintained neck and head position ‘listening’ to his rider. Generally, this is because require medical attention. in an emergency? hot (if wearing ru of the horse inYour correct training, where vertical his training has not progressed sufficiently to put vet will advise you what to do, the severity of th If you are unsure you should flexion call yourof thedepending cervical [neck] vertebrae and him under ‘rider stimulus control’ rather than on each individual situation, advise you to ge vet –. even if it iswords, for advice. They will atlanto-occipital jointare [between the top vertebra ‘environmental stimulus control’ In other but here some general guidelines. in-hand if it is sa be more than happy a neck, the atlas, and the skull] (also known of the he is responding to his environment rather thantototalk over Doroundness) not put yourself in the ﬁ16:32 ring line Page 29 as hours pollEQUJun09-N.qxd flexion• or results in the nasal his rider, driver or handler.) problem with you during office 20/5/09 and advise if they think you need in pain, or approximately one that is scared planum [frontofofa horse the face] being 12 On the bit is one of the most misunderstood Put your visit. For a genuine emergency it in front as they can be veryatdangerous. degrees of the vertical walk or 6 degrees terms in modern equitation,aalong with doesn’t to matter or gaits. This posture is intended to improve in other forwardness (which simply means, use what time of day Easy to do - just s night it is, a vetThe on call will bethe happy If the horse horse has a suspected balance of• the ridden (relocatingfracture, extra today’s expression, ‘on the aids’ , not fast). Low cost - Only £ tofrom help. the old classic non-weight bearing is pumping multiple samples weight to the ishindquarters) and itsorwillingness traditional description, taken packages. Rapid a blood DO NOT move by himthe unless to respond towith the signals transmitted rider ‘Summerhays’ Horsemen’ says: Loyalty scheme 20/5/09 Encyclopaedia 16:32 Pagefor29 an emergency a through genuine the reins.’ advised by your vet (or if faced with an ‘A horse is on the bit whenSoitwhen takesisa light and Call us for a no-ob requirements, or v emergency? addedwho dangerous situation, in it, Clearly, a horse is behind the bitsuch is notason temperate but definite feel on the reins, without Free information s horse owner’s the middle of a of road). despite the beliefs and aims many people today. resistance, and with a relaxedCommon jaw. Thesense headand must Our kits are suppl intuition tell youwith when a situation Abbey Diagnos There are various ingeniously composed, remain steady, slightly in front of thewill vertical, 01638 552122 htt (Colic) is a genuine as: • If theexcuses horse istrotted bleedingout heavily try to Healt by some the neck raised and arched according toemergency, the stage suchplausible-sounding
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Horse Behaviour • Training Xxxxxxxxxx Horse Behaviour
This horse is showing an obvious behind-the-bit posture and it is clear from the muscling on his neck that he usually goes in this way. The slack rein indicates that he is adopting this posture voluntarily to try, vainly, to relieve himself of considerable distress caused by the use of his gag-type bit, common in jumping horses and which is adjusted too high in the mouth, which makes matters worse for him. The tight bridle and noseband will be compounding his problems. of today’s trainers and riders for not adhering to those faultless and utterly trustworthy descriptions. The fact is that a horse’s being on the bit comes from his being in self-balance with a fair level of impulsion due to his having been trained and strengthened properly to rise up slightly out of his natural posture on his forehand, take his weight back a little so that he can go in horizontal balance and thrust impulsively forward and up from his hindquarters. This is an early stage of starting to develop actual collection; without it only a sham version of the latter will and can be attained. This training is necessary from a humane viewpoint because a horse carrying the weight of a rider and saddle who goes ‘on the forehand’ is at greater risk of foreleg strain injuries, shoulder and back problems. One who is forced, physically or psychologically, to go behind the bit, with all its associated problems, will be on the forehand to some extent. Therefore, this kind of training is counter-productive and unethical. It is not possible to put a horse on the bit, and certainly not to collect him, by pulling his head and neck in and up with the reins, or strapping them ‘in place’ with some ‘training aid’ or other. That will not make him take his weight back, lift his shoulders and develop extravagance (if that’s what his rider wants). It comes from the naturally assumed head-and-neck carriage of a horse going from the back end and using his natural balancing pole, his head and neck, arched forward, out and, perhaps, up depending on his level of training and strength, to counteract that slight, backward shift of weight. This is what produces the ‘rounded’ posture of a horse with strong, engaged hindquarters and legs, a lifted belly and back, a slightly raised forehand, and balance control due to the head and neck being free, on a light contact, to move as the horse requires. This smoothly curving topline and relaxed, energetic horse who is master of his own body is a very different picture from that shown by many horses today. The common picture is trailing hindlegs which cannot reach forward well under the belly, sagging belly and back, sharp angle and wrinkled skin in front of the withers and in the throat area. There 32 | June 2013
is invariably a forcibly cramped, shortened neck that, along with the head, is clearly fixed in, up and back, and often behind the vertical, by a very firm contact, which produces enough froth to make a designer coffee (a sign of distress and of the horse being prevented from swallowing his saliva). The anguished eyes tell the sad story. The final insult to purity of gaits is forelegs artificially flicking and flinging out as if trying to hail a taxi instead of arching smoothly from the shoulder.
