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Table of contents ------------------------------------------------------Presidential words 4 ------------------------------------------------------10 things about antibiotics 5 ------------------------------------------------------5th Autumn Assembly - Dubrovnik 6 ------------------------------------------------------Map of Competences project 8 ------------------------------------------------------Pharmaceutical Care survey 10 ------------------------------------------------------BhPSA 12 Bulgarian Pharmaceutical Students Association

------------------------------------------------------A.N.E.P.F. 13 French National Pharmaceutical Studentsʼ Association

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------------------------------------------------------French Faluche review 15 ------------------------------------------------------Bologna process 16 ------------------------------------------------------Life after studies? 17 From studies to work

------------------------------------------------------Professional Development 18 ------------------------------------------------------e-Prescribing 19 ------------------------------------------------------TWINNET events

20 - 23

------------------------------------------------------Pharmaceutical Sciences Articles 24 ------------------------------------------------------Pharmacy education in UK 25 -------------------------------------------------------

Dear Reader, You are looking at the second edition of the 16th volume of EPSA Newsletter. I tried to focus on what EPSA is doing at the moment - developing projects, as well as to show you some great results we have achieved and collected in past few months. Design in coming pages is little bit more flexible than it was before, I hope you will like it, because it shows some creativity in our “molecular” life. Everyone I asked to write an article for EPSA Newsletter kindly and quickly answered which shows just how much students want to participate and help! Beside our already established collaboration with DIA (Drug Information Association) and AstraZeneca , who also contributed their articles as part of Partnership, we have some new partners, and hopefully will have much more soon. Enjoy your reading, in a bus, train, plain, home or during lectures :-) Edited and designed by: Bojan Davinić EPSA Vice-President of Communication 2008/2009 epsa.vpc@gmail.com

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Presidential words Dear EPSA Friends, It gives me great pleasure to introduce to you the second newsletter for the EPSA team mandate 2008/2009. It is hard to believe that nine months have already passed since the congress in Serbia. Since April 2008 the EPSA team has worked very hard to make this association one of the most respected student organisations out there and if you have a look at this newsletter I am sure you will be as convinced of this as I am. Indeed 2008 has been a very special year for EPSA. We have seen the successful launch of a new project the EPSA MAP of Competencies. This project is a really important one not only for EPSA but also for you, my dear friends, as it is you who will ultimately profit from it. You can read all about it in a very interesting article you will find in this newsletter. Our Working Committees have all been working extremely hard in gathering information about the hottest topics around the EU. By gathering knowledge of how things work in different countries EPSA can really hope to make a difference and this is also what makes EPSA so unique – it brings together the voices, experiences and opinions of pharmacy students all over Europe. For this I want to thank the Working Committee Directors for their dedication and also the Working Committee members for gathering all this information. I would like to urge you to have a look at these articles, and contact the authors of these articles with any comments you might have.

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As students, travelling is something which interests the majority of us. EPSA offers so many opportunities for that. Throughout this publication you can read about the various team mobil ity projects organised throughout this year, the IMP Project and also EPSA events organised by the EPSA team. It gives me great pleasure to look back at the photos of all these events and see all the smiling faces of all those students who have left a mark on EPSA and have contributed to make my term as president a successful and rewarding one. I would like to thank those students who have submitted any sort of article be it scientific or descriptive for this newsletter as they have all contributed in sharing knowledge and spreading the EPSA Spirit to all the corners of Europe. Finally I would like to end by expressing my gratitude to the amazing team I have been working with over the past months. EPSA has had many successes through the hard work and dedication of everyone on this team. I would like to encourage all of you out there to get involved in your student associations and in EPSA. Being a student is not only about books and studying; itĘźs about experiences and memories which will help you grow as a person and as a professional. Just look around you there are many ways of getting involved and every little bit counts. I look forward to meeting you in France for the EPSA Annual Congress.

Yours in EPSA,

Marisabelle Bonnici EPSA President 2008 - 2009


10 things I know about antibiotics Antibiotic Awareness Day They are medicines efficient only against infections caused by bacteria, which donʼt help me cure my common cold or flu (infections caused by viruses) It is important to take my treatment to an end and not give up antibiotics as soon as I feel better There are also natural “antibiotics” (garlic, honey, oregano, thyme, sage, Echinacea), which donʼt show adverse reactions and can strengthen my immune system It is important for me to take antibiotics only by following the physicianʼs or pharmacistʼs advice They are prescription only medicines Frequent usage can lead to undesired reactions, such as: gastrointestinal disorders (diarrhoea, nausea), weakening of the immune system, predisposition to allergic reactions, kidneys and liver conditions Alcohol can increase the adverse reactions and extend the diseaseʼs duration Antibiotics donʼt take away my pain (headaches, sore throat, tooth aches) and donʼt reduce fever If I use birth control pills, itʼs good to use an additional contraception method during the antibiotics treatment Irresponsible administration can lead to antibiotics not showing the right effect in the future

European Antibiotic Awareness Day is a European Health Initiative in close collaboration with the World Health Organization. Its first edition took place this year, on 18th November, and focused specifically on the need for everybody to stop any unnecessary use of antibiotics. The EPSA Public Health Working Committee celebrated this day and selected 10 essential things we should all know about antibiotics; below you can find these statements, together with pictures from the field work done in Bucharest, Romania by the students in pharmacy. During this health awareness campaign we distributed questionnaires and flyers among the young public, aiming to find out their perception about antibiotics and draw their attention on the importance of using these medicines in a responsible manner.

The results of the survey we did in Romania during campaign: -Out of 165 people, 77% take antibiotics following the physicianʼs advice and 88% follow the treatment as the pharmacist/doctor told them - 69% of the respondents are aware of the fact that antibiotics cure infections caused by bacteria, but 41% still believe that these medicines are efficient against viruses too - 62% know that one of the undesired effects is the growth of drug resistant bacteria, while 57% mention the gastrointestinal disorders - 64% state that they are careful about consuming alcohol while they are under a treatment with antibiotic, but only 55% are aware about the significance of an antibiogram And, the most important outcome: - 96% say that they need to know more about antibiotics; 45 % prefer to get this information from a doctor and 50% from pharmacists and public health campaigns. This encourages us to continue the health awareness campaigns in this direction, so that the Antibiotic Awareness Day will be celebrated yearly by our local association (SSFB) and by the EPSAʼs PH WC. Public Health Working Committee 5


