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eoe journal

Volume 28 Number 121 May 2017

Women in Tech Exciting Career Options in Nursing Reasons to Hire Veterans Celebrating Armed Forces Day

eoejournal Editorial Comment


’ve a relatively new nephew (he’s two). He’s the only small child our family has ever had, and when we get together for dinner, my sister and our family talk quite a bit about what a child should be doing at his age, (eating by himself with a spoon for example) what the next step should be, discipline techniques and the like. This got me thinking about expectations in general. What does one or should one expect out of his or her life, family, career? I know this answer is wildly different for everyone. But I also know that expectations can get you in trouble. The reason expectations can get you in trouble are because they are usually one sided: I expect something from you, and you either meet those expectations or you do not. I rarely (unless I am the mother of a two-year-old child) have a hand in manifesting the expectations I have for you...I just expect. If you don’t deliver, I am disappointed, hurt, or even resentful. I don’t know about you, but I really dislike feeling resentful, so I’ve been working on making requests instead of having expectations. Instead of expecting that a coworker would let me know when they leave for the day, I have learned to ask “Would you please let me know when you leave the office for the day? I’d like to know when I’m the last one here.” The request makes a “no” possible, but more likely than not, the person you requested from will want to help you. So the next time you have expectations and are disappointed, try requesting instead...It may get you further...I say “may” in case you’re requesting something from a two year old.

Lisa Petty, Editor Equal Opportunity Employment Journal The eoejournal is published bimonthly by EOEJournal, Inc. The ownership and management of EOEJ fully and actively support equal opportunity for and advancement of all people without regard to race, color, religion, gender, national origin, sex, pregnancy, citizenship, ancestry, veteran status, marital status, physical disability, mental disability, medical condition, age, gender identity, and sexual orientation or any other characteristic protected by state or federal law.

Advertising and Editorial offices are located at: 1550 E. Missouri Ave Phoenix, Arizona 85014 Phone: 1-800-396-3373 Fax: 1-800-293-3408 EOEJ accepts freelance editorial contributions for publishing. Submissions must be on the subject of jobs, job searching, employment opportunities and/or related subjects. Email submissions to graphics@

Table of Contents Celebrating Armed Forces Day

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Reasons to Hire Veterans

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Jobs in The Energy Sector

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Medical Massage Therapists

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10 Interesting Facts About Manufacturing in the U.S.

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5 Tips For Changing Occupations

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Women in Tech: Why Are There So Few Women Managers?

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5 Exciting Career Options in Nursing

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The Role of a Life Coach

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The Best Careers for the Physically Disabled

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Giving Yourself an Edge at Work

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Interview with a Professor of Aerospace Engineering

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Finding Hot Jobs: Using Data to Locate Career Opportunities

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The beauty of the world lies in the diversity of its people. -Unknown

May 2017

equal opportunity employment journal


rmed Forces Day is celebrated on the third Saturday in May. This year it will be celebrated on Saturday, May 20, 2017. It is a day to celebrate, thanks to President Harry S. Truman. President Truman led the effort to establish a holiday in order for citizens to unite and to honor our military heroes for their patriotic service in support of the United States of America. Although, originally, there were single day celebrations for each of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps and Air Force, this format changed on August 21, 1949 when Secretary of Defense Louis Johnson announced the creation of Armed Forces Day. Stemming from the unification of the Armed Forces under the Department of Defense, the annual celebration now commemorates all branches of the military during one solitary day. The first official Armed Forces Day, which was held in New York City, took place on May 20, 1950 and was themed “Teamed for Defense.” In honor of the special day, B-36 Bombers flew over the state capital and a march was led by more than 10,000 veterans and troops in Washington, D.C. In addition, the first Armed Forces Day also played an essential part in educating society and expanding public knowledge of the military and the role they play in the community. Therefore, it wasn’t only a means to honor those who serve or who have served in the military, but also way to showcase its top of the line equipment and abilities used to protect those in our country. Interestingly, the marked celebration isn’t just limited to the United States. Other countries who honor this victorious day include Armenia, Australia and New Zealand, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bulgaria, Burma, Canada, Chile, China, Cuba, Egypt, Finland, France, Georgia, Guatemala, Hungary, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Japan, Lebanon, Mali, Malaysia, Mauritania, Mexico, North Korea, Philippines, Poland, Romania, Russia, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Thailand, Ukraine, the United Kingdom, Venezuela, and Vietnam. In 1961, John F. Kennedy declared Armed Forces Day a national holiday. It’s celebrated on the third Saturday of every May and is exhibited by exercises, parades, and receptions that highlight and honor our amazing military and all of its strength. Since Armed Forces Day is not a federal holiday, many military installations are available for public viewing for those wishing to take part in the celebration or to learn more about our country’s military. Some other ways to celebrate the special occasion include wearing red, white and blue; flying the American Flag, talking with or writing to a military member, donating to military-based organizations, or sending care packages for those serving overseas. The importance of this day should always be evident. It is a day that our military members rightly deserve and it’s essential that we celebrate it accordingly. An excerpt taken from an article written in the New York Post on May 17, 1952 sums up Armed Forces Day’s utmost importance, “It is our most earnest hope that those who are in positions of peril, that those who have made exceptional sacrifices, yes, and those who are afflicted with plain drudgery and boredom, may somehow know that we hold them in exceptional esteem. Perhaps if we are a little more conscious of our debt of honored affection they may be a little more aware of how much we think of them.” Article provided by, A non-government, privately sponsored website


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America’s natural gas industry is growing fast. With new technologies and new products it’s leading the charge to a cleaner, greener future. We’re PGW – the country’s biggest municipal natural gas company – and we’re building a better energy economy for all. Our award-winning teams are engaged, determined, and rewarded.

Make today the day you make your move to PGW.


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equal opportunity employment journal

May 2017

Just Some of the Many Reasons to Hire A Veteran


hen you hire veterans, you’re choosing from a diverse pool of employees who demonstrate a wide range of knowledge and skills. Veterans possess a commitment to excellence, demonstrated integrity, and a drive to perform the best work possible. With them, you’ll find a level of discipline, maturity, and training that is rare in civilian employees. The following are just a few of the things you benefit from when you hire a vet.

by Althea Warburton

Core Values

While each branch of the military has its own specific set of core values, they all adhere to the same basic principles: commitment, integrity, accountability, and “service before self”. Veterans understand the importance of these principles in building a strong team.

Team-Player Attitude

Veterans understand the value of genuine teamwork, and how diverse individuals can cooperate to achieve over-arching goals. Veterans know that real teamwork grows from a sense of responsibility to their colleagues.


Veterans represent many different walks of life and are accustomed to working with all types of people regardless of race, gender, religion, or ethnicity.


Veterans know how to multi-task, and how to accomplish individual tasks in the most efficient manner.

Veterans are trained by the military to accept and carry out responsibility for resources, tasks, and their own behavior. This special training consists of inspiring leadership in others and motivating others; setting examples; and giving clear and detailed directions.

Ability to Conform to Structure and Policies

Every organization needs structure and rules to prevent chaos and eventual breakdown. This is especially true in the military, which is why individuals in the service are trained to follow specific rules in their work environment. Policies and procedures ensure safety, stability, and productivity. Veterans have an understanding of the value of accountability, and perform their work from this unique perspective.

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equal opportunity employment journal

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They have learned to demonstrate loyalty to various other factors need to be kept in mind at demonstrate initiative. They are nimble thinkers, their leaders and units. all times. Evaluation, organization, and adjust- and are generous in giving praise to those who earn it. ment are continuously being analyzed. Ability to Handle Stress

and Meet Deadlines

A typical requirement of military training is that service members be prepared to perform. They must be able to not only do their job, but do it in an efficient manner. Setting priorities, accomplishing missions, and meeting schedules are ongoing responsibilities of individuals in the military. With this responsibility comes added pressure and stress, but military personnel are trained on how to deal with these factors in a constructive way.

Advanced Specialized Training

Government Relocation The military is one of the most demanding Assistance

Self-Direction and Motivation

institutions in the world. The rigorous training military members receive breeds highly motivated employees who set high goals for themselves and achieve them. Veterans know how to analyze and resolve difficult and complex problems without constant guidance from

Veterans are given government-paid relocation when leaving active duty. The exact amount of this assistance varies by individual, but it can still help lower your company’s expenses when hiring. With relocation assistance paid, your employee search doesn’t need to be limited to the local prospects; you can seek talent anywhere you like.

When you employ a vet, you’re hiring a self-starter who is driven to get the job done right the first time.

When you hire a veteran, you can be confident you’re hiring someone who has received advanced training in their field. Veterans have been designated a specialized focus, and have completed skill-building education for their individual jobs. They may have also received advanced and cross-referenced training on financial, computerized, engineering, medical, technical, administrative, personnel, or security types of work.

Planning and Organizational Skills

Veterans understand that careful planning and workload management are crucial to most military operations. Thoroughly considered objectives, time schedules, strengths and limitations of others, supplies, logistics, resources, and

superiors. When you employ a vet, you’re hiring a self-starter who is driven to get the job done right the first time.

Time Management Skills

Most veterans know how to multi-task, and how to accomplish individual tasks in the most efficient manner. Many have triumphed over adversity, so they know the importance of dedication and perseverance in achieving goals.

Immediate Contribution

The experience veterans have gained in the military make them valuable team players from the very first day on the job. Veterans are used to and enjoy new challenges and opportunities to

Tax Breaks

One of the biggest benefits of hiring veterans is the number of tax credits available to employers. Tax credits run between $1500 to $8000.00 per veteran hire, and are counted as a one-for-one dollar credit against the employer’s payable income taxes. If you’re seeking employees to fill some vacancies at your company, consider hiring a veteran. Vets bring a unique skill and mindset to your organization. They offer a level of skill, professionalism, and work ethic that is rare in today’s workforce. When you hire someone who has been employed in the military, you can be sure you’re working with someone who has a desire to do the best job possible. Hiring veterans is an economical solution that will strengthen your work team and give you a clear edge on your competition. Article provided by


Bridgestone is an Equal Opportunity Employer

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equal opportunity employment journal

Jobs in the Energy Sector T

May 2017

by Barbara Vergetis Lundin, FierceEnergy

he creation of the Jobs Strategy Council (JSC) by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) will build upon an effort laid out by President Obama in his State of the Union Address to accelerate job growth in American-made clean energy sources. The plan is to empower working Americans with the education and training they need to earn higher wages and to encourage businesses to innovate and create good, high-paying jobs. The JSC will integrate the DOE’s research, technical and economic resources to respond to the workforce and economic development needs of the energy industry. Increased demand for STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) jobs and an aging energy workforce throughout many energy sectors has created a skills gap that the JSC will work to address through partnerships with the private sector, community college systems, union apprenticeship programs, and other educational institutions. The Council will also assist the private sector, municipalities and states with the development of a resource tool kit and workshop materials that instruct states on how to access the Department’s technical knowledge and funding opportunities to create state-based energy jobs plans. “The energy sector has created tens of thousands of good-paying jobs that lay the foundation for long-term careers and provide a major opportunity for social mobility in disadvantaged communities,” said Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz. “Technological advances in oil and gas extraction, the doubling of renewable energy production in five years, and steady growth in energy efficiency are instrumental for America’s economic recovery and will continue to be imperative to supporting innovation for our 21st century energy system.”