hands during this movement. Do this every single time, and as soon as, the horse goes behind the bit. Then, on your free rein, gently encourage him on with both legs. In time, quicker than you think, he will abandon his faulty posture and you can start to make progress, although he may occasionally revert to it if he is given too firm a contact. The schooling exercises needed to strengthen a horse and encourage/enable him to go in a horizontal balance with good head and neck posture are correctly performed, non-abrupt transitions and careful bending exercises. Transitions should be performed between gaits and within them (lengthening and shortening of stride, maintaining the same rhythm for the gait throughout). Bending exercises can start with large, smooth curves the length of one long side of the school, and shallow corners, progressing to 20m circles, 2-loop serpentines, shallow loops down the long sides of the school and taking it on from there, making sure the horse is competent, balanced and comfortable at each level before asking for more difficulty. You should aim to see the outside corner of your horse’s inside eye and the outside curve of his inside nostril. You can position your outside leg slightly back behind the girth without pressuring it, to discourage him from swinging his quarters out. If asking a horse to go in the way described is new to you, you would benefit from the help of a teacher with correct ideas, and should be able to find one, plus other help, from the following sources. FURTHER INFORMATION: The Classical Riding Club (www.classicalriding.co.uk), the International Society for Equitation Science (www. equitationscience.com), EquiSci for the UK (www. equitationscience.co.uk), the Australian Equine Behaviour Centre (www.aebc.org.au) and the Equine Behaviour Forum (www.equinebehaviourforum. org.uk). Also, follow up the links and publications on each site. (The Equine Behaviour Forum published the full glossary in its magazine ‘Equine Behaviour’. For your copy, send a cheque for £3.50 payable to ‘Equine Behaviour Forum’ to the Editor, Dr Alison Averis, 6 Stonelaws Cottages, East Linton, East Lothian, EH40 3DX.)
REMEMBER ‘BEHIND THE BIT’? This brings us nicely back to ‘behind the bit’. There is no big secret to preventing or correcting this conflict behaviour. We simply need to ensure three things: firstly, that we apply and release the SUSAN McBANE has an HNC in Equine aids correctly (correct negative reinforcement), Science and Management, is a Classical Riding secondly, that the horse is always comfortable in Club listed trainer and Gold Award holder, cohis body and particularly his mouth, and thirdly, founder of the Equine Behaviour Forum and is trained properly and slowly to allow the right a Practitioner Member of the International ‘riding muscles’ time to develop and strengthen so Society for Equitation Science. Author of 44 that he can go properly. Putting him artificially in books, she is a co-publisher of ‘Tracking-up’ the desired shape will actually prevent all this. (see advert this issue). For lessons in and near Habit is a powerful influence. Many horses Lancashire, ring 01254 705487 or email have developed the habit of going behind the bit email@example.com. to the extent that, once in the hands of a more enlightened, competent rider, they still go that way. The rider may feel ‘I WISH I’D SUBSCRIBED YEARS AGO’ that she wants a pair of said a reader of ‘TRACKING-UP’ published by rigid reins to push the horse’s head forward. A In our current issue: PHILOSOPHY AND STRUCTURE OF THE HORSE’S very simple, temporary PACES, Geoffrey Hattan, FBHS; WARMING UP AND WORKING IN, technique to bring the Susan McBane; MUSIC TO THEIR EARS?, Lesley Skipper; SCHOOLING FROM SCRATCH, indirect rein, weight aids and leg yield, Anne Wilson; horse’s head up and DO HORSES REALLY SEE HUMANS AS PREDATORS?, Lesley Skipper; forward is to definitely TRAINING THE HORSES OF NAPOLEON’S CAVALRY, Paul L. Dawson; but gently straighten your SPANISH RIDING SCHOOL PERFORMANCE, reported by Anne Wilson; STRETCHING TO FLEX, Charles de Kunffy; WHEN LIGHTNESS IS A arms out in front of you HOLLOW WORD, Lisa Scaglione, also summer rugging, steaming and raise them vertically hay, Peggy Sue’s scales of training, feeding, worming, plus a READER OFFER and REVIEW of SYLVIA LOCH’S new book, upwards, with a gentle ‘THE BALANCED HORSE’. vibrating feel on the bit ‘Tracking-up’ is available quarterly for £5.17 per issue or £18.70 for a if necessary. Stop this 4-issue subscription. Clearly print your name, address and ‘TUA19’ on the back of your cheque payable to ‘Tracking-up’ and post it to Anne aid the instant the head Wilson, Park End House, Robins Folly, Thurleigh, Beds., MK44 2EQ. comes up by giving him a free rein and praising him at once. use only your