5th EPSA Autumn Assembly Dubrovnik, Croatia 2008 The 5th EPSA Autumn Assembly was held from 20th25th of October in fantastic city of Dubrovnik, Croatia, situated on a coast of Adriatic sea. Participants enjoyed sunny weather, sea view from hotel, amazing lecturers during a Symposium day with European Society of Clinical Pharmacy (ESCP), great workshops, inspiring social program and of course true EPSA Spirit! This autumnʼs theme was Pharmaceutical Care Models and Therapeutic Innovations. 3 speakers held lecturers (Mr. Fergal Cooney, Dr. Julienne Johnson and Dr. Tony Bayer) in fantastic 5 star hotel with beautiful view of the sea, as well as 3 student speakers (Ms. Aja Petrikova, Ms. Ersa Tsoutsoura and Ms. Magdalena Kurnik). EPSA is pleased how these 6 lecturers were attended, and how the discussions were live. After all the lecturing Heena Bhakta, Working Committee Professional Development Director took the microphone and with very dynamic approach among the participants, lead all the discussions among students, lecturers and guests. Atmosphere was very live, progressive and ended up with statement of opinion, which was written by EPSA Secretary General - Jamie Wilkinson. EPSA Working Committees workshops were split in 2 days, and moderated by EPSA Working Committees Directors. All of the workshops achieved good feedback from students, and it was nice to see interactive presentations and live discussions afterwards. Since Individual Mobility Project has attracted good attention, EPSA organised training for National IMP Coordinators, and rest of participants who are interested. Central IMP Coordinator, Boštjan Č eh, together with several members of EPSA executive, presented the whole procedure of IMP process from first contact until actual departure and saying “good bye” to registrated participant.

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The General Assemblies were set in a room across the hotel, so we had no any problems with anybody being late, everything was on time. All LSʼs attended every GA, and we have to admit most of people siting in the room gave us their opinion. Debates were very fruitful and effective. Going through the motions true EPSA Spirit showed itʼs face - all the students were interested in the topics, giving their opinions, thoughts, telling us about experiences! It was real pleasure being there. Even though GAʼs were pretty much exhausting, beside LSʼs, a lot of observers who were there joined debates and contributed EPSAʼs development. Social program has been veeery good organized, starting with opening party, over National night, where everybody was in White-Red outfits, and European night where every country had a chance to present their national food, drinks, music or even dance, party was quite crazy. Next party - Marinero night which was fiesta of creative sailors and pirates costumes. We went to the end party in a fancy club on the coast, with sea view and realised that EPSA Spirit was among us all the time, and certainly will stay for a long time. As it goes usually event had to came to the end. Fantastic time in Dubrovnik, great friends, new knowledges, experience, fun... it will remain in us for a long long time.

Special thanks to Croatian Reception Committee!!


EPSA Map of Competences project

Self-Medication Related Competencies for European Pharmacy Students and Pharmacists Background: Throughout Europe, governments are becoming increasingly concerned with the safety of products, but also the safety of practitioners (doctors, pharmacists, surgeons, etc). Cost and efficiency of health systems has always been a driver for health care policy, but there is now an additional challenge of ensuring that practitioners are safe and effective. Many health policies are now being instigated with these attributes at the fore, with pharmacy and medicines being no exception. The continued education and development of pharmacists, particularly in the community sector, is therefore becoming a high priority. Increasingly, regulators are seeking assurance of ʻcompetenceʼ (and associated performance) in practitioners who are providing direct health care.

Competence A close examination of modern ideas about competence reveals several facets; competence can (and should be) undoubtedly seen as a complex construct, comprising a set of knowledge, skills, behaviours and values to which effective capability can be ascribed. Knowledge and skills are straightforward enough, and indeed behaviours can also be evaluated if the right developmental framework is used. Routinely, and reliably, measuring “values” in a practitioner is not so easy. However, this is not say that we should not try, and with the right model, in the right circumstances, and with an enlightened professional regulatory framework, these concepts can – and should – feed into a developmental pathway for practitioners, from pre-service, to general, to advanced levels.

COMPETENCY ICEBERG

KNOWLEDGE

EFFECTIVE AND PERSISTENT BEHAVIOUR

SKILLS

ABILITIES

VALUES, ATTITUDES AND BELIEFS

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EPSA Map of Competences project

Practitioner development Continuing pharmacy education (CPE) is a clear requisite if we are to realise the potential presented to the profession by the gradual introduction of new roles and medicines-focused services. This means moving forward from the current idea about continued professional development (CPD – which often is based around attendance at talks and lectures with no direct link with competency development) towards a more structured way of thinking about career-long development for practitioners, and hence improving the accessibility of medicines, medicines information and symptom control. And to be clear, this includes competent general levels of practice, without which the profession would be declining. This modern and contemporary outlook requires us to move from the current rhetoric of life-long learning towards a realistic practitioner development model that fully supports health service reforms and patient care. Realistic continuing education should have a focus on credentialed competence and performance is key to this, ensuring that inspirational workplace (and work-based) education is at the core. It is acknowledged that assessment is as much a driver of learning as personal development. Therefore, an effective learning tool requires self-assessment and self-evaluation, and develops independent learning skills. Self-Medication Related Competencies for European Pharmacy Students and Pharmacists The European Pharmaceutical Studentsʟ Association (EPSA) together with the School of Pharmacy, University of London, the European Self-Medication

Industries (AESGP) and the European Association of Faculties of Pharmacy (EAFP) are developing a unique and innovative self-assessment and learning resource for European pharmacy students and practitioners. This will encompass general level competencies with particular examples of self-medication. The initial phase of the project focused on the validation of the UK General Level Framework (GLF) to a European practice context. The GLF supports the development of pharmacists as safe and effective general level practitioners. It is used extensively in the UK, has been adapted for use in Australia and is currently being developed in several other countries. Since November 2008 final year students and new practitioners from 27 countries have been assessing the relevance of the GLF to their own practice via an online research tool on the CoDEG website (www.codeg.org.uk/egpf). EPSA, which represents 2500 pharmacy students and newly qualified practitioners, and the Pharmaceutical Group of the European Union (PGEU), whose membership comprises professional bodies representing community pharmacists across Europe, have promoted the research. The investigation will also highlight interesting differences and similarities in the beliefs and values of final year students and practitioners. This research will lead to the development of a European General Level Framework (EURO GLF), an online self-evaluation tool for students and practitioners. This will be one of a number of self-assessment tools which will be developed in the next phase of the project. An online learning resource will be linked to the self-assessments, initially focusing on cardiovascular disease risk.

Prof. Ian Bates, Dr. Sarah Carter Ms Jurate Svarcaite (pharmacist and MSc student) School of Pharmacy, University of London

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EPSA in Action Pharmaceutical Care Education What is Pharmaceutical Care? Pharmaceutical Care (PC) is an important activity in our future professional life and it means different things to different people from different countries. It can be understood as a holistic approach to patient centred healthcare. The main elements of the PC intervention process are the patient assessment, the intervention itself and the outcome assessment. Important supporting activities include monitoring of the process, the documentation and communication skills. Behavioural aspects are considered to be very important in the curriculum. In our research the definition of the pharmaceutical care as stated by the International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) from 1998 was used: “Pharmaceutical Care is the responsible provision of pharmacotherapy for the purpose of achieving definite outcomes that improve or maintain a patientʼs quality of life. It is a collaborative process that aims to prevent or identify and solve medicinal product and health related problems. This is a continuous quality improvement process for the use of medicinal products.”