“The energy sector has created tens of thousands of good-paying jobs that lay the foundation for long-term careers and provide a major opportunity for social mobility in disadvantaged communities,” In fact, continued growth in energy production is expected to produce 2.4 million STEM jobs in the next three years. In 2014, the jobs created in STEM fields paid, on average, between 160 to more than 300 percent more than the U.S. average, according to the Bureau of Labor and Statistics. Across the energy sector, solar saw growth in employment of 86 percent since 2010, according to the Solar Foundation. According to the American Wind Energy Association, an estimated 85,000 Americans are currently employed in the wind power industry and related fields. And in the oil and gas industry, between 2003 and 2012, employment increased by 155 percent, according to the Energy Information Administration. Article provided by

inspire and guide

innovation The Office of Naval Research (ONR), is committed to increasing the number of women of color in science and technology. ONR participates and sponsors science fairs, college internships, graduate fellowships and curricular enrichment programs to promote diversity and inclusion of:  African Americans,  Hispanics,

ONR’s greatest asset is our cadre of outstanding personnel.

 Native Americans,  Asian Americans,  Veterans, and  People with Disabilities. The Office of Naval Research coordinates, executes and promotes the science and technology programs of the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps through universities, government laboratories, corporations and nonprofit organizations. For more information about the Office of Naval Research’s education and career opportunities, visit our website at:

Office of Naval Research An Equal Opportunity Employer


It's not just WHAT we make. It's what WE MAKE POSSIBLE. A leading supplier of aggregates and heavy building materials, Martin Marietta provides the products to build the world around you. At Martin Marietta, our strength is our people. They are the building blocks which have made the company a respected industry leader for more than 20 years. We stand in support of equality for advancement of all people based on their qualifications and actions alone without regard to color, race, ethnicity, gender, age, religion, national origin or disability.

May 2017

equal opportunity employment journal


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We get it. We see your potential. That’s why we want you on our team doing vital and challenging work essential to the security of our nation. Consider Air Force Civilian Service (AFCS). Your talents and professional skills will find a home with us and your unique perspectives will be highly valued. We offer you a supportive and inclusive workplace where excellence is rewarded and work-life balance is a priority. Factor in great benefits and you’ll see why AFCS is a place where you can excel. At 180,000 strong we too are a force to be reckoned with. Find your place with us and watch your career soar. Forces. Joined.

Equal opportunity employer. U.S. citizenship required. Must be of legal working age.

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equal opportunity employment journal

May 2017

Medical Massage Therapists M by Ian Lewis


EnergySolutions is an international nuclear services company. With over 1,000 world-class professionals, EnergySolutions is a global leader in the safe recycling, processing and disposal of nuclear material. EnergySolutions is an Equal Opportunity Employer.

assage therapy is a wonderful field for those looking to help others through the healing power of touch. As a professional massage therapist, you induce relaxation, relieve stress, pain, and make people feel better physically and mentally. This is also a field that has many different career tracks, and a variety of settings. When you receive your degree in massage therapy and become licensed or certified you could work for: • Spas and salons • Wellness centers • Professional sports teams • Private practice • Health care facilities Working in a spa or wellness center is a great way to start because these established businesses can provide you with a clientele quickly. Many who go this route end up establishing their own private practice with the clients they meet while working for others. Working for a professional sports organization is a field that will require a bit more medical training as you will be working with athletes who can occasionally become injured.

Medical Massage Therapy

EnergySolutions is always looking for bright, energetic people to join our growing team. To view current open positions and apply online visit:





For more information about becoming a Cincinnati Police Officer, go to or call 1-877-852-7641 and ask to speak with a Recruiter.

Currently Accepting Applications Cincinnati Police Department Recruitment and Background Squad 800 Evans Street (Spinney Field Complex) Cincinnati, Ohio 45204 P 513 352 2971

The City of Cincinnati is dedicated to providing equal employment without regard to race, gender, age, color, religion, disability status, marital status, sexual orientation or transgendered status, or ethnic, national or Appalachian origin, or on the basis of any other category protected under federal, state and local laws.

One of the most exciting career paths in massage therapy is the medical massage field. While many massage therapists work in spa environments, those who choose to work in the medical field focus most of their time treating specific ailments in hospitals, medical offices, and in the offices of chiropractors. In conjunction with a medical professional, they come up with massage treatment plans for injured patients. The main focus for a medical massage therapist is to treat soft tissue in order to provide preventative care, and to enhance, or rehabilitate a person’s ability to move and function normally. They also work to improve circulation and pain management. Some of the many techniques involved include acupressure, manual lymphatic draining, connective tissue massage, pregnancy massage, infant massage, trigger point therapy and sports massage. Working in the medical industry can be very rewarding, especially for people who love to help others; assisting patients on the path to recovery from certain ailments can make you feel very accomplished. Some of the medical issues you will be working with include, chronic pain, back pain, certain cancers, HIV/AIDS, anxiety, hypertension, and depression. There are many physical and mental conditions that respond positively to massage, and for those who long to help others, it is a great career. While all massage therapists have the ability to relax and soothe, a medical massage therapist actively works to promote health and healing.

What is Involved?

Massage therapists require a lot of physical stamina, as they spend long stretches of time on their feet, and the physical work of massage involves quite a bit of muscle. You need to have a positive attitude towards every client because not only are you dealing with physical ailments, but also with mental and emotional issues. This is especially important for a medical massage therapist. Many of the patients you see will be working through not just physical illness, but they will also be experiencing

May 2017

equal opportunity employment journal

the stress that also accompanies it. Often physical ailments can lead to emotional issues and as a massage therapist you must be strong enough to help your patient heal from both. If you enjoy making people feel better and want to make a difference in the healing process, then a career in the medical massage therapy field is for you. Working in a medical setting is one of the many options open to a massage therapist. One of the greatest things about this therapeutic field is the diverse career opportunities available.

The Future

Massage Therapists have a bright future, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The BLS predicts employment will grow up to 23% through the year 2022 for those with the healing touch, which is higher than average for most professions. For those who specialize in medical massage therapy, jobs in pain management centers, hospitals, chiropractor’s offices, and other healthcare facilities should see more opportunity. If you see yourself as a compassionate caregiver who loves the health benefits you can confer through therapeutic touch, then a career as a massage therapist in a medical setting is for you. Article provided by

careers @ the

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I’m working forward to being myself and being heard. Synchrony Financial is more than a workplace – we’re a working forward place. A place that helps fulfill ambitions. A place where you’ll ensure customers succeed and we’ll do the same for you: through an extensive Diversity & Inclusion Network, leaders who believe differences are a competitive advantage, and a culture that celebrates you. Because we know you have goals of your own. And we’re here to help you achieve them. Our Seven Diversity & Inclusion Networks: African American Network Asian Professional Engagement Network

Commitment to Diversity & Inclusion

Hispanic Network LGBT Partnership Network

Challenging and Rewarding Work

People with Disabilities Network Veterans Network

ETL Development • Data Analytics • Business Intelligence • Big Data Budget Development • Process Improvement • Performance Metrics

Women’s Network

Professional Growth & Training

Mentoring • Technical Training • Leadership Development • Educational Assistance Diversity & Inclusion Training • Community Involvement

Career Opportunities

What are you working forward to? Engage with us at

Developers • Architects • Projects Managers • Analysts • QA Testers Bank Examiners • Software Developers

Equal Opportunity Employer • www. Kansas


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equal opportunity employment journal

May 2017

10 Interesting Facts About Manufacturing in the U.S.

We are a Montana-born company, built on western values, focused on creating long-standing relationships through integrity, expertise and results. To learn more and explore our career opportunities, visit us online at

EEO/AA Employer M/F Disabled and Vet © 2015 Stockman Bank | Member FDIC


First National Bank Texas and its affiliates are dedicated to being a preferred employer, providing opportunities to maximize employee potential. We offer an excellent work environment, competitive salary and benefits package. We are an equal opportunity employer. Our employment practices are in accordance with the laws that prohibit discrimination due to race, color, religion, national origin, sex, age, disability or other protected status. All affiliates support a drug free workplace.

For more information please visit our website: 703 SWANNER LOOP • KILLEEN, TX 76543 FAX: 254-554-4385

EOE Minority/Female/Individuals with Disabilities/Protected Veterans

• Manufacturing workers account for about 9% of the workforce. There are currently 12.32 million manufacturing workers in the United States, as well as an additional 18.5 million jobs in the U.S. that are supported by the manufacturing industry. That’s about one in every six private sector jobs. • According to the Kaiser Family Foundation, 95% of manufacturing employees were eligible for health insurance benefits in 2015. This is significantly higher than the average of health insurance eligibility for all firms, which is 79%. Manufacturing is the third highest sector for health insurance take-up rates. • In 2014, the average manufacturing worker in the United States earned $15,349 more than the average worker in all industries. The average worker in manufacturing earned $25.19 per hour when looking specifically at wages, and not including benefits. • There are expected to be nearly 3.5 million manufacturing jobs to fill over the next decade. However, nearly 2 million of these jobs are likely to go unfilled due to a gap in skills. According to a recent report, 80% of manufacturers communicate that they have a shortage of qualified applicants, particularly for highly skilled production positions. • Most manufacturing firms are incredibly small. Only about 1% of manufacturing firms have greater than 500 employees. The majority of the firms in this sector are considered small firms, with three quarters having fewer than 20 employees. • Manufacturing has the highest economic multiplier of any sector. $1.40 is added to the economy for every $1.00 spent in manufacturing. In the most recent data, manufacturers have contributed $2.17 trillion into the U.S. economy. • Manufactured goods exports have more than quadrupled over the last 25 years. In 1990, $329.5 billion in good were exported by U.S. manufacturers. By 2014, that number reached an all-time high of $1.403 trillion, even despite slowing growth globally. • In the manufacturing sector alone, the United States would be the ninth-largest economy in the world. In 2014, $2.1 trillion in value was added from manufacturing, and only eight other nations would rank higher in terms of their gross domestic product. • More than 75% of all private research and development in the nation is performed by manufacturers in the United Sates. Research and development in the manufacturing sector drives innovation more than any other sector. In 2014, $229.9 billion was spent on manufacturing research and development. • 30% of the nation’s energy is consumed by the manufacturing industry which equals about 31.5 quadrillion Btu of energy. Article provided by

May 2017

equal opportunity employment journal

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AE Business Solutions is a Midwest based privately held IT consulting and Systems Integration Company that has been providing information technology and business solutions to organizations throughout Wisconsin and the Midwest for over 65 years. AE Business Solutions hires the best and the brightest. We are looking for people who are committed to hard work and excellence. To explore our current opportunities, please visit To apply send your resume to or 2310 Crossroads Drive, Suite 2800, Madison, WI 53718. • EOE

A Rewarding Career in Manufacturing Visit: A Global Leader in Packaging Solutions Ardagh Group is a global leader in glass and metal packaging solutions and a key supplier to most of the world’s leading food, beverage and consumer care brands. In the U.S. and Canada, Ardagh Group operates 30 glass and metal manufacturing facilities. Whether you intend to begin your career with Ardagh Group or expand your professional horizons, Ardagh has opportunities in a variety of disciplines:

- Manufacturing

Seneca Foods Corporation and its subsidiaries are equal opportunity organizations. We recruit, employ, train, compensate and promote without regard to race, religion, creed, color, national origin, age, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital status, disability, veteran status, or any other basis protected by applicable federal, state or local law.

