standards (that regulate requirements to enterprises' quality management systems), ISO 14000 standards (requirements to the management systems of enterprises' environment quality) and a number of documents concerning their certification. Certification of quality management systems includes examination and assessment of quality management and assurance activities, production system and products' quality. The process of certification of quality management systems usually consists of three stages: 1. Preliminary (distance) evaluation of a quality management system. 2. Final examination and evaluation of a quality management system. 3. Supervisory control over the certified quality management systems. The general procedure of an enterprise's quality management systems' is shown on the picture above. Compulsory certification is put into effect by the RF legislative acts and is carried out regarding products that are subject to meeting the regulatory technical documents' requirements concerning environment safety, ensuring people's health and life safety, safety of property and the environment. In this case the producer who does not have a respective certificate has no right not only to sell but also to manufacture products. Compulsory certification requires certifying compliance only with that compulsory requirements that are established by the law that enacts compulsory certification. A certificate of conformity and a sign of conformity issued upon certification shall be valid on all territory of the RF. The list of products subject to compulsory certification: goods for children; foodstuff; goods for prevention and treatment of illnesses, technical appliances for the rehabilitation of the disabled; perfume and cosmetic goods and soap; textile products; ready-made garments and headwear; knitted goods; goods made of fur and pelts; footwear; construction materials; equipment and appliances for heating, hot-water supply, sanitary and hygienic equipment furniture; housekeeping equipment; leisure and entertainment products; sporting goods, pleasure boats, floating crafts, goods for hunting and fishing. Obligations of manufacturers (sellers, contractors) of products subject to compulsory certification: to sell products only if a certificate has been obtained; to guarantee the conformity of products they sell to the requirements of regulatory documents under which their conformity was certified and ensure that products are marked with a sign of conformity according to the established procedure; to indicate information about a certificate or a declaration in accompanying technical documents; to suspend or stop selling products if they do not meet the requirements of the regulatory documents under which their conformity was certified; 95
Published on Jul 6, 2010
Published on Jul 6, 2010
1. STATE AND MUNICIPAL AUTHORITIES IN ST. PETERSBURG In St. Petersburg the system of state authorities was formed which has statutory object...