This article gives a preliminary report of a survey done by EPSA between September 2008 and October 2008. The results were presented at the EPSAESCP Symposium on 21st October 2008 (Dubrovnik, Croatia).

EPSA Survey about Pharmaceutical Care Education around Europe As the topic of the EPSA-ESCP Joint Symposium was “Pharmaceutical Care Models and Therapeutic Innovation” EPSA decided to assess the PC education in Europe in order to find out the similarities and differences between the curricula. An online survey was conducted where the EPSA Liaison Secretaries and Working Committee members were asked to collect answers with the assistance of academic staff at the respective faculty.

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69 faculties from 22 countries replied to this survey representing 40% of faculties of pharmacy in Europe (see the map). The survey was divided into four parts: • Basic information about the country • Information about the curriculum • Teaching methods • Information about the faculties who do not have PC in their curricula. Note: if a percentage is stated it refers to all completed replies from the whole Europe if not stated otherwise.

Results According to the answers PC is not being taught or is poorly taught in Serbia (Novi Sad), Romania, the FYR-Macedonia and Slovenia. The answers from Novi Sad and Romania stated that the curriculum is old, and needs improvement in order to consider PC as an important course for students. In Europe the PC is taught as an entire course in 43% of the faculties and in 52% as a part of another course, mainly pharmacology, pharmacy practice or pharmacotherapy. Almost 60% of the lectures are obligatory in Europe. The oral examination (72%) is conducted to a similar degree as the with the written examination (75%). The average number of hours dedicated to the PC in Europe is 80 hours per year – that could be e.g. 2,5 hours per week during two semesters.


Is it enough to prepare future pharmacists for his core role? The highest amount of hours spent with the PC is in Croatia (300 hours) followed by Finland (200 hours). The PC is mainly taught in the 3rd year (69%) and the 4th year (62%). It is interesting to note that in Northern Europe PC is equally divided between all years of education so the students start with the PC already in the 1st year.

100%

Who is teaching pharmaceutical care at the faculties in Europe?

The EPSA 36th General Assembly accepted a motion which encourages the EPSA members to organise “pharmaceutical care contests” e.g. in counselling skills so the information about logistical and scientific support is being shared between LSs right now. Would you like to have a counselling skills competition at your faculty? Speak with your local association!:-) To progress with this project a Working Group on Pharmaceutical Care Education (WG) was created after the 5th EPSA Autumn Assembly. The WG currently has 9 members from 8 countries. More members are welcomed.

% of faculties

80% 60% 40% 20% 0% Academic Staff

Community / Hospital Pharmacists

Doctors

Experts from Societies

Which skills in PC does the faculty aim at teaching the students? Management skills Co-operation skills $The ability to accept responsibility Decission making ability &A solid grounding in biomedical ethics Communication skills 3The ability to apply knowledge to specific problems HA solid grounding in pharmacology, pharmacotherapy and disease knowledge ,Knowledge of the pharmaceutical care process 0%

20%

40% 60% % of faculties

80%

100%

EPSA in Action!

The aim of the WG is: • to continue with the survey (in process, 13 more replies collected, another 6 countries submitted replies) • to present the results to the EPSA externals (results were presented to the Pharmaceutical Group of EU (PGEU), International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP), Pharmaceutical Care Network Europe (PCNE), European Association of Faculties of Pharmacy (EAFP)) • to prepare the Statement of Opinion (SoO) on the PC education (in process, EAFP has been asked join the SoO) • to help EPSA members to organise the PC contests (e.g. in the Czech Republic) • to help EPSA members to improve the PC education (the Romanian students already started discussion with the Faculty of Pharmacy in Bucharest).

When the results of the survey were presented at the Joint Symposium a lively discussion took place on the topic. Students would really like to improve the current situation. It was agreed that EPSA should take action from all perspectives – presenting the results to the professional partners and academia; organising more actions related to PC such as training camps, workshops, lectures; EPSA member associationsʼ initiating the discussion with academic staff.

As you can see EPSA is a very flexible and active organisation who has the ability to change things. EPSA would be nothing without its members and people who care about the pharmacy profession & the education and who wish to put the profession to higher level.

This is a good example on how EPSA can be of benefit of its members by addressing a problem. Through extracurricular education, efforts to make the student voice heard and so on EPSA can contribute to the improvements in the pharmaceutical education and skills set.

Aja Petrikova Pharmaceutical Care Education Working Group Director 2008/2009 USF Czech Republic

Iʼm glad that I had the chance to meet so many enthusiasts and Iʼm happy to see that EPSA is making the difference in the pharmaceutical care education.

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Meet the BPhSA Bulgarian Pharmaceutical Studentsʼ Association The Bulgarian Pharmaceutical Studentsʼ Association was founded by a group of students on the 9th of November 2007 in the Faculty of Pharmacy of Medical University in Sofia. The aim of these students was to create an association that will be strongly involved in the pharmacy studentsʼ life and extra-curricular activities. In Bulgaria, there are two Faculties of Pharmacy – one in Sofia, our capital city and one in Plovdiv. As one of BPhSA top priorities is to represent the voice of all pharmacy students in Bulgaria, we contacted the Faculty in Plovdiv. As a result, BPhSA has members from there, too. Thus, BPhSA pretends to be the only national pharmacy studentsʼ association in Bulgaria. When we created the association, we set up some goals in front of us such as motivating studentsʼ scientific work, conducting public health campaigns and training courses, promoting the improvement of pharmacy studentsʼ skills, helping towards their professional realisation and scientific advancement, organising international exchange of students.

dents present at this event. They learned how to educate and better explain the risk of the disease to their future diabetes patients. At the end each participant had the chance to measure its own blood glucose levels. Other events worth mentioning on BPhSA calendar are the public health campaign on the 1st of December (World AIDS Day), Students Scientific Congress of which we are co-organisers, Bulgarian Pharmaceutical Days Forum during which

One year after the foundation of BPhSA we have made a great progress in each of these objectives. It has become a tradition for BPhSA to organise educational lectures on different topics – HPV vaccines, oral higiene, HIV, insulin therapy. Only weeks after our foundation, we had a TWIN with PSANS, Serbia.

BPhSA is responsible for the registration of the participants and it is represented with its own pavilion. Apart from the educational part BPhSA throw big parties on different occasions – beginning of the academic year, Halloween, Christmas and the beginning of the spring.

In May 2008 we organised in association with GSK an essay contest. The topic was “The OTC products and the role of the pharmacist as a consultant”. The price was 150 euro. One of our recent successful initiaves was the lecture and workshop about the epidemiology, diagnosis, prevention and self-control of diabetes, commemorating the World Diabetes Day on the 14th of November. There were almost 60 stu-

As a young association, BPhSA is constantly developing and evolving led by its motto “ARS LONGA, VITA BREVIS”.