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June 2013 | 33
Bridling Your Ambition
HIS month we talk to the Society of Master Saddlers about the importance of a well fitting bridle and how a bespoke handmade bridle could be the best option when it comes to standing out from the crowd. As we all know, tack can lead to success or failure, whether from the point of view of aesthetics, fit or safety. A well selected, correctly fitting bridle can enhance the best points of a horse’s head and help to disguise the less fortunate. On the other hand, a poorly fitting bridle can detract, even spoil, the animal’s entire appearance. Whether showing in hand or under saddle a bridle is one of the most important pieces of equipment that can really show off your horse. Horses come in many shapes and sizes and every breed has individual
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attributes that make it especially useful for a specific equestrian discipline, interest or showing class. It is this very diversity which can make buying a bridle off-the-peg difficult. The bridle may be well designed, the materials used may be first class, the craftsmanship may be superb and the stitching tiny and even. The bridle could be exactly what is needed to show off the particular breed but only if it fits correctly. And, quite simply, the best bridle in the world is a useless tool if it does not fit! Anyone showing in-hand for the first time should study the rule book very carefully because some breed societies specify the use/or forbid the
use of specific bridles and halters and bits. This especially applies to classes for mixed native breeds.
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Professional show exhibitors understand the importance of presentation – and they are well aware that when only fractions of a mark separate two animals, it is attention to detail that can make all the difference. A perfectly fitting inhand bridle that complies with all the rules relating to specific class whilst also emphasising the breed type can make all the difference. Made-to-measure means just that. The craft bridle-maker will take all the necessary measurements themselves. When this is not possible due to the distances involved, the bridle-maker will provide clear and detailed instructions that enable the owner to take the necessary measurements. They will probably also suggest the owner provides one or two good quality images of the horse. It’s worth recognising that bespoke bridlework actually represents extremely good value and should be looked on as a worthwhile investment. It removes guesswork and eliminates the need to ‘make do with the best of what’s available’. Good luck with your showing and make choosing a bridle an important part of your show ring preparation. Membership of the Society of Master Saddlers includes craft bridlemakers who are among the very best in the world. For more information visit www. mastersaddlers.co.uk or telephone 01449 711642.
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Understanding the relationship between the skeleton and muscles helps us understand how our horses move.
Pilates and Stretching fOR HORSES
This month’s article from Horses Inside Out by Sports and Remedial Therapist Gillian Higgins includes an extract from her book How Your Horse Moves, available from www.HorsesInsideOut.com are lined with hyaline cartilage, which provides a smooth surface between the bones and compresses to act as a shock absorber; for example, when taking off or landing after a jump. This type of joint is the most active, therefore most susceptible to injury. The fetlock is a synovial joint.
• The skeletal system of the horse consists of approximately 205 bones divided into: • the axial skeleton comprising the skull, vertebrae, sternum and ribs • the appendicular skeleton which is made up of the fore and hind limb bones. The number of bones varies as some fuse together as the horse matures and because the number of tail bones varies from horse to horse.
There are two main types of synovial joint:
• ball and socket – the ball-shaped end of the bone sits in its socket and is able to move in almost any direction. Examples are the shoulder and hip joints. • hinge – these resemble an opening door. They allow flexion and extension in one plane only. The elbow and pastern joints are examples of hinge joints.
Functions of the skeleton
The skeleton has five major functions. These are: • to act as support. The skeleton provides a stable and rigid framework for the attachment of muscles and tendons • to assist movement. When skeletal muscles contract, they pull on bones to produce movement • to protect the internal organs • to produce and store blood cells in the bone marrow • to store minerals, especially calcium and phosphorus, which contribute to bone strength.