Seneca Foods recognizes that it is our employees who have contributed to our success as a world leader in agribusiness. As an employee of Seneca Foods, your contribution to that success is rewarded by many opportunities to grow and develop.

- Finance

- Engineering

- Manufacturing Development Programs


one brandone vision

Seneca seeks a workforce that is diverse and desires to hire or promote the individual best qualified for the position. For more information on a career with Seneca, visit: 3736 South Main Street Marion, New York 14505


THE WORLD’S LEADING MANUFACTURER OF ABRASIVES. We offer powerful, precise and user-friendly solutions enabling customers to shape and surface finish all types of materials, even in the most complex and challenging applications across a diverse range of markets.

Saint-Gobain Abrasives, NA One New Bond Street, Worcester, MA 01615

- Supply Chain & Logistics

- Operations

200 Crossing Boulevard Bridgewater, NJ 08807-0911 Brother International Corporation, is the name synonymous with success in the development and marketing of innovative, award-winning home/office Multi-Function Center®, printers, electronic stationery and sewing machines for the consumer and fashion industries. We value your experience, dedication and initiative. To become a vital member of a worldclass organization and for more information on the advantages of working for us, see our current opportunities and apply online at:

As an equal-opportunity employer, Saint-Gobain is committed to fair and equal employment practices. We believe that diversity and inclusion are essential drivers of innovation and motivation. This is made clear in our Principles of Conduct and Action, which emphasize the value of each person’s contributions to the organization, regardless of their background, life experience or personal outlook. Check out our job offers online at:

We value diversity, and fully support equal opportunity regardless of race, sex, color, age, national origin, disability, or veteran status.

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equal opportunity employment journal

May 2017

5 Tips for Changing Occupations by Elka Torpey

you ever wonder if the grass is greener in another field? If you’ve resolved to find out, the new year might be a good time to pursue a new career. There are many reasons to change careers. Maybe your interests have shifted, or you want the potential for earning more money. Or perhaps you just want to try something new. Whatever your reason, it may be helpful to look at U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) data and to consider what experts say about changing your line of work.

Tip 1: Figure out your “why”

In deciding to change careers, it’s a good idea to consider what’s driving your desire. “Are you unhappy with your employer? Do you want to use different skill sets? What is it that needs to change?” says career management coach Marie Zimenoff. You need to ask yourself these kinds of questions to know the type of change you should make. Think about your most recent job. What parts of it didn’t you like? Perhaps more importantly, what parts did you like? Are you sure you want a different occupation—or should you just look for a new job? Make a list of the tasks you enjoy most. For example, maybe you’re a biological technician, and you really like working with people. Some occupations might allow you to use your people skills while still applying your scientific knowledge. Would you like to be a biology teacher? Work toward a management position at your current company? Become a scientific product sales representative? This type of reflection can help you identify occupations you may want to enter, or it might help you decide to stick with your current occupation and instead work in a different setting or job. “People often think it will take a huge change to make them happy,” says Zimenoff. “You might want to start smaller with a change that doesn’t uproot your whole life but will make you happier in your next career.”

Protecting and providing Earth’s most essential resource. Aqua America, Inc. is an Equal Opportunity / Affirmative Action employer. Equal employment opportunity is provided to all employees and applicants for employment without regard to the following legally protected characteristics: race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, pregnancy (including childbirth and related medical conditions, including medical conditions related to lactation), physical or mental disability, covered-veteran status, genetic information (including testing and characteristics), sexual orientation, gender identity or expression or any other characteristic protected by applicable local, state or federal law.

Building a Better Future


Building tomorrow starts with you. Find your dream job today, and be part of something great. Visit our website to learn more. We are an equal opportunity employer and all qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to race, age, color, religion, sex, national origin, sexual orientation, gender identity, genetic information, disability status, protected veteran status, or any other characteristic protected by law.

Tip 2: Look at the data

If you’re thinking of changing occupations, you aren’t alone. According to 2015 and 2016 data from the Current Population Survey, about 6.2 million workers (4 percent of the total workforce) transferred from one occupational group to another. These and other BLS data can offer guidance as you explore your options.   Projections data. Career changers are likely to be interested in occupations that offer opportunity, and BLS data can help you identify those. Economists in the BLS projections program also analyze occupations to determine education and training typically required for entry. With these determinations, you can see whether you qualify for a particular occupation—or, if not, what preparation you may need State labor market offices use BLS national data to create their own projections. Some states also have detailed, current information available by region. Other data. Employment, wage, and transfer data may also point you toward career choices. For example, employment and wage data show how many jobs were in a particular occupation and how much money workers made. In 2015, there were about 138 million wage and salary jobs overall, with a median annual wage of $36,200.

Tip 3: Connect with others

Reaching out to others, both to learn about your options and to help you find a job, is important for all jobseekers. But it’s even more crucial for people who want to switch to a new field. “When you’re changing careers, you may not look great on paper,” says Zimenoff, “and the bigger the change you’re making, the more true that will be.” Networking. Developing contacts, say experts, is essential—and it’s easier than most people realize. Experts say that networking works best when you start with the people already in your circle and ask specific questions. For example, you might ask your family or friends what they think about a certain company, or if they know anyone who works there. “It’s not as scary if you start with the people you know best,” says Zimenoff. Visit networking sites to find out how the people you know are connected. But make an effort personally, too, such as with a phone call. For example, you might call

May 2017

equal opportunity employment journal

your uncle and ask, “How well do you know this person? Might she be a good contact for me?” Informational interviews. After you’ve identified people in an occupation that interests you, talk to them about their work. “Have a ready list of questions,” says master career specialist Elizabeth Craig, “such as, ‘What did you like most about your work today?’ ” Do your research ahead of time and assure the people you talk to that you’re only looking to gain information—not asking for a job. Be sure to send a thank-you note afterward and try to stay in touch, keeping them informed of your progress. You might also ask for advice on how to make your résumé stand out when you’re ready to start applying for jobs. Internal contacts. Knowing people who work somewhere you’d like to work is helpful, experts say. Not only do internal contacts give you an insider’s perspective, but they also might increase your chances of being a “referred candidate”—someone suggested for an interview by a worker within the company—when you apply for a job. Internal contacts also can let you know about job openings as soon as, or sometimes before, vacancies are advertised.

Tip 4: Match your skills

As you start applying to jobs in a new field, you’ll need to highlight the skills you have that match what each job requires. Using a chronological résumé, which summarizes work history, is a good way to describe specific accomplishments. Fit skills to jobs. It’s especially important when changing careers to tailor each résumé and cover letter to the specific position for which you are applying. Focus on skills you have that are directly relevant to the job tasks, say experts, not the fact that you’re transitioning. On paper and in person, you should be able to translate how your skills

It’s especially important when changing careers to tailor each résumé and cover letter to the specific position for which you are applying. Focus on skills you have that are directly relevant to the job tasks, say experts, not the fact that you’re transitioning. and experience match the position you’re applying for. “Look at the work you’ve done before, piece by piece,” says Craig. “Look at each segment and ask, ‘How would that relate to the new work?’ ” Use the requirements from the job posting as a guide, or study online profiles of people currently in the job to see how they describe their qualifications. Switching careers may be easier between some types of occupations than others. This is particularly true when the occupations have skills in common, but it’s still up to you to make that connection. “Those who get interviews are able to show that they’ve done the things the job requires, in a particular context, and that it provided value to the company when they did it,” says Zimenoff. Be proactive. You may have a skills or knowledge gap to overcome, depending on how different your new job is from the one you’re leaving. That’s OK. But you should be realistic about what you need to do so you meet employers’ expectations. If you’re not qualified for your dream career, start working toward it. Do you need more work experience? Additional skills? Professional certification? “There are many opportunities for people to get up to date in a new field, often in a relatively short amount of time,” says Craig, and that doesn’t always mean earning a degree. Even if you do need additional training, though, assessing your existing qualifications can help you figure out exactly what else you need. “The beauty of looking at the skills you have,” says, Zimenoff, “is that you can build on them instead of starting over.”  

Tip 5: Get more information

Resources from BLS can help you decide what type of work you want to do and what type of skills you need to do it. For example, the Occupational Outlook Handbook (OOH) provides information about nearly 600 occupations in 329 profiles that describe job tasks, wages, outlook, and more. Article provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

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ALCON Research, Ltd. Alcon Research produces a broad spectrum of ophthalmic medical devices and instruments. We seek dedicated individuals who share our vision of diversified specialization in the field of ophthalmology. Alcon attracts and retains highly qualified people - the company’s most important resource. For career opportunities visit:

A global healthcare company... The leader in eyecare products 714 COLUMBIA AVENUE • SINKING SPRING, PA 19608 We stand in support of equality for and advancement of all people based on their qualifications and actions alone without regard to color, gender, age, religion, national origin or disability.

Knowledge. Experience. Connection. Join the team that enables the world to connect online with reliability and confidence, anytime, anywhere.


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equal opportunity employment journal


A thriving environment for learning, innovation and growth

smart people. smart ideas. smart choice.

May 2017

Why do so many people join MTS Systems Corporation and stay for a career? Because this is a place where you get to apply your creativity, work with smart people on fascinating projects, and make a positive impact on people’s lives. It is a place where you can learn, innovate and grow professionally.

Why Are There So Few Women Managers? by Christopher Zara

Our business is thriving. Our future is exciting. Your potential is unlimited.

W be certain.

hen it comes to explaining gender disparity among their workforces, tech companies are often quick to point the finger at a broken pipeline. They’d love to hire more women, they claim. It’s just that the entry-level talent pool is still disproportionately male. Opinions differ as to whether or not that’s a valid excuse, but companies have a decidedly harder time explaining away the overwhelming lack of women in mid-level and senior-level roles. Women are not only paid less on average than their male counterparts, they are promoted less frequently to leadership positions. In fact, the disparity gets more pronounced the higher up the chain you go. While women make up almost 37 percent of tech workers at the entry level, that percentage drops to 30.5 percent at the managerial level and declines with each incremental career advancement, according to a workplace study conducted last year by McKinsey & Company and LeanIn. Org. The study found that women make up only 25.4 percent of tech workers at the director level and 20.2 percent of tech workers at the vice president level. By the time you get to senior executives, women make up just 18.7 percent. Zoom in to the startup sector, and the picture is even grimmer. A recent survey by Silicon Valley Bank found that 66 percent of tech startups had no women on their boards last year, and nearly half—46 percent—had no women executives at all. This despite the fact that more than a quarter of the survey’s respondents said their companies had programs designed specifically to increase the number of women in leadership positions. Something clearly isn’t working. Even with increased awareness of the issue over the last few years—including outreach programs to attract more women to STEM careers and tech giants such as Facebook and Microsoft claiming that they have closed the wage gap within their companies—the percentage of women in high-level tech careers remains persistently low. For those who have been working to counter gender disparity in tech, the statistics serve as a stubborn reminder of how much work still needs to be done. “I think we’d always hoped we would have seen more improvement by now,” said Kathryn Harris, president and longtime board member of Women in Technology (WIT), a nonprofit group near Washington, D.C. “When you think about how many women are coming through college—more women than men—you think it shouldn’t be so skewed at the top.” Harris said the effort to hire more women executives is not just a matter of doing the right thing; it’s also good for business. “The research shows that when there are women on boards you actually do better financially,” she added.