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www.bphsa.org

Hristina Lebanova EPSA LS BPhSA Public relations officer


Meet the A.N.E.P.F. Letʼs see who is responsible for EPSA Annual Congress 2009... General Assemblies are the opportunity to share ideas, thoughts about A.N.E.P.F. and its membersʼ burning projects and issues. Professionals from different fields of pharmacy or healthcare system are invited to give lectures and students from other countries or from other courses of study are invited as well in order to share with them.

A.N.E.P.F. is the French National Pharmaceutical Studentsʼ Association. It was created in 1968 and represents the 33.000 pharmacy students from all 24 French faculties in a independent, non-political, and non-religious way. It aims at the promotion and the defense of their rights, the promotion of the national unity of the students in Pharmacy. To reach its aims, the association attends the different commissions that govern the pharmaceutical studies (National Pedagogic Commission for Pharmaceutical Studies: CPNEP, National Training Masters Council). A.N.E.P.F. has as well tight relations with the Deans of the faculties of Pharmacy as well as with the National Order (Chamber) of Pharmacists (where the headquarters of A.N.E.P.F. are located). Contacts with professional trade unions of Pharmacists are as well numerous in congresses or in meetings. A.N.E.P.F. meets its members (local pharmaceutical studentsʼ associations) several times a year: During the annual congress (300 participants) and during five general assemblies (200-250 participants) reuniting small delegations from each local association as well as during the winter and summer “criteriums” (respectively 1000 and 500 participants).

In practical terms, A.N.E.P.F. makes the best of itself with different publications like: • The Installation of the Young Pharmacist handbook - helping the pharmacist to create a community pharmacy • The Antidote (information newsletter published every two months) • The Practical Handbook for the Pharmacy Student - with a description of main diseases, drugs and dosages and some advices for patient counseling • The Pharmaceutical Studies handbook – describing all the Masters available in France for students • and the Guide of the Pharmaceutical Professions – describes all the fields where a pharmacist can work We organise a public health campaign each month, based on national and international campaigns, or created by ourselves alone or with the help of EPSA. We print a lot of posters and documents to be given to students every month, we distribute tons of condoms, and make a lot of activities to earn some money and give it to health associations. With one of our partners, we allow a grant to the most interesting humanitarian project from all 24 faculties. Thanks to EPSA, we are organizing a QUATRINO with Portugal, Slovenia and Spain. Of course the project that is the most interesting for you guys is without a doubt the upcoming Annual Congress that will be held in Reims in April. In a few words : Exciting lectures, General Assemblies, outstanding sightseeing trips and 6 open bar parties! We invite you to join us for an unforgettable experience with us and EPSA!

www.anepf.org

Mickael GROULT ANEPF President

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French Faluche

Gau

che

Droite

Did you ever wonder what it means? When you come to EPSA events, you often look at the French with a curious look… What is that strange thing that they are wearing, what does it mean, and why do they bother wearing such a heavy thing on their heads? Well this strange hat that you see is called the Faluche (with a capital letter, always) and is the traditional hat of the French Student. It is a very old tradition and it begins in July 1888, Bologna, Italy. Students from all across Europe came to celebrate the 800 years of the University of Bologna, and this is where the French saw that some countries had some special signs in order to distinguish themselves from others. When they came back to France, they decided to choose the hat of the inhabitants of Bologna in memory of this amazing congress, and to call it Faluche. Since then, it kept on being modified: At first it was worn completely blank, like the inhabitants of the Venetian region. Then, in order to distinguish all the students and to make it more personal, the circular ribbon appeared and then the ribbons and insignias on the velvet. (See description below). The Faluche is regulated by a code, so that every Faluchard is able to read and understand other Faluches. The Faluche is not reserved to associations; every student can wear it, regardless of his course of studies. Moreover, it is devoid of any religious, social or political connotation; thus any student and wear it as long as he has that spirit of brotherhood and the taste for partying that defines the Faluchard. The faluche is divided into two main parts, what we will call the circular ribbon; and the velvet; which is the black part that tops the colored circular. First, the circular: This part is here to represent your studies and give some general information about you. Here you will find from left to right: Your nickname, your nameʼs initial letters, and the year when you left school, which would correspond as well to the year of entrance in university. Then, depending on your course of study you will have a special insignia (caduceus for pharmacy). After that, you will place a golden star for every succeeded year, a silver star for a repeated year, and a cow head for succeeding in second chance exams. A single palm shall be put after ending every cycle (2 years) and a single large palm for obtaining a diploma. Every course of study will have its own color (green for pharmacy), all students shall sew a satin ribbon on the circular apart from the healthcare students (pharmacy, dentistry, midwifery, medicine,

Avant paramedics, osteopathy) who shall sew a velvet ribbon because in old times, velvet was used to clean up blood in surgery and that it was not stained by blood. The velvet part will give more personal information and is so wide that it will be difficult to explain everything in this article. At least I will try to give some details so that you could understand how it is organized: On the left of the Faluche, you have what we call the associative/student part. You will see the city of studies with the corresponding crest and the ribbons corresponding to the associations where you have been and the position in it, as well as the years of the term. On this part shall be put all the pinʼs given by friends, other faluchards met during events and those offered by the reception committee of events in memory of events you attended. On the right, you will have the personal part. There shall be a ribbon with the colors of the region where you were born with the corresponding crest and another ribbon, perpendicular to the region ribbon with the colors of the city where you were born with the corresponding crest as well. This part shall be the place for personal insignias. Each insignia represents something special, described by the code of the Faluche. Some of the insignias such as the grape (love of wine), the rose (loss of feminine virginity), the sphinx head (polyglot) and the dromedary (single when normal, not single when upside down) can be put by the faluchard himself, others can only be given by the grandmaster himself such as the Bacchus (dignity in drunkenness), the sword (good at sex – advice by the sexual partner) or the bee (amazing associative work – advice by the president of association). I hope that this article helped you in understanding a little bit what the Faluche is, and of course, I invite you to come and talk with us at the congress or any other event to discover more in depth the amazing universe and history of the Faluche!

Georges DAGHER Pharmacy Grandmaster of Paris XI

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Bologna process Where does it go? Bologna Process known as a process of European education reforms provides a rigorous education within the European countries, aiming to be fulfilled by 2010. Through use of credits such as ECTS system, transparency, cooperation between students and professors, student mobility, quality of teaching, application of a system with three cycles(bachelor, master, doctorate), recognition of qualifications and period of study, Bologna Process enable a higher education and hence a better society. EPSA Pharmacy Education Working Committee team are concern about the implementation of Bologna Process in different European countries. This issue will be subject to large-scale development projects. Our first action was rating knowledge related to Bologna Process among students at different faculties in different countries. After providing our working committee with these specific information, through brainstorming and discussion we have decided to raise awareness through different activities and projects. In countries which are still implementing Bologna process we will organize a Bologna Process day. The best time of organizing this activity will be post examination period, around spring, and the date is relative to each country so local organisations will decide when it would be. Details about the event are still on discussion. Different educations systems in European countries does not allow us to apply only one activity, therefore in other countries where Bologna Process is already implemented, such as Albania, Portugal, Denmark where student “live” with these education reforms, we have thought that the best decision will be distributing leaflets containing some information such as objectives, implementation of Bologna Process in institutional, national and international level as well as BP in relation with pharmacy/pharmacist. Distributing them in different meetings, and workshops all over Europe will be one of our goals.