Cross-section of a synovial joint
What is a joint?
Joints can be classiﬁed as:
A joint allows movement. It is the area where two or more bones meet. They are stabilized by a complex network of tendons, ligaments, and muscles. Movement is dependant on the contraction and relaxation of muscles and the associated articulation of the joints. Cartilage is a dense connective tissue containing collagen and elastic fibres covering the ends of bones at some joints. It reduces friction within the joint and aids shock absorption. It contains no blood vessels or nerves.
• fibrous, where bones are held by fibrous connective tissue. There is no joint cavity and little movement, an example is the skull. • cartilaginous, which are held together by cartilage. These joints have little articulation or movement. Important examples are the pelvis and the larger joint surfaces between vertebral bodies • synovial, which are fully moveable, modified shock absorbers. They are composed of a fibrous capsule, ligaments, and a joint lining, which manufactures lubricating synovial fluid. The ends of the bones
36 | June 2013
Ball and socket joint
• Bones are the hard living tissue that forms the skeleton. • They can be classified by shape. • The skeleton provides support, produces movement, protects internal organs, and manufactures blood cells. • Joints are the point at which bones meet. • They allow movement. • Joints are stabilized by muscles, tendons and ligaments. www.equiads.net
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his special value set includes our KM Elite Distinction Sheepskin high-quality saddle pad made from 100% medicated Merino lambswool and our extra soft cotton quilting along with a top quality cotton quilted dressage square. With optimum fit and a functional design, the sheepskin encourages muscle relaxation and improved blood circulation. It is fully breathable helping wick away sweat, whilst maintaining a soft comfortable contact with the horse. It helps keep the horse cool during the summer and warm in the winter. Colour – black. Size – full. RRP £79.99 www.kmeliteproducts.co.uk Telephone 01403 759659. www.equiads.net
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Woodburys Harlequin licensed to impress
oodburys Stud are very excited to announce that their Sportspony stallion, Woodburys Harlequin has been successfully graded with the Anglo European Studbook. This athletic stallion impressed the graders with his jumping technique, attitude and excellent conformation achieving Licensed status. After a very good start to his British Showjumping career with Michael Murphy, son of Peter and Eleni Murphy, Harlequin has returned home for stud duties. He is available via fresh and chilled semen throughout the uK and has many impressive offspring already. Ben Wentink of Scotland AI Services says ‘He is one of the best jumping pony stallions I’ve come across in a long time!’ He also had a successful showing career in hand before starting work under saddle including many championships. He handled being in a busy collecting ring very well and his second BS show was a premier show. He was brave and careful in the ring, producing double clear rounds. To use Woodbury’s Harlequin contact 0771 5118994, Scotland AI Services or email firstname.lastname@example.org
128cm Sportspony, reg WP&CS, SSH, PB Arab Very successful in hand career now proving himself impressive over fences. Stunning good looks, great conformation, perfect technique and superb temperament.
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Insurance • Stud
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Professional riders like Kitty King, featured, must hone their ‘eye’ as the fences increase in size, to ensure a safe jump. Credit: www.wowsaddles.com
CROSS COuNTRY COACHING - Seeing a stride Jenny Richardson BHSAI
udging the right stride to a fence is a fundamental building block to successful cross country riding. Seeing a stride to a fence means that you are aware of at least the last three canter strides before the obstacle you are jumping, thus knowing exactly where your take off point will be. It is the rider’s job to present the horse correctly to any fence, and it is the horse’s job to jump cleanly and safely. It is essential to understand the differences between the three different types of take off point: TOO LONG his means that you have taken off too far away, or too early. Your horse may struggle to make a good shape,
Practice your fence approaches at home in the arena
40 | June 2013
could lose balance, and may not clear the fence. It is often caused by a too fast approach, and an over-long canter stride. It can be uncontrolled and dangerous. TOO DEEP This means that your horse is placed too close to the fence and, again, will struggle to jump it easily. This is often caused by going too slowly with a lack of impulsion on the approach to the fence. The canter stride may be too short and weak, and could cause the horse to back off in front of the fence or refuse. THE PERFECT TAKE OFF POINT Must be mastered with schooling and repetition – it is often created by a medium canter before the fence. An extended canter between fences is encouraged, but you must have the control to adjust your horse’s paces before the fence, in order to create the perfect take off point. To consistently be able to achieve the correct take off point, it is vital you are able to shorten and lengthen your horse’s canter stride at will. For cross country riding, it is best to practise a collected, medium and extended canter either on a cross country course or in similar surroundings with plenty of room. Instil the slower paces first, and the quicker ones will follow naturally. If your horse is more excitable in open spaces, to help maintain your control, you should come back down a gear to trot, or walk if necessary and/or make a circle, reducing it in size until you are again in charge of the situation. One of the best exercises to help you to achieve the right take off point every time is to place three canter poles before a small fence set at the perfect striding distance for your horse. Help on the ground is necessary to adjust these poles, which must first be practised without a fence, to check that the distances are ideal. Start with about three metres between each