The Network Effect

Harris, a lawyer who formerly served as WIT’s general counsel, said the barriers preventing more women from advancing to leadership roles are varied and complex, whether it’s conscious or unconscious bias among hiring managers, lower retention rates for

May 2017

equal opportunity employment journal

Page 15

women employees, or inhospitable company cultures that discourage She added that it’s incumbent on tech companies to learn more about diverse points of view. Key to making companies more gender-inclusive why women employees leave. “I think it’s important that they ask quesis shifting perceptions at all levels of the tech industry ecosphere, she tions,” she said. “Why are they leaving? Is this something that we’ve said, from the initial recruitment process to the venture capital firms that created in our culture? Being aware of the causes gives companies fund tech startups. opportunities to look at where they can make improvements to work on There’s also the old adage about “who you know.” Personal and profes- retention.” sional networks play a large role in career advancement, and when those For women who leave their jobs temporarily to have children or spend networks are male-dominated, the boys’ club culture of boardrooms and more time with their families, re-entering the tech workforce can be C-suites becomes a self-perpetuating equally difficult. Compounding this phenomenon. “You have mostly men problem is the fast-moving nature of “It’s about being intentional that you’re who are running the venture capimany sectors of the tech economy, tal firms and private equity firms,” where the tools of the trade advance meeting the people who can help you in your Harris said. “They know other men. at lightning speed. They reach out to their contacts. They career, and who you can help in their careers. “Just look at cyber-security in the don’t know a lot of women at those last five years,” Harris said. “It’s levels.” That’s a skill that takes a lot to learn. It takes blown up into a huge industry segHarris added that WIT runs a proment, and even if you are in it every being very deliberate.” gram called the Leadership Foundry, day and keeping up with it, it’s hard which aims to prepare women to to keep track of it all. If you’re not serve on corporate boards in the D.C. area, in part through networking staying involved when you take that mid-level career break, it’s tough and mentoring opportunities. getting back in.” Gloria Bell, co-founder of the Women in Tech Summit, a multi-city Harris said she would like to see tech companies invest in reentry event that began in Philadelphia in 2011, also stressed the importance of programs. She cited the OnRamp Fellowship, which helps women in networking, or rather what she called ‘intentional networking.’ “It’s not the legal profession return to the workforce by connecting them with necessarily about the number of people you meet,” Bell said. “It’s about top firms. being intentional that you’re meeting the people who can help you in your Some larger tech companies, for their part, have recently expanded career, and who you can help in their careers. That’s a skill that takes a lot their parental leave programs in an attempt to offer more flexibility. to learn. It takes being very deliberate.” In April, Twitter said it would give all new parents 20 paid weeks off, following in the footsteps of companies such as Facebook and Netflix, An Ounce of Retention Tech companies have been talking a good game about wanting to as Bloomberg reported. But those are administrative answers to a problem that requires change increase their ranks of women managers and executives, but that doesn’t at a much more systemic level. For all the strides women in tech have mean just attracting more women—it means keeping them. Statistics show made in recent years, Harris said, career advancement can still feel like that women tend to leave the workforce at higher rates than men, and this is especially true in many tech-related careers. For instance, a three- pushing through barriers, as opposed to being pulled up by those who year study from researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee have gotten there first. “It’s all about feeding the funnel and having role models,” Harris said. found that women make up 20 percent of engineer school graduates but comprise only 11 percent of working engineers. The survey’s 5,500-plus “Without a role model it’s tough to say, ‘Hey, I can do that.’ I think respondents had numerous reasons for leaving the profession, but often the same applies to mid-career women who want to succeed at the high levels.” cited workplace culture or lack of advancement opportunities. Article provided by For more information on technical careers, visit “They feel like they’ve gone as far as they can go,” Bell noted.

For more information, please contact

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equal opportunity employment journal

May 2017

5 Exciting Career Options in Nursing


by N.P. Lee

ooking into nursing as a career choice? Or maybe you already are a nurse and are looking for a new niche in nursing? Many nurses start off in a hospital to get one to two years of mixed medical-surgical nursing experiences under their belt. This kind of experience cannot be underrated. It allows a nurse to experience various types of patients and conditions so that they can see if there is an area of interest to specialize in. Read further to explore five areas of nursing that look at specialty opportunities.

1. Mental Health Nursing

Ranging from working with individuals in an acute care hospital inpatient setting to a community-based program, mental health nursing offers exciting opportunities for passionate and empathetic nurses. Supporting patients with diagnoses such as depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and eating disorders, to name a few, this field employs nurses who are committed to advocating for those with mental health conditions. The specialty requires either extra training on the job or some employers may require a specialty certificate in mental health. In larger, urban centers the option to work in pediatric mental health with kids may also be an option.

2. Obstetrical Nursing

Although from a distance obstetrical nursing may look like the ‘fun’ way to be a nurse with proud new parents and cooing new babies, there is another side to this specialty that requires a special level of strength, both physically and mentally. An obstetrical (OB) nurse needs to enjoy supporting families through the birthing process while also being on guard to be an emergency nurse if clinical issues arise and to be a surgical nurse to work with C-section deliveries. A specialty program in perinatal nursing is typically required to prepare nurses on how to manage emergencies prenatally, during labor and during the immediate post-partum period for both mom and infant.

3. Nurse Practitioner (NP)

As an advanced practice role in nursing, an NP works autonomously under their own license. An NP can assess, diagnose, order tests and prescribe medications. This job requires successful certification after a rigorous program that is usually two to three years in length. After this is completed, a registered nurse may then apply for a new license as a nurse practitioner. Given the increased scope of practice involved, most programs will require that a registered nurse has completed a minimum amount of work hours, such as a twoyear, full-time equivalent, before applying for the program. However, often the more experience the better in order to prepare to take on this role with its increased level of autonomy. When applying for a program one will need to choose their specialty interest as an NP. This can range from primary care to acute care pediatrics, with numerous specialties in between depending on where you live in.

4. Nurse Educator or Clinician

A nurse educator is typically educated at a master’s or PhD level and is involved with curriculum preparation, delivery and evaluation. This can occur on site at the institution’s campus or from a remote location online. For nurses preferring to stay in the clinical environment, a nurse clinician is another exciting option. Here nurses with experience and education within a specific environment are the leaders to provide education and training to new and current staff members. Nurses without the master’s level preparation may still get a taste of the educator role by taking on nursing students to be their mentor or to mentor new nursing staff during their orientation period with a new job. This role allows the more experienced nurses to enjoy teaching new skills, providing supervision, feedback and being involved in the evaluation process. The above offers only a small glimpse into the many nursing specialty options available these days. There are several more out there that help keep a career in nursing exciting and refreshing for all the years ahead.

May 2017

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Page 17

Climbers Wanted.


To us, diversity means more than ethnicity. It means developing, manufacturing and marketing life-enhancing medical technologies in several therapeutic fields. It means cultivating a workforce that spans a variety of cultures around the globe.

5. Travel Nurse Abroad

Opportunities throughout North America, Australia, New Zealand and the UK are limitless and can pay handsomely. However, the paperwork can be cumbersome. It can take roughly up to one year to get all of the logistics in order from transferring of educational requirements, licensure verifications, certifications validated, security checks completed, and payment arranged. Typically this all needs to be done before most travel agencies will work with you. Countries will vary on whether further tests need to be written before obtaining the license. For example, for a foreigner to work in the US the NCLEX exam must be successfully taken. To work in the UK, a course for international nurses is now required before a license will be provided. Once a license is received, it is then time to select a travel nurse agency to work with to find a job. Agencies will vary in their wages, housing support, medical and recruitment bonuses so review carefully. Eventually, a job interview will be arranged over the phone or Skype and then hopefully a job offer is received. The job offer is typically required before applying to customs for the appropriate visa. It may be easier for young adults doing this who can apply for working visas, for example in Australia, and then find a job once in the country. Although a lot of planning is involved, the opportunity to work abroad and experience new adventures is unforgettable.

Your nursing career vision is the link between where you are in your nursing career and where you want to take your career next. Create a career vision by answering questions such as “What do I want out of nursing?” and “Do I want to work in a hospital environment?” Write a nursing career vision statement that precisely encompasses what kind of nurse you want to be and what kind of health care environment you want to work in. After your assessment and career vision development, create a strategic plan for your nursing career and document it in writing. Include your career goals, action steps you’ll take to make it happen, resources you have and will need, your career timelines and identify the indicators of success. Create a well-planned, organized document that you can refer to and adjust with changing circumstances. Article provided by Constant-Content

And it means fostering the careers of talented individuals, whatever their background or avenue of interest. Take the next step in your career. Visit us at: crbard

C. R. Bard, Inc. is an Affirmative Action/ Equal Opportunity Employer

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equal opportunity employment journal

May 2017

The Role of a Life Coach

VA Long Beach Healthcare System 5901 East 7th Street • Long Beach, CA 90822 The VA Long Beach Healthcare System is one of the most diversified tertiary health care providers in the VA. It is a teaching hospital, providing a full range of patient care services, with state-of-the-art technology as well as education and research. Whatever the job title, every position in VA will give you a chance to make a meaningful and personal contribution to the lives of truly special and deserving people - our Veterans. VA offers generous paid time off and a variety of predictable and flexible scheduling opportunities. For more information about us and our current vacancies, please visit: EOE


by Kathleen Green

you’ve ever made a New Year’s resolution to improve your life, Catherine Wood understands. “A national holiday geared toward goal setting is empowering,” she says. “It’s possible to create goals anytime, of course, but it definitely helps to have a push to set your intentions for the new year.” Catherine is a professional life coach. Life coaches assist clients in establishing goals, such as changing careers or losing weight, but their work centers around the process: offering targeted guidance and motivation to meet those goals. “I partner with clients to help them realize their potential,” she says. “We compare where they are with where they want to be, and we focus on bridging that gap.”

What they do

Life coaches may go by a variety of titles, including executive coach or enrichment specialist. Regardless of their title, these workers tailor their coaching to the needs of each client. Process. Life coaches may offer a prospective client an in-depth sample session to discuss his or her life vision. This initial conversation lets both parties gauge whether they’re a good fit for each other, too. “Coaching is a partnership,” Catherine says. “I want it to work for the client, not just for me.” When a coach and client decide to work together, they create a plan with customized objectives and activities for achieving the client’s goal. For example, a client whose goal is to increase profits by 20 percent might commit to changing some business practices, such as giving up the need for control and empowering his team; the coach may encourage accountability by having the client document efforts toward meeting his commitment. Clients summarize their progress and celebrate achievements with their coach, who motivates them in regularly scheduled sessions until they reach their goal. “Someone could be struggling with fears that get in the way of, say, being in a meaningful relationship,” says Catherine. “If we shift those obstacles, we shift the results.” Logistics. Life coaches may have an active slate of about a dozen clients with whom they work for months or even years, depending on each client’s needs. Coaching sessions typically last 30 to 90 minutes, with occasional brief check-ins between sessions. Catherine usually talks with clients by phone, but some prefer to meet in person or over video chats. “Thanks to technology, I’ve worked with clients all over the world,” she says. For example, one of Catherine’s clients lives in Thailand, which requires accommodating the 12-hour time difference. She usually schedules coaching sessions for Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and Thursdays, leaving Mondays and Fridays for business planning and administrative tasks.