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Other highlights have included an informal promotion of Bologna Process, which is going to take place in a faculty bar. EPSA members will inform students in different faculties, who are interested to know more about BP, and hopefully we are trying to attract more students. Students will be motivated to ask what they want to know about Bologna Process. Through a wide range of activities where we can discuss and interact with each other, we are also aiming to get to know student opinions about the effectiveness of Bologna Process. There are opinions to be told, and others to be listened to. Arguing rationally in different ways, and considering conflicting opinions that may appear contradictory, will help us to evaluate the situation. Our ideas about possible projects and activities have been blossoming so far, and we seek transmitting knowledge about Bologna process to all the pharmacy student around Europe as well as offering them some of our EPSA Spirit.

Malvina Hoxha Università “Nostra Signora Del Buon Consiglio” 3th Year Pharmacy student Tirane, Albania Pharmaceutical Education WC Member


FUTURE IS IN YOUR HANDS! Life after studies?

Dear colleagues, Itʼs a great pleasure to write about my first working experience after graduating; I took on a position in the pharmaceutical industry. After having fulfilled my military obligations I entered the pharmaceutical industry. Currently, I am working in the department of Quality Management for Roche in Basel. After five years of studying, my daily life changed a lot, from being the whole day in the lecture auditorium or in the lab to working in the office, joining meetings and being in contact with the whole world (on a face-to-face level or with audiovisual support). I am really satisfied with my job, because I have the opportunity to use my pharmaceutical knowledge day-to-day. Additionally, I have the chance to learn a lot of things, which you donʼt pick up at the University (e.g. Communication skills, Management skills, Cultural aspects of different countries). One of the main differences between my time at the University and my current work in the pharmaceutical industry is the degree of responsibility. When something goes wrong in the lab or during an exercise at University, in most cases, there are a lot of ways to resolve the problem in a fast and reliable way. The reality in the pharmaceutical industry looks different. The focus on patientsʼ health is an important factor in Rocheʼs Corporate Philosophy.

A mistake, e.g. if a quality deviation is handled incorrectly, can lead to serious consequences with high costs, high risk for patientsʼ health and it can have a negative influence on the corporate Image. In general, as a young pharmacist I feel really welcomed in the pharmaceutical industry. In my eyes, our company really appreciates the spirit and the openminded ideas which are introduced by young scientists.

Name: Nicolaos D. Gentis Born in: Berne, Switzerland from a Greek father and a Swiss mother. Studies: Pharmacy at the Universities of Berne, and Basel. Graduated in November 2006.

Even though I am really satisfied with my current position, there are some things I miss a little bit from my time at the University. By writing my master thesis I had the opportunity to do Research in the field of Pharmaceutical Technology. It was a great experience to investigate problems and questions of the Pharmaceutical Sciences with different methods and concepts. The pharmaceutical industry provides this opportunity in the departments of Research & Development. An additional opportunity for doing Research is the application for a PhD position at the University. Due to my strong interest for Research, I accepted a PhD position at the University of Basel from February 2009 on and will therefore be leaving the pharmaceutical industry, after two years full of interesting and positive experiences. However, working in the industry after having earned my Ph.D. is certainly an interesting option.

Nicolaos D. Gentis

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Professional Development Standards of Practice for recently graduated pharmacists in community

Have you ever wanted to work in another country in Europe? Are you daunted by the fact of going to a new country and practicing pharmacy? Do you want to work as a pharmacist abroad and have a helping hand to start you off? Maybe the Professional Development WorCom has got part of the answer!!

Across Europe, many pharmacy graduates will start their careers in community pharmacy. There are lots of factors attracting new pharmacists into this area, including flexibility, abundance of jobs and locality as well as good rates of pay and career prospects. However, it is apparent from work previously done in the Prof Dev WorCom that the undergraduate degree doesnʼt teach you everything you need to know to be a “day one” pharmacist and it can be a very overwhelming task.

They had hoped to gather more information via a Yahoo Groups emailing system and also help to create awareness about the project. You too can help by taking part in the Prof Dev Project and helping pharmacists to practice pharmacy across Europe.

Some of the questions we are asking are: How do you become a pharmacist in your country? How would a pharmacist from another country practice as a pharmacist in your country? How does the healthcare system work? What are the Continuing Professional Development/ training requirements post graduation? If your country has a similar document or you want to help with this project then EPSA would really appreciate your help! Contact Heena as below. With your help, you can make European changes and help to facilitate the migration of pharmacists across Europe!

As a result, one of the aims of the Prof Dev WC is to produce a document to help recently graduated pharmacists to be confident in working in community pharmacy across Europe. Obviously, there will be sections of the document that are specific to each country and also many “standards of practice” that will overlap. At the EPSA Autumn Assembly in October in Dubrovnik, Croatia, the Prof Dev Workshop focused on gathering this information. Lots of different members from lots of different countries helped to find out as much information as possible, in a limited amount of time, about how a foreign pharmacist can practice pharmacy in their country. As the time of the workshop was short, many students said they would go back to their own countries and ask more students to help contribute to this beneficial project. The Romanian delegates who were at the workshop said they would ask the faculties in their country for help with gathering this information.

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I would like to thank all those who have helped with this project, especially the participants of the Prof Dev Workshop at the Autumn Assembly. For more information or to take part, contact me, Heena Bhakta EPSA Professional Development Working Committee Director epsaprofdevwcd@gmail.com


www.pharmacist.gone? Focus on e-Prescribing Telemedicine, electronic prescribing, consumer health informatics… all these terms are connected to a new concept in the healthcare field: e-Health. It describes the application of information and communications technologies (ICT) across the whole range of functions that affect the health sector. In September 2008 the activity of the EPSA Public Health Working Committee focused on e-Health, approaching this topic from patientsʼ and healthcare professionalsʼ point of view, as well as analyzing its effects on the public health systems. We had a discussion about the “pros” and “cons” of this emerging field and focused on ePrescribing.

ess of e-prescribing, at European level the main concern is putting e-health, respectively e-prescribing in their legal context, assuring the data protection and the patientsʼ privacy in electronic communications.

What is the status of e-Prescribing in Europe?