pole and adjust to suit. This will give you three even strides and an exact take off point. Repetition will teach you and your horse together what is required, and instil the exercise as second nature. When you feel you have mastered this task, remove the pole furthest away from the jump, then the middle one and finally the one just before the fence. This can be practised in an arena using show-jumps, in a field or on a course, before any of the single cross country obstacles on level ground. Once you can see a stride and are aware of ‘long’, ‘deep’ and ‘perfect’ approach, and can aid the horse in all three situations, you will start to get the feel of the ability to reach the perfect take off point almost every time. Use your knowledge of strides to help you in a cross country course; for example, you would not want to take off ‘long’ at a drop fence – ‘perfect’ or ‘deep’ being ideal for this type of jump. ‘Perfect’ or ‘long’ is better over an ordinary fence on level ground, especially if you are against the clock. You and your horse need to be controlled, flexible and versatile around all courses.
Jenny Richardson BHSAI is Equestrian Centre Business Manager at Ireland’s Castle Leslie Estate, a venue that oﬀers luxurious equestrian riding holidays and training breaks in the heart of Ireland. The team welcomes riders of all abilities and age groups and oﬀers expert tuition, gentle hacks and exhilarating cross-country rides over an extensive XC course. Visit www.castleleslie.com www.equiads.net
Optimum Equine Does your horse show any of the following symptoms? • Laziness /lack of impulsion • Spooky/stressy or sharp • Tail swishing • Fussy/unsteady/strong in the contact or teeth grinding • One sided in the school or particular difficulty with bend • Difficult to mount
• Difficulty keeping canter lead or changing behind • Difficulty coping with gradient hacking • Tripping or toe dragging • Difficultly with lateral work • Stopping at fences
If the answer is yes to any of the above then read on... Pinpointing any of these training issues/imperfections in your horses way of going can be crucial. If left unnoticed, they escalate into compensatory locomotion, resulting in further strains or injuries which could have been prevented. I use groundwork (long-reining) and ridden work to establish whether issues are physical or behavioural and use both in a more holistic way of training. If you want to achieve the best from your horse, not just for the short term, but for a more sustained way of going (whether your horse hacks or competes in any discipline) I can help you achieve this.
Want to know more? Please contact Heather for further information and friendly advice to help get you on the right track!
Tel: 07723484145 or Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Optimum Equine A4 Vis.indd 1 Equi_Ads_June_EngWales_Rev3.indd 41
23/10/2012 17:26 14:06 22/05/2013
Property • Training
Society Announces Major Showground Investment O rganisers of the Great Yorkshire Show, have announced that the flagship farming and countryside showcase will have more car parking, new temporary roads and increased drainage to enhance the parking provision at what is England’s premier agricultural event. The number of parking spaces will increase by more than 5,000 - an additional 30%, giving organisers, the Yorkshire Agricultural Society greater flexibility for the tens of thousands of vehicles which flock to the prestigious event. Some 45,000 cars are parked over the three days. Dates for this year are Tuesday 9 – Thursday 11 July when around 130,000 visitors are expected to attend. The news comes after the cancellation of the last two days of the 2012 show, following the wettest summer on record, when many of the parking areas became unusable. The cancellation cost the Society around £2m. Making the announcement, Nigel Pulling, the Society’s Chief Executive said: “This is one of the most significant developments in our long history. Having to cancel the last two days of the 2012 show was heartbreaking. As a direct result, an additional £500,000 has been earmarked on top of our annual Show budget of £3m to improve and
increase the parking available. Mr Pulling stressed: “It’s not that we are expecting more cars, on the contrary, we are keen to encourage people to use public transport, but this gives us greater flexibility should it prove necessary.” “We have an extensive programme of groundworks underway, which will see a new network of temporary roads – a total of around 5 kilometers (or 3.4 miles) and a similar amount of drainage. Many of our fields have been used for parking for a number of years which has compacted the ground and two Yorkshire companies, Sumo UK Ltd and Ripon Farm Services, are currently helping us by sub soiling the car parks to improve the drainage. “To help improve access, we’re using about 13,000 tonnes of stone for the roads and also at gateways of many of the car park entrances, which should also make a real difference,” he added. Following last year’s cancellation, the Society commissioned a topographical survey of the show site. As a result, drainage within the showground itself has also been improved and increased within the showground. The White Rose Ring – used for many of the equine classes – is a key area which has been improved at a cost of around £15,000.