How to become one

People who are drawn to coaching often have common traits. They may be patient and empathic; enjoy helping others; and have strong leadership, organizational, and communication skills. Also important are decision making and problem-solving abilities, both of which may benefit from ingenuity. “Creativity is hugely valuable in coaching,” says Catherine. Credentials and training. Although there are no formal requirements for becoming a life coach, training and certification may make you stand out to future clients—especially as the occupation gains popularity among career options. Some colleges and universities offer courses in subjects related to life coaching. But the field is unregulated, so there are dozens of life coach training and certification programs in the United States. Legitimate credentialing organizations, such as the International Coach Federation, evaluate programs based on specific standards of ethics and competency. The federation also offers three levels of individual credentialing; Catherine holds the designation of Professional Certified Coach.

May 2017

equal opportunity employment journal

Life coaches who choose to become self-employed, as Catherine did, also must be prepared to run a business. Classes for small-business owners are available on topics such as accounting, entrepreneurship, and marketing. Networking and experience. Attending seminars and working with a mentor coach are other ways to further develop effective coaching techniques. And both activities offer opportunities for networking with other coaches, who can provide support and referrals—which are especially important for self-employed coaches trying to get established. For example, most of Catherine’s clients come to her by word of mouth from other coaches and colleagues in her networking group. It may be helpful to have knowledge of a field related to coaching, such as psychology. Similarly, some types of experience may be useful for carving a niche, such as management experience for leadership coaching. But having an extensive portfolio may not be as important as having a passion for the work. “You don’t necessarily need life experience in order to pursue a career in coaching,” Catherine says. “You just need to go and do it.”

What to expect

It’s professionally fulfilling to coach clients who achieve their goals. But it can also be isolating, especially for self-employed coaches. “If I don’t inject fun into other areas of my life,” says Catherine, “my routine can get a little stagnant.” The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) does not collect data specifically on life coaches. Instead, BLS counts these workers among rehabilitation counselors; educational, guidance, school, and vocational counselors; and personal care and service workers, all other. Life coaches may work for organizations such as residential care or treatment facilities, aiding clients who want to overcome challenges. Self-employed coaches sometimes work as consultants or contractors for businesses that offer life coaching as a wellness perk to employees.

Page 19

At UCLA Health, passion drives excellence. UCLA Health and David Geffen School of Medicine is home to some of the most talented professionals from all over the world. Ranked by U.S. News & World Report as the nation’s #5 hospital, we take immense pride in the gifted specialists that raise our standards of quality. We also encourage excellence in all our fields because only world-class talent can enable the world-class care for which we’re known. At UCLA Health, we’re proud to honor our remarkable quality of professionals.

We have a variety of positions available in the following areas: • Nursing • Allied Health • Laboratory • Nutrition

• Environmental Services • Materials Management • Pharmacy • Information Technology

• Security • Rehab Services • Ambulatory Clinics • Research

To learn more, please contact UCLA Health Recruitment at (866) 895-6690, or apply directly at:

Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center UCLA Medical Center Santa Monica

The University of California is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer. All qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, national origin, disability, age or protected veteran status.


Life coaches assist clients in establishing goals, such as changing careers or losing weight, but their work centers around the process: offering targeted guidance and motivation to meet those goals. According to an International Coach Federation report, the 2016 ICF Global Coaching Study, there were about 17,500 coach practitioners in North America in 2015. Coach practitioners, a designation that excludes athletic or sports coaches, reported an average annual income from coaching of about $61,900. (The median annual wage for all workers was $36,200 in May 2015, according to BLS.) But the federation also reports that few coach practitioners work exclusively as coaches. Life coaches may prefer the flexibility of working part time. Or they may work full time in another occupation and pursue life coaching as a sideline. Some of these dual jobholders eventually decide to make life coaching their primary job. For Catherine, who previously was a full-time economist, job satisfaction has confirmed her decision to change careers. “I get to see the impact of my work on people’s lives, on their dreams,” she says. “It’s profoundly gratifying and rewarding on so many levels.” Article provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Exceptional Career Opportunities at Houston Methodist

As a diverse, inclusive and growing health care system, Houston Methodist offers a lifetime of meaningful careers within our many facilities. Houston Methodist is comprised of a nationally recognized academic medical center and seven community hospitals with a history of health care innovation. With a national reputation for excellence in patient care, education and research, we hold ourselves and the careers we build to a higher standard. Our flagship hospital, Houston Methodist Hospital, was awarded Magnet recognition for nursing excellence for a fourth consecutive time. Two of our community hospitals – Houston Methodist Willowbrook Hospital and Houston Methodist San Jacinto Hospital – have also achieved Magnet recognition, joining only 7 percent of hospitals nationwide. In addition, Houston Methodist Hospital was recently named by U.S. News & World Report as one of the country’s top 20 hospitals, making the prestigious Honor Roll – and was ranked the No. 1 hospital in Texas for the fifth consecutive year.

Discover the difference for yourself and join Houston Methodist. Houston Methodist is an Equal Opportunity Employer inclusive of female, minority, disability and veterans.

Page 20

equal opportunity employment journal

The Best Careers for the Physically Disabled


Many jobs can be performed by people with hearing loss, vision impairment, or who use a wheelchair with little adaptation needed. These include writing, teaching, self-employment, sales, and accounting.

The SavaSeniorCare affiliated facilities believe that successful careers are built upon RESPECT, and positive resident and patient experiences begin with positive employee experiences.


We realize our employees chose a career where taking care of others is their main goal. We believe that creating an environment where everyone knows his or her value and importance is key.

We focus on people.

Whether it's a thank you from a resident, a smile from a family member or a pat on the back from a fellow employee, your overall employee experience is important to us.

Their lives.

he unemployment rate for people with physical handicaps is 50% higher than for the able-bodied, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). However, people with disabilities now have more occupational opportunities than ever before, due to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), adaptive technology, and workat-home employment through the Internet. This article will discuss 10 of the many career choices particularly well-suited to people with hearing, vision, or mobility impairments. First, how does the ADA define a physical disability and what are those who meet the qualifications entitled to? The ADA defines a physical impairment as something that impacts a “major life activity” of a person, such as caring for self, performing manual tasks, seeing, hearing, eating, or sleeping. Employers are required to provide reasonable modifications to the work environment that enable a disabled person to perform his or her job duties. This can include a wheelchair ramp, adaptive computer technology, or accommodation of a service animal. Employers also must ensure disabled persons have the same rights and privileges as their non-disabled co-workers. Accommodations are intended to be a negotiation between management and employee. Tax incentives are available for employers who provide jobs for the disabled. A poll by Louis Harris points to a high level of satisfaction among employers of the disabled, with 39% responding that their disabled workers were more reliable than the non-disabled ones, and a further 42% saying the two types of employees were equally reliable. The careers below have been arranged alphabetically within four general categories: any type of physical disability; hearing impairment; vision impairment; and mobility impairment. All statistics are taken from the BLS as of 2010, unless otherwise indicated.


Consider joining us in one of the many fulfilling careers we offer.


May 2017

Our residents.

Their health. Their families.

No person employed by or admitted to any of the company’s affiliated facilities shall on the grounds of race, color, religion, age, sex, natural origin, ancestry, or disability, be excluded from participation in, be denied benefits of, or otherwise be subject to discrimination in the provision of any care, service, or admission.

What they do: An accountant prepares and examines financial records, such as tax returns Where they work: Accountants can be self-employed, working for a number of different clients on a contract basis, or they may work for accounting firms or directly for a wide variety of businesses. Accounting firms obviously are a major employer of accountants. However, large businesses often have their own in-house accountants, as well, to process and track payroll, capital investments, profits, royalties, and other forms of income and expenditure. Some self-employed accountants focus on a particular type of business, such as tax returns. Education: Accountants typically hold a bachelor’s degree and may be certified in their particular branch of accountancy. Many employers want candidates with work experience. Income: The median annual pay is $61,690.


What they do: A salesperson’s role is to sell a product

May 2017

Holy Redeemer’s holistic approach to healing is unique among healthcare providers. Caring for the total person goes beyond the act of delivering excellent medical care. It involves meeting the emotional, spiritual and social services needs of those we serve.

equal opportunity employment journal

From maternity and neonatal services, to end-of-life care and every stage of life in between, Holy Redeemer’s services focus on your total well-being. 521 Moredon Road Huntingdon Valley, PA 19006 For more information or for current employment opportunities visit us at and apply online. Equal Opportunity Employer

Join Us to Make a Difference

InSPiRe better Health

Taking care of patients in our seven hospitals, outpatient specialty clinics, and primary care centers is what we do best. Every day. To learn more about how you can join our award-winning team, visit or contact a recruiter at 800-599-2537. From moment one, we put patients first. Equal Opportunity Employer Minorities/Females/Protected Veterans/Individuals with Disabilities/Sexual Orientation/Gender Identity

Carilion Roanoke Memorial Hospital and Carilion Roanoke Community Hospital were awarded Magnet Recognition by the ANCC.

Inspira Health Network is the region’s leading network of health care providers, delivering the full continuum of primary, acute and advanced care services. Inspira Health Network is committed to providing a work environment that promotes opportunity and growth for its employees. With our hospitals and health centers we offer a wide array of healthcare services. At Inspira, we attribute our success to our people and we have employment opportunities for professionals dedicated to helping us continue our success. If you are interested in joining the Inspira Team you can search our web site for current job openings.

INSPIRA HEALTH NETWORK Inspira Health Network is an equal opportunity employer committed to providing diversity among all levels of employees and offering an environment of opportunity and acceptance throughout our organization.

or service by communicating with potential customers about how their product or service meets a real or perceived need. A satisfied and knowledgeable customer can make the best salesperson: Therefore, a person with a disability seeking employment in sales may want to contact the maker of whatever adaptive technology they use. Where they work: Salespeople can be found in retail settings, insurance offices, and virtually anywhere a product or service is produced or sold. Salespeople can work by phone from home, in a showroom, or at prospective customers’ locations. Education: At least high school, and sometimes several years of college, depending on the product and clientele. Income: Varies widely; can include commission, which is typically 10–20% of the purchase price. Salespeople can also earn bonuses for meeting specified quotas and sales goals.

Page 21 son typically works at home, or perhaps in a co-working environment set up for selfemployed people to share office space to enjoy camaraderie and a greater sense of work/home separation. Self-employed contractors or freelancers also may work at a client’s place of business. Professional service providers such as attorneys or therapists may rent professional office space. Education: Varies. Some college coursework in marketing and business administration can be helpful, along with professional continuing education in the self-employed person’s area. Income: Varies widely.


