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PRESENT SIMPLE Hรกbitos cotidianos(every day, year, week) always, ussualy..

Past continuous

Past simple

Action in progress or specific moments in the past (Was-were, + -ing)

Finished action in the past


Hábitos cotidianos(every day, year, week) always, ussualy..

Adverbs of frecuency go Before the main verb: He often go out. After be : She’s always late. 3rd person= add -s


Consonant +y = add –ies Sh,s,ch,x= add -es

For things happenings now, at this moment. Be + verb -ing

PAST CONTINUOUS (Was/were + verb -ing)

Action were in progress at a specific moments in the past . (Was/were + verb -ing)

At six o’clock last night I was driving home.

ÂżPast simple or past continuous ? Past simple

Past continuous

For completed action

For action in progress in the past



-Plans (idea,planes a largo plazo,ideales) •At this moment (futuro que voy a hacer ¡ya!)

-Predictions -


Decisión e intención tomada en el isntante. -Offering, promises

Will/won’t + infinitive for future predictions


•Fixed time or place. •Arrangements or futures plans (probables,reales,futuro inmediato, personal)

•Enfatizar que has tomado una decisión •Muy común con:

Sugerencia La sugerencia es una pregunta

Tonight, tomorrow, this weekend… Go, come, meet,see,leave,arrive


Are happening now

In the near future

PRESENT PERFECT Have + past participle Experience + ever/never •To talk about past experiences when you don’t say exactly when they happened. I’ve been to London.

My brother has worked abroad. •We often use present perfect with ever(=in your life until now) and never.

PRESENT PERFECT Have + past participle yet (todavía) Use yet + present perfect en ( - /? Sentences) to ask if something that you thinkis is going to happen has happened or to say it hasn’t happened.

Just (acabo de) •Use just in (+ sentences) to say that something happened very recently. Before the main verb

Already (ya) •Use already in + sentences to say that something happened before now or earlier that expected. Before the main verb

¿Present perfect or past simple ?

Past simple

•With question s asking for specifics datails: when, where, who, with, etc. •To ask/ say exactly when something happened. -When did you go there?

Present perfect

To talk about general questions When you don’t say exactly when they happened ‐Have you ever been to Mexico?

How long+ present perfect?

PRESENT PERFECT [has/have + past participle]

+ for/ since Actions and states which started in the past and are still true now.

To ask questions about the duration of an action or a state from the past until now.

How long+ past simple?

Past simple

To ask questions about



a finished from-‌.to

period of time In the past

Used to/didn’t use to + infinitive For things that happened repeatedly or over a long period in the past, but are usually not true now.


• Things which hapened when you were a child. Present simple + ussually

Used to only exist in the past. Don’t use Used to for presents habits

I ussually cookin the evenings

Passive Be + past participle Present

am/is/are + the past participle

When the focus is more in the object. When it’s not known or not _ important who does or did the ? + actions. Risotto is made with rice. It isn’t made with pasta. Is it made with meat?


These offices are cleaned every morning.


They aren’t cleaned on Saturdays

Are they cleaned on Sundays?

to say who did the action Past

was/were the past participle The lord of the Rings was+ written by Tolkien.

+ Guernica was painted by Picasso. The pyramids were built by the Egyptians.

_ It wasn’t painted by Dali.

They weren’t built by the Greeks.

? When was it painted? Why were they built?

verbos inglés  

verbos, usos, english verbs