The Pony Club Pocket Guide to Equestrian Dress
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re you getting 100% out of your horse? You might think you are, but why not book a session today to ensure you are on the right track and that you and your horse are not stuck at 60-80% of your potential. I see it frequently, where people wait until their horse starts showing some of the signs I’ve mentioned opposite (and many more) before they seek help, or even take it as `normal’ for their horse. Don’t be afraid of asking for a fresh set of eyes, you may just be pleasantly surprised at the results! I cover all of England/Wales providing there are enough people in one area. Give me a call to book your session to kick start your progress, or for friendly advice whatever your query! Contact Heather on 07723 484145.
42 | June 2013
ot sure whether to wear the blue, black or tweed? Does the decision between a tie and a stock leave you in knots? Well fret no more, and simply pull The Pony Club Guide to Equestrian Dress out of your pocket! This new and important guide to correct, safe and practical clothing, aimed primarily at young people involved with horses, whether in competition, leisure riding or taking part in Pony Club activities was launched at Badminton Horse Trials 2013. Describing the most suitable type of equestrian dress for the activity being undertaken, including important notes on how to minimise danger and maximise performance, the guide is a ‘must-buy’ for any young rider. Illustrated throughout, the guide is clear and easy to use as well as pocket-friendly, not only in
size, but also in price at just £4.99; making it the one-stop guide to dressing safely and appropriately! The Pony Club Pocket Guide to Equestrian Dress is available via Pony Club merchandise at shop. pcuk.org or by calling 02476 698300.
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June 2013 | 43
16/05/2013 22/05/2013 13:51 17:26
Book Review • Field & Stable
THE BALANCED HORSE – The Aids by Feel Not Force By Sylvia Loch Published by Kenilworth Press – ISBN 978 1 905693 85 6 (£25.00)
ust when we might think that Sylvia Loch has written all she can on the subject of aids and balance, she comes up with more gems of wisdom and a completely fresh approach. The true art of riding cannot possibly change, unless horses change dramatically in their conformational makeup, or the laws of Nature and gravity change and Newton is proved wrong! Even with intensive selective breeding for competition, horses remain essentially biomechanically the same as they were at least 2,500 years ago. This book brings new enlightenment to old principles by putting the facts in a new and understandable way. It is a prolifically pictorial book and the photographs are amazing. There are many sequences showing stages of particular movements, with captions describing the aids as well as the horse’s movements. The author is the rider in most photos and one can only be enthralled by her faultless position and obvious harmony with each horse. The reader is uplifted by the occasional photo where Sylvia comments on a slight fault of her own or that of the horse. This gives us all hope (human and horse) that we can make mistakes but still go on to greatness! In one shot Sylvia deliberately rides in a way most common in the competition arena; showing the very derogatory effect this has on the horse in extended trot – so different from the other shots of the same horse in this movement. The line drawings are also
wonderfully done and illustrate the text exactly, making it easy to see where things can go wrong and why. It will appeal to novice and experienced riders alike. No matter how experienced or how well read one may be, there are points made clear in this book which many experienced classicists may have taken for granted but never thought deeply about before. It is a very in-depth book, but nevertheless there are very many basic principles which are made crystal clear for the novice. One of the most diﬃcult things to explain is always rein contact, and is especially confusing to the novice. Below is a quote which I think comes the nearest to summing up in a nutshell the many nuances we should all bear in mind:“The amount of contact will vary considerably from horse to horse. It should be constant but allowing with the newly backed horse; firmer with the novice horse – whose balance may be faulty and who will need more support – and grow lighter by stages with the advanced horse. And herein lies the great myth about contact. For dressage, we should not be riding around with washing-line reins except in the stretch or, for a few moments, in a descente de main.” All of the principles are backed up (although there is no need for back-up) by many quotes from the Masters which appear at the end of each chapter. I thoroughly enjoyed these quotes as many are from books which I do not possess and which I would think are now hard to obtain. The other point to be made here is that these quotes are
from across the board internationally – the French school, German School, English, Dutch, and so on, which confirms in my mind that there is uniformity in classical riding; the differences are minimal. The reader is taken on a virtual ‘feeling’ riding journey from training the novice horse right up to the higher airs, including one-handed riding, which is often neglected. No thinking rider should be without this book, regardless of which discipline they wish to follow. The laws of Nature are the same in all riding, not just dressage. Anne Wilson
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FLY MASK WITH DETACHABLE NOSE
The British Eventing Collection £24.99
FOR the first time ever an exciting new horse wear collection has been launched by British Eventing. This super smart, sophisticated range encompasses the very best materials and will have you proud to arrive at an event or gallop around the crosscountry. Providing excellent quality and simply a ‘must have’ this season, the range includes a luxurious show rug, versatile fleece rug, practical summer sheet, fleece bandages, padded head collar and high wither saddlecloths. Made from a unique navy check 280g fleece, the British Eventing Checked Fleece Rug has cross surcingles, a wither pad, fillet string and navy binding with navy and white cord piping. The British Eventing logo is embroidered on the front of the rug. Visit www.equestrian.com and www.britisheventing.com to view and buy this exciting new range.