Physicians

Even though the term e-Health is quite current in Europe, its level of development is very different across the continent, and so is eprescribing. If countries such as UK and Denmark already have a tradition in this practice, with nearly all the prescriptions produced by computer, others like Sweden, Germany and Norway have adopted e-prescribing recently, while In Spain and Bulgaria it is still in the pilot phase. If at national level the challenge is to ensure the appropriate IT infrastructure to support the proc-

Healthcare system

e-Prescribing is the use of computers to improve the safety and efficiency of the prescribing process. Under this system, a care provider uses a computer to enter information about prescription medications that a patient needs, and then electronically transmits that data directly to the pharmacy computer

BENEFITS Pharmacist - Clean claims; fewer phone calls to physicians, insurance system and patients - Fewer handwriting problems or issues; fewer mistakes because of misreads - More time spent helping physicians and patients with drug therapy matters and disease-state management

- Significant reduction in number of phone calls related to formulary and handwriting issues - Half time to create an e-prescription - Medication history available; drug interactions and/or duplicate therapy flagged up front

- Reduced medication cost by influencing a greater use of generics and preferred brand name drugs - Fewer phone calls received from physicians and pharmacists - Less paperwork for staff (faxes, letters, etc.)

Patient • Improved safety and accuracy - Fewer difficulties over prescription insurance coverage • Prescriptions ready for pick-up • Treatments started without delay • Potential for most cost-effective therapy with subsequent cost savings

DRAWBACKS - Information security - Patient privacy - Controlled substances: these prescriptions canʼt be transmitted electronically, as they require supplementary safety measures - Complacency: Patients, physicians, and pharmacists should not believe that the use of an electronic system eliminates all possibilities for errors - Cost of providing and maintaining e-Prescribing system; Dependency on this system

Andreea Raluca Ghinea Public Health Working Committee Director 2008/2009

What do students think about e-Prescribing? According to the online survey that we carried out on the same topic, pharmacy students believe that e-Health will foster collaboration between healthcare professionals and will improve pharmacistsʼ activity. We support the implementation of practices connected to this concept, especially e-Prescribing, that will allow professionals a better time management and a focus on drug therapy matters and patient counseling.

However, students wonder if e-Prescribing and available drug-interactions programs wonʼt limit pharmacistʼs role in prescription analyzing and patient counseling.

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QUATRINO BARCELONA Barcelona, what a beautiful place…

All of us, who had a chance to get to know Barcelona as a fourth and also final stop of our Quatrino, no doubt agree with these words. And not only the city itself, but also people were amazing. The Spanish, the Greeks, the Romanians and the Slovenes – a combination with a great potential which did not leave us cold-hearted. We lived it up as each day would have 25 hours and no one was bothered with the fact that we had lack of sleep. How could it not be so, since the weather was sunny all the time and there was a bunch of happy smiling people around us, filling our batteries with new energy. We enjoyed all these things: the sightseeing with our great guides, delicious food, nice clubs and great disco-parties ... and finally, also the presentations of our newly gained knowledge about the topic of the educational part of Quatrino – »Drug abuse«.

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During the week spent in the Catalan capital, we quickly got used to the easy going mediteranian way of life. But still, despite all our efforts, we did not manage to be less punctual than the Greeks . Seven days were over too quickly, but friendship and memories caught with cameras (and also those which stayed hidden to our most fanatic photographers) will stay until the end of our lives. Or maybe ... till we get so dementic that we will even not be aware of ourselves. But hopefully, it's a long way before that may happen, so we can look forward to many new events, where we are going to meet our »no-borders friends« again. Andreja Adamic Tina Grohar Nadja Pipan ŠS SFD Slovenija


The 21st of September the Danish delegation got visit from our Portuguese colleagues. The theme of the TWIN project was drug abuse and we were 22 Danish and 25 Portuguese participants. In Portugal we heard about party drugs where we in Denmark had focus on alcohol and cannabis among others.

Portugal vs Denmark The Danish part of the TWIN During the Danish TWIN week we had 5 lectures: • Introduction to drug abuse and the work with drug addicts • Tissue damage following alcohol abuse • Medically Enhanced Normality • From cannabis research to obesity treatment • Steps towards the Development of a Cocaine • Antidote Besides lectures and panels we tried to show the participants the theme of the project from different perspectives and they were held with success. One of the initiatives was a workshop, where the subject was abuse of over-the-counter drugs and the liberalization of the pharmacies. The specific problem was that painkillers are used in suicide attempt among teenagers, and the suicide attempts had increased. Since 2003, painkillers have been sold in supermarkets and gas stations in small packages of 20 tablets, in Denmark.

In pharmacies you can buy painkillers as over-the-counter drugs, in packages up to 300 tablets.

We must not forget the street campaign which we held the 27th of September. The weather was

The workshop was made as a role play and there were six groups of seven and each person had a role (a pharmacist, a doctor, a sales manager in a medical company, a member of the National Health Service, a parent and a Sales director in a supermarket), which they had to act.

amazing and little groups of a few Danes and Portuguese went out to different places in the city to get the drug abuse questionnaires filled in. We were present in many different places, from squares over shopping malls to studentʼs dorms, to be able to meet as many people as possible. We had put up a pavilion next to the fountain, equipped with a table and chairs where people could sit and fill the questionnaire. Furthermore brochures about drug abuse containing explanations of the most common drugs where handed out.

Another initiative was an orienteering race where the participants were divided into groups. Each group then had to go to a series of posts where they encountered a few problems they had to solve. The problems were of varying difficulty, and all related to drug abuse. Examples of the problems the groups would encounter were naming every stimulant they could remember, explaining how certain drugs were metabolized in the body etc. The group with the most points received Danish chocolate, and the competition was fierce.

Of course we must not forget the social events and the sightseeing in the Danish capital, Copenhagen where the participants had perfect opportunity to experience the Danish culture.

Anne Windfeldt

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were made some scenes in movies, which our guests found it amazing. This castle has very interesting museum of middle age weapons. After sightseeing we played volleyball, hanged out and just enjoyed in nature.

Wuerzburg visits Zagreb TWIN Germany - Croatia 1st day Sunday The Arrival of our colleagues from Germany (Wuerzburg) was predicted at 5:00 am. We were very excited to see our guests and make their stay in Zagreb pleasant. In early morning at bus station our welcome committee was waiting. At 13:00 we met with our colleagues in café bar near dorm, and started with the city tour: botanical garden, than we showed old parts of city. At 20:00 we made the welcome party! Everybody was satisfied with the choice. We danced, chatted, drank and had fun. 2nd day Monday We met at 13:00 on the main square and went with our guests into our college botanic garden. Thereafter we made a walk through the most beautiful city park Bundek. In the evening we went in our biggest pub. We all sat down at one long table, drank, bier, talked. Our German colleagues said that our bier was in rank with the German. I hope they did not lie to be polite. 3ed day Tuesday At 8:30 we went to Plitvice lakes. It is one of the most beautiful Croatian national parks. The weather was beautiful so we truly enjoyed in that unique nature. Our dear guests were amazed with beauty of landscape, lakes, and waterfalls. Colleague from Germany commented: This place was like from fairy-tale.