What they do: Instructors help people of various age groups improve themselves intellectually and master new skills. People who have overcome a disability can use their hard-earned expertise to teach and mentor others with or without the same disability. The advent of online education also affords more opportunities than ever for people to teach others without having to leave home. The online format also means people with vision or hearing impairments can teach and engage fully with others through adaptive technology. A disabled person may want to consider a career as a special education teacher, where he or she can help children with disabilities learn essential life skills in addition to general school topics like social studies and mathematics. Where they work: Instructors can teach in schools, on college campuses, in community centers, or online. Education: Many instructors have at least Many jobs can be performed a master’s degree in their area of expertise. by people with hearing loss, However, extensive training and experience vision impairment, or who use a can qualify someone to teach essential job wheelchair with little adaptation. skills. Teachers for kindergarten through high school usually need certification and a bachelor’s degree. Self-employed Worker Income: Varies by topic and age level; What they do: Some disabled people discover that self-employment is the best the median income for a special education option for them. This field overlaps with teacher is $53,220. most of the others in this section, as writ- Writer ers, accountants, and even teachers can be What they do: The writer’s role is to self-employed. communicate with readers through the writOther forms of self-employment include ten word. owning and operating a business, either “Write what you know” is a common and bricks-and-mortar or online; serving as a true adage that can take different forms consultant for other businesses; being a for people with disabilities. Such as writlawyer in one’s own independent office; ing about the disability. Possible platforms and most other lines of self-employment include a blog about life as a person with a pursued by the able-bodied. Numerous disability or writing newspaper, magazine, websites now exist where people can tutor web content, or ebooks to educate the pubothers in a specific subject or develop lic on disability issues or provide “how-to” series of lectures for student/consumers to information for people with disabilities. purchase. Writers can use their existing expertise One self-employment opportunity unique- gained through work, family, or personal ly suited for the disabled in accessibility interests to generate ideas for articles and consulting. This entails advising companies books. Alternatively, a writer can branch about how they can make their offices and out and study a different subject to specialsurrounding areas more user-friendly for ize in. This can also entail developing a people with different disabilities. network of expert sources. Where they work: A self-employed perWriters can be self-employed, writing

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equal opportunity employment journal

books to sell to readers and publishers, or they can work for a range of clients. Companies and non-profit groups also hire writers to get their message out to the public through advertising, newsletters, press releases, brochures, and other promotional material. One sub-specialty for independent writers is ghost-writing, in which the author helps another person tell his or her story and receives money, but usually no by-line. Another sub-category is technical writing, which usually requires background knowledge in science and technology. Where they work: Writers can work virtually anywhere, as long as they have a computer or even just a pad and pen. Some work in corporate or company offices. Others establish home offices or even a writer’s retreat, with research materials close at hand. Some self-employed

writers wanting social connection may do some of their work from a coffee shop or co-working space. Education: A well-rounded college education is helpful for a writing career. Some universities offer programs in journalism or creative writing which can help new writers hone their craft. Years of rich life experience are also invaluable, as are an insatiable appetite for reading and a deep curiosity about life and the world. Income: The income level for writers varies widely depending on the individual’s background and type of writing; the median income is $55,420.

May 2017

jobs as hearing people can. However, hearingimpaired job seekers may want to consider a field where their condition is a non-issue. For example, jobs working with loud equipment or in noisy environments such as factories can be a good fit, as noise would not be a distraction and potential hearing loss would be a moot point. Examples include construction and factory work of all types. Here, we examine one labor area—industrial machinery mechanics and maintenance workers.

Industrial Machinery Worker

What they do: Those who work with industrial machinery—including mechanics and maintenance workers–keep factory and industrial HEARING IMPAIRMENT equipment and machines operating efficiently. In addition to the careers listed above, those who Examples of such machinery include conveying are hearing-impaired can perform most of the same systems and packaging equipment.


As Oklahoma’s largest and most diverse hospital, OU Medical Center features a winning team of world-class academic and private physicians, nurses and health care specialists; a team that is earning an international reputation for excellence, innovation and positive outcomes; a team of medical professionals capable of treating a full range of patients, from the tiniest premature baby to the most critically ill senior; a team that supports Oklahoma with quality patient care, medical education and research. We offer a variety of opportunities in various fields. For more information about us or application procedure visit:

or contact our recruitment team at 405-271-6035 or 1-866-473-8229 Up to $15,000 sign on and relocation bonus may be available. An EEO Employer

Providing World Class Care and Service to America’s Heroes

Join a patient centered interdisciplinary care team that values healthy home/work life balance, has one of the most advanced electronic medical records reporting systems in the country and offers great benefits, including liability protection. Reno is minutes away from beautiful Lake Tahoe, is a short drive or flight to San Francisco, and abounds with year round recreation, entertainment, arts, and culture – about 260 days of sunshine per year. Nevada has no state income tax! For employment opportunities, including complete job announcements, and online application instructions, please visit our website:

VA Sierra Nevada Health Care System

975 Kirman Avenue • Reno, NV 89502 • 775-829-5630 • EOE

The VA is an Equal Opportunity Employer and does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, political affiliation, sexual orientation, marital status, disability, age, membership in an employee organization, or any other non-merit factor.

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People who have overcome a disability can use their hard-earned expertise to teach and mentor others with or without the same disability. For over 40 years, Harris Ranch Beef Company, the processing and marketing component of the beef division, has continually strived to produce the highest quality beef in the world. Learn more about us and our current employment opportunities on our website at:


Harris Farms Inc. and all company subsidiaries is an Employment Equity/Affirmative Action employer.

Where they work: These skilled laborers typically are employed in factories and other industrial settings. Education: These jobs require at least a high school diploma. Industrial machinery mechanics typically need a year of trade school or training on top of that, while machinery maintenance workers often are trained on the job for between three and 12 months. Income: The median annual pay for industrial machinery mechanics is $45,420, while the figure for machinery maintenance workers is $38,460.

VISION IMPAIRMENT ICMA-RC, a financial services leader in public sector employee retirement products and services. ICMA-RC provides retirement saving and planning services for more than 9,000 government employers nationwide and more than one million city, state and county participant accounts. ICMA-RC associates are dedicated to our mission of helping public employees build retirement security. We are proud to serve those who serve us! To learn about current career opportunities throughout the United States, visit:

Careers for the blind and visually impaired include most jobs the fully sighted person can do, though they might go about it a little differently. Computers with screen readers greatly enlarge the pool of job prospects for people with limited or no sight. Organizations like the Association for Blind Citizens can help legally blind job hunters purchase adaptive devices like portable barcode scanners to help them in the workplace and enhance their quality of life. One growing job field that often is a good fit for blind workers is call centers, since the work is done over the telephone.

Call Center/Customer Service Representative

What they do: These workers represent organizations, responding to customer orders, questions, and complaints when customers call in. Where they work: Call centers typically have large phone banks and often are located at a separate location from the organization’s headquarters. Some companies also contract with individuals to work from home as customer service representatives. Education: These jobs typically require just a high school diploma and brief on-the-job training. Income: The median annual pay for this field is $30,46.


People who use wheelchairs can do well in most office environments. Builders, architects, and business owners understand the importance of providing an accessible work environment that meets ADA specifications. Some businesses are also moving toward more telecommuting, meaning employees can work from home. Some general office jobs include manager, executive, director, secretary, and administrator. “Office jobs” in this context refers to positions where most of the work is performed at a fixed office location, so little travel is involved. This makes it easier for the disabled and their employer to ensure the work area is accessible and comfortable. The employment category of “office and administrative support” is expected to generate more jobs than any other field between now and 2020, according to the BLS. Below, we examine two specific office jobs with good income and potential for growth. Both relate to information technology (IT).

Computer Systems Analyst Join a dynamic team that encourages growth, diversity, opportunity and excellence. ICMA-RC is proud to be an Equal Opportunity Employer. 777 North Capitol Street NE Washington, DC 20002

What they do: These professionals review computer systems and protocols to help management run their organization more efficiently. Where they work: Many work in computer design firms. Other frequent employers are finance and insurance, company management, and government. Analysts can work directly for an organization or they can be self-employed and work as consultants. Education: A bachelor’s degree in computer science is generally required. However, if a candidate can write computer code and has a liberal arts or business degree, that combination can also work well. Income: The median wage in 2011 was $82,160. Article provided by the

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May 2017

Carolinas Hospital System is your community healthcare provider Carolinas Hospital System does not discriminate in any way to deprive any person of employment opportunities or otherwise adversely affect the status of any employee because of race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, genetic information, gender identity, national origin, age, disability, citizenship, veteran status, or military or uniformed services, in accordance with all applicable governmental laws and regulations. 805 PAMPLICO HIGHWAY • FLORENCE, SC 29505

Oscar G. Johnson Veterans Affairs Medical Center is located in the Upper

Peninsula of Michigan. The organization provides primary care at the VA Medical Center in Iron Mountain, as well as at six outpatient clinics. At Oscar G. Johnson VA Medical Center, we strive to hire only the best! Working with and for America’s veterans is a privilege, and we pride ourselves on the quality of care we provide. If you have what it takes, please consider applying for one of our available positions.

For job opportunities visit our website at

Human Resources Management Service Oscar G. Johnson VA Medical Center 325 East H Street • Iron Mountain, MI 49801 Phone: 906-774-3300 ext.32281

For more information visit: •

The United States Government does not discriminate in employment on the basis of race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy and gender identity), national origin, political affiliation, sexual orientation, marital status, disability, genetic information, age, membership in an employee organization, retaliation, parental status, military service, or other non-merit factor.

6339 Mill Street Rhinebeck, NY 12572 The Boise VA Medical Center proudly serves veterans in the Boise, Idaho area in its main medical center and in three community-based outpatient clinics. VA offers a wide range of career fields and opportunities. Visit to view and apply for current open positions. Learn more about us at We stand in support of equality for and advancement of all people based on their qualifications and actions alone without regard to color, gender, age, religion, national origin or disability.

BOISE VA MEDICAL CENTER 500 West Fort Street | Boise, Idaho 83702

Astor Services for Children & Families is a community based, non-profit organization that provides children's mental health services, child welfare services, and early childhood development programs. Astor serves children and families in New York State's Mid-Hudson Valley region and the Bronx. Job opportunities are available in the following areas: early childhood, social work, psychology, education, nursing and more. Astor Services does not discriminate against individuals on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, disability, genetic information, sexual orientation, or age in its programs, activities, or employment.

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U.S. NAVAL RESEARCH LABORATORY advancing your career


than you can imagine®

The U.S. Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) provides the advanced scientific capabilities required to bolster our country’s position of global naval leadership. Here, in an environment where the nation’s best scientists and engineers are inspired to pursue their passion, everyone is focused on research that yields immediate and long-range applications in the defense of the United States. NRL seeks seasoned professionals, as well as recent college graduates, in the areas of Chemistry; Computer Science; Materials Science; Meteorology; Oceanography; Physics; and Aerospace, Chemical, Computer, Electronics, Materials, and Mechanical Engineering.