GREY MESH WITH BLACK TRIM – SIZES: S/M/L DETACHABLE NOSE
Room with a view!
• IMPROVED for 2013 • Innovative, spacious design to protect the eyes whilst ensuring an optimum fit, up to 85mm space from the eyes
UP TO 85mm SPACE FROM THE EYE
• Provides maximum visibility • Detachable nose flap protects sensitive skin from harmful UV rays • Soft, comfortable fleece edging • Two robust Velcro™ straps, one double locking for extra security • Roomy, soft ear covers • Easily converts to ear-less design, simply cut above the stitched seam
Tried & Tested - Groom Away! C oat Shine & Mud Repeller - This has to be the best one I have ever used - straight forward and easy to use – it left my horse’s coat glossy and soft and made brushing the mud out so much easier - definitely one for the grooming kit! Stain Away - I can’t recommend this enough - It is very effective and removed the grass and poo stains so easily, just simple spay on and brush out...it really works! If you own a grey
pony you will love this product! I certainly will be stocking up on this! Tangle Away - Tested on a Highland Pony with a long thick mane and tail the product worked fantastically. Tangle away was non greasy and left the mane and tail smooth and tangle free. I can’t wait to see the rest of the Groom Away Range. To find out more about the Groom Away Range go to www.flyaway.ltd.uk
01403 759659 WWW.KMELITEPRODUCTS.CO.UK
READER OFFER: FREE EQUINE SOLAR SPORT SUNSCREEN WORTH £9.99 WITH EVERY SPACE MASK! 46 | April 2013 AVAILABLE END OF APRIL… QUOTE ‘SOLAR’ WHEN ORDERING Equi_Ads_June_EngWales_Rev3.indd 46
Field & Stable
Planning new stables? Try fresh air and fresh thinking
pring may have arrived late this year but summer is coming. And with it comes the opportunity for many to leave their horses out in the field day and night. Summer turnout gives horse owners the chance to take a good look at their stabling, carry out repairs or refurbishment and in some cases consider replacement. If you’re thinking of replacing your stables or building new ones now’s the time to make plans. Simon Pelly, Group Sales Manager for Barnard Castle based Roundhouse Building Solutions suggests these seven tips for planning new buildings You’ll need planning permission to build new stables, so don’t do a thing until you’ve had a quick conversation with a builder, a planning consultant or your regional planning department. Most will give you guidance on what is potentially acceptable and what’s not. And when you’re ready to submit the application they can offer advice. Horses need shelter from wind and rain, but also need lots of fresh air. Stables with good ventilation can help keep your horse’s respiratory system healthy. Clever design, such as the Roundhouse’s central airflow system can help reduce dust and make sure air constantly circulates throughout the building, without causing draughts. Look for a design that allows horses to see their companions. Some horses find it stressful to be separated from the rest of the herd so if possible choose a layout where horses can see each other. Internal bars instead of walls help air flow and allow horses to see each other. Or consider adding a window to the rear of stables so your horse can look out on both sides. Good drainage will keep smells down, improve the internal atmosphere and reduce the amount of bedding you use. This will save you time when mucking out and keep costs down. Check out new designs as well as traditional stabling. Whether you’re looking at individual boxes or an internal barn system, have a good look at new innovations. The circular Roundhouse design can incorporate a covered horsewalker or perimeter exercise track to make the most of your space. Planning committees will consider the environmental impact of your stables as well as the aesthetics. Check that your chosen supplier is using materials from a sustainable source – or that they can be recycled when you no
longer need them. Allow 6-8 weeks for your planning application to be processed and another 6-8 weeks for preparation and construction of your new stables. If you want your horses living in new stables this autumn now’s the time to act. “We designed the Roundhouse specifically to improve animal welfare. The circular layout means horses can see all around them and can always see their companions. This is important for herd animals with a flight instinct and helps reduce stress levels. And our central vent system creates a natural chimney, drawing fresh air into the building – essential for a healthy respiratory system. “Building new stables is a big commitment and shouldn’t be done in a hurry. Time spent in the planning stage is time well spent. Stable design has come a long way from Victorian style stalls. Keep an open mind and your new yard will keep you and your horses happy for years to come.”