4th day Wednesday At 9:30 began second excursion. Destination was very known castle Trakošćan. In this very old castle

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In the evening we went to rock bar because one of our colleagues had concert there. He played guitar with his friend, many popular rock songs, created fantastic atmosphere. Staff commented that they did not see this kind of atmosphere long time ago in this club. 5th day Thursday A charity action: so called Pancake and Cookies day which took place at our college. Our students made and brought cakes, drinks and were making pancakes. These sweets were sold in purpose to get money for one little girl in need. Our guests joined the action by making pancakes and buying sweets. We were whole afternoon at the college: playing cards socialized and were eating huge amounts of sweets. Until night all sweets were gone. It was not so hard assignment to eat all those delicious sweets in charity purpose! In the evening was planed to go out with our guests in a popular bar- it was jazz night. 6th day Friday Class about illegal substances: One of our professors of pharmacology is working on a project with a hospital in Wuerzburg (what a coincidence!!!) so that went quickly and in a relaxed atmosphere talking about all kinds of effects that illegal drugs can cause... In the afternoon we visited the museum of city Zagreb, where our guest had the opportunity to see the historic exhibitions and learn something more about Zagreb. The last night was crowned with a visit to very classy discotheque. We danced all night long, until morning although we were all tired from long sightseeing and walking in last few days. 7th day Saturday – Last day Time flew very fast away with them around! We had last lunch together and agreed to see us again at bus station at their departure. It was a bit sad because we became very close with them in last few days. Our colleagues from Germany gave us rose for goodbye, we made last few photos and kissed each other and promised to see again in Germany. It was very emotional. They entered in bus and were waving until we could see them. Marina Kusevic


6th of November Welcome party for Slovenian delegation started around 18h at bus station in Belgrade, with the sounds of trumpeter's orchestra who were playing a well known Serbian songs"Kalasnjikov" and "Mesecina"! Boheming together: in bohemian part of Belgrade - Skadarlija - restaurant “Tri sesira “ 7th of November We visited Hemofarm concern - the strongest domestic pharmaceutical industry and Museum of pharmacy in Vršac - so called “Museum at the stairs”. There will also be an article about our visit and the twining program in Hemopress - newsletter that Hemofarm publishes every month.

Slovenia vs Serbia TWIN Slovenia - Serbia

Partying with a breath-taking view of Belgrade: very popular club in the Capital, all the way up at the 9th floor - Stefan Brown. 8th of November Do you know how to get up after parting? We found the way to wake up after Stefan Brown because we knew how important is the role of pharmacist today in the prevention of Obesity. We wanted to hear more... and we really got it. Five interesting lectures given by eminent speakers from Faculty of pharmacy in Belgrade: • Role of the Pharmacists in the Prevention and Treatment of Obesity and Eating Disorders • Principles of Pharmacotherapy in the Management of Obesity • Functional Foods and Dietary Supplements for prevention and treatment of Obesity • Herbal Products and Obesity • Attitude of Pharmacists and Residents of Nis Area toward Dietary Supplements for Body Weight Reduction

bowling :-) At the end of the day we went to Kajak club for barbecue and party. 9th of November Sightseeing of Belgrade down town and Kalemegdan fortress. Museum of old-timers: this is the only museum of this type in this part of Europe. Many celebrities visited and many cars driven by famous have been exhibited from 1990ʼs. Pizza hut restaurant and free time: enough time to get ready for the 2 memorable parties: Party “To to to je to...“ – night boat trip and “Good-bye party“ in one of the fanciest clubs in Belgrade which was organized by NAPSer and Sports society of Pharmaceutical faculty in Belgrade. 10th of November King Palace and White house: reception and the visiting of palace Lunch in restaurant “Moja kuhinjica“ Serbian cuisine. Time to say bye, bye... :-( This wasnʼt the end because... The third part of TWIN took a place in Ljubljana on 11th of November when crazy Slovenians printed out our photos and brought us with them to the theme party BLACK & WHITE! Thank you!! These words wouldnʼt be written without support of Sanofi Aventis, Hemofarm concern and Faculty of pharmacy in Belgrade!

Restaurant Kovač and bowling to stay in a good shape and to promote health life style! Urban, Meli, Miloš, Mehmet, Milanka... they had the best score in

Bojana Bilbija Bojana Bogicevic Vladimir Obradovic

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Pharmaceutical Sciences Working Committee Articles

Chemical Characteristics and Antioxidant Properties of Wine from Serbian Regions Uros Cakar 1, Natasa Cakar1 , Brizita Djordjevic2 1. Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Belgrade, 2. Institute of Bromatology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Belgrade

Even ancient European civilizations had the strong cult of wine that spread across all nations of Europe, including the Serbs, over centuries. It has held an important place in civilization in the course of centuries thanks to not only the feeling that it gives a taster during tasting, but also a positive effect that it has on organism. This health effect has been known of for ages, and nowadays modern science devotes more and more attention to the research of its qualities. Although exists the growing evidence that moderate consumption of alcohol beverages, and especially wines has the cardio protective effects, the food researchers attention is still occupied in discovering numerous compounds that exhibit antioxidant, cardio- protective and other health beneficial effects. In the light of so-called French paradox, that despite of having lots a risk life style factors (smoking, fairly high intake of saturated fatty acids) French people has the lowest rate of cardiac disease mortality in Europe. The answer of French paradox lies in fact that French people consume moderately, but regularly wine. Both clinical and experimental evidence suggest that wine (especially red) offers greater protection to health.; this is attributed to grape-derived antioxidant polyphenolics found particularly in red wine. Unfortunately, the consumption of wine in Serbia is below the European standards. Based on the aforementioned facts, the purpose of this work was to test certain sorts of wine, to determine the parameters that mark their quality, as well as their anti-oxidative features. In 8 samples of chosen wines (red, white and rose) from Serbian market chemical characteristics were investigated. The dry matter, the alcohol content, the free sulphur(IV)-oxide content, the glycerin content, as well as free acid content was determined. After distillation, the content of alcohol in distilled liquid was determined in two ways, using alcoholometer and pincnometer. The dry matter content was determined in the rest of distillation liquid. The obtained results were in good accordance with literature data. The determination of the antioxidant activity was performed following TBA procedure, and showed that

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selected wine samples were source of anti-oxidative substances. The greatest antioxidant activity possessed red wines; this was expected due to fact that red wine has more antioxidant substances then other sorts of wine.