Apply TodAy NRL’s main site is located in Washington, DC, with remote sites located at the Stennis Space Center, MS, and Monterey, CA. Visit to view opportunities. U.S. NAVAL RESEARCH LABORATORY 4555 Overlook Ave., SW • Washington, DC 20375 NRL IS AN EQUAL OPPORTUNITY EMPLOYER

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May 2017

Giving Yourself an Edge at Work by David Hart



America’s natural gas industry is growing fast. With new technologies and new products it’s leading the charge to a cleaner, greener future. We’re PGW – the country’s biggest municipal natural gas company – and we’re building a better energy economy for all. Our award-winning teams are engaged, determined, and rewarded.

Make today the day you make your move to PGW.



oing your job well is the most important contribution you can make to your organization and to your chances for advancement. But most enterprises in today’s competitive world need to constantly improve to remain profitable or effective. The experience and insights of the workforce are a valuable source for those improvements. Here are some things to keep an eye out for as potential opportunities to contribute to needed solutions:   Failing equipment Bottlenecks in processes Complaints from customers Frequent or inconclusive meetings Grumbling among coworkers Unequal distribution of work or rewards

None of these is a guaranteed opportunity to shine. There may be good reasons why they exist; they may have been studied before and the solutions may be beyond the control of management.  But some will be ripe for action, and even noting them and suggesting solutions will be a mark of alertness, insight, and motivation.  How can one best prepare for identifying and taking advantage of these opportunities? The most basic method is continuous learning.  Learn all you can about your organization, its missions, ideals, goals, and major activities.  Keep up with technological developments in your field or industry so that you’ll be able to recommend new or different equipment, processes, or management techniques.  For this it may be necessary to take courses offered by your organization or by outside educational or training institutions. You need to be a team player. You should offer to help an overburdened coworker and volunteer for extra assignments if you can handle them without detriment to your regular work.  You should look for things that waste your group’s time or harm morale and think of ways to alleviate them.  You should learn as much as you can about the jobs of colleagues in other organizations so that you can work more effectively with them.   As important as what you do is what you don’t do.  Don’t create the impression that you’re an overly eager beaver bent only on getting ahead.  If suggestions are requested at meetings, offer them freely, crediting others for ideas you may have picked up from them.  If you are volunteering unsolicited recommendations, meet with the boss privately so that you won’t be seen as upstaging him.  Be generous with your praise and appreciation of your coworkers  and don’t join the critical whispers about any of them or the boss.  Criticism should be expressed one-to-one or in open meetings and always focused on positive solutions. Which brings us full circle to the most important thing you can do to get that edge: do your job well. Article provided by

May 2017

equal opportunity employment journal

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Interview with a . . .

Professor of Aerospace Engineering Bonnie Dunbar College Station, Texas Interviewed by Domingo Angeles What do you do?

I’m an aerospace engineering research professor. I work on research and mentor graduate students, but I also give speeches and do symposiums. I deal with budgets, hire faculty, and serve on a committee. There are a lot of elements to my work. Every day is different. Academia ensures that we educate the next generation of engineers and also continue the leading edge of research.

What kind of leading-edge research are you doing?

An area we desperately need research on for the future is advanced spacesuits. Not Hollywood-style astronaut clothing, but a suit designed for real human survival in an extreme environment. So when I was approached by my university and asked what I wanted to research, that’s what I identified. When you see an astronaut working on the International Space Station, that suit is like a spacecraft in the shape of a human. What a spacecraft has in it, that suit has, too. The problem is that you have to be mobile in it and be able to work with it on, and it has to fit well. We’ve spent 50 years optimizing it, but there’s still room to improve.

What improvements are you focusing on?

We want to make spacesuits more mobile. We have to reduce the mass, reduce the volume of all the life support systems in the suit. It’s called the “portable life support system,” but it could be a whole lot more portable. We’ve developed equations to model the dynamics of the motion of a person, and we have computer models that simulate soft tissue to predict injury. So we’ll be applying that research to the spacesuit to really enhance the design. Where there’s no answer, that’s where we put the research. I define research as: you search and search for the answer, and you keep re-searching.

We want to make spacesuits more mobile. We have to reduce the mass, reduce the volume of all the life support systems in the suit. It’s called the “portable life support system,” but it could be a whole lot more portable.

Tell me about your education and early career path.

I worked my way through college, first as a waitress, then at a canning plant. After I got my bachelor’s degree and was finally in a professional career, I was working for an aerospace manufacturing company and, for the first time, was earning a pretty good wage. I had been in that job for about 2 years when one of the department chairs from my alma mater called. He knew I eventually wanted to be an astronaut and said, “We just got this NASA [National Aeronautics and Space Administration] grant that involves a new concept, the space shuttle, and you ought to come back for your master’s degree.” Well, he’d said the magic word: NASA. So I went back and got my master’s degree. Then I applied for the astronaut program and made the final 100 for the 1978 class, but I was not selected for that group. I looked at all the mission specialists who were selected and realized that they had doctoral or medical degrees. It was hard to compete if I didn’t have that. NASA offered me a job at mission control, which I accepted. While I was working full time at NASA, I also went to school part time to get my Ph.D. and applied again—successfully, this time—to become an astronaut.

How does your experience tie in with your current job?

In aerospace engineering, we come from three different sectors, and I’ve worked in all three. I worked in private industry, helping to build the space shuttle; I was in the federal government, working for NASA as an astronaut and an engineer; then there’s academia. All three experiences have helped me to be a well-rounded professor. The fact that I worked in industry and government gives me a better perspective for my students. I can talk about what the expectations are from industry or tell them about what I did in the government and how projects and research are funded. And my doctoral degree taught me how to do research.

JBSS and quality go hand in hand! Come be a part of the JBSS team and join a world-class leader in the snack food industry. Our employees are the most important part of our steady growth and success. With JBSS you can rest assured that we foster an environment where teams and individuals can contribute to the company’s success. Recruiting top talent is another one of the key elements to our success. We strive to find a diverse group of the most qualified people and offer them a challenging opportunity, competitive salary and benefit package and allow them to reach their full potential.

Learn more about us and our current employment opportunities at: 1703 NORTH RANDALL ROAD • ELGIN, IL 60123-7820

It has been and shall continue to be the policy of John B. Sanfilippo & Son, Inc. to extend equal opportunity to all employees and applicants of employment and to insure that the selection of individuals for employment will be based on qualifications without regard to race, color, creed, age, sex or national origin. It is our policy not to discriminate against any employee or applicant for employment because of physical or mental disability or because he or she is a disabled veteran or veteran of the Vietnam era. EOE M/F/D/V

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May 2017

What advice do you give your students? 2005 Technology Way • San Marcos, TX 78666 United Technologies Corporation is An Equal Opportunity/ Affirmative Action Employer

UTC Aerospace Systems is one of the world’s largest suppliers of technologically advanced aerospace and defense products. We design, manufacture and service systems and components and provide integrated solutions for commercial, regional, business and military aircraft, helicopters and other platforms. To learn more about us and for current employment opportunities, please visit us online:

Tosoh Bioscience, Inc. (TBI) provides highly sophisticated diagnostic systems to doctor’s offices, hospitals and reference laboratories.

Equal Opportunity Employer M/F/D/V

The employee work environment is fast-paced, challenging and offers opportunities for personal growth and career advancement. TBI employees are focused on the collective vision of providing quality products and services through innovation. For information regarding job openings at TBI, or to submit an application, please visit the Tosoh Jobs Portal online at: Learn more about us at: 6000 Shoreline Court • Suite 101 • South San Francisco, CA 94080

Communication skills are mandatory. When you go into companies as an engineer, you have to be able to communicate orally and in writing. Yes, there are engineers who don’t communicate well, but they also don’t progress as well. You can have the greatest idea in the world, but if you can’t communicate it to anyone, it’s not going to go anywhere. Also, always try to learn from failure. Perseverance and commitment are helpful, but a willingness to learn from failure is critical. Many of our young people have, first of all, a real reluctance to admit something went wrong; and second, a real defensiveness about it. But there will be failures, so learn from them and don’t get defensive about them. Talk about mistakes so you can share experiences.

When did you learn to look at failure as something positive?

I’m the daughter of a farmer and rancher, so I learned that early on. You don’t have 100 percent success in farming and ranching, but you always try to learn from failure. NASA was always transparent about its failures. Ever since the beginning of the space program, any time we conducted a mission, we always conducted a “lessons learned” session afterward. We would talk about what failed and why it failed, and we’d get to the root cause: whether it was hardware, software, crew training, whatever. We documented all of that and carried it forward from flight to flight. I think that process contributed to the success of programs, because we didn’t keep repeating past failures.  What do you like most about teaching? If I can touch at least one student’s life and get him or her excited about learning— engineering in particular—that’s very gratifying. That’s what education is all about. Throughout human history, it’s always been about educating the next generation. If we didn’t educate, we’d be back in caves.

What do you find challenging?

As an aerospace engineer, the challenges can be technical. But as a professor, you may deal with budget and management issues, and there’s great satisfaction in being able to work through these challenges successfully. I don’t look at challenges as a negative, though. For me, it’s a question of attitude. If there weren’t challenges, you wouldn’t learn. You learn to work through them to get to a better place. A challenge, as my dad would say, is an opportunity in disguise. Article provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

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equal opportunity employment journal

FINDING HOT JOBS: Using Data to Locate Career Opportunities by Elka Torpey

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Mission and Purpose

As Pennsylvania’s premier public liberal arts institution, Mansfield University offers students a personalized education that emphasizes character development, scholarly growth, cultural awareness, and community service. By preparing our students for productive careers and meaningful lives, we positively influence the world.


As Pennsylvania’s only member of the Council of Public Liberal Arts Colleges and Universities (COPLAC), Mansfield University is the state’s premier public liberal arts institution. We are committed to enhancing our identity as a small, distinctive, affordable alternative to private liberal arts colleges. View and apply online for current employment opportunities:

SOUTH ACADEMY STREET • MANSFIELD, PA 16933 Mansfield University is an Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Employer


hich jobs are hot usually depends on where you live. Opportunities in Longview, Washington, may differ from those in Longview, Texas, for example. A good way to find hot jobs by location is to look at data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) and state labor market information offices. For purposes of this article, “hot jobs” are those in occupations that have strong projected growth and high wages and are in strong demand. Keep reading to learn where to find these data—and how data can help to identify which jobs are hot in your area. Finding the data

Mansfield University is committed to enhancing the diversity of its employees and student body; in addition, hiring decisions are made on the basis of an individual’s qualifications, past experience, overall performance and other employment-related criteria. Mansfield University provides equal opportunities for employment and advancement for all individuals, regardless of race, color, religion, sex, disability, ancestry, national origin, age, sexual orientation, gender identity/expression, genetic background, or veteran status.

BLS and state labor market information offices produce many types of data. These data provide important details about the job market at the national, state, and local levels.

Data from BLS

BLS has a variety of data relevant to career planning. For example, the Occupational Employment Statistics survey has employment and wage data for more than 800 PHMC isPHMC an equal employer. is anopportunity equal opportunity employer. Public Health Management CorporationCorporation (PHMC) is a(PHMC) nonprofit health institute that createsthat andcreates sustains healthier Public Health Management is apublic nonprofit public health institute and sustains healthier communities. PHMC uses PHMC best practices improve to community health through direct service, partnership, innovation,innovation, communities. uses besttopractices improve community health through direct service, partnership, policy, research, a prepared policy,technical research,assistance technical and assistance and aworkforce. prepared workforce.