Smug Bags are not just for taking rugs to the cleaners they can be used to carry tack to and from shows, or store tack in the car or horsebox. To order or for more information see
www.smug-bags.com or phone 078 2527 1512
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48 | June 2013
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VetVits, PO Box 64, St Peter Port, Guernsey GY1 3BT. Prices featured are valid until 31.07.13
Smug Bags - Not a 1 trick Pony
P S S
E E E N
A P a O
G O L D S TA N D A R D
glucosamine HCI formulation
SCIENTIFICALLY FORMULATED THE PUREST VetVits, PO Box 64, St Peter Port, Guernsey GY1 3BT. Prices featured are valid until 31.07.13
pply 2 month su
5 £18.s9 pply 6 month u £55.95
on every pack
“EquiFlex ® is clinically tested to help optimise mobility, with independent clinical trials finding that a group of horses being fed EquiFlex over a 31 day period displayed statistically significant improvements in 4 out of 5 movements. VetVits use only the purest, most advanced form of Glucosamine HCl available, providing 40% more glucosamine per serving than standard glucosamine products.” Product Description Size/Price Qty SALE EquiFlex 496g @ £19.95 £18.95 SALE EquiFlex Bulk 1,488g @ £56.95 £55.95 372g @ £13.45 EquiHoof – hoof health care EquiMSM – joint health care 600g @ £14.95 EquiSenior – complete health care 496g @ £14.95 NEW EquiCalm – natural calmer 434g @ £16.95 FREE Postage and Packaging*
® ™ ™
Total order value £
BVSc CertVOphthal MRCVS. Former president of the BSAVA. Veterinarian and consultant to VetVits for over 11 years.
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All products are sold by Healthspan UK Ltd. To order by mail, please make cheques payable to ‘Healthspan Ltd’ who are the collection agents for Healthspan UK Ltd and post with this order form to VetVits, PO Box 64, St Peter Port, Guernsey, GY1 3BT. Prices featured are valid until 31.07.13. Please allow up to 10 days for delivery. All product prices shown include VAT at applicable rate. *Free postage & packaging applies to UK only. Calls may be recorded for training purposes. Our Customer Charter provides a no-quibble refund on our products and a guarantee that your personal data will not be passed on to any third party. Offer valid on VetVits products only. **Last three digits on the back of your card. If you would prefer not to receive any future product updates please tick this box:
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EQA-WJN Offer expires 31.07.13
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sflex-pcharles-13-A4-may-v2_0 13/05/2013 12:30 Page 1
The best feed the best
Photography: Kerry Bowness
the proof is in the performance
Fed and recommended by Peter Charles, British Olympic Gold Medallist “I expect no less than the best from my horses at all times. Therefore it’s my responsibility to give them the best. I give them Superflex to maintain the health and flexibility of their joints, in return they remain strong, supple and able to perform to their best. I advise you do the same, whatever you do with your horse.”
Superflex is unique. The totally natural formula has been developed by vets using premium grade, fully traceable ingredients, including nutrients proven to support joint flexibility, supported by a powerful combination of naturally sourced ingredients selected for their rich antioxidant properties, and these really do set Superflex apart from other joint formulas.
For more details please call our Freephone Advice Line: 0800 373 106 or email email@example.com
Superflex has full veterinary approval. Plus it is the choice of many British Team riders, including Gold Medallist Peter Charles. Take their advice and give your horse’s joints the five star treatment he deserves.
www.naf-equine.eu/uk Equi_Ads_June_EngWales_Rev3.indd 2