The promotive effect of 12monoketocholic and 7,12 -diketocholic acids on the transport of lidocaine into 1 -octanol Zvezdana Spasojević, University of Novi Sad Medical faculty, Department of pharmacy

Introduction : Lidocaine is a local anesthetic, which has to cross the lipid membrane of a cell in order to express its action. Goal : The aim of this research is to examine the possibility of increasing the partition coefficient of lidocaine, respectively, to enable the transport of its cationic form through the membrane, using bile acids which form molecule-aggregates (micelles) and are able to affect the permeability of cationic medicines, what would lead to a more rapid anesthetic effect. Material and methods: The effect of bile acids on the transport of lidocaine into 1-octanol (imitates the membrane) was examined using a kinetical method. The decrease of lidocainʼs concentration in the aqua layer was determined at 264 nm using UV/ VIS spectroscopy. Successive measuring were performed in different time periods when the equilibrium was reached. The concentration of bile salts was based on their critical micellar concentration (CMC), which was determined previously. Both of the bile acids were at their CMC and the fractions of CMC (0.5CMC, 0.75CMC, 1.25CMC). Results: Considering logD (partition coefficient of lidocaine at pH 6.5), 12-monoketocholic acid at the concentration of 65.00 mM (1.25CMC) contributed more to the prolonged effect of lidocaine, since logD was increased for 34.2% compared to the one of the pure lidocainʼs solution (level of reliability: p<0.01). 7,12diketocholic acid showed a better effect on increasing the speed of lidocainʼs transport into 1-octanol. Conclusion: The results of this research initiate the possibility of using the examined bile acids as the promoters of pharmacologically active substances. Key words: Lidocaine; Bile acids; Critical micellar concentration; Onsagerʼs effect


Pharmacy education in the UK Letʼs see how Brits do it! Over the recent years the UK pharmacy profession has been expeditiously evolving, almost to an unrecognisable degree. Pharmacists in the UK are quickly moving away from the dispensary and the traditional ʻwhite coat chemistʼ image associated with it, and moving into more clinical roles, with an emphasis on improving patient centred pharmaceutical care. Qualified pharmacists may now, with additional training, undertake private consultations with patients to review their medication, become independent prescribers and run clinics in almost any area of clinical expertise in which they are competent. Such an extension in the services that pharmacists are expected to provide must translate in an extension in pharmacy education. Currently, aspiring pharmacists must undertake an MPharm degree from one of 24 schools of pharmacy in the UK. The MPharm program is an undergraduate degree - contentiously classed and funded as a nonvocational science degree - which consists of 4 years of academic study in pharmacy. The Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain (RPSGB) accredits the program, and currently sets and monitors the standards of pharmacy education at all stages. After successfully completing the MPharm program, students must undertake one year of pre-registration training. There is an exception to this in one University (Bradford), where pre-registration training consists of two six-month placements during the MPharm course, rather than as a single one-year block following graduation. Students must apply for a pre-registration place like they would for a job, as the position is one year in full time work and is, most importantly, paid! Pre-registration training may take place in a hospital, a community pharmacy or in industry (e.g. gsk or AstraZeneca), with opportunities to experience the different sectors during the year. At the end of the year, students sit an exam, and if they pass, may become registered pharmacists and can practise as such in the UK.

After learning about the Bologna process from my European colleagues and the massive implications of it, I was at a loss as to why the general awareness amongst UK pharmacy students was lacking somewhat. Fortunately I have since discovered that the indifference is not due to inaction (the UK became signatories in 1999) but rather because the MPharm program already complies with the 3 cycle structure that the process towards a European Higher Education Area (EHEA) aims to achieve. So UK students are not seeing a huge overhaul of their undergraduate course because of the implementation of Bologna, which must occur by 2010. However, for students in the UK, education is changing and will continue to do so. More clinical roles will demand greater clinical training and professionalism at undergraduate level, and ultimately the MPharm will have to be revised to keep up to date with the changing landscape of healthcare provision in the UK. For example, currently there is no formal link between the undergraduate degree and practice, and it is currently being debated whether the degree course should in future be a five-year integrated programme, much like a medical degree is in the UK. Ultimately, the aim of education in pharmacy at all levels is to support the RPSGBʼs mission to improve the populationʼs healthcare and to ensure that all pharmacists are competent and fit to practice pharmacy. Therefore, as practice continues to evolve, so must the education and attitude of future pharmacists.

Amie Woolley 4th Year Pharmacy student Cardiff University, UK woolleyal@cardiff.ac.uk

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Executive Contacts President Marisabelle Bonnici Portopalo B1A Flat 10, Bugibba St., St Paul's Bay, SPB 2760, MALTA epsa.president@gmail.com + 356 79048502

Vice President of Mobility Nuria Peiro Ronda Guinardó 164 5ª2ª o8o41 Barcelona, SPAIN epsa.smo@gmail. com + 34 609 259 852

Vice President of Education Louise Winnecke Jensen Skotterupgade 10 st th, 2200 Copenhagen N, DENMARK epsa.vp.edu@gmail.com +45 22436002

Vice President of Communication Bojan Davinić

Secretary General Jamie Wilkinson 76 Hook Road, Surbiton, KT6 5BH, UNITED KINGDOM epsasecgen@gmail.com + 44 78 84 07 06 00

Vice President of EU Affairs Tomaso Piaggio Rue du Luxembourg 19-21, 1000 Bruxelles, BELGIUM epsa.eu@gmail.com +32 487 363443

Brigadira Ristića, B3 L10/20, 23000, Zrenjanin, SERBIA epsa.vpc@gmail.com + 381 63560 597

Treasurer Marija Marić Braće Dronjak 6/7, 21000, Novi Sad, SERBIA epsa.treasurer@gmail.com + 381 63 8630124 Vice President of Partnership Development Fokion Sinis Koritsas 20, 26222 Patras, GREECE aksinis@gmail.com + 306 944 97 97 74

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EPSA Office Rue du Luxembourg 19-21, 1000 Bruxelles, BELGIUM epsaoffice@epsa-online.org www.epsa-online.org


Drug Information Association Monday, 23 March 2008, 09:00-10:30 European Higher Education: Curricula for the Pharmaceutical World Participants will learn in an informal atmosphere about the education students need to lead them into the pharmaceutical world. They will hear what students themselves all over Europe think about their curricula (EPSA European research project) and will have the opportunity to put questions to and exchange opinions with industry professionals and academia. This session is being developed by the EPSA with the support of DIA Europe. The EPSA represents over 120,000 pharmacy students in 32 European countries. The objective of EPSA is to develop the interests and opinions of European pharmacy students and to encourage contact and cooperation between them. The Chair of the session will be: Fokion Sinis VP of Partnership Development of EPSA

The world of the pharmaceutical industry and health authorities (provisional title) Learning Objective: Students/Emerging professionals will get a principle idea about job opportunities/ characteristics, and some tips from the different speakers in regard to initial contacts, CV, personal characteristics, training and they have the opportunity to ask questions to members from industry, HA or maybe recruiting organizationSpeaker from industry about job opportunities, job characteristics and different industry types (SME vs. big pharma) ‑ Health Authority speaker e.g. EMEA to describe job opportunities at EMEA, national bodies, entry option, training requirements ‑ Head-hunter to speak about recruiting organizations and how they work, tips for CV, interviews, getting in contact with the different bodies etc. Time for Q/A to address specific questions from audience. The questions can also be written during session on paper by audience as this will maybe decrease the hurdle to ask questions. The Chair of the session will be: Mrs. Sonja Pumpluen Vice President, Head Global Drug Regulatory Affairs Actelion Pharmaceuticals Ltd

Further information about Student Posters or the DIA Student Fellowship can be obtained from Maureen McGahan: maureen.mcgahan@diaeurope.org or call +41 61 225 5160 or by going to www.diahome.org and clicking on the EuroMeeting icon.

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