Centre Square East,1500 1500 Market Street Suite 1500 • Philadelphia, Philadelphia, 19102 • Centre Square East, 1500East, Square East Suite 1500 Philadelphia, PA 19102 PA (EOEJ) (EOEJ) Centre Square Square East Suite 1500 PA 19102 (EOEJ) For more information information go to to (EOEJ) For more information on PHMC, on go to (EOEJ) For more onPHMC, PHMC, go (EOEJ)

A leader in the office furniture industry. Nationwide career opportunities. See our career opportunities at and listed with state workforce training and development centers. As Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Employers, the operating companies

of HNI Corporation support the advancement of all people based on their qualifications and experience without regard to race, color, creed, religion, gender, age, national origin, marital status, veteran status, citizenship status, disability, sexual orientation, genetic information or any other status protected by law. Delaware North Companies Parks & Resorts at KSC, Inc. Mail Code DNPS Kennedy Space Center, FL 32899

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equal opportunity employment journal

A recognized strength of The Underwriters Group is its superior claims administration services for both employee benefits and workers’ compensation. Learn more about us at: UNDERWRITERS SAFETY & CLAIMS 1700 Eastpoint Parkway • Louisville, KY 40223 Equal Opportunity Employer


350 South Oak Avenue • Oakdale, CA 95361 • EOE Current openings include full-time and per diem positions. If you would like to join our team, please email your resume to Brian Beck - VP Human Resources at

May 2017

occupations. The surveys of businesses are typically collected by the states and BLS regional offices. Another set of BLS data helpful for career planning is projections of occupational and industry employment, the labor force and population, and the economy. BLS economists prepare national projections every 2 years, analyzing broad trends and examining hundreds of occupations and industries. States develop their own state-level projections using input from these BLS national projections. BLS has many other types of labor force data—and states use these data in different ways. For example, the BLS Current Employment Statistics survey publishes data on employment, earnings, and more. States may use these data to create a number of analyses of labor market conditions, such as for industry employment in a particular metropolitan statistical area.

Data from the states

All states have labor market information offices, although they may have different names and provide different kinds of information. A list of these offices is available on the BLS website. The U.S. Department of Labor Employment and Training Administration mandates that states publish both long-term and short-term projections. Although the periods differ by state, long-term projections usually cover 10 years and short-term projections are for 2 years. The state-level data are available online at Projections Central. In addition to statewide projections, state labor market data might include local projections, job postings, and other analyses.

For more information visit:

Which occupations are projected to gain jobs? Which are expected to grow quickly? How many job openings can I expect? Projections data help to answer these questions.

45 South Main Street • Bel Air, MD 21014 With courage, honor, and integrity we protect the rights and dignity of all citizens. In partnership with our communities, we strive to preserve the peace and provide for a safe environment for all.

Learn more about us at EO/AA Employer

Finding hot jobs 127 South Broadway Yonkers, NY  10701 Fax: (914) 378-7130

Employment Opportunities Available **Registered Nurses for Day and Night shifts, Units OR, ER, ICU, Med Surg** **Sign-on Bonuses available** Other opportunities: Laboratory Technologists, Pharmacists, Psychiatrists, Physical Therapists, Occupational Therapists, Social Workers Equal Opportunity Employer

Saint Joseph’s Medical Center is a Catholic health care facility. We strive for excellence in health care in an atmosphere of support and shared ministry. Learn more about us online at

Bryan Health...Where Passion meets Purpose • Innovative treatments and technology • Compassion for patients and each other • Pride in the work we do to change lives

Join our team

• Nationally recognized two-time winner of The Advisory Board’s Excellence in Employee Engagement Award • Non-profit, Nebraska-owned and trusted healthcare organization • Employees who feel valued and supported in meaningful work

Forward. Together. Learn more at: EEO/AA - M/F/V/D

Some states, such as Indiana, rank hot jobs by analyzing a number of factors about the labor market. But even if your state doesn’t produce a hot-jobs list, projections and other data can help you identify them. When considered together, strong projected growth, high wages, and strong current demand for an occupation may indicate a hot job.

Strong projected growth

Which occupations are projected to gain jobs? Which are expected to grow quickly? How many job openings can I expect? Projections data help to answer these questions. Projected job growth is shown both as a number of new jobs and as a rate of growth for an occupation. For the nation as a whole, the occupation of personal care aides is projected to gain the most jobs (more than 450,000) between 2014 and 2024; employment of wind turbine service technicians is projected to grow the fastest (at a rate of 108 percent over the decade). Hover over the map to see the occupations that each state and the District of Columbia project to have the most new jobs and to grow the fastest. Another way to answer questions about opportunities in an occupation is by looking at the number of expected job openings. Projected job openings include both new jobs and those that arise from the need to replace current workers who are leaving the occupation. New jobs. Numeric change indicates how many jobs an occupation is projected to gain or lose over the projections period. Occupations expected to gain the most jobs are often those that already have large numbers of workers. For example, applications software developers in Washington—one of the largest occupations in the state—topped the list in the number of new jobs projected. In Nebraska, the occupation of heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers is projected to add the most jobs; it’s also the second largest in the state. Rate of growth. This rate shows, in percentage terms, how fast the number of jobs in an occupation is projected to change. Fast growth, however, does not always mean many new jobs. For example, South Carolina projects employment of commercial divers to grow by about 43 percent from 2014 to 2024, the fastest of any occupation in that state. But

May 2017

equal opportunity employment journal

because the occupation has small employment, that growth yields about 30 new jobs over the projections decade. Job openings. How much or how fast an occupation is projected to grow may not be as important to you as the number of job openings expected in it. As mentioned previously, projected job openings arise not just from growth but also from the need to replace workers who leave an occupation permanently for some reason, such as to retire. For example, Massachusetts data show that on Cape Cod and the Islands, more than 200 job openings are projected per year from 2014 to 2024 for retail salespersons—the most for any occupation there.

the occupation. Nationally, the mean annual wage for all occupations was $48,320 in 2015, according to BLS; the median annual wage was $36,200. Mean wages. A mean is an average. Mean wages are calculated by adding the wages of all the workers in a given occupation and then dividing the total wages by the number of workers in the occupation. For example, in the New Haven, Connecticut, metropolitan statistical area, high school teachers had a mean annual wage of $76,280. By comparison, all workers in that area had a mean wage of $53,680. Median wages. The median wage is the point at which half the workers in a given occupation earned more than the median, and half earned less. For example, in the St. Louis metropolitan area, personal financial advisors had a median annual wage of $90,420. That compares with a median wage of $36,530 for all workers in that area.

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Why is Unity Health where you want to be? Because we are who you are…dedicated, stable, and loyal to our community.

We consider applicants for all positions without regard to race, color, religion, creed, gender, national origin, age, disability, marital or veteran status, or any other legally protected status.

For job opportunities, please visit us online at:


Prestera Center provides clients and their families the highest quality of care ranging from outpatient services to 24 hour emergency care and residential substance abuse treatment. tDirect Care Staff tRN’s & LPN’s tGeneral Psychiatrists tLicensed Therapist

We offer excellent benefits, including health/dental/vision, 401(k), paid vacation, sick & holiday time, incentive pay, and tuition reimbursement. Visit our website at for more information. Application or resume with cover letter may be submitted by on-line application at, by fax 304-525-7893, mail to: Prestera Center Attn: Employment Specialist 5600 US Route 60 East Huntington, WV 25703


Strong current demand

What is the job market like right now? Are employers hiring? Which occupations have the most openings per jobseeker? Data analyses of labor market activity can help to answer these questions. Occupations that are currently in high demand may vary by state. Information that highlights opportunities where you want to work is helpful if you’re looking for a job now or in the near future. Job postings. Some states publish data on the number of job postings to show occupations for which employers are seeking to hire. For example, applications software developers, marketing managers, and web developers had the most online job postings in the San Francisco, California, area in October 2016. Other analyses. Supply-and-demand studies are another way that some states present information about the current labor market. For example, you may be able to assess how many job openings exist for each jobseeker by comparing the potential supply of labor (such as by looking at unemployment claimants or recent graduate data) with the demand for labor (such as with job postings).

Which are the highest paying occupations in my state? Occupational wage data can more sources help answer these questions. Finding State labor market information Those openings are expected to come primarily from the need to replace workers, rather than from growth.

High wages

Which are the highest paying occupations in my state? What about in my area? Should I expect to make more or less than other workers? Occupational wage data can help answer these questions. You can tell if an occupation has a relatively high wage by comparing it with the wage for all occupations. Mean wages are useful when looking at occupations with very high wages. A median wage is more helpful for showing what is typical, because it is less likely to be influenced by either very high or very low wages within

offices have lots of data in addition to the types described in the article. Examples include state and local unemployment and labor force participation rates. Some of the data may be available for industries as well as for occupations. If you’re still curious about career options, the Occupational Outlook Handbook (OOH) describes hundreds of occupations. You can find out about typical duties, work environment, and wages and outlook at the national level, with links to state and area data. Charting the projections articles in Career Outlook give a broad overview of expected growth for the nation as a whole over the 2014–24 decade. Article provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

3500 East 17th Avenue Eugene, OR 97403 Fax resumes to: 541-682-6139 Lane Transit District is one of the most successful and highly regarded public transit systems in the nation. If you are interested in joining us as we endeavor to provide and improve services to all our diverse communities in ways that are sensitive and responsive to cultural differences, including accessibility for persons with disabilities, we urge you to apply for any of our open positions online. Lane Transit District is an AA/EEO Employer.

Diversity is of paramount importance to Columbia Basin College. CBC prides itself on building a campus that is welcoming and accessible to ALL persons. We exist in an environment of diversity, fairness and equity to ensure that the people of Benton and Franklin counties have access to educational programs. Please visit to view job openings and application procedures. 2600 North 20th Avenue • Pasco, WA 99301

Columbia Basin College reaffirms its policy of equal opportunity regardless of race, color, creed, religion, national origin, sex, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, age, marital status, disability (including the use of a specially trained guide dog or other service animal), honorably discharged veteran or military status, status as a disabled veteran, Vietnam era veteran, or the right of a mother to breastfeed her child.

The Washington Parish School System does not discriminate in employment on the basis of race, sex, religion, age, handicap, or national origin.

To learn more about our employment opportunities and application procedures, visit us online at or fax your resume to 985-839-5464.

PO Box 587 | Franklinton, Louisiana 70438 Phone: 985-839-3436

Valley View School District 365U and the Board of Education, in partnership with the diverse community we serve, will maintain a safe environment for students and staff by providing encouragement for engaged learning opportunities that result in continuous improvement for all students. Valley View School District shall not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, age, religion, handicap, sexual orientation, or gender identity in its programs and activities.


To view and apply for current opportunities, visit:

Page 32

equal opportunity employment journal

May 2017

Taking your career to new heights.

Pratt & Whitney is an equal employment opportunity, affirmative action employer dedicated to matching talent and technology. To see our current openings and to learn more about our benefits, visit Connect with us

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The eoejournal is a four-color diversity publication distributed every other month since 1996 to colleges, universities, tech schools, medic...

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